Endicott daily bulletin. (Endicott, N.Y.) 1937-1950, November 27, 1937, Image 4

Image and text provided by George F Johnson Memorial Library

PAGE 4 END1COTT DAILY BULLETIN Opinions Features ENDICOTTfPULLETIN PHONE 861 PHON E M2 Established AUK 20. 1114 by B. J. and Bt M. Fr««laad Office of Publication, US Washington Are . JAMES H OTTAWAY, President and Manager BYKON E. FRENCH , Vice President—Advertising Manager PAUL L. HOOPER. Editor Official Paper of the Town of Vestal Entered as Second Class Matter October It, IMT, at the ^^SW Post Office at Endlcott. N Y . under the Act of March 1, 187». \C^Jj^S The BullHIn is delivered to all homes In Greater Kndloott by carrier t)OT at 16 ccntK IM T w<>i'k o r $7 IM T vpa r Published dally except Sunday \We never >{now anvthing until we \now tile truth.\ —George F Johnson Cooperation Is Essential 0 Over a year ago. when business was good in the United States, and e.specialh the mnoths preceding the national election, it \\a.s common to hear New Dealers assert that the prosperity that \je were then enjoying was \all planned\ by President Roosevelt and his brain trusters. I\o doubt the present business recession is another phase of the \economic planning\ that F. D. K. and his aides have mapped out in their attempt to regulate business and elimin­ ate depressions. However, we don't hear so much about the present busi­ ness recession having been part of the Ne w Deal plan tw make the United States permanently prosperous. Instead we hear from all quarters a sudden plea that business be given- a better chance to live and to live unfettered by surplus taxes, and other regulatory measures that President Roosevelt has termed necessary to punish \big business.\ Have many business men forgotten that \breathing spell\ that the President announced he was going to give business several months ago I An d do you recall how that so-called \breathing spell\ sounded like a lull in the waters before the storm gathered sufficient strength to do its most damage 7 The New Deal anti-business policy has been one of its worst blunders. Many of its tax measures, aimed to whip what is termed \big business\ has reacted heavily against thousands of small concerns, as well as large manufacturers, and the result has been the current business recession that w e are all .\enjoying\ as part of the planned Ne w Deal economy. Any Federal government that lines class against class, labor against capital, and the government, itself, against business, is headed for collapse, eventually. The current industrial recession is just the first warning of what anti-business Ne w Deal policies will do to our nation if they are continued. We have no use for manufacturers, large or small, who are not fair to their employes. They should be made to give their workers a square deal. In this respect the Ne w Deal has attempted :o do a good job. But to ct 'iidtmn all companies because som3 are bar! would be as fooiis-h as to condemn a!! ..cople because a small percentage are criminals. No party in control of our Federal government, whether Democratic or Republican, will ever place our nation on a prosperous basis, if it does not cooperate with business, labor and all classes of our people. Cooperation between labor and industry, and among la­ bor, industry and our Federal government is a vital step in making our nation prosperous. There must be common-sense action on the part of our Federal government, too. President Roosevelt can not announce at one time that commodity prices are far too high and in the next breath as­ sert that industries should pay their employes more. It's the old, old story. You can't squeeze blood out of a turnip! The reciprocal trade treaties are another threat, not only to American industries, but to our farmers as well. For the- first time, we find that the balance of trade is against us in far m trade. Obviously, the more farm products that are imported into the United States, the more acute will become the mar­ keting problems of our farmers. Applying the reciprocal trade treaties to our own com­ munity, the only result of a reciprocal trade treaty with Czechoslovakia will be a more acute sales problem for Endi- cott-Johnson Corp. and other shoe companies of our nation. Idealism is a great virtue, but it must be tempered with an appreciation of the facts of life! It is a splendid idea to attempt to raise living standards in foreign countries through reciprocal trade treaties, but common sense tells us that if living standards are raised in other nations by importation of more of their products into our land, there will result a lowering of living standards in our own nation. An d this is certainly contrary to all de­ sires of President Roosevelt and all Ne w Dealers. It appears now that some of the \must\ legislation that was passed by Congress under pressure from the Chief Exe­ cutive is resulting in a boomerang, not only to American in­ dustries, but to the Ne w Deal as well. W e have no quarrel with President Roosevelt or any of his New Dealers. There is much good this present administration has done, but all their good will be undone if more care is not given to the legislation that Congress is \told\ to pass. We hope the right-about-face that President Roosevelt appears to have made is sincere. What we need most in this nation is cooperation between the Federal government and business. As Henry Ford has said, the recent losses that thou­ sands of United States citizens suffered in the stock market decline is no different than severe losses suffered at a race track by bettors This ma\ be true, but, at the same time, our old enemy FEAR enters into the picture, and the result is an even greater recession in business because of drops in security values. A genuine plea for cooperation from industry will find business men immediately receptive, as President Roosevelt has found already. Rut the moment that an anti-business policy is started again, business men will \fold up their tents,\ so to speak, and let the Federal government grope for businss recovery «n its own hook. Politics By Frank Kent— That New 200<lnch Telescope! II / / A Call for Candor • Of course, it will not do it. but it would be a pretty fine thing if the Federal Trade Commission, re cently requested by the President to investigate reports that \nionop olistic practices and other unwhole some methods of competition have contributed to the increased est of living which has taken place within the vear—it would lie a fine thing if, after a reasonabl J period of deliberation, the commis­ sion should tell him the truth— and tell it publicly, so the wh\le country could hear and understan 1 Besides the incalculable value of a genuinely candid report, wh > would clarify the national mum establish a noble precedent and check a dangerous trend, two oth­ er splendid purposes would bo served. For one thing, it would be a rather thrilling demonstration of independence upon the part of a commission intended by Congress to be independent, whose freedom from Executive domination ha-; been expressly proclaimed as i n inherent right by the Supreme Court and whose worth, merit and justification for existence utterly disappear if it degenerates into a creature of the President, com­ pelled to make the responses it knows the White House want* For the other thing, a thorough­ ly frank and fearless reply to the Presidential request would have the effect of dispelling a great deal of false pretense and, to some ex­ tent at least, restoring faith in thp honesty o f governmental officials. It would deal a body blow to hum- buggery in politics and greatly dis­ courage the practice so common in this Administration and amounting to calculated deception of the vot­ ers, of trying to divert their atten­ tion from painful and embarras­ sing facts by the dramatic intro­ duction of a new line o f thought. No one has done this more consist­ ently and successfully than M r Roosevelt Last year, when the economy drive in the Senate was gathering strength and resentment flamed against his acquiescent silence on the vital sit-down strike situation, the President diverted public at­ tention by the great \tax dodgers\ investigation. Six weeks ago, he got Mr. Justice Black and his Klon connections off the first pages by his sensational Chicago speech in which he seemed to challenge the aggressor nations o f the world— but didn't. This request that the Federal Trade Commission report upofi the iniquity o f monopolies in raising the cost of living is another herring, the real purpose of which is to cover the dreadful mess in which the New Deal flounders and shift responsibility fo r the en­ hanced burdens under which the people labor There is here a marvelous op­ portunity to clear the national at­ mosphere by an exhibition of sim­ ple honesty It is not necessary to be rude or rough The com­ mission might say with, complete truth something like this \In re sponse to your letter, M r Pres : - dent, we respectively express the conviction that no such lnvestig .i tion as you request is needed While it is possible some part of the increased cost of living is due to monopolistic practices, it is none the less clear that the great causes both for higher food pricc3 and higher commodity prices are the policies pursued by your Ad ­ ministration \I t has been your frequent'y avowed purpose to elevate the standard of living for the people f enerally and bring about a better istribution of wealth In the pur­ suit o f these objectives you have increased the wages o f labor im­ posed heavier taxes upon business, shortened the hours of work. This, naturally, curtailed production anJ raised prices. It could not help but do so. In the field o f agricul­ ture, the raising of prices was th ' primary purpose of your policy B\ controlling crop production, plow­ ing under cotton, wheat, corn, killing little pigs and paying bon­ uses to fanners to plant less, fo>i prices were naturally raised. The^o are pending today in Congress two bills, sponsored and urged by you. which, if enacted, will still furth-r add to the cost of living One r f these is designed still further to raise wages and shorten hours of work; the other is to impose crop control in a more drastic form, bound to raise food prices still higher Combine these things with your tax policy and it seems in­ credible that anyone should think they could be operated without raising living costs. Considering all the facts, it seems completely ridiculous to ask us to conduct an investigation designed to fix blame for the high cost of living n 'monopolistic practises,' and w • most respectfully decline to do so.\ What a gorgeous chance there is for the commission to strike a n ie rthat would ring through the nation I What a service it would be if they could bring themselves to the point of replying to th\ President with complete candor and courage! The interesting thinp is that the commission is in a po­ sition to do exactly that, because the Supreme court, tw o years ago, in the Humphrey case, unanimous­ ly informed Mr Roosevelt that he had no right to remove members New York Day by Day -By O. O. Mclntyr*- 9 WJC AM-jiVM* You're Telling Me By Wm . RHt— 0 He's an average human being if his great love for the freedom of wide, open spaces causes him to sell his house and spend the rest of his life in a two-by-four trailer You may be proud to be living through gTeat historical events. But it's always been our notion that history is better to read than to live through. Our ancestors were more pa­ tient than w e are, says an his­ torian. How does he know? An ­ cestors did not need to endure the combination of telephone booths and wrong numbers. What's become of the fellow who used to say we'd never live to see repeal o f prohibition? Oh, he's going around now saying the United States will never ge t mixed up in any more wars. Judging by the crowd of enthus­ iastic fans who nearly mobbed him during his match with Babe Ruth, John Montague must learn how to play coif wearing football pads* and a helmet. You can spot the dyed-in-the- wool football fans in any office on Monday They are the ones, who are sneezing. of this or similar commissions be­ cause, their minds did not march with his—that the basic theory of Congress in creating these quasi- judicial boards was that they should be wholly free of Executive domination. It's a grand chance, but they won't take it, although it is quite certain there are men on the comission who would love to. Ken Murray Our Children Says • Hellyweod —I tee a lady pro­ fessor at Columbia University crit­ icizes F. D. K. fo r hum grammar in his speeches. Well, that is like sending coals to Newcastle o r ship­ ping kippered herring to Glouces­ ter, Mac*, After all. Franklin is a Harvard man. And he wears a Pai- BeU-Xsippsv lc*y he- didn't ge t in any pawnshop, either. Here capital .is'jittery, labor's groggy and the world is getting set for another expiation and the lady's kicking about misplaced semicolons and prepositions. Ain't she got any knitting to do in her spare time? If we want an English professor in the Whit e House, the Republi­ cans had a chance to nominate Nicholas Murray Sutler of Colum­ bia for president once. Just put Dr. Butler in the White House and see if the lady prof would criti­ cize her ex -Does. So far as I' m concerned, if F D. R. can snap us out of this re­ cession and ge t things on the up­ beat again, b e can use \ain't\ in eyery other sentence and even dress up his fireside chats with a lot o f bum gags. One Minute Pulpit • Whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased) and he that hum- bleth himself shall be exalted. — St. Luke 14:11. Nifties By Jefferson Machamer \While I'm on my knees. Miss er * will yon narrj mc By Or. Q. C. Mysr*— 0 ( am often amazed at the ln- Bight many of those who write to me have of child nature. 1 some­ times think Borne of them might have been spoiled if they had be­ come psychologists! Let me quote from a Ne w England mother: \I want to tell you about Joyce, my youngest daughter. She soon will be six. She should not have started to school, according to the law, this year I knew how un­ happy she was last Winter, though, and hated, to go through another Winter with her marking time. \1 think she is o child with great possibilities for either good or evil. She feels strongly Never is she lukewarm. She loves passionately, complains loudly, weeps fo r the un- 1 derdog, and storms along through life, letting everyone know how she feels about everything. \I wanted her energies har­ nessed, so I asked permission of the school board to let her start school. ~tl was granted. She had to miss the first week o f school, because she had the cowpox, o f all things' Well, the first week she went to school was a terrible strain on her. She was afraid, afraid the other children had learned so much she'd never catch up; afraid she was dumb, afraid of the principal, afraid to ask to 'go to the base­ ment,' afraid she couldn't find a hanger for her coat. Scared When Small \I hadn't realized before how her life was rulacj so much by fear. The Fall before she was three, she was scared out of her wits by two older girls yelling, 'Here comes the boogeyman,' into her bedroom win­ dow just as she was dropping off to sleep one night. She had to have her tonsils out that Fall, too. She yelled bloody murder on the operating table. She told me aft­ erwards she thought the doctors were going to iron her, as the operating~table looked like an iron­ ing board to her She was fright­ ened by Hallowe'en horribles that Fall, too. I suppose that was the beginning of her deep-laid fears. \I unconsciously have developed fears. I'm afraid, through m y own sense of insecurity. It was the Summer she was a year and a half old that my husband was unem­ ployed. Since then, with salaries ranging from$11 to \$30 weekly, I have built up a fear fo r myself, 'What would happen to my family if I should die\ I really am ter- ror-Rtrirken at thoughts o f sick­ ness, or accident, but now that I see the harm I have done I can take Rtcps to drive that fear from me. \Her troubles at school are all smoothed out now. . . She has decided she reallv CAN do things well She loves her teacher, 'goes to the basement' without fear, and is happy \ Looking Backward Five Years Ago—State Senator Hanley, widely known in this section as a public speaker, will address a men's mass meeting the Union Presbyterian church Ten Years Ago—Theodore I . Avery, 66, 108 Ws Franklin St., victim of a hit and run driver) was proving at Ideal hospital, \ftee n Years Ag o — Miss rgia E. Whitney and Henry S. olton were married. Twenty Years Arq—A son was cm Nov. 13 to Mr. and Mrs. eul Kitcheen. 6) New York—This is as good a day as any to wonder Just how far they are going to stretch the week-end. When I labored in the news* rooms the week used to end Saturday I f lucky w e got off a little early Saturday afternoon and had Sunday for our very own. This regulation was general. Then not many years ago w* adopted \weekends which meant we knocked off Saturday at noon or maybe Friday night. Finally we quit early Friday afternoon and showed up fairly late Monday morning. In England I discovered the week-end Is from Friday lunch to Monday lunch. Yet, even so, we have topped merry old England. Adela Rogers ~ St Johns recently delivered a manuscript to a weekly magazine editor J on Wednesday morning at 11 His secretary came out and with a - scornful glance said \I'm sorry but Mr Soandso left for the week­ end this morning \ _ Illusion Dorothy Parker Is widely three-sheeted as most daring V of the punsters. Ye t those close to her say she Is fearfully shy and _ '. rarely Indulges the verbal riposte for which she has become noted. Also she is so afraid of newspapermen she has become practically a recluse Few non-dog-owners would believe dogs are conscious of time. Yet evidence piles up. For instance, a member of our household goes regularly twice a week shopping and returns at 1 o'clock, Invariably prompt. On such days, within tw o or three minutes of the time for her return, our deaf Boston, Billy, now gone, would amuse himself, asleep or awake, and go to the front hall to sit a few feet from the door—waging! He never missed. Eventually most New Yorkers tire of the peacock fripperies ot the gaudy cafes. There 1 B something irritating to the true trencher­ man, about lieoplo who come to a restaurant to be seen more than to express a zest for food. Like that professional society party thrower who bounces from table to table, balooing across the room and otherwise trying to be the whole show! Th e practised gourm*) Z, \ studiously avoids such places. When he dines Ottt you will and kta* - - at rendezvous rarely mentioned in society chit-chat. Dark-tltfberad sherry and beef havens with old prints, and perhaps a colleetlc-B of ~ .\ steins racked nround the wall Instead of shrieking Jazz, the «JaU»T ' of knives and forks and the tinkle of glass. No roster of the \•taall — hour\ blades, but diners who know the cut of a steak and to wft**JT~~ a goblet of rare port or a tankard of nut brown ale are a hej» and not a refuge These ancient, sturdy places keep their bo M la-—— the midst of eternal change. Whenever in this vast crowded center columnlng seems a mighty —^ task I often ibink of Will Rice, wbo lives at a crossroads place in ibe deep Ozarks wlin e nothing happens, and yet turns out readable columns for a group of country newspapers. Fe w gangsters come to lis crotch of the creek and there are no entertainments such as theater, movie etc Trains run through twice a week and night life consists of an owl's boot or so, or perhaps the mournful strains of a mouth organ from across a faraway ridge. Ye t Rice manage* te_ winnow full blooded observations about life and its meaning amid such desolation Excellent stuff that papers are glad to print. Hid­ den treasures from lost caves. Charles Stewart Says- 0 Washington—Secretary of State Cordell Hull Is my Idea of to e ablest economist In the present administration in Washington. While other economic doctors try to improve condition* fey hold­ ing down production of commodities which could be marketed in increasing quantity If only world markets were open to them cheaply enough. Secretary Hull Is trying to open these markets up sufficiently to absorb the world 'B falsely BO -called over-supplies. . Such Is the whole end and object of his reciprocal tariff treaty policy, with which he continues to make considerable progress dis­ pute a deal of what seems to me to be both selfish and misguided' opposition. Hull's Views? I do not know that Secretary Hull Is a 100 per cent free trader. Probably he would hesitate t o admit It, even if he Is, because tale country traditionally Is BO wedded to the protective theory that free trade talk classifies as almost revolutionary However, his reciprocal arrangements certainly tend toward free trade. I suspect that the secretary Is endeavoring to move In that dlrectlon as fast and as far as he can. Anyway, he at least is a low tariff or a. tarlff-for-revenue-onlr statesman. And the tarlff-for-revenue-only doctrine is not so bad a proposi­ tion, except that i t 1 B a mightily bad method of raising revenue. In the Past As we all know, America long ago resorted to tariff protection to keep foreign-made goods from competing, in our own markets, with the products of our own then baby manufacturing Industrie*. It amounted t o a subsidy t o American manufacturers, and did enable them to maintain high prices, profitable to manufacturers but hard on consumers. True, the manufacturer argued that bi t high prices enabled him to pay high wages. S o they did, but wages wisr* not as high, proportionately, as prices were high. Thus \real Wag**/* (the workers' buying power) were not so high as the wage-earner* relieved them t o be. Still, labor was \sold\ on that theory for generations. How It Worked Of course, in retaliation for our protective tariff system, otadf countries decreed protective tariffs against us. — Woll, our manufacturers, as they waxed powerful, did not ear*. They maintained high prices within our protective walL Tad ? were careful not t o produce sufficiently t o stamp, thdlr home asnrfedfc Maybe they cut wages. They made barrelsful of 'money. ' And what did tbey do It they found that there' was a forests jemand for their stuff? Why, they took their money, made out of os, to forelga leads, established industries within their tariff walls, paid their local work­ ers low pay, and throve handsomely, here and abroad. Farmers' Problem Meantime, our farmers'' They always produced more than enough for American require* ments, and needed export outlets for their overplus. They could see that the manufacturers were profiting by Import taxation, and hollered for It, too. Th e manufacturers said, \CertmMj.\ knowing that protection could do American agriculture no rood. H * w could an Import tax help a would-be exporter? Naturally ML After a while the farmer got his fill of that It did not work. * Then agriculture began to yowl for a, subsidy. Th e JfcNary-Hath gen plan was proposed. It was a kind of tariff. In reverse. I t wad a scheme to sock the manufacturers, even as the manufacturer* Were socking agriculture—to make them offset one another. Of course the manufacturers saw the joker, and President Coolldge vetoed It,'' J | was ridiculous, at that. All Interdependent Now the notion Is to keep down production when, already, there Isn't enough. The thing acts and reacts. Industry did pretty well for a century or there a bouts by stlaf lng the consumer (Including urban labor and agriculture), put nWr mately It exhausted consumerdom's capacity , ,„ Not only American consumerdom's but International coaatnadh dom's. Hull thinks that the whole thing Is International—that eoontrte* sre interdependent as much as states are. Soma Nation* Balk Yet some countries are balky. They simply will not ffatemalize. In that -case, says Secretary Hull. \Th e joke is oa them.* or. rather, \The tragedy III theirs.\