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Portville review. (Portville, N.Y.) 1908-195?, May 29, 1908, Image 3

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Persistent link: http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn86034918/1908-05-29/ed-1/seq-3/

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ge con- about tanipie, y-nintb !h 4, of I space- a up to 16 first. 3SS had -undred ingress several • house-• iie sen- ed the attack- IrowDS- i great It there i made senate itracted g as a ils ses- een ad- ;o Mon­ house, he ac- Bual, it ;oing a itroduc- I alone iced iit> 50 fttr lied re beea ighter's dng the len was a was ed that lounced stating ipective tterson, aughter me- the ler huB- aent in Qg fol- , Count a guest imained coupled irs, and of the- a man 5l -when left the to the It was not go Ion for hat be in, and r home and her >ital I’s shop'­ l l , and curb In slip off ; them id again [n some thecked. ; sedate* (Id wag- dmblest of the art that lectable a news- iw take reet is ks and ud ring ;he ap­ is and tter car- 1 s ^ t e s slly. out in 1 .hand and in hts are Tooted- rye to almost atis in Wu [ she^p- He cor- 1 all his t’-paper a rumor degrees id he is L vhicb )i§d the n meth- rslty of his only an hfe ihlnfiton Qg there AtlahUc raity a t aiTwIth f music. it-^Ormer iuch ids iiislciaily toebja- ft# TW Old ^age. /?fc.atioiv^ at ibluawatet* (tke Ortgmel Adota iStmctM.P6 Rigkt) wUST at the moment when the I movement to mark the historic Santa Fe Trail is reaching its climax and consummation, by one of those ironic freaks of fate that so ---- often come to cap the-best-lald-.pianB of men with an anti-climax the most notable remaining memorial of the old highway is threatened with immi­ nent destruction. This is the Fonda, Ipter known as the Elxchange hotel, which was the southwestern terminus ^of the trail frhm the beginning to the end of ,th? copfmerce of the prairies. It stands at'tnh'^eathe3stern^,r$^mer- of the plaza Ih Santa Fe, and was the rendezvous of all the freighters, scouts, plainsmen, bad men, Indian -fighters, gamblers, prospectors, pion­ eers,- travelers, soldiers and settlers in the southwest when Santa Fe was the chief mart and emporium beyond the Missouri. After bull team traffic came to a close on account of the successful rivalry of the railroad the old hotel fell upon evil days, and soon degen­ erated Into a rooming house for so- 3oumers in the City of Holy Faith. Then the comer apartments were used as a meat market, while the others were -rented out _ for housekeeping rooms. But within the past few •months the old adobe walls haVe be­ gun to bulge alarmingly, making It necessary to prop them up with heavy timbers. ' Naturally the “roomers” sought safer quarters, the butcher moved elsewhere and the hostelry is now vacant. Then an enterprising ■merchant bought the property, and has announced it as his purpose to raze- the historic block upon the site. This impending disappearance of the Iqst relic of the Santa Fe Trail re­ maining in the city of Santa Fe is to he compensated by the erection of a memorial arch. This will be placed In the plaza, directly opposite the Fonda, at a cost approximating $1,500. A hill to that effect was passed by the legislative assembly In 1903. It was ■provided that the work should be su­ perintended by a commission consist­ ing of the mayor of Santa Fe. the superintendent of the Territorial pent tenliary, and a third parson to be apr pointed by the governor. Nothing has yet been done, but only the other day <loT. Curry appointed Bradford L. Prince to act as the third member of the commission, and the building of the memorial will proceed without unnecessary delay. , By- a further pro­ vision, of the assembly, the arch, must he of stone quarried in New Mexico, and the work must be performed by convicts from the Territorial peniten­ tiary. Few Relics Now Left. The remeiining.- honaflde relics of this highway’ to the southio.tt are few. Through a large part of its length, the trail is now followed by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe rail­ road. In. many places the rails and ties were laid along the exact line fol­ lowed by the old wagon trains. Cross Ing thb Raton Pa.ss of New Mexico, the trail is dlrtlnctly visible from the car windows; \and near the summit of the divide may be seen one of the old halting places—a road house on the old Southern Overland stage route. A few miles further on Is Starvation Peahj' a ^landmark familiar to every traveler in the bid days, where it Is said that a'^'number of .early traders were b'esieged by the Indians until they died of thirst and hunger. Across the region which the 'Span­ iards callbd |“The Grand Prairie,” but which’■ thb' Ainerlcans named the Cimarron? deseyt, was a dreaded 60- mile'stretch, devoid of either trees or waters.: ?C!bIs; is now comprised in southrvestern Kausasi between Rich­ field and Rugoton. This desolate and sandy wai^te Is- now Inclosed by the- wlre fende$ of, cattlemen, but la still unsettled and likely to,femaln so; and here, stralghti aa the flight of the crow, atretchbs the Santa Fb Trail, still plainly Idslfcle, although no wheels have traversed it tbr the lifetime of a geheratidp. Four wagon tracks, Bhbivlttg the deip-worn ruts left by the Wheels, the paths trodden by the ^ feet of mules and oxen, and the little ridges, between, rhh parallel as far as \the^eye_can follojy them, from the ■..liortheaeterh • to the southwestern hotlzott, ; ,1 '■ . - . As the tribie with the', pantlvwest '' grew In volume and Importance, num­ erous branches radiated from the main highway. One of the most Important of these extended south to El Paso and Chihuahua, and another ran north through Taos. On the Taos branch, at Alcalde, is still standing, in an ex­ cellent state of preservation, the old corral and roadhouse, now used as a warehouse for a country store. After the discovery of gold in California, the Santa F e . Trail became a mere reach on the longer Journey to the goldcoast. Some travelers followed the -Southern Overland route -hj;,' wa^ of Ei Paso and Yuma, and others' tobh the shorter but more difficult and dan­ gerous Central Overland route, past old Port ’Wingate. On the Central Overland route there are still stand­ ing a number of the old roadhouses, One of these is located at Bluewater, N. M., a few miles west of the site, of old Port 'Wingate. Two more are standing within ten miles of Adamana, Arlz.—one seven miles northeast and the other about the same distance northwest. Of the natural landmarks of the Central Overland route. Buzzard Rock. In the great Mojave Desert of southern California, near Barstow, is deserving of mention. Mark Course of Highway. WTien the relics of the trail have’ become so Jfew, only a third of a cen­ tury after the last of the great wagon caravans traversed the Ipng streaks of white dust outlined in the somber gray of the plains, it is evident that every trace of it is In danger of speedy obliteration. That it may not fade to a mere tradition, the Daugh­ ters of the American Revolution and other patriotic organizations and Indi­ viduals have taken steps to •park its course by m.eans of suitable monu­ ments and tablets. Wherever it Is fol­ lowed or crossed by the Atchison, To­ peka & Santa Fe railroad that cor­ poration is providing suitable mark­ ers; and the state—legislatures of Kansas and Colorado have granted ap­ propriations for the same purpose. In several states contributions have been received from the children of the pub­ lic schools, and the work of marking the trail has now progressed so far that it Is certain to be carried to a successful end. It is planned to place four granite monuments In each coun- .ty it traversed, and between these cement posts will be placed to mark every mile. Tilute routes like trade centers are determined by nature, rather than by the arbitrary caprices of men. The physical features of a country consti­ tute the main factor that controls the upbuilding of its great cities and that decides the direction, character and destination of its- commerce. A little knowledge of geography, therefore, shows why the Santa Fe Trail played a part so important in the develop­ ment of the ■west and southwest, It lay along the line of least resistance to trade and travel between the region of the Great Plains and the -fegdph of the Great Central Plateau. To-day It is followed by onb of the most iin portant of the world?? railroad sys­ tems. A generation ago It -was trav­ ersed by vast caravans of- clumsy wagons, conveying a cpffimerce that reached the high-water mark of $460,- 090 in value annually. J^ r e thaii 350 years ago It whs the route foilbWaji.by the, Spanish explorers oh ihsir |ojir- neys through, the unknown.'aUd - Sav­ age coilfitry that they believed! I t ^ a s their mission to' conquer atfd lp,i epn;- vert. If we coiild lift the yeijftthat hides-the. past history of abbjrlg'hial America, It is probable that we.v^ould behold the-(*march and countermarth of armies ol painted and plulhedi sav­ ages and hordes of nomads q £.plain and desert moving on to conquest: h r fleelhg in wild retreat over this hoaftr. high-Way of the ages. First Expedition Over TnaU.» 'The first recorded cominefclhi exr pedltloh froni the east to the west pvel'; the toute th a t ' afterward bedam?®.- hhown as ihe Sahta Fe Trail was put- fitted by William Morrison pf Kas- kaskia. 111., in 1804. and , Was dlsv patched for the far southwest^ charge of a trader named La BahdP. He hevef returned, and it Is cppmohly helleved that he reached Santa Fe Ih safety and there settled down to. Ph- bfcihA cf -tkt Trail A lcdld$,K .llB K . • joy life -at the expense of his em­ ployer. It was a profitable trip for La Lande, it not fox hmreis.on. Two years later Lieut. Zebulo^fl. Pike set forth upon his famous expedition. His report revealed to Americans the opportunities for profitable trade with northern Mexico; led to the estab­ lishment of the great and remunera­ tive traffic over- the Santa Fe Trail, «nd, resulted ultimately in the war of conquest against the southern repub­ lic, and in the annexation of the em­ pire of the southwest to the United States. Before Pike’s expedition lit­ tle -was known of distances, directions, obstacles or opportunities in the great and undefined region called “Kan- zas.” He mapped the way from , the Great Bend of the Arkansas to the Rocky mountains, and thence to Santa Fe and Chihuahua, .blazing the trail for the irresistible progress Sf the American pioneers beyond the Mis­ souri. After Pike—who was anything but a trader—the first traders to journey to Santo Fe were those of the Baird, Mc- Knight and Chambers party, consist­ ing of 12 men, who started In 1806. They were seized, taken to Chihuahua, and cast into prison, where they re­ mained for nine heart-breaking years, or until the blossoming of Iturblde's power, when they were set free. On the return journey McKnlght -was killed by Indians, but Baird and Cham­ bers r*iched civilization in • safety, and in 1823 organized another expedi­ tion. This was late in starting, so that the animals froze to death, and the traders had to winter at the cross­ ing of the Arkansas. In 1821, William Becknell started for the Missouri river. Intending to trade with the In dians of the Arkansas valley; but- he was -met by some Mexicans, who per­ suaded him to continue on to Santa Fe. His trip was successful, and the next year he tried it again, taking three wagons along. Althougk he was not the first to make the journey, yet he is known as the “Father of liie San­ ta Fe Trail.” That is the tribute the world pays to success, a Turning Point of Destiny, Thus was Inaugurated the first over­ land commerce by way of the Santa Fe Trail. The journey was small in comparison with soma of the trade routes established by the Spaniards long hefofe In South America, and al­ most trifling compared with that over the ■ Oregon Trail that came shortly after; but it was at least three times as long as any commercial journey by land ever before undertaken by the American people, and in danger and hardship it was without previous parallel in our national life. It marked one of the turning points Of destiny, because* it was the beginiling of th^ great drama of the.’VFlnning of the West—rtbe great west beyond the Mis­ souri. History has not yet done justice to the Santo Fe Trail, The traffic across 800 Wllqs of deaCrt and ‘wilderness to the'ialand capitoi of a forel^ .province was at first ex- dlusiyely ’by pack train. 'When Beqk- noll eitiployed wagons oh his second trip great surprise was expressed that .ho serious obstacles were encountered to their .ptegresS. That fact sho'ws ho\V tme it is that the Haiita 'Fe' Trail wps, a haturaf hlgh'wayr At the ! bhginhlffk of the sputhvteStera trade , little tthtlble vtas- experldhcod iyith In- ' diaffs; m t nntil the irexah's: and sdihe irreSpOhsIbie tr'adferd hfegan Indian baitias \vere the rednaeii: provoked to scaip lifting 'as a tneasni'e’ of retalifit- tipn,. . , ' ' ' ' '' jeurpey One of Hardsjhip. He^se’rthelegp'i tke ibhg distance that kad to ,ke trayersed, over .^aterless favorable circumstances, one of diffi­ culty, hardship and discouragement. When the Indians bad been goaded into a state of chronic hostility freighting over the: trail became any­ thing but a holiday pastime. In later years, as the traffic grew in volume and importance, the dangers and diffi­ culties were lessened by the establish­ ment of military posts at intervals, but these could not afford perfect se­ curity. It was not until after the In­ dians were corraled on reservations, about 1S70, that travel became rea­ sonably safe, and even after that oc­ casional war parties left the reserva­ tions and returned to their old trade of murder and plunder. It w,as the enstom of traders to outfit at Inde­ pendence, Mo. From therq the wagons traveled singly to Council Grove,, on the 'f^ttonwood, where they waited idrotm ts to forn^'a chravan of suffi­ cient atrengtk to be able to repel any probable gttack. Often 20a men or more were thus handed together. Each wagon was drawn by eight mules or horses or by six or eight oxen, the white canvas covered Conestoga wagons, made in Pittsburg, being em­ ployed. After the first tentative years of the traffic oxea were the preferred draught animals. For better protec­ tion against the Indians, It was cus­ tomary for four wagons to travel abreast- In addition to the drivers, a number of horsemen always accom­ panied the trains, their duties being to kill buffalo, antelope and othei game to supply fresh meat to the com­ pany; ^Ud io keep a sharp lookout for signs of Indians. Before the start was made, d'Captain was chosen, and the long Joiirney vvas made under hid or- dersi ffkder something like military organj^fllon. Camping places ware selfepti^^hy the scouts In advance, With a.'view to securing plenty of wa­ ter ahd-gOod pasturage for the stock. At night the wagons were arranged in circular form, to serve as a fort In ease of Attack, Watches and guards were posted and relieved at frequent Intervals, - Cooks and s'eopts were em­ ployed,,'and everything possible was done to obviate danger and to expedite the trip. But In spite of all precau­ tions, attacks by Indians were com­ mon,’ and it is sometimes said that every rSd of the Santa Fe Trail la marked hy a grave. Whispering Voice Telit Engineer of Burned Bridge Ahead, Saving 1,000 Lives—Bad Wreck Pre­ vented in Chicago. Chicago.—No danger lurks in the path of No. 15. Two drivers perch on the same bench, in the locomotive’s cab and guide its destiny. ^, pne is Horace L. Seaver, veteran ehglqeer and hero of numerous hairbreadth escapes; the other is the ghost of a man that was. Unseen, unheard, the specter has been at the throttle for years, guid­ ing and guarding the lives of those sleeping in the 'darkened coaches be hind. No. 15 is the Big Four fast express, which runs into Chicago over the Illi­ nois Central tracks from Kankakee. The train is pulled by an Illinois Cen­ tral locomotive, of which Mr. Seaver is the engineer. For 43 years the vet­ eran has been handling the throttle of Illinois Central engines. He began work as a fireman when he was young. He is now past 60 years of age, and Is known as the \daddy of the road.” For 43 years Mr. Seaver has been a spiritualist, not one of the table- raising, bell-ringing kind, but an in­ telligent believer that spirit bodies ex­ ist. He says he has had innumerable evidences that a spirit hand guided his engine through fearful dangers and happy escapes. Whenever he climbs up in his cab he knows that the spec­ tral engineer is sitting beside him. ready to extend the band of warning in time of need. Mr. Seaver was In the cab, gazing far out along the track, one dark night, wondering how many more trips be would make before his good spirit deserted him. In the train were more than 1,000 old soldiers going to a re­ union at Champaign, 111. The throt­ tle was out to the last notch and the speed more than 60 . miles an hour. Fort Wayne, Ind.—^Mlss Edna Lhenir mermann, an iruner on the body ina<' chine at a steam la*>ndiy, in this city, had her scalp entirely tom off the 'Other after’nodh, ak ffie^fesuft^oTTie^ ing drawn up and over a shaft by means of her hair. The shafting was just above the ma­ chine at which she worked, and before the horrified employes could get to her rescue, she fell to the floor while her scalp clung to the shafting. After a temporary dressing had been applied to her injured skull she was removed to a hospital, where the doctors re­ placed the scalp. In the hope that the tissues might unite. Miss Laemmermann had climbed upon a chair to oil the pulley above I # ' If 3 ■ ftl’i — v!, - - '1 1 : Her Scalp Clung to the Shafting. her machine, because it bad been squeaking all the morning. Her loosely-pompadoured hair caught around the shafting and she was dra-wn np and through the space of » foot between the shafting and the ceil­ ing before her weight took off her scalp. The doctors believe there is hope of recovery. The physicians will not say what the result of the replacing of the scalp is likely to be, hut it is an opera­ tion rarely performed, and then not al­ ways -with success. The operation in this case is„all the more doubtful be­ cause of the entirety -with which tho„ scalp ■was tom off. Her sknli wa^JWd bare from the brow ^ f her head to.xh'6^ nape of her neck. HOME LATE, STEPS ON CAT. A sotoetlmqs ' thh -cftratons .toad's ihd idtirdbyl mdot the. i6M . Little Partnership Bargains. Pa-Wnljrolcers’ shops do . not offer many attractions to the prosperous as a fulp, but one yoitog woman who is given to prowling about the less- fa­ miliar parts of this big city has discov­ ered that.they are Just the places to find bargains, says the New York Times--.. C \I wouldn’t want to buy a set , pf furs OF a- 'dinner service in one iof them,” she said, “but for small, queel things-^llttle luxuries that one -would hardly tr'eiit pne’s-self to e.t first-hand in an Up-^tdwn sbolHT^they are capital This string of plfik coral, for instance I had po Qhalms of, conscience at buy­ ing It of a. Sixth avenue ‘uncle’ for $1.50, vyhea 1 should have sco'urged myself Inwardly for A. vireek if I had got it iri. a jStoart jewleler’s on Fifth avenuef. day. ^ttt, tbOto i could never have'hfford'ed it there. A sliver hen- knife, Wtlh: a hhnflshtoe TOhousse back, was ghother o ftoy lnlfiulfles, I picked it up for h sbtiB“--5Q-oents. to be exact —oii Habt'ByOad-vvay. ’ A'lovely carved Ivory ocueiftk catoh froto a partieular- ly m6%lhoklhig?;;iijiif-dentin tha;Bowi and a, nich tedo. h^kceietr They were all dirt cheap, ,$c>iiihh0w, yoir don’t #M v a g a n t buyibg these things a r a pawhehop—aad, then you get sft ,lhhch .tdcal doipr thtowh In for nothing: yoh.-l^owV* “The Bridge Is Burnedl The Bridge Is Burned!” Suddenly the engineer heard a soft voice whisper In his ear: “The bridge is burned; the bridge is burned.” As quickly as possible Mr. Seaver set the air brakes and stopped the train. In the coaches 1,000 old sol­ diers were sleeping. The conductor hurried forward to the engine. “What do you mean by stopping this train out here?” he demanded. “You would better go along the track and find out,\ said the en­ gineer, quietly. Only a few feet ahead of the engine was the river, and oyer this river hung the charred remndnts of the big bridge, which had burned only a short time before. The 1,000 veterans were- saved. This happened in 1890, and Mr. Seaver waS hailed as a hero all over the country; “But it wasn’t me that did it,” said the engineer, modestly. “It was some­ thing unseen, something that we do not -know anything abouL I did not ideserve any cyedit at all. I jiist heeded the Whynlng that was given me. There are numerous other in­ stances' Where tHe same voice has given nio warning just in time to save the lives of my passengers-” One of these instances occurred at Grand Grossing, when Mr. Seaver was pulling ilia train, out of Chicago. Ah- . other passenger train,' running at a high rate of speed, Was apprOabhlng. the outgoing train on , the satoe track. -The night was dark and again Mr. Seaver knew nothing of the dam ger until the Small Voice again -vvhis- perod; ‘-'F^verse your en^ne; reverse yOur engine.” Again Mr. Seaver obeyed as swiftly •an pQSslhle, and startled the entire ^ trainload of .passengers 'by , running his train backward. He bad made only little head!Way When' the ‘bneofa- Ing train crashed Into lifs engine. Mh , Beaver was not injtired, and only the ma)j coach of the train was derailed; ' fflijis -was haid JO; have' been the- toOs.l toarveidus' esea|ie from .a disastrous W’rOtfe in the hietory' pt the road- ” 'ft- ^ ' ' ■ft\'; Man Who Sneaked in House Now In Hospital. Pittsburg, Pa.—^Francis Carnahan of North Braddock is in the hospital, and the family cat, which is responsible for his being there, is in disgrace, althongb uninjured. Carnahan was out late la the even­ ing, and when he came home about midnight he decided he coiild slip into bed without turning on the lights. -He- took off his shoes in the hall and started upstairs on tiptoe. On the topr stair was the cat. She heard Carnahan coming, and stiffened her tail like. a rolling pin, believing that Carnahan would shy to the portslde. But Carna­ han did not see her, and stepped her amidships. There was an awtul chorus of howls' from the cat and screams from Carna­ han, as both tumbled down-stairs to-, gether. The excitement aroused the; household, and Mr. Carnahan was found to be so badly injured that-he was takes to a hospital, -where he will be confined for several days. The cat was found under the kltchem stove purring softly. I ^ '7c \;i ^; < I U'- “Finds” Made by Wreckers. Speaking of the Auction sales at the Fifth Avenue hotel In New York, which have preceded the razing of, that historic structure, a man who-'Jpt many years has been a “house wreck? ■ er” said: “The antiques and'curio%, are not all offered for i;are ~w4mh^ houses are to be tom down, add m’kny of the most curious l^Uids remain rinft known except to the wrecker emd hfs people. We actually found a Skeleton in a closet once, and a sensationalist might have made much of It, bat -we’ found the doctor to whom it belpnged’.- and who had'articulated! I t Only, last- week, •v/hile pulling do-wn a building; we found a bundle of old letters and papers which would make eittopis dlnary reading matter. ’lA'j'S is a sample”—and the wrecker drew fifpiii his pocket a check -which had hdb# ’ drawn and paid ahout„16 years'ago for $39,427.58, The check Was s i^ed- by a member of the present Htotedft ■ States senate; , • Pawn* Hi* teeth; Catt't E « . , ' Gleh’ive^d Springs, Col.—Almp*t- dead IrbjQi hnnger.attd unable to bdy food, Patrick Flyffh, a laborer, bit ,, upon the novel plan Of paivningJhla . false teeth. He raised one dbllar 1>r the transaction, hut npVr that he ha*' ' money tb buy food his teeth ato-gofie ' and he has nothing with tvhich fA: chew his food. It i s a case b'f out p f.' the Iryihg pan and Into t h e fire -with Fat. He is unable to figure, a way.eut - ' of Ws filletonia. ' Th,e teeth; hrh in- th h ;' pbsseesibh of By Hbrah-jof d e f t - wood, 'and he h as attempted fe) reftird' • thhtn to Flynn, hut the latter declared; > that a hargaln ts a-bargain, and that It would hdt he'hhhotobiar ■ I • y '•J'SJ f | -

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