OCR Interpretation


The journal and Republican. (Lowville, N.Y.) 1929-current, March 15, 1972, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn93063682/1972-03-15/ed-1/seq-2/


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EDITORIALS A n t i - G u n Time A g a i n . . . D u r in g e v e r y le g i s l a t i v e s e s s i o n that w e c a n r e c a l l in th e p a s t s e v e r a l y e a r s , G o v e r n o r R o c k e f e l l e r , u r g e d and b a c k e d by M a y o r L y n d s a y o f \ F u n C i t y , * ’ c a l l s upon th e L e g i s l a t u r e to en a c t s t i f f e r a n t i - g u n la w s . T h is y e a r , th e G o v e r n o r Is c a l l i n g fo r a new la w w h ich w o u ld re q u i r e th e r e g i s t r a t i o n o f a l l lo n g gu n s — r i f l e s and sh o t g u n s - w ith a $30 lic e n s i n g fe e , re n e w a b le e v e r y th r e e y e a r s . L a s t w e e k , the L e w is C o u n ty B o a r d o f L e g i s l a t o r s u n a n im o u s ly w ent on r e c o r d by re s o l u t io n o p p o s in g th is p r o p o s e d la w . T h e re s o l u t io n w a s in t r o d u c e d an d s t r o n g l y b a c k e d by L e g i s l a t o r Sam V l l l a n t l , R . , L o w v i l l e . F o r h is e f f o r t s o n b e h a l f o f the th o u s a n d s o f h u n t e r s , gun e n t h u s ia s t s and s p o r t s m e n th r o u g h o u t L e w t s C o u n t y , w e ta k e th i s op p o r t u n it y to ap p lau d h im . It is not p o p u la r In c e r t a i n q u a r t e r s to be aga in s t a n t i- g u n la w s , sin c e o v e r th e y e a r s the o w n e r s h ip o f a fir e a r m h a s been m i s c o n ­ s t r u e d b y s o m e to b e fu r t h e r i n g the ste a d y m a r c h o f c r i m e . B a n n in g and r e s t r i c t i n g the o w n e r s h ip o f fir e a r m s is not a d e t e r r e n t to the e v e r - r i s i n g c r t m e r a t e . F o r y e a r s , N e w Y o r k ' s M a y o r L y n d s a y h a s heen h a r p in g abou t s t i f f e r an t i- e u n la w s , and yet h is ow n c.lty h a s one o f the m o s t strin g e n t o f su c h la w s in th e n a t io n , th e S u lliv a n L a w , w h ich , in c id e n t a l ly , h a s now been ln fo r c e n e a r l y 40 y e a r s . H a s it co n t r ib u t e d to t h e fig h t a g a i n s t c u r b in g c r i m e -’ W e l l, if s t a t i s t i c s a r e o f any v a lu e , i t m o s t c e r t a i n l y h a s not. N e w Y o r k C ity happens to h a v e th e h ig h e s t r e c o r d o f c r i m e o f an y c i t y in the nation A s th e N a t io n a l R i f l e A s s o c i a t i o n re c e n t l v state d : \ D i s a r m i n g th e A m e r ic a n p u b lic Is not th e a n s w e r , fo r it Is not the A m e r ica n p u b lic th a t h a s m e r c i l e s s l y k il le d law o f f i c e r s at th e r a t e o f 10 a m o n th a c r o s s the co u n t r y . W h at n e e d s c o n t r o ll in g ls not guns but c r i m i n a l s , a point that s o m e a n t i- g u n la w m a k e r s p e r s i s t e n t l y m i s s . And s t i f f e r s e n t e n c e s fo r gunm e n and a m b u s h e r s s e e m lik e th e v e r y thing to ta k e them out o f c i r c u l a t i o n . ” U n f o r t u n a t e ly , th e r e ­ v e r s e s e e m s to b e the c a s e . W h ile th e “ N i c e N e l l i e s ” lik e L y n d ­ s a y an d R o c k e f e l l e r a r e f o r e v e r c a l l i n g f o r s t r i c t e r gun le g i s l a t i o n , they a l w a y s se e m a l the s a m e lim e to b e c a l l i n g fo r a s o f t e r a ltitu d e to w a r d s tbe c r i m i n a l . T h e fo llo w in g w a s w r it t e n b y John w . M a r s a m o f W e s t f i e l d , M a s s , , and r e c e n t l y a p p e a r e d a s a le t t e r to th e e d i t o r in a n a r e a n e w s p a p e r . W e b e l i e v e II is w o r th r e p r i n t i n g , s i n c e it v e r y w e l l su m s up Ihe op in ion s o f us \ f a n a t i c a l g u n o w n e r s .” T h o s e an t i- g u n c r i t i c s w h o p r o f e s s to b e lie v e so r e l i g i o u s l y that gu n s , not c r i m i n a l s , a r e the ro o t o f our c r i m e p r o b le m should b e g in sq u i r m in g any day now. Remember when they pointed with such finality across the Atlantic Ocean (o England to prove (heir case? There was Ihe Irrefutable evidence. B r l t i a n , w ith Its s t r in g e n t fir e a r m s c o n t r o l s , had v i r t u a l l y no c r i m e p r o b le m . It bad to b e due to th e re g u la t i o n o f p r i v a t e l v ow n e d fir e a r m s Im p o s e th e s a m e r e s t r i c t i o n s in the U n ited S t a t e s and o u r c r i m e p r o b lem w o u ld b e n o m o r e . T h e situ a t io n is begin n in g to ch a n g e . A p p a r e n t l y , th e s a m e s o c i a l c a n c e r w h fch h a s plagued th is co u n try ln th e fo r m o f d isd a in fo r la w and o r d e r Is s p r e a d i n g a c r o s s G r e a t B r i t a i n . A r m e d c r i m e in v o lvin g th e u s e o f r i f l e s , sh o t g u n s a n d handguns is o n the r i s e , d e s p ite c o n t r o l s . Shotgun o w n e r s h ip an d u s e h a v e b e e n re g u la t e d sin c e J a n u a r y , 1968, r i f l e s an d handguns s i n c e 1938. C r i m e in v o l v in g u s e o f sh o t g u n s n u m b e r e d o n l y 5 3 in 1966, tn 19 6 9 , th e y c li m b e d to 100, T h e u s e o f r i f l e s a n d hand g u n s in c r i m e r o s e fro m 340 in 1966 to 484 ta 1969. In s h o r t , E n g la n d ’ s c r i m e s t a t i s t i c s su p p o r t tw o p r e m i s e s th e a n t i- g u n fa n a t i c s in s t s t o n Ign o r in g on th e i r c r u s a d e to ou tlaw fir e a r m s tn th is co u n t r y . O n e ls that even tn E n g la n d , It’s the m a la d ju s t e d m e m b e r s o f s o c i e t y th a t c o m m it c r i m e s , not th e gu n s th e y u s e . S e c o n d l y , the c r i m i n a l l y - b e n t p e r s o n w i l l o b t a in and has ob t a in e d a gun fo r h i s a t t a c k on s o c i -, d e s p i t e th e fa c t that g u n s a r e e i t h e r r e g i s t e r e d o r h a v e been c o n f i s c a t e d fro m p r iv a t e o w n e r s h ip . T a k e it fro m C h i e f In s p e c t o r C o li n G r e e n w o o d o f th e W e s t Y o r k s h i r e C o n s t a b u la r y . A f t e r r e s e a r c h i n g the e f f e c t o f f i r e ­ a r m s c o n t r o l s , h e had t h is to s a y tn the London T i m e s . “ T h e r e is no c a s e on r e c o r d of an y o n e a p p l y in g f o r a fir e a r m c e r t i f i c a t e to e n a b le him to co m m it an a r m e d r o b b e r y and th e r e • is n o i o n e s h r e d o f e v id e n c e to s u g g e s t that t b e a b s e n c e o f a c e r t i f i c a t e p r e v e n t e d a s i n g l e c r i m i n a l fro m c a r r y i n g a gu n .” In fa c t , E n g l i s h c r i m i n o l o g i s t s an d p o l i c e o f f i c i a l s a g r e e that c o n t r o l s h a v e had little e f f e c t in re d u c in g c r i m e s o f v i o l e n c e in th e i r c o u n t r y . A l l o f “w h ich m a k e s s e n s e . If the c r i m i n a l k n o w s he can e s c a p e p u n ish m e n t , th e r e ’ s no r e a s o n fo r him to think tw i c e about co m m ittin g h i s c r i m e . A b o u t Law A n d Order . . . W h e n A l i c e step p e d th r o u g h the lo o k in g g l a s s in th e p o p u lar s t o r y b y L e w i s C a r r o l l , one o f th e o d d itie s sh e en c o u n t e r e d ta th e s t r a n g e land w a s that “ I t ta k e s a l ! th e run n in g you c a n do to k e e p in th e s a m e p l a c e . ” T o d a y , law e n f o r c e m e n t in A m e r i c a fa c e s a s i m i l a r d il e m m a in i t s fig h t a g a in s t c r i m e , e x c e p t th e p r o b le m I s not a f a n t a s y . T h e p r o b le m is r e a l , an d at tim e s w e m a y w o n d e r if la w e n ­ fo r c e m e n t t s d o in g a s w e l l a s A l i c e . C r i m e , lik e m o s t o t h e r p r o b l e m s , h a s f a r m o r e c a u s e s than s o lu t io n s . W e h a v e to d a y a r i s i n g w a v e o f d i s r e s p e c t f o r the law - not o n ly o v e r t d i s r e s p e c t , b u t open re l u c t a n c e an d r e f u s a l to d o th e th in g s n e c e s s a r y to m a k e the law e f f e c t i v e . S o m e c i t i z e n s ten d to w ith d r a w and h a v e noth in g to do w ith is s u e s th a t do not a f f e c t th e m p e r s o n a l l y , C i v i c r e s p o n s i b i l i t y and p u b l i c duty a r e ig n o r e d M o s t p e r s o n s , i f q u e s t io n e d , w o u ld q u i c k ly e n d o r s e e f f e c t i v e law e n f o r c e m e n t , but fa r to o m a n y sta n d w h ile p o l i c e a r e v e r b a l l y and p h y s i c a l l y a b u s e d . S o m e m igh t c a l l (M s e r a o f tap b i z a r r e , th e e c c e n t r i c , an d the e r r a t i c . R e g a r d l e s s o l haw ft m a y b e d e s c r i b e d , it c e r t a i n l y is an e r a ta w h ich the s y s t e m o f la w an d law* e n f o r c e m e n t Is b e i n g s e r i o u s l y c h a l le n g e d b y th o s e w h o co n f u s e lib e r t y w ith lic e n s e , Ig n o r e th e r i g h t s o f o t h e r s , and c h o o s e th e l a w s th e y w i l l Oi. .‘V. In d e e d , tt is a n e r a w h e n em o t io n o v e r r i d e s r e a s o n M u c h o f th e c r i t i c i s m b y tro u b l e m a k e r s tod a v Is a g a i n s t the s o - c a l l e d “ e s t a b l i s h m e n t . \ W h a t e v e r the \ e s t a b l i s h m e n t ” sta n d s fo r , th e y a r e a g a i n s t J u s t how a n a tion o f p e o p le t s to s u r v i v e w ith c u t s o m e ty p e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l s t r u c t u r e an d c o n t r o l , th e y n e v e r g e t aro u n d to e x p la i n in g . R a t h e r than s e e k la w f u l ch a n g e and a b id e b y m a jo r ity r u l e , th e y r e b e l and la s h o u t a t a l l w h o do not a c c e d e to th e i r o v e r b e a r i n g d e m a n d s . E v e n a c q u i e s c e n c e to s o m e o f th e i r q u e s t io n a b le u ltim a t u m s i s o f n o h e l p , f o r new and m o r e r i d i c u lo u s d e m a n d s q u ick ly fo llo w . S i n c e la w e n f o r c e m e n t re p r e s e n t s th e g o v e r n m e n t ’ s f i r s t lin e o f d e f e n s e a g a i n s t v i o l e n c e an d d i s o r d e r , p o l ic e o f f i c e r s b e c o m e th e im m e d i a t e e n e m y o f th o s e w h o w a n t to r u l e by m o b actio n . S o m e g r o u p s c i r c u l a t e o r a l and w r i t t e n In s t r u c t io n s on how to in ju r e and k i l l p o l i c e . T h u s , it is not s u r p r i s i n g t h a t m o r e and m o r e o f f i c e r s a r e b e in g sla i n . P r e s e n t - d a y la w e n f o r c e m e n t Is c o m m itte d (o s a f e g u a r d i n g th e liv e s and p r o p e r t y o f th e p u b lic and p r o t e c t i n g th e p e a c e f u l a g a in s t v i o l e n c e and d i s o r d e r . O u r s o c i e t y m u s t p r o g r e s s to the d e g r e e th a t c e r t a i n and Just pu n ish m e n t fo r the c r i m i n a l Is the ru l e , not th e e x c e p t io n . W e can n o t s e t t l e fo r l e s s . T o “ k e e p in the s a m e p l a c e ” tn th e b a t t le a g a in s t c r i m e is to l o s e . - J . E d g a r H o o v e r . Like Now by Ttrry (takes It has b e c o m e r a t h e r fa s h io n ­ a b le ln A m e r i c a to stan d In loud and s n e e r i n g op p o s it io n to any s u g g e s t io n that w e need a s t r o n g m i l i t a r y o r g a n iza t io n . A f e e l i n g t s com m o n ta th e land that a b h o r r i n g and op p o s in g m i l i t a r y e s t a b l i s h ­ m e n ts w i l l w o r k s o m e m a g i c that m a k e s th e m u n n e c e s s a r y . J u s t how d a n g e r o u s a s it u a t i o n th is h a s c r e a t e d w a s b r o u g h t to p u b lic atten t io n a w h ile b a c k tn a s e r i e s o f s p e e c h e s b y s e v e r a l U .S. S e n a t o r s . T h e y p r e s e n t e d e v id e n c e o f how b a d ly A m e r i c a h a s let its d e f e n s e s d e c a y , and a s s e r t e d that th is co u n t r y can n o t m a in tain Its p r o p e r p la c e a s a le a d e r o f n a tio n s u n l e s s It d o e s so m e t h in g to put Its m i l i t a r y o r g a n iz a t io n s b a c k in t o s h a p e . N e w Y o r k S e n a t o r J a m e s L . B u c k l e y put the is s u e ta c o g e n t te r m s w h e n he re m a r k e d that the n a tion in on an “ a n t i - m i l i t a r y b i n g e \ that h a s le d to s h a r p c u t ­ b a c k s ta d e f e n s e sp e n d in g on w h ich th e n a tion ’ s s e c u r i t y d e ­ p e n d s . “ A s a r e s u l t , ” he s a i d , “ w e a r e not o n ly fa l l i n g c r i t ­ ic a l l y beh in d In the n e c e s s a r y b u s i n e s s o f m i l i t a r y r e s e a r c h and d e v e lo p e m e n t , but w e h a v e a l ­ low e d o u r e x i s t i n g fo r c e s t o d e ­ te r i o r a t e to a point w h e r e the a b il it y o f th e P r e s i d e n t o f the U n ited S t a t e s to a s s u r e th e d e ­ fe n s e o f v i t a l n a t ion a l in t e r e s t s is in Jeo p a r d y .’ ’ T h i s nation m u s t , he s a t d , b r in g ” o u r c o m p u l s iv e a n t i - m i l i t a r i s m to h e e l” q u ic k ly . S e n a t o r B u c k l e y pointed s p e c ­ ific a l l y to the w e a k e n in g o f U n ited S t a t e s fo r c e s In t h e M e d i t e r r a n ­ ean ln th e f a c e o f g r o w i n g s t r e n g t h of R u s s ia n n a v a l u n it s t h e r e , and s u g g e s t e d that the c o u n try.’s c o m - m ltm e n t to th e s u r v i v a l o f the s t a t e o f I s r e a l m a y b e c o m e Ir­ re le v a n t “ b e c a u s e tn a show d o w n the U n ited S t a t e s w i l l h a v e no c h o ice b u t to b a c k d o w n .” S p e a k in g on th e s a m e s u b j e c t and ad d in g th e i r ow n h a r s h c r i e s of a l a r m tn th e S e n a t e c h a m b e r w e r e S e n a t o r s G o r d o n A l l o t t o f C o l o r a d o , W i llia m B r o c k o f T e n - n e s e e , R o b e r t D o l e o f K a n s a s and J . G len n B e a l e o f M a r y la n d . A l r e a d y , th e y a s s e r t e d , the p o w ­ e r o f th e S ix t h F l e e t to m e e t th e S o v i e t th r e a t tn the M e d i­ te r r a n e a n and to m a in t a in s t a ­ b i l i t y In th e M id d le E a s t h a s fla g g e d b a d ly and the s it u a t i o n g r o w s w o r s e d a i l y . W h ile the A m e r i c a n N a v y h a s been b e c o m in g o b s o l e s c e n t , th e S o v ie t N a v y h a s b e e n g r o w i n g , s o that R u s s i a now h a s 2,000 m o d e r n s u r f a c e s h i p s and h a s p r o d u c e d 585 m o d e m co n v e n t io n a l and nu­ c l e a r s u b m a r in e s w h il e A m e r i c a w a s b u il d in g 110 . A m e r i c a now h a s 270 fe w e r v e s s e l s ta s e r v i c e than ta 1968, and h a l f th e lo s s h a s b e e n in s u r f a c e co m b a t c r a f t . T h e M id d le E a s t i s bu t on e th e a t r e , alth o u g h an Im p o r tan t o n e , w h e r e R u s s t a n n a v a l s t r e n g t h Is ra p i d ly s u r p a s s i n g A m e r i c a ’ s . T h e s i g n i f i c a n c e o f th i s , S e n a ­ to r A l l o t ! to ld h t s fe ll o w S e n a ­ to r s , t s c l e a r , “ W h a t l s a t s t a k e h e r e I s not h o llo w p r e 3 t i g e , ” he s a i d , but \ o u r a b i l i t y to u s e o u r p o w e r , f l e x i b l y and re s p o n ­ s i b l y , to p r e s e r v e s t a b i l i t y in tu r b u len t a r e a s w h e r e th e S o v ie t U n ton Is g e t t i n g m o r e a s s e r t i v e . ” T h e S e n a t o r s h a v e sou n d e d the a l a r m , an d a n a t io n w h ich h a s a l lo w e d I t s e l f to b e lu l l e d into a s e n s e o f fa l s e s e c u r i t y w o u ld d o w e l l to h e e d th e i r w o r d s . T h e tim e h a s n o t c o m e w h en a m a jo r p o w e r c a n b e s e c u r e w ithout s t r o n g m i l i t a r y f o r c e s o r when th e th r e a t o t an a g g r e s s i v e p o w e r fra n k to s t a t e Its g o a l o f d e f e a t ­ in g A m e r i c a ’ s n a t io n a l p u r p o s e c a n b e m e t w tth d e t e r i o r a t i n g fo r c e s an d a fa i l u r e o f n a tio n a l w i l l to re m a in m i l i t a r i l y s t r o n g . S e n a t o r B u c k l e y ’ s p h r a s e \ a n t l - m l l i t a r y b i n g e \ w a s w e ll c h o s e n , and h e an d h i s fe ll o w S e n a t o r s h a v e told A m e r i c a w h y th e b i n g e m u s t sto p . W e should h e e d th e w a r n in g a n d , as It was s a id ta th e e a r l y d a y s o f th e R e p u b l ic , \ k e e p o u r p o w d e r d r y . ” T i m e s ain ’ t w h a t th e y u s e d to be. U s a g ittln s i c k o f w in t e r , s e e m s lik e e v e r y tim e I g e t s a l l c l e a r e d o u t and fe e i t a p r e t t y s e c u r e an d s a l e th e r e c o m e s an o t h e r s f o r m an g e t s m y s t o ­ m a c h a l l a tu r m o il an d I g e t s all s t r a n d e d a g i n . W h e n s I g e t a l l n e r v e d o p I m a k e s m y s e l f a ll c o m f o r t a b l e w ith a c u p o f te a , s e t s In m y fa v o r i t e c h a i r and p r o p s m y fe e t o n m y fa v ­ o r i t e s t o o l a l l c o v e r e d up w ith the algfaan th a t I In h e r ited fro m m y G r a n d m a . 1 s t a r t e d lo o k t o throu g h m y o l s c r a p b o o k . S u r e ts fun f o g o th r u and r e m i s c e on a ra i n y - s n o w y d a y . C o u l d n 't w a t c h tn y t.v . cut. tt w a s a l l sn o w y t o . S a w a p i c t u r e o f Un­ c l e E l m e r ta h i s k n i c k e r s , h e w a s a good lo o k e r In h i s d a y . C o u r s e h e w a s so m e t h in e l s e - le a m e d a n o t h e r m o d p h r a s e . G e t - tin p u r d y good a t it n o w ! E l m e r u s e d to h e lp m e s h o v e l o u t m y w a lk an d then w e ’ d h a v e a U t t le s n o r t fro m m y b o t t l e s ta th e pan ­ t r y . C o u r s e I had to k e e p E l m e r fro m g ittln to o d e e p - n e v e r cou ld hold to o m u c h liq u o r . S o m e t im e s h e ’ d g e t a U ttle o r n e r y an d g e t to a r g u i n g bu t . . . A lw a y s did Uke m y h o m e m a d e w in e s p e c i a l ­ ly m y g r a p e and b l a c k c h e r r y rh u b a r b . N o w a d a y s he c a n ’ t d o nothin c u z h e d o n e h u r t h i s b a c k . H e s t i l l c o m e s o v e r but h e c a n ’ t h e l p s h o v e l , J e s t d r t a k d up m y w in e In th e p a r l o r . W a lls one d a y It w a s p u r d y b a d o u t s id e w h en E l m e r p u l ls ta th e d r i v e w a y in h i s o l d m o d e l T c u z he ta k e s m e to the m a r k e t to g e t m y s t a p le s la t e l y . W e g o t to lo o k t o a t m y s c r a p b o o k and h e g o t to re m e m ­ b e r i n g s o m e o f th e taU ta l e s he to ld ta h i s y o u n g e r d a y s . W e go t to lau g h in and a d r t n k t n an d w e had a r e a l n ic e d a y even tho w e w a s sh u t t a w a s r e a l co m f y . W e h a s s o m e s a d th o u g h t s h u t th e n . , . A t Prayer \ B l e s s e d ts h e w h o th in k s o f th e n e e d y and t h e p o o r : the L o r d w t l l s a v e him ta th e e v i l d a y . T h e L o r d w i l l w a t c h o v e r h im , an d p r e s e r v e h i s life , an d m a k e him happy on e a r t h , and he w iU n o t d e l i v e r h im u p to th e w i l l o f h i s e n e m i e s . T h e L o r d w i l l help h im o n h t s b e d o f p a in : ln h i s s i c k n e s s h e w i l l ta k e a w a y h is In f irm ity e n t i r e l y . ” P s a l m 40 D e a r U n c l e E l m e r : I u n d e r ­ stan d y o u c o l l e c t old S e a r s and R o e b u c k and M o n t g o m e r y W a r d c a t a l o g s . Is th is a hobby? W a ld o D e a r W a ld o : N o , a n e c e s s i t y . U n c le E l m e r D e a r U n c le E l m e r : W h a t d o you th in k about e x t r a - m a r i t a l a f f a i r s ? Joe D e a r J o e : A t m y a g e o n e can u s u a lly d o l i t t l e m o r e than think. U n c le E l m e r T h i s w e e k at the T o w n H a ll T h e a t r e - F r id a y th r o u g h M o n d a y , M a r c h 17 - 2 0 - \2 0 0 1 : A S p a c e O d y s s e y . ” T h i s e p ic s c i e n c e fic t i o n d r a m a , by M e t r o G o ldw ln M a y e r , t s In s u p e r p a n a v isio n and m e t r o c o l o r . S t a r r i n g K e l r D u ll e a and G a r y L o c k w o o d , it ts a d r a m a o f h igh a d v e n t u r e and s p a c e ex p lo r a t io n o f th e fu tu r e . T h « v i e w e r ts e n t h r a ll e d b y Its f a n t a s t ic s c e n e s an d s t a r k r e a l i s m . I t 's lik e a g l i m p s e Into th e fu t u r e . F e w s c i e n c e fic t io n c a n hold a c a n d l e to it. S a t u r d a y and S u n d a y , M a r c h 18 * 1 9 - “ Shinbone A l l e y , ” an e n c h a n t in g H im o f s o n g an d d a n c e . It fe a t u r e s C a r o l C b a n n in g a s M e M t a b r l and E d d f e B r a c k e n a s A r e f iy . A must, f o r y o u n g s t e r s . T h e tn a l f o e e nho-v In c lu d e s c a r t o o n s . D e a r U n c le E l m e r : I’ m fly i n g S o u t h fo r th e r e s l o f t h e w in t e r . Isn’ t that n i c e ? A u n t A b i g a il D e a r Aunt A b i g a il : It w o u ld be t f so m e nut hi ja c k s th e plan e . U n c le E lm e r in tn e a ? v s b e f o r e p e w t e r ana e a r t h e n w a r e u t e n s i l s w e r e a v a i l ­ a b l e fo r e a t i n g a n d d r in k i n g p u r ­ p o s e s , tr e e n w a r e w a s u s e d (m e a n in g “ m a d e o f t r e e ” ) - T h i s a n c ien t a r t w a s b r o u g h t to A m e r i c a fro m E u r o p e w h e r e fo r c e n t u r i e s w o o d had been fa s h io n e d Into d o m e s t i c u t e n s i l s . M y fa v o r i t e p i e c e o f tr e e n w a r e ts a la r g e b u r l b o w l. 1 h a v e u s e d It f o r m a n y y e a r s fo r b r e a d m a k in g , and fo r m ix in g la r g e b a t c h e s o f c o o k i e s a t C h r i s t m a s tim e . W h ile n o t in u s e fo r c u l i n a r y p u r p o s e s , it h o ld s c u r ­ re n t m a g a z in e s n e a r m y f a v o r ­ ite c h a i r b y the k itc h e n w in d o w . T o c o n v e r t a b u r l knot in t o a b o w l s h o w s c o n s i d e r a b l e I n g e n ­ u i t y b y th e s e e a r l y a r t i s a n s c a l l e d “ t u r n e r s . \ I h a v e a la d le that w a s v e r y h a n d s o m e ly m a d e fro m the c r o t c h o f a t r e e . I u s e It fo r h o ld in g can d y o r n u t s . It w a s p r e v i o u s l y u s e d b y a n e ig h b o r o f m in e a s a b u t t e r p a d d le. T h e s e s a m e c r a f t s m e n m a d e u t e n s i l s , s u c h a s sp o o n s an a tu m b le r s o f h o r n , w h ich t s a l s o a v e r y In t e r e s t in g a r t and a v e r y good c o l l e c t o r s ’ ite m . T r e e n w a r e is h a r d to d a t e s i n c e e a r l y fo r m s w e r e co p ie d w e l l into th e n in e t e e n th c e n t u r y . M a n y c u r a t o r s o f m u s e u m s s a y that few e x a m p le s a r e found p r i o r to the s e v e n t e e n hun­ d r e d s . A frie n d o f m in e is le a r n i n g th e e a r l y a r t o f c r e w e l e m b r o i ­ d e r y . T h o u g h w e h a v e v i s i t e d O ld D e e r f i e l d V i l l a g e ln M a s ­ s a c h u s e t t s m a n y t i m e s , I n e v e r t i r e o f lo o k in g a t th e fin e t e x ­ t i l e e x a m p le s t h e r e . In th e D w igh t B a r n a r d H o u s e th e r e is d is p la y e d a bed c o v e r d o n e in c r e w e l e m b r o i d e r y in s h a d e s o f b lu e , g r e e n , y e l lo w an d b r o w n w ith th e a r t i s t ’ s n a m e and th e d a t e 176 7 e m b r o i d e r e d on th e e d g e . O v e r tw o h u n d r e d y e a r s o l d , it Is s t i l l ln e x c e l l e n t c o n ­ d itio n . A t tb e tim e I s a w the c o v e r , tt w a s d i s p l a y e d on a pain ted and g il d e d S h e r it a n b e d . C r e w e l e m b r o i d e r y is u s u a l l y d o n e tn th e tr a d i t i o n a l T r e e o f L i f e and flo r a l p a t t e r n s co p ie d fro m the Indian c h i n t z e s b r o u g h t to E u r o p e fro m th e s e v e n t e e n t h c e n t u r y o n , an d t h u s to A m e r i c a . T h e r e a r e s e v e r a l good b o o k s that h a v e b e e n p u b lish e d oh c r e w e l e m b r o i d e r y , g i v i n g fu ll In s t r u c t io n s . I w o u ld s o U k e to do a p i e c e o f c r e w e l In s h a d e s o f b lu e f o r a s m a l l an t iq u e p r a y ­ e r ben c h . P e r h a p s 1 sh o u ld r e ­ s o r t to the m a c h i n e - m a d e c r e w e l , s i n c e the s i m p l e c r o s s - s t l t c b s a m p l e r I m a d e s o m e tim e a g o tu r n e d out to b e a y e a r ’ s p r o ­ je c t . A f t e r l t w a s c o m p le t e d an d fr a m e d , 1 p r o u d ly sh o w e d it to a frie n d fo r h e r a p p r o v a l . H e r re m a r k w a s , “ O b , is th i s s o m e ­ th in g you d id w h e n y o u w e r e a U t t l e g i r l ? ” B e l o w Is a v e r y g o o d r e c i p e f o r an O r a n g e S a l a d . M y c o u s in T h e r e s a s e r v e d lt a t d in n e r when I w a s to h e r h o m e r e c e n t l y to K e n t u c k y . O n e ca n m a d a r ln o r a n g e s (d r a in e d ) , on e c a n c r u s h e d p i n e ­ a p p l e (d r a in e d ) , o n e b o x o r a n g e J e l l o , o n e - h a l f p a c k a g e s m a l l m a r s h m a l lo w s . M ix J e llo w ith hot w a t e r a s d i r e c t e d , u s i n g th e ju i c e fro m o r a n g e s and p in e ­ a p p l e a s p a r t o f th e Bot liq u id . A d d m a r s h m a l lo w s . C o o l . Add p in e a p p l e s an d o r a n g e . M ix an d le t c o n g e a l. F o r to p p in g : O n e p a c k a g e d r e a m w h ip , o n e - f o u r t h c u p s a la d d r e s s i n g o r p e r h a p s a little le s s . M i x d r e a m w h ip a s d i r e c t e d on p a c k a g e , add s a l a d d r e s s i n g an d w h ip to ­ g e t h e r . S p r e a d o n je l l o m ix t u r e an d ad d sh r e d d e d c h e e s e o n top. (W e p r e f e r a g e d C h e d d a r ) W h ile lo o k in g o u t a c r o s s th e w id e m e a d o w t h i s m o r n in g an d w a tch in g fh e b lo w in g sn o w I w a s re m in d e d o f a p o e m b y E l l a H lg - g t a s o n , e n t it le d \ W h e n th e b i r d s g o n o r th a g a in ” In p a r t : \ o h , e v e r y y e a r hath Its w i n t e r , A n d e v e r y y e a r h a t h it s r a t n - b u t a d a y is a l w a y s c o m in g W h e n th e b i r d s g o n o r t h a g a i n . ” How tr u e , but f o r now g u e s s I ' l l g o \ c h u c k u p th e li r e ” an d d o a b it o f rea d in g . T i m e to g o now b u t w i l l b e b a c k a g a in n e x t w e e k . Penny- D e a r F r a n n y : A r e yo u c e r ­ tain th e y w e r e u n a tten d e d ? U n c le E lm o r D e a r U n c le E l m e r : I t h in k It’ s t e r r i b l e tod a y how s o m e o f ou r young fo l k s a r e a l w a y s c a l li n g u s n a m e s and d e m a n d in g m o r e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . W h e n th e y g e t It, th e y o f t e n c a n ’ t b e co n s c ie n t io u s abou t it. 1 doubt if th e y even know th e m e a n in g o f th e w o r d , ‘ • c o n s c i e n t i o u s , ” P r u d e n c e D e a r P r u d e n c e : S o m e t im e s th e y don ’ t find o u t u n t il they g e t to b e 18 and b e c o m e ob­ je c t o r s . U n c le E l m e r 4 D e a r U n c l e E l m e r : I w e n t to a d r i v e - l n m o v i e la s t s u m m e r . I w a s a m a z e d hbw m a n y p e o p le s e e m to le a v e th e ir c a r s un­ atten d e d . F r a n n y D e a r U n c le E lm e r : I am a so p h o m o r e ln c o l l e g e and I need s o m e h e lp w ith t r y s t u d ie s in a n c ien t h i s t o r y . C o u ld you h e lp m e tn th e e v e n in g s ? W endy D e a r W e n d y : O n ly if w e can spen d a w h ile on c u r r e n t e v e n t s . U n c le E l m e r | Dear Editor :§ E d i t o r , J o u r n a l an d R e p u b lica n : It w a s m y p r i v i l e g e to m e e t the la t e M is s H a z e l N o r t h a m o f B r o o k ly n and B o o n v i l l e d u r i n g the s u m m c o f 1964 w h e n s h e w a s v a c a t i o n in g to R c o u v i i l e at th e h o m e o f h e r late c o u s i n , W a lte r P r a t t M i s s N o r th a n tea s a la d y o f s m a l l s t a t u r e w ith a v e r y w a r m and o u tgoin g p e r s o n a l i t y and a m o s t u n a s s u m in g m a n n e r . O n e co u ld not h e lp b u t fe e l that sh e h a d a l w a y s b e e n a frie n d . S h e h a d o n e o f t h o b i g g e s t h e a r t s o f Anyone 1 had e v e r know n ! A f t e r S h e in h e r it e d the e s t a t e o f h » r c o u s i n , the late W a lte r P r a t t o f jflntmtal and iEpjntliltrtm 7556 S T A T E S T R E E T , L O W V I L L E , N . Y 13367 J o u r n a l E s t a b l i s h e d 1838 R e p u b lica n E s t a b l ish e d 1830 M e r g e d 1860 P u b lish e d w e e k l y b y th e o w n e r s an d p u b lis h e r s L o w v l l l e P r i n t i n g and P u b li s h in g C o , In c . R i c h a r d E , S m | t b , P r e s i d e n t • P u b li s h e r c J a L a . W l , ™ . , C a r o l D y iw m a n , O f f i c e M a n a g e r N a tion a l A d v e r t i s i n g R e p r e s e n t a t i v e IN D E ’ ’ E N D E N T N E W S P A P E R M A R K E T O , IN C . N e w Y o r k - C l i c a g o - D e t r o i t - D a l l a s - San F r a n o i s c o • A tla n ta E n t e r e d at P o s t O f f i c e , L o w v l l l e , N . Y . , a s s e c o n d - c l a s s m a l l m a t t e r S U B S C R I P T I O N - P A Y M E N T IN A D V A N C E $6.00 Y e a r N e w Y o r k S t a t e - $ 7 .0 0 Y e a r E l s e w h e r e C o n t in e n t a l U n ited S t a t e s - $9.00 Y e a r A l a s k a , H a w a i i , F o r e i g n C o u n t r i e s Midnel J. B lair... A C L O S E R L O O K f t T V T h in g s a p p e a r to b e lo o k in g up f o r th e p e o p le o f L e w t s C o u n ty, p r i m a r i l y b e c a u s e It a p p e a r s th a t the p e o p le a r e now t t o n g a c l o ­ s e r lo o k a t w h a t ’ s h a p p e n ing aro u n d th e m . L a s t W e d n e s d a y , a v e r y h e a lt h y situ a t io n p r e s e n t e d it s e l f ta L o w v i l l e . W e a r e s p e a k ­ in g , o f c o u r s e , o f th e P u b li c S e r v i c e C o m m iss io n ’ s h e a r in g at th e C o u r t H o u s e on th e p r o ­ p o s e d teleph o n e r a t e In c r e a s e s . M o r e than 50 p e r s o n s ap p e a r e d a t th e h e a r in g , w ith m o r e than a d o z e n o f f e r i n g te s t im o n y . A t p r e v io u s h e a r i n g s o f th is s o r t In th e a r e a , it w o u ld h a v e been a m i r a c l e tf a d o z e n In t e r e s t e d In d ivid u a ls a p p e a r e d . T h e h e a r ­ in g w a s m e a n t to aU o w th e p e o ­ p le a n o p p o r t u n ity t o e x p r e s s th e m s e lv e s and th e y too k ad v a n ­ ta g e o f th e o c c a s io n . A p a r t o f o u r d e m o c r a t ic p r o c e s s s e e m e d a U t t l e m o r e v a l u a b le to th e p e o p le la s t w e e k . A p a t h y w a s to s s e d a s id e and r e p l a c e d w ith a c t io n . Y e s , th in g s a r e lo o k ­ ing up. -O - S e n a t o r Edm u n d M u s ld e o f M a in e kind o f fe l l on h i s fa c e la s t w e e k In N e w H a m p s h i r e , ending the p r i m a r y c a m p a i g n w l t h le s s than 50 p e r c e n t o f th e v o t e - not a v e r y g o o d sh o w in g fo r th e S e n a t o r In a n e ig h b o r i n g N e w E n g la n d s t a t e . 1 m u s t to o t m y b o r n and s a y I fe e l q u ite goo d about m y p r e d ic t i o n of th e o u t c o m e o f th e p r i m a r y that I m a d e tn th is co lu m n on M a r c h I. I s a i d M u s k ie w o u ld w in , w h ich he d i d , but th a t S e n a t o r M c G o v e r n w o u ld sh o w a s u r p r i s i n g s t r e n g t h , w h ich he m o s t c e r t a i n l y d id! I t ’ s no lo n g e r a M u s k ie b a l lg a m e . I h a v e co m e a c r o s s an in t e r e s t i n g le t t e r to th e e d i t o r w h ich a p p e a r ­ ed to the M a in e Sun d a y T e l e ­ g r a m : \ I s a w S e n . M u s k ie on T V la s t n igh t on th e b a n k of t h e C u y a h o g a R i v e r to O h io , S o t a r I h a v e not se e n M u s ld e stan d in g on th e b a n k s o f th e A n d r o s c o g ­ gin th a t flo w s th r o u g h h is b i r t h ­ p l a c e , R u m f o r d , M a i n e , and Is c l a s s e d a s one o l th e 10 m o s t p o llu ted ta th e U .S. I h a v e n ’ t h e a r d o f M u s k ie lo o k in g at th e p T e s q u h I s l e R i v e r h e r e la M a in e , th e o n e he helped b e d e c l a s s i f i e d , and w h ich h a s now b e c o m e a c e s s p o o l , n o t on ly ta M a in e but a l s o ta o u r n e ig h b o r . N e w B r u n s w ic k . I s u p p o s e S e n . M u s k ie c a n 't b e b o t h e r e d w ith a s t a t e that h a s on ly fo u r e l e c ­ to r a l v o t e s . ” -O - S e n a t o r E d w a r d K e n n e d y m a y n o t b e running f o r P r e s i d e n t . B u t w h y t s h e m a i lin g a le n g t h ly acco u n t in g o f h i s s e n a t o r i a l “ a - c h io v e m e n t s ” la s t y e a r to c o l l e g e p d i t o r s throu g h o u t th e co u n t r y ? O f c o u r s e w e h a v e a l ! h e a r d a b o u t C h a p p a q u ld d ick , but how about T e d d y K e n n e d y , t h e H a r v a r d m a n , w h o ch e a t e d on h i s e x a m s ? C e r ­ ta i n ly not tn th e tra d itio n ol “ H o n e s t A b e ” Is It? -O - In th e w a k e o f the N ixo n v i s i t , P e k in g ls d r a w in g up a sh o p ­ p in g lis t o f U .S. g o o d s It w a n ts ta tra d e . H igh on th e li s t a r e Jet a i r c r a f t and c o m p u t e r s - a l l f o r “ p e a c e fu l e n d e a v o r s , ” a c ­ co r d i n g to M a o . -O - H a s the c i v i l rig h t s m o v e m e n t g o n e too fa r ? S o m e N e v a d a n s m a y think s o . T h e e x e c u t i v e d i r ­ e c t o r o f th e N e v a d a S t a t e E q u a l R ig h t s C o m m iss io n t s c u r r e n t l y B o o n v t l ie , s h e w a n ted to u s e th i s In h e r it a n c e to h e l p o t h e r s . S b e sought the c o u n s e l o f a c o u s in , th e l a t e N o r t h a m H a b e r e r o f L o w ­ v l l l e , who s u g g e s t e d th e e s t a b ­ lish m e n t o f a c h a r i t a b l e fo u n d a ­ tio n to a w a r d s c h o l a r s h i p s to a r e a high sch o o l g r a d u a t e s . M i s s N o r ­ ths m en d o r s e d th is p r o p o s a l w) th g r e a t e n t h u s ia s m . T l i t s w a a tb e b e g in n in g o f the P r a t t - N o r t h a m F o u n d a t io n , in hon o r o f t h e m e m ­ o r y o f h e r c o u s i n , tho la t e W a lte r P r a t t . O n ly throu g h h e r g e n ­ e r o s i t y h a v e so m a n y o f o u r young peop le t n B e a v e r F a l l s , B o o n v il le , C a r t h a g e , C o p e n h a g e n , L o w v l l l e and South L e w i s are a s ; r e c e i v e d su b s t a n t i a l fin a n c i a l a i d f o r c o l l e g e . In ad d itio n , Miss Northam do- (C o n tin tn -d o n P a g e 3) In v e s t ig a t in g a N e v a d a h o u s e o f ill-r e p u t e fo r a l l e g e d l y re f u s in g - to a c c e p t b l a c k c u s t o m e r s . N o kidding. K in d o f re m i n d s m e o f the sto r y ’ , a l s o tr u e , th a t J a c k P a r r told s e v e r a l y e a r s a g o —• the one ab o u t the b a w d y h o u s e taken o v e r b y th e g o v e r n m e n t fo r n o n - p a y m e n t of ta x e s . It c o n ­ tinued to o p e r a t e , u n d e r th e ap­ paren t unknow ing a u s p i c e s o f the Internal R e v e n u e S e r v i c e . T h e funny p a r t o f th e s t o r y , thou g h , is the fa c t that it sh o w e d a b i g ­ g e r p r o f it th a n th e P o s t O f f i c e D e p a r t m e n t! Y o u kn o w , T V is n ’ t q u ite the s a m e w ith o u t J a c k P a r r , is tt? -O - O u r te e n a g e c o l u m n i s t , T e r r y O a k e s , a s e n i o r a t A u g u s t ln la n A c a d e m y , C a r t h a g e , c o n t in u e s to d r a w w id e s p r e a d p r a i s e fro m o u r ’ ; r e a d e r s , T e r r y r e c e n t l y w o n a f * N e w Y o r k S t a t e R e g e n t s S c h o l a r - s h ip , w a s th e w in n e r o f t h e C a r - - : ; th a g e E l k s ’ Y o u th L e a d e r s h ip : '; ; A w a r d and p la c e d seco n d in a > * K . o f C . o r a t o r i c a l c o n t e s t . H ts;-* r e a d e r s m igh t be In t e r e s t e d to - .- know th a t It ta k e s h im about o n e ! ; - to tw o h o u r s ea c h w e e k to p r e - > p a r e h i s co lu m n fo r th e J o u r n a l , f ; He s im p l y s i t s dow n and w r i t e s : . ; it - ju s t o n c e - w ithout r e c o p y t n g . H is s p e l l i n g , g r a m m e r and p u n - : :_ ctu a t io n a r e asto u n d in g ly a c c u r - . : a t e fo r a h lg b s c h o o l stu d e n t a n d . : h i s co p y r e q u i r e s lit t l e , I f a n y , J , e d i t in g b e f o r e it a p p e a r s to p r in t .; ' T e r r y is 18 an d p l a n s to s t u d y - : ' p o l i t i c a l s c i e n c e a t L e M o y n e C o l - ' le g e , S y r a c u s e , w h e r e h e h a s a l - : • re a d y b e e n a c c e p t e d ,. W e a r e told; -: b y m a n y r e a d e r s th a t T e r r y is a re m a r k a b l e young m a n . W e a g r e e . G l i m p s e s o f t h e p a s t .. • P A P E R M I L L - In L e w i s C o u n t y , the p r o d u c tio n o f v a r i o u s ty p e s at p a p e r h a s b e e n o n e o f the le a d in g In d u s t r ie s o f th e c o u n t y fo r y e a r s , m a n y o f th e m i l l s h a v in g lo n g an d in t e r e s t i n g h i s ­ to r i e s . O n e o f the L a r g e s t m i l l s , G e o r g i a - P a c i f i c at L y o n s F a l l s , fo r m e r l y the G o u ld P a p e r C o . , Is show n In ihe p h o to a b o v e . N o te th e h i s t o r i c o l d th r e e - w a y b r i d g e to the fo r e g r o u n d , to e o n ly one o f its k in d , to the s i x ­ tie s It w a s r e p l a c e d b y th e s t a t e w ith tw o m o d e r n s p a n s a c r o s s - the B l a c k R i v e r a t the m i l l s i t e . T h e fo llo w i n g a r e e x c e r p t s fro m to e h i s t o r y o f th e G o u ld m i l l , a s taken fro m th e new “ H i s t o r y o f L e w t s C o u n t y , \ ed ited b y th e l a t e G . B y r o n B o w e n , L o w v l l l e , and p u b lish e d b y th e L e w i s C o u n t y B o a r d o f L e g i s l a t o r s : “ T h e la r g e s t in d u s t r y tn th e tow n , G o u ld P a p e r C o . , w a s f o u n ­ d e d b y G o r d l a s H e n r y P . G o u l d . A l t e r an a c t i v e c a r e e r In lu m ­ b e r in g an d p u lp m a k i n g In th e town o f L y o n s d a l e , he a c q u i r e d tho w a t e r p o w e r a t L y o n s F a l l s to 1892. W ith C h a r l e s W . P r a t t o f B o o n v t l ie and John E . Ha­ b e r e r o f L o w v i l l e b e th e n fo r m ­ ed the G o u ld P a p e r C o m p a n y w ith a c a p i t a l i z a t i o n o f $ 2 ,0 0 0 ,- 000, w h ich In c lu d e d h t s m i l l s a t F o w l e r v i l l e , Sh u e tow n , and P o r t L e y d e n . T h e la r g e p a p e r and pulp m il! at th e L y o n s F a l l s s i t e w a s c o m p le t e d F e b r u a r y 1 , 1896 and had a c a p a c i t y o f 70 to n s o f fin is h e d p a p e r d u l ly . T h e b u s ­ in e s s s t e a d i l y ex p a n d e d and im ­ p r o v e m e n t s w e r e m a d e f r o m tim e to tim e . In 1900 a su lp h ite m ill w a s e r e c t e d , th u s e l i m i n a t i n g th e n e c e s s i t y fo r o u t s id e p u r c h a s e o f su lp h ite . T h e n in 1907 tw o ground-wood m M s w e r e p u r c h a s e d fro m the In t e r n a t io n a l P a p e r C o . ; the m a in o f f i c e w a s m o v e d fro m P o r t L e y d e n ; and 3 n e w o f f i c e , b u ilt o f G o u v e r n e u r m a r b le , w a s e r e c t e d o p p o s ite th e m ill p r o ­ p e r t y . “ F o l lo w in g th e d e a t h o f M r . G o u ld ta 1 9 1 9 , h is s o n , H a r r y P . G o u ld , w h o had lo n g b e e n a s s o ­ cia t e d w t t h h t s fa t h e r In the b u s ­ in e s s , b e c a m e p r e s i d e n t and g e n ­ e r a l m a m a g e r , and he r e m a in e d tn that p o s itio n u n t il h i s d e a t h ta 1938. A t th a t tim e G o r d o n H. P , G o u ld , gra n d s o n o f t h e f o u n d e r , w a s e l e c t e d p r e s i d e n t a n d g e n e r a l m a n a g e r o f th e co m p a n y . T h e G o u ld P a p e r C o . w a s o n e o f th e few c o m p le t e ly in t e g r a t e d m i l l s tn ihe country, making p a p e r “ f r o m t r e e to fin ish e d r o l l . ” “ U n t il 19 4 5 th e i r e n t i r e o u t p u t w a s to n e w s p r in t , ta that y e a r R o y W . S h a v e r 'E e c a ’ m e p r e s id e n t and g e n e r a l m a n a g e r , and s h o r t l y a f t e r th a t t h e G o u id h e i r s s o j d o u t th e ir in t e r e s t s and th e m i l l b e ­ c a m e a s u b s i d i a r y o f t h e C o n t i n - en t ia i C a n C o . T b e p r o d u c t io n o f n e w s p r in t w a s d isco n t in u e d a n d s p e c i a l t y p a p e r s o n ly w e r e m a n ­ u f a c t u r e d . D u r in g t h i s p e r io d th e m i l l w a s la r g e l y r e b u i l t . ‘ M a n y p e r m a n e n t Im p r o v e m e n t s w e r e m a d e , in c lu d in g a n e w o f f i c e b u ild in g , s t e a m p la n t , fin is h in g ro o m , an d grou n d w o o d b l e a c h plant. “ In 19 5 1 ih e co m p a n y w a s s o l d b y C o n t in e n ta l C a n C o . to a g r o u p o f B r a z i l i a n p u b li s h e r s o r g a n i ­ z e d b y C l e T . J a n e r , C o m e r c i o E . In d u s t r ie o f R i o d e J a n e i r o . R a lp h W . L u e t h t w a s m a t e p r e ­ sid e n t o f th e n e w co m p a n y . T h e s u lp h ite m i l l w a s c l o s e d an d th e com p a n y b e g a n to p u r c h a s e s u l ­ p h it e and d r a f t in o r d e r to c o n ­ s e r v e s p r u c e , w h ich w a s s h o r t tn s u p p l y . T w o y e a r s la t e r th e y b e ­ gan o p e r a t i n g a h a r d w o o d p la n t to f u r t h e r c o n s e r v e s p r u c e . “ In 1SE6 th e L y o n s F a l l s P a p e r C o r p o r a t i o n , b e a d e d b y R a lph W . L u e t lt i, b o u g h t IB E C ’ s in t e r e s t s and b e c a m e th e s o l e o w n e r s o f G o u ld P a p e r C o . T h e co m p a n y re t a in e d Its o r i g i n a l n a m e throu g h o u t a l l th e s e t r a n s a c t i o n s . “ C o m p a r in g con d ition s w ith th o s e o f tw e n t y - f iv e y e a r s a g o , p r o d u c t io n h a s in c r e a s e d 60F-.* e m p lo y m e n t , In s p i t e o f m a n y la b o r - s a v i n g d e v i c e s , h a s r i s e n 20%; a v e r a g e annual e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y e e s h a s In c r e a s e d n e a r l y 400%; and m a n y fr i n g e b e n e f it s h a v e b e e n ad d e d . T h e s e In c lu d e grou p in s u r a n c e , a lib e r a l p e n ­ s io n p la n , u n e m p loym e n t in s u r ­ a n c e , p a id v a c a t i o n , h o lid a y p a y , e t c . In lo o p the an n u a l p a y r o l l w a s ta e x c e s s o f $2,000,000 an d s e v e r a l m illio n s o f d o l la r s h a v e been sp e n t ta ca p ita l Im p r o v e ­ m e n ts. “ G o u ld P a p e r C o . w a s a g a in s a i d ln 1902 t o P u g e t Sound P u lp and T i m b e r C o , ( G e o r g ia P a c i f i c ) , w h o s e h e a d q u a r t e r s a r e in th e s t a t e o f W a s h ington. R ich a r d P r e - m o (s p r e s id e n t and g e n e r a l m a n ­ a g e r f a r the new o w n e r s . “ G o u ld P a p e r C o . h a s en jo y e d s e v e n t y y e a r s o f continu o u s o p ­ e r a t i o n , an d Its b u s i n e s s ex p e n ­ d itu r e s h a v e m a d e trem e n d o u s c o n t r ib u t io n s to e c o n o m ic health o f the e n t ire co u n t y .”

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