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The Seneca County journal. (Seneca Falls, N.Y.) 1885-1902, November 18, 1891, Image 1

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THE JOURNAL LARGEST CIRCULATION BEACHES THE BEST CLASS OF PEOPLE AND 18 THEREFORE THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM IN SENECA COUNTY. '4 THE JOURNAL BEST JOB^DEPARTMENT BETWEEN BYRAOUSE-AWD ROCHESTER, AND WITH OUR NEW PRESSES AND TYPE CAN DO FINEST WORK. JDKVO'TEM) 'TO liN n r R R K S T r S O R T 'H R R K O R L R O R C0U]S[T:\Y. YOI.UME 7. BENECA FALLS, N. Y„ WEDNESDAY. NOYEMBER 18,1891. NUMBER 38 SijFj^ea (^o.Jourpal PUBLISHED EVERY 'WEDNESDAY BY THE JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO. (U3UTED.) SENECA FALLS, N. Y. r. N. STEVENS, I N. B. STEVENS, TERMS: County BuOscrlOerB, $1.50 -when paid in advance; Subacribcrs outside the county, $2.00 per year, postage prep.aid; Subscription for .'X months, $1.00 in ndvace. „uYERTiSINQ RATES ON APPLICATION. X egal U otices .—Notices required by law to be pubiished, charged at the legal rates. BUSINESS CARDS. . Main Street, TVaterloo, If. !¥.o« ‘\o''®®*®/ S eksca F alls , N. Y. .^°c{cretm‘:o^ comforts gua Sbcidrahe. Seneca CO., »,^.auers, cm. ca County, N. Y. 102 Eal, Street, o^efvrtJfid'^^IL^^fort®®’ Baggage Express. OWEN BURNS. N. B. Stevens, Opposite D. M. Osborne &* auburn ,’ n . 1 O iir C liiii-clics. n . Q. MARGETTS, Pastor. S. n . -WHITE, Pastor. s s f i M M i P A. T. JENNINGS, Pastor. J aues H. G ould , Pres’t, N. n . B ecker , Cashier. M ilton . II oao , Vice President. CAPITAL - - - $100,000. THE EXCHAN g T n ATIONAL BANK OF SENECA FALLS, N. Y. MOrnSY TO LOAIf at all times upon approved endorsed bank notes. DISCOUNTING deatruble bustness papei 2 s r — Good teiiiints can be found for two or three comfortable houses, tit rents from $1.25 to $1.75 per tveok, by leaving u.nbcrs at office o N. B. Stevens, nartridge block. The largest and best variety of CLOAKS AND SHAWLS The largest and best variety of WINTER DRESS GOODS The largest and best variety of BLANKETS & COMFORTERS The largest and best variety of TABLE LINENS & TOWELS The largest and best variety of WINTER UNDERWEAR The largest and best variety of CORSETS, HOSIERY & GLOVES The largest and best variety of CARPETS, RUGS & OILCLOTHS to be found in S e n e c a C o .,'now on sa le a t B a ird’s THE BEST protection a g a in s t s u d d e n c h a n g e s in the w e a ther is to purify th e blood with AYER’S Sarsaparilla It vitalizes and enriches the life-current, and m a k e s th e weak s t r o n g . Has Cured Others will curei you. M .C. G O U L D , d e n t i s t : SENECA FALLS, N. Y. OFFICE OVER FLANAGAN’S BAKERY. Medium Size Gold Filllogs, each $1.50. Gold and Platinum Alloy and other Amalgam Fillings 75 cents. Rubber and Oxy Phosphate Fillings, 75 cents. :o workmen Golt Anacethetica foi Waller’s Hardware Store “ Royal Acorn” and “ Royal Red C ross” Parlor Stoves and Ranges. “ Mon­ roe,” “ Othello,” “ Happy T hought” and the new four-hole Range, “ Monitor Junior.” Stove repairs, blacking and putting up stoves a specialty. A first-class mechanic in tin shop executing all orders for furnace and job work promptly. Your patronage is solicited. Ceo. A. W aller cull ami see mir Wx\LL PAPER BEAUTIFUL PATTERNS Just received. DRUGS AND MEDICINES Prices Reasonable. Davis 6t Casey ClITGUBnES! TOILET ARTICLES, Ac. UBKSCKIPTIONS Carefully Compounded We carry a complete line oj AND SUPPLIES OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, at reaso7iable prices. HILIMIRE HILIMIRE JUST l^ECEIVED AUarge and eelcct stock of new K a I v L S u i t i n g s AND OVERCOATINGS. Remember the place, - - - . PARTRIDGE BLOCK, Seneca Falls, N. Y. Y H K Y A I I . O R THE TAILOR THE TAILOR READ the journal , T U E B E S T P A P E R IN SENEGA COUNTY. IRVING’S COLUMBUS. three which had set sail from Palos, and that one an indifferent sailer. On the precarious return of that crazy learned ---- ------------------------- ------ , ---- departed into the vrilds of the ocean never to return; the obscurity of his fate, and its imagined horrors, might deter all future enterprise, and thus the New World might remain, as heretofore, unknown to civilized man. These con­ siderations determined Columbus to abandon all further prosecution of his voyage, to leave unexplored the magnifi­ cent regions which were inviting him on every hand, to give up all hope for the present of finding his way to the domin­ ions of the grand khan, and to lose no time in returning to Spain and reporting his discovery. While the f ______ 1 building I continued to receive every day new proofs of the amity and kindness of Guacanagari, Whenever he went on shore to superintend the works he was entertained in the most hospitable man­ ner by that chieftain. He had the larg­ est house in the place prepared for his reception, strewed or carpeted with palm leaves, and furnished with low stools of a black and shining wood that looked like jet. When he recei;^d the admiral it was always in a style of princely gen­ erosity, hanging around his neck some jewel of gold or making him some pres­ ent of similar value. On one occasion he came to meet him on his landing, attended by five tribu­ tary caciques, each carrying a coronet of gold; they conducted him with great deference to the house ••'Iready men­ tioned, where, seating him in one of the chairs, Guacanagari took off his own coronet of gold and placed it upon his bead. Columbus in return took from his neck a collar of fine colored beads, which he put round that of the cacique; he in­ vested him with his own luautle of fine cloth, gave him a pair of colored boots and put on his finger a large silver ring, upon which metai the Indians set a great value, it not being found in their island. The cacique exerted liiinself to the ut­ most to procure a great quantity of gold for the admiral before his departure for Spain. The supplies thus furnished and the vague accounts collected through the medium of signs and imperfect interpre­ tations gave Columbus magnificent ideas of the wealth in the interior of this island. The names of caciques, moun­ tains and provinces were confused to­ gether in his imagination and supposed to mean various places where great treasure was to be found; above all, the name of Cibao continually occurred, the golden region among the mountains whence the natives procured most of the ore for their ornaments. In the pimento or red pepper which abounded in the island he fancied he found a trace of oriental spices, and he thought he had met with specimens of rhubarb. Passing, with his usual excitability, from a state of doubt and anxiety to one of sanguine anticipation, he now consid­ ered his shipwreck as a providential iteriously ordained itnout tins seeming uisaster ne snouiu ver have remained to find out the :ret wealth of the island, but should ;rely have touched a t various parts of le coiist afid passed on. As a proof that le particular hand of Providence was terted in it, he cites the circumstance of his having been wrecked in a perfect culm, without wind or wave, and the de­ sertion of the pilot and mariners when sent to carry out an anchor asteni, for had they performed his orders tlie vessel would have been hauled off, they would have pursued their voyage and the treas­ ures of the island would have remained a secret. But now he looked forward to glorious fruits to be reaped from this seeming evil; “for he hoped,’’ he said, “that when he returned from Spain he should find a ton of gold collected in traffic by those whom he had left behind, and mines and spices discovered in such quantities that the sovereigns, before three years, would be able to undertake a crusade for the deliverance of the holy sepulchre,” the grand object to which he had proposed that they should dedicate the fruits of this enterprise. Such was the visionary yet generous enthusiasm of Columbus the moment that prospects of vast wealth broke upon his mind. What in some spirits would have awakened a grasping and sordid avidity to accumulate, immediately filled his imagination with plans of magnifi­ cent expenditure. But how vain are our attempts to interpret the inscrutable de­ crees of Providencel The shipwreck, which Columbus considered aii act of divine favor to reveal to him the secrets of the land, shackled and limited all his after discoveries. It linked his fortunes for the remainder of his life to this is­ land, which was doomed to be to him a source of cares and troubles, to involve him in a thousand perplexities, and to becloud his declining years with humil­ iation and disappointment. So ^ e a t was the activity of the Sp:in- iards in the construction of their for­ tress, and so ample the assistance ren­ dered by the natives, that in ten days it was sufficiently complete for service. A large vault had been made, over which was erected a strong wooden tower, and the whole was surrounded by a wide ditch. It was stored with all the am­ munition saved from the wreck or that could be spared from the caravel, and the guns being mounted the whole had a formidable aspect, sufficient to over­ awe and repulse this naked and nnwar- like people. Indeed, Columbus was of opinion that but little force was neces­ sary to subjugate the whole island. He considered a fortress and the restrictions of a garrison more requisite to keep the Spaniards themselves in order, and pre­ vent their wandering about and commit­ ting acts of licentiousness among the natives. Mrs. F. C. Boe, at Watkins, left this letter: “My husband—Forgive me if I cause you trouble, but I suffer so. You do uot know what these long, wakeful, wretched nights are to me, and I am so tired, darling—the pain will never be better. It is not easy to take my own life, but 1 have been sick, so long. Good­ bye, my husband, I love you—-your wife.” This is but one of tliousands that gives up, instead of using Dr. Miles’ Restorative Nervine, and being speedily cured of their wretchedness. Go to Davis & Casoj’’s and get an ele­ gant book and Trial bottle free. Ely’s Cream Balm is worth its weight in gold as a cure for catarrh. One bot­ tle cured me.—S. A. Lovell, Frank- The fortress being finished, he gave it, as well as the adjacent village and the harbor, the name of La Navidad, or the Nativity, in memorial of their having escaped from the shipwreck on Christ­ mas day. Many volunteered to remain on the island, from whom he selected thirty-nine of the most able and exem­ plary, and among them a physician, ship carpenter, calker, cooper, tailor and gun­ ner, all expert at their several callings. The command was given to Diego de Arana, a native of Cordova, and notary and alguazil to the armament, who was to retain all the powers vested in him by the catholic sovereigns. In case of his death, Pedro Gutierrez was to command, and, he dying, Rodrigo de E.scobedo The boat of the wreck was left with them to be used in fishing, a variety of seeds to sow, and a large quantity of ar­ ticles for traffic, that they might procure as much gold as possible against the ad­ miral’s return. As the time itain the utmost respect and rever­ ence for the cacique Guacanagari and his chieftains, recollecting how deeply they were indebted to his goodness, and how important a continuance of it was to their welfare; to be circumspect in their intercourse with the natives, avoid­ ing disputes and treating them always with gentleness and justice, and, above all. being disefeet in their conduct to­ ward the Indian women, misconduct in this respect being the frequent source of troubles and disasters in the intercourse with savage nations. He warned them, moreover, hot to scatter themselves asunder, but to keep together for mutual safety, and not to stray beyond the friendly territory of Guacanagari. He enjoined it upon Arana and the others in command to acquire a knowledge of the productions and mines of the island, to procure gold and spices, and to seek along the coast a better situation for a settlement, the present harbor being in­ convenient and dangerous from the rocks and shoals which beset its en­ trance. On the 2d of January, 1493, Columbus landed to take a farewell of the gener­ ous cacique and his chieftains, intending the next day to set sail. He gave them a parting feast at the house devoted to his use, and commended to their kind­ ness the men who were to remain, espe- pecially Diego de Arana, Pedro Gutier­ rez and Rodrigo de Escobedo, his lieu­ tenants, assuring the cacique that when he returned from Castile he would bring abundance of jewels more pre­ cious than any he or his people h;id yet seen. The worthy Guacanagari showed great concern at the idea of his depart­ ure, and assured him that, as to those who remained, he should furnish them with provisions and render them every service in his power. Once more to impress the Indians with an idea of the warlike prowess of the wliite men. Columbus caused the crews to perform skirmishes and mock fights, with swords, bucklers, lances, cross­ bows, arquebuses and cannon. The In­ dians were astonished at the keenness of the swords and at the deadly power of the crossbows and arquebuses, but they were struck with awe when the heavy Lombards were discharged from the fortress, wrapping it in wreaths of smoke, shaking the forests witli tlieir report and shivering the trees witli the balls of stone used in artilleryintho.se times. As these tremendous powers, however, were all to be employed for their protection, tliey rejoiced while they trembled, since no Carib would now dare : the day being over, (1 the cacique and liis idea of his superhuman nature, lie had been completely won by the benignity of his manners. Indeed, the parting scene was sorrowful on all sides. The arrival of the ships had been an event of wonder and excitement to the islanders, who had as yet known nothing but the good qualities of their guests and had been enriched by their celestial gifts, while the rude seamen had been flat- :ered by the blind deference paid them md captivated by the kindness and un- 1 indulgence with which they had sorest parting was arda who embarked ; neded behind, from th< remain behind, from the strong sym­ pathy caused by companionship in perils and adventures. The little garrison, however, evinced a stout heart, looking forward to the return of the admiral from Spain with large re-enforcements, when they promised to give him a good account of all things in the island. The caravel was detained a day longer by the absence of some of the Indians whom they were to take to Spain. At length the signal gun was fired; the crew gave a parting cheer to the handful of com­ rades thus left in the wilderness of an unknown world, who echoed their cheering asi theyhey gazedze wistfully after aoh,ad but who t ga them from the be destined never to welcome their return. CHAPTER XVL MEETING WITH PINZON. It was on the Inmbus set sal! ey then stoc promontory destitute of trees, but cov­ ered ivith grass and shaped like a tent, having a t a distance the appearance of a towering island, being connected with Hispaniola by a low neck of land. To this promontory Oolumbus gave the name of Monte Christi, by which it is still known. The country in the imme­ diate neighborhood was level, but far­ ther inland rose a high range of moun­ tains, well wooded, with broad, fruitful valleys between them, watered by abun­ dant streams. The wind being contrary, they were detained for two days in a large bay to the west of the proiiiontgry. Clairvoyant Exaininarions. Clairvoyant ex:iminations free by Dr. E. F. ButtcPfleld Tliere ts no subject aiat requires so much study and experi­ ence as the treatment of chronic diseases. The astonishing success aud remarkable cures performed by Dr. Butterfield arc due to tile gift of Clairvoyance, to tlie long study of the constitution of man and the curing of disease from natural remedies. Let those given up by others call for an examination. He cures the worst cases of catarrh, scrof­ ula, piles, female weaknesses a-sthma, diseases of the heart, hmg and kidneys. Guarantees to cure Piles and no pay takcu until the cure is complete. Will be at National hotel, Auburn, Monday and Tuesday, Nov. 16 and 17, Will be at the Franklin house, Geneva, Nov. 18. D b . BCTTEKKiilU). On the 6th they again made sail with & land breeze, and weathering the cape advanced ten leagues, when the wind again turned to blow freshly from the east. At this time a sailor stationed at the masthead to look out for rocks cried out that he beheld the Pinta at a dis­ tance. The certainty of the fact glad­ dened the heart of the admiral anil bad an animating effect throughout the ship, for it was a joyful event to the mariners once more to meet with their comrades, and to have a companion bark in their voyage through these lonely seas. The Pinta came sweeping toward them 3 the wind. The admi directly before tl with Martin Alonzo Pinzon, and seeing that all attempt was fruitless from the obstinacy of the adverse wind, and that there was no safe anchorage in the neigh­ borhood, he put back to the bay a little west of Monte Christi, whither he was followed by the Pinta. On their first interview. Pinzon endeavored to excuse his desertion, alleging that he had been compelled to part company by stress of ’ had ever since been seek- weather, and ing to rejoin the admiral. Columbus lis­ tened passively but dubiously to his and the suspicions he had ceived appeared to he warranted by sub­ sequent information. He was told that iizon had been excited by accounts given him by one of the Indians on board of his vessel of a region to the eastward abounding in gold. Taking advantage, therefore, of the superior sailing of his vessel, he had worked to windward, when the other ships had been obliged to put back, and had sought to be the first to discover and enjoy this golden After separating from his companions he had been entangled for several days among a cluster of small islands sup­ posed to have been the Caicos, but had at length been guided by the Indians to Hispaniola. Here he remained three weeks, trading with the natives in the river already mentioned, and collected a considerable quantity of gold, one-half of which he retained as captain, the rest he divided among his men to secure their fidelity and secrecy. Such were the particulars privately related to Columbus, who, however, re­ pressed his indignation at this flagrant breach of duty, being unwilling to dis­ turb the remainder of his voyage with any altercations with Pinzon, who had a powerful party of relatives and towns­ men in the armament. To such a de­ gree, however, was his confidence in his confederates impaired that he deter­ mined to return forthwith to Spain, though under other circumstances he The boats were accordingly dispatched to a large river in the neighborhood to procure a supply of wood and water for the voyage. This river, called by the natives the Yaqui, flows from the moun­ tains of the interior and throws itself into the bay, receiving in its course the contributions of various minor streams. Many particles of gold were perceived among the sands at its mouth, and others were found adhering to the lioops of the raterater casks. Columbuslumbus gaveve it. w casks. Co ga fore, the name of Rio del Golden river; it is a t preset Oro, or tl it called tl In this neighborhood were turtles of great size. Columbus also mentions in his journal that he saw three mermaids which elevated themselves above the surface of the sea, and he observes that he had before .seen such on the coasts of He adds 11 he beautift L represented, althc :d some traces of the human coun­ tenance. It is Buppo.sed that these must have been inanate or seacalves, seen in­ distinctly and at a distance, and that the imagination of Columbus, disposed to give a wonderful character to every­ thing in this New World, had identified these misshapen animals with the sirens of ancient story. On the evening of the 9th January they- again made sail, and on the follow­ ing day.airived at the river where Pin- zon had been trading, to which Colum­ bus gave the name of Rio de Gracia, but it took the appellation of its orig­ inal discoverer and long continued to be known its the river of Martin Alonzo. The natives of this place complained that Pinzon on his previous visit had violently carried off four men and two girls. The admiral, finding they were retained on board of the Pinta to be carried to Spain and sold as slaves, or­ dered them to be immediately restored to their homes, with many presents and well clothed, to atone for the wrong they had experienced. This restitution was made with great unwillingness and many high words on the part of Pinzon. The wind being favorable, for in these regions the trade wind is often alternated during autumn and winter by north­ westerly breezes, they continued coast­ ing the island until they came to a high and beautiful headland, to which they gave the name of Capo del Enamorado, or the Lovers’ Cape, but which at present is known as Cape Cabron. A little beyond this they anchored in a bay, or rather gulf, three leagues in breadth and extending so far inland that Columbus at first supposed it an arm of the sea separating Hispaniola from some other land. On landing they nativestives quiteuite difffferent ' \i found the na q di f the gentle and pacific people hitht met with on this island. They were of a ferocious aspect and hideously painted. decora Is of gaudy plumage, id with war clubs. Oth­ ers had bows of the length of those used by the English archers, with arrows of slender reeds, pointed with hard wood, or tipped with bone or the tooth of a fish. Their swords were of palm wood, as hard aud heavy as iron; not sharp, but broad, nearly of the thickness of two fingers and capable, with one blow, of cleaving through a hel-net to the very brains. Though thus prepared for bat, they made no attempt to i Spaniards. On the contrary, them two of their bows and their arrows, and one of them was molest the _, they sold 3 and several of Tlie B est Authorities, Such as Dr. Dio Lewis, Prof. Gross, and Others, agree that catarrh is not a local but a constitutional disease. It there­ fore requires a constitutional remedy like Hood’s Sarsaparilla, which effectu­ ally and permanently cures catarrh. Tliousands praise it. Hood's Pills cure liver ills, jaundice, biliousness, sick headache, constipation anti all troubles of the digestive organs. I have been a sufferer from catarrh for 20 years. I found immediate relief in the use of Ely’s Cream Balm. Since using it I have not suftered a moment from headache, sore throat or loss of sleep, from which I previously suffered, caused by catarrh. I consider your Balm a valuable remedy.—R. G- Vassar, 56 Warren St,, New York. vailed upon to go on board of the ad­ miral’s ship. Columbus was persuaded, from the fe­ rocious looks and hardy, undaunted manner of this wild warrior, that he and his companions were of the nation of Caribs so much dreaded throughout these seas, and that the gulf in which he was anchored must he a strait separat­ ing their island from Hispaniola. On inquiring of the Indian, however, he still pointed to the east as the quarter where lay the Caribbean islands. He spoke also of an island called Mantinino, which Columbus fancied him to say was peo­ pled merely by women, who received the Caribs among them once a year for the sake of continuing the population of their island. All the male progeny re­ sulting from such visits were delivered to the fathers, the female remained with the mothers. This Amazonian island is repeatedly mentioned in the course of the voyages o f . Columbus, and is another of his self delusions^ to be explained by the work of Marco Polo. That traveler described two islands near the coast of Asia, one inhabited solely by women, the other by men, between which a similar inter- _ regaled the warrior and made him various presents, the admiral sent him on shore in hopes, through his me­ diation, of opening a trade for gold with his companions. As ' ' javelins, were seen lurking among the trees. On a word from the Indian who was in tlie boat, they laid by their arms and came forth to meet the Spaniards. The latter, according to directions from the admiral, endeavored to purchase sev- to take as curios- arted with two t ----- ------ - — _ ____ Jenly conceivin some distrust or thinking to overpowe this handful of strangers, they rushed to place where they had left their .)ons, siiati turned with c Spaniards. The latter immediately a tacked them, wounded two, put the re to flight, and would have pursued them, but were restrained by the pilot who commanded the boat. This was the first contest with the Indians, and the first time that native blood was shed by the white men in the New World. Columbus was grieved to see all his exertions to maintain an amicable inter­ course vain; he consoled himself with the idea, however, tliat if these were Caribs or frontier Indians of warlike character they would be inspired with a dread of the force and weapons of the white men, and be deterred from mo­ lesting the little garrison of Port Na­ tivity. The fact was that these were of a bold and hardy race, inhabiting a mountainous district called Oiguay, ex­ tending five and twenty leagues along the coast and several leagues into the in­ terior. They differed in language, look and manners from the other natives of the island, and had the rude but inde­ pendent and vigorous character of moun­ taineers. ■ Their frank and bold -spirit was evinced on the day after the skirmish when a multitude appearing on the beach the admiraldmiral sentent a Itarge a s a l party, well armed, on shore in the boat. The natives ap­ proached as freely and confidently as if nothing had haijpeued; neither did they betray, throughout their subsequent in­ tercourse, any signs of lurking fear or enmity. The cacique who ruled over the neighboring country was on the shore. He sent to the boat a .string of beads formed of small stones, or rather of the hard part of shells, which the Spaniards understood to be a token and assurance of amity; but they were not yet aware o1 symbol, the of amity; but they were not of the full meaning of this ampum belt, the pledge o peace, held sacred among the Indians The chieftain followed shorttly entering the boat with only ants was conveyed on board of the ■ after, and three attend- ly, set befoi-e him a collation such as the caravel afforded, particularly biscuits and honey, which were great dainties with the Indians, and after showing him the wonders of the vessel and making him and his attendants many presents, sent them to land highly gratified. residence of the cacique was at such a tt he could not repeat his a tokenoken off highigh regardegard distance tha I visit, but as a t o h r he sent to the admiral his coronet of gold. In speaking of these incidents the his­ torians of Columbus have made no men­ tion of the name of this mountain.chief; he was doubtless the same who, a few years afterward, appears in the history of the island under the name of Mayo- nabex, cacique of the Ciguayans, and will be found acquitting himself with valor, frankness and magnanimity under the most trying circumstances. Columbus remained a day or two longer in the bay, during which time the most friendly intercourse prevailed with the natives, who brought cotton and various fruits and vegetables, but still maintained their warrior character, being always armed with bows and ar­ rows. Four young Indians gave such interesting accounts of the islands situ­ ated to the east that Columbus deter­ mined to touch there on his way to Spain, and prevailed on them to accom­ pany him as guides. Taking advantage of a favorable wind, therefore, he sailed before daylight on the 16th of January from this bay, to which, in consequence of the skirmish with the natives, he gave the name of Golfo de las Flechas, or the Gulf of Arrows, but which is now known by the name of the Gulf of Samana. On leaving the bay, Columbus at first steered to the northeast, in which direc­ tion the young Indians assured him he would find the island of the Caribs and that of Mantinino, the abode of the Am­ azons, it being his desire to take several of the natives of each to present to the Spanish sovereigns. After sailing about sixteen leagues, however, his Indian gnid.esJ'I':'”*™**! their opinion and point- R a ciiig with Wolves. tale has b ic with wolv i steppes of Russia. ____ limes only the pieked bones of the hap- less traveler are fonnd to tell the tale. In our own country thousands are en­ gaged in a life-and-death race against the wolf Consumption. The best weap­ ons with which to fight the foe, is Dr. Pierce’s Golden Medical Discovery. This renowned remedy has cured myri­ ads of cases when all other medicines and doctors had failed. It is the great­ est blood-purifier and restorer of strength known to the world. For all forms of scrofulous affections (and consumption is one of them), it-is unequaled as a Read the best paper in the county, the S eneca C ounty J ouknal . Advertise in the J ournal . ed to the southeast. This would hare brought, him to Porto Rico, which, in fact, was known among the Indians as the island of Carib. The admiral im­ mediately shifted sail and stood in this direction. Ha had not proceeded two leagues, however, when a most favora­ ble breeze sprang up for the voyage to Spain. He observed a gloom gathering on the countenances of the sailors as they diverged from the homeward route. Reflecting upon the little hold he had mgs and affections of th brought to a pause. As long as he pro­ tracted his return the whole fate of his discovery was at the mercy of a thousand contingencies, and an adverse accident might bury himself, his crazy barks and all the records of his voyage forever in the ocean. Repressing, therefore, the strong inclination to seek further discov­ eries, and determined to place what he had already made beyond . the reach of accident, he once more shifted sail, the great joy of his crews, and resui his course for Sj CHAPTER X V a RETURN VOYAGE — ARRIVAL AT THE AZORES. The trade winds which had been so propitious to Columbus on his outward voyage were equally adverse to him on his return. The favorable breeze soon died away, and throughout the remain-* der of January there was a prevalence of light winds from the eastward, which prevented any great progress. He was frequently detained also by the bad sail­ ing of the Pinta, the foremast of which was so defective that it could carry but little sail. The weather continued mild and pleasant and the sea so calm that the Indians whom they were taking to Spain would frequently plunge into the water and swim about the ships. They saw many tunny fish, one of which they killed, as likewise a large shark. These gave them a temporary supply of pro­ visions, of which they soon began to stand in need, their sea stock being re­ duced to bread and wine and Agi pep­ pers, which liist they had learned from bruary, having :o about the thirty-eighth degree ol i latitude, and got out of the track t by the trade winds, they had more favorable breezes and were * en-- ahled to steer direct for Spain. Prom the frequent changes of their Course the pilots became iterplexed in their reckon­ ings, differing ividely among themselves, and still more widely from the truth. Columbus, besides keeping a careful reckoning, was a vigilant observer oi those indications furnished by the sea, the air and the sky. The fate of himseli and his ships in the unknown regiona which he traversed often depended these observations, and the si upon bj\ thi thingthing almoslmost a supernatural. In the pres­ ent instance he noticed where the great bands of floating weeds commenced and where they finished, and in emerg­ ing from among them concluded him­ self to be in about the same degree ol longitude as when he encountered them on his outward voyage—that is to say, about 260 leagues west of Ferro. On the 10th of February, Vicente Vanes Pinzon, and the pilots Ruiz and Bartolomeo Roldan, who were on board of the admiral’s ship, examined the charts and compared their reckonings to determine their situation, but could not come to any agreement. They all sup­ posed themselves at least 150 leagues nearer Spain than what Columbus be­ lieved to be the true reckoning, and in the latitude of Madeira, whereas he knew them to be nearly in a direction for the Azores. Ho suffered them, how­ ever, to remain in their error, and even added to their perplexity that they might retain but a confused idea of the voyage, and he alone possess a cleat knowledge of the route to the newly dis­ covered countries. On the I2th of February, as they were flattering themselves with soon coming in sight of land, the wind came on to blow violently, with a heavy sea; they still kept their course to the east, but with great labor and peril. On the fol­ lowing day after sunset the wind and swell increased; there were three flashes of lightning in the north-northeast, considered by Columbus as signals of an approaching tempest. 11 soon burst upon them with frightful violence; theii small and crazy vessels, open and with- out decks, were little fitted for the wild storms of the Atlantic; all night they were obliged to scud under bare poles. As the morning of the 14th dawned there was a transient pause, and they made a little sail; but the wind rose * again from the south with redoubled ve­ hemence, raging throughout the day and increasing in fury in the night, while the vessels labored terribly in a cross sea, the broken waves of which threatened at each moment to over­ whelm them or dash them to pieces. For three hours they lay to. with just sail enough to keep them above the waves, but the tempest still augmenting they were obliged again to scud before the wind. The Pinta was soon lost sight of in the darkness of the night. The ad­ miral kept as much as possible to the northeast to approach the coast of Spain and made signal lights at the masthead for the Pinta to do the same, and to keep in company. The latter, however,lowever, \ H:om _____ y north. For some time . led to the signals of the admiral, but her lights gleamed more and more distant until they ceased entirely, and olnmbns continued to scud all night, full of forebodings of the fate of his own vessel and of fears for the safety of that of Pinzon. As the day dawned the sea presented a frightful waste of wild, broken waves lashed into fury by the gale. He looked around auxionsly for the Pinta, but she was nowhere to he seen. He now made a little sail to keep {To'be Continued.') Xlie JBoctors are Guilty. Grave mistakes are made by physi­ cians in treating Heart Disease. The rate of sudden deaths is daily increasing. Hundreds become victims of the ignor­ ance of physicians in the treatment of this disease. One in four persons has a diseased heart. Shortness of Breatli, Palpitation and Fluttering, Irregular, Pulse, Choking Sensation, Asthmatic Breathing, Fain or Tenderness in Side,' Shoulder or Arm, Weak or Hungry Spells, are symptoms of Heart Disease. 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