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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, October 26, 1919, Image 16

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i HE SUk, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1919. AkD NEW YORK PRKS3. I SUNDAY, OCTOtlEli 20, 1010. ' member or the associated rnESS. L. titled Ana to Assooiaiea the im mil (or republication mum.iiiij ot ail measure In advnncc. e think these news to It or not otherwise credited in thi paper and also thlnRs nre likewise of considerable lm- - th local new published herein. All rights of republication of pedal portailCO to Sir. GoMPKRS IndlvldU-despatch- herein are also reserved. Entered at the Pent Offlce at New York Second Clan Mall Matter. Subscription! by .Mall, Toetpald. One Six One Year. Month. Month. PAILT A SUNDAY... $10.00 aj.oo 1.00 j DAILY only...., s.oo oo BUNDAY only... S.OO 1.S0 AO Canadian Ratss. DAILY A SUNDAY... flO.OO 8.00 $1.00 DAILY only S.OO 4.00 .15 SUNDAY only A.00 Z.S0 .so FOIXION RATI. DAILY & SUNDAY... $t.00 lt.00 $t.?5 uaii.1 onir. 1K.06 0.00 1.60 flUNDAY only... v.oo 4.00 IS On Six One Year. Montha. Month. THE EVENINO SUN. 16.00 J.0O 0.S0 .Foreign. 18.00 8.00 l.&i OOK3 AND THE BOOK WOULD (raekly), one year fl.OO Oinada...$1.50 Other eountrlee... 2.00 All cheeks, money ordere, Ac, to be de payable to Tux Son. dally, lncludlnc Sunday, by the Sitn Prlntlnr and Publishing Association, J CO Nassau at., Horouxh of Manhattan, N.Y. Prreldent, Frank A. Muniey, l&o Nassau it.; ice. president. Ervln warnman; aecrenry. II. Tltherlnxton: Treas.. Wm. T. Dewart, I of 1B0 Nassau atreet. tendon office, 40-4- 3 Fleet atreet. Paris office, 0 Rue dn la Mlehodlere, off Rue du Quatre Reptembre. Washington office. Munser Building. Brooklyn offlce. Room 202, Eagle Buildi- ng-, 303 Washington atreet. our friends tcho favor us with ntanu-terlp- ti and illustrations for publication trl 1 have rejected articles returned Heir must f ail cotes lend stamps tor that purpose. TELEPHONE, BEEKMAN 2200. Shall It Be Samuel Gompers or Abraham Lincoln? We wish to state plainly and with- out the encumbrance of Incidental de- tails the Issue which Mr. Samuel Gompers, In the name of his partic- ular organization of labor, threatens td make with the Government of the United States. We hope to state it plainly in order that it may bo understood clearly by tho overwhelming majority of Ameri- can citizens who are involved only ns vjctlms and sufferers, but as victims and to an extent incalculable. In any far' reaching Industrial con- flict produced by Mr. Gqmpebs's poll-die- s n.nd politics. Three weeks ago yesterday Mr. Samuel Compels, the president of the American Federation of Labor, was before the House Committee on Inter-- i state Commerce ns a witness with re- gard to some of the labor troubles which had already developed. He was eharply questioned by the Hon. John S. Websteu, a Washington Represen- tative from Spokane, as to his attitude and the attitude of his organization toward government by law. For a quarter of fin hour or more Mr. Gom-peb- s evaded any direct response to the questions of his interrogator as to what he would advise his Federation to do In the event of tho enactment of an anti-strik- e law for the railroads and its establishment as constitutional by a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States. Pressed nt last to utterance, this colloquy ensued, as reported In the papers: \Jlr. Gomfers I think I should obey such a law, but I am sure the ' Workers wpuld not, and you would ''have thousands ot lawbreakers .throughout the country. \Representative Webster But would you, as the head of a great organization, counsel them to obey such a law? \Jlr. Qoufers JTo, sir; I should remain silent; counselling neither obedience nor disobedience, but would advise the American Federation of Xabor to appeal to the country.\ Asked what be meant by appealing to the country, Mr. Gompeiis said some thing about electing a Congress that would repeal the law. Nothing that we can discover In his remarks throws any further light upon his intentions la case he failed to elect a Congre\ that would repeal the law, or really modifies his attitude toward Govern ment aud Law during the period when the constitutional law was In full force. He did, however, attempt to forestall the decision of the Supremo Court In Uiis amazing fashion : \Representative TVtbbter Would Xou advise, encourage or counsel men who look to you ao their leader to do - an act In violation of the declared constitutional statute? \Mr. Gompeiis I have said, and do now repeat, that It Is Impossible to prevent men frpm quinine their employment, no matter what law makes them Jawbreakers. I cannot conceive that the courts would de- clare a law constitutional that would make for Involuntary servitude.\ What Mr Gompers can conceive luludrcd and ten millions whom ho - - . 1. -- ,,... i : despatches credited sufferers llirCUlUUS, IIS 1115 IIUIIH UIU lAmiUlUMVJUf with an industrial paralysis bringing destruction and disaster and death to them, If be enn make , good that threat, beyond the Imagination's power to ally and personally; for his nvowod conception of the relation of his or- ganization to an Infinitely greater and nioro powerful organization than that which ho advises or controls Is not the conception of mild Socialism merely, or of Industrial philosophy merely. It Is the conception of horrid anarchy. The other side of this threatened Issue between obcdlcnco to law and defiance of law never, perhaps, has been presented more forcibly than by nu American President whoso name, we nrc glad to believe, is admired and revered by millions of Mr. Gomfers's followers everj more thnn the name of the president of the American Fed- eration of Ixtbor. Speaking ut Spring field, Illinois, nearly eighty-tw- o years ugo Abraham Lincoln said: \Let every American, every lover of liberty, every well wisher to his posterity, swear by the blood of the Revolution never to violate In the least particular, the laws of the coun- try , and never to tolerate their viola- tion by others. As the patriots of Seventy-si- x did to the support of the Declaration of Independence, eo to the support ot the Constitution and laws let every American pledge his life, hts property, and his sacred honor let every man remember that to violate the law is to trample on the blood of his father, and to tear the charter of his own and his chil- dren's liberty. Let reverence for the laws be breathed by every American mother to the lisping babe that prat- - ' ties on her lap; let It be taught In schools. In wminarles, and In col- leges; let It be written in primers, spelling books, and In almanacs ; let It be preached from the pulpit, pro- claimed In legislative halls, and en- forced In courts of justice. And, In short, let It become the political religion of the nation, and let the old and the young, the rich and the poor, the grave nnd the gay of all sexes and tongues and colors and condi- tions, sacrifice unceasingly upon its altars. While ever a state of feeling such as this shall universally or even very generally prevail throughout the nation, vain will be every effort, and fruitless every attempt, to subvert our national freedom.\ If the issue of. patriotism and obe- dience to law is squarely made be- tween Samuel Gompers nnd Abraham Lincoln what American who kuows America can doubt the result? The Outstanding Moral Issue In This Campaign. The greatest moral Issue at the com- ing election will be decided not by the voters of the whole city but by the men and women of Manhattan nnd The Bronx. These two counties form the. First Judicial District of tho State. About half n million men nnd women will choose two Justices of the Supreme Court. The leader of Tarn-mnn- y Hall, Mr. Murphy, sniused the moral Issue by refusing, ns Mr. Croker refused to his sorrow years ngo, to renominate a deserving Judge. The local Itepubllcnn party took up the gage nnd nominated Justice New-nuROE- B as one of Its own candidates, its other nominee being Major Philip J. McCook, not only n war hero but n lawyer whoso fitness for the bench Is testified to by the Bar Association. The two candidates receiving the highest number of votes 'will bo elected. The voters of tho district who wish to teach political bossps to keep their hands off the bench will naturally vote for the Ilepubllcan McCook and the Democrat New-burg- er to the exclusion of\ Mr. Unter-Mye- r and Mr. Luce, neither of whom has been Indorsed by the Bar Asso- ciation and the first of whom Is par- ticularly to be opposed because It was for Mr. Untermyer's benefit that Leader Murphy refused to renomi- nate Justice Newburoer. It Is to the selection of the two Justices that the voters of Manhattan and The Bronx will doubtless give their first attention. Marking the rest of tho bnllot will bo nn Important, but secondary, employment. The Kings Who Fled. Itoyalty of the twentieth century, breed In exile is not nn awe or pity Inspiring lot. The fall of princely-house- s has not been dignified by the masterful bearing In tho ordeal of re- nunciation which true bellevero In the divine right of one man to rule an- other might have been expected to display. There were noble opportuni- ties to write splendid tragedies In tho dethronement nrocecdlncs which fnl. lowed close on the armistice, hut act- - end what he cannot concelvo Jn nors competent to take advantage of matter of constitutional Interpretation ,llem were not ,n tlus cast Tney dla by the Judiciary of the United States not flRht but. fle1, forsakln& thelr regal crowns but not forgetting the Government are of little Importance Bolden , crowns they could lay their to the country. What he ' can conceive hnnds on. tind what he does conceive, ns tho i A prince' proierly convinced of his leader ot tue American Federation bf (lIvlll privilege nnd obligation, with Labor, as to his and Its mti ' the Fp,rlt 10 1,efcn1 1,0(1 Plcndld tudo toward the United HtntJ 8,nP \ whlch to fiKht fr Umt for . . n ov- - ,vlch he had strutted. Deflnnce to n ornment in case n law Js enacted \misled\ people, fidelity Jo the station which does not suit his ideas or poll, nnd the nfllce to which Goo had called ties are of surpassing Importance to ,,lm' refusal t0 compromise for per- - tie hundred and ten millions of Awcr Bonnl comfort cven for ,lfo lt8e,f. tho leans outside his organization f \f\ eXaUel by tnOMood and training something be- - j, jjgjj yond human will ; how mngnlucently one innn might have died for his enste, died for' the system he exempli- - lied, died for the honor of the pre- - rogotlves his rebellious subjects thrent- - etied to tnkn f mm him ! Vnt nun nf 1,1 the princes was dramatic, to sny nothing of heroic. Koch und every ninn and woman of them, following the. example of the bell wether of the nock, surrendered with more discretion than vnlor or ran as fast as his legs or an auto- mobile could carry him. Tho Czar provides a better figure for those who would make monarchs nttrrtctlve thnn any of the others. He at least went Into n mwrtorr. nml no and it wns preuy good 01 \L.n HrnDnn- - ho depar . ed bore himself well. Hut conne The wcre dlsmisscd all others offer poor material for nm, (ho numbcr of cuIltlren was ,. hero building. They quit cold, earn- - crcnscJ b iUo cntre cnrolmcnt of the lng honorary merubershlryln the safety gcnools of the ncIgUborlng Pretty PrnJ. first society ns soon ns trouble ob..rle- - A reccptloI1 cominIttco was hur- - scurcd the sun of divine right under rlcdIy formed! the womcn wcrc t0 whose rays they had profitably basked I)rcsent , tho Q(lecn b t of so long. A horde of the fat and the AmorIc!ln BenutJ. roscs tIe(1 wl,hb,nCk skinny the mad and the ane. young nnd 0. rbb the men t0 and old. laid hands on their posses- - the K, souvcnlr8 of It nnd flour slousnnd took it on the run for cover. bols food scnt t0 Bel. If they what they taught,' g , K they painted themselves cravens; If \n ;mni. so hnstlly made h, wo...- - .i... ma i..,.' r' \r 7 V. , . They dealt a blow to the king or to \\' \ K \ IS ti ? \bn nn , - on peril to make sure thoy might continue for a little time to wear whole skins. There have been kings who lived for their countries and their peoples. There have been kings who died for their countries nnd their peoples. None of them Is numbered among those who had engagements elsewhere when the signal enme for'tho brave to risk something or to lose nil. One Ilour Returned to Its Owner. Thnt hour 'which was plucked from the twenty-fou- r last spring is y returned to Its owner. The citizen who managed to get through tho 80th of last March on twenty-thre- e hours Is rewnrded y for his frugality by having sixty minutes thrown In his lap. He may do what ho pleases with It. Ho may choose any of the twenty-fiv- e hours as the one to be particu- larly enjoyed because it is an hour saved from the dead past. Some men with a predilection for exactness rose perhaps at 2 o'clock this morning, turned back the hand\ to 1 of the clock, read, sang or swung Indlnn clubs until 2 o'clock and then returned to slumber. Thce were few. we fancy. But how many wcre there who hnve been contemplating with Joy the prospect of having an extra hour to spend In church? In hundreds nf suburban homes the extra hour will bo usd to wash a motor car, mend n broken golf bnc or oil n duck gun. But In the city the odd hour Is likely Jo mean more rend- ing, more walking or more sleeping. Somo may fspend the precious 3,000 seconds In examination ot political conscience. The economical will observe with satisfaction on rising nt their usual hour assuming that they turned the hnnds back last night that they are nbln to go about the house without turning on n switch, for this morning It will be light nt 0 o'clock'. This, nf they will observe, with corre- sponding regret, that It will be dark about 5:80. Ycsterdny the sun setaf 0:04; at 5:03 a difference of 01 minutes to us, but only one min- ute in the conduct of the sun. The Administration lias Surren- dered to the Man Who Won't Work. Because of tho longshoremen's strike the Post Offlce Department threw up its hnnds nnd quit Its Job of moving the foreign malls. Letters, periodicals, parcels, the postnge on which has been prepaid rtnd delivery of which the Post Offlce has con- tracted to undertake, lie on the piers, awaiting tho hour when men who don't wnnt to work for the pay of- fered to tbem will allow men who do want to work to get on tho Job. Tho Government of tho United States found the malls obstructed nt Chicago In th railway strike of U804. The administration of tho Executive Department of the Government In thnt year was In the hands of Grover Cleveland. He sent soldiers to Chi- cago to protect the men who wanted to work from tho men who did not wnnt them to work. Under the pro- tection of the soldiers the mulls were moved. The public servlco violence had halted wns resumed. The su- premacy of the lnw was Tho Executive Department- - of the United States Government y does not do what Grover Cleveland did. When tho peace of the country Js dls-- fi.rl.ofl If f'nAa nnf urlr in rfnfnnrl r ' if iiM ,wn Wh,n ir Una rintm th law is powerless, the agents of the law th ,.i,innTO llig jrua lit J ..xaav j j a, aju f crnment censes to function. The weakness Is In the Administra- tion. It has all the authotfrjr and nil ! tho power of the Government nt Its hand, but does not use them. The Ad- ministration has surrendered to tho disorderly, nnd the Government is made helpless by Its surrender. King Albert In tho Heart of America. Tho special train bearing the Bel gian royal party eastward from tlia coast sioppeu lor nrteen niin- - utes nt Hutchinson, Kansas, nnd tho I 'ow ot that own remarks that thou - sands of Hutchinson people saw their first real king and queen and King Alhert nnd Queen Elizaiieth saw some real folks \as they looked over the mass of humanity that swarmed around tho station grounds to glvo them a hearty welcome.\ I Hutchinson is not far from tho geographical centre of tho , United States. It knew nil about Belgium because It had sent of its own accord several cnrlonds of Its chief products, Hour salt, to the llelBlan people durlnc the wnr. thn onlv real rendition the lvo believed ternoon upheld. C. stop of the train In Kansas; \the other stops,\ It was- - explained by tti ' ...... , . ui iuiiioriii mm evuu, were merely for n chance of cnclncs.\ Kven If it \had only a few hours for preparation Hutchinson was deter-- , mined that the tlftcen minutes should ' show that it appreciated the honor that had come to It The municipal band did not know the Hclglnn national hymn, but \for-tunnte- ly Director Farney wns able to get the music mid nftcr the hand hud tvnrkfwl nil nftnnmml If svillM r!vn n I ... '. ? thero wcro Hkely to be somo hitches, The train wns to stop In front of the telegraph station; \the committee waited, but the train pulled n hundred f, ards aheadNhrough somebody's bonchcnd Mayor Humphrey nnd one or two members of his committee pushed their way through the crowd on the station platform nnd aboard the trnln Just as It was about time for it to leave. Says the Netcs: \The King shook hands with the Mayor like an American candidate for alderman. \'We're sure glad to see. you.' the Mayor told the King. He tried to work In some 'your royal highness' stuff, but It didn't slip easily oft the tongue of the Mayor. He's not used to talking to kings.\ King Albert snld that he under- stood Hutchinson had 30,000 people nnd that they all seemed to be nt the station. \They nre, every one,\ re- plied Mayor Humphrey. Queen Elizabeth wns invited \to make a few remarks,\ but she smiled and shook her head. \When he speaks,\ nodding toward the King, \I hnve nothing to sny.\ One of the men present assured her she was in Kansas, \where women generally spenk llrst und always hnve as much to sny ns the men.\ \Tho Queen,\ says the .Veic reporter, \appeared Interested, but declined to mnke any public remarks.\ There could be no duubt of the henrtlness of the recep- tion when the royal couple appeared on the platform of the rear ear. The King began, \I wish to thank you for this greeting\ but he did not finish his speech. The train started. Again \somebody's bonchcnd.\ The King nnd Queen wnved ndleu, and nil Hutchinson sang ns It never sang be- fore \Till We Meet Again.\ It wns a glorious fifteen minutes. A dozen or more little girls whose cheeks were kissed by the Queen nnd little Charles Pratz of Pretty Prulrle, who shook hands with the King, will talk nbout It In years to come. \We like that King, he Is democratic,\ said Hutchinson. \We shall never forget Hutchinson,\ said King Albert. And both spoke with sincerity. Those Who Tended Bar. We are Informed that all of Eng. land Is amused over the assertion of a London newspaper that Sir Eric Geddes, the British Minister of Trans- port, was once n bartender In the United States. Sir Rric himself Is reported to have \smiled enigmatic- ally\ when asked tor detnllsX The fact that ho mixes good cocktails is offered as circumstantial evidence 'of his past I But Umt Is In England. On this side of tho water there have been times nnd regions when every social male could mnke a pomblc cocktail. Americans did not leave the delicate task to a butler. To our way of thinking it would be more depressing if it were discovered thnt Sir Eric, after being First Iml of the British Admiralty and a Major-Gener- In her army, had gone and become a bartender. Over here there have been mnny examples of bartend ers who have risen to weulth and to a power that extended beyond tho pre- cinct of the bar. One became a mnstcr Jn flnnnce nnd left not only n fortune of a hundred millions but n memory among Ids associates that his word was unbreakable. Another former bartender became one of tho highest officers of this city's government and n man of the greatest zeal In educa- tional affairs. ' It has been stated repeatedly, nnd without contradiction from tho hero of ,th talc' 'ha JonN Masefield Itcnded bar In Sixth avenue; and when that first class poet paid n visit to Now York a few years ago ho went to call on his former employer nnd to see how the old place wns getting on. We do not believe that Bohest Bridges ever served drinks profession nlly; und sometimes, upon comparing his products with Masefield's, we havo wished he wns as broad in song, if not in experience, ns John is. When wo hear thnt the eminent So- - and-s- o was a bartender or a hod car rIer or Qn efficiency expert In his um.ormed voutn we Uo not lift our eye- - brows. Wc do not even ask whether wng g00ll nt hte cnrlv trn(lc If gIr Emc wns eVcr a bartender wc must assume, from the character of his wider public employment during the war, that ho was a good bartender. Tho Senato was considering a de- ficiency bill. A little Item of (32,000 attracted the attention of Senator h, who asked the Senator in charge of the bill what the money was wanted for. Senator Warren replied: \It la' for tho purpose of clearing up tho expense accounts and effects of what remains of Xho Creel bureau of public Information.\ The sum may, happily, close up tho ex- pense accounts ot tho Creel bureau, but not the \effects and what remains.\ They, If Senator Watson Is correctly Informed, are drawing sustenance from and enjoying activities after their kind in tho Federal Trade Commission. Chicago has a, woman theatre broker \whoeo extortions,\ ways a writer who could Just as easily have written \whoso cleverness,\ explains \tho fact that Chicago theatregoers have to pay $2.50 for a seat they paid only $2 for a year ago.'' It Is time that Chicago, awako to everything else, awoke to tho loveliness of philosophy. It Is Just as unnecessary and nu foolish to pay moro to seo a play than It Is worth as It Is unnecessary and foolish to pay more for a drink than It is worth. Now York long ago discovered this and no longer buys 5 theatre tickets; It philosophically lets visitors from Chi- cago buy 'em. ASTOR THE LAST OF THE STALVi hRT SENATORS. ' Ho and Seven Others Stood to tin End for a Great Principle. To the Editor op The Sun Sir; The death of William Waldorf Astor recalls the Stalwart-Halfbree- d struggle In the ilepubllcan party In this State in 1881. When President GarfleM nominated Will-tar- n H. Robertson to tho United States Sonate for Collector of the Port of New York his confirmation was strongly op- posed by Senators Conkllng and Piatt They resigned their seats, but imme- diately became candidates for reelection. As the contest was progressing Presi dent Garfield waB shot. This fact In tensified the character of tho struggle and It was prolonged for many weeks. finally resulting In the defeat of Senators Conkllng and Piatt. A minority of twenty-nin- e Senators and Assemblymen stood united for their reelection to the last eight Senators and twenty-on- e Assemblymen. Among the Senators who remained steadfast to the end was William Waldorf Astor, and he Is the last of the line of the Stalwart Senators. Among the other Senators who have preceded Astor In their demise were Bra man of Albany, Eldman and Strahan of New York, Halbert of Broome, Will iams of Erie and Wlnslow of Jefferson. The Stalwarts were criticised because of their interpretation of the provisions of the Constitution of the United States upon nominations by the President to the Senate for confirmation. They contended that according to the Constitution such nominations could not be made effective but \by and with tho advice and con- sent of the Senate,\ constituting confir- mation. They insisted on giving virility to that provision of the Constitution. The Halfbrecds regarded it as a substantial nullity. The language of the Constitution of the United States respecting the power of the Senate of the United States In acting upon treaties submitted by the rresldent and nominations to public omce by the President is substantially the same and the unanimous acquies- cence by the people of the United States In the consideration of the present peace treaty submitted by the President is a vindication of the attitude of the Stal- wart movement of 18S1, for which it re- ceived much unjust censure. P. W. CULLINAN. Osweoo, October 23. ENDING IN A MYSTERY Signatures to Business Letters Which Are Hard to Jlake Out. To the Editor op The Su.v. Sir.- - Hav- ing occasion to handle a large amount of correspondence It has often occurred to me tnat in spite of our modern busi-nes- a methods thero still remains room for improvement In one of the chief essentials of correspondence, the signa ture. It seems rather Inconsistent for busi- ness men to spend large sums for office equipment and to pay good salaries to stenographers and tvnlstx tn i nut 4hcir mall In-t- he best possible form and then to spoil the good results of all their trouble by winding lip their letters with signatures which fow persons outside 'of those familiar with their scrawls can decipher without the loss of tlmo and study. Tet the fact remains thnt mnnv hm. ness men persist In adhering to the old method or signing their correspondence with signatures which in some cases would baffle a professional handwriting expert, When they sign their names with the flourishes and the twists and turns that appear essential to them they overlook the fact that In many casea the recipients of the letters will find It a difficult matter to determine from whom the letters came. If some of theao business men would cast aside their old fashioned 'idea that complicated signatures ndd dignity to their letters they would be doing modern business .methods a good turn. Moreover they would be placing less strain on the eyes, nerves and tempers of those who have to decipher their signatures. Obviously trouble could be avoided If every business man would have his typist type his nnme on each letter, and then he could apply his signature under- neath, d. W. New York, October 25, PROTECTING THE FOOLS. A flood Many Things Must Be Pro-lilblt- to Snve All the Idiots. To the EoiTon op The Sun Sir I no- ticed In my morning paper a letter from Boston on Jamaica ginger. For the love of Mike, where Is the fool killer? Why not ndvocate a law prohibiting the growing of apple trees so the small boy will not be tcmnted to eat tli fruit and therefore not need tho ginger? Suppose a few men kill themselves with thnt necessarv household rpmpdr? r. I country can well Spare their kind. I After my morning shave I have been In the habit of using bav rum. nnrf t I cannot any more procure my usual brand ! because, containing D7 per cent, alcohol. it is against the law or too expensive I do not know which to manufacture It. Is It not time for some' one to protest against such fanaticism? And let not your Boston correspondent think I want to drink bay rum or. Ja- maica ginger. I drink nothing stronger than coffee, unless It Is buttermilk. Charles Lerot. Newark. October 23. An Omitted Dedication. Tha xersts. \Tu a Vlollnlat Oone Weat,\ which appeared In The Hun on October 12, ivere dedicated to Sergeant David IIocli-ateln4- lleailquartera Company, 308th but the explanatory Una waa in- advertently omitted. Mr llochateln waa killed flrhtlne In the Areonne on the day before tha armlallca was aimed. A CITY OF WONDER. Past tho upper corner of a preci pice tho moon rodo Into view. Night had, for somo while now, hooded thoj marvellous city. j They had planned it to bo symmet- rical, its maps were orderly, neat; In f two dimensions, that Is In length and breadth, Its streets met and crossed each other with regular exactitude, i with all tho dulness of tho science of j man. Tho city had laughed, as It were, and shaken itself freo ana in tne imra dimension had soared away to consort with all tho careless Irregular things that know not man for their master. Yet even there, even at thosa alti- tudes, man had still clung to hl sym- metry, still claimed that these moun- tains were houses; in orderly rows tho thousand windows stood matching each other precisely, all orderly, nil alike, lest any should guess by day that there might bo mystery here. So they stood In tho daylight. Tho sun set, still they were orderly, as scientific and regular as tho labors of only pan and tho bees. The mists darken at evening. And first tho Woolworth Building goes away, sheer homo and away from any allegiance to man, to take his place among mountains; for I saw him stand with tho lower slopes Invisible In the gloaming while only his pinnacles showed far up in the clearer sky. Thus only mountains stand. Still all tho windows of tho other buildings stood in their regular rows-- all side by sldo in silence, not yet chaiged, as though waiting one fur- tive moment to step from tho schemes of man, to slip back to mystery and romance ngaln as cats do when they steal on velvet feet away from familiar hearths in the dark of the moon. Night fell knd tho moment came. Some one lighted a window, far up an other one shono with Its orange glow. Window by window, and yet not nearly all. Surely, If modern man with his clever schemes held any sway here still he would have turned one switch and lighted them all together; but we aro back with the older man of whom far songs tell, he whoso spirit Is kin to strange romances and mountains. One by one tho windows shine from tho precipices; somo twinkle, some nre dark; man's orderly schemes have gono and we are among vast heights lighted by inscrutable beacons. I havo seen such cities before, and I have told ot them in the Book of Wonder. Hero In New York n poet found a welcome. Dunsant. POE'S ACTOR PARENTS. Ills Mother's Appearance In \The Itomp\ at tho Yauxhall. To the Editor or The Sun Sir: When In town lately searching In quest of both Poo and Yauxhall data T. Alston Brown's books on the stage claimed at- tention. During its existence a number of Thespians who later became famous made their debut or appearance by way of Vauxhall's little theatre. Brown's \History of the New York Stage\ makes a number of errors In Its account of the resort, which was opened on \Juno 25, 1805, and not on May 10, 1S06, as stated. The programme of the first performance Is given In the Amertcoii Citizen as of above, date. The account proceeds: \Delacroix engaged a portion of the Park Theatre company (as they were Idle during the summer) and gave an entertainment called 'Animal Magnetism' and a concert. Among the members of the company was Mr. Poe, the father' of Edgar Allan Poe, who made his first ap- pearance In New York at Vauxliall July IS, 1806. with his wife.\ Reference to the files of the Evening Post shows that \Animal Magnetism\ was produced on July 7, 1S06, and that neither name ap- pears among the cast scheduled to ap- pear. The last night of the season at tho Park Theatre was on Friday, July 4, of that year, and neither Poo nor his wife performed that evening. It may be that Poe belonged to the company, but an extended examination of tho press of the period for the season of IS 06 falls to disclose his name In the programme. Mrs. Poe, however, did play the part of rriscilla Tomboy In \The ltomp: or, A Cure for the Spleen,\ a comic opern in two acts, on July 16, 1806, at Vauxliall and was advertised as being \from the Theatre Philadelphia and her first appearance In this city.\ If It was her debut In New York she could not havo belonged, or at least actively be- longed, to tho Park Theatre company. Mrs. Poe was Elizabeth Arnold, an actress, \who played In the old John Street Theatre and became a favorite with the audience.\ This statement, also made by Colonel Brown, must necessarily be Incorrect If the above advertisement Is accepted as tho truth. Neither she nor her husband. It Is said, possessed a very large amount of dramatic talent, but the former was an excellent vocalist and no mean actress. Poe had a fine personal appcarnnce but, on the other hand, his range was narrow and his manner al- ways remained amateurish. The \Me- morial History\ states that after numer- ous trials he sank at last Into Insignifi- cance, The editor repeats the assertion that he made his first appearance on the stage at Vauxliall. (Vol. lv.: 73, 477.) To continue Colonel Brown's narrative : \In 1S40. under the management of P. T. Barnum, Mary Taylor, afterwards known as 'Our Mary,' made her appearance,\ This Is likewise fallacy, If we can believe the \History of the American Stage' by the\\same Colonel Brown, who re- lates on pago 357 that Miss Taylor was born In New York In 1836 nnd so would have been but four years old at the date mentioned. Our author confirms the error by the further statement that she made her first appearance at a concert at the age of ten, when she sang a scene from \Der Frelschuetz.\ The Colonel certainly \spoiled good paper,\ as the saying Is, In this In stance. The appearance of a number of others Is mentioned, Including William K. Burton In 1842, Charley White In 1843, who Is said to have \first regaled his audiences with melodious strains from the nccordeon\ thnt yearatThallan Hall, 42 Grand street, and later In a minstrel troupe at Vauxhall with William Whltlock, Tom Booth and Barney Will lams. In 1846 Bradford Jones, the lessee, engaged a brilliant company. among mem fjinuy aiestayer (after wards Mrs. Charles J. Houpt) and Frank Chanfrau. Later In that season Malvlna Pray, afterwards Mrs. William J. Florence, appeared. Her sister Maria (Mrs. Charles Mestnyer) became the wife of Barney Williams November 29, 1850. This paragraph Is susceptible to revision and correction, for the state-men- ta made have not been put to tho proof. HorrER Striker Mott, Newburtport, Mass., October 24. A Meifran Musical Query, From the Mexican llevtew. Some supersensitive critical aoul haa found fault with the recent rendition f arand opera In tho old bull rlnr. nn th. ground that It la a deaecratlon. A dese- cration ! of whkt th bull ring? POEMS WORTH READING. Atrophy. Dreadful the atrophy of the body, or any part of It. of Us bones, musclea, vigor or grace. nut yet more abhorrent the inviaiDia atrophy of the mind and aplrlt, whereof the phyalcal deformity la the relentlees symbol. Tha Chlneae mother calling her lltta daughter to her, and telling her thai he muat have her feet bound If ahe ever expects to be married; Then softening the dainty, perfectly formed little members with not water be- fore tha cruel bandages are applied. Tha preaaure exerted aver more rlgoroualy with each rewinding. Tha chlld'i agonlea lncreaalng, to that those who have heard auch a tiny victim's ahrleka echoing through a Chlneae street ay thoy can never loae the horror from memory. Finally, the actual breaking of the bones Inalde the torture bonds aa the feet grow with the years, and their re- duction to the ahattered rulna deemed the acme of beauty, and by ghaatly parody compared to lllleal Such the symbol, ao abhorrent In Itaeir, and no leaa In its algnlflcance for an thwarting and crushing of tha functions and potencies of life. Tha age long and still Inflicted loss and anguish, through the miscarriages or Beauty, Uaa and Joyt Atroohyl Of delight In Nature's Inconceivable wealth of form and color; Of Innocent glee In wholeeome humor. aughter, and freedom of spirit; Of keen relish, without gluttony or abuae. of delicious foods and drlnka; Of rapture In Sex and lta Incalculable en hancement of the rlchneaa and seat of human experience; Ot Joy In auperb architecture, painting and aculpture; Of the revivifying gladnesi of friendship and tha thrilling emotional contacts of frank comradeship; Ot glory In tha aura senae ot a divine Jus tice, Guidance and Love, working vlctorloualy eyen In and through all human enmity, resistance and blind- ness. Yes, atrophy of all these, that might make f the world a Paradlae now thonged and wasted by Ignorance, tyranny of wealth, and aelflshnesa. traitorous to .conscience and human- ity, and aa cruel and needless aa the tolls that cruah the Chlneae baby'a feet. the loaa! the sheer, Irreparable loss, deprivation and failure, appalling. Immeasurable! Tou Listener! can you not then hear the cries of torment. Inaudible to the outward ear, yet ever more piercing and poignant to the Inner aenae, of this portentous atuntlng and crip- pling of the aplendor of life? As Indignantly then aa you would tear the barbaroua wrapplnga from the auffer-In- g baby's feet If you could, Aa gladly aa you would work thla rescue even at peril to your own safety, Spare not to remove the Invisible fetters and torturing banda from aa many lives of your fellow men and women aa you In a sustained yet 'erltably breathleas eagernesa can reach, No matter at what penalty to your own eaao and petty safety. Arousel Euot WniTt A Ixmly Warning. O tabor, watch the pig. For you can learn from him; Though little, fat or big, He etlll knows how to swim. If In the water he Should fall, he straightway starts To strike out valiantly Ha needa no maps nor charta. He doean't give a groat How many othera drown: ' Tt awlmming cuta hla throat, And thua hlmaelf goea down. W. W. WniTXLOOK. Back to Aladdin! From the F.iison StcnMyi. 'Insistent. Incessant, these modem de mands, I believe I shall try to de camp, I want to go back to Aladdin,\ said the weary old Slave of the I.amp. \I made them all coffee for breakfast. I browned toast slice after slice, I coddled the egga (hens' not roca eggs, but still eggs of fabuloua price), I sucked all the dust from the carpeta, I polished the brass till It gleams. I ran the machine for Miss Susie, the while she waa sewing her seams; I washed a tub full of lllc nothtngs, and Ironed them while they were damp. All menta! tasks for a Genius like me,\ said the weary old Slave ot tho Lnmp. \I heated the water and ton els for my lady to have her shampoc I treated her scalp, and I patiently fanned till her hair was all dry through and through, I warmed and massaged her old grandpa, who fancies he's getting the gout, I played a full hour for the young folks to dance, I lighted the houee. In and out, Now I want to go back to Aladdin, a laiy and lovable acamp; The leisurely East, not the strenuous West, Is my choice,\ said the Slave of the Lain ii. Eon A. Coiuvtoitn. Hla riunder. from tSs Kansas Citu Star. A man will chase a dollar aa a dog would chaae a hare. And after it he runs up hill, down dale, and everywhere. And as he keeps pursuing It for mady a ry nine , It seems aa If 'twas shrinking, growing smaller al! the while. When flrst he. starts out after It Its size Is hMge, Immense, But when he catches It at last It looks like thirty cents. Texntsok J. Din. , niches. Frut tht Montreal Dailv Star. O I am rich In that this day Is mine This dainty day that delicately nalks The (lowered world, stepping on freighted stalks. Burning late Incense at the popples' shrine And peeping through the treaaea of the' vine. And rich am I In every wind that talka, In every crumbling cloud that lightly chalks The acroll of blue: moat rich In life's rich wine. Dearer the gold of freshly minted atar Or colnn.l moon than all that misers hoard: Dearer the peRrls each morning fling- - afar In glad largease than gems In darknees aiorea. Count me not noor until I fall tn nin Silver from streams and diamonds from me rain. Cl.ASl M.CDE, OiSlIIT. To the Loganberry, My penny whistle I would pipe To celebrate the loganberry. So rich and round and full and ripe, Peer of the erst Manhattan cherry. Distilled with skill that wonder wakes, Compact of sweets like Hyblt's honey, I loudly shall aver It takea All almoat all, that la my money. Though Ttarchus must recut his coat, And Bacchus' pards be turned to kit- tens, Repine not I neadjust your throat; Fling old time brews a set of mltttna. How luscious Is the logan! Yea, As lucent syrups tlnct with clnna. Wink at the ba,rkerp, say you! I'ray. , Don't or aa Scota ojhl have It, dlnna. And aa you sniff lta choice bouquet You'll think of new mown fields of 'daisies. Or daffodtla that nod, or hay Whereon the poet Pye poured praiaea. Now that Its virtues all are reckoned, Come, pour libations ot the logan! (But, Hebe, never mind a second .Qna la sufficient for a slogan), MitTaics Moans. The Sun Calend ar THE WEATHER. n,rrl.?3a,!l!rn New Yf-CIo- udy, showers warm.. . south portion: north,, probably ahowcra In soinh \ tlon; cooler; fresh south wind For New Jersey Cloudy nrl i with Probably ahowera to.m,r' threatening, with probably iw.?0 rate aouth wlnda. mod. For northern New warmer, with probably ahowfr. iV\ wlX\0\ el'T and rn.&1 For southern New warmer, with probably snowfr. fj.\1 w.\nT..rr0W l0Udr \d \TVr..hl0;;j! nl,0rr,hw:,.Ctl0w,nrd:.n1 \\ A WASHINGTON, Oct. 13 high off the 'Atlantic coltt' .Si\!\\ the Northwest Stat., and \la ei V\ fir KS.tS. SSKS af States east of the ItocCy Mountains have been ralna wlthlii the last t'w.J I' '\\\hou\ the middle Atlantic'' the Ohio and upper Mississippi the region ot the arrest .i'f'.'M ij?-0.'?- .\. y\ the Northwe.t Statea .n fiwnjr mountain and p ateau weather will remain \S? i,.! and Monday In the south Atlantic sfsi.'. and be unsettled with Probably rLJ! elaewher. east of the illsstsslpl ill\ ii,' lng Sunday and Monday. tanl.?l ihL'L9 Su&day I\ the mladhX ini\S \5d Nbw. England States and ni Sunday and Monday In the the groat lakes and Sunday nfrh 1 Monday In the Ohio Valley and Tens,.4. Observations at United States Bureau elation, taken at P eSh,' seventy-flft- h meridian time: rr. . Rainfall Abilene H 70 M fin Albany 70 M 30.10 n CM Aflantl r..w r ..Clouir CS 30.14 .. cioudr .Baltimore.. ..'.1 to U 30.11 - cioucr lltsmarck is 13 30.M Tr. Snow . Ilntlnn K1. 4i 30.16 .. Clouto uunaio ei 68 29 82 1 Cloud 30.11 .. Oar Chlcaro ',', 63 El 2SS8 .01 Clouir fMnrtnnalt re 19.90 . It. Cldy Cleveland ,' n 29.S4 . Clear Denver 40 91 I3.M .. Clouiif Detroit 70 6S 19.78 M Cloulr Galveston... SO fO 30.no Pt Vltf Helena IS 4 20 98 Clur Jntlc annvllT.. 30.10 ri... Kansas City.'.'.'.\ 41 29.9S Tr, Cloudj ixjs Angeles.. 60 t2 Alllwaukra... 62 48 S6 .38 Rsinln.- - MM .. clear Oklahoma in City .. Oloudj j'nuaaejpnia... GO L' J Chad TMfahtirr 6i 6f rfi. ' Portland. Me.V. to 30.20 uoudr Pnrtlnntt On. ji 10UO! 30.00 .. Cioudr Salt Lake City 40 3: 19 M 6S It CM. Ran Antnmn. o 74 .. Clear oan i rancleco.. M f4 30.02 Ot It. Cld an uieto.... (2 64 9 58 .an rinn- - 6? MS6 .i: Clear Waahlnrton\\ 60 64 SO. 12 Cloud! LOCAL WEATHER JIECOIIDS. Humidity mil Wind Wlnd-velo- clty direction '.'.' s. 14 E Weathor Precipitation . . . . . . . ' t l.y CIouJ! .'sons The temperature In this ,?.\? thB offlclal thermoS is in the annexed tabic: 8 A. M is 1 n it t. . - .. P M It a. m '63 irisi;::? 8 P. M...II \A.M. ..53 4 P.M. ..61 9 P. M . II \M 63 6 P.M... 60 10 P M. .11 1918. nn. a A. .M. . ,61 67 6 P. M . . 68 (I !51 43 5 9 P.M. ..88 II 1 . . .04 67 12 MM si 11 Highest temperature, 61 at 4 P M ' Loest temperature, 48 at 8 A. M. Average temperature, 64. EVENTS TO-DA- neI?i!\riA!b?rt will receive the membel ?Li. BTleUn E\onomlc Mission and tti ,,,ranch the Commutes tor Relief In Belgium at the Waldorf, S P M. America and Democracy tmthe Orlim Y m'c AY 3FpaM\ E' W'lbur' WMt Sld' \America Whither Coest Thou'\ iJ. V est Side y. M. C. A.. 4 P. M TIJ8 Six o'clock Whistle,\ addrtii b; By ' Guthman, West Side V. !. C A, 6:15 p. M. n.\1!\\11 and Food,\ address by Pr C Hra\denburg West Side Y. M. C A, a,'ll P. M. w.\Th.?. Fairies Beautiful.\ etorr br Miss KUa J. Simons at the Stony Hour it the Metropolitan Museum uf Art, 3 r M Church of the Silent Demand meets it tn; Hotel MoAlpln. 10:45 A. M .M.e.\ Unity School of Christianity, McAlpIn, 3 P. M. Fellowship Post .No. 1, American meets at Y. M. H. A. headquarters. Moil!' p\?\ ,treBt and Lexington aienje, I \The Education of Henry Ada-n- i nd the Riddle of Life,\ address bj Dr Jots L. Elliott. Brooklyn Society for Ethial Culture, 11 A. M. Services First hlit-c- nf nK4n- - firln;. Waldorf. 11 A. M. 1 Id Roosevelt Memorial meeting, West Si II Y. M. C. A.. 4 P. M. (! Memorial meeting of the friends of l V Jin. imam Hlalkle. nnsioa'Ts House, Avenue Ii, between Ninth Tenth streets, 4:!0 P. M. Mrs. Ruth H. Cohen, directress of fb dren'a Activities, will talk to cub iesit'1 on \Programmes for Clubs, ' Ne:sbbo-- ' hood House, Stuyveaant and Ninth stm't 6 P. M. School of craftsmen exhibition to 1\ the necessity of practical tralnlnir In tt; Industrial arts. Architectural Lesjue. !.j West Fifty-seven- atreet, 11 A M to I Flrat in a aerlea of eight lectures to M given on successive Sundays b Pr Flip Adler, Ethical Culture Meeting Houss, 1 West Sixty-fourt- h street. 11 A M Study hour talk by Miss Jrace Coral I of Teachers College, Metroiio Han MuaH.a of Art, ;:30 P. 31. Brooklyn Civic Fnrum. addriss b Rev. John Howard Melli.h v\ Morals and Old Sins,\ Puh,i ? hoi Glenmore and Stone aienut s I' M Crlswell Club, reception Ainft. Hotel Mc'Alpin, ::S0 P M , \Bolshevism. Its True S.gr id. sice srl Real Dangers,\ by S. A. He K r wjvli alngj inar hv Mto ni.H,. Vni.T.in .t.itu H ft the Hoard of Education. Publi h'1\1 'f 111th street near Lextngt n P. M. Prof. Thomas S. Lonergan 'I \ ' on \Early Christian tre'a- d ' mellte School Hall. 3.'S i'.n' street. 4 P. M. Seven days celebration of tp nlversary of the Old J.'h'i -- ' M'\ dlst Episcopal Chur, h, \p. i, : '.', and love feast, address h t\ t \ , Candler of Georgia, 4 4 JMin ' ' \The Mass Mind: l's twu ' ? plied to Nations,\ nddress n Pethlck-Lawrenc- e of England t'\ '\J munlty Church Forum. Cib' l .Meeting Houso, ! West Slt jrth l! 8:15 P.M. Oratorio, Carlsslml a tei Olive Kline. Elisabeth St ' Kimball, Charles i, ,. , Jin.-- . Stnnlpv. antnlsts. dtrei'ted Ii 1 nell. Church of the Pllfl i.s 8 P. M lianilltnn Unit adlfor ul '.UdeP' dent,\ v.111 talk on \Tit league nf .If tlons.\ and Miss Laurie w the violin, V. M. C. A . T. i, ri atre branch, 4 P. M. t Memorial tribute to Trie, i H \ address by tho Ite lr p -l man, Bedford aenuc mil Brooklyn, 2:3(1 P. M Question and unawer s. by Carlyle II. llan hla prophetic Bible additus a p. Prof. M. J. Stolee of I'\ Ills experiences In Po ,tn Rations of Holy Trtnlt an ' Church of the Adv. w ! Ninety-thir- d street, 8 P V Illustrated books of t,. turles, Stuart Galleries. ' prints, New York I.lbra- - atreet and Fifth avenue Exhibition of mode' pjgmy camp In the 11' s lean Museum of Na'u' I .1 Exhibition of tapestries from private collections seum of Art. Nen York Society f' lecture by Ralph r torlcal Parallel.\ ood East K.Otli street. 11 M Society for Blolog a In Its Relation to O\ ' ) by W Marchard.-.'- i She' l. M Parade and metnor'a planting by the John I\ ' A. I., for comrades i. \. A. c Armor). Klngsbrldce road. hss.\i United Society of Pi a Richard l.j\ n sermon by II 'ti \Your Power to Mould U Alpln. 3 P M . r \The Call to Reconst. . n\ ii series of sermons on ctc'l Rev. Dr. W P. Merri ' .Vi ' Fifth avenue and Thlro sc \ r P. M. t

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