OCR Interpretation


National anti-slavery standard. (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1870, September 15, 1866, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Rochester

Persistent link: http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn84031875/1866-09-15/ed-1/seq-2/


Thumbnail for 2
I speak only of wlmt I said and proposed, because S t a t i - j N k v n u j P t n n d n r i t . m o re | T liat m y suggestions b o r ing hard. W e hod done a g ood w o rk and done it well. B u t I apprehended we m ight >*> n somo misohievous discussion^ here, and harm th a n good, and I mov journ rfM < liT v- i M I Som e gentlem an, not through | ^ J ^ i . ^ ^ t h a t l.o h a d already made t Ionian, n o t throug li any an K ina ram- , m in i .usow . •• , , alrw ui v made J tow a rd me, b u t thro u g h a m istaken appreoia- ; h arm o n y with C o n g w y - « « M j tion of my motives, has said th a t we w ere afraid up u s n nd to brook a i t h tu | >f tt ss/A -««-*»' if I felt doubtful on any subject-of national con- ’ •- - ’ -n b o th sides of any corn. x c laim ed — -. uuostion, and never intend to be. W h ile J isficd w ith w h a t h n s been done, I am tho advocate of n e g ro suffrage a n d o f im p a rtial suffrage, ((.treat applause, and th r e e c h e e rs for Brow n’ow ,' NEGROES VERSUS REBELS. I would sooner bo elected to any office u n d e r heaven h y loyal n e g roes than by disloyal w h ite men. ^ f \ v o u l d Sooner associate in p r ivate life w ith a loyal negro than a disloyal w h ite m a n . I would sooner bo buried in a negro graveyard th a n in a rebel g raveyard. (Applause.) I f I lia d after death to go eith e r to hell or to heaven, I should prefer to go w ith loval negroes to hell than w ith traitors to heaven, l’ now w ithdraw m y m o tion to adjourn sine die. (Cheers.) A COMPROMISE. A fter somo skirm ishing a com p rom ise resolution wns adopted, by w hich th e C o n v e n tion m e t a t It) o’clock, and the repo r t of th e non-rcconstructed States, em b o d y ing im p a r tial suffrage, w ill be read and acted ou solely b y th e G u lf S tate delegations, w h o a re to take the exclusive responsibility for it. Plu c k is t r i u m p h a n t ! B erwick . A C R Y F R O M T H E S H A M B L E S . T h e subjoined im p o r tan t p e tition, from th e loyal citizens of New O rleans, asking protection from Congress and th e loyal oitizens of th e nation, lias been signed by nearly every [white] U n ion m a n in th a t city and is now on its way N o rth : W e, th e undersigned U m o n m e n of th c S tate of L o u isiana, respectfully represent th a t after four years com b a ting th e arm e d forces of th e rebels and traitors, wo are n o t prepared n o r y e t wiUing th a t these samo rebels and traitors should r e turn am o n g us, assum e authority, m a ltreat w ith con­ tum e ly and c o n tem p t, or otherw ise abuse us. m e facts a ro p a ten t a u d beyond question, a n d i t is well shown t h a t th e r e a l U n ion m e n of this S tate are in th e m inority. T h e return e d rebels and traitors have th e balance of pow er in th e ir hands, and i t is publioly avowed that, tho Confederate e lem e n t m u st rule. M a tters havo assum e d such a phase th a t if not s trangled in the birth , we, th e U n ion m e n , wiU have no security for. life, prop e r ty or honor, m e retu r n e d rebels a n d traito rs a re daily grow ing m o re pow erful, and daily insults and abuses are heaped npon us bv them. T h e y no sooner find a r e tu r n to pow er th a n th e y commence a series of a b u se of us. T h e y lose no opportunity, b u t npo n all occasions use vile ep ithets tow a rd us. O u r residences are m a rked, and attem p ts have been m a d e to fire the dw ellings of somo of us who are m o st c o n spicuous. W e are told th a t wo are spotted, and dnily th r e a ts are heard against us. T h e y no t only abuse and curse us in private, b u t publicly scorn a n d villify us. N ew spapers, of w h ich we hove b u t tw o in our interest, cannot b e b r o u g h t on th e s t r e e t s ; but, like private papers, d u r in g th e days of th e inquisi­ tio n of old, are passed from ha n d to hand. W e w o u ld infinitely p r e f e r to retu r n them th e i r arm s ond fight them in open field th a n th u s to per­ m it them , u n d e r th e protection of our g o v e rnm e n t, H orace G reeley . >0111 d a te, h o has lent, and. W E N D E L L P H I L L I P S F O R C O S O S ESS. From Uio N. Y. Timo*. T h e Republicans of Boston talk of nom inating W endell P h illip s for Congress. H e has waived ins objections to tho C o n stitution of tlio U n ited Slates since slavery was a b o lished, and is sat now o < w illing, no t o n ly to vote, lm t to servo in Congress, b o th w h ich, u p to a very ' t° do. , „ . W e are n o t sorry to see tins mov< certain c o n tingencies, should no t be sorry io see 11 succeed. If th e lt.o u b h c a i i party is to e j r- vertod to th e principles nud purposes of M i. 1 b il­ ling, i t is e m inently proper th a t lie should hold a position of responsibility in ite councils. If that p a rty is to plant itself upon th e P h illips It is desirable on aU accounts th a t Mr. Phillips should bo recognized and accepted as its lender. H ith e rto i t lias held o ther principles and aim e d nt other o b jects, and i t hns nlso been guided b y other counsels. If its purposes and essential character are to bo changed, its leaders should be changed also. T h u s far, w h ile it has beeu th e party of progress a n d reform , i t has labored f o r them u n d e r and w ithin th e C o n stitution, holding the integrity of th e U n ion nnd th e suprem a c y o f tho f u n d a m e n ­ tal law to bo o f prim a ry a n d p a ram o u n t im p o rtance. M r P h illips always r e sented nnd resisted this self- im p o sed lim itation upon its pow er. H e always held, and still holds, th e U n ion and tho C o n stitu­ tion t* bo secondary and subord in a te to his jdoas o f reform —and especially to th e elevation of the negro race to a perfect equality, political, civil a n d social, w ith tho w h ite race in all tho States ; and to accom p lish th is result ho is prepared to disregard tlio C o n stitution, overrido S tate a u th o rity, p e r ­ petuate disunion, and change o u r form of govern­ m e n t from a union o f States, in w h ich n il th e p e o p le have an equal share, to a sectional despotism , in kioli one-tliird tlio S tates and people shall liavo uo voice. A vigorous effort is mado to b r in g the R e p u b lican p a rty to this platform and m a k e it the bulw a rk of these plans. If it succeeds, th e n W e n ­ dell P h illip s is its proper lender, a n d i t is d u e , a like to him , to th e party n n d the country, tliat ho should have all th e pow er nnd all th e responsibility w h ich belong to t h a t position. M r. Sum n e r, Mr. W ilson, G ov. Boutw e ll, M r. Stevens a n d o th e rs have done a good deal tow a rd b r in g ing Congress u p to the P h illip s platform , and i t is q u ite tim e they had th e aid of Mr. P h illip s him self. H is superio r ability, h is greater tenacity and in te g r ity of purpose, the g r e a ter c learness w ith w h ich lie perceives his u l t i ­ m a te object, and tho m o ro reckless courage w ith w h ich lie pursues it, w o u ld consum m a te th e end w ith w liich th e y have been tam p e r ing so long, and th e country w o u ld have less difficulty th a n it now enco u n ters' in pronouncing a decisive judgm e n t upon i t Mr. P h illip s has an o th e r special object in view w h ich probably induces him to seek a seat in Con­ gress ju s t now. I n discussing th e necessities of the im m e d iate f u ture, h e says : “ O u r d u ty is to p u t th e re [in Congres3j m e n w h o xuuui w c , w ill a t every hazard save th e n a tion, rem e m b e ring to dictate to us and govern us. O u r th a t they s tand w h ere th e L o n g P a r liam e n t stood governm e n t, u n d e r a m isapplied m e rcy, g r a n ts to prisoners o f w ar, g u ilty of th e h ig h e s t c rim e a g a inst th e S tate—treason—th e privilege, h ith e r to u n ­ know n , of dictating to th e ir conquerors th e term s upon w h ich tho conquerors m a y b e perm itted to live in th e land of th e ir b irth w ith u n p a rdoned traito rs—against a ll of w h ich w e pro test. W e p r o ­ test against being term e d rebels a n d traito rs by those whose hands are y e t reeking w ith th e blood o f U n ion men, a n d w h o boldly a n d w ith u n surpassed effrontery, no t only i n private, b u t th r o u g h o u t the daily papers, term u s rebels a n d traitors, a n d style them selves th e U n ion m e n of th e South, and this too while th e y are keep in g u p th e ir Confederate organizations, a n d utterly ig n o r in g th a t th e y are prison e rs o f w ar to o u r g o v e rnm e n t W e protest . a g a inst bein g ru led b y prisoners o f w a r u n d e r parole. W e protest a g a inst being abused b y them . W e p r o test a g a inst b e in g m a d e to feel th e vengeance o f baffled traitors. W e p r o test again s t be in g used as the lam b of th e sacrifice to conciliate r e b e ls and traitors. K n o w ing our sh r if t w o u ld be sho r t, if once these assassins gain pow e r, as th e y have proved conclusively b y th e ir acta of prem e d itated, cold-blooded butchery of U n ion m e n on M o n d a y , th e 13th of Ju ly , tho Saint-B a rtholom e w -day of N ew Orleans, we p r o test a g a inst be in g left to the te n d e r mercies of th e assassins, who use th e k n if e and pistols. W e p r o test m o st .em p h atically a g a inst being m a d e th e slaves, so to speak, of these prison­ ers of war, who h a te us w ith u n u tterable hate, who despise an d curse us. W a s it for these hu n d r e d s and thousands of o u r U n ion soldiers perished ? W as it for this we waged a w ar fo r th e U n ion ? W as i t f o r this we have im b r u e d o u r w h o le land in taxation ? W as it for th is we sp e n t m illions of treasure ? W as it for th is we have m a d e invalids a n d cripples of o u r th o u s a n d s o f U n ion men ? W a s ii for th is we e lected A n d rew Jo h n s o n to th e office from w hich ill-starred e v e n ts c a u sed him to becom e P r e s iden t ? W a s it for th is we conquered ? W e therefore call upon th e conquerors a n d loyal c iti­ zens of the natio n to p r o tec t us. W e n o t only pe ti­ tio n , b u t dem a n d p r o tection from th e Congress of your country, as we are in d u ty bound. 1649 ; and though the block and axe in fro n t o f the palace m a y be no fitting m easure now , they bound to f i n d and to u s e some m easure f i t a n d „ d e n t to secure their p u rpose—the D E P O S I T I O N of th e PERJURED AND U8UBPING TRAITOR.” Som ebody, in M r. P h i llip s ’s opinion, m u s t play the p a r t of Cromw ell. T h e P resident of the U n ited S tates m u s t be D E P O S E D ! A r e s o r t to th e block and axe possibly m a y n o t be fittin g or expedient now ; b u t “ Congress is bound to f i n d and use some m e a sure\ w h ich shall accom p lish th e sam e end. T h e President, M r. P h illip s said som e tim e ago, is an “ o b s tacle” to th e accom p lishm e n t of th e ir plans—an “ obstacle to b e rem o v e d .” H e interposes th e obstacle of th e C o n s titution to th e fulfilm e n t of th e ir purposes ; and f o r th is lie m u st be “ deposed . ” M r. P h illip s is q u ite rig h t in th in k i n g th a t th e accom p lishm e n t of th is p u r p o s e dem a n d s h is presence and h is a g e n c y in Congress. H e m a y u o t have any m a rked adv a n tage over Mr. Stevens in being w h o lly free from constitutional scruples, b u t h e has m o r e ears a n d g r e a ter elo- >quence a t his com m a n d , and is less likely to yield to considerations of political expediency. W ith M a j.-G e n . B u tler, w h o lias already liad him s e lf m a d e Com m n n d e r-in-C h ief of th e M a ssachusetts W1T1JOUT CONCEALMENT—WITHOUT COMPnOMISE. NEW tO B K , SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, I T H E S O U T H E R N L O Y A L I S T S ' C O N V E N ­ T I O N . A t last tb e S o u th h a s spoken on th o o n ly g r e a t N a tio n a l issue—neg ro suffrage. Ite testim o n y has been utte r e d in ju s t tboso ciroum staneos th u t wo should liavo chosen h n d wo been p e rm itted to ar­ range them . T h e influences to w h ich tlio C o n ­ vention w as subjected, tested tho stre n g th and tho exact c h a racter o f its convictions. H e r e , a s in every o th e r instance, a t th e S o u th as n t tho N o rth, i t is clear th a t th e p e o p l e , in c lud in g th e ir leudors, really believe th a t negro suffrage is th e only full and perm a n e n t c u re for ou r N a tional difficulties ; the on ly arran g e m e n t w h ich will insure th a t safety for life a t th e South, and th a t tem p tation for N o rth e r n capital to go th e re, w h ich a re indispensa­ ble to any tru e reconstruction. T h o debates of this C o n v e n tion, placed alongside of tho oommonte ou them , prove th is to any observing num. P u t tin g one side thoso few e rratic m inds still im b u e d w ith colorpliobia, th e sincerity of whose d o u b ts ou th is su b ject need no t be questioned, tho re s t of th e nation could bo divided iuto throe classes—first, tho tho r o u g h ly disho n e s t h y p o c rites, like Joh n s o n , and tho Evening Post, who believe, know , and have often avowed, th e ir conviction of tho n e e d of negro suffrage, b u t now deny aud con­ ceal i t from conscious spite, am b ition, or lovo of lucre. Secondly, time-servers,\ like WilsOn of M a s­ sachusetts, th e Tennessee m e n , a n d th e b u lk of the R e p u b lican press, w h o conceal th o ir real senti­ m e n ts to secure th e success of th e party. Som e of these a re h o n e s tly d e luded, and really fear to spealc t h e ir tho u g h ts, from dread of consequences; oth e rs ad o p t th is m a sk because, indifferent to all principle, th e y th in k th is c o u rso w ill do them tho least h a rm w ith f rien d and foe. T h irdly, th e g r e a t body o f th e n a tio n , w h o know th a t full justice to th e neg ro is th e only cure for o u r h u r t, avow it, m e a n to have it, ond are o n ly tem p o rarily baulked in th e ir purpose b y tim id, selfish, ign o r a n t b itio u s leaders. I t is a g r e a t th in g to discover w h a t th e n a tio n a l faith really is. I n tim e, acts follow convictions. N e ith e r p r e s id e n ts n o r parties can lon g h o ld a n a tio n back from doing w h a t i t really believes necessary f o r its safety. H a d th e R a d icals in g r e a t num b e rs crow d e d to welcome th e So u th e r n patriots, i t m ig h t have been said t h a t these g e n tlem e n wore u r g e d b y sym p a thy, u n d u e influence o r m isrepresentation, to advocate negro suffrage. B u t v e ry few of thoso recognized as R a d icals w ere p r e s e n t. T h e p r e p o n d e ratin g fluence am o n g N o r t h e r n visitors was th a t of the tim id R e p u b licans, f e a rf u l lest som e c ry of agony, w ru n g from th e to r tu r e d S o u th , shou ld distu rb th e ir tem p o r is ing gam e f o r the F a ll elections. W e do n o t f o rget th e h o n o r e d exceptions am o n g theso N o rth e r n visitors. N o t d e e m ing it n e c e ssary to nam e T ilto n , D o u g lass, K e lley a n d M iss D ickinson, w e love to sp a re oue line fo r g r a ti tu d e to Col. H am ilton of N ew Y o rk w ith h is eigh ty y e a r s of h o n o r a b le service—th e w o rth y rep r e s e n tative of one o f th e th r e e g r e a t A m e rican nam es. O u r N o r t h e r n doughfaces, w ith som e difficulty, p e rsu a d e d th e B o r d e r S tate delegates to sm o ther th e ir convictions, a s s u rin g th e m th a t any r a d ical p latfo rm w o u ld p e r il R e p u b lican success th is Fall. T h u s th e s e N o r t h e r n Facing-botli-w a y s-politiciaus succeeded i n prev e n tin g th e C o n v e n tion, a s a Whole, fro m ta k in g any g r o u n d o n th e g r e a t issue. B u t th e d e b a te w h ich en s u e d pro v e d how un a lterable a n d deep-seated w as th e conviction of b o th B o r d e r S tate and G u lf S tate m e n as to th e necessity of such a m oasnro. N o one d e n ied its necessity, no d o u b te d t h a t finally i t m u s t be. N o one offered gto su ffrngVj wng h ith e r to a priv a te th e o ry —a faith avowed b y m a n y , accepted by m o s t ; b u t i t had no | political stand in g . T h e C leveland C o n v e n tion of 1864 is th e only political body t h a t ever lifted up! th is sign of safoty beforo th e nation. T h e litter j n t , i n ___ and b itte r disavow al of th a t m o v e m e n t by th e be­ sotted idolaters of L in c o ln an d Jo h n s o n defeated th a t a ttem p t to draw atten tio n to th e point. B u t after th is m o m e n tous indorsem e n t, N egro Suffrage takes its place am o n g a c k n o w ledged party issues. I t h a d fo r c e ; it has now tak e n fo r m . Seem ing s tr a n g o —b u t n o t so in reality —th a t th e lym rtieat friends o t snoli a m e a sure sh o u ld como from nuioiig tho aristocracy o f the old slave S tates 1 a n ted tho full, frank, explicit o p inion of tho S o u th e r n loyalists on o u r issues—tlio testim o n y p o r ts , th e evidence o f th o s e specially able to ju d g e ; iu o r d e r that, w ith sn c h m a terials in thoir hands, N o rthern m e n could m a k e u p a s o u n d ju d g ­ m e n t. W e d id n o t w a n t so m u ch o f S o u th e r n opin- given us os political gam e sters th o u g h t would n o t peril tiioir schem e s, and the rest o f it s m o th ­ ered. W e d id n o t w a n t So u thern op in ion f iltered thro u g h R e p u b lican cow a rdice. T h a n k s to Gen. H a m ilton and h is com rades, we hav e go t w h a t we w anted— the w illing testim o n y of th e G u lf, a n d the relu c tan t confession of th o B o r d e r States— all agreeing t h a t im p a rtial ju s tice is o u r only security. T h o con d u c t of th e B o r d e r S tates is in cxnct keeping w ith all th e ir action d u r in g th o war. Tlioy wero alw ays invisible, e x c e p t as th e stron g color of th e section th e y clu n g t o gave th e m ch a r ­ acter. T h e y have alw ays beon th e b la n k leaf be- >n tho T e s tam e n ts , on w h ich each new ow n er w rites his individual record. T h e evil g e n ius of Mr. W ilson, of M a ssachusetts, is therefo re of less' m o m e n t, as ho o n ly seduced w illin g victim s . I t is no atonem e n t, to. bo sure ; b u t i t is som o satisfac­ tio n to know t h a t h e is, as usual, b u s y d e n y ing in public tho w o rds he w h ispered to h is dupes. T h e G u lf States, as usu a l, w ere positive. W h en th e positive Radicalism o f th e G u lf nnd t h a t of tho LalCcs com e to g e th e r , i t is easy to p r e d ic t results. T h e H a m m e r and th e A n v il a re a g reed ; le t th e m o lten a u d passive m a ss o f th e m iddle section tako w a rning. N ew E n g la n d shouts, “ All H a i l,” a n d tho g r e a t W e s t says “ A m e n ” to th e G ulf. T h e i r rig h t h a n d s a re clasped, a n d th e ir h e a r ts o n e in th is purpose ; and, as B o n a p a r te said, th e w o rd impossible ” is n o t i n t h e i r dictionaries.. W e n d e l l P h i l l ip s . 0 0 V. H A M ILTO N . days; they did not drift about like fallen loaves; yet . I h is position, conflicting with tho largest monoyod intor- A mono the bravo champions o f impartial freedom and est tho city could show on the other side, split the tm c-hcartad loyalists from the fur Sonth, the master church through Its very contre. You remonstrated. _________________ . „ .iy th in g th a t could b e called, b y th e u tm o s t c — m ilitia, a n d who also seeks a s e a t in Congress, f o r te3y j a n a r g u m e n t a g a in s t its b e in g now dem a n d e d , h is L ieuten a n t, and a subservient m a jority i n b o th * . , . ,. i.;„ I. i w ,.„,i„ii W h e n th e B o r d e r S t a te m e n , b y th e persuasion From the N. Y. Tribune. T h e p e rsisten t efforts of M r. B e e c h e r to cast blam e on th e R e p u b lican m a jority of th e p r e s e n t Congress as—a t least e q u ally w ith P r e s id e n t J o h n ­ son—responsible for th e grave ex isting difference betw een them , im p e ls m e , in th e in te r e s t of tru th and justice, to m a k e a s tatem e n t o f facts. I was one of th e m a n y who early apprehended and anxiously deprecated a breach betw een C o n ­ gress a n d th e Presid e n t. Soon a f te r o u r last S tate election, and before th e assem b ling of th e p r e s e n t Congress, I w ent, n o t un invited , to W a shington, expressly to gu a rd against 6uch a difference. B e ing adm itted to an interview w ith th e P r e s id e n t, I urged him to call to W a s h ington th r e e of th e m o st em inen t aDd tru s te d expositors of N o rthern a n ti­ slavery s e n tim e n t, and th r e e equally em in e n t and representative Southern ex-rebels, and ask th e m to take n p th e ir residence a t th e W h ite H o u se f o r week, a fortnight, so long as they m ig h t find ne­ cessary, while th e y by free and friendly conference and discussion, s h o u ld earn e s tly e n d e a v o r to find a common grou n d w h ereon th e N o rth an d th e South should b e n o t m e rely reconciled, b u t mode ever­ m o re f raternal a n d harm o n ious. I suggested th a t th e P r e s ident should occasionally, as he could find tim e , drop in on these conferences a n d offer such suggestions as h e should deem fit—ra th e r as a m o d e rator or com m o n friend, th a n as a p a r ty to th e discussion. A suggestion of nam es be in g inv ited, I proposed those of Gov. A n drew of M a ssachusetts, G e r r it Sm ith of N ew Y ork, a n d J u d g e R . P . S p a u ld in g of O h io, as th r e e who seem e d to m e f a ir r e p r e s e n ta­ tives of th e anti-slavery s e n tim e n t of th e N o rth, while neith e r specially obnoxious to nor disposed to deal harshly w ith th e S o u th ; a n d I added th a t I hoped th e y w o u ld be m e t b y m e n like G e n . R o b ­ e r t E . L e e , A lexaudcr H . Stephens, e tc., w h o w o u ld b e recognized and heeded b y th e S o u th as m e n in whose h a n d s h e r h o n o r and true interests w o u ld b e safe. B u t I added th a t I had no special desire th a t these or a n y p a rticular m e n should be selected, w ishing only t h a t those chosen from either section sh o u ld be s u c h as to com m and th e ir people’s c o n ­ fidence and suppo r t. A n d I pledged myself to su p p o r t, to th e e x ten t o f m y pow er, a n y a d justm e n t th a t should th u s be m a tured a n d ag reed upon. Som e tw o m o n ths lutcr, after th e m e e ting of Congress, aud w h en th e p o litical s k y h a d becom e darker, I w e n t a g a in to W a shington, on th e assur­ ance of a m u tual f riend tliat th e P r e s id e n t desired to see me. T h e J o i n t C o m m ittee ou R e c o n s truc­ tion h a d th e n beon appointed. A t a n interview pro m p tly uccorded, I urged th e P r e s id e n t to invito th is C o m m ittee to th e W h ite H o u se, and discuss w ith thorn, from evening to evening, a s f rien d w ith friends, all th e phases of th e grave problem of r e ­ construction, w ith a fixed resolve to find a basis of agreem e n t if possible. I urg e d such considera­ tions as occurred to m e in favor of th e feasibility of such agreem e n t if it w ere earnestly s o u g h t, as I felt s u r e i t w o uld b e on the side of Congress. T h e vast patronage in th e P r e s id e n t’s h a n d s —th e re- luctonce of th e m a jority in Congress to see th e ir friends, s u p p o r ters u n d n o m inees expelled b y w h o le­ sale from office, and th e ir places supplied b y b itter adversaries— the natural anxiety of every p a rty in pow er to m a intain cordial relations w ith the head of the governm e n t c h o sen by its votes— these, and a thousand kindred c o n siderations, rendered m o ral­ ly certain au agreem e n t betw e e n Congress a n d the P r e s id e n t w ithout a sacrifice of p r inciple on either h a n d , if th e latter should sincerely s e e k it. H o u ses a t h is com m a n d , W e n d e ll P h i llip s m a y flat­ te r him s e lf w ith a very fair p r o s p e c t o f plu n g in g th e co u n try in to a civil w a r w liich shall u n ite the carnage of th e F r e n c h R e v o lution w ith th e h o r ro r s of St. D o m ingo, and th u s satisfy his ideal of a p e r ­ fect e q u a lity o f races—all races a n d all c lasses b e in g w h elm ed in a com m o n ruin. T h is is a prospect w h ich m u s t d e lig h t th e enem ies o f th e policy of restoration a n d peace propo s e d a n d p u r s u e d b y th e President. _______________________ W E N D E L L P H I L L I P S . From'ho Independent T h e neighbors of W e n d e ll P h i llip s ow e it alike to him and to them selves to no m in a te h im for Congress th is Fall. T h e story is to ld t h a t h e w ould decline such a nom ination. T h is m a y b e tru e . B u t i t still does n o t absolve M a s s a c h u s e tts from h e r d u ty to see herself represen ted, once 'at least, b y h e r typical a n d chief radical. Now is th o tim e w h e n th e gran d old S tate needs to r e p r e s e n t h e r radicalism m o r e th a n anv o th e r feature of her statesm a n s h ip. W e n d e ll P h illip s could have been th e pro d u c t of no o ther th a n th e B a y S tate. N o r could th e B a y S tate have been w h a t s h e is, had lie never been born. F u r th e r th a n any o th e r m a n , h e w arped h e r forw a rd to h e r tru e anchorage in political equality. C o n g ress needs no t o n ly h i s 1 opinions, b u t h is type of m ind. H e w o u ld b e one of th e m o st original, prolific, a n d useful m e n in th a t b o d y ; and, a f te r he h a d been in i t f o r a single term , h is c o m p e e rs w o u ld clhm o r f o r h is re-election. T h e y could n o t d o w itho u t him . T h o u g h his chief fam e is t h a t of a n orator, h is ch ief m e r i t is tliat of a statesm a n . U n rivaled as a debater, he w o u ld probably m a k e few er speeches on th e floor, b u t would suggest m o r e th o u g h ts in th e eom m ittee- room , th a n alm o s t any m e m b e r of th e p r e s e n t H o u se, except perhaps tw o or th r e e who need no t b e h e re nam ed. M r. P h illip s m a y have an excuse for n o t accepting tlio n o m in a tio n ; b u t M a ssachu­ setts has no excuse f o r n o t o ffering it. W i l l i a m B . C a m b e ll, Builie P e y to n a n d Jo h n L e lly e tt, now conspicuous am o n g the P r e s id e n t’s su p p o r ters in T e n n e ssee, denou n c e d M r. A n d rew Jo h n s o n (in 1864) for u tte r in g th e follow ing s e n ti­ m e n ts before a negro a ssem b ly, a f te r b r e a k in g u p a “ conservative m e e ting ” w ith g u n s an d pistols : “ L o y a l m e n from th is day forw a rd, are to be controllers of T e n n e ssee’s grand and sublim e des­ tiny, and rebels m u s t be dum b — we w ill n o t listen to t h e ir counsel. N ashville is no lon g e r th e place fo r them to ho ld th e ir m e e tings. L e t them g a th e r th e ir treasonable c o n c laves e lsew h e re, am o n g th e ir frien d s in th e C o n federacy. T h o y shnll no t hold conspiracies in N a s h v ille.” N o ; th e ir places a re New O rleans a n d M e m p h is. — Tribune. B ennett ’ s O f f e r to t h e C onfederacy .—T h e r e will sh o r tly be published a record of th e proceed­ ings of th e s e c r e t sessions of th e C o n federate Con­ gress. T h is in te r e s ti n g publication w ill reveal th e tact beyond a ll disp u te, t h a t Ja m e s G o rdon B e n ­ n e t t s e n t a n a g e n t to th e C o n federate governm e n t, offering to sell th e influence of th e New Y ork H erald to th e Confederacy, a n d to advocate th e se­ cession m o v e m ent, f o r th e sum of £60,000 in gold, to b e paid in E n g land. T h is offer w as d u ly con­ sidered and r e jected, u p o n th e g r o u n d s : first, tliat th e Now Y o rk H erald h a d no influence, a n d could n o t be of service to th e Confederacy ; and, second­ ly, that, ju d g in g from B e n n e t t’s antecedents and know n character, lie \yould n o t keep faith w ith them , b u t w o u ld bo false to liis bargain a t th e f ir s t oppo r tunity th a t prom ised a rew a rd for his treachery. T h is is one m o re chap ter in tho history of th e infam o u s career of th is b o d old m a n .— N . Y. Ncu M uscular C hristianity is a t a discount both in th e U n ite d S tates and E n g land. H e n r y W a rd B e e c h e r has com e o u t for A n d rew Joh n s o n and C h a rles K ingsley lias com e o u t for tb e Jam a ica G o v e rnor E y r e .— Boston Transcript. A ndrew J ohnson ju d g e d b y him s e lf : “ W h e n ­ ever you find a m a n anyw h e re pratin g abo u t the C o n s titution of th e U n ited S tates, sp o t h im ; lie’s a traito r 1 ”— A n d rew Johnson's Campaign Speech at Nashville, Sept., 1864. W h e n th e B o r d e r S t a te m e n , b y th e pel o f t h e i r N o r t h e r n deceivers, su r rend e r e d th e po in t of dem a n d ing it now , th e y stultified them selves- I f th e y h a d n o th in g to ask f o r th o ir c o n s tituen ts, w h y did t h e y a ssem b le ? T h e y liad no c o n s titu e n ts b u t th e blacks. T h e i r w h ite co n s tituen c y is too in s ig n ifican t in n u m b e rs to be c o u n ted. T h e y con­ fess as m u c h w h e n th e y s u m u p th e d a n g e r s to w h ich th e iso lated w h ite loyalists are exposed, th e m o m e n t o u r N o rthern arm y leaves. A few stran g e r s like th e n a tive C h r is tian s o f D a m a scus o r P e k in , ju s t larg e eno u g h in n u m b e rs f o r th e p e ttie s t foe to see an d tram p le on. N ew O rlean s proves it— a ll h e r w h ite loyalty sh u t u p in one H a ll an d m u r d e r e d by a single b low . I f th e y d id n o t r e p r e s e n t th e blacks, th e y represented nobody. If th e y d id rep r e s e n t th e blacks, th e n th e y b e trayed th e i r co n s titu e n ts. I f th e y cam e to sp e a k only f o r w h ites, th e n in ­ stead o f be in g a rep r e s e n tative bo d y th e y were m e rely a m e e tin g of respectable gentlem e n assem ­ b led to proclaim th e ir in d iv id u a l grievances, like th e m e m b e rs of a b a n k in g o r railro a d corporation w h o feel them selves to have beeu c h e a ted .. A per­ f e c tly honest an d w o rthy fun c tion, b u t one in w h ich th e g e n e r a l p u b lic need s n o t take any special terest. T h e on ly n o ticeable characteristic of such g a th e r in g is th a t, a t a m o m e n t like this, i t seem s slig h tly im p e r tin e n t for a h u n d r e d o r tw o private g e n tlem e n to tro u b le th e pu b lic w ith th e ir griefs. T h o G o lf S tate m e n on th e contrary, tho s e who spoke a n d acted a t th e last session o f th e C o n v e n ­ tio n , represented n o t o n ly a p r incip le b u t a N a tion. T h e y rep r e s e n ted a prin c ip le, th e acknow ledg­ m e n t o f w h ich revives trade, gives new life to p u b ­ lic credit, seta u p law, now b e a te n dow n h a lf th e n a tion , a u d m a k e s civil w a r im p o ssible. T h e y r e p r e s e n t a N a tion—five m illions of blacks— w h o se w e ig h t against u s m u d e th e rebellion possi­ ble, whose supposed n e u trality enabled it to drag on f o r years, an d w h o se d e c ision on o u r s ide c r u s h ­ ed resistance to n a tion a l a u th o rity . T h o y r e p r e ­ se n t allies whose claim ou o u r h o n o r is endorsed b y o u r m o s t u r g e n t self-interest; w ith o u t whoso co n tin u e d assistance th e nation ’s victory w o u ld be su b s tan tial defeat, since a large stand in g arm y , sufficient t o w a tch th e S o u th , w o u ld, a t tho same tim e , kill th e p r incip le of o u r gov e rnm e n t and b a n k r u p t o n r e x c h e q u e r. W h a t s u c h rep r e s e n tativ e s say is pre-em inently w o rthy to b e heeded. T h e i r declaration t h a t u n ­ less im p a r tial suffrage bo established by tho th o r ity of th e N a tional governm e n t, we havo 1 safety ag a in s t th e foil s p irit o f slavery p u ts tho seal to N o rthern conviction ou th a t p o int. T h e y know —n o m o n b e tto r —w h e reof th e y affirm. T h e irs is n o holiday declam a tion, no c u n n in g p a rty p latform , no hair-sp littin g ab o u t constitutional theories. I t is th e agonized p r o test of loyal ■who w ill n o t su b m it to exile, a g a in s t a policy w h ioh f o r th e m m e a n s ro b b e r y a u d m u r d e r . .It is a e r y for h e lp from m o n in do a th-grapple w ith tin n a tio n ’s foes a n d th o ir own. I t is tho claim of subjects u p o n gov e rnm e n t f o r protection, of allies for th e fulfilm e n t of ou r pledges to m a k e th o ir freedom a reality an d a boon, n o t a sham and snare. I t is tho loyalty of L o u isiana, p o in ti n g to th e bloody pavem e n ts of New O rleans, n u d de m e n d ing protection, j T h a t th e s e noble m e n stood firm ag a in s t tho persu a s ion of th e ir B o r d e r S tate b r o th e r s aud th e e n treaties of th e ir N o r t h e r n visitors, t h a t all th e cajoling of practised political jugglers nover deceived o r confused th e m o n e m o m e n t, proves tlio in te n s ity a u d clearness viction. T h e y have dono us a very great service. A g a in has th e negro—th is tim e by liis representative— saved o u r labo rin g standard. unquestionably Gov. A. J. H amilton , of Toxns. Throughout the Into Conven­ tion liis influence was given for impartial suffrage. His appeals wore based upon justice as the highest ex­ pediency. The following, from n speech after the ad­ journm e n t of the Convention, is u merited rebuke of certain time-serving and cowardly Northern delegates, and a noble, manly defence of truth and justice : “ Whon wo root in Convention, we loyal mon of the South expootod no obstruction to nn outspoken exjires- sion of feeling, .fudge o f my surprise nnd disappoint­ m e n t when I found hore a few Northern men, who thought moro of their own .election to Congress than they did of nlloviating our condition a t homo. They said that if wc expressed onrsolves in nn open manner tiioy feared thoy would lose thoir elections in tbo North. But wo have no such fears. We are anxious to do im ­ partial justice to nil moil, pluciug ourselves upon thc broad rook of eternal truth. Men made in the imuge of God had boon kept in slavery for two hundred years ; but thoy have ut last been made free and brought into tho fold of tlio Union aa free men. Why should Fred­ erick Douglass be denied any right th a t is enjoyed by any of us t Oil, bnt thoy suy it is n o t expedient. But I have learned by tlio sad experience o f tiie years that truth is tho fittest thing to bo spoken on all occasio Justice has never suffered in the sight of God. Let then, no longer givo o u r enemies in tho Old W orld the right to suy, ‘ You proclaim freedom and justice to all, but in your practice givo the lie to your professions.’ Our p a st example has done much to alleviate the condi­ tion of the downtroddon of the Sonth, and now, by tbe E rnco o f God, every man in our midst who has a true cart, nnd is willing to shed his blood for the salvation of his country, of whatever nationality or color he may be, is our brother, onr friond, our fcllow-citizen, and entitled os suoh to tho same privileges as any of us.” I will stand in a fro© p ulpit, or I will stand in none,” he answered ; ond when his position was taken, i t was taken without swerving, against shivery as well. There never lived tho man nor body of men who conld silence John Pierpont—not Grant, nor Andrew Johnson, nor the army of tho Union behind both. And when the victory was gained, ho resigned his position of his own free will. It was n o t wilfully that he fought in sore an­ guish this great battle. He knew that i t wns for truth and posterity. And w hat did not his stem spirit achieve? Who con tell how much of it went into this lost g reat war? into tho very Proclamation or Emanci­ pation? will echo through the songs o f tho freedmen, if they shall evor bo pormitted to sing thorn ? Many in­ terests claimed him as his lifo wont on, of which there need to speak. Each one found him fearless, manly, steadfast, willing to risk hia lifo for what he be­ lieved to be true. He loved all mon, even the colored tendered his resignation from Gen. Uosecrans 1 the army. Tho W ar D epartm ent and Gen. Grant have each inti­ mated to Gen. Hhoridan that ho can be relieved from duty a t New Orleans. A T O U R P O S T A G A I N . W e are h a p p y to g r e e t o u r r e a d e r s again, a n d to b e able to resum e o u r edito r ial labors w h ich have been in te r r u p te d f o r several w eeks b y severe ill- ndss. W e retu r n rested an d invigorated. W e a re in th e m id s t of a crisis i n n a tio n a l af­ fairs, second ii» in te r e s t a n d im p o r tance to none of th e m a n y w h ich have preced e d it. T h e clouds have been and still a re d a rk a n d th r e a te n in g , b u t as h ith e r to th e w rath of m a n , we tru s t, w ill be mode to serve good ends. T h e political h isto ry of th e co u n try furnish e s n o parallel to th e rem a r k ­ able a n d disgraceful c am p a ign of P r e s id e n t J o h n ­ son a n d S e c retary Sew a rd, a n d G e n . G rant, th e co m in g m a n ,” con s e n ts to give i t eclat, w ith onim o u s silence, w h ile M r . B e e c h e r a n d D r. T y n g ta k in g “ S o u th-side view s,” of reconstruc­ tio n an d traito rs. A b o litionists, how ever, m a y b e con fiden t a n d encouraged. J u s t p r inciples are n o t less pow e rful to - d a y th a n h e reto f o re, m a n y form e r b a r r ie r s have b e e n overcom e , a n d w e have new an d i m p o r ta n t allies in th e earn e s t suffering a n d u n q u a lified R a d ical loyalists o f th e S o u th , w h o w ill n o t an d c a n n o t afford to b e m u z z led b y the cow a rdly a n d com p ro m isin g p o litician s of th e N o rth , and th e B o r d e r States. Gov. Brownlow, of Tennessee, in a recent address the people of Now Orleans, s a y s : “ Having no hope of protection from the President, in tho event o f an attack from a rebel mob, I shall look with confidence to the N orthwestern States to come to our rescue, as soon a attacked by tho minions of Jeff. Davis and Andrei Johnson. And if further developments seem to justify it, I will call out the loyal m ilitia of the State, and call upon tho Legislature to arm a n d e quip them. We m ust and will m eet these traitors, and sustain the govern­ m e nts, State and National, or fall with our faces to the foe 1 ” Rov. O. B. Frothiugham resum ed his labors on Sun­ day morning last. He preached a d iscourse on ‘ ‘ W ork,\ in the course of which he said : “ No genius makes com p ensation for ignobleness of n or littleness of spirit. He who abuses h is talent mystify or mislead the world, a t once steps down from among tbe true workers, and takes his place among the d itchers a n d delvers. Tnis is neither sacred nor dignified. There is a curse npon this labor worse than fatigue or hunger : “ ‘ Who rules a State not for God’s laws Makes that and tho action vile.’ W hen a statesm an whose name has been a synonym for far-reaching wisdom, broad sympathy with the wrongs and rights of mankind, advanced insight into the causes of social p rogress, and high courage m_advo- cating the principles of equal justice for men an<[ women of every race and condition, allows h imself to fall under narrowing and belittieing influences, and lends h imself to tlio advocacy o f doctrines inconsistent w ith those that, have given him fame a nd honor among his cotempornries, tho charm of genin3 departs from his labor, liis power is a source o f weakness, his talent is a misfortune, liis influence is a thing to be deplored, and men say : ‘Alas! tho day-loborer o u g h t to be hap­ pier than h o ! ’ “ W hen a man, whom the people have set in a high place and furnished with immeasurable opportunities for good—as g reat as axe possessed by any individual of the human race—a m a n who has been s e t in the very foremost rank of the world's workers, in the highest region of design a n d operation, uses a il this power and M R . P H I L L I P S A N D C O N G R E S S . W e p r i n t i n au o th e r colum n an article from th e ew Y o rk lim e s , a n d also one from th e Indepen - . •nl, u p o n M r. P h i llip s as a c a n d id a te f o r Congress. T h e r e is a stro n g desire o n th e p a r t of h is f riend s o f tho d istric t in w h ich h e resid e s th a t M r. P h i l­ lip s s h o u ld r e p r e s e n t th e m i n C o n g ress. T h is, we a re w ell assured, h e w ill n o t c o n s e n t t o d o . W e a d m it t h a t all th e goo d qu a lities f o r th e of­ fice w h ich t h e Independent ascribes t o M r. P h illip s \belong to him , a n d t h a t th e p e o p le o f h is d istric t m a y well c o v e t s u c h a r e p r e s e n tativ e o f th e prin c i­ p les of genu in e repu b licanism as h e w o u ld m a k e. W e s h o u ld deeply reg r e t th e decision, how e v e r, if h e w ere to co n s e n t to go to C o n g ress. W e believe h e does m o r e an d b e tte r f o r C o n g ress au d th e n a ­ tion as a faith fu l, im p a r tial c r it ic of m e n a n d m e as­ ures outside of legislative halls, an d in d e p e n d e n t of all p a r ty alliances. H e is th e leader of leaders. H e is suoh b y v irtu e of th e in d e p e n d e n t, d isin ter­ ested p o s ition w h ich en a b les h im to proclaim in advance unw e lcom e t r u t h s w h ich o th e r m e n hesi­ ta te to speak. C h a r les S u m n e r a n d T h a d d e u s Stev e n s are earnest, nob le-hearted m e n , h u t they can n o t alw ays afford to say pu b licly w h a t in p r i­ vate th e y confess s h o u ld b e said. W e ll m ig h t th e evil ge P h i llip s p u t o n th e p a r ty h a rness, an d th u s f o rfeit h is pow e r o f lead e rsh ip w h ich “ Conservatives a n d negro - h a ters so m u c h f e a r a n d hate. T h e negro a n d th e n a tio n c a n n o t y e t afford to have M r. P h i llip s exchange th e po s itio n of in d e ­ pen d e n t, im p a r tial critic fo r t h a t of C o n g ressm a n . opponents to a wrestling-match ; bandies bully and bravado w ith the mob, outdoing the rabble in cant and slang—drags after him in tumultuous procession tho crowd o f men who have been doing their utm ost to overturn the State, and denounces thc purest men of the nation as • whelps of sin ,' he teaches us, along w ith a host of other lessons, this lesson beside—that no work has dignity o r sacredness, or is counted a work nmong men, that is not done with pure intention and\ broad, humane purpose.” So ho did,” said an emphatic voice, and thoso who looked quickly saw that a m a n , whoso lifo stretched back to the time when the voice oi Chnnning'wns as yet unheard, Charles Cleveland, now in his ninety-third year, had c rept u p tho p u lpit stairs, staying his deaf ear near the speaker, and now ochoed his words. So lie d id,” repeated Mr. Stetson. “ Wc talk of a hero. Wlmt noed have I to recall his faults, if faults lie h ad? W h at Carlyle said of Burns was true of him. We m u st measure tho delinquent tangent against the of the orbit. If it is laTge enough, the two will all b u t coincide. The sarcasm aud sharpness o f h is earlier life wns b u t the sign of his power. Men feared i t be­ cause i t c n t so deep ; b n t this power was always wielded for the truth. God will n o t soon give us such another. I do not say He never w ill; b u t a man of groat genius, of unwearied industry, o f facile and versatile power, with the make of a soldier—whon shall he come again? W hen the war broke out, he would serve h is country in the field ; b u t the exposure was too g reat for three score and ten. The Secretary gavo lifto the fifteehTolio vol­ umes of tho State Records to codify. Ho condensed them into one small volume, and furnished a n index to tho whole. Such a work was never befo'ro finished by a man of eighty. Then the government gave liim a clerk­ ship, wliich he held till lost Sunday. He lost hold of life by n o slow decay ; it was c u t square off, os ho him­ self was o p t to c u t things, and i t was an end lie would have contemplated with pleasure. Ho not only fought the battle, but inspired the conflict with his song. Who shall say w hat heights he m ight have reached had he Riveu himself to poetry alone? Certainly some verses, thoroughly wrought but easily written, have slipped from his pen, which will endure so long as our language shall be spoken. A man of genius—no one will deny i t B u t he h as gone, no more to move in this ay, or in any other way, the world in which he lived.” Mr. Stetson looked down into the coffin for a mo­ m ent, and then Dr. G annett offered prayer. A t the last, Charles Cleveland lifted his aged hands. “ May we all have grace to say with him and Jesus,” he prayed, “ ‘I have finished the work that Thou gavest me to do.” ’ I t was a mistake to sing the hym n which begins, “ Servant o f God, well done,” for i t refers to a n aged man. John Pierpont d ie d young, though he left chil­ dren th a t the world calls old. H is harness was on, his step strong, hia voice cheery. Only the last year had a growing deafness shut out the over-intrusive world. Mr. Stetson m ight well Bay that i t matte red$ittle to one who liad thought and read so much. And so we car­ ried him out of the chuich, and laid beneath the oaks the body that was so stam ped with beauty. Wo could scarce bear to leave i t I t is rare death touches and does in no sense destroy ; but God cored even for the worn vesture of this faithful soul. I t kept, till we lost sight o f it, the impress o f its high lineage. We prayed for tho wile whoso noble privilege i t was to make serene and happy the last nine years of h is life. B u t she will not need our prayers 1 Very soon the memory o f this translation to the heavenly day will be to h is fair lire, which his lips h a d never sullied with a lie, a s the many- colored tints of the memorial-window to ihe ancient chapter-house — a charm no stern iconoclnst would spare, a n d which the poet would beseech oi Heaven as its last and crowning grace. c. h . d . Boston, August 29, 1866. J O H N P IE R P O N T . “ Ho was Dot, for God took him.” On Sunday, August 26, J o h n Pierpont r e turned from his last public service, greeted afresh his friends i: Medford, began to take np tho dropped links of his New Eugland»lifo, and, walking in his garden, talked about tho book he would soon send to his friend Sibley nt Harvard. On Monday m o rning he felt a certain chill, w ithout recognizing it as a heavenly messenger, drew a little unusual covering about h is faithful feet, folded his arms, closed his eyes, and, w ith untouched intelligence, passed out of this world. Never before had a morning's sun dawned upon his prostrate figure ; and now, when thc ciosed shntter was th r u s t curiously open, i t was evident that, earlier than usual, he had gone to m e et tho dayspring, and salute it w ith the m usic still echoing from his lips a t Providence. The golden light orowned tho whiteness o f his eighty-c years, b u t woko no responsive gleam in the unruffled o f th e Tim e s b e gratified to have M r. I e>'e : <lid not stim u late him afresh to the daily walk, - which had been a martial tram p from the cradle to the grave. A p rince had fallen in our national household. For two days ho lay in state, and now we had m e t to bury him. “ Carry me to Medford when I fall, and let Brother Brooks say a prayer over me,” was a ll the di­ rection he had ever given. Years ago, he bought a lot on the oi l T h atcher farm, which he had known “ Sweet Auburn ” while a t College ; but when the new cemetery was opened near the Medford church, a n d his wife died, he transferred his proprietorship. We shall yet m eet to speak a prouder eulogy ; bu t though many grateful and loving heaita came together in his old church, tlio m u rky heat of dog-days had scattered the scholars a n d the clergy, who would fain have done him H A M L IN . W e print below the letter of the late Vice-Prosident Hamlin, resigning, from the m ost h onorable a n d patri­ otic motives, the Colleetorship of the port of Boston. This wns tho man set aside in 1864, b y tho Republicans nt Baltimore, to make way for this traitor who disgraces tho W hite House. E v ery m e m ber of th a t Baltimore Convention m u st read this high-toned letter with blush. B u t for the folly a n d wickedness of that Con­ vention, H amlin would now hold the helm. How trust­ w orthy his pilotage would have been, how lionorablo his courso, this letter shows : C ustom House, B oston , ) C ollector ' s O ffice , Aug. 23, 1866. ( To the President: Ono year ago you tendered to me. unsolicited on my part, tho position of Collector of Customs for tho Dis­ trict of Boston a n d Charlestown. I entered upon the duties o f tho office, a nd have endeavored faithfully to dischargo the same, and I trust in a m anner satisfactory to the public interested therein. I do not fail to observe the movemonta a n d efforts which have been and ore now being made to organize a party in tho country, consisting a lmost exclusively of those actively engaged in tlio late rebellion, and their allies who sought by other means to cripple and embar­ rass the government. These classes o f persons, with a small fraction of others, constitute tho organization. I t proposes to dofeat nnd overthrow the Union Repub­ lican party, and to restore to power, w ithout suffioiont guarantees for tho future aud protection to men who havo been loyal, those who sought to destroy tlio govern­ m e n t 1 gave all tlio influence I possessed to create and up­ hold tho U n ion Republican party during the war, and w ithout the aid of whioh our governm ent would havo boon destroyed u nd rebellion a success. W ith such a party as h as been inaugurated, and lor such purpose, I h ave no sympathy, nor oan I acquioaoo in its measures by m y silence. I thoroforo tender to you my resignation of tho office o f Collootor o f Customs for tho D istrict of Boston and Charlestown, to take effect from the time when a successor shall bo appointed and qualified. Roapootfully yours, (Signed) H. H amun . B eside tho speeches mado a t tho Southern Conven­ tion, that we have p u t in typo, excellent ones were mude by Gov. Ham ilton und Judge Shorwood of Texas, Gov. F l 3teller of Missouri, Theodore Tilton of New York, and others. If wc can got anything like u fuir report of thoso, we intend to presont somo of them next wook, in addition to those we havo onnouucod us standing ovor. O ur Acknowledgments are again unavoidably de­ ferred. At tho honse, whore the body lay apparently in a sweet sleep, wo h u shed our footsteps lest we should dis­ turb him. A beautiful wreath o f maiden-hair and helio­ trope lay upon tho cofflu-lid. Brother Brooks read tho desired prayers, for tho comforting of near kindred, and then we boro him to tho churah where he last m in­ istered ; and of all the bravo and stalwart souls who hud sliarod his struggle and knew the secrete of h is life, only a half-dozen or so could bo gathered by a hasty summons to this last service. The Rev. Mr. Towne road tho Soripturc, a nd thou Caleb Stetson, who had also known what it is to battle for freedom, stood up, with faltering lips, to do him honor. But if years have somewhat diminished his forvor, adm iring affection kindled it afresh, and ho p o u red forth a heart-felt testi­ mony to tho noble soul whose worn-out, or, rather, whose deserted gormeut lay ju s t now b eneath the white wreaths of tlio sanctuary. It was of a strange life he told us—of one bred a lawyer, shirking his uncongonial duties to enter commercial life, encountering failure, and with a wife and children going out of a comforta­ ble liomo to a single dreary room, w ithout the m eans to buy a loaf of bread. A t last h is p a rtn e r discovered his retre a t “ Hero is money,” ho said ; “ onr creditors do not expect us to starve. Use i t till some a rrange­ m e n t can bo made.” “ Never will I touch a dollar, retovtod tho m anly soul, “ till i t comes to mo from the propoi1 a u thorities,” a n d in the two or three days that this penury lasted, ho wrote the “ Airs o f Palestine, and taking tho book to a publisher, received in ei change $500, ond then ho mndo a c hango of base, Tho undergraduates of Cambridge, of whom Mr. Stetson wns ono, ut this tim e watched a stately and brilliant stroller on the Collogo Green. They called him tne “ Groat Unkuowu.” In less than a year he vanished, and they found him in tho desk at Hollis streot. Though ho succooded Dr. HoUey, a man whose pulpit accomplishm ents wero tho w onder of his ago, no one over heard any disparaging comparisons. H e was of marvellous industry, and he soon mado school-books, took o u t p a tents, y o t d id n o t lose h is clerical rank. For 3 than a gouerntiou lie was the loading philanthro­ pist of his timo. No nood to toll a Boston audience how his was tho first strong voioo raised for temperance ; yet t— r ------------- — t ----------------------- - — . . _ it m u st go on record that, when he lifted it, he risked j lost thirty years, w hen suoh fidelity required true moral his a l l ! Men were rooted in their parishes in those | heroism, nud when a m inister who declared th° whole OCCASIONAL CO R R E SPONDENCE B rattleboro , Vt., August, 1866. To the Editor o f the Standard : T h e Valley of the Connecticut lias won merited eulogies from the tourist, the agriculturist, and the political economist. I t has b e en said that it contains more thrift, material prosperity, moral and intellectual culture, and true equality, i. e., equality of opportunity | for the full exercise of tho talents of a ll the population, and, as a natural result o f thi§, a nearer approach to equality of wealth than can bo found in the same num­ b e r o f squate miles in any other part o f the world. Its level fields and fertile soil respond to the fanner’s labor readily e nough for the abundant supply of his needs, b u t not freely e nough to promote a life of luxurious ease. How much of this prosperity, this culture, this real democracy, are results o f the character of New Eng­ land's founders, who “ b uilded better than they knew,\ and wrought out for their posterity a degree of religi­ ous liberty which many o f them sought for themselves only ; and what m ight have been the results had these hills and valleys been peopled b y the descendants of a different class of men and women, impelled hither by no high aim or purpose, are questions suggestive of much th o u g h t The fertility of the soil of New Eng­ land has c ertainly never been a theme npon which even her w annest admirers have grown eloquent, yet her sterile rocks have really proved more fruitful than the richest valleys o f the Great W e s t if it b e true that they suggested a more promising field o f labor in tbe school- house, now the pride of New England. But there is little sterility in this beautiful Valley o f the Connecti­ cut wliich receives continual tribute from the hills and mountains, between which tho river rolls along its winding course. And thero is tho schoolhouse. This symbol o f New England's power meets the traveller’s eye, not only in tho busy town and quiet village, bnt in the most secluded and apparently deserted places; perhaps on somo lonely hillside—the only token that farms once flourished a round i t before the richer valley tempted their owners to forsake them. Among the ornaments of the river is the beautiful village of Brattleboro. T h o steep, high hills around _ it form a perfect nest in which it lies c o sily; and a s you drive a long the brow of one of these hills, you look down upon the house tops and the little forest o f trees whioh seems from that point o f viow to fill ita streets. More distant hills of Vermont a n d Now Hampshire fur­ nish i t w ith a panorama of sott verdure in theso Sum­ m e r months, of splendor in tlio glowing Autumn, a nd of snow-crowned sum m its in the long, cold Winter. The c ountry in the immediate vicinity o f the village is exquisitely beuutiftil. The guide-books speak the truth when thoy say that “ a now drive can be taken overy day for n e arly a m onth, w ithout going outside of a radius of four miles, and a ll o f them having peculiar features of interest.” I t is no marvel that the placo is a favorite resort of Summer travellore. Dr. Weasel- hcoft’a W ater Cure, established here tweuty years ago, has givon some fame to Brattleboro, and attracted . many persons hither. Tho W ater Cure has ceased to exist ; and the building, occupied as a boarding-house, is usually filled with guests in the Summer. T h e V ermont Asylum for the insane, superintended by I r . Wm. H. Rockwell, is a wealthy institution, oc­ cupying extensive buildings and very beautiful situated iu . , . l ~ l « « « . «***■“ \ h lags. B. nidus the PubUa High I tkaio ol lower g » d r , U r n . » ■ “ S ' \ bova - end a large acadea.y for girla m Meat Bretlle- t a i o ' two m ile, dt.laot, baa aunW .nt reputation to u „ 0,bar a t proaent thiw. o r tour b u n d led pnpila. But Brattleboro is probably hotter known through ita manufactures, which are remarkable for their variety in a town of 4,000 inhabitants. Tho principal manu­ facturing trade is in melodooua. Paper and sewing silk are also mado hore ; a n d lioro is au establishment for b uilding the machines hy whioh paper is manufac­ tured. Of theso latter m ills thore are only four in the United States. It is scarcely nccossary to say of a flourishing Now England town that it is abundantly supplied with ehurches o f various denominations. How faithful their pulpits havo b een t o practical Christianity, during the

xml | txt