; J PAGE 10 SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1971 ADVANCE-NEWS Home Improvement By IRVING DESFOR f AP Newsfeatures Two interesting aspects of color film reproduction qualities were encountered recently. In one, the film itself in- corporates more stable dyes, thereby providing greater permanence. In the other, multiple lens coating is said to be the best/answer against distracting light reflections in your pictures. The first aspect was a stimulating visual experience. It involved a visit to the New York Cultural Center at Columbus Circle to see a life-size color reproduction of Leonardo da Vinci's \the Last Supper.\ the original, painted almost 500 years ago in the Monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie . in Milan, is a prime example of Italian Renaissance art and has\ become one of the world's most famous paintings. It will remain on exhibit in New York through Jan. 9, 1972. The same size photographic reproduction is a Cibachroiiie print made from a color slide. It was produced on nine panels on a Bologna, Italy, processing lab in 1969. When assembled, the reproduction is 15 feet high by 30 feet wide. The print shows the sad state of deterioration which time, materials and pollutants have wrought in an art masterpiece ... yet reveals the skill and , dramatic power of the artist craftsman. Da Vinci experimented with an oil- tempera medium on \The Last Supper,\ and unfortunately it did not adhere well to the wall surface, the climate's humidity and pollutants in the air aided in the process of disintegration. This outstanding example of art deterioration emphasizes the need for permanence of current photographic materials in order to preserve wor- thwhile images for the future and to make them available for viewing by many people in many parts of the world. Company officials claim that pure azo dyes are incorporated directly in the emulsion layers of Cibachrome film, producing images of higher color fidelity and saturation and with greater sharpness. The materials also have greater fade and heat-resistant properties to protect against en- vironmental degradation. These are factors, they say, in the increasing use of prints and transparencies in museums, art galleries, exhibits and displays. On the matter of lens coating, there is no question about its value in producing better images by its elimination of flares and streaks caused by light bouncing around on lens elements when the camera is aimed towards a light source. In color photos, flare tends to wipe out sharp Color reproduction in shadow areas; in black and white, rich contrasts of light and dark tones are degraded. If lens coating is a good thing, would more layers of coating to an even better job? The question, at a recent symposium, brought a resounding Yes! one specialist reported on the unique process called super-multicoating which deposits up to seven layers of high effi- ciency anti-reflection agents on elements of lenses. Tests showed that even when shooting directly towards a light source, flare was virtually eliminated and that more light was transmitted to film than with a con- ventionally coated lenses. Who has gone in for super- multicoating? Honeywell has, with a total of 18 super-multicoated Takumar Railroad Saved By immigration UNION PACIFIC COUNTRY. By Robert G. Athearn. Rand^ McNally. $15. A lot of people think that when the locomotives touched noses at Promontory Summit (not Point) in 1869, the transcontinental railroad was fin- ished. But it wasn't. There wasn't enough through traffic to keep the line alive and there wasn't any local traffic at all. Union Pacific Coun- try is the story of how the branch lines were built and immigrants were brought in to generate the local traffic needed. Athearn, a professor of history at the 'University of Colorado, is a specialist in the period and place. The depth of his research, financed but not directed by the Union Pacific railroad, is shown by the 15 pages of bibliography and the 57 pages of detailed references and notes. The author pays handsome tribute to his graduate students who were \en- Slaved and put to work\ mining the 400- plus volumes of company papers made available to him. This is not, however, a book for the locomotive watcher or ordinary railroad operating buff. There are no details in it on engine development or the difficulty of finding usable water in the \Great' American Desert\ (alkaline water coats the inside of boilers and makes them blow up). Athearn did not set out to write a technical history of the western railroads, or even a purely economic one. What he has done is to show how the Union Pacific convinced immigrants that the \Great American Desert\ was not a desert. After that it had to build the feeder lines to bring in the freight from the immigrant farmers north and. south of the main line. Its success is shown by the fact that these lines ultimately totaled four times as much mileage as the main route. Laurance F. Stuntz Associated Press lenses now available. They fit .all Pentaxthfeaded 35mm cameras-'-and more super-multicoated lenses are on the way. What if you go arty and want the flare effect? Then use an' old lens or non- coated UV filters. It's never been a problem to get flare on film ... keeping it out has driven lens makers to distract tion. By ANDY LANG AP Newsfeatures Q.—I installed rope-type sash cord less than two years ago. It already is badly worn and on the verge of breaking. Is there some other material that can be used? A.—Yes. Metal sash cords last in- definitely. But the window in which that sash cord of yours was installed either got'an amazing amount of abuse or .was not properly put in, resulting, in an ex- cessive abrasive action. from the standpoint of convenience. Both are effective in cutting off the electricity when an overload or short circuit occurs. When the source of the (rouble is located' and corrected, you merely have to flip a switch to turn on the electricity again in a system using circuit breakers. Changing a fuse is a little more trouble, not to mention the fact that replacement fuses must be purchased and kept on hand in case of an emergency. ART MASTERPIECE. Da Vinci's \Last Supper,\ on a church wall in Milan, Italy, is on view in its original size and color through ai color print reproduction exhibited at the New York Cultural Center. Q.—We're having a house built. The builder says he is going to use asphalt roof shingles. What other kinds are \there? A.—Among the many types of roofing materials are asbestos cement, tile,' slate, wood, copper, aluminum and (erne. Asphalt is generally less ex- pensive, but in all kinds there are price variations based on quality factors. Q.—Is it better to have circuit breakers or fuses for the electric system in a house? A.—Circuit breakers are \better\ Q.—To settle an argument,, does the Veterans Administration make loans or just guarantee the loans made by banks \and other lenders? A.^Generally, when a VA mortgage is mentioned, it means that the Veterans Administration guarantees that if the borrower defaults, the VA will pay a certain percentage of the loan, such as 60 per cent. But there is,one exception, the VA will make the actual loan- if the prospective purchaser can show that, because he lives in a rural area where there is a scarcity of lending in- stitutions, he is finding it difficult or im- possible to get a mortgage. This-happens very seldom. Q.—We are looking at an old house with the possible intention to buy. Every once in a while during our talks, the sell- er says he will give us a purchase money mortgage if we want. We haven't wanted to show pur ignorance. Can you te}l us what kind of mortgage this is? • A.—The seller is telling you that he will lend you the money and hold the mortgage as security. It is sometimes done when the regular mortgage has been paid off or nearly paid off. It may be that the'seller is afraid you won't be able to get a sufficient mortgage at a regular lending institution. Or he may have nc> other intention than to assist you to make the purchase and to put his own money to work. In any case, before you agree-to any such transaction, be sure to get the services of a lawyer experienced in real estate. (For either of Andy Lang's booklets, \Wood Finishing in the Home\ or \Paint Your House Inside and Out,\ send 30 cents and a long, stamped, self- addressed envelope to KnowHow, P.O. Box 477, Huntington, N.Y. 11743, Be sure to specify which booklet you want.) Presley Changes For Audience F^e Walls With Mirrors Look Elegant By MARY CAMPBELL AP Newsfeatures Writer Elvis Presley, the person RCA Victor says has sold more records than any other person who has ever lived, is also an incredible showman in person. He gave an entirely different show- different in approach—in November 1971 in a sometime basketball arena in Philadelphia from-the one he gave in August 1969 in a Las Vegas nightclub. And unlike some performers, who would have wound up with a good presentation and a lesser one, Presley was—in both cases—tremendously exciting. In Las Vegas, he was returning to live performing after nine years devoted to many movies and a little TV. His au- dience there—people old enough, worldly enough and prosperous enough to gamble in a Las Vegas hotel and then go to the hotel's: nightclub, all re- membered Presley from early 1956—the shock of the sound of his voice and the crude songs he sang clanging into the midst of ballads from \My Fair Lady\ and \Bells Are Ringing.\ But mostly Presley was the shock of all those sexy gyrations that earned him the name \Elvis the Pelvis\ and got him photographed waist-up only on the Ed Sullivan Show. In Las Vegas, Presley gave his audience 1956^all the grinds and thrusts with the guitar and all those old hit songs sung with 1956 intensity, \Blue Suede Shoes,\ \Don't Be Cruel,\ \Heartbreak Hotel,\ \Hound Dog,\ \Love Me Ten- der.\ The audience got very, very turned on. It was nostalgia with a very big plus. People who hadn't liked Pre- sley at first now were used to rock stars' gyrations and, no ionger focusing en- tirely on that, talked excitedly after the show about Presley's stage presence, his excellent voice, his showmanship, his cool, his sex appeal. In Philadelphia, the audience was verydifferent and so was Presley. While we might have assumed that the whole world had become accustomed to a star's sexy moving around on a stage, Presley- evidently didn't assume that. Here he had many entire families and they didn't see movements any more suggestive than one would see from a group of carefully supervised junior high school cheerleaders. After the first couple of numbers, Presley got rid of the guitar and took off a short cape which made him look a Combination of an Eli- zabethan dandy and Superman. He walked around holding a hand mike, gesturing .mostly with the other hand, gestures from orchestra conducting to cheerleading to twirling a lariat. He did shake his left knee, but the way he did it was like tapping a toe in time to music. Still, it was a tight, exciting show. There was the merest moment between the end of one song and the start of the next. High point of the evening, as far as we were concerned, was \Bridge over Best-selling records of the week based on Cash-Box Maga-zine's nationwide survey \theme From Shaft,\ Hayes \Imagine Lennon \Gypsys Tramps & Thieves,\ Cher \Peace Train,\ Stevens \Have You Seen Her?\ ChiLites \Family Affair,\ Sly and Family Stone \Baby I'm A Want You,\ Bread \Two Divided By Love,\ Grass Roots \Got To Be There,\ Jackson \Inner City Blues,\ Gaye Best-selling country-western records based on Cash-Box Magazine's nationwide survey \Rollin' In My Sweet Baby's Arms,\ Owens \Here Comes Honey Again,\ James \How Can I Unlove You,\ Anderson \Lead Me On,\ Lynn & Twitty \Rings Tompall & Glaser Bros. \I Don't Know You Anymore,\ Overstreet \Another Night Of Love,\ Weller \Fly Away Again,\ Dudley \Baby I'm Yours,\ Miller \Koko-Jo Reed - ELVIS PRESLEY Troubled Water.\ That was sung with religious intensity and the audience re- sponded a way a church full of people sometimes rises to the intensity of a spellbinding gospel minister. 5 ' \How Great Thou Art\ and \The Impossible Dream\ were on nearly as high a level of fervor. Screaming erupted at the beginning and end of every song and each of the four times Presley took a black scarf from around his neck and in the V neckline of his bright white suit and threw it into the audience. Old friend Charley Hodge, playing acoustic guitar, kept providing scarves and glasses of water. Also behind Presley were three electric guitarists, a pianist, a drum- mer, an orchestra and nine backup singers. When the Beatles used to perform, the audience screamed. When George Harrison hosted a concert in New York in July, there was silence during a song and then strong but ordered applause at the end. Presley fans still scream. They .also shoot flashbulbs toward the stage, throughout. The 17,000 seats in the hall named Spectrum were all sold, plus the press box. Next stop, on a 10-city tour of one- nighters, Boston. Presley gives the impression of a person on top of a career, not with the career on top of him. He sang some of the old hits, but not all of them, and threw in some relative oldies that were hits for other people, like \You Don't Have To Say You Love Me\ and \You've Lost that Lovin' Feelin'.\ He sang one of his 1969 million sellers, \Suspicious Minds,\ and not the other one from that year, \In the Ghetto.\ -The six females in front of me ap- peared in the age groups of three little girls, two mothers and a grandmother. Three had binoculars. Not screamers, they seemed enveloped in silent awe. They loved what they heard, weren't disconcerted by anything they saw and clapped a lot at the end. The conclusion is inescapable that supershowman Elvis Presley knows what he's doing. By VIVIAN BROWN AP Newsfeatures* Building a false wall in a room can be a great do-it-yourself project. The space between a new wall and the old wall may be used for a closet, an alcove or a lavatory, depending on the length and the number of feet that can be spared in depth. Many people have bought a big old house that was a white elephant a few years ago. Some of these may have 10 or' more rooms but there may be only one bath. The enor-mous bedrooms may be cut down considerably with a false wall to add a bathroom without losing that spatial feeling. One interior designer had a false wall erected in front of a string of windows in his apartment living room and there were only inches betweenthe two walls. • He wanted to hide the old-fashioned windows and give the illusion of French windows. He did this by carving out.two large arched shapes in the new wall to provide light from two of the old win- dows. When the new wall was properly draped at the window area, the light filtered through the new window area, and the old windows really couldn't be seen because of the curtains. An ideal built-in might include an alcove which can lend a handsome decorative note to a wall that has been designed for some other purpose—a closet, book case and so on. In the living area it might be used to recess a sofa or sofa bed. In the bedroom an alcove might be used for a dressing table bureau, chaise lounge or even a small breakfast table and chairs. A false wall is ideal for a large room, but it can be put iii 4ny room built on squarish lines, if the aim is coziness, such as a den or studio room. If the room is small, the alcove is needed to provide the illusion of space. In big, old houses, plumbers should be consulted before doing anything about a bathroom or lavatory. You must make sure the old house, can take the upheaval. One man began such a project only to find he was required to replace every pipe in his house. If there is enough space, a bedroom wall might include built-in storage cabinets. In some bedrooms with sloping ceiling, the entire slope side can be used for storage space with built-ins. Some decorators use elegant paneling for such new walls, and it may be stained to iook French or Italian. It may flank a bedrecessed in an alcove. Some designers do fool the eyetechniques to make doors look like walls. -They use handsome moldings that may be gold painted or they may build small niches right into the doors. Into the niches they might put -a statue or vase tha't is fastened to the door. One interior designer used two metal vases that were fastened well enough to serve as door handles. Another interior designer made a living room look much larger with mirrors on a new false wall. The wall and alcove were completely lined with the mirrors. Two mirror-covered doors led to closets. There were mirrors on the ceiling, but for the average person that would be a bit much. Each do4t«yourselfer must decide how much effort will be necessary for his own project. If ceilings are very high, there may be problems, and if some- thing other than plywood must be used for the wall, it might prove expensive. But there are many ways to im- provise. One man found four great doors at a housewrecking yard. The doors had some lovely old stained glass. He made a door-wall that was strung across one end of a sitting room in the big old house. The doors plus two panelsr-one on each side—and a wood frame constituted the new wall into which the man had built a much-needed extra bath and two closets. The idea of a.false wall might conjure up all softs of .renovations; some ideas might be spectacular. But before pro- ceeding with any such project, one must commit the idea to paper. The important considerations should be: the height arid width of the room and how many feet can be lopped off it ... where the win- dows and doors will be in relation to the new wall ... whether electricity or plumbing must be done in the area ... whether a window or two can be swal- lowed up by the project. One good plan where there is a window wali is this one: Use the windows as recessed areas, building the wall out and around it. The alcoves created by this plan can provide window seats (with storage area). If heating units are covered up by the second wall plan, you will need to insert louvers or vents in the new wall. Still Producing White Lightning Near Presidential Retreat In Maryland THURMONT, Md. (AP) — Tucked away in a quiet little mountain glen on the doorstep of Camp David, the rustic presidential retreat in the Catoctih Mountains, a moonshine still is producing 150 proof \white lightning\ every weekend with the blessing of the federal government. National Park officials hasten to assure that the whisky is not for presidential consumption, although the pungent odor of mash undoubtedly wafts over the mountain retreat to be inhaled occasionally by VIP nostrils. It's part of a program to educate visitors to the culture of the hill couh- try^-a sort of \living history.\ ' The still,, located on a site known as \Blue Blazes,\ duplicates a similar enterprise that operated on and off at the same spot until Aug. 1, £929, when UMSM Treasury agents made a final raid and demolished the still and dumped 25,000 gallons of moonshine whisky. The present still has been operating only about a year, although it has been on the site for nearly two. \When we decided to put in a still, it was soft of carrying coals to Newcastle,\ says Park Superintendent Frank Mentzer. \I'm told that- there are still some stills operating around here,\ he said. Mentzer was able to obtain the still from Tennessee, where it had been seized by revenue agents during a raid at Cades Cove in the Smokey Mountains. But although many old-timers in the Western Maryland mountains confess to haying operated such moonshine facilities at one time or another, Ment- zer says they became suddenly ignorant when asked to set up one for the federal government. ' • HOMES FOR AMERICANS .-. _—' ' -' : , - -. - -. t-S^ pi — r-^i T^~- 8 igsl NativeDancers Featured On Stamps Native dancers wearing bird costumes are the basic designs for four new stamps from Papua and New Guinea. The illustrations are based on ac- curate costumes and practices of the Siassi Island residents of that area, repots the Empire Stamp Galleries. The dances take their names from the plumage worn or the birds being imitated. Two of the values depict Sia Dancers. \Sia\ means cockatoo, and the dancers' PAPI'A&NFW GUINEA headdress is decorated with cockatoo feathers. The movements imitate that of the cockatoo in a tree. Another stamp shows a mask dance which is spiritual in nature and common to New Guinea. The masks, however, differ from tribe to tribe. The fourth adhesive features an Urasena dancer.' Such dances are usually performed by the male elders in the Pomio region of West New Britain on Papua. Urasena is a symbol of wealth and prestige. These new stamps are available at your local stamp dealer or stamp department. Taking their cue from the movement to give 18-year olds the right to vote in this country, the Bronx County.Stamp Club in New York has amended its constitution to admit 18-year-olds to membership. Organized in 1932, the Bronx group is one of the largest in the nation. A mammoth philatelic undertaking— the Scott Encyclopedia of Stamp Design—featuring every postage stamp design tne world has ever known from 1840 through 1972 is now in production. It wiil come as a three-volume- set and is expected to be released in November, 1973. The price will be '$169.50. RETIREMENT HOME: The typical Florida home for an elderly couple has only one bedroom but a large living room, kitchen, bath, carport, utility room and porch. It requires only 790 square feet, plus carport and porch. Construction is mason- ry on concrete slab, with cork or terrazzo finish. Plan HA701R was designed by architect Jan Reiner, 1,000 S2nd Street North, St. Petersburg, Fla., 33710. Information on obtaining blueprints is available by writing the architect.