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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, October 27, 1919, Image 1

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WEATHER FORECAST. Cloudy, with probably rain, to-da- y and IT SHINES FOPv ALL fresh north to cast winds. Highest temperature yesterday, 6a; lowest, 53. DetaUed weather npotU on (tutorial pa. VOL. LXXXVII. NO. 57. NEW YORK, MONDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1919. Copyright, 1919, 6 the Bun Printing and PulUahinp .Association. PRICE TWO CENTS. IMPOSSIBLE TO RESCIND COAL STRIKE ORDER, SAYS OFFICE-CONGRES- S READY TO SUPPORT WILSON IN TAKING OVER MINES; WALKOUT OF MENMAY ENDANGER LABOR PLANKS OF TREATY M SMITH TO COME HERE TO RENEW WAR ON HEARST Accepts Offer of Citizens Committee to Ieet Edi- tor in Debate. jPUBLISHElt IGNORES IT Governor \Will Talk Anyway and There Is Promise of Real Fireworks. Gov. Smith is going to renew his at- - (tek on William Randolph Hearst on Wednesday night at Carnegie Hall and the Up Is out that the renewal will bo irarm. Whether the renewal will be joint debate, as Gov. Smith has chal lenged Mr. Hearst to mako It, remains to be seen. Yesterday a committee of 100 under the chairmanship of Jefferson De Mont Thompson, head of tho Broadway As- sociation and Colonel of the Hylan sky cops, otherwise known as the Police AvUtlon Reserve, hired Carnegie Hall and placed it at the disposal of Gov. Emlth and Mr. Hearst. Each was not- ified by telegraph. The Governor's \yea\ camo by the same method, Though the Invitation was sent to both the place of business and the residence of the publisher no word had been re celred from him last night. Governor Smith said in Albany last eight that he would come to town this afternoon, would probably havo somet- hing to say as soon as he got here, would speak at Carnegie Hall on Wednesday and at a downtown lunch- - on on Thursday. The Governor in timated that his supplies of high ex plosive and gas shells were ample for an offensive of such magnitude. Each of the invitations issued by CoL Thompson yesterday referred to the challenge which Governor Smith issued to Mr. Hearst a week ago Sat unlay at the luncheon of the Wom en's Democratic Club. Each to Have Tickets. If Mr. Hearst accepts tho invitation he will have half of the tickets to dis- pose of so that the audlenco may be even at least. To the Governor Col. Thompson tele graphed : \In accordance with your publicly ex pressed challenge made a week ago to meet William Randolph Hearst in Ac- hate a committee of citizens of this city, of which I am chairman, has en-lf- d Carnegie Hall for the evening of October 28 for the purpose nf such de- - Mie, and on behalf of the committee I . mend to you herewith an invitation to Mrws a public meeting that we have itlled. Tickets covering one-ha- lf cf the , capacity of the hall will be at your dls losil until noon next Tuesday, provided Sou accept this Invitation. \Please advise me without delay or J'our acceptance or declination. Your nswer should be addressed to me at the Waldorf-Astori- a Hotel.\ His messages to Mr. Hearst followed (inllar lines. Col. Thompson refused last nleht to tire the names of the members of the I. roamlttee of one hundred, which ho heads. H is understood, however, that Ike committee represents persons of all hades of social, political and business standing In the community, anxious only lo see Gov. Smith turned loose once aore In the peppery fashion with which m pleased the ladles at the luncheon, nlends of the Governor in town last I'm were not averse to saying that fc Governor would be tickled pink at we opportunity offered him. Men Calm. S'JDnort.ra jtj ''--- - mo vHiiuiuiic)r ui justice .Mwburger and other iaamates whom Mr. Hv.rt l. nin !nP5?rtlns' Profel themselves not at iw oUt.b.ed b tne Political effect which bralth and his nartv are ende&vor- - kl Ve the antl-Hear- st fight. Despite efforts of the Governor and the fmocratlc County Commit,. to mnk It ap,r hat the candl-f- e Dear the Hearst label the ... friends CI Ihlla ai.jij.. i rf say that this phase r,l hi., \\? pernor's tactics will not hurt Smith . ce Newburger and Judge VT: DB \cognized they , say, u mere y . . ... .. ih?. !? Tammany forces to turn to \ran an explosion for which they It I y not have ben responsible, that t'J1 genera' Wef last night wouM nt accept the rriJ5n?-- . 1118 newspapers have already Ucon \relevant to the milk prices the s'0-1- ! ha a\ed the Governor in - i a ctcruuv ii wa h I! .conc9del that Blr. Hearst would ai rrpat .1 . nd it! ! \'\uvaiuuKB in a rougn verbal smash with the Gov- - one o: th0 beit debaters hV. Asembly chamber ever heard, leen raUy P'cted that he would Platform and continue his MeturV.tath5' aovernor ln tne unnjr Pt)rs. Col W' 2f ps,on wouM not \y. I\ .\rlnir from JIr- - eat f. WOuld be done wllh Mr-Hi- \ 1' ,he tlcketB 10 Carnei-l- le til? afe the Polisher decides that Wit .I .10t n\a them- - cl- - Thompson the opinion that they would not fL !55n view of the fact that eoln, . \ haH let 11 be known he I I,,, \fea His mind, whether or not film. nt ,alca Ule Platform with Dutch Press Flays Plea for Kaiser's Surrender By the A facial td Prett. pHE HAGUE, Oct 26. The entire Dutch press joins in scathing criticism of nn article ndvocatlng tho surrender of the former German Emperor for trial which appeared recently in the weekly journal New Amater-darne- r. In the article the editor, Prof. J. A. Van Hamel, the Dutch publicist who was selected by Sir James Eric Drummond, Secretary-- General of the League of Nations, as head of the legal de- partment of tho secretariat of the league, argues that the question of the extradition of the\ former Emperor should not be treated as a purely legal matter. It should instead be regarded from the point of view of the now juris- prudence, belonging to the new era, and formal juridical ob- stacles should not be permitted to stand in the way of the extra- dition of Wilhelm of Hohenrol-ler- n. POLICE HOLD 11 IN BOY MDRDER Admissions Said to Bare Plot to Get $178,000 in Bonds and Kill Messenger. PLANNED IN A ROADIIOUSE Slaying1 of Young Binkowitz Last August Traced to Band 2 Women in Net. The police now have eight men and two women under arrest, and a ninth man Is being brought here from Chi cago by two detectives, in connection with the disappearance of Benjamin Binkowitz, a wall Street messenger boy, with $178,000 worth of Liberty bonds last August, and tho subsequent murder of Binkowitz, whose mutilated body was found lying in a clump of bushes alongside the MUford Turnpike, eleven miles from Bridgeport, eight days after the theft of the bonds. Tho police say that several of tho men under arrest nre Italians with un- savory reputations and criminal rec- ords as gunmen of' Harlem's Little Italy, while the man en route from Chicago, Hartford Jimmy Delmar, is widely known in underworld circles of Connecticut cities as a swagger fellow \unafraid of the devil himself.\ Admissions of the prisoners and evi- dence unearthed by the New York de- tectives have brought to light an amazing conspiracy to steal the bonds ond then get rid of Binkowitz by the , v. n whiKh th - messenger boy was used as a tool, with no Intention of ever giving him his share of tho proceeds of the rob- - bory. The scheme was hatched at a roadhouBe near Bridgeport, one of the worst resorts of the entire State, the police nay, frequented by crooked men and crooked women, where knockout drops are administered, murders aro planned and committed Vnd customers are robbed as fast as they- drink them- selves under the table. Plot Hatched In Roadhsnte. Half a dozen men gathered around a table In this roadhouse early ln August am! amoner them, the oollce say, were Matty random and Joe Spotte, both- - chauffeura They were arrested by de- tectives yesterday in a house ln 125 Bast 119th street, the heart or unut juuy. The others were equally well known to the police as dangerous criminals. One of the men there knew BlnkowlU. the police say. He knew that Blnkowiti was only a boy, that ho had a penchant for good times and things to drink, and for women, and he told the others he believed the boy was In the habit of carrying large sums for his employers. and that be Believed tne ooy couia do reached and Induced to run away with valuable securities. That part of the conspiracy was settled, and then one of the men proposed tnat alter winito-wl- tz sot the bonds and had joined them they show the boy a good time for one night or what was his idea of a good time and then kill htm. The police say that this schema met with general approval, because it would make one leas ln the division of the loot. According to the detectives, one of the men under arrest being wise ln the ways and the haunts of Little Italy, was appointed to hire the aiiis- - alns, and the detectives also say that several of the men then at tho table and taking part ln the planning of the conspiracy, were members or tne. Dana timt killed thn bov. anion? them Spotte, who collapsed when brought to Police Headauarters yesterday, charged with complicity In the crime. Iloy Goes to Ilia Death, There is something of a hiatus be- tween the time 'the conspiracy was hatched and the Binkowitz boy was In- duced to steal the bonds, and the police do not know lust how the slayers were engaged, who engaged them, or how much money was promised for the Job. The price, however, could not have been large. At any rate Blnkowlts stole the bonds and is believed to have gone di- rectly to Bridgeport and met the others. There the Idea of a good time was broached and there was a party at a Continued on Sixth Page. MEXICANS SLEW TWO U. S. FLIERS FOUND STARVING Pathetic Messages Reveal Fate of Officers Lost on Border Patrol. MURDERERS ARE KNOWN Bodies Brought to San Diego Show Crime Was Com- mitted for Robbery. San Diego, Cal., Oct. 26. It was officially announced hero ht that Lleuts. Cecil H. Connolly of San Diego and Frederick B. Waterhouso of Welser, Idaho, army aviators missing since August 21, were slain in Lower California by two Mexican fishermen. The announcement was made upon the arrival here of tho destroyer Aaron Ward bringing the bodies of the two aviators from Bahla Los Angeles, on the Gulf of Lower California, to which point they had flown after losing their way in a border patrot flight from Yuma, Ariz., to San Diego. According to Major R. S. Bratton, head of the military party sent from hero to recover the bodies, tho slayers were from a Mexican sloop. Their Identity is known to tho United States and Mexican Governments and steps are being taken to capture them. Notes Toll of Snfferlnc. The destroyer also brought a part of a story of the suffering endured by the young aviators, in the form of notes scrawled on the wings and fusllage of the De Havlland airplane ln which Connolly and Waterhouse made their last flight Some of these messages, evidently written while the aviators had almost lost hope of being found, were of such a tragic nature that Major Bratton asked the newspaper reporters to refrain from using them, out of con sideration for the officers' families. Major Bratton said the two aviators had gone nineteen days without food or at least without much to sustain them. The fate that drew them far from their air path remained with them until the vory last. Major Theodore Macauley, In one of his flights to find them, flew within sixty miles of the spot where they stood guarding their plane. Later, on the afternoon of Septem- ber 6, they were landed from a canoe on the shores of Bahla Imb Angeles by the same fishermen who are accused of having killed them Ave days later, and at that time were only twelve mllea from Los Florres silver mine where the- - might nave received protection and food. Iiost Direction In Slorm, One of their messages, scratched on the airplane fuselage with a knife or nail, said the airmen remained in the air four Lours and Ave minutes, that they ran Into a rain storm and lost their sense of direction. When they sighted the Gulf of California they thought they were flying up the coast Instead of southward along the east coast of the Gulf of California. Another message told how the airmen attempted vainly for two days to catch nsh to appease their hunger. They then started walking northward toward the border, but returned to their airplane In thirty-si- x hours when their supply of water became exhausted. The airmen drank the water from the radiator of their plane. This proved sufficient to allay their thirst up to the time they were taken to Bahlc, Los Angeles, from Guadeloupe Bay, where the plane landed. by the nshermen. The party which left San Diego Oc- tober lfl included, besides Major Brat- ton. who is attached to the Twenty-fift- h Infantry at Nogale. Ariz, two other army onTcers and several officials and soldiers of the northern district of Lower California, and Joe Allen Rich ards, mining engineer, who nrst re- ported finding the bodies. Major Tells of Expedition. Major Bratton ln an account of the expedition said: \The Aaron Ward arrived at Bahla Los Angeles at 3:16 P. M. October 19. We immediately went ashore, with Rich- ards acting as guide, and in a few mo ments had discovered the grave. The bodies had been disturbed, the skulls being found under some brush about ten feet distant from the bodies. The bodies were then disinterred and the formal Inquest started. \There was absolutely no question that the bodies were those of Connolly and Waterhouse.\ The officer then told of the party's going up the gulf to Guadeloupe Bay, twenty miles to the northward, where the plane piloted by Connolly and Water-hous- e was discovered on the beach. \The two airmen had made a perfect landing,\ he, continued, fbut Mexicans subsequently removed the motor from the fusllage, stole all of the ammuni- tion for the two machine guns and carried away other equipment. The motor evidently was too heavy to carry away and It was found nearby. The wheels, engine, machine guns, compass and other equipment worth salvaging were taken aboard the Ward. , J. nut Mtuaae Copied, \We took notes of all the messages scratched on the fusllage and wings, tho first one of which was made flvo days Continued on Seventh Page. i MEN TENTATIVELY CHOSEN FOR TREATY England, France and Italy Chairman of lly I,AURENCB HILLS. Staff Correspondent of Tnz 8cK. Copyright, 1919; all riahtt reiervei. Paris, Oct. 26. Negotiations be tween Paris and Washington regard- ing the men to be selected for places on tho peace treaty commissions to represent the United States have reached a point apparently where ten- tative selections have been mado and even havo been communicated to some of the other Governments. This would seem to Indicate that President Wilson is preparing to ac cept the treaty, even with some reser- vations. The other Governments have their lists prepared, to be announced tho day tho treaty becomes effective. Tho idea of tho Administration ap- parently is that tho Americans shall be ready to step into their places as soon as the Senate makes it possible; this course Is being urged by the other Powers, which obviously Intend to hold back the work of these com- missions until the United States is represented, oven though the treaty becomes effective before the Senate acts. Some of these commissions are lucrative posts, Germany paying the salaries; others will be paid by tho Governments. LADY ASTOR TO BE CANDIDATE Accepts Invitation of Plym- outh Unionists to Run for Parliament. WOulD SUCCEED HUSBAND Her-Victor- y \Means First Wom- an to Sit in Commons Would Bo American Born. London, Oct. 26. Lady Astor has accepted the invitation of tho Plymouth Unionists to become a candidate for the House of Commons for the seat In Plymouth vacated by tho elevation of her husband. Viscount Astor, to the House of Lords. In a telegram to the Unionist com- mittee at Plymouth sho says: \Fully conscious of the great honor and grave responsibility, I accept your offer to stand for Plymouth.\ Lady Astor will be opposed by both Liberal and Labor candidates in her campaign for the Plymouth seat in the House of Commons. The election will probably take place November 15. Lady Aster's acceptance of the candi- dacy makes the prospect excellent that the first woman to sit In the English Parliament will be American born, as Plymouth Is held to be a safe Unionist seat. Making allowance for the present un- popularity of the Coalition Government, which has accounted for the heavy trans- fer of votes in all recent It is hardly considered likely that there will be a sufficient turnover of votes to de- stroy the majority of more than 8,000 by which Waldorf Astor gained the seat at the last election against the combined Liberal and Labor vote. Therefore, un- less the question of sex should enter' largely Into tho contest and cause a wholesale transfer, or abstention of vot- ers, there Is every likelihood that Lady Astor will win the seat, Lady Astor Is very popular In Plym- outh, .where rtie has alwayn busUd her- self In her husband's political life and local municipal affairs. It Is rumored ln Plymouth that Lord Astor does not altogether approve of his wife's candi- dacy. A number of women candidates took advantage of the electoral reform to stand for Parliament In the elections last December, but all were defeated pt the Countess Marklevlex. who re- fused to assumo her seat in conformity with the Sinn Fein policy on this sub- ject. Ijidy Astor was Miss Nannie Langhorne, a famous Virginia beauty. DRY BILL WITHHELD FROM PRESIDENT Speculation Renewed About Action on Measure. Wabiiinoton, Oct 20. The orohlhl tlon enforcement bill and Attorney-Ge- n eral Palmer's opinion as to the measure's constitutionality, It was said at the wnite i louse, nas not been placed be- fore the President The statement Immediately led to re- newed speculation as to whether Mr, Wilson would act on It or permit It to become a law Tuesday midnight without his signature. Approves Wilson's Coal Policy. SpaiNgncLD, III., Oct 28. Full co- operation of the State of Illinois with President Wilson ln the President's an- nounced stand against the strike of soft coal miners, scheduled for November 1, was pledged by Gov. Frank O. Lowden, \to the end that the people shall not suffer,\ In a satement Issued here \ - - r COMMISSIONS Hope American Will Be Reparations. Secretary Lansing is handling the matter for the President and nearly all the men considered nre ln America, It developed y that Great Britain, Italy and Belgium would like an American to bo chairman of tho Repa- rations Commission, advancing as a reason that the United States Is least .Interested financially and would bo most impartial. France already has named M. Loucheur, tho Minister of Reconstruction, with tho idea that ho would be chairman, but if the Presi- dent approves an American probably will get the post, which will be of worldwide Importance. Tho Supreme Council, although It has discussed the commissions, failed to fix a date when they were to organ- ize for work. Under Secretary Polk, head of tho American mission, expects that tho date will be set early In No- vember, although he does not look for ratification by the American Senate by that time. An insistent desire manifested at the meetings of tho Supremo Council by tho other Powers to have Americans on tho commissions is regarded as con vlncing proof by many here that some of the reservations nt least will be ac cepted quickly by tho Supreme Coun cil in brder to bring about speedy par ticipation by tho United States. WILL LOCK OUT SPANISH LABOR Congress of Employers, Sit- ting at Barcelona, Decides Upon Drastic Action. EFFECTIVE NOVEMBER 4- - (Jovei'iinicnt Plans Steps (o Protect Workmen From Severe Reprisal. fljr the Auociated Freia. Madrid, Oct. 26. The Congress of Spanish Kmpjoyers, sitting at Barce- lona, declared y a general lockout of workmen throughout Spain. Tho leckout order will bo effective Tues- day, November 4. The Minister of the Interior In an- nouncing the decision of the Congress of Employers said it was nn act or provocation against the workers and expressed the hope that tho emptoyers would cooperate with the Government ln establishing industrial peace and not carry out the measure. \At a moment when the workers are asking nothing,\ he added, \the action of the employers is foolish.\ In addition to declaring a lockout the congress also decided to make Its permanent as a protest against the alleged crimes of the syn- dicalists and take steps looking to the protection of the employers. The em- ployers declare that their action has been taken as a protest againBt tho Government's failure to protect the em- ployers' Interests. The employers are dissatisfied with the new social laws grnntlng workers shorter hours and pro- viding pensions. The Government is taking all neces- sary measures to deal with the situa- tion. It is probable that the decision to renew the constitutional guarantees will be revoked. The Governor of Barcelona has begun negotiations with the employers and workmen with a view to preventing the lockout. The actors of Spain have formed a union. PRESIDENT RESTS AS WIFE READS TO HIM No Public Matters Are Laid Before Executive. Washington, Oct 26. President Wilson obtained considerable rest to- day after several days, during which the difficulties of the National Industrial Conference and the threatened coal strike had forced Rear Admiral Grayson, his physician, to rescind In part the order against his active participation ln Gov- ernmental affairs. Secretary Tumulty spent Sunday out of the city, and so far as could be learned no publlo matters were laid before Mr, Wilson. Mrs. Wilson spent practically the entire day with her husband read- ing to him light verse and Action. While Impending events held out little prospects, White House officials were hopeful that this week, the fifth of the President's Illness, would bring less Interruption to the rest cure pre- scribed by Dr. Grayson. In his midday bulletin y Dr. Grayson said: \The President continues 'to improve slowly.\ Dr. Grayson authorised the following statyment as to Mr. Wilson's condition: \The President had, a vesy good day.\ UbtcVn K.na John Voir ft Co.. it Drosdway. Adv. SENATE LIKELY TO CURB LABOR IF MINERS QUIT Decisive Action Expected at First Sign of Disloyalty by Unions. FALL TO TAKE INITIATIVE Thomas of Colorado Also to Ejpcak in Warning Affects International Conference. Special DetpateK to Tns Scjf. Washington, Oct. 26. One of the llrst results of the coal strike, If it becomes effectivo, will bo to impel tho United States Senate to consider elimi- nating all the International labor pro- visions from tho peace treaty. Already there is\ a definite move on foot to achieve this end. The llrst sign of dis- loyalty of organized labor to estab- lished government In the United ( Stntes will. It Is believed, bring swift and decisive action in the Senate and win a majority to the cause now ad- vocated by a limited number of Sen- ators. It was because of labor's loyalty during' the war and udherenco to es tablished Governments that the Feaco Conference agreed to Incorporate an international labor programme in the treaty. The resourcefulness and pa triotlsm of American labor during the war caused President Wilson heartily to indorse the plan. If organized labor, however, Is about to turn disloyal and attempt to carry into efTect threats against tho Government of the United States this Government probably will Teel absolved from any obligation to champion legitimate concessions to labor and Senators who heretofore have been disposed favorably toward labor may find it necessary in the of the country to take a radi cally different view. Thomas I'.repnrfi Speech. Senator Thomas (Colo.) Is preparing a speech before the Senato, which will strongly advocate elimination of the in- ternational labor provisions from the treaty. Senator Fall (N. M.) Is going to make the Initial move along this Una and the matter will be up for debate at precisely the time when the public will be In a position to judge of the loyalty or dis- loyalty of organised labor toward Presi- dent Wilson's appeal not to engage In a strike not only unjustifiable but unlaw- ful. The meeting of \labor union chiefs which Samuel Oompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, has called will take place here simultane- ously with the coming meeting beginning Tuesday on the International labor conference provided for In the peace treaty. The United States will not be officially represented at this latter conference, as the treaty has not yet been ratified, but American representatives will be present unofficially and there will be close liaison between this Interna- tional conference and the conference which Mr. Gompers has called. What transpires at one conference naturally will Influence the other and If American labor Is to set the pace for the world In advocating open defiance of tab-llsh- government, the effect will be ob- noxious not only to the United Stat Government but to all the European Governments as well. It Is practically certain that If. or- ganized labor in the United States re- fuses to heed the Administration appeal this action will be taken as a warning by the Senate, it will be taken as a timely examplo of what might be ex- pected If the United States made the concessions to organized labor, which are provided for ln the pact. Senate SnipatU- - Waning-- Already the effect of the threatened coal strike and the attitude of some of the labor chiefs have cast a cloud over the coming International labor con- ference, The part played by the foreign element In Inciting radicals In the Amer- ican labor organisations to defy estab- lished rules of law and order has not increased sympathy of Senators townrd the alms and Ideals of an \International labor\ organisation. Senators are now beginning carefully to scrutinize the exact concessions made to organized labor in the peace treaty. The great majority In the Senate, like President Wilson, gave labor the benefit of the doubt becauso of Its loyalty dur- ing the war. But the threatened atti tude of Borne of the labor chiefs haH caused a pronounced feeling of heslta tlon. As the United States has not rati fled the treaty it Is in no sense bound to accept the labor provisions. It would cause little surprise If President Wilson recommended a change of attitude toward those provisions If his appeal on behalf of the American people Is Ignored. The opposition to the labor provisions ln the peace treaty has been based so far on the ground that the treaty should not incorporate an agreement between n class or people in one nation and a cIobs of people In another. This has been Senator Thomas'a view. He has believed the principle fundamentally wrong. Technically the international labor conference can go no further than rec ommend action for the Indorsement of the various parliaments, but actually International labor could bring tre- mendous pressure upon any Government which did not yield to its recommenda- tions. It could employ strikes, boycotts and other means to Inflict injury on the W \Z'J\ German Debt Reaches $40,800,000,000 Already Eg the Attociate. rrets. JJERLIN, Oct. 25 (delayed). The gravity of the financial condition of the nation was frankly admitted by the Govern- ment in a public session of the National Council. Govern- ment representatives stated that the national debt is already 00 marks (normally $40,800,000,000) and that it will rise to 204,000,000,000 marks by April 1, 1920, after all credits under the budget have been real- ized upon. Germany's pre-w- ar debt amounted to 5,000,000,000 marks. A Government representative said it would cost Germany as much to wind up the war as. it did to conduct the four years According to this estimate, it would appear that Germany an- ticipates it will cost her about 200,000,000,000 marks for repa- rations, pensions and reestablish-mc- nt of industrial conditions. WILSON BACKED BY GOVERNORS Coal State Executives Agree With Assertion That Strike Is Unlawful. IOWA READY TO MINE Lowden of Illinois Wires JThe Sun\ That Strike Means Soviet Rule. Tho Governors of three coal mining States Iowa, Ohio and Illinois sent telegrams to The Sun last night ex- pressing their approval of tho stand taken by President Wilson in tho threatened coal strike and of the state- ment made by him in which ho charac- terized the strike as unjustifiable and unlawful. Their statements follow: To the Editor of The 6un: Dis Moines, la., Oct. 26. Ileplying to your telegram, the President's state- ment, If backed up, will avert the strike and suggest that steps bo taken to dis- tribute coal now on hand. State and Federal governments should cooperate to mine and distribute coal.. The gov- ernors of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kansas, Missouri, Tennessee, Kentucky and West Virginia have expressed willingness to meet ln conference on the coal situation. If Federal effort falls, I believe the States ss Individuals have power to mine coal, or at least to make It possible to mine coal. W. P. Harcino, Governor of Iowa. To the Editor of Tun Sun: Springfield. III., Oct. 26. Tho state ment of the President makes tho Issue plain. When a special Interest conflicts with the interests of thn people as a whole the former must give away. The strike, no doubt, has been the most powerful weapon In the hands of labor to Improve its conditions. So long as the strike affected dlrect'y only the em- ployer, the publlo could not object. The threatened coal strike, however, Is a strike against the American public. In fact, It Is likely that the public will suffer more than the operators them selves. Whenever any organization whether of capital or labor becomes so powerful as to be able to give or to withhold from the public the necessities of life, such organization must come under the con trol of the Government; otherwise, the part becomes greater than the whole. If the only alternative to a strike or lockout by such nn organization Is the compulsory arbitration of differences be tween employers and employees engaged In such vital undertakings compulsory arbitration to that extent will havo to come. Thoso leaders of labor who meet such a suggestion with the threat of a general strike do not help the cause of labor. general strike would mean ln effect an erfort to BUhstltute Soviets for the duly constituted authority of the land. The people nre not yet ready to aban their form of government. Illinois will cooperate with the President to the ex- tent of its power, to the end that its people shall not suffer. Frank O. Lowden, Governor of Illinois. To the Editor of The Sun; Colcubus, Ohio, Oct. 26. President Wilson has expressed the conscience of the nation. Iames M. Cox, Governor of Ohio. GERMANS PROPOSE NEW PEACE PALACE Intimate Small Hope fat League of Nations. Geneva, Oct. 26. The Swiss news- papers have received circulars from Germany Inviting them to membership In an \International peaco palace\ which Is to be established In Dusseldorf. In Ule palace, which is to be constructed at a cost of $1,225,000, will be a high central tower for wireless telegraph ap- paratus. In addition there will be quar- ters for newspaper offices and provision for stock exchange, railway and mari time agencies and banking and commer clal exchanges. The circular says In part: \We will thus be able to construct practical enter prises for work, which neither the League of Nations nor the Peace Palace nt The llucuo can possipiy perform. The creation of Carnegie remains ln the theoretical domain, while the Leaaue of Nations Is still unborn,\ Executive Board of Miners' Union Will Mako \Suit- able Reply.\ TO MEET WEDNESDAY. Cabinet's Decision Fore- stalls Action by Senato and House. GIVES FEELING OF RELIEF Hopeful Atmosphere Prevails in National Capital Over tho Situation. . Indianapolis, Oct. 26. A \suitable) reply\ to President Wilson's state- ment holding tho Impending coal miners strike to be not only unjus- tifiable but unlawful will probably be drawn 'up nt the meeting of the international executive board of the United Mine Workers of America, to be held here Wednesday, according to a statement y by Willing Green, eecrctnry-treasurc- r gfi United Mine Workers. Mr. Green declined to comment on the President's statement pending such action as the board may tako further than to say that it Is nn Im- possibility now to rescind tho strike order effectivo November 1. \I suppose that a suitable reply to the President's (statement will be drawn up at the meeting Wednesday,\ said Mr. Green. \Tho meeting had nlready been called for that date, but consideration of the President's state- ment will now be the most Important business before the board.\ CONGRESS FAVORS VIGOROUS ACTION Discussions Take Place on What Should Be Done. Special Detpatch to Tns Svn. Washington, Oct. 26. Presidont Wilson -- \will have tho thoroughgoing support of Congress if he proceeds to deal with the industrial problems In the spirit of yesterday's Cablnot pro- nouncement regarding the coal strike. Tho unflinching declaration of the Administration's attitude camo just at the right time to forestall efforts at assumption of leadership by tho Legis- lative end of the Government. Mem- bers of both houses havo become con- vinced in the course of the last fort- night that vigorous measures must be formulated for dealing with the situa- tion. They havo realized that the Executive alone has tho authority necessary for handling such affairs, and the assurance that the Adminis- tration Is prepared to assume official control has brought a feeling of much relief. Senators and Representatives havs been discussing measures through which to amplify and fortify Govern- ment control and to convince the would-b- e strikers that it will not remain supine In the face of real national danger. Tholr discussions have to some extent formulated opinion as to what can and should be done. Their views aro In line with the policy outlined by the Cablnst pronouncement Opinion In Senate. In the Senate opinion has settled down to a conviction that unless the coal strike Is averted the mines must be taken over by the Government Whllo It was realized that the Lever law gives the President all the power he needed to do this, the adoption of a resolution favoring such a proceeding was earnestly discussed. It was even suggested that a law be passed definitely establishing It as the step to be taken ln existing cir- cumstances so that the governmental machinery might be set up and enabled to work automatically through the Gov- ernment departments If the President's health were not such that he could di- rect matters. \There Is practical unanimity amonr Senators In favor of taking over the coal mines,\ said one Senator who has been taking much Interest ln the development of the Industrial crisis. In expressed the opinion that If the Presidont would tnko this step Congress without delay ttould provide him with any additional authority that he may need, appropriate funds and support him generally. Another proposal that has been dis- cussed Is the passaga of a measure pro- viding a plan of compulsory arbitration for such a case as the coal strike re- quiring that the dispute must be sub- mitted to Investigation and arbitration and that there must ba no cessation of production pending or after the decision. Compulsory arbitration Is not popular with labor and Is strongly opposed by many legislators. Yet some men, who under ordinary circumstances would vote against It. have declared that to meet the present exigency they would do If It seemed necessary. Volunteer Minn WofVera. One proposal which was discussed to- day looked to raising a volunteer army of mine workers to enter the pits If tht men Bhould Insist on laying down their tools despite the Administration appeal. It was pointed out that there are In the country tens of thousands of men who have worked In coal and other mines and are skilled workers though not now en- gaged ln mining. Letters from some of these Indicate that In an emergency there would be a generous response from these In order to keep the country from disaster. Still another proposal Is that men from other mines copper, gold, silver, quar- ries and the like be called on to volun.

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