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National anti-slavery standard. (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1870, August 04, 1866, Image 1

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C l VOL XXVII. NO. 13. NKW YORK, SATURDAY, AUGUST 4, 1HKG. WHOLE NO. i 3(55. R a t i o n a l ^ t a u d u n l . 7 ’m a n t a y all* a d r if t again, | H««® « x S s ^ g w ljo lm d h o t f o g g e d in tlio rebel- fidk roiguty, a AM T I O N A L SO V E R B I G X T V . BY REV. 8. n . MORSE. T h e close of th e w a r placed th o co u n tr y in a position to fairly s u rvey tho (told, and decide upon m e a sures o f future safety. I t s position for th a t purpose w as adm irable. I t could look b o th w ays —backw a rds an d forw a rds. I t could con tem p late th o p a s t a n d p i e d ict th e f u tu r e . A u d its te m p e r w as excellent. I t w as rea d y f o r th o r o u g h w o rk. I t e x p e c ted it, i t dem a n d e d it. I t w as r e a d y to do w h a tever th in g s h o u ld b e po in ted o u t a s r i g h t a n d necessary to m a k e its g r e a t victory w o rth all it h a d cost. T h e w a t h a d ploughed dow n t o prim a l granite. T h e experience o f eig h ty years, n n d the conscience of tlie c o u n tr y s a id , “ B u ild stro n g on th a t . ” T h e co u n try w as w h o lly in e a r n e s t ; b u t it can n o t b e c h a r g e d th a t its sp i r i t wns vindictive. W ith tlie foe at its feet, i t h a d uo disposition to inflict an o th e r w o u n d ; b u t it w as clam o rous for security. I t h a d 110 disposition to unreservedly tru s t th e loyalty of m e n w h o se loyal sentim e n ts w e re sim p ly a confession of d e f e a t ; b u t it w o u ld n o t w reak vengeance upo n them . M r. Jo h n s o n 's prom ise to “ m a k e treaso n o d i­ ous ” w as hailed w ith d e l i g h t ; n o t t h a t th e nation w a n ted a few victim s t o appease its w rath, b u t it m e a n t t h a t treason should b e “ m a d e odious,” and h e n c e fo r th im p o s sible. I t d id n o t iu te n d to say to defeated rebels, “ L e t u s com e to g e th e r a g a in, au d have all th in g s ju s t as y o u have a ll along w a n ted th e m ; ” n o r d id i t m e a n to say, “ L e t us com e to g e th e r again, each p a r ty com p rom ising o n e -h a lf i t s purpose. ” T h e co u n tr y found itself in n o s u c h dilem m a . T h e r e was 110 c o m p rom ise to m a k e . T h e r e w as uo lo n g e r tw o parties. T h e “ C o n federacy ” w as annih ilated. I t h a d been sw e p t from th e boards in to its grave. T h e r e re­ m a in e d in th e field only th e victorious p a r ty , m a s­ te r o f th e situ a tio n , and ready t o o r g a n ize tlie f u ­ tu r e . H o w i t w o u ld deal w ith rebels, w as a side qu e s tio n , a n d o f com p a ratively littlo m o m e n t, in th e p r e s e n c e o f th e vastly g r e a ter qu e s tio n , How to re-organize th e coun try on tlie en d u rin g basis of dom e s tic pence— h o w to a n ticipate and p r e v e n t rebellion i n t h e f u tu r e . T lie fo rtu n e s of wnr decided fo r a nationality , a n d a g a in s t a confederation. T h is w as t h e f a c t the m a o q u o u tly setth K<u> d d e -1 w ith no an c h o r a g e le f t b u t th e m o ral term in a tio n of th o people. W h e n th is C o n g ress first, m e t, M r. ltopresenta- tivo B o u tw e ll sa id , “ N o such radical a n d th o r ­ oug h ly revolutionary C o n g ress has i governm e n t wns organized. I t can H e w as n o t w rong in h is first stntenn b e s t C o n g ress th e c o u n tr y has over w ithstood E x e c u tive influence, nm l l independent, p o s itio n w ith gro a t hono B u t th e follow ing confession, taken from well’s s p e e c h oil tho re-adm ission of T e n n e ssee, is also tru e : “ W e s u r r e n d e r np to-day fo u r m illions of people ; we s u h -onder th e cause of ju s t ice ; we degrade ourselves as a g r e a t p a r ty , w h ich h a s con­ trolled th e c o u n tr y in th e m o st try in g tim e s 111 tlio h isto ry o f th e w o rld ; a n d f o r ono, litfm b le tho u g h I m a y be, I c u te r m y p r o test a g a in s t t h is proceed­ ing. B e lieving i t to b e w rong, I d e c lare i t h e re iu th e presence of those w h o have pow e r to preven t th e South, th e only class of free citizens ( “ T h e y are rig h t,” and npplnuse.) T h is fact, m y istin g w h o lind n o t on pngod in th e rebe l- fello w -citizons, leaves Us to - n igh t to d e term ine . a n d w h o had n o t th u s forfeited th o ir c ivil a n d w h o re wo nro and w h a t wc aro lo do in o r d e r to ! political r ig h ts a n d privileges, s h o u ld bo c u t off n n d m o o r th o old sh ip safely in to tlie h a r b o r f o r w h ich j denied th e p r ivilege of p a rticip a tin g in th e form a- she 1m s been steering for live successive' years j tiou of a new g o v e r n m e n t; w h ile t h a t o th e r class, th r o u g h storm s a n d tem p e s ts. I b a d supposed in tlie rebels, a n d all thoso w h o b a d been d e n o u n c e d , m y sim p licity, and in m y im p e r fect know ledge of th e 1 k y in tern a tio n a l law as tlie enem ies of tb o govern- ■ th o fram e w o rk of th is g o v e rnm e n t, t h a t th is be in g | net. since . 1 1 m onj. nf ()10 U n ite d States, should b e r e instated in ! a g r o a t p o litical qu e s tio n , one i n w h ich every man be tru s ted, th o ir privilege of con tro llin g th e governm e n t, n n d in th o land wns n o t o n ly in terested, b u t in w h ich n t . I t is th e th a t th e exclusion of th e o n ly p o r tion of th e in- nearly every m a n —surely every tru e m a n — per- hnd. I t h a s h a b itan t s w h o h a d been t r a e to ite Ang—in th o ir ( form e d l u s p a r t in som o d e p a r tm e n t, e ith e r in th e I . j hearts, a t least, f o r th e y lind n o t op p o r tu n ities to j m ilitary or civil service, o r 111 th e less a rd u o u s d u ty inintm n c d i t s . *i,.„v l ' u — , 1.,. n..,;,. of tlw. «- • ■ ” • nf th e g r e a t issues of th e day now pressing npo n these m e n h m . ..n u t ; lo .li.r.'K .m l. K .,„i.l M m fc III. I ra., .h m .ld bo lent-, and should b e granted . C o n g ress goes b e fore th e c o u n tr y offering as its policy ” a constitu tio n a l am e n d m e n t, w h ich does n o t settle th e questio n of suffrage, b u t offers tbo S t a te s stro n g indu c e m e n ts in favor of g r a n ti n g it, Shall we a c c e p t T e n n e ssee as th e first, f r u i ts of t h a t policy ? Air. B o u tw e ll s a id w h e n he voted for tho “ a m e n d m e n t,” “ I waive m y objection to it, b e ­ cause I know t h a t C o n g ress w ill in s i s t upon su f ­ frage, 11s th e p r ice o f adm ission fo r any S t a te .” H e t h o u g h t Congress w o u ld do, of its ow n accord, w h a t it feared i t co u ld n o t g e t in c o rp o r a ted in to th e fun d a m e n tal law of th e cou n try . H e w o u ld do it, because h e believes th e pow e r of C o n g ress a l­ ready sufficient. B n t 110 p a r ty 1ms e v e r y e t been agreed th a t such pow e r did belo n g t o C o n g ress— n o t even s ince th e w ar. T h e q u e s tio n n e e d s to be taken o u t of tlie field of debate. I t needs to be settled so th a t tlierg .ca n be no evasion ; i t needs to b e s e ttle d b y a specific p r o v ision i n tb e C o n s ti­ tu tio n , w h ich shall b e uniform th r o u g h o u t the country, e s tablishin g im p a r tial suffrage for all th e States, in c lu d in g a ll races a n d b o th sexes. T h e n C o n g ress w ill have a - c le a r d u t y before it. I t can enforce tb e suprem e law of th e lan d np o n rebel­ lions S tates, S o u th a n d N o rth. Su c h nn a m e n d ­ m e n t w o u ld establish th e N a tio n a l Sovereignty. I t w o u ld b r i n g all classes w ith in th o g u a rdian s h ip of th e R e p u b lic, and go farth e r and faster in the . . , . , . ... vm , „ directio n of a “ r e s to ratio n of th e U n i o n ” than triu m p h a n t p a rty h a d t o sta r t w ith. W h a t, then, , . , , . 1 I , - , V> 1 - 1 -.1 all th e tem p o r a r y legislation a n d poor, d r ib b lin g sh o u ld it d o ? P r o c e e d in accordance w ith th is I ‘ . ,, . . . , , , b r o o d o f ex p e d ien ts i t h a s b r o u g h t f o r t h since th e decision, a n d m a k e th e c o u n tr y one na tio n : m a k e , , 1 , _ . , , . assem b ling l a s t D e c e m b e r, th e N a tion a l governm e n t s u p r e m e , om n ip o ten t a n d . , , , , ,, . r .. f i , .. I t is to b e ho p e d th a t th e am e n d m e n t to th e o m n ipresent in its pow e r for th o protection o f its I . . . ,. , , ,. , , ... ., , . .. .. , , .. C o n s titu tion now pe n d in g before th e c o u n try, and citizen s , th r o u g h o u t th e e n tire lnnd. Its m o tto , . , - , . ,, , . c cj. , , . , , , ., w h ich T e n n e s s e e h a s ju s t a d o p e d fo r th e purpose “ TJa mnrt) n g l i t s of S t a te s to stan d before th e J * ,n m k e know n th e ir toolin g s b y tlie ir actio n — I o f th e p r iv a te citizen, w o u ld cnch a n d — ...... .. r to liself. 8ii0 u ld be m a d e to s ta n d aside a n d suffer a govern- ] voice th r o u g h th e ir accredited R e p r e s e n tativ e s in M r. B o u t- m e n t to b e m a d e i n w h ich t h e ir rig h ts w ere to b e | th e ad ju s tm e n t of tho g r e a t q u e s tio n before us. un e ssee . is ! forever den ied nnd ignored. (A p p lause.) 1 T h e s e K b p rescntatives have been th u s clothed w ith I siiy, fellow -citizens, we have s tarted out. in th is tlieir p o w e r f o r th e express p u r p o s e o f d e a ling w ith th in g w rong. If wo a tte m p t f o r a'nfOinorit to de- and settlin g forever th is g r o a t q u e s tio n as to tho fond a p o s itio n of tliu t so r t we w ill n e v e r g o t term s an d co n d itions upon w h ich th e S tates who th r o u g h th is s tr u g g le u n til we g e t r ig h t. ( “ T h a t’s J e n g a g e d in th e rebellion m ig h t b e received back to so 1\ a n d g r e a t a p p lau s e .) I f y o u fall b a c k u p o n I fellows sh hip ip in th e g r e a t fam ily of S t a te s 00 tho prejudices of th e past, th o s e w h ich w ere once | w ore before tho e y re op be elled \ ’ so offensive, b e c a u s e in m a in tain in g th is gran d p r incip le of rig h t you aro denounced b y ii c e rtain class ns negro-w o rshippors, a n d so on, y o n w ill fall far s h o r t of th e im p e rative d u t y w h ich is before you. Y o u w ill h a v o to g e t bravely over all these th in g s before we c an ever h o p e to lie a t pence, and before ag itatio n w ill cease am o n g us. U n til th is go v e rnm e n t dare to do r i g h t tru th w ill perish from th is earth b e fo r e agitatio n will cense upo n th a t subject. (A p p lause.; of g e ttin g h e r representatives back in to th e U n ion, m a y n o t b e c o m e a p a r t o f t h a t in s trum e n t. L e t i t b e rejected, in o r d e r to have a se ttle m e n t of national troub les based up o n a w iser a n d b e tter plan. __ _______________ __ rig h t s o f m a n ;” N o th in g s h o r t of th is conld g u a r a n tee any security for th e f u t u r e ; au d th is co n ld b e accom p lished on ly b y such a revision and am e n d m e n t of tb e C o n s titution as s h o u ld r e n d e r i t im p o s sible for a n y S t a te g o v e rn m e n t t o interpo s e its a u th o r i ty , arrestin g th e arm of th e N a tional g o v e rnm e n t, ou tstretched to p r o te c t those o f whom i t claim e d allegiance. T h e sovereignty o f th e S t a te s m u s t becom e n m e re local convenience, and | n o th in g m o re. T lie N a tional g o v e rn m e n t m u s t I ,|u jy was ai, immense u n i most enthusiastic gntheri h o ld d ire c t a n d in ti m a t e rela tio n s w ith citizens, T h e speeches o f Gen. Sehenck, Gen. Logan a n d Gei an d u o lo n g e r bo lim ite d to th e d istan t and im - Hamilton, were a ll excellent. W e sincerely regret we certain a ttitu d e i t lind h ith e r to m a intain e d . W h a t- have not space to copy all of them. Gen. Hamilton ev e r claim w as m a d e , h ith e r to i t h a d on ly been a | was always regarded as one of the nbli confederacy of in d e p e n d e n t S tates. I t h a d 1 v ita l n a tion a l life ; i t w as n o t f e lt, a n d know n , ar h o n o r e d , a n d loved by a ll classes of citiz e n s ; i U N I O N M E E T I N G I N W A S H I N G T O N . SPEECH O F GEN. HAMILTON. [T h ? m e eting o f U n ionists in W ashington on Tilth d e a lin g s hud been m a inly w ith S tates. A n y S tab m i g h t say to it, “ T h is is m y business, and n o t y o u r s ,” let th e case b e w h a t it m ig h t, i f it came w ith in th e catalogue of “ d o m e s tic ” o r “ lo c a l” m a tters, and th e G e n e ral govern m e n t h a d 110 a lter­ n a tiv e b u t to acquiesce. T h is w h o le q u e s tion, w h ich in one form o r a n ­ o th e r h a d b e e n before tb e co u n try ever s ince the o r g a n iz a tio n of th e governm e n t itself, was thu s b r o u g h t u p anew a s soon as th e rebellion h a d been p u t dow n ; an d th e necessity o f a tten d i n g to i t was u r g e d b y all th e m o tives of h o n o r aud d u ty it w o u ld s e e m possible t o presen t. F o u r m illions of peo p le, w h o se hopes f o r th e fu tu r e w ere all based upo n national protection, stood u tte r in g tlieir plea o f justice and hum a n ity. Som ehow , th e fate of th e neg ro and th e f a te of t h i s co u n try is in e x tr ica­ b ly w edded. W h a t is safe f o r tlie neg ro is s a fe for th e co u n try ; w h a t is n o t safe f o r him w ill n o t b e safe fo r it. T h e s e ex-slaves presented t h e ir case. T h e y said, “ C a n th e n a tio n p r o tec t u s ? W e a re, b y th e na tio n ’s decree, U n ited S tates citizens. C a n th e natio n p r o tec t those w h o m i t has liberated fro m bon d a g e ? ” T h is question w as a test ques­ tion . T o answ e r “ N o ,” w o u ld be to confess the triu m p h of tb e C o n federacy. I t w o n ld b e the confession th a t th e natio n wns y e t itself in bon d ­ ag e ; i t could b e foiled o f i t s p u r p o s e by th e lim i­ ta tio n s any one of th e S tates m ig h t s e t u p , plead­ in g i t s “ r ig h ts ” as a u th o rity. T h e s e people stood rig h t th e r e iu th e way to enforce and secure to South. H is course since 1860 h a one of tlie ablest statesm en bnt j headed, truest-hearted a n d braves section. W e especially regret < at the shown him no t only one of the clearest- mcn o f tlint o r o f any inability to give onr A m e rica th e victory of the ; and th e p a r ty th e n his able and masterly speech entire. T h e ex­ tracts below relating to the rights of the negro, the fact that slavery still lives, and the mood and purpose o f tho rebels, are valuable testim ony from ono whose position ns l’rovisional-Govemor o f T exas gives him the very b e st ■nns o f knowing thoroughly th a t whereof he affirms, is the deliberate testim o n y of ono of the fnirest- inded and best-informed Southern officeholders.] SLAVERY NOT DEAD. S lavery , we adm it, as a legal in s titu tio n , is no m o re ; b u t l e t ns n o t flatter ourselves t h a t we m a y stop j u s t w h e re we a re— h a v ing prosecuted success­ fully th e s tr u g g le t h a t has been waged betw e e n the opposing p r in c iples of freedom an d slavery, th a t slavery no lo n g e r exists. I t m a tte r s b u t little th a t ’ ave said by au nm e m d m e n t to tlie C o n stitu- if th e U n ite d S t a te s t h a t i t shall now h e re ex- a n y of th e S tates or T e r r ito r ies over w h ich th e jurisdiction of th e U n ited S tates exists, if, in fact, w e rem i t back to th e people of th e S tates lately in r e b e llion th e p r inciple of S tate sovereign­ ty, w h ich claim s th e pow e r to say w h a t shall be tbe institutions of each S tate to th e citizens of th a t S tate. I say to you, i f you a d m it th a t doctrine, th e co n test is n o t e n d e d . W e h a d supposed th a t w e had th e r i g h t to rest up o n th e postulate th a t if a n y th in g w as s e ttled in th is w a r it w as tho pow e r and d u t y upon th e p a r t of th e governm e n t of the U n ited States to p r o tec t every one of its citizens, from highest to low e st—every loyal one a t least— w ithin th e lim its o f th e U n ited States. (Applause.) W e had supposed t h a t th e g r e a t voice o f th e p e o ­ p le w o u ld endorse th a t as one of tlie issues s e ttled b y th e w ar. I believe to - n ig h t th e g r e a t voice of th e people h a s s e ttled t h a t question. A n d y e t we find i t opposed as i f i t w ere a new und unheard-of n pow e r h a d th e o p p o r tu n ity , and all th e induce­ m e n ts , i t w o u ld seem , f o r m e e ting these g r e a t ques­ tio n s of A m e rican natio n a lity and freedom , an d of finally d isposing of them . I t could r e - c a s t tlie or­ gan ic law of th e lan d , a n d m a k e it gu a rantee n a ­ tio n a l sovereignty and p r o tection t o th e hum b lest c itize n w ithin th e bo r d e r s of tlie R e p u b lic. Tw o g r a n d consum m a tions—N a tionality an 1 F r e e d o m ! H o w have th e s e questions been m e t ? W h a t nn- sw e r lias been given ? AVluit b o s tb e p a rty of the c o u n tr y —tb e U n ion p a rty —done ? W e can n o t r e c ite tlie story of th e y e a r ; we can­ n o t follow , s tep by s tep, th e p a th we have taken to fin d th e co u n try again confronting <i peri) g r e a t as th a t of ’01. B y som e b o d y ’s fault, th e I U n ited S tates. (Renew ed applause.) W h e n ihe g r e a t purjio.se w h ich m o v e d th e people w h e n th e y 'yal' ended, and th is schem e was en tered upon of heresy. negro ' s only loyalists — no peace t il l we ACKNOWLEDGE THIS. Now , i t is notoriously tru e , as a p a r t of th e his­ tory of these tim e s, and a ll these S tates, t h a t w h at­ ever m a y bo tru e iu legal contem p lation of tbo w h ite r a c e , th e re was a race of people in th e South th a t cou ld in th e ir condition com m it no treason against tlie governm e n t of th e U n ited States. I allu d e to th e slaves. T h e y h a d no volition (if their ow n ; th e y could n o t legally c o m ic:t them selves w ith th e one porty o r th e other. Wo know , how ­ ever, as a h istoric fact, th a t th e ir hearts, thoir sym p a thies, an d th e ir prayers w ere w ith th e gov­ ern m e n t of th e U n ited States. (Applause.) And why ? Because they had a religious faith th a t I tlieir freedom w as inseparably connected w ith tbe I tr iu m p h of th e arm s of th e governm e n t of tin icrged triu m p h a n t from th o sm o k e of battle ’65, h a s been lot. slip. T b e P r e s id e n t gone clear o v e r to th e enem y , a n d Congress su r rend e r ing to expediencies, presents a, p ic tu r e tliat can awaken n o app reh e n s io u s too extravagant. T lie lines do n o t r u n betw een Congress a n d th o President, b u t j |)Ug th e y place bo th these parties on th e one side and ----- th e n a tion a l p u r p o s e on th e other. Disarmed, that slant!# alone, so f a r as e ith e r b r a n c h of th e govern­ m e n t is concerned. T h e w ithdraw a l by the P r e s ­ id e n t of all s u p p o r t to i t from his office, needs no fu r t h e r p r o c lam a tion. B u t th e failure o f Congress reorganizing S tate governm e n ts in the South, tin Provisional G o v e r n o r s w ere d ir e c ted to go to their respective S tates and call conventions us soon as practicable of all of thoso w h o u n d e r tho previous C o n s titution and laws of th e S tate were entitled to vote, and w h o w o u ld tak e th e o a th of u m n e sty p r e ­ tribed by th o P r e s id e n t o n tho 2'Jtli of M ay, 1865. to rem e m b e r, fellow -citizens, tlint this th e negro w as a free m a n , a n d a citiz.eu of th e U n ited Statea—because i t is too late now to u n ­ dertake th e discussion of th e D red S n o tt d e cision ; I thank G o d th a t we havo done w ith t h a t forever j a n d I th a n k G o d , too—ju s t h e ro I will take occa­ sion to indulge in a little vanity—tliat of all the I knew in th e S o u th , 1 wns tl)e only ujaii who to su p p o r t it, is a fact n o t so readily believed, flared to publicly proclaim th a t i t was a 'b l o t and - - ------- .. i...» u l’on bmt o r y o f t h i P e o p le say, if Congress is faithless , to w h o m sha ll we look ? And so g r e a t a jipears th e calam ity, they w ill n o t b e lieve it, until the r e s u lt o f th e s u r ren d e r is revealed. T lie P r e s id e n t’s p u r p o s e is u n d e r ­ stood. Ho w o u ld re-set th e old m a c h inery, p u t it u m otion, and grind th e negro race in to original . . . ... v... ..ouiitry th a t tiiat decision wns ever rendered. (Ai>pluus<\) T h e slaves becam e citizens of th e U n ited Btates the m o m e n t th e rebellion was c rushed ; and let m e say hove, t h a t a lthou g h I rejoice th a t th e Bill of R ights has passed th e Congress of tlie U n ited S tates, nud especially th a t it has passed in desjiite of Exeoii- refiistan.ee <md pow er (loud and prolonged ap- 1 :i j r . ' ;cu is a citizen— dust. No m a tter w h a t he says h is acts give his plause), still I regard i t ns only h a v in g h w o rd. tl„. he. wl,| ^ ^ * • n g lit th a t .11.1 . \ ta a p o r a o M M t o , ,,t tl„, I W W . M ................................... approve legislation to protect them iu th e ir i c o m m itted treason against th e governm e n t of tho \ C iv il Righto,\ nor will he u r n them for th e ir own I U n ited B tate s ; he loved th a t governm e n t. (Ap- jirotection w ith ‘^suffrage.” Congress tek.-s th e I'lause.) lie was w illing to labor for it, to light] flr«t 1. 0 » « ' I t M M . I . .,...—.11.... I T ^ . r V h a ' u \ r S * ' - “ “ d „ ( M M . - - m ~ M a . SLih. „ r i . i l 0„„. ! WHITE MAN S GOVERNMENT. T h e hackn e y e d phrase “ T h is is a w h ite m a n ’s g o v e r n m e n t” is th e g r a n d e s t slander ever pe rp e ­ trated upon th e w o rk of o u r g r e a t fathers. I t is n o t a w h ite m a n ’s govern m e n t. I t is a fr e e m a n ’s governm e n t, be lio w h ite or black. (Vociferous applause.) I t is a govern m e n t f o r all tho s e from every clim e , of eveiy' h u e , w h o com e h e re an d w ith h o n e s t w o rds w o rship in i t s tem p le, and offer -their h e a r t’s blood in its defence w b e n i t is im p e rilled. (A p p lause.) Y o u talk a b o u t th is b e in g a w h ite m a n ’s governm e n t, nnd say t h a t a black m a n is i n ­ capable of being a citizen. In th e nam o o f G o d , th e n , w h a t is th e black m a n , b o m free in th e g r e a t S t a te of N ew Y o rk, en title d to suffrage u n d e r the C o n s titu tio n o f th a t S tate w h e n tw e n ty-one years old, jiossessing th e p r o p e r qualifications, w ielding a part, o f th e political pow e r of th o governm e n t, au d v o tin g f o r y o u r P r e s id e n ts a n d V ice-Presidents, G o v e rnors, m e m b e r s of Congress, and m u n icipal officers, s u b je c t to taxation, su b je c t to d r a f t w h en th e co u n try is in d a n g e r , go in g fo r t h w ith th e a r ­ m ies of th e R e p u b lic t o do b a ttle in its defence—I say, w h a t is he, if h o i s n o t a c itiz e n ? Can you give h is description ? I t alw ays w as a lie, and m o re a n d m o r e a m o n s trous lie t h a n a t a n y o ther perio d of th e h isto r y of th e governm e n t. (L a u g h ­ te r and ap p lau s e .) I t m a y n o t, pe rh a p s , h c to y o u r taste t h a t ho s h o u ld be y o n r e q u a l. T h e n try to b e , in m e rit, in m o rals, in in tellect, and in serving y o u r race h is s u p e rio r ; a u d if y o u succeed 111 ex­ celling him in these p a r ti c u la r s , y o u w ill b e b is s u ­ p e rior. (V o e iferous ap p lause ) I am now ta lk in g to a p e o p le w h o , I jud g e from y o u r m a n if e s tations, aro som e w h a t free from th e preju d ices o f th e past. I have spoken, how ever, in th is sam e s tr a in w ith scow ling faces all aro u n d in s tead of t o sm ilin g a n d h a p p y f a c e s a s I now see befo r e m e . (Cries o f “ G o o d ,” a n d applause.) I said to them , “ A re you n o t asham e d to b e heard to reg r e t th e f a c t t h a t y o u saw a little black u r c h in on th e stre e t w ith a p r im e r in h is h a n d goin g to lo a m how b e tte r to d ischarge his d u ty a s a c itizen ?” (Apphvuse.) A n d w o u ld you n o t th e m o r e becom e th a t s u p e rio r race of w h ich you claim to be a m e m ­ b e r by le n d in g him a h e lp in g h a n d t h a t h e m ig h t becom e elevated a little h ig h e r i n th e social scale, an d advanced in m o ral w o rth, in te g r ity , in telli­ gence, love o f c o u n try nnd of liberty, th a n to scowl at. despise, au d deride a ll th e ir efforts. (Ajiplause.) I f they a r e free, if they a re In live iu y o u r m idst, if th e y a re to b e useful, if th e y shall bo rendered capable of p r o p e r ly disch a r g in g tlie d u tie s w hich will lull to th e m —so im p o r ta n t a re th e ir la b o r s th a t I y o u c a n n o t dispense w ith th e m to-day. F o r , if y should w age a n o th e r wnr a g a in s t th e go v e rnm e n t and a tte m p t a t onco to rem o v e them from y o u r m id s t y o u w o n ld s tarve, f o r th e y a re th e o n ly peo­ ple w h o w ork. A few m o n ths a g o y o u stated th a t tlie problem was y e t to b e solved as to w h e th e r the ro w ould w o rk. T h a t is now solved. B u t th e th a t now r e m a ins to be solved is, w h e th e r tb e w h ite m a n a t th e S o u th w ill w o rk, f o r I th in k i t is p r e tt y generall}’ a s c e rtained th a t, if ho can possi­ bly h e lp it, h e w o n ’t d o it, (A p p lause a u d laug h ­ ter.) SOUTH STILL REBELLIOUS. T h e s e , m y fellow -citizens, are tru th s , n n d w e m u s t m e e t them as tru th s , W h a t, th e n , m u s t b e done ? W e a re in th e m id s t of an o th e r g r e a t struggle. T h e w ar has closed, b u t h e re are the people w h o w ere engaged in th e rebellion, th o oc­ casion of th e w ar. n o t r e p e n tan t , n o t h u m b led, n o t g iv in g utterau c e to expressions of reg r e t f o r tb e p a s t, n o t te n d e r in g to th e g o v e rn m e n t th e assur­ ance of fidelity t o i t — th e ir r e a d iness to bow w ith subm ission to th e law ful a u th o r i ty o f th e govern­ m e n t—n o th in g of th o kind . Tw olve m o n th s ago, in te r r o r they w ere asking, iu v iew of som e i n t e n d ­ in g evil over them , “ W h a t ia th e nam e of G o d will you accord to us ? W e a re w illing to do any­ th in g on earth if you will le t us live here. ” I said, “ C e r tainly, if y o n w ill behave yourselves, and p r o v e good, w o rthy citizens, and w ill tako th e ne­ cessary oath. T h e go v e rnm e n t i s a m a g n auiinous, meroua, m e rciful governm e n t, an d it w ill n o t >ut.” F i n d in g a f te r a while t h a t no one ...... t o be h u r t, th e y begun to g e t over th e ir scare, an d w o n ld say, “ W lm t is th e use of o q r tailing the d—d oath. 1 d o n o t believe anybody is to bo h u r t. M y p r o p e r ty is n o t tak e n ; tli e re aro no U n ited S tates C o u r ts in session, no ju d g m e n ts of condem ­ n a tion ag a in s t eith e r m y person o r pro p e r ty , and W hat is th e use of be in g frig h ten e d a n d be in g so bu iub lc ? L e t us go u p to th is P rovisional G ovor- lo r —those w h o aro em b raced in th e am n e s ty pro- dam u tiou—and g e t liis endorsem e n t f o r a pardon, nud w h en wo g e t o u r purdon, th e n we c a n say w h at e p lease.” Yes, i t is a fact th a t th e m o m e n t i t wns ascer­ tain e d th a t n o o n e w as to be h u r t, tlie d e p o rtm e n t of tb e w h ole crow changed instantly . F r o m alm o st abject subm ission and suppliance, they reared th o ir bow ls in a s o r t of p r o u d arrogance. I f they approached y o u f o r a favor a t all, i t wus iu a m a n ­ n e r as if th e y w ero pa y in g yo u a h ig h com p lim e n t in com ing to ask you to g r a n t i t ; a u d from asking us w h a t w ill be accorded to them , th e y v e n came to ask them selves, “ W h a t in th o devil going to accept of these m e n w h o a re o u r natural enem ies, und who have been try in g to su b ject aud m i n u s ? ’ (L a u g h te r ow l applause.) A u d when th in g s progress a little fu r t h e r , th e y see a littlo lig h t em a n a ting from w h a t they believe to be slig h t r u p ture—b u t w h ich lias grow n n little since— betw e e n th e P r e s id e n t and Congress. T h e y said, “ L o o k h e r o ; th e A b o litionists N o rth, who com ­ prise nearly all tho people there, and th e ir Sena­ tors a n d R e p r e s e n tatives i n Congress a re R a d icals. D o you know w h a t th a t m e a n s ? W h y i t is even w orse th a n A b o litionist iu form e r tim e s .’’ (L a u g h ­ ter and applause.) D o you see w h a t the P r e s ident d o ing ? H e is go in g to p u t h is feet, down upon eir heads. H e is o u r m a n a t last, as m u c h nrf we lmvo a b u sed him , W c have been deceived in liim, aud so have tlio others. (G reat lau g h ter, a n d cries of “ T h a t’s so.” ) H e w ill p u t a check on tliut r a d i­ cal p a rty t h a t is bearing dow n on us liko a m ighty wave, seeking to overw h elm u s w ith th e ir fnnuti- cisin, W \ c an now see a g lim m e r of hope, for the rap id realization of wlijeli wo should pray, th a t if th a t radical m a jority in Congress keep c u ttin g u p th e ir fanatical tricks, why th e n he w ill, o n e of these fine m o rnings, m a rch up to th e C a p itol and expel them a t (lie po in t of th e bayonet, w hilo he will assum e th e d ictatorship. H u rrah for Andy J o h n ­ son I Dow n w ith th e R a d icals in C o n g ri ' ” w ith free njon in T e x a s \yho do not. ojp jo r ity in C o n g ress! D am n th e Y ankees I W liat can wo expect a t th e ir h a n d s ? A ndrew Johnson is o u r m a n , and he w ill p r o tec t us. (G roat laugh­ ter.) S u c h 'i s tlieir tone u t present. O u t of I f y o u fu ll b a c k u p o n fe llo w . . . * ____ j - ------------- - — ___ v w ore befo re th y r ag a in s t th e governm e n t. T h o people regarded i t n o t o n ly ns w ith in tho pow e r, b u t ns th e special a n d bou n d e n d u ty of Congress to do this. How, d id an y con s titu tio n a l law y er, any th o u g h tf u l citizen th i n k it wns to be achieved in a n y o th o r w ay ? W h o wns to bo th o judge, to begin w ith, of th e c h a r a c ter of tho g o v e rnm e n t p r e s e n ted t o th e S t a t e ? I called your a tten t io n in th e o u tse t to tho fact t h a t th o P r e s i­ d e n t declared t h a t all legitim a te S tate g o v e rnm e n t had been overthrow n in T e x a s as one of th e S tates engaged in th e rebellion. I f so, th e n no gov e rn ­ m e n t e x isted there. B y v ir tno of w h a t w as a now governm e n t, a .go v e r n m e n t tliat h a d n e v e r existed .-.'rvatism . N ow th a t ____ ^ _____ _ _______ __ „uva n t i ^ w ith bullets, they th e o ry of o n r g o v e r n m e i * ‘ ' 1 ’' ‘ 1 ’ ■ 1 11 ■ to all, a n d t h a t n t once. | a r iicle xi . f t is th e d u ty, then , of governm e n t, I deduce W e believe th a t any S tate is superior to nnd from all (his— th e political dep a r tm e n t, I m e a n — o u g h t to be suprem e over nil the r e s t ■ h e n ce the to m a rch forw a rd directly to th e achievem e n t of . v,,to o t th e Civil R ig h ts bill was a wise display of he g r e a t o b ject. Congress has in view, I know , ‘m y policy.” T h o r i g h t o f a B t a t o ^ i S > a n T Hie m a n n e r of p r o v iding for th e retu r n of these lftw or Congress m u st be m a intained in tact o tates upon such term s a s w ill secure to th e gov- j e m m e n t in d e m n ity a g a in s t th e m a c h inations of die- .. article xn. loyal parties in th e f u tu r e , and w ith such gunran- . W,e behoye t h » t a n y S tate has th e r i g h t n o t only te e s for th e exclusion of th e lead in g an d h a ted I “ °1 “ will w ithin her own lim its (even to rebels as will give th e control of th e m a sses in th e 1 persons from o th e r States to e n ter h e r South in to th e k e e p in g of th e ir hands. W ith th a t I ;re’ a n d U) prev e n t the passage o f th e U. S. security I believe they m a y bo r e tu r n e d . I u con- i b n t n,H0 10 secede ; and we f u rth e r believe ju n c tio n w ith th a t, th e Congress o f th e U n ion w ill m a n s h o u ld “ go w ith ” h is S tate, and, be greatly w a n ting in its duty if it shall n o t pro-1 “ tb e c“ n ’t “ g e t o u t of th o U n ion,” tho i n ­ scribe in th e m oat am p le m a n n e r f o r absolute s e - ! , na should, by ta k in g u p a r r n s ; and, w h e n c u n ty f o r th e p r o tection of every r ig h t conferred n.° successful, bo th th e S tate nnd th e individual up o n every c itizen of th e g.-.^ o v eiu rnmu ein n t o f th e U n ited S K’\ ' d b H tr e a ted as if th e y had always b een ‘ * good States. (E n thu s iastic applause.) 1 I c h ild r e n .\ TKnt, g iu E n th u s iastic applause In add ition to this, th e r e rem a ins f o r th o C o n -1( gress a n o th e r duty. H a d I tim e , and f e lt justified physically, I w ould p o in t o u t m u c h m o r e fully than 1 w ill bo able to d o tliat rem a in in g d u ty of Con- I'bc y a re p a r ts of th e family, a n d none fam ily c an do any wrong. a r t i c l e xm . W e believe th a t “ loyalty to th e g o v e rn m e n t\ ms-i'itu m n i l i n - a . i --- ---------- ,. w h a t 1 _ _ ____ ru m o r s now, foliow-citizen drive y fifty w ith whoi i S ta te p riv ile g e. Its L ( th e Uu>i™ n ited States d e rive th e i> I have talked, f o rty-nine of the... d th is ardent, th is Christian hope and belief, T h e y pay tho Executive th e high com p li­ m e n t o f saying tliut he is m a d o tip o f jn s t t h a t s o r t of stuff th a t would disap p o in t th e high h o p e s and a r d e n t lieurts o f the people of th is g r e a t nation, d instead of lead in g them thro u g h tho struggle . , d pu ttin g th e governm e n t upon the eternal ruck the P r e s id e n t ] o f e q u a l justice and equal liberty for ull, w o uld rc- to to y th a t m it back to th e control of tlie m e n who s o u g h t to . n — ----- Ul m e u ... . . . . . ..... uiu> him im iu u uuuun i Ol UIO m ou WHO HOIlglll 10 p l a n oi reconstruction fails to meet- th e question I the only cluss th a t hud been loyal to the govern- destroy i t in order to cru s h th e sp irit of liberty. til i t had been evoked by th e pow e r inten d e d to h e conferred, I suppose, by th e P r e s id e n t, thro u g h m e , in m y S tate upo n th e people of t h a t State. I t lias never y e t boon p r e s e n ted to th e C o n g ress of th e U n ited S t a te s for th o ir reception o r rejection. I f it h a d b e e n possible, th e y m ig h t have sc ru ti­ n ized th e p r o v is ions c o n tained in th e proposed or­ g a n ic law as to th e eq u a lity o f rig h ts of a ll th e fro<5 citizens of t h a t State. '1 h e y m i g h t h a v e looked at m e provision, f o r exam p le, prop o s in g th o ap p ro ­ p r iatio n a n d use of th e p u b lic school fund of th e S t a te , derived from tb e taxation of th e free people in th e State, o n e -tentli o f w h ich every y e a r is set aside and h e ld sacred as a school f u n d , not, under th e C o n s titu tio n , to be ap p ro p r iated f o r a n y o th e r purpose. W h e n it wns proposed t h a t o u t of any am o u n t t h a t h e reafter, n o t th a t h a d heretofo re ac­ cum u lated, but. t h a t o u t of th e am o u n t thereafter to b e accum u lated from th e source of d ir e c t taxa­ tio n of th e people, w h ich th e black ns well as th e w h ite m a n has to bear, th e black m a n sh o u ld have nn in terest in it, a t le a s t p r o p o rtio n a te t o th o a m o u n t p a id b y h is race f o r th e education o f th e black children of th e land , it w as in d ig n a n tly scorned a n d ho o ted o u t of th e convention. AVe w ill tax liim , th e y said, n o t f o r h is education o r th e educa­ tio n of liis child r e n , b u t f o r th e education of our children. H e shall have no p a r t o r lo t in it. I ask if th e re is any m a n here, I care no t w h e re h e wns raised, w h a t p a r ty h e is a ssociated w ith, how muny of th e old sophism s th a t su r ro u n d e d th e D e m o ­ c ra tic p a rty in th e p a s t h e m a y b e im b u e d w ith, w h o can lay h is h a n d np o n h is h e a r t, a n d say, ns a rep r e s e n tative of th e free people o f h is S t a te or his d istrict, a n d pronounce su c h a C o n s titu tion in con­ form ity w ith th a t p r in c ip le of g o v e rn m e n t w h ich d e c lares t h a t yo u shall g u a r a n tee to every S tate a repu b lican form of govern m e n t ? (A p p lause.) I en v y n o t th e m a n th e h e a r t o r t h e m in d t h a t c o u ld ren d e r such a v e rd ic t u n d e r such a n oath, w ith such testim o n y sta r in g h im i n th e face. B u t w h a t ia to b e done ? H e r e a re people w h o h a v e assum e d th a t th e y have th e rig h t to recognize a S tate govern­ m e n t. W e have f a ith , from w h a t o u r Congress has th u s f a r done, t h a t th is w ill n o t b e perm itted , less it can b e don e w ith sn c h restrictio n s a s give e q u a l r ig h ts to a ll, a u d secure r o y a l r e p r e s e n ta­ tives in th e h a lls of y o u r N a tional L e g islature. SOUTH CONQUERED, NOT CONVERTED. M a n y th in g s have b e e n done b y o u r 'p r e s e n t no b le C o n g ress w h ich is exceeding distasteful to those who advocate th e im m e d iate a n d u n c o n d i­ tion a l adm ission of th e lately r e b e l States, n o t the least of \yhich is th e assum p tion o f th e d e b t in c u r ­ r e d by th e U n ited S tates d u r in g th e late w ar, and th e r e p u d iatio n of th a t of th e rebels. N o d o u b t fo r t h is an d o th e r e q u a lly p a trio tic and j u s t reasons C o n g ress will b e severely censu r e d b y t h a t happy u n io n of disco r d a n t elem e n ts —(laughter)—th a t speckled progeny o f m a n y conjunctions—(renew e d la u g h ter)—th a t w ill assem b le a t P h iladelp h ia on th e 14th o f n e x t m o n th, com p o sed of n few gentlc- ooverod all over w ith b r e a d and butter. (L o u d a u d c o n tin u e d la u g h ter and applause.) T h e speaker here described iu a forcible n n d elo­ q u e n t m a n n e r w h a t th e S o u t h e r n representatives in th a t convention w o u ld dem a n d , nnd w h a t no d o u b t th o y w o u ld receive. A m o n g o th e r th in g s he sta te d th e y w o u ld dem a n d th e acknow ledgm e n t o f th e rebel d e b t ; an app ro p r iatio n to arrange and d e c o rate the graves of th e r e b e l d e a d ; th e c a re and p r o tection of th e rebel w idows and o r p h a n s ; th e recognition o f Jeff, D a v is ns a m a rty r in a holy c a u s e ; n o t one w o rd to be allow ed to be said against his fair an d spotless f a m e ; n o m a n to re- :eivc consideration, m u c h less office, unless he :ould boast of h is devotion an d of having risked h is precious life to tear dow n th e g o v e rnm e n t of tho U n ited States. Yes, fellow-citizens, i t is a noticeable, a signifi­ c a n t fact, tliat a ll th e p a p e r s of secession proclivi­ ties, w ith one voice, abuse every single d e p a r tm e n t >f th is g o v e rnm e n t a u d all its loyal people, reaorv- ng a word of ap p robation o n ly f o r th e E x e c u tive officer, w h om th e y hop e m a y bo m o re p o te n t for w rong than nil tljeir arm ies iu rebellion. (Cries of “ T h a t’s s o .”) Now w h a t does th is teach us ? T h e r e is a re ­ medy for a ll this. T h o se people can be m a d e to understand th a t th e re is so m e thin g in th is world th a t m u s t b e respected. I will tell you w h u t they respect, and w h a t thoy rospeot o nly. N o thin g u n ­ d e r heaven b u t p o w e r ! You c a n n o t w in them over b y kindness. Y o u c a n n o t secure th e ir o o-operation for th e purpose o f carry in g ou th e governm e n t w ith success b y any fnvors th a t you can bestow upon them . H o w ever chn n table you m a y be, how ever anxious to reclaim them , yon cannot do it except thro u g h th e m e d ium of th e ir fears of tlio pow er of tl\c go v e rnm e n t of th e U n ited States, D o yqu ask m e why ? 1 will tell you, I confess th a t m y oyes w ithin the last twelvo m o n ths have som e w h a t o p e n e d on this subject. I d id bc- tliere were m n n y w h o , nlthough earnestly en- I in tho rebellion, ha v in g been purified by the orcTeal of fire, liaviug been m a d e wise b y expori- auce, chastened by adversity, h a d th o u g h t b e tter >f th e ir conduct, and had rep e n ted in sackcloth and in ashes, and w ero w illing to com e back w ith truo penitence f o r w h a t the;/ h a d done, and who w o u ld, in order to atono as far as possiblo for tho m ischief thoy had done, bo w illing to heartily on- >rk o f r e s to ring th e g o v e rnm e n t to its form e r pow er a n d ju s t influence and autho rity lie country, if p e rm itted to do so ; b u t I cau assert to-niglit th a t I bavo y e t to m e e t th e first m a n , oven am o n g thoso w h o engaged iu it reluct­ antly, who, I believe, lias to - n igh t tb e least reg r e t for the p a r t th a t ho perform e d . H o only regrets th a t it (lid n o t succeed, aud h e w o u ld again, a t a d id m a n am o n g st us will adm it is tho resu lt of his observation aud experience. (Cries of \ T h a t ’s s o .” ) T h o r e b e l says, \ I have taken the oath, aud I will respect it ns long as i t is b in d in g upon m y c o n silience.” H o w lo n g will it b e bin d in g upo n y o u r conscience ? T h a t I cannot toll, (L a u g h ter.) T lm t dopouds upon olrpuin­ stances. I t d e p e n d s upon w h e ther th e m ilitary pow e r of the nation shall be invoked to oxpol tliis C o n g r e s s ; and th e people of th e S o u th are told, “ th a t in o r j e r to save you from Hie usurpations o f th is pow er, delegated to th e nation’s own chosen representatives, I must, expel them from th e lmlls of Congress and take you u n d e r the kindly intln- onoo of m y own han d 'for Uio benefit o f y o u r fu­ ture in terests.\ NP.G1IO Hni'EllAGE—CONGRESS OUGHT NOT TO AD­ JOURN—DANGER AHEAD. Tf this C o n stitutional A m e n d m ent be adopted, all well us far a s i t goes. I g r a n t you tlm t i t will bo a pow erful inceritivo to these m e u to induce them hereafter—perhaps a t no d istan t d a y — to do rig h t, an d confer upon the negro w h at he o u g h t to have—tho rig h t of suffrage. (Applause.) B u t suppose they do not. I t is all very well a s a ju s t rule betw een tlie States, und so f a r i t h e a rtily moots m y concurrence : b u t I bog to ask, if i t secures absolutely to tho negro, justice ? T h e r e is the gress. I havo no d o u b t th e y are perform in g it ^ f w rull/}K lfc i an d - w h en m0H — ■ - \■\= \ faithfully a t th is m o m e n t; b u t w h e th e r th o y w ill x‘D8’ t1,ieX s h ™ ,d overturn it, or. a t least, con tin u e to p. rtorm it u n til tho danger is x L t is 1 f ' . ' ^ v o r to am l. if n o t successful, should, a* con- - y . ' “ A b . n » » « i u , t o n . h . T h e pu b lic m in d is b e c o m in g d ishirh e d a n d nncasy. w - .. ,, •U£TICXE XIV- A sense of undefined dan g e r seem s to be p e rv a d ing ,*1 bcbeve th a t th e neutrality of K e n tucky th e pu b lic atm o sphere. W h y is th is ? I t w as n o t • ? v e toll o w ed .'by th e o th e r b o r d e r so twelvo m o n ths ago. Soon after th e rebellion * T ln, bY aU th e S tates, th e re being no b r o k e dow n , we th o u g h t a ll t h a t w as secure. I s i t 11 ? ^ *5 C o n stitution for coercing a n o t strange th a t it should be felt no w ? T h e r e [ ^ v e r e ig n State. T h is Ls th e law, ns laid dow n b y m u s t be a cause. Yon c a n n o t tell m e th a t th o peo- eem s aTld h ,s W18e m e n - pie of th is g r e a t nation d istru s t a n y o f th e ir jm b lic article xv . olhcera w ith o u t cause. I have never know n it to I ,i ,, , , . . happen. A f a ithful public a g e n t will have tho cn- troT m t o n II H 1 5 h v m J,™ ,SIon £ «• ieo t of r e v o lution if o t t e r C o n g ress is t o \re v o lution?^ ^ t o T e J d ^ M . ^ d t o e ^ r ^ r ^ o f ^ ;e i m T h c ireU - 3 C o u n n i t o n o riaU t L ? ul<1 n u t h »t e been questioned, nnd th e late D o e s i t r e q u it e any m o re pow e r to propose b y jo in t article xvr. resolution an A m e n d m e n t to th e C o n stitution th a n W e believe th a t th e self-respect a n d d ig n ity of it does t o pass app rop r iate bills ? A g ain, i t is said S o u th C a rolina d e m a n d e d th e course sh e ad o p ted th a t i t is m e a n t to postpone th e r e tu r n of th e States | in firing on Sum ter, u n til a f te r th e n e x t P r e s id e n tial election, a n d th a t if t h a t is done, a n d th e electoral v o tes o f th e S o u th ­ e rn S tates are n o t received, th e re w ill h e revolu­ tio n . All I have to say is th a t it is th e bounden d u ty o f th e public servants, iii m y hu m b le judg- a r t i c l e xvn. W e believe th a t th e (self-styled) loyal S tates should p a y f o r all th e slaves se t free b v th e P r o ­ clam a tion of tlieir Presid e n t, and for all k illed by th e war. A m a n is entitled to h is own. O u r So u th e r n b r o th e r s ow n ed th e ir slaves, and, of m e n t, to r e m a in here, and never leave th e ir posts. [T h e speaker was h e re in te r ru p te d b y a m o st e n -1 ___ . . , . , , ----- th u s iastie o u tb u r s t o f applause, w h ich lasted for coul8e> should ** Pftld f o r tb e m - som e m inutes.] I for one w o u ld feel e a sier if I a r t icle x v in. only knew t h a t th is C o n g ress w o u ld n o t adjourn u n til th e regular perio d to r its m e e ting again. (Renew ed applause.) Y o u eon all im a g ine w h at you choose. H e who has seen revolution once, a n d know s how easy th e m inority can p r o d u c e a revo­ lu tio n , m a y w ell dread a m inority, how ever small, w h e n fatally bo n t u p o n m ischief. I do n o t say th a t it is m e a n t, b u t I do say th a t I fear f o r it. H o w ; m a n y of y o u share th a t feeling w ith m e to - n ig h t I c a n n o t toll. B o a r in m ind, h o w ever, t h a t th e price of lib e r ty is etern a l vigilance, au d we c a n n o t w atch too constantly, too s trenuously, and dissect th e m o ­ tives a n d co n d u c t of m e n too narrow ly. T h e s p e a k e r r e ti r e d am id g r e a t a p p lause. D ear S ir : T h e w r i ter of tho accom p a n y ing “ A rticles of F a i t h ” req u e s ts m o to send y o u a copy thereof. S inclair T ousey N ew Y o rk, Ju ly , 18G6. T H E T H I R T Y - N I N E A R T I C L E S O F F A I T I I OF THE N E W TO BE ORGANIZED TN PHILA DELPHIA IN AUG., 1806, [Tho following “ Articlos of Faith ’’ are to be adopted by the g roat Convention, called to meet in Philadelphia the Fourteenth of Angnst. ll meddlesome fellow may, by tions,” attempt to alter tho phraseology a little, bnt tho substance will remain unchanged. Tho writer of thcso “ nrtioles” has “ suporior facilities \ for knowing what is on “ tho slate,” and plodgos his reputation on tho cor­ rectness of thoso declarations of boliof:] article l believe th a t th e (self-styled) loyal S tates should p a y th e d e b ts co n tracted by t h e ir govern­ m e n t in c o e rcing th e Confederates to lay down their arms. ARTICLE XIX. W e believe th a t th e late C o n federate States should n o t be m a d e to pay any taxes to r the pen­ sions of F e d e ra l soldiers. I t is u n ju s t to com p el an honorable people t o a id in s u p p o r tin g those who jprevented th e m from gain in g th e ir independence. T h e self-styled loyal S tates sh o u ld pay all th e pensions of th e ir soldiers. ARTICLE xx. W o believe t h a t th e U n ite d States, now t h a t tlie C o n federate S tates have (because th e y could n o t h e lp it) c eased a ll a rm e d opposition to Federal rule, sh o u ld pay all debt# con tracted b y th e C o n federate a u th o ritie s in th e ir righ teo u s s tr u g g le f o r in d e p e n ­ dence. ARTICLE XXL W e believe th a t a ll th e debts co n tracted b y the (so-called) loyal States in p r o s e c u tin g th e w a r for the sub ju g a tio n of th e S o u th sh o u ld b e rep u d i­ ated , i f th e deb ts co n tracted b y th e Confederate au th o rities a re n o t assum e d b y th e U n ite d State.\. T h is is b u t sim p le justice. ARTICLE XXII. W e believe, i n th e language of th e p a trio tic m e n w h o m e t a t Chicago in 1864, t h a t th e w ar w as a failure (though we differ w ith th e m as to w h ich quite possible tliat some | sid e failed), an d hav in g been a f a ilure on th e p a r t “ Committee on Rcsolu- of th e oppressed a n d dow n -trodden Confederates, it is now ou r b o u n d e n d u ty to do all we can t o aid them to gain, by w o rds and votes, w h a t th e y failed to secure by arm s ; and to th is we solem n ly'pledge o u r fortunes and o u r sacred h o n o r s (th a t is, we w o u ld i f we h a d any of either). ARTICLE XXin. W e believe th a t P h ilad e lp h ia is a m u c h b e tter W e believe th a t i t is a n in f r in g e m e n t o f personal objective p o i n t \ from w h ich to “ overru n th e (office-holding) r ig b t to r e q u ir e anv kin d of a n oath N o rth e r n S t a t e s \ th a n wns G e ttysburg. A t all events; we shall n o t b e tu r n e d b a c k from th is p o in t (if we pay o u r tav e r n bills). article n. W o believe th a t “ C o n s e r v a tism ” is th e only tru e “ i s m ” except Joh n s o n isin . I n tru th , Jo h n - sonism is th e only p u r e C o n servatism . a r t i c l e in. W e believe th a t th is C o n v e n tion r e p r e s e n ts the o n ly tru e U n ion p a r ty (of office-seekers) in the co u n try. W e are th e only t r e e and reliuble con­ servatives th a t th e co u n try can produce. W o ore tho only really patriotic p a rty now in existence ; and, besides ns, th e re are no patriotic conservative U n ionists a n y w h e re. W e aro ‘ ‘ p roperly endorsed \ b y every friend tb e late C o n federate S t a te s ever had. W e are f o r the U n ion, th e w hole U n ion, and I n o th in g b u t tho U n ion (as i t was w h en ou r friends bore sway), article IV. W e believe tliat th e only (present) way to g e t office is to s u p p o r t “ my policy,\ a n d wo solem n ly declare th a t we will, on tho tre e faith of office- seekers, s u p p o r t th a t policy, com e weal, com e woe (especially weal). article v. W e believe th a t th a t p a r t of “ m y policy ” of tu r n in g all R a d icals o u t of office and p u ttin g tree C o n servatives (of patronage) in th e ir places, ia the only sure way to p e rm a n e n tly r e c o n s tr u c t a n d re­ store th e U n ion. O u r A lexaudor is o u r m odel i. H e has liis rew a rd. article VI. W e believe th a t th e T ennessee A n d rew now in s f ! tho W h ite H o u se (while he h a s offices to bestow) is peopie lffii U.e _Cx.ufeUmateN a m u c h g r e a ter inau than th e A ndrew form erly there. W e always said so—every one of us. article v ii . W e believo t h a t Congress, especially th is radical one, has uo r ig h t to prescribe torm s an d conditions on w h ich the late C o n federate States m a y again take thoir equal places in national legislation, T h e P r e s id e n t is tlio only p r o p e r p a rty to have any “ policy ’’ on th a t subject. H o h a s tho pa­ tro n a g e —Con g ress bus none. T h o rig h t to carry o u t a “ policy ” r e s ts w ith patronage. W e behove in tho P r e s ident. ^ | junctio n — “ D o u n to others ns you w ould th a t W o believe th a t th e P r e s id e n t ou g h t n o t to from an in te n d in g voter o r a p p lican t for office. Now t h a t tho w ar (of arm s) is over, all w h ite m e n sh o u ld be trea te d equal. O f course they should. article xxiv . W e believe th a t a w h ite C o n federate soldier o u g h t to b e r e p r e s e n ted in th e N a tional Congress before any black m a n w h o f o u g h t for the U n ion. B lack -Federals have no rig h ts w h ich w h ite Confed­ erates ou g h t to respect. a r t icle xxv. W e believo th a t th a t tru e gentlem a n an d C h ris­ tia n soldier, M a jor-G e n e ral R o b e r t E . L e e , is a m u c h b e tte r m a n to b e a t th e head of the m ilitary forces of th e country th a n th e heretofore obscure person now occupying th a t im p o r tan t p o sition. A change i# needed, u n d m ust be made. article xxvi . W e believo th a t th e re can never bo a perfect U n ion w ith o u t e x c luding New E n g land. Chivalry is b e tte r th a n Puritanism . ARTICLE XXVII. W e believe th a t th e “ m a sterly inactivity ’’ of L ittle M a e was a m u c h g r e a ter piece of “ strategi­ cal w arfare ” th a n w ere th e destructive m a rches an d raid s of Sherm a n and Sheridan. T h e y p a id no heed to th e am e n ities of civilized w arfare' ARTICLE XXV11L W e believe th a t tho burn in g o f occupied hotels and theatres, by tlio a g e n ts of tho oppressed C o n ­ federates, was p e rfectly justifiable. Also, th e poi­ soning of w ater fountains. Also, tlie ro b b in g of em igrants ou shipboard. A n y th in g an d every­ th in g is justifiable on the p a rt of a dow p .Irodden peo p le lik e th e Con fe d erate s, even tho s tarving of prisoners aud introduction; o f sm a ll pox. ARTICLE XXIX. W e believo th a t A n d ersonville w as a m u c h m o re com fortablo place th a n Jo h n s o n ’s Island ; th a t L ib ­ by was a palace of pleasures com p ared w ith Cam p D o u g la s ; th a t Salisbury was au “ E n c h a n ted Isle * com p a red w ith E lm ira. ARTICLE XXX. W e believe th a t a great, m a g n anim o u s, Christian natio n o u g h t to f o rgive all tho m istakes nnd crim es (oven if n o t r e p o u ted of) of all its people. T h is is th e tre e in terpretatio n of the N ew T estam e n t in- force any law th a t he don’t a p p rove, oven if passed bv Congress over h is veto by m o ro th a n tho con­ stitutio n a l tw o -thirds vote ; hence, we believe and declare th a t th e P r e s iden t does rig h t in u o t e n ­ forcing th a t bill of a b o m ination, called th e “ Civil R ights b ill.” H o does rig h t in allow ing any and every co n rt in any S tate to ign o r e t h a t law passed by a vndicftl Congress. T h o enforcem e n t of th a t law w ould bo ft fatal blow a t o u r favorite dootriuo of S tate suprem acy. W e stand b y tlio P r e s id e n t (while ho lias iv single office to give). article nc. UMCla should do u n to y o u .” All who attem p t w rong desire forgiveness (when n o t successiul). ARTICLE XXXI. W e believe th a t such honorable, courteous, d ig ­ nified gentlem en as Mason. Slidell, Thom p son (known as Jftfeo), Toom bs a n d W fgfall, are more f it to grace the U n ited States Senate (if we m u st havo such a bodv nt all) th a n such o rdinary persons as Fessenden,' W ado, H o w ard, Trum b u ll, o r a n y other N o rthern mou. ARTICLE XXXII. W e believo tliat such high-m iuded, conservative, ohivalrio goutlom eu as Preston Brooks. Aleck. Sto- Pryor, R k e tt, and K e itt, w ere b e tter l---- Wo believe th a t tho P r e s ident (if h e will allow t ’ * H(;uao of Representatives th a n such R a d i­ us to have any belief) o u g h t u o t to h a v e reeognizw ^ M stovens, Conkliug, Colfax, Kelley, th e p r e s e n t self-styled Congress as th e rig n tiu i i»oU. won or o th e r “ l o y a l” N o rtherners, Congress. W e believe th a t he ought to prevent u u u l ‘ th a t radical body from again p o lluting th e Capitol. article xxxht . H c ou g h t if ho w ill allow us to say anything) to yy0 boliovo th a t o u r Confederate b r o thers d o per- reeognizo Conservatives and D em o crats o f tlio focy v r ig h t in p r o h ib iting black U n ionists from N o rth and anybody th a t ia sent from the S o u th as Btrow ing flowers over tho graves o f w h ite soldiers th e only truo Congress, and he ou g h t to exclude wlio died flgh tiug against th e independence o f tho by force of arm s all o thers claim ing to be Con-1 C o n federate States. T h ese black m e n should gressm en. Wo will sustain him in th is eourso (as ,)0 an 0Wed to re long a s ho has any patronage). acy “ is not-\ ARTICLE X. W o boliovo th a t “ m y policy ” of p a rd o n ing all I W o believe th a t f u ture generations will p r o p e r ly ud w h ite m e u th a t tlie Confeder- ARTICLE XXX1V.

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