# Binghamton courier. (Binghamton, N.Y.) 1844-1849, November 05, 1845, Image 1

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'1’flE BINGHAMTON' COURIER, 18 PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAT, A t $0 p e r a n n u m , in A d v a n c e . O ffice at * J. It. O rton ’ s B ookstore . RA T E S OF A DVERTISING. Ons equate one Week, - “ three weeks, - ’ ‘ — “ 1 year, - - - H alf column 1 year, — — - Whole column I year, - . - - Professional Cards not exceeding 10^ lines,$00 50 1 00 8 00 15 00 30 00 5 00 J^-Legal advertisements at the rates allowed by law. O H E R I F F ’S S A L E .— B y v i r t u e o f o n e ex e c u tio n 0 issued out ol the Cleiks Office of the county of Brcome, and to me directed and delivered, against' the goods and chattels' lands and tenements ot A l­ bert A. W ilson, in my bailiwick, 1 have levied on and shall expose for sale at public auction as the lawdirec!s, at the Phenix Hotel now kept and oc­ cupied by Isaac B. Gere in the village of Bingham­ ton, county of Broome and state of New York on Saturday the 13th day of December next, in the year o f our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and forty five, at 10 o’clockin the forenoon of that day, (all the right, title, interest, <Jaim and d maud ol the said A berl A W ilson, of in and to the following described premises, to wit: All that certain piece or parcel ol land situate in the town o f Nanticoke and county of Broome and state of New York, and in the Grand Division oi the Boston Purchase, so called, being part ol Lot No. three hundred and sixty five (365) and bounded as lollows: On the north by the hig.ivv.iy leading from. Thomas H o r­ ton’s io Consider Howland’s, east by the high way- dividing said land trom lands ol Charles B. Van W a rren, south by lands of Charles B. Van W a r­ ren, and west by lands of Welcome Cook, contain­ ing fifty (50) acres of land more or less. This de­ scription is meant to compris the two parcels of land now in Lhe occupancy of the said Albert A. W ilson, the noith one of which, eon aiuing about 10 ac.es, was for.i.erly owned by his father, and the olher, containing about 40 acres, bv Ezekiel Can­ field. Together with all and singular th : heredita- inentsand appurtenances thereunto belongingor in any wise appertaining. Dated at Binghamton this 27 k-day ol October, in the jrear of our Lord otae thousand eight hundred and forty five. 32 .JOSEPH BA R T L E T T , Sheriff. S H E R IFF’S SALE.—By virtue o i one execution issued out ot the Clerks Office ofthe. county of Broome, aud to me directed and delivered, against the goods and chattels lands and tenements of A1-. Vin W. Jay cox and Nathaniel .W . Lockwood, in my bailiw ick, I have levied on and shall expose for sale a t public auction as the law directs, a tthe Phe- iiix Hutel now kept and occupied by Isaac B. Gere- in the village of Binghamton, county of Broome and stale of New York on Saturday the l3tli day ot December next, in the year of <>ur Lord, one thou­ sand eight hundred and forty five at iO o’clock in the forenoon of that day, all the right, title, inter­ est. claim and demand of the said Nathaniel W . Lockwood, of in and to the fo! owing described premises, to wit: All that certain piece or parcel olland situate in the town of Nanticoke or town of Barker, or pirlly iu both, and County of Broome and staie of New York,beingo:»e hundred and ele- v e n ( l l t ) acres to be taken from the east end oflot no. two hundred and fortvsix (246) in the Grand Di vision ofthe Boston Purchase, so called, being a p a r t of the premises conveyed by the heirs of Spencer W hiting deceased, to Edwin Eidredge, by deed dated June iBili 1814, and recorded in Broome countv book of Deeds No. 26, pages 437 and 438.— Together with all and singular the hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise, appertaining. Dated at Binghamton this27.h day of October, in the year of our Lord one thou­ sand eight hundred and forty five. 32 _________ JOSEPH B A R T L E T T , Sheriff. S H E R IF F ’S SALE.—By virtue of one execution issued out ot the office of the clerk ofthe coun­ ty of Broome, and to me directed and delivered a- ga inst the goods and chattels, lands and tenements of George W . Bush ia my bailiwick, I have levied on, and shall expose forsale at public auction as the law directs at the Tavern now kept by S. S. Stevensat W hitney’s Point in the town of L is’e and county of Bioome ancl state of New York, on Saturday, the 15ih day of November next, in the year of bur Lord, one \thousand eight hundred and forty iiveat 10 o’clock in the forenoon of that day, all the right, title, claim, interest or demand of tlie said George W . Bush of, in and to the following described premises to wit: A ll that certain piece or parcel ofland situate in the town of Nanticoke cowntv o f Broome and state of New York, being fiity acres oi laud p-reel oflot number two hundred and seventy five (275) in the grand division of llie B o s ton p u r c h a s e so c a lled, a n d b o u n d e d as follow s , .viz: beginning a tthe north west corner of the lot, thence south on the west line half way across the lot, thence east in a line parallel with the north line of the lot, so far that a line north to the north line ofthe lot, and thence west to the place of be­ ginning, shall includesaicl quantity of fifty acres — together with all and singular the hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging, or in any wise appertaining. Dated al Binghamton this 29th day of September,in the year of our Lord, one thou­ sand eight hundred and .orty five. JO S E P H B A R T L E T T , Sheriff. By O tis Lewis, Deputy. n28 GHERIFF’S SALE.— By virtue of one execution issued out ofthe clerks office ofthe county of Broome, and to me directed and delivered, against tlie goods and chattels lands and tenements of Albert Orton, in my bailiwick, I have levied on and shall expose (or sale at [Migiio auction *S the law directs, nt tlie Public House now kept and occu­ pied by Charles W itter in the town i.f Lisle and county of llrootne and state ofNcw York on Saturday the 15th day of November next, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and forty five at 1 o’clock in the afternoon of that day, all the right, title, interest, claim and demand ofthe laid Albert Orton, of in and to the following described premises, to w it: All that, certain lot piece or parcel of laud situate in the town of L isle and county of Brootne and state of New York, being the west half of the east h alf ot lot number four hundred and seventy three (473) in the grand division of the Boston purchase so called, containing by estimation sixty eight ( 68 ) acres ofland bo Ihe same more or less—togetherwitli all and singular tbe heredita­ ments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining : Also all the right, title. Claim and de­ mand o fthe said Albert Orton ofin and to the west part of the said lot No. four hundred and seventy three (473) in the grand division ofthe Boston Purchase, so called, of which Darius Orton died seized, containing sixty (60) acrt-s of land more or less—bein°* ihe same premises quitclaimed by David Stevens and Charles Brookins, Uvo of tlie heirs attaw ofthe said Darius Orton in right, oftheir wives, to Lambert and Albert Orton, on the twenteilh day of July, A . P . oue thousand eight hundred and thirty nine—togeth­ e r with all and singular the hereditaments nndapprrte- Buncos thereunto belongingor in any wise appertaining.— Dated Binghamton this 29th day of September, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and forty five. JO S E P H BARTLETT, She. iff B y O t i s L e w is, D eputy. 07 28 11 Equal Protection to all Classes.” — J a m e s K. P o l k . VOL. VII. NO. 33.] BINGHAMTON, N. Y . — W E D N E S D A Y , N O V E M B E R 5 , 1 8 4 5 . M o r t g a g e s a l e . —Mortgagor) Joseph K R M o rtgagee H e n r v M a ther, Date of M o rtgage the .tw-enty-nin.h day of M arch A. I). 1839; R e c o rdetfin the C lerks office of the county of Broome on the first day of April 1839. in Book of M o rtgages num b e r eight, pa^es four hundred and eight, (408) a n d four hundred a n d n ine (409)* M ortgage duly assigned by H e n ry M a tberlo C y rus S tr o n g T h e sum of four h u n d red and sixty dollars and tw enty five cents is claim ed to be due on said mortgage at the first pub­ lication of this notice : the m o rtgaged prem ises a re descri­ bed as follows: All th a t piece or parcel of L a n d tying in the village of Bingham ton, being lot n u m b e r six (6) in Eli hu^Ely’s sub-division qf tots num b e r th r e e and four (3 and 4) in the plot of the village o f Binsrhamtoir, bounded as fol­ lows : north by lot num b e r four (4) of said subdivision, east by W ashington street, s o u th by land of Mason Whitino- Jun., west by land of John T. D n u b leday; said lot bein^ fifty eight (58) fest front and rear, and one hundred and thirty five (135) feet deep, being the sam e prem ises con­ veyed by Elihu Ely to said M a ther. D efault having been made in the paym ent o f the u u n e y s s e c u red by said mort­ gage, the abo/e described prem ises will be sold at public auction on Thursday the tw e n ty fifth day of D e c e m b e r next, at one o’clock P . M. at the P h e n ix H o tel in Bin*- hum ton. D a ted Sept. 22rl 1S45. ° C Y R U S S T R O N G , A ssignee. J ohn C l a p p , A tty. 27ids T N CHANCE RY- JL of the 6th circuit. Before the Vice Chancellor . W-llliam A llen vs Peter Betts and others. In pursuance o f a decretal order of this court made in the above entitled cause* will be' sold at public auction at Perkin’s Hotel in the village of Oxford, in the county ol Chenango, by the subscri­ ber one ot the Masters of this court on Monday the eighth day of December 1845, at twelve o’clock noon o f that day: One piece or parcel of land ly­ ing and being in the town of Colesville, Broome couniy. joining a lot in lhe town ol Coventry called the Daily larm. and lying south of the same\ which piece or parcel of land was conveyed by Robert Gorman and Joanna his wife to the said Betts on the 10th day of February one thousand eighth hun­ dred and sixteen, containing ninety six acres two roods and thirty perches ofland and is recorded in the clerks office of Broome county the nineteenth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and sev­ enteen at nine o’clock P. M. in book o f Deeds num­ ber five pages 470 and 471, the boundaries thereof will more fully and at large appear, reference being thereunto had. Dated October I6lh 1845. ARB A K. M AYNARD, Master in Chancerj . H enrv R. M ygatt , Solicitor. 3l-w6\ A T a Surrogate’s Court, held in and for the county of X I- Brootne. at the Surrogate’s office, in Binghamton, on the 15th day of October, A. D. 1845, present John U. Dick­ inson Surrogate. In the matter of the estate of Duncan McArthnr, deceased. On reading and filing the petition of Alfred Cook, Administrator &e., of the said Duncan McArthur, late of Binghamton, in said county,deceased, by which it appears that tlie personal estate of the said decea­ sed is insufficient to pay his debts, It is ordered, that all persons interested in the estate of the said deceased, ap­ pear before the said Surrogate, at his office in Binghamton, on the Stls day of December next, at 10 o’clock A. M. to show cause why authority should not be given lo lhe said Administrator to mortgage, lease or sell, so much ofthe real estate of tlie said deceased, as shall be necessary to pay his debts. (Copy.) 31-wl _________ JOHN R. DICKINSON,Surrogate. N O T IC E . — To discharge from Imprisonment pursuant to article fifth of title one of chapter five of part sec­ ond of lhe Revised Statutes. ’J ohn B. H azard of Chenango in tbe connty of Broome ; Notice first published Sept. 3d 1845—creditors to appear before Giles \V- Hotchkiss Esq , Supreme Court Commis­ sioner, at his office in Binghamton ou the 14th dav of No­ vember n ext at 9 o’clock A. M. 21wl0 N O T IC E —In pursu- the Surrogate ol tbe County of Broome, notice is hereby given to all persons who have claims against the estate of John Todd, deceased, to exhibit the same with the vouch­ ers thereof, to the undersigned, administratrix and administrator of the said deceased, at the dwelling house of James B. Church in Lisle, in said County on or before the 3d day of Jauuary next. Dated Ju­ ly 2tl, 1845. 15-6 m LUCY B. TODD, Administratrix. JA M E S B . C H U R C H , A d m i n istra t o r . A d m i n i s t r a t o r s anee of an Order of M ORTGAGE SALE.—Mortgagor, Samuel G. North, Mortgagee John Lockwood, Assignees of Mortgage, Edward J Boyd and Joseph B. Abbott; Mortgage dated tile Sili day of January A. R 1845. Recorded in Broome county- clerks office, the 13th day ol Jauuary A. I) 1815 •t 3 o’- lock P. M .in Book of mortsrages No 11 , pages 493 and 494. Amount claimed to lie due at tho fust publiea- tion of this notice Thirteen dollars with interest on the whole sum—Description of mortgaged paemises. “AH that certain Lot piece or parcel ofland situate in the said town of Conklin aforesaid in tlie tract of L a n d , form e r ly wwwed by Jonathan Hedge. The said parcel ofland here­ by intended to be conveyed is moie particularly described m follows, to wit: Being ten acres of Lund laid out in a ■qua-e form in the south west corner o fa Lot of land now owned and occupied by Walter June and being the same piece of land conveyed by Walter June and wife to John Cweer as surveyed by William Wentz April 18th *839- •xeepting out of tho said ten acres, two acres off the West­ erly side sold by the said party of the first part to Isaac Conklin — Default having- been made in the payment due thereon, said mortgaged premises will be sold at public auction on the 20th day of November next, at 1 o’clock P. M. atthe Phenix Hotel in the village of Binghamton. Broome ^— » * - - county. P a le d August *26, 184*3 EDWARD J. BOYD, > JO S E P H B. ABBOTT, ) B i h d e a a l & B a r t l e t t , Attys. Assignees. 23 E L M A L E S E M I N A R Y . •V /pSS L. L. PH IL L IPS’S School for Y O U N G LA- J.YJL IISES will be re-opened at the residence of Ni. Tuck­ er, on the 17th ofSeptember next. The fall term to con­ sist of 14 weeks TU ITIO N PE R TERM . For Geography, Grainmcr, Arithmetic, History and Composition, $4 00 For Geography of i he Heavens, Natural Philosophy §5 00 lntellectiv.il Pinolsophy, Botany or Chemistry, Rhet­ oric, Logic, Algebra and Geometry, §6 00 Drawing (the pupil finding'their own patterns) and French, each, extra,$3 00 As llteniimberofpitpils is very limited, the institution of­ fers to parents and guardians a desirable opportunity 10 af- lord those tinder their charge, the advantages of gaining a thorough knowledge of the branches taught. Every effort will he made lo render it worthy of patronage, and from Miss Phillips’s experience and furrner success in teaching she is confident to he** patrons’* BOAUDlNGfora few young ladies can be procured in the nimily* with the teacher, on reasonable terms. Binghamton, Sept. 2 d 1S45. n2.4lf N O T I C E . i’T 'H E Notes and Accounts of the late firm ol JL “ OVERHISER & CO F F IN ,\ are assigned to A. J. Coffin of Poughkeepsie, and are in mv pos­ session for Collection. All indebted to said late firm will save cost by paying immediately. H . S. GRISYVOLD. Binghamton Oct. 1st 1845. n28tf C R O S B Y S N E W Y O R K C H E A P C A S H ST O R E . TO T H E PUBLIC. H\)HE subscriber would take this opportunity to inform the citizens of Binghamton and those who may visit this village, that he is offering a large assortment of D R Y GOODS , G R O C E R I E S . C R O C K E R Y , IR O N . N A I L S , S T E E L A N D H A R D W A R E . All of w h ich h a v e been purchased in New York, for Cash, this spring, and will be sold at axlremely law prices, in the Eagle Store, corner of Court and Franklin-streets, ancl lately occupied by Si. Cary & Co. Ladies and Gentlemen are invited to call and ex­ amine our stock before purchasing elsewhere. C. H. CROSIBY. Binghamton May 21, 1845. Office o f the New York and Erie R ailroad Co., 50 Wall-st. New York, Sept. 13,1845. m r O T I C E is hereby given lo holders of -1. w Slock of the New Y o rk and E rie Railroad Company, that, by the terms of the 8th section of the Act ofthe 14th May, 1845. it is provided that, if within 6 years from the passage of the law the Company shall complete a single track from the Hudson River lo Lake E rie, and a branch to Newburgh, in Orange comy. then “the said Company shall be released from all \liability to pay to the State a n y demand which ‘\he State may have against them, with this ex “ception only, that in case any holder or holders “of the capital stock of said Company heretofore “issued and certified, or purporting lo be paid in \full shall not within six months from ihe pas- “sage of this act, surrender tothe Company their \stock certificates, and receive or offer to receive \therefor for every 2 shares of stock heretofore “issued, 1 share of stock to be hereafter issued, ‘then all such stock heretofore issued, and not so “surrendered, shall not be subject to the n'ovis- “ions of the law ; but the state shall retain the •‘right to claim upon such outstanding stock.and ‘‘the said Company shall pay into the Treasury “of the state upon the order of the Comptroller, “any and all dividends upon such outstanding “stocks, and the Comptroller shail applv the “same to the credit of said Com p any, until the • state shall receive, in such dividends, so nnjch “o f th e ir said debt of three millions of dollars “and the interest thereon, as would be the pro- “portion of such outstanding stockholders to pay. “ provided the whole debt of three millions of “dollars and interest thereon were collected rata- \bly from all the slocks of said com pany now \outstanding.” By section 9th of the same law, it is provided that, “it shall be the duty of the President and “Secretary ofsaid Company, within thiity days “after the expiration of the six months mention “ed in thejast preceding section, to file with the “Comptroller of this state a statement of all “stocks that shall not have been exchanged in \pursuance of the provisions ofthe last preced­ i n g section: and whenever any dividend upon “-the stock of the said Company shall be made, \it shall be the duty’1 o fthe board of directors to “no'ify the Comptroller of such dividend, and “upon the payment of the dividend as aforesaid \into the treasury, the Comptroller shall furnish “to said company a receipt for the portion of such “dividend belonging to any slock not sunender- “ed a nd exchanged in pursuance to the last pre- “ceding section of this act, anil said Company “shall sut render to the holders of such stock the “receipt of the Comptioller in lieu of said divi­ d e n d s .” It will be seen that on or before the 14th of November next, each and every holder of the stock of the Company must decide whether he will avail himself of the provisions of this law by surrendering his s'ock and receiving one share for every two shares thus surrendered — With reference lo holders who Deglect to avtrl themselves of lhe provisions of the aci, it is made the duty of the Company within 30 days from the 14th day of November “to file with the Comptroller a staiemeni of all.siocks that shall not have been exchanged” agreeable to the pro visions of this act, the dividends on which must be paid into tbe State Treasury, rendering that class of stock practically of no value to the hold­ er. The bo rd, of directors consider it thpir du- tv to protect the interests of the stockholdeis by giving all possible publicity to that poruon of the law? relating to the outstanding stock, thamll © © 7 may have an opportunity for an early compli­ ance with the provisions of the act. Bv order of the. Board of Directors. T. S. B R O W N , Acting Sec’rv. 30 T a Surrogate’s Court, held in and forthe county of Broome, at the Surrogate’s of- fi.-e, in Binghamton, on the 15 h tiny of October, A D. 1845, Present, John R Dickinson Sur­ rogate, In the matter of the estate of Addison C Spencer, deceased On reading and fiiiifg the petition of Jam es Y . Brown, Adm inistrator &c.. of the said Addison C. Spencer late of W indsor, in said county, deceased, by which it appears that the personal estate o f th e said de ceased is insufficient to pay his debts, It is order ed, that ali persons interested in the estate of the said deceased, appear before the said Surrogate, at his office in Bingham ton, on the 26: h day of November next, at 10 o’clock A . M. to show cause why authority should not be given tothe Sai l A d m inistrator to m ortgage, lease or sell, so © © 7 1 much ofthe real estate of the said deceased, as shall be necessary to pav h i s debts. J. R.' D IC K IN S O N . Surrogate. 31 4w B Y ORDER of the Honorable William. Sey “ our F irst Judge of the County. Courts ofthe county of Broome a n i counsellor at law—Notice is hereby given that an attachment has issued a- aainst the Estate of David Bound, now or late ol the town of C onklin in the county of Broome and state of New York, an absconding or - concealed Debtor , on due proof made to said Judge and coun­ sellor, pursuant io the directions of the Statute con­ cerning “ A ttachmentsagainst absconding conceal­ ed and non resident Debtors, and that the same will be.sold for the payment ol his Debts, unless he the **»d David 3ound appear and discha rge such at­ tachment according to law within three- months trom the first publication ot t.h»s notice, and that the payment ofany Debts and the delivery of any-prop­ erty belonging to the said Debtor to h'in or for his use and th e tra n s f e r of a n y p r o p e r ty b y him . f o r a n y TMrutw* w b a t m r are forbidden by law and are Dated Auprust ii, 1845. W . H O T C H K ISS, Atty lor A ttach in g G red ito r . N E W A R R A N G E M E N T S . H AVING purchased the interest, of Edward J. Boyd, in the business formerly conducted by B o y d & A b b o t t , a t t h e old stan d o n C o u r t street, 3 doors west of the Phenix Hotel, the subscriber would inform tbeir customers and the public in general, that he has recently made a L A R G E A D D I T I O N to the former stock, ivhich makes the assortment the BEST IN T H E CO U N T Y —W h ich is com­ posed of SOLE, UPPER, H A R N E S S AND BRIDLE LEA T H E R ; CALF, KIR, PA T N A , MOROCCO AND LIN ING SKINS.—Also a Large Assortment of FIND IN GS, composed of every article in that line. A full assortment of Louek’s best LA S T S , BOOT TREES& C rim p s; Lamp, Neats foot a n d Tanners’ O IL, by tbe Bbl or less quantity. A large and w e ll selected assort­ ment Ot F A M I L Y G R O C E R I E S ; CODFISH. SHAD, M A C K E R E L , HERRING, PORK, FLO U R and SA L T . T h e above comprises a variety not usually found at any one store fn the county—and w illbe sold Cheap for Cash or exchanged for most kinds of Produce. JO S E P H B. A B B O T T .' P . S.—Hides and Skins wanted, for which Cash and Goods will be paid. * June I, 1 8 4 5 . ______________________ U vo; BOOT AND SHOE STORE. *T)HE Subscriber has just Opened, one Door-west A ot C. E tdredge’s store. C o u rt sl., a heavy as­ sortment of Boots and Shoes, which he will sell at \W h o lesale or R e tail, fo r r e a r d y pay cheaper than have ever before been offered in. Binghamton. Also Leather and Shoe findings at Retail. JJmgbamton M ay 19.1845. J. D E H A R T . H E R I F F ’S P R O C L A M A T IO N .— By virtue of a precept issued out of the Su- preme court of the Slate of New York, lo me directed nnd delivered, Proclamation is hereby made that a Circuit Court aud Couit of Oyer and Term iner will be held on the 17th day of November next, at 10'o’clock iu the forenoon of that day, at the Court House in the village of Binghamton, in and for the county of Broome; and all prisoners then being in the jail of said county, or who are bound by recognizance or otherwise arp hereby notified and required io be then there in their proper per?on to prosecute as shall be just; and all justices of the peace, cor- oners and other officers within my bailiwick who have taken any recognizance for the ap­ pearance of any person or persons at such court, or who may have taken any inquisition, or the examination of any .prisoner or witness, to re­ turn such recognizance, inquisition arid exami­ nation to said court, al the opening thereof, on the first dav of iis sitting- Dated October^20th 1845. JO S E P H B A R T L E T T , Sheriff [W HOLE NO. 737. 21 cents per pound do do do C H E A P CASH GROCERY. O N E D O O R W E S T O F T H E P O S T O F F ICE. B & T T H O M P S O N , successors toE. & O. O . Field have just received a newstock of g r o ­ c e r i e s o f a ll kinds, which they will sell cheaper than can be bought at any olher store in this coun­ try, for cash only. Superfine W h e a t Flour, at Corn Meal, * * Pure Tallow Candles, 11 F irst rale article of Cod Fish; d | A fair article of Coffee; 8d. Good do jjd. Good article of Sate ratfis, 6d. Good article o f Brown Sugar, 7d. a 10 First rate Molasses, 3s., 3s. 3d., and 3s. 6d. per: gall. Repper and spice, Teas, Cocoa, Chocolate, &c.in proportion. And tor th° benefit of whom it may concern, W ines and Liquors of almost all kinds, at prices which cannot fail to suit those who are judges of the article. W e give a general invitation to Uie public, to call and see for themselves. Bingbamtoc June 17th 1845 do d o . do do do do do F R E N C H C A S S I M E R E S . i m eres and_Doe JDr F , YY. TO M P K IN S . G E N U IN E F rench Cassim eres_and Skin3 Tor sale by G o i n g - t o L a w . An upper and a lower mill, Fell out about their, water ; To war they went—that is,’to law— Resolved to give no quarter. A lawyer was by each engaged, And hotly they contended ; VVhsn fees grew slack, the war they waged. . They judged were better ended. The heavy costs remaining still, * Were settled without bother— One lawyer took the upper mill, The lovyer mill the other. [From the Middlesex Standard.) T h e M a r t y r - P o e t of C u b a . BY JOIIN G. WHITTIER. I have recently been deeply interested in the faie of P l a c id o —the. black Revolutionist of Cu ba— the acknowledged leader of the late wide­ spread and well-planned revolt of ihe slaves in I he city of JHavana, and the neighboiing,planta- lionsand villages. Juan Placido was born a slave on the estate of Don T e rribio de Castr.o. H is father was an African, his m other a mulauo. H is mistress treated him with great kindness, and-taught him to read. W hen he was twelve years o f age, she died, and he fell into other and less compassion ate hands. A t the ege of eigh een, on seeing his m other struck with a heavy whip, he for the first time turned upon his tormentors. T o use his own words, “ I felt the blow in-rny heait.— T o utier a loud cry, and Irom a downcast boy with the timidity of one weak as a lamb, to be­ come all ai once like a raging lion, was a thing of a moment.” H e was however subdued, and the next m o rning together with his m other— a tenderly-nurtured and delicate woman, severely scourged. On seeing his m other rudely strip­ ped and thrown down upon the ground, he at first with tears implored the overseer to spare her, but at the sound bf the first blow as it cut into her naked flesh, he sprang once more upon the ruffian who, having superior strength, beat him until he was nearer dead than alive. Af’er suffering all the vicissitudes of slavery hunger, nakedness, stripes;— after bravely and nobly bearing up against that slow, dread ful process which reduces the man to a thing— the image of God to a piece of merchandize, un til he had reached his thirty-eighth year he was unexpectedly released from his bonds. Sorne iterary gentlemen iri Havana, into whose hands iwo or three pieces of his composition had fallen, struck with the vigor, spirit and natural grace which they manifested, sought out the author, and raised a subsciipiion 10 purchase his fre.e- dom. H e cam e to H avana, and maintained himself by house painting and such other em­ ployments as his ingenuity and talents placed within his reach. H e wrote several poems, which have been publish'd in Spanish at H a ­ vana, and translated by Dr. Madden under the title of “Poem s by « Slave.” It is not too much to say of these poems that they will bear a comparison with most o fth e productions of modern Spanish literature. C e r ­ tain it is that t h e ir a u thor is the only Cuban po­ et. H is style is bold, free, energetic. Some of hi? pieces a r e sportive and g r a c e f u l ; such is his address to \ T h e C u c u y a ,” or Cuban F i r e fly- T h i s beautiful insect is sometimes fastened in tiny nets to the light dresses of the Cuban ladies.a custom to w h ich the writer gallantly alludes in the following lines: “A h !— still as one looks on such brightness and bloom. On such beauly as hers one might envy the doom O fa captive Cucuya that’s destined like this To be touched by her hand and revived by a kiss ! In the cage which her delicate hand has prepared, The beau I iful prisoner nestles unscarcd, O’er her fair forehead shining serenely and bright, I n B e a u t y ’s own bondage revealing its light! - And when the light dance and the revel are done, She bears it away to her alcove alone, Where fed by her hand from the cane that’s most choice, In secret it gleams a t the sound of her voice I Oh beautiful maiden ! may heaven accord Thy care of the captive a fitting reward, And never may fortune the fellers remove Of a heart that is thine in the bondage of love !” In his “ D .eam ,” a fragment of some length, he dwells in a touching m anner upon the scenes of his early years. It is addressed to his broth­ er Florence, who was a slave near Matanzas. while the author was.in the same condition at Havana. T h e re is a\ piaintive and melancholy sweetness in these lines, a natural pathos which finds its way to ihe h e a r t; \Thou knowcst, dear Florence,my sufferings of old, The struggles maintained with oppression for years; We shared them together, and each was consoled With the love whieh was nurlured by sorrow and tears. But now far apart, the sad pleasure is gone, We mingle our sighs and our sorrows no more J The course is a new one which each has to run, And dreary for each is the pathway before. But in slumber our spirits at least shall commune, We will meet as of old in the visions of sleep. In dreams which call back early days when at noon We stole to the shade of the palm-tree to weep! For solitude pining, in anguish of late The heights of Quintana I sought for repose ; And there in the cool an'd the silence the weight Of my cares was forgotten, I felt not my woes. Exhausted and weary the spell of the place Sank down.on my eye lids, and soft slumber stole So sweetly upon me, it left not a trace Of sorrow o’er-casling the light of the soul.\ The writer then imagines himself borne light­ ly through the air to the place of hia birth — T h e valley of M atanzas lies beneath him, hal­ lowed by the graves of bis parents. H e pro­ ceeds ; “ I gazed on that spot where together we played, Our innocent pastimes came fresh to my mind, Our mother’s caress, and the fondness displayed In each word and each look of a parent so kind. I looked on the mountain, whose fastnesses wild ’ T h e fugitives seek from the rifle and ho<»nd, Below were the fields-where tbeysuflfered and loll’d-, And there the low: graves of their comrades\ are > fodnd; Tbe mill-house was there, and the turmoil of old, B a t s i c k o f t h e s e s c e n e s , f o r t o o w e l l w e r e th e y known, I looked for l|ie stream where in childhood I strolled When » noiient of qniet and' peace was iny own- With mingled emotions of pleasure and pain, D e a r F lorence, I sigbed to behold thee o n ce m o re; I sought thee, my brother, embraced'*thee again, But I found thee a slave as I left thee before /»» Softie of his .devotional pieces evince the fervor and t r u e feeling of the Christian poet. H i s “Ode to R e l igion,” contains many admirable lines SpeaYincr o f the m a r tyrs ofthe e a r ly d a y s of Christianity, he s a y s finely: “ Still in that cradle purpled with their blood, * The infant Faith waxed slronge*day by day.” • I cannot forbear quoting the last s tanza of this poem: “ Oh God of mercy, throned in glory high, On earth and all its misery look down, Behold the wretched, hear the captive’s cry, And cail thy exiled children round tlty throng! There would I fain in contemplation gaze On thy eternal beauty, arid would make Of love onejasityg canticle of praise, And every theme but Thee henceforth forsake!” H i s best a n d noblest production is an ode “T o Cuba,” wri'ten on the occasion o f Dr. M a d d e n ’s departure from the island arid presented lo that gentleman. It was never published in Cuba.as its sentiments would have subjected the author to persecution. It bieathes a lofty spirit of pa­ triotism, and an indignant s e n se of the w r o n g s inflicted upon his race. W i t h a l , it has all the grandeur and s tatelinessoftheold Spanish muse. W itness its majestic com m e n c e m e n t: \Cuba!—of what avail that thou art fair ! Pearl of the S eas! —The pride of the Antilles ! If thy poor sons have stilt to see thee share The pangs of bondage and its thousand ills ? Of what avail the verdure of thy hills ?— The purple bloorn tlie coffee-plain displays? Thy cane’s luxuriant growth, whose culture fills More graves than famine, or the sword finds ways To glut with victims calmly as it slays?— Of what avail that thy clear streams abound With precious ore, if wealth there’s none to buy Thy children’s rights, and not one grain is found For Learning’s shrine, or for the altar high Of poor, forsaken, downcast Liberty?— Of what avail the riches of thy port, Forests of masts, and ships from every sea, If T r a d e alone is free, and man, the sport And spoil of Trade, bears wrongs of every s o rt! Cuba, oh Cuba!—when men call thee fair, And rich, and beautiful, the Queen of Isles, Star of the West, and Ocean’s gem most rare, O, say to those who mock thee with such wiles : Take off these flowers, and view the lifeless spoils'* Which wail the worm; behold iheir hues beneath The pale, cold cheek; and seek for livinjf'smiles Where Beauty lies not in the arms of Death, And Bondage taints not with its poison breath!” ’ T h e disastrous result of the late insurrection of the slaves in C u b a is well known. B e t r a y ­ ed and driven into prem a turecollision with their oppressors, the ivrongpd and maddened bond- mwi. were speedily cru s h t d into subjection. — E j l a c id o was arrested, and after a long hear- , , i o mg, in which he made a noble defence, he was condemned to be executed, and consigned to the “ C h a p e l of the Condem n e d .” H o w fin- Placido was implicated in lhe insur­ rectional y movement, it is now perhaps impos sible to ascertain. T h e popular voice at H a ­ vana pronounced him iis leader and projector; and as such he was condemned. H i s own bit ter w r o n g s ; the t e rrible recollections of his life of s e rvitude; the sad condition of his relatives and race, exposed to s c o rn, contum e ly, and the beav} hand of violence; the im p u n ity with which the most dreadful outrages upon t h e per­ sons of slaves were inflicted,— a c ti n g upon a mind fully capable of a p p r e c iating the beauty and dignity of Freedom , furnished abundant in centives to an effort for the redemption of his race, and the. h u miliation of his oppressors. T h e H eraldo, of Madrid, speaks of him as “the cel­ ebrated poet, a man of g r e a t natural genius/and beloved and appreciated by the most respectable young men of H a v a n a .” It accuses him of wild and ambitious projects, and states that he was in­ tended to be the c h ief o f the black race after they had throw n off the yoke of bondage. H e was executed at H avana in the 7th mo. 1844. According to the custom in Cuba, with condemned crim inals he was conducted from prison to the “Chapel of the Doomed.” H e passed thither with singular composure, amidst a great concourse of people, gracefully saluting his num e r o u s a rquaintanc.es. The\ chapel was hu n g with black cloth, d im ly lighted. Placido was placed beside his coffin. Priests in long black robes stood around him, chanting fn sep­ ulchral voices the service of Lhe dead. It is an ordeal under which the stoutest hearted and most resolute have been found to sink. After endur­ ing it for twenty-four hours he was led forth to execution. Placido c a m e forth calin a n d undis: m a v e d ; holding a crucifix in his hand, he reci­ ted in a loud, clear voice a beautiful prayer in verse, which he had composed amidst the hor­ rors of the “C h a p e l.” It thrilled upon tbe hearts ofall who heard it. I am indebted to a friend for assistance in rendering this rem a r k a b l e prayer into E n g l i s h verse: PRAYER OF rtACJDO. God of unbounded love and power eternal! To Thee I turn in darkness and despair, Stretch forth Thine arm, and from the brow infernal Of calumny the veil of Justice tear! And from the forehead of my honest fame Pluck the world’s brand of infamy and shame ! Oh King of kings!—my father’s God !—Who only Art strong to save, by whom is all controlled, Who givest the sea its waves the dark and lonely Abyss of heaven its light, the North its cold, The air its currents, the warm sun its beams* •Life to the flowers, and motion to the streams. A ll .things obey T h e e ; dying or reviving As thou cominandest; all apart from Thee, From Thee alone their life and power deriving, Sink and are lost in vast eternity 1 Yet doth the void obey Thee ; since from nought This marvellous being by Thy hand was wrought. O merciful God!—I cannot shun Thy presence, For through its veil of flesh Thy piercing eye Lookest upon.my spirit’s unsoiledTsssenee, As through the pure transparence of the sky; Let not the oppressor clap his bloody hands, A s o’e r m y prostrate innocence he s t a n d s ! B o t, if a las, it seem e th good unto T h e e - T h a t I should perish as tlie guilty dies, -* That a cold, raangieffcone, my foes ibould view m e With hateful malice and. exulting eySer . Speak Thou the word, and bid them ehed my blood, • F u lly in m e T h y will be done( O God I O n a r r iv in g af thefat5il s p o t,,be t a t dow n »§ ordered, on st b e n c h , w ith hia back to tho j o f d i e r s , T lie rnultilude recollected'fhatT n ^ o ine irffedling lines w riueri b y th e conspirator in piriSiot), h e had said that i t would t c tfselesafUfiseek tb k i ll hind by s h o o ting his b o d y - ^ f h a t h i s ' h e a r t m u s t be-pierced ere it wou ld c e a se its th r o b b in g s — A t the last m o m ent, j u s t f t s th e soldiers Tvere about to fire; he r o s e f f p and gazed for \an instant around a n d above him , on th e beautiful cap ital of h is native land, and its sail-flecked bay, on the dense crow d s a b o u t him , the blue m o u n tains in the distance, a n d the sk y gltfrious w ith th e sum m e r sunshine. “A d ios m w n d o !” (F a re* well w o r ld !) h e :said calm ly, and[sat dbw ri>— T h e word w a s given, and five balls e n tered his body. T h e n it w as that am idst the g r o a n s and m u rm u rs of the h o r r o r 'stricken spectators, h e rose up once m o re and turned his h e a d to th e shuddering soldiers, his face w e a r in g a n eipres* sion of super hu m a n courage. “ W i l i n o one pity me ?” he said, lay in g his band over his heart, ‘lle r e , fire here !’ W h ile he yet s p a k e tw o balls enteted his heart and he fell dead. T h t is p e r ­ ished the hero-poet o f C u b a . H e has not fallen in vain. , H is genius, and his heroic death, a r e precious legacies for his rs*ce. T o th e g r e a t nam e s of L ’O u v e rture a n d P e tion, the coloured m an can now add that of Ju a n Placido. A L a r g e f e a r l . A n orphan boy about 12 or 14 y e a r s of a g e , living in the neighborhood o f S m jth lan d at the m o u th of the C u m b e rland R iver, o b tains a scan­ ty m eans necessary for his support by fishing. H e does not conlentHteinself vrilh follow ing his vocation alone in tbe vicinity of h is hum b le a- bede. but often extends his excursions to the T e n n e s s e e river. R e turning recently from one of these excur­ sions, with his basket filled w ith the rew a rds of bis industry, the youthful a n g le r offered them for s a le to one of his custom e rs. T h e latter s e ­ lected such as he wanted, and requested ‘change* for the coin w h ich he presented. T h e l it tl e fel­ low fumbled for a w h ile in bis pocket, and then drew out a handful of v a rious articles— stich as pieces of tw ine— rusty fish hooks— m a rbles, & c . am o n g w h ich appeared a few dim es, and som e ­ th in g that at once attracted the attention of tha buyer. H e took it a n d exam e d it, a n d vvas Con­ vinced that it w as a larg e a n d valuable pearl.— H e asked the boy how he cam e by it. T h e latter replied that he found it, w ith others of a sm a ller size, in m u scle s h e lls w h ich he had pick­ ed up, w h ile fishing on the bank of tbe T e n n e s ­ see r iver not far above its m o u th— that he Had throw n the rest aw a y but had kept this because it was ‘big, w h ite and pretty.’ T h e gentlem a n asked him w h a t he w o u ld lake for the stone. H e said a bit o r tw o — j u s t as he pleased. ‘N o m y little fellow ,’ said the gentlem a n , ‘you m u st not sell this pretty th in g for a bit o r tw o — it is w o rth a g r e a t deal m o re. It is a pearl I think of som e value. I w ill tak e it with me to N a s h v ille, w h e q p e it s h a ll be s e n t to the N o r th and sold, and the proceeds, sh a ll be applied to your education.’ T h e boy readily consented, and the gentle­ m an on a r r iv in g in N a s h v ille, subm itted tbe pearl to the exam ination of M r. C a m p b e ll, w h o at once pronounced it to be one of the handsom ­ est and most valuable he had ever seen. H e w ill not venture to say w h a t its e x a ct value m a y be; but ju d g in g , he says, from the size of that w h ich is placed in the snuff-box sent to M r. Y a n B u ren w h e n President, by the Im a u m of M u s ­ cat, vve believe, and w h ich w as valued a t $1 0 0 0 , he is c o n v inced that$ 5 0 0 w o u ld not be too high, an estim ate to put upon the fisher-bov’s pearl. M r. G. intends to send it im m e d iately to a cele* b r a te d -lap id a r y in - P h i l a d e l p h i a . —- T h i s pearl is a b o u t three-eights of a n inch in diam e te r, w e ighs eighteen grains, and is w ith ­ out a flaw or defect.— [N a s h v ille (T e n n .) B a n ­ n e r. C u r io u s D is c o v e r y of a n A n c i e n t B i ­ b l e .— A copy of the first com p lete edition of th e .E n g lish B ible, printed by M y les C o v e rdale, bearing the date 1435, vvas a c c identally discov­ ered, a short tim e since, in the false bottom of a n old oak chest, at H o lk h a m H a l l — N o rfolk, ( E n g ) the seat of the E a r l of Leicester. T h e r e are num e rous im p e rfect copies of this edition of the H o ly Scriptures in existence, two being de­ posited in th e - lib r a r y of the B ritish M u seum , one in the C a m b ridge U n iversity L ib r a r y a t Oxford, one in most of the great libraries and public institutions in E n g lan d , as w e ll as m a n y private individuals possessing the volum e. T h e copy now brought to light is tbe m o st valuable specim en of M y les C o v e rdale’s labors hitherto know n , being in every respect perfect, w h e reas all the other volum es enum e rated are deficient of m any leaves, both a t the beginning and the end. T h e proprietor of H o lk h a m has had the book appropriately bound arid enclosed in an oaken box, a n d it now graces the shelves of h is m agnificent library. A London bookseller is said to have offered \$ 5 0 0 for this bibliographi­ cal treasure. A n I m p e r i s h a b l e C l o t h , a s i t i s call­ ed, hasbeen invented in E n g lan d , and presented and described a t a late m e e tng of the R o y a l In ­ stitution. It is m ade of hem p and wool, th e woof o f the o ne and the w a rp of the o t h e r ; o r of mixed m aterials, flax and cotton fo rth e one, a n d silk and flax ftTr the other. B u t the invention consists in the saturation of the tissues before weaving. T h e fibres are saturated w ith' boiled linseed oil, raw w h ite lead, pow d e red charcoal, litherage and com m o n salt. T h e y a r e th e n w o rked in this saturated s'ate at the uniform tem p e rature of from 60 to 8 0 d e g rees F a r e n h e it. Tht* fabric is then pressed thro u g h rollers for th e purpose of hardening and flattening the s u rface of the coarser m a terial; and rs a fterw a ids dried in the open air. It is said this cloth is not liable to injury from heat, rot, or m ildew , and is capa- ple of b e ing m ade a ir tight. It is ex tr e m e ly du­ rable. resisting effectually the action o f raiii snow , sea w a ter, and all the substances w h ic h eflect olher cloths or leather. P o s s e s s ing these im p o rtant-peculiarities it will readily b e seen to be of the greatest value to our firem a n , i f m a d e in this Country; and we can h a v e no doubt it soon w ill be. W h a t inextricable convulsion m u st the w o rld have been in but for the variety w h ich w e find in the face?, voices, and hand w ritings of men ! N o security of m en no s e c u rity of p e r ­ son, of possessions, no justice betw een m an and m an, no d istinction between g o o d a n d bad, friends and foes, father and child, husband and wife, m a le a n d female. A ll would have been exposed to m alice, forgery, and lust. B u t now ev e ry m a n ’s face can distinguish him io the light, his voice in the dark, and his w riting can s p e a k for him , though absent, and be his witness to a ll g e n ­ erations. D id all this happen by chance ? P lace a bone across a p o r k rind, and you have “B o n y -parte crossing the R h ine.1’ T h i s is term e d “Illustrated H istory.” M o liere, speaking o f 'a w ealthy physician^ says : H e m u st have killed a g r e a t m a n y peo­ ple to be so rich. . ^ A country paper, tbealcing of a blind-irooJ- sawer, s a y s : “X h h b u g h h e can’t see, he can 5<W.” •.