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Herkimer County Democrat. (Herkimer, N.Y.) 1856-1861, May 16, 1860, Image 2

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1 y- iiiilrntt’ H E R K I M E R , N . Y . : IVED^TESDAY MORNING. MAY 1C. Popiilar SoY^eignty m tb© Xemtoriea. The attitude assusped \by. the South, and the sympathisers with the Secessionists, in de­ nying that the Demoei-aey ever embraced part, of its creed the doctrine of Popular Sovereignty, is at once impudent and insult­ ing,and is contro verted by the record of almost public ipun South as well as North, by th§ files oCjilmost every newspaper in .the land, not even excepting such journ- jvls as the Charleston Mercury, the New ■Orleans X>eltai and others of the Secession -cChool. The true Democracy of the North -have,had occasion to Irnow what they were advocating, by what it has cost them. They nre conscious that in repudia^gthe Wilmot •Proviso, and adhering to the doctrine of NTou-Intervention, they lost their ascendan- . cy in nearly every Northern State, and it is, therefore, not for the Fire Eating gentry, the politicians at Washington or the placemen of New Torh, to put their impudent assump­ tions against the record, with the expecta­ tion that the Democratic masses will go with ..them in a course of self-stultification to pro- pifiate'the Yancey disunionists, or to grati­ fy the malice of B uchanan , S lidell & Go., ■who apparently prefer the annihilation of the Democratic party to the success o f the man who*has the boldness to be consistent, and the courage to tell them that what was good Democracy four year ago is good now. In 1856, the Democrats advanced the principle which they had held since 1848, that the People of a Tenitory, when once fairly or­ ganized as such, should control their own institutions, slavery included, subject only to the restrictions of the Constitution of the D. S. The Party took no new ground that campaign, a s We propose to show by an exhibit of the Democratic Record as made by the Representative men of the party. Mon. D aniel S. D ickinson introduced in­ to the Senate, on the 11th day of December, 1847, the following resolutions “ Resolved, That true policy requires the government of the Dnited States to strength­ en its political relations upon this continent, by the annexation of such contiguous teiTito- ►nduce and that end tocan be ,nd that neither in such acqui- e territorial organization there­ of, can any couditions be constitutionally im­ posed, or institutions beprovidedfor or estab- Ksbed, inconsistent with the rights of the people thereof, to form a free sovereign State, with the powers and privileges of the origi- , nal raembera of the confederacy. ^ Resolved, That in organizing a territo­ rial government for territory belonmng to the LTnited States, i’ ' ' ’ \ meaning of the Constitution be obs and the confederacy strengthened, by h aR questions concerning the domestic policy therein to the legislature chosen by the peo­ ple thereof.” Mr. D ickinson spoke at large on his reso­ lutions on the 12th day of January, 1848. The following is an extract o f his speech: r or establish and reconstruct ’ ment, it is tbe right of the inhabitani irtue of the same iubor ; appertains to their d( inestic concerns, to fa Mon one suited to their condition.\ * * * * \ Although the government of a Territory 3 not the same sovei’eign power as,the all ? same sovei’eign power as.tb government of a State, in its political reh tions the iUrUli:;) lU 5 people of a Territoi^ rertains to their internal conditioi reign rights as the people oi sovereign r have, in that ap * • * .................... \ ................... the Sana State.” The GeoTgig, Democratic State Conven tion was held in Milledgeville in 1847, and unanimously adopted the following , “Resolved, That Coi - _ __________ jtitntional right m'to remove and settle with of the Territories of th( red. That the people of the South k of Congress to establish the in- of slavery in any of the TeiTitories be acquired by the United States; of every lira property in any United Statr . “ Resolver do not ask etitntion that may be acquin they simply require remselves whether the-institution of slavery shall or shall not form a part of their social system. Extract of the report of the Committee on Territories, accompanying the Nebraska bill, when first reported to the Senate by Mr. D ouglas , chairman, January 4 ,1854:— “ In the judgment of this committee, these measures (compromise measures of 1650) were intended to have a far me comprehensive and enduring effect than 1 mere adjustment of the mmculties arising out of the recent acquisition of Mexican territory. T h e y were designed to establish certain great principles, which would not only famish adequate remedies for existing evils, but in all time to come, avoid the per­ ils of a simOar agitation, by withdrawing the question of slavery, from the halls of Coi ^ e s s and the political arena, and committin it to the arbitrament of those who were in mediatelyinterestedm and alone responsible for its consequences. Eietmct of a speech of Hon, J ames L. O rb , ®f South Carolina, (late Speaker of the House,) in the House o f Representatives, December 11,1856:— “ Now, the le^lative authority of a Ter­ ritory is invested with a diseretioir \ r or against laws. We_ think they , , . _ I with a diseretioir to vote for or against laws. W e think they ought to pass laws in eveiy Territoiy when the Territory is open to settlement and slavehold­ ers go there to protect slave proper^. But' if they decline to pass such laws, what is the remedy? None, sir. If a majority c ' ‘ TeiTitoiy, all they have t< decline to pass laws in the tare to protect it. Now, 1 ask the gentleman what is the practical importance to result froia the agitation and discussion of this question as to whether squatter sovereignty does or does not exist ? Practically, it is a matter of little moment.’'' Extaaet of the speech of Hon, H owell C o b b , o f Georgia, a t Concord, New Hamp- l&ire,in February, 1856:— Are not the of shat Territory bet- opMon wasleftto b e moulded ter oSpsble of deciding tliat questfon for sneh niucHe-headed exponents ; thetnslVf'i than either you or the ponplo of New York Georgia, or any other State, for them ? Il they Avant slavery, you have no right to pre veirt i t ; if they want to exclude it, the peoph of Georgia have no right to force it upor them. Give to them the same right you.nov exercise, and when their decision is prououne ed, let the people o f all the States abide b] iaion alret to ^iake honest and intelligent hhd lent as thpy homes, are as Capable o f self-go' before they went riiere. They need iro advi­ sers, or counsellors, or guardians; and had it not been for the organized intermeddling of outsiders, whose consciences were more de ly moved about other people's sins than tl lietlyetly and ive qui and peaceably de­ cided this question in their own way, coir- formably to their own wishes and'inb own, would cided this q formably to their own wishes and'interests, under tne organic law of the Territory, ’ le organic .^xtract of the speech of Gen. J oseph D ane , of Oregon, a t Concord,' New Hamp-t shu’e,‘in Septemhervl856:— , Bcctioual party can ever ¥uT ir'w o coulil do 9S, should approve. The idea incorporated in thegTCsseststnlrilicationttodaaabjecthnmii- be received with the most distinguished con- the Kansas-Nebragka hill is the toi^ Awei’i- ialidil, that it wm:e better te have closed the ^deration. The embassy‘first landed a t Sim can principiej for the bill does uot establish contention fcv a noihfnatW. and let the re- \^^scisco j for the bill does not or prohibit slavery, but leaves the people of these Territories perfectlyj.free to regulate their own local afiairs in their own way. Is there any man who can object to that idea ? Is there an American citizen wiro can oppose that principle? “ The question of slavery is a Prost per­ plexing one, and ought not to be agitated. We should leave it Avith the State whore it constitutionally exists, and the people of the Territories, to prohibit or establish, as to them may seem right and proper. “ All that the democracy asks in relation to this matter is, that the people of the Ter­ ritory should be left perfectly free to settle the question of slaA'eiy for themselves, with­ out the interference of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, or any other State. Extract from the letter of acceptance of Mr. B uchanan , of the nomination of the Cincinnati Convention, Juno 16, 1856 “ The agilation of the question of'domestic slavery has too long distracted and di the people of this Union, and alienated affections from each other. This a^tation has assumed many forms since its commence­ ment, but thee Teierritories; to th T ai -ent character, I thin] from the original andmure fountain of legiti­ mate political poAver, the will of the majority, promises, ere long, to allay the dangerous excitement. This legislation is founded upon principles as ancient as free governraentitself and in accordance with them has simply declared that the eeoplb op a T eebitoey , H/ce those o f a State, shall decide for them­ selves whether slavery shall or shall not exist AvitMn their limits. , “ The Kansas'Nehraska act does no more than give the force of law to this elementary declaring it to principle of s< ^ be the ‘ trug intmit and meaning of not to legislate slavery into any Territory State, nor to exclude it therefrom, but leave the people thereof perfectly free to form and regulate their dome.strc institutions in } the Cpnstitu- This principle othet'principle prove in practice in regard to THE TS eeitoeies - TM s IS apparent from the * et admitted by ail, that after a Territory mil have entered the Union, and became a Eate, no constitutional power would then cist Avhich could prevent it from either abol- Iring or establishing slavery, as the case ay be, according to its sovereign will and easure.” ar. xr. BlaVSiy. \ The General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Chureh, North, now in session at Buffalo, is laboring with the slavery question in the form of an effort to change the disci­ pline. There are included in the Church North several of the border slave States, and in them are more than a thousand preachers, and at least a hundred thousand members. The point in controversy is Avhether the hold­ ing, as well as buying and selling o f slaves shall be among the pi’actiees held to be for­ bidden by the Word of God. By the rule as it now stands, th.oholdvng of slaves is tolerated. The Church North is divided into two gen­ eral parties on the subject—^the Conservatives and the Pro^essives.. The former desire the rule to remain as it is ; the latter wish it so extended or interpreted as to include the holding of slaves, making the fact of holding a pH m a facie proof of an intent to enslaA'e, A t the General Conference in 1856, three propositions Avere submitted to the Annual Conference in order to obtain a full expression of opinion from them. These propositions are substantially as foUoAVs: The Erie pro­ position asks for a change of rule so as to forbid slaveholding, or for any interpretation Avhich shall produce the same result. The the intention to enslave them, inconsistent Avith Christianity. The Cincinnati proposi­ tion asks for a change in favor of non-slave­ holding, but not excluding slaveholders from the rights of membership. The report o f the committee on the subject has been printed. It recommends that the General Rule be changed, so that the clause on Slavery shall read as follows: “The bnying^ selling, or holding of men, women or children,’ TOth the intention o f ensIaAung them.” The revised C h a p ter on Slavery adm onishes preachers and people “ to keep^ themselves pure from the great evil, and to seek its ex­ tirpation by all laurful and Christian means.” The A’otes of the Annual Conferences show that twenty-nine of the forty-seven are strongly opposed to the rule in its' present form. Pom-teen are in favor of it, hut five of these are so because they consider it suffi­ ciently Amti-SIavery if properly inforced. The New York Delegation at Chaileston. It has been the subject of much inqni^ why the delegation .fr-Qm this State voted in favor o f a Construction of the two-third rule which, they must have been aware would prove fatal to the man for whoni they v;ere voting. The friends of, liCr.'DanaLAS, while Avilling to abide by the operaRoa of the two-tMrd rule, objected to giving the seceding delega­ tions the same power ouiiide as they would have, had they retained their seats. They insisted, if certain States were disfranchised, it was a question to be settled by the seceding delegates themselves with their (constituents, add that the donventiott sl^ohld not intfeh'mre so far tm to vec^mrQfour-Jfihsol the remaining votes to effect a choice. It is possible bur delegation pursued the wisest couige; hut it seeiUs to us, in vieAv of the obArions deter- thegTossest stultification and an abject hnmil- iatidil, that it vm& better to have closed the contention fcy a nomination*, and let the re- S from whence they Avere cbnveyed sponsibiHty of defeating it.&ll on thqse who, ^ross th ^ I s t ^ u s , e^ a r k e d jn, the while they might effect the destruction of the Democratic party, are certain to he the prin­ cipal SUfiererS. The Northern Democracy could, and should, preserve their honor. In explanation of the point in question, we quote the following from a correspondence from pharleston,at the eloseof the Convention, to the Atlas and A; Jonvention, except to go for Douglas, llioonly question was: liow long to persist? TUo ailjournmeut preveated any answer to that question, supposing there liad been a possibility of a change. . But New Yorlc voted for tha two-third rule, in its en­ tirety—that is, the Tcquiremcnts of tv/o-thirds of the foil Electoral College, thus protect....................... “A Nigger in the Ponce;” Our Republican-friends will have it that it Avas the nigger that disturbed the Charleston Convention, while the New Yoric A’etos, the mouth-piece of P e e n a n d o W ood , is entitled to a very large leather medal for the discov­ ery that a different species of the gentleman remedy? None, sir. I f a majority of the ery rnai a omerent species ot the gentleman people are opposed to the institution, and if from Africa is concealed within’the paling^ they do not desire it engrafted upon their and it takes him by the ear and exposes hiin and it takes him by the ear and exposes i to the astonished public thus: “Wo liavo for some* time tliouglit ibat there-wat a p r i­ vate i m ^ s ^ n d in g between Mr. Buchanan and Mr. B aus- m . They have acted altogotlier against tlio National )CKicy of New York, not only a t Gharlcaton, b ut loosly throushont Ibis State. Wo COUltTlClatO ' circumstances to justify such an interference, as it-vTOOld-appear. We bavo onongb-already. Gold liolu tuoBepuwiQ Our readers have Cctmycd US.” All this comes of setting aside F benasdo W ooD at Charleston! We shonld be inclined to say “amen” to iM “God help the Eepub- uiobiua bu uujuuru cuuiu iruui Virginia; wuh bensivO of a break in some of tho Northern i in sonjo direction other than Hunter, prefei jonrn tbs contest, and call in new delegations outstaiiding State.s. The most earnest attempt to harmonize tho Convon- tloa upon a platform came also from New Y'ork. We, are of the belief the foregoing Avill not be entirely satisfactory to the masses of the Democracy of this Statej but it is probably the best apology that can he made for a bad blun­ der. If the New York delegation returns to Charleston and attempts to “harmonize the Convention upon a platform” which changes the spirit and substance of that adopted at Charleston, they Avill outrage th'e sentiments of ninety-nine hundredths of their constit­ uents. The -Antecsdenti of tha Secessionists. The bolt of the Fire Eaters at Charleston is not the first instance when their treachery to the Democratic party has been exhibited, when they conld not have their hair-brained notions gratified. In 1832, under the name of Nnllifiers, they run a tilt against Gen. J ackson , but with no other effect than to increase the old hero’s majority in the na­ tion. In 1836 they opposed. M aetin T an B cebs and carried against him three South­ ern Democratic States. He w ^ elected, nev- ,ertbpT(».na lor a-faitmnphitn)’- iars*o;*o the same TT illiam L. Y ancey , Avho is now so conspicuous in the councils of the Dis- unioniste at Charleston, bolted the nomina­ tion of Gen. L ewis C ass , with all his faction. They did not succeed, however, in carrying even Alabama. Gen. C ass , upon the popular sovereignty platform of his Nicholson .letter, defeated tho Disunioniate in both Alabama and Mississippi. 'We have no idea that the Disnniionists are as strong in either of those States now as they were then. In 1832 the Disunionists o f the Yancey school organiz­ ed another bolt. They were profoundly in­ dignant because the Democratic National Convention at Baltimore, which nominated PiEECE and K ing for President and Tice President, would not denounce and repudiate the Compromise measures of 1850, instead of which that Convention cordially endorsed them. They were for going straight out of the Union. They nominated a bolting tick­ et— ^T heoop , of Georgia, for President, and Q uitman , of Slisaissippi, for Tice President. The movement appeared to be formidable,but by the time of the election it amounted to nothing. It is no nerv thing for the fire-eat­ ing Disunionists to oppose the Democratic National organization. They have repeatedly done it in the last thirty yeqrs, but Lave never met Avith any success. If, through the co-ope- ration of B uchanan ’ s administration, they are enable to encompass the mischief they contemplate now, the true Democracy of the countiy will regret their • apostacy and that of their co-laborers, but Avill not accept any of the' responsibility for the ruin which will ensue. Xaige Defalcation. Tho announcement that I saac .T F oavlee , for eight years past Post Master in the city of New York, has become a defiiulter to the Governm ent t o th e am o u n t o f §155,000, -will bs received with amazement and regret every­ where, and by all classes of men. No one supposes Mr. F owlee to be the selfish rascal who robs to fill his own purse; as it is appar­ ent his fall arises fi*om canses, though highly reprehensible in an oSScial and baslness point of view, creditable to his fidelity to friends. Mr. F oavlee has been active, earnest and powerful in his support of hlr. B uchanan ’ s administration. He has delighted to be a leader, and a great personal popularity had for him a gratification that less large hearted men Avould not experience. LBtoiuahed. The Black Republicans are, or pretend to be astonished, because the Democrats voted for the principle o f popular sovereignty, the other day, when one o f their bills for inter­ fering with territorial legislation came up before the House. They seem to labor under the delusion that because it is the Republi­ can practice to talk one way and vote anoth­ er, such should be the course of Democrats. The D em o crats have said tbe people of the Territories shall dispose of their local mat­ ters in their own way, and are not yet ready to adopt the Republican doebrine of Con­ gressional intervention, however remarkable such consistency may appear to those politi­ cians who regard expediency as every thing, and principleg as nothing-. Tho Tspaneso a t \VVashington. An embassy of Japanese, comprising about seventy persons, including embassa­ dors, secretaries, interpeters, artists, and ser­ vants, are now the guests of government, and arc being entertained in the most distin­ guished mattaor, T^e leading men in the embassy arc among the first in rank In the Japanse Empirc, and come here to complete the arrangements for commer- cial intercourse, which have been brought, about after patient and' per3oyerihg~ effort' by bur goVemweatoiC Theyhoraal^here'io ex­ amine the countryt^nr institulioris and our. people. Hitherto* ^ ] | n v d j S - ously'excluded any -foreigners froin tliOTem­ pire,and ha\'e b(9(p equally v i^ant m prevent; ing emigration. Tliepri \ now disposed to grani An Interesting Doemnent. ■We commend the following letter to the attention of those persons—^if any—^who are inclined to su^Sl' the “Southside Anew” of the Charleston ;ObnV’^i^tion% dp pro'pqljhg, the slave code platfon^ as/|heir|^nSw4'((“^* it is probable the Pjrc Eaters . lihd no idea' the Northern Democ^cy “wouldi i accept^ it, and that it was a maltiSed projeotvjo'ipldiato' the programme laid doAvn in Y ancey ’ s fetter, .upon their refusal. Is this not an^ inviting •■association for Democrats who have been singing peeans to the Union ever since the Presidential Gossip—Eepnblican Convention. Corr(2spondeiice of tko N. Y. Tribune. OH^q^sio, Saturday,llay 12, I860'. The crowd'gather thicl? and fhstN T avo or J3irce^thouagir^ strapgers ht'-e njpw here. ' . ' Mr, Biai^ sSniorJaa', here, and leads ^t|re Bates interest, which is hopeful arid earnest.’ rTheylcount jrp over si^iy -Votes on the first baiioi from bine or tyi Sisites Tlip Seward leader^ ih the programme laid doAvn in Y ancey ’ s fetter, ble to see how his nomination can be caiTied. Indiana delegation are vehement ag ition are vehement against his nomination Avili ca U . B . s t e a m e r R o a a o k fe f o r 'W 'a s h tn ^ o n .—— | shadoweii forth in thesqm u b y i i r . T h e y a r r iv e d a t H a m p t o n 'R o a d s o n Su n d a y ,- Montgomery orga&^f Air. Y’ancey. uudet - - - the name of tha United ^ u therners,” 'who keeping up ililiold and from thence werc' conveyed to Old -Point. On Monday, they arrived a t ‘Wash ington, where they wete received with the highest honors by the authorities. The scene is represented to have been exceedmg- ly anhnated, the streets being thronged Avith people, and so dense' Avas the croA\*d the cor­ tege was over one hour in passing from the Capitol to Willard’s, their headquarters. No doubt, wMle these dignitaries are entitled to all the attention they -receive, the - public dt large will havehqd the “ sensation” served up to them ad nauseum by the New York papers, before the strangers.depart. The Chicago Romihatioa. As in the Methodist Conference at Buffalo, there are two kinds of Republicans assembled atChicago to makeaPresidentialnomination. These are the Conservatives, led on by old F eancis P . BLAinand H oeace G eeelby , who Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Indiana, say nothing of tha coolness with Avhieh a Vast number o f the Radicals of New York regard him. The others are the Progressives, and embrace the littleand big demagogues. They are led by T huhlow W eed , and Nerv England generally. They demand the nomination of S bwakd , and go in for J ohn B bown , the “irrepressible coiiflicf’ and the Under-ground Railroad. They ansAver tho arguments of the OonserA'atives by the assertion that in Ohio, N cav York and Ne-w England, where the abolition feeling predominates, “hladame” B ates could not obtain the strength of tho party, and success would bo more than doubt­ ful. B lair and G seeley h-ave published manifesto, urging B ates ’ nomination, as signal and final refirtation of tho charge of sectionalism, and claiming that he Avould far satisfy the opposition to the Democracy at the South as to nearly dissolve the B ell and E a 'E eett organization. lYe do not see but in any event bad blood is likely to exist. B ates is a ’alf-an’-’alf Republican, but in­ clining towards a congressional slaA'o code for the telTitories (according to his home movenieutto defeat FEEMoxTin 1856. ’This AAall not suit the ultra Republicanism of this part of the country; and it is equally certain that S eavabd ’ s vic-ws aronolessunsatisfactoiy in the more moderate states of Pennsylvania, NeAv Jersey, Indiana, and Illinois. ■VVho are the Obstinate Ones? The ConstUnlion, the organ of the Admin­ istration at Washington, speaks of the North­ ern Democracy as a more ‘-faction,” and re- coguizco the Secedera only as sound. It, says, speaking of the'majority from the North Avho adopted the platform: “ For those who can sc.in-elj-promise an electoral voto to complain o f their [the slave code advocates] pertina­ city; calls to mind the reproach of the honest juryman npon ‘those eleven olslinalt fellows' whom he could not cozen, cajole, or cocrcc into agreeing with his opinionl\ There are at tho North one million two hundred and forty-seven thousand Democrats, who were represented at Charleston, -whose opinion is just as good as that of the six hun­ dred and fifty thousand Democrats from the South. The Democratic vote in the States which seceded from the Convention, to wit: , Florida, Louisiana, Delaware, Or­ egon, Mississippi, Texas, Alabama and Geoi-gia, amounts to an aggregate of 234,031, while the Democratic vote of the State of New York alone, in 1859, Avas 252,954ror difference of 18,923 in favor of this State over the whole number of Democrats in all the seceding S tates! Taking ont the large number of Democrats in those States who do not sustain the com-se of the Bolters, and there Avill be no difficulty in arriAring at the conclusion that -the Washington oigan has saddled the Avrong horse with its charge of obstinancy. The Constitutional Union Candidates. The Constitutional Union party, as they style themselves, met in Baltimore last Aveek, and nominated as their candidates for Presi- deut and Yico President, J ohn B ell , of Tennessee, and E dward E verett , of Massa­ chusetts. It was very generally supposed they would take S aji H ouston for the^ first place, and we think they have made a serious blunder in not doing so. Mr. B ell is a statesman of considerable standing, and in every way a respectable candidate, but he possesses no such marked characteristics as to make him very strong before the people. He was originally a Democratj but broke with Gen. J ackson on the Bank question, and went over to the Whigs, who elected him to the United Senate, where he remained up to the present session. He supported the compromise measures o f 1850, opposed tho Kansas Nebraska bill and the repeal of the Missouri Compromise in 1854, and the Lecompton Constitution in 1856, Of E d - AVARd) E aerett ' it is hardly necessary to speak. His great ability, and exalted personal char­ acter, are unzArersally conceded. H e is a consem tive man, wifh a disposition to tim­ idity which greatly detracts from the standard of a great statesman. On the whole the “Union men” have got a ticket v;Meh they can vote, but it Avillbe like extracting caloric from an icicle to excite any enthusiasm for it- a ^ “I t i s reported that George N . :Ban-“ ders, Naval Officer in the d ty.of New Y o rk, has been removed.; Gausoi—Adherence, tho Doinoeratic perty. The Indiana d( him,and-say that his nomination a 20,000 to 40,000 A'otes OArer to Mr-’ B e H .^ - IllinoisJs only a little less decided against Mr. SeAvard*. ' New' York, Michigan, W is­ consin, and Minnesota are the only States tW are united and earnest for him. --MGwaJs«discei:da»t~and-- uncertakL--N©w4' England is un<iev^loped,, Connecticut only being unanimous against M r , Seward. The it o f New England will mostly.be disposed \ Mrh, but cannot a ^ inst the earnest doubtful Stat r Mr. SeAvard 85 votes. protest ot d dilation for Mr. SeAvr ates. The highe 1 on the first bilafrot)t is 'I’he opportune publication of the foregoing document fujly exposes .the ulterior.objects wMch the Secessionists liuve in Anew, and proves the wisdom shown by the friends o f the Union in rfejeding their dictation. Says the Argus: The Yanceys and ,their allies have indicated too clearly which is the Union party, to leave any doubt there—and the Se­ cession has only tb ke'e^ ii§ banner unfurled, to rouse the rgst majority of the patriotic electors of the South, WMle ^the disunion, ists kbpt within the Democratic party, and maintained prominepce by the extravagance of their sectional claims, and tho violence of tlreir threats, they copld not be. Met. They were in the organization and in its- foremost ranks; They could nqt be made war upom^ except at the expense of the party. They tho shelter of the organization which once protected them. The moment they did this, they were lost. There were thousands stand­ ing ready to take their places, and thousands more ready to challenge them to a contest before the people. Latert from Chicago. -By the dispatches this morning, the at­ tendance at Chicago is represented to be -very large, AVith regard to candidates, opin­ ions are contradictory; but the-general ten-, or of them seems to favor Mr. S e w a r d .— The eflectof the B l a i r and G r e e l e y mani­ festo appears to have damaged B a t e s , D a - A'lD D u d l e y F ie l d , who represents the New York Radicals, leads the attack on S ew a r d Avith much bitteraess. In the event of S ew ­ a r d ’ s success, 'rRUJiijuLL, of Illinois, it is said will be pressed for Tice President;-— L in c o l n and AV a d b , are most prominent x-ompronrise candidates. • loTr. Eonglas in Eeyly to Nr. Dains. Mr- D ouglas has responded to Mr. D aaxs , Avho spoke in behalf of the Secessionists one week ago._HgJookJhejeep.i;J yj;^ ocratie party, as found in the speeches of the leading men fi’om the South, in resolu­ tions adopted in Southern State Conventions, in Mr. D ic k in s o n ’ s Senatorial resolutions, and Gen. C a s s ’ Nicholson letter, showing eonelusiv'ely Avho haire proven recreants to the Democratic party. The inconsistency of the Seeeders is indefensible, and Mr. D ouglas has takefftlie proper course to e.xpose them before the true Democracy of the Nation. Immense Defalcation in rhe JT, Y. Post Office. On Saturday,Mr.Ox-fut arriA-edat Neiv York from Washington, with instructions to take m of the Nerv York Post Office, and the immediate arrest of Iss Mr. Cameron’s friends from Pennsylvania; e here in force anid very clamorous. They : say that Mr. Cameron only is sure to carry Pennsylvania, but they make no impression elsewhere yet. will ] _____ hut V Mr. Wade, if proffered'outs There is not much talk of Mr, M’Lean, and he will, apparently, have but few votes, perhaps none on the first ballot. Mr. Seward Avill lead, Mr. Bates will come next, and Mr. Chase will be tMrd, having some New England votes. Mr. Cameron will come next, and then Mr. Lincoln. The latter is much pressed by the Illinois delega­ tion as a compromise candidate, and would be accepted by the North-'West cheerfully. Mr. Blair bases Ms argument for: Judge lund that the Democrats Avill 'ouglas, and that the seces- a nrere disunion fizzle. Mr. AYeed puts Ms on the ground .that the Democrats are irremediably spilit North and Sputh. W a s h in g t o n , May 13,1860. If a radical candidate be insisted upon at Chicago, a large defection. may he expected in Pennsylvania and Nerv Jersey, among the coiiservative portion of the- Opposition. ---- This pm-pose is seriously entertained, and iu such a contingency the Beil ticket will as­ sume much more importance than Fillmore’s did in 1856. TMs information is derived from unquestionable sources, a'nd Avill be represent­ ed at Chicago so as to preclude all doubt. No doubt is noAV entertained that the two Avings of the Democracy -will come together The present probability is that some un­ objectionable Southern man, like Mr. Fitz­ patrick, will be taken at Baltimore, with a platform on the basis proposed by Tennessee Virginia, and Kentucky, at Charleston.- New York was willing to accept that com­ promise before the adjournment, when she agreed to slaughter Mi-. Douglas bj ,the four-fifths rule. Mo; of-that delegation, exc{ ^ abandon him openly as a hopeless ehtei-jn-ise. From, the N, Y. Tribune of TuesJuy-. Our corres])ondent at Chicaji N E W S ST JM M A K Y . —^Milch,cows are from five to ten dollars a head Cheaper this spring in Orange County, thanj^ey hate been for !ounty, or four •and Praucis = A.-Hoffman, 1 as theit- candidates for Gov Gaveriipr. -tExtensiVe drought tM-oughout New-Eng- land is cailsing-grcat trouble among farmers, iu seme parts o f New Hai prompt^a'b] a'dot tional' Convention- are ‘bc( Each GongrcssiSnal distrii has I a V o dele- y o ne vote. 'lOAv they .—-A destructive && oeeni-ed at N e h ^ k a City; 'last Saturday afternoon, eonsami*!*' nearly all the business portion eonSttming of the city, houses, in- iderabie mail rly all the business port consisting of forty-tWD -busii clndiug the P. 0., with matter! and the Government Land Avith nearly all its papers. —^The St, Paul Pioneerr concludes a eu­ logistic article on the Benicia Boy in- the ig strain: “ Come home B( recieve the honors of a'gratefnl and admiring country! Fly to the ai-msrms oii the gentleentle A da I You are too o the g Ai for Charleston, but in ti for Cfifoagb or-BalRmor-e'.’’r Mo,, o f §630, which he had ami Peak. Both uncle and nepher luck, for the former has just b( by the rump of Know Presidency. —A Washington, letter says the jealous yed Key and Mrs. Sickles has !w are in hard nominated m, for the and the of making attacks upon Government officials, she had better cease lier scandalous “ goings on” -with a young AYashipgton clerk. —A t a Democratic meeting held at Atlan­ ta on Satiu-day, the postmaster defended-the Ch-arlestou secessionists, and denounced Douglas as a traitor to the Democracy and Y'ancey of Ala., mad< liter speec defended ourned for a week. Press, alluding to a statement ;ey of Ala., made a and simiter speech. The National werO defended by Col. Gaskill.- The nieeti —^Forney’ that the tire were making an effort t( Giant withdraw for the •pilthily eaters, office holders, &c., '&;c.) g an effort to have the little iant withdraw for the Presidential ring ■pi says : “ There is only one power that can AV’ithdnuv Judge Douglas from the battle­ field, and that is an order from the Grand Commander who is abovre all Presidents and candidates.” TMs is slightly emphatic. —The Boston papers advertise iadioS; “ par-lor skates” for sale. They are made to all appearances like ordinary skates, but e in the runners little br^ss wb skate over an ordinary floor ■■ safety. It is said that ball room skating i to be the rage at the Avatering places this sun tractions to possession of the N bav York Post Office to cause the immediate arri Fowler, the Postmaster. L,. carry on the first part of his it assumed the entire Mch he now hoi A^ith preceded ^ iis instructions a ire charge .of the Post OJfii Immediate search was Avhich has been contini, time, but thus far without success, jht . h’ow- ler left the New York Hotel, where he has at 2 o ’clock time no one but tUe two or three intimate friends who accompanied him has been able to ascertain Ms whereabouts. The declai The ^ i to have o linisti-ation of Presidei. made public at the pres­ to be a political moA-e- itely connected with the pro­ of the Charleston Convention, -esefit bondsmen of Mr, Fowler but Its bein[ me is allegec and intimate it they are of tha defalcation are said to nave ansen rrom the too gi’eat liberality of Mr. Fowler to his friends, to' whom he made h fieull.. _______ rted at A'arious for the p u r p o s e „ . . always Avith ill luck. Mr. King, 1st Assistant Postmaster- General, is in toAvn to look after the interests’ of the Government. of making-up tho deficit, h Mr. Kin< - • ' rermfl 0 ■most of our lI^ H o n . A . H. Stephens, o f Ga., has writ- « „ ------ gentlemen of he sustains the principles o f ontiony -disapprovei^>of the seces- 85 votes on the first ballot in the lion, and of -his being nominated on the fourth ballot by the accession of the Ohio delegation, and of parts of the delegatioi of N cav JerseA'.Peiinsvlvauia, and Rlinois.- lOt firm in their adhesion to Mr. Beward, lea tLnf 1.0 „.:.n X o L i oo ’ 620 pouuus—neany a third of a tun ! r ■at ‘ 11 pi of the Nev — n oxpecteiL, our con-espondent, Ms morning, nut pri ' '' seeni-s to he, hoi II the balloting w T of thi and th he will prubabl proportion asj-^a heej not probable, but ?A'er, no doubt tlrat he Ig with a tlia judgunoixt oi inination is, this able. J-’ other 0 S much stronger vote itlemeu before the increase the uumbei- different delegations. The frh active. tion has been issued by Mrs. F . P . Blair, sen­ ior, Greeley, IJefrees, and otliers. 'Mr-. Rol­ lins of Missouri, avio I came so near being elected Governor in the last contest In'that State, AA'rites that if Judge Bates is nomina­ ted he will run again for Governor on the Republican ticket, and lie has no doubt lie Avill be able to carry tho State. The Hon. Henry g. Lane, , President of the Republi- National CouA-ention in 1856, and now Republican candidate for Goi’crnor in Indiana, also favors the nomination of Judge Bates; and the German opposif'\\ herto A-ery decided, is said to lishcd at Chicago. There rs no ques there has been none for these three m< it, that he will have more A'ob —Some of the English papers profess to doubt Avhether Heenan is a hard hitter. Theye is a story current, that at the Boston Gymnasium, AA*here they hav-e a contrivance ‘to test the weight of a blow, the best pupil struck 70 pounds.—Alter a few day’s practice the teacher was able to strike 130 pounds- Heenan put bimself in training there for a 620 pounds—nearly a thi ision of dis- ___ in. It was mly DO abatv- :nt of the slave traffic, but it was greatly the inci-ease. NotAA-ithstanding the vigi- of the various squadrons on the coast, ms engaged in this inhuman ivork y to elude the vigilance !w.s, Avho are constantly often escajm with full car goes of live Africans. the peraoii! I’iiE P rize F ight .—It is supposed that donations to Item 'Sayers by the En- ;h public Avill reach the snug little snm of ,000, or §25,000. A pound subscription > been taken in the House of Commons. AYheu Palmerston Avas asked for his £1, ho replied, “ Make it £5 for the braA'c lad.” It is also proposed to buy Savers an anni the l i s / Avit Grace th e Dulse annuity. intribu- their ect, witn the amount of therr The E-arl of Stamford heads ^100, and is folMwed by His I of Beaufort, th e E a r l o f lere rs no question, months in (author of the Deluge, and a metrical translation of Phe PooTc o f Job,) and many other noble lords and gentlemen, contributing sums Amrying from £W to £50. raged than one of the four so-called doubtfufState idiana. AVithout the prominence. So is Col. Fremont, a ::s said, the New York delegation most willing to accept in ease they .should find it impossible to secure the nomination of their own favprite. ing sums Amrying f —^It is said that SaycK America come to and give sparring < tions at a salary of ^1,Q00 a month. — Heenan has been offei-ed §5,000 for ;wo months, to giA’e sparring exhibitions in yers is engaged to ;ive sparring exhibi- A C heck 'H eld by a P assenger E vidence . THAT A C ompany has the B aggage .—^AYe [earn from the Cincinnati Enguirer that iu the case of David agt. The Michigan South and Northern Indiana Railroad, decided th e S --------- \\ ‘ * - luthern led by paid for claims in the m and the emigration from prices aSAv minin i- Sail Fi-a the direetion of Carson Valley, had increased SO rapidly as -to resemble the stampede in the ys of the Frazer Riv-er excitement, li ints were about to be instituted Qtnt localities,ocalities, withth a viewew too thee disciiscov- Ex- 'ere l wi a vi t th d ■y of the best method of Ai-orking the ore. hreeJourths of a ton. were shipped to New- ork by this steamer, part of wlrich will go to Prance and part to London, Avliere it is to be 'orked,for comparison with the methods iA-^er saw h ^ kirk. A t the tiial the p railroad checks o f the d that they were the evid rosited with the defen- Dts, andpipred )f baggagd’-de- for transporta^ l k b i r S S y “ ? m r t h e r e ° ™ \ p S UKiBWure, tad au, Canada who hold a large quantity of oats zenith of popularity, an states that fourA^e^sels have been pnras-pd to take them froin the St. LaAvr-enee av I other s ^ e s the freights .hayejbean ei in New York upon much more advantageous obtained in Canada, Should-they be shipped by the way of Neu^ I 'I t **®, the anal. Ave have seen the names engaged in this speculation, but mtted^to print them. It is well lip dealer lit, aa oompaj e limited 4emi .J udge T awey I s . H eai Chief Justice Tandy c 0 eoie. Jie was 8 7 years old oir the yersary o f St. Patrick’s day, and eak a s t o be unable to celeforato th| —The health Qf lUes to bQrniost lastan- that oeVa-- the Union f 5st Rem^ aints,- He eharaeteiv s ipsthumai be remo- §hould info womanhood, or the mother at the torn of life. It has been proved heyoqd all bpn- ■tradicrion, that these celebrated e all disorders ta which females a-.opecu, stheiD

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