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Fort Covington sun. (Fort Covington, N.Y.) 1934-1993, June 28, 1934, Image 1

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- ^^•;;-' J ^\ ^^^J^ ORT VOL. L. FT. COVINGTON, N. Y.. THURSDAY. JUNE 28. 1934. News Review of Current Events the World Over Congress Quits, Having Done Most Things the President Asked—Steel Strike Postponed—Roosevelt's Daughter in Nevada, Presumably for Divorce, By EDWARD W. PICKARD ; © by Wwrtern Newspaper Union. A FTER several days of hectic work, pushing through the last measures labeled 4t must\ by the administration and a host of other bills demanded by various members, the Seventy-third congress closed its second session. The measures passed during this ses- sion include some of the basic laws of the New Deal and considerable elaboration and modification of laws passed last year In addition to the regular appropriation bills and a nor- mal amount of necessary routine legis- lation. As in the first session. President Roosevelt was In full control, though the legislators displayed a more crit- ical attitude and a tendency to give proposed legislation closer scrutiny before giving It their approval. This could not be attributed to a lessening of the President's influence or of the confidence In him, but rather to the fact that the members of congress didn't wish longer to be labeled as \\yes men.\ On the whole Mr. Roose- velt succeeded In getting what be asked and in preventing what he did not want. Several measures that had the back- ing of the administration failed of passage. These included the oil bill, ardently desired by Secretary Ickes; the pure food and drug bill, which ©ever came to a vote; the ratification •of the St Lawrence waterway treaty; and a series of amendments ampli- fying and clarifying the powers of the AAA. In its closing hours the congress spent money like water, indulging in -what Congressman Britten of Chicago called \an orgy of spending such as never has .been known In the history of the world during peace times.\ The last of the major bills disposed of vere: The deficiency appropriation bill, Allotting the President more-than two billion three luufdreoT mHIIdn dollars for relief and other emergency pur- poses. The one billion dollar housing bill •O promote the revival of the building- trades and of the durable goods in- dustries. The Frazier bill for relief of farm Mortgagors. The bill amending banking legisla- tion. The railway labor bill. W ILLIAM GREEN, president of the American Federation of La- bor, succeeded where President Roose- velt, Administrator Johnson and all others had failed. He appeared before the delegates of the steel workers' unions at Pittsburgh and per- suaded them at least to postpone their threatened strike. The plan which he offered, and which may lead to a permanent settle- ment of the contro- versy, in brief pro- vides : Establishment of three-man board by the President to adjudicate and mediate all violations •of code on matters of discrimination against employees. To insure the right of workers to organize, empowering the board to hold and supervise industrial elections for collective bargaining representa- tives. All grievances or complaints would be referred to the board for final de- cision. If acceptable to labor, capital,* and the federal government, the, strike would be called off permanently. Leaders of the \rank and. file' «teel workers, including Earl J. Forbeck and other chiefs of local unions, were especially bitter in their attitude toward General Johnson, and •were still eager for a strike, but they; -were outnumbered and the Green plan -was adopted as a basis for further ne- gotiations. The union leaders went to Washington for a final decision. They carried authority to call the strike if the peace plan were rejected by the government or the steel operators. I N A formal letter, accompanied by a long explanation, the code au- thority of the cleaners and dyers has notified the President that it has with- drawn Its consent to the code. The reason assigned for this action is that Administrator Johnson, acting by au- thority of the President, suspended the minimum price and other fair trade practice provisions of the code while leaving In effect all other provisions, Including those establishing minimum wages and maximum hours of labor. The cleaners and dyers say thai with operating costs greatly Increased by the labor provisions It is Impossible to make a profit unless a minimum price is established and enforced. In its appended explanation the cod* authority challenged the validity ol this action by General Johnson, con- tinuing: \We cannot believe that you woul< knowingly countenance a reckless dis- regard of repeated promises and assur- ances given to authorized representa- tives of the trade by the administrator personally within two weeks of the date on which he played a major role In their breach.'* Gen. Foulois The. code was consented to, says the memorandum, \on the express under- standing\ that the minimum price and other trade practice provisions 'were absolutely necessary If mem- jers of the trade were to comply with >ther provisions of the code, including the limitations on maximum hours and minimum wages of labor.\ The m.of,the minimum price pro- vision is pronounced \a deprivation of the primary benefit of the code to members of the trade, leaving them nly the burdens.\ The memorandum states that 97 per cent of the 11,000 plant owners and 175,000 to 200,000 retail shops are able and willing to comply with the price and other trade practice provi- sions if there is \reasonable co-opera- tion on the part of the government in enforcing compliance on the other 3 per cent. There is virtually complete compliance In 132 of the 312 districts.\ In conclusion the memorandum takes this wallop at Administrator Johnson: \We are equally confident, however, that confidence In a program, no mat- ter how meritorious, cannot long be maintained when Its administration Is intrusted to an agent who makes so little of the elementary requirements of good faith and who is oblivious to the hardship and suffering his con- duct Is causing to thousands of loyal and law abiding citizens of this coun- try.\ SECRETARY OF WAR DERN and '^ President Roosevelt have received unanimous report from a house In- vestigating committee demanding that Maj. Gen. Benjamin D. Foulois be moved as chief of the army air corps \with- out delay.\ The re- port accused the gen- eral of \dishonesty 1 \gross misconduct, 1 \inefficiency \inac- curacy,\ \unreliabil- ity,\ \incompetency and \mismanage- menL\ After praising the \young men\ who fly army planes un- der Foulois' direction, the report con- cluded: \We .find It necessary to report thai we are most firmly convinced, from the evidence and records submitted, that before any substantial progress in the upbuilding of the morale and materiel of the army air corps can be attained, Maj. Gen. Benjamin D. Foulois must be relieved from his position as chief of the air corps.' P RESIDENT ROOSEVELT went up to New Haven, Conn., for the Yale commencement and was presented with the highest honor the university can bestow, the degree of doctor of laws. After the ceremony he attend- ed a luncheon of alumni and took oc- casion to challenge the critics of his New Deal and especially those who make fun of tiie \brain trust.' \It is true,\ he told his hearers, and there was obvious in his voice a? note of defiance, \that today, more than ever before in our public life, we calling on the teaching profession for assistance in our government There have been certain ribald comments and some laughter about the use of brains In the national government, but it seems to me a pretty good practice. \It is a practice that will continue,\ he added firmly. And the professors around him started the vigorous ap- plause which followed. Later on be evoked further applai when he said: \I couldn't tell you the party affiliations of the majority of people holding responsible positions i: Washington, and it is a mighty gooc thing I cannot. 4 * That evening Mi*. Roosevelt boarded the presidential yacht Sequoia and proceeded slowly to New London, Gonn., to witness the boat races be- tween Harvard and Yale. His son, Franklin, Jr., was one of the Harvard freshman crew. After the regatta the President motored to the family hoi at Hyde Park, N. Y., to remain over the week end. A NOTHER divorce In the Roose- velt family la impending. Mrs. Anna Dall, the daughter of the Presi- dent, has taken up residence In Ne- vada with the evident though not yet de- clared purpose of seeking legal separa- tion from her hus- band, Curtis DalL New York broker. The news was no surprise to friends of the fam- ily. The Dalls have not been living to- gether for a year, Anna and their two children, \Sistle\ and \Buzzle\ residing in the White House. For the six months she must remai in Nevada Mrs. Dall has selected log cabin on the shores of Lake Tahoe, some fifteen miles from the house wher* her brother, Elliott, lived a year ago, when he and the former Elizabeth Donner of Philadelphia were divorced. \^OLLDSIVB bids on city supplies ' and contracts are ended by the recognition, by the NRA administra- tion, that NRA code regulations are unworkable in dealings with municipal and other governmental agencies. An sxecutive order has been Issued ex- empting contractors, manufacturers and merchants from the most impor- tant of the code restrictions In all actions with federal, state or city or other subdivisions of government. It was published after thousands of titles had protested against increases n operating costs occasioned by the NRA. CHANCELLOR HITLER has been *-* receiving some hard knocks re- cently. Vice Chancellor Franz von apen delivered himself of a vlgor- us criticism of the jore radical experi- ments of the Nazi regime, and its \ex- cesses and arrogance.\ Jluding to the pagan revival, Von Papen, % said: \Germans must f )t exclude tlrera- * ;lves from the so- ' ciety of Christian na- tions.\ The speech, delivered at Marburg, was kept out of the German press but the German people read It In Swiss pa- pers, and then learned that President Paul von Hindenburg had sent Von Papen a telegram of congratulation. Immediately after this incident Count Rudolf Nadolny announced his resignation as German ambassador to Russia. This was the first defection from Nazi government ranks since Dr. Alfred Hugenberg resigned as minister of agriculture and economics in June, 1933. Nadolny's resignation is attrib- uted to his failure toj persuade Chan- cellor Hitler to accept Russia's pro- posal for a non-aggression pact. The count is a close personal friend of \•resident von Hindenburg. Late dispatches from Berlin say Hit- ler has rejected Von Papen's offer to resign and has made a temporary truce with him. Both of them ar- ranged to confer with the President at Neudeck, but not at the same time. JAPAN was obviously pleased re- ** cently when the American fleet was moved from the Pacific to the At- lantic, but it will not be so glad to hear that the fleet is to return to the Pacific about November 1, when all its maneuvers have been completed. Pre- sumably there will be an attempt, in passing through the Panama canal, to break the 47-hour record made In the spring. Secretary Swanson says the navy's construction program will be pushed ahead with $40,000,000 obtained from the public* works administration. Six new submarines and fourteen destroy- ers will use up most of this sum. About $5,500,000 will be spent on air- planes. T ERRORISTS In Cuba, who have been stirring up continual trouble for the Mendieta administration, pre- cipitated bloody warfare in ..Havana by making an unprovoked atack on a parade of 35,000 members of the ABC, the island's largest secret political so- ciety. The radicals, ambushed in cross streets, opened fire with ma- chine guns, pistols, sawed-off shotguns and rifles, mowing down scores of the marchers and many bystanders. About a dozen were killed outright Thi ABC members fought valiantly with their revolvers and with clubs am stones. Later the fighting spread throughout the city, the students tak- ing sides with the terrorists. CoL Fulgenclo Batista, chief of staff, declared martial law in Havana soldiers, sailors, and marines strug- gled to stem the rioting. Only a few hours before this furioui battle, President Mendieta narrowlj escaped death at the hands of the terrorists. A bomb was exploded be- hind his chair during a luncheon at naval base across the bay from Ha- vana, and he, was badly wounded in the legs and arms and severely shocked. Two naval officers were, killed and tei others were wounded by the blast L ADY ASTOR, the American-born member of the British parliament, has done a lot of bright things and some' stupid ones. In the latter cate- gory comes her action in Plymouth at a ceremony in memory of Sir Francis Drake. She grabbed from a midship- man of the American battleship Wyo- ming a wine-filled goblet and thro the wine into the river, saying: \ cannot understand why men will leavi home for this beastly stuff.\ B EGINNING July 1, the air mail postage rate will be six cents ai ounce, flat. The old rate was eight cents the first ounce and 13 cents for each additional ounce. The reduction was announced by the Post Office de- partment H ENRIK SHIPSTEAD won renom ination in Minnesota as the Farmer-Labor candidate ior the Unit- ed States senate. He will be opposed at the polls by Congressman EInar Hoidale, Democrat, and N. J. Holm- berg, Republican. The Farmer-Labor- Ites also renominated Gov. Floyd B, Olson. W ILLIAM LANGER, governor ol North Dakota, and four of his associates, were convicted m federal court at Bismnrck, of conspiracy to de- fraud the United States govemmem the case involving the alleged collec- tion of campaign funds. They faced possible terms of two years in a pen! tentiary. a $10,000 fine or both. The governor Is a candidate for re-election and suspended bis campaign to fight for a new trial. Celebrating First Birthday of NRA General Johnson, with Marvin Mclntyre, secretary to the President and others at the party the administrator gave to celebrate the first birthday of NRA. The guests of honor were the 85 members of Johnson's original staff. Project That Is Called a Federal Laboratory General view of the Reedsvilie subsistence project near Elkins, W. Va., as it appeared when Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt journeyed there to greet the fifty pioneer families who will occupy the fifty new homesteads. The project was started but ten months ago and has been termed the \federal laboratory.\ Here Is Miss Frontier 1934 Miss Lois Crane, born on a Wyoming ranch and who has spent most of her life In the open, was selected as the most typical western girl and will reign as Miss Frontier 1934 over the Frontier Days celebration in Cheyenne beginning on July 28. \Door of Unity\ Unveiled at Plymouth Bishop Daukes of Plymouth, England, unveiling and dedicating \the Door of Unity,\ a memorial to American naval officers who lost their lives in action against the British during the Revolutionary war. The ceremony took place at J3t Andrew's church In Plymouth. COPPER GETS DEGREE Among those receiving the degree of bachelor of arts at the commence- ment exercises of New York univer- sity was Herman Schwartzberg, a pa- trolman in the city police department since 1927. SPAIN'S NEW ENVOY This is the new ambassador from Spain to the United States, Senor Don Luis Calderon-Martin, who has as- sumed his post in Washington. He was accompanied by his wife and two children. Stone Protection Developed A protective coating for stone sur- faces, particularly adapted for use where stone walls are subjected to the corroding effects of chemicals or to mechanical abrasion, have been devel- oped from certain silicic acid esters. Tethaethyl silicate ester, dissolved in alcohol, to which has been added this desired pigment, may serve for this purpose. As the coating is applied, the silicic add Is set free, and a rapidly drying insoluble film results which is easy to clean and which possesses great resistance to chemical attack and to mechanical wear. By use of proper pigments it may be made to resist tem- peratures up to 1,200 degree Centi- grade.—Scientific American. NO. 10. Howe About: Lincoln Cause of Humiliations • Genius ©. Bell Syndicate.—WXU Serrtoe. > > • • • • . .. .. .?..«..;.»-- By ED HOWE A BRA HAM LINCOLN was President ** during a critical time, and w<*> ried a good deaL He once said: \If to be the head < n—1 is as hard as what I have had to undergo, I conld find it la my heart to pity Satan him* self.\ ttr - Still Lincoln was far better off than millions of his fellow citizens during the Civil war. Think of the* thousands of good Union men starved in Llbby ^ and AndersonviUe prisons; of the bra»- dreds of thousands who were targets for enemy bullets; of the millions who- suffered war privations. Lincoln waa at least occupying a public office pajr- ing $50,000 a year, and lived In a palace provided at public expense. Whether his judgment was good or bad, his salary went on, and all the time he was accumulating great fame. The war hopelessly ruined many mil- lions, but made Lincoln rich and famous. . We have heard of the poverty of his.widow; I read the other day she was a rich woman when she filed; and * how little she deserved! I have no sympathy for the woes of statesmen on the pubBc payroll. From 1860 to 1864 millions of Americans had bad luck that Abraham Lincoln might have their share of good luck. During his four years in the White - House, Lincoln should have dally thanked the gods, instead of complain- ing. I had an uncle George, with a young wife and baby at home, who- had hard luck at Pittsburgh Landing that Abraham Lincoln might get $50,- 000 a year and endless fame. • • * Let any man think of the greatest degradations and humiliations through- out his life, and I believe he must decide sex was at the bottom of most of them. It is the one thing we should endjavor to subdue and regulate, jet it is the thing we regulate least, and let run wild. Our social system, our literature, encourage wlldness In sex rather than regulation. The man bull is forever permitted to bellow his lust instead of locking him up until his services are needed. And instead of trying to keep him quiet, the ob- jects of his bellowing aggravate him all they can. An envious dull man once said genius is insanity, and other dull men. have made the saying famous. It was never true, for genius has always meant special ability. There are mil- lions of geniuses; thousands climbing to distinction, hundreds to great dis- tinction. I have known several prom- ising candidates in small towns where I have lived. Among cats, dogs, cattle, and the lower animals generally, & scrub never won a blue ribbon, but it is'characteristic in the human family that scrubs oftener achieve great dis- tinction than thoroughbreds. Prob- ably this comes about because there is no stud book among men. Goethe had fourteen mistresses and no great progeny. Jiozart attracted attention all over Europe as a musician when six years old. Before he died at thirty-five he had written symphonies and operas now performed somewhere every week in the year. He never sat down ta display his genius that he was not disturbed by a bill collector, by the screaming of m woman in labor, a row with relatives, or some othep incident of love affairs. Had he been as free to devote his time to music as \Reigh Count\ was to> devote Ms time to winning races, there is no telling what heights Mozart might have easily reached. Many pam- pered race horses have won a quarter of a million dollars in two years. Mozart received less than a thou- sand dollars from \Figaro \Don Giovanni,\ and the Requiem, and, when he died, was so poor his funeral cost under five dollars. • • . • Except in the case of the late Thom- as A. Edison I do not at the moment recall anotKer American who became widely popular, and really deserved it. Mr. Edison was. quiet, well-behaved, and a great worker; what little he said was proper for both young and old to remember, but somehow he at- tracted the popular fancy. ... It is a very rare case. Millions of other popular men have been unworthy of popularity, as they have acted badly, and taught bad lessons. Look at Jean Jacques Rousseau. He was scarcely a respectable man, yet his popularity is growing a long time after his death. Millions of people in all parts of the world regard him as almost a saint, and his teaching as verj\ important. Rousseau was once \kept\ by a woman. When she threw him over, he took op with a kitchen wench, and sent their children to orphan asylums: he never later saw one of them. * * • AH my life 1 have heard men clam- oring for more rights. It has always seemed to me 1 exercise more rights than are good for me. I hare the right to eat three enormous meals a day, and too frequently exercise it to my detriment I am at liberty to do a hundred things I should not do. I have always been too much of a free- man; my greatest mistake has been I have not been more of a slave to duties that, followed with reasonable effectiveness, would have made me a nore useful, successful and healthier I

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