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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, December 27, 1919, Image 1

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Fair to'dky WEATHER anBpr66abiy FORECAST. \to-morro- w moderate temperature; fresh west winds he Sun, IT SHINES FOR ALL Highest temperature yesterday. 33 j loweat, ifl. Detailed witlber r.ports on editorial pit. s VOL. LXXXVII. NO. 118 DAILY. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 27, 19195 f T?.r?\i.?ffl.Ai\c:,?: PRICE TWO CENTS. 34 DEAD FROM FAKE WHISKEY MADE IN BRONX Scores Blind and Critically 111 From Drinking Wood Alcohol. CARGO SPREADS DEATH V. S. Agents Trace Makers Here Four Are Under Arrest in Hartford. MANY DIE IN SPRINGFIELD Poison Shipped for Christmas Celo'brators and Sent Oat of the City. \Twelve barrels of .\whiskey\ made In The Bronx caused tho death of twenty-fou- r persons at Springfield, Chlcopee Falls and Holyoke, Mass., i and ten at Hartford, Conn., and the blindness and critical Illness of scores of others, according to agents of the Department of Justlco who were put on the cose lato yesterday afternoon. Tho \whiskey\ was made chiefly of wood alcohol and sold for $12,000, which was to bo divided among four men, the agents learned. Under arrest In ,Hartford on charges ef murder are Jacob Bronerwlne, a saloon keeper, who Is said to have been a party to the deal, but fearing the dangerous contents of tho \whiskey\ would not permit It to be sold In his own cafe j Frank Rose, proprietor of a saloon at 277 Windsor street, Hartf- ord, where the police allege the poi- sonous liquor was sold; Baul Joseph, bartender and partner of Bronerwlne, and Nathan Salsberg, bartender. The death list from the poisonous toods made expressly ,for Christmas drinkers undoubtedly will grow. Two deaths were reported from Manhattan, but It Is not known whether the stuff they drank came from the same soured. Soon .after the. report of eight dead In Hartford had been received a ninth was reported blind and near death. His re- covery was problematical. Sweeping Probe Started, Simultaneously with the reports Chlcopee Falls. Holyoke and Hartford a sweeping Investigation was begun by the Health Department agents of New England cities and In this city. Department of Justice men, acting on ad- vices from Hartford, began combing Tho Bronx for the source of the. Jlquor. It was said to have been brought by truck from the Bronx .establishment several days ago and distributed rapidly through certain agents, of whom the four; under arrest at Hartford are believed to be only a few, to the liquor hungry of New uifriann. Within twenty-fou- r hours after the Christmas celebration had begun the reports of the deaths began to come In. In each Instance In both Springfield and Holyoke the men were dead In bed, Those who had drunk and survived were found groping blindly through the streets or stricken with blindness in their homes. Fourteen of the deaths In Springfield were reported from the out' skirts of the city, In the Chlcopee dls trlct A score have been taken to the bpringfleld city hospitals, ana they are not expected to live. Tho first reports received were those from bprlnglleld. Three men were found dead In their homes. These reports had hardly been turned In before others came in to the Springfield police headquarters. The death toll Increased hourly until noon. Almost at the same time the de- tails of the Christmas booze tragedy came In to Springfield from Holyoke and there was no estimate of the total reach of the poisoning. The police, State and Federal authorities In these cities began their work without delay. Search for Hotel Man, Alexander Terry, prbprletor of the American IIoueo In Chlcopee Falls, where the \whiskey\ Is believed to have been sold, has left the city and the police are searching for him. His brother, Charles Perry, and William A, Baker, a bartender, have been arrested, charged with manslaughter. Perry was released on $10,000 bail, pending tho out come of the autopsies. In this city word of tho Christmas tragedy In New England was met with direct action. Dr. Charles Norris, chief medical examiner, went Into consultation with his aids and kept constantly In touch with the progress of the Investi- gation. He will Issue to-d- a warning w every physician In the five boroughs to watch for cases of wood alcohol poisoning. Most drastic action will be token wherever evidence can be ob tained. Dr. Norris said last night he believed hundreds of persons were prinking a substitute for booie which was poison ing and would bring total blindness. His records show, he said, that between January 1, 1919, and December 20 there have been forty-tw- o deaths in Manhat tan from wood alcohol poisoning. For the entire year ot 1518 there were Ave such deaths. Even with e targe fig- ures for this year Dr. Norris said he believed they represented .but a small fraction of the actual number of deaths from this cause. William H. Edwards. Collector of In ternal Revenue for the Second District, with offices at the Custom House, was asked by telegraph last night by the Connecticut Internal revenue officials to urge tho greatest haste and thorough- ness in .the Investigation of the New 'Tork end of the crime. Death in vlanhattnn. One death In Manhattan directly ascribed to \Christmas booze\ was that of James Dwyer, 36. of 224 West Twenty-fourt- h street, found dead in bed 'at his home yesterday morning. The taie wni .believed by members of his Tamlly to be heart failure, but a physi- cian from Bellevus Hospital and the police said It was 'alcohol poisoning. Matthew Bcrrian, ii, of 219 West Continued-o- Beooni PaS'i, Unprecedented Crime Wave Sweeps London BpteM Calls DsspatcS to Tat SwftoM the London Times Service. Copyright, m; oil rights rmrvti. LONDON, Dec. 26. More crimes of violence have been committed Jn London this your than in any previous yoar. Sir piovil Macready, aon of tho tragedian of that name, who s chief commissioner of tho Metropolitan Police, Bays the crime wavo is an aftermath of the war. U. PACT ONSIBERIA Tokio Agrees to Jlodify Its Policy on Omsk Assistance, Says Report \ALL MISTRUST IS GONE\ Island Kingdom Will Help Move to Kcop Open tho Railroad Lines. . Vladivostok, Dec. 28, A common ground on which to base Joint action In Slborla has been reached by the United States and Japan, according to an announcement given out here by the Japanese official publicity bureau Tho announcement said: \Oenulno satisfaction la expressed In influenzal quarters that common ground' has been reached by Japan and America for baaing Joint action In Siberia. This Is particularly pleas- ing to those who have observed with regret that Siberian policies of the two countries at times seemed to follow divergent courses.\ Tho announcement was contained In a summary given to the Russian press as the Japanese views of the situation in Siberia. This was dated \Toklo. December 2,\ and.lncluded a review of the policies of Japan and the Untied States since Joint action was Insti- tuted here. Tho statmeent continued: \At' the tlmo troops first were des patched to Siberia there was no diver- gence of policy between Japan 1 and America. But the course of time changed this situation and led America to make the question of management of tne Trans-sioeria- n Railway the main od ject of Us Siberian policy, relegating the support of the Omsk Government (Ad- miral Kolchak's Govern- ment) to a secondary position. \On the other hand, Japan mado assistance of the Omsk Government Its' principal aim, regarding the rail- way question as one of secondary Im- portance. Most of tho trouble be- tween Japan and America In Siberia arises from this situation, but it now Is believed all clouds of mistrust ana doubt, will be swept away by proposals Japan has made to America; In a re- cent diplomatic note, the exact nature of which cannot' be disclosed now. Tho note is the result of japan's de- cision to modify her policy of active assistance to the Omsk Government and base her Siberian policy on the guarding ot the railway lines and maintaining, order In districts adjoin- ing them, thereby insuring tranquil- lity in the Far East. \In pursuance ot this plan negotia- tions are progressing between Japan and the allied nations.\ The publicity bureau, discussing tho attitude of the Japanese press toward Japan's policy Jn Siberia, said in a statement accompanying the official \All the important newspapers of Ja- pan agree In opposing large reenforce-ment- s ot Japan's forces In Siberia. The Japanese press lays emphasis on the fact that because of that country's geographical propinquity (to Siberia) Japan should take the lead in laying down the new Siberian policy demanded by the changed situation. The Japanese press speaks for approchement with the Liberal elements In Siberia. It expresses no sympathy for any group of GABY DESLYS AGAIN GOES UNDER KNIFE Her Condition Critical Was in U. S. in October. Special Coils Dsspatch to Tat 80s from the London Ttmtt Service. Copyright, 191), all rights restrved. Paris, Dec. 281 -- Mile. Gaby Deslys has been operated upon again. Her con dition Is critical. Ever since Oaby Deslys gained world wide fame In 1911 as the actress held responsible by tome classes of tho Por- tugese people for the dethronement of King Manuel she has been much In the limelight For some years she has been undergoing operations for throat trouble. She was In New Tork in October last. She remained for a week. N. Y. LEGISLATURE IS TO GET BEER BILL Will Be Lew Before Jan. 16, Say It Sponsor. A measure authorizing the manufac ture and sale of ales and beers In New Tork State is to be introduced In Al- bany soon after the Legislature, con- venes, January 7, It became known here yesterday.' It will be patterned on the S Dr cent, beer bill introduced at the last session by J. Henry. \Walters ma- jority leader In the Senate, and is said to havu the support of legislative lead- ers. It will be pressed or an early passage and persons In touch with the situation assert that It will become a law. before January 18. the date for the' inauguration of constitutional pro hibition by' the Federal amendment. The manufacture or ale and beer would be permitted by the new law, together with Its sale In hotels, res taurants ana ciuci in nrst and second olaes cities,, villages and towns, . - Is DANIELS CALLS FOR REVISION OF NAM AWARDS r Summons Kniglit to Mee in Washington on January 5. BOARD TOO LIBERAI Says Officers on Shore Duty Got ITorc Than They Deserved. (LIST NOT APPROVED Wants Nothing Left Undon to Remove Suggestion of Injnstico. Wasihnoton, Dec. 26. Secretary Daniels ordered' tho Navy Department's board of awards recon yened Monday, January 6, to revise tho recent recommendations as to naval awards, which have been the sourco of a controversy brought to a head a few daysago by the declination of Rear Admiral Sims to accept tho Distinguished Service Medal whllo the awards remained as at present. \While approving in the main the recommendations of the board of awards,\ said Mr. Daniels In his order to Rear Admiral A. M. Knight to re convene the board, \my examination into the subject has convinced me there are a number of cases requiring further examination and there have been additional recommendations slnco your board adjourned which require examination by a board of officers, The order to reconvene the board was made public late following re- -, ceipt of reports from Newport, R. I., that Hllery P. Jones(and Capt Raymond D. Hasbrouck had fol- lowed Admiral Sims In refusing to ac cept tho medals bestowed on them. Sec jtary Daniels. It was said at the Navy Department, however, had received no Information as to tho declination of Capt. Hasbrouck or tho reported decllna Hon of Admiral Jones. The 8ecretirJs order to reconvene the board, addressed to Rear Admiral A. ohalrmap. follows: While approving\ In the main the recommendations of the Board of Awards, my examination Into the subject has convinced me that there are va number of cases requiring further examination and there have been additional recommendations since your board adjourned which require examination by a board of officers. I felt In going over the list that the board had been too liberal, par- ticularly as regards officers whose duty during the war was mainly or altogether on shore. I felt that re- ports, some of which had not come to your board, particularly as to men who had served and suffered In tho war zone. Justified additional awards. No official approval of any list has been made. AH lists published were tentative. Last week I ordered changes made In the list as printed awarding the Distinguished Service Medal, among others, to Admiral Knight, Admiral Caperton and Jones. I hod also decided that like awards should be given to certain other officers who had ren- dered long and arduous service on convoys and other service afloat In the war 2one. I feel that nothing should be left undone as far as Is humanly possible to Insure that' the awards shall be made without the possible suggestion ot injustice or discrimination against any person In the naval service, and I have therefore decided to reconvene tho board of awards to reconsider the whole subject in the light of the additional Information recently sent to the Bureau of Navigation and such other Information as any person In the naval service may wish to Jay be- fore the board. Tho board will therefore meet In Washington on Monday, January 5, 1920. SIMS NOT ALONE IN DECLINING MEDAL Vice-Admir- al Jones Also Re-- fused Honor. Special Despatch to Tat Sex Newport, Doc. 26. Indignation against methods employed by Secretary Daniels In awarding naval war decora- tions has spread through the service, it developed horo last night, when It be came known that Rear-Admir- al Sims was not atone In having written Mr. Daniels In protest. al Hilary P. Jones, com manding the first division of tho At lantlc fleet, so It was learned, wrote the Secretary December 16. It is un derstood he declined the Distinguished Service Medat awarded him and pro tested agalnt certain awards to mem' bera of the forces under his command . .V. I . . - I - J 1 .,,111 V T I . aunng uia pcriuu ui iiuaimucB. nu prin cipal war commands were those of the first squadron of tho patrol fleet and of the Newport News division ot the cruiser and transport force. Capt Raymond De- l- Hasbrouck, now In command of the battleship Minnesota. at the Philadelphia navy yard, has asKea to nave nis name stricken rrom the list of those awarded the Dis tinguished Service Medal. He com- manded one of the naval transports that was torpedoed and sunk during the war. FitlfJiDZLPim, Dec. 26. Capt Ray mond Del Hasbrouck, commander of the battleship Minnesota, ht con firmed the report that he had declined to accept the navy cross awarded him by the Navy Department He said he \thoroughly concurredbi ,the views of Rear Admiral Sims contained in his recent letter to Secretary of the Navy Daniels that no special award should be given to officers whose ships were Coni,uti on ?Mr& Page. Allied Dissension Seen in Bandholtz Withdrawal PUDAPEST, Doc. 25 (delayed). Tho withdrawal of Brig.-Go- n. Harry H. Bandholtz as' American representative of the Interallied Military Commission to Budapest has provoked con- siderable newspaper comment. Tho principal 1b that the withdrawal of Gen. Bandholtz was new proof of the dissolution of tho Entente and of antagonism between the allied and associated Governments. All the nowspapcrs express the hopo of strengthening the frien ly attitudo of tho United State toward Hungary. TOMSK TAKEN BYBOLSHEYIKI Soviot Wireless Also Reports Cnpturo of Seven Other Towns and Prisoners. U. S. CONSULS PASS TAIGA Early Message From Irkutsk! Tells of Repulse' of Reds by Siberian Troops. London, Dec, 26. The Soviet Rus slan Government announces that Bol shevik troops have captured Tomsk, in western Siberia, and also tho towns of Fastoff, Vassllkov, Krehicntchug, Izlum, Belovod.sk, Makceveka and Kok-pekht- a. This news was contained in a wireless despatch received from Moscow. 3 noto The communication adds that after the capture of Tomsk the Reds ad vanced from Novo Nikolaevsk to the main line of the Trans-Siberia- Rail way and occupied tho station of Taiga, taking an enormous amount of booty and a number of prisoners. Tho road to Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk is now open, and Admiral Kol--cha- army In this region has ended Its existence,\ Bays the communication, Tho rebels In eastern Siberia, says another Moscow wireless despatch.havc completely severed all communications on the Amur line and Blagovaeshtchen- - sky has been completely cut off. Reds nepnlseil, Says neport The despatch adds that Galiclan troops Intended for the defence of Kleff have revolted agalnit Gen. Deniklne, tho antl Bolshevik leader In tho south, and nt tacked the volunteers In the rear. Earlier y before the above mcs- sages from Moscow were received, des- patches from Irkutsk, central Siberia, sent out by tho Russian Telegraphic Agency, said that the general staff of the All Russian Government announced esterfiv that an attempt uy me HolL- - c tkl to occupy tho Lltvlnovo sta tion on the Trans-Siberia- n railway, Just west of Taiga, was repulsed Dy sioenan and Polish troops. The Bolshevlkl have been defeated at many points, losing ma- chine cuns and prisoners. The Siberians and Poles are In possession oi tne Lttvlnovo-Tnig- a region. Taiga Is at tho lnnotlon of the branch line that runs to Tomsk and forty miles south of tho lat ter city. Trvcve n. Hansen, United States Vlce- - Consul at Omsk, and Joseph H. Ray, nnn.nl nt Irkutsk, said, the despatch. have safely passed Taiga, forty-eig- ht miles southeast of Tomsk, together with Bed Cross trains bearing supplies. Revolt In Irkntak City. Insurrections by the Social Revolu tionaries have occurred at various points the province of Irkutsk- ana in Irkutsk city. The Government has taken meas- ures to 'put down the uprisings. Social revolutionary elements have formed a government at Tcheremkova. These ele- ments are becoming aggressive and It would cause no surprise If an attempt ere made to overthrow the Kolchak regime. The political situation Is con sidered acute. The uprising In Turkestan against the Bolshevik! continues, according to a wlreloss message sent out by the Soviet Government at Moscow. The anti-B- ol shevik forces have occupied the cities of Khokan and Skobelcv, In Ferghana province, and are advancing on Tash kent RUSSIAN MONARCHY PLAN OF GERMANS Are Playing All Factions Against Each Other. Epedil Cable Despatch to Tat Bvtt from Me London Times Service. Copyright, Ul, all rights reserved. Wabsaw, Dec. 26. A Polish officer Just returned from the Ukraine, where he was In contact with Russian troops, says that Russian officers regarded Gen. Wrangel'a appointment to the command ot the volunteer army of Gen. Deniklne as a. surrender to German Influence. They were familiar with the Idea of co- - operation with the Germans as tho alter- native to British assistance if the latter failed, and with the German plans with regard to Rursla. These plans aim at making the con trolling Influence behind both the Bol shevist and efforts In Rursla entirely German and contemplate tho use of German Instructors for Bol- shevist armies as a means to this end. When this Influence with both sides is sufficiently strongly established It would be used to brlnar about the downfall of Bolshevism and the restoration of the monarchy In Russia. , Polish officers state satisfactory rela tions had been established between the Poles and Gen. Denlklne's troops, but the position ot the latter In the western Ukraine Is precarious, since they hold only the railway line and the rest of tho country Is anything but under control. Communications between Proskuroff and Russian headquarters at Smerlka have been repeatedly raided by a forco of 3,000 brigands armed with cannon and machine guns. The advance of the Bol- shevlkl at Borduchaoft likewise threat- ened Denlklne's position from the north. The Russians stated that they had no Continued on TAirrf ?.. ANN1ZI0 ACTS LIKEAIADMAN; FIUMEAROUSED Declares He Will Remain in City and Defies People and Council. FRIENDS PLEAD IN YMN ' Proclaims He's Beyond All I Laws and Led by Divine Inspiration, , i WOULD BE REBEL WADER Followers Desert Poet-Soldi- er Situation Grows Mora Serious. Special Catle Dtspatch to Tub Sun from M London Times Bervt'e, Copyright, 131. all rights reserved. London, Dec. 26, Has Gubrlele d'Annunzlo gono mad? Cablegrams to tho rimes from Its correspondents at Milan and Romo certainly point in that direction. As for tho people of Flume, they are at present deep the problem of liberating themselves from their liberator, who has changed his mind about leaving and still hangs on like an unwelcome guest. The Milan correspondent of the Times says: \On- - December 14, the national Council of Flumo by a great majority accepted the modus vlvend! proposed by tho Italian Government aa equl tablo and satisfactory. Tho same eve. nlng D'Annunzlo declared the Coun ell's action insufficient and required a pleblsclto to releaso him and his vol unteers from their oath to remain in the city until Its nctual annexation \It was a most delicate procedure allowing D'Annunzlo nn honorable exit, but when It was suspected that the plebiscite would' be favorablo to the Council, Ardltl seized the ballot box nd' prevented the counting of the votes. Ignores A1 vice of Friends This violence marked the final split between D'Annunzlo end the Council and tho great majority of citizens of Flume\. Repeated efforts were then mado by Italian deputies and personal friends of the poet to persuade him he was wrong. Lven Admiral MHo sent word from Zara praying him to evacuate Flume, not to nttempt nny landing in Dalmatia and to accept the agreement with tho Govern mcnt. The Italian Generals at Flume. Badogllo and Cavlglla, also did their best to bring D'Annunzlo to reason, but up to yesterday (Thursday) their efforts were In vain. D'Annunzlo, while listening to wise advisers, seemed at one time to have been persuaded and reconciled to depart Ing, but soon after, left to himself or surrounded by his prctorlans, he changed 'At a meeting of his followers and admirers the other day he said he had been promoted to be a corporal of the Ardltls and had received his pay of six lire and i5 centimes and that being a parsimonious man, with that sum ho would havo been able to resist until victory. Sayn He'a Above Lam. 'Like an adventurous CaDtaln of tlm Renaissance period, ho mado himself master of Flume and acts accordingly. He thinks himself above all laws and proclaims ho Is led by divine inspiration and says ho sees himself In dreams liv- ing for ever tho life of a rebel. He talks widely of bringing his sword to the aid of rebels all over the world. In Ire- land, Egypt India nnd Arabia. \His feelings, his words and his actions are strangely unintelligible to any rano man. In our times he really Incarnates the cnaracters of his decadent literature. Even those who always condemned D'Annunzlo as a mountebank now begin to fear In him something moro pitiful than rcprovable. His psychology Is all In this reflection which he mado tho other day to a friend. 'It Is said that this marvelous middle ago should end thus.' \Yet the end Is not In sight Friends who have done their best to awake D'Annunzlo to the realities of the situa- tion have deserted him. Other odlcers, disgusted, have left tho city, but the 'commandant,' as ho Is called, still. enjoys the Bupport of six or seven thousand young Arditl. who, either out of fanatl-cls- m or personal speculation, arc imwiiu Ing to return from their arbitrary nownt\ and lose with the end of their escapade uicir clamorous popularity. D'ANNUNZIO IGNORES ADVICE OF FRIENDS -- 4 . Vote of People in Fiume Dis concerts Poet-Soldie- r. Special CaiXe Despatch to Tut Kcn from JJU Lnnson Times Service. Copyright, 1J1J, all rights reserved. Rome, Dec, 26. D'Annunzlo and the extremists at Flumo are greatly discon- certed by the results of the voting of the bestl elements. D'Annunzlo's entour- age has dono Its utmost ta control the poet-soldl- cr and to bring about a set- tlement. Major Reina was perhaps the first to see the position was becoming untenablo nnd to exercise his Influence against the programme of the .extrem- ists. Others followed him. and now It Is reported that Glurlatl nnd Rlzzo have delached themselves from the noet. Those who ore now supporting D'An- -. nunzio in 111a iasi resistance, or It would perhaps bo better to say thoso who are responsible fos working up the poet's mind afresh, aro tho least satisfactory elements among tho legionaries and their officers and a few of the moro violent population of Flume, it Is reported that a majority of those who voted against Continued on- - Third Page. SENA TORS ON BOTH SIDES MOVE FOR TREATY ACTION; COMPROMISE IS DEMANDED MORE PAY, RAIL Gather in Washington Mon day to Oppose Return of Roads Also. CALL ISSUED BY GOMPERS Brotherhood Officials Plan At tack on 'Labor Clauso' in Cummins Bill. , Special Despatch to Tni Sen. Washington, Dec. 26. Radical op ponents of the return of tho railroads to their owners and of the labor clause in the Cummins reorganization bill will gather In \Washington Monday to Volco their opposition, nnd bring what pres sure they aro able upon Government officials and Congress. Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, has called a conference of tiro leaders of the four railroad brotherhoods to con slder tho pending legislation. They will plan their opposition to the labor clauso of tho bill and will consldor tho stand of the country's railroad em- ployees with respect to wago ad vances. The Plumb Plan League and its advocates for Government owner- ship of railroads intend to hold a gen- eral conferenco as early as possible. Their main interest is in keeping the roads frojn going to their owners. AOVOCaieS OI IIIU leuguu pnu u keenly disappointed in tho President's action in Issuing a proclamation for the return of the roads. Their princi pal hope rested upon a contlnuanco of Government control, and they, with la bor representatives, had carried to tho White House, what they considered strong arguments for tho retention of tho roads and ultimate Government ownership. Hope o Influence) Pnblle. League advocates plan a long con tinuing educational campaign for the nubile' The Plumb PInwLaguo has been tied up with the brotherhoods and with the American Federation of Labor. So far tho federation has not formally approved the plan, nnd has yet to act 00 a resolution of approval presented at Its recent convention. Nevertheless the brotherhoods and many labor leaders favor It They be- lieve that organized labor will have bet ter opportunity to further Its alms under Government than private control. Wages will be mado a leading issue In all of the conferences. It Is likely that new waga demnnds wiii bo framed to bo pressed before the relinquishment of Government control or Immediately afterward. Tho Administration so far has forestalled further general wage In creases after those of last summer, but asldo from the early relinquishment of Government control railroad employees have become restive In waiting for a reduction in the cost of living. Such a reduction is still officially prophesied, but it has not come. There seems small probability that tho Railroad Administration will saddle further wage advances on the roads Just before returning them or before the machinery provided In the Cummins bill for rate adjustments Is In order. Shopmen Sinking Threats. Some spokesmen of the shop unions declare they will wait no longer, but III Immediately demand Increases to meet tho cost of living. They fear, they say, that Increases will be Impos sible alter the return to private control, and tome of them even profess to fear attempts at reduction. It becamo known y that the or ganized railway machinists will not sub mit without a fight to enactment of the Cummins bill with Its drastic anti-strik- e provision. More than a month ago 95 per cent of the 126,000 members of the machinists union voted for an Imme- diate walkout in tho event of the pas sage of tho bill by both houses of Con- gress. Tho result was not made public at that time through fear that the broth- erhoods might appear In the light of at- tempting to coerce the legislative branch the Government William H. Johnston, president of the International Association of Machinists. said that tho railway machinists are the only employees on the roads of the coun try who hnvo taken a strike vote. Meanwhile the conferees on the rail road bill are making slow 'DroKTesa They adjourned 's formal session over to Monday without doing any busl ness. RAIL RATES MUST GO UP.REA'S CONTENTION Else Public Will Suffer Ad- vises Funding War Debts. Piiiladklphia, Dec. 26. Samuel Ilea. president of tho Pennsylvania Railroad, In a statement on the return of the railroads to prlvato ownership, said It was essential that higher rates be approved by the Interstate Com. merce Commission tp save tho country from broken Mown railroads and In- sufficient facilities nnd service. Mr. Rae said the railroad bill pending In Congress should definitely provldo the following essential features: 1 That adequate rates be aOH times maintained to prevent the rail- roads from getting Into tho position from which they are now trying to emerge. For this purpose the adop- tion of a rato making rule, or, if that Is not acceptable, the fixing of some minimum return. Is essential Continue! on TMrt 'Pagt. Mexico Closes Another Big American Oil Well WASHINGTON, Dec. 26. An- other American oil well, ono of tho largest in tho Tampico region, has been closed by order of the Moxlcnn Govornmont, the State Department was advised to- day. Tho well, it was reported, had been producing for more than a year and was drilled in strict compliance with all the regula- tions in force at that time. Full particulars concerning tho reported seizure have been asked by the State Department SAYS MEXICANS SLEEAMTORS Connolly and Watorhouso Killed, Senate Committco Is Told. WITNESS GIVES DETAILS Iron Bar and Knife Used ns Weapons, Says Man Who Found Bodies. Er. Paso, Tex., Dec. 26. Lleuts. Cecil Connolly and Frederick Water' house, American aviators who lost their lives after being forced to do scend In Lower California, Mexico, were murdered, according to testimony before the Senate in- vestigating Mexican affairs, given hero y by Joe Allen Richards. Richards, an American, discovered tho bodies September 21 last on the beach of tho Bahla do Los Angeles when ho went ashore from a little Mexican ship to aid in replenishing the water supply of the boat. According to his testimony y Richards was arrested by the Mexican authorities at Santa Rosalia when ho arrived there September 25 for his ac- tion in reporting tho discovery of the bodies to the master of the American steamship Trovidencla, which was in the harbor of Santa Rosalia at tho time. He said he was kent in a ce ment cell for more than a day. Bofore he was put in the cell, Richards said, ho was stripped of all clothing. Richards testified at a hearing con ducted by Major Dan M. Jackson of El Paso, secretary of tho Senate sub-cor- n mlttee. None of the Senate members of the committco was present. Dlacovrra the Bodied. Richards said he first discovered an offensive odor while walking the beach walling the Mexican crew of the boat on which ho was travelling to return from a spring with their water casks. He saw a mound, and digging with a shell uncovered a skull. He continued his exploration and came upon a leather boot. Pulling at the boot he uncovered tho entire body, and continued work brought the other body to light. Richards accompanied the expedition that went to Lower California aboard the United States destroyer Ward from San Diego to recover the bodies and air- plane, and Bald testimony given to nrmy and navy officers aboard the Ward, by Mexican residents of the countrv and by the crew of tho Mexican steamship Esperanta was to tho 'effect that hn Americans were murdered. Equipment of the airplane was found aboard the Jsperanta when the boat was overhauled and mado fast to the Ward, accordlng to Richards. The airplane was found twenty miles from the bodies. Tho Esperanta was seized when A Mexican ashore told American ofllcers this boat had brought the aviators to the bay for water from their airplane. Wild animals had attacked the bodies of the aviators, according tn i. which were burled under only six Inches oi sana wnen ne round them. Flesh from tho upper part of tho bodies had been eaten away, he said. In tho rough grave Richards said he found a bar of iron two feet long. Tho skull of Waterhouso had been crushed, he said, arid Connolly's body and cloth- ing Indicated he had been stabbed. Warned by Sfexlcnns. Richards related warnings he alleged were made by tho Mexican captain of me ooat on which he travelled down tho uuir or California against reporting dls, covery of the bodies. Richards told of the notes to their famines lett by the aviators and mark- ings on the airplane wings, which Indi cated they had been thero seventeen days and had been forced to drink water from their radiator, all the time steadily losing strength ana hope of rescue. Juami, Mexico, Dec. 26. William Pogel. an American farmer living near here, has been missing for some time, ac- cording to advices received y by Edward A. Dow, American Consul at Juarez. Relatives of Fogel who live at Phoenix, Ariz., have written to Mr. Dow for Information regarding tho man's whereabouts. The American Consul recently Issued a passport to Fogel to enable the latter to get to his home In Phoenix but has not heard of him since. DUnbled Ship In Tovr. Halifax, N. S., Dec 25. A radio mes- sage received here reported that the Brltleh steamship Mesaha, which went to trio assistance of the disabled British steamship Kamarlma on Tues day, took her In tow y and headed for St John's, N. F. Because of heavy weather the Mesaba, which Is bbund from London to New Yorlc. could not put a Una aboard the other vessel until Pressure Brought to Beai 011 Party Leaders to End Disputes. MILD GROUP IS ACTJLYI Lodge Told Time Has Com to Ignore Counsel of Irrcconcilables. DEMOCRATS IN TANGLB Hitchcock -- Underwood Feud Seen as Greatest Obstnclo to Decision. By the Associated Press, Washington, Dec. 20. Dissatisfied with the progress made toward bo!u tlon of tho peace treaty tanglo, Sqna tors of both political parties moved to day to bring greater prcssuro on thclt party leaders for a compromise to in. sure ratification promptly on tho re assembling of Congress early in Jama ary. Tho mild reservation group of Re publicans, notifying their party leader, Senator Lodge (Mass.), that in theit opinion tho timo had como to part company with tho irreconcilable foes of the treaty, declared that unless compromiso negotiations got moro wholehearted nupport from the Repub lican side they were preparing to act Independently for an agreement with tho Democrats. Among the Democrats tho movement was not so well defined, but criticism of tho course of President Wilson and Senator Hitchcock (Xeb.), tho acting Democratic lender, reached propor- tions whero some predicted that it soon would take tangible form. One prominent Democratic Senator was said to have told tho Republicans that, moro than thirty of the forty-seve- n on that sido would Join a movement to ratify tho treaty at once on the best terms they could get. The effect was a scrambled situation In both party organizations which the leaders seemed confident they could stfAljihlen out, but which the compro- miso advocates predicted would greatly strengthen tho movement for a conferenco of those determined to ratify tho treaty even at tho expense of material concessions on both sides. Wnlt for Break In Vnln. Tho feeling nmong thoso who are ready to go ahead without their leaders seemed to bo that tha treaty deadlock already had been prolonged unneces sarily by too much no compromise talk and that both sides had overplayed a waiting gamo In the hope that a break would come In the opposition. After their conference last Sunday with Senator Lodge tho mild reservation Renubllcans seemed confident that no would take tho Initiative, If necessary. In carrying tho compromiso negotiations forward. On Monday ho saw senator Underwood (Alabama), a prominent Pcmocratlo advocate of a compromise, but it was said y that tholr talk got nowhere. Meantlmo It became Known that tho Irreconcilable group of Republicans had been bringing pressure to bear to Induco tho nartv leader not to consent to nny cct promlso proposals which dld- - not meet their approval. Senator Johnson of California, one of tho leaders of this group, telegraphed y that ho would change his plans and return to the capital from his home State next week. In the Democratic ranus tne ireaiy situation Is complicated by the contest between Senators Hitchcock and Under wood (Ala.) for cholcais party leaucr, much of tho talk for a agree- ment coming from tho Underwood sup- porters. Tho party caucu.s has been called for January 15 to elect a leader, and In tho meantime Republicans and Democrats apparently are doubtful as to who can speak with authority on th Democratic side. Lenders Itendy to Yield. Senator Hitchcock repeatedly has de- clared his willingness to mako any com- promiso which docs not vitally harm the treaty, but has indicated that he ex- pects tho next move to come from tho Republican side. Senator Lodge also has said ho would not opposo a compromiso so long as tho Foreign Relations Com- mittee reservations aro. not vitally im- paired, thoUgfi ho considers that tho next move Is up to tho Democrats. It Is with this situation that the b! n.irtlsan movement is calculated to deal, Its backers declaring neither sldo should stand upon formality, but should earn- estly try to ratify at once. The strength of the movement could not be estimated but it was suggested that even If It could not muster tho necessary two-thir- to ratify nt llrst It might get a majority which could bring the treaty again before the Senate and ceti-tr- o public Interest upon it nnd upon such compromiso reservations as might bo agreed to. So the Immediate compromiso advo- cates predicted success for their enter- prise Senator Hitchcock expressed con- fidence that his own compromiso plan would win out, Senator lodge asserted that the committee reservations would be accepted without material chango and tho Irrcconcilables declared there would be no compromise at all, BORAH SAYS PEOPLE WILL DECIDE LEAGUE Candidates Will Have to Go on Record on Point. Special Despatch to Tnis Sc.v. Wasiiinoton, Dec. 26. Diametrically opposed views of the German treaty sit- uation wero voiced y by the an- tagonistic factions of Senators. Con

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