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Allegany County news. (Whitesville, Allegany County, N.Y.) 1913-1916, December 02, 1915, Image 2

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ALLEGANY COUNTY NEWS. WHITESVILLE. N. Y. GETTING A START (Copyright. 1S15. by the McClure Newspaper Syndicate.) SNAGS. THE EYE AND THE EAR. Progression’s inarching road is sel­ dom straight. It runs along the high­ ways and into the byways, over the valley, the hills, and the mountains. There is no royal road to success, no easy way of accomplishment, not­ w ithstanding that “Royal Roads” and “Easy W ays” abound in half the spell­ binding harangues which irresponsible w riters and talkers hurl upon their young victims, who, with bated breath, drink in the words which seem to pro­ claim the doctrine of “Som ething for Nothing,” or “Much for Little.” I recall an incident: A friend of mine, well grounded in experience, started an enterprise under a new en­ vironment. His apparent immediate success was remarkable. The business paid at the start. He was elated. His friends congratulated him. His small capital appeared to be sufficient. Business rolled In and profits seemed assured. This condition continued for many months. Then he struck a dead center. Business dropped off. Profits no longer appeared on the bal­ ance sheet. To use the language of the streets, he was “up against it,” and “up against it” hard. He perse­ vered and won, but for nearly a year his nose was at the grindstone. He worked day and night. Every week ob­ stacles presented themselves which appeared to be almost Insurmountable. In the end, however, his perseverance, combined with ability and experience, conquered, as is usually the case. Comparatively few men succeed continuously. Pew, very few, busi­ ness houses pay a continuous profit. Like our highways, the business road Is not constantly smooth, and it is seldom straight. Gold-tipped pros­ pects may be leaden underneath, and the sky is not often clear for more than a few days at a time, it is sure to be cloudy, it is sure to rain. The glorious encouragement of the sun is not to he wholly depended upon. A dark day is coming. Success depends not only upon cap­ ital, experience and ability, but upon an appreciation of possible, if not probable, disaster. The good trade of today may not be duplicated tomorrow. The best of goods do not sell con­ tinually, and there is little profit which does not fluctuate. Even the strongest municipal bond may be worth more today than it will be tomorrow. Nothing in business appears to be standard and sure. Every road either has a snag in the middle of it. or there are snags be­ side it which the storm will drive into the center. Expect difficulties. Anticipate snags, oven when you appear to sail on the flood tide of success. Many a yachtsman has started out on a calm morning and been wrecked by the afternoon storm, even during a season of good weather. Reef before the hurricane strikes. Be ready to meet the wind and storm. “Make haste slowly.” See that your anchor is ready for heaving, that your lines are strong enough to hold. Be prepared for wind and wave. If they don’t come you are fortunate. If they do come your preparation may enable you to ride them and make a safe harbor. Recognize the fact that there is such a thing as a snag, even when you do not see it. It is there, or may be. And, if it is there, do not be discour­ aged. Do not sit back and wail in listless tone, “Just my luck. I might have known it.” Tackle that snag with a mighty determination to wrest it from your path and annihilate it. Then, when it has ceased to be, march on to the next obstruction, fortified by the consciousness of y o u r, power to handle what is to come, as well as that which has been. Church O n c e a M u sic H a il. St. Mary’s, Soho, London, v/here an interesting “Jansenist” service has just been held, is a church with a re­ m arkable religious history. It was originally erected through the influ­ ence of Doctor Compton, the tree planting bishop of London, for the Greek archbishop of Samos and his flock, who had been driven from their island by the Turks. Since then this little edifice has ------: ----- 'hr»nc!k> f o r You were born w it^ an empty brain. Nature did not give you intelligence and refused to contribute even the self-preservative instinct of the ani­ mal. All th a t you know today, and all that you can ever receive, enters your head either through the eye or the ear. Each voluntary or involun­ tary glance of the eye, and each sound which enters your ear, is registered in or on a brain cell, there to remain forever, even though you may forget the occurrence. You cannot help seeing, and you can­ not help hearing. Much of what you see and what you hear may be of lit­ tle or no consequence to you, and It would seem a waste of brain m aterial to record these sensations; but, as you cannot avoid this recording, it behooves you to determine, as far as is within yom; power, what you shall see and what you shall hear. You must see and you must hear anyway. Will you attem p t to regulate the eye and the ear, or will you al­ low them to run amuck? Thousands, yes, millions, of men see and yet see not; and as many hear and yet hear not. They lie dor­ mant, and allow impressions to come to them and to occupy the cells of their brains, without using discrimina­ tion in the receiving and without at­ tempting to utilize the result. One man walks along the city or the village street. His eyes and his ^ a r s are receiving innumerable im­ pressions, which he does not attem p t to regulate, and which he allows to play havoc with his brain. Another man, while he cannot avoid that which is before him and around him, dis­ criminates, focuses his eyes and turns his ears toward the sights and sounds which will add to his stock of in­ formation. It is as easy to see and hear intelli­ gently as it is to accept involuntarily impressions and sensations. It is impossible for the bright and intelligent man to look out of the window, to walk along the street,, to occupy a chair at his desk, to mingle with his fellow men, without obtain­ ing something worth while to him, to his work, and to the world at large. It is not enough to receive, for mere receipts may have no commercial or other value. It is what you do with what you receive that counts in every market. What you need is everywhere, in­ doors, outdoors, in the street, in the fields and woods. Will you merely allow it to pass inside of you, either through your eye or through your ear, unconsidered, or will you so regulate your brain that it will separate the wheat from the chafE and place it in a position which will benefit you and your community? Will you be a receiver, a mere re­ tainer, or will you be a mill ever ready to ^rind the grist that is constantly coming to you? You are m aster of it all. It is for you to say w hether what you receive is to be beneficial or worthless. Re­ ceive you must. W hat are you going to do with what you receive? AMERICAN PROVED HIS WORTH Chief Factor In Getting Great Brit­ ain’s Army to France in Time to Be Effective. Germany isn’t the only country that produces efficient men. When Eng­ land became a belligerent nation about a year ago her first great prob­ lem was how to transport men and munitions to Southampton, the port of embarkation for France and Belgium, in the least possible time. Earl Kitchener called a conference of rail­ road managers and gave them 60 hours in which to be ready to handle the necessary traffic. One of the v.on- ferees was Henry W. Thornton, the American who left this country two years ago to become general manager of the Great Eastern railway of Eng­ land. He took the leading part in carrying out Kitchener’s orders and in 48 hours after the conference ad­ journed the railroad equipment was all ready, with steam up. This instance of American efficiency will be especially interesting to citi­ zens of Columbus. Sixteen years ago Mr. Thornton, then holding a compara- v.,iTv.v»io •nositioTi with the Penn- OMEBEAl •r5 aivd ^Ixruib' TKeir Care aad Culfivafioiv The New Orchid of Guatemala. ORCHIDS CUJ^US PLANTS By E, VAN BENTHOYSEN. Orchids a re curious plants, even the simplest orchids of the endogenous type, which belong to the same group as lilies, palms and grasses but differ­ ing in their showy, highly-colored flow­ ers of diverse shapes. Possibly there Is no flower admired more and under­ stood less. The known species of orchids num­ ber 6,000, which are included in 400 genera. The diligent search that has been made for these plants in every country in the world for cultivation purposes and on account of their great beauty is undoubtedly responsible for the great number of known varieties. Some of the orchids are terrestrial —^that is, they grow with their roots in the ground—^but the greater number are epiphytes—“air plants”—growing on trees and shrubs, but receiving no nourishment from them. It is a strange fact that orchids while supposed to grow in tropical climates only are grown—beautiful specimens of them—in the neighbor­ hood of snow. Rational methods of cultivation have developed leading to the separation of orchids in three kinds of greenhouses, according to tem peratures maintained in them—hot houses, tem p erate houses and cold houses. There a re some artificially produced hybrids, wonderful creations in shape, which differ g reatly from both parents. Oh account of the difficulty of their production these beautiful p lants com­ mand fabulous prices. Thousands of dollars have been paid for beautiful specimens. Once created, however, these hybrids may be propagated in­ definitely by dividing the root-stock as it grows; this permanently enriches the collection of conservatories. A new orchid, the Marie-Odile, the nun orchid, is a dainty white blossom and is extremely rare. It is here pic­ tured. NO JLUCK ABO^T GARDENING There is no luck about gardening. Every success is the result of well- laid plans, and the failures, with rare exceptions are because of the lack of them. Section of a Rock Garden. HOME G R O U J^ A PICTURE By CELESTE BENTON. Begin now to plan the arrangement Of the home grounds for next season. Make all the planting subservient to the home picture as a whole. All the planting should he done with a view to enhancing and making it homelike. If trees, shrubbery and flower beds are placed in front of the house they detract from the picture. If your ground is so situated that you can have a pond lily bed, or a rock garden try it. it has been done successfully where the ground had water on it. Instead of draining the pond out it was preserved into a thing of beauty. The main part of the ground, plant­ ing should be lawn. Trees and large shrubbery should be set to the rear and sides in masses, and flowering plants*, such as the smaller annuals and perennials, should he set in bor­ ders at the outer edge of the lawn or along the base of the house. Some shrubs and vines may be placed in angles aroxnd the house or porch to simplify and soften the ag­ ricultural lines and make the dwelling harmonize with its natural surround­ ings. Above all do not place a flowerbed or a rosebush right in the center of the lawn to destroy its unity, or use­ fulness as a pleasure groimd for walk­ ing or playing. Let the lawn be free, open, and sweeping in extent, a place where wholesome flooding sunliglit pours the whole day long, and where a million dewdrops glitter wilh iridescence tin* der the morning sun. ISTEi GiADH GOfllUESTOWIN The 1915 Yield of Grain Keeps Western Canada to the Front. The great publicity that has been given to the grain yields of the Prov­ inces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the three provinces that com­ prise that portion of W estern Canada east of the British Columbia boundaiy, has kept Canada to the front with a prominence that is merited. The grain crop of the three prov­ inces h as now been harvested, and suf­ ficient of it has been threshed so that it is no longer a m a tter of estim ate as to the returns. It is safe to say that the entire yield of wheat will be up­ wards of 275,000,000 bushels, and the average yield well over 25 bushels per acre. In proportion to the aggregate this is perhaps the largest yield ever known on the continent. Most Of this wheat will grade No. 1 northern, and better, and with pres­ ent prices the condition of the farm­ er is to be envied. Many individual yields are reported, and verified, and they are alm o st beyond belief, hut they go to shpw that under the care­ ful system of agriculture that pro­ duced these yields W estern Canada would have far exceeded a 300,000,000 production of wheat in 1915 had the system been universal. It was not in one or two districts that big yields have been made known. The reports com© from all parts of the 24,000 square miles of territory in which the growing of wheat is car­ ried on. Mr. Elmir Seller, a farm er south of Strassburg, Sask., has harvested 5,465 bushels No. 1 hard wheat from 160 acres. Jas. A. Benner, near Daysland, Al­ berta, says his wheat went over 40 bushels to the acre, with an all round crop of 33 bushels to the acre. J. N. Wagner, near the same place, also lays claim to over 40 bushels of wheat per acre. A Norwegian farmer, named S. A. Tofthagen, not far from Daysland, -had 23 acres of wheat which gave a yield of 47 bushels to the acre. Well, then, near Gleichen, Alberta, D. H. Engle of Humboldt, Iowa, owns a quarter section of land. This land was rented so that Mr. Engle should receive one-third of the crop, and this gave him $612.65, his net rental for the crop, and there was only 80 acres in crop. Scores of reports give yields fully as large as those given above. A large field of spring wheat near Leth­ bridge averaged 69 bushels, another 59 and a third 56 bushels per acre. On the Jail farm at Lethbridge 25 acres of Marquis wheat yielded 60 bushels to,, the acre and weighed 67 pounds to the bushel. A test lot of one acre of Mar­ quis wheat when threshed yielded 99 bushels and a 30 acre field averaged 60 1-3 bushels. This farm had 200 acres under crop to Marquis wheat and it is expected the average from the whole will exceed 50 bushels. In all portions of Saskatchewan and Manitoba, as well, remarkable yields are reported, many large fields show­ ing averages of from 40 to 55 bushels per acre. When the story of this year’s thresh­ ing is completed some extraordinary yields will be heard of. One farmer west of Unity, Saskatchewan, threshed 10,000 bushels of No. 1 northern from 200 acres and such instances will not be isolated. Considerable of the wheat grown in W estern Canada is finding its way to the markets of the United States, not­ withstanding the duty of ten cents per bushel. The miller in the United States finds W estern Canadian wheat necessary for the blending of the high class flour that is demanded by some millers. Already nearly a hundred thousand bushels of the 1915 crop has found its way to the Minneapolis,- Du­ luth, St. Louis and other markets. It was not in wheat alone that there were extraordinary yields. A farmer living south of Wadena, Sask,, har­ vested 900 bushels of oats from ten acres. S. A. Tofthagen of Daysland before referred to had oats which yielded 110 bushels to the acre, while those of J. N. W agner went 90 bush­ els to the acre. As is pointed out by a Toronto pa­ per Canada’s great good fortune and splendid service as the Granary of the Empire are revealed in the record harvest from her rich fields of wheat and other grains. “The foundation of its prosperity is solid and enduring. While mines may be exhausted and lumber may disappear through im­ provident management, agriculture is a perpetual source of wealth, increas­ ing from year to year by the stimulus of individual industry and personal in- Tio-»-trc.a+ r \ f OftO The sam e ' satisfactory and highly im portant success has been attained in other grain crops. The aggregate yield of oats is 4S1.C35,500 bushels from the 11,365,000 acres under crop. Of this yield 305,680,000 bushels are yrom / t h e three Prairie Provinces. These provinces also contribute 304,- 200,000 bushels of wheat. The bar-- ley harvest is 50,868,000 bushels from 1,509,350 acres, an average yield of 33.7 bushels per acre.” “The impression one gets in going through Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba,” said a traveler from the East, “is that all the horses and team s and all the threshing machines en­ gaged make no impression on tho crops and that it will take six months to thresh the grain out; but two weeks ago the Canadian Pacific rail­ way were having a daily shipmtmt of 1,700 cars of wheat from the three provinces, and a week ago they had got up to 2,100 cars a day. And be- ^ sides this there is the Canadian North- ^ ern railway and the Grand Trunk Pa­ cific, so an enormous quantity m ust be being shipped out of the provinces. The wealthier farm ers are building large granaries on their farms, while^ there is a great improvement in the storage facilities provided by the gov­ ernment.” It is therefore no wonder that the greatest interest was shown by those who attended the Soil Products Ex­ position held at Denver a short time ago, when it was demonstrated that it was not only in quantity that W estern Canada still occupied the primary po­ sition. It was there that W estern Canada again proved its supremacy. In wheat, it was early conceded that Canada would be a winner, and this was easily the case, n ot only did it win the big prize, but it carried off tho sweepstakes. What, however, to those who were representing Canada at this exposition, was of greater value proba­ bly, was winning first and second prize for alfalfa. The exhibits were beauti­ ful and pronounced by old alfalfa growers to he the best they had ever seen. First, second and third cuttings of this year’s growth were shown. At this same exposition, there were shown some excellent samples of fod­ der corn, grown in the Swift Current district. Topping the range cattle m arket in Chicago a short time ago is another of the feats accomplished by W estern Canada this year. On Wednesday, October 13, Clay, Robinson and company sold at Chi­ cago for E. H. Maunsell, Macleod, Al­ berta, a consignment of cattle, 17 head of which, averaging 1,420 pounds, brought $8.90 per hundredweight, top­ ping the range cattle m arket for the week to date. The same firm also sold for Mr. Maunsell 206 head, aver- , aging 1,240 pounds, at $8.55, without a •> throwout. These were all grass cat­ tle. They were purchased by Armour and company. Clay, Robinson and company describe the cattle as of very nice quality, in excellent condi­ tion, and a great credit to Mr. Maun­ sell. It speaks well for our Canadian cattle raisers that they can produce stock good enough to top the Chicago market against strong competition, there being over 4,000 range cattle on sale that day. It is one thing to produce crops such as are referred to, and another to get them to market. The facilities of W estern Canada are excellent. The railway companies, of which there are three, the Canadian Pacific, the Cana­ dian Northern and the Grand Trunk Pacific, have the m ark of efficiency stamped upon all their work. Besides the main trunk lines of these systems, which extend from ocean to ocean, there are branch lines and laterals, feeders which enter into remote parts of the farming districts, and give to the farm er immediate access to the world’s grain markets. The elevator ' capacity of the country is something enormous, and if the figures can b e , : digested, the full extent of the grain producing powers of W estern Canada may be realized. The total elevator capacity is about 170,000,000 bushels, or nearly one-half of the entire wheat production of the Dominion in 1915. Of this large storage facilities the country elevators number 2,800, with a capacity of 95,000,000 bushels.—^Ad­ vertisement. ■’C, m V 1^'*' 5 'f Blighted Ambition. “Felice has quit knitting socks for the Belgians.’ ^ “Maybe the Belgians have enough' socks now.” “Perhaps so, but Felice quit because she couldn't be chairman of the knit- ting committee of the Girls’ Belgian Relief club.” Sore Trial. The man who doesn’t smoke or drink is a sore trial to the doctors. They don’t know what to tell him he w ill have to give up.— Cleveland Leader. The parents of a. hahy are the only successful conversational opponents of the man who wishes to talk about A

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