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Penn Yan express. (Penn Yan, N.Y.) 1866-1926, October 28, 1874, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn83031516/1874-10-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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. ♦ / I 1 • t * I- * V'. ■w - • * ■ • - . Jl » *■5, N - V ' » - > ^1 —■ ' J V ■r'Mfmy . •r^\CTr * u i 1 '■ H -<-1 ; ■ — , r 'VS- m .* V - ^ .1 y. I • Hi < A \ . A?vii.v»■* V .i ‘. . . - ^ .*■ .-» •i*r •8* +4 VOLUME IX.-NUJ ‘ f* \ 1 /[BEE 31. PENN YAN, N. Y., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1874. WHOLE NUMBER 447. $I)c Penn Pan tifoprees PENN YAN, YATES COUNTY, N. Y. P U B L I S H E D E V E R Y W E D N E S D A Y , BY R E U B E N A . S C O F I E L D T E R M S $2 00 P E R Y E A R IN A D V A N C E . F i f t y C e n ts w ill be added on nil su b s c r i p t i o n s w h e re p a y m e n t is d e l a y e d to th e en d o f t h e y e a r . T E 1 U I I S O F A I ) V E U T I S I N O l 1 sq . 2 sq . | 3 sq. i ool. | 4 ool. 1 c o l. 1 w $1 00 $2 00 3 00 5 00 8 00 “ 12 00 2 w 1 50 2 75 4 00 6 50 11 00 15 50 3 w 2 00 3 50 5 00 8 00 13 50 18 50 4 w 2 50 4 25 5 75 9 00 15 50 21 00 6 w 3 00 5 00 t> 50 10 00 17 00 23 00 6 w 3 50 5 To 7 00 11 00 18 50 25 00 2 m i ! 4 5 0 0 75 i 8 50 12 50 21 00 28 00 3 ill l 6 00 9 00 10 50 15 00 25 00 35 00 3 m 8 50 13 00 15 50 21 00 37 00 60 00 9 m 10 50 16 00 20 00 26 00 47 00 82 00 r r 12 00 18 00 24 00 30 00 55 00 100 00 O n e In c h o f s p a c e is n “ S q u a r e . ” T w e n t y In c h e s a r e co n s id e r e d a co lu m n . T o a n n u a l a d v e r t i s e r s , th r o e o r fo u r c h a n g e s # i l l be allo w e d , w i t h o u t e x t r a c h a r g e — a n d no te d u o tio n a fo r o n e o r tw o o m issio n s . S p e c i a l , O b i t u a r y , L o c a l, o r o t h e r B u s in e s s n o ­ ic e s c o n t r a c t e d fo r a t t h e office. Bueiucse ttfarbs. €. (Butl)ric. GUTHRIE’S BOOKSTORE Is the place to Buy Your School Books STATIONERY AND BLANK BOOKS. 5 And Lowest Prices at GUTHRIE’S. jp. ip. durtis. P. P. CURTIS. C H A S . G. J U D D , A T T O R N E Y AND COUNSEL- or, P e n n Y a n , N . Y . Collections p rom p tly m ade. P r a c tice in S tate a n d F e d e ral C o u rts. 296 A K E R & STR U B L E , A T T O R N E Y S A N D Coun­ selors a t law . Office form e rly occupied b y A . V. H a rpending, M ain S t., P e n n Y an. N . Y . C uas . S. B aker . H anford S truble . M o r r i s a l e a k y , a t t o r n e y s a n d c o u n - selors a t law . Office in th e A rcade—U rst floor— opposite th e Post-O ffice. 209 IX M orris . M. A. L bary . P R O S S E R A K IN G , A T T O R N E Y S A N D COUN- selors a t law, P e n n Y a n , N .Y . Office tirst s tairs below O liver S tark’s B a n k ing Office. 209 D. B. P rosser . C uas . R. K ing . J E R E S. R E E D , SU R G E O N D E N T IS T . O F - flee 8d D o o r South of th e P o s t Office, M a in Street, P e n n Yan* N . Y . A ll w o rk w a rranted to give satis­ faction. C h a rges m o d e rate. 209 F TO M P K IN S , M . D ., HOM C E O PATHIC PH Y S - • ician and surgeon. Office o n M a in Street, over G u thrie’s B o o k s t o r e , and residence on northeast corner of M ain a n d Clinton Streets, P e n n Y a n N . Y. 340 i » ■ ■ i ■■ i i i ■«■ ■ . ■>■■■■ ■■■■■», » , , , m B r o w n a w o o d , a t t o r n e y s a n d c o u n - selors a t law. T h e undersigned liave form e d a partnership f o r the practice of law in all its branches. Office over B a ldw in’s B a n k . P e n n Y a n , A p ril 1st, 1873. 867 MORRIS BROWN. RALPH T. WOOD. - 0 TT r m s v i a l AJ 3 tra,cti o n s A T T H E YATES COUNTY B R IG G S A K N O X A T T O R N E Y S A N D COUN- selors a t law. Office th e sam e as t h a t heretofore occupied by th e Surrogate. W e will invest m o n e y upon unincum b e red real es­ tate, f o r p e rsons having the sam e to loan, w ithout ex- 801 K nox . tate, for persons having the same to loan, witl: ponse. We invite such persons to call on us. W at S. B riggs . J ohn T. M H . SM IT H , SU R G E O N D E N T IS T .—O F F IC E , • corner o f M ain a n d E lm Streets, J o n n e s ’s Block. F illing done in th e m o s t a p p roved m a n n e r. W ill re­ store badly decayed a n d broken teeth to th e ir origi­ nal shape, s o as to be useful and ornam e n tal. P lates of teeth m a d e w ith special care. A com p e tent a ssis­ ta n t w ith m e a ll th e tim e , s o a ll m a y receive prom p t attention. ________ _________ __________ 58yl W W . B A R D E N , M . D ., H O M E O P A T H IC PH Y S - • ician, north-w e s t corner E lm and l i b e r t y s ts . C o n stantly on hand and receiving from th e leading Pharm a c ies of N e w Y o rk and Philadelphia, a general assortm e n t o f H o m e o p a thic T inctures, D ilutions, T ri­ turations, M edicine Gases fo r fam ily use, Liebig’s Chem ical Food f o r children an d invalids, pure E x ­ tra c t of H a m am e lis, Ac., Ac. B a rden’s Fam ily M ed­ icine Cases, c o n taining from 6 to 25 rem e d ies, in ex­ tra large vials, w ith book giving full instructions for use; s e n t b y m a il o r e x p ress to a n y p a r t of th e U n ited S tates, on receipt of p rice. Single rem e d ies 30 c e n ts each. Cases f r o m $2 to $10. 429yl FURNITURE STORE! Are Particularly Requested to LOOK THROUGH M Y STOCK X H a v e s o m e In which I offer as Good Bargains as can be found ANYWHERE! iik T h e B e s t L i n e o f PI6T0BE MOULDINGS AND BRACKETS, IN Y A T E S CO U N TY . Children Carriages Not found Elsewhere in Penn Yan. PURE i i U i AND MEDICINES. 11 have made Special Arrangements by which I Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dyestuffs, Paint Brushes, Whitewash Brushes, Whitewash Li am able to offer them at Factory Prices. I H A V E A L M O S T Machine te, Oils. A saving can be made by buying Fine Sewing Machine Oil in Bulk, Fine Flavoring Extracts in Bulk, Handkerchief Extracts in bulk Fine Toilet Soaps, Perfumery and Hair Oils, Combs and Brushes, Boat & Bath Sponges, Flint G lass(F ire-proof) Chimneys Lamps, Lanterns & Fixtures, Candies, Nuts, and Toys, Pure Liquors, Scotch Ale, and London Porter for Medicine. Pure Paints, ready mixed for use, and no Fancy Prices, at the lowest Drug Store on Main Street, Penn Yan, N. Y. ED. C. WILKINSON. Everything in Line And will not be undersold by any dealer in Western New York. 405yl P. P. CURTIS. 4lSy1 II. Ccarp. THE OLD AND RESPONSIBLE D. LEARY’S HTEAM Dyeing and Cleansing ESTABLISHMENT. Tw o h u n d r e d yards N o rth of th e Now York C e n tral R a ilroad D e p o t, on MiU STREET, COR. O F PLATT STR E E T , (B row n ’s Race) R o c h e ster, N. Y. T h e r o p u tu a tio n of th is Dye H o u se since 1828 has Induced o th e r s to counterfeit o u r signs, checks, b u s i­ n e s s c a rds, an d even th e c u t of o u r building, to m is­ lead an d h u m b u g the public. S G F NO CONNECTION WITH AN i SIMILAR ESTABLISHMENT. I haveito Agent*in th e c o u n try. You can do y o u r b u s in e s s d ir e c tly w ith m e , a t (h e s a m e expense as w ith an agent. C rape, B rocha, C a s h m e re a n d P laid Shawls, an d a ll b r i g h t c o lored S ilks a n d M e rinoes, c leansed w ithout in j u r y to th e c o lors. A ll Ladies’ an d Gentleman's Woolen GarmentscXenns. od o r c o lored w ithout rip p in g , a n d pressed nicely. All Feathers an d K id Gloves cleansed o r d y e d . Silk, W o d e n o r C o tton G o o d s o f e v e ry d e s c ription dyed a ll colors, a n d finished w ith neatness an d despatch, on v e r y reasonable term s . Goods d y e d b lack e v ery T u e s d a y ,T h u rsday A F riday, Special a tten tio n p a id to doing u p Lace C u rtains, a n d C o loring V elvets. Goods r e tu r n e d in one week. Goods received an d r e tu r n e d by E x p ress. B ills col. looted b y E x p r e s s C o m p a n y . A d d ress, D. LEARY, M ill S t., Cor. P la tt S t ., 331 R o c h e s te r , N. Y. JOB PRINTING, A T T H E E X P R E S S O F F IC E . MISS KNOWLTON, Second Story in the Arcade, Has just received an unusually large -assort­ ment of ♦ • Fall M illinery Goods! Her goods have been carefully selected, and her prices as low as the lowest. 420yl 3 -C E N T STA M P will g e t p o st-paid, 2 copies o f home m a i l , P h e lps, N . Y . 60c a year. Send f o r sam p les. S. S. RAPLEE’S . LIFE and FIRE * Insurance Agency. Office at the Store of Geo. R. Cornwell. 3 T h e follow ing first-class com panies are repre­ sented, a n d a s h a re of the insurance patronage is respectfully solicited from the c itizens o f P e n n Y a n a u d v icinity. Policies will b e carefully w rit­ ten a t a s low r a tes a s o ther first-class com panies. F ir e A ssociation of P h il. A s s e ts o v er $2,600,000 . M a n h a ttan F ir e I n s . Co. o f Now Y o rk, A s s e ts o v e r .......................................... 500,000 Bcople’s Insurance Co. o f N e w a rk, N . j . A s s e ts o v e r .................................. 400,000 C h a rter O a k Life I n s . Co. o f H a rtford, C o n n . A s s e ts over ........................... 14,000,000 F a r m property insured f o r th r e e to five y e a rs at fair rates, and particular a ttention given to detached risks. . £ } 2A BOOTS AND SHOES. T h e subscriber w o u ld a n n o u n c e to th e citizens of Benton and vicinity th a t ho has now on hand aud m a k e s to order B o o ts a n d Shoes a t the low est rem u ­ n e r a tin g prices. All o rders filled o n s h o r t n o tice, and w o rk w a rranted. R e p a iring prom p tly done. Give him a call. 440m6 JO H N LUCAS, B e n t o n C e n t e r . Dr.RUSSELL J. WHITE Analytical Physician. Can be consulted at his Offices as f o l l o w s : PENN YAN, B bnham H ouse , Tuesday, the 17th of November, 1874. CANANDAIGUA, W ebster H ouse , W ednesday, tho 18th of N o v e m b er. PH E L P S . P h e l p s H otel , T h u rsday, tho 19th of Novem b er. DR. W H ITE treats successfully Scrofula, Hip D isease, F e v e r S o res, U lcers, Paralysis, R h e u m a tism , F its, N ervous M aladies, Fem a le Difficulties, Diseases of the L u n g s, T h r o a t, H e a rt an d Liver, D iseases of th e K idneys, R u n n ing from the Ears, Inflam m a ­ tion of tho Eyes, a n d all f o r m s of C a tarrh. T h e a b o v e diseases we m a k e a specialty. O u r practice i s founded on tru t h o f twenty-five years’ standing ; differs from all others. No trifling w ith h u m a n existence, sacrificing of life b y experim e n t. We k n o w w h e n w e exam ine a p a tien t th e cause of th e disease, a n d th e rem e d y to rem o v e it, n o t by guessing b u t by know ledge. C o n s u ltations a r e free. P rincipal Office 604 F r a n k l i n S t , Buffalo, a U I e t t o r e ^ h o u ^ b ^ d B l i v e r e d ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ w h e r e Things Have Changed! H o u s e , s i g n , a n d o r n a m a n t a l p a i n t - ing, G raining, Glazing, K alsom iniug, Paper H a n g ing, Shades, B a n n e rs, A c ., done in first-class in g , G rainin g , Glazin _, Shades, Banners style, by Ui D ST E W A R T , (Successor to D. C.Robineon) 428yi E lm S treet , P enn Y an , N. Y. N . tl. & iff •€). Cong. O U R N E W Y O R K L E T T E R . T H E F O R E IG N E L E M E N T — W H E R E IT LO­ C A T E S IT S E L F , A N D W H A T IT IS COM­ P O S E D O F . . ANTI-SLATE! Anti-Stone! I. R k l 19 and 21 Main St., Offer the best PARLOR STOYE in M a rket. The Superior Self-Fccdiug a n d Base-B u rning, and the only perfect Base-Heating Stove in th e M a rket. B e a u tiful in design and sym m etrical in proportions, consum e s e v e rything a n d leaves only ashes, a n d not m u c h of that. W e refer to n few of our c u stom e rs w h o have them in u s e : Capt. H e n ry Tuthill, Jo h n O’Brien, B a rney Borgm an, i. L. Douglas A.* W . Franklin, H e n ry W right. P e rkins Capell, D avid Palm e r, M ichael Flahive. M o rgan S. H avens, G. B. N o x o n , PENN YAN. A. C. Giljett, Sam u el Rhoades, Oliver A insw o rth, Joseph St. J o h n , W . 33. Sheldon, Jam e s M. P a rker, II. D . P r a tt, M rs. W . L. Porter, BENTON. Jam e s Taylor, W m . H e rford. BARRINGTON. Joseph F e n ton, Law rence Tripp, W m . McDowell. JERUSALEM. R o b e rt J . H a ll, Jam e s Trim m ingham T o r b b y —W m . M arlow. P otter — Jo h n B . Sw y ckhard. M ilo —H iram Sherm a n . GO <D o> O Q <X> & a> o S i <X> O a> o O i P m o ns c 3 P m o> o £ - t cb GO CO CO ) d o -4-L GO «• c3 C u a> M c 6 0 h e r 0 r i O CD GO <D O c d 9-t CO w t e o o GO d <Q P5 GO ^ c8 P m P m GO CD a nd o o GO <x> o a o> <v r s 08 t r j ^ t e © E N ew Y ork , O ctober 20th, 1874. THE FOREIGN ELEMENT. The population of the city of New Y o rk is probably one-third foreign- born. The American population comes from all the States and T e rrito­ ries, for business interests drive just so m any from every locality to this com­ mon center. The South is fully repre­ sented hero. The war ruined hundreds of thousands of S o u therners, who were compelled to do some business that they m ight live, and they drifted into New York, because, being a oosmonol- itan city, they would stand a better show of getting something to do that they could live at. There are thous­ ands of cx-Captains, Colonels and Gen­ erals of the Confedracy in N ew Y o r k ; in fact the num b er is so g reat that, in tho event of another conflict between the sections, it would be a question as to where New Y o rk would stand.— Take the strong Democratic majority, and add to it the enormous Southern element that has settled here since the war, aud the great city m ight be fairly counted on the side of the South. B u t it was not of n ative foreigners that I started to write. The foreign element proper has al­ ways been immense, and o f late years it has swelled beyond any one’s idea. I t has grown to that extent that each nationality has made its own settle­ m e n ts, and has own communities.— The F R E N C H occupy the territory bounded b y Ca­ nal, A m ity, Broadw ay and South F ifth avenue. W ithin the territory you never hear a w o rd of German and very little English. You m ight as well be in Paris. The occupations followed are peculiarly French. There are French laundries, French b o arding­ houses, glove cleaners, boat-makers, confectioners, artificial flower makers, feather cleaners, and occupations of these natures. The French are by themselves, they have their own asso­ ciations and amusements, and fratern­ ize w ith no other people. They do not expect to stay in America—they are here till they can accumulate enough to go back to France. This is their ambition. They are, however, a sober, industrious and useful people.— Crime is almost u n k n o w n among them, and though they may be very poor they manage somehow to support them ­ selves. They are terribly divided, for the political animosities that rend the French people at home are brought w ith them . Their politics are all French, and they take very little in­ terest in the affairs of this country.— They seldom are naturalized, and very seldom are seen at the polls. W h at they w a n t is to get money enough to give them a competency in their own country. The J e w s are scattered all over the city, but they have their center. The district boun­ ded by Canal, H o u ston a n d the Bow­ ery, is exclusively Jew ish. The butch­ er shops have every one of them that mysterious Hebriac character that in­ dicate the killing of animals after the orthodox fashion. They follow all sorts of occupations. They set glass, there are whole streets of them dealing in birds, they rake the gutters for rags and scraps of papers—they do a n y thing that will turn an honest penny. They all s tart poor, but very few of them stay so. W hen a few hundred dollars is accumulated, a little shop takes the place of the peddler’s basket, or a small warehouse takes the place of the bag and hook. U n like the French they come to stay, for in no country in the world are they given so m any privili- ges. They rise in life rapidly, and ad­ apt themselves to circumstances, as w a ter seeks its level. W hen tho ped­ dler’s basket has g row n to a shop, and the shop has swelled to a Broadway store, tho Jew whose industry has made it, leaves his dingy quarters in the locality I have named a n d blooms out in a fashionable house up town.— H e does not quit being a Jew , nor does he go back on his race or their customs—he simply reaches out for a better, broader life, for more comforts, and for recognition in society. F o r the Jew , oppressed as lie has been in all them to. They are the same in New- York as everywhere else, They are addicted to whisky, are mercurial, hasty, generous, quarrelsome, w itty, brave, cruel, in short they are a curious compound of all that is good and bad, which is to say the good in them is intentional, while the bad is not. As they become educated and get respon­ sibilities they become move solid and settled. The second and third genera­ tions make excellent citizens. THE GERMAN like the Irishman, is everyw h ere.— Tho Bowery is full of Germans, but they have made their mark in all quar­ ters. They are from the beginning magnificent citizens. They come to this country from choice, they can all read and write, they all brought capi­ tal with them, and they are the most enthusiastic Americans we have. The originals are a trifle clannish for the language is different from ours, b u t the second generation becomes so thorough­ ly Americanized that their ancestry would not be suspected. They are in­ dustrious, sober, hard-working, pru­ dent and prosperous. They come to stay, and they make an im p o rtant part of the population. Thank Heaven, this subject has occu­ pied so much space that I have not room to refer to the Beecher Tilton business. P i e t r o . T H E Y O U N G G O V E R N E S S . T ilden’s W a r R e c o r d . SHALL RECREANCY BE REW ARDED ? There were democrats who stood by the Union when it was assailed. They were as much patriots as any R e p u b li­ can. But M r. Samuel J . Tilden was not one of this class. He never spoke a word or lifted a finger o r gave a dol­ lar to save the Governm ent against re­ bellion. On the contrary, lie was in sym p athy w ith the enemies of the U n ­ ion and all his influence was cast on their side. In a letter dated Oct. 26th, 1860, he argued that the election of Abraham Lincoln would be a sufficient cause for an uprising on the part o f the South and thus p roceeded: “The masters in political science who constructed our system preserved the State Governm ents as b u lwarks of the freedom of individual and localities against oppression from centralized power. They recognized no right of constitutional secession, but they left revolution organized, whenever it should be demanded by public opinion of a S ta te ; left it with power to snap tho tie of confederation as a nation m ight break a treaty, and to repel coer­ cion as a nation m ight repel invasion.” M ark this extraordinary doctrine I— Mr. Tilden did not quite recognize the right of secession under that nam e ; but ho did boldly and unhesitatingly recognize i t under another name. He declared that the founders of our Re­ public “ left revolution organized,”— “ left it with pow e r. to snap the tie of confederation, and to repel coercion.” In other words, Mr. Tilden held that a State could n o t secede, but that it could revolt against Government, a n d that it could rightfully resist any atem p t to coerce i t ! O f caurse, this is a distinc­ tion w ithout a difference. I t conceded all that rebellion wanted. The doc­ trine of disunion was never more clearly declared b y Calhoun or Yancy or Jeff. Davis himself. N o r was it a mere impulsive and ill- considered declaration w ith Mr. Til­ den—it was a fixed principle on which he deliberately acted when the time came for a practical test. The rebels opened fire against Sum ter on the 12th of A p ril, 1861. On the 14th it fell.— On the 15th President Lincoln issued his proclamation for volunteers. On the 20 th the patriotic people of New York, w ithout distinction of party, held the great Union m eeting which thrilled and electrified and aroused the nation. The call was short and non­ partisan. I t simply asked all tvho were in favor o f m aintaining the con­ stitution and laws to m eet at Union Square. Mr. Tilden was asked to sign it, as scores o f o ther Democrats had.— Scores of other democrats signed it w ithout hesitation, but Mr. Tilden re­ fused. His apologists do not dare to deny that he thus refused. They only claim that he afterw ard consented to participate in the meeting. B u t we challenge them to the proof. W e have searched the records and find that their the countries of the world, wants noth- -statement is false. Mr. Tilden did not c3 0 1 o o > S Q S W Q •S CZ2 \ d 0 d O g o ° o . QO GO o> St* < G P-4 Important to Everybody The undersigned is n o w prepared to do e v e rything in the line of Blacksmithing and Wagon-Making. H is shop is located a b o u t three miles from Penn Yan, on the B a th Road. Particular attention given to re­ pairing of all kinds. H e has secured the services of Phillip M. Shults, the B oss H orse S hoer . H is equal d o e s n o t live in Y a tes county. H e hopes, by strict a ttention to business a n d f a b dealing, to m e rit an increased p a tronage from th e p u b lic. H e also m a n u factures Sleighs and C u tters of all kinds. ISAAC H . CA S T N E R , A g e n t. Ju ly 24,1874. CAYUGA PLASTER ing so much in this, as an acknowledg­ m ent that he is a man and a good and useful one. The elder Jew s hold very closely to their religious customs, but the second generation do not. You will see in the clubs y o u n g Jew s who are living on the wealth their fathers have accumulated, who have abandon­ ed entirely the faith and tho customs of the race. A fast young Jew is tho fastest m an in tho world. Young Wash. N athan, whose father was m u r­ dered some years ago, is a type of the class. The Jew ish element is very large, and is one of the m o st useful in the city. There is a prejudice against it, b u t despite that prejudice, they are good, useful, orderly, quiet, prosper­ ous citizens. W h ile they are in a state of poverty, they are industrious and law-abiding. W hen they become rich, they are pushing and progressive.— They have built the best buildings in the city, and there is no g reat work in the city in which Jew ish names will not be found profusely sprinkled. T H E N E G R O E S are not to be classed as foreigners, but they are a d istinctive race. They have selected the English W a rd as their grand center, though there are large colonics of them in other parts of the city. There is n o class of people in the city more divided than the colored.— They feel the most intense anxiety to get o u t in tho world, for since emanci­ pation aud enfranchisement have giv­ en them a show in the world, they w ant all there is o f it. Tho negro who has amassed money is a king among them, and there are many o f these mon- archs. They are orderly, hard-working, determ inedly industrious and saving. {There is very little crime among them, and very little drunkeness or dissipa­ tion. Cuffy is a very good man, and gives promise of b eing a great deal b et­ ter. T H E IR IS H M A N For Sale at Dresden. T h e undersigned h a s on hand a large quantity of Cayuga P laster, w h ich he will sell a t 8 5 . 5 0 per ton, Cash, or $6.00 o n a c r e d it j f six m o n ths, in terest to bo c h a rged after 80 d a y s. FRANCIS HOOD. D resden, F o b . 11, 1874. 410tf here, ju s t Thousands is everywhere, and he is what he is everywhere, upon thousands of tho sons of E rin have risen to affluence a n d distinction. They really govern the city, for they act together and w o rk together, and are so consolidated as to yield a power beyond w h a t their numbers entitle only refuse to sign the call and refus­ ed to join in this m eeting to sustain the Constitution and laws, but he never did anything through all tho long struggle to help the Government. In 1864 he was a leading member of the Committee on Resolutions in the Chi­ cago Democratic N ational Convention which adopted, among others, the fol­ lowing: “T h a t the Democratic party docs ex­ plicitly declare that a fter four years of failure to restore the Union by the ex­ perim ent o f war, during which, under tho pretense of the m illitary necessity of a war power higher than the Con­ stitution, the Constitution itself has been disregarded in every p a r t ; that public liberty and private right have alike been trodden down, and that jus­ tice and hum anity, liberty and the public welfare demand that immediate efforts be made for a cessation of hos­ tilities, w ith a view to an ultim ate con­ vention of all the States, or other peaceable means, to the end that a t the earliest practicable m om ent peace may be restored on the basis of tho Federal Union of the States.” H ere M r. Tilden declared the w ar a failure. Here he denounced tho effort to m aintain the U n ion b y force of arms as unconstitutional aud illegal. Here he demanded that the w a r should be stopped and a course pursued which would inevitably have resulted in the destruction of the Union., Review the black record. Before the war de­ claring that States h ad a right to snap the Union asunder; at the beginning of the war, deliberately refusing to aid in saving the Union ; after three years of w a r still denouncing i t as unconstit­ utional—such is the story of Mr. Til- den’s course. Now, then, we ask the people of the State w h ether they w ill rew a rd this recreant by making him Governor?— Has the spirit of patriotism died out ? Has the memory of the long a n d hard struggle been obliterated ? A re the people ready to strike down the man whose arm was lifted to save the na­ tion and to put in liis place the man who only helped its enemies ? L e t those who love their country ponder this question. A b itter day. N o t a pleasant day to travel on by any m e a n s; but then Lcttice Main w aring was one of the kind that make the best of everything. “ I t ’s a long journey over the hills, Miss,” said the wife of the landlord of tho little one story tavern that was perched on the crest of the highway, “and tho snow is powerful deep. “ I think a w inter landscape is the prettiest thing in the world,” said L a t­ tice, cheerily, as she wound her fur round a n d round her neck. “ A n d old Stake’s stage is awful un­ comfortable,” added the landlady. “ I like stage riding,” asserted L a t­ tice. “ You’ll not get there till dark.” “ O, that is much sooner than I ex­ pected.” A n d Lettice climbed up into the coach which stood croaking and groan­ ing at the door, having just rumbled up from the next village a mile or so down the hill. One solitary passenger occupied the opposite corner—a tall, dark man, with a Spanish sort o f complexion and clear, d ark eyes, who wove an odd sort of olive green cloak or mantle, heavily trimmed with sable fur. He nodded briefly, in return to Lct- ty’s smiling recognition. O u r little heroine would have talked w ith a polar bear, had a polar bear chanced to be h er traveling companion. Lettice arranged her rugs and her basket and her bonnet strings, and wondered secretly how far the tall man was going. “ Can I be of any assistance to you ?” courteously queried the gentleman, as L e tty searched in the straw at her feet for a d ropped glove. “ Thanks—no,” said Letty, coming up again w ith very red cheeks, and curls a little disheveled. “ Are you going all the wav through ? ” “A s far as the stage goes—yes.” “ O,” said Miss Main w a ring; “ So am I.” The gentleman nodded interrogative­ ly, a n d went back to his paper. “ Cross thing,” thought L e tty, invol­ untarily, pouting her cherry lips.— “W h y can’t he make himself agreea­ ble ? A u d he knows very well that we are to be shut up here together for eight long hours.” B u t the wild landscape, as it flitted by, white gleaming w ith snow, and darkly fringed with waving boughs, was, a fter all, nearly as good a study as the “ human face divine.” L e tty soon forgot her tem porary a n ­ noyance and chagrin in tho white skeleton like walls of a deserted old paper-mill, long since disused and fall­ en to ruin. “I wonder if it is haunted,” she said aloud. The stranger smiled and laid down liis p a p e r ! “ Do you believe in such things,” he asked. Lettice Main waring laughed and col­ ored. “ O f course not. A n d yet—are you much acquainted with this part of the country ?” “ I have lived hereabouts a good deal.” “ O I then, perhaps you know Eastcr- liam Hall ? ” H e r face brightened. “ O h, yes. You are going there ? ” “ Yes, I am going to be governess to the little children,” said Letty, making haste to enlighten him as to her true position, in order that he should fully comprehend that she was no elegant young lady coming to the Hall to make a visit, but a humble little bee, who was obliged to toil steadfastly for her daily bread. “ I n d e e d ! ” he said. A n d L e tty was vexed a t herself for noticing the polite indifference into which his tone subsided. “I suppose it is a very fine place,” she wont on. “Very—for those who fancy 1 fine old places.’ To my taste, they are apt to be overrun w ith rats, full of draughts, and pictures queevly incon­ venient.” “A n d haunted, perhaps I” mischiev­ ously put in Lettice, the roguish spark­ le coming back to her eyes. “ So far as I know, Easterliam Hall is free from any supernatural occu­ pants. “ I am sorry for that,” said Letty. He arched his eyebrows. “ You would like to share y o u r room with a ghost o r two ? ” “No, but I do like to see romance about the place—something to set it a little above the level of the common­ place.” Ho did not.answ e r; and talkative Letty once more set the conversation ball rolling. “The Eftstcrhams are very rich, suppose ? ” “ Yes.” “I never heard of them until last week,” said she musingly. “ And now -h o w very strangely things arc order­ ed in this w o rld!—I am going to cast my lot among them .” “How docs that happen ?” said the gentleman. H e could not very well say less, in ordinary politeness; and yet L e tty felt trium p h antly that she had “drawn him out.” “ T hey wrote to Madam Moligny, my old teacher, to select a governess qualified to teach two little boys; and Madam knew that I wanted a situa­ tion, so here I am. I wonder how they will like me I” “ I hope you will like them ,” said the gentleman, stilling a yawn. “T h a t isn’t the question,” said Letty, imperatively. “ Mr. Easterliam is a dreadful bear.” “A re you acquainted with him ?” “ O , no, only w h a t I have heard,” answered Letty. “A n d what may that bo ?” “You are a neighbor,” said Letty doubtfully. “Perhaps I have said too much already.” lie laughed w ith more animation than she had yet seen in his manner. “ Depend upon it I shall not betray you to Mr. Easterliam. So he is a bear? W ell, 1 have thought so myself, sometimes.” “B u t he won’t bite me if I am a good girl, aud do my duty to the little ones; and they tell me they arc very nice lit­ tle boys,” persisted Letty. “They are very likg their father, I believe.” “ O,” said L e tty, smiling, “ I can tame young b e a rs; i t is only the full grown specimens, w ith sharp teeth and long claws th a t I am afraid of. Only think, and a demure apprehensive ex- presuon came over Lett.y’s round blooming countenance, “ he goes all around the house, all day long, and never says a w o rd to any one.” I “ He m u st be a savage, indeed, ob­ served the gentleman. “A n d Miss Electa Easterliam, the old maiden aunt, who keeps nouse for him, has quarrelled successfully w ith every governess they have had,” w ent on Letty, patting her little foot on the rustling straw on the stage floor; “ b u t she shall not quarrel with me. 1 won’t let her. I’m too good natured and too accustomed to humoring people, espec­ ially old ones. Madame Moligny wrote me word that she disliked young and pretty governesses particularly. Now, I ’m not young—not very young, you see.” “No,” “ I was tw e n ty last week,” said Letty sadly, “ and 1 am only tolerably decent looking. Now, if rnadamc had selected Olive Dayton, who used to be in the same class with me—she was a regular beauty, with great shady eyes, and a complexion all pearls aud roscs^thero would have been danger then.” The stranger began to look very in­ terested. “Tell me more about y o u r school,” he said. “ I have a sister whom I think of placing in some desirable institution, and 1 should like to judge w h ether madame M oligny’s would be a good home for her.” L e tty’s eyes brightened, her checks reddened, and her tongued was loosed at once. H e r traveling companion was social and chatty, and the time passed swiftly awav. “ You are going ? ” she cried, ns a t a lonely glen inn, overshadowed with silver-stemmed birches, a light chaise drawn by two milk-white horses was waiting. “ I have reached my journey’s end,” he said, courteously touching his cap. “I had intended to keep on to the end of the route, but I see they have sent for me here. I wish you every success and happiness in your new task of bear-taming.” As the chaise rolled away, L e tty felt herself blushing deeply. “ I am afraid I ’ve been talking too much,” thought L e t t y ; but w h at is a body to do, shut up all day long in a stage coach w ith a conversable gentle­ man ?” A n d the rest of Miss M ainwaring’s journey was a little tedious. I t was dusk when they arrived at Eastcrham Hall, a snowy, chill dusk, which made the glow of light through scarlet moreen curtains, and the coral shine of a g reat wood fire in the stone- paved hall, as seen through the half open door, most delightful and wel­ come. Miss Electa, a tall, prim old lad)r, in snowy cap and ribbons and a brown sat­ in dress stood ready to welcome her. And ju s t behind her L e tty saw a tall gentleman, with two little boys cling­ ing about him. “This is my nephew, Phillip,” the old lady said. A n d Letty felt as if the blood in her veins was turning to five as she recog­ nized her traveling companion of the day. “Do 1 look very much like a bear, Miss Mainwaring ?” he asked, laughing, as she stood trembling and tongue-tied before him. “N o ; don’t color, I promise you to allow myself to become very tamable. And you m u st not cry, cither,” as the tears came into L e tty’s eyes. “ There is nothing for you to cry for.” “ Why didn’t you tell me who you were?” she asked piteously. “Because you never asked mo.” L e tty resolved w ithin herself that she would leave Eastevhain the next day. B u t she didn’t keep the resolution. A t the year’s end she had n either quar­ relled with Miss Electa nor Mr, East- - evliam, and the little boys thought Miss Letty was perfection. So d id their father. “L e tty ” said he, “ the year for which I engaged you is over.” “ Yes,” she responded. “AVill you stay another year ? Will you stay w ith me always, L e ttv?” And so, within the shrine of a wed­ ding ring, L e tty found herself a prison­ er forever a t Easterliam hall. R u in e d by Taxes ♦ The New Orleans Picayune tolls a strange story o f a wealthy gentleman residing there who appears to have broken down under the weight o f tax­ ation. A few years ago, Franqois Lc- croix was. at the head of the leading mercantile establishment in New Or­ leans. The proceeds of his g reat bus­ iness were judiciously invested, and he became enormously wealthy. Leading a frugal, industrious life, save during his annual trips to Paris, when he spent fabulous sums, his fortune grew steadily, each year presenting a more eloquent contrast to the simplicity of his habits. W ithin the past four years his tax troubles commenced. Tho high rates annoyed him, and he has gradually drifted into tax resistance of the most pronounced type. A year ago, finding Lacroix incorrigible, the city government seized the larger p art of his property, and placed the rentals under the control of the sheriff, to be applied to liquidating tho city’s claim. This step did not change the old man’s determ ination, and the tax bill in­ creased with frightful rapidity. So tho enormous sale was begun. Spurning all proffers of assistance, laughing at every warning, deriding every prayer of his friends, old Lacroix permits this sacrifice of one of the most magnificent estates in the South. He attends the sales each day, and sits there apparent­ ly unconcerned, while one of the finest fortunes on the continent flies away on the echo of the crier’s voice. The Picayune is at a loss how to account for the old man’s freak. Only once, when they sold some stately edifice, he sobbed, but a t all o ther times he sits as though he were the least concerned of all the careless crowd. To the ordina­ ry gazer, lie seems a broken, demented old man, whom riches, or age, or un­ seen grief has rendered mad. IBF” The Administration of Gov. D ix has reduced the debt, decreased the expenditures, diminished the taxes, stopped im proper legislation and im­ proved the governm ent in every re­ spect. I f this is not w h a t the people want an adm inistration for, p ray what can be its object ? AST* I t ought to excite the suspicion of h o n est temperance men throughout the State that tho Democratic pap el's take such peculiar interest in their p ro­ posed separate movements. These pa­ pers have never been known as the friends o f any real temperance effort. .

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