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Binghamton courier. (Binghamton, N.Y.) 1844-1849, March 03, 1847, Image 2

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ggyag-g ~^From the New-York Herald. CASE OF MRS;'GENERAL GAINES. ^ W a s h in g t o n , Feb^20, 1847. S u p r e m e C o u r t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s . —Charles Patterson. Appellant, vs. E. P. Gaines , et. uz .— T h is is’an appeal from the de­ cision of the United States District Court of Louisiana, Chancery docket. \ ♦ In 1836, W hitney and wife (now Mrs. Gaines) filed a bill in Chancery against about sixty per­ sons holding portions of the estate of her father. Daniel Clark. After various delays and eva­ sions, Charles Patterson, who owns a small tract of the property in question, worth probably $10,000, answered the bill on its merits,'and con­ sented to a separate trial. 'A T h i 3 was* decided. April 25, 1840, on the merits, thus— “ that defendant Patterson, do, on or before the first day of the next term of_ this court, convey and surrender possession to the complainant, M yra C lark Gaines, a lhheselots,” &c. An appeal was granted that same day, to the Supreme Court of the United States. In 1843. ibe case was tried before tbe Supreme Court, and an op.inion delivered by Judge McLean, by vyhich the appellees were directed to go lo tbe Probate Court of Louisiana, with an intimation that if they would not probate the will of 1813, probably the Supreme Court might. In 1844 a motion was made for a rehearing, w 1 and by one means or another, it has again been delayed until the present day. It came up on Tuesday, tbe 16th, when Mr. M ay spoke at length, occupying that and the next day. Thursday and Friday, the Hon, Reverdy Johnson, |pr Mrs. Gaines, spoke. Gounsebfor the appellant, Mr. May and Mr. 33r6nt; counsel'for appellee, Gen. W alter Jones, Hon. Reverdv Johnson and Samuel J. B u rr, Esq. T h e facts of the case, in brief, are these— Dan­ iel C laik, married in 1803, Zulim e Carriere. who had been previously inarriedto Jeromo De G r a n g e ; but De G range being a married man, was, in 1800, abandoned by Zulim e,and in 1802 or 1803, convicted and imprisoned for the biga­ m y of this mam'age with her. Clark’s mar xiage was kept secret until an action could be brought by Zulim e against the name of De G range. This was done, and a verdict given in her favor, in 1806. About this time iuteres icd persons formed a .plan to separate Clark and Zulim e, which was successful. Zulim e was told by Daniel W. Coxe, of Philadelphia, that ^he could not prove her m arriage with Clark. She left him, and in 1808 married Dr. Gardette, of Philadelphia. B y this m a rriage she had one child, M yra, now Mrs. Gaines. To this ohild he was much attached. H e placed her in che family of Colonel Davis, of Philadelphia, who brought her up. In 1811, C lark made a hasty provisional will, under peculiar circumstances, leaving his estate to his mother, and making R elf and Chew executors. At the same time he gave properly, amounting to near $500,000, to three friends, for Myra. In 1813, he made a fall will, leaving all his es'ate to Myra. T h is will was shown to seve­ ral persons, and then deposited in a black case, in his office. W ithin two hours of his death, he told Lubin, a faithful slave, as soon as he was dead to give the little black case to Cheva­ lier de la Croix, who was appointed tutor and executor. Just as C lark was dying, R e lf took his keys from his armoire , went to the office be­ low, entered it, and locked the door, so Lubin said, who followed him at the time. _ T h e judge of tbc pence was requested the same day to seal the papers and death chamber door, but not the office. Just then Relf produc­ ed the will of 1811, and that of 1813 was never heard of since. M yra Clark, the heir under the will of 1811, never received but $6,060 93 in 'ten years, out of - an estate of millions, and no one else, except the executors, ever got a dollar of it. Col. Davis kept M yra in ignorance of who she was, and called her M yra Davis; until just before her first marriage, when he told her she was not his chilcK She was then twenty-five years ol age. From that time to the present, she has been seeking to be restored to the estate of she has been so -cruelly wronped, but there are so many defendants that every delay possible has been brought to prevent the law from doing her justice. T h e case comes up before the Court now, on its merits, and has been and will be amply dis­ cussed. T h e re can be no disposition on the part of the Supreme Court to refuse her a decis­ ion any longer, and that decision must place her jn possession of a very large estate, if given in her favor. She has the sympathies of all with her, and the case is as notorious as any that ever wasen tered upon the docket. JU S T I C E . JASON R. OKTON, EDITOR.. S in s iR u to n , W ednesday, March 3 ,1847. The Kajl Road, ^ Accounts from Albany are encouraging, the better opinion being that the opponents of the Road will.hot succeed in reversing the location of the dommission- ers. All concur in adding, however, that the friends of the Road should be active in their efforts in its behalf. Spirited Meetings in favor of the southern route are now being held over the entire line of the Road west from this.point. We have recej.veo reports of these assemblages in Owego, Barton, Factoryville, Cortland, Ithaca, &,c.; and in all, the best possible spirit would seem to have prevailed. hia own wayward fancy. If he ia to escape from the odiam of his act, on the plea that he was not tn- strweted, by parity of. reasoning, the supercargo who seizes and appropriates his employer’s ship ahd goods, un the high seas, must also be excused, for the reason that such conduct waa not forbidden. All the Tarty, Bolters. We once knew a quixotic clergyman who estab­ lished a church of his own, one of whose tenets was said to be tbat none but that little band would ever ■get to heaven. By‘a course of disaster this singular body was a t last reduced to two or three members ; but we never heard that this made any difference with their peculiar doctrines. The predent beggarly condition of the great Conservative Party of this State could hardly fail to remind us of the circum­ stance to which we have referred. According to their version of the matter, the whole Democratic Party are Bolters; and they themselves, at best a perishing band of broken and breaking political gam­ blers, are the sole remaining salt of the country.— The Albany Argus, in advance of the vole on the Wilmot proviso in the House at Washington, pro­ nounced all the Members of Congress from this State who should vote for it, “ BOLTERS.” The vote was taken ; and though Mr. Croswell was present in person to look after the matter, and. prevent boiling , TH IRTY -TH R E E of the Members from this State, out of thirty-four, the whole number, voted for the proviso. One Member, Stephen Strong’of Tioga, voted against it. All the rest bolted. At Albany, Mr. Croswell’s sucess had already been equally sur­ prising. Our Legislature, comprising 160 Members in the two Houses, in spito of all his efforts, aided though they were by our little conservative clique in Broome, and like cliques in other Counties of Ihie State, bolted as it were in a body, and said emphati­ cally that it is high time to stop, at least the exten­ sion of slavery in the Republic. Notwithstanding the prostrate and forlorn condition of the Conserva­ tives, they do not appear for a moment to suspect its cause—that tbey'have been forsaken bythe mass and -cast overboard on account of their flagrant dishonesty. Having heretofore succeeded by management and treachery, though now al the last gasp, they would seem to be anticipating that some fortunate juggle will yet again restore them to their lost position.— Their present dependence is on an intrigue with the South, to enable them to appear in respectable force at the Baltimore Convention in ’48. Vain hope! Old-Hunkerism is too nearly dead in the State of New York, for even the galvanism of an embrace with Southern Slavery to renew its vitality. The New York Globe, : Some weeks sincu we received a number of the New York Daily Globe, accompanied with an invi­ tation to “ notice and exchange.” Wc accordingly noticed the Globe kindly in our editorials, and sent the Courier— but we got no more Globes. If this was a mere shift to get advertising a t our expense, it must be set down as one of the tricks of the trade ; a very noble trade truly, but -not sufficiently so to keep it always clear of ignoble actions and base minds. But perhaps the Globe was offended at the character Of our notice. If so, we cheerfully offer the only reparation in our power, a retraction of what we then said. We classed it in the “ school of the sound radical Democracy.” We well knew it had been an old hunk­ er paper, but supposed that at the time of its flare-up last fall, when it discharged its editor and repudia. ted his acts, it surrendered at discretion to the peo pie. It now appears, however, that its flag was struck only temporarily, and that it has since re­ sumed its place by the side of the Argus as a forlorn hope in the service of the conservatives. Scott’s Re-publications for 1847. Leonard Scott & Co., New York, continuo to re publish the principal foreign Reviews, together with a fac-simile Blackwood Magazine, at about one third the price charged for the foreign editions. The Westminster and Foreign Quarterly have been uni­ ted, and now form one Review. In order to keep their series complete, Scott & Co, now issue the united work under the title of the Westminster Re­ view, and have added to their list the North British Review, which in many respects is different from the others, and characterized by a high order of talent. Scott & Co,’8 Re publications for ’47 are therefore, The London Quarterly Review, The Edinburgh Re­ view, Tho Westminster Review. The North British Review, and Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine. The above are promptly reprinted in New York, with clear type and fine paper, and arc furnished at $3 00 each per annum—any two of the ReviSws, At $5 00— three, $7 00—the four, $8 00—Black­ wood and the four Reviews, $10 00. Lady’s Book. The March number of the Godey’s Lady’s Book is received, and filled with its usual variety of excellent matter, and choice embellishments. Like the Janu­ ary and February numbers, it contains twelve extra pages. Among the contributions are articles from Mrs. E. O. Smith, Miss Leslie, Mrs. Hale, Simms, Weld, and others. The separate engravings in this number are fourteen ; and for April and May we are promised illustrations of unusual merit. The Lady’s Book for ono year, together with a copy of the Re- prints of Blackwood’s Lady’s Magazine, or the Lon­ don World of Fashion, or the Fountain, a Tempe­ rance Annua], continue to be furnished for $3. C oroner ’ s I n q u e s t . — On Thursday, last, the 18th inst., Coronor Secor, ofthis county was called lo hold an inquest, on the body of Mrs Sarah Foote, of South New Berlin, wife of Dr. Dan Foote. It appeared upon examination of witnesses, that Foote and his wife lived very un­ happily together— that he had been in the con­ stant habit of beating, kicking, and otherwise ill- treating h e r —that he had slept nights with his razor under his head for the purpose of doing her violence, and, that on one occasion he shar- pened il “ to cut her throat ” as he said, “ from ear to ear.” T h ings went on this wav until four or five weeks past, when they had another a l­ tercation, at which time he beat and kicked her so unmercifully, that, in the opinion of Dr. G o r­ ton and Gibson, who made the post mortem ex­ amination, she died of the bruises thus received. Foote was of a morose, petulant disposition. Mrs. F . was spoken of as an amiable, high min^ ded, dignified woman, and a member of the Bap­ tist Church. T h e ju r v brought in a verdict that Sarah Foole came to her death in consequence of wounds inflicted upon her by her husband Dan Footei Foote took French leave two weeks ago, having no doubt become alarmed from the dangerous condition of his wife. Just before the jury brought in their verdict, ft letter was received by the Rev. Mr. Cham ­ berlin from Mr. Gordon, of Cleveland, Ohio, (a brother of Mrs. F.,) enclosing one from Foote to. him, dated atFredonia, Chatauquecounty, in .which, after attempting to fix the blame on his wife and others, he-concludes thus: — “ I want y o u to advise Sarah to leave N e w B e rlin as soon as convenient. A n d if she does uot — and remains thereto keep me away from m y native home,'which I do that no lives may be lost, there will be serious work done. But I have said epough, &c.” These letters, the coroner conceiving to be of much importance, were retained. A warrant was issued, and the officers^of the law are in hot pursuit of.lhejugutive,—t[Bainbridge Free­ m an. ; - The Wilmot Proviso. The idea of hedging in slavery and preventing its farther spread, is opposed by the Slave holders of the South, and by the Old Hunkers of the North ; who, of all northern politicians, are the only ones to bo found willing to bedraggle their garments by such contamination. They claim, to be opposed toslavery, but say that the present is not the proper time for action on the question—that such action would em­ barrass the war with Mexico; and to listen to them, one jvoold. be led. to suppose that a “ Wilmot proviso’’ had been tacked on every bill connected with the war, that has been before Congress during its present sess­ ion. But such is not the fact. The bills for raising men and money to conduct the war, have been left unembarrassed ; but to the three million bill, asked for by the President to be used in negotiating a peace in which it was supposed territory would boacquircd, the <l proviso” was deemed a meet and timely appen­ dage. “ But,” say our northern presses with south em feelings, “ why wrangle about territory before we get it ?” We reply, for a very good and sufficient reason, it is well known that it is the design of the South, for it is openly’ avowed by their speakers and presses, the moment any territory shall be acquired from Mexico, to rush intoil With Iheir slaves and take possession, and defy the North to oust them. Nor is Oregon safe from the invasion of slavery. That territory so far, is settled mainly from tlic slave Stales; and so hopeful arc the South that they may succeed, by hook or by crook, in establishing their favorite institution there, that one planter al least has gone there with his slaves; and another, no less a personage than the gentleman who expects the ap­ pointment of Governor of Oregon, has sold his plan- tation in one of. the southern States, taken his slaves to Missouri where he farms them out, while he waits to be clothed with the seals of office. For these facts we arc indebted to the Washington correspon­ dent of theN . Y. Evening Post. The Congression­ al proceedings inform us that there is a proposition before the Senate to strike out from the bill to form a territorial government in Oregon, the clause prohib­ iting slavery. Like the conservatives of the North, all the South asks, is, that nothing shall be said in the charter on that subject. In th,at event they will New Post Office. A new Post Office has been established in this County, at Kattel Hill, about seven miles north ot Binghamton, called Katlelville P. O., Solomon Or- cutt, Post Master. personal. While it >o remained, it waa characterized by anti-democratic doctrines, responding to the sen­ timents of Rives, Tallmadge and Clark. .That Mr. 'Dickinson and hia tools entertained sentiments sirai lar to those of Messrs. Rives and Tallnaadge, is .un­ questioned ; and that Mr. Dickttfton is successful, in politics, while those gentlemen have had liberty to retire to private life, depends upon his skil! in con ducting a retreat, and hia preference for the strong­ est party None accuse Mr. D. of being a change­ ling—his partiality for Banking, and for a vigorous prosecution of internal improvements, is undoubtedly the same now, as when lie secured office by elding those hobbies. Since 1838, (when Mr. D. ceased- lo attack the measure^ of the-dernocrafe'y, that party having been prostrated by his efforts, in conjunction with the la bors of his co-workers, the whigs? and thoAoneaf Conservatives,) he bas professedly advocated demo­ cratic measures ; but, through his instruments in this County, he has labored to overthrow every prominent democrat, and every one likely to become prominent, and secure the power in his o wn hands, and in those of his minions'. ' That there should be a division in a County where the mass of the Democracy is sound, but. the main leaders, unsound, selfish and destitute of political in­ tegrity, should excite no surprise; the only astonish­ ment it excites, depends upon the fact, that mere personal attachment, arising from the social powers of a man, should so far, and so long, deter men from acting, and giving force lo tHeir acts, in carry­ ing out their true principles; but so it has been ; now, a different state of things exists. I might here drop my subject, without injury to the Radical Democracy; for, in view of the facts stated in these numbers, lhe public can but justify that party in taking the position it now occupies— that of an independent party — a party from which the filthy excreserices produced by time and the emol­ uments of office, have fortunately lopped themselves off—a party refusing to lend its influence in the pro­ motion of political doctrines and measures, emi­ nently opposed to the interests of the great mass of the American People. But to pursue the history of the political men of our Country, to the present time, might go to show tbe intimate relation between cause and effect, and enforce upon the consideration of all parties, the imporlanco of selecting men of sound principles, and of unquestioned political integrity, as leaders. Men, unsound or corrupt, will not take a high and honorable position. Their object being self- elevation, they look at the prizes to be attained, re­ gardless of the means. Thfe effect of such a policy, is a defeat of the People, and the success of the Dem- agogue— the elevation to honorable stations, of the mere politibian, and the betrayal and disgrace of the People. Thescremarks may appear harsh, but I ap­ peal to the political history of this County, for the last 12 years, to justify them. I shall therefore, Mr. Editor, with your permission, write a fetv more numbers, giving a short history of some of the lesser gtars in the galaxy of old Hunk erisrn. HENRY. Feb., 1847. Congress adjourns to-morrow. go into Oregon with their “ property,” and say lo the North, ** dislodge ns if you can.” No, on this great question the North has not taken ground too soon—not by the smallest possible fraction of time. And we must maintain our position bravely too>, or not only our anticipated Mexican provinces, but Ore gon, and ourselves, by a power of nol half our strength, will be bound in inextricable toils. Representatives. We said last week that the “ Representative is bound to carry out the will uf his constituents and obey instructions, or resign.” Our government in theory is strictly democratic. Every law and act is based on the supposition that the people will it. In practice, for the sake of convenience, because we cannot well all come together to decide tvhal is lo be done, agents or representatives are appointed. Th Member of Assembly represents his County— the Member of Congress represents his district— and the State Senator, his State. A representative, there fore, a t Albany or Washington, does not go there to represent himself, but others : in fact, lie has scarcely any business to have a mind of his own; at any rate he cannot honestly have a mind opposed to his constituents, to influence his public acts, or private discourse, and retain his post. His sole business is to carry out the will of those who sent him, either known , or declared. If declared, he is said to be in­ structed ; If known, no instructions are necessary. Now we assume as an undeniable fact that the sen­ timents of the State of New York on the subject of slavery, and the extension of slavery, are known. In addition to this, our State Legislature have almost unanimously instructed our Senators and requested our Representatives in Congress, lo carry out that will. For our Senators, therefore, there is no escape. Technically, our Representatives are not said to be instructed , unless by the action of their own Dis. tricts ; which, we do not learnrin anticipation of the vote on the Wilmot proviso, was resorted to in any instance. Yet with all our Members of Congress but one, the known will of their constituents and the request of lhe Legislature, were considered equally binding. Thirty.three Members cheerfully united to carry out*, that- will— one, Stephen Strong, of this I m p o r t a n t I n f o r m a t i o n . — A letter fr.om E lihu Burritt received by the Cambria gives information .that the British Government will pay Freight upon dll the Food and Clothing which may be sent from this country to-either 1 District, seems to have forgotten that he was a rep- Ireland or Scotland. I rescntative of Others, and in his vote, followed out For the Courier. C a u s e s o f t h e D iv isio n o f t h e D e m o c r a c v o f B r o o m e . No. 3. Mr- E d i t o r : In this number, according to my previous arrangement, I am to commence with the political transactions of 183G II may be well, how­ ever, to refer to ’3-4 and ’35, b»’ way of preface.— About this time, many men of integrity, and of un­ questionable patriotism, in the city of New York and other places, became alarmed at the influence of the Banking system, in our public matters. They dis­ covered that all our legislation was favorable lo mo- . 4 s nopolies, and, if suffered to proceed in this channel, the liberties of the People would be undermined and ruined, and that.the mass would soon become mere serfs to the bankers and capitalists. At this f.nie, the “ Equal Rights ” party was organized ; the mem­ bers of this party published their sentiments, many of which were the true Jeffersonian principles, and •perfectly m accordance with the sentiments of the Democratic masses, and of the People, and have sub. sequently been incorporated into the organic law of the Slate, to the honor of those fearless* and noble spirits who first' proclaimed them at Tammany Hall. The doctrine of “ equal rights lo all, and special fa­ vors to none,” found no favor among many of those high in authority, nor with all those connected with the monetary system of the Slate; these two classes had une common interest in all legislation. The Politician and the Banker were found, in most cases, in the same person, and much too great a proportion in the Democratic Party. It was the advantage lo be gained from the Democratic party, in a banking mint of view, tbat gave it strength. After the veto of Jackson upon the U. S. Bank, a rush was made upon onr Legislature for bank charters; the legisla­ ture was democratic; the Commissioners appointed lo distribute the slock, vvere of this party; they so apportioned the stock, that a large portion of it fell into-the hands of “ reliable democrats by their aid, the \tight kind of men were nominated for all offices. Such was the history of the Broome County Bank, and so it was in ’35, when D. S. Dickinson, a Stock- holder in, and >1' think, Attorney of, the Bank, was elected to the State Senate as a Bank man, and as thoroughly Conservative, sympathizing with the “ Oneida Democracy,” who, in 1836, headed by its organ, the Utica Observer, first took open ground against the doctrine of equal rights,, and in favor of the Conservative or Bank interest. The history of ’37 is familiar; and there are so many important interests connected with it, that I should exceed the limits that I have affixed to myself in these numbers, were I to enter into it as minutely as would be necessary, to give a full account of the part taken by our public men ih the transactions of that day. It is sufficient for my purpose, to simply refer to the great financial embarrassments, prevail­ ing throughout the country. It was a t the session of the Legislature of ’37, that the mania for bank char­ ters received a check. That Legislature refused all charters; this arrayed the Bank, or Conservative •party, against the Democracy, it then having the as­ cendency in the Stale and Nation. This breach was made vastly greater, by the Message of •Presi­ dent Van Buren, in Sept. ’37, to Congress at its extra session, recommending the “ Sub-Treasury Bill, and the separation of the Treasury of the People from the vaults bf tbe broken and irresponsible banks Mr. Van Buren was called a Loco Foco, and accus­ ed of being against all banks. It was alleged that his policy would ruin the country. His recommenda­ tion was attacked by argument and ridicule, in Con. gress and out. The entire Whig press opened upon Mr. V. B., their batteries, and they were 6econdec by the Bank or Conservative interest, throughout this State; and from no quarter did the policy of Mr Van Buren receive more biting sarcasm than from Mr. Dickinson and his minions, and through the columns of the Broome County Courier, then, for a period under his entire control; many, if not all, c!’ the articles of this character, were written by - Mr, Dickinson himself, then a Slate Senator. At this time the present Editor, who was then, as now, Democrat from principle, had been driven from his post: his successors were mere mechanics, while the editorial department was in tbe hands pf the party For the Courier. 66 S t a n d fro m U n d e r.97 Port- Crane ’s broke loose— a mighty torrent—no Canal Locks to stop the current—the great Apostle o f Hunkerism holding forth — $15 per lecture. M r . E d i t o r : In the Climax Democrat of the 23d ult., appeared a lengthy article, purporting to emanate from the brains and pen of no less a personage than Franklin Osborne— that champion, for the last few years, of all par­ ties. He discourses most learnedly and eloquently about divers matters— confesses that he was anaughty man, and opposed Mr. Birdsall— pretends to give a history of the re­ cent election— says some hard things about Mr. Chase— is very much afraid the Courier is not as democratic as he is— talks a little about people “ allowing themselves to be bought and sold like cattle in the market ” — but says not it vvvitf wVvwi. ixuwe-ver, iv itrtjuireci'ci good portion of such a sum, to pay that young lawyer for “ vamping over” his article. However, as Mr. Osborn is a very modest and unassuming man, confessing that he has not acted long with the Democratic party, and that he is a little green as regards its principles, (and I am fearful lie always will be, i f he continues to act with the Demo­ crat bolting clique,) I w ill say no more about him, presu­ ming that m a few weeks, if disappointed where he now is, he will be back in the whig party if they w ill have him. Q. IN A CORNER. T h e N ew Yorkers, onboard of the 'C a tha­ rine, w ere jo good health. About 7 ,006 troops were at Tampico, of regularsjand.volunteers. , Liut. Gibson,*ot the second artilieryy died on the 6th, of fever.- - T h e rumored assassination-, of Santa Anna turns out io be unfounded, so also does his active opposition to secure the church.property, though he daily appears to be a dead letter.* Last ac­ counts state that he bad left for Tula, at the head of the n^in body of forces. - • Gen, La Vega had been appointed to com­ mand Vera Cruz. T h e Congress of the State of V e ra Cruz had called on its people to resist at all hazards^any invasion of thq$Americans. T h e Congress of the StaYe’of San Luis pass­ ed a decree authorizing the G o v ernorto negoti­ ate a loan in forty eight' hours by force or vol­ untarily. There are some further accounts of the cap­ ture of Chihuahua. T h e Mexicans admit that over one hundred of their numbers were killed. Another account mentions the action that look place in. the immediate vicinity of E l Passo Del Norte^-in which our troops were entirely successful. ' This is the Mexican report, and it<f slates that the Americans were in possession of E l Passo, with 6 0 0 cavalry and 400 infantry, on the 27-th ultimo. The loss on each side is not stated. T h e Vera Cruz Indicador ofthe 31st ultimo, says, Gen Savage meditates an attack orb Tam ­ pico, and yet the Mexican troops are all repre­ sented to he in a deplorable situation. T h e same paper coniains„a communication from Santa Anna, declaring that although he has entirely renounced the Presidency, he will op­ pose with all his strength, any attempt to disturb the peaceable state of things in any State in the Republic LATER. The troops wrecked on , the Ondiaka, were the Louisiana volunteers. Ths latest news from them is that they, together with Capt. Miller’s company of artillery sent to their relief, were surrounded by a Mexican force of 1000 men from Tuspan, and brave­ ly fighting. 200 muskets only were saved from the ship, and they found it impossible to disperse the en­ emy. Gen Patterson despatched 800 cavalry to their assistance, together with 200 regulars on board of a steamer. The result is not known ; but it is be­ lieved that the volunteers held out until the re inforce- ments arrived. A S t g n — A. m e e ting o f F e d e r a lists, A b o l i ­ tionists, & e ., has been held at Loclcport to ap ­ prove of Preston K ing's movement in Cong­ ress. A p p r o b a tion from that quarter was exp e c ­ ted.— [U tica O b s e rver. A n o t h e r “ S ig n . ” — “ A tn e e 'in g ” of lhe legislature of the State of N e w - Y o r k , has also been held at A lb a n y , at w h ich '‘P r e s to n K in g 's movement in Congress’’ hasbeen approved— in the Senate by a vole of 2 4 to 3, and in the A s ­ sem b ly by a vote of 96 to 9. u Approbation from that quarter was expected” also ! S t i l l A n o t h e r — A .m e e ting was recently held in the H a l l of Representatives of U. S at W a s h ington, “ to approve of P r e s ton K i n g ' s movement in Congress,” and it was ap- pioved by a large vote, “ A p p robation from that quarter was expected” also. It is also said that in addition to the “ federalists, and abolitionists , Spc” who attended the two latter named meet­ ings, m a n y democrats, were present, took part in the proceedings and voted liA y e ,n on the res olutLons of a p p roval,'.. . A ’ A n d y e t A n o t h e k “ S i g n . ” — ErA meet- ot was re­ cently held at H a r r isb u ig h -itp that'State, “ f6 approve of P r e s ton K in g 's mo?ehieuV in Con- ess,” and it was unanim o u sly approved — “ Approbation from that quarter was to be ex­ pected,” also.— [Fonda Sentinel. Important from Mexico. Advices from N. Orleans bring the intelligence of the loss of the ship Ondiaka, about thirty miles south of Tampico, having on board the volunteers under Col. De Russy. The troops and crew got safely on shore, but were attacked by the Mexicans, and their fate hot known. The steamer Undine with a Com­ pany of artillery was despatched from Tampico to render assistance. The artillery, it was rutnored, was cut off by a body of 800 Mexican cavalry A fierce encounter was reported lo have occurred in the vicinity of Chihuahua, in which many were killed on both sides. The Americans were victorious ^nd look the city. Late and important from Mexico. ,*;■ s t a n z a s W r i t t e * f o r tk « T e m p e r a n c e C e l e b r a t i o n , t t t n t a r , iH q r r l ) 0 , 1 8 4 7 . , ^ BY T._HEMJSTEAD. » ' N ever weary— bear ye onward, In the high and holy cause ; Let your course be heavenward—sunward— In the conflict, do not pSuse! B y each human tie and holy, Pause not— faint not— bear ye on J Though the light may dawn but.slowly, Y e t the triumph shall be: won. True and noble hearts revere you— Every friend o f human w e a l: \ W hile the Base— thecoward, fear you. Patriots shalL commend your Zeal. Through the dungeon, through the prison, Through the charnel’s awful gloom, Let the clarion voice be sounded, like a warning from the tomb. your feith, your hope in Heaven, By the Orphan’s shiyeriiig form; B y the tears, the prayers of woman, Bending to the wintry storm ; By the pallid cheek o f beauty, Waning eye and wasted bloom; B y the hope that early perished, By the cheerless hearth and home ; By the ties of love, remember— Let the mighty echo roll, That your brother is imiportal— - That the D runkard has a soul. So, when time and pain are ended, Life, its fever, strife and toil, In the land of peace eternal, Shall you have tli§ Orphan’s smile. td r T H E BRA N D R E T H PIL L S are entirely Vegetable and made on those principles which long experience has proved correct. It is now no speculation, when they are resorted, to in sick^ ness, for they are known to be the bes'l cleansers of the stomach and bowels, and in ail dyspeptic and bilious cases they are a great blessing. Let every family keep these PIL L S in the house.— If faithfully used when there is occasion for med­ icine, it will be very seldom that a Doctor will be required. Inal] cases of cold, cough, or rheu­ matism, the afflicted owe it to their bodies to use these P i l l s . The following are duly appointed agents for the sale of the Brandreth Pills in Broome county, each one having a new certificate of agency from Dr Brandretli :— J. R. Orton, Binghamton ; Whitmore & Du&enbury, Windsor; Canfield & Steele, Union ; William L in c o l n , M a i n e ; H o l m e s &, Welch, Upper Lisle; Meloy & Keeler, Chenango Forks. 11 S P E C I A L N O T I C E ! The extraordinary GRAEFENBERG PILLS, which are achieving .unparalled triumphs m various sections of this country, are now introduced in this vicinity. Let every sick person read the advertise- ment of the Graefenberg Pills. The attention of tho reader is directed to an Advertisement in another column, of Fontaine’s Cel- obrated Remedy for C o n s u m p t i o n . fjT. To whom it may concern. All persons being af­ flicted with Consumption, 01 - Coughs, 01 - any impure dis­ ease o f the blood , would find it to their interest to read the advertisement iu another column of this paper, headed CONSUMPTLON. MAJ. BORLAND, C. M. CLAY, AND MAJ. GAINES, with eighty men taken bythe Mexicans — Gen. Scott’s plan cf operations intercepted by the enemy — Gen. Scott's movements—Vera Cruz to be attacked immediately—The wrecked Volunteers engaged with ihe enemy—The Missis­ sippi Volunteers dying in great numbers—The New York Troops in good health—Movements of Santa Anna — Fur­ ther Accounts of the-capture o f Chihuahua SfC., Sfc. ^ W a s h i n g t o n , Feb. 25, 1847. By arrival at New Orleans, we have Tampi co dates lo ihe 8th inst., Brazos to the 6th inst.. Matamoras to the 5th., Camargo and Vera Cruz dates lo the 2d inst., the city of Mexico to the 29th ult. A detachment, composed of eighty Kentucky and Arkansas cavalry, was cut off when thirty miles beyond Saltillo, by .Gen. Minion. They formed an outpost, and were surprised andiaken prisoners without resistance. Maj. Borland, C. ,M. Clay, and Maj. Gaines were captured. T h e capture of Lieut. Ritchie and ten dra. goons, with despatches from Gen. Scott to Gen. Taylor, is confirmed.. One account says they were cut.off between Monterey and Victoria, and were all killed. T h e despatches were said io have contained the whole plan of our operations. Another account says that ten dragoons had reached Victoria in Safety, but there is no doubt of the death of Lieut. Ritchie. Young Ritchie was lassoed and dragged across a cornfield. An officer of the Ohio Regiment, supposed to be Lieut. Miller, had been murdered near Chihuahua, and awfully mutilated by the Mexi- cans. ’ . . . Gen. Scott was to embark immediately on his destination lo Loboso, a distance of 75 miles from Vera Cruz, .. The attack on Vera Cruz, it was supposed, would take plate about the first of March. . Col. Harney was sentenced to be reprimandN ed, but Gen. Scott remitted ‘ lii3 sentence, and ordered him on duty. News in regard to the volunteers on board the Ondiaka is less favorable than was expected. A detachment sent to their assistance, is said to have been made prisoners; and all the Vol­ unteers of Capt. M agruder’s forces had started for the .wreck, and. the w h o l e -brigade were said to havedoliowed. ■ T h e main body of the vol­ unteers who .were wrecked, had certainly not reached Tam p ico; and at last accounts from -them, were engaged in conflict with Mexicans, far superior io numbers arid equipments, T h e U S ||h i p Statesman, Prentice and Cath­ arine, were off the bar at Tampico on the 9th inst., filled-with troops. T h e Mississippi volunteers were on board of the Statesman, suturing terribly by sickness, and dying daily in great numbers. Write it in Gold.— The great comprehensive truths, says President Q.nincy, written on letters of living light on every page of our hisLory, are these: Human happiness has no perfect security but freedom ; freedom, none but virtue; virtue none but knowledge; and neither lreedorn, noi virtue, nor knowledge, has any vigor or immortal hope, except in the principles of lhe Christian faith and in the sanctions of the Christian religion. Papists in the United' States .—The Catholic Al­ manac for 1847, says that the number of priest.*- in the United States is 834, being an accession of 98 in one year; and also that there are 812‘churches, 72 of which were erected this year. In addition to this-nmnber, there a re 577 stations visited by cler­ gymen, but as yet without any commodious place, of woiship. The following concise and appropriate prayer was once offered'in the Michigan- Legislature, by a French chaplain : “ O Lor! Bless the peeps and their servant de representatives. M a y dey make law s ior de peeps and not for demselves—amen.” In Piltsbui-gh a young man named Dram acts as a bar keeper in a hotel. A n acquaintance for whom he was preparing a whiskey punch, remark­ ed that believer before understood Shakspear’s expression about “ the spirit-stirring D rum !”—- [Spirit Times. * Accident m the Mines .—On Friday afternoon, as some of the m iners who were employed in Spen­ cer’s mine at Pottsville, were proving the a ir with their lamps, the foul a ir ignited, when a most ter­ rific explosion took place, killing six men and dangerously wounding- the seventh, who it is not expected will survive. / \ A Curiosity.— In the ruins-of H a licarnassus, a coffin has been exhumed containing two eggs, which might easily be confounded with newly laid ones, though 2000 years have e^psed since their interment. The large gun cast in England to replace the “ Peacemaker,” which exploded on board the Princeton, is to be transported by the bomb ketch al Brooklyn, lo the Gulf, to be used against Vera Cruz. . Horrible. —A wealthy man here bad ahoy named ‘ Reuben, ’ almost white, whom he caused to be branded on the face with the words ‘slave for life.’ T h e man who perpetrated this act is an English­ man.— [St. Louis Gazette. “ Some pitied much, some very much, Some very much .indeed ; .But not one cent.could they afford To help the man in need.”—[Bost. Post Thomas F. M arshall K illed b y Cassius M . Clay.— Under the above caption the Louisville Democrat of S aturday last, publishes ihe following v ery im­ probable storv: “ ■We learn that news reached here yesterday, in a private letter, oi a fatal encounter between C M. Clay and Thos. F. Marshall. Reports ofthis character have often been current in our city.— The public.jknow that a grudge has long existed between them. W e team that, lor some cause, M arshall challenged Clay; that Clay refused to fight saying that they had volunteered in behalf of their country, and should not kill each other there ^ N e w -Y ork , Feb. 27. _ The-flour and grain market has fallen off a little. This cannot be considered unfavorable, as prices were reach­ in g too high a mark for permanency. Great activity pre- tipgs are shipped weekly. The best opinion is, that the foreign demand, at remunerating prices, will continue for ah indefinite period: Genesee flour, $7. with a tendency downwards ; deliverable in May. $6. Wheat 1,58 to 1,75.- Corn, southern, 95,- northern, 1,00; deliverable in May, 75. Oats, southern, 43 to 44; Canal, 50. C attle M arket . — Beef Cattle, $4,50 to 5,75. Cows and Calves, sales, 24, 27, $33- Sheep, sales, 1,67,. 1,92, 3,00, and upward. . B inghamton , March 3. Flour, $5,75; Wheat, $1',00 to 1,06; Corn 59 to 55;. Rye, 55; Buckwheat, 31f to'371; Oats,25; Butter, 124 to 14; Eggs, 12i ; potatoes, 374 to 44. A t Cortlandville, on Wednesday the 24th ult., by Rev.. Henry A. Nelson, of Auburn, Rev. S ilas M c K inney , of Binghamton to Miss F anny M., daughter of Deacon Seth Nelson, of Cortlandville. In Vestal, on the 22d ult., by tiie Rev. Mr. Gaylord, Mr.- E dward R ichards , of Ithaca, to Miss' M aria , eldest daughter of Cornelius Mersereau, Esq., of Vesial. In this town, on the 23th ult., by Rev. Thomas H. Pearne, Mr. J eremiah R osell , of Chenango, to Miss S arah A nn J oscelyn , of Rockland, Sullivan Co. At Great Bend, Pa., on the 23d ult., by the Rev. J. Bl M’Creavy, Mr. L ewis G reen , of Union, Broome Co., N. Y ., to Miss A ngeline S mith , of Franklin, SusqueKan- nah Co., Pa. In Philadelphia, on the 16th ult., hy the Rev. Robert Gerry, Dr. T racy E. W aller , to Miss H enrietta J o ­ sephine , second daughter of the late Wm. Lungren, Esq-, all of Philadelphia. $Tnt) Tttoertjsements. P R A T T ’S BULLETIN— Mn-c/t 1.— The Columbian, Graham’s, and Illustrated Magazines; the Living A g e ; the Foreign Quarterly Review ; Dombey & Son, No. 5, illustrated; Supernaturalism of New England, by Whittier, 25 cts.; No. 4, Chamber’s Cyclopedia of Lite­ rature, 25 cts.; Latr.obe’s Mexico 37v cts. in Daper; Notes- on the Rio Grande, 62i cts . ; Forteseue, No. 2 ; Coleridge’s Letters, 25 cts. Author’s Mind, by Tupper; Thompson’s Mexico; Map of Mexico; Illustrated F lora; Yankee Doo­ dle ; Napoleon and his Marshals, just rec’d and for sale At P R A T T ’S Bookstore but that if he would wait until the war was over, the matter shoulaoe attended to. TyJLarshall became enraged at this reply, and rushed to Clay’s tent, when Clay, inthe encounteiyranbim through with his .sword.” - Perpetual Imprisonment in Wisconsin.— A -bil has passed the Assembly of tbe W isconsin Legis­ lature to substitute perpetual imprisonment, for capital punishment in that State. T h e same bil' has been ordered to a third' reading in the Coun cil by a vole of 7 to 6.. Views o f F ighting .— Here is what the celebrated; Major Jack Downing said several years ago ion tbe matter o f fighting, there is one thing I always my eyesron,.and I found Gen Jackson ofthe same way o f thinking t and: that is to depend less on folks who say they are ready to shed the last drop o f their blood, than on folks who are ready to shed ihe first drop. Give a man eight dollars a day to m ake speeches ip Congress, with the right of free postage, and you hear enough oi the ‘last drop* m atters; wh.en. it comes to camp duty,, then the first drop folks have to stand to the rack at eight dollars a month!.” O NE C E N T REW A R D.— Ran away from the sub­ scriber on Sunday last, a bound boy named George W . Brown. Said boy is 16 years old, small of his age; with dark complexion and brown hair: had on a brown- frock coat, gray pantaloons and cloth cap. A ll persons are hereby forbidden to harbor or trust him on my account, as I w ill not be responsible for debts of his contracting or for his maintenance. The above reward will be paid.for. his apprehension and return to me. JOHN LEW IS. Chenango, March 2, 1847. 3w A R R IVAL of N E W GOODS .— W e have just recei­ ved, by Teams, a large addition to our former im­ mense stock of GOODS. Those in want of any kind of Staple or Fancy D R Y GOODS, w ill find decidedly the best assortment, and the lowest prices, at March 1,1847. FORD & Co.’ s. L ARGE GLOVER SEED .— 3 0 bushels of the large kind of Clover Seed, free from all fine seed, for sale March 1. FORD & Co.’s. at M OULD CAND L E S .— IO Boxes superior, just receiv­ ed at FORD’S. T OW NSEND’S SARSAPARILLA , in quart bottles at $1,00 each, forsale by March, 1847. L. M, REXFORD.. I M P O R T A N T T O P A I N T E R S , rlV H e largest assortment of PAINTS in this section qf X country, all of which are warranted ^ 9 ” ^ * 1000lbs. Span. WHITING., 200 lbs. Chrome GREEN; •100 lbs. pure VERDIGRIS ; 500 lbs Spanish B R O W N; 500 lbs. pure RED LEAD; 40,000 lbs. Jewett’s superior . W HITE LEAD; 200 lbs. Paris GREEN, 500 lbs. Eng- 200 lb3. Emerald GKEEN. > 500 lbs. P U T T Y ; , Also Prussian-Blue, Vermillion, Ivory B lack, Gum Co- nal Paint Brushes, Gold Leaf, Bronze, Pumice Stone, C h r o m e Yellow, Dross Black, Lampblack, &c., &c. The above are offered by the subscriber, on terms that wSL compete with any other establishment in the State. . if RO B E R T C. T R IV E T T , Sign of (He Golden Mortar-. Binghamton, March 1,1847^

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