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Broome Republican. (Binghamton, N.Y.) 1822-1862, January 16, 1850, Image 1

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V O L U M E . 2 8 : T te Democrat recently made an abusive attack on the distinguished t l. S. Senator whom it is pleased t > term, w ith a peculiar dignity and taste, the “ H on. B ill Seward.” It charges him with pompously imitating the Bon. H enry C lay in rising after him and announcing his request to be excused from serving on any o f the committees'—- and on this mutilated statement of the facts, likens him to “ N ick Bottom .1* The C o n g r e s s io n a l Globe reports the mat­ ter differently, and truly. M r. Mangum in m oving the appointment qf the commit­ tees, which he did at the request df the Opposition Senators and fGr w biqh purpose he h ad been furnished with lists o f.the aa-mes selected in caucus by each party, stated the fact that Mr. Seward desired to be excused fo r a few weeks , for th - infor­ mation ofthe opposition, n ot o fthe W higs, who knew all about it. Thereupon M r. Seward stated that he had made the re­ quest and it hafi been generally acquiesced in, because his general-duties as a member of the Senate and the particular service o f bis constituents would for a few w eeks oc­ cupy his attention fully. This was all proper, and presents the matter in a very different light from that in whieh the exparte and uncandid stater ment ofthe D emocrat leaves it. The edi­ tor of tbat paper, we hope, has n ot so soon forgotten the m axitii o f his former profes­ sion, that the 44 suppression o f truth is the suggestion of fa'sebood.” Th« 11 bottom” o f its story is out, or at least there is a 44 N ic k ” in it. W c recommend to the Democrat tbe perusal of the following remarks of G en. Cass, the G od o f its political idolatry, in relation to C ol. W ebb, the M inister to Austria. They rebuke the e.duuantous and offensive epithets w hich that paper applied to him. Gen. Cass, in his able speech against the A ustrian M ission, (not M in is­ ter) -says : Mr.. President, there is one topio I de­ sire briefly to touch—in the allusion 1 have seen in m any of tlie papers, and wbat I have heard in conversations respecting this sub­ ject, the name and personal claims o f the gentiem n who lias recently started upon a mission to A ustria, have been brought into question, as if they had some necessary connection with the object o f this resolu­ tion. I trust, sir, these views will not be entertained here. The measure proposed ia fully independent of sueh personal.con- siderations, and had we a Minister at V i­ enna, equal in character and e x -e r ie n c - to 'Franklin, or Jefferson, it ought not to •change in the slightest degree, the course of our action. The proposition is of a far higher nature than questions of personal qualifications.-— Let not its importance be affected by any such considerations. But, sir, I owe it to the relations subsisting between that gen­ tleman and myself, thus publiTy to say, that, if I were called upon to vote upon his nomination, divested of all questions but his personal fitness for the office, that vote would be given in bis favor. 1 have known him since his boyhood, and mutual regard and kindness -have always existed between us. I consider him fully competent to discharge the duties of a F oreign Mission, and I do him this act of justice, because be is absent, exposed to severe censure, :>nd because, as a political opponent, I may thus speak’of him. w ithout any danger of being mi understood. O . IP ens .- s —YVe foave been using for some tim e, one o f “ L ev y ’s C ommercial P e n s,” which, among others, was presented to ns by T . E verson fit Co., for trial. It is de­ cidedly -the best steel Den w e have aver used, and wo recommend those w ho have been in search o f a good and cheap pen to procure L ev y ’s. -Wholesale C lothing W art*Hom*. W e refer our M erchants arid others, to the advertisement in our columns of L ewis & Hanford’s extensive Clothing Establish­ ment in P e a r l-si N . Y . W e have spent some time in examining its various apart­ m en ts w hich occupy four lots o f the street, and display a, spectacle o f order, variety, vastness and ente^gfise, w hich are well -Worth’ la visit. Traders at that establish\ j , X* - ment can find good and cheap goods and accommodating sellers. B I N G H A M T O N , • B R O O M E M M M V vod '» Zi:j3 * ■-dT •% * irYJYT 7Ui> ’ <> ! 0^7“ It is perhaps hardly worth w hile to notice New Years Addresses whatever may be their character. But that issued from the office of the Binghamton Dem o- •crat displayed so m uch malevolence and grossness, (we shall speak of nothing else) that an exception may w ell be m ade in its •case. W o regret tbat so unworthy a pub­ lication should, by common repute, be as- -cribed to bigh Senatorial paternity . Our view of New Y ear addresses is that Ott the festal first day /of the ,year.,..fee exciting personalities andbitterness of par- isan polities should be suspended, and kindly sympathies b& allowe.d to flow, at .least on that natal day, undisturbed in \their current by any adverse element o: irritation. Copious extracts from the address woulc best suit our purpose— but there is -o much obnoxious w e must content ourselves with a few specimens, v iz : But hail! the great A dministration, Which graces our beloved nation, And round its bass-wood brows entwine, The pumpkin vices o f forty-nine. * * # W ho, Sampson like, his party slew, By using a like weapon too. * * * And a new dish be put a stewing, By grim and greasy 1 butcher E w in g,’ Iflhii fit recipient of the souse Cut at the great ‘ w hig slaughter-house,’ •On Which he feeds and fattens freely, Along with bran-bread mileage Greely. # * * Whose G overnor, now at her head, Rubs >up his frouzy brain o f lead, And makes amends for lack o f sense By surplus shillings, pounds and pence ; And like .a late caught pin-hooked fish Floundering within a shallow dish, & c. &c. •But -we forbear. Such - language, and there is much more that w e could quote from the address o f a similar character, was, under thc circumstances, to u s e , the mildest allowable word, exceedingly rep­ rehensible. S tate L egislature ,— B ut very liltie S?siness interest was done in either House on Monday. Mr. Bowen, W . H Robinson and Raymond, of N . Y . offered resolutions On S la v ery, similar in spirit fo those Offered by Mr. Geddes. W e .shall Publish the Standing Committees of House tg-morrdw» v' ■ <* M ore P u ffs limn S tu art’s B a lly.” This facetious line, means, w e supposej that sbme pujjing is done at our office, and perhaps requires our acknowledgement. It is our general rule to notice new advertise­ ments arid new business establishments whieh show the growth and enterprise o f our village. And we observe that our neghbors bave always been careful to notice the new advertisements they receive, and to “ puff” whenever opportunity was presented. ; of w hich, o f course, w e do not complain, > ‘ ■ — D e p o s i t a n d C a n i i o f t i f l w l l l e F l a n k R o a d . W e ‘learn from the D ep osit C ourier that the subscribers to the capital stock of this road have elected their D irectors and lo­ cated their ro-td from the Depot o f the Erie Rail R'*ad, passing through the vil­ lage, and following the valley o f the D ela­ ware to C ahnoosvillq. A resolution was passed authorising the D irectors to put the road under contract w hen ten thousand dollars shall have been subscribed. Seven thousand dollars o f the stock have already been taken. W hen w ill our capitalists entrao-e as they should in constiucting © © af Plank Roads' here ? They cannot better invest thoir money for themselves or the country. * m+m The Spirit in Alabnmu. Tbe Members of Congress from Alaba­ ma having addressed a long letter to the Governor of that S tate declaring their in­ tention to withdraw if the Proviso princi­ ple was adopt- d, the letter was sent to the Legislature and referred toa joint commb- tee consisting of four Senators and five Assemblymen, \ ho reported resolutions which were unanimously passed, cai ing upou P eople in the Slaveholding States to meet them in C onvention for the purpose of taking such action as tbeir rights maj’ demand— in case the Pro iso be passed. F ir e in W a s h in g to n .— A fire broke out on the morning of January 6 th, about o’clock, and destroye d N aylor’s exten­ sive stables. Five new omnibusses just arrived, together with 2 7 horses, valued at $ 10 , 000 , were consumed b y the ffames. There was no insurance. W ater was scarce, and could not be procured in suffi­ cient quantities to extinguish the flames. It was supposed to have been the Work of an incendiary. M assachusetts L egislature . — T he six vacancies in the Senate have been filled by the election of the following Whig can­ didates: Messrs. James Corley and Aaron King for Hampden, YVm. B. Washburn and Chester Bardwell for Franklin, and Nathan Benjamin and Henry L. Dawes for Berkshire. sure o f the treasure tbey bad had the good fortune to acquire, and set their faces to­ wards their n ative land— that laud from which w hen w e wander most, we love fee more. They arrived at Sari F rancisco in time to take the Steamer for P anama, w hich left on the 15th o f N ovember, and after a passage o f 4 0 days and 4 0 nights, nothing occurring on the trip wo‘fey o f special notice, arrived at fee port o f N ew York, in thc Steamship E m pire City, ear'y on Christmas morning. H e seemed to have no reluctance in Acquainting us with the result o f his enterprise, arid gave the ac­ count d f .his exp' dition in a, very simple, manner— impressing hi* hearers w ith a fa­ vorable opinion ’Of fee relator, and a-full belief iti fee truth of.hisstatenient. .After paying all expenses,t he had, for his share, as near as he Could compute, about $3,5.00 --a very handsome sum lo realize, after an r - . , absence from home of less fean ‘eleven months, and only three months .stay at the mines. This, however, it must be remem­ bered, is only the fa i r side o f tha picture/ He said that not m ore than one out of ten at the min 1 S, m et with -'-ny success over and above paying their expenses, and that many did not do that-/ although some were much more successful than him self -and friend. H is health w hile a t the mines was good— w ith the exception of. a few days illness from that scourge o f new countries, the F ever and A gue. He left N ew York the n ext day for P hiladelphia, for fee p u r­ pose o f getting his: dust transmuted into coin. So much for C alifornia. This is the season o f the year w hen there is n ot m uch doing iin Commercial affairs, and there is no special news to communi­ cate, except that there is a confused rumor afloat, to-day, (whieh cannot be traced to any reliable source,) tbat a distinguished apple and cigar merchant, who does busi­ ness on the side walk, in front of the P ark, near the corner of Broadw >y and Ch»m- bers streets, failed— to m ake his appearance on the side w alk this m orning. The pub­ lic, it is supposed, w ill not suffer m uch by this event., as, not more than twenty-four hours will elapse, <re his place will be filled by another, and perhaps a better m an. The snow has taken its departure from the principal streets— no doubt to the great satisfaction o f horses o f all degrees. Yours, &c. A N ovel T e st; OR, SOM E T HING FOR SOME SUBSCRIBERS TO PER IO D IC A L S . [Correspondence o f the B ingham ton R e p u b lican.] A Sight o f thc C alifornia E lephant, &e. New York, Jan. 7 ,1 8 5 0 . Although it is impossible to see tbe C al­ ifornia E lephant in .New York, yet I have had w hat may be considered a glimpse o f the animal— the Elephant, in miniature.— I had the pleasure o f conversing w ith a young man, who left Delaware County in this S tate, last February for California, and as any reliable information from tbat land o f promise, or detail o f the experience of a gold hunter, is read with interest, per­ haps a short sketch o f his trip ta, and res­ idence on, the golden sands of the Sacra­ mento, as related by him to the writer of this and others, m ay n ot foe w ithout inter­ est to your readers. He left N ew Y ork in company with a friend (with whom he agreed to share in the profit or loss of the expedition) about the first of last February, and arrived at Panama after the usual voyage, but was over five m onths in reach ing San Francisco from Panama; so that it w as nearly the first o f A ugust w hen they arrived at the D iggins on tbe N orth F o fe of the Sacramento. Finding a spot of ground unoccupied, lying between two par­ ties of D iggers, w hich had been abandonee for some more promising location, they immediately set their stakes; acting .on fee sensible idea that a “ rolling stone gathers no moss,” and feat it w ould prove more advantageous' in ' the end to remain where they w ere, even if'' their gains were small at first, than to, w aste their time in wandering over the country in search o f a, more apparently desirable location. The re­ sult w ould seem to prove the wisdom o f their determination. After laboring for abou three months w ith various success— some days nqt-gathering m ore dust than woult suffice for their daily expenses, w hich were about$4 each, or 1-2 an ounce o f fee dus foi,.both ; and at times extracting from the bosom o f m other earth, from $100 to $2 iri a day, they calculated ’t * “ Erer 5 ‘ man baa hiatpi-ice'/*—-Bukke . The sentiment ju st quoted from the great British Stateman, is generally supposed to mean, that there is a certain money con­ sideration, hy which every man can be tempted into a violation of honor and hon­ esty. T his is, however, only its most pal­ pable and grossest signification ; and thus interpreted, it says too much. But when it is understood to mean, that every man, by nature, has an evil w ill; and feat there is some form of temptation, w hich an evil besetting (or evil begetting) sin, w ill draw him a-tide from a just regard to his neigh­ bor’s rights, unless fortified b y a correct religious principle— then, no doubt, the sentiment is a correct one. Let every one examine his own heart, and his own conduct, and see if, in certain acts of his life, so secret as almost to pass without his reflecting upon them, he is not, for a consideration felt fo be desirable, parting with honor and integrity ? The examination is w orth making. But we are saying too much by w ay of introduction to a little affair that occurred in a certain town that shall be nameless, and perhaps rendering obscure, by many words, w hat w e w ished to m ake clear. M r. Justice Gregory was a city magis­ trate in the town o f Y --------- , and had the reputation o f being an honest man. He was spoken of as ‘ H onest-Squire Gregory’ iy every one ; and!, knowing the reputation in w hich he w as h eld, he felt n ot a little iride thereat. And few men were more strictly honest than Squire Gregory In iis dealings, he was careful to regard oth­ er’s rights as w ell as his own, and m ore fre­ quently called and paid such b ills as hap­ pened to b e-againsthitn, than waited for them to be sent in. ‘ I don’t know how others view the mat­ ter,’ be used to say, ‘.but, for my part, when I have enjoyed the property obtained from another, it seems to me that the least can do is to pay for it.’ 4 If m oney is not worth jellin g or send­ ing for it is not worth having,’ w as th e usu­ al reply to this. I wish I could get my Own b y simply calling for it. You may be sure I would think it no hardship.’ 1 Perhaps n o t,’ returns Squire G regory ; \but that doesn’t remove the simple obli­ gation under w bicb every man lies, to pay wbat be owes the m oment lie has the ability to do so. The w aiting-to-be-oalled-on sys­ tem, is grounded, say what you w ill o f it, in a secret reluctance io pay w hat is justly due. Now, I don’t call that a clearly h on ­ est feeling. 1 know w hat it is—I’ve felt it hundreds of times, an I have to fight against it. now. W e all have our weaknesses.’ It happened, one day, that Squire Greg­ ory and his character for honesty, formed toe subject o f conversation among several persons, one of whom was the editor o f a newspaper published in the town, ‘ Squire Gregory,’ remarked the latter, after listening for some time to what was said; 4 is, no doubt, one o f the m ost honest men living. Still, I d o riot believe hirii to be strictly so.* 4 W ell, I believe,* said one o f fee com patiyftthat Squire Gregory could not be' tempted, in tne value of a sixpence, to wr'otig another b y withholding what was justly his due, or by overreaching in a bar­ gain.’ there is appertaining fo ris^afl^sofoV ness, or easily Besfetting sin, feat ''leads’ tt*/ almost unawares;, into acts; by .which our neighbors suffer .wrong, either in person, reputation or p roperty.. Or, if not led into^ directfacts, w e are betrayed5'into oinissiohS of duty by w hich others are equally w rohg- ed.’ • t 4 Then we are evil o f n ecessity,’? said one. 4 N o , n ot b y n ecessity, hut by n ature.’ * 4 W hat is the difference ?’ 1 4 Necessity w ould make fee state a fixed one, but inherited evil propensities may foe overcome ; it is the duty o f every m an to search into h is life arid heart, and to sec iri what w ay he is tempted o fh is nature to do wrong to others. 'When he has discovered the lurking d evil in -jiiri b reast, let'him caW hitn out, as he can irfee w illr’\ *’ * H umph ! that’s your theory ! And sd you u^u’t think our Squire G regory h onest in averyflnrig . 1 ' , 4\ do n o t.’ . f t ft 4 W ell, all I have to say is, i f he Is not 1 a strictly honest ihari, I don’t\believe there is one in the w orld.' , f I d on’t know how that m iy h e ,’ replied the editor. 4 I only know that w e are all born with propensities to seek our .own end,tofg $ M e irioneyout of thelocalarierit’s Iian'ds^yh-T; r.* ?, <7 ; .—s. /•■•'/ - -r* m -prf* ' 4 L e t/hem appoint honest 1 •4.; r * H o w is ra. publisher, K im dreds'of \mfies away, going to knot* w ho is h o n e st/ :H c may select thirty honest meri in thirty d if­ ferent .places, and tori dishonest luen'in teii other places. • T h e ten dishonest m en wilh collec t prom p tly, and kerip the m o n ey ; and the thirty honest ones will ' have, perhaps/ too m uch to attend to'matters o f feeir riwn,- to look after tke publisher’s interests, i D ye seen fee practical w orking o f this System, and know precisely w hat atie its evils.’ ^Tken f can only say,’ returned, .the Squire, ‘that publishers must' have * prettyj hard;time tin getting w hat is justly their 1 due.* * - ^ _ 1 c Yott; may,well say that; Squire Greg ory J . ■ ; ■■ - - .• ft f t , ; , ? . • 4 W h a t is the remedy'?’ , , .... , r ‘ For every man who~takes a periodical, tp .feel.that he J s ‘bound in honor and hon­ esty to pay for it.’ ; - 41 feel feat / atiA, y&t, I _bave„ not paid for -the f 4 — I in two years, norTor. fee 4 -ft— in four. I * ' • 4 ’ - ' * portunityi’ 4 Rather •OTT wM SetiateyJ»ri.7. otr have ,nof bad the op-, say, S q uire, that’ your lioriest good at the cost of even fee rights of our fellow-m en; and that no mad rises superior to this evil state, without many and sore Struggles w ith fee evil will that is ever prompting him. to unjust actions. Everi the b est are not w holly g o o d .’ • 4 N o ; of course n o t.’ 4 Nor do I.foelieve Squire G regory to be perfectly honest in all liis dealings \ itb the world,’ added fee editor. 4 Then you think him wilfully dishonest in some things ?’ ’ 4 N o , I do not say that, but I am w ell satisfied that I could probe him in such a way as to show that, by a n eglect almost wilful, he has wronged for years and still wrongs his fellow man. That he has en­ joyed, in fact, the goods o f another w ithout paying for them .’ 4 That’s rather a grave charge.’ 41 know it is.’ 4 W ill you make it to his face ?’ 4 Certainly.’ 4 Then suppose we w ill adjourn to the office of the Squire, and have the point set­ tled.’ 4 No objection in tbe world,’ said tbe editor. So the party w ent to Squire Gregory’s office. As they entered, one o f them said : 4 Good morning, Squire. W e come to try a c se in your office.’ 4 Ah ! W h o’s the defendant ?’ 4 Yourself.’ 4 M e !’ 4 Yes. Our friend B- kere, says that you are not a strictly honest m an, and we have brought him here to prefer the charge to your face. So consider yourself on trial.’ The blood mounted to the very forehead of the Squire, at su-'li an u n linked for and scandaloris #5*8 4 N«»t h o n e st! W hat does he mean ?’ said the Squire in a disturbed manner. 4 Just what he says,’-returned the editor smiling. 4 Oh ! y o u ’re trying to play off a pleasant joke,’ said the Squire brightening. ‘ N o — not by any means,’ was replied. 4 B is perfectly serious. In fact, he won’t admit that any man is, by nature, strictly houest, and avows that even the best, sometimes permit themselves to be led awav by some easily besetting sin into acts o f wrong to others.’ . 4 Perhaps he is! right there,’ said the Squire. 4But I should very m uch like him to put his hand on any act o f mine, by which another has suffered wrong Let him point to the fact,\ and* I pledge myself to make restitution and reparation instant­ ly.’ 4 There, friend B —^— , there’s a chance for you,’ said one and another. > * 4 And you are w illing to be put to fee test,’ said the editor, addressing Squire Gregory. 4 Ob, certainly ! Speak out. Lay your band upon the act, and 1 will acknowledge it.’ Still, though the Squire said this prompt­ ly, his countenance wore a serious and re­ trospective aspect. H e was, plainly e- nough, running over the past, to see w here­ in he had been derelict. B smiled, h alf humorously, and then .said;— 4 Squire G regory, I think I have seen at your house, t h e ’ 4 You h ave.’ and honor nib1'\ ft Jr - n Jijl'r* mitted fo come in fo a ctivity.’ ' / ’ 4 T here has been no opportunity. ’ 4 Perhaps you are m istaken as*toThat.’ 4 Oh, n o. > .fofo.t at a ll.,r \ 4 W ould,.you, embrace, tbe opportunity now if it were presented. 4 Certainly I,would.’ . 4 G iv e me a sheet of paper and a peri,’ said the editor.. . .... _ _ They w ere handed to him, and he sat down and 4 M . K ie f e e r & C o. ; f Dear Sirs— E n closed you w ill find eight dollars. Four for m y two years subscrip­ tion due, aud four for the ——r?-. Please acknowledge the receipt in tbe .usual w ay.’ 4 Do \ou understand that ?’ said B r —S handing the sheet of paper To fee Squire. Squire G regory- read over w hat w as w rit­ ten ; paused to reflect -for a mom en t, and then taking up the pen, signed the letter. 4 You are right— you are right, my friend,’ said h e, as he took\ out his pocket book, and Selected the bills necessary to send. 41 ought to h ave thought of this before. In fact, to tell thc truth, I did think o f it several 'times— but— but tbe truth is I neglected it. In other w ords, to speak out plainly, I have not been honest between man and man in this thing at least. ’ The individuals who had come to w itness the test to which Squire Gregory was to be subjected, did not exhibit a very lively stae o f feeling in regard to the result:-— One smiled briefly, another looked slightly grave, and another, m oved towards the doOr. l he eyes o f B were on them, and there was a mischievous twitching about h is lips. 4 Haven’t I m ade out m y case r’ said he, addressing his companions. . „ ^ _ I rather Think you: have,’ returned otie with a shrug. 4 Clearly?’ 4 W ell, I suppose 5 tao. Still I can’t see tbat the Squire is'so much to b lame.’ 4 Beg your pardon,’ said the Squire, 4 1 tbink I am a good deal to blame. Here, for two or three years, w eek after week, have I and my fariiily been enjoying these excellent publications,each number o f Which has been sent w ith a cost of trouble fully equal to what w ould have been required of me to send, onee in the year, the trifling subscription money in a letter b y mail.— N ow, as far as I am concerned, 1 don’t call this right, or excusable under any plea.— In fact, gentledlen, I acknowledge the card — I wais not honest in the matter, for I withheld what was due another, w hen I might ahd should have paid it. If all their subscribers are no better than 4 Honest Squire Gregory,’ Heaven help , them !— That’s all I’ve got to say. And now, gen­ tlemen, if any o f you are in the same cate- go y w ith me, just go hoitie arid.make a clean conscience of it.’ The number of letters mailed for editors and publishers, that day, in the town of Y , was altogether unprecedented.-- Bit estimates that something like a hundred dollars w ent on to the E ast. His own receipts, before thc sun went down, were over thirty dollars. Presidentffoririepie taken. ,up and by /tl Vice President agai Mr\. Dickmsoti’i • felative to thwtap master Genera!) or uty. postmasters, be; fee, 'Commissions, moy*d; ic? wal&ta: s'lvS-etyhandle#- | 'Phelps .ntid eraljlraf p r ^ y : A*d o f .h istacte- ^ fearefift^Plfay^ ^ _ ___________ tfioupSFit a bad preeedent, that he desired to- have ‘ the R Csoluiion lie o ver ;nntil ;ii wduldibe; cnriader&d feorpughly/ ? ft .My; Seward eaVifeedfeere wasnofeti n inJ • Jk‘ 1 I n l i o n j InristrneRons and m - California, t o casting, vote,* o f fee aid on; f e # table, f Solution rif inquiry:/ traerit by th'e.Posk Subordinates, or dep- /C; the expiration of feosc who were ire' ’ up, arid w as pretty st M aster Gen-- to, g iy e an,a«eeount , 4 :If, then, jhe collected even twenty’ dol­ lars, b e must deduct twenty-five per cent, for. expenses, besides ‘c o m m issionsA ffor that, how much do you think; w ould be left % f c p u b t o W s / . ' Gregory as any satisfied that I cati put him to a test as w ell as eVery man present, that w ill show a pal­ pable disre^afd' fe fe e '^ la h r e st and mo^t common sense‘view of honesty. The faqt, 4 And the — --- ?’ 4 Y e s.’ 41 take both, and have done so for these six years.’ 4 And I suppose wouldn’t be without them .’ N o ; the 4 — ----- ’ is a paper I read w ith much interest; and as for the 4 my family would be lost without i t.’ 4 So I should suppose. Now, S q u ire, pardon me for one q u estion.’ 4 Ask as niany as you p lease.’ 4 Have you regularly paid your subscrip­ tion to these two papers ?’ 4 Ye-ye-yes ! No-n-no, n ot exactly,’ stammered out tbe Squire. 4 B-b-but, it is not my fault.’ 4 Are you sure of feat ?’ w as the editor’s calm interrogation. 41 have not been called npon hy the collector of cither publication for two or three years. The money has always been ready, and w ould have been paid down, bad fee bills been presented.’ 4 Two hundred miles, Squire, is a good ways to send a collector for a b ill of two or three d o llars/ said the editor. 4 True. But mine is not fee only ac­ count due, o f course.’ 4 No, o f course n ot, m uch to the grief of the publi hers’. But, suppose there, are a half-a dozen b ills to c o llect,in our town ; would it pay to send.a collector two 1 found- red m iles.’ . f t f f t . 1 It /might pay a collector tofteoitie from, the .dearest town, to w hich Lin lhe feorirse of F ree L ocal C irculation of N ew s ­ papers .— T his subject should now com ­ mand the attention o f ' every press in the\ country feat \ is interested iri securing' a- share of fee benefits o f tbe cheap postage system. The last Broom#: Republican, published at the residence of Senator D ick­ inson, makes the following encouraging announcement on the subject: 44 It is scarcely necessary to get up me­ morials in favor bf ,this law. The whole people advocate and demand it. The H on. Daniel S. D ickinson was a zealous . and able supporter of the measure at the last session. He fully understands the justice- and necesity o f the relief demanded.” W e cannot agree w ith the Republican tbat it is unnecessary to circulate memori­ als, for it is never-safe to take things for granted w hen We know a. powerful and in­ terested opposition w ill be made. Still we agree w ith It in reference to Senator D ick­ inson, and look with great confidence to his efforts in favor of the local p resses; be. took a noble stand in their defence last winter, is w ell acquainted w ith their senti­ ments, and we believe w ill adhere to them in 1 his session until their rights are restor­ ed. W ith an able and persevering sup­ porter to take the lead in C ongress, fee claims o f the local press, cannot be longer disregarded. [P o ’kecpsie Eagle:.' bis regular - collecting tour, Kb t a d 'p r o - groped.’ : \ : r ' ’ - 4 I t would cost .him to come from the nearest tofirti here, remifiiti a coujple of driys and then return, say five dollars, do it for less ?’ not.* Corildhe BlaUollcitl Outmg*. Boston, Friday, J a n ; 4. ■Last evening) asc M r. W arren, fee De­ pot Master at West Townsend, on 'the Fitchhurg'Railrotad/'waa sitting in his of- , - 1 , A % , • £ Z — m A m a * Av>' AVm 1 « w» ‘ T h e y then bourid him 'harid ari’d 'foot, and', carried-liirii fo the freigbf ‘ eat,' w fiefofefejy hung him? rip foy the 1 h^ls/lbblfod' The dbb r, and absconded. , , .. ft ? tin this * Condition, h e -Was ’ fdtrnd: taboui one horilr afterwrirda,- n ea rly -d eid:T ^W fiat were fee motives, or w ho tbe' perpctra.tdrs of • ris yet been unable to learn. Immediate steps will b e taken to ferfot%rit theti^<^ls, and mete dtrf\ fo-tfocrii-' fee /puriMmririt-:tiety deserve . any specifications w hich '-would-* direct; the attention p lf e c jDepartmentTo feq pa^tic^ ufotj- yjjjlfttipBsfof ,law;whichft^wem supposed tqfoaye been cbmraifted.K * /M r . Hale'said.: there was - something ex­ ceedingly indecorous in the resolution. - I t asked afi officer o f the G oyernment w heth­ er he liad not been guilty o f a giqss breach of duty ; o f h aving committed acts, which should subject him to impeachment. H o had \ no great interest in this fight between the A dministration and ife opponents.—* There/might, at some future day, exist an Administration in which he might have more Interest: ftHe therefore wanted to put this in b y w ay o f protest, that by arid by, w hen different counsels prevail, he m ight not have this precedent thrust in his face, as the justification o f some srinilar iridecb- roUs propositrori to b e m ade by the P resi- deht’/b y and w:ith-tfoe advice and consent o f the Senate-; if it w as so, the people arid the Senate ought to know* it. H e wished to give the'Postmaster? General the opportu­ nity to say, w hether he. had been guilty of this violation o f law, and if so, to state the reasons .therefor, that if the law was defec­ tive it might be' amended. M r. D awson desired to know whether thc Senator front New York intended to aver feat the Postmaster G eneral had been fulfilling the duties of the Executive,,and thus indirectly charge the P resident with having failed to perform his duty, and yet call this a simple resolution o f inquiry.. It was mOre, arid it indirectly attacked fee President, if it w as not-so designed. W h y did f e e gentleman not . go at once to the President and ask the question o f him, if he only desired information ? M r. D ickinson said that his L egislative experience had taught him w hen he wanted information from one source, it was n ot ex­ pedient or proper to. go for it to another.- The resolution did not reflect upoti the President, aridtifThe gentleriiajtt-frQiri ISjstff* gla found it an attack lipon tBB^Ekedutrve, his zeal would h e -c a lle d into requisition very*frequently during the present session. The only object of the resolution was to obtain information for. the Senate, as to whether a certain class o f officers should be appointed by the E xecutive or fee Post Master Gerieral; and when that officer was called upon to give an official account of his acts, it was t o be hoped that no ob­ jection w ould be made. Mr. Dawson-said, that if he desired to malce on attack, his m ode was to go. Mr? D ickinson said it was rather a hard predicament to have to contend w ith both the present A dministration and the n ext ; (laughter,) but he must defend his resolu­ tion against the charge o f being indecor\ ons. M r. P h elps said lie.had just examined the resolution, and lie agreed w ife a ll feat had bceri-said by the Senator from Geor­ gia: .. F or one, he w ould not consent to call upon ihe Postmaster G en era! to plead guilty or not guilty,ton charge thus vague­ ly intimated. Mr.* D ickinson m ade a remark, (which was inaudible in p art,) and said it was un­ derstood that the P resident left all thoise matters to tlie D epartments themselves. M r. D awson eloquently replied, stating feat the President never yielded his au­ thority to another, and that foe had finri-' ness enough to undertake whatever ap­ peared fo be his d u ty ; andhonesty enough fo fulfil it. M r. King appealed to Mr. Dickinson, to let the. resolution pass over, until, an oppor­ tunity could be had to enquire whether it chub 1 wife propriety be a d o p ted.. M r. D ickinson assented, and stated that if the siniple request to lay over had been made in fee first instance,; lie would .have assented to it at once but having been; coupled wife a reflection upon the object ofthe resolution, he had felt bound' to 'v in ­ dicate it. The Senate resumed the consideration of our diplomatic relations w ith A ustria. M r. Hale apfi M r. Clay spoke eloquent­ ly against Gen. Cass’ huriibug and bunk­ um resolution. M r. Clay, among otfoer things, said : The object o f foreign missions, was not to benefit the country to which w e send representatives, b u t fo protect American interests abroad. It w as proposed, because of our abhorence o f Austrian butcheries, and A ustria’s disregard o f H ungarian in d e­ pendence, fo punish American merchants and sailors, and to deprive our citizens of whatever advantage, m ight b e deriveu, from the diplomatic relations existing between the two nations. Such a course could be justified by no argument whatever,. ft It w as argued feat if it w as proper fe a t fee United States'Gpyernment should take any action on this subject, it might ihore justly bediad w ith ’reference to* R ussia, w ho had interfered upon a?shallow jnsetext, and de .feafod H ririgarian-independence -wfoen ^te had already achieved it. * _ Mr. Clay also^ proceeded to show, by Cogent a rgS riiehtf arid fa mil iir i11 ustrati ons, 5 that\ i f tfie prCb^derit,' or*: the'riri nciolp -' i ri- i f..±\ ■d.ic.r ka>: . a d e firiaition o f th e g e n t le m a n d e s ig n e d to tinguisnea .diAGipIe,. w ere „ oppo* us necessaries ■ 'L.V.’-J Sfofiforirin |id . foe yocaied//;W fs f r p f o g f e s s i o f i p C d o ^erritorhij iaggCoqdi’a»ment] tand # tyrirs. beftthari^d G. 0 S; that o f tfoe s t p a d ^ s t i l is c h p p l , ris o p p o s e d a p r o ^ s s ^ ^ w h i c h hefihia 1 ds U 6 t» ground as T^dftfogerift pp ^ hoped tbe S en ate w ould a t once reject p fo p q s it iq f i/ wiferiut>eferefoCe;qVfo ' I w w . T d i i '-,1 :i zz& ixm Mr.- 5s ;-t. 9, Jari¥aW%/ ri also oflferedft a rCsoh 4 t o w : f a ¥ ,^ ^ r if i Mdiat subj^ J tl w f i e t i j e r x c l i - , g io n , m o r a l s , o r w h a t not, w hich r c o u Id be Id d p t e d f t T h e ’ e B u ise td l b ^ l p r i f e r i e d ' Wife' in d i r e c t c o n t r a d ictio n i f o liie i p o l i c y laid? dbw ri ^ r in d - fo llo w e d b y ; WrisMrigtrinl arid e v e r y A d m iriiF t fatfo r i'to /thc p fffid iit tim e , IfT r r iw e r e lo fo e c o m r i^ h r iii^ M f o w ^ n lttio n s , where were w e Id sfOp, arid w h y sftould w e lofok to ihe caCe oCBlungarytalotteA Why ribt takri up the ckuae'-Pf lr^arid 7'arid still been fcbdorofiU H ti^ r i»:;B a :w r iu: Id It # . orisr irir f^gular ct^iily foract&eftfireii performirig duty u s jurOrs, - * T h e srime * gentlem a^ gaveti riPtlce bill ,tofcharige fee day for fee£ the L egislature, iri certain cases;\/W h ere fee day for fee convocation o f fe e L egisla- turc- arid the -first d ay n f The year 'aifeti the- same; fed Legislature shall n okm p et /tUi fee subsequent day. » . ftftft ftftftft The Seriate was in session b u t a few 5 minutes, and fee H ouse h eld rio' sbssiori to-- day. * * ‘ • '' • • - Y , - . . a . r ______ . t . * * _ _ . . In fee Report o f fed Commission: p n Practice and ‘P leadings, there -is a recoirir mendation for a new city court, in N ew York. It provides that there shall foe elec- ted in the city, at the n ext generai election, a city judge, his Salary n o t to be less thari $2,500, and n ot to be increased nor dimin­ ished • w hile in office.; -to begin h is drities January 1 st,\ 1851, .and, to hold for fowr yearsr-to discharge such duties,* arid td‘ havC such jiirisdiction- as is specified in the code. The code is an immense volume Of nearly 8 0 0 pages. . E very- important sngr gestion or provision is accompanied b y ihe comments o f reVi.sers. The chapter relating to the law o f evi­ dence starts w ith the following doetrineT-*- the 1662 section of the code. The law docs- not require demonstration— feat is, such a degree o f proof, n s excluding possibility o f error produces absolute certainty ’; because such proof is rarely possible---mpral cer­ tainty only is required* or tbat degree q f proof w hich produces conviction in an un­ prejudiced mind. The 1706th section is as follows : . T h e following facts , are as­ sumed fo be known (that is, b y the prece­ ding section,) o f snch genera!notoriety as to be generally know r iifojtiig J50urt....pf these facts^cvifomce prcduccd. Tim true signfocation o f all E n glish w o r ^ ana pforases, and o f all legal expressions, whatever, is established by la w ; public arid official acts, and thc respective court seals official and legislative existence; the S tate’ Sovereign and flag recognized by the exe­ cutive power o f the U . S . ; the law o f na­ ture ; the measure o f time, and the 'geo-- graphical distinction and p o litical' h istoiy of fee w orld. ; -jr M rs. M a j. M il l e r At.RicrinioND, V a .v*v' On tlie Mount! V ernon steatrier from Nor­ folk on Saturday, w as tha' famous Airs.- Miller, the heroine ot the' a sspm ed; suicide over tfoe N iagara F alls, some w eeks since. She w as accompanied . by a young man from .the V alley Of V irginia.. .B oth p f thferir were recognised by persons who had Seen 1 them in Wirichester. They-left the boat at C ity Point for -Petersburg. _ T h is fact/ with other- circumstances rwhich, have reached pur ear, satisfy us , feat the states ments published, o f M r. H enry Merritt; o f Troy, N pw Y ork, being her lover, was er­ roneous. T h e lady; 'fee heroine o f fee most curious romance , o f which < w e ever read, is describe^ to us. as very short, w ife a pug. n ose, and not at afi attractive.\ But fee currents otlove are very unaccouhtaWle. The-lady is fbrther represented as bdng'iw a very interesting situation. W e aretin^ formed by a gentleman, that about ten days since, He travelled towards B altimore w ith Ex-Senator Norvell now\ U nited States District A ttorney rit D etroit,fee father o f Mrs. Miller, who w as in black'mourning the supposed decease o f his daughter, then in search o f information touching fter pre** vious movement*, 'fhe whole’ affair is most extraordiriaity. ' ; r [Richmond, Vri., 'Enquirer* Jito. ! . S i r H e n r y BufoWER, t h e N e w E ^ i J is h M i n i s t e r .— Right Hon. Sir I j e n r y L y t t o n Bulwrir, Privy C o u n c i l lo r , K. C. -B>., Was' b o m in 1804; married in 1848 .to Hqn, Georgians Charlotte M a ry, youngest da ugh, ter of the first Lord Cowley, and niece -ter the Duke of YYellington ; entefod the dip-7 lo m a i i c service in 1829 ; was attached suc­ c e s s i v e l y fo the - eorirts of BerJiri, Vienna a n d f e e H a g u e , till 1S30; sent to B rw sielsf on a second mission-of obser vation s f the revolution iti Belgiurii in 1830; elected •member of Parliament for W ilton in the same y e ar : for Convent ry tinfj 831 a n d /33; for Marjlebone from.1/8^4 -tlR .1$47 ; tvas Secretary of Legation and-Charge d ’A flairs at Brussels in 1835and ’3ff ; ^ S e c r e t a r y of E m b a s s y to Corisfontiriople in 1837, wliere he fconcluded the contmercral treaty o f fe a t y e a r ; appointed Secretary of Embara»y at St. Petersburgh toward* the close of I $38, but did not p r o c e e d thither, having been appointed Secretary of Embassy at * P a ris in 1839. In the absence of the Anrbasiit— dor was th r i c e g a z e t t e d Miniat«r l«t.'the (J o u r t o f t h e Tulleries, including -/portioiis of fee years 1839 and 1840 j waa-alsp em^ ployed during his residence foi*Paris in v a r io u s c o m m i s s i o n s , commertrikl; -G V e rik, Poteridic, dec. Was- appoirifed - MJniiiter Plenipotentiary at Madrid In ; J843;r-jqid negotiated the' peace / between jfemin? and Bpahlfe Minis’trVTn 1848. * , ft t - ■ [{ will foe* seeri 'from the above -tliat ISir :He’rirty7h|ril been brought fop in-'the sritiool o f (firilotnafoy, is versgd,ip Tfoe eliqueUe ~of Cabinets, ar.d has doubtless. beemselected 'bri^ Britain «* a'view to the importani’ questions which arfe likely to comri up between ifoe twOigov- risnrricnts. /- • t i,'» 1 :■ t 1 i 7 2 mtl-J ’ A ' p E!* ;tib lb ;A .U d ) - S r tiftU y afternoOb ari operator in the lBanerl|i)?5el- egraph J H idelitt N o r. Y6rkrxtexe»d*Sj, in w y m & k z i

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