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Herkimer County Democrat. (Herkimer, N.Y.) 1856-1861, May 23, 1860, Image 1

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r:, Sefldmef etnoffat H. 0 . C B O U C H , P r o p r ietor. fl h O o X T !isr T TERMS:—$1,5 0 A Y E A R VOLUME i v i n . HEEKIMEE, HEEETMEE COUETT, E. I ., ¥EDEE8DAI, MAI 23, 1860. EUMBEE 42. PttMintr ®0antg irajorat. I 3 C - C 3 -- O H O T T O i a : , EDJTOJB a K» PltOPBIEIOB. BEKKXME&, HERKiaiEHE C 0 UNTY, 'N. —The D emocbat will Tje issued ever/ laorning. a n d Bent to snbscrlborsfor tochaitged. There TEIME& 1 BTednesdsyiac when paid in_adT« Ing. and Bent to snbscrlborsfor $1,50 lace; I f n o t i a adTanse, $1,73, w ill e will be no defiation from theso EiTB* OF ADTSETHIKO. ire of less, one insertion, . - - -$100 leh subsequent inseitiOn, ^ - ; - - ; 3 00 S E S i S g : : ......................... |M V l l in mdoVthoEl ^ho :Ka in nil its branches iispatehand onroasona- udTortlsoby the year. M x U sm o f :s^fio Y o r t — By Aatkany. t time shall be prescrib the State, on and not before the wentieth day after the law. Sec. 8, title 7, chap'. '8, ed Statutes, and la\vs of 1845, chap. 280.] CajirrER 493. AN ACT fixing the. foes of Justices of the Peace in civil and criminal cases, and for other purposes. Passed April 18,18C0—Uiree-flfths being present,. Tie Tepple of (Ae State of Sew York, repreeented tn Senate and do ediact tti followt s Section 1, Jdsttoea of the Peace in the State shall hereafter be allowed and receiyo tbO fees hereinafter stated, for the following services in civil cases: For a. summons, fifteen cents; for jvarrant, attach­ ment, or transcript of judgment, twenty-five cenw; ad­ journment, twenty-five cents; for each subphoena, five cents; administering an oath, live cents; filing ever” paper necessary to befited.fiveccnts.gwearinga jU iy,! cents; swearing a constable, five cents; trial of an issi of fact, iu case of appearance and answer, fl.fty cents; entering judgment, twenty five cents; taking affidavits, t ;a C ints; drawing any bond, twenty-five Cents; receiv­ ing .mi. entering verdict of Jury, twenty-five cents; v.-nirr, twenty five cents; drawing affidavit^ applica­ tions and noticiis when required by law> flve_ Cents a executioB^ twenty-flLve-centsi for tbe renewal o.'!,,.6E.uae, twenty-conts; for making a return to ad appeal, two dollars; a warantfbr the apprehension of any person charged with any violation of the laws con­ cerning the international police of Uie State, or with being the father of a bastard, twenty-five cents; endors­ ing any such warrant, Issued from another cognty, twenty five cents; a sommons for any olTonce renting ip* five cents; twen^* i of a bastard, twenty-f arrant, Issued from anott IS for any o IT ol , ------------ _ ' the state, or in case of any er the jKssession of land, nts; for drawing h record of mtempts and other ipecial cases, fiity ------ _y such conviction, twenty- ing, settli for taking di . commission issued upon state or territory, five c< the necessarj— ‘ ------- §2. When® Justice of the p ^ e ^ in civil acti costs of the suit; but the whole as such costs..to ha included in tho ei TOunl^^sU not inaoy caaeejM ^ the sum of five^ t s s s i s s s ' s & S J s ajury is summoned, twenty-five cents; receiving and entering their verdict, twenty ocate; for a view of premises alleged to be deserted, fifty cents; hearing an application for a commission to examine witnesses, fifty cents; fur every order for such commission, andattend- -“ ling and certifying interrogatories, fifty cents; g deposition of witnesses, upon au order or i court in this or a foreign per folio, and for making - --------- '-'ireto-fifty— wed mac imount of tho items t entry of Judgm e n t,« once at the request and on the motion of the party against whom judgment shall be finally rendered, and iu such case the costs of such additional adjournment may be included m the entry of judgment. F ees m CkiMmat. C ases . 53. The several justices of the peace in tho State, hereafter shall be allowed andreceive the following fees for the services hereinafter mentioned, in criminal For administering an oath five cents; a warrant, fbut no person shall be obliged to issue a warrant on any complaint li>f assault and battery unless the person making such complaint and. requiring such warrant shall pay the fee therefor.) twenty-five cents; a bond of recognizance, twenty-five cents; a subphoena, including aU the names inserted therein,twenty-fivecents; a com­ mitment for want of bail, twenty five cents; for an ex ■ ‘ ■ ‘ sed, where such examination is dollar; for every necessary ad- ring or examination, twenty-five >nof theaixuse required by law, or journment of the b F ees or Counts of Srecui. Ssastojo. ir venire to summon ajury, twenty-five cents; for ujng a Jury, twenty-five cents; for swearing each aenteffee, twenty-five cents; for record of conviction and filing same, seventy-five cents; but fill such charges in anyone. caw,J!hall not .exceed five dollars, unless such court continues more than one day; in such case the costs of suc|t.fiddjtional day may he added thereto; for a return to any writ of certiorari, to be paid by the county, two dollars. 54 . Whenever a conviction shall be had in any court of sessions for any criminal offence a record thereof shall be made by said court and filed in thoHifflce of the I&tefesliDS Bekafe in tke B. S. Senate S P E E C H O P IC o H a Stephea A. Douglas, ■W ashington , May 13. The special order (Mr. Davis’s resolutions) was taken up- Mr. D ouglas , of Illnois, (Dem.)— ^Mr. President, I have no respect for that species of discussion which consits in assault upon the personal character of any Senator. I have no desire to elevate my own position by attempting to pull down others, or to place any Senator in a false position before his constituents. 1 have no assaults to make upon any one, and no impeachment of any man’s record. I am willing that each Sena­ tor should stand before the country, and bis own .constituency, upon the record as made forhimSelf. I do not complain of so mneh lecessary ?enhis opinions and !6, it may bee the position Senator, by way o f contrast to my own, with a view to illust ihall not indulge iny abstract theory of Government, much ess enter into the discussion of the le^ l Bsue which has lately been attempted to ne breed on the Democratie Pmty as a political Ssue, Upon & former occasion, when forced into a disebssion with the Attorney-General of the United States, I did amuse myself with the discussion of certain legal proposi­ tions, not because they had anything to do with the political issues before the country, but because that law officer seemed to have no official dnties to occupy his time, and 1 had the leisure to reply to him. princi­ pal points to which!rhich! shallhall directirect: my remarks to-day,_ and thesole sole cause why I am deliver- s d ______ cause why I ing any speech, will extracts of the speech of the Senator from Mississppi, (Davis.) The Clerk read several extracts Mr- Davitf speech, a few days since, denouncing thele doctrinectrine o f Squatterquatter SoVereignfa^,vereignty, do o f S So Mr. Davis, of Missisitlppt, (Dem.,j made an explanation, to the onect that had he known, he might have made some verbal correction, sod also sta t i^ that Mr. Cass was no longer a believer in the doctrine, but ^ yielded to the decision of the Supreme Mr. Douglas stated that he had taken the speech as he found it in the Globe, and. wish­ ed it understood that he desired not to be interrupted, and continued: I intend to treat Mm (Mr. Davis) ffiirly and kindly, as I doubt not it has been intention to treat The i^ t s stated in these extracts con- ;lMd tMs doctrine o f Squatter Popular Sovereignly, or non- the Senator has indWereatly ™~r—A., with me in o f the Uni- ites,bat that i t was distinctly pro­ claimed, by Gen. Cass in his Nicholson letter. *arty, with a M l knowledge of Ms opiiinioas rith regard to non-intervention, and into_ the to the efforts and in harmony of myself, and reaffirmed by the Baltimore Convention in 1852; and Gen. Pierce was elected President of the United States upon this same doctrine, and it was again affirmed by the Congress o f the United States.in the Kansas and Nebraska bill o f 1850, and had its first trial a n ^ ielded its first finits upon the plains of Kansas iu 1855 and 1856. These facts are substancially and positively ___ zfie by aaid court aad filed ia tho-offli _____ Clark of ^fie coonty wbere-said conviction shall-be had, wifiiin tliirtydays from the Umo of said Conviction, •and, whenever any fine imposed by paid court ahall be paid to said court, the same Shall be paid to tfie Trea­ surer of said County iVithln thirty days after the receipt thereof; and any neglect or refusal to file suchsonvlc- tipa or pay Oyer qaid money, within if _____ , __________ o file BUchcom .. ir pay Oyer qaid money, w the periodaforesaid, bo deemed » misdemeanor. - . All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act, are hereby rSspeaied, except sneh as are ipcally ap-. plicabta to any of the cities Jn this State. This act shall t ^ e efihet immediately. Ourtn 3SC. actment thereof. Passed; April 14,1880. T tie.P e itpttof.tke S to tt o f JiTev! Y o r k , n p re te rtStd in Sm d it tnocl af/offew* .- Sectkm .l. ChapWrninoW-eigfat of tho laws of eighteen hundred $nd five, passed April ninth, eighteen hundred' and Jive, entiUed OAUact to amend an act entitted.“An act to enable parties of reversions to take ad'rantage of the conditions to be performed by leeses,” and section 'tateeofehapter thirty-one of the rorised laws, passed Ibrch nineteenth, eighteen hondted and thirteen, being M re-anaetment of said cb«p(^ ainety^ight, of the laws «f eighteen hqnftred andlive, and section twenty-five of chapter one, title four,j)art two of the revised statutes, being a re-enaCUnent o f'the same; shall not apply to de^oCoouTcyaBcein fee, nutdo before tho ninth day of April-eishteen hundred and five, nor to such deeds hereinafter to bomade. ^ 3; This act shall take effect Immediately. tSUFISSSOl. Bsssed March 31st,ISfiO—Uuree-fifths being present, T k tr m p itof (4* State o f STna York, repfetetUti in 0 m te i(n m d ^ in e m itr, d a e n a e ta * f ttU w s s e lawful to exhibit, on the monly called Sunday, to tho Section I. It shaU not e » t day of the week, cor ____ paWicinaay building, garden, grounds, concert room, or other room or place within the city and county of New Tbrk, any interlude, tragedy, comedy, opera, bal­ let, force, negro minstrelsy, negro or entertainment of the stage, or any part or parts therein, or any eques­ trian, circus or dramatic performance, or any perfori ide, tragedy, comedy, opei ;reisy. negro or entertainn or parts therein, or any nee, or i lancing. St the provisions of fing in such exhibition, --------- - ------• otherwise, and every owner or ™ e o o r a n y building, part of a building, ground, gar­ den or concert room, or other room or place, who Bhall tbeaaigcfor the jiurpose of any such .exhibition or performance, or nssent that the samo be .y eame shall bo ------ . . tho society fdrthe rcfori juvenilo delinquents in said city, are hereby author! __ tn tho name o f tho people of this state, to prosecute, 0 for and recover for the nse of said society, ia addi- ■ich ■ * iveryvery suchuch exhibition or performane Rhui; to wh e s itself forfeit, vacate !ffect,any lice xhibition or perfo md annul and render \ ;s which shail have been i part of a huiidiag for the purpose o f sachcjfbibitloa and performanco, ^3. This act shall take effect Imroodiatoly. jitateef New york,01Ec3ol the Secretary of State, the original Jaw on file la tl tho same arc correct transcripts whole of ^ Id original- tbis office *pd dc therofropf % FLOYD JONES, Ses. o f Stato. Bding with certify that and of tho . . , jagM before a Parisian r a 4rooken riot one assured “ e was not a drunkard, bat V33 bitten by a mad dog, and horror ofwa.tei-. ; year, that ! ms with regard to amco* 1856. The Senator from Mississippi has done me a sevice: He has searched the records for me with a view to my condemnation, and the result of Ijmsearch is to produce the most conclusive andmeon- testible evidence that his chaige of my Imving changed my opinions, which was the pre­ text for my removal ^ m the Committee 6n Territories, w£«J not true. He telle you frankly what the world knew before, that he has always opposed this doctrine of renticn. And he chuma, after it _ __ g effectsfects onn theh< plains of interventicn. ‘ And he chuma, after it has yielded its b littin g ef o t Kansas, and the Supreme Court has come that he now is triumphantly to his rescue, that he now is triumphantly sustaihed in his opposition to this doctrine inl848,.1850andl851. Sir, whether heia sustained or not, in the views which he then held, and Which 1 then combated, is not so material as to find out wMch is right in the point at issue then and now, the Senator tu (lUO lavtr bUOrt; l>UI9 UWUiUlS UL MUJ intervenlioa by Congress with’ Slavery i the Territories of the United States w* 1848. The Senator has referred to a letter Of Gen. Cass wMch bears date Dec. 21,1847, and tells the Senate, what most of us knew before, that that letter, in to its publicatioi Soutbsmand receive their sanctioi pared’ and was in private circulation for days and’weeks before the date it now bears of its public issue. The Senator informs us that he at the time dissented from the doc- ffiauuscript, prioi ;ed around among istern, Democrats to The letter was pre- le at the time dissent trine of non-intervention a Nicholson letter, but other Si now opposed to me, or at leading p- that jd it as fr iippi did during that peril was being circulated. The and right-hand Daniell^. S. tions to the Mr. Fugh read the resolutions referred to. stated in the luthern Senators me, or at any rate other ►liticians, would not be able to say, that i^en submitted to them, they condemn­ ed it as frankly as the Senator form Missis­ sippi did during that period while this letter especial friend Mr. Cass (Mr. bower of Danie Dickinson) presented two resolu* t Senate embodying the same doc- as foEows, “ Resolved, That true policy requires the it o f the United States to stn Q thisis eontinent, government o f ti en its’political relations upon th c by the annexation of such contiguous territo­ ry as may conduce to that end and can be justly obtained, and that neither in such acqui­ sition, nor in the territorial organization there­ of, can any conditions be constitutionally im­ posed, or institutions be providedfor or estab­ lished, inconsistent with the rights of the people thereof, to form a free sovereign State, with the powers and privileges of the origi­ nal members of the confederacy. _ “ Resolved, That in organizing a territo- m l govemmentfor territonr belonging to the United States, the principles of self-govern­ ment, upon which ourfederative system rests, will be best promoted, the true spirit and meaning of the Constitution be observed, and the confederacy strengthened, by leaving alt questions concerning the domestic policy thefrein to the legislature chosen by the peo­ ple thereof,” M f . D ougias —It irill bo observed that these resolutions, presented in Decen^e^ Lounc- 1847, assert dL the Senator from Mississippi ed, and still denounces, t am not aware that Mr. Dickinson or General Cass have ever disclaimed their views, much less the doctrine of these resolntions and the Nich­ olson letter] yet my record on this question Is held np to the world and to the country as if I stood alone in tho Democratic Party, a heretic then and a heretic now, and there­ fore I am not entitled to fellowship in the regular Democratic organization. I am aware that some other people and some States of thisi Union held this doctrine of non-inter­ vention, or regular Squatter Sovereignty, if you please, for they are corrative terms. I n to the resolutions adopted h passed iwiiv ui i/uab ouitc, buc z.otii of De­ cember, 1847, and the House of Represent­ atives the 29th of December, and were ap- ved by the Governor on the 30th o f De- when she foimd her favorite had no chance Eo Soon as ske found Gen. Cass was the choice a mirarity o f the party—she wheeled into line, and declared for the champion of Squatter Sovereignty, or Popular Sovereign­ ty, or .Non-intervention, or whatever you choose to caEit- She did notthei JO a mEHority o f the party­ line, and d ^ t o d fw the thfuk this doctrine waS sufficient cause either to dissolve the Union tf disrupt the Demoemt- ic Party. On the first ballot Gen, Cass re- rotei SSi proved by the Governor on th e : cemiber. Iamawai am aware that Florida 1 asserting d and 1 state this as er. l ised resolutioi consistent with tt evidence that this tv subsequent- doctrines in- itrine, for which I am now arraigned, was not deemed to be politi­ cal-heresy at that day. I t may not be im- duringing thfis proper here to remark that, dur th ses­ sion of C o n fess,! icceiveda letter from a- State Senator of Florida, including resolu­ tions which he had introduced for the repeal of those resolutions wMch I hawe read, as being unsound, and unconstitutional and dangerous to the rights of the South, and denouncing me by name as the great author of hll this miscMef which is to strike dowt Sonrhem rights. [Mr. Pugh read the reso lutiODsJ ItwE! be observed that in their resolutions the State o f Florida had declar- ,ed that the Territorial Le^’slature, Territorial condition, had the exclt to determine for itself whether Slavery sh; or shall not exist within the limits of sni Territory: As I have remarked, Florida changed her wlicy, but if she solemnly pro­ claimed that doctrine to the world as a sov­ ereign State of this Union, I should think she coold forgive ns for remaining faiifafnl t o her creed, if we can forgive her for abandon­ ing Iti I, Sir, airaign no man, and much less a sovereign State. She had the right to pro­ claim her opinlona, and if she afterward be­ lieved they were wrong she ought to have changed them. But, Sir, having proclaimed them,lem, andnd thenh< changed, it Seems to me that a t ^^^qqarter these doctrines at that time. 1 have here »ns Adopted by the Democratie Convention of Georgm in 1847, and I lould be g m ited to those who stand by Florida's ori^nal position f and Florida was not. the only. State that held have seen it asserted in newspapers that they were copied into several othen Southern Con­ ventions. Mr. Pugh read the tesolations—^Mr. L. Q. C. Lamam name being among the signers-— as followso :• f l l o w s - \Resolved That Congress possesses no _______, .uty „ power under the constitution to legislate in against this aarigew us heresy, and 1 of every citizen to remove and settle -with • •• « ■ ■ his property in any o f the Territories of the nited States. \ Resolved, That the people of the South do not ask of Congress to establish the in- ■ tution of slaveryvvety inn anyy of thee Territoriesrritories i an o jqnired by tin A Te lited S tates; I of lemseiv iveiy shall or shall not form a part of their cial system. Mr. Donglas proceeded. Here Sir, we id this doctrine of Non-intervention dis­ tinctly defined by the Democratic State Cou- intion o f Geoigia. Two things are affirm- 1 1 that Congress has not- constitutional jowqr to legislate on the subject of Slavery n the Territories. One would think that was pretty good Non-intervention; cannot legislate to estalish,' to reject or to protect *■ date at all on the subject in the Territoryr I bly ia, true. that who partiei]ticipated par in -that Conveution have ^ their opinions, and now believe unquest eminent since cha n g e their opinions, and noi it m both within the power and duty of Con- — - “iate for the protection o gress to legish ry in the Territories, just‘as ed it unconstitutional. All I h’ave to say to protection of Slavc- 3, just as they then believ- lal. A ll I have to say to these men, for whose talent I have great re­ spect, is, that I can forgive them for having- changed from the doctrines which they invi­ ted U3 o f the North to rs and I think lly in support of, ’bii * us for remain- loctrines o f the North to rail th they could pard us for rei ing faithful to that doctrine we and they agreed to stand upon. In pursuing this sub- , ect I fear I may become tedious, but I feel t my duty to present the evidence that the Democratic Party in 1848 stood plain on this cardinal doctrine of Non-intervention.— I can show, on Mgh Southern authority, that the Convention, which assembled in 1848 to lominatc a candidate for President and lay lowni a Platform for the party, adhered to tiusus doctrine.ctrine. Thehe attentionttention of the country ti do T a and of the party had been especially < to this doctiine of Non-intervention by < gress with slavery in tho Territories. Hi the nomination of Gen. Cass, with his opia- 3sed in the Nicholson letter,\ i result of accident, but he was chosen because he spoke the sentiments of a majority of the Democratic Party at the North. In that Convention, on the first bal­ lot, Gen Casa received sixty-six votes from the Blaveholding States; Mr. Buchanan, nineteen; Mir. Woodfamy, eighteen, etc.—the votes, being pven by Maiyland, Delaware, Virginia, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas^ Ar­ kansas, Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri. These States did not think Non-intervention, SquatterSquatter Sovereigntyovereignty ass itt iss nowow called, S a i i n c a heresy which furnished sufficient disrupting thi less in dissolvinj fo?c the Democratie Party, _____ ____ ring the Union. They vo for General Cass with a. knowledge of _ . —’“lions on tMs question—he was their firat ^he had an opportunity of loice o f evils. She had an oppor voting for a Southern man, holouig the same, views wMeh are now expressed by the minor­ ity of the Democratic Party as shown by their repeated votes at Charleston. She rength- could have voted for Mr. Calhoun, but old itinent, Vii^nia believed that intervention .on the subject of Siaveiy meant disunion. Hence, she save her vote first, last and aft tho time for General Cass, the great expounder lent of non-intervention. The same is true of Missssippi, repi ever so ably by the Senator who arraigned me. H e tells ns he has ever fought this doctrine, hut at that time he had not so inchneh powerower inntne the State, nnd hence he was m p i then unable to seduce Mississippi away froi this doctrine]loctrinej andndlouisiana, louisiana, thenen a th t sciatic creed, true to the doctrine of ni intervention, true to the maintenance of i Union, hostile to intervention because it led directly to disunion, she rallied around Gen. Demoi directly to disunion, Cass as the standi last, and oU the time. So withotbi otb Then on the fourth ballot Gen. Cass received from tho slaveholding Status 94 votes. Buchanan 7, A c .: and even South CaroHna, the standard-bearer in 1848, first, jth Mr. ir no, IUSI-, r States. ic Party. On the nrst ballot Gen, Ca ceived only 59 votes, from tho North, while he received 66 from the South, being a ma­ jority of the whole number. These facts show that he was AbHhe choice of a major­ ity of the Northern Democracy, but was the choice of a majority, of the Southern De­ mocracy. 1 will now proceed to show that these votes were casi with reference to the distinct question of non-interveiiioii, now supported by mys^t? and affirmed by the Democrutic Party at Charleston, and m re­ sisted by Senator from Mississippi and those who seceded from that Conventiol After Gen. Gass had received the nomina­ tion, the foUowMg facts appeared r H e had Thereupon the record says; Cass, of Michigan,lmving received tiwo-tMrds of the votes «3st is”—he: ; an interruption States to make “ to ______________________ of )se present and voting, but not two-thjrds -of the Electoral College, New Tork not vo­ ting because she hml a double delgation.—• Speeches were made iu lavor of making it unanimous. Mr. Yancey and Mr. Winslo' of Alabama, plcdgtd the orfethe State to suppoE ham Moore and .nomini Others u nited iu people I lese; also pledge. There were some anjient names there who did not think this doctrine to be such a fatal heresy as to form a sufficient cause for dis- itatic Party at the hazard rupting the Democtatic Party of disunion. Gov- Winslow pledged the neoole of Alabama for Gen. Cass ine, and carrying the Nichols on this n letter in his hand as the ^mpass by which his political action ahotdd bagoverned. Sydeij- hani Moore i s not a name unknown to fem e, and did not think this doctrine eueh a fatal blow to Southern rights. Also gentlemi inessee pledged The next day •ted in which this docti was affirmed. seventh resolution of Ights. from Kentucky aud 'renn support o f their States, platform wan adopt of non-intervention wi Mr. Pugh read tho the platform. Mr. Douglas resumed. In. 1848 the Dem- '. ----- ^it intmforence was un- rould not peijnit it by sts or any others. They did not regard an Interventionist as any betl an Abolitionist. They said tin mu?t not interfere at all, no) others? Why those men wl Code. Southern Interventionists am em Interventionista were, by that platform, put on an equality. After that Mr. Yancey feltit Ms d to r,:'cord his solemn protest against this danger us heresy, and he ask the Senate to listen t entire report of Ity. Yam every thou did iter than lat Congress nor others. What men who want a Slave 'rvehtionists and North- urrvaoluuum — to the whole of that for it embraces nd piple,pl and every 3ught, idea, prinpi , pretext assigned at Charleston for withd>nw- •—ing ^rom t h e Convention. I»may here fa to remark in whatever I may say 1 disrespect to Mr..' Yancey f permitted mean no perai W e are old ] members of liere be in whatever 1 may say I isrespcct to M r lonal friends. We met as gress seventeen years ago, and our social relations have always been kind and uninterrupted. I have as much admiration as any one mau living, for his assingassing abilityility and highgh socialcial qualities,ualii and .nerve iuip ab and M so q and the boldness and .nerve with which he avows his principles, although I shrink with\ horror from the consequences to which his principles would lead the • Republic. [Mr. Pugh read the report of Mr. Yancey, and resolutions.] It will be observed in this re­ port there is tho Whole argument in favor of intervention, or protection, or for any other purpose which we have heard repeated over and oyer again for so many years. I doubt ly’ Senator can take his Mr. Yancey. It was not denied that Gen. Cass held this doctrine, and was nominated because he held that the people of the terri­ tories might either introduce or exclude, per­ mit or prohibit Slavery at their pleasure; id for that reason Mr. Yancey and his eol- igues protested. The argument of the equality of States- is used, and also that ter­ ritories are the common property of all, and it is not creditable to the Democratic before the country and dodge South in •nvention opinion on the question o f whether the Territorial L e ^ la- ture could prohibit Slavery or not, and it was notcreditable to avoid ejgpressing an opinion. It Conricted the Democratic Party of double­ dealing] and what rendered it more necepaiy “inion was^that thecandidate luldex- the Territories. He sale had refused to express . a! question o f whether the 1 lution. sition was submitted to rejected, 36 to 216. This pi the Convention ____ _ _____ _______ Mr. Pugh read the votes by Stales -Maryland, 1 ] South Carolina, 9 ] Georgia 9; Florida,^; Aal^m a 9; Arkansas 3; Ten ' negsec, 1 ; Kentucky, 1 . Nays—^Maine, 9 ; New Hampshhe 6 ; Massachusetts, 12 ] Yermont 6; Rhode Is­ land, 4 ; Connectient, 6} New Jersey, 7 ; iw York, 35; Pennsylvania, 2 6 ; Delaware, ItitoylMd, 6;_Yhgmia I*? ; North <^ro- - « ; T e r - ; Ohio, I, 5]' ma, 12} Blinms, 9] Michigan, Iowa, 4 } Missouri, 7 j Wisconsin, 4. the platform. ^ d ercamstanses r circumstances whei ifthey tho De: opportunity o f affirming thin doctrine, thought it ought to be any portion of You win find votes democratic creeu. ou wm uuu voica tMs doctrine from Mississippi, Lonisi- amt Texas, the very States that have now ceded from the Charleston Conventii the reason that this Same doctiime incorporated—in 1848 voting a 1860 their delegations bolting 1 l was not ainst it; in e Conven- havo shown conclu ratic creed in 1848 vi I question. Now I t dusively that theDemo- _________^ ____ I was non-intervention by Congress with Slavery in the Territory, ehher for it Of against it] that Cbngcesa should not interfere, either ta establish, to abolish, to protect, or to maintain,—^but unqualified non­ intervention. The Democratic Party was imitted to the doctrine. It is true there The Senator a record at war with the Democratic Plat­ form-rebelling against its principles but acquiesing in its views. The Senator, then, as he does now, granted no quarter to Squat­ ter Sovereignty, but he made speeches for the Squatter Sovereign -chief. Now I pass to 1850, in order to show clearly that tMs same doctrine of non-inter­ vention was incorporated in the Compromiselompromise that year against the will of the i on my motion. ■™’- ‘ it , fully discussed and Senator, and on my then as we do differ and I for them. I deem ion W e did differ »w—he against them, m it my duty to show that this doctrine was fully discussed and affirmed by a vote of nearly two to one, in the Compromise measures of 1850. Mr. Douglas, referred to the bringing in of the Territorial bills and the bills themselves, and to the \ Omnibus” bill of Mr. Clay. The bills as reported from the Committee on Territories were silent on the subject o f Sla­ very, but tho Committee o f Thhteen reported an amendment against the Territorial Legis­ lature passing any law in respect to African Slaveiy. Mr. Clay said this was against his vote and Ms judgment,and Mr. Cass made t similar statement. [Mr. Pugh read extracts from Mr. Davis’ speeches at the timi against the bill.] Thus it will be seen the Senator from Mississippi objected to the bill because it did not contain a prohibition in the Territory against their legislating adversely to Slavery. He wished the Territorial Legis­ lation to have power to protect but not to .prohibit. That was Ms position, and he (Douglas) gave Mm credit for consistencj He (Mr. Douglas) wished to gi^ve the Terri­ torial Legislature power to legislate, leaving all Muds of property on an equal footing; but »r from kCssissippi desired an [avery, to the effect that t :ct, but should not adopt unfrie lation. [Mr. Pugh then read Mr. eply to Mr. Davis.] There it will be found that.tbe issue was made between Mr. Clay and the-Senator from Mississippi, the latter claiming that Congress should provide ‘ ■ ‘ theTerrito the Senator from J coption as to iSlavi mightlight protectol pr ly legislat Olay’s rej latter claiming that Coi for the slaveholder to go and hold Ms property in defiance pf the law. Mr. Clay said lie woujd never agree to idation of such a doctrine. He g into ^ ^ in defian law. Mr. Claj th e recom m e n d a tion of s n c h a d o c trine. H e was against the repeal of the Mexican laws against Slavery, and was against any act that would deprive the people o f the Territory of the right of decidinigfor themselves whether they would have Slavery or not. In other words, Mr.CIay supported and sustained every act which the Senator from Mississippi brings in judgment against me now, except one vote wmch I gave under instructions. This debate shows clearly tliat the Compromfee measures of 1850 were intended to assert the doctrine of non-intervention,leavingthe people to do as •leased,] so they did not violate the Gon- theyp stitntu Mr. Pogh read further from the debates. Douglas proceeded: These' extrad that the issue was precisely as Mr. will shoi » . have stated. Mr. Clay answered ^the objec­ tion about their being two constructions to this doctrine of non-intervention. He was tion by Congress, and no ’ s.^iUTitorial legislature, constitutipn- iition of Mr. leasures. The Senator from Mississippi asserted Ms right to in violation of the local law. The Senator doctrine i for hon-interventio — i-i-jtion r “ ”~ s s al or not. Clay, the c h a ^ ioi which he scorns i t But, the Conven­ tion at Baltimore ratified and decided in fa<- vor of these compromise measures. Gen. Pierce was on that issue, and was elected, and tho iSenator from Mississippi became Necretary of \War by virtue o f that same is­ sue. 'These are stubborn facts. When the Party came together the friends pf the Com- ise measures made no issue.\ We were ous, and did not remind them of their t and humiliation, but recognized them r own equals, and never expected to be 23. told that we were to be pursued to death, :ts and no quarter granted whenever they acci- »I dentally got the power. W e are tolerant and if we succeed now, we don’t propose to iribe any man, so long as he remains in Democratic organization and supports its nominees. Mr. Douglas then asserted that Ms principle was carried out in the Kebrtiskar hjU»._At that time the Senate had A chairman, o f the Commit­ tee on Territories who did unquestionably reflect the sentiments of the body,and of the modifii Chase offered the counterpart, that while Territories might prohibit they conld not protectrotect or tolerate.lerate. Thathat wasas r~’—’ted p or to T w rejec by precisely the same number of votes as the proposition of the Senator from MississippL lam compelled to do in this connection something I dislike, to quote from my own speech, to show 1 held the same then position Mr. Pugh read extracts from the speeches of Mr. Douglas, also extracts from the speech of Gen. Cass, in opposition to the amend­ mentslents off Messrs.ssrs. Davisavis and Chas o Me D and Chase. Mr. Douglas resumed. Having thus re- seted the two propositions, the record shows lat I moved to strike out all in the bill con- srnmgtug Slaverylavery soo thee peopleeople of Ihe that 1 movi cern S s th p might do afi they pleased. ' down. But when mi t Territory 'That was vi 5 the m Hampshire, it was carned^by a vote of 39 to 19, thus rejecting the doctrine of the Senator from Mississippi, and snstaining the proposition advocated by myself. W e differ­ ed then, as we do now% I sustained it then, as I do now; and he fought it gallantly, but he w'as defeated, and my proposition became the basis of these measures. Congress ad- ;ourned immediately after the pass^e of ^hose measures, in the midst o f a terrific ex- sitement, North aud South. Northern edi- ora inflamed the passions of the people by making them believe these measures were for the extension of Slavery, and Southren men inflamed the passions of the people there, making them think they were a sacri­ fice o f Southern honor. I went to my own n. But when made subsequently, at jestion of Mr, Clay, by Mr. Norris V Hampshire, it was carried by a voti lonor. I State to make my vindication to my people. The country knows that history as recorded, City Council of Chicago, wl ■with Abolitionists, had passed resolutii as received. The which was filled annulling the Fugitive Slave law. The stem ard of rebellion was raised: public pas'sion was inflamed, and civil war was anticipated 'ery man. It was not a pleasant task le to go into a public meeting thus in­ flamed, and tell those people that they had been deceived about the character of these m^sures] to tell them that the Fugitive Slave Law was right—required by the Con­ stitution, and ought to be supported] that the Compromise measures were founded upon correct principles. History records the fact that I met that infuriated populace o f honest and intellMent, but m isled and misguided men, and f defended each and every one of tiiese measures before that people, and pro­ cured from them a resolution that the Fugi­ tive Slave Law should be executed, and the Gompromise measures stand. TMs was done ■ ° 1 i- mi. ----- i under ci when my best friends 'Whmed me that my life would pay the forfeit. Mr. Pugh read from Mr. Donglas’ GMcago speech. Mr.Douglas—I submit tiiat speech, made un- in der those circumstances, half a, million copies of of wMch were circulated, and which received ?ider circulation the\a ich made in any speech ma my whole life,—I submit whether it is to charge me with having asserted fo first time at Freeport in 1858, that then iC3 contained in it. The Senator had a clean record,but record outside o f the Democratic Part s sustained in Vistification f tho Sen- . with Ms gotten, and wilf not forget, with what anxie- ali Americana looked to Mississippi, A la- , Georipa and South Carolina, to know 1851 the people? The country has not ^ . __ ,, ____ , and will not forget, with whai a,b uta tyatiA mericai * - ' - - - ■ty, and jjama, Georipa lether or not these be snstained and the Union saved, or whetlii the the .r ___ _____ the rule of action in the Southern States. submissionists were to ______ a the Union saved, or whetner the idea then proclaimed and now held by Senato from Mississippi would bccomi the rule of action in the Southern States. ] knew not what he meant, but the country believed that the fate of the Union depended on the result in those States. I do not doubt the attachment of the Senator to the Union, or his devotion to Ms countiy, but I believe, had he been sustained in Ms appeal to the people, the Union could not have been pre­ served. Gen. Foote was the standard-bearer of the friends of the Compromise measures, and the world knows the result. Mississippi decided against the Senator. She rebuked this doctrine o f intervention, and placed her foot upon it. In Alabama, Mr. Yai off, snstained by ‘ SO lately attempi ton Convention, and AIi pi told Mr. Yancey i acquiesce in their £ mcey led lody of raen‘ who ireak np the Charles- iabama like Miasissip- Yaneey to obey the laws their great prineij ___ „ _____ battle raged fiercely. Senator from that State (Mr. Toon to fc i d ° m acquiesce ii Georgia the battli Senator from that bear testimony he had Union men against the u mei^ures, and when the e decided in favor of the compr nres by about 21,000 majority, nents themselves became submissioi submitted turn, but they their people. So in Soi principles, fier^ly, and the mbs) Will form a union of lonents of these stion came, Geor- •romise meas- ■nie oppo- sionists in by compulsion of •uth Carolii Rhetts led'the forces a ^ inst these measure id patriotic Butler, althoug he opposed the measures here, felt it his dr to sustain the authorities, and South linst these men who and the gallant he opposed the ty to sustain tl Carohna decided going to break parties and Unions on this question of intervention. Here you have the verdict of the American people North and South in favor of tMs doctrine of non- ntervention, and the iSbnthem intervention- sts, w ^ had been defeated and overthrown came fo the conclusion they would submit. We 'said to them, “Although you have erred on this question, we will forgive you.” We received the /Sfenator from Mississippi, and granted aim quarter, after he had been con­ demned. Democratie party. It having became neces- saiy to organize the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska, the Committee reported a bill illr-^’^- \ ------------- ^ ”h b on the 4th of January, which set fort distinctly the principles on which they pr posed to organize these Territories. It wj ictly propo: ihould forer the people • be excused lestion the halls of Congress, and be remanded to ^ ^ o f the Territories. No man could be excused for not k nowi^ the true meaning of that bill. It was that Congress renounce forever all right or pretext to interfere with slavery in the Territoaies, either to protect prohibit. - The report of the committee IS perfectly clear, a still more explicit. Mr. Pugh read extracts from the bill, ilir. Douglas—■They - ------ — i------------- ----- —igjgter repealed the Jfissourt Compromi^ because it was inconsistent with thi - 1^ U D | ^ ^ t o r ies. That was the only object. Ev­ ery Senator who voted for it so declared that non-iiiten-ention was the rule of the measures ofl860. ) people o ily object. Southern men then objeci is in the b ill; it was a rathe them, but he insisted on their swallm — - -------- to the T»iassage d to putting rather bitter pill for their swallowing it this in the «, but 1 \as necessary to the n of the for the bill declareddared thathat thee peimleimle Territoriesories shouldhould bee lefteft free too doo i t th pe of the it s b l free t d as they led under the Constitution—^the Courts etermine the meaning of the Constitution. igress was the doe- should : to determine the meaning I Non-intervention by Cong trine of the b ill; that Congress should never interfere for any purpose whatever, either to introduce, prohibit or protect Slavery, and expressly stipulated that the old French law protecting Slavery should not be revived. ’s amendnfent was put in for this ‘ loint of differ- mce at that time was as to the extent o f the limitation imposed by tbe Constitution the authority of the TerritorM L^islatnre, audit dhtermi , again into the Senate. Hunter’s led that the Courts should the question never came te. He quoted from Mr. lechto sustain this view. He then proceeded to show that the Southern people understood the matter at the time just as he did. He read the resolutions of the Geoip^ Le^lature o f .1854, after the pas­ sage o f the Kansas hill, indorsing that legis­ lation to support this statement. Those resolutions were as good a platform as he wanted. He was willing to adopt them ithout dotting a n i or crossing a t . The mntry then understood the measure as he ttderstood it. The House of Representatives aderstood it in the same way. Mr. Rich- 'dson, who reported the bill in the House as made the Democratic candidate for peakerat the next session against Banks. Le was opposed on the ground of being a itter Sovereignty man, andwrotea letter Ixich he clearly annoimced the doctrine the absolute power of th e . people of instructed the delegal thdraw unless a platfoi bama resolutions of 185( the Dei ess a platform rith th is view . !t Alabau J t: . He did n o t believe lemocracy of Alabama approved this action, and would follow the lead of Mt. Yancey any more than she did in 1848. Here J/r. Douglas became so much ex­ hausted that he gave way to an adjournment. Conclusion of Mr. Donelos’ S^peecli. Ml’. Davis' resolutions came up. Mr. Don ed his thanl ing Mm to postpone his remarks till to-day, and feared that he might be unable to sav .ajl he wished to-day, in consequence of a sud­ den attack of a disease contracted some He should pro- in certain cases, known as the Mr. >hio, offered an amendment to the vhich “The people of the Territo- appropriate represent: 1 fit, prohibit tbe existei in. This wns precisely the same ct as the amendment’offered to the Compromise measures of 1850 by Mr. Chase. When this amendment was offered by Mr. Chase, it stood in the position of amendment to an amendment. Mr. of Maryland, appealed ceive an additional ai in the word “ introdi speaking ii fending these principles, ceed to defend his actior and referred first to what is known as the Chase amendment to tbe Kansas bill. Mr. Chase, of Ohio, offered an amendment to the bill under which “The people of the Terrii through their appropriate represen tativ< may, if they Slave thereir mdment. Mr. Pratt, to Gov. Chase to i to trov. cnase to re- lendment by putting I,” so that it would the Territory may roduce Slavery.” This was luce, so that il read, “ The people of the Territoi introdi jcted to as out of order by Mr. Seward s not ri ‘. objecte ^ _________ and was not received [Part of the remarl ot Mr. Pratt Maryland, was read.] This the amendment of Mr. Chase to be vo- upon, and it was rejected, because the words offered by Gov. Pratt were not ac- jepted ; and yet, in the face of these facts, ;his vote has been cited against him (Mr. he has been charged with be- iglas) and Ing unwilling to allow tbe bill to a c t eithe against or for Slavery in the Territories.- T h e deb a t e s show th a t th e in ten t io n o i’ t b e bill was to allow the people to do as they ch o s e . T h e record sh o w s th a t M r. S h ield s appealed to Mr. Chase to receive the amend­ m e n t o f G o v . I ’ratt, s o as t o m a k e it a fair Mr. Pugh, of Ohio, (Dem.,) read from tho peach o f Mr Badger, and the vote by Teas speech or and Nays. Mr. Douglas resumed—Thus it Mr. Chase’s amendment jected, because itit'diM free to act on the not leave tlu of Slavery, and these n'ca.-'i'iis p'yq'Io I if those read the debates, they proved cxactly the reverse of what they charge. It has also been cit ed against him that he had voted against the were assigned by Southern men, a who cited this vote against him bad against 'lYumbull Toombs cousistei againrt _ amendment to wbat was culled Toombs bill, as an evidence that he was in int. [The amendment was read.] eadnaml was to dedaro tfovi in thu ision of Kansas it was tlm of Congi-ess to allow the utrodc exclude Slave- This. amend ) object of mate to de- £r. Bayard, ed gentleman of £ the time of writu to vote for Mr. T aath Cm'Olina, who np to g this letter had letoed ffiardson, now came to Ms 3 chanp If Southern men no fault to they ought honestly to avow it. Jr tie coald fingive them for changing, could they not magnan­ imously foi;^veiiimfoE adhering consistently to the former doctrines. In 1856 Alabaiaa olso insisted upon the declaration at Oineinnati of the doctiinnof non-intervention she tympa- witb Jfr, Richardson, the leader o f the zvuuaasbillm the House,and indorsed tbe sup­ port given Mm bv the Democratic members of Congress. The Alabaim^ Convention of 56 construed the Kansas Nebraska mu The amei bill for the admisi intent and meanin people either to : ly as they see fit it was irrelevant as appi and tho other ground was that it was an act of usurpation by Congress to attempt to ad­ judicate the meaning of that territorial bill, that it belonged to the courts to decide as to the meaning, and not to tbe Senate and House of Representatives. No man intima­ ted that tbe amendment did not contain the true meaning of the Kansas bill, but they said they would not by act of Congress expound tbe bill. [Extracts of the debates were read, and the vote by wMch it was rejected-11 Thus it appears that those who vo­ ile Trumbull amendment dteclare’d it was the true intent and meaning of the bill, but they assigned as a reason that it was irfevelant and an usurpation of power. Mr. „ position, ’onatitution, and that ii ition of judicial power; and yet we iere resolutions now under debate, on which Congress is cate this identical these resolutions is,, to ask the Senat cide this very question, whicli Mr. ] in 1856, denounced as beyond the constitu­ tional authority of the Senate, and as in act of usurpation; and gentlemen stood here silent, and heard Mv. Bayard denounce that attempt, who are now caUed upon to decida that very question which, by the Kansas bill was referred to the Courts, and banished from Congress forever, and which they pledged themselves never to decide. He would hold them to their pledges to leave this question alone. The SenatorfromViiginia(M-. Hun­ ter) declared that the intent and understand ’■\g ofthe Kansas bill was that one point was erred to the Courts, and that was the luni ion of the Constitution on the autiiority of a Territorial Legislature. And the Senator not only made that statement then, but s ^ in in Fetauai-y of last year he quoted that very speech as a true expositionof the mea'ning of the bill, and reaffirmed it at Ms sentiments. N^ow the Senate is called on; inviolation of the meaning and pledges of the Kansas bill, tliat very question. He submitted out the true intent In the debate ou this Toombs MU Ms colleague, (ilfr. Trum­ bull,) put the question to him whether or not the Territoris exclude Slavi ect had faeei hedi true to his agreement, he refeired his col­ league to the Courts ta find out. The fact that he referred him to the Court had been jvidencethathe did not jdjbntaftertiie lay an no man has an excus opinion, goverti, but the under the territorii ....... ........... — shall arise, and the Supreme Court shall pro­ nounce a judgment, il willbe binding on Mm and on every oitizeu, and must be carried out in good faith with all the power of this Government. We are told that the Court has already decided. If so, there is an end of the controversy. Let the de­ cision go into effect, and that is the end, and there is no use in quarreling. But wUl the resolutions of the Does it need an .€( ,oH iss all bound to abide by tonConvention. to gh'o.itvMi« i i made it is the law o f thi r the Chatles- cv? Ifthedeci.- - y i if the a ad we are JCJBion ‘ h “r

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