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The western star. (Westfield, N.Y.) 1826-1828, September 14, 1827, Image 2

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\ ~ .\• -.-••'\•r 1 this town on the 10th inst. What a pity we' route from Batavia to Fort Niagara— had not been apprised of his approach; for tne whole plan of abduction, and we our citizens were at that &£\•£*\* ,fa f doobt not the murder that followed the tTo$™^?yteo on duty, to pay Vim J\™*™™*' ??.?* \*** Up °\ suitable honours.—Stontngton zed Miller's liberty and life—and the at tempt to burn his Printing-office, as HEAR BOTH SIDES. ) well as the abduction and destruction [Below will be found the remarks of the of Morgan—were all contrived and ex- editors of the Buffalo Journal, and also those ecuted afterwards so far as they could of the editor of the National Observer on be. Miller^ owes the preservation of different sides of the same question—let eve- ry man read and judge for himself.] From the Buffalo Journal. his life to the Providence of God, and the well-timed energy of his friends, by which the wretches were defeated in • / considered it a sacred duty which he ] owed to his country, to uuveil the plots, and intrigues of the Order, which were, he said, equal to those of the Jesuits in cunning and duplicity ; thai he knew he should risk his life, and in all proba- bility lose it: But, said he, I am old, and cannot live much longer, and can do little good in any other way than that which I propose ; and do it I will, let the consequences be what they may. A %*%s %J and the Cat, were picked tfp below the Falls, uninjured. Both of the Bears swam ashore, above the Cataract, and were secured in good condition. The Dog, was subsequently secured, having Capt. Morgan. —Below will be found an | their inention to murder him with Mor article from the Rochester Telegraph, de- j gan ! tailing the particulars of Morgan's fate, after Whether Mr. Weed is deceived him- his arrival at Fort Niagara. We publish se , fj w mea||s {Q ^^ ve ^ read one oi; i , , , . ... ' or thear^«nth^(DOtw.tl-l^^^| whether||e||a i ^ ^ by .^ the editors of the Telegraph assuming any responsibility in its pubhea- towards his masonick partner and pat- tion ) because the writer says he » speaks , rons in this attempt to white-wash the . -' . . #*«• ~ JM. Ai(Tt*riitcr in ) Or/lop K.r ik.i^M.l nn #1.*. Ul,. mn —.# 1\f mucfls^ocd may be effected, by prcper ex ertior, «Ua this principle remains as at present. ^P The most glaring defect in our common Dog, was suosequentiy securea, nnviog j, stools, and the one which the most readily reached Grass Island above the Falls, Writes our attention, and from which many if not most others proceed, is the icomreten- advisedly.\ The same story, differing in some unessential particulars, has reached the pubhek through other channels—it comes in such a shape, that, reluctant as we confess we are, it is impossible longer to resist the conviction that Morgan has been foully dealt by, and perhaps nuirdercd ! The proofs in support of this belief, multiply; it is impossible to shut our eyes to the mel- ancholy truth, without incurring the charge of wilfully resisting undeniable evidences. We make this confession with shame and indignation. The nature of the whole tran- saction, however, the facts that have been disclosed on the several trials, all conspire to clear the Masonick fraternity, as a body, from a participation in the tragedy. In this we have cause for rejoicing. But that there should have been found any so lost to the Order, by throwing the blame of Mor- gan's murder upon one individual, in- stead of hundreds ; the attempt is one which will not succeed. Mo rational man will ever believe, that a hundred masonick delegates, or thereabouts, could meet and contrive the abduction of Morgan and Miller, without having determined at the time what disposition was to be made of them. They could not have been such fools or mad men, as to take off Morgan and Miller mere- ly to set them at liberty again either in Canada or New-York. That they in- tended to execute them from the begin- ning, is as clear to us as the light of the perhaps, have dictates of reason and humanity, so recMm I heave «- Th <*>' m *y rV7*2 . — 'thought that the masonick Indians ID of consequences, and regardless of the pre- cepts which the order inculcates, as to vio- late their duty to their God and their coun- try, by participating in the closing scene of this dark conspiracy ,excites our wonder and indignation. We have said thus much upon the supposi- tion that the relation given below, is mainly correct—We believe that it is, or else why has Morgan not been accounted for, before the excitement should have reached its present head. To be sure, it may be said, the guilty could not be expected to confess their guiit —and Masons, (those of them who were in possession of a clue to the leading facts,) did not feel themselves bound to second the efforts of a base class of men (for such in truth is the character of the first agitators) in what appeared a vindictive crusade against the whole fraternity. A- gain, it may be asked, why are the particu- lars of this tragedy spread before the pub- lick ?—thereby affording the actcrs an op- portunity to flee from justice. Wc coufess it ig a question wc cannot answer—yet we have faith in the story—in itsmatctial parts, at least :—that Morgan was taken to the Fort, and there disposed of—how, remains for further investigation. It was b^se aud unmanly, to lure the man off under the guise of friendship—it was fiend-like to take the life of a defenceless individual, for a crime (it crime it were) which should have only sunk him below the notice of an honourable mind. Admitting that every word of Mor- gan's book is true, where is the man that would noio, were he alive, offer him violence? And why was it done even before the publi- cation of the book. Alas! it is impossible to account for the operations of the human mind. The foul deed nover cculd have sprung from cool deliberation—the evidence clearly proves this. The imagination, left to its own workings, and wrought upon by graceless and designing men, finally over- leaped the boundaries of reason, and impel- led the victims of its influence to the Com- mission of a deed, for which every good man and Mason will long mourn, liut, are we called upon by this act of folly and crime to renounce the Order ? No—never! Wc are bound to cling to it witii a livelier zeal, and to support it in its day of trial. Let not the world pronounce sentence of condemna- tion : what they cannot understand, let lh»m in charity suppose is right and honest. * We declare ourselves ready to second the calm and dispassionate exertions of the friends of good order, to discover the perpe- trators of this deed. This is equally our duty as friends of the order, and as support- ers of the laws. But wc cannot lend our f aid to pull down a venerable iustitution, that has stood the test of ages, and comman- ded the support and admiration of the wise and the good, daring every period of its ex- istance. This is the ground upon which we stand, from which the ravings of maniack drivel- lers can never drive us. \ Equal and ex- act justice,\ is our motto, and we arc pre- pared to fulfil it, in its true and literal sense. Canada would save them the trouble of dwing the job themselves ; and though we are satisfied they did not apply to Mr. Brandt ; yet he was not the only one there to whom they might have ap- plied. We have too much charily however, for the Indians, to believe any of them would have done the foul deed under any circumstances. It was a deed fit to be committed only by those who first contrived it—and having ex- ecuted it, then had the audacity to at- tempt to stifle every wheie the liberty of the press, to prevent it from being brought io light. Look at Mrs. Morgan's testimony in the late trials, both at Batavia ami Can If the following statements in relation to the Morgan affair are correct, why did not the grand jury of Ontario coun- ty, at their last sitting, find a bill of in- dictment against some person or per- sons, for the murdei of Morgan ? Four persons only, as we are informed, were then indicted for having been concerned in the affair, and those for a conspiracy merely. If that Jury did their duty, there is a mistake somewhere: It is now almost a year, (says the On- tario Repository,) since William Mor- gan was betrayed, at the prison door, into the hands of his enemies, who were traced with their victim to the western bounds of the state—but what took place there, it has been the policy of the kidnappers, and many of their brethren, to render inscrutable—and the cunning devices intended to deceive and cajole publick credulity, so far suc- ceeded as to create conflicting opinions among an indignant people, which ser- ved to render the mystery still more mysterious. We have foi a long time believed that Morgan was dead ; but we were unwilling to believe that men whoever had a character in human so- ciety, were capable of the deeds which it will appear were committed. The body of facts bio't together during the iast sessions, will lead to the disclosure of a siene of cruelty and foul murder, such as never, perhaps, disgraced a civilized nation. It will turn out, that Morgan was kept in the Fort from the 14th to the lQth of Sept. during which time he endured liie most cruel treat- ment, which was only ended by death deliberately inflicted by his tormentors. wholly unhurt. Nothing was seen of the other animals, from the moment the vessel struck upon the rocks at the foot of the rapids, except the Buffalo, which was observed to pass down ahead of the wreck. The small animals either reached the shore unseen, or they were dashed to pieces and carried down the river beyond recovory, to the no small disappointment of the virtuosi. The number of spectators who as- sembled on both sides of the river to look at this sight, has been variously es- timated, at from 10,000 to 15,000. It was impossible to make any accurate calculation, and there might have been more and perhaps less. At all events, there were more than could be accom- modated with even necessary comforts, notwithstanding the gieat exertions made by the keepers of booths to satis- fy all. \ It is questionable whether the assem- blage of such a multitude is productive of any good. Brought together from I motives the most opposite, and compo- sed of persons of every age a*d from every walk in life, the force of example I cy of teachers. And this arises, not from a want of men able and well qualified for the task, but from the low standard to which the occupution is reduced. It certainly cannot be expected that men of talents and acquire- ments adequate to the object, can be indu- ced to engage in the business of teaching when they can obtain higher wages at any other business except that of a common la- bourer. The teachers of our common schools, io very few instances, receive a compensation equal to that of experienced clerks and journeymen mechanicks. We are aware that, while the present r Ian of raising school moneys is continued, it will be difficult to correct this effectually, yet, if people will view the subject in its proper light, they will find it even a matler oi econ- omy to offer higher wages to Accomplished teachers. We err radically, when we con- sider the time of children of no value and omit it in the calculation of the items of expense in their education. The same t<me that is now spent in obtaining but an imper- fect knowledge of the ludimcnts of an Ecg- may be supposed to produce an evil j llhh cducatiou - wo \'d be amply sufficient,» effect. On this occasion, however, so I properly employed, to give them a good intense was the interest, that but few knowledge of most branches taught in Erg- scenes of riot and debauchery were ex- ' 'in- hibited. No accident of a serious na- ture occurred, and the day, which was fine, passed off with apparent satisfac- faction, notwithstanding the limited ac- commodation which was afforded at the different hotels.— Buffalo Journal. DESCENT OF THE MICHIGAN. This spectacle, upon which the pub- andaigua, and recollect what G—MP flick cariosity fats been greatly excited, told her, that if she did not see her hus- band in a twelvemonth, she must not be surprised ! Nay farther, if he should never return they would piovide fa her ! What horrible barbarity and du- plicity ! to rob a wife of her husband to murder him in cold-blood, and then tell the bereaved ar.d wretched widow,that she must not be surprised i! her husband did hot come back in a year : and that if he never returned she should be taken care off! How does this fact tally with Mr. Weed's miserable come off for the order, his ingenious shifts to throw the murder from a thousand, on to one, two, or three, at most, v»le and deluded wretches. We ask, how does this fact tally with Mr. Weed's plausible apolo- gy ? For it was immediately after Mor- gan's abduction, that Gansou told Mrs. Morgan, that she should be supported if her husband did not return ; and that was witnessed on Saturday last, by a large concourse of people. For two or three days previous, the multitude had been collecting, and on the Sth, the roads In the Kails were literally crowded from an rarly hour in the morning until two o'clock in the after- noon, with cairiages of every descrip- tion, filled with prisons hastening to witness the novel sight. The steam boats Henry Clay, Win. Perm, Niaga- ra, Pioneer, and Chippewa, were nut! ~ _ :' \.\ \/ in requisition on the occasion ; andj i hereof should be well educated filled with the beauty and fashion of the country, contributed not a little to he was going to Batavia to make provis- j k>n for her support ! Now if it was not known that Morgan was to he placed beyond the reach of ever returning— th;;t is, if it was not known that he-was to be \ executed\ (masons say he was not murdered, but executed!) why talk to his bereaved and wretchpd wife about providing for her support ? And again where were the funds to come fron: up- on which she was to be supported ? Will Mr. Weed pivtend, that they were to come out of the pocket of -that one vile wretch, to whom he would now have us confine the guilt or odium of Morgan's murder; or out of the pock- ets of the two other wretches who assis- ted in consummating the bloody deed, and who are represented by Mr. Weed as deluded fanaticks ? We demand to know, where were the funds to come from, out of which Ganson promised Mrs. Morgan that she should be main- tained ? The answer is obvious—the Order was to furnish the funds—the Order had decreed the murder of her husband; and the funds of the Or der were to he appropriated to support the wife ! This the fair conclusion—and we ask again, how does all this tally with Mr. Weed's fabulous apology ? * * * * * * ** The fact is, as we heard it from a gentleman, who heard it from Morgan's own lips, that ill-fated martyr to liberty had been a brave officer in our army, and in that capacity, had travelled over the Union, and been conversant with m\\ the lodges and chapters. He had of the 19- counted the number of masons, and But as to all that Mr. Weed says, found it alarming—be had penetrated about this foul murder having been the all their daik intrigues and manoeuvres, work of two or three only, we don't be- by which they had contrived for years lieve a word of it. We know better, [* We certainly were not prepared at this age of the world : to hear the Popish doctrine of infallibility revived, in applica- tion to any class of men; and more especial- ly from men professing so much liberality cf principle. But we suppose we (world's peo- ple) have no business to meddle with mat- ters so far above our comprehension.] From the National Observer. In Mr. Weed's faet, that Morgan was murdered on the 17th of Septem- ber, we fully concur. We never doubt- ed it, knowing the nature of Masonick Oaths from experience ; and we only erred in supposing that the murder took place on the 14th of September instead in the very nature of things: For the abductiou of Morgan was contrived by the Contention of Masonick Delegates who met at Ganson's in Stafford, on the evening of the 7th of September, 1826 —and who represented six Royal Arch Chapters —and whose business was known to all these chapters, and there- fore must have been known to some six hundred or a thousand masons. They contrived—tbey executed—in different parties, and at different points, on the the interest of the scene. The view from the boats was enlivening in the extreme,—it seemed as if * The world— M Folly, fashion and all,\ was in motion, eageily pressing to one point, led on irresistibly by the over- ruling passion, curiosity. Tho Michigan—(or PIRATE Michi gan, or condemned Vessel, as she has been called J—with har \ cargo on board,\ was towed down the Niagara by the steamboat Chippewa, and an- chored at Yale's Landing at about half past 12 o'clock. The final arrange- ments for her descent were made un- der the direction of Capt. ROUGH the oldest navigator, on the Lakes. In her main chains were placed two efli«ies, one on either side, of no very prepossessing aspect, which were de- signated by the names of Adams and Jackson. Other effigies were placed in different parrs of the ship, upon which were bestowed appropriate cog- nomens, such as Natty Ewart, Blue Beard, &c. while the one in the fore top was called Carter' Beverly, whose province it seemed to be to look out for breakers. The animals on hoard, consisting of a Buffalo, from the rocky mountains, a Bear, from Green Bay, and another from Giand River, in Canada, two Foxes, one Rackoon, a Dog and a Cat, four. Geese, were cut loose previous to the descent. In this condition, at 3 o'clock, P. M. with the American Ensign at her bow- sprit, the British Jack at her poop, and the Black Flag at the fere mast head, she was towed down the river to with- in a quarter of a mile of the upper rap- ids by a boat, and then committed to the mercy of the torrent. The sight now became grand and interesting. She shot down the current with the ve- locity of an arrow, and passed over the first rapid in gallant style. She struck upon the second—reeled for a moment —her masts went by the board, and, swinging partly round, she presentd her COMMON SCHOOLS—In a icpubli can government, the stability and perma- nency of ivhich depend so entirely upon an enlightened population, we consider it as much the daty of government to support common schools, as to make roads, bridges, and canals, or to create facditics for the transportation of the mail, or to promote any other publick improvement whatever. If wc take an enlarged view of the subject, we cannot but consider it as much a publick ben- cist and a matter which concerns the commu- nity at large, as any thing is which is calcu- lated to promote the national wealth. No man can say, in this country, that it is whol- ly a matter of private concern whether an individual receives an education or not. It is of the utmost consequence to the whole community that every individual member ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ The gen- ius of our government places all mankind, when they enter upon the stage of exist- ence, upon an equal footing. Our declara- tion of independence expressly declares that \ all mankind are created equal;'' hence the spirit of that instrument would dictate that they should all have an equal opportunity of rifting to eminence. This principle strikes at the root of aristocracy; and, if acted upon throughout, would effectually prevent men possessing but a small share or 1 talent, from MR. FEISBEE reiterates his charge,!! a*, wc have acted from unworthy motivesiu re- lation to the Morgan affair. But what we have done, he has not been pleased to inform us. NVe have not, it is true, like him, at- tempted, by the suppression of the truth and the publication of falsehood, to deceive tic publick; nor have wc, like bim, exulted in the apparent prospect that the \ Morgan ex- citement,\ as he is pleased in derision io term it, was fast dying away, while the life of a fellow citizen remained unaccounted for. But it has ever been our aim to lay be- fore our readers the \ pasting tidings of the times;\ and wc have yet to learn that there is any intelligence—any statement offsets, which it is wicked and venal to publish, lest it should produce commotion among the peo- ple. We l>ave not so contemptible an opin- ion of the people of our country, astobclicva them incapable of reasoning and drawing correct inferences from a plain detail of facts; and we will not, like some others, in- sult their understandings by sn\ ing that '.hey (poor ignorant souls) are '• nrscd cbo-il\ by a mercenary set of political demagogues.— A year ago, when the atlair of William Mor- gan first transpired, wc commenced the pub- lication of such intelligence as we cculd gather respecting it, and nave continued (o publish every thing tending to the Jevelopc- ment of this dark and mysterious traduc- tion ; we have pursued this course without deviation, from that time to 'his, in no in- stance saying even as much as our own con- science, and plain inferences frcm aodenk- blc facts would warrant. Will any one say that all this time we were looking forward with the expectation of some personal ben- efit as the cousequcr.ee of doing inercJv rising, by the influence of wealth and edu-| w hat our prospectus required of Os—nud cation, above their superiours in intellect. ; that too at a time when no such result could . The practice of leaving the education of: possibly have been anticipated by any pci individual exertion, operates j \on ? Wedi< to monopolise nearly all the honours and emoluments of the government; he had discovered a thousand proofs of broadside to the current, and was their undue influence and management; swept to the bottom of the short falls and he was bent upon preparing, as a quite in pieces. It was at this point continuation of his illustrations of ma-! that the animals left her. Her main sonry, a full and luminous develope-' timbers adhered until she passed over children to most unequally; and has perhaps a greater tendency than any other cause, to produce different grades of society in the same com- munity. By far the greater portion of chil- dren belong to parents who are barely able, with all their exertion, to obtain for them a comfortable subsistence ; while it will liar !- ly be contended that the majority of talent belongs to the more wealthy part of the com- munity. In the advancement of every other publick object, taxes are levied upon prop- erty ; but in that one alone, which of all oth- ers claims our first attention, as an object cf publick benefit, we are taxed by poll.— True, it may be said that education operates as an individual benefit; but where is there an object of publick consequence which we can separate from individual interest ? The grand design of a democratick government is the promotion of the best interests of the whole population, both collectively and in- dividually ; and when any measure is proved to be productive of great publick good, it is rather sn argument in its favour than against it, that it is also productive of individual ben- efit. Ought we not then to consider chil- dren in a certain sense as publick property, and that therefore wealth should support ed- ucation ? We believe this is the principle upon which the distribution of publick mon- eys has been commenced; and our legisla- tors probably foresaw the difficulty which would attend its adoption at first to its full extent, and therefore contented themselves with its partial application. But it is only when this principle is adopted in full, and the expense of tuition, over and above what is provided by the common school fund, is rais- ed by district tax, that our schools can be elevated to their proper standard. To this radical defect in our system may be traced did hope we should be suffered to pass by the approaching election in uiei.ee . We seek no controversy, either with Mr. Frisbcc or the order to which he belongs; but wc feel no disposition to sit tamely un- der such imputations—such calumny and insult as arc heaped upen every man who is even suspected of possessing an cph.itnoi his own ; especially where so much can be said in defence, with justice, reason, aud truth on our side. ment of all these things ; and it was to the great fall, when she was dashed to 9lmost ever y ether J a*\ 1 bein S *• hardest prevent him from going on with this atoms, scarcely one piece remaining work, more than to punish him for what upon another, and floated down the riv- he had done that his death was deter-, er, covering the surface fur some dis- mined on! This is the whole truth in tancc around, the case. He told our friend that be) After the descent, two of the Geese, to overcome, it will render more difficult the correction of any of the numerous de- fects in its organization. Nevertheless, we ought not to sit idle, because we cannot ac- complish all we would desire at once; and As a number of our subscribers hare ex•• pressed a desire to sec Strang's confession, we have yielded, contrary to our usual cus- tom in such cases, to its publication, ahho' not altogether satisfied of the propriety cf so doing. Wc arc not aware of any good that can result from the publication of such loath- some details of crime. Wc doubt the truth of this—but whether true or false, it pre- sents a picture of human frailty, depravity, and wickedness, too disgusting and horrible for the mind to dwell upon. We perceive by an advertisement in the Censor, that a company of theatricals are exhibiting at Frcdonia, probably the oJJ'ah of some city theatre—if they come this way we hope they will be suffered to pass by, un- molested. Wc have received the first number of the \ Lodi Pioneer, a new paper established at Lodi,by Mr. L. B. Edwards. Its appearance is neat and respectable; but we regret to learn that the editor is dangerously ill, FROM COLOMBIA. Attempted Revolution at Bogota.— Letters from Cartha^cna to the V2th inst. are received by the Athenian. Bolivar left that place on the 27th ult.for the Capital, with the intention of taking the reins of Government in his hands This resolution is stated to have caused great consternation in Bogota among the partisans of San- tander. A letter states that they had

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