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Poughkeepsie eagle. (Poughkeepsie, [N.Y.]) 1834-1844, July 08, 1835, Image 1

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P O U G H K E E P S I E E A G E E , PRINTED AKD rUBLISHEDBT F l a t t K a u n c y ) JSuery Wednesday morning, M a in-st., Poughkeepsie rHall The New-York Typographical association celebra­ ted its fourth anniversary by a dinner at Tammany ] on the 20th inst. at which the following toast was gii and ode, written for the o ccasion, sung. The Invetaion of Printing—'^ God said, let there Eight—and there was Light.” ODE—Br H. oREEtr, L ong slumbered the world in the darkness ofError, And Ignorance brooded o’er Earth like a pall ; To the Mitre and Crown men abased them in terror Though galling the bondage and bitter the thrall: When a voice like the earthquake’s reveal’d the dishon< A flash like the lightning unsealed every eye. And o’er hill and glen floated Liberty’s banner. W h ile round it men. gathered to conquer or die. I o f T h e P h e s s — iquer or die, the startled ear of the gigant rent from its frozen cht oean, Mjtriadsof sea- vapour, flying wit h the wild cries of fl threatening danger. Each clasped hy i and Arundel remained mute and motionless, zing with emotions o f awe and sublimity on the each of the terrific gazing with emofio: elemental struggle, wide rents ’ T w a s the voice breaking. In giant-born prowess, like Pallas of old : \•Twas the flash of Intelligence, gloriously waking A glow on the cheek o f the noble and bold : And Tyranny’s minions, o’erawed and affrighted. Sought a lasting retreat with the cloister and cowl 5 And the spells which bound nations in ages benighted. Were cast in the haunts of the bat and iho owl. Then hail to t h e P ress ! chosen guardian of Freedom ! elemental struftgle A t cacli 0 Strong sword-armlofJustlce, bright sunbeam ofTruth ! sions wide rents appeared between the rocks .and ^ t » r ttpf h fli * * ’ * ' * * * ° sm n p iipniilv pnmm* nnt.!l nv nnft Tmrrhfiv finrl ir that the earth £ ,v her in gladness fButno!—to the day-dawn ofKnowledge and Glory, A fiir brighter noontUIe refulgence succeeds ; -And our Art shall embalm, through all ages, in story. Her champion who iriumphs—her martyr who bleeds And proudly our sons shall recall their devotion, While millions shall listen to honor and bless, Till there bursts a response from the heart’s strong emotion, A n d the earth THE P r ] Or Bigot to fetter her flight wtili his chain. W e swear that the earth shall close o’er our deploring, •Or view her in gladness and freedom again. deep w ith “ L ong L if e to M I S C E I i t i A N E O U S . A VOYAGE TO T H E H O R T H SEAS. [ Conduded.J ■When he returned to the hut, he found Flora busied in preparing n repast of the delicious tern- eggs with which the coast abounded, and the mel- iow berries which she had gathered beneath the arocks. Wliile they partook of this simple fare, A- arundcl strove to encourage his fair companion.— ©ut Frank had entirely mistaken the nature of Ffora’s mind. She was, and women in general 0 , as infinitely superior to men in that nobler kin( issive, but which migh o f courage which is called passive, but which might with greater propriety be named intellectual, as men are to the weaker sex in active or animal en ergy.^ when any long-continued suffering calls for /^erest sacrifice which human beings can gi^ naked weapon, or arlessly braves; but iring calls for the se­ verest sacrifice which human beings can give, she rises superior to him in noble and persevering res­ olution, and lays down unmurmuring on the altar of affection her acute sensibilities, her joys, her Iiealth, and even hoire itself. Arundel was delighted to find that Flora listen­ ed to his attempts at consolation with perfect com- ■ placcncy, and returned them with sentiments of pious resignation and hope. Ho found himself ob­ liged to receive instead of giving encouragement in their isolated and perilous circumstances. A wo­ man’s imagination is more vivid than that of a m an; and Flora, even while she professed herself resign­ ed to the destiny before them, dwelt with so much is and confidence on their ch< which grew aro were clasped in played among the luxuriant tresses o f her hair.— TJie stnooth hard sand of the beach lay beneath them, strewed near the sea with shells and peb­ bles, o f innum e r a b le ibrm s a n d colors, and w h ich, With a gentle and coagelega murmur, the tiny waves sp i l t th e ir sm a ll w h ite ripples and fbam b e lls; w h ile, in the clear depths of the waters, myriads of plants clothed the bottom with submarine meadows of woven silver and grren, or shot up in huge branch­ es o f ten or twelve yards in height, waving slowly their immense arms with the undulation of the waves; and amid all this luxuriant vegetation, troops o f fishes could be seen deep down in the clear element, wheeling and darting forward and turning up their silver scales, giving the magic of life and animation to the silent under-world. The sky and the everlasting mountains were calm as ‘ the sea!a inn whichhich theyhey wereere reflected.lected. It i w t w ref I and an hour when the feeling heart dreams er what words can never express,—when deeper oughts of tenderness than language can utter are poured forth from the fountain of love, o f hope, and memory,—when the soul, feeling herself to be part of that nature which she surveys, yiehls up all her faculties to thepreviiilingsentiment which breathes nature vv s to theprev from every feature of the scene. That sentiment, jven in the bleak scene before them, was love; for irery thing spok (Wards all his c towards all his creatures, for t the very confines of eternal fri scene before them, ’ of ihe unforgetful whom, (iven love o f ( G. here, on sry confines of eternal frost, he had spread a in the wilderness. A philosopher would have sought in the laws of refraction an explanation of the gorgeous spectacle,—but lovers arc rarely phi­ losophers. Prom this period their occupations assumed a more systematic form, so that a description of one twenty-four hours may serve for that of the whole time they remained on the island. By the eleva­ tion of the sun thejrknew when it was day or night in the southern regions; but they were ignorant of more minute divisions of time, and had lost, or rather gained, more than one day while tossed a- bout amid the mist. W h en the shadow of the ice- cliff, therefore, was thrown upon the opposite rocks, they retired to rest, and arose when suflSciently re­ freshed. W hile Flora bathed in the pool of the water-fall, Arundel took a plunge in the sea, and then rambled among the rocks, and brought home a few tern-eggs and a fowl or two for their day’s provision. By means of the simple expedient of a crooked nail, he also contrived to catch plenty of fish, which proved to be excellent food. A t his return he found the fire, which he had made before a little dry moss and drift tim- of hot ashes, fitted for he left the hut with a 1 her, burnt down to a heap ot hot ashes, roasting their eggs, or prep.-iring their birds or fish, in a way which might have delighted a gourmand. Meantime Flora had gathered a quantity of the mellow berries among the rocks, and, having ar­ ranged them upon a handful of the fresh white moss, they sat down with grateful hearts to their «impie meal. The flesh of the deer, rabbit, hare, and every kind of wild fowl varied their diet; and a delicious spring which ran past the door of their dwelling slaked their thirst. The rest of the day was variously occupied. the earth was yet too T h e elevation o f the ing and enfeel atmosphere be ice, wovei the whole Jrost smo, Jiigher tei CTI.APTER V. t the beginning of Aug began to fall, thou sun became daily less; and lorizon,( throwing only a sli when he skirted the h ing and enfeebled it slight showers tne temperature of allow it to remain.— ame daily less; and he horizon, throwing only a slant- ray upon the higher grounds, the oe filled with minute particles of form of gossamer-netting, while if the sea was covered with the Already tl my o f the anin •enlivened it di surface o f the sea was covered 1 !oA:e occasioned by the water being of a mperature thanthan thehe superincumbentupenneumbent air.r. the island b< t s ai legan to be depopulated of ma- and vegetable tribes which had during the summer. The flowers had faded, the insect tribes perished or retired to sleep ■away the long winter in the quarters appointed them by Nature, and the small birds had ceased their songs and were preparing to return to warm- r climates. The partridge and ptarmigan began 0 change their mottled summer coats for the nure to change th white plumage, which « ;nse cold of an Arctic iimmer coats for the pure nables them to resist the r long flights. Itmay well be suppo- signs of the dismalI andnd protractedroti lotot obsebserved a p ter’s approach were n o by Flora and Arundel without the most intense and solemn feel- i ngs. Their destiny was now closing around them; amd wherever their eyes turned, they were met by -proofs of the nearing dar msing all despatch in Ca0lc. VOfi. VIII. POUGHKEEPSIE, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JULY 8, 1835. NO. 376. deal o f it if I had time. But I’m in a hurry now to go out o’ the city. And so you haint got tlio lifo of Jemes Downing, ha I” “ I ’m sorry to say Ihave not. But wont Major Jack Downing answer j u s t well V’ “ Is’t all in poetry T ’ “ No j it’s ail in ise.” “ Does it go in rhyme, any how“ N o ; t it jingles well.” “ I want it to go in rhyme, and I would’nt so much care whether it was Jemes Downing or Jack Downing, for I spose they are all one and the same family.” Thus saying, the lover of rhyme went to another shop in search of Jemes Downing, all in poetry; but whether he found it or lis niem- Ma- ce-cliff, which as we have side of the bay, had been if the frozen mass into precipitated from the body o f the frozen mass into the abyss below. T h e rending and quivering still conlinueil, and it was evident that what they had for som e tim e anticipated from the underm ined Slate o f iho iceberg, was to occur—namely, that the whole of the gigantic mass was about to be bains and hurled into the 0 - :a-fowl flitted through the dim fear from the arm, Flo- lotionlc! lerior intclli- lust pass o- people at every fresh display of the supe gence of thein new friends. But we mi ver the detail. The next day the whole party left the island, Frank and Flora feeling even a Kind of regret at leaving a place rendered sacred by their s u llerin g and their lovo'. For a fortnight they wandered\ bout the neighboring coasts with the^ Indians t their way to their winter qui rived at the entrance of the j s terrific cxplo- the rocks and splintered frag­ ments flew about in every direction, as if propelled by some deadly engine, until by one mighty and convulsive effort the enormous mass tore itself away from the solid rocks, and, tottering for a mo­ ment, at length rushed down into the unfathoma­ ble waters with a stunning roar, which shook with verberations the mountain to a dij sf many miles. Amid boiling waves and •s of spray and foam, the vast fragment dis­ appeared in the depths of the ocean, tracing its course beneath by tne wheeling eddies and ripples of some laring its linge igth, at a distant hundred yards, it emerged, gradually rearing carved and fretted towers through the vapour, till the sunbeams lit up every graceful line, and it swept with the current on its slo\v, stately and irre­ sistible course. The echoes had scarcely died away in the distant mountains ere the vapours upon the sea began to rise and fade away under the influ­ ence o f the sunbeams. The morning was calm, peaceful, and bright—bearing no mark of the lal outrage upon its serenity save that of the watei gradually sinking to repose, and the receding fori of the iceberg. As they stood gazing upon the subsiding water they beheld four boats successively round the poii whence the ice-cliff had fallen and make towart them. Three of them were the simple kayaks, or canoes of the Esquimaux,formed of seal-skins se ed together, moved with a single oar, by means which they impelled their little craft with extraor­ dinary swiftness; the other was an oomak, 01 contained several v old man, whoi light complex any of the Indian tribes. Occupi Arundel were with sentiments o f the most extrav agant joy, they could not but be struck by his yen erable and patriarchal appearance, more especially as contrasted with tho low, uncouth forms, olive skins, and longlong straight black hair of the Indians, 'as as diflen sti r also Vas inner also w as different from that of his as his appearance. As they closed in shore, he stretched forth his hands as : benediction, while the wonder which hi led chastened by loftier fecl- that tardiness of the Robed the shore, th e y ass and then gathered round Flora iwed cries, screams, and ges- itonishment. A few words skins, Ilis man companh with the giving a benediction, wl: features displayed seemt ings, or repressed perhaps by that tardiness of the sensibilities which sinks upon those who have “ grown aged in this world of woe, so lhal no won­ der waits them.” The Esquimaux, on the other hand, made a thousand gestures of surprise and pleasure ; they chattered to their companions, then turned, beckoned and bowed to the two strangers; and, when they perceived them answer with ges­ tures of the same kind, they raised a wild and uni- vcrsal scream of ileliglU, Ocat ihcir breaets, puiicd their noses, and jabbered out som e un c o u th sounds which were pfirieally uninlelligiblo to our friontlg. At length, ha^'ing reached the shore, t h e y a ssis ted the old man to land, a and Frank withrenei turcs of pleasure and astonishment, from the old man, spoke in their own tongue, c; ;ed them to draw back, and cease iheir uncouth damations. W h a t was tho joy of Arundel i his companion to liear themselves, after they I in vain attempted to understand the Danish vvh he first spoke, addressed in tlieir native language by their venerable deliverer—for so they already considered him! W hen they had replied to his questions by giving a brief narrative of the events which had cast them upon the island, he walked aside abstractedly for a brief space; and then, after speaking rapidly to the Esquimaux, who instantly ran to their boats, and began unpacking their por­ table tents, he sat down on the rocks, beckoning Flora and Arundel to be seated near him. He in­ formed them that he belonged to tho Moravian mission, and was endeavoring to spread the bles­ sings of Christianity among the poor people of the north, to whom he had attached himself; that the noise of the fallin g iceberg had directed the atten­ tion of himself and his companions to the spot where they now stood ; and that having observed the signal from the top of the mountain, they had coasted along the other side of the strait, to a j from which, allowing for the current, they n reach their wished-for destination. He had ifth( int of a grievoui ago attacked them here which can oft' g'reat numbers. It was therefore with great [ficulty he prevailed on the Indians to come over, great was their dread o f the “ land of the scarlet death,” as it was called. The companied were part of a roi ^ uix, who, during the summer, gained theii od by hunting. They were now returning with a p a n tity of furs and skins of water-fowl, for clo­ thing, to their winter-quarters, which lay on the north coast of Hudson’s Bay. From the descrip­ tion of the neighboring countries, Arundel discov­ ered that the island on which they now were must be one of those which cluster I'ountl tho ontrance this great inland sea of Hudson, and the whole which, rm the IV expected to turn CHAPTER VI. The spectacle of the Esquimaux huts and their inhabitants formed a pleasing picture of savage life. Some of the men were plucking moss for beds, others had gone with their nets to catch fish ; the men were singing while they lighted their fires engaged themselves in other domestic employ­ ments ; and the children were rolling about before the huts, playing with the dogs which formed part of their e.stablisbmcnt. Tho huge fur-dresses, c ■ ’ it colours—the sir ;d with bout the _ _ arters. They had ar- entrance o f the great streight leading into Hudson’s Bay, when the while people of the were in a separate tent, were arousedoused party, who were in a separate tent, were ar by a bustle among their Indian friends, and a erj- of “ Kablooiias! Kabloonas !” Returning to the vherctli ~ ' . . - ~ place where the Esquimai ra and Arundel beheld to tt were as.sembl ________________ . their inexpross light, a large frigate at anchor in a deep bight wi hoisted and gi Signals were fired to attract the attention of the strangers, and in a few minutes they had the pleasure of seeing a boat let down from the side and come towards them. T h e vessel proved to be one of a small fleet of French frigates, which, in pursuance o f tlio vain ded, Fk expressible de- Icep bight with- dies, where they had formerly been cruising, to Davis’ Straits, and were in a wretched state for want o f the necessary clothing to resist the rigors of the elimalG. It is unnecessary to state that the romance and the galantry of the French officers being interested in the sutlcrings of Arundel and his companion, they received a welcome permis­ sion to return to Europe, with tho promise of every comfort which the circumstances of their enter­ tainers could pi _________ _______ gentle guests. I’he night was perfectly clear, and a few stars had stolen intoito thehe skyy afterfter theirheir longng banishmcianishment t sk a t lo b du­ ring the Polar summer. The old man, observing 'he distress of his young friends, spoke to them in a cheerful tone, blessed them, and bade them be happy together. fThe French ships did much damage to British oinmerce, and made several captures ] The Captain of the Blanche now determined on leaving the country, and seeking the rendezvous appointed for the French ships on this service. His weak and sickly crew gladly obeyed the command to bear up the helm for la belle F r a n c e and Flo­ ra and Arundel, satisfied of meeting with kind treatment, even in an enemy's country, also joyful­ ly heard the order given. Our tale is near a con­ clusion ; but wc have one more instance of the vi­ cissitude of fortune to give, before we can lay down our pen, and leave our hero and heroine to the hap­ piness whichi they merited. The French squadron had been, as we have be­ fore said, despatched direct from the W est Indies >avis’ Straits, no one but the principal officers ation till they were in Notwithstanding, h( with which the at) government became ac- I if not to preserve the to Davis’ Straits, no one being aware of their destination the latitude ofGOdg. north. 1 ititude ofGOdg. jr, the profound secrecy with which the affair IS executed, the British j :1 with quainted property of its subji to punish its dcstroyers. it—in tin me, if not to preserve from destruction, at k A fleet was despatc to punish its destro A fleet wi to intercept the French vessels on their return; and so well were their plans laid, and so correct their infornialion, that not one o f the enemy’s ships es­ caped. The English force was overpowering: with Ilia dEaulQtl ships and sickly crows of tho French, resistance w o u ld have been m a d n e s s ; so, instead of carrying their laurels and their prisoners into France, they pulled down their colors, shrugged up their shoulders, made some philosophic reflections on the fortunieof war, and, with the inimitable grace which not even defeat and chagrin can drive from a Prcnehinan, they yielded themselvc.s up to the foe. The Blanche struck to a frigate and a gun- brig, which had been for some day.s previously ly­ ing in wait for her. From the quarter-deck of tho smaller vessel Arundel saw an officer fling a spy­ glass, through which he had been examining the prize, into the water, and wondered whether acci- inge an ircely e- ^ lanfrom the gun-brig, who gave his captain’s respects, cou- ])lcd with the request that the English on board the Blanche would favor him with their society. Tho’ surprised at this early mark of courtesy, Arundel took leave of his French friends, and, accompanied by Flora, was rowed to the English vessel. H e was ushcrcil into the cabin, and the next moment was clasped into the arms of Harry Hollyoak !—• The doubt, the fear, and the rapture of certainty which followed in Arundel’s breast, must be left to the imagination. Ho put back the form of his friend, and scanned for a few moments his features at arm’s l e n g t h y e s ! it waathe same frank, laugh­ ing, kind-hearted Harry, whom he had loved so prize, into tlFe water, and wonder dent or astonishment had occasioi action. A few minutes however lapsed, when he was accosted by amidshi ve his captain’s res his heart, f the va] ssped his recovere im fade away from his spiri like the vapours of the morning; and lo ! there a gain lay the past, pleasant as of yore, and then extended the joyful future, bright and beautiful as joyi in bis early drear Few won ords sufficed to explain tho causes o f tho ■ctiing. Notwithstanding his great Jossof illyoak’s wound had proved to be unatten­ ded with danger, requiring beefsteaks and port wine ; the chief medicines, l i e had learnt Arundel’s lute from Rhiincson, and had succeeded in being appointed to one of the vessels despatched to inter­ cept the French squadron,—though o f course with­ out Iho most remote hope o f such a fortuitous com­ bination of circumstances ns had occurred. The rapidity of Hollyoak’s explanation was in­ terrupted by Ilis eyes for the first lime falling on the figure off Flora, who, unwilling to disturb the ms of the friends, had sunk down on a seat corner of the apartment. Harry’s wide-open eyes asked a question as plain as a note of interro- Riafrnificcncc, from the’ apparent increase of all hh gation. Arundel, promising him the story at a fu- dlnFcnsions. T h e idea is meant apparently, to bt turc time, introduced her as his wife. “ A h !” said kept up as regards the female figure, but they losi Harry, as he cast a glance of admiration at Flora’s “tness, ‘ • —, flushing cheek, “ to this complexion mustwecoi at last;” and then whispering something ab( Harriet in F rank’s ear, which he returned ofp ecp order among the I w ere as free as the a ir they breathed, unrestrained; I went among them, made s^gns to them, f o r i could not speak; my companions (1 id tw o ) t a lked to them , there amongst then view of, and mpanions (1 ircely a faec J no^t \ ’ mented with stripes of differeni ance of their faces, coi mtations of animals—their deep olive comple.xions, and hanging about their shot picture; while the mount wildness and romance to the uncouth groups. On the approach of the old man, they gathered round him, and began all at once to speak to him—their questions, as their gestures indicated, related to Flora and Arundel. Notwithstanding their eager curiosity, it was pleasing to see tho respect with which they addressed their aged friend, and to mark his quiet smile of benevolence as ho strove to an­ swer their multifarious inquiries. To something which he had said to them, they answered by a loud shout o f joy; and taking Flora and Arundel by the hand, they led them to one of the tents, and, pressing them down upon a seat, placed their heads under the hands of their new guests. The old man informed his young friends that he had asked irriet in F rank ’s ear, whiefi^ he returned by a nee of perfect affection, and a warm grasp of the young sailor’s hand. appearance of their faces, covered witli pui representations of animals—t waddiinj ’ olive complexions, and straight blac._ ___ ring about their shoulders, formed a curious ted to Flora. It was no tocherless bride whom he picture; while the mountains, sea, and snow, gave brought into the bosom o f his family. H e r right wildness and romance to the uncouth groups. On to her uncle’s property had been recognized by law, and on her wedding day she presented her husband with a title to £100,000. The thoughts of both, during the ceremony, involuntarily wandered to scene of their first vows, and tho celestial sym- before w h ich th e y w e r e uttered, g o sudden, complete was the change which a few short months had produced in their destiny, that they felt as walking in ' — 1, they were met by ianger. The necessity of ’using all despatch in procuring provisions, since the period when they could be preserved had arri­ ved, prevented Frank from sinking into despon- ■dency. On the summit of the mountain which overhung their dwelling, he had erected a pole with a sea-jacket extended at its top, for the purpose of attracting any of the Indians who might be roa­ ming about within sight. To this place he had been accustomed almost daily to repair, and cast a longing eye around the neighboring coasts, and to the wide expanse of ocean, which might be seen from it. It was about their usual hour of rising, one morning in the middle of August, that they were alarmed by the quivering of their rocky dwelling, as if it had been shaken % an earthquake, accom­ panied by several quick stunning explosions. Run- w that several :d by several quick stunning e: lUt in the utmost alarm, they i man informed his young the Esquimaux whether they would entertain them during the winter; and this was their reply. A sudden thought struck Frank, that he would be more than able to repay this hospitality; and, go­ ing to the cave, he brought forth the parcels of needles, beads, and a few axe-heads and delivered them into the hands of the old man, to be given as he thought best, to the Indians. The savage shriek of delight which they raised on beholding these immense riches was almost stunning; they danced, they embraced each other, then flung away with ,he most frantic gestures and cries—till at length ;hey suddenly sunk into sobriety, and, gathering calmly round, began silently to contemplate the wealth which was spread out before them. The beads and needles were distributed to the women or laid up in the common stock, and the axe-heads became the property ot the men. On being offer­ ed a gun, they shut their eyes, and stopped their ears, to express their ignorance of its use, Arun­ del fired It off, and brought down a duck which was crossing above their heads. A t the report the women and children fled into the huts, and the men crowded around their venerable pastor in manifest perturbation. One however, boder than the rest, advanced, and took up the bird, and at sight of its broken and bloody wing setup a wild hallo of ex­ ultation. Innumerable, in fact, were the interest­ ing scenes which took place among this untaught bol bet s walking in a dream. B ut it was a dream from which there was a pleasant waking; namely, that occasioned by Hollyoak (who was at the same time united to Harriet) showering, with the reck­ less profusion of a sailor, a hatful of silver among the villagers at the church porch. The whole crew of the Labrador were there, everyone of whom had been indemnified for the loss of his voyage, and an extra gratuity given to those who rescued Flora from the wreck. The hardy tars mingled jovially among the villagers; and so pleasant had some of them found their rustic partners, that two or threi weddings were knocked up on the spot. Then were tables spread on the lawn, for the day, thougl cold, was clear and bright; and roast beef and Oc ________ ^. tober ale were liberally distributed on all comers: ping oIT one shoulder or the o ther; then it and the officers of the Blanche frigate, being rclea- be hitched up; by the time it is fixed, off sed on their parole, mingled in the dance with as slipper; in stopping to see where it is td on their parole, mingled in tl inch ease as i f in their native lai Emperor work of lire Bank ! T t bed by the Monster /” things ! After buying all the Whigs, marryins its Cashier to a daughter-in-law of Judge W hite, “f/ie Monster” has corrupted Gen. Jackson!!! W h at true collar man ever expected to see a brother of “ Nick. Biddle” appointed to office by Andrew Jackson —Allbany E ve, J ournal. _________ The late Samuel Slater, who spun the first cotton yarn in the United States upon machinery, constructed extreme licence given to by himself, and was in fact the father of the cotton raa- Sunday. They scjircely nufacture m this country—has the further honor of hav-j the impropriety of a dcf in\ established, at his own individual c.\pensc, the first! concealment in our pi Sunday school in the United S tr‘\ Itcrs o f Commodore Porter ntinople. LEY O F S W E E T Extract from ihe Lett from Constai A SCENE IN T H E VA] W A T E I Talking of women romimls me of a scene I wit­ nessed last E'riday, the T u r k ish S u n d a y . I w ill try to describe it, but 1 fear that 1 shall not suc­ ceed better than 1 did in my description of the Bosphorus. But take it such as it is. An old gentleman who Jives at a village about ve miles below mo, on tho other side of the Bos- phorus, called Candalir, asked me to come over and takeakc breakfastreakfast withith him,m, andnd promisedmised mee a dis- t b w hi a pro m a dis- Constantinople and the neighboring towns, as they gather together in the Valley of the Sweet Waters of Asia, every Friday, and there pass the day, amusing themselves variously. H e said he coulii eight or ten married daughters, and their from six to eight children apiece; and after enjoying the agnificent view from the hill at the back of his irden, proceeded to my kaick, and embarked for e valley of sweet waters about a mile above us. A kaick is a long narrow light boat like an Indi- 1 canoe, but turning up at each end ; higly orna­ mented by carved work and gilding, and rowed (that is the diplomatic ones) hy three sturdy Mus- sulmen dressed in white coarse shirts and Irow- sers, their muscular arms bare to the shoulders, a small red skull-cap with a blue tassel on their heads, and each rowing two pair o f oars. Tho larger kind carry from four to five passen- rs, seated on carpets in the bottom of the after irt of the boat, and they skim along with a veloci­ ty which is almost incredible. They are beauti­ ful tilings and perfect of their kind. Buyuedere, a man’s rank, is as well known by the number o f his trs, as by the number of strokes ca the bell. On our way to the valley, we were joined hy numberless kaicks filled with women, and in addi­ tion to the usual complement, as many children as they could stow away among them, and they ap­ peared to take very good care that no room should be lost. Women arc generally economical, and are so in Turkey, atlcast when boat hire is in ques­ tion, so far as I could judge by appearances. W c entered with them a narrow fresh-wi river, up which we proceeded for about when we came to a light and airy wooden thrown across the stream, near which was a ing place, and at it a multitude of kaicks, froi rank of three down to one. A string of carriages filled with women and children, was at tho moment crossing the bridge to the place near where we had landed, which was the entrance to an extensive grove, consisting o f trees of the largest kind ; some in clusters of three, four, live; others spreading their branches to an nco, affording ample space and she sun for thousands. Here and there were seats, and a marble fountain of clear and cold water, supplied the means of rei ing of silk worms. As ( little known in this country iharac super s l ; and its character is bridge climate and ;rry for the feed- seeding plant is but c except in this town, i exciting much interest with jrs, we have tried, through Dr Stebbins, to collect such facts about the nature and cultiva­ tion of the plants. The Secretary says— “ This seed was probably the first and only true seed over imported. It was sowed in drills, and where not planted too deep did well; some was sown as late as the month of August and did well. The seed should be planted only about one fourth of an inch in depth. The leaves attained a good size, more than 10 inches by 9, and probably would have grown to a greater size, had not the leaves been killed by the early severe frost, which des­ troyed many other of a much firmer wood; the roots have, Iiowevcr, been well preserved and will answer well for transplanting this spring—those who have made engagements for them will be sup­ plied, and can have more if wanted and a]iplied for soon.” There is one distinctive peculiarity between the leaves of the seedling Chinese Mulberry of the las year and the leaves of plants or trees which havi been long in tlie country, propagated from cutting! or layers, while the leaves of the latter are pendu lous, having the appearance of debility—-the for­ mer from the seed give out a leaf o f stout texture, of equal size, without any appearance of debility, equally soft, silky, and as congenial to the consti­ tution of the worm. For feeding worms one pound of the Chinese mulberry is said to be equal to near­ ly double that quantity of white mulberry, proba- andliv e; others spreading their branches to a immense distance, affording ample space and shel­ tered from the sun for thousands. I ere seats, and a marble fountain Id water, supplied the means of refreshment. The Turkish carriage is a curious vehicle. It is something in shape like eur Jersey wagons 1 orr seats,eats, andnd is drawnn by two out springs o s a is d beautiful light grey oxen, mi rated on their flanks, back. ns with- fat and gorgeously dcco- id shoulders with d on their flanks, back, and shoulders v I, and a rich fringe work made of silk,—On the ' ' ■ ■ ' :e somewhat in the form of a shield, composed of innumerabli lall looking glass composed of innumerable small looking glasses, sot in gold ana siik work. T h e carriage is called an araba, it is probably from the rieli kfabbtiaqutse, with which the Gitorior as well as the interier covered, highly ornam ented with gold, and rich paint work. It has a bow top covered with rich woollen or silk cloth, generally red, with white silk or linen curtains neatly fring­ ed, The entrance is at the back by means of a small ladder, and the persons within are seated in the Turkish manner on rich and soft cushions. Each of those vehicles contained from six to eight Turkish ladies dressed in oriental richness; the curtains of most of them were open ; many of the ladies had their faces exposed, at least long enough to give me a full view of them. They were of va­ rious ages, most of them from tiftcon to three or four nd twenty, and the major part of them extrei y beautiful. Charmed with this unexpected, i iwcd the direction o f tl ley, where I saw seated in groups on rich Turkey lets, spread on the grass in the shade of the ading trees, many hundreds of iful Turkish women amusing then variously. Their carriages were drawn up in lines near them ; the oxen, under the charge of the carpets, spread wide spreadir^ trees, many hundreds of young and beautiful Turkish women amusing themselves variously. Their carriages were drawi lines near them ; the oxen, under the charj, keeper, were grazing on the smooth green lawn which was in the centre of the grove; the chil­ dren, richly clad and as beautiful as angels, cha­ sing the butterflies and grasshoppers, while hands of wandering minstrels, generally Greeks, enchant­ ed with their music and lovo songs, groups of “lights of the harem ;” here and there a wander­ ing Bohemian or Hungarian, recounting some love adventure, or an Egyptian fortune-teller, examin­ ing the palms, and exciting the hopes o f some be­ lieving fair one. Among other exhibitions for the amusement of the domestics and the children, was a large grisly bear which had been taught lo dance, to wrestle, from the north, m ore wild ,vholc scene, ex­ cept a small guard of soldiers at the landing place, to keep order among the boatmen. The wo- to them, there was scarcely a face orth seoing, that I had not a full er in my life d the want of a chance It is difficult to reco ------ ^ female dress. T h a t o f the men is loose, flowing, and rich ; and from the quality of materials of composed, gives to the man an air of never in m y life did I so n to express myself. to reconcile myself lo the Turkish ich ; which it is composed, g [nificcncc, from the I an air o 3 of all hi Uiat \mry nea and sprig'fitlihcss of which distinguishes a Christian woman, dressed in tho Christian style. A n Armenian man in the Turkish dress, is altogether a different being from an Armenian divested of her load of cloth, boots, and slippers coining off at every mo- shc wall ic fcmal and SI) of action The Turkish female dress consists of first a piece of muslin which covers the bead down to the eyebrows; another, in some cases as transpa­ rent ns air, which covers the face from the nose down, conceals the neck and bosom ; vests open said transp 'n, conceals the neck and bosom ; one or two tine and rich vests open at tiie breast, which is hid 5 breast, wh veil; —loose tro d below the knee ; a several limes around the w a ist; :co boots, which leach to the calf by the aforesaid transparent gathered above the hips and bi rich sash passed several lim es a thin yello w m orocco hoots, w h ich le a c h to the of the leg, and yellow slippers ; a long silk ment with sleeves falling to the ankles, and o all a full cloak of the finest broadcloth, trailing on the ground, with a square cape of equal length and long sleeves.—This, with a multitude of massive gol3 bracelets, rings, chains, and a profusion of jewels, and you have a tolerably fair picture of a Turkish lady of rank, such as 1 saw, and of the Reis Effendi, corresponding with our Secretary of Stab ■ ted to the top of the itself, the way they d< Speaking of the dress ; it is a great incumbram them in walking The cloak is eternally droj nrr off one shoulder or the o ther; then i has i slipper; in stopping to see where it is, (for they can’t look down without stooping, from the quan­ tity of clothing which interposes between their eyes and the ground,) oft’ drops the cloak from their shoulders ; now both hands and arms are required to draw it on, which they do by catching hold of the cloak, and throwing their arms open in an el­ evated direction, thus exposing all theft undr ments and finery. WI jg walking, it appears as if luld do to keep herself t Yet for all this, the s tion, thus exposing all their undergar- inery. W hen you sec a Turk'ish lady ’’’ she had as much as she Yet for all this, the scene of the Valley o f Sweet W aters was lovely^ and the situation in which I was placed, singular. I have no recollection of any traveller mentioning this place, or noticing the extreme licence given to Turkish women on their seemed to be aware of from their usual departure ircsence; they gazed at us, and we gazed at them with equal curiosity. W) struck me most was their brilliant black eyes, th beautifully arched eyebrows ^ • ■ g!o.ssy black hair almost i The delicate fairness doubtless to their confinem ent to their hom e s ; o f their figures I could not judge. Some of them have throw n o f f their clum sey y e llow boots, and substituted their silk open work stocking and slip­ pers ; handsom e r ankles, and m o re beauti: rci, ever seen, indoubtcdl W hen a man buyi ly chooses a handsome fJI women iirbe CHINESE MULBERRY _Thc first genuine seed of this plant ever had i this country, was obtained by the Secretary of oi Agricultural Society, through an American Mii sionary resident at Canton. It was distribute among individuals here, and varioi have been m a d e and others are n this town, to lest its adaptation to i sriority over the common mulbei lus experiments relution to the choice o< President and Vice ! published ia Uie Globe, bulhtre omiii^d.] T H E SAM E OPINIONS, acceptance ofthe i was forwarded to me by express, and I hasten to lay it bt fore the public. BOB SH O R T . lemen :—I acknowledge with the liveliest le, the receipt of your very flattering com- tion, in which you have been pleased to no­ tify me that 1 have been placed in nomination for the Presidency of the United States, by the grave and venerable assembly, the Baltimore Convention. So unlooked for was this intelligence, and so com­ pletely did it overwhelm me wii h astonishment, that I read the address thrice, and the contents of the note s e v e n t im e s over, before I could be persuaded that I was the person for whom it was intended— nor should I have believed it at last, had it not been placed in my hands by one of the committee of that august body. Believe me, gentlemen, I had not the niost distant idea that I was known to a single individual who had graced with his presence that patriotic throng. The honor which they havecon- :cept ti Called, as I pie, to preside a frank and c and of the policy which I intend to pursue. A will be impossible for me to give the details of my policy, they must be satisfied with one or two has­ ty hints of my views, upon those great leading questions which unhappily divide the difirerent sec­ tions ofthe country, and which are the all-absorb­ ing topics of public discussion. Among these, a National Bank demands our first intion. Upon this subject, my views have been k 1. 1 have been charged with ink—nothing can be more bly because young worms will not or caniiot eat the fibres and stems of the white mulberry, •while of the Chinese leaf the worms eat stem and all, great saving in feed. It is agreed among hort culturists,and a fact acknowledged by nursery met that trees propagated by cuttings or shoots, are not so long-lived as those from seed. This cir­ cumstance is highly favorable to the culture of the Chinese seeding. Although the climate of New England may be congenial to tho growth and culture of tlio Chi­ nese mulberry, and that trees have withstood the severity of several winters, even in open and ex­ posed situations, because these trees have not been disturbed by frequent hoeing about tho roots, in th e exten s iv e cultivation o f t h e C h in e s e m u lberry, itmay bo prudont lo accclorato tho growth in the early part o f the season, by frequent hoeing and stirring the earth about the plant—and Lv or be- foro tliG middle of tlio month of August, it will be n e c e s s a r y w h o lly to om it stirrin g the earth about the nrots\ to impede the growth of the tree. To use the leaves for leeding worms, or for drt'ing in a shade with a sprinkling of salt and packed away for early use the next spring. By this method the tree may acquire a more firm texture or wood. On light soil the plant will soonest cease to grow, therefore our poor light land will best answer for tho propagation of the Chinese mulberry, and on such land be more likely to acquire firm wood and the capability of withstanding the severity of north­ ern winters. But as the plant may be multiplied by cuttings or layers, to a great extent, should an _____ __________ ^ o the plant covering with earth, or by drawing up the earth a few inches above where the sprouts start from the foot stalk, or by taking up the roots and setting them o u tina cellar or out house. These several methods have been adopted with success, and have preserved the roots in a healthy condition ; but the tender plants which were left in the field without any protection have suilered severely, especially In consequence o f the early frost, which proved the death not only o f tlie Chinese mulberry stock, but also some of our most hardy trees. The free cir­ culation of the sap being thus impeded, and re­ tained in the body of the tree, until the winter frost set in, froze the sap and in many instances opened large crevices in the bark and wood of the grape, peach, cherry and perhaps some other trees, some of which are apparently dead above the opening, and no plant in its green state, could withstand sucli attacks without some protection ; where this has been attended to, the roots appear healthy. In sotting out this spring, if the stalks of the seed­ ling had iioiljccn killed, the cultivator would havi cut aw.ay the stalk to about one or two inches abovi the root before transplanting, that vigorous shoots should put forth from tho root to form layers. The coming season, a leading stalk may be left for a standard tree, the lower branches bent down for layers, secured in place by forked sticks, covered a few inches with earth, every eye or bud would give out a branch or tree equal to tho original stalk, and a corresponding MOt ; and whctl Want­ ed for removal or transplanting, can be separated from the parent stock without ii ' 1 have this d Muliicaulis, wh and has stood the severity of the last tliree win­ ters, as uninjured as an elm, oak^ or any of the most hardy forest trees. It has attained about its greatest height, 8 feet, and is in full life to the ex­ tremity of the topmost shoot. The grass has grown about the roots, therefore has not been grown about the roots, much disturbed by hoeinj quired hard wood, the ve _ cultivator of the Chinese mulberry. From above experimi herefore ng, and in cor iiery result i ! experiment, may we not expect, that by set- the Morus Multicaulis for standard trees, \jturbei r b e d , and leave the earth about the roots undis that this tree will be so acclimated as to withstan our severest winters 1 The experiment will On- doubtedlv be made and the writer would be much obliged to have all and any facts which shall come to t^e knowledge of his friends, respecting the cul­ ture of the Mo him, that the pi information. Different forms o f setting out the plants or roots will probably be adopted by different cultivators, adapted to the several objects in view. If the in­ tention shall be only to multiply the plant, rows may be 4 to 6 feet apart and the plants tl feet apart in the rows; the space between rows may be planted with potatoes without injury to the plants and without much loss of grot But if the intention should be to form sti trees, for feeding worms and also for multiplying layers, then it would be proper to have the plants set in rows about six or eight feet apart, and the same distance apart in the rows, and the space be- turnips, ge of his friends, respecting the cul- Rus Multicaulis, communicated to lublic may have tlie benefit of the ity, Georgia. My name is Stoction—was born on Elk rWer, brought up in Cattlebury, Kentucky ; and I can yoke an ox, break a steer, tame a bull, or chi buffalo equal to a prairie hunter, and skin any me posed to Jackson.”— fGeoreia Athenian. Mr. ’Robinson, I Monday night Fire and loss o f life. in Hope, JVIo. was des last, and two young were asleep in the s nutwiihslantling the to awaken them, th« •The house of jstroyed by fire on Monday night were burnt to death. They second story of the building, and most strenuous efforts were mi ley proved unavailing. grossly misrepresented advocating a National Bank—nothing cai untrue. J have been charged with opposing it—< qually unfounded is this imputation. It is a subjec upon which my sentiments have never been disgui­ sed, and I beg leave, once more, and for the thou­ sandth time, to reiterate them. A circulating medium of exchange is essential to commerce in its present improved state. Commerce is nothing more or less than a change of commodi­ ties; but all commodities arc not of equal value ; hence, the necessity of a common measure of val­ ues. By the genera! consent of enlightened nations, stiecie has been selected as this common measure; but specie itself may have its representative, and an active commerce may be carried on without tho immediate aid of a metallic currency. Moneyed institutions, founded upon correct principli conducted with prudence, may, and will, w they be national or local, acquire a credit which will give to their notes all the qualities of money strictly so called. It is through the instrumentali­ ty of this credit, that they sometimes become G R E A T PO L IT IC A L ENGINES J ot the o- verthrow o f constitutional Governments. B U T are we thence to infer that they are inirinsi and essentially hostile to freo Governments 1 no means. Free them from corruption, let them stand aloof from political contests^ limit them by w e ll fram ed charters, see that th e y keep w ith in tliogo limits, confiiio thorn to tho exigencies of com* and they becom e not only harmless, but gonlleinen, upc the abstract. But I shall be asked, is it constitutional? I an­ swer with all the candor becoming so grave and delicate a i itli all the candor becoming so grave an ! a question, that the great conservative prii which it is the glory and honor o f the Ame under equi corelative rights and ibution, tl obligatior T H E TERM , and adjusting, eciprocal, ’ those occi and sustaining towards each other, the grea imrtortant relation o f governors and governed, jupying _reat all goverlied, he, im[)ortant relation of govoi and ever be, under all exigences, the”polai which each and all, should and must, if th« _ perpetuate the blessing of liberty, and secure to themselves the permanency of their R E P U B L I­ CAN IN S T IT U T IO N S in all iheir primitiv, \ty anA simplicity, direct with an unwinking eye, and untrembling hand, the helm of Govern­ ment; never forgetting, however, that a L IB E R ­ A L AND FR E E C O N S T R U C T IO N is at all times, and under all circumstances, with tho strictions, and with those only, as essential a d isp e n s a b le, considered in a moral and p< point of view, to the regular and uniform move­ ment of the complex machinery of our government, 1 the helm is to the ship. Apply these principles, gentlemen, to a National Bank, and you have my opinion, with the reasons upon which it is founded. But there is another subject of vital interei the people of the United States, upon which my views must not be concealed; a su'nject upon which there can be no compromise, no concession. It may be supposed that I approach it with some uneasi­ ness, if not with serious alarms; for if the Chief Magistrate coincide with the North, he invariably loses the confidence ofthe South ; and vice versa Not so, gentlemen : I am a stranger to feelings and interests, when acting under the solemn obli of duty; and therefore I proceed to unfold ir timents upon this exciting subj iqucnces. T h e intangible concrete substratum of diametric perquisitions, co-operating with the geocentric gruity of phrenological develc produce homogener ---- - --- ----- superfluities. The tudinal d iscrepant thctical abstractioi my sen- tely excogitate abstractions, and culinary disruptions, which, through the instrumentality of accidental fabrications, ultimately end in a direct effect upon tlie retc mucosum, and a discoloration of the epi- D a n iel Tfebslcr .— An amusing scene occurred in the United States Senate during the conflict between Calhoun and Benton. Mr. Van Bitren having decided that Benton was not out of order in charging Mr. Calhoun with falsehood, Mr. W e b s t e r rose to appeal from th e decision. E[e proceeded to make a few remarks before his mo­ tion, when Mr. Van Buren commanded him to sit } as id I Sir, said Mr. W ebster sternly, I stand here an American Senator—I know my rights—am shall make my motion. X*he \Vice P r e sident r eplied in a faltering voice — I was not aware of the Senator’s intention. Sir, rejoined Mr. Webster, with a tone and look that made the Vice President cringe as if with the headache, I would like to know what right the Chair has to judge of my intention at all when I rise to make my motion. The poor magician became dumb and shrunk into so small a space that he looked as if he might, like his brother wizard of old in the “ Arabian Nights,” be corked up in a quart bottle. ville Jour. [Eouis- c your life than your hand you are then, m y darlin ! -.— “ Nate bricklayer to another; “ you mount your ladder with yer hod full o’ stones, and scather ’em on tha heads iv us as you go. By them that’s holy, I’d carry yourself up from the flags to the roof and down agin, widout youre being spilt.” “ You’d do it, sir?” returned his fellow laborer, ‘I’d lay a trifle you could’nt.’—‘ For a maggin I would, though; is it the likes of you I might not lift; d’ye take my bet, your soul ?' ‘ I do—done ! on’t you can't.’ ‘In wid your dirty carkiss, and I will thry that.’ Fearful as the experiment may seem, it was sue* iful,l, andnd Jerry,erry, oncece moreore landedanded thehe advendventu­ cessfu a J on m l t a rous Pat on the pavement, said triumphantly, ‘The price of my stulf, if it’s equal t’ye; han’t I done :t?’ ‘Ye have sir,’ said his friend, reluctantly lugging out his halfpence; ‘as it happens, you’ve 1 WO war coming by tho Breach o f Promise .—An action for breach of promise, under somewhat novel circumsiances, is appointed for trial on the first day of term at the ensuing sitting of the Circuit Court, before Judge Edwards. The plainliff is a merchant of this city, of highly respectable standing and connexions, wealthy and in extensive business. The defen- dant is a married lady, residing in the iieighbor- hood of Hudson, of great personal altiactions, young, gay, and accomplished. The alleged cause of action arises, we are infornied, lioni a wanton and cruel breach of faith on the part of the lady, the-particulars o f which are briefly as follows: In the early part of the present year, the plain­ tiff in the suit, who was then connected as a part­ ner with a large commercial firm in New Oorleans, came to this city to purchase goods, atid attend to other business transactions ; and in the course of his pursuits he casually met tlie lady who now, with her husband, is destined to figure as the de­ fendant in the law proceeding referred to. They met a t the house of a mutual friend, at a parly, to which both were invited. She was then unmarri­ ed, and the introduction led, after several subse­ quent interviews, to reciprocal declarations of the most solemn and fervent attachment. Vows of an import so tender and affectionate had not long been exchanged, before our hero made proposals of mar­ riage, wliicli were readily accepted, on condition, only, however, that he should leave the south and fix his residence In t h is part o f the continent ; sh e not being dlspoaetl to leave the bKaoiligand healthy climate o f the north for the bogs and morasses o f N ew Orleans. W illing at any risk to oblige the fail- object o f his fond regards, and anxious to delay as little as possible the consummation of bis earth­ ly bliss, he completed his arrangements here, bid bis loved one adieu, and started, full of hope and joy, to settle his affairs at home, preparatory to quitting there, ]3crhaps forever. He was not idle in making the necessary preparations for bis re- ' ' ' inthsnths afterfter hisis departureeparture ho turn, and in three mo a h d was again in New York, ready to fulfil tlie impor­ tant engagement he had so gladly entered into. In a few short weeks, however, what casualties may occur, what difficulties may intervene to mar the most brilliant prospects; to blast and ruin the most fervent and briglit anticipations ! The fc- im he had regarded as possessing angelic lUt guile—in all concentrated- given her hand to i given her hand to another, and, to claim her as his own, had honeymoon. Such are th) thi ns and warmest hopes w lad, during his brief absence, lother, and, on his appearing the bridal passed i ircumstari the trial that is to take place t ilh at the Circuit Court o f this related to us, o f during the next month at the Circuit Court o f this city. If, indeed, it be true, that developemenfs so extraordinary as we have adverted to will be made in the progress of the proceeding, they will excite a more lively interest among the community than for many years has been created by any nisis p r iu s cause presen­ ted to a jury.— N. Y. Trans. An Atheist .—The'he Atlas at Salem, give correspondent of the Boston 5 in that paper a sketch of the esses to disqualify a Mr. E- Winkley, a government witness, from testi­ fying. It appeared in evidence that Winkley has said the Bible is a fable, that all things are God, and every thing a part of God, because heat is the principal creating power. Much other blasphemy, which it were worse than useless here lo repeal, was proved lo have been uttered by him. He is a defender of Knceland. It was given in evidence for the government, that Winkley was a man of respectability, wealth and influence, an,d that he was often entrusted with important town offices in rimesbiiry. geocentric con- Ju d g e S trong s a ! d ~ T h e evidence is sa tisfactory ^ lopements, naturally ,„y mind that Mr. Winkh-y is an atheist; that Igneous abstractions, aiHpa.fonimic not’believe in a supreme inielligent Ruler 1 hose, by flux and re-flux of longi- theUniverse ; that hedoes not believe in a God. It is true he is not an atheist and„that he believes .. _ ^ God, but at the same time he gives such ex­ planations as clearly prove that he does not use the terms in their proper acceptations. As near as ;an learn his views from the testimony,Mr.Wink- the retc mucosum, and a discoloration of the epi- j caniearnhisview sfrom thelestimony,Mr.Wink- dermis: hence, a TM^g'eT-. But the seif-s^e per- {^y .fyiaterialist; one of a sect that has grown eolations, operating by the inverse ratio of abrupt ^ believe in a d-nqndence upon^theouter cutidc^^ produce^anta- intelligent Being, who governs all ev despondence upon’the outer cuticle, produce anta­ gonist effects; and hence, a white m a n . There­ fore, the conjoint proportions harmoniously uniting in the physical energies of both, produce aJJinUies or repulsions, according to latitude. Here you perceive the grounds between the North and the South interesting subject; and 1 trust immediately occupied by both parties. These few hinfo will enable you, gentlemen, to discover the general scope of my policy—to carry it out in all its details, would be inappropriate to the occasion. I have only to add, that I congratulate you upon the complete triumph of your scheme to prevent a division of the Republican ranks, so far as it has gone. Should the people refuse toconsum- mate it, I shall be exceedingly mortified, and Gen. Jackson will be very much provoked. I am, gentlemen, with sentiments of the highest esteem, your obedient servant. Another o fthe Downings.— \ Have yougot any such thing here as the life of Jemes Downing, all in poetry?” said a fellow from the country, yester­ day, poking his head into a book-store. “ The life of Jemes Downing?” repeated the bibliople. “ You must be mistaken in the name. W e have Jack Downing. Is’nt that what you w a n t?” “ No; its Jemes Downing I ax ye, and its ail in poetry, four lines to each warse.' It tells all about where he was horned and brung up, where he lived, where he died and was buried, all writ by himself.” “ Af­ ter he was dead ! It must have been posthumous, then.” “ Post humorous ? Lord! I guess you’d think so, i f you was to read a few v first warse goes this w a y : ’. ^Th ‘ J em es D owning he was born one night On Bobolincoln Hill, ■Which used to stand j u st out o’ sight O’ Deacon Gibson’s Mill. But now the mill—it aint there now, Because one night it fell. All in a freshet, when Ihe flow O f waters made a sw ell. Down tumbling came the Deacon’s mill, Down hopper came and a ll; The Deacon be was in it still. And loudly did he bawl. Bui what the dickens was the use O f barvling quite so fearce ? The mill it fell all in a swell— And this line ends the w a rse.’ liin a few years, and who c Supreme intelligent Being, who governs all events. As I understand the law, he cannot, under these circumstances, be permitted to testify in a Court of Justice ; I therefore shall not admit him as a witness. — N ew B e d ford Alercury. T h e late Prince A u g u s tus, o f P o r tugal. —This young prince was probably one of the richest in­ dividuals in Europe. His clear yearly income from bis landed property in the Roman States, and in Bavaria,avaria, wasas aboveove 618,000 guilders,uilders, orr Z'60,- in B w above 618,000 g o Z 000 sterling. A still larger sum he was said lo property IS ab laigi i-om the immense capital he was born on the 9th of December, 1810, and married only a few weekssince to the young GLi of Portugal. lie has left four sisters and md\fs sed^i ;r, the late mulated in F Portugal. — brother, whose names and ages are as follows : Princess Josephine, his eldest sister, horn RJarch 14,1807, married June 19,1823, to Prince Oscar, Crown Prince of Sweden, by whom she has six children ; Princess Eugene, his second sister, born '« December 23, 1808, married M ay 22, 1826, lo ■k Prince Frederick of Hohenzollern Hedringen. phew of the Dutchess de Dino, Talleyrand’s ; Princessicess Amelia,melia, thehe thirdhird sister,ister, bornn Ju -’--ly Pri A t t s bor J arried to the late Don Pedro, (the fath- utbful Gueen) October 17, 1829; Prin- ........................ ....... ■ ril 18, 1~- ■ , .812,, of the youthful Gueen) * ssTheodoHne, TheodoHne, fourth sisti cess fourth sister, born April 18, 1814, and Prince Maximilian, his only brother, born October 2, 1817, who is a Lieutenant in tbeB; rian service. A ll these Princesse the additional name of Napoleoi a Lieutenant in the Bava- : Princesses, and Prince beai be in del that Col the same i that Andri lol. Johnson wroi men_ who deny that he vrrote Report, that it, also deny tson writes his own M e ssages, I s, & c.!!—[Balt. Patriot. STmofang.—Among the reforms introduced m Turkey ^his is*an enterprise by no means so easp of accom­ plishment as might at first appear, the pipe being there regarded as the emblem of hospilaliiy. The decree of the Sultan proWbits all public officers from smoking targe of their official duties, rank, from bringing a pipe

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