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Schuyler County chronicle. (Watkins, N.Y.) 1908-1919, December 26, 1912, Image 1

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1‘ 1-‘ I I «~\~‘_ ; f\““»..1 es‘: ..1ig‘7',1h1‘1737 Glen Sbringa ‘4 f .3 ,. ,,. “m<‘ ‘. 2... 1 T‘! F’; I.’ ‘ , | L _ H 2* ‘g, 2 ,., . « ~ . , -«-~~.~ 4 « 1 4‘ % % . A y I % « l . 9»: JO H—N COBB -EDITO R’. WAT.KlNS.- N. v., 'D‘.E¢:E=M?BEH 26. 1.912.‘ VOLUME V, NUMBER 261 CHERRY VALLEY TRAIL; inn keepers charged a dollar a -stand. for keeping horses over nizhb when hay was $20 a. ton. and when it was $10 a ton they cut the price in half. Freight. from Albany to Buffalo was five dollars a. hundred weights. at but competition at’ one time brought, it down to $1.25. The first load of hemp brought; to Albany from the west. was drawn by horses and came from the Wadsworth Flats in the Genesee Valley, where the Wadsworth family was already established. Plank roads were popular in sandy spots and there, were several in the middle part; of the last; century leading out, of Albany. They kept. the wagons ‘and coaches up evenly and for speed. 1 ‘ T ‘SAN mnmo. ’ Hidden Treasure at “Tl_m»Pines.\ FIREPLA CE DA YS. it t}: thjo siiggni Rgpuhlic or the Miles A. Davis of Brano \ who is better quali to telvle of Lake Keuka. history, bash ancient arid modern, than anyone in. the country, has just ‘wrmzen a short. sketch\ of the supposed. hid’den_ treasure said to be buried at “The Pines” on the shore of Lake Keuka, just. outside the village limits. It. is claimed for years this immense fortune has been dug for by residents of Yates, County, but as yet. no one has located in. - Flreplace days. and. 0, how sweet Around the ! log to meet. The sunshine of a.hundréd' yeafs To burn away our sighs apd tears ‘With leaping spark uud golden tongue of flame to the room with young. Old days come back. come back. with sweetheart eyes to look from dream Unto the old log burning there. Bright with the ruddy fireplace gleam ! A-*‘i‘1otherVStite 'Route for fA=uto1_no.hiles to Watkins. A 0‘lden Day Modes of Travel; -._l',l‘,.-he. littlest real ‘country in the world »an¢-ft, perhap3;’ith“ei1no_st int_eresting and ‘instructive in Europe, from ahistonical standpoint. is ‘me: tiny republic of San Marino. San.Marino has a domain of fourteen square miles. has about 11,000 inhabitants, and has been an .independ- ent State ' for sixteen centuries; or longerthan any of the present countries in Europe. It is, in fact. historically a survival, and the onlysurvival of the ,greatf.Ron1an republic. It consists of the te,rrit.oI.‘y included in Monte Titano, ‘which; rises up in solitary and most unuggxggirtgrandeur from the Italian ._plaiy‘cj::~,{.‘i‘ 1 It is--‘no sanctuary for brigands, nor’ is it kept independent like Monte Carlo forlthe sake of carrying on 2'a.mbl‘ing'. Th”e1;l’tizens are all equal before the lawtafndj so -law-abiding that its jail’, w’hiclj1,‘.u_sed to be ‘the one fortress of theizga \ Rocca.,.!ortress—-is more often‘ -empty than occupied. It is perclied on a superb cliff near the top of\ the» republic, for being a single 'mohnl5'a’in' this curious state runs up and {down instead of across the earth. Fromrtho top ofthe Roccoiortress can\ be seeh the blue waters of the Adriatic Sea.l.a‘nd on the soil of_ San. Marino you at once’ drift back through‘ the cen- turiegizihd seem to be transported into. the Middle Ages, about the time when ood Queen “Elizabeth ruled over errie: ‘England and the United States ; ~ an -event still in the womb of history. - Until the past year the land was ruled by a. council of sixty, which was elected for life, just like the ancient ‘Roman Senate in the time of Julius Caesar. There were two Consuls or Captalhs-Regent, who were elected for six vmonthsl.-service, one of whom must be »a~peasant and the other as nobleman. This Arengo was: the ancient General1'Ass‘tui1bly', tatwhich the heads of all the. families in this tiny State\ were g=z:1i;e§sii;isi§d ,sele9tad l’:h9Q_‘39.l!!ié_5i1... otésixty. V ‘V. it'ihin' the’ past ‘year it has been “art-.‘:‘v1. ‘d by the ’:z“:r,E71gO,j~ which 5§.l‘et i‘on~the timefin‘ 0200' y'ea‘x‘s,, that .twenty of the members of the council of- sixty should retire from ol every three years in place of holding this post for life. It all reads like the way the doges ruled Venice when that city was queen. of the Adriatic . and disputed the power of the ocean with Spain and Turkey before even England amounted to much as a sea power. This tiny bit .of a State. surrounded by Italian territory, and which has been longed forby Austria, Spain. Italy and France, escaped even the terrible scourge of the sword of Napoleon, who spared it and its ancientindependence. It has a position on land which closely »resembl—es—that of the4g'l‘eat fortress of Gibraltar on the high seas. Its single mountain is extremely difiicult for soldiers to attack, and the single town of San Marino is situated almost on the very top of its mountain of Monte Titano. It has but one gate, the Porta San Francisco, which is so narrow that no carriagecould be driven through it.—Selected. The ‘Knickerbocker Press of Sunday, December 22nd, con’- tained the following article by Henry I. Hazelton, descriptive of a new State Route for automobile tourists, which is to be located through the scenic and historic points of New York, and on which Watkins Glen is to be a tarrying place, midway as it is on the picturesque travel-trail from the Hudson River to Niagara Falls: Already, there are two great automobile \trails across the State, one through the Southern Tier. A third, which it is proposed to -put in shape, will be the by far in its construction, and the , most splendid inits scenery. After leaving: Sanger it will turn off from the Great Western turnpike southwest through Bouckville, Cortland, to Ithaca and pass onfto \Watkins Mount Morris. Perry, Attica and Buffalo. It' will be known as one of the~*Clierry Valley ‘Trails familiarly. and will be blazoned in white by the New York State Automobile Association, making it a veritable great white way. The old Cherry Valley turnpike has been neglected for years. Iltlruns through a territory attractive, available and fertile, which stretche_d'alr'nost a wilderness as -it was in the beginning for _more than a lrundrcd miles to the very gates of Albany. A -bill will be introduced when the session opens, asking the i7Ee_gi_s“Ia fHé6l’d‘ti'1jr11\pike on t‘h”e“i1Ta‘1T’a'gain“and”m'a'ke-*it ‘av Stafe‘Road,a1lotting a small sum to make -it safe for automobiles and so »begin its gradual improvement. The New York State Automobile Association willl father the project, and in a few years Frank D. Lyon‘, its Secretary, says he expects to see this the most scenic -and beautiful of all roads in New York State, crowded with automobiles. ‘The road 'was built. four rods wide, with a path for \avehiclesrforfourteenfeet.*e Therefore, no more land will -be needed to divert its course, which runs alniost as the crow* from Albany Lto Bulfalo. - Fireplace days. and here we are Beneath the golden Autumn star. The tuned, the cider drawn. The old waxed. the sand spread on, And light hearts waking to the blaze 0! backlogs in the days. Old days, so full and rich With memories loved and old 01' sweethearts in the lanes of We Worth all their, weight in gold ! Jacob Fredenburg was the second white man to ever locate on the shores of Lake Keuka. He came from Massa- chusetts in 1787 to escape arrest for participating in Shay’s insurrection. At the Pines he found an Indian cauip. where he. also found the first white man, a Frenchman; ~l-i-v-ing- with the Senecas. The Frenchman ‘would not tell why or how he was in this coun- try, but F1-edenburg learned later he was one of a party that was on its way to Fort DuQuesne, near Pitts- burgh, with a large consignment of gold, When the party arrived at Lake Keuka they decided to stay awhile and buried their treasure for safe keeping-. * Before they left, however, the In- dians decided to kill all but one young man, who was the one Fredenhurg‘ found. with the Indians. It is claimed this silent Frenchman knew where the treasure was hidden, but he died and his secret died with him. Mr. Davis, referring to the search for the money, says: “With the love of money naturally pervading mankind. it is not to be wondered at that the early settlers became exceedingly eager in quest of the reputed treasure among the Pines ‘and they made frequent and, prolonged attempts to unearth it.—Penn Yan Express. Road making in North America be- gan with widening the trail which the Indians followed by the mere passing over it with wider loads. The peel: horse then supplied the- west with the merchandise it began to need. The heaviér the freight the more -were the bushes worn away and the more the bed- of the. road was trampled. When the last half of. the eighteenth century began, the fur trade was enormous and heavier loads were carried by the trading ponies both “going; in” and “coming out,” as the pioneers used to,‘ say. The Indian did nothing to improve travel and it is not certain that he ever bridged a stream by falling a tree,’ although it may have been that he did. so or merely a freak of the currents. Fireplace days. and ain't it To watch the old brass andirons shine. And click the tongs and see the coals Flip 611‘ as Mister Backlog'r6lls Down from his perch, hall burned in two. To spread his broad smile wide for you. Old days. and goodby chill When here the warm glow of the fire Burns in the hearts that love it still The homelight of love's old desire I --Snnacnzn. PRECIOUS STONES. Diamond Iomnncé of l ! South Attica. A prosperous world expends every year 325,000 in. rough diamonds. and such of. them as do not come from the mines of Kimberly may be considered in negligible quantity. A very dreary town, this Kimberly, dumped on the desolate African veldt that produces not an ear of corn. Little better than a. desert. in fact, where arti irriga- tion is everywhere necessary. The city's streets stretch like pro- tecting arms around the precious caves which in a few years have yielded more than twelve tons’ weight of diamonds, valued at half a billion dollars. Look back on the story of this desert patch and you have a strange romance. It begins with two little hands of Boer immigrants out of Cape ‘Colony :3. generation ago to escape British op- pression. One of them by some strange fate, settled on a patch of gold forty miles:in—ex-tent,~which-hassincebecomr the famous Band and yields $1,0(),000,G30 every ‘year in the-precious metal. On the other .hand, Burgher Jacobs otisaddled on 100 acres of d.iamonds, and his little claim to-day contains an absolute monopoly of the world in these gems. His children used to play in the sand with bright pebbles for marbles. Neighbor Schalk van N ewkirk saw one of the stones, took it from the little ones with the remark that it might be valuable, and the following year it was shown at the University Exposition of Paris as a magni diamond of 21 karats. ' By 1750 three routes running through southwestern Pennsylvania, Central Pennsylvania and Central New York. were worn deep and broad, so that pack horses could pass without serious danger to their loads. The two great roads opened westward where the armies of Washington, Braddock and Forbes followed the trail». partially widened. by the Ohio coznpany’s pack horses. The course was marked‘ out by Thomas Cresap. ‘ - Another route led up the Mohawk, along the Iroquois trail, dcwn the On] ondaga to Oswego. It was a water route primarily, the. two rivers with a portage at Rome oifering more or’ less facilities for sending heavy baggage «by batteans, _‘ 19; .wgsj th'e'_p'ojrtage path from the Hudson to Lake Ontario, the oldlandward trail to Niagara not hav- ing been opened by the army. Though wagons went west with Braddock and Forbes they were not seen again in the Alleghenies for more than ‘twenty- years. Strings of jingling” ponies followed the wagon trail bearing westward salt and powder, bars of bended iron‘ and even mill stones and bringing back furs and ginseng. Every family on the frontier collected whatpeltry and _fur it could and sent them across the mountains for barter. - -- * L It -also turned south from Cherry Valley ‘to ’CooperstoWn and went west to .Sherbur_ne, Fabius and. Homer, striking Cayuga Lake at Genoa, running so_uth,west to _Ithaca,_ and traversing on itsway to Bu the splendid scenery that c.u1min,_ates'at Watkins Glen. The direct Line through the center of the State after leaving‘ Cherry Valley, passed Rich Springs. Sanger and intersected the Seneca turnpike near the head of Skaneateles Lake. Beyond it ‘paxsseda through Le Roy and Batavia. ' ‘ only one Place. Ilxseems that. the libtJe—st.rip of canal leading from the harbor down along the malt. house and where it, enters the river proper will be abandoned 33111.1. ggvigapign bhrfoggbthe outlet. to me lake. In than event. it w_ou,1d seem that the State will requireg aI1\the lake f cbwhed by “$36 city for the canal terminal. i.-Men: arerliving, andvnot ie’l3é1j:1;1ee«n',‘37I2h£rrer lo 1‘i‘nés; of Vwagons drawn by huge _Pen_nsy1var1ia horses, going in both directions, up hill and down, like the train of a mighty army. The teamsters brought from the -West enormous loads of tan _-bark, cheese, butter, grain, hay and vegetables. They wentback freighted with guns and knives; scythes and implements of husbandry, sugar; spices and rum, and the prodncts of New Eng1and’s looms. Great of turkeys, droves of pigs and herds of cattle crowded among the horses and formed a part of the living mass. Taverns existed, one for everiy mile, and were always crowded. The teamsters carried their provisions with them, and ‘bought their rum where they stopped, for the tavern sometimes ran out of -victuals, but never out of ' rum. - ' We imagine that there will be a dredging at the Patent Cereals Works and the malt ‘house, for these tiwo in- stitutions will get several barge loads of grains every fall, both together using considerably over two million bushels. Their interests will be con- sidered. Anyway we shall look for extended improvements and more life down that way. Everybody knows that prior to 1840 all freight. from the east and west to Geneva came via. canal boat, and\the packets carried passen- gers. We made the trip from Geneva to Albany by canal packet in 1840, thence by stage to Pittsfcrd and Lenox. -—Geneva Advertiser-Gazette. Two years later old Van Newkirk himself picked out, of the mud plaster of Neighbor do Toiczs but, the famous “Star of Africa,” which sold for $56.— 000. Than was the beginning of the diamond mines which to-day employ 15,000 Kat and 4,000 Europeans. \All this for the vanity of women,” as Lord Randolph Churchill remarked on his visit. to the diggings. Altogether the magic caves of South Africa turn out. at least $20,000,000 worth of stones every year. and the De Beers people are naturally in the power of the African government. A 1i_Is_t1_e__c,ara2a.n;v1§s_tmse.d4~a .1nas_ter _driver was assisted by one or more young‘ men and a boy or two, the horses were out with pack sad- dles with a pair of _hobbles made of hickory withes, a bell and a collar ornamental being next. The bags for salt were with feed for the horses and on the way east a. part of the food ‘was’ left at oonvenlent places for use on the way back. Large wallets with bread, jerk, boiled 'h‘a_m and cheese, furnished nrovision for the drivers. At night after feeding the horses were \hobbled and left out doors and the bells unstuifed. Each horse carried back two bushels of alum salt, weigh- ing eighty-four pounds to the bushel. The road was often dangerous, through mountain de where a mis- step might hurl the horse and rider into an abyss. To avoid this the bulky baggage was removed and each horse was tethered to the saddle. of the one in front. Five hundred pack horses were seen. ht one time in Oarlisle, P3,, Rupp relates in his history. Going west they were usuallyled in divisions of twelve to horses and carried about 2.00’ ‘weight each. In fact the country was not far behind old England. Travelers between Londonand Glasgow as late as 1739 found .no~turn_pike till within 100 miles of the metropolis. Elsewhere they traversed causeways with an untnade, soft‘ road on each side; Strings of pack horses were passed, sometimes , thirty or forty in a train. The widened trail or .bridl'e path was the forerunner of the highway. ' ‘ The buffalo and Indiandid ‘not travel in the winter, but the white man was helped by the sleighing which enabled ;him)vto ‘take’ short cuts which after- ywards became ‘regular routes‘ In N ew York travel on snow was common and .inuch heavy freight was moved in winter when the ‘ground was hard ra“th,e‘r thanat other times when it ‘was wetand treacherous\. Longafter the ‘building of the Genesee road, freight jwas hauled in ‘winter ‘in preference to, summer. One reason given ‘for the delay in eompleting the Eriei Canal was that the absence of snow in the winter of 1818 and i8_19prevented the handling of heavy ti-eight on solid roads. i The vehicle developetilikewide from 4 Conlin'ned\0n Ptjge — The first company of the Great Western turnpike was created by_ an act of the Legislature in 1799, and was open to travel in 1806. It ‘was made necessary_beeause the bridge over the “Schoharie kill, Where Esperance now is“, had been carried out by the ice and a new one was ne°eded. The second company was incorporated in 1801, the third in 1803. and the road was opened in 1810. The company was authorized’ in 1814. _ ‘They were preceded by the Great Genesee turnpike, which ran through Utica and Syracuse to .’_BuH‘alo, on the streets called Genesee in both cities, the Seneca turnpike and the old Catskill turnpike--the Appian way as it was popularly called because of its smoothness and superior construction. But. only a few years. c ~ . 7 Never Melting Snow. It is told of a certain Louisville man that when he went to Quebec in August of one year, he was led by a. person, not the devil, to the edge of a high. cliff at the outskirts of town. He looked down a few h‘un- dred feet and discovered a great heap of ice and snow, used all summer long by people who it convenient as an automatic refrigerator. This show- bankiof Quebec never melts. It is formed of the snow that the Quebec street cleaning department in winter dumps over the edge of the cliff, to get rid of it. The cliff is to the north of the city proper and the sun does not fall on the tons and tons of ice and snow except for a few moments each day, if at al1.—-Louisville Times. Care of Enlmno Baby. Careful official calculation has it than fashionable New York alone wears 8150,000.000 in precious stones. As no diamonds alone. $57,000,000 worth of them in the rough were admitted into New York within the last. or six years. It is estimated that. the duty on stones brought, into Amer-ica.’s greatest. city during 1906 will amount to more than $4,000,000, or nearly half the entire appropnianion for the expenses of the Custom House:-The World To Day. The arrival in the, world of the youthful Eskimo is not greeted by the orthodox cradle and swaddling clothes. Practically till he can shift forhlmself he lives absolutely naked inside his mother’s sealskin blouse, skin to skin keeping him warm. ; This arrangement allows the mother to goabout her work almost immed- iately; and she can also travel and hunt without a perambulator’ and without having to leave any one at home\ to “mind the baby.” The n1other’s dress is almost exactly like the fathers-, except that it has a long sort of tail reaching nearly to the ground, embryo,‘ no doubt, of the modern “train.” These old pikes ‘were the forerunners of the great turnpike ‘_system of the State. After the «Revolution the expansion of the ‘country was so tremendous that one wxjiter has said all the revenues ‘of the Federal, State and county govepnments would not have suf build road-s fast enough to meet the ‘demands of «travel. “So turnpikes vvere built by private enterprise and were immensely pro In a.\ few’ years the toll ro._ads of New York were more than_ 14,000 miles long. Their declige followed the advent of ’-‘ railroads. Shunpikes, too, were —b’1‘1i.11:: to_aVoid the tél} gates by ’circ'uitous‘ routes, adding a few miles a1fd~'1es_sening \their revenueg, so fhat one by onedtheier owners were relieved of r'eSp0u‘sib‘i1‘1‘ty -for ' ‘their care and ‘fpermitted ‘to ‘turn them back to the counties \through 'wI’1'ieh,they_ran. V _ A’ I -' _ The large Canal. Canandaigua Poqto .According to the Barge Canal Bulletin, the plans for bargeizing---thee Cayuga and Seneca Canal are now completed, and sealed_proposals are asked tor, by advertisement. for prose- cuting the work. These bids will be received and opened at. Albany the 31st. ‘inst and include the construction of locks and dam ab Seneca. Falls, known as contracb C.. a.nd'lock and dam at Waterloo, known as contract E. The ‘prelimina-ry work having been completed’, we shall now probably see a red7u‘ct}ion-in the number of super- numéraries in the’ localo or, at, least, until the real work on the canal actually beg'ins.-.—'—Seneca'.Counby News. - The new post office building at Canandaigua.»~cost.~86777104--.—-exclusive.-..of.-7 liglining and furniture. The site cost. about $13,000 and was a gift. to the government from Mrs. Freder- ick Thompson oi Canandaigua, who also furnished for a. building, much more elaborate than ‘was intended to be built. The original a‘.ppropriati_on was $75,000. Congressman Payne af- terwards secured an additional appro- ‘priatzion of $7,500. The building is Grecian in its architectural design, is built of Indiana lime stone, and ‘has a. porbico twelve feet. wide and t.wo feet: long across the front..—~Ex- change. ' Spared t.he- miseries of soap and water, and early weaned to the readily swallowed diet of blubber and raw seal meat» -meat, the infant; rapidly develops that. lihvaluable layer of sub- cutaneous fab, which, while it enhances the :“j’ollyl” ‘appearance of the lads and ‘the shabeliness of the maidens, assists materially in economy in clonhingl. _ . Freigh‘t. was carried in enormjoue wagons covered with canvas ég drajwn by «so three; to ‘eight. horses in summer, while’ as many as Were used in. winter. T-hey paid. toll according‘ to the width‘ of their tings, and the law provided that when the tires were twelve ’inches‘wide, rneaséured aeross both? wheels, they should pass rfxee, — they“ .ac_tjed_ a_shstear'11‘,fo1;I.e‘r'S and smoothed the ‘road. The leaders usually had a lit bell fastened to‘ the head stall.‘ The .horses seldom .trave1ed out of; a Walk, for the load sometimes wgighed four or tohs,, and sometimes‘ consistedof a hundred or more bush.e1_s of whea-'t.— The teamsters usuaI1ywa1ked.on foot, .whip in hand, and their constant travel wore 9: good footpath a“Iong”eac‘h_ side of the road ‘near the fence. _‘Brakes were .un1:i1own and in ‘descending ’hi1,1s a ‘ heavy iron shoe was ‘used on the wide. tires, \.;J be thrown ‘from the Wheel at the foot‘ of the ‘hill byrar springi managed if desired by the foot of the driver. The big .ho‘jrses= were so well train€d'.as to be easily controlled with along leather Thus, in their frigid clime, Q1168» in theirékin t',e’n‘b, the whole family will divest themselves of every snitch of clothing, unembaxiraséed. by the: fact that so many *famillies- share the tént with ‘them. _Sociability _is early de- veldpede when dne’§ next door neigh- bor on each side is only separated by an imaginary line between the \deer-. gkin ‘yo sleep on and the one he uses. The winter deerskin serves as‘ her! and bedding” ‘atihighpand as parlor‘ ‘ufrnibut.-e during‘ the day. Community gt goods’ is rslmoso imperative. under this ar ! Thus. when ‘one kills Iseal all are fed; and likewise, when he doesn’b, all go hungry to- geblier‘.-Americun Missio’na,ry. I Village Police. In a recénb opi Carmody holds that’ a village police- man is ‘merely 9.: -local office’:-‘ _and has’ no ‘right; ‘to make an arrest winhout a warrant outsideiof the village '1’imic_s. \-‘He has no ‘right ‘or aupliorlity as such ‘oE says the opinion, “$0 lcarry a revolver outside of the villa.ge- limits.- except. when executing a legal’ process.” The Acmxney‘-General also ‘holds that. a. Justice of the Peace, on commuting a prisoner, is not. _bot,md‘ cg deljver him. no the officer who -made the; arrest‘ for committmenb to the penitentiary or county jail.~'—-Pienn\Yan‘ ?Expreis; ‘A Antelope: Eixé the Open. The a‘.‘nteI‘ope Jive _a.1ways in open country, unlike members of the deer- family. which invariably prefer 9.} thick, dense forest. They cannot be driven ihto -timber cover or thickets of brush, but will literally tum about and run wovexj a pureuer, it necessary, rather than be forced into cover. ‘If they are ever obliged to pass by or through such places for’ food and water they take a great deal. of tim‘e_tot do_ so, as it they were determined to see everything that could he, been“ en route.-.:--Centurvya \Whip. , ’ ‘__’ A . ’ « VV Others were driven by 3. single line. 911 _th<_; forward. nigh horse’ and occasionally a postillion was seen ong nigh wheel horse.- The

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