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Man. (New York [N.Y.]) 1878-????, December 01, 1880, Image 1

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A W E E K L Y JOURNAL OF PROGRESS AND REFORM. Those who can read the signs of the times , read in them that the kingdom of M a n is at hand .— P r o f e s s o r C l i f f o r d . W h o l e N o . 32. L E A C U E No. 2. NEW YORK, DECEMBER 1 s t , 1880. R e g istered as Second Class M a tter a t the N. Y. P o s t Office. $ 1 .0 0 a Y eak , 2 C e n t s E a c h . No. I 3 Dey Street. PLATFORM S . PRELIMINARY DECLARATION t ) F NATIONAL LIBERAL PARTY. TH E The delegates to the Convention of the N ational Liberal P a r ty, held at C incinnati on the 14th day of September, 1879, adopt the following prelim ina­ ry declaration and Platform , and recomm end the same to the consideration of their c o n stituents and the Liberals of the U n ited States for the purpose of producing a general co-operation and organization of the party. Whereas, The N a tional Liberal League has advised the Liberals of our country to unite in action as a political party, now, as the p relim inary declara­ tion and Platform , be it Resolved , T h a t the general purpose and motive of the N ational Liberal party is to realize more fully than ever yet has been done the m ain objects of a governm ent by the people as expressed in the Declaration of Independence and the pream b le to the Constitution of the U n ited States, to w it: T h a t it. shall be made true as far as possible in our country th a t all persons shall hereafter be born free and equal, and be endowed w ith certain rights, among which shall be life, liberty and the right to the pursuit of happiness. ^ T h a t to secure these purposes it has become necessary, in our judgm e n t, th a t a new party should a d m inister and reform the whole of our national and State governm ents, so as to effectually “ establish justice and secure the bless­ ings o f liberty to ourselves and to our posterity.” T h a t as the best governm ental policy to effect these ends we adopt and rely upon the noble maxims of Jefferson’s inaugural, which he said were “ the bright constellation th a t had led our fathers through an age of revolution and reform a tiou,” and which we believe should be our guiding stars in the sim ilar w o rk to which the National Liberal party is now called, to w it: “ E q u al and exact justice to all m en, of w h a te v e r state or persuasion, relig­ ious or political. “ Peace, commerce and honest friendship w ith all nations, entangling alliances w ith none. “ The support of the,S tate governm ents in all their rights as the most com­ petent adm inistrators of our domestic concerns, and the surest bulw arks against anti-Republican tendencies. “ The preservation of the General governm ent, in its whole Constitutional vigor, as the sheet anchor of o u r peace at home and safety abroad. “ Freedom of religion ; freedom of the press; freedom of person under the protection of h abeas corpus; and trials by juries im p a rtially selected.” T h a t, in order to effect the needed reform ation in our national and State governm ents, we recognize a n d incorporate as p a r t of the practical measures of the N ational Liberal party the substance of the prom inent reforms now dem anded by our people, and we desire them to bo justly, prudently and. peaceably acnieved, to w it: 1. The reform in the interest and welfare of labor, whereby the products of labor shall be justly distributed among the producers of the country, and the hosts of n on-producers and parasites shall be reduced to a m inim um ; th t the hours of labor shall be lessened; th it women should have equal compen­ sation w ith men for their lab o r ; th a t the em ploym ent of children under fourteen years of age in factories and sim ilar works should be prohibited. T h a t all laws for the fining a n d im p risonm ent of those unem ployed work­ ingm en whom necessity compels to w ander as so called tram p s ” in search of work are, in our judgm e n t, unconstitutional and inhum a n ; th a t poverty is thereby m ide a crime ; aud as to those la ws which are executed m the interest of a class, we dem and their repeal. A n d finally, on these subjects we extend our cordial sym p a thy to aud desire the co-operation of all organizations whose objects are to increase and improve the opportunities of the laboring people now struggling in unequal competitiou w ith the great raouopolists a n d wealthy corporations of the country. 2. T h a t reform in the currency of the country, by which it shad pass out of the hands or usurers, speculators, and a banking aristocracy into the hands of a governm ent responsible to the people. 3. The reform in the use a n d occupation of land, by which the title thereto shall depend upon its use, and its ownership may be lim ited in am o u n t fur the public benefit. 4 The reform by which w em an shall be politically and practically em a n c i­ pated, and given the control of h erself and of her destiny. 6 . U n iversal, compulsory, secular education, fitting all children as they be­ come citizens, for their practical, political, and social duties in life. 6 . T h a t neither the general governm ent nor the States should create any corporation except for the public good. T h a t wnen any corporations become inim ical to the interests ot the whole people, the g o v ernm ent holds in regard to them the r ight a n d power of em inent domain, which power should be exercised ■o th a t the grants to such corporations may be lim ited or wholly witndrawn. A n d g enerally the incomes ot corporations derived from the people, over and above a reasonable compensation to the incorporators or investors, should go to the governm ent granting the corporate privileges, for the benefit of the people. 7. T h a t the present methods of legislation by which the passage of im p o rt­ an t measures is accomplished by direct or in.lirect bribery, log rolling and press­ ure at the close o t the sessions, w ithout any possible knowledge by the peuplo of w h a t is done, should be radically reform e d ; th a t to that end the people should as far as possible have the referendum , or power of passing upon all public and im p o ’tan t laws, not only in their passage by their Representatives, but also through their own votes, as is now done in adopting our constitutions; and th a t this m ethod should be made practical in our N ational, State and M unicipal legislation. 8 . T h a t public officers should as a general practice be elected directly by the people,'and be made d irectly and effectively responsible to them ; that Electoral Colleges should be abolished and the appointing power of officers elected greatly lim ited. 9. T h a t good m orals a n d habits can be b e tter fostered by education, persua­ sion, industry and healthy amusements than by force and governm ental in­ fluence. In this view we favoi the repeal of all Sabbath, sum p tu 4 ry, and tem ­ perance laws, and dem and th a t every phase of governm ent and State educa­ tion should be secular in spirit and practice, and em ancipated from ecclesiastical or clerical control and influence. T h a t to this end this convention adopt in substance the platform and principles of the National Liberal League. Reported by the committee and adopted by the convention at Cincinnati, Septem ber 14, 1879. A D DR E S S OF TH E U N IO N OF RADICALS TO TH E NA T IO N A L LIBERAL LEAGUE, CONVENED A T CHICAGO, S E P T . 17 , 1880 . Fellow Freemen: You have again arranged for a n annual gathering, in order to attend to the business of y o u r organization, and to discuss the question of political action. H a v ing been inform ed by your worthy president th a t all who are friendly to your cause will be received and heard at your Congress, we have sent seven delegates, and recomm end the following thoughts and suggestions to your earnest and cordial consideration. W e hope th a t, in form ing your plan for the realization of your objects, and in deciding upon piactical m easures, you m ay insure the ready and fervent co-operation of the independent and liberal elem ents among the people. I. In our opinion, i t is necessary th a t political action be taken on the p a r t of those who dem and th a t the nation shall honestly live up to the h itherto violated political principle of equnlity of h u m an rights underlying our Dem o cracy. II. The Liberals should not allow themselves, under any circum stances, to be misled into an alliance w ith either of the great p arties of spoliation, because they would be utterly deceived, n o tw ithstanding some liberal p a rtisans of h igh repute on both sides m ay honestly hope for a different result. N either the country n o r the existing parties are governed by the people , who are. on the average, honest just a n d patriotic ; they are contiolled by wire­ pullers most of wbom have noue of these a t ributes and are actuated solely by the lowest selfishness as to aims, and u tter unscrupulousness as to means. The enemies of our Liberal principles are in pow e r; they have as yet the brutal force o f number in their favor, and the demagogic leaders of the existing party-m achiues, from those of n a tional notoriety down to those m isgoverning school-districts, will creep before th a t power as abject slaves in order to gain its support. III. The only practical mode of operation for the Liberal League, i t seems to us, will be to invite kindred organizations to a joint convention, for the purpose of lounding a new political p a r ty ,—a party th a t could unite, upon a common platform , all the liberal, radical, independent elem ents of the country, a party that should inaugurate a new departure in the political historv of the country by breaking away from old p a rty practices and letting the whole people divide, at each elei tion, on certain principles 01 issues, instead of on the ques­ tions ot persons a n d spoils. Such a party, after a few defeats, would soon draw into its ranks the most intelligent, m oral and patriotic men of the n ation. I V . In form ing such new party, the reprehensible practices of the old p arties m u st be studiously avoided from the o u tset; the platform m u st be free trom all g eneral and ambiguous phraseology, and, w h ether it contains few or m any planks, each of these m u st tie clear, distinct, and bear the assurance on its face th a t i t has a positive meaning, and is not m e a n t to be a decoy for the credulous. Y. Among the organizations th a t may be expected to be ready to assist in form ing a new party, a party of progress, we may m e n tion: 1. The Liberal Leagues ; 2. The Turners (Gymnastic Associations), who num b er nearly 200 societies and about 13,000 actual members ; 3. The W om an Suffrage Associations ; 4. The Freie G tm einden ; 5. The Free Religious Association ; 6 . The Union of R a d icals; 7. Labor Reform O rganizations, provided they are ready to desist from attem p ts to force communism into the platform. Thousands of influential, professional and business m en, authors and inde­ pendent thinkers generally, who have the welfare of the republic at heart, would welcome a m o vem ent of this kind with enthusiasm , and give it their support. YI. In localities where the Liberals cannot now organize for a political cam­ paign. they can a t least inteirogate the nominees of o ther p a ities (especially the candidates for Congress, btate, County and Town legislative bodies) as to their views on the planks of the platform . This practice should pi evail everywhere^ so th a t our voters m ay vote intelligently. F o r this purpose, the National E x ’

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