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The Geneva gazette, and general advertiser. (Geneva, N.Y.) 1825-1829, January 21, 1829, Image 2

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BULLETIN IJO. 18. HIGHEST PRIZE $50,000. NEW-YORK CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY, • CLASS NUMBER 18) FOR 1828. Draws in the city of N. York, on Tuesday JANUARY 20, 1828 1 . 4si NUMBER LOTTERY 6 ORAWN B.\ LLOTS 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 a 36 36 36 36 36 360 3730 Prizes U40 Blanks. PRIZE OF $50,000 10,000' 5,000 2,500 2,000 1,000 600 500 100 90 80 60 50 40 20 $183,630 11,480 Tickets. * Of this Prize gSZod will be jmy.ible in Lwuh/ie- Itmginu; to Llie Corporal ion uf the .Cilij of Albany- RICKETS $20; Halves #10; Qnaiters $\>: Eighths #2,50 ; For Sale at the Licensed Lottery Office of the subscriber, in Main-street, nearly op- posite the IIote.1. QT/*\ Prize Tickets taken in payment.— Orders for Tickets (enclosing the cash and post paid) promptly attended to. One Hundred and Eighty-three Thou- sand Six Hundred and Eighty Dollars, is to be distributed on the 20 inst. Old E>«me Fortune.tenders her respacts to her court- iers, and promises to bestow on the. fortu- nate person who shall gain her favor, the above immense sum. Who will court the favor of the fair dame with such prpspects of solid comfort before them. P. S. A few of Madam Fortune's Cards may be had if immediate application is made at the Office of J. BOGERT. Geneva, Dec. 25, 18.2S. DRAWN NOS. IN CLASS No. xvn. 23. 12. 31. 25. 13. 14. AgSAPLTS CASH STORE. ; FRESH SUPPLY « CHEAPER THAN EVER! THE subscribers have jwst I received their stock of WIN- 1 TER GOODS, which makes : their assortment very exten- sive and complete; and from (he great de- preciation of prices they are enabled to of- fer to their friends and customers, Cheaper Goods than have ever been sold in Geneva. Their stock embraces every variety of Fan- cy and staple Dry Goods. Also— GROCERIES, CROCKERY, Hard-Ware, Iron, Nails, 8fc. On hand— 500 Barrels SALT, First quality and cheap. Also—On Con- signment, Dutch Bolting Cloths, very low; and Riell h Go's. SNUFF and TOBACCO, at New-York prices free of transportation. They are confident their Goods were pur- chased as low as those of any other estab- lishment in the country) and are determin- ed not to be undersold bv any one. N. AYRAl'LT & Co. N. B.—Cash p.iid for WHEAT, POT and PEARL ASHES. Geneva, Dvec. 23, 1828. j 19 TOHPJ X£. SWIFT H \S just received a general assortment of Foreign and Domestic DRY GOODS, well adapted to the present and appioaching seasons—Also, a good assortment of AND GLASS WARE, Beaver and Napr HATS. &c. &.c. he. Geneva, \3th Oct. J828. 09 10,000 WINDER St^FPJLI?, Ai \\\e Ueneva Casli Store DECEMBER 17, 1828. T IIE subscribers have received in ad- dition to their former stock, lbs. N. Orleans h St. Cr. SUGARS. 4000 lbs. Loaf and Lump, do. 20 bags Green-and Java COFFEE. 50 boxes Muscatel, Bunch-Muscatel, h Bloom RASINS. 40 chests fresh superior Hyson, Young Hyson and Hvson Skin TEAS. 25 bbls. and half bbls. MACKEREL, No. 1 and 2, 40 kegs assorted Cut NAILS. 25 kegs Plug TOBACCO. All of which will be sold unusually low. They have-also received 2 cases Leghorn HATS, CROWNS, andBOllVARS, very cJieap. On Consignment, 20 boxes A. h G. Campbell's fine Cut and. Smoking TOBACCO, carefully put up in papers. Also, Choice fine Cut TOBACCO, by the pound—which will be sold at city prices, free of transpoitation, and warranted .first quality. On hand — 1QO0 barrels Coarse and Fine SALT, wh/ch will be sold to Merchants and oth- ers, at.a small advance from cost and charges. ... * PB ZBJJ& & HALL. €> 1M» Also- THE neat two story HOUSE in Seneca-street, adjoining J. S. Hogarth, and now occupied by N B.. Kidder, Esq. n ,1 ; rile . tw ? ^'7 DWELLING, in Caste-street, in the noss^sion of Comfort S. HawJey. The above buildings are in com- plete repair, and H,]| be let on d fate terms. •,?L tb o^f/ll 6 ab °, Ve menti «»ed tenements will be SOLD at alow price, and on a lib- eral credit. For partieufrtrs inquire of DAVID S. SKA ATS. Geneva, Jan. 5, ibid. s , ABDUCTION OF MORGAN. REPORT OF THE SPECIAL COUNSEL — To' his Excellency the Governor of the state of New-York : The undersigned having received a com- mission from the executive department of the government, under the act passed on the 15th April, 1828, deems it proper, as well to comply with what may be consider- ed an implied requisition of the law impo- sing special duties, as to meet a reasonable public expectation, to report to that depart- ment the progress which has been made under it, so far forth as the present condi- tion of the subject renders it practicable. In proceeding to \ institnte inquiries con- cerning the abduction of William Morgan, and his fate subsequently thereto,\ as en- joined by the act, the first question vv'iich presented itself was, whether the statute contemplated an original and primary course of legal prosecution, or to embrace the subject in its subsisting condition ? At the time of the passage of the law, one in- dictment in relation to the transaction, had already been brought to a successful termi- j nation, and others had been recently pre- sented before the proper tribunals. To dis- regard these and commence a new, would I seein to be a work of supererogation, and to a certain extent., would render the law ex post facto in its operation. The alter- native was to proceed with the investigation in the suits already instituted, and this has been done in those cases in which there was good reason to believe they were founded upon a sufficient legal basis. In relation to the first branch of the in- quiry, the prosecutor has proceeded with as much diligence as the facilities afforded by the organization of the courts of law would admit. One indictment has been tried, which resulted in-the conviction of the party char- ged, and in which suit a.question of law is resei ved for the decision of the supreme court. At the sittings of the court of oyer and terminer in and for the»county of Ni- agara, in November last, several other cau- ses were prepared and ready for trial, but which were necessarily postponed, upon the application of all the defendants, in consequence of the absence of witnesses whose testimony was proved-to be material- Two other indictments have been delayed in consequence of the sittingsof courts in the different counties in the same week, and the intrinsic difficulties attending them.— However desirable it m ight ha ve been to have brought this investigaliont to a close^ during the cui rent season, the delay arises from the necessary imperfections of human systems, a sacred regard to the principle, that every one is presumed to be innocent until his guilt is established, and the preservation of rights, which men, though charged with crime, may constitutionally protect. The voluminous nature of the testimony taken, would seem to forbid its introduction into a communication of this kind ; besides it is somewhat inchoate and would be ex- parte in its statement. Certain facts how- ever, appear to be affirmatively established. In pursujfng their investigations in the phys- ical sciences, men yield not their assent to propositions until their truth is evidenced by experience or demonstration. But in asser- ting civil rights, and in the conviction and punishment of offences against the laws, we necessarily resort to and rely upon hu- nmi> tostitianny. When this g.oes to estab- lish a fact beyond reasonable doubt, it en- titles itSelf to belief, and upon this founda- tion rest our civil institutions. Fiom the testimony thus- disclosed, it appears, that William Morgan, a citizen of this state, was taken from the gaol of the county of Ontario, into which he had been committed under circumstances of pe- culiar aggravation and cruelty; and was from thence transported, under duress of imprisonment, a distance of about one hun- dred and twenty miles, to the county of Niagara, and was placed in confinement in the Magazine in Fort Niagara, situated at the confluence of the Niagara, river with lake Ontario, on the morning of the four- teenth of September aforesaid. Here are the boundaries of the testimo- ny. As to \ his fate subsequently thereto,\ it Ss not yet developed ; nor can it be anti- cipated, with much confidence, to be judi- cally determined, by any tribunal over which men have control. It is not believed to be within the legiti- mate purpose of this report, to speak of societies or denominations of men, but of men as individuals, citizens of a common- wealth. As such, and many of ihem act- ing in concert, upon their own responsibil- ity, they manifested the deliberate purpose of witdrawing the subject of these inquiries from the piotection of the laws and the government under which he lived, and sub- jecting \him to the control of themselves, and to be placed at the mercy of their own passions. He had offended against no law, recognized in the code'o'f any-civilized na- tion ; and was taken away without any le- gal process or pretence of authority. At the time of the commission of this of- fence, and until the passage of the law of 16th April 1828, by which similar offen- ces were made felony, and punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not excee- ding fourteen years, it amounted only to misdemeanor. Three of the agents in the transaction were subjected to the trial soon after its occurrence and promptly met the retributions of the law, at a court of oyer and terminer held in January 1827, and were sentenced to imprisonment in the county jaol for different periods: the term of one ojf whiclj is yet unexpired. FrorwHiis statement, it will be perceived what progress has been made under the act; and, so far as the testimony warrants, the nature of the transaction. It ou'fht to be remarked, that the situa- tion of some of the witnesses on the part of the prosecution, is such as to present the question whether pecuniary relief ought not to be offorded. I allude to that elaSfs of witnesses, who, it is'believed, do not ct>me within the letter, nor perhaps the spirit of the law, making provisions for the pay- ment of witnesses unable to support them- selves. Though not in a situation to avail themselves of that statute, yet the frequen- cy of their attendance at court, and at great distances from home, has subjected them to expanses which they are illy able to defray. Which is submitted with the highest re- spect,^ your obediant servant, DANIEL MOSELEY. Onondaga, December 25, 1828. From the Nashville Republican, Dec. 2G. MRS. JA6KS0N. DIED—On Hie 22d inst. at the Hermit- age, and in the 62d year of her age^ MRS. RACHAEL JACKSON, wife of ANDREW JACKSON, President-elect of the U. States. Her health, which had for- some months been more delicate th^an usual, became se- riously impaired about a. week ago, by the faJ.tgua.of . a long walk. She was attacked with alarming spasms m the chest; which, after remitting and recurring for a few days, became transferred to the heart, and in a moment of apparent convalescence, termi- nated, without a groan or struggle, her well spent life. This melancholy event, which has visited her family with unspeakable sorrow, and clothed our community in 6adness, will ex- cuse the following faint and brief notice,' which, though far inferior to the dignity of her virtues, is the best offering we can make to her beloved and venerated memory.— j The history of Mrs. Jackson from her ear- ly years is closely and (considering her Sex) remarkably connected with the history of our country. Her father, Col. John &on- elson, who was a gentleman of fortune, probity, and enterprise, removed with his family, while she was yet a child, from Pittsylvania county, Va. (the place of her birth,) to the western country, and settled in this neighborhood, on the banks of the Cumberland. Surrounded by the dangers which our brave pioneers had to encounter, he was killed in the prime of manhood and the flush of success, by the Indians in Ken- tucky. At the time Gen. Jackson first came to this country, she was residing with her widowed mother, and in August, 1791, she became his wife. His well known hard- ships and perils in our Indian and English wars, his distant and dangerous campaigns, his frequent battles and triumphs, made her a silent but anxious sharer in the dangers and glories of the nation; and many of her relatives following the standard of her mar- tial husband, gave her a more painful in- terest in our struggles. , Gen. Coffee, the husband of her niece, was always in the front of the battle, and her nephew, Alex : ander Donelson, fell gloriously, fighting by his side. In the recent political contest, which has terminated so fortunately for the institutions of our country, and. so honorably for the illustrious partner of her hear', the same connexion subsisted. In older to obstruct his course to just popularity and rightful power, she was made the object of injuries more barbarous than murderous savages could inflict. And Providence, after per- mitting her to witness the downfall and confusion of those who patronized and those who committed these atrocities, gen- tly withdrew her wounded spirit to the man- sions of eternal bliss, \ where the wicked cease from troubling, and the weary are at rest.\ Even after death, the course of pub- lic feeling is blended with her name. The honors with which it was intended to com- memorate on the same day a national victor ry, and the triumphant election of General Jackson, were suspended by her fate, and exchanged by a patriotic people for public expressions of respect for her virtues, and regret for her departure. And those who in the evening had expected to salute her with joy and gratulation, hurried next morn- ing to look for the last time on her inanim- ate countenance, and to follow her cold re- mains to the tQTnb_._Piety and age, inno- cence and childhood, tne Tnave and the fair, the humble and the exalted, mingled their tears and blessings around her grave, and attested, in accents of deep and spon- taneous sorrow, in sobs of affection con- verted into agony by the awful presence of death, her endearing merits, and her exem- plary life. In the character of this excellent and la- mented lady, feminine charms, domestic virtues and christian perfections were uni- ted. Her person in youth was beautiful, her manner was always engaging, her tem- per cheerful, her sensibility delicate and mild. She was a tender wife, an affec- tionate friend, a benignant mistress, a gpn- erous relation, a kind ^neighbor and an On the'Slst ult. the water was let into the Dismal Swamp Canfl, and a boat with slaves was expected at Norfolk, Va. from the South on they'd inst. humble christian. Her pure and gentle breast, in which a selfish, guileful or mali» cious thoaght never found entrance, was the throne of benevolence; and under its- noble influence her faculties and time were constantly devoted to the exercise of hos- pitality, and to acts of kindness. To feed the hungry, to clothe the naked, to supply the indigent, to raise the humble, to notice the friendless, and to comfort the unfortu- nate, were her favorite occupations ; nor could the kindness of her soul be repressed by distress or prosperity ; but like those fountains which, rising in deep and seclu- ded valleys, flow on in the frost of winter and through summer's heat it maintained a uniform and refreshing current. Thus she lived; and when death approached, her patieuce and resignation were equal to her goodness; not an impatient gesture, not a vexatious look, not a fretful accent esca- ped her; but her last breath was charged with an expression of tenderness for the man whom she loved more than her life, and honored next to her God. The lamented bereavement suffered by our society in the death of Mrs. Jackson, has excited more universal regret than any circumstance of a similar nature which we have any recollection of. No lady had a more extensive acquaintance, and none en- joyed such entire and unqualified esteem and affection to the extent of that acquain- tance. The day set apart for the manifestation of the persbnal regard and affection enter- tained by the citizens of this place and its vicinity for Gen. Jackson, previous to his departure for the seat of government.—ap- propriated and announced as a day of re- joicing and mutual gratulation, for the hap- py result of the presidential election—was ushered in by the mournful intelligence that this heaviest of afflictions had pverta- ken him—the wife of his bosom was no more ! To him we can offer no consola- tion. If any there be, it is to be found in the reflection that she passed into eternity with the brightest hopes of a christian. The active discharge of those duties to which he will shortly be calIed,,jmore than any thing else, will tend to sooth the poignancy of \his grief—and to leave as soon as practica- ble those scenes which can only tend to re- call mote vividly and more frequently to his mind the lost object of his affections, would certainly he the advice of his best friends. ,; Tne preparations making for the festivi- ty were immediately stbpped upon the arri- val of the melancholy information—and in their stead the committee of arrangements, together with the mayor and aldermen of the city, recommended to the citizens, as an evidence of their deep regret and sym- I pathjj for the calamity which had befallen their honored fellow citizen.*»to suspend for one day (Wednesday) the ordinary business of life—which was cordially observed. The following were the resolutions adop- ted on the occasion, by the committee of arrangements, and the mayor and aldermen of the city : '• The committee appointed by the citi- zens of Nashville to superintend the recep- tion of General Jackson on this day, with feelings of deep regret announce to the public, that Mrs. JACKSON departed this life last night, between the hours of 10 and 11 o'clock. -\ \ Respect for the memory of the deceas- ed, and a sincere condolence with him on whom this providential affliction has fallen, forbid the manifestations of public regard I intended for the day. \ In the further consideration of the* painful and unexpected occasion which has brought them together, the committee feel that it is due to the exemplary virtues and exalted character of the deceased, that 3ome public token shou4d be given of the high regard entertained towards her whilst living—They have therefore resolved— That it bi respectfully recommended to their fellow citizens of Nashville, in evidence of this feeling, to refrain en to-morrow frorn the ordinary pursuits of life. \Dec. 28d. JOSIAH NICHOL, C/i'n.\ \ The committee in behalf of the citizens having determined that it is proper to abstain from business on to-morrow—therefore, \Resolved That the inhabitants of Nash- ville are respectfully invited to abstain from their ordinary business on to-morrow as a mark of respect for the memory of Mrs. Jackson —and that the church bells be tolled from 1 until 2 her funeral ... T o'clock—being the hour of \FELIX ROBERTSON, Mayor. E. DIBBELL, Recorder.\ un- GENERAL JACKSON. The following extract is from a letter from a citizen of this place at present in Nashville, to his brother in this city. The writer of course, never expected it to appear in print, but the famliar style of brother writing to brother, does not make it the less interesting.— Philadelphia Gaz. Nashville, Dec. 28, 1828. I wrote you a few days ago, informing you of the death of Mrs. Jackson. After what I had heard from home of affliction in our own family, I thought I could not at- tend the funeral, but Colonel A , insis- ted on my going. Such a scene I never wisti to witness again. The poor old gentleman was supported to the grave by Gen. Coffee and Major Rutledge. I never pitied any person more in my life. The road to the Hermitage was almost impassable; but an immense number of persons attended the funera'l.— The remains of Mrs. Jackson were intered in the lower part of the garden. I never before saw so much affliction among ser- vants, on the death of a mistress. Some seemed completely stupified by the event: others wrung their hands and shrieked a- loud. The woman that had waited on Mrs. Jackson, had to be carried offof the ground. After the funeral, the old gentleman came up to me, took my hand and shook it. Some of the gentlemen mentioned my name. He again caught ray hand and squeezed it three times: but all he could utter was \ Philadelphia.\ I never shall forget his look of grief. He will leave this place about the 15th of January, for Washington. The National Gazette, a paper not friendly to the administration adds :— • As the deceased lady and the General are said to have lived in the utmost harmo- ny and affection, not all the honors incident to his elevation can compensate or console him for such a loss. The suddenness of her fate is remarkable and admonitory, in connection with the new and brilliant scenes that opened upon her, and the recency of his triumph, in which she must have parta- ken the more immediately and with the higher exultation, as she had directly tasted of the cup which the selfish malevolence of party so bitterly drugged for his lips. Do- mestic attachments worth more than any political power or official dignity ; true hap- piness nestles, as it were, in comparative priyacy and household limits: the poet has hardly exaggerated, who said— \Wealih lineage, honors, conquest or a throne, Are what the wise would fear to call their own.\ The following rebuke is as .creditable to the source whtnae it comes, as the transac- tion to which it alludes is disgraceful to the city in which it was permitted. It may be tolerated in Connecticut as an exhibition by the minions of the \ order and decency party ;\ but if any such outrage had beeu committed there by the friends of General *ackson, what would not have been their exclamations and anathemas?— Alb. Arg. From the Albany Daily Advertiser. Disgraceful Procedure. —We are inform- ed by a gentleman from Hartford, Conn, that on the evening of Thursday ,'January 8, the effigy of Gen. Jackson was burnt publici- ty at that place. What adds to the disgrace of the.person3 concerned,' is that the news of Mrs. Jackson's death, arrived there, a few hours previous to the commission of the outrage. The contempt and abhorrence of all men pretending to decency, will rest on the perpetrators of this act. That such scenes should occur in the \land of steady habits,\ is indeed wonderful. O Connec- ticut, Connecticut! Shame on thy degen- erate sons! * • ' 1 Additional Disgrace. —We learn from the Hartford Times, that besides burning Gen. Jackson in effigy on the 8th, as sta- ted in our paper of Wednesday, hand bills were scattered over the city, on which was a gallows and halter, with the motto \the hero's reward,\ \ Jackson is coming,\ and a few doggrel rhymes were attached. The capital of the \ land of steady habits,\ is the only place where we have heard that such contemptible expressions of, feeling have been indulged in— ib. • Religious Revival. —A correspondent of the Christian Adv* ocate mentions an extra- ordinary revival in the Methodist and Pres- byterian churches at Hillsborough, Ohio. Among a great number of those who pub- licly professed the christian faith, and uni- ted in society, were Governor Trimble, his lady and two of their childien. E\k Bank.—A bank at Erie, Pa. has just commenced operations, with a capital of #200,000, Rufus S. Reed, President, and P. S. V. Hamot, Cashier. Tens and Fives, are the only denomination of bills yet issued. From the N. T. Evening Post. MR. OTIS'S SPEECH, On his induction into the office of Mayor. Last week the Hon. Harrison Gray Otis having been elected Mayor of Boston, the city of his birth, .after he had once peremp- torily declined being held up as a candid- ate, but af length reluctantly yielded his consent on the importunity of the most t?f s- pectable of all parties, and was chosen by a large majority, made an address to the City Council and a very numerous con- course assembled lately at Fanueil Hall, which we have read with much pleasure.— It is just such a speech as a long acquaint- ance with Mr. Otis formerly would lead us to expect from one of his eminent qualifi- cations Jpr public office of any kind, and Especially those of a more substantial and intellectual nature which his present situa- tion will demand, as well as for those of lesser account, but which are almost indis- pensable, and which with his polished man- ners and knowledge of the world, will ena- ble him to do the honors of the city with great advantage to strangers of distinction who may visit it. • Having glanced at ^lie various duties which his new situation will require of him, in relation to the immediate government of the.city, and such as indirectly may affect the state, but for which we have no room, > even were the subject less local tl 1 1 it is, he closes with the following observations, which though not \directly appertaining to his municipal sphere (to speak in his own language) may not, when candidly weigh- ed, be regarded as misplaced and unseason- able on the occasion.\ \ Gentlemen —I will now bespeak your indulgence for a few moments, upon a matter which though not directly apper- taining to the municipal sphere, may not when candidly weighed, be reg **!ed as misplaced and unseasonable on this occa- sion. It is quite apparent to all our fellow citizens that the honor of the chair which I now occupy is not the fruit of any party struggle. With the friends of former days, whose constancy can never be forgotten, others have been pleased to unite (and to honor me with their suffrages) who hold in high disapprobation the part I formerly took in political affairs. Their support of me on this occasion is no symptom of a change of their sentiments in that particu- lar I presume not to infer from it even a mitigation'of the rigor with.which my.pub- lic conduct has been judged. But it is not presumptuous to take it for granted, that those who have favored me with their coun- tenance on this occasion, confide, in my sense of the obligation of veracity, and of the aggravated profligacy that would at- tend a violation of it, standing here in the presence of God and iny country—On this faith, I feel myself justified by circumstan- ces to avail myself of this occasion—the first, and probably the last, so appropriate, that will be in my power distinctly and sol- emnly to assert, that in no time in the course of my life have I been present at a- ny meeting of individuals public or private of the many or the few; or privy to corres- pondence of whatever description, in which any proposition having for its object the dissolution of the Union, or its dismember- ment in any shape or a seperate confedera- cy, or a forcible resistance to the Govern- ment or laws was ever made or debated.— That I have no reason to believe that any such scheme was ever meditated by distin- guished individuals of the old Federal par- ty, but on the other hand every reason which habits of intimacy and communion of sentiment with most of them afforded for the persuasion that they looked to the remote possibility of such events as the most to be deprecated of all calamities, and that they would have received any serious, proposal calculated for those ends as a par- oxism of political delirium. This state- ment will bear internal evidence of truth to all who reflect that among those men were some by the firesides of whose ances- tors the principles of the Union and Inde- pendence of these States were first assert- ed and digested—from which was taken the coal that kindled the hallowed flame of the revolution—from whose ashes the American Eagle rose into life. Others who had con- ducted the measures and the armies of that revolution Solomons in Council, and Samsons in Combat. Others who as- sisted at the birth of the Federal Constitu- tion, and watched over its infancy with pa- ternal anxiety. And I may add, to the best of my knowledge and belief, that all of them regarded its safety and success, as the best hope of this people, and the last hope of the friends of liberty thioughout the world. Are treasonable or disloyal plots or purposes consistent with these rela- tions ? It would seem to be hardly con- ceivable. Yet it is possible. The lost Arcji Angels cabelled and revolted against the Government of Heaven—Favorites ri- oting in the sunshine of royal favor have turned Traitors to their King ; and repub- licans sickening with the higher glory nf the love and confidence of the people have enslaved them to factions and sold them to Tyrants; such foul conspiracies may have been in our times- But should they be credited without evidence proportioned to their p*robabie enormity ? Without doings as well as sayings ? Without any evidence whatever ? Secret cabals and plots are the constant theme of suspicion and accusation in times of political excitement, and they can be disaffirmed only by the simple nega- tion of the parties accused, till the proofs are adduced. Are unguarded slips of the tongue or passionate invectives proofs which ought to satisfy impartial minds ? 8urely it is not for the honor or prosperity of this ci- ty or of any party, that it should be stig- matized as the hea'd quarters not of good principles but of treasonable machinations. The discredit of the malaria, once fixed would affect the reputation of all. The distinction between leaders and led so in- sulting to freemen are supposed to come under the latter denomination, will not be recognized, and if you are known to come from the infected district, those who hold their nostrils and avoid you, will not stop to inquire whether the plague were in your own family. I again express my hopes that these rernarks will not be conside/ed ill-timed. They are a testimony offered iiltj defence of the memory of the honored dead and of patriotic survivors who have hot the same opportunity of speaking for themselves. Their object is not personal favor, though I am free to admit that I am not indifferent to the desire of uemoving doubts and giving satisfaction to the minds of any who, by a magnanimous pledge of kind feelings to- wards me, have a claim upon me for every candid explanation and assurance in my power to afford- Moreover, th« harmony of our fellow citizens may be promoted bv a right understanding of these matters J. The history of Republican States and cit jes is soon told.. Parties grow up from honest diference of opinion on the policy of measures. In process of ^time the sub- ject of controversy dies a natural death • and if personal animosities could be buried in the same grave, all would be well fr, that event the people would have a respite from party struggle, and when new contests and dissensions should arise, they would a- gain choose sides from principle, and take a new departure from each other free from the fetters and irritation of former allian- ces. The virulent humors of the bodv pol itic would not collect in the old wounds but be again dispersed and cured by \C course of nature. But this happy termin- ation of political strife with its original cau- ses seems not to accord with experience — The names and,badges and attitude of par- ties are preserved ; antipathies become hab its, men resolve to differ eternally without cause, for the mere reason of having once diflered for good cause. One portion of the people is excluded by the other from the public service. Parties- become fac tious. The torch of discord blazes while the fire of patriotism expires, and the fierce and unholy passions which have rent the Republic, survive its ruin. May our be loved city prove an exception to these sad examples. Remark.—Some persons may be disposed to question the strict propriety of introdu- cing the above subject into an address re- lating strictly to municipal affairs, but it ought to be known—(at least, by way of accounting for it, if not entirely justifying it, as being strictly proper and suitable to . the occasion,) that Mr. Otis, when a candi- date for the Mayoralty, had been personal- ly attacked and ungenerous attempts made in some of the Boston newspapers to injure him in the estimation of his fellow citizens for his connection with the Hartford Con- vention, and it was this which led him al- most irresistibly to take the foregoing notice of this stale ealumny ; a calumny which it is now known originated with John Quin- cy Adams, and for which he must oue day answer. The Auction Question. —From the infor- mation of friends at Washington, we learn that the deliberations of the Committee on Ways and Means on the Auction System, are taking a definite shape so as to bring the subject before the House. The Com- mittee have determined, it is said, fiom mixed considerations of constitutional dif- ficulty and general policy, that it is not proper for Congress to lay a tax on auction^ for the purpose of suppression or restriction, laying the raising of a revenue out of the question. All agree as to auctions of do- mestic manufactures, that this is strictly a matter for state legislation, with which Con- gress cannot intermeddle, save for purposes of revenue. It is agreed, however, that for the purpose of protecting the revenue of the nation, and of cutting off any advantages which for- eigners may gain over citizens, as is asser- ted, by entering goods at fraudulent rates, srnuggling, double invoices, &.c. certain regulations may be properly imposed.— What these are to be we have no certain information, the details not boing yet set- tled, although it is supposed that these will not go to the extent of minute regulation demanded by the Anti-Auction Committee, but will be governed by a reference to con- stitutional powers and to the protection of the revenue. The Baltimore Anti-Auction Committee urge the 1 esti iction of auctions on the ground that it will break up the exclusive importing trade of N. York. It is not supposed that the course taken by the Committee on Ways and Means will prevent the auction ques- tion from being debated and tried in the House. The friends of the Tariff it is said will take part in favor of the proposal to a- bolish auctions—xV. Y. Ev. Post. FROM THE POUGHKEEPSIE JOURNAL. THE BANKING SCHEME. The banking scheme which has been pre- sented to the consideration of our legisla- ture in the message of Gov. Van Buren, and which is to render in effect all the banks in the state responsible for each other, ap- pears to us of such a visionary and chimer- ical character, that we are sorry to see it dignified by a place in that communication. It is in substance to make the sound, hon- est and fair monied institutions, sponsor\; and guarantees for those which are unsound, dishonest and speculating. It would give good credit to had banks; and enable any crazy and pennyless corporation, without one dollar of real capital, to scatter its bills in every direction, because the faith and responsibility of the state would be pledged for their redemption. It is full difficult e- nough as matters now stand, to keep banks out of the hands of irresponsible men ; and the only restraint we have, is that the mo- ment they get possession of it, it looses its credit and cannot maintain its circulation. But give them the full credit of the state, and there would be no check. In process of. time all the banks would get into such hands ; for who would own stock in New- York when it was bound to pay the debts of a bank at Buffalo ? and the upshot of the matter would be, that instead of an oc- casional failure of a bankas we now have, it would not be many years before we should have a common and universal bank- ruptcy of every institution in the state.— It is quite sufficient that every now and then one or two banks break. This remedy would without doubt put a stop to that—by breaking in due season the whole of them- Besides, the principle of this project is at variance with every idea of justice and equity. To make a bank at Rochester pay the debts of a bank at Albany, would shock the common sense and fairness oft-every mind ; why should it less when some forty other banks are called upon to contribute with it? The diffusi&n of an injustice does not change its character; and the highway- man who should rob one man of a hundred dollars, would not be more criminal than another who should rob a hundred different individuals of a dollar each. There is no reason or right in making A v pay the debts of B—one bank the debts of another—all flur banks the- debts of two or three; or 01 taking the profits or part of the profits of one to supply the losses of another. This project might suit the meridian of •New-Harmony; and if Miss Frances Wright had the ear of our Governor\ we should be fain to ascribe its appearance m his message % her suggestion. : But we cannot believe that it will obtain a greater consideration than 1t\will : derive from the respflcf which is due to the document wiwen

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