j “ ,5‘ N 1 * W‘ V \ *TI’°‘_G1°§%SPr’gs’ 7 \ 7 V N I‘ ‘ . ‘~ %v “ V. -S\$ IjA \V“k ‘ « % ,%,zamna\ %A \ . % « ; ¢ : g g .2 ~¢,,,, : 2 Q “ T % WATKINS, N. In-:;_BnuA~nv' 20; 1913. J'q:igm_. cQRI§i&:1-.'1\ E D;|T0.R. voLu._m: VI, NUM BER 269 A TRIP TO PANAMA. \see the vast room full of young fellows, all in snow white. duck, moving tothe music of the waltz, with their wives, sisters‘ and sweethearts. \We engaged a. young chap in conversation. He said. he had been at the Isthmus years and expected to remain three years longer. Long after we had gone I to bed we heard the familiar strains of _ “The Turkey Trot.’-’ , We‘ Americans are putting up all ;sorts of kicks about many and various lthings which we do not like, and it is ;‘proper that we should do so. But any '?American who can look at. what. we ’;._hav_e accomplished at Panama without «a prayer of thankfulness for his country ;and; his race is a hopeless pessimist. The great thing that we have done at ‘Panama is not the building of the Canal. The supreme thing clone was ‘ignaking it possible for white men to go there and live to build it. Life is as sweet, as safe there as it is here in Atlanta. When we recall how the ipoor French ‘died there like sheep in a slaughter house and were absolutely driven out by pestilence and death after squandering hundreds of millions of ‘money, well may an American’s bosom swell with pride for these splen- ‘didfcompetent, honest men who have achieved the hitherto impossible. And all done without graft. Our hat is elf to the magni men of our little standing army! 1 ' We rode for miles about Ancon Hill, ‘paste the numerous hospitals, lodgings, -stores, asylums,,dairies, commissaries, 'é_tc., all in spotless cleanliness and comfort, surrounded by the magni foliage and of the tropics. ‘On the ship a gentleman asked what was the -most interesting thing we saw at Panama, and without an instants hesi- tation We replied, “The ride through the tropical jungle by the railroad.” ‘It can’t be adequately described. Im- agine all the rare huge plants you have .e,v'er*seen in any vast greenhouse, place those all outdoors and fill it all with huge. green, unknown and unfamiliar gtr‘e’es, and that’s the tropical jungle. A perfect plot of color and unfamiliar forms and luxuriance. . On our return towards Colon a few ”of'”’ \6nE”y6‘un won: an, ' t‘«‘.\4\25@\’t‘f‘1'§‘-'t'.:rou.ble to take the long, hot tramp‘ fr_om\Gatun over to the Gatun Spillway, which’, to us, was the most interesting feature of the- Canal. The Spillway is a huge concrete structure, 1,200 feet long, 300 feet wide, and having at its crest, on top, 14 gates. These gates are used exactly like the boards of say, the inilldam at‘ Burdett. Each gate is.48 feet long, 19 ‘feet high, made of steel, and weighs 44 tons. They will be raised and lowered by electric power, generated on the spot. It is an interesting fact that the‘ form of gate used in the canal locks was invented more than 400 years ago. There has been no change whatever in all that time, either in the form of the gate or manner, of operating it, except solely in details. Electric power\ will open and close the gates, instead of man power’ as 400 years ago. In fact, man power still operates the gates in nearly all canal locks. Our canal system is nothing comparedvwith that of France. Everything we saw at the Canal is nearing its and ing touches. They now hope to.,.g_et the ship through in August next, and if the troublesome slides do not intervene, it looks as if this hope might be realized; Florida Keys RalIrosil—eWonder$ ‘at? the Isthmus-—lslandl of fJamaic‘a., Editor Schuyler County Chronicle; Perhaps some of your readers may be.‘ interested to read some impressions or a trip to Panama by a Schuyler‘ County‘. boy. ~ . We went by steamer from Key West. enjoying‘ that wonderful trip by rail over the sea by the Florida East Coast‘ Railway. Theroad has been in operas tion several months, but it is not yet‘ completed. It’ will take several years} to complete the concrete and steel“ girder work. At present long reaches over the sea are made on wooden piling, to be replaced by more perma- nent construction. The Keys for the: most part consist of low‘ islands of coquina rocks of the same character as underlies the whole of Southern Florida. - Vast shoals surround , the Keys (islands) and intervene between them.. The water between them. is_ but a Ifew ‘feet in depth except in a few /places.\ The maximum depth is ‘nearly thirty feet, and here the permanent work -is: \ are airead§*‘5ti1“t, say a dozen miles of concrete viaduct. In some places the viaduct is concrete arches. -At others it is concrete piers; spanned by‘ ‘steel girders. Where the Water is deepest the piers are 120 feet apart, spanned by steel trusses, through ‘bridges. There is no other railroad construction like it elsewhere, so very expensive, Where the water\'is \less than in depth the Keys are connected by embankments, and A to prevent the waves from. washing them the slopes are covered with avmarl. found on the Keys, which harclens on‘ \exposure ‘to’ the air. thus forming a,‘ sort of riprap almost as hard as stone.‘ At. Long Key, where our train stopped; for supper, we saw a new kind of trolling spoon which we will try for. Seneca Lake trout next summer. We have already made one and it looks p,romisi_ng'. ' ' a After four days of rolling in the trough of the big seas ‘kicked up ‘by the heavy northeast tratdewin-ds which \blown ,»contin—uousl;y- ~=i*n~-t=he~~Ca*ri:bbea.'n‘ sea from December to May, we landed.. ‘at Colon, where a. special train of the Panama Railroad, summoned by wire- less,’ stood ready for us. Our first stop’ was at Gatun, where ample time was given us to inspect the three of locks at that point. Canals are much alike the world'ove‘r. Details ditier somewhat, and assuredly there are differences in size. The great Poe lock at the Soo, at the outlet of Lake , Superior, is 899 feet 1998'». 100 feet wide, has a clear depth ofwater of '21 feet and a lift of 18 feet, and except at Panama there is no other lock in the world comparable to this. The locks at Gatun, of ‘which there are six, are each 1,000 feet long, 110 feet wide, with a clear depth of water of 41 feet and a. lift -of 28% feet. At the Paci end of the Canal, at Mira Flores and Pedro. Miguel, there are, of course, six more locks just like these. It was an inspiring sight, to look at the gates of these vast locks, each gate, of steel, seven feet thick, 65 feet long, 82 feet high and weighing 600 tons. There are 92 of these gates in the whole Canal, besides others. The upper set of gates, impounding the waters in Gatun Lake, were closed‘, and were bottle tight, a thing we never saw before in a lock gate. There was about ten feet of. water in the lock above the gate, and Gatun Lake already covers many square miles of area, which, when there is 41 feet of’ water in the lock, will cover 164 square miles. — » 1 Our next stop was at thegreat cut at Culebra, and ‘we walked to the top of the cliff overlooking the cut, where we -had a line view of the dril'ls, thejsteam shovels and trains. at work in the vast ditch below. We knew long ‘ago how deep it was and how far across and how many‘ millions of cubic .yards of earth and rock had. been ‘taken out of, it, but it-w_a‘.’s wonderful to have the thing before your eyes. One felt as he feels in the presence of Niagara, in _ silejnt contemplation. Four vdaysgbeforew our arrival another of those trouble-A some things, a vast slide. a‘ miliionl cubic yards of earth and rock had. started sliding into -the ditch below. It is highly probable that these ‘slides [will continue for several years. The only thing\ to do is to keep dredging away at them, as they occur-‘after the Canal is opened, until the earth takes its permanent angle of repose. ’ The lovely 'l‘ivo1i'.'l:lotel at. ‘Ancon, ‘run by the Unitedstates Government, a_ vast place, whereby some strange ‘chance of fate we secured a nice“ro6m,, was packed to the roof with enthusias-l tic ‘Americans like ourselves. This‘ was the nicest. hotel we stopped at on our trip, with the exception of. \The Breakers” ‘at Palm Beach, and also the cheapest, $4.50 .per day each. 511:.- urday night the “gold” employee of the Canal Igjme a ball-at the .hotel.‘8nd it was a moat refreshing spectacle to, OLIVER PERRY RD. A Prominent Citizen of Schuyler County Passes 10 Schuyler County has lost one of its best and one of its most able citizens in the death of Hon. Oliver P. I-Iurd. As a lawyer, by careful and persistent reading he was abreast of the literature of his profession; in counsel he had the wisdom born of native good sense andllong experience; before a jury he was a convincing pleader; he had a record forimpartiality and ability as county judge; and his experience on the bench him for carrying cases before the higher courts. As a citizen Judge Hurd was deeply interested in whatever he felt would promote the public welfare. It was geiierally recognized that any project which could secure his endorsement was on a fair way to being carried through tO..sJ1_<;Ce.s_5..-_I:Ie;xvas ‘largely influential _in getting the Elmira and Seneca Lake Railway built, and in inducing the present adminis- tration to take hold of the Glen Springs Sanitarium. He was also a main mover in the establishment of the Watkins Glen Reservation. At the time of his death he was the President of the School Board. and he had been active in securing thelremoval of the Public Library to its attractive new home. judge Hurd, as a man was quiet and unostentatious, digni and yet genial, devoted to his home, upright in his dealings. and his death is universally mourned. He was a member of Jefferson Lodge, No. 332, Free and Accepted Masons, and a regular worshipper with the congrega- tion of the Presbyterian Church. For two or threeimonths Judge Hnrd had not been in the best of health, but it was not until about a month ago that serious symptoms developed. In spite of acute attacks of heart diliicttlty which later appeared, the family and friends hoped against hope that he might recover, but Sunday morn- ing, February 16, 19i3. at 1:40 he quietly fell asleep. “ ’ Oliver Perry Hurcl was born in the village of Burdett, Schuyler County, N. Y., December xx, 1838. He was the eldest of four children who grew to maturity, and is now survived by one sister, Miss Elizabeth Hnrd of Rochester. A brother, Mr. Warren Hurd of Watkins, died three years‘ ago. The parents of the Judge, William A. and .Ja_ne.(Neal) Hurd were natives, respectively of Clinton, Middlesex County, Conn., and Lodi, Seneca County, N. Y., the latter being a daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth Neal. The Hurd family traces its ancestry to Adam and John Hurd, two brothers, who emigrated to this country, sailing trom Dorchester, England, in 1631 in the ship “Mary and John.” They landed in Boston and afterwards settled at Stamford, Conn. By some it is stated that the I-Iurds were Englishmen, by others that they were Welchmen. and by others that they were Scotchmen. Adam I-Iurd had a son John, and John a son, Ebenezer, ‘and Ebenezer a son Daniel. Daniel‘ married Dorothy Leete, a great-granddaughter of Gov. William Leete, who came to this country in 16-38, and settled in Co‘n‘nectic.ut. In the early history of the colony he was very pron1inen'_t, and held o of various kinds for forty years, among them being the Governorship. As we came out. on the deck of the ship in the early morning, in the beautiful harboriat; Kingston, J amaiea, and looked over the ship’s rail, there in the water was «a score or more young nanives, black as_. ebony, swimming about, begging us to pinch nickels and dimefs into the water. It, was an exci.t;~ ing and .amus\1ng\ sight. to see them, when a. coin was thrown into the sea, dive p‘el1 mell after in, and‘ev‘er.y Lime some one of them would reappear With; it, in his hand. and then snorw .in~aw.ay inrhis mounh, and beg for; more. _Be- bween spells they broke into song, the while swimming about like Water rats, and the singing was weird and fasci- nauing. Over on a nearby wharf a. long line of blacks. both men and women, in close order single me, were crans-V ferring coal in huge baskets carried on their heads. Captain Cele-b Leete Htird, the son of Daniel, gained‘ his ‘title by service line the Cot1ne.cticut Militia during the Revo1.u.t.io'nai’y War. ‘Captain .H:ur'd«’s. —$o.n El-ivaes was- —a sea Cavptai-n 1na~1<ing -one three.-years’ voyage to~Chir1'a around Cape Horn. During the War of 1812, his vessel, a me1'c11antxna‘n_, was céfaptnred by an English Man of War, and he and the crew were made prisoners. ‘Tlzey were Sent to the, Bermuda Islancls, but were afterwards exchanged, William A.., the son of Cap“ta.it1 Elias Hurd, and the fatl1er.o.f]u,dge~ Hurd, was born D‘ec\ember 13, I809, and after his rrrarrgage settled on a farm near Burdett. The rnaternal ancestors of Judge Hurd were of Scotch. clescent and we_re among the early sett1ers.o'f New Jersey‘. John Neal’, his:,greert-grandfat'l1er,. enlisted in ~t'11e»Revo1u- tionary War at the age of sixteen and served to the end 6f the stru'gg1le.l He was \with General Washington at the time of his famous *Chri‘s‘tmas crossing of the Delaware. ‘ CCORDIN'G._ to vpresem plans’. water will be let Into tine new Panzima ‘ 4 canaldn July‘ 1. The boat..~w1ll3 enter 1:‘: Septemben. G’o.lng‘,:fro’m ” ‘ Q the Atlantlé tgythe‘ Piacitic ocean a boat enters the canal on _the north ‘ side or the‘: lstb'xnus\oi‘ ‘lf‘anazna\a‘l':e a small suburb cal.led Crlstobal. seven miles inland it qoI'Ij1es; to tnu-= ! .lo:;ks; lTh'és¢ lift the boatato. a ‘level oteighty- feet nbofve the sea, This, level is maintained, jacrosswihe’ fa;,IIfI0l1.s‘ Gatun.ar'ti lakes and through the Cuilebra cut 't.o\the :Pedro‘lS1lguel (called -Peter McGi'll by A'meril¢an wot‘l<_t1ien)' locks: ~'thirty-nine: m_i1e_s from the Atlantic ocean and; eleven ‘miles from the Paci ocean. The Pedro Miguel and; Mira 'l0cpk§ lowen the honcyto the -Paci sea level, Then it goes to‘ the other terminus. callledl La Boon, the Spanishl wordsj for month, a ‘suburb or tlxe Clty of Panama. . A . ' j . Kingston is ah exquisite gem, with the beautiful Blue _Mountains a dozen miles inland‘, over 7,000 feet.‘ high,. We had our breakfast. an the hotelvand then idly \sat; 9. spell and waxched the restless crowd bf wail-co‘-do Americans go nearing away ingthe 8.111303 ieasedxat; five dollars an hour. We later took. a. more ‘modest; con'vey2.nc'e and had 9. charming ‘drive behind a.» diminutive horse amid the pleasing tropical en- virons of (Kingston. Ninety-five per cent. at t.he~inhabit.ants of Jamaica are‘ négroas, descendants of African. slaves emancipated in 1833. They have not yet. made mucii progress in What} the Ai)g\10-Saxon underscands ‘as civiliza- cion. Buc‘t.he conditions or life were are easy. Naturoi is kind arid beaucitui. The English, who have held Jamaica The odd sens'zx£inn;‘w1lI. be given. a traveler When\ he rides. through} the canal‘ frrom Coion to Panama\of going‘ south and east instead of ‘west, and when he \rises. the next; day in Efgnanra he wmcuna that, 'becaus}e Panama is on 9, point of fund jutting out Into the‘-ocean. the sun both. rises and sets in the Paci In. its course the canal is made to follow generally the 1valleys or the —Mind1Land (jhugreis t-Ivers~on the north or -Atlantic side and =tbe“R1o‘ Grands on the south- 0r'Pacf e_ ‘ In boyhood Oliver Hujrd attencied _t‘he Burdétt. “public School. Later he was a student in. Ovid Ac‘ade1ny,‘1ater stiil in the Ac ade_my at Lima, N. Y}, after which he entéred what was k11o‘wn as’th‘e Genesee »Co'11.ege. iri Lima, whoereohe remai two years.. In 1864.- §5 he was émployed as a Clerk in the of of Hon. William Fessenden, then Secretary of the United States‘ Treasury. Prior to lticrossea Ttlje neighf or mad “at the dc‘-ép cbt. 1i1W’Culebra \hm between the two oceans about tourteen‘ m from the Paci 'Cu!ebr‘u.~ the lowest “hill on the divide, was about ‘340 feet. above sea l'e.Vel.M The French made I cut V in tin! hill to a pnihtv of 140 feet ’§=t'iov.e sea level» Gol'o‘neI~ Goethal’s‘ men , duced ‘thin. to éigmy-ave feet above‘ sea; ievel. It why through this out that the “ul1dei\ were en¢ounte1‘-‘ed. “’1‘bese,“|_l1d‘¢\.-3\ iv among the most nelflotil ybstaclea ‘met um: in the building or the cunt.‘ ; ‘ ‘ iCor on Fourth rage. Continued on page eight.