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Binghamton courier. (Binghamton, N.Y.) 1844-1849, July 30, 1845, Image 2

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■«r From the Norwich Journal. T e x a s . ' Unquestionably it is settled in the minds of a large majority of the T e x a n people, that they w ill accept the terms of Union which w e have proffered T h e elections in that country so in­ ornate. Thus, by the laudable perseverance ol tbe true-friends of American liberty, has been consummated’ a measure which extends the area of freedom, adds to the security of the Republic, and embracea under one paternal government, those ofthe same language and blood. T h is measure will extend our commercial and manufacturing interests, opening new sour­ ces of demand and supply, whose beneficial ef­ fects will be extended to, and felt, inevery quar­ ter of the Union. W e are now, or soon shall be, in a better situation and more independent, than any people on earth. W e embrace under our government every variety of soil and cli­ m ate; and our immense lakes, fivers, canals and railroads,so facilitate intercourse, that there ianofear o f ultimate estrangement. W e require neither arm ies nor fleets to. hold us together.— Of one blood and language, we naturally ad­ here, and in Union constantly find our s'rength and happiness. To fully appreciate this blessing, lei us fancy for a moment, what is now the United States and Territories, divided like Europe, into many independent nations, with different laws, custom? an d rival interests. W e sh o u ld in su c h c a s e b e u n d e r th e n e c e s s it y o f k e e p in g Up s e p a r a te stan­ ding armies, fleets, &c., and always exist ir, im* minent danger of desolating and murderous wars, calling for vast expenditures ol treasure, thus borthening and harrassing the people, and retarding the advance of learning and the im provement of the human mind. W ith separated Governments— with powerful nations, jealous and watchful pf each other, dividing our terri­ tory, the earnings of industry, instead of being applied to promote the happiness of our race, would be swallowed up in maintaining our rights and honor— our rights, which such a u n­ ion preserves, without burthensome expense or w a r — honor , which now .needs no military to cherish or protect it, or to preserve internal peace, aod defend us against the assaults of each other. Our interests will be identical, our intercourse constaotand friendly, and mutual interests Mod universal education, will bind us together so se­ curely, that neither foreign intrigue or domestic treason or ambition, can force us asunder. How happy and cheering the prospect of the future.— In case of a war with any foreign power, we should not again be materially embarrassed by any want of arms, munitions or clothing. By means of our railroads, canals, rivers and lakes, every section o f the Union would receive all necessary supplies and even luxeries, if every American vessel should be swept from the O- cean— what will never happen, while the ener­ gy and spirit of American freemen exist among us. And yet we have those in our midst, who seem to repine at our success— at our growing independence— who would sujrround the repub­ lic with enemies, under the influence of England and confine and cramp the energies of our peo­ ple. .Hence the hostility to annexation- It seems unnatural, and did we not daily witness the manifestation of this strangely perverted feel­ ing, we should scarcely deem il possible that it had an existence. B u t it has an existence :— it was exhibited in o ur last war with G reat Bri­ tain, in forming societies to discourage enlist- ments, in denouncing the war as a wicked and imjust one, waged without necessity or provoca­ tion, against the ‘Bulwark of our holy religion!’ It now shews its “cloven foot” in the matter of Texas, and side by side with, the grasping and heartless nobility of England, now stands our own beautiful whiggery, battling against the strength and prosperity of the nation, trying to bind down with packthread the young giant that oversteps or crushes, every 'impediment thrown in the way of his onward, peaceful, and triumphant march. These Hotspurs of the crusade against annex­ ation, might learn wisdom from the past. Do they remember the long and severe penance which the people inflicted on the leading faction- ists who sympathised with Britain in 1812—’14? Let them take a few steps farther in their mad and treasonable career, ahd the same fate will await them. W e may, in the beginning, smile at the mad ebullitions ofdisappointed malice, or the folly of over excited fanaticism; but perse­ verance ih their course of assaults upon the prosperity and advancinggrealness of the coun try will, in the end, call forth a withering rebuke from the American people, which will annihi­ late a ll their influence in the councils of the na­ tion, and leave a mark upon the leaders, which wiil only be obliterated when they cease to be re­ membered. It i3 humiliating, that such anti-American spirit, should have an existence in our land.— W e regret it, but we cannot shut our eyes if we would to the \truth. It makes its appearance in the miscalled whig papers of the day. No fier­ cer anti-American sgirit existed in 1812, than now shows itself in the more violent o fthe W h ig presses. Threats of disunion a re freely offered; and some more foolish and mad than the rest even talk about “seperatioh,” and the use ofcold steel and all because a new star has been ad­ ded to the American f la g ! Because there is a prospect that soon, very soon, the shouts and sOfigs of liberty will be sent up to Heaven by happv freemen from the St. La werance to the Sa­ bine— from the Atlantic to the Pacific. We- hail this im portant trium p h of our coun­ try with glad and rejoicing heart's, and feel a just prkle in our succes over the machinations of E u ­ ropean despots and their satillities on this con­ tinent. L e t the “ phrophets of woe” howl on— they make and appropriate chorus to the s^ngs of British ambition, powernand mock philanthro­ py. Iq the moment of triumph their treacher. ous sfroans will pass unheeded, o r only contrib­ ute to the amusements of the gratified millions, lovers of their country, who hail the accession of Texas as a bright and joyous blessing, giv­ ing new life and energy to the conquests of free­ dom— to the glorious mission which has for its object the entire liberation of man from the thralls o f ignorance, superstition and despotism. T h e y may groan and writhe in their unnatural ig o n y , but they are powerless for evil, in this instance. T h e American standard, carrying with it innumerable blessings, both to the pro­ jectors and protected, will float in triumph over tbe fair land of T exas, giving new beauty to her •alleys and prairies; and every mountain and ;7len of Oregon, will soon hail with enthusiasm .he same ensign of freedom, and under its pro­ tection enjoy the sweets of liberty and prosperi- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ T h e Boston Post says, “ P ledging each r-'her in drinking, is a custom which took it* c ri^in from the time when the Danes were ui Tlrgiand. These ferocious barbarians used to •-’.ab natives at their festivals, and tbeyinvited to V irir banquets those island chiefs whom they . iVhed to put out of the way either by the dag­ ger or by poison. T h e consequence was, that no native would drink at a Danish festival un­ less his entertainers would “ pledge\ his safety in t cup o f wme beforehand, and even among those barbarian invaders this pledge was deemed sa­ cred. From the Catskill Democrat.. O r e g o n . . N o w that Texas has accepted of the terms of Annexation offered to her by the United States, the all-absorbing question is the.disputebetween this country and G reat Britain as to the title to the Oregon Territory. W h oever wiil take the pains lo examine into the evidence of that title, will be satisfied that G reat Britain has not a sha­ dow o f title to it. W e shall hereafter publish that evidence as we, understand it. T h e more immediate object o f this article is. the manner in which the question is viewed in this country.— This question, like that of Texas, finds the same opponents, and like it, has a set uf British sup­ porters in this country. T h e w big press gentr ally condemn' our government for declaring through their .President, “that our title to Ore­ gon is clear and indisputable.” and the speakers in the British” P arliam ent do the same thing. One would almost suppose that every sentiment uuered in the British Parliam ent found an echo and a supporter here , and th a u h e two countries had never been separated. They even g o so far as to say, that even if our title to that Territory was undoub'.ed, they would sooner ,sui render it all to England, than go to war to retain it.— Such men and such presses are unfit to exist in a free country. T h a t nation who would surren­ der a clear and unequivocal right for fear of go­ ing to war, is unfit to hold a rank among the na­ tions of the earth. - W at is a calamity, at all limes .to be avoided if it can be done tiithoul a sacrifice of honor, but a country wnich w o u l d s a c r i f i c e its national h o n o r fo r fea r p f t h e c o n s e ­ quences of war, would become a by-word and reproach to surrounding nations. It is high time that this spirit should be rebuked--it is high time that Engiund which has robbed almost e v ­ ery portion of the habitable g lobe, should be told that her unjust and grasping spirit.which would now rob us of a part of Oregon, must be check­ ed—that not one. foot of that territory should be yielded, be the consequences what they may—r that the matter admitted of np compromise— that neither fear of force from' abroad , or treachery at home would induce us to swerve an inch from the ground our President has assumed. To.this conclusion must it come at last. T h e west has spoken it— her hardy settleis are taking posses­ sion and will keep it, and the powers that be will have to support them in it. W hen the people pf this country will any thing,* who shall gain sa y it ? W h en in ihe last election they-decided in favor of annexing Texas to the Union, was there any power found able to prevent it 1 P r e ­ cisely so is it with Oregon, lt is one of the is­ sues w hich was decided in that election, and the administration which should attempt to defeat it would find itself powerless, because it would not be supported by the people. This question is a National one, rising far above any parly consid­ erations in its importance, and it has got to be looked boldly in the f a c e ,\ Those in this coun­ try who acknowledge tfiat all power proceeds from the people, had better give heed to what that same people have willed , as evidenced by the results of the last election. T h e opposers of ihalwifl will find themselves as much despised as those who opposed the last war. Every tirue friend of his country will stand by the Govern­ ment in a struggle of this kind, should it come, but there will be no struggle if we show a uni­ ted front upon tbis point. H o r r i d A f f a i r . T h e Boston Daily A d v e r t i s e r fin d s in s o m e fo r e ig n p a p e r , an a c c o u n t o f a fr i g h t f u l s c e n e , which look place recently ori board an Austra- in steamer, the E m p ress, 'on its way from Tre- bizond to Constantinople. This vessel look in passengers at Sinapo, and, among others, two dervishes from Candahar, in A fghanistan, who had been expelled from Trebizond and Samson- a. A few hours after the ship had put to sea, the two dirvishes, having first repealed lheir prayers before the whole ship’s company, rose np with sudden fury. One drew out a pistol, and the other a double edged sharp dagger or dirk from his girdle, and-they both then fell upon the passengeis with the. most determined purpose of murder. T h e pistol was fired at a young Greek, Who died of the wound he recei ved. T h e murderer then drawing his large knife, attacked an Armenian with it, and actu­ ally ripped up his belly, killing him on the spot. T h e next victims were the resUrateur of the vessel and his waiter, who received several se­ vere wounds from the d agger of the other assas­ sin. The agent of the steamer, hearing some scuffle, went forward to enquirethe meaning of it, when he and a sailor who accompanied-him were assailed by the furious rufhans, and dan­ gerously wounded— the agent without hope of recovery. A ll this passed in a few seconds of lime. Nobody On board was armed, and the scene of terror and confusion among the crew and the passengers surpassed all description. T h e cap-, tain was writing in the cabin when the alarm reached him. He showed great presence of mind. He recollected that on otieof the paddle- baxes there was a musket with a bayonet.1 He sprang at once upon the paddle box, detached the bayonet from the gun. and with this weapon fell upon the most furious of the dervishes.— H e pierced him through the neck, and he fell dead upon the deck. At the same time, one of the ship’s engineers dashed out the brains o;f the other, by beating him about the head, with a bucket. The strugg le for a few minutes between the two fiends and their assailants was terrible., Five, including the dervishes, in this frantic as­ sault offanbticism, were killed, and four others wounded. The dervishes were supposed' to be mad with opium; and considered the murder of Giaours as a high religious act of self-devotion, fo r t h e y m u s t h a v e k n o w n th a t th e y w e r e - t h e r e b y r u s h i n g • to in e v i t a b l e d e a t h th e m s e l v e s . D r y Times.—<We sremfierin^forthswint of rain—vegetables, young duck* and washer­ women Are desponding—mill wheelsare stand­ ing out, and the working of the pomp handle brings forth no moisture excepting the sweat of the operator. ’ If it doesn’t tain soon clean shirts will go out of fashion, and cold water societies suspend business for yrant of Capital Stock. In­ deed, it is but-a few evenings since that we heard a fellow excuse himself for being boozy, on the ground that1 he couldn’t find water enough to dulutehis whiskey sufficiently. We would take this occasion to say to our subscribers that we are suffering some from the- drought also—our pockets, particularly,-'are'getting-'quite low.— A smart shower of change would just now be refreshing. Very!—/[Catskill Democrat. I l l u m i n a t e d SHOT.-^-Lieut. O’Reilly,. R. N.. Hornsea, has succeeded \ in illuminating a shot used in Captain Manby’s apparatus, by means of which a communication in. cases of shipwreck can be effected in the, darkest nights with the greatest certainty. A’fusee is fitted to­ the shot, and, vyhen descharged, aflords a splen didTigbt, capable of withstanding the power of water. Objects within its range become dis­ tinctly visible, whereby the projector is enabled to'see the direction of his aim, and the people on board distinguish the light, which is attached to the projectile, should it pass over any pan ofthe rigging or yards aloft.—[Pennsylvanian, ~ O e n . M. B. L a m e r .—-A cor respondent ^ a y s; “Advices from the best informed sources, iri Tex« as speak confidently of the return of this warm­ hearted and patriotic statesman to the United Slates Senate. Dr. Archer, the enthufclastRf champion of independence and annexation, is spoken of as his probable colleague. -G e n . Green, Mr. Webb, and the Hon. W . L^.Cas- neau, have also been thought of, but not so gen­ erally and confidently as Dr. Archer. If an­ nexation is a good thing, arid to have moTethan others helped on the final consummation a mer­ it, then Lamer and A rcher come well commen­ ded to the affections of T exas and the Union.— Tbeir high ability and honorable private .char­ acter will give dignity and e&timadon to the Tex- nb people in the eyes ofthe diplomatesal W ash­ ington. Neither are strong party men, and for that very reason -may have a weight and influ­ ence in the senate chamber which it would be impossible to accord to violent partisanship, par­ ticularly if allied to superficial talent or notori ous profligacy. W e rejoice that Texas is to make her debut with so much strength and de­ corum.”— [N . Y . Eve. Post. T H E B I N G H A M T O N C O U K I E R . j . R . ORTOlf* E d itor WEDNESDAY,-JULY 30, 1845. R em a r k a b l e C a s e .— A n Irishm a n em ployed on tbe posts for the Magnetic Telegraph which are to be planted through the city and are now being prepared, on the Jersey side of the river, died on -Tuesday under most extraor dinary circumstances Being reques'ed to. get some water to d rink, he took the pail and started off in the direction opposite to the well, (vvhich h e ,had often-visited.) T h e others called after him and told him of his-error. when he turned about, went to the well and filled his pail, and began his return— at first in an ordinary walk, then faster, and gradually increasing his speed until he passed his companions on a full .run, which grew faster and faster until it seemed to far surpass the utmost conceivable power of the human frame. One of the men mounted a horse standing near and pursued at the top of his speed, but without overtaking the fugitive. Af­ ter nearly a mile, the man suddenly fell; and when the horseman came up with him he was stone, dead, still grasping the pail in his hand. This is the most extraordinary case of coup de soliel we have ever heard of.— [New Y o rk T r i­ bune. A G o o d R e t o r t . —-A fiery whig' met a Democrat after the late election, and pettishly declared, “Well, it seems foreigners are to rule us — your Irish Democrats have carried the election.\ T h e reply was,. “If foreigners are to ruTe us, I prefer it should be done by Irish Dem­ ocrats rather than British whigs.\ The whig sloped.— [Augusta Age. W h i t e D aisy ,— In the summer of 1837 we observed for tbe first time, in a field of ten acres about five completely covered with the white daisy— so much so that no domestic annimal which vveraise would graze among them,or even look for grass where daisies grew. They were mowed off that summer, butapparently to no p u r­ pose. T h e next spring as soon as the grass had started, we turned about one hundred and twenty wethers and year-ling lambs into the field,> nnd kept them as long as they was anj'tbing green to be seen, when they were driven out until the daisies nnd grass had started up, when they were put back and the daisies again eaten off. W e continued lo change them in and out oflhatfield Ihrough the summer— our object being to .keep the ground where daisies grew as bare as sheep could be made to gnaw it. T h e end of this is, that there has not been a daisy thera since. W e would recomend to those who are troubled with the daisies to use their sheep, (if they have any) not only /or the comfort of themselves and f&m-l ilies, l^iU for ihe labor-saving animal also. They should be confined to the daisy on its first ap­ pearance in the spring and so tnany of them as to eat all cieac in two weeks or less, when they may be changed into another field, till such time as the daisy again springs up. W e have never known or heard of daisies being destroy­ ed in this way before.[— Albany Culivalor. \ £ 3 * The Chenango Bridge wilt be m* during the present week. T e x a s . . There now.remains little doubt Ihat Texts will be a member of our confederacy. In short her congress hms uiraAtmsus/y tccepled the terms of admission proffered by our own, notwithstanding the covert opposition of her shallow and doubledesling exccn- tivC, aided by the diplomatic jntrigues cf opium Elli­ ott and the French Baron; -and, a convention of the people's now in sessiqn forming a constitution to submit to the congress of ihe United States at its next session. Upbii this subject hereafter there wilt- be much greater harmony of feeling. All men of liberal sod enlarged views will approve it and none oppose it eXccpt thoie who doubt the capacity of man for self government. Bat we are admonished that we are to have war! That Mexico will be. weak enough -to declare and prosecute a war for this cause, against the U. States and Texas united, when for years she has not dared to set hostile foot upon tbe territory pf the latter power, alone, although pretending to regard her as a rebellious province, we do not believe. Certain we irethat unless bathed by Great Britain she will not in all her plentitude of folly and rashness enter upon an act w h -ch w ill, and that speedily, expOnge her from the map of political existence, ie her ally vho it may, • W e would despise to do Mexieo injustice', because she is weak, powerless and 'divided, and is without the means of governing her own refractory subjects. But, we would not abstain from pursuing.our own rights or from extending our happy form of govern, ment because this capricious powor submits to be. come the tool of an overbearing and lawless qne, and sets up a howl of injustice because the cottons of Tex­ as are not like to be crammed into the huge bustle of fhe British queen. Great Britain has no ambition to instigate a war witli such a power as the United States, where she will in the end have to shoulder the responsibility.— She has not yet forgotten that there were two sides fo the laBt one, and she will prefer, for the present to demolish the cane huts of East India—slaughter the Affghans—pepper tiie Chinese junks and astonish the Sandwich Islanders, to a war with America. Be. sides* she is as mercenary as insolent and is making more by commerce than she could hope to realise by war. . And, as for Mexieo, her only prowess in tho field consists in butchering prisoners of war, and, in dig­ ging up, and kicking about the streets, the stray leg of Santa Antia which she had carefully interred with the honors of war. ORIGIN OF T H E NAM E S OF T H E STA T E S . Maine was so called as early as 1638. from Maine in Fiance, of which Henrietta Maria, Queen of E n g land, was at that time proprie tor. New Hampshire was the name given to the territory conveyed by the Plym o u th company to Captain J o h n Mason, by patent, November 7.1639, with reference to the patentee, who was Governor of Portsmouth, iu Hampshire, E n g ­ land. Vermont was so called by the inhabitants in their declaration of independence January 17, 1777, from the French verb green, and mont mountain. Massachusetts tribe of Indians in tho neigh­ borhood of Boston. T h e tribe is thought to have derived, its name from the Blue tlills of Milton. “I have learned,\ says R o g er W ill­ iams, “that the Massachusetts was so calledirotn the Blue Hills.” Rhode Island vvas so called in 1664, in refer­ ence to the Island of Rhodes, in the Mediterra­ nean. Connecticut was so called from the Iudian name of its principal river. New Y o rk was so called in reference to the Duke of Y o rk and Albany, to whom this terri­ tory was granted. . .< Pennsylvania was go called in 1781, after W illiam Pehn. »* Delaware was so called in 1703, from Dela­ ware Bay, on which il lies”, and which received its name from Lord De L a War, who died ia this bay. . M aryland was so rialled Sn honor of H enriet­ ta Mai fa, Queen of Charles I , in .his patent lo Lord Baltimore, June 30, 1554. - V irginia vvas so called in 1584, after E liza' beth, ihe virgin Queen of England. Carolina wi\? so called by the French in 1564, in honor of K ing Charles 1X-, of France. Georgia was so called in 1722, in honor of K ing George II. Alabama was so c a lledjn 1817, from its prin­ cipal river. Mississippi was so called in '1800, from its western boundary. Mississippi is said to deno'e the whole river formed by the union of ma­ ny. Louisiana was so called; in honor, of Louis X V I, of France. Tennessee, was so called in 1796, from its principal river. T h e word Tennessee is said to signify a curved spoon. Kentucky was so called in 1782, from its principal river. Illinois was so called in 1809, from its princi­ pal river. T h e word is said tp signify the jfiver of men. Indiana was so called in 1802, from the Amer­ ican Indians. Ohio was so called in 1802, from thesoodbrn boundary. _ Missouri was so called in 1801, from ils prin cipal river. Michigan was so called in 1805, from tbe lake on its borders. Arkansas was so called in 1819; from its principal river. * .... A - Florida was so called by Juan Poose DeXe* on, in 1572 because it was discovered on Edster Sunday, in Spanish, Pascus Florida. ' - T h e N e w Y o r k a n d E r i e R a ilro a d . We see no move made towards filling up the stock of this company, notwithstanding that Mr. Lord is no longer a stumbling block in the way, and,4he season is rapidly passing. We have heard it suggested that the late fire may have retarded the movement. Perhaps it is so; bat, we would remind those having the matter in charge, that according to an opinion somewhat prevalent, there is hy and by to be a conflagration much more extensive, and unless they get under motion soon, censorious peoplewill whisper, that they are waiting for it. F i r e In s u r a n c e . We have been shown a circular of the Hartford Insurance Go- stating-that th e C o . was not in the least embarrassed by tbe late fire in New York and business would be continued as usual. Mr. S. H. P. Hall is agent for this village. Tbe Howard and Con. tribulionship Companies, (Messrs. Dickinsons’ a- gents,) have also issued like notices. O ’ J ohn R. D ickinson , Esq.' was admitted as Counsellor al the late term of the Supreme Court at Utica. G r e e n th e M u r d e r e r . Our readers have doubtless perused the sickening details ofthe trial of this individual for the murder of his wife, which has transpired al Troy during the last few days. VVe have never known a murder so cold blooded and atrocious,—so unprovoked and shocking, and we are right glad, mauger all the sickly sympathy which mock philanthropy has ever exhibi­ ted, that a wretch so monstrous and execrable, is about to suffer the PcRdlly of the law. tie should be removed from society, for the same reason that a deadly serpent or venimous beast should be, for such depravity as he has evinced is too strong for human na. lure to endure. Should hesincerely repent, wreaking in the innocent blood of her he had sworn to protect and cherish, and blackened- with crime as he is, we should rejoice, for, he must be illy fitted for the des­ tiny that awaits him.- But if he remains the same hardened obdurate beast which he has shown himself in the commission of this crime and upon tbe trial, we hope his case will be permitted to form an excep. tion to the general rule , and that he will not be manufactured into either an Adonis,—a patriot, ’he. ro or saint upon the gallows. It is about time that such fiends should pass at what they are worth. attractions which woo him to marriage. T h e crime was cornmitted in tho first week of the honey tnoon, the young hl)sbaa<f sitting hy the bedside o f h is n e * ly ,p a r f ied wifeyatid ddminis tering to her arsenic in her food, in her medi­ cine, And in the cooling draughts v w ith which be sought to assuage her horning thirst—con­ tinuing to dose her and nurse her with* poison, persiaiingiy and remorselessly til l she died * and with a malignancy that seemed to freshen .with the sufferings of his victim; and that was exhib­ ited. after the consummation of his crime, in a merciless exuhation-and a brutality, of dpfnean- or-that became a powerful evidence against him. Y e t as if the murder of a young innocent, end ■unprotected girl,J>v the husband, to whose love she had but a few days before been.consecrated, through such cruel tortures, by such co var,dice and.mal ignancy, were not sufficiently revolting, it seems that a hew. horror is lent to the tradegv by the suspicion that the mother of. the brutal young man had instigated him io the deed.\ From the Albany Atlas. W e are requested by the Governor to state, that Judge W h i t i n g , of the seventh- Circuit, will hold the Circuit Court tor the county o f Chemung in the sixth Circuit to be held on the last Monday in September next; that* Judge G r i d l e y , of the fifth Circuit, hold the Circuit of for Livingston county, in the sixth Circuit, on the second Monday in October fiext j for’Cat- laraugus county, on the third Monday in Octo­ ber fiext; and for Allegany county.on lhe fourth Monday iq October next j and that Judge Day 'L on , o f the eight Circuit, has been requested io, ana it rs expected will hold the Circuit for SteU' ben county,'inJhesixth Circuit, on the first Mon day in October next, and for Broome county, on the ihird Monday in N o v®n>be1t next. Publishers of papers in the sixth Circuit are requested to notice the above. A most repribensible joke was perpetrated by a youngclergym an and some very foolish young men and women, on board the Delaware , day before yesterday.' T h e victims of this serious hoax are a young gentleman and lady, scarcely at all acquainted with each other,' who were married in fun, during the pleasure excursion, but found out on getting ashore that the voyage upon which they had embarked promised to be longer than they had' intended— btMng for life and death. T h e gentleman behaves very gal­ lantly on the.subject, and leaves the matter en>- tirely at the choice of the lady. If she chooses to consider herself a bride, he will accept in ear nest the hand he took in sport. T h e lady, how ever, vve believe,' is Vnuch mortifi- d and cbagri ned at the affair. T h e young clergyman who could behave so thoughtlessly onght to'trav e l to Jerico and ‘tarry till his :beard be groWii.’- [News. 1778. TiM oumlwrofllriUab T t t i e b c M t a n i by jpw jtfoiri, tti two commencement o f th e war of tbe rardoUoik, was 733 coouini n g_ u p wa rd« of 13,000 raeo. aggregate Value o f the ships aud cargoes, after deducting 174; wbiakVvero -recaptured‘and re­ stored, amounted to £4.823,000. aterling. A* merican-pfod’ticiis had greatly advanced in price during the same period, so that af London ia February, 1778, tobacco had risen from 6& to 2s., lOd. I h ; pitch from *8s. to 36s; .tar, turpen­ tine and pig iron in thesam e proportion. English, it seems from this ftitft, Xvere then d*K' (penden t on the. colonies for their supplies o f p i g 1 ’iron^yojujr, _ , v. - A w f u l D b a t h — -M r„ . Me G round, .one f o t the head Shakers at Lebannon much esteemed by^ th e featerniiy, was* gored todeath on WedffaaK day., by an infuriated by! I belonging to the N o rth family? H e was shockiugly mutilated. Thia is the orilV accident that.ever occurred among them, ofa serious nature. H ;s funeral was at tended on Thursday by tbe.vrhole fraternity, many of the citizens of the world, as they them :^[ldein^ •• I n v e s t i g a t i n g C o m m i t t e e — The Com- mitteeof the N. Y. Common Council, appointed to investigate the facts in relation to tbe explnsioQ at the fire on Satnrday morning}, met on Wed­ nesday afternoon in the Board of Alderman’s room. (It was given out ihe previous day that tho examination would be public, aiid it wn* so staied by several of the' newspapers, whiehcaus- ed a lajge mimber ol personi to assemble. T h t Committee, however, ultimately decided that tho examination -would be strictly private,; conse­ quently np persons but witnesses were admitted. One pf the CommiUee informed uS ihat from thft investigations thus far there is not the slightest cause io suppose there was gun powder in Crock­ er &. W arten’s store. T h e F ir e s of 1845 — W e do not reitiem ber 10 have heard of so many great fires in any one short period of lime, as have happened on this continent in the firsl six months of 1845 - W e annex a list of losses experienc' d, in the or­ der which they occurred. Barbadnes 2.000.000 Pittsburgh, Pq 3,000,000 London, Conn 500 000 Fayetteville, N. C. 500,000 Quebec • 7,500.000 Manianzas - 1.000,000 New Y o rk ~ 6 000,000 Total $21,000,000 This agfegafe su rpasses the loss by the great fire in this city in 1845 Then about $20,000,- 0 0 0 : o f p r o p e r t y was destroyed.—“[Herald, Sun­ day. W h a t t h e N o r t h does for, t h e S o u th ’—T h e Augusta (Georgia.) Chronicle makes tfie following amusing summary of the means which the North furnishes to the South: .They build our houses,they adorn them with every comfort and convenience of which we have ever conjectured: They educate our children, and cover nakedness from head to fool, with hats and shoes, coats and shirts; we eat lheir flour, cheese, buiter, apples, codfish, potatoes, pickles, pork and onions— vve feed .ourcattle with lheir hay, drive lheir horses in lheir harness and car­ riages with their whips-—we walk with sticks, ride on lheir saddles, write on lheir paper, wash wilh their soap, scrub with their brushes,, sweep with their brooms, milk in theirpails. cook with pots, strike with their hammers, blow with their bellows, cut with axes..sow with their seeds, reap with hooks, pull with their leather, white­ wash with their lime, pain* with their paint, march by their tunes, read by lheir lights, drink their congress water and rum. smoke their c.i- gars— and.last and best of all these blessings, vve m arry their pretty girls, who make ihe best wives. L a w of L ib e l. Practice vs. Principle. Thurlow Weed is complaining that he was prose­ cuted for a libel, and subjected to trouble and expense tor publishing an anonymous article merely charging a circuit judge with acting a conspicuous part ia a drunken row, and aiding in Ike commission of mitrJ Her! ind. id at the same time himself, prosecuting a1Ss6trered libel suit against the Evening fost, because it charged j him with publishing the Celebrated “ Roorback” for political ends. It seems to make some difference wilji him, wlwte ox it it that it gored . Webb and Grbely are constantly in a quarrel and are telling the truth about each, other, but in all oth. er matters they seem to be pursuing ihctrid track.— The difference between them is the same as between grand and petty larceny. Tuc ExrLdsioN.—The authorities bf New York city aregrav.eiy enquiring whether saltpetre will ex- plod# with 'beat. We jhave no doubt i> will, just about as readily as Turks Island salt; and, when the said Authorities get -through pursuing humbug, let them ascertain who had gunpowder stored in the 'vicinity. ET Q ueer Victobia* has of late been- engaged in arranging a new and expensive ball costume for the nobility. We should life to bear that she had af tbe same lime made some arrangement for the decent in­ terment of such of her subjects as die from slarva. tion. ”£,<■ - ' C o n v i c t e d n n d S e n t e n c e d . H e n ry Q. Gw en whose trial ocrupiedtwelve day* before a Court in Troy, Judge Parker pii siding, has been found guilty of mu rder and sen­ tenced to be hung on the i 6ih September. T h e ease was one of the deepest aggravation. Both the murderer aod his victim were young—be of some twenty-one o r iwenty-lwo years o f a«*e of wealth, of respectable position and of some education— ?be, b is newly wedded wife, a girl of b a t aighteen y ears of age, without fortune or poskH P m society, but o f good character, and of A n A ccomplish e , d R o g u e — A young man named John Thorpe, the son of an eminent an­ tiquary, bookseller, and stationer of London, was sentenced yesterday, in the Court of Sessions, to the state prison, at Sing Sing, fo.r two years, for grand larceny. T h e life ol this young man has been very eventful, and until now he has escaped punishment lor the crimes which herhas perpetrated in England and this country. .; H.e is a min. of talents and a scholar— familiar with all the fine arts, and a penman of extraordinary ability. It is said that he can copy, with pen and ink a line engraving with such nicety, that it is almost impossible to tell it ftotn the engra ving .itself, and that after seeing a signature once, he can imuate^it so perfectly ihat il cannot be dis- which isgehuinB. W e have Been in fonped by a gentleman intimately acquainted with the .family of Thorpe, lhal he had repeat­ edly committed forgeries in England upon his father and uncle, which had been brought up or acknowledged as genuine. W ithin a year or two, however, he committed forgeries in E n g ­ land, for which the police were ih search of him, but. he succeeded in escaping to this country by secreting himself in a vessel. Since he arrived here he has carried on a system of fraud and swindling, obtaining large amounts of money from English gentlemen in this city who were acquaints! with his family, and from several of the consuls—the F rench consul among the num­ ber— to whom he produced letters from the E n ­ gl ise consul and other eminent men in England. Many of the persons whom he defrauded would have preferred complaints against him, had not the indictment upon which he was on Shturday convicted, proved sufficient.— [N. Y . M ornmg News. T h e D r o u g h t a n d H e a t — -T h e drought continues, in this q harter of the state, and wo pre­ sume through the greater part of it, with unre­ laxed intensity, accompanied by excessive heat. Fhere has been no rain now for more than a fortnight, when it was too slight to be of much service. The air is scorching hot and parch­ ing dry. Serious and well grounded alarm be* gins to be entertained in various quarter* of the country for the corn. T h e highland Corn -in. tattle is firing at the bottom and rapidly approa­ ching an irrecoverable state- • T h e gardens are burnt u p ,'apdfhe pastures almost d ry stubble.-^ In a. short time,, if the drought continues, it will be necessary to fodder the cattle.—[Richmond W hig, July 15. M ourning H abits of D if f e r e n t N a - t io n s .— I n E u rope, black is general!y used as representing darkness, which death is like unto. China, white because they hope the dead are in heaven, the place of purity. Egypt, yellow repp resenting the decaying of trees arid flowers, w hich become as they die away, yellow. Ethiopia,^ brown, denoting the color of the, earth frotn whence we came, and to which return. In some parts of Turkey, blue represents The sky# where they hope the dead are gone: In Other parts, purple or violet, because being a mixtute of black and. blue, it represents as it were,-sorrow on one side and hope on the other. T h e prosecu tor) of ihe parties charged with the murder of H y rutn Smith, the brother of the phrophet has been abandoned. T h e defendants presented themselves in court at the a pointed time, but neither the District Atiorney nor the special prosecutor assigned for this trial appear­ ed. and the Judge ordered the defendants to- be discharged. Two indictments have been found against Sheriff Derning, for-kiliing Mr, M arshall; one charging him with murder, and the other w ilk man slaughter. . ^3 * W e are glad to find Ulvsses F. Double, day, a veteran in the democratic cause, reinsla- led in the chair editorial of ihe Ca3’iiga Patriot, at Auburn. H e is a man pf ability, and willAid by his efforts the progress of democratic princi­ ples.— Coop Journal. - S 3 = A la rgeand enthusiastic democra jc mee­ ting has been held at Buffalo in cnngi'atulajqP of the bond of reunion between Texas and the U n i t e d S t a t e s .— [ l b . The “Chat les'on M ercury” gives the follow, ing as its opinion touching the question o f war tween this country and .Mexico: “ W e do riot altogether believe* in a war with Mexico, except such a oneas now exists — a war of sulks. It is easy, il is even enconpn/ical to suspend diplomatic intercourse— it is a verydif- feieut thing to raise and support armies. -At all events, annexation will take place, and then wo shall see.” W 1 i e \ v ! — A gentleman residing in the up­ per part ofthe city,feeling uncomfortably warm in bed on Monday night, took a pillow, and slept on the floor of tjie parlor. H e was awa­ kened toward morning by a strange feeling in one of his fingers, and four.d to his a-tonishment a rat quietly gnawing at the end of it. T h e soft flesh under the nail was entirely gone.— IN. Y. Com. Adv. It is sel lorn, fn these days of prose, that we l i g h t u p o n a g e m li k e th e f o l l o w i n g , o c c a s i o n ! d by the loss of the packet Kentucky. TheauthoJ: is Mr. E. Kendal!—talent such as this should not go unappreciated7— . .. XThis boat was broke and smashed in to One end it.stood aloof Some of the passengers clung to her One Of them tumbled off T h e steersman he and three men more -Also .the chambermaid W ere lodged upon a sycamore log . And therr employed some aid Mr. Brown proprietor of B row n s hotel In the city of Lafayette H e was on board at thesam e time T h e packet boat did break.” Somebody who hath Dutch a sweetheart thin describeth her c h arm s: My Jove wears a-beauuful bustle, Ndt made of rolfon hor bran, But out of the genuine muscle According to N a m re’s own plan ! - ‘I wish you would put me down fpr a pupp' said a young sportsman the o ther day to a pi a tical amateur in canine flesh, who had recent had ah accession 10 his ‘domestic circle’ in f dog hutch. ‘I sat you down for one long age was ihe tart reply. A new.paper was started at Baltimore, h week,called the Ray. B y a blunder of the coi positor, the first number was called the Rag,ai thus it has gone over the country. Decaying- or green frrtit, should be avoided at this season of the year. T h a re is lurking death in each. “ T o u c h not, taste not, handle not.” . T h e T h i e f ’s r e v e n g e . — Judge W ilson sen* tenced a crim inal at ihe Huntingdon County, Pa., Sessions, to five y e a rs’ solitary, confinement in the penitentiary for burglary and larceny.— D u ring the following night be broke jail, w ent to . tJie judge’s lodgings, and stole the judge’* hat and a pair of n e w boots.— [Bost. Post - gam slick sav*, “There are no greater pests in society than a starved lawyer, a hnngry Hog, aiid 9 tick cat.” U n less they arre aJ[com bined. Thev have Steamboats in Arkansas, in­ tended to runrin very shallow water.— The Lit­ tle Rock - Intelligencer, speaking bf.thf Lucy Long, says it can “fun any where, th^- the ground is a little damp.** -.. 'f r y W h e n a mian is too poor to keep- a ciAv, or tb take a newspaper; he ought not ie kdip more than four dogs and five cat* ■ - v

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