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Geneva daily times. (Geneva, N.Y.) 1911-1955, September 07, 1920, Image 1

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k!\ -J ;he proprietors' o( ric^tarlyi 'or the remainder season, the 148th iturday nights wilt from eight until • and music for thirty until tea Jrksfs. ]' If. and Mrs. Reed irday for Detroit*' pect to make thieij, lite they will visit . -and Mrs. C, E, B. Parmalee, ae* and Mi-s. H, H.. C are spending a itirth Lake in the ns. •' • my, a former fesi- is making a brie( town. jinfil to her hotno pnl.iv aftpr spend* Ivith relatives in 'ellpr ami children nd MisB Mary B. quests of Mr. and slier i of- Connpaut, C guest of Mr. anj Adah Durand'of sltfng relatives in ative of Pennsyl- ;e: of thp fyfwns?- ubui-n Theological le last seven ye** ies in OscenlaM* . hg a t the latter In bis previous as been prominent JChurch circles. t -Albert VroomM. and Mrs. John Aj is spending a ** Niagara Falls. Weather Forecast * Tonight— Fair. Tomorrow—Cloudy. Price Three Cents )en Fire on Club Rooms Filled With Strikebreakers ,ts Exchanged Between Attackers and Police l gQli^K^ Injured in so Far as Known Bands of Marauding Strikers Harassed Coin* I pany by Tampering Signals York, Sept. 7—Increased «i o marked the ninth day -of the •\ Transit strike, • The disorder occurred Wften aDOUt men In two automobiles, opened Kpon the men's club rooms at.the N York car barngj whegeMMJEOWh I strikebreakers are .quartesedi-^—i. ; i attackers, the police gay,-.-were* J with automatic plstolsr^eojuiij\ a with Maxim silencers. Police re* i were rushed to the scene.:— '\ - - firlng.upnn \-- i —- The police. commandeer,ed-autc toBa^a Jfclffi fenndg tose^aBa^ Jfclffi running fight developed.' Afott HflKrt8-weca fired, but-, so far:6a i no one was wounded. escaped. The at* I bands of mauraudlng strli?«Bi the company by Hampering I, greasing rails and'cuttlng u D, Mahon, international 1 ; iST of the Amalgamated Street 1 Electric Railway workers r* Fat- ' of the jii, John J. Reardon, organizer jBrooklyp union, and Louis j r counsel for the strikers,; f&eiuled to confer with Mayors^ ~\\ Acting Public Service- C6mmJ|i t Barrett at City Hall at noon. niwOMkni as full fledged toters lively coiiteBts la-both states stimulated in* 4erest-4n 41>e prlmarieB. Summarized \t-^Dtttt 3 tCindidate To Make Hi. First Speech Outside of - Ohio Tomorrow l; ;fcrion, 0., Sept. 7—Senator Warren VHd l f i left Marlon today for Mi n > where, tomorrow he; will ~de- ijr an agricultural speech, at; * tins taesota State Fair. It is the ;flr«t. ptisttturo'-from the front porch pros'* \'. i and the candidate's flrst- Pfoi speech outside of Ohio. [g-tte senator's special train' pulled\ \of Marion at 7:30 a. m. Aboard It Senator and Mrs. CUristlan, Senator and Mrs. Christian;, \Jimmy* 1 secret service operative; mem - sof tho Harding headquarterssitaff* \\paphers and newspaper corfes- mts. one speech la planned [that being the one at the fair -to-: W. It is probable, though,' that anaiaate win be forced to make |*6 short talks frcm the rear end Of jjR'train en route. , * lilS rt Sherlda -n. 111., Senator Hard- TWH ba the guest of Major General wa Wood for several hours* Chl- proper will not see the candidate, A party will arrive at St. Paul at Pa.m, tomorrow. The senator will | at 1:30 o'clock in the at u p. jn. to g&nator Harding planned to utffl» - Ume on the train In working bit \wnes. He has two speeches foUe-' MW hl a Marion f ront porch-,the 1 s S^ k 0 t DtiraW\ Women of Massachusetts d New Hanipshire Vot* ing in Primaries. Today Bo?ton, Sept, 7.i-^Vomen walfced iiijpi : the polling booths at primaries in ^ta»?achu«ietts and New Hampshire $ ? the first time cast their _n terms with jnien. estimated-that jmore than, ^OOffp women were voting, in this state ag'd several* thousand in Hampshire. 4 IWh Bain failed to stop them. •-*' m «ome»> Mrs* Aljce of a Boston building ,.. ,. was unopposed for the Democratic nomination forjjtate audl- >fe\tV- ¥*oui?. women were seeking iRe- publican Beats in the Massacnusett's y addition to the appearance nf- J. Burrel^ whose naine is tjt» only oneta appear for state treasurer °P%>^PWi|4bllt4 lif , .-;..\^&.A--,:-.* PWT^j After being trapped in the XT, S. submarine S-G, which sank in twenty-eight fathoms of water B5 miles south- east of Cape Benlopen, Pel.; thirty mejRbem. of the crew were rescued through a hole out In the stern of the S-5. \The\ sinking arid subsequent rescue ccnstitutea one of ine most 1 -tnruung aramns of the sea enacted in recent years. The men were trapped, in the vessel for more than forty-eight hours and. only the pumping' of fresh air through the side of the sunken craft enabled them to keep alive. The S-5 -was one of .the newest types of submarines and was put In commission'recently.-. She wa*s bound for Baltimore on/a recruiting trop and was'making her maiden voyage. This is a photograph of the S-16, a sister boat and an exact prototype of the 8-ti, on.eial eludes. \MaeSwiney is weaker, hut la abl« LoVd Derby,-the British ambassador to speak a fe\v wordB. He is suffer- to Paris, is returning to London and Ing sharp pains about the legs, th« it Is under/stood he will be Hueowuded heart anq. aoaumen.\ ; Moore Expected, to Be the Principal Witness Today He Has Declared That He AI|. \Leads M Necessary . t ».. . Chicago, Sept. J f=^C*e-\showdown\ In charges of exctssive-campaign funds and expenditures made against the Ke- .,_..,.,. y^ Jt ^ G the k piyi which fell in Jhe 3Ppn- il crash «pd it was charged- Burrell SWlcited contracts for his advertising agency after he became state treas- -fames Jaskson, formei?' New iglandmanager of the American Bed win follow the reop.eninfe of the' probe of the Senate \slush fund\ committee here today. . Members of the commit- is cornpletlng Burrell's -un- drTerm' and \PreaeHck N. JKerr unning on ''stlckerB'* e a tunning on ''stlckerB. United States Senator George H. Fighting Continue* With AK ternatinff Success Accord- ing to Soviet Communique Paris, Sept. T—The- Polish front ha« Pierced -In- ^SaUola -and General antl-Boiahevtlc forces on the Crimean front, have been forced back. -according to olalma made- In a sovtet- Two Others Injured Yester- day at Niagara Falls Jloar of Falls So Great That demand . 's h proof d td . p y nor Gox' charges be produced or that •the charges be withdrawn. Democratic supporters looked to Ed* rnund H, Moore; Cfoyernor Cbi's per- sonal emissary, to produce, the prom- ised proof. Moore is expected to be the the Moses, of, New Hampshire, opposed 4he principal witness at today* hear. for renomlnatioii by** Huntle'y N. *».? and he nas 4« olare d he ^ in a pos- Spalildlng, former state food adminis- trator,\ in New Hampshire Republican primaries. Spauldlng favors th» Leaigg of Nation*\ tylth Lodge reser- vations. Moses was. one of the Senate \irreeoneUibies.\ Albert-WLHopne, candidate for both .senator and governor In New Hamp- shire Democratic' primaries. , Opposed \by Raymond B. Stevens,, former vice chairman of: the United States Ship- \ ' ~ Board for senator by Charles T. Tilton £<br governor. Burroughs and Wason, N Hhi d ing and he has ded s ition to give the committee all \leads\ It will need to uncover sources and all other - information re- garding- the ''$15,0to,00<). campaign fund\ which Qoyernor Oox charges the RepublicansLWithcraisIng, ~ - -... During his visit in Chicago en route west last week Cox conferred with Moore and It is now believed that Moore has in his possession all of the evidence which led Governor Cox to make his charges. One of the charges made by the gov- ernor, which the committee is expected to investigate is\ that made In Chicago opposed by seven candates 10th Massachusetts district. Martin M. lomasney, is the dominant figure In this. Boston district and political folks describe the fight as the final test of the ~\oli& m^ris 1 ' strength.having There are six candidates for the .Re- publlcan congressional nomination, in ;the- ninth- Massachusetts district wher* Congressman Fuller gave up the pos- sibility of •another term in order to k ii f litt y seek the nomination •governor. Lit for lieutenant 0n6 t0 a and another to dl *%* Potomac River foe vero. Lieutenant Governor Channing H. Coi is unopposed for governor on\ the Republican slate in Massachusetts. Richard H. Long and John J. Walsh, -&t5B7th»-cftndtdates for governor on th» mttiocratlo ticket In STew Hanip- lre, Republican 'candidates for gov- ernor lure. ••->-— • jObWcTBrown, \Wlriasof TH7 ttb# and ArtjMit> P. MbiTHl. Secretary « f State I#nglry \••••••-- hld tht te Potomac TOverto re- of lm ^»W6 !?«» York ^' ey Wey flinn, \ ^ Jr 1 7 '-Mlss- man ' known ***W Sa turday even- NY ; p w e of .thfe our lives ihat of #gy s held that office, lh a contest for Republican lieutenant governor Speaker Of the IJouse Warner, teasman Fuller . and—tonne*- With: Gqn* r ressman Fulle reateer BurriH. The latter ,has glv«h much tline t0 praying hcwls n«t former State Trtasurer Burrell Il Secretary of St ^tl * W. Samuel W BliaST IVederiek , W. (mite, JaineB O. Harris and Bus- VU4 W a Republicans, In New Hampshn*e, and | Sunday in which the Democratic nom- Speaker Oillett and Congressmen i m & asserted that the Repubiicans had Palgei. Luce and tv\alsh Republicans, - —. andt*SGlney, penjberat, in Massachu- sctts, all have opponents,.. Corigreesman Tague, Democrat, is opposed by seven \candidates in a quota of $8^,000 upon Chicago coal dealers. Besides Moore, ft is expected, sev- eral other witnesses who were hur- riedly summoned last Thursday, pre- sumably as a result of Information given the committee by Moore, will testify today. Some of these are said to be Republicans named by Moore as knowledge of amounts and sources of Republican campaign funds .in several states. ,,„ Twelve mrfn designated by Edmund Hi Moore as \professional money get- ters\ of the Republican party were subpoenaed to testify at the Senator- ial slush fund hearing just before the investigating committee resumed u s session here today. It is these twelve men and others who may be caUed. later, Moore alleges, who can give the committee facts as to the Republican campaign funds plans and connections. Those subpoenaed are: Charles Me* ftiaer, Mason City, Iowa; C. W. Mc- Clure-of Atlanta, Ga.: e. R-Mavltsy Mason City, Iowa; C. M. Lee, of Chi- cago; Henry E. Owens, Chicago; Fred ilf tJpham, Chicago, who is treasurer of the Republican national committee, and already has testified; H. Elgpriey, Plttsburg; A, B, TPhppllny. WeBt Virginia; F* Reffley, Columbus, Ohio; Charles ischefl Detroit, Mich.; Reeve Schlay, .New York; and C. C. N. Bralnardi iVafihington. D. C, \ by Governor v, ul u^v..«... presidential that the Republicans are raising the $16,000*600 campaign .fund are basea updn official bulletins'of the RepubU- era. party and upon artk*w in Re- publican newspapers, ,Edn«jnd H. Moore, Governor Cox's Personal em- ^\ told the Senate \Slush\ fund here today- that '\\ \ + .- • • for'Weste^'N«w\'York^Fair to- • lp*rty\Md which Govepior ' ' Wednesday cloudy with • 1 the most part already «>*» •••••- •'in the Democratic inflicted heavy losses. We captured two enemy tanlts 3M destroyed a •third,\ .-.'.. INDICTMENT CHARGES KILLS THREE IN -No Warning of the Slide\ Could Be Heard ~ * - - ' Buffalo, Sept. 7—Three persons were killed and two Injured yesterday aft- ernoon by a, fall of rock In the Gave Of {he \Winds untler Niagara Falls. Th da war office ^communique wirelessed from Moscow today. It says: \Southeast of BresJSMtovsk flghtlng has continued. wJUfc Alternating *uc cfess. Weht of Hriibiesof we drove back the enemy and; captured 200 pris- oners. Iij Che sector of Rohatyn (Qallclan front) wo 'jgrerceil the ene- my's ljftes tod oc'cupled Podkainieji __ (3& miles aoutheast bzlpemberg), cap^ -i.^ 16 o»d ai;*: Mr\ and turlns some prlspiiejTBi ', Hartman, No, 4«8 Avenue i, « TO - front—In the sector .of* wa Clam Itf. Saust, No. 2S68 Norwood \ \ \ -•-•-• avenue, Pittsburgh. The injured; T, W. Leem, No. ?4 South 22d street, Pittsburgh, Frank B. HaehllaK, No. 83 Clarenaon avenue, Detroit, Mich. The party uvas on one of the bridges when a-slide of «hale rock fell upoa them. The bodies of the dead have not. NEGLECT OF DUTY KSt^Sr dayl The identification was made at th« Saratoga Springs, N. T., Sept. 7— Charles £t. Andrews, district attorney of Saratoga county, vms. today ar- raigned before Supreme Court Justice Van Klrlc on a field Indictment charg- ing him with- grand larceny, degree, and neglect of duty. The-indictment was handed down by the extraordinary grand jury impaneled by order of Governor Smith to inves- tigate gambling and vice conditions at Spa* the conduct of which, was taken from Andrew's hand and given to Wy- hian S. Bascom, district Attorney of Washington county. John P. pemmin, Albany; Edward Brown, Corinth, and Lewis Butler were arraigned on Bills charging them with being common gamblers. [_ CENSUS FIGURES •Washington, Sept. 7—Preliminary population figures were announced to- day by the census bureau as follows: Tarrytown, N. T., 1920 populatior 5,807; increase since 1910, 207 or 3.5 per cent. . North Tarrytowtii N. T., 1920 popu- lation B,927; Increase since 1910, 501. or 9.$ per cent* f idcation was made at th« office at the entrance to the cave of the winds -where visitors register, The roar of the fcjlls In the cave is so great that no warning of the slide of stone could be heardt by any of the second Party. A score of persons were injured. In wer go f th Ni i .U^^JLU^^^W- onj>,308: in- Jlye, N. T., 1920 populationj, crease since 1910, 1,344, or 33.9 jpei cent. ... ' . ' Portchestgr, N. T., 1920 population 16,673; increase since 1910, 3,764 oi 2M per cent Ha(B.tings-on-H«dw)n, N. T., 192( population 6,626; Increase since 1910, 974 or i.M P^ ceiit, •, Mamoroneck, N. %, 1920 populatior 27«j increaie Blj&ee 19.10,. 677, or 10.1 . ja< the lower gorge of the Niagara river yesterday afternoon when a trolley on the Gorge route ran through an open, switchi The accident happened within a few feet of the spot where the disastrous wreck occurred three years' ago. All of tho injured were removed to hospitals. Noae* is. -hurt fatally. RESENT INTERFERENCE IN BRITISH AFFAIRS Flttsbuff, Penna., Sept 7—Cable- grams were sent today s to< Premier Lloyd George of Great\Brita.rn by r James F, White* editor of the United Protestant Advocate and Rev. E; M, McPadden, Secretary of the Interna- tional Protestant League, Tirgirig that the appeal of Irish Americans on be- half, of Lord Mayor Terrence Mac- Swiriey be Ignored. .The cablegram re- sented interferemce -by hyphenated Americans with British government af- fairs regarding the Cork Mayor's sen- tence of imprisonment. N«w Wag* 8c«li flreensburg, Pa., Sept; .t— A - new wage scale-, showing Increases of as much aa fl.60 a day, effective Septem.- ber 1, I» announced by th«i H; C, fVick Coke 'Company, in notices posted to- day at the mining; plants. Thousands of „ men will be included In the wage advance. This is the first Increase since April 1, - • ' , • - > Orders Baseball Gambling in Chicago Cleaned tip •\\ \• \ ,:-'-••?.\' iV\'>'\\ • \~ • , Chicago, Sept. 7—A grand jury in- vestigation of gambling- at' big 'league baseball games here from five and ten cent \pools^\ to the #60;P8O betting scandal which is alleged to have lrf~ volved playerg of th«,ehicago £eagiie teams w« dra«t td b ©W* Justice cobrt. j o g » dra«e«t tod*? by ©We* McDonald of the criminal Judge 3«ci3pnald order«cl.the \l \ b ge i3pnald order«cl.the jurors to \clean jip\« all forms of [gambling on baseball in Chicago.\ Miners Fail To Respond in Whole . Penna., Sept. '7-i- trictt 1> r and » of the TJnited Mino Ji»« for has fw Uta • moderate temperature. *. _ Tamp«r«tur«t nor 88 70 ontained in tt / of te United Mine ' |i 8l MooS < sSd S ^ha4 been s.nt^Chl ; •>oa«) by Governor Cox to give tne • ! Committee such information as he had. .. ft He admitted that he •, \mcmrc.ee of information. AioonK inese •\Sources of information\ wRlch Moo|« • Jy cloudy and- the Wind s! the west and Became .mpaer* frenh, 4# •••••••' PoftsvuTe, : c!te \ in „* whole hearted manner to the call of union leaders to break the Insur- gent strike and go back to the mines. About .lOMOO. mine workers remained In ldteness and production was only aboo£ lO'per cent »or«iftf* Districts 1 and>*olfef*e*^e Insurgents'lead and „_. ,__ „ — ,._„„„ „. kept thel?* line* intoct. J^ereaa&ithere today with tho promise that he w<?uM a colliery,.*** able to-get started but endeavor;te continue the .\vacation\ The Ingurgents force* are gathered here toaay. Enoch Williams who is leading.the \vflcation^ move has sum- mbned his supporters t& the conyen- tlon here, ?hei ; e is a- possiblUty that the \vateatlon\ may end soon, but such action will not be taken unless there are. some af«uwtnpe» that the'wage caflg will be reoitetfed. •:. into the convention; as A fe«^ v pro^e|jtlbja;i Ijie strike In j*f*0d uiiUI promlsea eanle tftit- these aistrict&Tcmalncd unbroken. In {ntinerig would g&t more, than 17:'• district 6ne, we situation was brighter, cent aftvanSe, or at fiast an' oun a district 6ne, t tor the vdik/n . #a» brigh.ter, ~' Several blgr collieries jpperated-with « man f<irce--to—awrtt-thftn-atwarded them, by the 1 -constant represeiitettlori - on the • court tliftt was afmont noirmaL 'In Uie Wy- l^ltllhfh Vll C -.„-.„ _ Valley Com- unbrokien paiiy was working aftout 80 per cent ainri unbroken pany was >r ah are Idle. The-and the Lehl«hi and i-Barte idle cenf aftyan'Se, m~ at feast an'oppof tufilty te show that they are entitled 4 anthracite, wage commlsstpn -Williams nd'lis^urterTESr lUr s^pppT K ness. to govback to work if favorable Views come from* 'Washington other* wtov$, they awilf *« «onte« to l Lloyd George StmrtHis Vacation But British Premier Has Not Been Idle> While at Lucerri^Arrival Home May Be Followed by Release of Mac Swiney * ?', London, Sept. 7—Sharp divisions of ii to t h Bitih iit , pt p n opinion to the British ministry over the government's police toward Ter- ence MacSwiney, the hunger striking by Lord Hardinge, _ . _!rmanent secret tary to the foreign office. ^ It la significant that Lord Hardinga .. ..._ ,_ was the late King Edward's represen- lord mayor of Cork and other matters • tative In eftectingr the Entente Cordiafe led Premier Lloyd George to abandon I between Great Britain, France and his plan to stay In Switaerlana until | Russia. September 15. and _to Juifcry. home, 1*1\ Premier Woyd ^teorge^s-arrlval homo - was learned today, (may be followed by the release of Mac- It is reported that some «f 4he pre- J Swiney and other Irish hunger strikers mier's colleagues crticlaed him for tak- , if guarantees are given by the\ Sinu ing his Vacation- so far away from- Fein that the murder o£ policemen in home in the face af tho Irish crisis Ireland cease, according to a dlspatcli and then the threatened national coal Btrlke, which is scheduled to begin on September 25, • But the premier has not been idle while at Lucerne, although his activi- ties there dealt with international af- fairs rather than domestic problems. O lt f th i' a c p One result of the premier's canvass f hi il l t p the-i nternational is-thft appoint situatlojp t rff a at British ambassador to Prance, accord- ing to- information secured from seml- from the correspondent of the Daily- News who travelled from L.ucerne with the premier. The correspondent cred- ited Premier.Lloyd George as saying that such a proposal was under con- sideration, v MacSwiney was said to be suffering intense agony this} morning. The Rev. Father Dominic, personal spiritual ad\ viser to the strloKen lord mayor. emerging from the prison at 9 o'clock after an all-night vigil, said: AND LEAGUE INSEPARABLE Permanent Court Not r^^r Backbone of the League of Nations—Able To Handle Questions of Pure Law Only Washington, has an entirely Sept. 4—Elfl.hu Boot nt conception of ema tho League of Nations anil* the world court of ju»- Sepi dlJteren the relationships betw (BY 0AVIB LAWRENCE.) Copyright 1920 by Ganeva Daily Timta tice than prevails In the minds of many Republican leaders including perhaps Senator Harding. For while the Republican candi- date's latest speech has been inter- preted. As meaning the League could •be rejected and. the world pourt pr«- SBjjyed, people««t?ho- have-recently dfs- cussed tBe matter with Mr. Root-In Europe aay separation of the two projects would jeavo untouched a vast number of causes of war which awu for it would bo represented ojo. neither not within th dmai f jits *' \ \ \ '' not within the domain uf jurists or legal bodies created by the -world coart. » \One of the most serious miaa'pr prehensions in America regarding t-be League of Nations,\ writes an Amer- ican who has Just made an analysis of, the permanent court o£ Justlqe and the rest of the League, \and a misap- prehension which ' might hav» very far reaching; and deplorable ef- fSfts\concerns the interdependence of the permanent court of international justice and thjB other branches of tnft league activity, ' * Recent discussions and press com- ment have shown a tendency towards an utter misunderstanding of thia re- lationship. \First it must be stated uneaui- vocally that the permanent court Is not only an essential part pf the lea- gue, 's Indeed the very ha*'i'r<w \f the league, but beyond that is -wholly, inseparable from it. , •. Th^l two are intertwined and inter- dependent to such a degree ,, that neither could function properly with- out the, other. \The permanent court in the flrat place owes its origin to the. covenant of the League. It was oecause of ar- ticle 14 of the covenant, because of nomination by tho Council of tbo League, and through the extraordinary preparatory work of the Secretariat of the League, that the commission of jurists was able Ao meet at the Hague and carry out m; work so effectively. Had it not been for the League, the ueat that could have been hopeu tor would have been that some govern- ment of Its own initiative might navo called such a group of men tos*iher, but these men would have met with very little authority, would have been the; mere representatives of chosen governments, rather than of a world organization, would have been aided by practically no prplimlnary work and would have such inadequate staff, as a single government .jcoulu give. This, however, Is the mechanical sldo. \Vitally more important is what may be called the spirit of the court. That spirit has been drawn entirely from the League of Nations and will. In the future receive lto greatest strength from the League. Consider, first, the va«tty Intricate problem of the method of selecting, say a dozezn judges to sit as a per- manent court, dealing with t&e° Inter- ests of fifty nations. This ^problem, hitherto has been ut- terly unsolv&ble, ypoh' its many : difficulties the second Hague confer* ence in 190? went to disaster.' No way ha% up to now, fceen found of solving 'titter conflict of interest be- tween the Big Powers who claimed the right always to have a represoatatlva on tho court and the little poworo who refused to recognize any system at se- leetion des^royiiig the theory of the equality o£ sovereign stages. The existence of the League solved this, problem Imniediately. Already in the organization, of the. League it- self, a distinction had been made be- tweenthe iHg Pqwers who are always represented on the council and tbp \H- tle powers who sit on the council by rotation and who form the «ot.f...u»y \The conBtttntlon of the court. thero» — —i— ~^-~—-p r| -~ . - , - — — -— —- ~—^- — f -^ —.— — p ^' — — — — fore, will depend entirely upon the nx- istence of the rest of the League, H there were no- league, there would be no method of selection of judges and consequently the world would bo la exactly the same state as In 1917, When the Leacue oonferenc* created, a full court project without being a*l« to agree on the method of »ecurlnr'itt personnel. . • Prom this viewpoint, It follow* that a nation not \a member of the League of Nations could not take part in th« selection of the*-judges of this court the assembly, (lor the: council of the League. But If the court is essential to th« League, the League in \a thotiSarid It Is through the League that field (if international- asreeineii|ls going to t o enlarged. The League ^.. ready has functioning bodies-«>r th« creation oC International understand' in international, labor^. h«alth« transportation, disarmament, finance^ etc. While everyone of these agreement^ arrived At in international c'onferenc< under the auspices of the League must be approved iy tho individual govern^ mente, before becoming effective, for those governments, nevertheless tfti existence of a constant \\machinery of conference assur'es the developmeut o{ 'a whole vast series Of new agreeruente between natiouB. \Indeed the assembly, the cquncg and'the various permanent conimis* slons of tho League Is essential to thjt laying flown of understandings for th^ court- to interpret and administer at the senate and the House in ch< United States are essential for ih« laying down of agreements of supreme court to Interpret. The League may never attempt tft force any of the decision* of ti.«— Court any more than the government of tho United States has attempted to enforce any of the decisions of the court as between the states of tho Union. But the League will always bo a very powerful force behind the court of International justice supporting- it by the mere prestige of its presenM and tho final analysis by the know- ledge of every ttata*wlth}n the Lea- gue that the .league may at any tlmo use Its power Of economic boycott against a Jiuflon, violating the c ' cov- enant. \ .«„,,—M * The court is ahl« to handle only questions of pure law. It i s not em- powered ^to handle mediation, arbitra- tion or g-ood offices whnch functions are entrusted to the council of the League. •* Ih other words, the lettlement of « mere question of law migtit still lea.vo untouched tho more bgi'j .poMffi<J mibuUons involyeflTaiia sur.n questions are wholly beyond the competence of the court. The cowt, therefore, -will need tlit Mundi as an essential corrollary l a these cases which it may itself be un- able to handle, \Thl? argument, It may perhaps b« stated, has made a deep impression upon Mr. Boot He was KJUCB ploas-% ed tfiat the council did not itself en- deavor to settle tho legal points in tii« dispute about the Aland Islands be- tween Sweden and Finland, but in- stead referred it to a committee «f Jurists. He also admits that the (le- Of the League; , totfd this: ech^tne it pe sail per to weave a wystem of joint sele^ion of'•: Elihu lor- ^iiidkes 1 by the council w*roh ...«*n. ti.fjreconi tied\ 'Big Powers reasonable a?£> jfan».e nfteran< clsion of that committee of jurists on legal points involved, may still leavf some action necessary and recognized a wholly legitimate field of activitJl for the political branch of the Le«u gue.\ The foregoing analysis, made upoa the spoty by person* not a part of (America's political ^controversy, give* (some inkling,- however, of what EHihu Root's difficulties, will be helling s^ome recent\ Bepttbllcfen ut teranees abroad, J ^\ ' — ~ T \ .in 1 \ * *•*!» ** » ^ * with hi» own eiperlonco ( without \Kit the. sdme t $ Little,Powers ts rccofblze the repr*- Earthquake In M«tfittrr»n«»r:. sentatlon-as a matter of right. . Paris, Sept. 7-^-A violent earthqua-W This solution, it should be noted, waa was felt along; the Mediterranean coW sed'and put through by Blitiu, of France and Italy earjy today a<f j . ' .'.:•.. coi-fli'ng to a Oisjvatch from Nice. . i •

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