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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, January 11, 1920, Image 9

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BARUCH JUSTIFIES U.S. MATE PLANT Accopts Responsibility Bo'foro Investigating Committco for Vast Expenditures. CHILE OUTPUT UNCERTAIN Necessity of Kcoping Allies Supplied With Explosives jrmlo Action Advisable. Full responsibility for the Govern' menta nltrato production programme durlntr the war, Including the construe tlon of the (67.000,000 plant (or Its extraction from the air, built by the Air Nitrates Corporation, a subsidiary of the American Cyanamld Company, at Mufclo Shoals, Ala., was acceoted yes terday by Bernard M. Barach, head of the raw materials division of the War Industries Board. Testifying at tho Custom House bofora a of the Houso com tnlttee which Is Investigating war ex penditures, Baruch declared that the nltrato situation became critical for the Allies In the spring of 1918. At that time, ho said, a break of from thirty to dxty days In the flow of Chilean nltrato to the ammunition factories of England, France, Italy and tho United States would havo caused all of them to close. Baruch said he regarded the situation as precarious In the extreme and the erection of nltrato producing plants within the United States as an urgent necessity, \When we first entered tho war we had no Idea of the amount of explosives wo would require,\ Bald Baruch. \Our estimates were enlarged later. Some one has to accept responsibility for our pro gramme, and I am more responsible than any one else. Chile had been tho chief source of nitrate supply and pro- duced about 2,000,000 tons n year. Ger- man Interests controlled 33 per cent, of this but It was not being put upon the market because of measures taken by the Allies. I Induced tho Navy Department to buy 400,000 tons of It If It had not been for this the allied and American power factories would have been absolutely closed In another fix months. \Chilean nitrate rose In prlco from S or 9 shillings a quintal to 16 shillings, a difference of J 40 a. ton. For the amount we required this would have made, a difference to tho United States Government of from $80,000,000 to 100,000,000. It Germany had sclred her opportunity and bought up the Chilean nitrate Melds and closed them down It Is horrible to comtcmplate what might have happened.\ Allies Formed Pool. Baruch explained how tho Allies had formad a pool for tho purchase of Chil- ean nitrate, so that one country could not be played agaln3t another by the Chileans, and said that ns soon as ncWB of the vast programme of manufacturing launched here reached Chile the price dropped from 16 to 3 shillings a quintal. \German agonts tried to foment strikes In Chile and hold up shipments,\ Mr. Baruch went on. \In January, March and April, 1918, the situation was po desperate we had .to furnish Kng-lan- d, France and Italy with their nitrate supply. They had only enough to last from thirty to sixty days, and an Inter- ruption of th Chltoan supply, which hung by a thread, would have meant the shutting down of the factories. The entire Chilean output would not have been enough for the explosives pro. gramme we had In the spring of 1919 If the war had continued.\ In answer to a question by Chairman Graham of the committee, Baruch said that shortly before the signing of the armistice ho had recommended that the capacity of tho nitrate plants then un- der construction In tho country be In- creased by 100 per cent. He wanted to have fiom 1,000,000 to 1.500,000 tons ahead of tho demand all the! time, he raid, and felt that the country would not be safe unless It had six months supply of nitrate In reserve at all times. Tho location of tho plants was some- thing Baruch said he had not been called upon to decide. It was aimed to have them removed from congested districts and at places where cheap power was available, ho testified. \I didn't know how long the war would last.\ declared Baruch, \and we could never have forgiven ourselves If we had not given our flghtlns forces all the supplies they needed. I hoped there might ba some salvage out of these nltratp plants, but If they had been a ho: total loss that would not have affected my recommendations, I believe we saved $100,000,000 or more In the purchase of Chilean nitrate through having thtse pluntu.\ \If tho Government goes Into the manufacture of commercial fertilizer at Muscle Bhoala what effect will It have on the fertilizer business?\ asked Chair- man Graham. Must Produce Nitrate, 1hat depends on how tho Government does It. Wo must take some govern- mental action to produce nltrato In this country and bo Independent of outside fourccs. If the Government doesn't manufacture nitrate will tho private concerns sell It at reasonable prices? I think Individual Initiative Is a very Im- portant thing wo ought to have renewed In this country,\ Baruch offered to go Into the methods employed by the War Industries Board In fixing prices, which, ho said, tho world's supply of materials during the war. The commtttoo will hear him later In Washington, It waa dccliftd. Charges of reckless waste by the Air Nitrate Corporation in Its purchase and care of autornobilea at the Muscle Shoals plant wero mado by John Stross, for- - mcrly In chorgo of tho corporation's ga- rage there. He said it was impossible to get requisitions for repairs filled and that when cars broke down they were flung aside. \Thousands of dollars worth of nutomoblles,\ Stross testified, wero destroyed becauso of a lack of headlights; He' said that he was given a strnnded vaudeville actor who knew nothing of motor cars as his chief as. sstant, and thai officials of the com- pany could obtain high grado machines merely by asking for them. Strow said he had once reported the wilful destruction by an employee of a motor radiator, nnd testified that the only reeponso he received was, \It's all right; the Government's paylngor It.\ Edward A. Moree, manager of the Press Service Company, which Is sending stories of the vast scale of the work done at Muscle Shoals to newspapers all over tho country In the form of \boiler plate,\ said that the American Cyanamld Company would have paid his concern about $12,000 by the time its work was finished, Frank S. Washburn, president of the American Cyanamld Company, testified nt tho afternoon session that tho o Department figures showed that ammonium nltrnta could be manufac- tured at the Muscle Shoals plant for 5U cents n pound, whereas the Government had been paying 17 '.4 cents a pouwi for It In the open market. If tho war had rnntlnuerl and the plant had operated for three years, as was contemplated f In tho contract, Washburn said tnat, on Its capacity, the Government would have saved $81,600,000. Deduct- ing the expenditure of $61,605,000 made In the plant's erection, ho saW, the Gov- ernment would Btlll havo had the plant and $30,000,000 beside. \I feel that tho result was 100 per cent, successful,\ saw lie. \uur one watchword was 'Get result.' $3,319,552 PLEDGED TO PRINCETON FUND 5 Per Cent, of Alumni Make Subscriptions. Henry B. Thompson, chairman of the Princeton endowment committee, 'an nounced yesterday that subscriptions to the Princeton endownment fund amount to $3,319,652.02. Five hundred alumni. about nvo Der cent, or rnnceion men now living, have thus far subscribed. . are or Its quota suoscriDcu. nnving ; tor ftnft nr 35 Jl npr ppnt. nf th ' quota of $250,000, Mr. Thompson said. \The New York region, consisting or me city nnd State, follows with subscrip tions amounting to $1,539,412.30 or 33.4 per cent, of Its quota of $4,600,000. Tho Cincinnati district Is In third position with $250,000 of its quota of SSoO.OOO raised. New Jersey, Chicago and dis trict, Minneapolis and district, Pitts burg and dhtnet, Baltimore and dis- trict, Philadelphia and district, Cali fornia and district, St. Ixmls ana dis trict. Colorado and district, Texas ind district, Atlanta and district, follow in the order named. 'Reports received at national head quarters Indicate that any reaction which may have accompanied the an- nouncement of Mr. Frlck's bequest' has been overcome and that the campaign Is once more In full swing. In certain Instances individuals who had already given to the fund before the bequest became known have Increased their subscriptions as a result of the bequest. 'As has been emphasized throughout the campaign, the original programme of the endownment committee covered only minimum necessities. The orig- inal estimates to cover the needs of the unlveieltj, mado by the survey ccm mlttee appointed In 1916, amounted to upward of $25,000,000. Thwe figures were cut to $14,323,000 us a goal for the endownment campaign because It was felt that any larger figures would be Impossible of realization at the pres- ent time.\ 16 For Boys and Girls Years of scientific and costly experiments com- bined with close observation of the needs of grow- ing feet were required to bring SOROSIS SHOES for children to their present high standard of per- fection. Sorosis Juvenile Shoes are so constructed as to properly train growing feet and help them develop naturally. All Sorosis Juvenile Shoes are made of the most carefully selected and properly seasoned leathers and are offered at the regular prices, notwithstand- ing the shortage and increased cost of leather. Exhibition and sale of Women's and Misses' SOROSIS SHOES in Tan and White-Bo- ots, Oxfords, Pumps and Sport models seasonable for Southern wear. Continuing throughout January Reductions in the Linen Dept. 20 to 334 below present prices. SUNDAY, JANUARY 1920. Daily, cldiixofe, CWtaGEe c6 Co. 5tncwctuie at 40tnje?toert Continuing The Absolute Clearance of x Women's and Misses' Apparel Offering our entire remaining stock of high class garments (herctojore marked at the eery lowest prices consistent with the Arnold, Constable standard quality) at a Jurther substantial 15 Discount To be deducted as Apparel is purchased Misses' and Women's smart trimmed with fur. Misses' anrl Wnmpn's Stiir wirVirmr fiir. Misses' and Women's Coats without fur. Misses' and Women's Coats with fur. j The above discount also applies items not here and Wraps, Dresses, etc., Jot occasions. Blankets and Comfortables in the unusual offered during the January Clearance Sales. A Few Noteworthy Examples: WOOL MIXED remarkable offering this week 185 pairs in Grey and White in one size only. Single Bed Size (Grey) Formerly 7.50 Now 5.75 Single Bed Size Formerly 8.00 Now 6.50 SILK MULL COMFORTABLES with floral centers in Jacquard effects plain back and border to match wool filled. Formerly 21.00 Now 18.00 En. WOOL FILLED COMFORTABLES comprising an odd lot in plain colors of Japanese Silk. J Formerly 30.00 Priced to close at 22.50 En. Spreads Ecru color with and lace edge cut corners eery effective and low priced. Single Bed Size Double Bed Size French Gloves that will merit the approcal of the Women's Gloves specially designed for dress as well as street wear Whit with Black, Black with White and with Brown stitching Mode, Beaver and Brown overseam sewn. also Strap Wrist Gauntlets Pi uc and P. X. M. seam sewn in various smart This is an value and one hat cannot be duplicated after the present stock of sizes is exhausted. Very Special Pair Neckwear Sale in which some of our lest models are slated for clearance. A limited number of plain and plaid silk collars also Organdy and Batiste few trimmed with Val. lace suitable for wear with die new Frocks for Spring. Formerly 1.75. Now 1.25 Embroidered Pique Shawl Collar and Cuff Formerly 2.75. Now 2.25 White Organdy Collars daintily em- broidered. Formerly 2.00. Now 1.50 Collars, Cuffs and Vestees of crisp White Organdy combination with Brussels Net finished with tuckings and edgings of fine Val. lace. Round and short cuff Sets. Formerly 4.50. Now 3.75 Hand embroidered collars with edge of Venise lace. Formerly 3.75: Now 2.75 THE SUN, 11, Mail and Phone Orders Promptly Filled Store Open Including Saturday, 9 to 5:30 Suits beautifully . Formerly 67.50 to 350.00 Formerly 39.50 to 135.00 1 Formerly 29.50 to 168.00 Formerly 29.50 to 295.00 16 to enumerated including carious share values BLANKETS a of (White) . in medallions unusually Kid dis- criminating. Champagne shades. exceptional broken 3.00 a in straight Formerly 18.00 Now 16.00 Formerly 19.50 Now 17.00 New Spring Dress Fabrics Here Shown at Special Introductory Prica. All Wool Dress Serge 41 inches wide in a full range of new, colors, including Navy, Midnight Blue, Tan, Beaver, Brown, Taupe. Grey, Reseda, Green, Wine, Plum and Black. Hereafter 2.75. Special 2.35 Yd. All Wool Homespuns 56 inches wide suitable for Coats and Suits in Brown, Green and Grey mixtures. Hereafter 4.00. Special 3.50 Yd. Advance display of the NEW WOOL PLAIDS and STRIPES in beautiful com- binations Fashion's decree for the sep- arate Spring Skirt. Moderately priced for the opening. Umbrellas GREAT STOCK REDUCTION SALE of s Women's Handsome Fur Coats All garments and separate pieces jeatured below have Jormerly been subject to remarkable price revisions earlier in season, but during January Sales We will ojjcr an ADDITIONAL 10 DISCOUNT, which brings prices close to actual wholesale HAIR NETS Unlimited Quantities. We ire very fortunate in being able to offer theie Genuine Human Hair Nets at luch low pricea when there ii practically none to be had of this trade in the open market. In various colon. Allover Net 1.00 Doz. Cap Shape Net 1.50 Doz. jSilk Clearance of Satins, Georgette Crepes and Pussy Willow Silks at the most substantial saeings of the season. Black Dress Satin a soft, lustrous quality that is ample width for all purposes. 40 inches. In Stock 3.50. Now 3.00 Yard Colored Dress Satin in a variation of shades for street and afternoon wear. A medium weight quality 36 inches wide. ' In Stock 3.50. Now 3.25 Yard Colored Charmeuse Satin a weave that is much to the fore this season in the leading street and evening shades. 40 inches wide. In Stock 5.50. Now 5.00 Yard All Silk Georgette Crepe 10 inches wide a very exceptional value in a dress weight. Various attractive shades. In Stock Now 3.00 Yard I Printed Radium and Pussy Willow Silks in light and dark effects 40 inches wide. In Stock 4.75. Now 4.50 Yard Formerly 4.95 Gloria handle Value $5.75. 4.50 SEALINE COATS-- 30 to inches long 235.00 to 285.00 HUDSON SEAL COATS-pl- ain model inches 450.00 HUDSON SEAL COATEE-bea-ver collar and 455.00 HUDSON SEAL Skunk collar HUDSON SEAL COAT skunk collar and inches 650.00 MOLESKIN COAT-- 42 inches lon- g- 950.00 COAT-- 36 inches lon- g- 840.00 MINK COAT-- 42 inches lon- g- 2,000.00 KOLINSKY DOLMAN-beautif- ully modelle-d- 1,575.00 Separate Pieces WOLF SCARFS- -in various shade- s- 32.50 to 75.00 FOX SCARFS Cross, Lucille, and Taupe 85.00 to 145.00 SKUNK SCARFS, STOLES AND CAPE- S- 30.00 to 385.00 MOLESKIN SCARFS, STOLES AND CAPELET- S- 30.00 195.00 HUDSON SEAL SCARFS, STOLES AND CAPE- S- 27.50 335.00 MINK AND COATEE- S- 42.50 695.00 Formerly Blouses, Sweaters and Negligees Greatly Reduced for immediate clearance \Acco\ Cotton Blouses in white and colored models hemstitched, lace trimmed and embroidered. The balance of our entire remaining stock for immediate disposal make room for Spring orders. The extremely low price quoted enables the purchaser buy two the same amount that she would ordinarily pay for Formerly 2.50 -- I nr Clearance Cream Net Blouses fairylike creations that are typically feminine and in sharp contrast are the smartly tailored Waists of Pongee Silk-b- oth models been reduced for clearance. 6.00 Clearance at 555.00 to to to to to at Wool Sweaters in coat and Tuxedo models there is a good assortment of colors and sizes. Formerly t 15.00 fa -- J jfjA Clearance at to 1.VU Crepe Chine Negligees dainty shirred models that attain an added smartness by the addition of bouquets as trimmings. In Purple. Rose, Light Blue, Pink and Copen. Formerly 1 O A A Clearance at 14. VU Fleeced Flannelette Wrappers in floral patterns belted model in Blue, Orchid, and Grey. Formerly 5.00 QC Clearance at 0,UO Women's Umbrellas a practical and serviceable model with Bakelite trimmed ring and silk loop also silk cover. E.. the the the the present cost. 3.50. 40 30 cuffs COATEE and cuffs cuffs 36 BEAVER Blue SCARFS, STOLES new sale for one. have 10.00 rj f) de tiny 15.00 Rose Q Lett 10 Lei Men's Shirts Greatly Reduced Note the unusual variety assembled at this low then shop early for your size and style, before the groups are depleted.. Handkerchief Linen Shirts entire stock on hand to be closed out. Silk and Linen Mixtures all 1919 patterns. David and John Anderson's fancy Scotch Madras Shirts. English Madras Shirts exceptional values. Taffeta Flannel Shirts collar separate. Khaki Hunting or Sport Shirts. Also small groups of odd silk mixed Shirts. Many have separate collars to match. Formerly 6.00, 6.50 and 7.50 4.75 W High Grade Tax .18 Extra - Winter Pajamas that are very specially priced, Heavy mercerized self striped Madras, Plain Chambrays, Percales and many other lots taken from our regular stock. Formerly 3.50 to 4.50 Clearance 2.95 per suit Extra heavy and best grade of soft, fleecy Domet Flannel Pajamas tailored in the finest manner. Small, medium, large and extra sizes. 4.25. Clearance at 3.50 Special Discounts on Oriental Rugs during the January Sales At no other time the year do we offer such remarkable calues on Rugs tha are regu- larly marked eery close to market prices. There-for- e early selections are urged while the qualities and designs are plentiful. Beluchistans average size 2.4x4.4-48- .00 to 65.00 Mousouls average size 3.4x6.0 78.00 to 135.00 . Irans average size 4.4x6.4 185.00 to 275.00 Sarouks average size 4.6x6.6 375.00 to 500.00 Persian Carpets from 9x12 to 14x22 feet authentic designs ex- pressed in beautifully blended Regularly 525.00 to 5,000.00 J discount discount price, Flannel special during Lets 10 Leas 15 Less 25 3

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