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The Troy sentinel. (Troy, N.Y.) 1823-1832, January 20, 1829, Image 2

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BANK NOTE TABLE, SHEWING THE RATES OF DISCOUNT IN TROY AND IN NEW-YORK. Corrected for the Troy Sentinel, Jan. 20, By CALDERS & CO., BROKERS, RIVER STREET, TROY. New-York. Farmers' bank, Troy* Bank of Troy* Troy Branch bank Bank of Lansingburgh Bank of Albany New York State bank, Mech. k Farmers' do. Commercial do. Bank of New York City bank Bank of America Franklin bank broke Merchants' do. Manhattan company ivjechanics' bank Phoenix bank Union bank Dela. & Hudson Cl. Co N. York Dry Dock Co �North River bank Tradesmen's bank Fulton bank Chemical bank U. S. Branch bank Long Island bank Mohawk bank Bank of Utica Auburn Chenango Geneva Rochester Canandaigua bank Utica Branch bank do. Ins. Co. checks Central bank Ontario bank do. Branch bank Jefferson County bank Bank of Niagara no sale Wash. & Warren bank Bank >f Plattsburgh Catskill bank Greene Co. bank Bank of Columbia Hudson, nosale Newburgh Orange Co. Dutchess Co. bank Middle District bank Vermont. Bank of Burlington Rutland Brattleborough St. Albans Windsor Vergennes Orange Co. Montpelier Caledonia �Bennington New Hampshire. ^Commercial bank New Hampshire bank Rockingham bank N. Hampshire Union b. Portsmouth bank Strafford bank Dover bunk Grafton oank Cheshire bank Clare mont bank Concord bauk Couoecticut River bank Merrimac County bank Exeter bank Farmers' bank Piscataqua bank Winnipisiogee baak Pemigewasset bank U. S. Branch bank o !* u H � par h par i par * par par par i par il par 4 par i par par par par par par par par par par par par par par par par pal* par par par par par par par par par par par pai- par par par par 1 i\ 1 I 1 i 1 i 1, h 1 h 1 i 1 I 1 I 1 h 1 I 1 i lj 00 0! li ul par i * par P�- Maine. Sank of Portland Cumberland bank Merchants' bank Casco bank Canal bank Bath bank Lincoln bank Manufacturers' bank Saco bank Augusta bank 'Kenneounk bank Bangor bank Gardiner bank South Berwick bank Union 'bank Tho..iastou bank VVinthrop bunk no sale 1/assalborough bank Waterville bank Castine bank no sale Hallo well & Augusta do Kennebec bank do �Passamaquoddy b. do Wiscasset bank . Massachusetts. Boston bank American bank City >>ank Columbia bank Eagle bank Commonwealth bank Globe bank Manufac. & Mec's. bank (at Boston) Massachusetts bank New England bank Suffolk bank North bank Sti'e bank Union bank Washington bank Esse*x oank Salem bank Asiatic bank Couiinercial bank Exchange bank Merchuuts' b. (:?nlem) Merchants' (N.Bedford) Mercantile bank Pacific bank Phoenix bank Manufac. k Mec's. bank (at Nantucket) .Bedford Commercial b. Mechanics' bank (New bury port) Mechanics' b. (Salem) Newburyport bank Agricultural bank Ware bank Hampshire Manufac. b, Andover bank Barnstable baok Beverly bank Blackston* bauk Bunkerhill bank Cambridge bank Danvers bank Dedham bank Fall River bank Franklin bank Farmers' bank Falmouth bank Bailk of Norfolk Gloucester b. (Glouc'r)J I Hampden bank Leicester bank j ^ Housatonic bank i Brighton bank ^ * Notes of the Farm ers' Bank over $10,andj' Bank of Troy over $2Q,| par in New York. I Massachusetts continue Lynn Mechanics' bank Marblehead bauk Mendon bank Oxford bank Milbury bank Merrimac bank Pawtucket bank Plymouth bank Sunderland bank Taunton bank Worcester bank Lowell bank Sutton bank Berkshire b. broke U. S. Branch bank Rhode Island. Eagle baok (Prov.) Exchange bank Mechanics' bank Providence bank Roger Williams' bank Union bank Merchants' b. (Prov.) Bank of Bristol Bristol Union bank Eagle bank (Bristol) Commercial bank Freemen's bank Mount Plope bank Burrillville bank Burr. Agri. k Manu. b. N. E. Pacific bank Smithfield Exchange b. Smithfield Limerock b. Smithfield Union bank Village bank Bank of Rhode Island Merchants', (Newport) N. E. Commercial bank Newport bank 'Farmers' & VIecb. bank iAgricul. k Manufac. b Pawtuxet bank Phaanix bank Warren bank Washington bank Narraganset bank N.Kingston bank Bank of Kent Cranston bank Cumberland bank Franklin bank Hope bank Landholders' bank Manufacturers' bank Mount Vernon bank R. I. Agricultural bank R. I. Central bank R. I. Union bank � Scituate bank Warwick bank High-street bank Farmers' Excb. broke U. S. Branch hank par par Delaware. Bankof Delaware Smyrna Laurel broke Wilmington Commercial bank Farmers' bank Wilmington k Brandy wine bank Maryland. Bank of Maryland Baltimore Westminster Caroline City bank Commer. & Farmers' b Farm, k Merchants' b. Franklin bauk Marine bank Mechanics' bank Union bank U. S. Branch bank Planters' bank Upper Marlboro' bank Farmers' bank Elkton bank broke Frederick Co. bank Hagerstown bank Havre de Grace bank Susquehannah Br. Co. All others, nosale District of Columbia. Bank of Alexandria Farmers' bank Mechanics' b. (Alex'a) Mechanics' (Georget'n) Bank of Potomac 1 li 1 1 1 1| 10 1 I 1 . 1 1 1 ll j par i> 21 We know not to whom we are indebted for the followicg description ofthat unwearied pat ron of children � that homely and delightful personage of parental kindness � Santa Claus, his costume and his equipage, as he goes about visiting the firesides of this happy land, laden with Christmas bounties ; but from whomsoev er it may have come, we give thanks for it. � There is, to our apprehension, a spirit of cordial goodness in it, a playfulness of fancy, and a ben evolent alacrity to enter into the feelings and promote the simple pleasures of children, which are altogether charming. We hope our little patrons, both lads and lasses, will accept it as a proof of our unfeigned good-will towards them � as a token of our warmest wish that they may have many a merry Christmas; that they may long retain their beautiful relish for those un- bought homebred joys, which derive their flavor from filial piety and fraternal love, and which they may be assured are the least alloyed that time can furnish them ; and that they may nev er part with that simplicity of character, which is ther own fairest ornament, and for the sake of which they have been pronounced, by authority which none can gain-say, the types of such as shall inherit the kingdom of Heaven. � Troy | j Sentinel for Dec. 23d, 1823. il I i � i * i i i i i i Connecticut. Mechanics' bank New Haven bank Hartford bank Phoenix bank U. S. Branch bank Sew London bank Union baok Norwich bank Phames bank Bridgeport bank Fairfield Co. bank Middletown bank Stoningtoo bank Windham Co. bank Eagle bank broke Derby oank do. New Jersey. Bank of N. Brunswick State bank of do. JHoboken Banking^ | Grazing Co. broke |N. Jersey Manu. k B. Co. Hoboken, Patterson bank Newark Insurance Co. State bank, Newark Morris Canal & B. Co Commercial bank Cumberland bank Farmers' bank |. Monmouth bank broke � Salem Steam Mill and Banking Co. (State b. Elizabethtown [Do. Camden Do. Morristown Do. Trenton, broke Sussex bank Trenton Banking Co, Washington Bank'gCo. Farmers' k Mech. bank Orange County bank Franklin bank broke Jersey City bank do. Protection & Lorn. do. par i i i pat- par i i pai i I Pennsylvania. Philadelphia bunk Bankof N. America the N. Liberties Pennsylvania Commercial bank Farmet *_' & Mechanics bank (Phila.) Kensington bank Mechauics' bank Southwark bank Stephen Girard's bank U. S. Branch hank |J Bankof Reading ?| Farmers' b. of Reading |i Farmers' k Mechanics |:i bank (Pittsburgh) I York bank | Farmers' b.of Lancaster | Farmers' b. (Bucks co.) |j Lancaster bank <\ Bank of Pittsburgh 3 1| Harrisburgh bank Northampton bank . Bankof Chambersburg Gettysburgh Chester Delaware Germantown Montgomery Carlisle bank Columbia Bridge Co Easton bank Monongahela bank Westmoreland bank Northern bank broks Bank -of Beaver, nosale Swatara do. Washington do. |||Centre bank do |: Farmers' k Mechanics' |ij b. (Greencaslle) do. | ! Huntington bank do. |i Juniata bank do. |ii Northumberland U. k fi C. bank do. | ; Northwestern bank do. f|| Penn. Ag. & Man. b. do. jSifver Lake bank do. *l Yo�ghpg!>uy bank do* Illinois. Bank of Illinois, nosale Edwardsville do.j !! State bank & brs. do.-*) par par par par! par pari I'ar parj par par paripar pari par par par par par 1 1 pai pai- par pa H n U u B�nk of Washington the Metropolis Corporation notes U. S. Branch bank Farmers' & Mechanics' Union bank Patriotic bank All others, no sale Virginia. B. ofthe Valley (Win.) Do. Branch (Charles'n) Do. Br. (Leesburgh) Do.Br. (Romney) Bank of Virginia Do. Br. (Fredericksb.) Do. Br. (Lynchburgh) Do. Br. (Norfolk) Do. Br. (Petersburgh) Farmers' b. of Virginia Do. Br. (Fredericksb.) Do. Br. (Lynchburgh) Do. Br. (Norfolk) Do. Br. (Petersburgh) Do. Br. (Winchester) N. Western Reserve b. U. S. Br. b. (Richm'd) U. S. Br. b. (Norfolk) All others, no sale North Carolina. Bank of Newbern Do. Br. at Charlotte State bank Do. Br. at Edenton par Do. Br. at Fayetteville i Do. Br.at Salisbury 4 Do. Br. at Wilmington i Do. Br. at Tarborough \ Do. Br.at Newbern i U. S. Branch bank i B. of Cape Fear broke Do. Br. at Salem do. South Carolina. Bankof S. Carolina State bank Union bank Planters' & Mech. bank Bank of Cheraw, nosale U. S. Branch bank Georgia. Bankof Augusta -Macon Darien State bank Do. Br. at Augusta Do. Br. at Eatonton Do. Br. at Greensboro' Do. Br. at Washiogton Do. Br. at Milledgeville Planters' bank Marine & Fire Insur. b, U. S. Branch bank Ohio. Bank of Chillicothe Marietta Mount Pleasant Steubenville Belmont bank Commercial bank Dayton's Manufac. Co. Farmers' k Mechanics bank (Steubenville) Franklin bank Lancaster bank Western Reserve bank U. S. Branch bank All others, uncertain Kentucky. U S.Br. at Lexington U. S. Br. at Louisville All others, unc. Tennessee. U. S. Branch bank B.of Stateof Teu. unc. Do. branches do. Nashville b. & brs. do. Ail others do. Mississippi. State Bauk at Natchez I Alabama. Planters' k Merch. b. | Bankof Mobile of the State U. S. Branch bank Tombeckbee b. broke All others, unc. Louisiana. Bank of Louisiana Orleans Louisiana State bank U. S. Branch bank All others, unc Indiana. Farm, ife Mech. b. Do. branches State bank k brs. Missouri. Bank of Missouri, St. Louis Exchaoge bank Michigan. Bank of Michigan Bauk of Monroe Detroit bank broke Canada. Bankof Canada Montreal U. C. (York) do. (Kings'n) brk. Quebec bank GOLD � Premium American Spanish Portuguese French English Silver Dollars interesting, though by no means the most splen- did part of the suite. \The lion's own den, proper, then, is n room of about five and twenty feet square by twenty feet high, containing of what is properly called furniture, nothing but a small writing table in the centre, a plain arm chair covered with black leather-a very comfortable one though, for 1 tried it� and a single chair besides, plain symp toms that this is no place for company. On eith er side ofthe fireplace there are shelves filled with duodecimos and books of reference, chiefly, of course, folios : but except these there are no books save the contents ofa light gallery which runs round three sides of the room, and is reach ed by a banging stairs of oak in one corner. Yon have been both at the Elisee, Bourbon and Mal- maison, and remember the library of one or oth er ofthose places, I forget which ; this gallety is much in the same style. There are only two potlaits ; an original ofthe beautiful and melan choly head of Claverhouse, and a small full 'length of Rob Roy. Various little antique cab inets stand round \about each having a bust on it: Stothard's Canterbury Pilgrims are on the mantel-piece; and in one corner 1 saw a collec tion of really useful weapons, those of the for est craft, to wit� axes and bills, and so forth of every calibre; there is only one window, pierced in a \very thick wall, so that the place is very sombre ; the light tracery work of the gallery over head harmonizes wilh the books well. It is a very comfortable looking room, and very unlike any other I ever was in. I should not fcrget some Highland claymores, clustered round a target over the Canterbury people, nor a wri He had nd he^fterwards, in the year 1653, sent an ela } I orate vindication ofhis rights to the New Eng land commissioners at Boston, which contained , mouth of th sound expositions of national law. ��� The English had complained of the exac tion of duties upon them in their trade and pur own native tongue, and no advantage ought to lievM that about 40nno he taken - f any inaccuracy of expression. The I be accommodated th ,0�� a2H� , meetin- adjourned without any decisive results ; ; number. Xh^, but^!tUti come to tbo impossible now to f0F*. C�nclua e?o: 1(1 hasesat New Amsterdam ; and he to Jura in sisted, that every civil sovernment ' .butno^^^ thedisadvanta^^tsettC it he in turn in- proportionate even io T^^ed |T>* , Ni .ent had a right this, referred to ?he v VUe*p? � * '^ * to make what laws it thought fit, and every per- j which cost $500 a man ?? $?< \^ iS son who came within a foreign jurisdiction, : ed who can live on thefi uIe� ���uj r *N ^ must expect to find, and not to bring laws with ver, without bread and , u �f �he V* % him. He resented in proper terms of indigna- hardships which will mn �Cat> e�i hH tion, the atrocious charge of being concerned in a conspiracy wilh the Indians, to plunder his spurs and lower parN neighbors, and shed innocent blood ; and he said and will not be advan that he reposed on the mens conscia recti, aud par par par 3 3 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 o par par 2� 2i 5 2 2 2 2 9 I\ ,,!,!,,!,;. 1(1,1, hy pat ting box of carved wood, lined with crimson vel vet and furnished with silver plate of right vene rable aspect, which looked as if it might have been the implement of old Chaucer himself, but which from tbe arms on the lid must have be longed to some Italian prince of the days of Leo the Magnificent at the furthest. ** In one corner of this sanctum there is a lit tle holy of holies, in the shape ofa closet, which looks like fhe oratory of some dame of old ro mance, and opens into the gardens ; and the tow er which famishes this, forms above a private staircase accessible from the gallery and leading to the upper regions. Thither also I penetrated, but I suppose you will take the bed-rooms and j dressing rooms for granted. j \ The view to the Tweed from all the princi- j pal apartments is beautiful. You look out from | among bowers, over a lawn of sweet turf upon j the clearest of all streams, fringed with the wild- ! est of birch woods, and backed with the green hills of Ettricke Forrest. The rest you imagine. Altogether, the place destined to receive so ma ny pilgrimages contains within itself beauties not unworthy of its associations. Few poets ever inhabited such a place ; none, ere now, ever created one. It is the realization of dreams ; some Frenchmen called it, I hear, � a romance in stone and lime.' \ Extract from the Hon, Mr. Kent's recent Dis course before the New York Historical Socle fa �k The Dutch discoverers and settlers of New l Netherlands, were grave, temperate, firm, per severing men, who brought with them the in dustry, the economy, the simplicity, the integri ty, and the bravery of their Belgic sires; and with those virtues tbey aho imported the lights ofthe Roman civil law, and the purity of the Protestant faith. To that period we are to look with chastened awe and respect, for the begin nings ol our city, and the works of our primitive fathers� our Albani patres, atque altce mcenia Roma. \ It does great credit to**the just and moder ate views of the Dutch during their government in this colony, that though they selected and settled oo some of the best bottom lands on the shores of the Hudson audits tributary waters, they lived on friendly terms with the powerful confederacy of the Five Nations of Indians, l whose original dominion extended overall the lands occupied by the Dutch. They were at times, involved in hostilities with restless clans of neighboring Indians, but the original andpar- Htnount lords of the soil, and generally the Lon�* Island Indians, gave them no disturbance. The reason was, that the Indian right to the soil was recognized by the Dutch, and always regarded by them, as well as by the English, their succes sors, with the best faith ; and they claimed no lands but such as were procured by fair pur chase. The speech of the Indian called Good Peter to the commissioners at Fort Schuyler, in 1788, is a strong attestation ofthis fact. He observes, that when the white men first came into the country, they were few and feeble, and the Five Nations uumer >us and powerful. The Indians were friendly to the white men, & permitted them to settle iu the country, and pro tected them from their enemies ; and they had wonderfully increased, and become like a �reat tree, overshadowing the whole oountry. \ \ The Dutch colonial annals are of a tame and pacific character, and generally dry and un interesting. The civil officers, as well as- the despised the tongue of calumny. Though he souo-ht nothing but peace and neighborly -inter course, yet, if he must be driven to extremities, he had confidence that a just God would smile on and bless a righteous defence. \With that wise and good man terminated the Dutch power in this colony. \ The English took possession of the govern ment in 1664, and administered it in the name, and under the authority of the Duke of York, who was the patentee. The terms of surrender ofthe Dutch power were exceedingly liberal. � The inhabitants were made secure in their per sons, property and religion. Their titles to land were previously free from the appendages and services of feudal bondage. The conquest of the colony proved to be a very fortunate e tlement. He diverting n � trade from and giving ,t altogether tra()t cedbvt7eCk*M Of thl� D -tra<}* -* S,6l ,eRoc �V^,' referred t0 the effect of th. P�'< �ng the fur trade frl0f,,h'3se,,,. ' ^ttl,, Pres� ^!.^art^h inte^**K injured by this diver;roreStAWWbVi fer, nearer, and ' Nt vent to the Dutch. They were relieved from perilous controversies with Iheir eastern neigh bors, and they became entitled to the privileges of English subjects. In a few years They parti cipated in the blessing of a representative gov ernment, and they exchanged their Rom-.u ju risprudence for the freer spirit, the better secur- 'y, and more efficient energy of the English com mon law. The Dutch and English inhabitants became thoroughly united and formed but one indivisible people. The Dutch race in this co lony kept at least equal pace with their English brethren, in every estimable qualification of good citizens. Through all the subsequent periods of our eventful story, down to the present day, tbey have furnished their full proportion of com petent men. This they have done iu every va riety of situation in which our country was plac ed, whether in peace or in war ; and whatever was the duty in which they were engaged, whether in the civil or military, political or pro fessional departments. \It is worthy of notice, that the ouly two re giments of infantry from this state in the line of the United States army, at the close ofthe Ame rican war, were commanded by Dutchmen. I allude to the regiments commanded I y Colonel Van Cortland and Col. Van Schaack. And I hope I may be permitted to add, without mean ing any invidious comparisons, that we have now living in this state, in advanced life, three lawyers of Dutch descent, who are not surpased any where in acuteness of mind, in sound law learning, and iu moral vorth. The reader will readily perceive that I have in my eye Egbert Benson, Peter Van Schaack, and Abraham Van Vechten.\ _po, �lh,�'*��S,US. There is now a wnii01� to th. lumb.a r,ver,and who, i� l?0\\- o(?>.* corroboratedhis opinions 1*7? P�--U bN he was continually on the ;�a f \\WS in the water abundance of fiier; h*^iS m the shallow water could ^his�>^ clams, while in thecorresnorw.*P ek UP ol. '^ allwaslockedupbyth^'^^Vf In reference to the contested gmn, he stated the prevaW *\* fo was common territory Ue \i �P'ni periment winch might p,^ dePrecated expensive war, merely for t& � \8 lD � W *' >ng a settlement in the r_in. rPUrP<*se �J ^\U lumbia ItwassomeX^t6818^ to cavil on the ninth part of *�� '� Pri^J* political points it might al�0 h. .�' \��-*� in ., ' he did not look at this quest.on ^V > nicety, when the utmost ^r^^t ble sand the utmost risk ^^Sft He was desirous ralhpi* .,_ ..... eri�U! corps through this er to exttnd regton. '%>. � r* --* � --o\ \115 region A I. I- armed with rifles, and under the *<�*** -< of mildness and sc.ence, would be 3! ? �f *� his house with ample inlorniatio* J,f , >' this reK,on. It would cost mueh \ r^m project of settlement. ��^ ' C. . less thi, project of settlement, and mportant results. H '� u�a?> Sieved that th Ver? Oregon was derived from a plam J?1 the \�\�- nyroyal or hyssop� in Soa �which grows at th lame i Spanish called �n m foot of the hi e^ ferredtothe fort which exist d 11- He re* this Point, lesaysthat^t OREGON RIVER. In the debate in the House of Representa tives, on the bill to authorise the occupation of the Oregon river, Mr. Bates of Missouri, who opposed the measure, gave the following descrip- tion of the region in question. We use the re port of the National Journal :�� [JV. York Com. Advertiser.] He st#ted that the principle which pervaded our territorial system was, that the people being congregations of individuals collected from all parts, of no homogeneous character, and possess ing, at the lime, no fitness for government, must go through a probation in the form of territo ries, before they could be admitted into a parti cipation of the blessings ofthe Uniou. He took a posing view of the country lying between the Missouri and the Columbia river, and the im pediments it offered to emigration thither. He referred to the difficult navigation ofthe stream*, and impassable character ofthe portages, to the' broad intervals of wilderness and of desert, which filled up the intermediate country. H\e had a letter from Wilson P. Hunt, a respectable native of New Jersey, who was sent out by Mr. Astor, recounting all tbe difficulties which he encountered with his party in their jouroey over the Rocky Mountains. They had killed a poor horse, which they purchased for a handful of beads, and had been obliged to subsist upon it strapping it on their backs, and sucking it while' they travelled. There is no soil on the hills and inthe bottoms the whole valley ofthe Co' lumbia river is inundated fora long season everv year, to the depth of eight or ten feet, lhis frequently occurs in a single night. It is true there are contradictory accounts, but his state _ ment was derived from respectable author-it-,. r.Tfll�f!ue?�U^ had bee\ lost in attempting to' Oregon River.� Mr. Floyd ,, the occupation of this river' states S^ ' ulatiou has spread westwardly at th rate of ten miles a year. He says tl vestigatiou, nothing could be clearer th claim of the Unit-d States up to the , \ l!'5 of latitude. The Oregon is in 46 ,8 F** statement he had, the Americau intent 7a�l_ Pacific Ocean was worth eight millis ? larsatleast. Three great iSs\ ^ I * in his subject, the North West, the S u fe and the Canton trade. That of the Mi832 and Missouri territories is very profitable J 120,000. While ompuoy the fur of the former alone is worth to the (British) North West\c par unc. do. do unc do, do 10 2 10 parjpar 12 3 12 2 par SIR WALTER SCOTT'S LIBRARY. A gentleman who, not long since, visited Sir Walter Scott's dwelliug at Abbottsford, has pub lished the annexed account ofhis Library : \ The library is really a noble room. It is an oblong of some fifty feet by thirty, with a pro jection in the centre, opposite the fire place, ter minating in a grand bow-window, fitted up with books also, and, in fact, constituting a sort | of chapel to the church. The roof is of� carved par j oak� a very rich pattern� I believe chiefly a la Par ' Roslin, and the book cases, which are also of richly carved oak, reach high up the walls all around. The collection amounts, in this room, par | to some fifteen or twenty thousand volumes, ar ranged according to their subjects� British his- tory aud antiquities filliog the whoie of the chief wall : English poetry and drama, classics and miscellanies, one end ; foreign literature, chiefly French and German, the other. The' g | cases on the side, opposite the fire, are wi.ed and j decked, as containing articles very precious and � very portable. Oue consists entirely of books and MSS, relating to the insurrections of 1715 and 1745; and another (within the recess ofthe bow- window) of treatises deremagica, both of these being (1 am told, and can well believe,) in their several ways, collections of the rarest curiosity. My cicerone pointed out, in the cor ner, a magnificent set of Montfaucon, ten vol umes folio, bound in the richest manner in scar let, and stamped with the royal arms, the �*ift ,�fi his present Majesty. There are few living au thors of whose works presentation copies are not to be found here. My friend showed m� cated men, who imbibed their religion and lear ning tn Holland ; and in their long and sharp controversies with the New England Colonies lear- make the harbor. The coast is high and rock- bound, and with the wind in a particular quarter t is almost impossible to enter. Thev he governors of this Colony showed themselves given to the entrance� Cape Di*ap3ment to be no ways inferior in their discussions to the ^ws the difficulty and danger whirf? hev must' most sagacious ofthe Puritans, either in talent, encounter who attempt to maJit li n par H 4 3 inscriptions of that sort, in, I believe, every Eu ropean dialect extant. The books are in prime condition, and bindings that would satisfy Mr. Dibdin. The only picture is Sir Walter's eldest son, in hussar uniform, k holding his horse, by Allan, of Edinburg, a noble potrait over the fire place ; and the only bust is that of Shakspeare, from the Avon monument, in a small niche in the centre of the east side. On a rich stand of porphyry, in �ue comer, reposed a full silver urn filled with bones from the Pirseus, and bear- the inscription� \ Given by George Gordon, Lord Byron,.to Sir Walter Scott, Bart.\ It con tained the letter which accompanied the �ift till lately� it has disappeared ; no one guesses who took it; but whoever he was, as my guide obser ved, he must bave been a thief for thieving's sake truly, as be durst no more exhibit his au tograph than tip himself a bare bodkin. Sad, infamous tourist indeed ! Although I saw abun dance of comfortable looking desks and arm chairs, yet this room seemed rather too large and fine for work, and I found accordingly, after pas sing a double pair of doors, that there was a sanctum within and beyond this library. And here, you nlay believe, was not to me the least doctrine, or manners. Their disputes were con cerning territorial jurisdiction, and particularly m respect to the country on the Connecticut ri ver and they also had contentions concerning fugitives from justice, and interferences with the Indian trade. Strength and arrogance of de! portment were evidently on the side ofthe Eng lish. Governor Keift, in his letter to the com- missioners of the Uuited Colonies of New En-- I and, m 1646, observed, that their complaints of 11 usage were the complaints of the wolf against the lamb Governor Stuyvesant also observed, Z irrnltf ,t0 ?* Uu,Ch West India Company atf ?V ha7he NeW E�^ders were in the D_�h of tl? � �De' aDd able t0 dePrive *e u ? ,the,r country. The Dutch governors charged the English, in direct terms, with an \n satiable desire of possessing their lands; and the\wh^,n T^ been the real me ita of the Dutch title to lands on Connecticut nver founded on assumed prior discovery and prior Indian purchase, it appears, at least from the di- pomatic papers of the time, that their manner otv.nd.caung their claim, and repelling accu- sation and\emonstrating against aggression, wa, forcible, sagacious and temperate. \ Peter Stuyvesant administered the Dutch government from 1647to the surrender of the colony to the English, in 1664, and he held bk power in difficult times, and was surround' with perils; but he was a man of �ffiSSf and ol great firmness, judgment, and discretion He manifested his desire for peace, and showed* the magnanimity of his character, in ffoin- ,n proper person, in 1650, to Hartford, to meet and negotmte with the commissioners of the S England colonies. Though .landing alone fa the midst of a body of keen and well&instructeS opponents, he conducted himself with admirable The correspondence be- ductiveness, Mr. Hunt states that he could onlv raise radishes and turnips ; no grain could he raised, notwithstanding the beautiful but decep. tive aspect of the valleys. Fiom the best infor mation, he believed that if the most skilful citi zeus were to settle there, lhey would be unable to remain there two years; but would fly to California, and to that most beautiful region of the earth, the Sandwich Islands. Such w^as the opinion of the most experienced individuals He remarked oo the impossibility of ma'kiaw a permanent settlement, dependent on, and con* the .eltlTm\ ^ ,�T^ The ^tie^f he settlement, and the impassable character of the country dividing us ; and the greater facility of robing Asia ; the different htbits the atsl grow up pposi rent interests and views which would between us, were all hostile to such There would be tion -reater temotatiuns to these remote settlers to unite th of the republicans starting up them. � r The only point which could , iSirJ\ P,r�Je(-\as a point ofnational honor. I ndhthi8ODl7P�,iDt WhiC-h C0Uld be ur?ed to de- address and firmness. tween him and the commissioners and preserved in the collections of this ,0ciety and it does credit to his memory. The comS sioners took offence at the date of his first dir 1 matic note which, though written on the ijw was dated New Netherlands. Governor siuv vesant consented to date it at Connecticut W ing out New Netherlands, provided thexcommi8\ sioners would date theirs at Hartford, leavinl out New England, and to this they a�ented -1 Both parties managed the controversy WlIh great discretion and good sense. When th commissioners complained ofthe vagueness anil harshness of some part of his letters? Governor Stuyvesant replied, that he came there from the love of peace, and not for altercation ; anil that they all knew he could not deliver himself s� promptly and clearly in the English as in his might be deemed politic not to suffer any o h�eT,ry '?, take r*88*08 o^ this country and therefore that ,t should be occupied by us On this point he would not dilate, as he was not suf nc.enlly informed on the subject. With reference <o its commercial advanla-es he stated that .they had been over-estimated fbe beaver had greatly diminished but one individual who He took a view of the peculiar trade yields, as he is informed, an annu* i m. o |3,000,000. American citizens are cle nve ol many advantage-, being prohibited by fo operation of the treaty from trading west ol the Kocky Mountains. He was infrruied that 1600 western citizens had been engaged io the fur trade m this quarter ; that Nantucket hail an interest of two, and New Bedford of four mi]. bons in it ; and thdf 1500 seamen received em ployment from it. The natural advantages of the Oregon, he says are great. In salubrity, and m fertility of soil, it equals Virginia ; and its oc- cupation will nol extend the frontier, because the part intended to be added, is by oature al most impenetrable. He think? the necessary cannon can be transported to the Oregon for less than $7,000. RAIL ROADS. A correspondent of the Boston Daily Adver tiser, gives the following as the advantages by which Rail Roads are distinguished above Ca nals. The railway requires but one third the quan tity ofland that is required fora canal exclusive of ponds, reserv irs and teeders. The railway requires one man and four horses to transport 30 tons 4 miles per hour. The canal requires 2 men, 1 boy and 2 horses to transport 30 tons 2 miles per hour. The railway may be attended and kept in re pair for l-10th the expense ofa canal. Rail ways give the greatest possible facility Id travellers. Canals retard them. Railways may be easily passed in all places required : Canals only by bridges. Railways interlere with no water privilege- Canals destroy many. Railways are subject to no interruptions, ex cept from snow, which is easily removed. Canals aresubject to be interrupted by drought floods, frosts, leakages and locks*. Railways carry their freight lo the doors o the warehouses. , Canals deliver their freight upon the wharf. A railway can be constructed for hall the cos of a canal per mile. . .j,e A railway may be used twelve months m year. A canal but seven months. #- The toll of passengers wili pay the in teres the cost of a railway. . j. The toll of passengers on a canal is very mg, mi Half the common rates of toll on a canal � be sufficient to pay the whole expense ot tr portationon a railway, inclu ding the toll. , Mountainous countries are easily surfflO by railways. Canals can ue ver get over Hi ' Rivers and streams are much more easily r - sed by railways than they can be by can als. Railways will bethe pride-of New Eng ^ they will unite them in one common ceDlre,r8jse nect them in one common interest, am them to eminence and glory by one coann0 eration. LIST OF THE CLAWS OF SCOTLAND' With Badges of Distinction use d ^^\^jj Buchanan, Birch; Cameron, Oak; C'aB?Le.; , Myrtle; Grisholm, Alder; Colquhoun, , n He knew Cummin, Common Sallow; Drummond, H* emselves to some of Cen. Ashly. J �a.d_e, TDeyl^rq\harson pop lar; Forbes, Broom; Fraser, Yew; Gord'Jj' ,],. track which that enterprism? TJ- i^l^ i Graham, Laurel; Grant, Cranberry P . pursued. The country S�an if !JUa H Gu-B< R�sewort; Lament, Crab Appl* Hv_ t-ack is impassable; the ^l\\th �f that i M'Alb \ _t( so many of the ravine bility of the hills � ii, h e Iuaccess-- only pine timber and mol XT'8' ^T^ <W. He alsostateTt^t a ^rmermabUn- *Pot for the trade to lhe Pacific ^ �re�Qveaient about a hundred miles soutj ^f ,�hf r *, 'Td \ver. The inquiries ofthose _r C*?luaibla derived his information w ,i 0�1 7h�m he own i-.terestS, and their - 6Cted to the,r �aoredeseruingof resp'ect^nJ8' !!ierefore' are When !..�!* �..r J?fct,dnd \edit. e visited tl isadvantag -Fincl^KS^:^the^^ hen Lewis and Clarke vfcJd -~7 went under great di�, . . \\\ \ �EW �� with them �&*�&*. h they that region, avin: �nd perseverance, conaue Ii �r��le courage a�d their report of Te'S- ^ dlffic�*tie! 5 corroborates that of GeP A.w�fthat countr7 \� Syrus.) ftehley. Thev be 'Allister, Pine leaved Heath; M'Douga i--^ press; M'Farlane, Cloud Berry Bu*h;_ jj, gor, Pine; M'Donald, Bell Heath; M J; ^y, Mountain Heath; M'Intosh, Boxwood; f\ st, Bul-ush; M'Kenzie, Deer Grass; M'Kl\*h. #' John's Wort; M'Laucblan, Mountain A- 'ry Leod, Red Whortleberries: M'Lean, Bl8f,1 3et. Heath, or Crowberry; M'Nab, B�\. ^.giit^ ries; M'Niel, Seaware; M'Pherson, V ar^ b^gSt Boxwood; M'Quarrie, Black Thorn; ' ^ Fir Club Moss; Menzies, Asb; Monroe- .bor0; Feathers; Murray, Juniper; Ogil vie, � Fer0 of Oliphant, the Great Maple; B�berts�pear W Brachens; Ross, Briar Rose; Rose, r> ^er ries; Sinclair, Clover; Stewart, Thistle, land, Cat's tail Grass. like aJ , An orator, without judgment, is without a bridle. . . Art,A^.(?V than kindred -, lior=e bl- Friendship is stronger best fortune, or his worst, is a *i *

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