FEBi2UAR3z[ 27%’. 1915:. 'BK ਇ Þһ̾Ŏ \ E16Ei'§TER’ ' THE MAKING OF WORDS. Many Base Use: to which '~‘ln Á I: Put Nowadays. Women at’Cno Time Wore‘ Fleets of Vessels In Their Hair. Curious Origin of Some of Our Most Commbn Expressions. What is happening to the word \in nite?\ It used to have great and,rnr.e associations and serve great ‘needs. 1 Now I _mee.t it everywhere, and with every possible application. One-born net is in morebeautlful‘ than another. one brand of wine in preferable to the next. He has an in nite desire to see her; she would in nitely prefer it hobble skirt to one with gores. pO.ne novel. is in superior to its predecessor; a character in it in- prefers game to domestic_ fowl. There is no association too. trivial for it, no use too petty. Our books and our newspapers alike bristle with mis- used \-in The word. like Lau- ‘rence Sterne and Lord Byron. has be come as social literary success. and no worse fate can befall a great author or 11 great word. It is taken up by the fashion papers and by society journals. and this season’s,,styles are usually in- prettier than the last. . In pretty! Not only careless journalistic folk‘ who like to produce an emphatic e —at any cost——a1-e guilty. My learned friends put it to common use, So do I when .1 forget. We are in obliged novrhdays to one who gives us a lift of a few blocks and in grateful for our Christmas presents. Our greatest and best authors vie with one another in bringing this great word down from its high estate. and ‘it is only a,.few days since _I heard a ‘most fastidious rnan of letters lecturing in Boston say that the Sunday supple- ments would be in more divert- ing‘ if something—I forget what—were different. The robin's note in “Fiona Macleod\ is “in Winsome.\ Even as critical a Writer as Mrs. Anne Doug'la\s Sedgwick speaks of a heroine “in malleable\ through love and of a fat young German musician as feeling “in compassion.” That, _to be sure“. is better than Arnold Bennett's description of a woman as “infinitely stylish.”-Scrlbner’s. James Russell Lowell Cleverly Hid Marie Antoinette had a passion for extraordinary headdresses':“' One struc- ture that she invented-wags forty- inches in height and was composed of many yards of gauze and ribbon. From the folds sprang bunches of roses. and the entire edi was surmounted by a Waving plume of white feathers. It is recorded that when i\-Iaria Theresa re- ceived a portrait of her daughter wear- ing this headdress she exclaimed: \This is no daughter or mine! It is the portrait of an actress!\ The Duchess do Chartres. determined to surpass the queen, designed a. head- dress two inches higher; It was made up or many plumes waving-at the top of 11 tower. Two waxen repre- senting the little Comte (Te Beaujolais (the brother of Louis Philippe) in his nurse's arms. were worn as ornaments. Beside them a parrot picked at a plate of cherries, and the wax of a black boy reclined at the nurse's feet. On different parts of the tower were the initials of the duchesse's husband. her father and her thither--in-law. made from her own hair. in the \Romance of Words.\ a’ pub- lication by an Euglislx uutlxor, much. space is devoted to \aplmesis which means a gradual or unintentional loss or an unaccented vowel at the. begin- ning of a word. This kind of Word. shrinkage is more common than one might suppose. Sometimes the middle syllable or a. word will be slurred to the point; of extinction. From Mary Magdalene, tearful and penitent; comes the word maudlin. Sacristan is contracted into sexton: the old Frelych word paralysis becomes palsy; h‘ydroplsi'e becomes drops)’, and the word procurator be- comes proctor in English. Bethlehem Hospital For Lunatics, established in London. came to be telescoped into bedlam, much as Cholmondeley came to be Chumley and Majoribnnks i\IflK‘Silb£lIikS. Peel is for appeal. mend for amend. lone for alone. fender, whether before a or outside 8. ship, is,for defender; fence for defense. taint for nttaint. One. In a Review. QUAINT HUMOR IN A SNEEZE. The Story That I: Told ‘of the Witty Cleric, Sydney Smith, and the Wager He Won Whilo In the Pulpit—A Buried Pun by Nathaniel Hawthorna. Horace E. Scudder in some reminis- cences of James Russell Lowell point- ed out that the poet critic even in his soberest essays would sometimes hide away :1 jest tor the delectation ‘of spe- cially discerning readers. Thus in a review of Richard Grant White's edi- tion of Shakespeare. Lowell remarked incidentally: _ \To every commentator who has Wuntonly tampered with the text or obscured it with his inky cloud of para~ phrase we feel inclined to apply the quadrisyllabic name oi‘ the brother of Agis. king of Sp-¢u'tn.\ V .9; =i€\5é« /3-‘— ea, . 911- /5:. eo.tL« 77\ E \/$'~ 7aw»u...¢_. 19- 9.7» kw- V_ - . «' .' ‘ . ‘ _ l‘£a,‘ ‘ kttavv 261. }?’0ywu. 2‘C-'- 1.§£'~. ‘L9’. The word peach. commonly regarded as English thief slang, goes back to the time of Shakespeare and is relat- ed to impeach: though used to indicate At this time France and England were at war. In a naval engagement the Frxc frigate Lico_ro s'uck her Professor Eelton of.Hm'vard. w_e_ are told. was the first to remember or dTs7 cover that the name of Agis’ brother was Eudamidas. Schuy1erCounty A|V|ap in Clolors and flag. but the Belle Ple, not er French vessel. crippled the Hector, an English man-of-war. As the French- men were about to board two English vessels bore down to their consort's assistance. and the Belle Poule sailed away. The English returned to Plymouth with two prizes, the'Licorne and a French lugger. The French, although they had lost 21 frigate. proclaimed a victory. The queen and her women wore headdress- es that represented the Belle Poule un- der full sail plowing :1 sea of green gauze In pursuit of the English frigate This construction was known as the “coiffure Belle Poule.\ W01-‘C1 end is for Scotch caddie, once an ex-rand boy. now familiar in connection with golf. Caddie is from the French Word cadet, meaning a Junior or young- er brother.——Lndianapo1is Newg. A more opaque mysti is cqn- taiued in a passage in the first chapter of Nathaniel PJ.a\vthorr_1e's “Our Old Home\—opaque only because he pur- posely seeks to conceal every clew to the fact that a pun is buried beneath the surface. SURGERY ON THE SKULL. The ‘Operation'of Trepanning Wan The chapter is headed \Consular Ex- periences.\ Speaking of the lights and shadows of the consuls office at Llver~ pool. where he was stationed during the presidency of Franklln Pierce. Hawthorne dwells with special pleas- ure on the visits of a young English friend. \a scholar and literary amateur, between whom and myself there sprang up an alfectionnte and. I trust. not transitory regard.\ Common In Ancient Times, While the medical profession is agreed that some rough form of sur- gery must have existed from very an- cient times. it has always been a mat- ter ot wonder that so complex and deli- cute an operation as trepunnlng should also be one of the oldest. __j__ The wife of an English ot living in Paris deemed the headdress an in sult to the-English navy and deter- mined to resent it. At the next public occasion therefore she appeared carry- ing on her head English line of battle ships, :1 French frigate and n lugger. An arrangement of sill: and gauze represented Plymouth harbor. which the English ships, with their prizes, were cntering._ ‘Each vessel car- ried u streamer that bore its name. aria on the edi at the back the word “Plymouth\ appeared in ‘glittering beads. ~ . Chronicle There is authentic record or this op- eration dating back to the time of Hip- pocrates. who wrote treatises on frac-’ tures. dislocations and wounds of the head. wherein he described the method of procedure to be followed ln the case of a fractured skull. His idea was to cut away\ a piece of bone so that the pressure on the brain might be relieved. iW_TT_l;Ve_gnnzT1ls_ ogigis ergalso show that ALPINE CURLING. This friend used to come and sit or stand by the Hawthorne “with such kind endurance of the many rough republicanisms wherewith I as- sailed him and such frank and amiable assertion of all sorts of English preju- dices and mistakes. that I understood his countrymen in the better for him and was almost prepared to love the intensest Englishman of them all for his sake. It would gratify my cher- ished remembrance of this dear friend if I could remind him without o ing him. or letting the public know it. to‘introduce his name upon my page. Bright was the illumination of my dusky little apartment as often as he made his appearance there.\ i The casual reader never suspects that Hawthorne has deftly accomplish- ed his purpose. It does not occur to him that Bright, the apparent adjective ‘that ._so cunningly begins a sentence and therefore achieves the right to a capital initial, may be alternatively read as a proper noun. Henry A. Bright was, in fact, Haw- thorne’s only intimate friend in Liver- pool. He was a man of wealth and po- sition in that town, a dilettante who had published for his own. amusement a botanical manual. \The English Flower Garden.\ With Hawthorne he would frequently call upon the local bookseller. Henry Young, making use of a little nool;_in the rear of the shop to examine and discuss the recent pub- lications. This came to be known as Hawthorne’s corner. F‘ or One Year, $1.00 Almost Surgical Skill -Used on the Ice to Make It Perfect. Read the Terms Set Scotch players regard the conditions of Alpine’ curling as somewhat too lux- urious. The ice is almost too perfect. and the tactics that proved successful on the rough ice of a Scottish pond havé to be abandoned in favor of more subtle methods. a me was used for this purpose. which, at n time when modern anaesthetics were unknown. must have been. to say the least. p.-1infui_ —A-eeorériii;s—to——Hoimes; — «tie e—~ope1'a-tion of removing pieces of bone was per- formed long before historic times. The e on the skull are-easily seen after denth nnd are visible as long as the bones are preserved. From inspection of certain skulls of the later stone age in nncient Britalin there has been de- rived the conclusion that some of these had undergone the. operation. which must have been performed with nstone impiemeut.—II2n'per's Weekly. Below and Extend Your The audacity of the spl1=ltedEnglish= woman struck every one dumb except the chief ()1! police, who invited her to cross the frontier at her earliest con- venience.-—Youth’s Companion. tion The ordinary visitor to the Alps has izery littb idea of the science and work which are necessary to inrs good’ rink, and the Scotch curler who has been accustomed to the rough ice form- ed by a few nights’ frost is somewhat startled when he sees an army of ice- meu working through the night. A rink in the Alps is a costly business. The ground is carefully leveled in the spring, and after the fall of snow a squad of icemen tramp the snow down as evenly as possible. The ing is done in a series of elaborate stages. which can be carried out only when the sun is shining‘. The secret of good ice is to go slowly. This was proved by a clever experl -ment. The discovery of this was due to Rudolph Bauman. perhaps the best iceman in the Alps. He two wooden tubs with water, and the froze hard in a night. The second was allowed to gradually. drop by drop. throughout :1 fortnight. The two blocks of ice were then put in the sunshine. and. whereas the ice that had been formed in .a‘sin,<:lc night disappeared Within a week. the other block sur- vived for three Weeks. ' A Schuyler County Map_onia scale of nearly an inch to the mile, has been issued for the Chronicle by a Philadel- phial publishing _ MEANING OF “POTLUCK.” One Plunge of the Ladle, and Take What You Get. The real origin of the word \pot- luck\ is unknown to most of the peo- ple who use it. In Limoges, France. however, one runs into potluck itself. In a certain corner of that quaint city of jostling roofs there is still segregat- ed. much as if in n ghetto. a Saracen population. probably a remnant of the wave of Saracens that swept over Eu rope hundreds of years ago. Here they live in their crooked. nnrrow streets. following old customs handed down from generation to generation. There are many butcher shops in the quarter. and outside of each steatns :1 great not of soup over It glowing hrnzier. in each pot stands :1 indie as ancient as the pot. When 11 customer comes with a ‘penny in goes the ladle and comes up full 0 savory broth and chunks of meat. odd: and ends that the butcher has had left over. And what comes up the cus- tomer has to take. One can imagine how anxiously the hungry urchin or the mother of seven must eye the in- exorable ladle and how in pretty girl might get another draw from the butcher's boy. _ At any rate. “to take potluck\ means to take what you get and say nothing. whether the pot is in Lhnoxzes or in the tint of the man who eagerly invites a friend of his youth to dinner.-New York Sun. Origin of St. James’ Palace. Henry VIII. when he built St. James‘ palace designed it for :1 country resi- dence to take the place of the manor of Lennington. wliore he had been in the habit of going for a change of-air. He pulled down the hospital dedicated to St. James the Less and on its site. as Holinshed tells us. “built 21 goodly manor and made :1 fuire pnrlce for his greater comoditie and pleasure.f' The palace stood in the midst of fields well stocked with game. and these were inclosed as its private demesne. Even while residing here Henry held his court first at Westminster and then at Whitehall after he had taken the lat- ter palm-e from Wolsey it was not until 1607. when Whitehall was de- stroyed by fire. that St. James‘ pal- ace became the London residence of momirchs.-—London Standard. This Map mounted on a sheet of f paper, 23 by 29 inches in size;, with brass bindings, and “is available e*=fer~desk use or hanging on the wall, ' The Towns are‘ shown in colors are true to scale, While the bound- There is a story told about Sydney Smith that represents him as carrying a concealed pun into the pulpit with him. The most familiar version is that which Lord Houghton used to tell. When settled at his small living in Yorkshire. Sydney willingly assisted his brethren in that neighborhood in their clerical duties.- On one occasion he dined with the incumbent on the preceding Saturday. The evening passed in great hilarity. the squire. Kershaw by name. being conspicuous by his loud enjoyment of the visitor's jokes. “I am very glad that i have amused you,\ said Sydney Smith at parting. “but you must not laugh at my sermon tomorrow.” ~ing co11nties_anc1 the adjoining town- ships are indicated, facts of informa-' tion with which very few are familiar. The ice is carefully doctored every night with the skill of a first class sur- geon. Small holes are trimmed and scooped out with a knife. They'are then filled with finely powdered ice and sprinkled with boiling water. The result is an absolutely even surface of good 1ce.—-London Times. An Odd Legacy. The State Road Routes; the rail- ways ‘steam and electric, and every highway of the county are outlined, together with the heights of land, the streams a - va 1':he——shores—e— Seneca. and the upland lakelets. Thomas Jefferson. the founder of the Jefferson family of acfors. was remem- bered curlously In the will uf Weston. who was himself an e.-zteémed member of Garrick“: (.'Of!1f) Weston's will contained this item: A Handy Measure. If you have a pint jug and wish to measure of! half a pint with toléfiiblé accuracy it is useless to try and do so by guessipg when the jug is half full. A better way is to tilt the jug until the contents just reach to the upper end of the bottom of the vessel and just touch t-he—li.p_a -- . ~.«- - d of the mouth. In this way the space in the pint jug is practically cut into two equal portions. each halt representing the space taken by half a pint. \I have plnyed_undor the manage- ment of Mr. Jefferson at Richmond and received from him every politeness. I therefore leave him all my stock of prudence. it being the only good qual- ity\! think he stands in need of.\ \I should hope I know the difference be1.ween-here-ocnd—a——ebm:c \ - an n Gives Warning of‘ a Storm. In the bay of Blscay frequently dur- _ = umn and winter In calm the squire a little tartly perhaps. *.':eathe1' :1 heavy sea gets up and rolls In on the coast four and twenty hours before the gale which causes it arrives and of which it is the prelude. In this case the Wave nation. generated on the other side of the Atlantic by the wind. travels ‘at a much greater rate than that of the body of disturbed air and thus gives Warning of the coming storm. “I'm not so sure or that.\ “I'll bet you a guinea on it.\ ‘Take you.” said the divine. Next day the preacher ascended the steps of the pulpit apparently suffering from a severe cold. with his handker- chief to his face, andvat once sneezed out the name “Kershu’wl\ several times in various intonatlons. This ingenious assumption of the readiness with which a man would recognize his own name in sounds‘ unintelligible to the ears of others proved accurate. The poor squire burst into guffaw’. to the scan- dal ‘of the congregation. The minister after looking > at him with stem re- proach proceeded with his discourse and. won the bet. - Another version makes the victim of .S;y'dne,v’s jest a certain Sir Archi- bald Macdomild, equerry to the Duke of Sussex. Sir Archiblild said to the prelate. who was then a canon at St. Paul’s cathedral: Heine. in speaking of Wellington’: good luck at \Vate1'loo, says: \This man has the bad fortune to meet with good fortune when the grenltest man of the world is unfortunate. We see in him the victory of stupidlty over genius —Arthur Wellington tx'iuLnplmnt when Napoleon Bonzlparte was overwhelmed, Wellington and Napoleon! It is :1 won- derful phenomenon thut the human mind can at the same time thluk o‘f both these names.\ Wellington and Waterloo. ‘ The Military Tract, Q16 Watkins and Flint y§’urchasLe,‘ the Phelps and Gotham Ptfrchase, the WatsonAPat'ent,% the cprporation _,bounds, the section numbe,rs, the mile circles from the County Seat’ of AWatk&ir1s,M are all set forth in Observations of the Caddie. . The caddie’s chastenirfg in on the conceit of players has‘ numberless anecdotal examples; One of the best of these is the following: - “ “whzlt sort of prime does Mr. Jones play?\ “He cnnna play nane-.\ “I'm going out with him tomorrow. I suppose I shall beat him.” -“Na. ye will not.”—Windsor.Maga—- zine. . so U nreasona ble. “She's~been very busy telling me how to rear my baby.\ \But she got into :1 perfect panic when I asked her to take care of the child for a couple of days. You know I was suddexaly called out of town.\-— Washington Herald. \Why do you k(-up me waiting on this corner two hourrz?\ (letnzxmlod the irate husband» \You said you were merely going to step in to see how Mrs. Gnbble was.“ \Do>you notice that your son has really learned anything in r.-o1lege?”' \Yes: He has leai'ne”cl»‘ that my Ideas are those of ‘an old fogy and that he Woul<1'be false to his trust if he did not do his besitlto bring me to a realization of my pitiublé conc1ition'.”‘-—Ch.icago Record-Herald. ‘ - This New Map of Schuyler is; given every Asubscriber of the Cihroniclé WithVi11 t%he %bO1111*ds of the&%cou“nty,gW.hoT will pa.y» 11p ‘ar’rearages7 and‘ for“ one Vye in advance. It cannot ell be Sent mail, *11\pon r;efc;eiptr of ;s1#1B- s_crip1tio11 wiI1%beg%iven\. out at .this Aof dVe:1i.v\ered a represestlt-A a-tivefof this paper. %% f j — “Well. she insisted on telling me.”- Washington Herald. , “I S1IppOS(‘ you are intomstecl in re- form.\ said the (-nns-.oientious vitlzon. “No.\ replied Farmer corutossel: “I approve of It. But ‘I (-un’t say th:1tit’;« generally o.w:p1'e'ssed in 1| Way that makes it as interesting as the contin- ued stories.\--Waslxinzzton Star. A Frank Admissiofl. I L} “I will come some Sunday to hear you preach.\ ‘ “II yon do I shall name you from the pulpit.\ was the reply. His Preference. “Oh. for the \\'in::;s of a_ dove!\ cried‘ the poet with the unbarbered halir. “Order what you‘ like.\ answered prosaic person with 4! clean shave‘. “but tell the waiter to bring me the breast of a cehicIten.\—Clevel-and Plain Dealer, A Subtle Jab. “This. piece‘ of -lace on my dress. is over years old.” ' -“It's beautiful! Did: —y'ou»——»:ma._ke if ‘you'rs'e.1f?”-—I\'ew Orleans 'TItnes~Den1o- rc:-at’.. . I A U‘ndz'1”un‘ced by this threat. Sir Archi- bald. went to St. PauI’s. Sydn'ey- entered the ‘pulpit. looked hard at -the. baronet and was seized with a $Votz‘dcrful~ of sneezing. ‘ \-Ar.-‘chic. Ar-bhie. Ar-.ch1e!\' was how it sounded in Sir‘ Archlbn'l.d‘s ears. and he could‘ not help Va‘ stldden‘ lau‘;:h~ of reco5:nit1'o\n.--William Sg. Walsh in Bos- ton Pout. M. ' Would He? »C:1‘~.‘<hl'<~i';=:‘h—‘x’<»11 wnuldh’t marry Miss Roxy for her money. wouId',vr;m. U11- spn? Ilpson Downes—-How else can I get if‘.e-«Londmi Answers. Hp Remembéreé Wimo--P'mv. do you ktrow every thing? Pmv—~Ye.-3. my son. Why‘ 116* you ask’? Willie—-‘wen. ‘does the spur of the nxomént mius“e'tlme to‘ ‘clnnuti Euquix-en : ‘ ’ 1 ' \ inquisitive. \She-Ymrhruté! When I ‘consented to n13Ii‘!‘,\f ynu I L-:'m‘t think where my hem? \‘v':I;:'v .!:Ie--On my‘ shoulder. dear. -I.~und'<m' (hpinion. . ‘ He who despfaesi small things never .l)eL-om<,*3 rich.--Danish Proverb.