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Rockland County times weekly. (Haverstraw, N.Y.) 1889-current, November 17, 1894, Image 6

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LUDLOW STREET JAIL. HOW IT COMPARES WITH THE OLD DEBTORS' PRISON. It is a Fairly Comfortable Place Nowadays, Although Thero is No Bar in lis Confines, and Prisoners Way Not Go Straw-Riding or to the Theatres. 11 is not so long ago t liat tho very mention of Ludlow Street .Jnil. in v.'iv York City, struck* terror I\ the hearts of persons who were not in tho habit of paying their debts. .No one eared about being sent to the jail, for it was never known when they could get oil!,. Under the statutes then ex- isting, imprisonment for debt was the most tyrannical and merciless punishment known to the law. If a creditor felt so disposeo ho had the right, under the law, to confine his debtor during his natural life, in jail, the only requisite being that the pris- oner's board bo paid regularly. The board was .$1 a day, and the wardens took good care that tho prisoners were not oversupplied with luxuries at this figure. A prisoner being kept j in close confinement could not earn any money, and unless some one vol- ! unteered to pay his debts lie could j not escape imprisonment, unless, of course, the creditor became merciful, and a merciful creditor was about as rare as a blooming century plant. It is not, generally known that Ludlow Street Jail is the county prison of this county. The first county jail stood for nearly a century in Eldridge street, near Hester street. It was known as the debtors' prison, and was the silent witness of the rise and fall of the fashionable quar- ter on the East side. The little two- story building was torn down several years ago to make room for the frowning tenements, and it was well to get it out of the way, as it was a constant reminder of the miseries and frailties of humanity, and it did not take much of the stretch of the imagination to see in the barred windows the faces of the ragged wretches, who, common report had it, were often starved to death. Perhaps Liuliow Street Jail lias never been as bad as the old debtors' prison, but it has been bad enough in other ways than cruelty to receive condemnation at every hand. About all the good that can be said of the place is that it was a factor in forc- ing men to be honest and to work at a lively rate to pay their debts when the creditors threatened them with imprisonment. The present county jail was built in 1800 by the Board of Supervisors. The man who suggested the new jail building and superintended its con- struction was William M. Tweed, who was then a supervisor. His name appears in large letters cut in marble over the door, which is peculiarly significant, as Tweed died in the prison years afterward when he had been shorn of the glory attendant upon his ill-starred reign in this cicy. Tweed, in his early days, was an advocate of economy in municipal affairs, and that is how it happens that the jail is so plain and unpre- tentious externally that it might easily be mistaken, were it not for the barred windows, for a .Methodist meeting house. Tlio building faoos on Ludlow street and Essex Market place and consists of one storyy the largest in iho city, t lie distance being sixty-five feet from the street to tlie roof. Tlio structure is in the shape of an L, and in the rear is the famous court-yard, fifty feet square, which is bounded by brick buildings and a fence thirty feet high. The internal arrangements are simple and convenient. On the first lloor is the Warden's room and ollice, kitchen, dining-room and re- ception-room, whore prisoners may consult with their counsel. Only tlio star hoarders can use this dining- room. Tlio entrance to the floor above is by a spiral stairway, which loads to a large corridor. Tlio prison facing on Essex .Market place is used as the debtors' prison, and the i.udlow street wing is occupied by prisoners charged with offenses against the Federal laws. Uncle Sam doos not own any prisons, and he pays New York County u liberal sum for the L support of the prisoners sent to Lud- L low Street Jail. The county prison- ers and those of Uncle Sam nro kopt separate, oxcept when they go to tho yard for exorcise. I\ ono end of the debtors' prison is a library filled with old, musty books, which aro rarely disturbed. Most of tho eighty- seven cells contain two beds and the ventilation of each cell, and, in fact, of the jail itself, is perfect. The average number of prisoners in Ludlow Street Jail at tho present t i 1110 is forty-live, and since Warden! .1. M. Fox took charge there have been no scandals concerning the man- agement. His first assistant is John !?\. MeCabo, and three night and three day keepers lookout for (ho prison- ers. The chef and all the help are hired by tho Warden, and the prison- ers have tho appearance of being well fed. Tho prisoners are sent to tho County Jail on civil process, usually in the form of attachments, orders of arrest and execution, and Iho only debtors confined are those who use some kind of fraud in contracting a debt The imprisonment in this class of cases is limited by law, and they aro bailable. Tho prisoner at any time may give bail, which will entitle liitn to leavo prison, but he must remain in tho county limits, When the bail is fixed at $500 or un- der the debtor can be held for threo months, and when it is over $500 he can be held for six months. When a female domestic sorvant recovers judgment against her employer and it is not satisfied he can be confined in Ludlow Street Jail for fifteen days. All prisoners sent to jail for contempt of court go to Ludlow street, and in these and the domestic cases the prisoners are not entitled to bail. John S. Robinson, an old man, who was recently discharged from Lud- low Street Jail, has the singular dis- tinction of having been in the old debtor's prison in Eldridge street, to have served time with Tweed and to have been in jail twice since that time for debt. \There is nothing,\ said Mr. Kobinson, \that can be imagined that could be worse than the old debtors' prison. It was a monoy-making machine, on asmallor scale than Ludlow Street Jail turned out to be afterward. The !(iL a day that the creditors had to pay to keep a man locked up was enough to keep a man well supplied with food, but the wardens kept all they could of the money by starving the prisoners. The food, that as a matter of form, was given the prisoners when I was there was unfit to eat. The place was so filled with vermin that all the prisoners were half crazed by the un- bearable itching. There was no re- dress except to pay your debts, and how could a follow do this while locked up and unable to earn any- thing? \If a man had a grudge against any one and could put up a job, which seemed to be quite easy in those days, to land him in the debtors' prison, his punishment would be greater than if he had been sent to State's prison for life. The prisoners could not secure any favors, because they did not have any money to pay for them, and before I left the jail it was like a lunatic asy- lum. The prisoners' minds could not stand the strain and slowly gave way under the contemplation of the terrible future, from which there was 110 escape. Strong, healthy men suffered the most. I had two years of it, and it ought to have been enough to satisfy me; but I'm so constituted that I'm only happy when deeply in debt. \The contrast between Iho old debtors' prison and Ludlow Street Jail is like the difference between a horrible nightmare and u pleasant dream. I was sent to Ludlow shortly before Tweed arrived there from UlackweU's Island. He was held under $11,000,1X10 bail, and there was no chance of his getting out. The men he had made in politics wore his keepers. Warden Dunham was his intimate friend. Tweed lived in the Warden's room, and had all the com- forts of homo. He was good to the other prisoners, and often gave u special dinner to them. His expenses were over $100 a day. Ho was as much at liberty as if ho had been at home. Ho could go out and return when he liked, and the other prisoners could do likewise, if thoy had the money to pay for it. \There was a bar in the place. It was not fixed up as nicely as Del- . monlco'a, but the prices charged for drinks wero higher than Delmonico would daro suggest. Cocktails were 75 cents; straight whisky, fiO cents: and beer and malt liquors were 40 cents a glass. Drinks could be ob- tained at any hour of tho day or night, and tho prisoners who had enough of tho long green could goon as big a jatnboreo as if they wore j with their own cronies. Tho lowest price for board was $15 a week, which included tho regular ineals at tho Warden's table, and for all the lux- uries in food and the privileges of go- ing out tho price was $50 a week. The jail was not like a prison, except! to the poor follows who could not pay their board, They did not get any luxuries, but the food was whole- some. \Tweed took advantage of tho privileges that wero given to him, and one fine day ho went out. with the Warden and did not return. Tho story told by the Warden was that Tweed escaped from his own homo, where he had asked to bo taken to see his wife, but tho peoplo in the jail did not take any stock in this idea. Tweed was caught a year later in Spain, after it was believed that tho suit against him had boen fixed. Hts friends went back on him at the last moment, and ho was brought back to Ludlow Street Jail. He died in tho Warden's bed in a little while of a broken heart. There was gloom in the jail for a time after Tweed's deal h, but the bar ran on as merrily as over. \Tho last time I was sent to Lud- low I found things changed- Warden Fox had closed up tho bar, and tho placa was like a Sunday-school. The boarders wore all treated well, and, in fact, every prisoner who is sent to the jail for debt is made to tako an affidavit as to his ability to pay his board. If he cannot pay anything ho is furnished with prison food, which includes meat or fish once a day and bread and coffee for break- fast .and supper. Those who are able to pay their board can have the best of everything in the market. They are permitted to roam about the prison and yard at will, and can see their families and friends at any time of day. The boarders used to have rooms of their own, but now every prisoner is compelled to sleep in a cell at night. No one is per- mitted to leave the prison except by order of the Court, and theatre par- ties and straw rides from the jail are things of the past. Ludlow Street Jail is not a bad place to stay in, even with the abridgment of priv- ileges, and a fellow can have a good time, if he is sociably inclined, with the rest of the unfortunates.\ Children's Festival in Japan. In the article, From my Japanese Dairy, by Lafcadio Hearn, in the At- lantic, is this reference to the chil- dren's festival of Japan : The third visit was that of a depu- tation of children asking for some help ta celebrate fittingly the festival of Jizo, who has a shrine on the other side of the street, exactly opposite my house. I was very glad to con- tribute to their fund, for I love the gentle god, and I knew the festival would be delightful. Early next morning I saw that tho shrine had already been decked with tlowei's and votive lanterns. A new bib had been put about Jizo's neck, and a Buddhist repast set before him. Later on carpenters constructed a dancing platform in tho temple court for the children to dance upon, and before sundown the toy sellers had erected and stocked a small street of booths insido the precincts. After dark I wont out into a great glory of lantern fires to see I he children dance, and I found perched before my gate an enormous dragonfly more than three feet long. It was a tokon of the children's gratitude for tlie little help I had given them?a kazari, a decoration. I was startled for tho moment by the realism of tho thing, but upon close examination I discov- ered that the body was a pine branch wrapped with colored paper, tho four wings were four lire-shovols, and the gleaming hoad was a littlo teapot. The whole was lighted by a candle so placed as to make extraordinary shadows, which formed part of tho design. It was a wonderful instance of art sense working wit hout, a speck of artistic material, yet it was all tho labor of a poor little child only eight years old! Bread, as a daily article of food, is used by only one-third of tho fifteen hundred millions that consti- tute tho present population of the earth. In tho coast districts of Spanish America tho stall' of life is tho banana; on tho Pampas, dried beef; and in Eastern Asia, rico, either in tho form of a soup or a thick gruel. \He has eaten his last rice,\ say tho Chinese, in anticipa- tion of a funeral. Sleeves are larger than ever at tho top, and ure shaped to the arm from the elbow. There are over M 0,000,000 fruit trees lu California. A FOUR HUNDRED OF LADIES WHO ARE DEVOTED TO PHYSICAL CULTURE. A Glimpse at the Well-Appointed Club-rooms, ot the Girls Who are Training and at the Distinguished People Who Look On and Approve of the New \ Fad.\ Tlio well-built man, woman, boy or tfirl is acknowledged by every intel- fluent person of to-day ns on the increase. Why? Simply becauso tho ! Jevolopmont of the body is now recognized as one of the most im- portant branches of education. The aim of every school is to have a department of physical training where the students can secure for themselves the best health, strength and endurance possible, and tho im- portance of such physical develop- ment is thoroughly appreciated now as an essential part of complete school discipline. The Berkeley Ladies' Athletic Club, of 28 West 41th street, New York City, is a striking illustration of the advancement that the study of phy- sical cultureund athletic sports havo made upon the young ladies of this city. It is a new departure in the physical training of women, and the completeness of the appointments of the building and the great variety and perfection in its apparatus pre- sent an establishment equal to that of the best athletic club building for men. The parlor, decorated in old gold and blue, is on the ground floor. Here also are the offices of the director and secretary. Throe bowling alleys are in the front basement; these measure the regulation width and length. A plunge bath is in the rear. This is lined with white and blue tiles, the walls and ceilings being decorated in the same manner. A series of dressing rooms, needle baths and a large swimming bath complete the floor. Privato bathrooms, with separate dressing alcoves, lockers and needle tub baths, occupy two floors; then oomes the gymnasium, the favorite hall in tho club building. It is 100 by 50 feet, provided with a noiseless running track, with a gallery nine foet above the floor. Up a short flight of stairs, opening adjacent to the running track, is a smaller gym- nasium used for individual work. The appliances used for instruction consist principally in sets of light chest-weights, rowing weights, Indian clubs, dumbbells and French bar- bells. Tho apparatus is attached to the walls or suspended from trusses, leaving space clear for classwork and marching exercises. Tho beauty of the apparatus is in its nickel platings and noiseless workings. In the use of foils our ladies are becoming experts, and only by at- tending some of the private partios that rent the bowling alleys for even- ing games can one thoroughly appre- ciate the skill with which the dia- mond-ringed Angers of bur city belles play the game. Classes began Oct. 1, and as tho ladies return from the country they make their appearance at tho club. Tho membership is limited to 100 (but not to \ the \ Four Hundred), and a candidate for admission must bo at least 10 years old, the admis- sion fee being $15 and tho annual dues $10. The management of tho club is intrusted to a board of ton govornors. On the second and last Friday of every month friends aro admitted by card, and from a balcony built pur- posoly for thoir accommodation they can watch the exorcises in tho gym- nasium. \Do 1 notico any improvement?\ said ono of the members in repeating a question pub to lior, \I should think I do! It is simply wonderful. I havo an appetite that is groatly alarming my mother, it is so raven- ous. I fool so cheerful after a day spent hero thfct grandmother calls mo giddy. I sloop like a top and awake so refroshod every morning. My lungs aro strong?listen 1\ and she halloed at the top of hor volco for ex- ample, \Look at my arm ?and just wait six months ?I'll have it twice as hard. I am straight, too, and don't fool half so awkward as I did a year ugo, when Hirst came.\ \However exaggerated these effocts may appear to those who pay no at- tention to tho subject of athletic sports and physical culturo,\ said a looker-on, who was an able doctor, '.'ono cannot help thinking or being convinced that if tho samo plans which are now pursued with tho view of fitting Individuals for tho demoral- izing exhibition of brute force wero moro generally adopted as a means of improving tho health and vigor of tho constitution, the peoplo would be In a great measure emancipated from physical sulToring, and the full possession of active powers would bo prolonged far beyond what, Is now es- teemed the bounds of human lifo.\ STRENGTH OF THE SWAN. A Blow of Its Wing Sufficient to Break a Man's Leg. Wo all know tho tradition about the power of a swan's wing?that its blow would broak a man's leg. I questioned a mar. who has much to (io with swans about tho credibility of the talo, and ho told mo that ho, for ono, was ready to bolievo it, and thought, that any other man who had received such a blow from a swan's wing as ho had sutTerod would be likely to bolievo It also. Ho was summoned from his cot- tago by tho news that one of tlio cygnets was in trouble. A boy had been amusing himself with tho ele- gant sport of giving tho cygnets meat attached to a long string. When tho cygnet had swallowedthe moat woll done tho boy would pull it up again by means of tho string. It was groat fun for tho boy, and the cygnot was unable to express its feelings intel- ligibly. On tho occasion in ques- tion, however, the lump of meat stuck. It would not como out, and the boy, fearing consequences, had let slip tho string and bolted. Tho cygnet did its best with tho string by swallowing several yards of it, but began to choke before it got to the end. At this jnncture my friend was summoned to its aid, and simulta- neously, as it appeared, the stately parent of the cygnet, that was swim- ming on the pond close by, perceived that something was amiss with its offspring. It swam to the bank and commenced making its way to tho young one's assistance. But the swan's method of progression on land is as awkward and slow as on tho wa- ter it is graceful and swift. The swan herd was the first to reach the cyg- net, and, soon seeing the trouble, had calculated to remove it before tho parent came up with him. But his calculations had underrated the length of the string or tho pedestrian speed of the swan. Just as ho had succeeded in extri- cating the lump of meat from tho gullet of the distressed youngster the old bird caught him a blow with its wing on that part of the person which is most exposed to attack when a man is stooping and tho onset is made from behind. Ho was knocked over on his face, and, continuing tho impetus received from tho swan by scuttling over the grass on his hands and knees, was able to escape from tho bird's fury, which was soon trans- ferred to solicitude for its little one. But tho blow had been sufficiently powerful to make tho sitting posture uninviting for several days and to incline him to give credence to any legend about tho strength of a swan's wing. To Shams Drunkards. It appears from a statement in a Russian newspaper that General Wahl, the Governor of St. Peters- burg, lias devised a new method of shaming the tipplers of the Musco- vite capital Into sobriety. In order to encourage the spread of temper- ance the General has issued a per- emptory order that the names and addresses of all poople, whatever may be their rank or sex, found in the streets in a disorderly or intoxicated condition, shall be printed on large posters and publicly displayed at cor- tain points of the city and also pub- lished in the Official Gazette. Gen- eral Wahl's procedure is only a modi- fication of a system put in force some fifty years since by one of his prede- cessors in office. Drunk and disor- derly casos, whether they belonged to the upper or the lower classes, wore compelled, under the supervision of the gendarmes armed with stout canes, to swoop the stroets for a cer- tain number of hours every morning, and the moujiks, whether male or fe- male, wero subsequently taken to the police station and regaled with a copious doso of birch. Thoro is a curious engraving representing those involuntary scavengers at work in a book entitled \Los Mystores do la Russie,\ by M. Fredio Loeroix.? [London Standard. Vegetable Dropsy. Some recent experiments atCornell University, Ithaca, have arousod much interest on account of tlio do- volopment of what appoars to bo a form of plant dropsy. Tamatoes grown in the warm, moist air of the forcing-houses had loaves that were swollon and seml-transparont. The swelling continued until the veins of the loaves burst and considerable liquid flowed out. This was causod by too much water at the roots and r # an over-supply in the air. The loaves wore not ablo to give oil tho wator i suppliod from tho roots and stalks, and tho congostod condition of the i leaves and subsoquont bursting of v tlio veins was a true type of a drop- sical condition. ?[New York Ledgtr. KITE MINUS A TAIL Another Juvenile Tradition la Laid on the Shelf. i The Clever Idea of a Now >l«mj Mnn? Of Much Value In the Weather Berr- Ico?Any Intelligent Hoy Can Make One. Ono of- tlio first things learned by every boy la that a kilo cannot, will not fly without a tail, l.lke most time- honored traditions, tills kite notion held till some one looked into it with a scientific eye. Then tlio whole story had to be remodeled.\ The some one in this kite business was William A. Eddy, of Itayonne, N. J. lie flow no end of kites from the top of Blue hill, in the suburbs of Bos- ton, the other day with nary a tail on any of them. lie could have flown a hundred, all on one string, had there boon men enough to hold them down. Mr. Eddy sent up a line of kites, and reached a height of about three hun- dred and sixty feet. Tills was alto- gether disappointing, and a little in- vestigation pointed out the trouble. His kites were made for llayonne winds, where twelve miles an hour is fast, and the proportions were adapted solely to that pressure. On Blue hill tho velocity ran during the morning from twelve to twenty-five miles, and this unlooked-for pressuro drove down the kites instead of elevatinp them. Late in tho afternoon tho wind died down and another flight of four kites tandem was completely successful. A height of 550 foot was attained easily, and only a lack of tho kites destroyed In the morning's experiment prevented a higher flight. The top kite main- tained Its position fixed far away in the heavens as if bound by stays. The beauty and value of the idea as a method of investigation In weather Science was apparent at once. Instru- ments oould be attached to that top- taost kite, or on all the kites in the string, and simultaneous readings, self- jregistered, could be obtained. It was only a question of durability of ma- terial to sond up a line of kites and leave them there all the time, record- ing with patient Inerrancy the truths pf the atmosphere at a height where pnueh is sought and but little Is found. The kite is a simple affair, the con- struction of which is easily within the reach of a clever boy, by following the Accompanying diagram and directions. 'A great deal of stress is laid by Mr. lEddy on the dimensional proportions of (the kite. The sticks for any kite of about a yard square are of spruce or ash and a quarter of an inch square, 1 but this extremely slight stick may be strengthened by a brace. The sticks a b and c d should be equal, jin length if for flights in strong winds, jbut if in light winds, c d should be tho Songer. Mr. Eddy has found that an addition of 14 per cent, of a b's length |to ab is about right for cd. Then c d is tied crosslike on a b at a point fronf the end, which is 18 per cent, of the jtotal (a b) length. The ends of c d are then joined by a string, which is pulled piut, drawing c d into the form of a pow. How taut the string should be is learned by experience, but in a stick twenty inches long the string will bo jabout three inches from the stick In jthe middle. ; Tho strain comes at the point e, andl a strengthening stick may be tied plong the middle, with strings at thei C*id of the brace only, so as to al'low of bending. The frame is then ready for ithe paper, which should be common but strong American tissue. The paper is glued firmly, with perhaps a wrap lof twine also, on the four ends of the Sticks. A wide margin of paper should be left in the cutting, and this margin then doubled over and glued down all around the edge, as a strengthening! device. A piece of twine should boj loosely tied around a b, between e and, f, so that it can be shifted up and down. It is. a bob weight, small as ltj is, which will be needed in the final) adjustment. The out shows the \wrong\ or up-1 per side of the kite. The kite string is attached at the point e, but a second string from the point b joins it at a point which is found as follows: Draw the kite string parallel too d; find a point outside of d, ten per cent, of e d, farther out, which in the cut Is denoted by h; join b h, and the kite is ready. Get embroidery silk?the only item posting money so far?as much as you can afford, and then you have your kite. The kite string must, of course, bo run through the paper at e. Tho kite may not work steadily at first, but if the directions have been followed a trlllin'g shoving up or down lof the loose piece of twine between e knd f will so adjust tho center of grav-i lty that the kite will soar presently! like a bird. Tho wind strikes the pa- per altogether, which bags on each fcido of a?b. The whole thing has a Striking look of a soaring bird when iin in the air. NEW FRENCH PRETENDER. ? ______ Bon of the Duka of SevllU Now StflM lllmfteir \Duo d'AnJou.\ Prince Francois Marie de Bourbon, the new French preteiidcr, who has as- sumed the title of \Due d'Anjou,\ is the second son of the Infanta Don Hen- rique, duke of Seville, and was born at Toulouse March 39, 1854. In 1872 ho entered the army of Don Carlos, his \cousin and was first inado a lieuten- ant, then a captain on the Held of bat- klo at the tutting of Itipali, subsequent- ly rising to a colonel. He wup greatly sommended, too, for his bravery all through the Carlist campaign. On Oo- lober 20, 1874, he wus nominated a general of brigade. On his \cousin King Alphonso XII., (being procluiiued Icing he retired from jtho Carlist array, declaring that ho Would fight neither of his cousins, and Went to Cuba in defense of tho Spanish pause. In this Island, too, ho fought with great bravery in an army bf veterans, although but twenty years of ago, receiving the grand cross of tho military order and tho thauks of tho government. Tho Cuban war coming to an end, tho princo returned to Spain and was at onco offered tho command of a brigade of infantry in Madrid. In 1891 ho wus made a general of division aud entered tho military council of Spain. Ho married Dona Folisa de Leon and Ilulbou, grunjliluughtor of Murquis do Ouurdiu Real and the famous Spanish Qen. Leon. lie has four sons and threo daughters. The prince has assumed for his coat-of-arms the fleur-de-lis und royal crown of tho hou«e of llourbon and France. Brazilian aborigines out tho flesh of tho boa constrictor. Reaumur says lie has known one wasp to kill 1,000 tiles a day. Valuable Woods. Tlio woods of Cent nil and South America are, perhaps, the most ro- mnrkablo ns well ns the least known, in the yet unsolicited forests of this continent are many woods fur finor than tlioso now in use. These woods range from pure white to jet black in color, and many of them aro most beautifully marked and veined. Some of them are so hard that they turn the edges of axes, chisels and other tools, while the band saw cuts them only slowly. In the Columbian Exposition there were many displays of little known woods, and tho finest of thorn wero those from Argentine Republic, Brazil and other South American countries. Somo of these southern woods yielded to the teeth of tho band saw, not the ordinary saw dust, but lino powder, fino as the finest flour, so hard were the woods. Somo of them burnt but slowly. Oth- ers possess qualities that keep them free from insects. Somo of them seem to bo practically indestructible by air and water. All along the east- orn slopes of the Andes, up to the snow lino on those great elevations, throughout all the great river valleys, and in somo of the wide areas of lev- el country in South America are great forests of lino woods that are specially fit for the finest cabinet and furniture work, and also for ship- building, carpentry and other indus- trial arts in which wood is the \raw material.\ These great forests are now an unknown quantity in the commercial world, but they will come rapidly into the knowledge of men and into industrial use when once the railroad has reached them ?[Lumber World. U 46 A Chinese Newspaper. In Canton, by the way, is produced tho only independent Chinese news- paper printed in the empire. Others printed in Hong Kong, which is out of the jurisdiction of the Emperor, sometimes criticise his Majesty'g government most severely, and use terms which, if employed within its dominion, would probably result in tho proprietors, the editors, the staff, tho compositors, together with their families, being put to death, with va- rious approvod, though inelegant, gradations of Tator barbarity. I had a long interview with Mr. Kwong Ki Cliiu, tho proprietor and editor of the KWong I'ao (News of Canton), who initiated me into many of the details of Chinese newspaper publications. This paper has a daily circulation of over ?1,000, and is posted to Chinamen in all parts of tho world for scription of yearly.?[Century??' A Wonderful Calculation. A celebrated English authority, in a well-known work entitled \Obser- vations on Reversionary Payments,\ makes tho following wonderful cal- culations : It is well known to what prodigious sums money at compound interest will increase. A penny so improved from tho time of tho Saviour, put out at 5 per cent, com- pound interest, would by this time have incroasod to more money than could bo contained in 150.000,000 of globes equal to tho oarth in magni- tude, and all solid gold.?[Chicago Herald. A LOW WATER LEVEL tn Rivers, Ponds, Wells, nnd other sou rem of drinking water threatens danger from malarial germs. This condition is usually found In tho Pttll, and it points to Hood's Harsapnrlllu mi ii sifegilar i against attacks of disease. Hood's Harsanarllllt makes pure Mood, and thus guards the system from nil these perils. It creates an appetite and gives sound and robust health. \I havo Hood's Saraa- heen using Hood's Rar- saparllli occasionally m 11 for the last three years. I have suffered from mnlariu fever for live years, and many ktmlsof medicine hut found no rellojfl till I commencod to take Mood s S irsapnrll? la. f have all confidence lit It, anil liellevo It to he far superior to nnv other tonic.\ P. \u25a0J. Fitzokkam), 121 Ninth Ht., Ho. Ilostoa, Mass. Get Hood's nnd only Hood's. IleoilN I*ll In euro all I Ivor Ills. 2i^nt *. Dr. Kilmer's Swamp- Root cures all Kidney and Bladder troubles. Pumphletand Consultation free. Laboratory Binghuinton, N. Y. , nerv- fVj c/ weariness, ment, the re- eases, or drains upon the system, excesses, or abuses, bad habits, or early vices, are treated through cor- respondence at their homes, with uniform success, by the Specialists of the Invalids' Hotel and Surgical Institute, of Buffalo, N. Y. A book of 136 large pages, devoted to the consideration of the maladies above hinted at, may be had, mailed se- curely sealed from observation, in a plain envelope, by sending 10 cents in one-cent stamps (for postage on Book), to the World's Dispensary Medical Association, at the above mentioned Hotel. For more than a quarter of a century, physicians connected with this widely cele- brated Institution, have made the treatment of the delicate diseases above referred to, their sole study and practice. Thousands, have con- sulted them. This vast experience has naturally resulted in improved methods and means of cure. I

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