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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, August 19, 1916, Image 1

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fTHE WEATHER \FORECAST. Jffclr to-da- y and j tiot much change in temperature. Hlghtft tptrtir yttttrdajr, tt: lownt, N. Detailed weather, mail and marina r sports en page . IT SHINES FOR ALL ii VOL. LXXXIII. NO. 354. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, AUGUST 19, 1916. Copyright, IH. by the Suit Prlnllso and PublUMnp AuoeUMon. ONE CENT la Greaier nir im Haw itewsra. York. 1 J TWO KlMwIifn CENTS. CZAR'S TROOPS FIGHT 3 MILES INTO HUNGARY Army Now Storming Aus- trian Position on Peak Near Korosmezo. PIERCE PASS NEAR TRANSYLVANIAN LINE flen. Brusiloff, by Terrific Assaults, Reaches Road Leading to Budapest. OPENS WAY FOR DRIVE ON SOUTH TO LEMBERG Russians Also Break Down Desperate Attacks Along Zlota Lipa. Pctrociuc, Aug. IS. The Russians fcira advanced three miles Into Hun (try and are storming Austrian posi tions on a mountain peak near Koros me so, at the western (Hungarian) end of Jablonltw pass. From Korosmezo runs the railroad that leads down Into the fertile plains of Hungary, the Im- portant granary of the Teutonic Powers. (Jen. BrusllofTs army has fought Its way tnrougn me Jauioniiza pan a.ons the line of this railroad by hard tight- - tag on. the wooded Carpathian peaks and ravines. Home days ago the Rus- sians took the town of Jablonltza. at the eastern (Oallclan) end of the pans. At the aime time the Russian offen- sive further north, along the Zlota Upa front,' grows stronger. The de-ti- n lined Austrian counter attacks have not stopped It permanently and salna In several part of that front are announced.--- ' Flere Flghtla Peak. Hungary has been entered at Its northeastern corner, not far from the Tranaylvanlan border. The point where the fighting Is going, on now Is the summit of the Carpathian range, and the Russian urmy and their Austrian adversaries have had fighting of the tame sort an that on the Italian front, amid mountain peaks and boulders unil In the forests. The Russians advanced along die rail- roads from Htanlslau and. Kolomea, In Gallcla, which converge at Delatlu and then in through Jablonltsa Pass. Once through the pass, running through Korosmeto, this railroad goes south west, approximately, along tho line of the Thelss River to Bslgeth, a distance of some l.'.O miles, and on to Budapest. Tlits railroad andathe valley of the Thess probably will be the llpe, of the Kuslan advance for the early part of the Invasion of Hungary. The first considerable town on the road, once Korosmezo Is passed. Is Rahov. relate Way to Leaabers;. This success of the Russians etrasghtens out their line south or the advances about Stanlslau and Hallcs m the southern drive for Lemberg. It does more than thst, however, for It makes possible a dunking movement upon the whole Austro-Ger.-na- n front from Plnsk in Lemberg. which would hi turn com- pel a withdrawal far to the north. It their advance Into Hungary Is main tslr.ed the consequences will be of great importance. Hungary would be a rich prlij for the armies of the Ciar and a heavy loi t.; the Central Power. Hungary Is tn treat wheat ixowlng. cattle raisins ti of the lustra-Hungaria- n empire, and It has many valuable mines and am- munition works. Russian occupancy would cut the Central Powers off from these much needed and valuable supplies and give them to the Russians. ear Korosmeto, where the Russians save let foot on this proline country, ore copper and lead mines of great value In making munitions, and gold and sliver. A little to the northwest are sheep grazi- ng lands, and immediately to the south are thick forests and a region about ho.osjvar where pigs and sheep are JfHed. As the Russians go further Into Hungary wheat fields will become more frequent. The south and east look like aaniai, so wide are the fields. Take Height by Storm. To the north, In the operations to take Lemberg from the south, the Russians Iroie forward a little their wedge below stanlilau, and took Lyalets, seven miles southwest of It on the Bystrltxa-Solot-'In- On the western bank of the same liver the Russians took by storm a se- ries of heights toward Ardielux. On the Zlota Mpa front, where the Austrian and Germans, aided now by the Turks, have made a stand after be- ing driven back on n wide front, the iluulans withstood violent counter at-c- k an day. The War Office says a new advance la expected there soon. ANGLO-FRENC- H GAINS. Vleterlea Reported Aloagr the Somsse and at Verdaa, Tonmn. Aug. 18. Anglo-Frenc- h sue-ten- ts on the Homme front and at Ver-au- more towns threatened, hills and ranches stormed, slant machine and ,00 Hermans taken prisoners are Berlin admits reverses. TO village of Maurepas In and about \hlch there has been severe righting for last week. Is almost entirely In Jnnch hands. After beating back the uiei uerman counter attacks after atirday's gains there The French set) W to clear the vlllgge.enUrely of Ger- - Bant, It was desperste house to house fight - Cea Hatted PARALYSIS PUTS OFF PRINCETON OPENING Action Taken to Prevent Car rying Disease Into Univer- sity Town. rlNCTOM, N. J., AUf. II. TO ObVl ate the danger or Infantile paralysis to students and residents iof Princeton President John Drier Hlbben, after meeting with the Princeton tfoard of Health and the university committee on sanitation, to-d- decided to postpone the regular opening of the unlvenlty from September 26 to October 10. The action Is precautionary, but It teemed beet In view of the existence of Infantile paralysis In sections of the country from which the university's students are drawn. AFTE1 HUNGARY'S WHEAT OOP Voi Batockl of German Food Board Negotiating, fa Report. London, Aug. 18. An Kxchange Tel graph Company despatch from The Hague, says: \llerr von Batockl, president of the German food regulation board. In the course .of an Interview with a Hun- garian Journalist said negotiations are progretsslng between Berlin and Buda- pest with a view to Inducing Hungary to turn over the surplus of the Hun- garian wheat crop to Germany. Heir von Batockl said: 'We hope Hungary will do this In the general Interest of our cause.' \ DEUTSCHLAND SAID TO BE AT BREMEN Private Berlin Advice Reports Arrival Thursday Seen at Sea Aug. 10. Gkneva. Aug. IS. A private telegram receive! y from Berlin by the Keue ZuHchtr Xettunfl says that the 'German submarine Deutschland arrived safely yesterday it Bremen from the United State;. Th Deutschland salted August 1 and passed outside the Virginia rapes August S. If she arrived Thursday she made about the same time as on her outward voyage. Saw the Deatsehlaad.\ Nswrorr Nsws, Va., Aug. II. The reptain or a Norwegian steamer which arrived -- In Hampton Roads for bunker coM stated to-d- he psssed tteDeutach-lotn- l August 10. The submarine was under full sail. The cnptaln said he tool: her for a sailing shin in distress. He tecelved a reply which said she was the Deutschland. The Deutschland had collapsible masts fore and aft. Interned Sailors Delighted. Norfolk. Va Aug. II. News of the reimrted safe arrival of the Deutschland nt Bremen caused real delight among the sailors of the auxiliary cruisers Cltel Frieelrlch and Kronprlnz wlthelm. In terneil at the Norfolk Navy Yard. Report recelied here to-d- Indicate that the British submarine depot ship Adamant, which was attending two Rrltlth submarines, Is still near the United Rates coast. She is said to be within 200 lilies of New York. CHEAP GASOLENE MOVOfO EAST. Garaare Men Here Paying; S3 Ceate In l.OOJI Gallon Lots, Enstwi, d (he wave of gasolene redue Hon Is sweeping, although no reduction In the price of the Standard Oil product was reported from No. 26 Broadway yesterday. The price to the middle men, the garage keepers who buy In 1.000 gallon quantities, continued yes- terday at 23 cents, a figure naturally lower than that which the public paid for Its motor Juice. Tin United Press yesterday collated statistics on gasolene prices and showed the middle West from Denver to Chicago Is enjoying thejowest prices In the coun- try. Chicago and Den Moines quoted 17 ' cents, and other cities gave on aver- age of IS and 1$ cents. The ton price In that territory la being paid by Denver, 24 and 25 cents, while St. Louis gasolene Is selling at 2Hi cents. Detroit Is pay- ing 10 cents, Indianapolis 21, Buffalo 23 and Albany 2S cents. FOR POLAND'S AUTONOMY. Germany aad Aastrla Held to Have llracbrd an Agreement, London. Aug. 19. According to spe- cial despatches to Dutch newspapers, says the Exchange Tolegrnph's Amster- dam correspondent, Germany and Aus- tria have reached an agreement provid- ing for the recognition of autonomy of Poland. The despatches add that nn announce- ment to this effect has been made In Warsaw. MAYOR SHOWS HE'S GOOD SHOT. Makes 34 Oat of PosaihU 33 t nine Practice Pi.ATTBL-no- . N. V.. Aug. las In the rifle practice of Company II, Ninth Training Regiment, at the Camn of Military Instruction y Second Lltut. John Purroy Mitchel. Mayor of New York, made a total of 24 out of n possible 25 and was beaten by only one man In the company. Private Ralph May of Boston, who finished with a perfect score. Among the visitors to the camp y was Chief Justice White of the United States Supreme Court. SHIP SALES TO U. S. BARRED, BUI NoW Before British Parlia- ment Mkrlr la Pass. lyiUMW All, is. American shinning companies will be forbidden to buy or acquire any Interest In British .ships dur in the war or for three yenrs there' after by the new shipping bill now be- - m Tk. hill U llb.lv in iure 1 ni ii.iiiki... paa, as It has Government backing. Shipping men believe It will restrict seriously the expansion of companies i in Pn.lml but. controlled bv foreign capital. The bill prevents any nose .Mint leersjaaisaa, la raw aon-oera- ea esjt U MM. m, ivr ui uerman naa rorunea several company, wnerever reejuieroa, wnn con-J\'t- a\ In ruined houses In the north- - trolled by foreigners, from acquiring any wettern part, which, with machine gunl interest in British ships. were taken only at r4 coet The International Mercantile Marine, SHIP BILL JAMMED THROUGH CONGRESS Senate Democrat Vote For Nand Republicans Against 950,000,000 Measure. UNDERWOOD IS CRITICAL Predicts Failure of Govern- ment Ownership Plan and Attacks President. Washington-- , Aug. It. After a fight extending over two years the Ad minis tration has succeeded In jamming through Congress Its fSO.000.000 Gov- ernment ownership shipping bill. The much discussed and much amended measure passed the Senate this afternoon by a vote of Jl to SI, Every Democrat voting was recorded In favor of the bill. Kvery Republican who voted was In opposition. Senator Johnson, Maine, Democrat, who it In a desperate struggle to hold his seat asked that an announcement be made that he was paired In opposition. Manifestly Government ownership and operation of merchant vessels Is not an attractive platform on which to Invite votes In Maine this year. Not only does the passage of this measure mark the biggest and most radical venture In Government owner- ship ever undertaken by the United States but It also brings Into being a new commission which will have broad powers over the shipping Interests of this country, such as are now exercised by the Interstate Commerce Commission over railroads. Underwood t'hldee Wilson. The passage of the bill drew from Senator Underwood, Alabama, a notable speech In which he, one of the leading Democrats of Congress, reviewed the platform pledges broken by the Wilson Administration and chlded the President and his followers for failure to put Into effect the .' per cent, discriminating duty on goods Imported Into the United mates In American bottoms. This duty was provided in the Under- wood tariff la-- , but the Administration refrained from enforcing It because de creasing revenues made It neceasary to grasp even- - dollar to avoid a bond Issue. The lower court already has held that these duties should have been refunded and as. the case now stands tho Govern rnenta la i obligated to pay back about 110,000,000 la duties. The refund has been held up through an appeal to the Supreme Court Mr. Underwood charged that If this original dlscrlsnlnatlnR duty had been paid to American vessels the present plan for Government acquisition and ownership of merchant shipping would have been unnecessary. Mr. Underwood sharply criticised the Administration for having dealt American shipping a blow through the repeat of the Tanama free tolls provision In violation of the Demo- cratic platform. The Alabama Senator predicted that no ships would be acquired by the Gov- ernment under the bill passed be- cause It would be Impossible to buy them, und that the Government would have to build Its own vessels, probably In Its own. navy yards. He further predicted that at the close i of the war. when normal conditions arc restored, this Government, unless its ships are admitted to the coastwise trade, will find that Its etssels cannot compete with foreign shipping and that It Will have to resort to subsidies or dis- criminating duties to keep the American flag on the high seas. Civil Service Applied. j Amonr the amendments adopted In the closing hours was one reducing the sala- ries of the five shipping commissioners from 110.000 to 17,500 a year and another putting the clerks and employees 01 me commission under civil service. Senator Thompson offered an amend- ment, which was accepted, directing the Secretary of the Treasury to refuse clearance papers to any foreign ship that refused to carry American products. Hepatoi Borah-offer- ed the Immigra- tion bill as an amendment to the meas-ur- e, but was voted down. Senator Hard- ing offered nn amendment forblddfng foreign built ships the privilege of enter-In- g Into great lakes trade, but this was rejected, as was the amendment offered by Senator Oalllnger to exclude ships ac- quired under the terms of the pending h'.ll from coastwise trade. Senator Harding nlso offered an .m.n,im.nt to exclude foreign built ships fiom the toastwlse trade, but Senator Underwood denounced the coastwise shipping as the greatest monopoly In the world and the amendment was voted down. When Senator uauinger cniaru him because of the attitude of the Presi- dent nnd the Democrats In Congress, which made the repeal of the Panama free tolls provision posilble, the Senator from Alabama ucciareu ubi 11. nnnitv had nminsed the repeal. \I accepted the platform declaration of my party at Baltimore as expressive of my views In the matter and It Is still my policy.\ said Mr, Underwood. \I have not changed. I thought the repeal was a mistake then and I still think so. ehin. rannot be obtained by the Govern ment because they ore not for sale. Wo are discussing something here that will never happen. wa publican, wjonung. Will Btrennthen Defence. \Not nt nil.\ replied Senator Under- wood. Government, finding that II cannot buy the ships, will spend 150,000,-00- 0 new ships that will lie available for auxiliary cruisers, army transports and arm of the Govern- ment will be strengthened.\ The bill passed by the Senate y had previously won in the House, It will now go to conference. In the last Con- gress the bill was urged as nn Adminis- tration measure, but revolt of Senate ivmocrats prevented Its passage. It had to be materially modified In tbls session to in nrt-..i.- .ui'i'itfi, ...a new bill will not affect shipping on rivers or Internal waterways, but Is to ap- ply to the oversea shipping and to tho great lakes notwithstanding strong pro-tea- ts from lake carriers. Administration of system Is to be under the shipping board of five corn- - mlatloners to be appointed by the Preel- - dent subject to confirmation the Senate. The first commissioners are to hold for two. three, four, five and six years respectively and as their terssa ajplra they shall he MMlWti tar us wa HURRICANE SWEEPS LOWER TEXAS COAST Militiamen, Driven From Tents, Camp Out in Browns- ville' City Hall. WIRES TO CITIES DOWN Corpus Christl Summer Homes Wrecked by Wind Ves- sels in Danger. San Tex., Aug. II. The lower Texas coast Is feeling the first fury of \an approaching hurricane which having swept up Into tho Gulf of Mexico from the Yucatan Channel Wednesday night now Is starting Inland. At Corpus Christl, Brownsville and other points wind velocities of seventy riles an hour have been reported. forecasters say the crisis will be passed by morning, and between now and dawn coast points may expect to feel the terrific sweep of winds at ISO miles an hour. the regulars and the militia men stationed at Fort Brown, Browns ville, were forced to leave their quarters and take refuge In the city hall and other nubile buildings, according to scrappy reports which came through by army wireless. The troops arrecteu were Illinois. Iowa and Virginia regi- ments. They took two days rations with them. City Mar Be Dark. A Government wireless to Sam Houston at S.3S o'clock said that man Hay already has reintroduced the trouble at the lighting station at Browns- - nrmy bill in the House, eliminating vllle might leave the city In darkness, only the objectionable provision concern-an- d that the water supply Is In danger. Ing retired officers but also entire The Illo Grande was rising, message section of the bill which Included nml nl irashrfuts had been re- - modified Articles of War. potted. I Gen. Parker, commanding, ordered temporary abandonment of all military encampments. The wooden buildings of the Iowa camp were blown down, i Illinois camp was under water, the horses of Illinois Guard suffered greatly fiom exposure,-muc- equipment has been lost and all roads were Impassable. Fort Sam Houston at 11 o'clock re- ported the following inemage from a field wireless ststlon erected at n, Tex., via the big radio at Dronws-vlll- \Half of New York National Guards- men's tents down and nearly that many at Llano, Grande, Mercedes and Mis- sion. Thirty thousand soldiers sleeping In publtp buildings. Four, and one-ha- lf Inches of rain fell here. There la a lull now, but new. atom Is reported, comlng-fro- the east.\ k All wires to Brownsville were down, but the Marconi station here continued to work with the army wireless, and late ht . Gen. Funston got word that there seemed to be slight lull In Whether this preliminary to the real blast, or whether it wai the calm in the centre of disturbance, no one would venture to say. rice to Malalaad. Summer residents on Padre Island Beach fled to mainland at Browns- ville early In the day, being warned of the approaching storm. Kluhlng vessels! also hurried Into harbor and were made as safe as possible. The steamer Pilot Boy of the Texas and Gulf Steamshfp Company of Halves ton. however, was caught In the storn Tand was In 5 of Mr. This were twelve men In crew. Three of them have been washed ashore at Port Aransas, twenty miles from Corpus Christ). It Is reported, but this cannot be verified. Both telegraph companies have re- - ported all wires down In all directions. so that communication Is Impossible even by circuitous routes, with the lone excep- tion of a single telephone wire from Corpus Christl to Dallas, which worked for a while CORPUS CHRISTI HIT. Gale Wrecks Summer Cottages and Damage Rasluesa Building. Conmis Ciiristi, Tex,, Aug. (By telephone to Dalian). -- But few details of the storm's work south or north of here had been received early i Corpus Christl, howev gale car- - rled almost everything T before It. In Its wake It left demolished sum- mer cottages along beach front here, thousands of dollars damage to buildings In the business section and a heavy sea running In bay. Waves whipped over beach In the northern section of the city, throwing small craft ashore and carrying up debris from score of docks and small bathing pavilions. Lloyd's pier, a pleas- ure resort which Juts out over the water 1,000 feet, had been almost completely demolished at 6 o'clock. Fronting the business section, built on beach proper, is a four foot break- water. Heavy were breaking ovtr that. Thus far there has been no loss nf life, according to available reports. Am- ple warning the storm, It said, had been given. SAFE AT BROWNSVILLE. Itadlo Messagtr Nays Damage There Was ' the wind during the day reached velocity of sixty miles an hour. The barometer marked 29.27 during the middle of the afternoon, but at o'clock It rote to 29.55. At dark the territory In the of storm extended from Corpus Christl to Tamplco, Mexico. There was then no sign of abatement. The wind, starting from northeast, later changed to the southwiiaf, blowing out to sea. Hamate here consisted mostly of broken Plato. glass windows nnd levelled fences and trees. Hundreds of army tents are down and the troops are mov- ing Into city,, Communication by and telegraph is lost. Point Gulf coast resort, re- port'', late y that all well there. The steasrer Raccoon at Tamplco sent radio here reporting ground swell there. Motor Transports Delayed. Columbus, N. M., Aug. II. Reports from the south ht tell of heavy rains In the territory occupied the American punitive expedition, caus'ng great dJeooasforVJa ifta cash sad aet or transports. \Then tne ue ,n... ... . iiB0WKbVltLg. Tex.. Aug. IS. via radio ' the Senator's hl\'n ' ,h.y 'to the Associated Press to Han Antonio, wilt never \i\' \Ur'\rK 'Vl,Tex.-Dam- age here from the hurricane pusses?\ remarked , , 0 oVlock ,.,, \The building the n gel made the by thereafter y Antonio, Weather the , not the the the slit, the the a the wind. was i the the the the a was ll 5 telephone a a a ARMY BILL VETOED AS JOKER IS FOUND Wilson Blocks Plan to Abolish Courts-marti- al for He-.tir- ed Officers. ACTION A REBUKE TO HAY May Delay Preparedness Fro-gramm- e and Put Off Con- gress Adjournment. Washington. Aug. President Wil- son to-d- unexpectedly vetoed the army appropriation bill, carrying 27.000,000 for preparedness and many Important features of Administration's national defence programme. An obscure provision s'.lpped Into bill by Chairman Hay of the House Mil- itary Affairs Committee when It was In conference was responsible the Presi- dent's action. This provision removed re- tired nrmy officers from liability spe- cial service and court-marti- proceed- ings. The President denounced the pro- vision as dangerous to discipline and probably unconstitutional. The vetoing of this Important measure constituted a significant rebuke to the chairman of the House Military Affairs Committee. Mr. Hay declined to com- - mint on the action of the President, bui he thowed embarrassment. Whether the President's veto will re- sult In delaying the preparedness pro- gramme and putting off the adjournment of Congress remain to 1. .n. Chair. These modified articles were urged by President and Secretary of War. and Senator Chamberlain, chairman of the nate Committee on Military Affairs, 1\'.\nno,uncd ,h wl he !\ ,h ' 1 Introduced In Senate. This means that the army appropriation bill win lie inrown into conference again, wnere the tight between Hay and the Administration win be fought out. Mar Recall Democrats. Ir Representative Ifv hmii,i nm.in Insistent, a call probably will have to be sent Democratic members, mmv nf whom have returned to their districts to iook artcr their political fences. ' It has been reported that the TTiv Joker was Inserted In the army bill In the Interest of Gen. Alnsworth. retired. who .desired to publish his side of the ell fcrrown amy controversy between himself and Gen. Wood. It was rumored' that Gen. Alnsworth had even written a hok. which would .make Its appearance as mon as tnere was no danger or court 'martial. Mr. Hay from the beginning of the controversy, has been a supporter of latter. Mr. Hay has denied emphatically that he consulted Oen. Alnsworth or any one else in regard to the legislation, or that It was Intended to help Alnsworth. He has Insisted that courts martial of retired army officers wa unnecceHary and ought to be nbollshed, as they could bo reached by the State courts for serious offense. Mr. Hay denied that Oen. Alnsworth, i far as he knew, was think- ing of publishing a book, The action of the President In killing this Hay provision has aroused all the more comment because of the fact that In latter provision filled the vacancy In Judge advocate general's office and de- scribed In such detail the qualifications that only one man was capable of filling It. This man was Judge Carson of Vir- ginia, a friend of Chnlrman Hay. Mr. Hay was recently appointed to a life Job on the Court of Claims by Presi- dent Wilson and will retire from Con- gress on September 1. Wilson's Veto Message. President Wilson's veto message fol- lows : \To tub Hol'sk or HrrrxsnsTATtvEs : I have carefully considered the en- titled 'an act making appropriations for tho support of the army for the \smI year emllrg June 80. 917. and now take he liberty of returning It with my objections to Its approval. \ 'l I conrtltuto an essential part I nf llin l.ffl.latlnn tirnvlfllnr f..r the mill. - - tary establishment of the country and wisely nnd generously provides for reorganization of the agencies of our national defence, and It Is wlrh genuine reluctance that I delay Its be- coming law by suggesting elimina- tion of one of the provisions which has been embodied In the very necessary and Important revision nf Articles of War which has been added to It. \The existing Articles of War are un- doubtedly uichalc. They have not under- gone comprehensive revision for more than 100 years. They do not always fur- nish the means meeting promptly nnd directly the needs of discipline under modern conditions, and many contin- gencies now frequently arise In the gov- ernment of tho military forces which were not contemplated when the present code was formulated. The relations the Government of the United States have greatly broadened within the hun- dred years. We now have Insular and national Interests fnr nway from our continental s'lores. Both the practice of arms and theory of have undergone many modern changes and a manifest need for such j a rrviwH.u uirti ururiea as is nere presented has long existed. I there-- I forn the more keenly regret to find In the proposed revision of the Articles of War a provision to which I cannot give my approval, nrasnna for Objection, ' Tho original act establishing the re- tired list of Ihe nrmy referred to personnel therein Included us only par-Hill- y retired and provided that n ie- - fired officer should be entitled to wear the uniform of his grade, should be borne on nrmy register und should be subject to the rules und articles war and to trial by general court-mnr-tl- for any breach of these articles. By the act of July 24, 1S7I, officers of the army on tho retired list were specifically declared to constitute a part of the regular army, a provision which Is found repeated In subsequent acts af- fecting 'organization of the army, and other statutes enacted during this period made retired officers of the army available for certain classes of nctlve duty, In time of peace with their con-aen- t, and In time of war without their consent. \By the recently enacted national de- fence aot the authority of President - sd pa aaoond Peg s. DEMANDS OF CARMEN REFUSED BY NEW YORK RAILWAYS DIRECTORS t Board Willing, Men Unwilling, to Arbitrate Question of Reinstating 14 Discharged Employees Both Sides in Final Appeal to Mayor and Oscar S. Straus. Directors of the New York Railways Company and a committee representing the employees recently on strike met in conference yesterday at 165 Broadway and the omciais decided not to yield to the demand of the union committee for the reinstatement of fourteen discharged employees. They demanded that the question be arbitrated. The workers, contending decided in the peace treaty of Both sides appealed to Straus, chairman of the Public with a request for arbitration , the employees with a demand that the company reinstate the men without further negotia- tions, which they regard as contrary to the spirit of the peace agreement. Mitchel and Straus Hold Key. M.rls? Ti,? There ' alother peculiar provision Included was defiance of section the docu-Corp- the bill at Hay's Instance. mmt. tii .lnrument savs: IS the movable the the the seas of Slight. though reaches the the the Isabel, was by . Senator the the for to the Included the for the the bill the the the of of the the the of the the Only Mayor Mitchel nnd Chnlrraan Slrnus enn bring about a renewal of the treaty mutually ratified. Not for duys yet will there be 11 Htrlke If nt all but there was no escape yes terday from the conclusion the work- ers will Ktiind tlrmly for reinstate- ment nf their fellows, even If the whole New York transit system must be stopptil to do It. After n rejection of their pleit yes- terday for the reinstatement of the fourteen discharged employee, fol- -' lowed by what they called n plain snub by the directors, the committee of the workers left the company's of- fices hot for reprisal. They reached the decision within n few minutes after the directors stated their atti- tude that the entire strike settlement agreement becomes n mere \scrap of poper\ unless the company puts the fourteen men hack to work. In all probabllty, unless the Mayor and Chairman Straus find the eolation, the conditions wilt revert to those which existed before Mitchel and Straus brought the factions together. a 8sasarr of Sltaatlea. This la a summation of the situation: In the-tw- days preceding the end of the strike a number of minor acts of vio- lence were reported, acts which resulted In the arrest of strikers. Thirty-nin- e men In all were seised. Nine of these were acquitted. Of the remaining thirty convicted, sixteen so disguised their Iden tity that the company could not recog- nise them In court. The law department of the company, however, did make a list of fourteen men who were convicted One of the company's first acts after the restoration of peace was to refuse rein- statement to these employees. In the contention of the union, which represents the road workers, this was defined as a plain violation of the treaty signed by both sides. They contenueu 11 \If the above is agreed to and accepted It Is further agreed that the employees flmll declare oft the strike nnd return to work Immediately In the positions they occupied prior to the tlmo of going on strike, without prejudice.\ The adherence of the directors after a conference yesterday to their purpose of refusing to take the convicted men back was construed by the union men as u plain violation of faith. They feel that this Uolfttlon If maintained Is sufficient to cause abrogation of the whole docu- ment. Statement by Directors. In the following statement, Issued by the directors after they held a star cham ber session following tneir conierrm-- ; c0), . I h of the union'! l ' , P\ V '.... I 1 T. At V \ a 'meet Ing ' August IS ... of the ,, board .n. f fi iv 1 oris iiuim.jr. - - - - Jl lllll'VlW.. f,nv at which a majority was pres etit. after receiving a committee repre-sentln- g employees of the company, the following minute was adopted unanl- - '\m0) board reiterates Its adherence to the agrtenient of August 7 with Mayor Mitchel nnd Chairman Straus. The purpose which controlled thl , .j in . .not limine that agreement was that It not only settled the existing strike hut that It offered an onleily. speedy and equitable method of settling any Issue which might arise without recourse to strikes. The officers and employees of this company have from the beginning been directed, and are at all times ex- pected, to adhere scrupulously to the let- ter and the spirit of that ngreement. \ 'In reference to the letter of August I.', signed by a committee of this com- pany's emptoyees, alleging certain viola- tions by this company of that agreement, this board Indorses In whole and In part the communication by President Shunts, dated August II, relating to these coins plaints and addressed Jointly to Mayor Mitchel and Chaliman Straus. Why Men Were Sot Reinstated. \'As to the complaint that this com- pany has not restored to ItsLservlce all employees \without prejudice\ who were on Its payrolls when the strike started on the night of August 4 : \'Reports of the Inannglug officials show that the only failures to reinstate employes since the ngreement of settle-men- ', was mode were In the case of four- teen men who hod been tried and con-vlcl- of crime In the courts of Justice. \ \There were during the strike thirty-iteve- n arrests of employees for violence. but every man accusea was reiusiaieu helnc acquitted. \ 'This board does not understand that the agreement of August 7 constituted any undertaking to reinstate employees who had violated the criminal law of tho Stale. ' 'it Is nnd has for many years been the firmly established policy of tho com pany, in the Interest of public safety, not to employ mrn who have been convicted of crime as conductors or motornten or In any positions in which they come In contact with the public. We-d- o not feel free to deviate from that policy, \ 'Till board considers that all rases of failure to reinstate employees con' vlcted of crime Involve questions of ef- ficiency and are covered by paragraphs I and I of the agreement with Mayor this point had been definitely August 4, declined to arbitrate. Mayor Mitchel and Oscar S. Service Commission the road Mitchel and Chairman Straus, as fol lows : i. In the Interest of publto safety and public service, the company wants It clearly understood that the direction and control of employees In alt mutters look ing to efficiency In the service remains with the company, and Is not to be the subject of conference or arbitration, but ir a dispute should arise as to whether a particular rase falls within the above class that question shall be subject to conference and arbitration as above pro vided ror. 5. If tho above, Is agreed to and ac- cepted. It Is further agreed that the em- ployees shall declare off the strike and return to work Immediately In the po- sitions they occupied prior to the time of going on strike, without prejudice.\ \ 'While matters of efficiency are not under the agreement subject to arbitra- tion, nevertheless the argreement stipu- lates that \all disputes that may arise between the company and the employees In the future on which they cannot mutually agree shall be submitted to arbitration as herein provided.\ Board Willing; to Arbitrate. \ 'The board Is willing under this last clause to submit to arbitration the ques- tion at Issue as regards the reemploy- ment of the fourteen wen found guilty of crime. The committee of the men claim that the question Is not properly a matter for arbitration on the ground that clause V. required the company to reinstate alt employees, no matter what offences any of them had committed. ' -- rne board recognises that- - this dif- ference of opinion Involves Interpreta tion of a document submitted no this company'by the Mayor and Mr. Straus and underwritten by them. This com pany, therefore. Is quite willing to sub- mit to Mayor Mitchel und Chairman Straus the determination as to whether vr not under the terms of this agreement the question nt Issue Is properly one for arbitration under the last paragraph of section 111. \'It must be understood that this hall not be legarded as a precedent in dealing wlrh questions of efficiency In the future under paragraph IV.' \ Outsider\ plead for Men. Despite the company's earlier declara-t'e- n It would recognise no union, at yesterday's conference three \outsiders\ wired the employees' side In the con- troversy. Those who presented the for reinstatement were William II. Fitzgerald, organizer of the Amnl-pimate- d Association ; Hugh Krnyne of tl'c Amerlcun Federation of Labor and JaiuIs Fridlger, counsel for the union. Tiese men were chosen by the employees as their spokesmen, Mnyor 'Mitchel is In Plattkbuig train- ing with the citizen soldiers. Chairman Straus also is out of town. Copies of the minutes of the executive meeting were forwarded to both. Just one mall behind went the protest of the union. The climax of events will compel the return of both. They probably will tench here Sunday, possibly Un- til they have done what they can, the employees will ntttmpt no drastic action. Election of delegates from among em- ployees of the Interborough was com pleted yesterday after 9.710 of the U.OuO men had cast their billots. The heavy vote Indicated unionizing has not hail much progress among subway and \L\ men. HILL FIGHTS 8 HOUR FLAN. Great Northern Never Will Arcept It. Say President. St. Pavi., Minn., Aug. 18. Iiuls Hill. president of the Great Northern Railroad Company, snld that that rail road, In common with others In the Northwest, would never accept the elcht hour day principle, as Its adoption would mean receiverships for the big railroads of the country. V hatever the outcome of the confer ences nt Washington, In which tho Great Northern heads have not participated. his road would not accept the principle. Mr. 11111 nun, even tnougn it had to \stand out alone agalnt'tjfl.\ SHOOTS WIDOW AND HIMSELF. Wllllnmtbarar Man's Plea to Wed Rejected by 111 sJlter-ln-la- v. Because she refused In listen to lib pleas to marry him, Charles Huddy, 21, of IS1 Palmetto ntreet, Williamsburg, shot nnd perhaps fatally wounded Mrs. Catherine Gallagher, 31, n widow, of 30 Law ton street, last night on the street, When she fell after three hhots Huddv turned the revolver on himself and fired twice under the heart. Both are at the liushwtcK Hospital in a serious condl tlon. Mrs. Gallagher Is Huddy's Mster-ln- - law. since tier nusnand. Chiiiie Gallu gher, 11 letter carrier, died a week ago, Huddy persistently pressed his atten. tlons, and Mr.. Gallagher hid from him In the homo of her mother, Mrs. Mary Ixmgatreet of CIS Hart Mrrct. Lust night he met her as she stepped from the house with her seven-year-ol- d daughter and snot tier. Shark Arnand Stoke llnnir. Stamkord, Conn.. Aug. 18. Two sharks one about ten feet long nnd the other slightly smnllvr. hovered fur twenty minutes this afternoon around Carltas Inland, J, l. Phelps. Stokcs'H summer home. Mr, Stokes and others or the summer colony saw the sharks. Arthur Pomeroy, 12, nnd Ralph. 10, sons of A. O. Pomeroy, a New Vork manufacturer, paddled out In u canoe to engage In a battle with theisharks, but the youngsters were called bach by grownups. r RAILWAY HEADS OPPOSE WILSON; MEN 0. K. PLAM Thirty-on- e Executives to File Formal Answer to 8 Hour Plea To-da- y. PKESIDEXT FORCES ISSUE WITH ROADS Hints of Government Own- ership as Alternative to Strife. WORKERS APPROVE PROPOSAL BY 3 TO 1 Counter Suggestion or Re- jection of White House Terms Expected. Was!.votov, Aug. 18. NcKotlatlons between President Wilson and the four contending; brotherhoods and thirty-on- e railroad executives of tho United States were brought to tho veruc of a crisis tho outcomo of which probably will be Indicated Whether theso final efforts to bring about n peaceful solution of the over shadowing problem an to end In suc- cess appears to depend on a change of attitude cither on the part of the President or of tho railway officials. Representatives of tho four brother- hoods by their acceptance of thy Presi- dent's pence plan y have prac- tically eliminated themselves from the prestnt situation. As the advocate of the eight hour day t:,e President ap- pears as the protago-.ils- t of the 400,000 railway employees an! tho struggle is between him and the irllroadg. nhmlts Plan of Settlement. Between these two a deadlock prevails. The President to-d- aut.i.lttcd his plan of settlement to thirty-on- e rail- way executives, proposing the accept- ance of a basic eight hour day und the appointment of a commission to all collateral questions. The railway executives did not give their answer t once. They will meet the President aguln und upon the out M.r.i of this conference tho future courso of both sides will depend. There Is no more Indication of yielding on the part of the railroad executives and managers than there Is that the Preside; . will nlmndon his plan of settlement. The railroad officials take the view that the question has assumed a much broader aspect than that Immediately Involved In tho present controversy, namely whether the prin- ciple of arbitration In the ettlement of wage disputes In f he nli.ituloiu'il or whether coercion under tin cut of a strike shall prevail. ' It Is understood the r.iilro.ul execu tives will reply ti the President's mo. pos.il by suggesting iiibltratlon. They do not minimize the gravity of tho situa- tion that will follow the ireeiit.iton of such a demand In lieu nf the plan offered by the President. The undercurrent of opinion that at tho laht moment they will bow to the will or Mr. wiimiii and place upon him the responsibility for the adoption of the eight hour day still ex- ists. StaniUnic by the Managers. But there were no signs that the railroad prtsldints or even ;i mhhII proportion of them will yield their ground. Their decision has been up to the present moment to Mntid by the board of managers', whether a strike Is to follow or not, Their respond?, In tho nature of an ultimatum, will be to that end. The railway executives were received by the President ut '.' P. M, He ipol(0 to tlitm without formality, presenting his plan of settlement, vt.ildi Is the tame as that submitted to the employees jester-da- y. By way of a preface, however, 1m referred to the possibility of Government ownership as the obvious alternative of unremitting strlfn between tho r.illroad.i and their employees. He Is said to have added th.it lie did not welcome Mich u prospect any moro than the executives did tli incl e.-- He also is quoted u.s having suhl ho had been surprised to discover that among the emplojees it passionate, ic- - sentment toward tho railioadx existed. Ircldeiitully, referred to the recent situation In France, where, upon thteiit of a strike, the Government called to the colors the employees Involved and de tailed them to nperatn th trains. The railway executives present, who direct the operations of u larse propor- tion of the railways of the United States, listened to these observations In silence. When the President had concluded Mule, llolden, president of the Chicago, Bur- lington and Qulnry, who had I ...en desig- nated as spokesman, replied hrleily. Three Point In Controversy. He said thero were three points In- volved In tho controversy which tho ex- ecutives hnd to consider: First The duty of the railroad towurd the public Second Tho duty of the officers toward the preservation of the pmp. ertles committed to their charge. Third Their duty towurd the 72 per cent, of eniploccs who urn not mem- bers of the four biotherlioods. Mr. llolden also e.ild that the cxivii-live- s came to tho White llouso with open minds, that they would gvo care- ful consideration to any iiropv.il ths President had to malm to thfin, but that they would Indlvldunlly speak only lor their own roads-- , while tho board of managers had been legally authorized to net for all the railroad of the country. Mr. llolden endeil by saying the exe- cutives wero lint disposed to tnko a stand different than that of the) board of managers. The question now- - nt e, he added, was not one ot an I eight hour day merely, but whethef the

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