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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, December 12, 1919, Image 10

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i; it ffHHWWui'n inw 7S. . 'MfffSSi jilt w'' T 10 W THE SUN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1919, 1 AND NEW TOnK PUSES. Friday, pecembeii 12, 1010. itEMBER OH1 Tlim ASSOCIATED MIESS. fk 1 fsiff pmm Atcluitvslv an in. tn th for rsnublloatlon of ail 'asm. dssnatehei credited to It or not Mherwtio crtdltiil In' thli paper and Jo local news published .loroln. n II richta of republication of special leipaicnei nerem ars aieo rsr\. Entered at the Pot Offlce at Nsw Torlc as Second Class Man iiotior. ' Subscription by Hall, l'ostpald. ' rn nix Ona Tsar. Jlonlht. Month. DAILY A 6UNDAT...10.00 1J.0O 11.00 MAILT only t n.uo 4,00 UNDAT only 11.00 1.50 Canadian RAtn. DAILT SUNDAYt.. $10.00 18.00 11.00 daily only a.oo 4.00 .18 KJNDAT oatr B.V0 .80 Fosaios Rates. DAILY ft SUNDAY... $24.00 IS.OO J2.2J DAILY only. 18.00 l.f.0 SUNDAY only 0.00 4.00 .18 nn Sir Ona Tear. Ilmrtha.llonth, THE EVENINO SUN. 10.00 M.M JOBO rorilrn 18.00 v.uu u Avn TJtn nooK WOIILD amiliWt. nn. var .13.00 Canada... lz.S9 Other countries... 3.00 All checks, money orders. Ac. to be made payable to Tun Sun. Published dally. Includlnr Sunday, by tha Ban Printing and Publishing Association. uav uroaaway, Aiorousn ui mam.. jv. i. rresiaeni, xrnnit iu u. Broadway! Ervln Ward . . . - et rt ifiti,..!...... ni.. urer, Wm. T. Dewart. all ot 230 Broadway London offloe. 3 Fleet street. Pari office, 6 Hue de la Mlehodlers, oft K an quairs eepiemDre. Washington oOce. Muneey Building. CUcata offlce, 208 South La Ballo street Brooklyn offlce, Room 202, East Build' toe, 303 Washington street. It our 1rind who favor u totth manu- teriptt and llltutratlom for pvbluntion wli rf'hat rtjtcttd article rejumtd thty mHrt m w ccitt una uampi tor mat purvaic, TELEPHONE, WORTH 10000. Wbat the Sollroads of tbo United State Slust IUto First of All. Before Congress nnd beforo tho Eallroad Administration, tn tbo nub Uc prints, in banking nouses and tn jtniiway directors' olllccs Uiero Is no erely ono perfect railroad plan, as Ms author sees It; there are fifty, While CouRTess listens to tho advo- - eates of this, that and tho other scheme for a permanent solution of the railway problem, lot It not lose night of tho problem which is lmme-Mat- a and paramount This Is the public's Imperative need of railroads which on tho first day ot January and thereafter will go on serving tho American people. Permanent plan or makeshift plan, theUnorIcan railroads must operate, JTho'y must contlnuo to transport the eountry's business. They must con tlnuo to be tho industrial and com- - 5Scrc!al arteries of the nation. The roads cannot operate, as the country requfrcs that they shall op- erate, without money to pay their wages, buy their supplies and keep up their condition. Tho railroads cannot jperatc, as the country requires that ,they shall operate, without assurance 'that their credit is going to bo re jored. Under tho situation which ios grown out of Government control Bd operation of the roads they can htrro no such assurance y unless It Is from tho united States Govern raent Itself. Whatever may bo the best plan for it' lastlng settlement of the question, hjbwever long It may take to work It out In legislative halls and In techni- cal fields, and whoever may get the final credit for It, the first Job, the one Job of tho United States Govern- ment to-d- Is to make sure that, If returns them back to their owners on Hew Year's, the roads will run. I; u the Public School Doing its Real Work Well? \Vfe sincerely hope the statistics prepared at Harvard which exhibit tfove trained in public schools as su perjor in scholarship and discipline to boys prepared in private schools do hot hide a Joker. It may be that a larger proportion of tho public school boys who go to Harvard do so becauso they want to than is tho case with hoys from private schools, who may tiif influenced to a Greater extent by garental determination of their edu cational environment, statistics is a tricky science. However, tho figures orcnared by Harvard authorities and disclosed In the Harvard Qraduatei \Magazine aro highly encouraging to the- - friends and defenders of tho pub- lic school system. '. Of 4.000 and moro men admitted t to-th- o university from 1002 to 1012 i 1T.7 per cent, of tho public school if graduates won their degrees cum ' lirade. against 10.3 per cent, of the men from prlvato schools. Or the Men from public schools 11.8 won ftgna cums, against 4.3 per cent, of prlvato school students; 2.5 per cent, of- - tho public school men attained de- grees gumma cum laude, as against 0.8 Ter cent, of those, who came from prlvato schools. Disciplinary records show that tho public school men had a lower propor- tion of penalties than tbo private school graduates. F. V., Gordon of tiw Harvard Division of Education Bakes some generally sensible com- ments on this statistical curvcy: \If you simply want your toy to '.tfet. Into vHece, tho prlvato school '\o(tera ui entrance record of 88 jper'cont, success ngalnat 73 per cent. .. for tha public school. \But tho mero fact of high of successful candidates tn en- -. trance examinations 1 not tn itself a ' safe criterion of the thoroughness ot the training for a collage education. \ To ha sure, tha private school .deters advantages of training In .health, manners and religion which are of too great valua to be over- looked; trat given a boy of fair In- telligence trained with his fellows In '.'democratic public school nnd you njed havo no fear that ho will suffer In Ms college record either In seholar- - ship or deportment In comparison with his more fortunate classmate Who was carefully tutored at a pri- vate school.\ Tbcro may be dissent from tho char acterization of those who patronlzo prlvato schools as \moro fortunate\ than thoso who attend tho public schools. This la a matter of small consequence, however. The fact of significance appears to bo that the public schools aro successful In train ing candidates for higher education. This being tho caso, an Inquiry Is in order into their work for tho over whelming majority of their pupils who do not expect to enter professional school or college\ or university but who go to work as eooii as the State will allow it. Is tho public school'sys- - tem preparing them thoroughly for their places aa American citizens? If it Is, tho country Is safo. If It is not, tho gratifying result ot tho Harvard research Is not of Importance. Food for Starving Europe. Sir GronaE Paish, International au thority In economics and finance, re iterates his urgent uppoal for Ameri can cooporatlon in tha reconstruction of industrially crippled Europo as follows: \Unless tha entlra problem Is eoon dealt with In all Its aspects a com- plete breakdown of credit, of ex- change, of commcrco nnd ot trade must occur' In the not distant future. \Tho people of Kuropo cannot sup- port themselves without tho contin- ued grant of credit for tho purchase of urgently needed food and raw ma- terials. \Although tho question of the American tariff nnd American policy la ono for tho American people alone, the claims of humanity demand that America in ona way or another, by banking credit, by private loans or Government loans, should supply Ku- ropo with the food and material sho needs In this great emergency.\ It Is not to bo denied that before tho rebuilding of scores of shattered nations can proceed on a stable and lasting basis Continental Europe must havo supplies, machinery and other In dustrial necessaries from America and must have them in prodigious bulk. This is true, although tho heavy Im ports of Great Britain herself arc In large measuro raw materials for re- export as finished products sold abroad for much moro than tho raw mate- rials cost It Is true, although Great Britain is exporting such goods as sho never exported them before. It Is true, Although Great Britain may be doing her fabulous export bufciui- - uf the present on long time credits. It is not to bo gainsaid also that tho United States will have a slim chance of ever getting paid for its Government and prlvato loans in rope unless tho American people take foreign goods In payment of both In terest and principal. Wo are only honest with ourselves In facing that hard, cold fact. Xet however much tho need of help whether by banking credit, by prl vate loans or by Government loans for permanent European reconstruc tion, and whatever part the United States must take In this world work, tho fact remains that such reconstruc tlon will be a matter not of months but of years. And the fact remalus that if this country were twice as bl: and strong, twice as productive and twice as rich as it Is, It never could hope to put Europo oil Its feet again In a single season or in less time than many seasons will span. It never could try to do this Immeasurable task all at once without knocking the very foundations from under Its own eco nomic, Industrial and commercial power. It never could rush headlong Into tho vastness of this undertaking without bringing ruin down upon It self. Meanwhile there Is the problem of saving millions of the people of Eu ropo from starvation. And this Is a matter not of years and months but of weeks and days. It Is a work which must be done right now. It Is a thing vividly and tragically before our very eyes, starving Austria's demand is the first to bo heeded because already her people are dying In tbo streets for lack of food. But before tho. winter has gone much further there will be others calling out to us for bread. Starving Poland will call. Starving Serbia will call. Starving populations In half n dozen other countries of Europe will call. Friend or foe of yesterday, the suf fering and dying of y must npt call In vain upon America, whore, whatever our own troubles, granaries are bursting with brcadstuffs, ware- houses nre packed with meats and fats and this favored land Is groaning with plenty. In this cause of starving and perish Ing humanity the United States Gov ernment must act It must act now. Good Sense From the Farm. Alice never heard In Wonderland anything better worth repeating for tho amusement of folks In Sobcrland than the shoutings of Premier Lenise in his rago that Russian peasants as they prosper by Industry in farming renounce Bolshevism. No peasant In Russia If Lenine has his way with them shall be per mitted to enjoy the fruits of his own labor. \I propose,\ declares the au- tocrat, \sending special missions throughout the countryside to teach tho peasantry that communistic agri- culture will and must be enforced.\ Ho has a hard Job on his hand. It has not been found dlfilcult any where at any tlmo to convince n slacker that he Is entitled to share the products of the Industrious; but how hard it is to convince the Indus trious that ho must sharo with the slacker was recently demonstrated by tho prompt, emphatic and crisply final rojectlon by a convention of farmers' organizations of Mr, Gomfees's invi tation to walk Into hlB parlor, Senator Hitchcock's Heckler. We havo llttlo sympathy for tho man from Montclalr who was ejected from tho dinner of tho Southern So- ciety for heckling tho nod. Oilbebt M. Hitchcock. It Is troo that all tho man asked, when tho Nebraska Senator spoko ot tho wholo world snaKing1 with unsettled war, was \now can you say that?\ If tho Montclalr man had read the nowspapers In tho Inst year ho would know that Senator Hrrcncocic can say anything. Of course tho world Is not shaking with unsettled war. Tho former enemies of Germany aro trading with her os freely as if tho poaco treaty had been ratified by all tho Governments interested. But for tho moment It suited Senator ITitcu cock, ns the putatlvo mouthpleco of tho Administration, to shako tho world, a variant of tho phraso about breaking tho world's heart. It Is a distressful thing to bo with drawn hastily from a great public din nor. Tho two cigars, tied together with n ribbon, are left on tho tablo. Tho tempcranco cordial remains on the plate. Tho final cup of black cof- fee, usually poured by tho waltor about tho time ho expects a tip, is kept In tho pot Thero nro compensn Hons, though., Tho mad rush at the cloak room is' aroldod ; and, in this case, tho Montclalr heckler escaped hearing any moro nonsense from Sc& ator HiTcncocK. Two Ships. Imperator, looming big among the ships In tbo harbor, steamed down the river and passed Sandy nook yester day on her first commercial trip un der tho British flag. Sbo carried 2,741 souls nnd C,000 tons of good American coal away from a shlvoring, fuel rationed city. As Imperator swept by tho Hoboken embarkation piers her commander, her officers and men whose duties did not keep them below decks and her passengers had an excellent opportu- nity to gazo on Leviathan, flying, the Stars and Stripes, dwarfing tho 10,000 ton pygmies, nnd lying In her dock, It Is not fair to say Idle, but under going restoration to the status of a pasfenger carrier. From tho beginning of tho war until hostilities ended Imperator had a long rest After tho armistice sho was overhauled for transport 6orvIcc nnd brought some of our soldlop home. Leviathan then Vulerlnnd had a period of rest too; but it was not ns long as Imporalor's. In 1017 she was taken over by the United States, trans- formed Into a troop ship, nnd moved Uko n ferryboat between the United States and Frnncc. Sorely she needed refitting from stern to stern, from keel to truck, when her war task ended nnd tho tlmo came to prepare her for the uses of peace under the American flag. We do not suggest or believe work on Leviathan has lagged. The diff- iculties encountered In tho present up- set state of Industry In what under the most favorable circumstances would be a long and hard job have been tremendous. Yet what pride would Americans who saw Imperator quit these shores yesterday have felt had the departing giantess been Le- viathan and the flag above her taff-ra- ll Old Glory 1 Setting a Trap for the Balkan Fot Stopping at Geneva on his way home from tho Paris conference the Bulgarian Premier Staiibulf.wski de- clared his determination to' bring for- mer King Ferdinand and the mem- bers of his war Cabinet to trial at Sofia. Early In November the present Bulgarian Government began proceed- ings for the extradition of Ferdinand and other Bulgarian refugees, charg- ing that they had betrayed their coun- try by Involving It In a war for their own aggrandizement and against the wishes of the people. The Bulgarian Premier Is no doubt In earnest. At the beginning of tho war he was tho lender of the nunierl cally strong but powerless Peasant part-- . Ho said that the people did not want war, especially they did not want to align themselves with is- trla nnd Germany, nnd ho warned Febdinand that if ho took the' course contrary to their wishes he would bring about his own downfall and the defeat of Bulgaria. The \Peasant party grow In strength during tho war and it seized tho moment of Bul garian reverses to assert Its power, Stamdulewski became Premier nnd ho signed the Treaty of Neullly for Bulgaria. Stambulewski returns to Sofia with terms which the Bulgarians must consider favorable. While they lost territory that they believed neces sary to their notloujal expansion, they gained In concessions over their other nllle3. Bulgaria was relieved of her debt to Germany and her indemnity was fixed at .$430,000,000, a sum which, taking her past revenues as a basis of calculation, she can easily pay in a few years. Bulgaria suffered less perhaps tnan any other belliger- ent during tho wnr; her loss In popu lation was only 3 per cent., while that of Serbia wns almpst 32 per cent; her territory was free from invasion; her Industries remain practically In- tact; her wheat crop this year, tho largest In her history, was worth 5230,000,000. In fact Bulgaria Is In far .better condition than\ Serbia, Ru mania or Greece. Tho Bulgarians are nwaro of this, and STAMntrtEwsici nnd cendency and position to settle om scores witii Ferdinand, his party nnd his advisers. To bo brought back for trial on the L A charges filed against him would be an Inglorious return to tho Bulgar capital by n King who had his diadem ready for his coronation at Saint Sophia ae Emperor of tho now Byzantlno Em plro, nnd who was only waiting to bo onthroncd at old Basil's Macedonian cnstlo as tho Emporor of tho Balkans, Tho Bulgars, it they had chanco, would no doubt measuro Justlco fully In accord with his deeds. But Febdi nand has been appropriately called tho Fox of thQ Balkans. Thero is no reason to bellevo that any of his cun nlng has left him, and before tho Bui garlan peasants prcp&ro to try him they must first mako sure that they havo caught tho shrowd old fox. Excerpt From tho History of Gallon of Something. It Is set forth in tho records of tho Morrlsanla Magistrate's Court that on or about November 28 ono Mendel Knee bought from ono Mon bis Beanstock, within tho precincts of a eynagoguo in tho Bronx, a gallon of potent liquid which tho purchaser bclloved to bo potable and hoped was whiskey. After holding his treasure a period of approximately two weeks, prcsum i.bly to allow it to ripen with ago, Mr, Knee treated himself to a horn, and was promptly stricken blind. Tho family physician said \wood alcohol,\ and detectives were sent to Interview Mr. Beanhtocic. According to tho police, Mr. Bean stock admitted selling the liquid to Mr. Knee, and said ho had bought it from a pcdler, one Siuon Axlman It docs not appear that tho transac tlon between Mr. Beanstock and Mr, Allman was carried to completion In synagogue. Mr. Allman assorted that ho had bought this strong water from Louis Hoitman, a pressor. Again, we are not Informed as to tho environment of tho trade. To the notice-Mr- . Hoffman said the stuff Mr. Allman bought 'from him and sold to Mr. Beanstock, who siftd It to Mr. Knee, whose efforts bo Its ultimate consumer resulted dtsas trously, was purchased by him from Morris Zuckerman, maker and seller of hair tonic. Mr. Zuckerman explained he had sold the fluid to Mr. Hoffman os al cohol, not as whiskey, nnd that its nominal transformation Into an al leged beverage took placo subsequent to Its departure rom his commercial guardianship. Hair tonic man, presser, pcdler and the purveyor of this hard liquor to Mr. Knee havo been before Magls trate, who will try to straighten out this strange tangle of Incidents. While ho functions theso remarks by Dr, Gbegouy, who has charge of the psy- chopathic ward at Bellevuo nospltal aro not without value to the wlso or warning to tho wary \Although we have prohibition, these people can get whiskey or adul- terated alcohol, and they drink these concoctions In every concelvablo form cologne, perfume, hair dye, bay rum, varnish and patent medicines. \Tho delirium resulting from In- dulgence In these mixtures Is more eerlous than that which follows an 'overindulgence In whiskey.\ Unfortunate Knee will hereafter bear in mind that what an amateur vintner sells may not be half as good as It sounds. Somn despondent persons mako their own whiskey; others rldo in tho city buses. In Document 474 of tho IIouso of Representatives we find a communica tion from tho Secrotary of the Interior on tho subject of bridge across Salt River. He suggests shorter span \to avoid obstructing tho channel by pier in the middle of tho river.\ This Is a good Idea, Tho dear old river should be wide opon for navigation next year. Tho channel should be wido enough, the bridge high enough to give easy passage to the ship Wabble when she goes up Salt River In 1920. Secretary Lanb Is tho far- - sighted man of tha Cabinet. A movement has been started the gist giving slogan of which is \Books Instead of Booze,\ and when the de talis of tho plan for these barroom bookshops aro complete, it may bo an- nounced that after an order of Omar Buntan's \Pilgrim's Progress\ will bo tho prescribed \chaser.\ At tho meeting of tho Republican National Committee Chicago bought an option on a good portion of nexf sum mcr'a news. It Is predicted that soma tlmo this month the world will como to an end, and with all Its plaguing troubles and worries the old world probably doesn't caro. A vacant lot running through from th lower end Washington street to West street has been sold for the slto of an office building. It has been for somo time tho playground of chil- dren of tho nclghborhod. Before It is turned over to tho builders somo competent student should visit tho situ when it Is thronged with children nnd detormlno If there Is any lan-gua- spoken east of Suez which Is not used thero by tho youthful recre-atlcnlst- s. We shall havo to revlso strong Impression If a single excep- tion Is noted. A noman Garden. The twllljlit creeps between the cypress trees( And brown wings, wooing- - languid petals pale. Scatter the lore notes of the nUMlnfale On rosea and star leared anemones; Camellias, e'.lff as carven Ivories, Gleam through the duels; and sl,!m and sweat and frail. Like fair princesses In fslry tale. Proud lilies otter nectar to tho breeze. White peacocks nod beside the fountain's rim. Where one bid carp moves with sleepy splajh. aah lrcir un 'anicrns on man ana man Who StOOp tO k)34 within this frairant shade. Cbaiuttb Bioxix. the Peasant nartv nrn IiMi In Hm nturAnrt drow,y 11,ar'l!, cr\p , 10 ,h,Ilr\ rtIm throurh ,sa -- ,!,, ,,-- . In a j - a a . to a a : a n a of a a a n BASEBALL'S LOST STAR. Shall the Folo Grounds Have a Me morial of Captain Eddlo Grant! To the Editor or ina Sou Sir: Last January Tub Sun printed a story to the effect that John McGraw had started a movomont to erect a memorial at the Polo Grounds to Captain Eddlo Grant, former Giant star, who made the great sacrlflce for his country In tho Argonno Forest while going to the relief of the famous Lost Battalion. According to the story It wu tha In- tention of McOraw to hoad tho memo rial committee and havo associated with him Billy Murray, who as manager ot tho Jersey City team had Indued Grant to venturo on a baseball career. Other prominent men wcro to main cp tho re mainder of the momorUl committee and admirers of the lata Captain Grant, who was tha first of tha big league ball play-- era to ha killed In action, were to have an opportunity to contribute to the fund when It got under way, If tha movement was actually started what has become ot It?, No doubt there aro many followers of baseball tn this city and many admirers ot the late Eddie Grant who would Mike to bo In- formed as to the progress made up to date. If the movement has been per mitted to peter out It should bo revived it once In vlow of tho fact that Eddie Grant was not only a credit to tho great national game but was the first player from the major leagues to make the great Bacrlflco. Tha Polo Grounds would be tha ideal placa for n monument to tha memory of tho player who guarded third baso for the Giants and gained a host of friends by his seal, ability and conduct on the field. He proved tha stuff ha was mado of when he faced tha deadly fire of tho Germans In the Argonne, and the memory of such a sterling soldier should not be permitted to fade from the pub lic mind. Baseball lovers admire a game fighter, and Eddie Grant was that in every sense of the word. Fan. Nkw Yor.Kf December 11. LABOR'S SMALLER OUTPUT. Is the Slowing Down Due to a Reac- tion Following tho Speeding Up! TOTiinEDrronoFTHnSHN Sir; Much valuable spaco is taken up in The Sun and other newspapers in discussing tho decreased production of tha Individual worker. On December 1 you published roports from a number of chief industrial cen- tres showing an average reduction of about 20 per cent and Indicating that manufacturers everywhere are search ing for a solution of the problem. The industrial bureau of tha Mer chants Association of New York after an exhaustive study of the question pre- pared a report, which was published on November 24, which showed conclusively that the same condition prevails all over the country In all branches of trado. In an editorial article entitled \Wages Without Work the Chief Cause of High Cost of Living\ you endeavor to prove the truth ot this heading. I am neither Bolshevist, I. W. W. nor Socialist, but have been observant of the labor problem not only for the past fow years, during which abnormal conditions necessarily prevailed, but for many years. My observation teaches ma that that which has come about In tho labor market dealing alono with the output phaso of tho question Is natural under prevailing conditions and will continue In splto of. every effort Just so long as thero ara mora Jobs to bo filled than men to fill them. In tho days before tho war the sur plus of labor was fo groat that every city was overrun with tho unemployed. Men wero forced to submit to almost any condition their employers imposed upon them. If they did not thero wero always others ready to tako their places. Some years before tho war, In an ef fort to squeeze every ounce of economic power from hli plant, somo bright mind Invented the efficiency expert. This wlso one proceeded to put on the scrows. He was so successful that a new profession was launched, that of the efflclency ex- pert, whoso chief aim In Ufo was to ex- tract every possible ounco ot fctrength at tha lowest possible outlay. With his nose pushed hard against the grindstone tho worker was forced to submit to n nerve destroying, health wrecking race to make the mo9t of every second of his time or be replaced by another who would submit. Is It to be wondered at, now that there Is no one to replace him and his services are a necessity, that ho puts on the brakes? There, briefly stated. Is your answer. Tho men are not loafing. They havo just dropped back to normal. L. IC. P. Nbw Yore, December 11. 100 Salesmen Tote for President. To tub Editor of Tub Sun Sir: Ono undred commercial salesmen represent ing mercantile and manufacturing con cerns throughout New England, the middle States and the mlddlo West wero asked to say whom they favored for tha Presidency of the United States. This was tho result: Lodge :s Wood i; Johnron 10 Lansing 10 Root o Gerard 7 Lowden 6 JtcAdoo , i Pershing , s Hoover S Perkins 3 100 P. IC P. Wooduavex, December 11. Captains of tho Mary Powell. TO the Editor or Tan Sun Sir: in an account of tho steamer Mary Powell The Sun said that only two captains had been in command of her. At tho death of the late Captain A. E, Anderson tho command of tho Mary Pcwell was given to Captain Arthur War rington. This young man, a boyhood crum of tho writer, entered tho crew of the Mary Powell ns a bootblack, and as the years passed worked his way up to first pilot under Captain A. E. Anderson, and at tho death ot tho latter was made captain of the steamer. Captain Warrington died during the epldemla of influenza in 1918, and since that tima the Mary Powell has been berthed at the Sunflower dock in the llondout Creek. Sf. Hud bard. FnixnoLD, N. J., December 11. . Tho Accepted Time. From Me Kaiuat CHi Star, There are certain occasions when oven the most Indulgent father rhould be Arm and whip his children,\ said the presiding cider. \Xe\ admitted Gap Johnson of P.utn-pu- s llldEc Ark., \and one ot tlicm occa- sions Is when they'll Khlp him If he don't beat em to iU\. V iiiiBtiiitiBBBBBMMtt IMMllMlltiBIIMsi .llliSMiaaiss..L, 6 It THE FUTURE OF GOLD. William Guggenheim looks for Its Continued Demonetisation. To tub Editor of Tub Sun Sir; Your extromoly Interesting editorial article \Cheap Gold,\ which so clearly Indicates tha rapidity with which gold is being demonetized, encourages mo In tho be- lief that It will bo of Interest to con tlnuo your orgument to its absoluto con elusion. In \Poaco Reflections,\ a small pamphlet that I prepared same tlmo ago, there Is contained tho following para' graph ; Furthermore wo must realise that It Europo must look to us for credit In order to restoro her Industrial and com- mercial Ufa wa cannot act as her banker and at tho same tlmo exploit her; In other words, wo must learn to sell our goods at fair prices and a small margin of pront and rely upon tho magnltuao of our trado for our full compensation. If w do cot pursue a proper policy with Europo In tha present emergonoF she will bo obliged to resort further to great Inflation of her currency, which will prova to her advantage, as sho has become a debtor nation Instead ot a creditor, tho position which many of tho European nations occupied previous to the war. Europo could readily send to us from tlmo to time her silver and gold coin and replace It with asset cur rency. Naturally England would sutter somewhat from this depredation of gold on account of her Interest In South Africa; but aha could overcome this diff- iculty by paying to tho gold mining In- terests a royalty on their gold produa-tlo- n. It Is apparent from tha events that have followed since tha foregoing state- ment was made that tho era ot infla tion la to be contlnuod, as \Wages have been permitted to rise further and tha prices of commodities therefore did not find a lower lovoL Although wo have Imported a very large amount of gold since tha world war began, wo havo at tho samo time greatly eapanded our loans, with a con sequent great expansion, of deposits, and wa find that the percentago of gold ro sarva is leas than half of what it was at tho commencement of tho war. This tromendous Inflation of credit through paper currency haa had even a greater Influence In bringing about abnormally high prices than tho additions that war continually mado to. our gold reserve, Thero is no doubt that for Bnanclal rea sons It will be necessary to continue tho period of Inflation. Tho Inevitable result will be, however, further to de monetize gold and thereby sustain prices, so that the retirement of paper cur rency will ba gradual, which can only occur when the production of consuma ble commodities overtakes the consump tlon thereof. In tho meanwhile tha continued dim cultv of producing gold duo to tha high cost of production will automati cally curtail Its production. The day surely does not seem far distant when gold will therefore occupy the same po sltion as sliver does y; that Is, gold will find Ita future use in tho arts, commercial purposes and fractional cur rency. we win then una mar. goia win bo quoted at a price tho samo as sil- ver. This may not prova a bright fu ture for gold. So far as the mining Industries are concerned naturally the payment of a premium on gold and les sening tho mining taxes will help sustain the rrold production. For llnan clal reasons it Is doubtful whether such a policy la to bo pursued, and It seems as though the wlso course of permitting condition! to become gradually adjusted through continued gold demonetization Is the one to bo adopted, even though It may eventually result in the ellmlna tlon of gold as a medium of exchange. William Guggenheim. New York, December 11. QUOTATIONS CORRECTED. it Was the Last Rcscrro to Which Xanoleon Pinned Ills Faith. To the Editor of The Sun Sir: In a book ot quotations mat comes irom Boston ono discovers that tho compile has nodded frequently, fallen asleep nt tho switch, as It were, with tho result to shift the quotation train to the wrong station source. Among other fallacious Bhlftlngs, this volume attributes to Na poleon I.: . Providence Is altrays on the side ot the strongest battalions. To tho contrary, Napoleon never ex pressed any such Implicit confidence In tho Invariable success for artillery or military ponderosity. Napoleon's actual motto differentiates In this wise: Fortune was on the side ot the last reserve. Consequently this Napoleonic aphor-lstl- motto again found practical dem onstration when, during tho lato war, as tho \last reserve,\ tha United States troops arrived to turn tho tide of bat- tle in favor of tha .Allies. \Et volla Justement corame on 6crlt l'hlstolre.\ It is true that the battalions senti- ment has had Galllo expression, but Napoleon was not tho author. f Li Fortune est toujours pour les grands batalllons. (Fortune Is always on the side ot the big battalions.) Madame de Sevlgna (1020-1000- ). On dlt que Dleu est toujours pour les gros batalllons. (They say that Ood Is always with the heaviest battalions.) Voltaire (1694-1778- ). \Discretion Is tho better part of val or,\ wai- not Shakespeare's phrasing; he wrote, \The better part of valor Is discretion.\ U. S. W. St. Paul. Minn., December S. Scotland's Opportunity, Tram th London Dally CXronicle. In the clash of arms It teems to have been overlooked that Scotland will next year have an opportunity of becoming \dry\ If It feels so disposed. By the temperance (Scotland) act of 1013, which comes Into force on the first day ot June, 1020, the municipal electors are given the power of dealing with tho liquor trade. Upon the domand of one-ten- of the electors In any area a poll shall be taken, and they can vote tor (l) no change: (2) closing one- - fourth of tho public houses; (3) prohibi tion. In speculating on the possibilities ot thV pltuatloq It must not be forgotten that tlie women electors are almost as numerous ss tho men. Eitrndlng the Censorship In Kansas. Fmporia correinondtnct Teptca Capital. Uccause they persisted In gossiping over the telephone lines, several prominent so clety women and a preacher In Emporia had their phone disconnected, according to W. VV. Finney, mana'ger of the Em- poria Telephone Company. Several days age ths phone company ordered Its patrons to use the phones :or business calls only, because of tho power shortage, which made It necersary to cut down the service. Yes terday twenty persons were caught gossip ing and y their phones are dead, Mr. Finney said. East Is West. From Us Annua! Rtporl of Ike Governor of j;,iica. Physicians havo stntsd that the grade ot liquor being manufactured In Hawaii Is rank poison, as tho pipes used In tho hom made stll.i are ot galvanized Iron and the liquor takes from tbo metal certain chem- ical properties which may cause blindness. MOSES FOR WOOD AS PARTY NOMINEE Now nampsliiro Senator Bo- - liovos Array Man Should Bo Noxt Trosldont. SUTnE ELAND IN EA0E TOO Official Call for Convention Issued and Total Delegates t Sot at 981.. focfal Dittatch to Tas 8o.f. Wasiunoton, Dei. 11. Tha formal call to tho Republican1 electors of the country for the election of delogatea to tho Republican National Convention went out Tho call Is signed by Will H, Hays, chairman, and James B, Reynolds, secretary, of tho Republican national committee. Tho Association of fitato Chairmen met y and a number of members of the national committee remained over for this. Tho many Presidential booms went merrily on, tha outstanding devel opment In thla being the public declara tion by Senator Moses (N. ID In favor of Major-Ge- n. Wood aa the nominee. The meeting of Stato chairmen was presided over by Galen Talt of Mary- land, of the organization. In tho absence of Raymond Benjamin of California. Senator Sutherland (W. Va.)( who is now tho proud possessor of a Presidential boom, talked for n little while. Frank Hitchcock and William R, Wlllcox. former chairmen of tho na tional committee, wero In attendance. Speeches were mado by Miss Margaret Hill McCarter of Kansas and Frank Hall of Massachusetts. So great a crowd Is expected nt tho convention because of tho, keen Interest ovldent tn Republican party affairs that tho seating capacity of tho Coliseum is to be enlarged to accommodate lJ.&ou Tha call for tha convention stipulates that tha delegates must be elected not earlier than thirty days from December 10 and not later than thirty days prior to June 8, tho convention date, unless particular State laws mako this lmpossl ble. Credentials and notices of contests must be in tha hands of the secretary of the national committee in Washing ton nt least twenty days before the con vention begins. Delegates to tho convention aro por tioned on, this basis: Four dolegates at largo from each State; two additional delegates at large for each Representa tive at largo In Congress from any State ; one delegate from each Congressional district in eaoh State: ona additional delegate for eaoh Congressional district in each State In which tho vote for any Republican elector in 1916 was 7,600 or more. Two dolegates each are authorized from Alaska. Hawaii. Porto Iltco, tho Philippines and the District of Columbia. Tha smallest State will have six dele gated. New York will havo 88 delegates; Pennsylvania. 76 ; Illinois, 68, and Ohio. 48. The total number of delegates will be 981. SPANISH ANTIQUES FEATURE ART SALE W. R. Hearst Buys Cabinet in Pares Collection. William R. Hearst was again a buyer of Spanish antiques at the salo of tho Pares Collection at the American Art Association, yesterday. He acquired tho Hlspano-Moresq- cabinet, formerly owned by tho Comte do Chaves of Madrid, for $3,700. This sixteenth cen- tury walnut cabinet was richly decor- nted nnd was ono of the features of the collection. Mr. Hearst also gavo $2,800 for No, S7I, two fifteenth century French gothlc stalls; $1,050 for No. S5D, a sixteenth century Spanish (Cabinet: $500 for No. 876, a Spanish gothlc door; and $600 for No. SSI, an Hlspano-Moresq- portal. J. F. Meder bought No. S20, an antique Italian table; W. W. Seaman, agent, paid $290 for No. 817; a Spanish walnut tablo; I, Oreelll got No. 791, a renaissance canfonnlero, for $823, nnd No. 767, two French lambrequins for $400 ; Mrs. Cassadorl gavo $360 for No. 780, four velvet valances ; Mrs. Guy Cur- rier paid $380 for No. 769, a tapestry panel; Ginsberg and Levy got No. 768, a petit point panel, for $325, and No. 765, two tapestry panels, went to Mr. Daw son for $250. Tha total sales for tha afternoon amounted to $41,877, making tho total to date, $122,293. Tho salo will continue Frederick Moore's collection of an tique Chinese paintings was sold In tho evening at tho American Art Associa- tion, for a total of $2,531. No. 107, a picture of \Lotus and Swans.\ cold to Charles Ewlng for $190; No. 104, a painting of ducks by Hu Tlng-Hs- l, went to tho Fame buyer for $145. Frederick Popo gavo $85 for No. 100, tho 1Chao-Ta- o Temple,\ and $90 for No. a temple painting; E. G. Langley got No. 59. a Ming landscape for $65; O. H. Cosgovo paid $57.50 for No. 47. \Two Pines\: and No. 42, n picture of \Lotus and Egrets, went to Mrs. J. L. Van Meter for $110. HETHERINGTON'S OILS SOLD. Chicago Artist 1Vi OO Before Tnklnir Vp Ilrunli. The exhibition .of landscapes by Charlos Hethorlngton of Chicago has met with unusual success In the Schul- - thels Galleries. It h.13 been an nounced that tho entire collection has Just been purchased by an art enthu siast who Intends to present It to a museum. Mr. Ilcthcrlngton never painted, until after his sixtieth year nnd never had any Instruction. He took up the work at first ns a mental distraction after falling disastrously In business, and finding himself gaining In powers of expression as he worked, finally was persuaded to exhibit. Ills landscapes met with speedy appreciation In Chicago and evidently found good friends hero too. DENIES SEEKING PERU LOAN. s Intended to llurtii Ills Country, Snj.i Aluluissmlor. Fcderlco Alfonzo Pezct. Ambassador from Peru. Issued a statement hero last night denying that ho was engaged In any negotiations for a loan to Peru. Senor Pezet declared reports wero being sent to Peru from New York by \In terested parties\ saying that ho hud at- tempted to placa n Peruvian Government loan In New York and lmd failed. \Thero la absolutely no truth In these tatements,\ Sonor Pezefs bttacment read. \I havo been engaged In no such negotiations nor do I contemplato, any. Private parties In New York nre dls- - emlnatlng these reports In tho hope of doing harm to Poni.\ .Sir William Osier Is Tletlrr. OxroRD, Hngland. Dec. 11. Sir William Osier, icgluu professor of medi cine at Oxford University, who has been 111 for somo time, was ajjeutly Improved In condition y, The Sun Calendar THE WEATH'ER. For eastern Now York, cloudy and warmer followed by rain In rauth and snow In north portion and ; frorh south winds. For New Jersey, cloudy and warmer to. day, followed by rain and t morrow: fresh south winds. 'or northern New England, cloudy and warmer followed by rain and fresh southeast and south winds, For southern Now England, cloudy end warmer followed by rain and fresh southeast winds. For western New York, local snows sn-- l somewhat warmer move and colder; fresh south winds. WASHINGTON, Deo. 12 Pressure is high but falling rapidly throughout tlie Atlantic and Gulf States, having rltm over tha far Northwest and the North Patina States and over an extensive urtj. extending from tho great lakes westward and southwestward over the plateau ana Kucky Mountain regions, with a minimum pressure of 29.14 Inches over Wyoming The temperatura remained lo yesterday throughout tno Atlantlo Statu, Increased decidedly over the great nn,, valleys, the region of the (Irest Lalcm ths south plains States and the south Rooky Mountain region and very cold weather continued over tha Northwest States and on the North Paclllo coast, Duiing the last twenty-fou- r hours there were local rains In ths Southeast Statu and California and snow In tho northern border States from the Great Lakes weit-war- d to ths Pacific coast. In the Ntw England States and New York cloud? and warmer weather y will he followed by rain or snow on or before and with increaaing south winds. In the Middle AtlanUo States cloudy and warmer weather will be followed by rain on or before ht and In the SeuUi Atlantlo and East Gulf States and Ten- nessee thero will be rain and warmer weather y nnd rain with colder weather In Mississippi and Tennes- see. In tho Ohio Valley and the lower like region the weather will bo cloudv with moderate temperature y and colder with probably snow or rain In tho upper lake region there will be local snows with colder weather y and Observations taken at TTnlted States Weattvsr Bureau stations at S P. U. yesterday, lercnrjr-fift- meridian tlmo : Rainfall Temperature. Bar- - last 24 Stations. High. Low. ometer. hrs. Weatter. Abilene 3 il 29.B1 .. Clear Albany M 13 S0.W .. Clear Atlantic City.... S3 21 cu.ej clear Baltimore ZD 20 S0.63 m Clear Bismarck Kot kuonn Boston 39 :o so.m Clear Buffalo 2! 14 39.24 .03 Cloudy Charleston 41 49 89 49 .. Cloudy Chicago S3 14 .M , Cloudy Cincinnati 49 15 39.13 M Clear Cleveland to It 39.14 ,. Cloudy Denver 01 44 39.43 .. Cloudy Detroit 30 19 S9.:9 .. Cloudy Halveston Ct u sow .. Clear Helena 19 14 30.13 .33 Enow Jacksonville .... 63 W S9.a .23 Cloudy Kansas Ulty.... 49 t9 .55 .. Clear Los Annies.... it 41 39 06 ,. Cloudy Milwaukee 2S il nz Clear New Orleans.... 69 S3 39.21 .. Cloudy Oklahoma City.. Not known Philadelphia ... 39 23 30.S4 .. ClonilT Pittsburg 34 IS so.ao Pt. cldy Portland, JI il 14 S9.64 .. Clear Portland, Ore... 20 11 30.19 - Clir Salt Lake City.. 43 44 29.39 .. l't. Cldy San Antonio.... St 33 39.19 Cloudr San Francisco., it 43 30.00 . I't. Ody San Diego ti 44 39.94 u Clear St. Louis 4( It 29.73 . Clcir Washington .... 32 39 30. CO .. rtddy LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS. 8 A. M. 8 P. M. Barometer 39.77 30.45 Humidity 39 43 Wind direction N.W. S. Wind velocity 14 10 Weather Cloudy Cloudy Precipitation None None The temperature In thla city yesterday, as rocordai by tha cfSelal thcrrr.;as;ter. Is shown by the annexed table: 8 A.M. ..20 IP. M...23 6 P. M.. .21 9 A.M... 22 SP. M. .28 7 P.M. ..ST 19 A. M...2S 3 P. 31.'.. 8 P. M...21 11A.M... 37 4 P.M... 5 P. M...2J Noon 23 3P.M... 19P.M.. .25 1919. 1913. 1919. 191S. 9A.M. ...23 83 6 P.M. ...23 41 Noon 23 39 9 P.M. ...23 41 3 P.M. ...23 39 Mid 3 41 Highest temperature, 39, at 12:45 P. 11. Lowest temperature, 29, at 7 A. il. Average temperature, 25. EVENTS TO-DA- Meeting of tho Governor's Fair Price Milk Committee, City Hall, ::30 . Public hearing on, complaint of tho oper- ation of municipal buses In Brooklyn, Pub- lic Service Commission. 19:39 A. It. Tho members ot the New York Smith Club will meet at tho Cosmopolitan Club, No. 133 East oireei, ai j j fnr th. mirnoKa of loarnlnir the needs . Smith College and formulating plane fo- raging the 14,000.000 fund. Everett Dean Martin will speak on It Possible to Practise the Ethics oi tit New Testament?\ A lecture ou Tuls v Cooper Union, 8 P. M. L.ecture oy aneouuro flnw tn Demonstrate In Finance,\ a spices tho League for the Larger Llfa, West 72d St.. 8:15 P. M. Meeting of tho American Institut Electrical Engineers: Subjects, Apj). hllltv ut Automatic Switchlne to all Cla of Telcphono Service.\ by Arthur Jit\ Smith. \The Searchlight in tho In States Navy.\ by Ralph Kelly, 33 V,'t SSth St., 8:14 r. Ji. Lecture by Dr. noyai I'ope.nna c. Reconstruction and thfl rubllo Health New Era Club, 274 East Broadway, i P M As a protest ajjainst the American Oo ernmcnt's policy of etarving women . children by refusing clearance papirs f \ ships bound for Russia American worn-wil- ntcket Wall Street during tho n hour. A collection of hand-mad- e articles, suit- able for Christmas presents, on salo by t. Franciscan Missionaries of Mary a the.r convent. 228 East 43th Street, all day. Elks Carnival for the Christmas Tr Fund, New York Lodge, B. P. O. E., .'m West 43d Street, 3 P. M. Address by Lewis Nixon on \Sha'l Cu Pares Ko Increased 7\ before the Real Hi- - tate Owners Association. Islington At nue and S5th Stret, 8:15 P. M. Meeting of the Catholic Actors' Guu. Hotel Aster, 3 P. M. Free exhibition of tho works of Wllllan Blake. 47 East Sixtieth street. 10 A. il. 6 6 P. M. Sleetlnfr of tho Century Theatre Club, Hotel Commodore, 7 P. M. Greeters of America, meetlnir 8 P. M Supper 19 P. M Hotel SICAlpIn. Verdi Club, musical, WaldorC-A6torl- 2 P. M. Clasi of 1929-192- 1 Brooklyn Collexe, dance, Waldorf-Astori- 8 I'. M. United Stnti-- s National Lawn Tenn J Association, meeting and dinner, Waldorf 4ioria. Sterling Fllverwarc manufacturers in'1'- - ing 3 P. M.; dinner 6:45 I. M., WalJorf- - Astoria. An exhibition and Christmas sale of th-- artcraft work by wounded soldiers a civilian shut-in- s of the hospitals !'. b' Held nt the headquarters of the Nation for Woman's Service, No. 17 Ea t Forty-fir- street, all day. Principals' iiub meeting- and tea, Waldorf- -Astoria, 4 P. JI. American Tobucco Company, meeting, St.; luncheun 13:39 P. 31.; dlnnei M Waldorf-Aatrol- Mnnhattan Naval Post. American I glon. dance, Hotel Pennsylvania, S P. M PUBLIC LECTURES 'Educational AsDects of th Mu-- ' by Miss Edith R. Abbott, Wndiclgu llif i school, 115lh street, near Seventh aven \Short Story Writers,\ by Prof. J Carter Troop: P. s. CO, EUhty-tgh- t trect near Klrst avenue. 'Amoncr the Menomint Indians \ b Alanson Skinner: P. . 122. 1SJ,I strea; nnd Watlsworth avenue. Illustrate ! \Icelnnd: Past nnd Present.\ by Mm Holmfrldur Arnadottlr: P. S. :3, Tremont avenues, tho Hrosiv I U trated. FOR MEN IN UNIFORM, Dances National Emergency Re i' l cltr. 23S Madison avenue (noi-- 1 ..r ninth street), 8 p. M. Volunteers America Service Club (W. C. O. S No. 29). 401 Seventh avenue (at T..lrt seventh street). 8 P. M. Refreshment served. St. Augustine's Council. K. f Boston Road nnd HSth street. 3 P. 3' Klttrodge Club, 110 East Fifty-se- t street, 8:39 P. M. M-- in uniform f\ men. 35 cent. Washington i Ing H. S.. 49 Irving Place. Admission 1 cents. 7:39 P. M. Entertainment Riverside Commur ' House (W. C. C. S. Unit No. 33). Rlvxrsi t Park and Ninety-sevent- h etret, 8 P M All professional talent. Veronica Tour I Service Station (K. of C), 69 Morto-stre- Entertainment, dance and Men In uniform Invited. S P. JT Dancing Clashes Grace Church V t (W. C. C. S. Unit No. 19. 93 I'our'.i ae-nu- e (near Eleventh street), Victory Hut.\ Battery Park. Save- - a ' vaudeville. 7:39 P. M . I,eclun' P. S.t i.ii-- iR.ith tr cast of First\ ave.i-i,-- . It ..,r K In F. K. Pacltic and Cnlon Hall stref Ja- maica, 'Thomas Jefferson.\ P. S.. Lit. and Nichols avenues, Brooklyn. \NeM.er the Founder of American Nationality \

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