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Fort Covington sun. (Fort Covington, N.Y.) 1934-1993, October 11, 1934, Image 2

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*-itf-$-OZ: ORT COVINGTON SUN VOL. L. FT. GOVINGTON, N. Y., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1934. NO. 25. News Review of Current Events the World Over President Calls for Truce Between Labor and Industry— Convention of A. F. of L.—Air Combat Forces Taken Away From Foulois. By EDWARD W. PICKARD © by Western Newspaper Union. PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S latest * radio talk with his fellow ^citizens was well written, well delivered and peculiarly vague as to his future in tentions. He sought to reassure business and labor, both of Which are questioning him anxiously , but he made no definite re- plies to their categor- ical queries. His one specific statement was that within a month he would seek to ne- gotiate a truce be- tween large groups of employers and large groups of ^employees through which there would be a cessa- tion of the strikes that have been dis- rupting the nation's business. 'He said be would ask the representatives of those forces to agree temporarily on questions of wages, hours and working conditions, and that with such agree- ments In force he expected further ad- justments would be made peaceably, through governmental or private medi- ation. \I shall not ask either employers or •employees permanently to lay aside the weapons common to industrial war,\ he added. \But I shall ask both groups to give a fair trial to peaceful methods of adjusting their conflicts of opinion and interest, and to experiment for a reasonable time with measures suitable to civilize our industrial civilization. By way of reply to the appeals of many business, industrial and financial leaders that the more radical measures of the administration's program be abandoned, Mr. Roosevelt declared the New Deal is to go on. To the ques- tions of those leaders concerning bal- ancing of the budget! jfoyexnment ex^ penses, further devaluation of the d\ol- lar or return to the gold standard, he made no reply. However, he did de- clare himself in favor of a system of business based on private profit Then he said: \1 am not for a return to that defi- nition of liberty under which for many years a free people were being gradu- ally regimented into the service of the privileged few. I prefer and I am sure you prefer that broader definition of lib- erty under which we are moving for- ward to greater freedom, to greater se- curity for the average man than he has ever known before in the history of America.\ Concerning the NRA, the President gave praise to General Johnson and said the national recovery administra- tion was entering its second phase, \which is in turn a period of prepara- tion for legislation which will deter- mine its permanent form.\ He admit- ted there was a question as to the wisdom of some of the devices em ployed during the first phase of the NRA, but decried the attacks on the constitutionality of many of the things his administration nas done. \We are not,\ he said, \frightened by reaction- ary lawyers or political editors. All ' these cries have been heard before. 1 Near the beginning of his address, the President said: \I am happy to report that after years of uncertainty, culminating in the collapse of the spring of 1933, we are bringing order put of the old chaos with a greater certainty of the employ- ment of labor at a reasonable wage and of more business at a fair profit These governmental and industrial de- velopments hold promise of new achievements for the.nation.\ First formal response to the Presi- dent's speech came from the National Association of Manufacturers, which urged him to issue a proclamation for a \truce on industrial warfare\ during which existing employment relations would be continued, and challenged the^ American Federation of Labor to take like action. Its statement said: *The President will fln6 employers willing to sit down with him, as he proposes, to devise means for ending the constant series of strikes which have been one of the major obstacles to recovery.\ Green and Morrison, respectively president and secretary of the federa- tion, said this was a subterfuge and that the manufacturers should first publicly announce they would obey the decisions of constituted authorities, es- pecially concerning discrimination and collective bargaining. W HILE President William Green and some other leaders of the American Federation of Labor, just . convened in San Francisco, expressed * approval of what Mr. Roosevelt said in his radio address, many others prom- inent in the federation are far from satisfied with the way things are go- ing. The executive council's annual report devoted pages to an analysis of the effect of the NRA upon the Inter- ests of Inbor. Almost without excep- tion, the effects were found either di- rectly harmful or at least unsatisfac- tory. The criticism was directed at the workings of the recovery program, In actual operation. The NBA and the New Deal Itself were not condemned. Rut the committee Indicted the pro gram on these main grounds: That It has failed to Increase the purchasing power of workers. That because it has failed to reduce hours of labor sufficiently it has also failed to create a satisfactory number of new jobs. That its compliance machinery is in- effective, with the result that viola- tions of the spirit of the codes are eas- ily accomplished and quite general. Labor does not have proper* repre- sentation in either code enforcement or administration. \In one way,\ the report says, point- ng to what seems to be viewed as the only satisfactory accomplishment thus far under the NRA, \codes have ful- filled expectations. They have with few exceptions wiped out child labor.\ P RESIDENT GREEN in his address to the Federation of Labor declared the establishment of the 30-hour week was one of the possible means of wip- ing out unemployment, and said tho~se oppos- ing It have offered no other remedy. First actual results in the m p a I g n for this were announced later to the convention by Frank Feeney, presi- dent of the Elevator Constructors' union. What he called the has been signed—a five-year agree- ment with contractor employers pro- viding the six-hour day, five-day week for the 19,000 members of the union on a pay basis of the eight-hour day. The contract will become effective im- mediately, Feeney said, In any locality in which any other four of the build- Ing trades unions negotiate similar agreements. . The document also provides for an absolutely closed shop and gives the elevator constructors the right to strike at any time .to support any movement for the 30-hour week. While the delegates were cheering this announcement, Col. W. F. Axton, tobacco manufacturer of Louisville* Ky., arose and made a lively speech In support of the 80-hour week as the means of getting everybody back to work. • \If we want to get business back we must give employment to labor,\ Axton said. \Industry at the same time must be protected- from unfair competitloji by such mean$ as codes.\ The arrival of John L. Lewis, presi : dent of the United Mine Workers of America, gave impetus to the fight for extension of the A. F. of L. into the industrial union- field and to the plan to Increase the executive council from 11 to 25 members. Although Lewis, controlling 3,000 convention votes, was opposed 1 by Green on the council plan, the miners' leader removed the last doubt concern- ing Green's re-election by announcing that he would not only back Green but would place him in nomination. FOLLOWING the recommendations \ of a special committee appointed by the War department and headed by Newton D. Baker, the department has created a general headquarters air force, comprising all the air combat forces , and placed It ,under the direct comman d of Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur, chief of staff. ,: Thus all the fighting J planes are taken away from Gen. Benjamin D. Fottlois, chief of ~ - . , tt* e air corps, and he Gen. Foutals l s lef t I n co mman( j o f only the army air schools and air depots. \Benny who flew with the Wrights in* 1909 and worked his way to high command, has long been at outs with the general staff, struggling against what he considered its in- trigues and politics. Now the general staff is having its way with him and, as one Washington commentator says, instead of the flying air fighter which his record fitted him to be, he has be- come a desk soldier and a school teacher. Just as this order was Issued Brig. Gen. William Mitchell, former chief of the air corps and a perpetual storm center, was testifying before the com- mission appointed by the President to study the government's aviation prob- lem. Mitchell called the organization of a \GHQ\ air force \a lot of bunk,\ and he declared that all army officers who signed the Baker report should be \kicked out of the service.\ He re- ferred to army aviation plans as the work of \Boy Scouts\ In the War de- partment According to Mitchell, these are the measures the country should adopt for its aerial defense: Merge army, navy, and all air serv- ices under one command. Build planes with a cruising radius of 6,000 to 8,000 miles. Make detailed plans for war, includ- ing the evacuation of New York city In case of an air attack by Japan \from a base In Alaska.\ Construct dirigibles, for 50 of them \competently\ handled could destroy Japan within two days. R EMODELING of the NBA by the new industrial recovery board which has displaced General Johnson is under way. One of the board's first official acts was to give a good jdb to Kilbourne Johnston, son of the retir- ing administrator—though he spells his name differently. The young man, who is an army lieutenant on leave, was made acting divisional adminis- trator in charge of manufacturing codes. Donald R. Richberg, director of the Industrial emergency committee, who clashed repeatedly with Johnson when he was active as chief counsel of the recovery agency, intimated if there had been wouuds they were now healed. \We have no quarrel,\ Richberg said with a smile. On behalf of the textile workers Francis J. Gorman formally accepted the President's plan for an Industrial truce. He suggested a six-months' armistice and promised that during that period the union would permit \no stoppage of work\ In protest against any findings of the textile or national labor relations boards. At the same time Gorman warned that \renewal of conflict\ was imminent unless the peaceful methods suggested by the executive could be brought into \swift and effective action.\ O NCE more talk of war with Rus- sia ls agitating Japan, stirred up by a remarkably frank pamphlet put out by the Japanese army department '\Soviet Russia possesses 3,000 war planes, the United States 3,000 and China, 500,\ the pamphlet asserted. \If these nations combined, the -air froces of the powers surrounding Ja- pan would total more than 6,000 planes. \Although diplomacy can give as- surance that we will meet only one enemy, we must assume that the ene- my will have at least 3,000 planes. Japan has only 1,000 planes. Can our armaments be said to be complete with this poor air force? \Constant trouble along the Soviet- Ma nchukuan frontier, the increasing- ly challenging attitude of the Soviets and Russia's traditional unreliability make the future of Russo-Japanese re- lations uncertain.\ T HE world air congress convened at Washington, and one of the most important events on its program was the award to Wiley Post of the International Aeronautical Federa- tion's annual gold medal fpr the out- standing aviation feat of 1933. For his solo flight around the world Post was chosen over Marshal Italo Balbo of Italy, ^ the Lithuanian-American ocean flyers, Darius and Glrenas, and J. V. Smirnoff, heroic Holland-Dutch East Indies mail pilot. INTERESTING, though not highly Ira- 1 portant, is the report that con* from Vienna that Mustapha Kemal Pasha, dictator-president of Turkey, may marry one of the four unmarried sis- ters of King Zog of Albania. Zog is to visit Ankara soon and the engagement may -be announced then. Kem- al, who is fifty-seven years old, divorced his first wife, Latife Ha- noum, In 1925, and Is said to have expressed a wish to re-marry. King Zog's marriage- able sisters range In age from twenty-three to twenty- six. The Albanian royal family, like Kemal, is of the Moslem faith. Rumors of another almost roy; marriage come from Paris. The Parlser Tageblattt, German refugee newspa- per, says Chancellor Hitler contem- plates taking as his bride a German princess, one of the family of Saxe- Coburg and Goth a which is allied to the crowns of half a dozen European countries. It adds that the fuehrer at the same time will assume the title of \duke\ of the Germans.\ H ARVARD university doesn't like Chancellor Hitler's treatment of Germany's educational institutions. Dr. Ernst F. S. Uanfstaengl, Hitler's con- fidential aid and himself a graduate of Harvard, made an offer to the uni- versity of a German traveling scholar- ship, but ^it was declined. James Bryant Conant, president ol Harvard, said in a letter to Hanf- staengl: ••We are unwilling to accept- a gift from one who has been so closely as- sociated with the leadership of a po- litical party which has inflicted dam- age on the universities of Germany through, measures which hare struck at principles we believe to be funda- mental to universities throughout to* world.\ ' -- S AMUEL INSULL and sixteen of his former associates in public utilities are now on trial in the federal court In Chicago. They are charged with having used the malls to defraud in- vestors through the sale of $143,000,- 000 in securities of the Corporation Securities company. Judge James H. Wilkerson is presiding over the trial and United States District Attorney Dwlght H. Green heads the force of prosecutors. Selection of the jury dldp't take long, but it was certain the trial of the case would consume weeks for the witnesses \are numbered by hundreds. P RESIDENT ROOSEVELT and his naval advisers held a conference at the White House, and now Norman H. Davis, ambassador at large, is on his way back across the Atlantic to take part in talks in London preliminary to the international naval conference. Presumably he Is all primed to Insist on the President's policies. With Mr. Davis goes Admiral William H. StunU- ley, chief of naval operations. - Two Royal Families That Are Soon to Be United Members \>f the royal families of England and Greece photographed outside of Balmoral castle, Scotland, where they were on holiday after the arrival of Princess Marina of Greece and her fiance, Prince George of England. Left to right are: Princess Nicholas of Greece, King George, Princess Marina^ Prince George, Queen Mary and Prince Nicholas of Greece. \Picture Brides\ Set Out to Meet They Husbands Japanese girls, whose marriage has been arranged by the exchange of pictures, leaving Tokyo for Manchuria t< be married to husbands who are serving as \armed emigrants \ Hauptmann's Bail Set at $100,000 Bruno Richard Hauptmann (center), indicted for extortion In connection with his possession of some of the $50,000 Lindbergh ransom money, photo- graphed in Bronx County court when he pleaded \not guilty\ to the charge. Bail was set at $100,000. Coast Guard Gun Barks for Officers Elght-lncn gun of the Fifty-second Coast artillery at Fort Hancock shown in action during an inspection visit by Gen. Dennis Nolan, commandant of the Second Corps area, and Gen. William E. Cole, district commandant BUCKEYE PASSER Stanley Pincura, quarterback, a Ju nior, one of the stars of Ohio's great team of last year, and one of the Bij Ten's ablest passers, is in the Ohi< lineup this year. WESTERN CHAMPION Mrs. Hilda Stoweil of Chicago w. the western sectional tournament fo women pocket bihiard players at th World's fair and Is now qualified t< compete for the national title agalns Mrs. Gertrude Baker McEvoy, Nf Xork, present national amateur cha pion, in Washington, D. C. f nest I cember. - - SHO By Bob Nichols . • Shooting Editor. Field ami Strcair pEW upland gunners—even the I ones—ever realize how fully good shooting depends on good standing. Most gunners go trudging througb brush without ever a thought where their feet ought to be >laced to be in the most advan- tageous positfbn for quick and ac- . curate shooting. 1 will venture to say that at least 90 per cent of all nlsses made by good shots in the ield are the result of poor foot and - >ody position. The direct cause of the miss may be over-shooting, or under-shooting, or more probably shooting behind. But the primary mse is bad stance—and let us use this term instead of the other be- use it is already a widely under- tood word through its association vith correct form in golfing. Form actually holds as much sig- ilncance in shooting as it does in ;otf. Once you understand the prin- ciples of good form you can, hrough constant practice, adapt :hese principles to your physique. : So two golfers use the same Iden- tical stance. Yet each is applying the same identical principles to his own peculiar characteristics of leight, weight, arm length, and so >n. No two -crack shots use the lame identical stance either. But you can rest assured that each, like the good golfer, is applying the self ime set of principles to his shoot- ing. Good stance in shooting, as in golf- Ing, is simply the elimination of luscular conflict—which results in smooth co-ordination. With smooth muscular co-ordina- tion, your hands and arms and legs synchronize in completing any given motion. You act with speed, and yet without hurry or bungling fius- teration. Your bird flushes, your feet assume well-practiced and un- consciously remembered positions, your Jiands and arms function fault- lessly through the familiar routine, your gun swings onto your target and—bang! Dead bird! And the whole cycle took perhaps less than one second to complete. Having learned form, the good shot appears to shoot and kill his game with an air of easy careless- ness. But behind his apparent care- lessness lies an experience of per- haps thousands of practice shots. He shoots in unconscious rhythm because form has become automatic and mechanical with him. He no longer needs to think about it The average hunter walks too fast in the field and takes too long; steps. OB a surprise rise he is in- variably caught off balance. Walk slower and you will not only kick out more game, but you stand a much better chance of bagging It when it gets up. In cover- where It seems likefy a bird or rabbit may pop out at any moment, your good shot Is a most careful walker. If he is a right-handed shot he will take short steps, keep his feet fair- ly close together, take shorter steps with his right foot than wit* bis left foot, and always his left foot out ahead of the right. But his feet are never very far apart. He knows that to shoot well you must Swing your gun, using the body as a steady, supporting pivot If the bird gets up and quarters to the left (in front of a right-handed shooter) he pivots on his left foot. For the right swinging shot be pivots on the right foot His-move- ments are mechanical—and smooth., No pulling muscles to stop his arm swing. His gun movements are al- most pendulum-like in their free- dom from conflicting muscle strain. Some good shots often fall Into a slight, free-moving crouch when shooting. But thfty pivot just the .same. The loose-kneed crouch some- times gives one a feeling of in- creased security of footing. But If the crouch becomes stiff and exag- gerated the shooter will find him- self missing quartering and cross- ing birds, because the severe crouch \freezes\ his muscles into rigidity and therefore prevents freedom of swing. Never try to shoot from bad foot- Ing If you can help i t If the game zooms out behind you, dont try to- twist yourself into a pretsel to shoot Turn around, get your foot- ing—then shoot Shooting in good form makes It easier to score! ©, Western Newspaper Union. Victoria FaU* Statue in Honor of Livingstone Near the mighty falls which he discovered In 1855, says the Detroit News, David Livingstone will final- ly be honored by a statee which 1» erected where the spray 0 Victoria Falls will fall upon it forever. He Is pictured with a walking stick and Bible just as he disappeared tato the African wilds and was found again by Stanley, whom he greeted calmly, as If they were meeting in a drawing room, with the historic -I am David Livingstone.\ Mystery and superstition nave nun* over these African falls from time immemorial. Livingstone had much trouble persuading his Afri- can followers to accompany hlav. Now the Cape to Cairo railroad crosses the river less than naif a mile below the falls, and is rapidly dispelling the old fears, though some of th*\a *tiP Unxer among the natives I

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