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Silver Springs signal. (Silver Springs, N.Y. ;) 1892-19??, November 16, 1916, Image 6

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THE SILVER SPRINGS SIGNAL i V V V V V V V W i Uncle Sam: Detective By WILLIAM ATHERTON DU PUY True stories of the Great­ est Federal Detective Agenco, the Bureau of Information, U. S. Dep't of Justice. o» The Faro Gang and the Bank Bookkeeper Copyright by W. O. Chapman A twelve-dollar-a-week bookkeeper la a prim New England town, without access to the funds of the bank for •which he worked, stole nearly a half million dollars and so juggled the books aB to hide the shortage from the directors and from the national bank examiner for a period of two years. The \faro gang,\ a band of master crooks, as well organized as though for the development of a mining ven­ ture, financed in advance for many thousands of dollars, took the money from the bookkeeper as regularly as he took It from the bank—took it all, but never aroused his suspicion. The detectives of the bureau of In- ' vestigation, department of Justice, un­ raveled the whole tangled skein and revealed the ramifications of one of the completest schemes for the illicit acquisition of other people's money that the history of the crime of the nation has ever developed. The first incident that led to the discovery of this monster plot to de­ fraud took place when two most staid and dignified of the stolid citizens of Bainbridge, Mass., happened to meet outside the First National bank of that serene suburb of Boston one sunshiny aftornoon. Their conversation led t o an argument as t o whether there was $186,000 or $187,000 in the endowment of an orphanage, of which they were directors. To settle this argument they decided to have a look at the books which contained the record of deposits and withdrawals. So these dignified guardians of this endowment fund approached the cash ler's window in the First National bank and asked for the balance in the given account The official turned automat Ically to the ledger containing the in- active accounts of the bank, glanced at the balance and automatically re­ ported the figures there revealed. \Four thousand five hundred dol lars,\ he Bald. So was obtained the first revealing flash into the affairs of this institution which had stood as the conservative financial bulwark of the community for a hundred years. Yet a week later, when the principal pass books had been called in, and the experts had completed their nxamination, the bank was shown to bo but a financial shall. Each of those large inactive accounts that lent the institution it« Strength was found to have melted tf#ay. A bank of a capital of but $100,000, It was soon shown that it had been looted for more than $400,- 000 of the depositors' money. As soon as the shortage was evident a report was made to the department of justice, In Washington, which has charge of the prosecution of violators of the national banking laws. Expert accountants and Special Agent Billy Gard of the bureau of investigation of that department were Immediately hur­ ried to the scene. When they ar­ rived they found that one event had Just transpired which came near es­ tablishing the facts as to the imme­ diate responsibility for the shortage. The bookkeeper of the bank had dis­ appeared. The bank was an institution which employed but three men; a cashier, an assistant cashier, and a bookkeep­ er. The disappearance of the book­ keeper, Robert Tollman, fixed atten­ tion on him, and It was ultimately demonstrated thatTjie was the only Individual Inside • the bank who had anything to do with Its misfortunes. Special Agent Oard who handled the outside work of the investigation, found Tollman to be a youngster of twenty-three, a mild-eyed, likable chap, - wh£ made friends- easily. He was a member of one of those old Now Eng­ land\ puritanical families that have be­ come Institutions in the community in which they reside. Back of him were a dozen generations of repres­ sion, of straight-edged righteousness. At the age of eighteen he had entered the bank, and at twenty-threo was re­ ceiving' a salary of but $12 a week. There had been no chance for advance- i ment. At twenty-one he had come into $20,000 as an inheritance from an aunt and this had been the one, event of his life, up t o that time. The government's expert account­ ants immediately established the manner in which the funds of .the hank had been taken. As bookkeeper, Tollman did not have access to the cash or securities, and. was therefore not considered as being in a posi­ tion of trust. Ho was not even bond­ ed. But beneath his eye there con­ stantly passed those large accounts of the bank which rapresented its wealth. It was about six months after Toll­ man came of age that irregular charges began to appear against the Inactive accounts. At first they were modest and infrequent Steadily they strengthened and grew in size. Event­ ually It was shown that chnrges aver­ aging $5,000° a day were being regu­ larly placed against these accounts. There were weeks during which the hooYkeeper had succeeded in ab­ stracting such amounts every day. The bank accountants were soon able to demonstrate the method of theBe abstractions. The bookkeeper would glvo a check against his own account to some individual in Boston and that individual would deposit it for collec­ tion. It would be sent through the clearing house and eventually reach the bank in Bainbridge. The book­ keeper was always early at the bank when any such checks were expected from the clearing house. He opened the letters transmitting them, turn­ ing the statement of the total amount represented over to the cashier, that a check might be sent by him to the clearing house. It was the province of the bookkeeper to enter the individ­ ual checks against the accounts rep­ resented. When he reached his own personal check, he charged it t o some one of the inactive accounts instead of his own and destroyed it. So had he taken $400,000. But the immediate task in hand fell to Billy Gard. It was the apprehen­ sion of the fugitive and the recovery, if possible, of all or part of the money taken. It was in the course of the performance of this duty iat the ramifications of this case which give it a place among the most unique and complete crimes of the age were de­ veloped. While accountants were revealing the methods used inside the bank in getting hold of the money, Gard was busy outside. Tollman, having dis­ appeared, was t o be traced. The first step was t o establish his habits, to find his associates. To the experi­ enced special agent the groundwork of a case of this sort unfolds almost of itself. There were the people who knew him best in Bainbridge, for in­ stance. They told Gard that the young­ ster had broken away, of late, from the friends of his youth. He was be­ lieved to have gono to Boston for blB pleasures. He had a big red automo­ bile which, it was supposed, bo had bought with the money of his inherit­ ance and in which he drove away prac­ tically every night. Through the whole of the last year of his peculations Tollman, the twelve-dollar-a-week clerk, drove regularly to his \work at the bank in this car. In Boston Gard picked up the clues. Tollman was woll known at certain ho­ tels and cafes. At one hotel which was a rendezvous for sporting peo­ ple he regularly called upon a very dashing young woman who was regis­ tered as Laura Gatewood. It was at this same hotel that he became ac­ quainted with an accomplished indi­ vidual known as John R. Mansfield, who was well known about McDou- gal's Tap. in Columbia avenue, and whose livelihood was secured through alleged games of chance. Miss Gate- wood also introduced Tollman to a Mrs. Slddons, an especial friend of ManBfleld, who. maintained a cozy lit­ tle apartment in a respectable part of Boston, and who had, in a dress suit case, a portable faro outfit which could be set up in her rooms upon oc­ casion.- There was also Edward T. Walls, a large and dominant man, who had, of late, found poker playing -on transatlantic liners a rather pre­ carious calling. But, finally. Miss Gatewood arranged meetings between Tollman and \Big Bill\ Kelllner, who lived in Winthrop, not far away, was in the wholesale liquor business, in politics, and, BB afterward de­ veloped, was a dominating spirit in the \faro gang.\ With the development of the friend­ ship with Kelllner began the trips to New York. These two would meet two or three times a week at the Back Bay station and together take the train for New York. So fre­ quent were these trips that the mem­ bers of tho train crews came to be woll acquainted with the men, and t o know something of their movements. They gave clues to the hotels in New York at which these travelers stayed, and this led t o their Identification by hotel clerks and other facts as to their associates. Eventually all this led to a certain house in West Twen­ ty-eighth street and a consultation with the New York police as to its character. It developed that In this house there was always running, on evenings when Kelllner and Tollman came to New \iork a faro game. Here Kelllner gambled and at first won and induced Tollman to try his luck. The young­ ster was allowed to win prodigiously. Again he would lose, but not enough to frighten him away. So was' the craze for gambling developed in the bookkeeper. But eventually he lost what was left of his inheritance. Up to this time he was honest But at the suggestion of Kelllner he stole from the bank, to make good his losses. He lost again, and was in the mill. There was no chance of escape but through stealing more of the bank's funds and gambling iu the hope of eventually winning out The book­ keeper had entirely lost his head. He became consumed with the reckless­ ness of desperation. In the meantime the Gatewood wom­ an had moved to New York. Also Toll­ man had become deeply enamored with her. So fond was he of her com­ pany, as a matter of fact, that he would often turn over to Kelliner and ) Mansfield and other of their friends the money with which to gamble, while he visited with Miss Gatewood. The members of the gang would go to some gilded restaurant and dine sumptuous­ ly and return to Tollman and report that luck had been against them, and that they had lost all the money. On such occasions the profits of the eve­ ning were almost clear to the gang. On such occasions, so the members of the train crew back to Boston reported, \Big Bill\ Kelliner would sob out his apparent grief, because of his losses, on the shoulder of Tollman. The lat­ ter was thus placed in the role of comforter. Kelllner would swear never to gamble again and make hi* pro­ testations so earnestly that Tollman would become the aggressor and urge bis associate on and paint pictures of luck ahead. So adroitly did Kelllner play this game that Tollman had been heard to threaten to break with him because he was a piker. For two years this arrangement con­ tinued. Kelliner, Mansfield, Walls, the Gatewood woman, and other accom­ plices, maintained themselves as de­ coys that induced the young bookkeep­ er to draw even more checks against his personal account and always ex­ tract these and charge them where they were least likely to be missed. Despite his long carouses at night Tollman never failed to be at the bank in time to open the mail and extract the checks that would nave betrayed him. Despite the loss of sleep he was never so dull that he neglected any detail in his bookkeeping that would have caused his accounts to fail to balance or t o show any irregularities that would have caused- the bank ex­ aminer to grow suspicious. Unsus­ pectingly the stern old bank of Bain­ bridge stood with unruffled front until it became but a financial skeleton, its last spark of vitality wasted away. But this young bookkeeper of the gambling mania! What becamo of him? Those other aiders and abetters to his crime! What action was taken in their case? Special Agent Billy Gard eventually had in hand a complete understanding of the Individuals and the methodB that were associated with this case. Ho had reached the necessity of mak­ ing arrests. Kelllner was taken into custody. He Indignantly protested that he was Innocent of any criminal wrongdoing. Mansfield, Walls and Tollman had dis­ appeared. The capture of the latter was of first importance. The special agent turned first to that primary command of the old- school detective when a crime la com- the Tollman case. It required some weeks to find her. When she was lo­ cated it wag found that Tollman was not with her. He had been there un­ til the night before. They had quar­ reled and •' he had gone away. The J cause of their quarrel was the fact that' I Tollman had no money. She had cast him off as a dead husk. She did not know his whereabouts. \In practically^ every case of other­ wise well-exeeuted crime these devel­ ops some element of unexpected folly —the criminal does some one thing that seems, from what would be sup­ posed to be his standpoint, inexcusably stupid. Gard was therefore not sur­ prised when it developed that Toil- man had not so much as a thousand dollars out of all he had taken from the bank. He had made no provision for the time which he must have known would inevitably come when he should be detected. This, however, was not the crowning folly from a criminal standpoint. Despite the dash and cunning and the determination he had evinced in his lootings, he lost his nerve when his woman threw him out. He purchased, with the proceeds of pawned jewelry, a ticket to Bain­ bridge, Mass., went there, and gave himself up t o the police. His nerve was broken. The theory of \find the woman\ was applied in the case of the third of the offenders, John R. Mansfield, the Bos­ ton gambler. The apartment of Mrs. Siddons where the faro game was, upon occasion, set up, and the woman herself, who was suspected of being particularly intimate with Mansfield, were watched. The watch was not ef­ fective, however, for the woman dis­ appeared with no one seeing her. The Janitor at the apartment house reported that in going she had taken a particularly heavy trunk. Special Agent Stephens undertook to follow that trunk. He canvassed half the expressmen of Boston before he found the man who had taken the trunk away. This man Btated that he had taken it t o the Back Bay station at a certain time, and that it had been weighed and found to be in excess, .of the baggage a passenger might carry free of charge. This singled it out from the mass of trunks. The ex­ pressman remembered that it weighed 225 pounds, and that the baggageman had marked it for 60 cents excess According to the rate book this would have been the excess charge for that weight to New York. The trunk was thus/located with sufficient deflnlte- ness that its number was procured. In New York it was found that the excess trunk had been sent on to North Philadelphia with the charge C O. D. Here the record showed that the trunk had been called for by a Mrs. Price, living at an address on Broad street, and the agent remem­ bered that she had been accompanied by a man. At this address a Mr. and Mrs. Price were found to be living. Special Agent Stephons watched the SHE DID NOT KNOW OF HIS WHEREABOUTS. with whom Walls was known to have been friendly, and who had a part in the activities of the faro gang. This woman's correspondence was watched, and it was soon discovered that she was sending letters to and receiving letters from a man in Detroit, Mich. Tracings of the man's handwriting were made as the letters came through th« post office, and when compared with that of Walls, the resemblance was convincing. The writer of these letters gave his address as a lock box. A special agent went to Detroit, but the box had been given up. Two months later more let­ ters came to the same woman from Grand Junction, Colo., and also from a lock box. The postmaster was able to describe the man holding the box and the description suited Walls. But he moved again before a detective got there to identify and arrest him. There was a chase of six months on such clues, always through tho same woman, but Walls was still at large. Eventually there appeared among death notices in New York the name of Edward T. Walls. Subsequently Mrs. Walls went from her boarding house In Boston and took charge of the body. Suspecting that this might be a trick to throw them off their guard, the special agents took every precaution to identify the body Event­ ually they were convinced that the man they had pursued so diligently was dead. The case was closed. The three principals in this case, Tollman, Kelliner and Mansfield, were given 15, 18 and 10 years re­ spectively. After their conviction both Tollman and Kelliner talked freely to Billy Gard of the whole case and threw some interesting sidelights upon it. Kelliner told particularly of the inception of the plans of the faro gang He said it came into being at Atlantic City where he and Mansfield and Walls happened to be spending a week end. Kelliner at that time al­ ready had a line on Tollman and oth­ er possible victims were deemed ready for the plucking. With these prospective victims in mind the faro gang was organized. Money had to be raised for the fitting up of the establishment in Twenty- eighth street, which was only used when victims were in tow. This alone cost $2,000. Then there was the nec­ essary expense money of the members of the gang while they were develop­ ing their victim. There must be cash in the bank to be won when those vic­ tims made their first appearance. Al­ together It was a business that had to be capitalized for something like $20,000 before it could begin opera­ tions. But, as it afterwards turned out, it was a profitable investment if viewed from the standpoint of Toll­ man alone; and there were other vic­ tims. ind great care is necessary to avoid Confusion in gathering the leaves and berries, for a very small number of leaves of the wrong kind will material­ ly affect the quality of the finished product. The leaves of the myrlea aerls are from three to five Inches In length. The round berries are about the size of a pea and contain from seven to eight seeds. The bay rum which Is made from a combination of greca leaves and berries is of a better qual­ ity than that distilled from dried leaves or from the leaves without the berries. The berries are very difficult to gather, however, and they cost from 15 to 20 times as much as the leaves. The basis of bay rum Is Jamaica or St. Croix rum, made from the skim­ mings of the sugar boilers, scrapings of sugar barrels, and the washings from sugar pots. For a number of years much of the bay rum of American commerce has been manufactured in this country, the Ingredients usually being about one-hnlf the bulk alcohol, one-sixteenth Jamaica rum, 40 drops of oil of bay to the pint, 20 drops of oil orange, a few drops of oil of mace, nnd the re­ mainder distilled water, nil of which Is allowed to stand for several weeks and is then filtered through magnesia. BAY RUM FROM WEST INDIES 'FOUR THOUSAND, FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS,\ HE SAID, mitted. \Find the woman.\ The re- 1 Broad street house until Price came eults obtained indicate that there may be much in the theory. In the case of Tollman the connection with the Gatewood woman was soon estab­ lished. She was not about her old haunts in New York. No trails were immediately found. It was developed that she had originally lived in Kan­ sas City. When any individual has got into 'trouble there is always a strong probability that he will return to his old home, another detective the­ ory to which Billy Gard subscribed It is particularly true with reference to such serious crimes as murder, but it is to a material extent true in all cases that necessitate flight Upon this theory Gard went to Kan­ sas City to look for the woman In out He was none other than Mans­ field. He was placed under arrest With confidence in the old detective theory of the woman, the special agents applied it again in the case of Walls, the one-time gambler on transatlantic liners. This was not done, however, until several auBpected Individuals in different cities had been shown not to be the man wanted, and many other schemes for the apprehen­ sion of the gambler had failed. For Walla was married to a very attrac­ tive and respectable woman, who sup­ ported herself by keeping a boarding house after his flight It could not be discovered that she was in commu­ nication with her husband. Finally, there was developed another woman Only Real Genuine Extract Made From Trees That Are Cultivated Only on Danish Islands. After 50 years of negotiations, and at a cost of $25,000,000, the United States Is on the threshold of achieving the ownership of the source of all genuine bay rum. It is true that we are not buying the Danish West Indies primarily be­ cause they are the group made famous by the refreshing toilet preparation, nevertheless the Araerlcan_.people will feel more \at hofee\ in calling the is­ lands ours when they recall that If it ] weren't for St. Thomas, St. John and St. Croix, freshly shaved faces would be unsoothed by the universally popu­ lar product of distilled leaves. The bay tree of glory is the laurus • nobllls, while the bay of rum has the | caustic name of myrica acris. The pe- cullar species of aromatic bay which supplies the distinctive Ingredient of I bay rum is closely allied In appear- I nnce to several other varieties of bay 1 growing on St John and St Croix, TALES OF HOTEL REPORTERS They Were Fanciful and Readable In Good Old Days When the Imagl nation Had Free Rein. If a man physician named Dr. John Jones marry a woman physician named Dr. Mary Smith, how shall they regis­ ter when they go on their bridal tour? Shall they register as \Dr. John Junes and wife,\ or as \Dr. John Junes an- Dr. Mary Jones\? Shall they call them selves \Dr. and Mrs. John Jones,\ o \Drs. John and Mary Jones\? Ah, for the old days when \hotel r porters used to give Chicago silly-sea son problems like this one, which I now thrown Into the New York news papers, says the Chicago Post. Those were great times, my masters The \hotel reporters\ never had pdouc\ to do. Their superiors kneiv it, hu they knew that the fact would stituu late the imagination. It did. Ever afternoon the bored reporters woul gather, with no news and nothing t write. Inevitably, they would \«\ k up\ something—this was before th day when people began to say \frani up.\ They would have \Mr. Zero\ of M« Icine Hat paged on the hottest day o the year. They would pull the old «a about the bellboy who called \M Smith\ In a. crowded lobby nnd eighty-five men spring up and an> w e \Here.\ They would spin lntervio with strange people who just happe:* to drop into town and drop out upl before the city editor or any rival ne« paper could check up on them. Churl Dillingham, the theatrical man, was hotel reporter. So was Joseph Medl Patterson. So were \Eddie\ Westl and many others. The work they did was Just pla' foolery, like the sublimely unlroportn question of how Doctor Jones and «i should register. We don't doubt th Dillingham and his generation prim that same qu«ry. It is too bad th this Innocent humor is gone rroro papers. It never did anybody « harm. It offended but the strictest truthtellers. He Anticipated Her. \Do you lova me?\ murmured beautiful girl. \I do. Also I'm strong for suffra like your poodle and think I cau « along with your ma.\ But she didn't accept him after a A girl doesn't like to have all her on ttons anticipated.—Louisville Coor' Journal,

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