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Chronicle-express. (Penn Yan, N.Y.) 1926-current, November 18, 1926, Image 9

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e t . . . . « . . . ? > « - t ^ - • f t . - , . . - 'V £ \ 11 w n ----- -*r~ ? •— ■ — ■ • * «• i,* Pages SECOND SECTION i PENN VAN, N. Y., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER, 18,1926 PAGE NINE LEGION’S ARMISTICE DAY SERVICE AND BANQUET IN PENN YAN PROVE SUCCESS House Park Memorial Ac il Remington Banquet—Charle Betts Talks on Patriotism and Preparedness The short memorial service held in the court house park under the aus­ pices of the Johnson-Costello Post of the American Legion last Thursday morning fittingly marked the eighth anniversary of Armistice Day in this village. Several hundred school children and citizens assembled near the memorial elm. Following the invocation by Rev. John Wootten, rector of St. Mark’s Episcopal church, Rev. C. K. Imbrie, pastor of the Presbyterian church spoke briefly on the meaning of the day. The service closed with “ Taps,\ played by Frank Brainard. Mr. Imbrie’s Address Mr. Imbrie’s Armistice Day address follows: \Eight years have passed since the Great War ended. During that period those who were but boys of 18 have given way to more mature thinking. “Some scenes have faded from our minds, but the associations of that first Armistice Day will never become dim. Wherever the glad tidings reach­ ed us, there came a thrill! Whether the news found us in camp, in the line, in hospital ov on the sea, there welled up in our hearts strange thoughts of home and peace! “But there were some *vho would never again see home, those who had found peace on foreign soil. To them we bring today our tribute of loving remembrance in silent meditation and earnest prayer. This tree which has been placed here has roots which go down deep in the dark recesses of Mother Earth. So they* too sleep in her breast. But its leaves year by yehr unfold in new beauty. So too their spirits live .again in our memo­ ries and in our lives. “As the years swiftly slip by, what may the future hold for us? No man can prophesy, but all men may not# certain characteristics in the attitude of those who answered the call. In every veteran’s heart there is a satis­ faction- of duty done, a hope that never again will such a waste of blood and treasure be necessary, a deep de­ sire to make war impossible by laying the foundations in our own beloved land end abroad of an honorable and permanent peace. “In this hope and in this desire may God help us!\ Banquet Well Attended Some 120 legionnaires from the Penn Yan and Middlesex posts, Aux­ iliary members, Gold Star mothers and veterans of the Civil War at­ tended the banquet served by the St. Mark’s Guild at the Masonic Temple Thursday evening. Music supplied by Reilly Brothers' orchestra and orig­ inal songs by the Auxiliary enlivened the occasion. Commander Wm. S. Patteson acted as toastmaster and introduced Lieut,.- Col. Thomas H. Remington, of Roch­ ester, with whom he had trained in Madison barracks during the World War. Lieut.-Col. Remington is in command of the 391st Infantry, Organ­ ized Reserves, which in case of war would include all of the soldiers in Yates county and this section of the state. As first speaker he recalled the humorous and adventurous experi­ ences of his service in the army. From Madison barracks he went to Camp Dix, then to Camp Sill, Okla., then sailed across as captain with the 109 contingent of the 78th divi­ sion, landing at England and going to Calais, Rest Camp No. 6. Narrating incidents which happened while he was serving with the Australian and English troops and later with the Americans proved entertaining. Laundering Fine Fabrics Dem­ onstration To Be Re­ peated Tuesday Tuesday, Nov. 23rd, Martha Foster, under the auspices of the Home Bu­ reau, will give a demonstration on laundering fine fabrics at the Presby­ terian church at 2 o’clock in Penn Yan, It is in response to many requests that Miss Foster has been secured to repeat her demonstration on launder­ ing fine fabrics which she gave here in August. “Fine laundering is a sim­ ple process if the principles are care­ fully observed,\ said Miss Foster. She washes and dries two silk dresses and one sweater in an amazingly short time. She shows how to make a sweater larger or smaller and how to be sure it will not change in size if that is desired. In this demonstration she solves one of the perplexing problems for the home maker when she demonstrated how to prevent colors from running. Work on stain removal brings forth many requqests for help in taking out stubborn stains. Everyone is welcome. OFFICIAL CANVASS OF YATES VOTES Supervisors and Election Com­ missioners Announce Com­ plete Results-—Milo Plural- ity Is 3,196 — Referendum Defeated by 1,355; 917 Blank ♦ FARM BUREAU MEN MEET AT DUNDEE Directors From Each Town Or­ ganize Membership Drive Following Annual Banquet “ Bob” Adams Chief Speaker Charles H. Betts ♦ The editor of the Lyons Republican and postmaster at Lyons, Charles H. Betts, the last speaker on the pro­ gram, gave a stirring patriotic ad­ dress: We are living in an age of conflicting ideas and it is not easy to sift the true from the false, the right from the wrong, said Mr. Betts. In this age, perhaps, as much as in any other, there is confusion of thought. The honored platitude, “all men are created equal,\ Mr. Betts character­ ized as a “sublime lie.\ Men are chained by environment and shackled by heredity. They are equal only at their birth and at their death. Na­ ture has made men unequal, insisted the' Speaker. “Equal protection and equal opportunity is all we ask of our government.\ Mr. Betts said that if we had been prepared before the World War when vre were dreaming of peace, the con­ flict would not have occurred. The safety of this republic lies in making every citizen a soldier. “Pacifism is the delicate and disformed child of treason,\ he asserted. Patriotism is the venerable image of our country's honor, love of country, and zealous desire to obey its authority as against that of any other country. The speaker closed with words of praise for the veterans of the Revolu­ tionary, Civil, Spanish-American and World wars. The Farm Bureau committemen's banquet held in the M. E. church at Dundee Friday evening was th§ largest and most enthusiastic meeting ever held by the committee. With the wives there were considerably over 100 present. “Bob” Adams, Extension Instructor in Vegetable gardening from the college gave messages of real value on the use of vegetables and em­ phasizing the junior club work. Mr. Adams’ original rhymes gave life and amusement to a practical story. Committeemen were present from every town except Italy. After supper the directors of each town organized the membership canvass. The cam­ paign started Monday and will be com­ pleted at Thanksgiving. Already more than 20% of this year’s members have voluntarily renewed. Music was furnished people’s orchestra and lard had a male quartette which add­ ed greatly to the program. Ray Rob­ inson, chairman, called on F. S. Hol- lowell and E. C. Nutt, delegates to the state federation meeting just held at Syracuse. Many matters of real worth-while interest to the farmers of the state were mentioned in these re­ ports. The Farm Bureau Manager Raymond reported on the Bovine T. B. campaign and also suggested that plans were being made to start an al­ falfa campaign and boys’ and girls’ pig and calf clubs during the coming sea­ son. Committeemen were all given sam­ ples of imported seed as stained ac­ cording to the new federal seed im­ portation law which was secured pri­ marily through the interest of the Farm Bureau and other organizations of this state. by the you-ng Willis H. Mil- Father and Son Banquet .'I ^ The Father and Son banquet put on by the Men’s Class of the Methodist Episcopal Sunday School was very successful in spite of inclement weather. Owing to the fact that Rev. George M. Perkins, a former pastor was secured to give the address of the evening it was decided to invite the ladies of the church as well as the men and boys. Tables were arranged in the church parlors and over one hundred people were served. The men ( and boys filling more than two long | tables. Following the supper the audience repaired to the auditorium i where the program of the evening was presented. Besides the hymns sung by the congregation, Rev. and Mrs. Richard F. Wentz, of Tryone sang two selections after which short remarks were made by Coral Morgan, Henry A. Tuttle and Rev. Jesse Mullette. Then followed the address of Mr. Perkins who succeeded in impressing his audi­ ence with the idea that each one made his own world and that the answer to the question “Where do you live?” did not mean the city or town where a person, resides but the realm where­ in he brought his mind and soul to dwell. An especially pleasing part of the program was the closing song rendered by the three pastors, Perkins, Wentz and Mullette assisted by Willis H. Millard, a veteran singer of more than eighty years. Their voices blended harmoniously and the audi­ ence listened with rapt attention to the three verses of “ The Old Rugged Cross’’' and joined heartily in the re­ petition of the chorus which closed the program.—Dundee Cones S. & S. Hospital Thanks Donors list: and Mrs. Emerson The S. and S. Hospital management wishes to thank those who so gener­ ously contributed to the hospital and to the nurses, during the past few weeks. We publish the following Fruit—Frank Bailey, I). Hallstead, Wm. Lee, Mrs. Dinehart, Ira L. Price, Stephen Whita­ ker, Mrs. Howard Ingraham, Mrs. Floyd Carroll. Flonvers: Dr. and Mrs. Ward, of Hall; Lake Keuka Florists; G. V. Goundry, Theodore Pitcher. Books—Mrs. Eva Hamlin, of New York, T. O. Hamlin, of Rochester, and Marjorie House. Jellies, Conserves, Canned Fruit— Mrs. A. Dykeman, Mrs. Eva Hamlin, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Chapman, Mrs. Harlan Fulkerson, Mrs. Charles Dey. Miscellaneous—Lemon sqeezer from Miss Eleanor Gamby; a feeding cup, bedside glass with cover, eye glass, measuring cup and linen from Mrs. Frank Goldsmith; and five dresser scarfs from the Goodcheer Clash of Dundee. I ♦ Two Fined For Possessing Racoon Out o f Season Tuesday of last week the State Troopers arrested Herbert Bardeen and Raymond Stanton of Italy Hollow on the charge of possessing a racoon out of season. The men were arraign­ ed before a justice of the peace. Bar­ deen was fined $22.50, and Stanton $27.50. ♦ Ivory toilet sets in all the newest shades at prices that please you. 46wl Shepard & Grady, Jewelers. Freed-Eisemann Radio, 5, 6, 8-tube lets, $60 to $650. Sold only at 46wl REILLY BROS/ Have You I^ade Your Donation? Two days are set aside annually for the donation of supplies to the Guertha Pratt Home in this village. The successful work of the home is al­ ways helped by its friends who con­ tribute fresh apples and potatoes, canned fruit of all kinds, jellies and fresh vegetables. This week Thursday and Friday are set aside as days on ‘which all who can make such contributions may leave the same at the Guertha Pratt Home or at the office of the New York Telephone Co., locate^ on Main street, just north of the Arcade block en­ trance. By notifying Mrs, Welles Griffeth, phone 163-W, or Mrs. Seward McDonald, the contributions will be called for. Danish Moving Picture “Once Upon a Time,” Danish picture with English titles, also a Danish choir of Yates and Ontario County singers. Sampson Theatre, Nov. 24th, 8 p. m. Adults, 35c; children under 12, 20c. 1 Followed by dance at Grange Hall. 46wl* TH AN K S G IVIN G D A Y A T THE ELM W OOD A program of unusual interest has been prepared for Thanksgiving Day at the Elmwood Theater. Aside from “ Variety,” a feature spoken of very highly by the critics, depicting circus life as it is in England, and starring Emil Jennings, a renoAvn- ed English actor, the following sub­ jects will be presented: Aesop’s Fables — always good — Pathe News, Topics of the Day with its funny say­ ings, Pathe Review, the artistic reel in colors, a reel on Thomas A. Edison, and last, but not least, THE LOCAL MOVIE that has recently been taken in and about Penn Yan, and which is made up of “ Shots\ of the exterior and interior of some of the leading stores, factory employees as they are coming out of their respective factories, the Penn Yan Academy High School pu­ pils as they are leaving school. A canoe race between the crews at Keuka, College, and swimming races in the Keuka College indoor swimming pool. The Penn Yan Fire Department making a “run\ down our crowded Main Street, etc., etc. In order to accomodate the many patrons on Thanksgiving Day, pictures at the Elmwood will be run continuous­ ly during the afternoon and evening. The starting time of each COM­ PLETE BILL will be ' 2:00—3:45— 7:15—9:00. 46wl 5:30 Notice of Dissolution Notice is hereby given that the co­ partnership heretofore existing under the firm name of Disbrow and Christensen at 141 Water Street, Penn Yan, N. Y., is this day dissolved. All accounts due the firm are to be paid to Martin Christensen, and all liabil ities should be presented to him for payment. Dated Penn Yan, N. Y„ Nov. 12,1926. GEORGE DISBROW,, 46w3 MARTIN CHRISTENSEN. ♦ A roast chicken supper and bazaar will be given by the Ladies’ Aid of St. Paul’s Lutheran church Saturday, Nov. 20. Serving begins at 5:30. Tickets 40c, children 25c. 46wl* Milwaukee Journal: Many radio announcers seem never to have heard of the old adage about brevity being the soul of wit.—Milwaukee Journal. ♦ i I i Freed-Eiseman Radio,-noted for its tone quality, sold only at Reilly Bros.’ Ladies’ Wrist Watches' $15 to $60. SHEPARD & GRADY 46wl The official canvass of Yates coqnty votes completed last week by the board of supervisors and. the county election commissioners, Vincent Culver and Fred Rogers, gave Mills a plurali­ ty of 3196, Lowman of 3625, and Wadsworth of 820 over Cristman. The Wet referendum in Yates County was defeated by a plurality of 1355, over 900 voters not designating their opin­ ion. The official returns follow: Governor Alfred E. Smith ............................ 1640 Ogden L. Mills . ............ 4836 Jacob Panken . .............................. 20 Jeremiah D. Crowley .................... 5 Benjamin GitloW . ........................... 1 Charles E. pannier# .................... 395 Lieutenant-Governor Edwin Corning . ............................. 1437 Seymour Lowman .......................... 5062 August Claessens . ..................... 21 John E. De Lee............................... 1 Franklin P. Brill .......................... 1 Ella L. McCarthy.......................... 172 Comptroller Morris E. Tremaine ..................... 1451 Vincent B. Murphy .......................4060 Charles W. -Noonan . ....................... 25 Lewis F. Alrutz . * ......................... 5 Juliet S. Poyntz ............................ 36 Neil D. Cranmer ........................... 316 Attorney General Benjamin Stolz . ...........................1373 Albert Ottinger . ............................. 4806 Hezekiah D. W ilcox ......... ............ 22 Simeon Bickweat .................. Belle Robbins .......................... ; . . . 5 David A. Howell . ........................... 266 Chief Judge Court of Appeals Benjamin N. Cardozo ................... 5815 Darwin J. Meserole ........................ 90 Milton Weinberger ................. ... 60 Associate Judge Court of Appeals Henry T. K e llogg .......................... 5961 William Karlin ....... . . ............... 52 Charles Carlson ............................ 32 U. S. Senator Robert F. Wagner . ........................ 1173 James W. Wadsworth ................... 3251 Jessie W. Hughan ........................ 23 Joseph Brandon ............................. 5 William F. Dunne . ......................... 7 Franklin W. Gristman ................. 2431 Representative in Congress J. Seldon Brandt .................... . ..1376 John Taber . ................... 5022 State Senator Frank M. C o llin ......................... ...1864 Leon* F. Wheatley .......................4068 Member of Assembly Fred Schweickhard ..................... .1737 Edwin C. N u tt................................4873 Referendum For ..................................................2424 Against ................... 3779 Blank ......................... 917 V o id ................................................. 23 Expert To Demonstrate Meat Canning in Penn Yan Friday . Women who can meat will be inter­ ested to know that Ina Lindman, of Ball Bros. Co., will give a demonstra­ tion on canning meat on Friday, Nov. 19th, at 2 o’clock at the Baptist church in Penn Yan. Miss Lindman is in such demand for these demonstra­ tions that the Home Bureau feels for­ tunate in securing her at this time when home makers are thinking of canning their winter supply of meat She pomes highly recommended by the State College and other counties of the state. It vis said that she is an expert in cutting meat so as to pack it into the jars to advantage. She has bad a wide experience in all types of canning and will discuss both canning by pressure cooker and - by other methods. ♦ HIGH LIGHTS ON STATE PRODUCE AND CROPS Weekly Crop Report Given by New York State Department of Farms and Markets, Potato Market Continues Dull New York City, Nov. 13:—The de­ mand for white potatoes was slow and the market lifeless, says the New York Office of the State Department of Farms and Markets. Prices as a re­ sult were a shade lower. The total carlot ovement from the leading T 3 ♦ With Apologies Through an error in last week’s Chronicle-Express in printing the re­ port of the fresh air fund committee it was stated that the amount now on deposit in the Baldwins Bank of this village was $396.50. This was a mis­ take. The balance in the bank is $60.12, the former figure represented the total receipts. ♦ In Memoriam NICKERSON — In sad and loving memory of our dear wife and moth­ er, Mrs. Ira Nickerson, who depart­ ed this life one year ago, Nov.-20, 1925. Just one year ago, dear mother, When we stood beside your bed, Our hearts were sad and broken When we saw that you were dead. You were always true and patient, Through the years you struggled on, And those hands that rest forever Made the home that now is gone. 46wl* Husband, Daughters, Sons. ♦ Yates County Human# Society The officers and members of this or­ ganization are anxious to have all cases of cruelty to animals investi­ gated, Notify John C. Moore, agent 130 Benham street. CHARLES W. KIMBALL, President. MRS. LAURA K. HOLLINGWORTH, Secretary and treasurer. 30tf Governments- may be as dangerous to liberty as they were felt to be by the fathers of this republic, and they are never more dangerous than when they set themselves to doing things \for the people\ which the people should do for themselves.—Indianapo­ lis News. Card of Thanks We wish to thank our many neigh­ bors and friends for the flowers and many acts of kindness shown us dur­ ing the , sickness and death of our husband and father, John W. Durham. Iw* Mrs. John Durham and Family. ♦ Dist. No. 9, Jerusalem, School Tax Notice I have received the tax warrant and will receive taxes at 1% for thirty days from date at my home. October 20, 1926. 43w4@ L. B. BROWN, Coll. ♦ In Remembrance of Donald Morrow who died Nov. 18, 1924. Some may think we have forgotten When at times they see us smile, Little do they know the heart-ache * That we suffer all the while. 46wl* His Parents Crosley R^dio—Better, costs less. Sold at REILLY BROS/ 46wl late-shipping states dropped off about 2,500 cars from the week before. Be­ sides the week’s total of 5,520 cars for the United States, 250 cars of potatoes were received from Canada. Dressed Calves There were only a few calves carried OYer last week. Receipts were light ail through the week, trading was very slow until'Friday when w ith a more active demand the market Avas clean­ ing up fairly well but at no advance in price. Fresh receipts, per pound: choice 20c, fair to good 14-19c, com­ mon 12-1-Sc, small 9-llc. Live Poultry Fowls were in light receipt and good demand at an advance in price during the week. Chickens were fairly plen­ tiful, slower demand and lower. Mar­ ket closing firm on fowls and weak on chickens. Per pound: fowls, leghorn 23-25c, colored 27-30c; chickens, leg­ horn 23-24c, colored 25-26c; broilers to 1% pounds 30-35c. , t Butter, Cheese, Eggs Firm Butter:—A firm feeling prevailed throughout the week. Prices ad­ vanced one and one-half cents per pound, especially on fresh arrivals of fancy high grade qualities which were promptly absorbed at quoted prices. Latest prices: creamery salted, higli- sejore \5016-5.1c; extra 92 score 50c; firsts 88 to 91 score 43-49%c; seconds .84 to 87 score 39-42c; lower grades 37-38%c. Eggs:—Fancy fresh nearby hennery white and brown eggs are in moderate supply and prices are fully sustained. Some whites are even selling up to 85 cents per dozen. Latest prices are: nearby hennery whites, closely select­ ed extras 78-80c; nearby gathered whites, firsts to extra firsts 55-68c; nearby hennery browns, fancy to extra fancy 62-70c. Penn Yan Consultation Clinics Begin This Afternoon At the request of Miss Nellie Z. Mahar, Yates County Public Health Nurse, Dr. B. R. E. XVakeman, District State Health Officer has made ar­ rangements with the State Depart­ ment of Health to hold two consulta­ tion clinics for diseases of the lungs in Penn Yan at the Court House on Thursday, Nov. 18th aqd Friday Nov. 19th. The clinics will be from 1 to 4 p. Dr. J. J. Chandler and Dr. B. R. Seaman of the State Department of Health will examine the patients and x-ray pictures will be taken of all sus­ picious cases. Anyone desiring an ex­ amination will be admitted upon pre­ sentation of a card signed by the family physician, or if there is no family physician, by the health officer. In an effort to assist the family phy­ sicians, these clinics have been held at intervals throughout the State for the past four years and large num­ bers of people have been referred by their doctors for consultation and x- ray. Aside from known cases of tu­ berculosis, patients who have been re­ ferred for examinations have been of two types: Persons presenting such symptoms as bronchitis, asthma, coughs, persistent, colds, loss of weight, undue fatigue and symptoms of like character; and persons, espe­ cially children, who have been in con­ tact with cases of tuberculosis. There is no doubt that the decrease in tuberculosis is due largely to the early diagnosis and prompt treatment of beginning* cases and to the close supervision and periodic reexamina­ tion of exposed children. FORMER RUSHVILLE SCHOOL PRINCIPAL SAYS WHITMAN MERITS MOST CREDIT Charles J. Smith In Article Presents His Reasons For Believing That Noted Missionary Was Chiefly Responsible For Emi­ gration Over Rockies and Savings of Oregon to United States ♦ Dresden and Branchport Clinics Children’s Health Consultations will be held in the county, during the month of November at the following places: Dresden, Ingersoll House, Monday, November 22nd. Branchport, Parish House, Tuesday, Novembeu 23rd. There will be two physicians in at­ tendance to examine the children. Bring your children to the Consulta­ tions and keep the well children well. Consultations will be held from 1 , to 3 p. P. Phil Sheridan Circle, No. 13 Ladies of the G. A. R., will hold a food and fancy work sale at Corcoran’s furni­ ture store on Saturday P. M., Novem­ ber 20th. All members are requested to furnish something for this sale. 45 w 2* ' Subscribe for the Chronicle-Express. Have you heard Radio? A surprise at REILLY BROS.’ the New Crosley awaits you. Sold 4tiwl -1 (Follow ing are extracts from an arti­ cle prepared by Charles James Smith for tlie centennial celebration o f the Bushville Congregational church, Oct. 29, 1902. Mr. Smith was at that time principal o f the flushville high school, later going from here to Pocantico Hills. These excerpts are printed to present another side of the question raised by Prof. Herbert W inters of Keuka College in the recent edition of the Chronicle-Express in which Mr. W inters expressed himself as doubting that Dr. Whitman “saved Oregon to the Union.” — Editor.) With the boundary dispute between the United States and English terri­ tory prior to the year 1842, we need not be concerned. It is sufficient to say that in the fall of that year Gen­ eral Amos L. Lovejoy, a man thdrough- ly acquqainted with the situation, went to Waiilatpui and Informed Dr. Whitman that the Ashburton treaty, which, it was supposed would settle all boundary disputes, would be acted upon by Congress during the winter. Mr. Lovejoy’s report so aroused Dr. Whitman’s patriotism that he at once decided to visit Washington and pre­ sent the advantages of his chosen home with the hope of saving it to the Union. . . . The Ashburton treaty had been signed August 9th, but without provid­ ing for the boundary between Oregon and Canada. Hurrying to the National Capitol, Dr. Whitman laid his case be­ fore Secretary Webster and President Tyler. For an account of the inter­ view we must depend upon General Lovejoy and the private conversations of Dr. Whitman with friends, in re ply to Webster’s “Oregon is shut off by impassible mountains and a great desert which makes a wagon road im possible,\ the missionary replied, “ Ml. Secretary, that is a great mistake that has been made by listening to the ene­ mies of American interests in Oregon, Six years ago I was told that there was no wagon road to Oregon, and yet, in despite of pleadings and almost threats, I took a wagon over the road and have it now,\ and “Mr. Secretary, you can better give all New England for the cod and mackerel fisheries of Newfoundland than to barter away Oregon.” . . . President Tyler promptly granted his request that negotiations be held in abeyance and Dr. Whitman imme­ diately set about the task of organiz ing a company of emigrants. Obtain^ ing a promise of aid from Secretary of War Porter and promising in return to write his views on Oregon for the Sec­ retary’s guidance, he hastened to Bos­ ton, where he reported to the Ameri­ can Board. Of that meeting little need be said. Considering the distance between the missions and headquar­ ters, and the lack of knowledge of the conditions in Oregon on the part ot the board it is, perhaps, not strange that the managers should strongly ob rect to the abandonment of the field for an entire winter to carry out what must have seemed to them a political project. Making a flying trip to his old home in Rushville where he lec tured, he pushed on to join General Lovejoy, who had not been idle in the meantime, and the caravan which had assembled at Weston, near where Kansas City now stands. . . . (Mr. Smith recognizes this dispute over this question which has been prominent since Dr. Whitman’s mass­ acre in Oregon and quotes passages from H. H. Bancroft’s history of Ore­ gon, “The Chroniclers of the Build­ ers,” many of which were written by Mrs. Frances E. Victor, and also state­ ments of Prof. E. C. Bourne of Yale University disproving the theory that Oregon would have been lost to this country had it not been for Dr. Whitman. Mr. Smith then continued): These are the principals in the at­ tempt to rob Dr. Whitman and his co­ workers of their reputations, and the country of some of its most brilliant historical pages. The Bancroft his tory by its unreliability is self-con­ demned. It is at least fair to assume that his statement regarding the mis­ sions in which he says, “ they did much to assure Oregon to the United States\ is historical for had they not opened the way for immigration? 1 The articles in “The Chronicle of Builders\ opposing the missions were written by Mrs. Victor and kindred spirits, and will not bear close scru­ tiny. “The missionary work did not pay,” says Mrs. Victor. In a financial sense was there ever an instance where missionary* work did pay? “He talked about the Indians and what would be best for them and for the settlers.” Clearly, that is just what we should expect. The chief ar­ gument fo*r the retention of Oregon or of any other territory would be the welfare of the inhabitants. Dr. Whit­ man’s case would have been miserably weak had he not presented the cause of the white settlers and the Indian converts. Mrs. Victor says, “Dr. Whit­ man acted deceitfully toward a1! the other members of the board\ without one word of substantiation. On the other hand no member of the board has ever intimated that such was the case. “He was not frostbitten or he would have been incapacitated for travel.” Surely Mrs. Victor has not for­ gotten Washington’s army at Valley Forge. “1-Ie did not go to the States to bring out settlers.” Nevertheless Dr. Whitman and General Lovejoy did lead a band of settlers across the plains in the summer of 1843, and one that turned the balance of population from the British to the American ranks, the very thing that Webster had said, only three years before, would decide the ownership of the whole territory. I i l i What now of Prof. Bourne’s conten­ tion. In the first place the argument is weak in that Mr.. Bourne relies largely upon the writings of Mrs. Vic­ tor and the historical work of H. H. Bancroft. The claim that there is lack of documentary evidence that Whitman intreviewed Webster, it seems to us, is insufficient. It is a well-known fact that much of the argu­ ment, for and against legislative meas­ ures, of private individuals influential in drafting bills, is either appropriated by legislators as their own or sup­ pressed. As to the lack of evidence ou hotel registers, Governor Alexan­ der Ramsey, of Minnesota, has said that he was introduced to Whitman in the winter of 1842-43, at Washington, by Joshua Giddings. Dr. Whitman was stopping at a certain boarding house, on Capitol Hill. There is also on rec­ ord at Washington a communication from Dr. Whitman to Secretary of Wai Porter, which opens with these words: “In compliance with the reqquest you did me the honor to make last winter, while in Washington, 1 herewith trans­ mit to you the synopsis of a bill . . . which , . , would prove highly con­ ductive to the best interests of the United States in general, to Oregon* and to the Indian tribes that inhabit* the immediate country. I have, since our interview, been instrumental in piloting across the route named no less than 300 families, etc.” Evidence is abundant and positive that the supporters of Marcus Whit­ man are not extravagant in their claims. In view of his close acqquaint- ance with Dr. Whitman, and his earn­ est efforts for Whitman College, no man is better qualified to speak than Dr. Cushing Eells. He says “An un­ yielding purpose was formed by Dr. Whitman to go east. The mission was called together to consider whether or not its approval could be given to the proposed undertaking. Mr. Walker and myself were decidedly opposed and Ave yielded only when it became evident that he would go even if he had to become disconnected with the board to do so. According to the un­ derstanding of the members of the mission, the single object of Dr. Whit.; man in attempting to cross the con-! tinent amid mighty peril and suffering was to make a desperate effort to save: this country to the United States . . . I may not be able to furnish ca i Icnce entirely satisfactory to others, but in view of all the past relating to this subject of which I have been an eye and ear witness since Augus , .SJ s T am prepared to say that to my mindt there is not the shadow of doubt that1 Dr. Whitman, by his efforts with Presi­ dent Tyler and Secretary Webster in 1843, and his agency during the satne year in conducting an immigration train from the frontier to the Columbia river, was instrumental in saving a valuable portion of the no;t.h\vest the United States, in reply to co siderations intended to hold him to his assigned work he said, “I am not ex­ patriated by becoming a missionary.’ Dr. William Barrows, author of “Oregon, the Struggle For Possession,” says, “On his arrival in St. Louis it was my good fortune that he should be quartered as a guest under the same roof and at the same table with me. The Doctor Avas in great haste. Could he reached Washington before the adjournment? He must leave at once and he wrent.\ Mr. O. W. Nixon, formerly president and literary editor of the Chicago In­ ter-Ocean, and without question the best living authority on the history of the noi'thwest, is a firm supporter of the justice of the claims of Dr. Whit­ man. He says “The reader of history seldom sees a more notable instance of a changed* public sentiment than he can find in the authentic records dat­ ing from March, 1843, to July, 1046.” Daniel Webster, who had said, “Mr. President, I will never vote one cent from the public treasury to place the Pacific coast one inch nearer Boston than it is now,” immediately after the conference wrote to Minister Everett: “The GoArerument of the United States has never offered any line south of forty-nine and never will, and England must not expect anything south of the forty-ninth degree.” Mr. Nixon con- (Continued on page ten.) 99 I See B y The CHRONICLE - EXPRESS C L A S S I F I E D A D S - I T H A T TH E R E IS A reward offered for locating lost sheep A dog found A bath tub for sale A big auction of farm imple­ ments A row boat found Chance to buy piano F o r f u r t h e r I N F O R M A T I O N Consult The Want Ad Section, page 2 i; *. e * V r

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