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Herkimer County Democrat. (Herkimer, N.Y.) 1856-1861, January 04, 1860, Image 1

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—ri- f3^- ■0i- <?' V KDitOR i ttkirntt K i & l m : : : ; - ; pemoti? rE R M S - $ l 50 A . ^ A B , “Xiiberty, Fraternity aJad. Equality.^ ^ STRICTLY IN ADVANCE. /: : i ^ \wliole- ^Bedsteads, *l«o- H air Eer, M ^ e r , IfiKlMBB. feand will receive ^ e i t t the following Comi bericaMiTMtirajice Company. C ity j^ n r a n c © Com pany, V —* - u^erSimer, S ’. T H r a l t s ' 3 o r . HOLLAjSnD, B U S - A s f w e ip , to the City O T W A T C U E S [N^ r & F . m a r s h AL. >iSr, unsurpassed for time r, having received the approbation L t ECHNIC IXSHTOXE of London. * I Wtail from $100 to $200. j|kt T b ^ d on liberal terms. DIAMONDS and P ■WtV'constantly on hand a t Wholesale ** TV. EVERTsoN ajim, Jl.vSjl -No. 15 Slaiden Lane, = -------- 1 New York City. i & W , < 7 i m e . STREET^ VTJCA, N. Y. DKALEKS IN — \^ A ' , ^ ^ E S , J e W E L R V , id Wai tured UMc iial to Coin. and Jewelry Bepairod RROFBU S T O R 'O F THE 1^. B U R B I I ^ fe, ' ; & M E D I C I N E S , l O C E B I E S , ^ \ f i - o u R , . m Bone W are, ■j aisaortment of,Goods in the ■W are, Eirtlicn Ware, &c. i J. 6. BUERUX. ,, f nne 1 ,1859. __________ jefyl ‘ fSttelrioan W a tplies ; If’, s . T ; f M O i 2 ’S, Sfeiifese^e street, - » - U t i c a . 1 I THOSE who are in want of a ^ t r o n g airabie Watch, and a t the same time jP A Mrst Rate Time BLeeper, },) 72 Genesee Street, Ctioa, dealer in RICH OEW EURY A . - W. S. TAYLOR. YOLTJMB XYIII.. HERKIMER, ¥EDWESDAY JtORSIKft, JAITJARY 4 . I 860 . ■ NUMBER 22 . CHUBCH TIME. Those doors hejng shut, all hy the ear comes in. Who marks in chorch time other’s symetry. Makes all their b eauti hi& deformity. Let vain o r b usy thoughts have there no part* Bring not thy plots, thy plow, thy plct^preh^thithi^. Christ purged His temple—so must thou th y heart. AJl -worldly thoughts are hut'thieves m et togethe: To cozen thee. Iziok to thy actions well For churches either ere our heaven or hell. — George Heriei letter from New York—Faying a Wager—Hu- ' moTB of Town—The Holidays—PoLtics, &c. Correspondence of the Democrat. N ew Y ork , Bee. 20, 1859, The world is full of fools I At least- as I thought to-day, when I met oS*- Broadway a hurrying, eager throng, fol­ lowing hard after an individual, who Having agreed, if his political candidate for Mayor was defeated, to walk the> length of the great thoroughfare, bare':* foot, was now-performing, on pavements wintry with ice and snow, his self-ii posed penance. To the sound of a soli­ tary fife, whose notes resembled, amid the din of the street, the squeals of a dying pig, be marched along, with thou­ sands following, sweeping away into the vortex .unfortunate apple-stands, and side-walk news venders, scattering their wares promiscuously i while crinoline, unabh g the crowd j le, unable to stem the mas­ culine avalanche, was fain to retreat in­ to by Ways hnd«treet entrances. This simple incidefat was^^uits char’* acteristic of our wonder-lovin^*'6taT-ga5!. ing, mania-given people. Walking up Broadway on one occasion with a friend, whose propensity for practical jokes Is well known, the promepaders were sud­ denly startled by the frantic gestures of ray friend, .who, with staring eyes, look­ ing heaven-ward, called out, “ See there! don’t you see it, that star!’* In less, than a minute, crowds were gathered • upon the spot, sky-gazing in all earnest­ ness. Presently oneicalled out, “ I see it!”—and then another. In five minutes Broadway and Fulton street were block­ aded ; thousands were standing, earnest­ ly looking up to see the “star” that shone at noon-day over New York:—some predicting a judgment speedily coming to swallow np our devoted city, while others, seeing through the hoax, but illing to help the “ sell,” grew appar- itly frantic with excitement, and shout­ ed, .‘'don't you see it,” “ there !” At this junction, “ we left,” as the phrase is, and as the deception became appar- ooolrora...n>rn<tnnl1-p sneaked away. X?eiFSi^u?Mwis5^JACf' .police telegraph stations were all favor­ ed with the announcement, coming from Yorkville, that a phenothenon had been witnessed there, of a “ body of fire’* falling to the earth, “ about’ the size of a horse, and having a tail apparently forty feet long.” This despatch, as marvellous for its graphic elegance of style, as for the wonderful annouiiGement it contained, was circulated in the daily papers* and many peoffie were found, who had witnessed this extraordinary appearance until it was discovered that it had never existed, except in the brain -of some zealous “ guardian of the night,” who'‘having doubtless been watching for “ spirits” as well as men, may have taken a spirit too many, and so beheld more “ stars” than Astronomy has yet discovered ; or, possibly, being himself a “ fallen star,” may have been deluded with a mental vision of other luminaries, even greater than himself, m a s and the Holidays approac^s. Fine high above tSesurges o f theAtlantic,echo among the thrones of old Europe itself; —proclaiming now, and for all time, for this Eepublic, Union undissolved; Fraternity uhdisturled! Go out upon the highways of your country ; follow the course of every valley, and river, and mountain range; and, as you go, stop at every farm house, and, nine out of ten, the yoemanry of our land will tell you this Union must not, cannot be disturbed! South or North,.\VYest or East, I care not-where you go,—except in particular localities and a few small communities, the response will be the .... wild,.feckless spirits of the day, who augur-such a fatality, are hut in- the great mass of the mingling not in lasion, icessity can never be severed. • A war with England is now become ajimost impossible; far jess within the r e i ^ ^possibility is the final overthrow an^ seperatlon of this Confederacy. I f tigs of commerce ; ties of blood; the unity of a common religion ;ermarriage; significant^ .to the great mass of 4.mer|qan people, who, mingling n politics, yetand toield, on ojsca the real power of the. coentry. W< bound by ties, that of nicessity .red. A 3f blood; the unity of a common religior aip^- laws ; intermarriage; the invest mint of capital, by the people of each s^tion in the lands, and interests, and institutions of thg other; if. a mutual state of general dependance, which ex­ ists here more than in any other country on earth, can prevent a disruption of common interests, then we may jsease to be alarmed at the incendiary cries of madmen who prophesy for us a speedy dissolntion. They are “ foolish prophets,”—let usi heed them not. Our grandfathers lie, many of them, resting beneath the magnolias of the South, while on the bleak New England shore are buried the remains of Southern pa- iroes i The triots;—all martyrs and heroes in the great struggle for Liberty, in a common places are aacre.d cause, and their resting •e in the eyes of a whole people, in whose heart is sanctified the whole soil of a country which was every where drenched with the blood of those veterans who fought together against a common oppression, whether upon the plains of Saratoga and the heights of Bunker Hill, or at Trenton, at Brandy­ wine or in the .swamps of Carolina. yVho can credit the assumption that the country which gave birth to Wash­ ington, and now holds within its bosom the tomb where repose his mortal re- can ever become to us a foreign Even new, - the Whole Nation in the filial aCTE o i — - — ing, as the common property of this peo- pie, the consecrated spot, where lies all- that is mortal of th e Father of his coun- Americans will never permit that spot to be desecrated by civil war, but where the Hero of Heroes rests, will gather, in all time to come, in fraternal meetings, the children of the land, who shall rise up to call him blessed 1 W. H. A. 1 m e t z g e r * s D E P O T , mVED TO TIIE STORE Jner of Maia and Green Sta-, paiGK, Jf. V. ve wi.i bo pai. ^ METZGER ' 7 159. - wears. * - Wfescriher v ’ f iwe in want of - - juld respectfully in- flNDOW GLASS, that he is mTmTlm vauivishes . i* t i c l e s in this line: - „ . t A f S K W . ; f c : feerkim o r. Jan. W, 1 « 9 ._ gold, tnan the W inter usually i i E ighteen hundred and fifty-nin. roeen a year full of fire, and has ' upon its calendar the blood-stai«.o ... nations* troubles, and been marked, in its course, by fearful outbreaks of human passion ; but its death knell shall soon ring, and another year shall write its name upon the scroll of our life. May not that name be blotted by the stains of sanguinary struggles, or clouded with infamy ; may not misfortunes oversha­ dow i t ; and if it shall be our lot not to see all the circling months of its passage along the shore of time, may we pass hence, into Eternity, not into the clouds of evorlasting darknesSy but arise, into a. new light, unto a more perfect day. We have just passed through an era 1 of political strife and excitement, and “ Fernando the First” will soon be “ Fernando the Second.” I received, from him, his circular letter of the day preceding the election, declaring his in­ tention, if elected, to perform his duties with' “ a single eye” to the interests of the people. Bather ominous, I fear, as in that case the other eye may be em­ ployed upon other business. Harper’s Ferry is about “ played out,” as the boys say,in this community. Its vitality was short-lived. ' The sober cominon sense of the great masses of AN EXBELLANT i p i E H EOS EVERY ONE TO^AD. The following letter was written by ■Daniel W ebster nearly eight years ago. It originates in homely topics, and pro­ ceeds from those to others of more gen­ eral import and interest— the duties of a patriot under the Constitution and the Union. The great practical sense of the constitutional expounder, it is more evident in the mod® o f jllustr^tian^ im^ts which it seeks to inculcate. Mr. Webster had grown up with the Union; he had seen it daily giving strength and to the nation. H is comprehen- aivo ndnd saw that the liberties and se^ curity of the people and the prosperity of the country, rests upon the found^ tion of the equality of theb States, with the faithful observance of the obliga­ tions that each State owes to another. Hence, the earnestness with which he seeks to impress this fact, in the famil­ iar illustrations which his letter con­ tains. Nothing prohabl; written upon our constitui which comes home so willed.” Cultivate ^ u r ‘garden. Be sure to produce suffcRnt quantities of useful vegetables.' A man may half support his fajfiily from a good garden, in good order, even if it costs .you the wages of a man to take care of it. I have sent you many garden seeds.— Distribute them among yonr neighbors. Send them to the stores in the village that every one may have » part of them without cost. I ara_glad you have chosen Mr. Pike representative. He is a true man; but ther^ are in New Hampshier many persons who calls themselves Whigs—are no whigs at all and no better than disaniomists. Any man who hesitates in granting and se­ curing to every part of the country its constitutional rights is an enemy to the whole country. “ John Taylor:—If one*of your hoys should say that he hono>i his father and mother, and loves his jbrothers and sisters, but still insists tbd one of them should be driven out of the family, what can you say of him|3ut this, that there is no real, family lo ii in Mm?—■ You and I are farmers; vre never talk politics; our talk is of oxen * but remem­ ber this; that any man who attempts to excite one part of the country against another, is just as wicked as he who should attempt to get up ^ quarrel be­ tween John Taylor and his neighbor, old Mr. John Sanborn, or his other neighbor, Captain Burleigh, There are some animals that live best in the fire; and there are some men who delight in heat, smoke, combustion, and even gen­ eral conflagration. They do not fol­ low the things which make for peace.—•' They enjoy onljh contcovcisy, conten­ tion and strife. Have no communion with such persons, either hs neighbors or politicians. You bave’no more right to say that slavery ought not to exist in Virginia that a Virginian has to say that slavery ought to e.vist in New Hampshire. This is a question left to every State to decide for itself ; and if we mean to keep the States together, we musfcleave to every Sta^ this, pow­ er of deciding for itself. . I think I never wrob you a word re on polities. 'I shall not do it n. I only say love your country, our whole country; and when men attempt to persuade- you to get into a quarrel with the laws of other., States, tell them “ that you wean bi mind your own business,’* and advise them to mind theirs! John Taylor: a vide for by your labor. BeTl the Government which does not oppress you, which does not bear you down by excessive taxation, but which- holds out to you and to yours the hope of all the blessings whi.h liberty, industry and security may give. John Taylor : thank' God, morning and evening, that you were born in such a country. John Taylor ; nqver write<^ie another word upon politics. Give my kindest remem** brance to your wife and children ; and when you look from your eastern win­ dows upon the graves of my family, re­ member he who is the author of this letter must soon'follow them to another world. ' D a m i e l W e b s t e r .” own midst, on the one gards the foolish and extravagant anti of southern fire-eaters, on the othi Either at the north, or the south, whenever an earnest call for a demon­ stration of Union sentiments is made, one which appears really to demand the attention of the people at large, you will find the great body of the Nation rising, probably has been constitutional obliga- lome so practically, so forcibly, and so strikingly. It is a valuable lesson,g such as can come only from a patriot and statesman, and as an illustration of political duty is worth volumes of exposition. Its franki ness, its generous sentiments and com scientious sense of duty must commend it to every reader. LRTTBR from DANIEL WEBSTER TO JOHN TAYLOR. W ashington, March 17th, 1852. “ John Taylor;—Go ahead. The heart of the winter is broken, and be­ fore the first day of April all your land may' be ploughed. Buy the oxen of Oapt. Martson, if you think the price fair Pay for the bay. I send you a check for S160, for these two objects; put the great oxen in a condition to be turned out and fatfed. You have a •d horse team, and I think in ad- ion to this, four oxen and a pair of four year old steers will do your york. If you think so, then dispose of the Stevens oxen, or unyoke them and send them to pasture, for beef. I know not when I shall see you, but I hope before planting, 'ifyoo ^eed anything, such KEXICAH AFFAIBS—I THE PKESIDlsHT! STHACTS FROM MESSAGE. .W e have concluded in consequence of the long time which has elapsed since the first publication of the Presi. dents message, not to print the entire doouinent, but only such portions of more especial interest. We give be* low the remarks in regard to our relai tions with Mexico. I regret to inform you that there»has ------- - ------ .. ----- Me; been no improvement in the affairs of Mexico since my last annual message, and I am again obliged to ask the earn­ est attention of Congress to the unhap­ py condition of that Republic. The constituent Congress of Mexico, which adjourned on the 17th of Febru­ ary, 1867, a'dopted a constitution and provided for a popular election. This took place in the following July, (1857,) and Gen. Comonfort was chosen Presi­ dent, almost without opposition. At the same election a new Congress was chosen, whose first session commenced on the 16th of September, (1857.) By the constitution of 1S57_ the Presiden­ tial term was to begin on the 1st of December, 1857, and continue for four years. On that day Gen. Oomonfort appeared before the assembled Congress in the city of Mexico, took the oath .to support the new constitution, and was duly inaugurated as President. W ith- iu a month afterwards he had been driven from the capital, and a military rebellion had assignedssigned the supreme twer of the republic to Geh. Zuloaga. a The constitution provided that in the absence of the President his office should devolve upon the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and, Gen. Oom-= onfort'having left the country, this functionary, Gen. Juarez, proceeded'to form, at Guanajuato, a* constitutional government. Before this was officially known, however, at the capital, the Government of Zuloaga had been rec­ ognized by the entire diplomatic corps, including the Minister of the United States, as the de facto Government of Mexico. The Constitutional President, nevertheless, maintained his possition with firmness, and was soon established with his cabinet at 'Vera Cruz. Mean­ while the 'Government of Zuloaga was earnestly resisted in many parts of the Republic,-and even in the capital, a rtion of the army haying pronouno- against it, its functions v ' ‘ new President. . This assembly Gen. Miramon, but that officer repufiia- ted the plan under which he was cho­ sen, and Zuloaga was thus restored to his previous position. He assumed it, however, only to withdraw from it, afl’d Miramon, having become, by- bis ap­ pointment, “ President Substitute,” intinues, with that title, at the head ' the insurgent party. In my last annual message I com­ municated to Congress the circumstan- under which the late Minister of THE SEQ.YEL'. Our readers ha^s o f '^It . . __ _ congregation togei blew the “ soft soap” over hjs brother clergymen, and how he exclaimed; “ Brethren, I have served the Lord thirty years, and in that time have nev- er uttered a profane word, but I ’ll be a _ d if I can’t \vhip the man that soaped that horn.” Our readers, we say, have all heard this, but have perhaps never heard the sequel as given to us yesterday by a intleman present. Some two days after, a tali, swarpy, villainous looking desperado strolled^on the grounds, and leaned ;against^ a tree, listening to the eloquent exhor^a- tion to repent whibh was being made by the preacher. After a while he became interested, finally .affected, and then took a position on the anxious seat, and with his face between bis bands com­ menced groaning in “ the very bitter­ ness” of his sorrow. The clergyman walked down and endeavored to console him. He said, oh, no—there was par­ don for the vilest. No, be was too wicked—there was no mercy for him. “ Why, whaf crime have you com­ mitted 1” said the preacher—\ have than that.” “ W h a t!—have yon by violence rob­ bed female innocence of its virtue 1’’ “ Worse than — Oh! w s e than M u rder, U i t i ” grasped The horri­ fied preacher. “ Worse than that!” groaned the smittened sinner. exten’din'g.'by'the consent of the peo« pie, over the whole of Mexico, a resort to hostilities'againstit would have been quite justifiable and, indeed, necessary. But the country was a prey to civil war; and it was hoped that the success of the Constitutional President might lead to a condition of things less inju­ rious to the United States. This suc­ cess became so probable that, in Jan­ uary last, I employed a reliable agent to visit Mexico, and report to me the actual condition and prospects of the contending parties. In consequence of his report, and from information which reached me from other sources, favora­ ble to the prospects of the'constitu­ tional cause, I feit justified in appoint­ ing a new minister^ to Mexico,^ who might embrace the earliest -suitable opportunity of restoring our diplomatio relations with that Republic. For this purpose a distinguished citizen qf Ma­ ryland was selected, who proceeded on bis missioq on the 8th of March last, with discretionary authority to recogs^! nize the Government of President Juarez, it, on his arrival in Mexico, he should find it entitled to such recogni­ tion, according to the established prac­ tice of the United States. On the 7th following, : mtii especially in Mexico, are constantly recurring.- Outrages of the worst de­ scription are committed both upon the persons and property. There is scarce ly any form of injury which has not been suffered by our citizens in Mexico during the last few years. We have been nominally at peace with that Re­ public,- but “ so far as the interests of our commerce or of our citizens who have visited the country as merchants, shipmasters, or other capacities, are concerned, we might as well have been at war.” Life has been insecure, prop­ erly unprotected, and trade impassible except at a risk of loss which prudent men cannot be expected to incur. Im­ portant contracts, involving large ex­ penditures, entered info by the Central Government, have been set at defiance by the local govermiients. Peaceful American residents;, occupying their rightful possessions, have been very suddenly expelled the country, in defi­ ance of treaties, and by the mere fore® of arbitrary power. E v en the course of justice has not been.-safe from control, and a recent decree of Mira- mo permits the intervention o f Govern­ ment in all suits where eitheV party is a foreigner. 'Vessels of the United States have been seized without law, and s-a consular officer who protested against such seizure, has been fined and imprisoned for disrespect to the authorities. Military contributions have been levied in violation of every prin­ ciple of right, and the American who resisted the lawless demand has had his property forciby taken away, and has been himself banished. From a conflict of authority in differ, ent parts of the country, tariff duties which have been paid in one place have been exacted over again in another place. Large numbers of our citizens have been arrested and imprisoned without any form of examination or any opportunity for a bearing, and -even when released have only obtained their liberty after much suffering and injury, and without any hope of redress. The wholesale ^massacre of O r a b b e and his associates without trial in Sonora, as well as the seizure and murder of four sick Americans who had taken shelter in the house of an American, upon the soil of the United States, was commui nicated to Congress at its last session. Murders of a still more atrocious character have been committed in the heart of Mexic( Bst it, its functions were declar- heart of Mexico, under the <«aa- id if they had not been clearly issible civiliz( jthis description was the brutal mas* en, would have which ( seemed impossible ^in a claims to be civilized .— the United States suspended his official relations with the Government, and withdrew from the country. It was to maintain friendly intercourse with a country Ofjthis ire, in. April\ last, by order of Gen. !Z, of three American pbysi- to were seized in the hospital at Tacubaya while attending upon the sick and dying of both parties, and without trial, as without crime, were hurried away to speedy execution.— Little less shocking was the fate of Or* mohd Cha.se, who was shot in Tepic on the 7th of August by order o f the same Mexican general, not only without a trial, but without any conjecture by bis friends of- the cause of hie friends of- the cause of hie 'arregt- leerS'he ---------- „ —_ ave reached a very large amount,— For i.s it merely the case of protection to the lives and properly of the few Americans ivho laay still remain in Mexico, although the life ami property of every American citizen ought to be sacretUy pr-jtetcocl in every quarter of the world. But - it is a question which-- ■ relates to the future as well as to the present and the past, and which in^ volves, indirectly at least, the whole subject of pur duty to Mexico as a neighboring State. The exei-cise of the of the United States in that power to redress the wrongs i country to redress teet the rights of none the less to efficient and be rendered al izens is be desired, because •essaryessar, aid m ay thus our own eitiz( desired, nee ,t the same time to restore peaci^and order to Mexico itself, the accomplishment of this result 1 people of the United States nmstneci sarily feel a deep interest.- MeXid ought to be a rich and pro.sperous an i powerful Republic. She possesse.s extensive territory, a fertile soil, and an incalculable store of mineral wealth. She occupies an important po.sitioa bei tween the gulf and the ocean for' ti'a&sit routes and for commerce. Is it possible that such a country as this can bo giv« en up to anarchy and ruin without an effort from any quarter for its resctio and its safety 1 Will the. commercial nations of the world, which have so many interests connected with it,- re* main wholly indifferent to such a result? Can the United States, especially, which ought to share most largely in its commercial intercourse, allow their immediate-neighbor thus to destroy it­ self and injure them ? Yet, without support from some quarter, it is impos­ sible to perceive how Mexico eau re­ sume bei\ position among natioHS and enter upon a career' \ good results. The ; of all countries reqniro' that she should have, belongs to this Govern. ment to render, not only by virtue of our neighborhood to Mexico, along whose territory we have a contirmous frontier of nearly a thousand miles; but by -virtue, also, of our established poli­ cy, -wbich is inconsistent with the inter* mtiOn of any European among i which promises any good results. Th e aid which she re­ quires, and Which the interests o commercial countries reqniro' that te isistent with the^ ventiOn of any European Power in the domestic concerns of that Repnbne.. The wrongs which we have .suffered from Mexico are before the world, and must deeply impress every Amerlean citizen. A Government which is either uuable or’ unwiillug to redress such wrongs is derelict to its highest duties. The difficulty consists in selecting and enforcing the remedy. We may in vain apply to the Constitutional Government at Vera Cruz, allhough it is well dis­ posed to do us justice, for adequate re­ dress. 'Whilst its authority is acknow­ ledged in all the important forta and throughout the sea-coasts of the*fepub- lic, its power does not exUed \ City of Mexico and ritates in its vicinity, where yH ^be recent outrages IvAvefee^'b committed on Ameri­ can oitizeUJ?-'\ We must penetrate into the interior before we can reach t h e . offenders, and this can only be done by parsing through the.territm-y in the oe^ cupation of the Constitutional Govern­ ment, The most acceptable and least \ .thafL.: : I believe, be obtained; du aid might, I oeuevt:, uc uuioiucu ; uuu if not, our obligation to protect our own citizens in their just rights, secured by treaty, would not be.the less imperative. For these reasons, I recommend to Gon- deem expedient—to employ a sufficient military force to enter Mexico for the purpose of obtaining indemnity for the ast and security for the future. I pur­ posely refrain from any suggestion' a& to whether this force shall consist of regular troops or volunteers, or both, 'ihisq-' * . . - . ---I as with one will, and proclaiming, in les that reverberate from the Oordii- \ YjHift wife well ’s to the St. Lawrence, and pealing 1 next best thing to a little wite wea . anything, i as guano, for instance, write to Joseph Breck, Esq., Boston, and he will send “Whatever ground you sow or p l^ t, see that it is in good condition. We want no pennyroyal crops, ” A little farm well tilled” is ^rops. ” J to a farm of April j On the McLane pre- senteA^his^^i^reSials to President Juarez, having no hesitation incing th e Governm ent of S by the authorities at Very Juarez to (vernment of the H e was cordially received ties at Very Cruz, and ig 1 th e Govern m en t be the only existinj Republic.” whole Eepuhlio, ---------- - large majority of the people and the States, hut there are important parts of The excited preacher commenced “ peeling off” his outer garments. “ Here, Brother Cole 1” shouted he —“ hold my coat—I ’ve found the fel­ low that soaped that horn 1” — The Legislature of Minnesota met in joint Convention, on the J5tb, and elected Morton S. Wilkinson, of Blue Earth county. U . S. .Souator, in the place of Gen. Shields, |he present „ _ ------ Senator. The vote stood, for Wil- taent. In the mean time the exc( ..o t alwavs attend upon civil ____ _____ I as not been Ibirto* establish its power over the - -.-..L i : - It is supported by a the country where' i t can enforce no kinson to 83 for Shields. . V . 2 5 I ? . A ' - displayed on several trying occasions, and bis death was as unexpected as it, was shocking to the' whole community. other outrages m igh t be enumerated, but these are sufficient to illustrate the wretched state of the country and the unprotected condition of the persons and property of our citizens in Mexico. In all these cases our ministers have been constant and faithful -in their de­ mands for redress, but both they and this Government, which they have suc­ cessfully represented, have been wholly powerless to make their demands effect­ ive. Their testimony in this respect, and in reference to the only Temedy which, in their judgment, would meet the exigency, has been most uniform and emphatic. “Nothing but a manifesta­ tion of the power of the Government of the United States (wrote our late minister in.1856) and of its purpos^e to punish these wrongs will avail. I as­ sure you that the universal belief here is, that there is nothing to be apprehend­ ed from the Government of the United States, and that local Mexican officials cannot commit these outrages upon American citizens with absolute impuni­ ty.” “ I hope the President” (wrote our present minister in August last) “Will feel authorized to ask from Congress the power to enter Mexico with the military forces pf' the United States^ the call of the constitutional authorities, in order to protect the citizens and the treaty rights of the United States. Unless such power is conferred upon him, neither the one nor other will be respected m the existing state of anarchy and disor> der, and the outrages alreadYperp®^’^a1;ea will never be chastised ; and, I*assu^ you in my number 23, all these evils must increase until every vestige of order and government disappears from the cduntry.” I have been reluctantly uu. Suob an accession to the forces of the Constitutional Government would enable it soon to reach the City of Mex­ ico and extend its power over the whole republic. In that event there is no rea­ son to doubt that the just claims of our citizens would be satisfied and adequr ‘ redress obtained for the injuries intiioi lonstitutional ate sted to do us justice, ana rnis uuguu uo cured in advance by a preliminary trea­ ty. It m ay be said th a t these m easures will, at least indirectly, be inconsistent with our wise and settled policy not to interfere in the-domestic concerns ot foreign nations. But does not the pres­ ent case fairly constitute an exception ? An adjoining -republic is iu a state of anarchy and confusion from which she has proved wholly unable to extricate herself. She is entirely destitute of the power to maintain peace upon her bor­ ders, or to prevent the incursions of banditti into our territory. In her fate ^ and her fortune—in her power to estab­ lish and maintain a settled government __ we have a far deeper iaterest, sociafly, commercially, and politically than any other nation. The is now a wreck upon the ocean, drifting about as she is im- poBed by different factions. As a good neibhbor, shall we not extend to her a. helping hand to save her? .If we dq not, it would not 'ae sutprising should some other nation undertalfa the-iasfe ‘ and thus force us to interfere at. for the maiuleuaBce M our established ^ Wn have yet scarcely recayereit from tut-expeaditur®. obedience.' General Miramon main­ tains himself at the capital? and in some of the distant provinces Ihere are- military Governors who pay little re­ spect to the decrees of either Govera- iesees war, feel bound to announce - -ongs suffer them, I feel bound b this’ conclusion to Conpess. The ease presented however, is pot Eaerely a case of indrviduaj claims, al- j-i„iouaj though our just claims against Mexico i plti aa< meneement ^ my afimliiittraBoh. financial revemes which we r experienced ought % -ftagfe scrutinize, our expcndito^ iSffaein, greatfist vigilance, Exe- to the lowest ctttive Ih^pariJliPr to the acchm>.. 3 have wlih. coa3id'-~f _.ij•appear tCiSJe plisbsi appear

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