OCR Interpretation


National anti-slavery standard. (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1870, September 15, 1866, Image 1

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VOL. XXVII. NO. 19. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1866. i l n t i u m t l ^ n t i - S l i i v m i . S t a n d a r d . T H E SOUTHERN CO&VKXTIOIV. TH E ADDRESSES. THE UOHDBB-ST.VTB DOCUMENT. W e p r i n t th e m o st effective passages o f t h is ad­ dress, ado p ted b y th e S o u thern C o n v e n tion on the fo u r t h day, u n d e r th o dictation of th o B o rder- S t a te in o n . A fter an eloq u e n t a n d v e ry forcible opening, recognizing th e co m m u n ity of interests a u d th e necessity of m u tu a l su p p o r t betw e e n all classes of loyalists th r o u g h o u t t h e coun try , appeal­ in g to th o pcoplo of th e N o r t h f o r th e i r active s u p ­ p o r t, n u d in d ic tin g A n d rew Jo h n s o n by nn enu­ m e ration of h is crim e s a f te r th e m a n n e r o f th e D e c laration of Independ e n c e —th e ad d re s s th u s sum s u p th e r e s u l ts of th e r e b e l r e s toration w h ich C o n g ress h a s allow ed th e P r e s id e n t to in it iate : “ T h n t in every S tate s o u th of M a son a n d D ixo n ’s lin e h is policy has w rought th e m o st deplorable consequences—social, m o ral a n d political. I t lias em b o ldened r e tu r n e d rebels to th r e a ten civil w ar in M a ryland M issouri. W e st V irginia a n d T en­ n e ssee u n less th e p a trio ts w h o saved n n d sealed these S t a te s to t h e old ting s u r ren d e r bofore th e ir a r r o g a n t dem a n d s. I t hns co rru p ted lu g h S tate officials, elected by U n io n m e n , a n d sw o rn to en­ force th e law ag a in s t retu r n e d rebels, and m a d e recital of tru t h an d its firm d e m a n d for justico. \ A ll o f th e r e s t r a in in g influon _________________________________________ i i n f a v o r of the j a d m ission to th o U n ite d S t a te s C o n g ress. W c | o p ,™ Vriti « review o t th e re M l to n , I k o n «ed j U n io n exfaSng beio ro tho wm- lu.vo p o m h e d iro n , m e e t c ecleevor u , r a i d m on to I o t 1 . . , ,, . . . . t _,i th e hind, save th e pu b lic lig h t k e p t a live by th e th e c h a r a c ter of tho m a n w h o becam e P r e s ident, consequences, in w h ich th o issue t h a t p r e s e n ted i t - . loyftli8ts T lu , nrnl0(1 ,,floi.ts t<) ovortbrow th e gov- j b u t of tin- loyal m e n w h o nro now sittin g in conn- self a t th e close of th e w ar is th u s e x p ressed : j e m in e n t h a v in g been treated sim p ly as a n u n s u e - ! c il. I assert h e re to-day t h a t no S tate is read y for \ S h o u l d th o people of th o S o u th , u n d e r th e i u - ' cessfnl b u t hero ic act, th e lenders of th e rebellion j full pow e r a n d im m u n ity in tlie A m e rican U n ion, fluouco a n d gu id a n c e of th e loyal m e n , retu r n t o stand ju s tified in th e eyes of th e ir own people. | w h e re 5,000, 10,000 o r 15,000 voters are in a situn- th o a n c ie n t trad i tio n s of t h e ir fntliors a n d reorgiui- | T h is is tho b a s is o f th o ir m o rnl justification. T h e y tio n to ru le th r e e tim e s th o ir num b e r, w here ize lo y a l society in th e in te r e s t of A m e rican n a - possess th e laud s o f th e S o u th, th r o u g h th e favor-1 th e y can exercise w ith im p u n i ty th e low e st pas- tion n litv an d repu b lican lib e r ty , o r should they, itism of tho m ilitary despotism en th ro n e d u t R i c h - 1 s ions in tho hum a n b r e a s t upon th e consecrated u n d e r tlio guidance a n d influenco of th e traito r s m o n d . D u r i n g th e w ar th e y a b s o rbed by c o n tracts h e a d s of loyal m e n . T h e terrib le blu n d e rs w h o b n t lately r u led o v e r tliem , be c o n tin u e d in , a n d speculation tbo w ealth of o u r section. T h e y I in th o reconstru c tion of tho S tates for tlio past th e p r e ju d ices a n d trad i tio n s of d isunion ? ” have been confirm e d in th e possession of th is ill- years, s h o u ld teach us th a t fear is to b e entertained , , , - (ri,iio r Presi-1 Ko t,<>n w ealth b y th e p a rd o n in g pow e r of th e Ex- from that, pow e r w h ich non prev a ils in th e South. T h e r e s u l t of oue day s n i l c o ccutivo, b y th e p r o v is ions of th o N a tion a l B a n k B u t w ith suffrage extended to th e freedm e n of tho d e n t is portrnyed in these w o rds : net, r e q u ir in g local residences for D irectors ; th e y S o u th , th e y can preserve th e lib e r ties of th e white “ T h e i r [the rebels] fears w ere relieved, tuid possess c o n tro l of th e e n tire financial pow e r of th e m a n ns well a s t h e ir ow n . I take i t t h a t we aro n o t th e i r depression tu r n e d to th e feeling of ex u ltation i S tates, w h o re, w ith th e lands, th e cotton, th e to- j p r e p a red to sta n d hero to-day a n d sav wo a re going WHOLE NO. 1,371. leans- how 'V asy T \ t o ^ t h o ^ 0 !'';. “ M'.‘e aUs|,P<*l forwnr'1 deliver a speech S o u th in . nnd, t h . „ , i , „ „ ,m wo U, « o p a n d triu m p h w h en tho N o rth C a rolina proclam a tion bncco, an d railro a d w e a lth, and w ielding th e b a n k - j to in d o r s e th e legality of A n d rew Jo h n s o n ’s pro developed th e P r e s id e n t’s polioy. F r o m th a t h o u r | in g influenco of^ th e country, and sp e a k in g b y au- sional govern m e n ts in tho States. B u t, I am sure, piostion. ‘ W h a t w ill th e govern m e n t d o w ith th o r ity of th e P r e s id e n t n s 't h e sup p o r ters of h is if C o n g ress does its d u ty n o x t W intc us ? ’ w as no longor asked, b n t thoy n t once begun d y n a s ty niul adm in istratio n policy, th e y dom inate I p r o v id e law s b y w h ich provisional governm e n ts to d e liberate w liat th e y w o u ld do w ith th e govern- wit h a n absolute pow er. I f a conflict of arm s f o r be form e d a n d b y w h ich those m e n who c o n tributed m e n t T h o anxious question o f p a trio ts as to w h o tlie g ratification of Sectional a n d p a r ty h a tr e d th e ir s tr e n g th in resto rin g th e U n ion slinll b e en- sbould guide th e w o rk of loyal reco n s tr u c tio n wns could lie, as wo have seen, precip itated , no tw itli- franchised, and he p e rm itted to vote, and elect answ e red also. T h e questio n w ith them , u t te r e d | s tanding, by th e restrain in g influences w h ich ex-1 m e m b e rs to thoir co n v e n tions. T h o y will assem b le ,’ith w h ispering lips and b e a tin g h e a r ts , was, W h a t w ill th e disu n ionists do w ith us ? ’ ” W h ile th e r e s u l t o f one y e a r ’s r u le of a r e s u r r e c t­ ed traitor-eonspiracy is s tated iu a sim p le enum e r a ­ tio n of facts : T h e L e g islatu res v e n t th e ir indign a tion on th e colored peoplo by th o en a c tm e n t of w h a t a re kind ly term er! ‘ Inbor law s,’ w h ich as abso lutely m a intain slavery, w ith th e exception of b u y in g a n d selling e in s trum e n ts of th e a u th o r o f th e r e - jjK, p J 0j,ie- ivi th e previous e n n o tm e u ts for th a t p u r - belliou. I t has oneonraged a new alienation be- ])()S(, an instance, th e law s passed b y somo of tw e e n th e sections, a u d by i»»™>din<r em io r a b o n I ' - • - - .............. to th e S o u th lias erected « ag a in s t free a n d friendly intoi an d W e st. I t hns a llow ed the ebel fc seen to th e teachers of th e colored schools, b u r n th e ch u rches in w h ioh th e freedm e n have w o rshipped th e living G o d . T h a i a s y s tem so b a r ­ b a ro u s s h o u ld have c u lm inated in th o frightfu l rio t a t M e m p h is, and th e s till m o re nppalliug m a ssacre a t N ew O rleans w as a s natu ral as t h a t a bloody war sh o u ld flow from th e teach in g s of Jo h n C. C a l­ houn and Jefferson D a v is. A n d rew Jo h n s o n is responsible f o r a ll those unspeakable cruelties, and as he provoked so he justifies a n d applauds th e m .” A fter d ila tin g on th e N ew O rleans m a ssacre au d th o P r e s id e n t's g u ilt in th a t m a tter, th e address u tte r s th is arraig n m e n t of th e Slave Pow e r . L e g is la tu res prov id e th a t all persons engaged i i in ag ricu ltu r a l pursuits a s laborers s h a ll b e requ ir e d * d u r in g tb e f ir s t te n days of tlie m o n th of Ja n u a r y ildtero to p e r- ))f (.ael| vonr t o nm j<e c o n tracts f o r tin- e n s iling year. an d in case of failure such laborer shall bo a rr e s ted by th e civil au th o ritie s a n d h ir e d o u t ; a n d how ­ ever m u c h th e labo rer m a y be dissatisfied, h e d a re n o t leave u n d e r tho pen a lty of boing ap p reh e n d e d an d forced to labor upon tlio pu b lic w o rks, w ithout com p e n sation, u n til lie w ill consent to re tu r n to his em p loyer. I t is p u n ished w ith fino and im ­ p r is o n m e n t to entice o r persuade away, feed, h a r ­ b o r or secrete any such laborer. I n th is way th e y a re com p e lled to c o n tract w ithin a lim it o f ten days, punished by legnl enslavem e n t for vio lating a sim ­ p le co n tract, au d p r e v e n ted from obtain ing shelter, food o r em p loym e n t. B y s e v e r e s t p e n a lties h e has m a d e a se r f in the name o f freed o m , a n d suf- O ligarchy m a tured its pow e r w ith subtle de- fers an th e evils of th e institution o f slavery, w ith- sign . I t s histo ry f o r GO y e a r s is replete w ith nn- out receiving th a t care, w h ich th e m a s ter, from a p a ralleled in ju r ie s a u d usu r p a tio n s ; i t developed sense o f liis own in te r e s t w o u ld give to h is bond- onlv th e agricu ltu r a l localities, geographically dis- IIlt.n, » • tin e t from th e free-labor localities, a n d less th a n J “ T h e law s passed in th e days of slavery f o r its >ne-tliird of th e w h o le, w ith A frican slaves. I t p r o tection a re e n forced w ith th e sam e exactness to- h e ld 4,000,000 of hum a n beings as chattels, y e t m a d e th e m th e basis o f u n ju s t pow e r f o r them selves in F e d e ra l a n d S tate governm e n ts. T o m a intain th e i r enlnavem e u t, it excluded m illions of free w h ite la b o r e r s from th e richest agricultural lands of th e w o rld, forced them to reiuan inactive and u n p r o d u c tiv e on th e m ineral, m a n u facturin g and lum b e r localities, com p rising tw o - thirds of th e w h o le S o u t h in sq u a re m iles a n d real undeveloped w e a lth, sim p ly because th e localities w ere agricul­ tu r a l ly too poor f o r slave labor, and condem n ing th e m ‘to a g ricu ltu r e o n th is u n a g ricultural territory , a n d consigned th e m to u n w illing ignorance and po v e rty b y den y in g capital and stra n g lin g en ter­ p r is e . I t repelled th e capital, energy, w ill and skill of th e free S t a te s from th e f ree-labor localities, b y u n m itig a t e d intolerance aud proscription— thus g u a r d in g th e approaches to th e ir slave dom a in ag a in s t dem o cracy. S tat u te b o o k s groaned u n d e r J a g e n c ies of governm e n t. U n io n m e n a re ostra- desp o tic law s a g a in s t unlaw ful au d in s u r r e c tionary ejged and p r e s c ribed socially in m o s t p a r ts of the assem b lies, aim e d at tlie co n s titution a l g u a ran ties I S o n tli. S o ldiers of th e U n ion arm y a re com p elled of th e r ig h t to peaceably assem b le a n d pe titio n fo r i ;n m a n y places to d iscard tlie b in e w h ich th e y have a redress of grievances. I t proscribed dem o c r a tic w o rn w ith h o n o r in o r d e r to p r o tec t them selves literatu r e as incendiary, nullified con s titu tio n a l | from in s u l t a n d violence. M in isters of th e G o spel gu a ranties of freedom and free speech an d a f ree j a re silenced a n d excom m u n icated from th e chu rches press. I t d e p rived citizens of th e o th e r S tates of j o n accoun t of th e ir co n s lan t an d steadfast loyalty th e i r privileges and im m u n ities in th e S t a te s —an f0 th e rep u b lic m n m m lirei oltl.'O nr* 1 * ' XT—*l>—\ I ' 1 ’ ’ day a s ten y e a r s a g o . C itizens have been arrested on th e ch a r g e of h a r i n g told negroes th a t th e y w e re r ig h tf u lly e n titled to v o te ; th r o w n in to prison, re ta in e d fo r m o n ths, trie d by a ju d g e , w ith o u t a jury , refu s e d tim o to send f o r w itnesses o r c o u n sel, convicted and sentenced to p u n ish m e n t i n tlie P e n ­ ite n tia r y . T h e r e is 110 r e d r e s s of a n y grievances o r atro c ities p e r p e tr a te d upon U n ion m e n , or de­ serters from th e r e b e l a rm ies d u r in g th e w ar. * * “ I n a ll actions w h e re cause occurred d u r in g th e w a r th e r e is ple n ty of law ag a in s t th e U n io n m a n , b u t none f o r liim . I 11 c auses occurring a t th o p r e ­ se n t tim e th e fierce h a tr e d of tlie m e n w h o w ere rig h t, w h ile disun ionists w ere w rong, is sufficient to p r e v e n t them passing th e trip le g u a r d w ith w h ich treason has s u r rou n d e d h e r tem p le of in ju s ­ tice, viz., disloyal m a g is trates, disloyal gran d juries, disloyal p e t i t jiiries, to say n o th in g of th e disloyal in ju r y a n d u s u r p a tio n , alik e, u n ju s t to N o rthe r n j c a rd e d an d a b ju red. Hi citizens and destructive of th e b e s t in terests of tb e S tates them selves. A larm e d a t th e progress of dem o c racy in th e face of every discoum g e m e n t, a t la s t i t s o u g h t im m u n ity by secession and w ar.” I t t h u s describes th e new rebel r e ig n : * * “ T h e y lost. W h a t did they lose ? T h e cause of oligarchy ? T h e y lo s t A frican slnvery b y nam e only. S o o n as th e tocsin of w ar c e a sed, soon as th e clash of a rm s-w as bush e d , th e y r a is e th e cry of im m e d iate adm ission, and w ith th a t w a tchw o rd seek to organize u n d e r new form s a con test to p e r ­ p e tu a te th e ir un b r id led sw ay. T h e y rehabilitate w ith t h e ir sw e e p ing control of all local an d S tate organizations. T h e F e d e ral E x e c u tive, easily se­ d u c e d , y ields a w illing obedience to h is o ld m a sters ; aid e d b y b is unscru p u lous disregard of C o n s titu ­ tio n and laws, b y b is m e rciless proscription of tru e dem o c r a tic opin io n , a n d b y all liis appliances of despotic pow e r, t h e y now defiantly e n ter th e lists in th e lo y a l N o rth, aud seek to w ring from freem en a n in d o r s e m e n t of th e ir w icked designs. E v e ry fo u l agency is a t w o rk to accom p lish th is result. F a ls e ly professing to assent to th e abolition of slavery, th e y a re co n triving <0 c o n tinue its detest­ able p o w e r 'b y legislative acts ag a in s t pretended vagrants ; th e y know th u t any form of servitude w ill a n sw e r t h e ir u n h o ly purpose. T h e y pronounce ’ a b r illian t s - u r d scene life of continual persecution f o r him s e lf a n d serf­ dom for h is c h ildren. T h e free N o rth offers th e only refuge. W ith o u t p r o tectio n fo r th e present and fu tu r e , th e r e is n o liopo b u t in exile.” A n d th e m a c h in e r y of th e r e o r g a n ized rebellion is th u s described : “ D u r i n g th e continuance of tlie w ar, rebels feared t h a t p u n ish m e n t w o u ld b e m e ted o u t to th e m fo r th o w rong done to U n ion m e n should th e y fail in th e ir o b je c t T h is fear w as a protection, espe­ cially d u r in g 1863 a n d 1864. Now , e v e n tliis g u a r ­ anty* is ta k e n aw a y .; f o r o u r persecu tors a re th e vicegerents of th e natio n a l p o w e r a t th e South. * * D isloyal m e n have m ilitary associations w h ich a re know n in V irginia as th e Legioi H o n o r —in S o u th Carolina a n d in L o u isian a as lief societies—all of them com p o sed of C o n feder­ ate soldiers, and presided over an d con trolled by th e ir f o rm e r leaders and chieftains, a n d u s e d f o r the purpose of fostering th e anim u s of resistance to o u r gov e rnm e n t a u d k e e p ing alive th o hop e of S o u t h e r n independence. T h e i r object is to m o ­ nopolize a ll places of t r u s t a n d pow er, preserve the exclusiveness of th e S o u th, a n d a t th e p r o p e r tim e, w h e n som e hoped-for feud m a y divide th e people of th e N o rth, she will again throw h e r sw o rd in th e scale an d achieve h e r long-cherished d isunion pur- istod previou s to th e la te war. w h a t g u a ran tee have j a n d ad o p t a C o n s titution, elect 11 L e g islatu re, nnd — ag a in s t a rep e titio n of tho bloody exp e r im e n t in s tead o f b e in g com p e lled to t r u s t to a tw o -thirds politics, now tlm t th e e n tire S o u th is m o re in - m a jo r ity in th e N o rth , 50 o r 80 R e p r e s e n tatives ten s e ly sectionnlized th a n ever, overaw e d by tlie w ill b e se n t u p from th e S o u th, ste r lin g m e n who fearful array of pow e r w h ich su r r o u n d s th e m ? a re tru e ns steel, and 20 Senators, to swell th e Re A b a n d o n e d by th e P r e s id e n t a n d im p o v e r is h e d b y j p u b lican stren g th . Ask th o s e m e n w h o are anxious th e r u th less r u le w liich h a s s o long oppressed them , I to preserve pow e r iu tho governm e n t, if t h a t is n o t how can th e U n ion m e n o f th e S o u th hope 1111- I th e true policy. W o should say to ou r N o rth e r n a id e d to m a in tain t h e ir g r o u n d ? friends t h a t th e r e s h a ll he 110 recon s tr u c tio n u n til th a t p r in c ip le is ado p ted. T h e y are d e term in e d “ T lie hop e of w ielding th e u n ite d S o u thern I n o w , th n t th e etern a l rules o f justice shall prevail vote in tlie n e x t P r e s id e n tial election lias already >n *11 tb e States, and t h a t th e people of th e S o u th c o r r u p te d tlie fou n tains o f n a tion a l ju s t ice u t th e 1 shall b o placed in a co n d itio n 111 w h ich th e y can be C a p ital. A u open n n d sham e less coalition hns b e e n tru s ted. form e d , w liich n e e d s only for its consum m a tion “ W e do n o t com e como u p h e re w ith th e idea tlm t th e success of th e P r e s id e n t’s policy. I n t o th a t adm ission in to th e C o n g ress is th e first g r e a t s tep coalition have already b e e n draw n , b y one infill- to b e tak e n , nnd ‘a th in g to h e looked to above all once or. a n o ther, m e n heretofo re id e n tified w ith o th e r things. T h e loyal m o n of th o S o u th , i t m u st th e d e a r e s t affection of th e A m e rican peo p le. be rem e m b e red, w ere driven from th e ir homes, T h u s th e w o rk of p o lit ical corru p tio n w ill go on ; th e i r lives woro in peril, th e y can n o t n o w live there, th e Sou th, com p a c t, defiant, nnd sectionnlized, th e y havo 11 tyran n ical governm e n t. T h o y are in w ith its au ti-republiciui institution s , r e s t in g 011 110- th e m id s t of m e n en terta in in g a devilish h a te and gro serfdom ns th e corner-stone ; th e N o rth,” to r n fiendish m a lice tow a rd them , w h o w o u ld grind by faction and distracted by th e am b ition of as- th e m dow n to deg rad a tion, b a n is h th e m from so- p irin g p o liticians an d con te n d in g parties. T h is | c iety a n d exclude th e m from all po litical powi for i t ^ n ^ t'ia t ^ l0 P” 00 J o u have g o t to pay “ I have h e a r d a g r e n t deal ab o u t th o effect i t w o u ld have upo n th e R e p u b lican p a rty in case we should d o certain things. W e have thousands of m e n who are determ ined to bo trifled w ith no lo n g e r ; who have f o u g h t 011 ou r side nnd now de­ sire to fight w ith us. If we refuse this, it will b e t “ i R e p u b lican party was a fraid, a n d A n ­ drew J o h n s o n w ill say they dare u o t do w h a t they cam e hero to do. If, w h e n y o u r call professes to favor th e eq u a lity of all m e n befo r e th e law. you go hom e yielding to outside p ressure, Mix Jo h n ­ son can ju s tly say th a t you are ‘poor w h ites,’ a n d dare n o t s a y w h a t y o u w ant, aud lie will have good “ L e t us see w h a t th is C o n g ressional policy is. You a re n o t to le t a rebel o r tw o sit in C o n g ress; th a t is all. I t will n o t a flect th e non-reeoD stnictod S tates a t all ; b u t itb a v s yourselves a n d y o u r f a m i ­ lies in the hands o f the wickedest traitors. “ M e n cam e uj> h e re to say ‘ W e nre in favor ui th e principle, b u t, for G o d ’s sake, don’t speak it o u t.’ D o you believe you w ill lose a single vote b y leaving it ou t, who w o u ld vote w ith you w ith­ o u t i t ? I do n o t believe tho people nre p r e p a red to say t h a t they will desert loyalty, tru th , union, ju s tice and freedom , m e rely b e causo they a re afrnid th e black m a n w ill have absolute and perfect ju s tiee done h im . T h e day of c o m p rom ises h a s p assed a w a y ; tho day hns passed away w h en b u r people w o u ld take u p candidates for th e P r e s idency on | t h a t g r o u n d . N o m a u will g e t tho confidence of tho p e o p le t h a t has n o t nerve und b a c k b o n e ; and I tell you, ension.\ conflict of sections w ill p rogress, tran s ferred fro th e battle-field to th e halls of th e N a tional L e g is- T h e sp irit of d isu n ion w ill seek to gain b y th e b a llo t w h a t it failed to achieve by; th e sw o rd ; the second o p e n -arm e d a tte m p t n t s e p a r a tion w ill be sim p ly a q u e s tio n of tim e nnd favorable o p p o r tu ­ n i t y . ” A u d th e sole r e m e d y is finally proposed in these tru e w o r d s : T h e r e is b u t oue way to destroy tliis p r in c ip le of sectionalism in th e S o u th ; i t is b y ov e rtu r n in g tho corner-stone 011 w h ich i t rests. T h is w o rk cannot b e le f t to th e volun tary a c t o f th e d isu n io n class, because th e ir a risto c r a tic, anti-A m e rican in s tin c ts w ill find t h e ir na tu ra l gratificatio n i u th is secondary form of slavery. I f th e qu o s tiou of em a n c ipation h a d b e e u left to tho volu n tary actio n o f these States, does any one suppose th e y w o u ld have a d o p ted th e C o n s titution a l A m e n d m e n t? W o u ld th e ir c h o sen representativ e s havo v o ted in Congress for th e C ivil R i g h ts b ill ? C a n wo look to a lauded oligarchy for m e a sures of lib e r a tio n f o r th e people ? Fellow -countrym e n , i t is o u r d u ty to te ll yo u th a t n o th in g can b e ex p e c ted from th e disunion element- u th e in te r e s t o f freedom , r ig h t, o r un ion. W e ire driven to m a k e tin s declaration a f te r having exhausted every m e a n s to in d u c e these desperate nen to do ju s tice. W e are forced to th is conclu­ sion by t h a t b lin d n n d in to l e r a n t s p irit w h ich had abused th e m a g n a n im ity of th e n a tion , a n d retu r n e d all o u r d e e d s nud w o rds of ch a r ity a n d forgiveness w ith in g r a t itu d e au d persecution. “ T h e tim e has c o m e w h en th e S t a te s o f th e S o u th m u s t b e governed b y those who love th e U n ion and glory in its fam e , o r b y those w h o h a te i t T h e r e can b e n o m idd le g r o u n d . O u r enem ies a n d y o u r s w o u ld n o t p e r m i t us to occupy m id d le g r o u n d , if we desired to do so. T h e y claim to ru le. T h e y claim to rule over u s b y v ir tue of th e ir treason. T h e y claim to d e g rade, debase and proscribe us because of o u r p a triotism . A c ting in conjunction w ith th e noble and generous sp irit of C h r is tian charity , u n d e r w h ich th e N o rth w as w illing to receive back those w h o h a d w ronged us, th o U n ion m e n of th e S o u th m e t t h e ir n e ig h b o rs an d friends a n d k ind r e d , w illing to forgive a u d f o rg e t th e past. W e declare t h a t a ll o u r efforts, as well as those of th e governm e n t, have been m e t w ith hypocrisy o r in g r a titu d e . In m a k ing th is final appeal to the itry, we d e c lare th o disunion lenders of tlio ’h again th e d e lib e r a te, w a n ton aggressors. ■, — a p r e te x t fo r o u r p e rsecution, th a t S o u t a T h e y offer 7 th e r e p resentative! 11 Con- th e f o u r years’ g r e a t revolutionary dram a . T.-oseriptive pn b lic P08<-‘- sen tim e n t h o lds h ig h carnival, aud, p r o fitin g b y T h e bloody deeds of N ew O rleans are narrated th e exam p le of th e P r e s idential pilgrim , breath e s a t length and w ith convincing precision, a n d this o u t th r e a ten in g s of slau g h ter ag a inst loyalty ig- deductiou is draw n from them : n o r e s a n d denounces all legal restraints, a n d as- ls, w ith th e tongue of m a lignan t slander, th e “ And from th e b r u tal m a n n e r iu w h ich over four hu n d r e d U n ion m e n w ere k illed an d w o u n d ed, c o n s titu te,n ttllV-eh<«en r c jiresentatives of th e peo- n u n u r e a u n io n m e n w ere K iuea o n a w o u n ae u , pie. T o s till th e voice of liberty, dangerous a lone I r0.m tb e fu^ th u t “ o t oue sm g ‘e policem a n or par- to tjn r n K m id n i g h t n m il.g m tin n ., aL u * inntion« “i 5 “ **“ boen u i y r t e d . u d m n r & n in day called to 11,e h aid ; a “ >,« «>»' ‘ >? “ “ »!•” » , i reign o t te r r o r th r o u g h »I1 tlieae ten S t a t e , m a t e , . \ t T l ? 1 lllJ p a l n o t ■oH iers ol loyalty stan d silen t in th e presence of treason, w h isp e r in listed b r e a th .” A n d loudly proclaim s a valiant p u r p o s e : “ B u t a l l So u th e r n m e n a re no t y e t awed in to subm ission to treason, a n d we have a ssem b led from all these S tates determ ined th u t lib e r ty w h en en­ dangered shall find a inouth-pieee, aud th a t th e governm e n t of th e people, by th e people, f o r th e | people, shall no t perish from th e earth. W e are n e re t o con s u lt to g e th e r how b e s t to provide f o r a u n io n of tru ly R e p u b lican States, to seek to resum e 36 s tars on th e old flag. W e ore here to see th a t 10 of these stars, opaque bodies p a lin g th e ir in ­ effectual l i n ^ beneath th o gloom of darkness, of oligarchical ty r a n n y and oppression. W e w ish th e m to b e b r illia n t stars, em b lem s of constitu­ tio n a l liberty, g litterin g orbs sparkling w ith the life-giving p r incip les of th e m o d e l republic, f itting o r n a m e n ts of th e glorious b a n n e r of freedom . F o r th e realization of w h ich they can do no m o re th a n p u t their “ last and only hope in th e u n ity and forti­ tu d e of th e loyal p e o p le of A m e rica in th e su p p o r t | tin u e the au d vindication of th e X X X I X th Congress a n d the election of a con trolling U n ion m a jority in the suc­ ceeding or X L th Congress, W h ile th e new article am e n d ing th e N ational C o n stitution offers the m o st lib e r a l c o n d itions to th e a u th o rs of tb e rebellion, and does u o t com e u p to tho m e asure of o u r ex­ pectations, wo believe ita ratification w o uld be th e com m e n c e m e n t of a com p lete and lusting pro tec­ tio n to all o u r people ; and, therefore, we a c c e p t it as tho b e s t p r e s e n t rem e d y , and apju-al to our b r o th e ls an d friends in th e N o rth and tlie W e s t to make i t t h e i r w a tchw o rd in th e com ing elections.” W h ile “ those in b o n d s ’’ a re, a t th e close, “ re­ m e m b e red ” to j u s t th is e x t e n t : “ O n r confidence in th e overru ling providence of G o d prom p ts th e prediction and intensifies th e be­ lief t h a t when th is w a rning is sufficiently ta u g h t to these m isguided and reckless m e n , tlie liberated m illions of th e rebellious S o u th will l,e proffered those r ig h ts a u d franchises w h ich m a y b e necessary to ad ju s t a n d setilo th is m ighty controversy in the sp irit of th e m o st e n larged a n d C h r is tian j,bilan- th r o p y .” th e republic, and crim soned anew iu th a t of th e m a rtyrs of th e 30tli of Ju lv , are still retain e d in office a n d pow e r in t h a t c ity, i t is c lear t h a t th e re is no s e c u r ity f o r th e lives, th e liberty o r p r o p e r ty of loyal citizens.” W h ile th e P r e s id e n t's g u ilt is f a stened ou him th is m a n n e r : “ I t m ig h t have been urged a t first w ith some show of plausibility, in th e P r e s id e n t’s defence th a t he w as m isinform e d as to tlie real sta tu s of th e C o n v e n tion and tlie actual facts of its bloody dispersion, b u t after w eeks have elapsed, after Gen. S h e r id a n ’s full r e p o rt, ch a r a c terizing tiie so-called rio t as a ‘ p r e m e d itated m a ssacre ; ’ a f te r th e re ­ po r t of th o M ilitary Com m ission app o inted by G en. B a ird to investigate th e affair ; a f te r th e exo­ dus of so m a n y w ell-know n U n ionists of L o u isi­ ana, on account of tlio total w a n t o f governm e n t protection, tliis plea can n o longer b e urg e d ; aud when i t is m o reover r e m e m b e red t h a t n o t a single arrest of th e g u ilty p a rties has beon m a d e , and th a t th e sam e p a rdoned, poriured M a y o r, w ith his m u rderous r e b e l police, has been p e rm itted to con- xercise of th e pow e r he has so grossly abused, can i t be claim ed, even by tb e m o st c red u ­ lous o r th e m o st charitable, th a t th e P r e s id e n t is n o t responsible f o r j h e bloodshed of th a t day ? ” T h e w rongs of th e p r e s e n t and th e grea ter d i n ­ gers of th e future are tho u discussed : B u t w h y continue th e recital of th is hdrrible >rd ? W e have before us evidence from every portion of th e S o u th proving th e e x ten t a n d in­ creasing violence of th e sp ir it of intolerance and persecution above se t forth. T h is C o m m ittee is in possession of inform a tion th a t U n ion m e n d ire no t attend th is Convention,' for fear of vi< upon th e ir r e tu r n . G e n tlem e n of th is Oonvc have, sinco in th is city here, received notices in g th e m n o t to retu r n hom e . W o have o m itted th e relation of acts of ferocity and barbarism too ' horrible to relate', nnd tho recital of w h ich would scarcely bo credited b y a hum a n e n n d civilized people. W e su b m it to th e im p a r tial ju d g m e n t o f th e A m e rican peoplo, if those S tate governm e n ts, th u s ruled by 11 disunion oligarchy a n d based ou th e political disfranchisem e n t o f 3,000,000 of col- of th e A m e rican people gress have proposed, in a s p irit of in ju s tice nnd proscription, to afflict th e S o u th w ith m o re p a r ti­ san legislation. “ Speak in g h e re to-day, in th e nam e o f th e loyal­ ists of th e S o u th , w e affirm th a t C o n g ress, to avoid discord and conflict, has actu a lly ab s tained from do in g m u c h w h ich i t ou g h t t o have don e and possesses th e pow e r to do. W e affirm th a t the loyalists of th e S o u th look to C o n g ress w ith affec­ tionate g r a ti tu d e and confidence as th e only m e a n s to save us from persecution, e x ile, nnd d e a th itself, a u d we also declare th a t thoro can b e no security for u s o r o u r c h ild r e n ; there can be no s a fely f o r the country against the f e l l s p irit o f slavery, now organ­ ized i n tlie f o r m o f s e lfdom , unless the government, b y national and appropriate legislation e nforced by tional authority, shall co n f r on every citizen in States we represent tho Am e rican birthright o f im p a r ­ tial suffrage a n d equality before the law. T h is is the one afl-siifficient r e m e d y . T h is is o u r g r e a t need a n d pressin g necessity. T h is is th e on ly - p o licy w h ich w ill destroy sectionalism b y b r id g in g into effective pow e r a p r e p o n d e ratin g force ou th e side of loyalty. I t w ill lead to an en d u rin g pacification, because based on th e e tern a l principles of justice. I t is a p o licy w h ich w ill finally regen e r a te th e South itself, because it w ill introduce and establish th e n a divine p r in c iple o f m o ral p o litics w h ich, und e G o d ’s blessing, w ill, in elevating hum a n ity, absorb an d pu r if y th e unchristian h a te and selfish passions of m e n . I t w ill bless those w h o give as well as those w h o receive. I t will b e th e crow n ing a c t of glory to ou r tree republic, and wlieu done will be received, as wns th e a c t o f E u iancijiation, w ith joy nnd praise th r o u g h o u t tho w o rld ns th e final reali­ zation o f th o prom ises of tho D e c laration of A m e ri­ can I n d e p e n d e n c e . GOOD WORDS. SPEECH OP COE. C. ii. MOSS, OP MIHSOUltr. O n th e th ird d a y o f th e S o u th e r n L o y a list Con­ vention, Col. M oss, after offering th is resolution, “ Resolved, T h a t ill th e opinion of th is C o n v e n ­ tion th e p la n of tho reco n s tr u c tio n of th e rebellions States proposed by Congress, is dofeetive in not providing for th e enfranchisem e n t of a ll loynl eiti- (upplause), an d t h a t we m o st urg e n tly r e q u e s t Congress a t its n e x t session to r e m e d y th e defect by s u itab le m e asures of leg islatio n ,” •liich w as referred to th e com m ittee ( th a t is, prac­ tically, rejected), offered a n o t h e r : “ Resolved, T h a t tho Com m ittee on R e solutions be instructed to prepare an d rep o r t a resolution favoring tho conferring of tho r ig h ts of suflm g e ou all c itizens w ithout regard to race o r color,” in' s u p p o r t o f w h ich he s p o k e as follows : “ Mr. C h a irm a n : I t does seem to m e th a t havo a rrived a t , tlm t stage in tho histo ry o f o country w h en wo should r is e abovo all projudic and th a t we should carry o u t in full th a t nol p o licy w hich w as in a u g u rated by th e lam ented L incoln. T h e w ar ju s t c o n c luded, effectually Wot­ ted o u t slavery from o u r institu tion s , and it lies w ith us to rem o v e every v e stige f ro n f tho States after destroy in g it. I t is w ith th a t idon, in o th u t we cun pluco ourselves rig h t and found ititulions upon justice and upon those principles THE TBCU SOIvrmUlN DOCUMENT. Tlio address of th e delegates from “ th e noi constructed 8 totes,” adopted on th e fifth day of th e C o n v e n tion, a n d em b o d y ing th e views of th e “ llre-tried loyalists” of th e rebel section, is a lo n g e r und less w o rdily elo q u e n t d o c u m e n t th a n th e above ; b u t it presents several very valuable elem e n ts of argum e n t, und is e loquent iu its plain ired citizens, a n d tho social d is franchisem e n t o f tlie I w h ich w ero laid dow n in th e glorious Dcclamti< e n tire loyal w h ite citizens, are republican in form . I a d o p ted in th is city in 1776, th a t I have offered O f doub tf u l legal existence, th e y aro u n d o u b t- th is resolution. Tlio enforcem e n t o f these laws of edly despotic, nnd despotic in th e in te r e s t o f tren- | o tcm n l justice will p r o te c t every loyal m a n , bo ho son, as we of th e Hoiith know b u t too well. T liis w h ite o r black, aud the life of th e n a tion dejiouils view of tho condition of th o S o u th bofore th e w ar, | to-day upon Congress c o n ferrin g th e r ig h t of citi- nud- of tho events w h ich have tran s p ired since, zensh ip upon all loyul men. I t is f o r us, sir, to suy brin g s us to th e consideration of th e confirm e d , I w h e th e r o r n o t b y a m a jo r ity of votes th is justice consolidated, into leran t und defiant pow e r o f dis- should l>e d e c reed to thom . hicli now controls every d e p a r tm e n t of th e | “ W o are to labor in th e r e h n b iliniout n n d reeon- uou-rew u » tructed States, utruclion of States so as to ren d e r thom p r o p e r for I t th e y succeed in th e ir purposes, th e loyal w ill be coinpolled to leave th e ir hom e s n n d seek sh e lte r in o th e r S tates. L e t us by all m e a n s no t fail to do o u r d u ty in th is m a tter. L o t us view th e su b ject in all its hearin g s , and p r e s e n t i t earnestly, forcibly, nnd cand id ly b e fo r e th e people of the coun try. T h u s m a y wc be enab led to accom p lish g r e a t a u d la s tin g good. T h is is w h a t we c am e h e r e for. I t wns c lenrly s e t fo rth iu th e call ns o u r on ly r e m e d y , a n d as th e salvation of th e people. I _ : t to lind n loynl m a n from tho s e S t a te s w h o h a s n o t declared tim o an d ngnin th n t t h a t is th e ir on ly salvation. N ow le t u s lo o k a t tliis in a n o th e r p o in t of view. I am an A m e rican citizen, and I love th is gov e rn ­ m e n t ns firm ly as a n y m a n can love it. I love its freedom , an d I feel t h a t it is .guilty of in justice if it s tain s its fair fam o and ho n o r , a n d we w ill all hav e to p a y t h e d ir e f u l penalty. W o see th n t a te r r ib le tria l visited th is c o u n try , an d th a t 300,000 black m e n w ere in d u c e d t o p r e s e n t th e ir bodies as p a r t of th e b u lw a rk to o u r liberties. T h e y po u r e d o u t th e ir blood in th o contest. T h e y m a n ifested a p a trio tism ns lo f ty a n d unselfish as can b e con­ ceived ; n n d w h e n we con s id e r t h a t th e w h ite m a n h a s enjoyed all th e im m u n ities a n d th e fu ll p r o ­ tection of th e governm e n t, t h a t th e y eujoy e d all th e favored blessings it co u ld bestow , tlie blacks seem to rise h ig h e r in th e scnlo of patrio ts. F o r m a n y years th e y have b e e n u n d e r th e beel of a m a s ter, nnd k e p t in a state of serv itu d e , w ith th e officers of th e law p u r s u in g a n d h u n tin g th e m dow n , nnd d r a g g in g th e m back in to slavery. All icqu n in tance th e y had w ith th e g o v e rnm e n t n feelin g its pow e r to restra in them in th a t state. B u t w h e n th e c o n test c«mc, th o y rallied aro u n d th e ling, th e y gnided th e lo s t s o k licr from th e sw am p , a u d assisted him in escaping from tho priso n s of th e S o u th. T h e y have fed o u r m e n in th e horn- of h u n g e r , nnd d isplayed in a thousand ways th e p u r e s t of patriotism . Is i t now to b e p e r ­ m itted th n t th e s e m e n , so truo in a co n test so b it­ ter, shall be tram p led upon and cruelly trea te d by th e enem ies o f o u r U n ion, w h ile we can in terpo s e th o regis of ju s tice ? If th is is n e g lected we w ill b e g u ilty o f a foul in justice tlin t we o u g h t to b e asham e d of. I w a n t to know if o u r friends h e re a re n o t p r e ­ p a re d to throw off a little b i t o f prejudice, if they have any ? I know m a n y of th e m have a u id e a th a t th e r e m a y bo som e torriblo consequences to result from th is b u g b e a r of negro suffrage th n t th e y talk about. I sta n d u p h e re as a r e p r e s e n tative of th e w h ite race, a u d s a y th a t I believe wc a ro th e ir supe­ riors. I d o n o t b e lieve th e y can l i u r t us, an d th e id e a th a t wc should have law s placed u p o n ou r statute-b o o k s s a y ing th n t th e y shall n o t m a k e an equal race in life w ith us, I say is rid icu lo u s a n d a n in s u lt to th e w h ite people. “ T h e n e g ro ’s in s tin c ts have b e e n a g r e a t d e a l b e t­ te r th a n the w h ite m a n ’s. W h y , sir, I cann o t find a n y neg ro to believe th a t A n d rew Jo h n s o n is an angel if ligh t. I f th e y h a d a neg ro con v e n tio n , th e y i-ould never have th a t m a n o n th e ticket. T h e y alw ays believed th a t he was false, and I have i t from tlie b e s t a u th o r i ty th a t th e y a lw ays d o u b ted h is ho n e s ty aud integ r ity . T h e w h ite m a n , n o t as w ise ns th e ig n o r a n t black m a n , took A n d rew J o h n ­ son u p a u d e levated him to th e office— to h is office— as I have said before, n o t by tlio grace of G o d , bu t b y tho grace of assnssinution. “ T h e b e s t policy th n t can be ad o p ted b y ou r friends, N o rth au d S o u th , is to stau d boldly and squarely u p for principle. (Applause.) You cun ta lk ab o u t tho loss of a few votes, and tlio effect up o n th e elections o r t h a t s o r t of tilin g ns y o u will, b u t I toll you w h e n you com e u p boldly, a n d fairly ad o p t th e p r inciples of tho D e c laration of In d e ­ pendence, th e n you will liud th a t t h a t p o licy will be ado p ted all over th e S o u th as well. (Applause.) L o o k a t it. I assert that nearly every candidate fo r Congress, who walked boldly up and took this p o s i­ tion, is returneeI by a m a jority o f thousands, while those who w ire weak-kneed, were elected barely ‘ by the s k in o f their teeth.’ T a k e th o policy o f th e reconstructed States. V ir­ gin ia w as recon s tr u c ted u n d e r very favorable cir­ cum stances b u t a s h o r t tim e ago, a n d no parchm e n t laws could havo disfrauchised th e ir rebels more thoroughly. T h e y h a d a sm a ll nu m b e r of w h ite people to stan d by a n d execute th e hnvs a n d a large n u m b e r of black m e n th a t they did u o t allow t o h e lp them to execute tho laws, a n d a large m a jority of w h ite m e n t h a t w o uld u o t allow th e m to execute them . B y au d by they w ill llud tlioir lib e r ties iu tlie h a n d s of tlio disloyal, a n d th a t tho loyal m e n ,'iumot bo elected. I f th e y had given tho black nen th e b a llot, thoy, and a s m a ll n u m b e r of loyal w h ite m e n , could have a ided in th e enforeom e n t of th e law, au d to-day you w o u ld have h a d loyal m e n in tlie governm e n t, and p r o b a b ly ray friend iu the ■liair (Mr. B e tts) m ig h t have been in Congress in s tead of those t h a t we now see a ttem p tin g to gain adm ission. There is not one single motive erf expedi­ ency but what says to you, ‘ Gentlemen, y o u m u st do ju s tice; vou m u st honor y o u r Hag ; you m u st keep u n tarnished th e h o n o r a n d m o rality of y o u r gov­ e r n m e n t ; ’ niul 1 take i t th n t th is go v e rnm e n t was form ed to establish ju s tice am i to secure tho bless­ ings of liberty. Bo bold an d fearless, am i I know the N o rth e r n people well e n o u g h to be able to sny th n t they will s taud by you. “ L o o k at th e effect of tho tem p o r izing policy th a t ia now coining on. I ask every m a n to bear w itness th a t in threo years, if th is policy is c a rried on, we w ill lmvo a w ar of races a s th e r e s u lts o f tho ucts of these rebellious S o u thern e r s so constantly com m itted in v a rious sections o f th e c o u n try. You cann o t a rm th r e e o r fou r h u n d r e d thousand men against a com m u n ity a n d then tu r n them looso in th a t c o m m u n ity a n a expect to find thom favorably received. T h e negro is a docile m a n . H o loves pence aud q u i e t ; h e loves to live quietly and con­ tentedly. H e is naturally moro industrious, at least, th a n o u r m iserable rebels th a t w ant to tram p le h is r ig h ts u n d o r th e ir feet. If th e y let him alone h e will be a good citizen, and do m o re to develop th e South th a n all tlie rebels th a t over lived. I tell you, furth e r , th a t if you do n o t take some such course to ouuble him to protect him s elf he will take the matter into h is own h and, nud God p ity tho rebels when th a t day co m e s ! Y o u m a y h e lp tho P r e s i­ d e n t in h is e fiorts to assist rebel w h ite m o u , b u t wo w ill never su b m it to bo mndo instru m e n ts to crush o u t u c lass of m e n whoso only f a u lt is tlm t th e y have been too faithful. H ow lo n g w o u ld it i, gentlem e n , th e y w ill s tand u p to th e o T . ........ ........ — - — —i any oration J t wns Brow nlow , th e bitterest and fonl- ost-tongued m a n in th e South. O n h e r left sat Jo h n M inor B o tts. w ith liis lips tightly com p ressed and h is face telling plainly tlm t lie rem a ined th e re from courtesy, b u t w o uld rem a in a p a tien t listen e r to th e speech. THE ATTENTION I’AID TO HEII. She began, a n d for th e first tim e since i t m e t, the C o n v e n tion was so still tb a t th e faintest w h isper could b e heard. S h e had no t spoken lo n g before she declared tlm t M a ryland had no business in tho Convention, b u t o u g h t to have been w ith th e dele­ gates who cam e to welcome. T h e r e was vehem e n t applause from th e border States. AN INTEimuPTION. “ T h a t is a d ir e c t in s u lt I ” sho u ted a delegate from M a ryland. She w e n t on w ithout r e g a rding these coarse in ­ terruptions, review ing tlie conduct of the B o rder S tates w ith scorn, and talk in g with an eloquence I never heard equalled in any previous offort, in lavor o f a n open, hearty, m a n ly declaration of th e real opinion of th e C o n v e n tion f o r justice to the colored loyalist, n o t in th e courts only, b u t a t the ballot-box. EFFECT OF HEE REMARKS. T h e r e was none of th e flippancy o r p e rtness w h ich som e tim es disfigures h e r public speeches It w as h e r noblest style tlironghont,—bold b u t tender, nnd often so path e tic tlm t she b ro u g h t tears to every eye. E v e ry w o rd cam e thro u g h h e r heart, a n d i t w e n t r i g h t to th e h e a r ts of all. K e n tneky a n d M a ryland now listened as eagerly ns G eorgia N o tw ithstan d ing th is appeal, th e speake cond m o tion w as also killed b y being referred to th e Com m ittee. S p e e c h e s b y A n n a E . D ickinson and F r e d e r ick D o u g lass, w h ich we have in type, a re c th is week. T h e y w ill a p p e a r in o u r nejriT NORTHERN INFLUENCE IN TH E CONVENTION. W hen w e f ir s t h e a r d t h a t th e R e p u b lican p a rty of tlie N o rth proposed t o take p a r t in the Southern L o y a list C o n v e n tion, we w ere rem inded som e w h at of th e specu lation s a tten d i n g th e late R e b e l Con­ v e n tion in i t s r e lation to th e D e m o c ratic party. I t was th e n asked “ w h e ther J o n a h w o u ld swallow th e w hale, o r th e w liale J o n a h . ” So, now , i t was c lear th a t if th e L o y a l C o n v e n tion w ere to proclaim th e ir faith, unequivocally, in neg ro suffrage, th e R e p u b lican p a r ty w o u ld be—n ill or will— c o n v e rted in to a n in s t r u m e n t of reform . Sho u ld th e N o rtli- R e p n b licans, how ever, do m in a te over th e sen­ tim e n t of th e C o n v e n tion, i t wns clear th e form er w o u ld derive m u c h p a r ty stre n g th th e refro m ; b u t th e cause of freedom w o u ld n o t be advanced u n d e r th e incubus. S u c h w as th e o u tlook on tho 3d inst., w h e n th e N ew Y o rk 'IVibune contained th e om inous a n n o u n c e m e n t: “ T he S outhern D elegates as R adical in T h eir V iews a s T hose from the N orth .” H o w all th is lm s sinco b e e n sh a p e d in reality, th e follow ing e x tr a c t from th e P h ilad e lp h ia corres­ p o n d e n c e of tlie N ew Y o rk Tim e s (Sept. 8) will show : “ T h e g r e a t fear w h ich prevailed am o n g th e dele­ gates on tlieir f ir s t a rrival was t h a t N o rth e r n dele­ gatio n s w o u ld seek to coerce th e m in to accepting a lin e of policy calculated to subserve th e interests of tlio p a r ty N o r t h of M nson and D ix o n ’s line to th e d e tr i m e n t o f t h e ir S o u th e r n constituents. T o avoid tliis c o e rcion th e S o u th e r n e r s declined to ad m it th e N o rth e r n e r s to th e C o n v e n tion. B u t th e s e g e n tlem e n from N ew E n g lan d n n d th e G reat W e s t w ere irrepressible. T h e y m ig h t be barred o u t of th e C o n v e n tion, b n t th e y could n o t b e de­ n ie d th e streets n o r th e hotels. T h e y accordingly laid in w a it f o r t h e ir d e a r b r e th r e n of th e South, and bu tton - h o led th e delegates as soon ns th e y ap­ peared. E v e r y one lind h is little fling a t each of them , a n d th e pressure th u s b r o u g h t to b e a r upon th e C o n v e n tion wns sufficient to decide its action. W a s h ington and A lbany lo b b y in g w as never m o re successful th a n was tliis outside pressure upon the delegates. T h e y had com e w ith a full determ ina­ tion to in s i s t t h a t negro suffrage s h o u ld b e one of th e cardinal p o ints la id dow n in tho p latform — the p o in t o f all o th e rs on w h ich th e y w ero m o st reso­ lu te ; th is th e y c o n sidered tho ir ark o f safety. B u t these s u b tle N ew E u g lunders a n d G reat W e s tern­ e r s c o m b ined w illi K e n tu c k y a n d M a ryland to om it th a t p a rticu lar plank . T h e y r e p r e s e n ted th a t if th e p a r ty w ere forced to sh o u lder th a t load a t this tim e , defeat in th e com ing e lection was sure. T h e y said 1 w a it till th e election gives u s a R a d ical C o n ­ gress, th e n we’ll take u p th is b u r d e n , n u d an y o th e r little luggage you m a y hav e ; b u t now we w a n t fat offices a n d m u c h pow e r, so let F r e d . D o u g lass and h is f riend s stay o u t in th e cold a little longer.’ So th e address aud r e s o lutions w ere fram e d a n d adopt­ ed w ith o u t a w o rd ab o u t suffrage— th e play of H a m let ’ was played w ith Hamlet left o u t by p a r ­ ticular r e q u e s t. * * “ So th e a d d ress a n d resolutions, prepared to su it th e B o r d e r States, w ere adopted, and im m e d iately M a rvlaud proposes to adjourn sine die ! * * So th e y [the G u lf-S tate m e n ] resolved to excuse th e d e a r B o r d e r- S tate b r e th r e n , relieve thom from fu r t h e r attendance, and le t them go home. T h is th e s e [latter] gentlem e n could afford to do. T h e y h a d g a ined t h e ir point. T h e te e th of th e Radical lion lind been draw n , a n d th e y wore no longer a fraid of h is roaring. * * I t sounded very nicely f o r th e N o rth e r n delegates, in th e ir m e et­ ings, to denounce all uttem p ts to coerce or iu any influence th e S o u thern C o n v e n tion. Senator I a n d M a rylan d i and Alabama. Brow n low 's iron features and B o tt’s rig id face soon relaxed, nud tears stood in th e o ld V irginian’s eyes m o re th a n once, while th e noble T e n n e sseean moved liis p lace, nnd gazed a t th e inspired girl w ith an interest a n d w o n d e rm e n t w h ich no o th e r orator h a d b r o u g h t to th e fanatic’s h a rd face. She h a d the audienco m hand as easily as a m o th e r holds h e r c h ild, a n d like tho chfl 1 th is an- dience heard h e r h e a r t b e a t. I t wns e n o b led th e re­ by. I t w as really a marvellous speech. T h e full­ est r e p o r t of i t w ould n o t do i t justice, because the greatness lay in its m a n n e r a n d its effect, os well as in its a rgum e n t. W h e n she finished, one after an o th e r S o u thern delegate c am e forw a rd and pinned on h e r d ress the bndges o f th e ir States u n til sh e w o re th e gifts of A labam a , M issouri, T e n n e ssee, Texas, Florida, L o u isiana an d M a ryland. SPEECH OF FEED. DOUGLASS. A n o th e r triu m p h was to como. As noble and as great. Fred . D o u g lass was culled for and came forw a rd. T lie sam e gree tin g wns aw a rded him as A n n a D ickinson h a d received. T h e G u lf States ap p lauded and th e B o r d e r S tates looked glum . Brow nlow nnd B o tts relapse in to rigid ity ; b u t h e also took th e audience liy storm . H e wns very happy i n his speech. I t was a s radical as h e had ever delivered i n Boston. WHAT HE THOUGHT OF THE CONVENTION. H e r idiculed th e policy o f th e B o r d e r S tate m e n , a n d u r g e d th e C o n v e n tion to say in plain term s th a t i t m e a n t to secure neg ro suffrage. H e spoke ironically of its a d jo u rn m e n t in order to enable him to nddress it, in s tead of in v itin g him to com e u p w h ile i t w as iu session, b n t h e was so a d r o it w ithal nnd so w itty and hum o rous th a t , every one listen e d to h im w ith delight. I t was a very g r e a t victory for h im ,' o n c e th e M a ryland slave, to stan d th e re before tlie M a ryland delega­ tio n a n d n o t only to ojipose th e ir policy b u t urge th e ir o p p o n e n ts to s tan d firm , n n d y e t to b e listened to w ith atten tio n and applause b y every one in tbo audience. THEODORE TILTON spoke nest., and took th e an n o g r o n n d . H e al­ ways speaks well, b u t th is speech w as n o t in h is b e s t vein, as h e was tired o u t a n d hoarse, a n d had to bear a com p a rison to tlie very finest efforts of h is predecessors. WHAT HE SAID ABOUT SENATOR WILSON. L ik e M iss D ickinson, h e m a d e a sarcastic refer- lce to th e course h e r e of Sen a to r W ilson. B o th declared th a t ho m isrepresented M a ssachusetts in his private intercourse w ith S o u th e r n m e m b e rs by saying or leaving th e im p ression t h a t th e y d id n o t • desire th e issue of im p a r tial suffrage. AN INDIGNANT VIRGINIAN. B y th e w ay, th e re is a g r e a t deal of ta lk ab o u t th is thing . * O n e honored Senator is charg e d w ith talk ing on b o th sides a n d throw ing liis influence very em p h a tically a t tim e s in favor of the B o rder State policy. I t is certain th a t the Southerners say h e d id it, and th a t som e of th e m a re furious ab o u t it. A V irginia delegate said to m e — “ I f you h a d k e p t y o u r shoem a k e r a t hom e we w ould Lave had a s q u a re negro suffrage p latfo rm .” GEN. BUTLER A “ BULLY BOY.” G e n . B u tler is n o t accused of t h a t so r t of con­ duct. B e n jam in’s backbone is in a rem a rkably sound condition. If I w ere in th e E ssex D istric t I w ould sign th a t pap e r in h i s favor. W h e n I ask tho S o u thern del­ egates w h at th e y th in k of th e G eneral, they say ‘ d ir e c t term s th a t h e is “ a bully b o y .” A CALL FOR WENDELL PHILLIPS. O n e th in g is asked sneeringly ab o u t M asaichu- se tts—W h y was n o t W endell Ph illips s e n t h e re as delegate ? T h e G u lf S tate m e n suspect th a t there is a B o r d e r S tate policy to th e M a ssachusetts R e ­ publican Com m ittee. EVENING SESSION. T h e r e w as an evening session, a t w h ich au a t­ te m p t was m a d e to ad jo u rn sine die. T h is m otion produced a storm y scene. GOV. HAMILTON ON THE BORDER STATES. K e lly enacted liis p a r t in the little com edy very I Gov. H a m ilton of T e x a s rose, aud w ith vigor well indeed H e im p lored th e N o rthern delegates vehem e n ce a n d eloquence h e said th e B o n ier S tates n o t to d ictate a policy to tlie C o n v e n tion, and th e had tried to c a n y t h e ir point. H e told them th a t d e legates resolved th a t they w o u ldn’t. B u t th e y th e y had too loug abused the courtesy of th e G u lf knew a trick w o rth tw o of th a t—th e y resorted to States, b u t th e y had now reached a lim it w h ich tlie th e button-h o ling process. Oil th e face of it, the S o u th e r n C o n v e n tion seem e d to be a c tiug th r o u g h ­ o u t o f its owu volition ; b u t th e fact was, each del­ egate was h u t a w indy p u p p e t, and th e s tr in g which w o rked h is legs and m oved h is arm s, and made h im squeak, w as pulled b y a N o rthern b r o th e r .” A p a rt from w h a t rem a ins, o f coarseness, preceding (after excision o f tho m o st vulgar passages), and a p a r t from th e u n ju s t a spersion it flings on J u d g e Kelley, i t is n s tru th f u l a p ictu r e of th e in tom a l w o rkings of th e C o n v e n tion—during its first four days—as we hnvo.seeu. T h e passage referring to tho play of ‘ H a m let ’ w ith tho p a rt of H amlet le ft o u t characterizes tho proceedings of th e B o r d e r C o n v e n tion w ith rem a rkable fitness. Of course, m a n y of th e N o rth e r n delegates wero tru e r to th e instincts of justico th a n to tho p r o m p t­ ings of p a rty expediency, b u t i t is to tlie a g g regate m a ss of tho N o rthern politicians concerned th a t the Times' dam n ing testim o n y ju s tly applies. A GOOD-NATURED VIEW O f somo m a tters to and ab o u t th e C o n v e n tion given in th e follow ing spicy letter of Jam e s R( p a th to tho Boston Traveller: P h ila d e l p h ia , S e p t 7th. THU ADDRESS OF ANNA M. DICKINSON. M y last dispatch from tho C o n v e n tion predicted th a t th e B o r d e r statesm e n w o u ld receive a lecture from A n n a D ickinson, m ul stated th a t they acted as if thoy an ticip a ted it. T h is prediction was form e d from th e nppciim uce of tho M a ryland dele­ gation, and a know ledge of th e ohnractor of tlio o rator, and i t was fulfilled. udioi T h e re sat. I t w as c u rious to uoto tin d ir e c tly in fro n t of tho platform , three o r four liui d ied S o u thern m e n , fow of whom niul ever h e ard w oman sp e a k ; few of w h o m oould debate, whm. antagonistic views were advanced, w ithout tho g rossest p e rsonal vituporation. BROWNLOW AND BOTTS AS LISTENERS. T h e i r ideal of controversial oratory was with th e m , aud sitting a t tlie rig h t bau d of tho young h u m a n h e a r t c o u ld uo f u r t h e r bear. T h e y w anted to adjourn th i s . C o n v e n tion aud have the G u lf S tates h o ld auotlier C o n v e n tion, so th a t they m ight go hom e to th e ir co n s tituents au d say, “ W e had j n o th iu g to do a b o u t n ogro suffrage—it was only the poor w h ites who d id t h a t ! ” T h e y h a d said in com m ittee, “ W e a re all rig h t ; it is our constit­ uents who are not. ” T h e ir constituents are better thuu they a re. I f th e y dared to do th is thing, lie w o u ld follow them in to th e ir d istricts a n d tell th e ir constituents w h a t they d id say here. ATTEMPTED INTERRUPTION. S e n a tor Cresswell of M a ryland a ttem p ted to in ­ terrup t, b u t h e dropped ut o u e b u llet sentence from the in d ig n a n t Texan, who, ill rin g in g an d denun­ ciatory language, con trasted the m a n ly course of H e n ry W h iter D a v is w ith th e action of the trim ­ m e rs who succeeded him . W e d id uot come here, he said, to study how oue m o re o r less of the Repre­ sentatives iu Congress from th e State of M arvlanil w ere to b e secured, o r how th a t very g rand achieve­ m e n t for th e salvation of a nation was to bo accom­ plished in uuy o th e r State. But we did com e here to declare w h a t w ere tho truo interests of a large p o r tio n of the people of this c o u u try, of how the tru th m ig h t bo received by any section ° f I t 'i s r ig lu U m t the tru th should be kuow n. T h e vnrv oliieet of calling th e Convention was to placo before tho intelligent millions o f th e U n ited States the tru e condition, moral, social and polituM , of tho now reconstructed States. If they dul not do th a t a n d declare the rem e d y , they h a d b e tter nfiver 11,1This*speeeh was received w ith imm ense applause. It, fairly oowed dow n tho trim m ers. N o t one ot them dared to p r e s s tho m otion. SPEECH OF GOV. BROWNLOW. Gov. Brownlow, having mado th e m otion, rose and made a h ig h ly c h a racteristic speech. G entlem e n , I rise in m y feebleness to undo w h at I have done, b u t before I do so I wish to make a few rem a rks. 1 had uo conversation w ith any goutle- ninn from the S tate of M aryland on this subject. concerned iu no conspiracy w h atever agam st tliis body o r a n y delegation. I knew th a t a large num b e r of delegates were going away to-night, am o n g whom w ere a num b e r from m y own State. I knew nnd stated the fact th a t we u a d been four days and n ig h ts togothor la-

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