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Herkimer Democrat. (Herkimer, Herkimer County, N.Y.) 1861-1869, November 06, 1861, Image 1

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.V S ; v ! u ! n t r C B t r a t j g t r a o t r a i l a : . C3-- o x ^ o T T O s a : , F.DrXOK:iNI> PROPRIETOK, SElilLIM E a, mjKiCOIEli COTJN5}Y,N.Y ♦ TERM? — The B emocbat Trill be issued every I U' eiliiesile.y laorninjc, an I sent to subscribers for $1.50 ivhea paid in advance; if notin advance. $1,75. will Oecii Xbere Tviu be no aeviation from tbeso |i RATES OP ADTERTISISS. g*i One square orles.s.one insertion, - - -$100 ‘ Each subsequent insertion, ------ 0 25 t Oiic square 2 mcmtlic, - - - 3 00 f O.to square .S months, - - - -..--4 00 ( O:..! square 6 months. - - - - - - - - 5 00 j Oiie .square 01 )'year.’ 1 - - - - . - s oo , A iiberai discount Tvill be made to those wh ■ Mtverth-eby theyear BO TK ANT) JOB PRINTTNO in all its branches oti 'ORt'il with ueatness aii'l dispatch and oureasona to admit the largest silver ox,’ said thi f 0 r t e | . [From the B Js'f.u Post J Tiis Beparture. ‘ O yes!'’ s-iM one. U you Tverc I, You’ll j-.'jt loci p.T e’ut'’..l, Ii you 11 1 .) liiviTl t’f A'’.tutant, Yi.u Tvoui.l be ticitote i. ‘qili dear; oh df .ir!’’ finotiifT .cobbed. \i'i'ii’t el ptrturleitloa. My lovi V r. iT iauiis.sei ait, 1 v.ai.t cereniN-er.iUoii!’’ “ ‘•Y \; \v.-. ti li,” iinother said, “to smilo At • tlier fedv-’ .’d,-a.-ter, Hew i\'u; 1 I m.i.-t T tiiese my tears, hill live the Qi!aiteru>a.«lcr * 1 1 .1 f.'e; nvTi,” tlif fi ’ji-tb one said, ‘■M '■ ye.,-, v.e, lie ii-t iq lire 111 you; r..- i. <1 ee b.v Ui-'jiir'lS, II..\e ’ ve.l iii.-S. I'e ant-Ma.ior.” •'ll -■ y.ei. =a it,” :i.:-'.tCa>r irelpcd, i'l'. I >l'Nf t ' 1 V;U lily, iNil \1' y- »- i ii.vv a £ I'l .1 )i'‘, oil*. T'“' r«'t ru*.*l tell <*:' ,;!i -' 1*4 All I it w.!.- ii»vc oi' priv.it c ma«ic Tu'.‘ ?“Uni t 1 i Till' u'4.1.1 15 r>i!i pr44.tT3^ Au-i tM';.-- u!l 'wH t^wim i:-., A' iiriir,-' TiJ t?Ie upoi uitn, iii'-* olLt-r halt or women. .[I . SM A L L J i V I H a S . A i-ToRY I !)•.: ■ nn tiiikj . ‘ i ilnu't see hoiv Holmes does it,’ said Jo!!)! .'itotson, with a puzzled expression. • i> jes Tviiat V’ asked his wife, looking up fi’oni her sewing. • ’iVhy Stive so much money from his salary, to 1)0 siiro.’ ’ 'nion he does save, docs lie ?’ • Yiiu kuo’.v the half-acre lot adjoining his Imas-o Y’ • Well, he has just bought it for a hundred ilosku's, ami what is more, paid for it out of ii.ooey saved from his salary this year.’ • Hutv du?s his salary oomparp with ‘ He has only seven hundred dollars a year, white i have eight. Then our families are the same ; each of us have two chil- • Vet I ’m afraid that you don’t save near that auiyiint.’ Igatss not. The fact is, if I find HP self square at th-i end o f the year, I think m^’solf lucky.’ ‘ Ami yet John,’ said his wife gravely, • it sceuis to mo as ii we ought to lay by some-, ■ it is easy enough to’ say tljat ; but the question is, how are we going to do it? There's Mary's music lessons at ten dollars U quarter. That’s the only way I can think of, and I shouldn't want to stop ‘ Xo, of coarse not; bat isn’t there any other way ?’ - ‘ Not that I know of.’ ‘ Don't you think John, the little iirci- deutai expenses cost more than you think fur.’ ‘ Such as what ?’ ‘ (hgars, ice-cream, oysters, the theatre and John Stetson winced a little. ‘ They are mere trifles,’ said hi ‘ A tew cc make prer the year.’ ‘ You know‘there’s an old proverb, ‘Mary a little ma’ses a mickle.’ ‘Pshaw! 1 hate proverbs. Besides,things ire really of very little account, doesn’t teel the sum he pays oat, t would in ai io youou smokmoke ‘ That would make twelve cents.* didn't go in one way, it i How many cigars do y s daily ?’ is wife.’ are really of very little account, A man ’t teel the sum he pays oat, and if it . go in 0 ow man; pursued h' Three.’ hat woul And what's twelve cents V ‘ Not much in itself; but multiplied by a larger number, it amounts to something.’ ‘ What are you driving at, wife V’ a propositio’u to Yhat are you driving at, wifi ‘ I am going to make j ^ ‘ I'm all attention.’ _ ‘ You say you don’t mind a few cents a ^Of course not.’ ‘ Then 1 propose that a small box be- ob­ tained with a slit in the lid, just like the cliildren's tin savings’ box, in short, only larger; and that for every cent you spend for cigars, ice-cream, theaters, or any such luxury, yon deposit an equal sum in John Stetson laughed! . I ib.rq say,’ he remarked, ‘ it would bring perfect Croesus at the end of the ^ ‘ Do you agree?’ asked his wife, with some appearance of anxiety. ‘ Yes, I have no great objection, if you .desire it, though I acknowledge it seems a little foulish and childish.’ • Never mind about that. I have your me out a ^ ‘ You must take all the trouble of it. I ^ can’t engage to do anything about it, except to furnish the money when called tor.’ ‘ That is all I shall require of you. But I sh-.ill expect you to give an account every night oi all you have disbarred in the ways I spoke of, and to be prepared with an equal * an.cuut of change for deposit.’ ‘ Very Well, I Ii try.' ’ Tdiis conversation took place at the break­ fast table. Having drained his second ci of coffee. John Stetson put on his overcoi ’ and took his way to his place o f busiin-ssp I may as well mention in this conneclii may as well nicnt tat he was cashier o his connection k. iiii.l as his ‘ My wife is an euthnsiast/ thought be, as he wa.s walking down town. ‘ However, her hobby won't cost much, so I might as well indulge her in it.’ Meanwhile Mrs. Stetson proceeded to the shop of a cabinet makor. ‘ I want you,’ said she, ' to make mo a bos, twelve inches long, the r inches. In the slit, large enough A money box,’ said the cabinet maker. ‘ Yea.’ “Pretty large »br that, isn't it?” “Eather,” said Mrs. Stetson. Biniling, better too largo than too small.” ’ John Stetson fell in with a companion in the afternoon, with whom he had a social chat. As they were walking leisurely along, \ley passed an oyster saloon. Stetson was particularly fond of the bi- dve.s, and he proposed that they should go and have some.' To this his friend did not demnr, and they accordiiigiy entered. Two plates of oysters came to tivei-ty-five cents. Besides this, they took a glass of ale each, which made twelve cents more. ’I’his brought the bill up to thirty-seven cents, which Stetson paid. Accordingly, adding to this twelve cents for \cigars he deposited forty nine cents in his wife's hand that evening. ‘•I might as well make it fifty,” said he, smiling. ”Ao,” said she, “not a cent over, T want the savings to represent exact!/ what yon spend on these little luxuries, and no more.” 'i’he next evening he had nothing to de­ posit, except the usual amount for cigars. “It won’t amount up very Hot at that rate,” said he, triumphantly. “Ne',’er mind,” said want j’ou to - ---------- '’otir ;iy accoui hey will I tShe was light. The next day. bring ’Wednesday. John tftetsen bruiighl* liouje a couple of iick‘ets for ihe theater. It was a benefit night, and he was anxious that his wife shonld go. “Cert, inly,” c-aid she, “ I shall bo glad to go ; but von remember your compact’t” “Whutr' “ How much did j'ou pay for the ticket?” “Fifty ceiit.T apiece.’’ “That will make aNloliar. Please hand (1 that amount for our iund,” ‘ Was the theatre in c lu d e d s a id John, a little reluctantly. ‘•Certainly. I’hat was expressly mention ed.” _ “ “Cdi, v/eli. then, so be it. Here is a silver dollar.'’ 'j’he dollar was at once dropped into the box. The next day, in pas.sing a shop window, Stetson noticed some fine iges. Feelings on iho Field ct Fattlc. The corr Courier givs the feuiii a battle jpondeut of the Charleston the following deserifition of Dgs ot a soldier for the first time on : field : UU4,» VJW-ff IbUViSrO VA UUV pl>Ul Ul^ of a battle ; and even those who participated are competent to speak only of their own personal experience. TFhere friends and foes are faliiiig by scores, and every .species of missile is flying through the air, threaten­ ing each instant to send one into etetnity, little tiire is aSbrded for more observation required for p-'Tsonal one of the most exci- or reflection than i safety. ’I'ha si Delusions as to Ilayonst 'Woxmda. liis wife. “ I don’t increase t e.vpondimrc3 o; i am iuctined to think tha unges. “d ust what ifary and the 'children would ce,’’ tliought he. “Pil go in and inrpiire like, the pric They were four cents apiece. He bought halfa d'jZen at a cost of a quarter, which, with his cigar money, left him thirty-seven cents to deposit. 'i ho succeeding day he spent ncthing, ex­ cept for cigars. On Saturday he stepped into a confccHoriiry establishm^ent witli a friopd, and bad e. lunch. ThjaJ:w^ght-that day’s account ap to forty cent3, When his wife added up the daily sums, she found lo her own surprise,even, ti-at siie had received from her husband two dollars and sixty-two cents. He would have beeri a-stonished to hear it, but she thought it best not to say anything about it. He would have alleged that it w they did not go to the^ This was true, but then iged that it was a special ease, as not g o t o theHhoatre every week, was true, but thsn something else was sum to come of equivalent cost, such as a ride or concert. Some time slipped awaj’. The necessity, :cuiding to the compact, of giving his wife much as lie spe-nt. for inci lentai expenses, itributed to chc-CR him i u’hat, so that probably he did not spi ire than two-thirds as much in this had done before the agr^er ;lie average of he had don< kept up the We will now Bupposi glided by. John Stephens sitting-room with a pre-occupiied “■What are you thinking iw suppose the year 3 air. ! way as sraent. Still he •St week. ig about?’ asked his wife. “About the half acre lot adjoining the one Holmes bought last year.” “Do you wish to purchase it?” “Yes, I should like to ; but of course I can’t,, not having the money. » “How much do they ask for it ?” “Holmes paid a hundred dollars for his. This is on some accounts preferable, and they hold it at one hundred and twenty-five dollars.” “Perhaps you could raise the money,” said his wife, quietly. “By borrowing. I shouldn’t wan’t to do •‘You remember our fund ?” “Pshaw! That may possibly amount to thirty or forty dollars.” “Suppose we count it, as the year is up to­ day.” “Very well.” The *^box was opened, and husband and wife commenced counting. They soon reached and passed foF ■■ \ said John, “I had no 0 much.\ astonishment when the total e hundred and twenty-nine “Bless my soul!” idea there was so mm V,’’bat was his a; proved to be one hundred and twenty-nine dollars and forty cents ! “Y^ou see you can buy the lot.” “But haven't you swelled the amount from your own allowance?” he asked, somewhat bewildered. “Not by a cent ,• and don’t you see, John, that if you had refrained from half the little expenses we spoke of, we might have had in the neighborhood of two hundred dollars ?” John Stetson did see it, and he determined that the lesson should be a serviceable one. The half-acre lot was bought, anu now, at the end of five years, it is worth double whut he paid for it. He has also laid aside t iiundred dollars during this perioc by STnall savings. id aside two iod, and all ting and exliileratiag that can ba conceived. luia’jine a rogiinent piissing you at “.doyble- quiek,” tha men cheering with onfcliusiasm, their teeth set, their eyas fiasliing, ami the whole in a frenzy of resolution. Y^ou ac­ company them to the field. They halt. An Ai;l-de camp passes to or from the com­ manding General. The clear voics of the officers ring along the line in tones of pas­ sionate eloijnence ; their words abort, thrill­ ing and elastic. The men feel like giants. The word is given to marcli, and tho body movi^into action. For the first time in your lifeyi.u listen to the whizzing of iron hail. Grap-s and cannisterflyinto the ranks, bomb shells burst overhead, and the fragments iiy all around you. A friend falls ; perhaps a dozen or twenty of your comrades lie ’.vourded or dying at yi.iir fset; a strange juvolnutary shrinking steals over you, which it 13 i.iiposbible to vesiat. Y'ou feel inclined neither to advance nor recede, but are spell­ bound by the contending tmolioi's of the moral and physical inun. 'i'he cheek blanches, the lip quiveis, and the eye nlinnst iiesira’es to look upon the eceae. this atlitii in youu may,ay, pct'liaps,liaps, be or- lo yo m pcr den d to stand an hour inactive, havoc mean­ while marking its footsteps with blood on Finally the order is giv< Auiti now, your first Personal every side. Finally advance, to fire, or to charge, what a metamorphoses ; TFith shot you bc-csiiiji) a new man. safety is your least concern. Four has no existence in your bosom. Ilesitatiou gives way to an micoiitrolhiijlG desire to rush into the thickest of the fight. 'I'he dead and dy ing around you, if they receive a passing thought, only serve to stimulate you to re­ venge. You become cuol and deliberate, and watch the effect of bullets, the shower of bursting sheil.v, the passage of cannon balls their marderoi inks ; the plut-gii itiiig sheil.s, the passage of cannon they rake their murderous channels ugh your ranks ; the plut-giug of v/ound- ed horses, the agonies of the dying, and the through ed horses, tlie agonies of the dying, : dash of contv nding arms which follows the dashing charge, with a feeling so ciilioiised by surronndiug circumstances, that your pou I seems dead to every sympathizing and sdfish thought. Such is the spirit which carries the soldier through the field of battle. But when the excitement has passed, wlieu the roll of mus­ ketry has erased, the noisy voices of the cannon are stillcil, the dusky pall of sulphur- o'u.s emok) has risen from the field, and you stroll over the tbreatre of carnage, hearing tho groans of the wounded, dkeovering •hero, iibssttercJ itl.iiowC bt-youtl locogoitioii, un of some dear ffiend whom only :r beforefore youu metet in thee fullull flushush of an hour be yo m in th f fl ' fo ami happiness; tbote another, pariorat y a b u l l e t a third with a limb shot away ;■ fourth with his face disfigured ; a fifth torn lmo3t to IragnicDts ; a sixth a headless t.irpse, the ground ploughed up ami stained with blood ; human brains splashed around, limbs without bodies, and bodies without limbs, scattered-hero asid there, and the same picture duplicixted scores of times : then you begin to realize the horrors of war, ami ex­ perience a reaction of nature. The heart opens its flood-gates, humanity asserts herself again, and you begin to feel and act more tha man and less the demon. Friend and foo alike ' receive your kindest rninisterings. The 3iy who, but a short time before, full of J, you were doing all in your power to kill, you now exert your power to save. You supply him with water to quench his thirst, with food to sustain his strength, and sympathizing words to soothe his troubled mind. All that is human or charitable in your nature now rises to ti e surface, and you are animated by that spirit of mercy which “blesseth him that gives and him that takes.” A battle-field is eminently a place that tries men's souls. B odily H ealth .—'Beauty has its fonnda- ion in physical well being. Health has its t be understood and obeyed ; cleai-Iy indicated in our constitntions. Theyde- lawg, which must be and these laws are physical and mental constitntions. 'They mand : 1. Proper food and drink, in such quanti­ ties a? tile system is capable of readily as- simulating. 2. Air and sunlight in abundance. 3. Sufficient exercise, rest and sleep. 4. An agreeable temperature, 5. Perfect cleanliness. Do you envy tho you think poor sosmetic that is beyor means. Tho whole nd rosy cheek lies in Molly p( d your reach ?— secret of a full and rosy cheek lies in pure blood, niana- faetured from wholesome food, by healthy ,rid active vital organs,gans, oxygenatedgens and vi­ and active talized in -z the life or oxy :panded lungs, and kissed by irface of tho 0 the color but it of ovets on any Other terms, must potheeary, and renew it every time she QrcKOR.—The following extract of the vrife of the Conqueror, is exceodii;\ly curious, as characteristic ot the manners of a smi-civilized age and nation :—After “S lavery the O ai article attribi to Dr. Bn ’AnsK OF THE WAR.”—The ;o Bishop Hughes, in reply disposes in a felicilious phrase of the canting phrase that, “slavery is the cause of the war.” “'rhis happens to be simply impossible, except in the sense that a man’s carrying money on hi) i bated t< r goes on to soy, since the Declaration of Indepem before. And if it ever could have been the cause of chil ivar among the people and States of the Union, or of the Colonies, that civil war should have broken out eighty or one hundred and tv/enty years ago. Slavery, therefore, is not the cause of the war. 'i’here is nothing in it.” duties occupied hini. but a few hours in the day, he was moro likely, from the leisure he enjoyed, t» indulge in small expenses. After asking your name in the State of Arkansas, the natives are in the habit of ing, in a confidential ton - — \ lat were yer name bef< these parts?” “W ell, eyer mov< CcKiocs Corr.Tsnip op TTiLiXAM the C ox - foilowing extract from th is ssmi-civilized age and nation :—After some years delay, William apjiears to have become desperate ; and, if we may trust to the evi­ dence of the ‘ Chronicle of Ingerby,’ in the year 10-17, waylaid .Matilda in the streets of Bruges, as she was returning from mass, sei­ zed her, rolled her in tho dirt, spoiled her rich array, and, not content with these outrages, struck her repeatedly, and rode off at full speed. This Teutonic method of courtship, according to our author, brought the affair to a crisis ; for Matilda, either convinced of the strength of William’s passion, by the vio­ lence of his behavior, or afraid of encounter­ ing a second beating, consented to become Ilia wife. How he ever presumed to enter after such a Series of iiauci tu -UalUU UUU liifJQ l(J I bayonets, is likely to be ex­ ploded, like many other delusions. IFe find by referring to Guthrie’s commentaries on Army Surgery, that these stru^les never occur. We quote from that eminent au­ thority ; A great delusion is cherished in Great Britain, on the subject of the bayonet—a sort of monomania very gratifyiagto the na­ tional vanity, but not quite in accordance with matter of fact. Opposing regiments, when formed in line, and charging with fi.ved bayopets, never struggle hand to hand and foot to loot, and this for the vpiy best-possi­ ble reason, that one side tarns round and runs away as soon .as the other comes close enough to do mischief; doubtless con uring that discretion is the better part of Small parties of men may have per- onflicts after an affair has been de- ir in the subseqent scuffie, if they mot get out of the way fast enough. The battle of Maida is usually refelYij to as a re- inarhabie instance of a bayonet fight; never­ theless, the sufferers, whether killed or wounded, French or English, suffered from bullets, not bayonets. 'J'he late bir James Kempt commanded the brigade supposed to have done this feat, but he assured ua that no chiirge with the bayonet took place, the I'Yench being killed in the line by the fire of musketry; a lact which has of late received a remarkable confirmation in the published correspondence of King Joseph Bonaparte, in which General Regnier, writing to him on “ subject, says : [’he’ I'St and 42nd I'egiments charged witli bayonet until they^canie within fifteen paces of the enemy, when they turned, et grire.nl la fn d te. The sfcond line, com- jiosed of Polish troops, had already done the What Constitutss A Handsome Man. Well- ; or, fail in the first place, there must be enough of him ; or, failing in that, but, coma to think of it, he musn’t tail in that, because there can be no beauty without health, or at least, according to my way of thinking. In the second place, he must have a beard ; whiskers—as the gods please, but R beard I insist upon, else one might aewell look at a girl. his voice have a dash of the Niagara, with the mnsic of a baby’s laugh in it. Let his smile be like the breaking forth of the sunshine on a spring morning. As to his figure, it should be strong enough to contend with a man, and Slight enough to tremble at the presence of the woman he loves. Of couraa, if he is a well made man, it follows tliat he must be graceful, on the principle that perfect inachinery aiwi moves harmoniously, rhereforo you and hi self and the milk pitcher, are safe elbow ighbors at the tea-table, 'rhis style of ndsomo man would no more think of prying a cane, than he would use a parasol to keep the sun out of Ids eyes. Ha can wear gloves or warm his hands in his breast pocket if ho chooses. He can even commit the suicidi Speech cf Sou. !Eeratio'’reymeur —Tho Duty of Ohsdience ta Govemmeat. At a largely attended public meeting, held in Utica on the 2Stu uifc.. Ex-Governor Sey­ mour delivered an adilrcss u'hich will prove all conservative Amcri- propnso to reni of the past. ■\Ve leave the pt of the future. In otln ; t o th e ju d j (inie3, its lo- j'l'fc v e r d i c t be |J'“The in their bodies fightinj layoneted were killed, yet ere seldom found, A certiiin Ig regimeni had the niislortnne,one very listy inurniDg, to have a largo number of man carried off by a charge of-T»lish lancers, many being also killed. The commanding oifiesr conciiuled they must be all killedj for bis men possessed exactly the same spirit as a part of the French Imperial Guard at IKiterioo. “'fhey m'ght bo killed, but they i-.„ pnaon- ;ad according- y re-appeared, the astonishment of everybody, having been swept off by the cavalry, and made their escape in the retreat of the French army through the-woods. The regiment from that day obtained the ludicrous Marne of the “Eesurrection men.” The seige of Sebastopol jias furnished many opportunities for partiiJ. hand to hand imyoi'i't contests, in which fflfiuy have been killed and wounded on all Bidc-Bj but I do not learn that in any engagement,Whi which has taken place regiments ther in line and ri •nt| advan 'ild i . ially crossed 1: the individua Engiich Cottoa LortlB. hell all is as the grave. A murky lamp speeds a flickering light through the low . 4 , Butmcsxing room, in which » dale bates or ror\’' with coarse( anchas workshyps, costs no le tall chimm try, let us pause for a moment, and survey tho area of factories spreading over so wide a snrface'of tho county of Lan- c.ister. The district immediately around Manchaster contains 200 of these town-like ,ch of the better class ot which than £100,000, uplifting their in neighboring towns and vil­ lages of the same busy locality. TFithin tho parochial bounds of the town of Bolton we can count some 70; the parish of Bury furnishea 120 more ; in Rochdale we reckon 100 ; in Oldhan parish about twice as many; Ashton supplies upwards of 70; and Stateley Bridge, taken with Hyde, more than 60 ; all of which places are situated within half a score of miles of their common metropolitan centre. This makes altogether a total of about 280 factories, and therefore nearly as much in hundreds of thonsands of pounds. Nor does this computation exhaust the subject, for if we extend tlie range of our circumspection over other districts still wa­ tered by the Mersey and its tributaries, we shall find groups and groups in thick abun­ dance wheresoever we glance, -without divert­ ing our attention to' those other important cotton establishments which have enriched and invigorated such large portions of York­ shire, Derbyshire, andnd thee neighborhoodeighbo: of .blishi ivigorated £ - * . Derbyshire, a th n Glasgow. 'Xlie amount of capital embarked in cotton industry in England only, has been estimated in the year 18G0, at £100,000,000, which, compared with the £35,000,000 of ‘2r> vpnrs ao-o. serves to erive some idea not involved, 25 years ago, serves to give some idea not ly of the^mmeusity of the ii coinpai JO, serves ily of the'immeusity of the interest involved, but likewise of the rapidity with which it has attained its present enormous growth.-—Once a Week. ______ BY THE C ivil H'hr.—■ is stri- is Richai uncle, James B. „ _ otlies Dn I'lie division of families in the war is stri­ kingly illustrated in the case of two of the most distinguished families in Kentucky, Henry Clay, the grandson of the statesman, jutant, under Brig. Gen. nson, in Kentucky. His Clay, is a violent Soces- i)3t, now under bonds to appear for trial for treason. Another uncle—'rhomas, is re­ sponsible for the appearance for trial of James B. Olay. A brother, Thomas Oh ! staff of Gen. ■vice, with two brothers, for the war. Here is another ex­ ample : John J. Crittenden has one son, who is a Brigadier General in the Hebei ser­ vice, after having served and been honored by the Government for many years. An­ other son is a Brigadier General in the army of the Union, bat holding his commission from the State of K entuckyAnother holds the rank of Captain in tho Federal army. John j . Crittenden, himself, at the age of 76, bears arms as a private in the Hoi Guard of Frankfort. ing his her enormities, the chronietei are at a loss to imagine. presence again, af mities, the chronicler sayeth not, and v Punch observes that a daughter is almost always right when she endeavors to imitate her mother; but the mother is not equally right, when, at certain periods of life, she tries all she can to imitate her daughter. P overty frequently imposes a sj of manness upon men, more disgus themselves eveR that it is to others. ccimen The other night, a new recruit in Ool. TFilson’s regiment was put on guard, and the sergeant in making the usual rounds was llenged by him-^-“Who comes there?” sergeant ?” “ Como hitl challe The wife says, a man and wile, like the nominative case and. verb, should always agree. The husband says there is another rule in the case—nominatii the verb. ,tive case governs !S3 is blind; whereas it is still in eouuse], but good in execution. For in nsel it is good to see dangers; in execu- Boldness is blind uusel, ] counsel it is good to see dangers; tion not to see them, except they be very ket if ho chooses. He can even comi suicidal-beauty act of turning his outside coat-collar up over his ears of a stormy day with perfect impunity; the tailor don’t make him, and as to the latter, if he depended up­ on this handsome man’s patronage of the “ latest spring style,” 1 fear he would die of hope deferred ; and y et—by Apostello, what a bow he 'makes, and what an expressive adieu he can wave with his hand. For all this he is not conceited, for he hath brains. But your conventional “ handsome man,” of the barber’s-window-wax-figare-head-pat- tern—with a pet lock in the middle of his forehead, an apple-sized head, and a rasp­ berry moustache with six hairs in i t ; a pink .spot on its cheek, and a little dot of a “ goa­ tee” on its cunning little chin ; with pretty blinking little studs on its shirt bosom, and * a neck tie that looks as if he would faint )d,d, I’d’d as liefief look at lumble I as l loo feell a desireire to nip itt when it ti I al-ways tee a des to nip i up u of sugar tongs, drop it gently into cream, and strew pink r( ' little remains. a poodle ■ith a pair a bowl of leaves over its aally, my readers, -when soul magnetis* the question of beauty is a dead lette kom one loves is always world s therefore beauty is a de: always handsome ; rary rules notwithstaading; when you say “ what can that Mr.r. Smithith seeee handsome M Sm s to ad.mire in that stick ot a Miss Jones?” you simply talk nonsense—as yon generally do on such sub­ jects. Still the parson gets his fees, and the census goes on all the sa.me.--Fann 2 j Fern. The Opium Shops of Java. TFbat Fpirituous liquors pean, opium is in Java for t and Chinaman. A Eun 5 to the Euro- Mahonimedan lan. A European of the !ow( classes may sit in his tap-room and debai himself by ! with an uproarious sottishness : but be does it ms merriment which would Among other reasons why I v. ish to stand before you as a men.bor of the Deiroeratic party, and why I wish to see its staud-ard raised at this time, is this— In common with the majoirty of tho Am­ erican people I deploi-td the election of ilr. Lincoln as a grsat calamity, yet ha was chosen in a coustitution-al maouer, and we wish as a defeated orgauiz-atiuu to .'^liow our loyalty by giving him a just and generon.-^ support. After the contest -was over, \vc im- ploted the victors to make some efforts, in a spirit of magnanimity, to avert the coming ting room, fn which >^'«Voe'si and at least to'submit, to jour people, attmg, and divided into com- desolation and death carried into their bomeB, Our prayers were unlieedsd, ami those who hold power in ids decided upon a different policy. heir comtitational light to decide, coustitulienal duty to obey, hearts •^•e sabmit‘n-d to that matting, and divided into com­ partments by meams of bamboo-reed wain- SCOtUng. 'i'he opium smokers —men and linen— lost to eveiy sense ot modesty, throw emselves languidly on the matting, and eir heads supported by a greasy cushion, prepare to indulge in their darling vice. A small burning lamp is placed on tho table, so as to be easily reached by ah the degraded wratchca who seek I'orgetfulluess or e'jsium in the fumes of opium- A pipe of bamboo-reed, with a bowl at one end to con­ tain tho opium, is generally made to do ser­ vice for two smokers. A piece of opium, about the size of a pea, costs sixpence (a day’s wages ; ) but it is sufficient to lull by its fumes the senses of the smoker. 'I'hese fumes they inhale deliberately, retaining them in the mouth as long as they can, and then allowing them gradually to exhale through their nostrils. After two or three inhala- is consumed, and ;e pipe falls from the hand of the victim. At first the smokers talk to each other in whisper scarcely audible ; but they sot tions, however, the opium is the pipe falls from the hand of t faisper scarcely audible ; but they become still as the dead. Their dull sunken iduallylily b( become bright and £ eir hflllow cheeks seem to i ling . How cheeks seem to assume a healthy roundness—a gleam of satisfaction, ” ’tens up their counte- igination in those mguid, im and though imeless and impasr'”-' id last, their senses nay, or ecstacy, lighte nances as they revel in ua! delights whii for the time regenerated; am the shameless and ii slaves of sensuality and id in bl they lie there I evidently steeped in ever, from their dreams and delusions—the potency of the charm exhausted, driven from their “ hell” by its proprietor—see them next iliss. Aroused, how- delusions—the proprietor morning walking with faltering step, eyes dull as lead, cheeks hallow as coffins, to their vork.—Fra2e7'’s Magazine. T he E xcitement of P icket D oty .—Eor genuine excitement, in which every quality of soldieriy character is kept on the qui vive there is no position like that of the picket. the outposts of our lines, and often r’laced on the outposts o: nithin close rifle shot of the enemy’s pickets, picket unconsciously become a mark for a hidden enemy’s aim. If a shot is fiied by an unseen hand, he mast, by a rapid deduction from.the loudness of the report, its direction and perhaps a little smoke, almost intuitive­ ly conclude where his enemy is concealed, and in sending his compliments back, in the foim of a Minie bullet, hope that his enemy, if silenced, will at least conclude that it is better not to invite any farther hostility.— Then he is compelled to keep eyes and ears open for the sudden approach of a superior force, perhaps mounted, who, with a spirit of dare-devil adventure, surround him and hi.s ball-dozen companions, to carry them off prisoners of war. How to extricate them­ selves from such position, -when once in it, sharpens human ingenuity and developes courage to their utmost point, and bravery, skill and strategy have to make up for want of numbers. 'Fhe excitement of months in times of peace is comprf‘Sseu into a day when on picket in time of war, and experience with most men only sharpens the desire for more. A man in love may be likened to a flyin a spider’s web, entangled by one of the most fragile anhstances, yet the most difficult from which to escape. An article, announiing the decease of, a person, 81)3 5 His remains were committed to that bourne vrhence no traveller returns, attended by his friends. From using glasses on the no an object single ; from usiugr tom no 80 you sec it dqublo. indcr 1 iient of the future. lords will be read, and tli.-j jn 't xpr-b’et oHill. tjovv confront the duties of the present lioui What shall oar conduct be 7 We ar.-' to keep oh with our baUle aaainst dislovalty in the North and South alike. Our paihw'uy.-) still lead straight onward.'.against the enemies of our Union end against those who make their prejudices and passions higher law-s than the iav/g of our land. First, and above all. wo are to .«^bow o’o.odi- enc3 to coDstitutod authorities, and devotion and respect for legal and eonstiturional ob ligations. are admoaisheu by tYashing ton “ that respect- for the aathonty of Gov­ ernment, compliance with its law.^, and ac­ quiescence with its measures, are duties on joined by the fnnda'menUii m-axiina of true liberty.” “ The very idea of the power and It of the people to establish Giivei-ntneut. •supposes the duty of every individual to obey the eaUblished meval sin ofdisobedli lediate cause of pre-supposes the duty of every indivi obey the eaUblished Government.” 'i'he pri­ meval sin of disobedience is not only the im­ mediate cause of this war, but its spirit has also g-apped a n d w e a k e n e d t h e £i,uLiaation' o f our municipal State and Nalio.ial aijtlmrixy in every part of our Land. It is th.i groat u.n- derlring oaaso of all our calaa.iiies. 'J’he spirit of disobedience perineat- s our soc-i-J system ; it renders law po-,verie.-s. and strips men of their rights and of duo pD taction to their persons and properly. Obedience is the basis jif all family, political and religious organizations. It is the principal cohesion that holds society together, without which it crumbles into atoms. Yet we have seen a disregard of this vital principal shown in scenes of violence in the i]ali.s o f oar lYation- al Oapitol; in the exiioSeJ Ccirruptions of State legislation ; and in tbe abuse of munici- >al government. We have heard disobedience to laws taught n our pulpits and commended by the in-e.^s. t breaks out like plague spots ail over our and, showing that the disease pervades our political system, 'i’hi's war, the terrible con test in which we are engaged, grows out of iding malady. VVe must not only lit, but we must also teach our of obedioiiee lo the laws in the peri put down revo! people the duty of obedieiici all places and under all circumstances. tkair hands It was their ( and it was our t Vv ith sorrowhil hearts -e-e sabmitli-d to ti decision, amid the humiliations of defei and under ail the mortifications of unheei ■ided counsels, we still vision, amid t d under ail thi on treaties and derided counsels, we i firm and loyal iu the support of oi I a great patriotic Org; ‘11 in defeat to serve out by an exhibition of obedience to constituted authorities ; and we have but one further we mean evei •equest to make of oar political to be as obedient as we sliall.be'co the Ai ministration they have placed in powi against our efibrts and our convictions in r jard to the public interests. And we shall isk no price for this obedience. We shall not attempt to dictate a policy to onr Gov- TUfflent by threatening a withdrawal of our upport if our peculiar views of ijolicy are not pursued. \NVe shall demand no invasii of the constitution to gratify our JVe shall comitena7ice no ambiiious who is ■willing to embarrass apF calamities of onr country th ambitious and unscrupulous er and place. W e shall n< ir country opponei le CO the isious. meral. )ho is willing to embarrass the snpj’eme authoi'ily to gain the applause of a faction. W 0 shall tolerate no attempts to make the ,.„i.— — ------ — .i._ occasion of len to gain id place. We shall not consent that war shall be made the beginuiug of a f residential contest; and if the people of the North are to be divided in the support of this Administration by a line of policy which shall make discord ami confusion in the pub­ lic mind, we shall not be the authors of the disgrace and the calamities which mu.st in­ evitably follow. ff'he President of these United States can t, for we have a due We need it be embar- rely upon our support, for we 1 sense of loyalty and obedience, not weaken his policy, he will noi rassed by us, so long as he keeps himself within the limits of his Constitutional rights. 'I the Republican pjai'ty do as much as ? Would not Mr. Lincoln hinisef be compelled to say, i f called upon io testify, Ihui the embarrassmenis, annoyances and perplexities which he has encounlereU, have ‘ %e, not f r o m us, hut fro m iluji diseorda-d janization whichpmi him in the Presi­ dential chair ? 'i'he spirit of discord, con­ tention and disloyalty which has brought our country to the verge of ruin, now threatens the very administration which it placed iu f I hope and believe that onr arms are to triumph in this contest, bat I do not believe nor do x wish tliat tho men ot the .South should prove themselves unworthy of being our teljow-citizens. If I thought they wero what they have been represented to be, by authors of that sectional 'agitation th-at has brought our country into itsj,i-esentTieril, 1 Would not wish to bring them back again toto the family of the States of this Ce nfed- avacy. While I look upon them as mistaken ®nd misguided men, while 1 know that they have listened too much to the counsels of ambitious leaders among themselves, and to the malignant attacks of those of the North who hate and denounce the Oonstitutiou of ir government, I know they possess in com- on with ourselves the virtue.^, the heroism and the determination which mark the Am­ erican character. THE CONSEQUBKCES OF THE 'WAR. Union cannot co- iusist that the ing that slavery and the U; exist. At the Bouth they continudncQ of the Union involves destruc­ tion of their rights, their interests and their s-dfety. 'I'hair CO laborers of tho North use lid insist th.at the inst the same argument, an tutior.s of the Bouth must be destroyed if the Union is to be restored. I'shall not ntrempt to foreshow the con­ sequences of this war. I do not claim a Spirit of proplmcy. We hare had too much of the irreverence that treats the finger of God like the finger upon thagnidepost ; ami ihakej it point to the paths which men wish have pursued. But I believe waare either be restvitcu to oar former position, with S'! rivlifs cf OI our whoje ; In addition to strengthening our Gorem- lent by obedience and by qnr an 8, it is our duty to inquin , Guilty agitat and re- into the nmveakeaed, and the powers Mato unimpaired, and the fire-sida citizens duly protected, or that rystein of Government is to fall.— If this contest is io end in a revolution, if a mure ur'biirary government is to grow out of its ruins, I do not beiiers that even then tha wishes of Ultra aud vioient inoa will be grati­ fied. Let them rsmembt-r the teachings of history. Dc-spctic governments do nnUlove the agitators w-hich call them into existence. V i Len Crornwc-ll drove out fiom Parliament the i'Sttcr day sninta an.I higher lav,' men of his day, and “ bade them oea.se their vain babblings,’’ and ulicu Napoleon scattered at the point of the bnyoiu’t tlie council of five hundred, itml cru^iied rovohUiun beneath his iron hcfi, they tau-^l.t a lee^uii which should be heeded this d.iy !iy men who are animated by a vindictive idcty or malignant philan­ thropy. No sti'cnj goveinnifiit which may ba oke-i bv the prv&ei einnifiit which may ( by IL j prv&eiit poiit.ical Convulsions our ’and will con.-iciit to ui-'organize and the Bouthcni .-^taU-.s by giv freedom to .1.{K!U,(UJ0 unci Africans. Kcvolufioti, while it will destroy liberSiCP cf cur i.md, will also crush out ulucated txjtr Jt-ir* i VI uut ivfii Li Ucll UUl/ all higher law doetriiiec. and wo -apipcul to the abolitiunii-.ls of our country to cunsider if a duo regard ffir their own security docs not demand that this contest .‘•hall be adjusted at the first practieaLie moment, upon terms which shall le.-ive th-e affairs of the people of the South to their own control and manage- \Ve are willing to Eurpnrt this -war as a means of rcstunug oar Union, and b.icause we regard it as a hars’n but neces.^iary remedy for the evikof tlie day. But we'will not ■ry it on in a spirit oi hatred, malice or re­ venge. VI hatever our views rii.iy bo with respect to s’uvery, we do nut regard it as the cause of the controversy. hold that the controversies ot the day do iiut giuw eo miic'h of the iustitiitioii oi slavery as from the existence of the Bouih of vast numbers of the African r.ace. 'i'hat the aboiitioi aid not end ihe siaveiy wouh: lid be the stnictivi comurenceijic-iit of -a lastinj ivo, terrible domestic coi know limt the people of the Non ion of it, but it stin g , de- infllct. Via th would not .mid jiiid no people I c o n s e n t t ir a t -l.OUO.OUU o f free negi live in liieir iniilsi. That they woui a^reeto the ubunllon c f eluvery ii‘th*A&e tnana- initted slaved were to be moved into tho Northern States aud placed upon the vast, id iands belongingonging to oiur placed upon the vast, uiiuceupicd iands bel to o govern- meat. If we would not live with them under these c!rcumst.iiicea, with what justice do we domiand that tha p e o p le the Boulh should umi loss of coDstituUonui ri;ilit, involved m the immediate abolition of slavery. Vi’c cannot, tlierefcre, make this a war for the abolition of ei-aveiy. VVe will n-ot permit it to bo made a war apnn the right? of the States. We shall strive to raake the contest end in the re establishment cf onr Govern- i’estoration of fr-iternal feoiii 'ple of this conn try .t it does not crush out ths the citizen cr the reservt States. Yrefehail'hold ti; noug the peo] 18 that it does Wo shaU liberties of jiuwers of tha rn:iii to be as resists the exerei; We sliaII_co!iteud that the 1 Genei ;1 suthority. , ^ i that the rights of tho States and tlie General Goveriitncnt are equally sacred. Our motto is : “ The Union and the Constitution, and the Laws, 'i’he Union up­ on equal terms, the whole Constitution, add all the Laws.” T he R ise of the RoTii3caiiLD.s.—Wlien George HI. came to the throne, there was a little boy at Frankfort w’ho did not dream of having anything to do personally, with •ereigns cf Europe. He was in the of traim first stages of training for the Jewish priest­ hood. His name was Meyer Anslem Roth­ schild. For some reason or other, he was placed ip a counting house at Hanover, and soon discovered what he was fit for. He exchange-broker, and of'the Landgrave of n to the banker of the Landgrave Heste, whose private fortune he saved by his shrewdness, when Napoleon overran Ger­ many. How he left a large fortune and a comnrcrcial character of the bighc.'^t order, and flow his five sons settled in five great cities of Europe, and have had more .author­ ity over war and peace and the destinies of nations than the .\ovoreigns themselves, the •id pretty well know3.''Despotic monarebs it be dependent on money lenders, unless 1 dependent ley are free from debt, and cai nlimited revenues for untold from debt, and can command purpose which is never true of despotic sovereign ment by obedience and by qnr arms_ sources, it is our duty to inquire ii causes of this -war. Guilty agitators at t North and Bouth, who now shrink back frighted at the terrible evils which they have brought upon their respective communities, and who dread the resentment of an indig­ nant people, seek to create the impression that this war was inevitable aud not the work of their counsels. They agree ia say- F ower of a H oksk ' s S ce . xt . —A corres- ndeiit of the Homestead says ;—“ There is _ _8 psreentiun that a horse ’posse.vses, that but little attention has been paid to, and With SOI that is the power ot scent. With s horses it is as acute as with the dog ; and jtit of those that Liave lo dri’ I as physic ans and others, tli knowledge is invaluable. I never knew it to tiiil, and I have rode luiudreds of inilcs'dark A .— ,.|| r,,..™, nights, such i ive lo drive others, this nights ; and in consideration of this power of scent this is my advice never check your horse nights, bat give him a,free head, and you may rest assured that he will never get off the road, ami will carry you expedi­ tiously and safe. In r-egard to the power of scent ill a horse, I once knew one of a pair that was stolen, and recovered mainly by the track being made out by his mate, and that after he had been absent six or eight A t the siege of Sebastopol there vrere 253,042 rounds of cannon annnanitlon ex­ pended. ■ There were one hundred mm from five and a half to thirteen inches bre; ©no hundred and eighty guns, from to sixty-c-ight pounders, iiiclmiing seven Laa- guns; and eight to ten inch guns used, i ; ©no hui sixty-c-ighi caster gui and of th( mained si b r e ; ©no hundred and eighty guns, froi - ' ■viceable a t tha end o f the siege. 3e%l m'mr only forty one re- “ TFell, Patriot,” said the doctor, “ hov/ do you feel to-day ?” “ Ocli, doctor, dear, I enjoy very poor health entirely. 'I’his ruma- tics is very distressin’, indade; when I go to sleep I lay awake all night; and my toes is swelled as large as a goose hen’s” eg,\> so whin 1 stand up I fall down immediately.” To a lover there aro but two places in all the world—one where Ids sweutheart is, and the other where she

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