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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, December 21, 1919, Image 1

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Partly WEATHER cloudy, with FORECAST. rising temperature Sun. IT SHINES . FOK ALL i j to-da- y and Hlshest temperature yesterday, 315 lowest, 17. Ixtallcd ther ruporta 011 tdliofUl po. 74 PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS j SiSI VOL. LXXXVII. NO. 112 DAILY. SENA TE COMMITTEE ACCEPTS KNOX RESOL UTION FOR PEACE; PRESIDENT APPOINTS THREE COAL STRIKE ARBITRATORS; CUMMINS RAIL BILL, BARRING S TRIKES, PASSED B Y SENA TE -- .2. 1 300 REDS ROUNDED UP IN DRIVE ONANARCHY TO BE SHIPPED TO-D- A Y Trains Bring Outlaws in Large Numbers on Eve of Deportations. 2 TKAXSPOBTS BEADY Anarchists Sea relied and Fingerprinted at Ellis Island Station. TAKING AWAY 100,000 Goldman Gets New Seal Coat From Admirers All to Ho Under Armed Guard. Kills Island swarmed yesterday with ajents of the Department of Justice and various forms and varieties' of Bolshevlkl. The former were busily \ engaged from early morning until late at night searching aliens and baggage for firearms and other things forbid- den to deportees. The latter were chattering excitedly about certain or- ders that had been Issued through the officials In the Immigration station. These orders were for the whole Red colony to make final preparations to leave the country In the early hours this morning. Throughout the day this Red colony continued to grow in size as additional trainloads of Bolshevlkl and anarchists arrived at the various railroad ter- minals about the city, and were turned over to the authorities here with papers all in readiness for Immediate deportation. A barge carried sixty-nin- e from Jersey City, where they had been unloaded from trains hailing from Cleveland and Pittsburg. Three batches of ten Reds each arrived from Philadelphia,. Buffalo and Baltimore via the Pennsylvania Sta- tion in the course of the afternoon. The early evening saw forty-thre- e Bolshevlkl herded upon big sightseeing buses at Grand Central Terminal and escorted to the Ellis Island ferry .by a heavy guard of Department of Just- ice \ agents. This was the band that had been expected from Connecticut. Idler Dnrrra at E1IU Island. With this force assembled at Ellis Island last night It was learned the' total Reds ready for deportation numbered more than 300. Throughout the day Byron H. Uhl, acting commis- sioner In charge of the station, had refused to discuss the Government plans and had barred from the Island all persons having no official business there. But last night when Anthony A. Caml-nett- l, Commissioner-Gener- al of Immi- gration, arrived In this city from Wash- ington on a train with an official of the Department of Labor It became known that the entire band would be lushed, If possible, from Ellis Island Under cover 'of darkness to South Brooklyn, where two transports, the Buford and the were waiting under steam In readiness to sail to Bolshevik Russia. While either one of these boats could accommodate the contingent of deportees with ease. It was surmised that the Gov- ernment officials Intended to divide the band and send about 150 on each trans- port under a heavy guard of marines. Both vessels are slow In speed, and the Journey may take quite a while because of the bad weather at sea. The object In deporting the Reds In the middle of the night was to prevent their sympathizers from making the occasion one for a public ceremony. The officials feel that as every one In the band Is be- ing sent out of the country for endeavor- ing to destroy this Government there Is no occasion for wasting sympathy on them or treating them as martyrs. They feel that no Government In the world was eer so tolerant as this Government has teen of these outlaws and that a great number of them If arrested In other lands for such plots as they have been guilty of here would not be de- ported but would have been shot Instead. Ileii CroH Xnrie Go Alonflf. Even In sending them away the Gov- ernment has made every possible provi- sion for their personal welfare and com- fort, and a staff of Red Cross nurses and physicians will accompany the party to the gateway of the Bolshevlkl, for the purpose of looking after those whose heah may suffer on the way. Three nurses will act as chaperons for tho three women who are being deported In the party of 300. These women deportees are t,mma Goldman, the notorious anarch'st leaner, and Dsra Llpkln and Ethel Bernstein, two girls who lost tneir neaos ana violent radicals In their 'teem through the teachings of Goldman and others of her type. Most notorious of the male depo-te- wdl be Alexander Berkman, -e assassin and arch conspirator, and \Vter Blankl, a boastful young anarch'st who was seized In the early clays of the war for plotting to blow up large fac- tories In Ohio and again arrested for plotting to foment a revolution through the agency of the Union of Russian Workers. The other outlaws In the band' will Include conspirators of various typtr. Including the most violent and Continued on Eleventh Page. LAW PASSED TO REACH ALL REDS House Unanimously Enacts Sweeping Amendments to Deportation Measures HASTENS UNDER FIRE Senate Votes for Inquiry Into ' Activities of Ilolshovik Ambassador. Special Dtspntcn to Tar. Sox. Washington, Dec. 20. Tho move- ment to cleanse America of the radical alien menace was speeded up y In both tho House and Senate. Tho House by the unanimous vote of 142 to 0 passed drastic and sweep- ing amendments to the present depor- tation laws under which the Depart- ment of Labor will have no excuse for 'not shipping out large numbers of the revolutionary foreigners. The amend- ments wero exactly what the Depart- ment asserted were the defects of the present law. In the Senate the bill of Senator Ken-vi- m Ua.) for an Investigation of the activities of Ludwlg C. A. K Martens, Russian Bolshevik Ambassador to the United States, was reported favorably by the Foreign Relations Committee. The Senate, on motion of Senator Borah (Idaho), amended the resolution to Include \all facts relative to the ac- tivity of others relating to Russian propaganda in this country.\ The vote on the Borah amendment was 32 to 22. Attnehu Marlon' rrtipnKniidn. Senator King (Utah), addressing the Senate, attacked Martens for ,hls al- leged propaganda In the United States and assailed the Department of Labor ii in ,ca with him. charging that It appeared that some persons In the department were more Inclined to protect Martens than to enforce the law. Bv the terms of the resolution the Foreign Relations Committee Is directed to Investigate as, speedily as possible the ttatus of Martens to ascertain If any recognition has been given him by the United States, whether he Is an alien enemv and other facts relating to his activities and his' alleged diplomatic rep- resentation. ' Representative Husted (N. V.). chair- man of the House Judiciary on Radicalism, announced that drastic sedition laws to reach American .,. naturalized citizens nuvivc own - who had adopted the violent and revo lutionary principles or roreisn nuuotu would be forthcoming at once. Depriva- tion of rights of citizenship, heavy fines and long prison sentences would be the punishment, Mr. Husted said. 1, Hilt j- - In Law Enforcement. Charges of laxity In enforcement of derortatlon laws were made against the Labor Department by Republicans and Democrats alike In the discussion of the House amendments. Explaining the additions to the deportation laws. Representative John- son (Wash,), chairman of the Immi- gration Committee, said: \The bill does not threaten liberty. Rather It preserves liberty. The bill enlarges deportable causes to Include those aliens who print, circulate, edit, display or distribute vicious revolution- ary literature or those aliens who be- long to any organization, association, society or group that puts out nny of that kind of Inflammatory stuff, written or spoken. It authorizes deportation of any alien who puts up any money for that sort or work. The Department of Labor has claimed It could not deport simply for membership In revolutionary groups, but It can do so under this bill. \The House Judiciary Committee will, I believe, report a bill soon making such provisions apply so far as possible to citizens and providing penalties there- for.\ Mr. Johnson exhibited numerous let- ters appealing for release of I. W. W. and anarchists ordered deported wltl.ln the last two years but who are still at liberty in this country. 36 ARE LOST IN PACIFIC WRECK Tanker Chanslor Lost in Fog Off the Oregon Coast. MAnsiirtiXD, Ore., Dec 20. Thirty-si- x lives were lost when the tank steamship J. A. Chanslur was wrecked In a heavy fog off Capo Blanco on Thursday night, according to her Captain, A. A. Sawyer. Captain Sawyer made his statement . 1. .. tn,titnl nt ltmdon. . not far in a iiiti. - . from the scene of the wreck. Besides. himself only two oiners ui mc are known to have escaped. STILL SEIZED NEAR DENVER. lllc Stenm Plant In Pull Operation nt Time of Until. Denver. Dec. 20. A huge still With a capacity of 250 gallons of liquor a day. said to be the largest Illicit distilling p'antever encountered by the officers In this State. waB relzed to-d- by a force of State constabulary at a point ten miles south of Denver. The plant, which was operated by steam, was running In full blast when the officers descended upon It. 9 POLK AND OTHER TREATY ENVOYS IN FROMPARIS Under Secretary of State, Bliss and White Leave Ship at Quarantine. SILENT ON MAIN ISSUES First Two Will Proceed to Washington To-da- y Mar-shaLFo- ch Coming. Tho three members of the American delegation to the Peace Conference who have been remaining In Paris reached Now York last n'ght. They are Frank L. Polk, Under Secretary of State and acting head of the mis- sion; Gen. Tasker U. Bliss, United States Army, and Henry White, for- merly Ambassador to France. They left the transport America nt Quaran- tine and were brought to the Battery on a Government tug. Thirty-nin- e other members of the party, Includ- ing several army officers, will remain aboard until the America proceeds to her berth this morning. Army automobiles awaited the peace delegates at Pier A. Joseph M. Nye, chief of the special agents of the De- partment of Justice, was on hand to help In the official reception. Mr. Polk was taken to the home of his mother. Mrs. William L. Polk, 310 Fifth avenue, where he will be until when hi\ will go to Wash- ington. When he left this country he was not In good health and from time to time reports of Indisposition have come from Paris. He said last nlsht, however, that he was feeling all right and had entirely, recovered. After taking time out' to greet his three children Mr. Polk said there was little to say for publication. He re- marked only that any one who went to France could not help being deeply Impressed with the terrible devasta- tion In the north and the hor6lc manner In which the people of tho rural districts are restoring their lamb and homes. Gen. Bliss and his wife, who accom- panied him from France, went to the Hotel Astor. The General and his stan will go to Washington \1 shall be most happy to talk In Washington, 'but not now,\ he said. \We were treated with the greatest kindness and consideration by everyone at the peace conference, and I come back with happy recollections of my stay in France. There were times when It was heartbreaking work, but that was to be expected. My position took me away from the deliberations of the civilian members, as I was with the mi- litary advisers of the Allies. \When we left Paris Marshal Foch came to our section of the train to bid Ui 'bon voyage.1 He said he would see ... ...In In Amerlra. When he will come I don't know. Anyway I told him If he came America would surtiy ouai Itself for him and he could be sure of a grand reception.\ Henry White, the only Republican .of tho peace delegation, had nothing to say except that he would stop at the Knick- erbocker Club several days and meet old friends before going to Washington. Among others landed at Pier A by the army tug were Representative and Mrs. Fred A. Britten of Chicago, who have, been In France. Brlg.-Ge- n. Peter W. Davison went down the harbor to Meet Gen. Biles. WILLIAMS IS NAMED COMPTROLLER AGAIN Senate Committee Expected to Disapprove. Washington, Dec. 20. John Skelton Williams was nominated a.aln y by President Wilson to be Comptroller of the Currency. The renomlnatlon was made. Senators explained, to mek Senate rules requir- ing new action with each new session. Mr. Williams's previous nomination ex- pired with the last session. The new nomination automatically will go to the Senate Banking Committee, which Is ex- pected to renew on a party division Its recommendation that the nomination be not confirmed. Meantime the renomlna- tlon continues Mr. Williams In office. This Is the third tlmo Mr. Williams has been nominated. ' His first nomina- tion was not ncted on before the Sixty-fift- h Congress expired and no action was taken at the extra session of the present Congress on the committee re- port recommending that his second nom- ination, be not confirmed. The committee held extensive hear- ings at which Mr. Williams's official acts were attacked by bankers and others and vigorously defended by the Comptroller. WILL ENTER COLLEGE AT 70. Wellnnd C'annl Uynnmlter Wlni Irish Neivsimprr Schot.irrhlp. PitlLAncLriltA. Dec. 20. Luke Dillon, 70 years o'd. will enter the University of Pennsylvania next year as a fresh- man. Mr. Dll'on recently earned a scholarship offered by the Irish Press, a weekly newspaper published In this city In the Interests of tho Irish republic. Dillon served fourteen years In a Ca- nadian prison for dynamiting the Wet- land Canal In 1S00. He was sentenced to life Imprisonment, but was parolled and returned to his home here In 19H. Holland Now Expects Demand for the Kaiser 111 the Auoclatrd Press, rpiIE HAGUE, Dec, 20. The Dutch Government now ex- pects a demand for the extradi- tion of former Emperor William, it was stated officially y. \We sjppose the dc.nand will come before long and that several Powers probably will address a joint letter to Holland setting forth the case,\ the official said: \Our feeling is that the very men who sign the demand probably will be hoping all the time that ,we will refuse. This demand will put a small nation in a difficult position, which seems to us not at all just,\ GENEVA, Dec. 20. The for- mer German Emperor has finally agreed to accept rriul by the Allies, but wants to chose the place and time of the trial and desires to be defended by German experts and lawyers, Basel ad- vices say. The former Crown Prince declares he will never ap- pear if he is called before a court of justice. NC-- 4 IS MISSING, FEAR FOR READ Atlantic Flier Overdue in Galveston-Mobil- e Flight. NAVY ORDERS SEARCH Wind mid Fog Mny Have Forced Descent \at Sea. Mobile, Ala, Dec. 20. The Navy Department was notified officially to- night by Capt. W. G. Roper, In charge of this recruiting district, that naval seaplnne NC-- which made the first transatlantic flight, was many hours overdue on Its trip y to this port from Galveston, Tex. The ship Is on recruiting duty and Is commanded by Lieutenant-Command- Albert C. Head, who was In charge during tho flight to Plymouth, England. The NC-- 4 was duo to arrive here at 1:30 o'clock y and when Capt. Roper's message was sent the ship was almost eight hours overdue. Strong winds and fog prevailed during the day over her course. New Orleans, Dec. 20. The naval station hero reported having heard from the NC-- 4 by radio nt 11:30 A. M. tho message stat- ing that the seaplane was due in Mo- bile late and asking directions and wind reports. \The ship's position nt the time was not given. The Weather Bureau said light north- easterly winds prevailed along the coast, with considerable fog in some sections. CONGRESS STARTS ON HOLIDAY RECESS Batch of Bills Passed Is Sent to White House. Washington. Dec. 20. The Christ- mas recess of Congress began at 11 :12 V. M. when the Senate ad- journed to meet again January 5. The House adjourned four minutes earlier and no business was transacted In either house during the night. The delay In adjournment was neces- sary to permit bills parsed to-d- to be prepared for the signatures of the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate before being transmitted to the White House. Few members were present at adjournment. Trains leaving Washington were crowded with members and their families homeward bund' and nearly all business Is to be suspended until re- convening January 5. when Congress la prepared to undertake work' expected to hold It In session until tho Presidential election campaign next fall, CHRISTMAS TRAVEL BREAKS ALL RECORDS Extra Sections and No Berths Rule on All Lines. Railroad terminals were swamped yes- terday and will be swamped to-d- and by clamoring throngs home-wac- d bound for Christmas. Never In the history of railroading, one official said, has there been such a demand for transportation. Extra cars, extra sec- tions and extra speed were called for as early as Friday night, and last night the call was still echoing around under the domes In the Grand Central Ter- minal and the Pennsylvania Station. At midnight several hundreds wera waiting In the two big terminals for trains that promised but standing room. Herths on trains leaving for the South were not to be had until some time along about Christmas Kve. Many gave up the Idea of sleeping on the way to New Orleans. St. Louis, Denver, Pittsburg nnd points Intermediate or further away. The common day coach ticket became an aristocrat about 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon. On the Pennsylvania and Baltimore and Ohfo railroads southbound trains with few excep'lnnn had second sections. Find jour lom quickly through. Want Ad In the Neir York American. Phone It Columbus 7000, HIGHER PRICES OF COAL LIKELY TO BEARESULT ?. Peale, Operator; John P. \White Miner, and II. 31. Pobinson, Arbiters. TO HEPOUT IX GO DAYS Some Mine. Owners Protest as Wilson Attempts to End Friction Over Fuel. SrtrW tfratch to Tar. Srv. Washincton, D'c. 20. President Wilson announced the ap- pointment of Henry SI. Hobinson, John P. White and Rembrandt Peale as a commission to settle the coal strike and adjudicate nil differences between the miners and the operators. Mr. Robinson was bro.ught into pub- lic life by former Chairman Hurley of the Shipping Hoard. He was assistant to the chairman of the board, was the special shipping representative at the Paris Peace Conference who obtains! for tho United States the interned German vessels; and was later a mem- ber of the Shipping Doard. He will represent tho public. He is a native of Pasadena, Cal. Mr. White was for years president of the United Mine Workers of Amer ica. He resigned when the United States entered the war and became associated with Dr. Harry A. Gar- field In the Fuel Administration, where he was labor adviser. He Is a prac- tical miner and will represent the miners. Mr. Peale Is an Independent coal op- erator of Pennsylvania of many years experience. He is president of a big coal company ana was miuminous er of the Fuel Administration. Ho will act as representative of the op- erators. Appointment of the commission was announced by the President through the making public of Identical letters sent to the three Commissioners. The letters rovlAt.' .h Ai'antl lffadlnir fn the nres- - ent situation In the coal mining Industry and gave detailed Instructions as to tho work to be done. Feature of AVIUnn'n I.ptter. The most significant features of the letter were: First Tho ttatement by the Presi- dent that If the wage scale agreed upon by the commission should neces- sitate an increase In the price of coal ho would be glad to confer upon the commission the price fixing powers of the Fuel Administration, and Second That the conclusions of the commission nnd Its action must bo based upon a unanimous vote. The statement by the President that he would be glad to confer price fixing powers would seem to Justify to an ex- tent the expectation of the miners and the opinion of Dr. Oarfleld that the ulti- mate result of the settlement undertaken would be to Increase prices to the public. U Is this divergence from the Oarfleld settlement that led .to the reslgi atlon of the Fuel Administrator, who opposed a course that Mould permit a raising of prices at this time. While the specification for unanimous action answers the complaint made that the miner and operator member could agree upon a wage desired nnd make the public pay, outvoting the public member, It Mill leaves possible a lineup of tw'o against one In the argument and persuasion of settlement. rainier Indorsed the 1'lnn. Announcement of the appointment of the commission was made when It was shown to the satisfaction of Attorney-gener- al Palmer that coal production was practically normal and that tho striking miners were back at work. A new complexity In the situation was added when the operators of the Central Competitive Field announced that they had not seen or agreed to the memorandum of settlement acted upon by the President. Their official state- ment reads: The operators have not agreed to any memorandum such as that men- tioned In the President's letter to Messrs. Robinson, White and Teale, Involving a basis of adjustment of the coal strike. The operators were not consulted as to the terms and conditions of the agreement entered Into between the Government and the miners. After reading the statement of the operators Attorney-Gener- Palmer Is- sued a statement In which he said \It would be an amazing repudia- tion of their own statements. If the oper- ators do not acquiesce In the plan which their official representatives repeatedly have agreed to.\ In his Instruction, the President pointed out to the commission members 'the possibility of constructive work of lasting benefit to the coal Industry and to'the country at large. The commission Is to reach Its con- clusions and make Its findings within sixty days If possible. The memoran- dum of settlement prepared by the Atto- rney-General with the knowledge of the President was given to the commis- sion. The memordandum follows : Palmer's Settlement Offer. In accordance with the request of the President, as contained In hl\ statement of December 6. the miners will Immediately return to work with the H per cent. Increase In wages, which Is already In effect. Immedi- - Continued on Sixth rant. ROADS MEASURE ADOPTED INTACT BY 16 MAJORITY La Follette's Government Operation Motion Defeat- ed by Vote of 05 to II. CONFEREES AI1E NAMED House Members Will Fight Labor Clause Agree on 200,000,000 Funding Debt. Uprcial tHupaleh to Tnr. SUN. , Washington. Dec. 20. The Cum- mins 'railroad reorganization bill, clearing the way for the return of the railroads to private ownership, passed the Senate this afternoon Intact, and Immediately was sent to conference. The Cummins measure emerged from the Senate without amendment. It Includes tho nntl-strlk- e provisions against which there hud been heavy attack. On motion of .Senator Cummins (la.) the nt was In- structed to nppolnt conferees on be- half of the Senatp. He named: Re- publicans, Senators Cummins, Town-sen- d (Mich.) nnd La Folletto (Wis.); Democrats, Senators Smith (S. C.) and Pomerene (Ohio). The House conferees were an- nounced as follows: Republicans, lSbrti (Wis.), Hamilton (Mich.) and Wlnslow (Mass.); Democrats, Sims (Tenn.) and Barkley (Ky.). Between now and the reconvening of Congress January 5 tho conferees will get together nnd begin their big task. It is recognized that tnero will bfoa long struggle between House and Senate and it will lie a surprise if the conferees reach an agreement without resorting to partial reports and ask- ing specific Instructions from their re- spective bodies. fight on frfibrir CInntr. The House Is especially opposed to the Senate bill's plans for dealing with labor, and this will be the crux of the most determined fight. Many members of the House and more than a few of the Senate, fear tho political effects In the next campaign of passing tho bill with the Senate's anti-strik- e provisions. Other provisions of the Senate meas- ure art- - almost equally objectionable to the House. On the other hand, the Senate considers Its bill as a thoroughly considered nnd finished plan for dealing with the railroads In a permanent way, and Its supporters are determined to fight for It to the last ditch. They re- gard the House bill as rather a make- shift establishing no permanent policy, and they Insist that permanence Is sorely needed at this time. No Intimation has come as to the attitude of President Wilson toward the pending legislation, which would return the roads on January 31, unless the measure Is vetoed by the President. The Railroad Administration, following a Presidential proclamation,' has prepared plans for the return on January 1, If Mr. Wilson still adheres to his an- nounced programme. In some clmles in Concress It Is ftared that the President may veto the conference bill, since labor and other Interests have made strong protests against some of the features contained In the Cummins plan. Before passing the Cummins bill the Senate y defeated a substitute reso- lution offered by Senator I.a Follette (Wis.) providing that Government op- eration of railroads continue for five years. The ote was Go to 11 against tho substitute. Difference to He. Adjiil.ted. The great outstanding differences be- tween the Cummins nnd the Esch bill, which must be smoothed out In the con- ference, may be stated briefly as fol- lows : The Cummins bill requires compul- sory consolidation of the roids Into be- tween twenty and thirty-fiv- e systems under n railway transportation buard. The Ksch bill merely provides for per- missive consolidations, fixes no number of systems and leaves the entire opera- tion under the Interstate Commerce Commission. One of the fundamental features of the Cummins bill Is the provision for fixed percentage rate return. The bill provides for the division of the country Into g districts, and provides that the rates shall be In the aggregate sufficient to Insure a minimum of per cent, on the aggregate value of the roads In each district. It provides for taking surplus earnings above the fixed return. Half the surplus goes to the earning road and half to a transporta- tion fund to be used for public benefit. The Eseh bill merely continues the present law's requirement, that rates shall be Just and reasonable. The Cummins bill prohibits strikes and sets up a tribunal with power to settle l.tbor differences nnd make decisions binding on both the roads and the em- ployees. The Esch 1)111 sets up an elab- orate machinery .of conciliation, but does not repose final authority any- where. Both bills provide for funding the debt of the roadi to the 'Government, about Jl.200,000.000. Incurred during Government control, the House bill giv- ing fifteen and the Senate bill ten years to repay It. Both provide Government supervision nnd control of future Issues of securities. Both provide Government control of new construction hereafter and contem- plate loans to the roads during th-- J transition to the new order, the House hill fixing these adrances at $250,000,-00- 0, while the Senate bill allows 5500,-000.0- for this purHise. The Senate bill provides for Federal Incorporation of railroads; the House bill does not How Senators Voted on the Railroad Bill fpeclal Dttiiatch to Tnr Six. WASHINGTON, Dec. 20. ' The detailed vote on the passage 0 the Cummins railroad bill by the Senate to-d- follows: FOR. HKl'UnUCA.WS Hall (Del,), Hrandcgeo (Conn.), Colt (II. I.), Cummins (lit.), Curtis (Kan,), Dlllliifihum (Vt.), Kdge (X. .1.), Klklnw (W, Va.), Fernald (Me.), Frellnghuysen (N. J.), Hale (Me.), Harding (Ohio), Jones (Wash.), Kellogg (Minn.), Ken-yo- n (la.), Keycs (N. H.), Knox (Pa,), Lodge (Mnsa.), McCor-mlc- k (III.), Mclean (Conn.), Moses (X. H.). Xelson (Minn.), Xew (Ind.), Phlpps (Col.), Poin-dext- er (Wash.), Sherman (111.), Smoot (Utah), Spencer (Mo.), Sterling (S. D.), Townsend (Mich.), Wadsworth (X V.), Warren (Wj'o.), Watson find.) 33. ' DEMOCRATS liankhend (Ala.), Ony (La.), Hitchcock (Xeb.), Myers (Mont.), Pomereno (Ohio), Hansdell (La.), Robinson (Ark.), Smith (Md,), Stanley (Ky.), Thomas (Col.), Underwood (Ala.), Walsh (Mont.), Williams (Miss.) 13. Total for measure 40. AGAINST. REPUBLICAN'S 11 o rah (Idaho), Capper (Kan.), France (Md.), Uronna (X. D.). La Fol- lette (Wis.), Lenroot (Wis.), Mc-Xa- (Ore), Xorris (Xeb.)-- 8. DEMOCRATS Aslmrst (Ariz.), Chamberlain (Ore.), Cul- berson (Tex.), Dial (S. C), Fletcher (Fla.). (Jerry (R. I.). Gore (Okla.), Harrison (Miss.), Henderson (Xev.), Johnson (S. D.), Jones (X. M.), Kendrlck (Wyo.), Klrby (Ark.), McKellnr (Tenn.), Nugent (Waho), Over- man (X. (\.) Sheppard (Te.). Simmons (X. Smith Oa,), Smith (S. C), Trammell (Fla,), Walsh (Mass.)-2- 2. Total against measure 30. TREATY TO BE IN EFPEGTJAN. 1 Einnl Action May Tie Taken Hefore Christinas, Is Be- lief in Paris. Special Cablt Petpateh to The Sex. Copyright, 1919. all riahtt retervei. Paris, Dec. 20. It Is confidently ex- pected In ofllclal circles here that the peace treaty will be in effect before the end of the year, and If possible before Christmas, despite an apparent hitch In negotiations between the experts of the Supremo Council and the Ger- man delegation .on the Sea pa Flow matter. Word was received In Paris from Iierlln y that a commission charged by tho German Government to sign the protocol was on the way here; tho advance guard arrived this morning. With this delegation are military experts, whose task will he to map out evacuation territories In which plebiscites are to be held. This commission Is headed by Von Simon, Director of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, who will occupy him- self primarily with questions Involv- ing the transfer of administrative powers. The remainder of the delega- tion Is expected to reach Paris to- morrow. It has been a question for some time tvhefher diplomatic relations are to be Immediately returned between France ami Germany following the treaty rati- fication. It Is understood tnat If an Ambassador or .Minister Is not sent by France to Herlln, at least a Charge d'Affalres will be established there. It Is underhtood that before the Scapa Flow negotiations can be continued It will be necessiry to verify the existence or of the. tonnage de- manded by the Allies. Germany w'll punish those responsible for crimes during the war, according to a new note Just handed by Haron von Lersner, chief of the German dele- gation to Paris, to the Supreme Coun- cil. A new law passed In Germany, says the note, provides for punisnment for all crimes committed up to the signing of the armistice. The chief of the Ger- man delegation offers no oommertt on the note, but calls attention to the following two points: First, prosecutions which until re- cently could not be started until after a court decision, must now be started In all cases by the Attornjy-Gener- whenever the crime Is punishable under GTman laws; and If committed abroad, under the laws of the country Involved, the imperial supreme court to Judge. Second, the victims and heirs of vic- tims may be witnesses. The French press, commenting on this law, says It was prematurelv voted with ii purpose easily understood. Hut It la pointed out that It will In no way lessen the effect of the treaty clauses which demand the surrender of criminals to the Entente. If Germany wishes to prosecute others besides those wanted by the Allies she hat liberty to do so. pay the Paris newspapers. France, the.ie papers Insist, must reserve the right to pass Judgment on thos who committed war crimes in France. The new Von lersner note lias beer, submitted to the various Powers for Would Hake Treaty Effec- tive When Three Powers ' Have Ratified. DEMOCRATS OPPOSE IT Hitchcock Says President Will Not Accept It, Nor Would Germany. KNOX EXPLAINS HIS MOVE Effort to JU'cnk Deadlock, Ho Explains Arbitration in Lien of League. Hprclat I'tspntfh to Tine Si n. Washington, Dec. 20. The Senate Foreign Relations Committee reported favorably i; a now Joint resolu- tion by Senator Knox (Pa.) repealing tho resolution of April 6, 1917, declar- ing war on Germany. It will becomo effective only on tho ratification of a treaty of peace bctween'Germany and three of the principal allied and as- sociated Powers, Unless, however, Germany accepts all covenants of tho Versailles treaty conferring rights, powers or benefits on tho United Stntqs or Its people, President Wilson will have power by proclamation to prohibit commercial or financial relations between the two countries. The resolution ' declares the con- tinued udherence of the United States to the policy of settling International differences through mediation or arbi- tration and authorizes the President to Invite the nations to n conference to plan a court of arbitration for Interna- tional disputes and to make plans ,to establish It and to procure Interna- tional disarmament. The resolution, which would restore the status of peace, protect American Interests as fully r.s they nre protected by tho treaty of Versailles and pro- poses a programme of mediation and arbitration as a substitute for the League of, Nations covenant, was wrought out in thn conferences of tho Republican members of the Foreign Relations Committee during the last two days. It Is far more Inclusive than any other programme of peace by legislation, undertakes to removo all objections that havo been urged against the procedure and Is regarded by Its proponents as offering a solu- tion of the peace deadlock on terms that Senators will nnd most difficult to reject. Mr, Knox' i: tplniintlrtn. In explanation of the resolution Sen- ator Knox said: The whole purpose of the resolu- tion Is to break the deadlock be- tween those who will not content to the ratification of the treaty without Americanizing reservations and those who Insist that not an \I\ shall be dotted nor a \I\ crossed In Its text, It purposes to effect an absolute and ummullfled termination of the war between the United States and Germany coInridentl with Its ter- mination between Germany nnd the other belligerent Powers It provides that Germany hall concede to the United State and lis eitlens all the rights and advan- tages It or they were given under thfl treaty of Versailles to whi'h Ger- many already has assented It provides that unle.s Ceiinany confirm those rights and ad- vantages the PfasidPnt may pro- hibit Intercouri-- between tho two countries. It affirms the American policy nf seeking to avoid war by an agree- ment among the nations for the ju- dicial determination of International differences. Its adoption will Interfere In no way with tho subsequent ratlllca-tlo- n of the treaty of Versailles at any time cr upon any terms that two-thir- of the Senate may decide upon and the President accepts. In the meantime, however. It will give us peace and surh rights and advan- tages as already have been agreed to by the negotiators of the suspended treaty. Trxt nf Kraolutlnn. The text of the resolution reads. Heaolvetl, by the Senate nnd House of Representatives of the United States of America, In Congress as- sembled, that the Joint resolution of Congress pasped April fi, 1917, a state nf war exists between the Imperial German Government and the Government and people of the United Sta.tes and making provisions to prosecute the same.\ bo and the same Is hereby repealed, to take ef- fect upon the ratification of a treaty of peace between Germany and three of the Allied and Associated Powers. Provided, however, that unless the German Government notifies the Gov- ernment of the United States that It acquiesces In and confirms Irrevocably to the United Stated all undertakings nnd covenants contained in the treaty of Versailles conferring upon or as- suring to the United States or Its nationals any rights, powers or bene-flt- n' whatsoever, and concedes to the United States nil rights, privileges. Indemnities, reparations and advan tages to which the United States would have beeu entitled If it were a ratifying party\ to the said treaty, the President of the United States shall have power by proclamation, to prohibit' commercial Intercourse be- tween the United States and Germany and the making of loans or credit

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