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The Sun and New York press. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1916, July 08, 1916, Image 14

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14 AND NEW TORK FHICS3. SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1018. Kntsrsd at ths Tout office, at Tork aa Escond Class Mall Malltr. abtcrlptlons l.y Mall, 1'nlpald. DAILY, Par Month ftUNDAY, Par Month M ntJNDATtto Canada), Fer Month.... (10 KUNDAY, Per Icar M J1AILY AND MJNDAY. IT Year.... 8 AO DAIltt AND PUNDAY, I'er Month... 14 TulltlON HlTES. DAtLT, Per Month 1 31 M7NDAT. Pr Monti DAIL.Y AND SUNDAY, Per Month... I 00 THB KVKNINO BUN, Per Month M TUB EVENINfl SUN. Per Year 5 TUB EVENING 8UN(Fottlgn),t'ir Mo. 1 03 All e&sekii, money orders. Ac., (a t triad payable: to Tbi sen. Raiders of Tni Bvh leavln town for the ummar months can hava tha dally and iiimilav mwtA MHln, aiitnne delivered tn thtm In any part of thla country or nuroue on tha tarma stated above, Address . chanted aa oftan aa desired, order through nawadaaler or directly or Publication unico. Telephone 2200 Ueskmaii. Published dally, Including Sund.i). hy Ilia Run Printing and Publishing Association at 160 Nassau etreet. In th llorough nf Man- hattan, New York. President. Frank A. Munaay. 160 Naaiau atrti t, Krrla Wardman, 1B0 Nassau afreet: R. ll. TItherlngtnn. ISO Nassau alraati Traaaurar, Wm. T. Uewat, UO Nas-aa- u treat. 1ndon Bce, Fleet etreet Parla office, 6 Rue da li Mlehodlere, oft Rua du Quatra Washington office. lllbbs Hultdtng. Brooklyn office, ion Livingston ttreet. If Our friends icho filtnr t tilth m.intf leriff and iltuntrntiunn for ;f.?'r.ifnm vlti to navt reected artMrt rtturmd llitt mutt la all reura tend ttampi lor that pnriisc. Mr. Kltrhln on the Tariff. Mr. Kitchin speaking: \Wo have a tariff commission provMon In this bill. No Republican can vole against a bill with siich a provision In It. The Republican pint form tlemuiideil It twice. I mttst confess that until two or Hi roc months ago the Democratic party was opposed to n tariff commission.\ Laughter on the Kepubllcau side. Mr. Kitcuin:' \No IlepuhlU'un cittt vote against this bill except old l line reactionaries. Old tnrltT reform Doni-ocrat- s may object to It because in spots there Is Just n little too much Republicanism In It.\ Sir. KrrciiiN'fl present illluVultlea lllustrnte the disadvantages of gov- ernment by whim, sentimental Im- pulse and too clastic theory. Free trade delusions, honestly held, are admirable In comparl-o- n with the Kjiectacle afforded by a party pretend- ing to be convinced of the untleslrit-blllt- y of protection, but forced by Its time serving tactics. Its desire for a command of power of which It is unworthy, to give practical recogni- tion to the principle upon which American prosperity rests. The American Dead. \Carrlzal has given up n part of its American dead.\ If from the depths of ocean and from graves beyond our borders our murdered dead should be returned to us there Is hardly a city or town In the laud that would not hold a funeral During the past three years the number of Amer- icana who have fallen lctlms to lite weakness and vacillation of the present Administration runs Into the thousand. The making of war that Is not r aud keeping of eace that Is not peace Is a method of procedure that de- mands Its toll of human lives. When the advocates of Mr. Wilson's reelection assert that he has \kept us out of war\ let them consider the price that we have paid for the mainte- nance of u pseudo peace. President Wilson at the obsequies held in honor of tbe American murines killed at Vera Cruz delivered a most eloquent address. .That was a long time asp, and still our dead from Mexico are being returned to us. The Issue of the Sea Fight Off Jut- land llank. Since the naval engagement off Jut- land Bunk on May 31 a number of British merchant ships which from the beginning of the war hud been laid up In Baltic ports through fcur of capture by German war vessel have proceeded to their home ports. Their voyatfes afford Independent cor- roboration of the theory that tho in the tea light was with the British, and not with the Germans. Had tbe unquestioned valor of Teu- tonic commanders nml sailors In t hat battle actually miulo the Knlser \Ad- miral of the Atlantic,\ the (ermuii naval wutcli over the waters would not have been relaxed, us It seems to have been; and the fact that It Is not now as vigilant us It was, goes far to sustain the contention jf Admiral Jklxicoe that the victory rested with the fleet under his command. The Admiral's rcpoit contlrms the German contention that the British battle fleet w, engaged, which hud been questioned in some quarters It reveals, too, that non-ofllcl- commen- tators correctly Interpreted the strut-cn- y and tactics followed by Admiral Beatty at the opening of the engage- ment. Ills purpose was to bring an puemy superior to the forco under bis command Into contact with the lienvler fleet, to engage them until the other vessels could come up. This Jin accomplished, naturally nt heavy, though Justified, cost. Tho subsequent retirement of thu Germans to their base nloue prevented the British from annihilating the Kaiser's high seas licet, which from tho moment of Ad- miral JrxLicon's Junction with Ad- miral Bbatty'h command they were In a position to do. Admiral Jelltcof: puts the losses of tho Germans at twenty-on- e ships of 300,220 tons, against the British loss of 112,3.'.0 tons. This Is given as a conservative estimate; a mure liberal computation raises tho Germuu loss in WfiSd tons, 'Ska exact figure Set Oermany are) unlikely to be known before the end of the war; the Ger- man offlclut statements hare admit fedly been misleading and false, and their authors cannot expect their latest protestations of truthfulness to rllmlnato entirely the doubts rained by their enrller deceits. Ncutrnls who accepted the German assertion of a Krent triumph for their fleet have already revised their Judgment, and tin the later evidence will bo con- vinced that to the Brltlih navy be- longs tlio honor of a hard won ami Important success. Merman Thrift. According to Sparka-mr- , the Journal of the German savings banks, there have been more new accounts opeued In Herman saving banks In the second year of war than ever before. Re- ports Indicate an Increase of l!S8,Ouo accounts and an excess of dcpoMts ier withdrawals- of $G'J.\.000 This Is n marvel thoroughly char- acteristic of Germany, which bod at the beginning of 1013 more savings hank depositors than any other coun- try In the wwrld. The number of ac- counts In Germany was then nearly 23,000,000. Including postal savings, .tiipan had 21,000,000 savings debit- ors. .The United Kingdom enme next Willi 14,000.000 depositors, nnd France had about the stiine number. Tim Vnlted States stood fifth, If we take I ho tlguros for this country compiled ns of June 30, 1014, which showed about ll.oOO.OOO accounts. The overage amount for ench was n different story, showing much larger accounts In this country than In Germany. But the point Is that the habit of saving Is more wide- spread In Germany than among the people of any other large nation, probably, except France. What Hat This to Do With Hu- manity? We do not bellcvo the new treaty between Russia and Japan will en- gage the Interest of the Administra- tion at Washington. If John Hay were alive, and John Hay's policies were still operative, this compact would be regarded o of grave con- sequence. Tbe publication of Its terms would be nwulted with deep concern. But since the obligations devolving on the Chief Kxecutlve of Humanity have overshadowed the oathbound duties of the President of the United States tho door porter Mr. Hay set up to keep open the en- trance to Kasteru trade and Influence has been withdrawn. Mr. Hay, it will be recalled, sought to assure to American Industry and commerce opportunities equal to those enjoyed by the mnnufucturers and merchants of other countries. No such sordid purpose animates our present Administration. Indeed, were not the rash Americans who sought protection for their honorable enterprises In Mex- ico Informed that tbey were vulgar, profit seeking, unpatriotic, and gen- erally abominable? Moreover, It Is unlikely that the con- vention between Russia and Japan de- votes considerable space or attention to Humanity at large. We shall be surprised If It provides, for example, for the conservation of American trade In the regions It affects. Wc suspect that It will be a busluesnllke document. Inspired by a businesslike purpose, to attain a businesslike ob- ject, nnd tbe Incidental effect Its operation may have ou American labor and American capital cannot In rea- son be expected to appeal to Presi- dent Woodrow Wilson. Peace In Santo Domingo? Rear Admiral Gapkiiton and hls2,000 fighting men have apparently suc ceeded In bringing the Santo Domingo revolutionist Abias te a realization of the hopelessness of his campaign, aud enforced an agreement uuder which n peaceful solution of the troubles,, of the republic can be renched. Arias baa his choice between submitting to the scheme proposed by Admiral Capeb-to- n and lighting tho forces of the 1'nlted States; and as the art of note writing Is little understood In the navy, he was not long In reaching a pacific decision. The revolution thnt lias ended be- gan two months ago, and previous to Its conclusion the murines and sailors hud occupied practically the whole of the country, except Santiago, where the followers of Akiah Intrenched In n strong position. Apparently It Is the hone of the hulk of the population that an arrangement can be made under which the United States will undertake to malntnln tho stability of the Government. But this Is a sub- ject requiring studious consideration. because of the effect which our course with regard to the Caribbean Islands will have on our relations with Ihiro iean and South American Powers. Al ready we have assisted In the man sigeinent of the ttiiauces of Santo Do mingo, but without attempt at political domination, and our future conduct In this republic Is not to bo decided except after full discussion. Drink No Raw Milk. The fatal sore throat epidemic In which fifty persons have succumbed and \00 been mndo III In Bridge- port, Hartford and New Haven hns been traced to one dairy, the milk from which lias now been stopped. An unusual circumstance In this epi- demic Is the fact that tho disease has affected only prosperous families, who doubtless sought milk of tho best quality. In this case again experi- ence supports Tub Bun's contention that the use of raw milk Is perilous even If it be certified, becuuse Its pro- duction In the best conducted dairies does not preclude Infection from un- - household, In tbe mttker himself, or In unseen abrasions In the cow's udder, which nppenr far more fre- quently than hns been suspected by the authorities. Klght hundred cases of scarlet fever and 1,000 cases of dangerous tore throat In Boston In the course of three years, according to the Boston .Vcifcrtt oarf Surolcal Journal, hno been traced to milk. Wc recorded some yenrs ago an epidemic In the tuberculosis hospital nt Otlsvllle, whose milk was supposed to be under cnrefnl supervision. This originated In the family of one of tho milkers. Clean stables, cows and milk- ers prevent Infection from filth, and thus protect: but without pasteuriza- tion, Infectivo material, microscopic trcrhnps and therefore undetected, may bo present. That this material may be destroyed by proper pasteurization alone has been so often demonstrated that all tnllk should bo pasteurized unless microscopic examination Insures Its iinllty. The deaths mid cases of dangerotw Illness that have been re- ported In tho Connecticut epidemic wnrrant this conclusion. Nevertheless tho State Board of Health Is reported to have \sug- gested\ only thnt all milk sold In Bridgeport during the next three months he pasteurized. Would It not' be wiser and moro in accord with experience to enact an ordlnnncc per- manently enforcing pnstcurlr.atlon of nil milk sold In the State, slnco the Impossibility of protection by dnlry Inspection nlone Is established? Thk Sun repeats Its often reiter ated advice: \Drink no raw milk.\ A Veneiuelan-Peruvla- n Alliance. The report from Buenos Ayres that Venezuela and Peru have secretly concluded n potentially warlike alll-unc- o against Colombia and Ecuador bints at a more serious situation aris- ing from South American boundary disputes than at any time since 100S. At thnt time both Peru and Ecuador mobilized soldiers, and Brazil, Ar gentina nnd the United States offered to mediate. This offer Ecuador re- jected, and after tbe suggestion of settlement nt The Hague had failed the King of Spain renounced the role of arbitrator that had been assigned to him. The affair ended in fierce Internal disputes in Ecuador, which so absorbed tbe nation thnt Peru was left In occupancy of nearly all the disputed soil. If Ecuador possessed all the terri- tory she claims the republic would have an area of about 275,000 square miles : If Peru were to hnve her way this would be reduced to n beggarly 74,000 square miles. As to the claims of Colombia against Ecuador, C. Reginald Enock remarks that \any calculation Including the area claimed by that republic Is Impossible.\ Of about 104,000 square miles In dispute between Teru and Ecuador, Peru ac- tually occupies 45,000 square miles. Peruvian maps show a north nnd south boundary line running only a little wny cast of Quito. The usual map gives Ecuador a boundary with Colombia upon the River Napo. Ac- cess to tho Napo Is of the greatest Importance to Ecuador, slnco It Is n navigable stream communicating with the Amazon system of rivers. So far as rivers go Peru Is well off, for ocean steamships traverse the Maraflon River for several hundred miles, establishing n direct route to the Atlantic through Brazil. But tho Peruvian claims would cut off Ecua- dor completely from communication with the east and reduce her to n little strip between the Andes and the Pacific. As Ecuador Is already the smallest of South American repub- lics, with tho exception of Uruguay, she may be counted upon to resist with nil her might the aggressions of her more powerful neighbor. TH be good, says Carranza, If you'll lend me some money. Urging compulsory study of Span- ish, Secretary McAdoo says tho win- ning of Latin American friendship depends on the schools. Having re- cently returned from a visit to South America, the Secretary Is In a posi- tion to speak with authority on the cultivation of good will toward us among our neighbors to tho south, No wolf was ever frightened by tho rlze of a flock of sheep. .Vnor-ncnrr- Lkonard Woon, 17. S, A., to the teachers, Multum In parvn, A remark not likely to bo greeted with nnplausp, but pretty sure to linger In the mind long after tbe prosaic arguments have been forgotten. At spare moments the Kaiser Is engaged In reading about what hap- pened to Robbrt 13. LEB. A few days ago President Wilson was asking If American employers would treat with fairness their men called to fight In the army of the Uni- ted States, The answer was generally In the affirmative. It now turns nut that post office clerks who Joined their eotnmnnds on tho President's call lost their pay for the fraction of tbe day they did not work, Mr. Wilson's solid, tude for the welfare of the men should Induce him to examine tho practices of all tha executive departments. His (Thomas Mott Osdornk's con- cluding triumphs were the forced resig- nation of Superintendent Hilet, &c, 77i(i iroi-M- . . Softly In this delicate mutter, gen- tlemen: Judge Hn.nr refused to resign, and flovernor Whitman removed him: and the end of this amazing tain of prison and politics has not yet been written. The main trouble with that Car- ranza note Is that It 'was not coun- tersigned by Villa, Tbe Dignity of Mother Johnny, there's a fly, Johnny Nothing doing, la too proud THE SUN, SATURDAY, JULY 8, 191. THE CASE OF THE MEN. X Statement From lha Dlsnatlsfled Railroad Workcri. Tha subjoined statement, setting forth the opinions of the dissatisfied railroad employrcs on a number of subjects In dispute between their union and the nianaKcrs of the com- mon carriers, was prepmed and sent to Tub Run by tho Transportation Brotherhoods' l'tibllclty Bureau: Anything for delay Is the vlsn of the rn roads In desllng with tho demand of the employees for n.n elwht hour day. Is charted In a statement Irsued y by the Tninsportntlon Brotherhoods. Italtronda are spendlnc hundreds of thousands of dollars tn nnk the public fur their support on a protmnltlon to refer the controversy to the Interstate Commerce Commission. The public should know that tho Interstate Commerce Commission only vry recently nnd on two different oc- casions has reported nt como lenKth nnd In conMilcmblo detail upon this very question. Its reports comprehend two widespread InvestlKatlons since 1910, and oro the result of attempts on tho part of tho rnllroadn to make use Of Increases In wages to Induce the com- mission to she Its consent to Increases In freight rates., The whole Subject of wanes was irone Into by the commission with much caro and tn great detail. The railway were fully represented by counsel nnd larco numbers of wit- nesses testified In their behalf. Mmlnent counsel appeared In behalf of tho opposition to the roads. The attorney of the comtnlkslon also participated In the proceedings, and pre- pared and presented for consideration a meat mass of statistical Information. After a full hearing of the Investi- gation upon all the facttt and circum- stances the commission held th.it there was no evidence before It which estab- lished the necessity for high rates. And again In 1914 the same elaborato and thorough Investigation Into the sub- ject of wskim as having a bearing on the necessity for Increased rates was held. This Federal tribunal said: \It Is In- teresting to note that notwithstanding wages constitute a large part of the transportation expense, this Item of ex- pense haa shown a relatively small ad- vance as compared with other groups.\ The commission called attention lo the fact tbnt elllctcncy of operation and management are the most Important things In the reduction of operating ex- penses, and as an Illustration the com- mission cited the statement of the gen eral superintendent of motive power of tho Pennsylvania Itallroad, who lessened tho cost of building locomotives between 1!(03 and 19t3, although the rate of wages Increased nearly 40 per cent. The omclal utterances of the Inter- state Commerce Commission answer au- thoritatively questions raised by tho railroads In their opposition to the pres- ent movement of the railway brother- hoods for an eight hour work day for employees In freight train service. These questions have been raised by the railroads, and by the roads through the United States Chamber of Com- merce, solely to confuse and perplex the public mind, and In an endeavor to pre- vent the American people from securing a clear perspective of the social and economic significance of the establish- ment of a shorter woik day for roma 350,000 train employees. Itallroad officials well know that the Interstate Commerce Commission has no power to fix the rate nf wages after an Investigation of thu sul'Jut, and the whole controversy would, after an In- vestigation, be In the saino condition as It Is at the present moment. Should, however, the Interstate Com- merce Commission recommend the grant- ing of the demands of tho employees, the commission would automatically b-- j held responsible for any Increase In operating expenses resulting from tho granting of the demands ; therefore would be compelled to assent to an In- creased freight rate, which Is perhaps tho very thing that the ralltoads are trying to securo out of this controversy. CATTLE FROM VENEZUELA. Views of a Former Consul at Puerto Cabcllo. To the Editor or The Pun Sir; Th opinion of Dr. II. J. Splnden ns to the possibilities of cattle raising for the United States In Venezuela, as reported In The Sun of July 6, Is confirmed by observations I made during a period spent In Puerto Cabcllo, over ten ears' ngo. At Unit time Venezuela was ship- ping cattle to Cuba, to replenish the herds destroyed during the wasteful operations of that Island's struggle, for Independence. Several steamers would sail every week when the expoit move-me- was nt Its height, carrying 7nn, 800 or 1,000 head of c.ittlo each, from that port, Tho cattle came from the table hinds of the Interior, being driven thtou'jh the town by the native vmiueros or cattle men, and wero generally of small1 size, resembling the Teas lueed. At! Unit time the export of cattlo was n monopoly, the sola concession having been granted by the Castro tiov eminent to a svnillcnte headed by Central ,ln.m Vicente Oomez, then of the country. Since then General Homes has served as President of Venezuela and Is still counted as tho strongest political factor In tho country. Any development of the cattle raising propo- sition would probably have to take Into consideration past precedents affecting the Industry In order to nvold running against a snag. Equal rare should be taken In enter-- 1 Ing Into any railroad enterprise from Puerto C'abello to Marians, nod the his- tory of tho railroads already built with English and (ierman capital to Valencia and Caracns may be studied with profit to American Investors. Forolgn Investors nre too apt to un- derrate the ability and acumen of South American (lovernments when seeking concessions, and to bile off more than they can chew, Then conies a hurry call for help from tbe homo fioverninont, and International complications. New York, July 7. J, 11, P, Chenged Times In Missouri, from Ih4 Lovhinna Vritt Journal imc j-- b uitniFa nriiorry, including me pletnl with which he u ihnt and the i weapon with which he shot others, were en exhibition at Columbia. They did not ' create Hair the excitement they would have don thirty years ago. Assistance Read I (Rhyming It with Wilton.) r \She ite.rU. she moves, h erne tn feel The thrill of life along her keel.\ The keel doth back and fill I Bhe's lost her thrill, on Oh, who will put the will lo Ulster Wilson T aah Male WHAT WOULD THE WORLD BE WITHOUT SUCH One Opinion of Dr. ltorkwrll's Study of \Tho Mind of an Executive.\ To tub KDiTOn or Tits StJN Sfr: That vvnn a rcmarVablo article on \The Mind of an Kxecutlve\ this morning. Ho clear and penetrating as well as dispassionate an annlysle nf the mental processes of a public msn has not ap- peared In n lontf time. It mt?ht o Il- luminating to the minds of the people to have the minds of others of their leaders thus clearly held tip to the light. A recent utterance of Mr. Wilson's, made before the Federation of Labor, seems to reen force the logic of Dr. Rock- well's conclusions. Mr, Wilson said he rerretted the fact that Judges had re- quired \to be made to Me that labor w as not a commodity.\ This remark brought him great naturally, and It will bring him a certain class of votes. Of these two faels Mr. Wilson was fully cognizant. Hut his tardy mind wholly fatted to grasp the full significance of what ho said, or tho manner In which Intelligent thinking people all over the country will lecelv It, JtOBCRT S. riTirilKNSON, New Yoitsl, July 6. Another Intelligent Man's View of the Same Remarkable Article. To the Editor or The Sun Sir: Two columns of The Sun's valuable spare on the subject of Woodrow Wilson's mental hygiene, as presented by Dr. A. E. I'. Rockwell of Worcester, Mass., appears to me a sheer waste of effort, especially when designed to set forth the Incapacity of a Presidential candidate. All such discussions of what The St.'.v calls \psychologic normalities and aberrations\ are unprofitable. In a bulky volume published a few years ago by a New York physician the writer deals with the mental processes govern- ing the actions of the most famous char- acters tn history, his conclusion being that alt from the Saviour of Mankind down to recent times belonged to the paranoiac class. In view of the Immense research necessary for the production of this book and the unqualified judgment of the author, tho question was asked bv a reviewer at the time of Its appearance whether the discoverer of these revela- tions ( ?) was not himself one of the abnormal type to which he had given so much attention. Dr. Rockwell's mental analysis of Mr. Wilson's mental attltudo may be cor- rect. The mental attitude of the public, however. Is not susceptible to the pres- entation of arguments of this kind In Influencing the views of voters. Therefore his disqualification when It comes to dealing with all psychologic phases, especially as regards the Influ- encing of voters. Isaac Marke.vs. New York, July 7. FROM THE CENSORS. X New Hand tn the Kdltorlul Im- provement Association. To the Editor or The Sun Sir.- - After a lung apprenticeship in minor Jobs In the Ddltorlal Improvement Asoclatlon. I havo been allowed by our most worthy chltfess. Miss Rettop, to write a piece about what I think of the new form of Prtss-e- d Sun-shln- which I think Is a clever wheeze even If It Is original. I don't think it makes no much differ- ence where the editorial page Is put as what is put In It, and I think since thl campaign opened up the letters you publish ain't near1 so good to cut out and Keep as they to be. I have had to cut out the good letters for the Improvement Association flies, and now 1 think the contrlbutots, except \T. I'.,\ have cut out writing good ones. Which l another lolly wheezo too. However. 1 must cnt out my Joking or get a wU'ging from Miss Rettop, who declines all levity because she says It is which 1 suppose Is a per-tioii- dl reason, 1 hope you will publish thla letter be- cause I am told If you do so I will bo given other chances to write some pieces for tho papers, which Is why 1 have tried to tell why The Sun In Its new form bi all right. YSI'AODAPnEN l'ENKAWR. New Haven, Conn., July 6. WHOSE POSTAL IS THIS? A Soldier-Write- r Lost it I'naddrewd In Texas. To the Editor or The St'N Sir; The enclosed unaddressed postal card was picked up by the ldfl of the railway tracks this mornlrsjt after the Twelfth New York troops passed through here. Please publish it, aa the ouug man Intended to mail It to some young lady, and I take It she will bo anxious to bear from her soldier boy. Tho New York, Pennsylvania nnd other Eastern troops ate finding It very warm here. E. C. Hamold. Dallas, Tex., July 3. The lTnaddreed Postal Card. Qn Roarh Train. D.vu.vs, Texas, July 3rd, IPlfi. Dear Lil: Well, old girl, how Is everything by you thc.-- o days\ I don t think ou would llko this weather hete very much, as It Is quite warm. Tho Vcoplo of tills town have Just sent down a lot of crates of cat.s, which I suppose we will get for dinner Lots of love tu ou anil tho folks. Will wrlto boon. \Hv.\ Shall and Will. To the Editor or The Scn Sir; Per- haps President Wilson's misuse of \shall\ and \will\ Is due to his Scottish descent, It l said that few Scotchmen know tho proper use of those nUxlllarUr.. Years ago The Sun published the fol- lowing us an aid to their correct use; In the llru peraon simply \\hull\ forete; In \will\ u threat or elue promise dwells, \.Shall\ In the second or the third doth threat; \Will\ elmply then foretelli th future feat. New York, July 7. CI. F. K, Eipert Opinion Solicited. To tub Editor or Tub Kin .sir; Kindly eek nut your pentlfernu correspondent \T. P.\ and demand from hie vunt bibulous experlenre an explanation of these eafti phenomena : (liven a respectable retnll liquor store (if TtlltuulG tlUtbeslk, equipped Willi I A I clean inahoKsny and glass I'.ir, (II) quiet, unlioinellke and withal mnscullne hack purlor and ((') summer garden, Why Is th bartender ao often a pleas. Ing and erudite person, whereas the waller Is Invariably a dummkopt or even a achnelnhundT iticiuan P, Ittio. Nsw York, July 7. Fair for Dog and Man. Atvrrtirmtnt in Mnrivllla Ptmnrrat-Forv- To whom It may concern! Pleise, don't tease and cum or torment my Aresddle Terlor lings no more, aa they can't set nut on the road hand), Hut In cane as above mentioned I won't be tenpoiislbl for their action should they get out on lha FtaAs . . tmj. THOSE ENGLISH ACTORS. Another llllter Attack on the Alleged \Slackers\ Here With Us. To thk llniTon op Tun Son Kir; Will-Ihi- ii Uraham llrowne's defence of ICtig-lls- h actors here asserts that ho \person- ally doesn't know half n dozen men who nro of suitable ago and lit lo enlist.\ He either has a strangely limited theatric il acquaintanceship or else he believes that tho public at largo will accept his slate-me- nt unquestioned, and Unit those of bH own profession who know better will not tumbles to challenge It, I think It even possible that W. flraham Browns might bo able to muster the \half dozen\ he speaks of from the two recent casts In which bo blmelf figured. One visit to the recent Allied llazaar would have fIiovmi numerous oung, nble bodied Ungllsh actors mak- ing mountebanks of themselves. That cause, could well have spared them, young and old, for a real man's work on the nrlng line or for home defence. And they had the effrontery to carry on their buffoonery surrounded by the ac- cusing posters which their country had buued to stimulate recruiting. On this samo occasion It was amusing to read the New York newspapers' praise for certain Kngllsh actresses' success In recruiting, while their own husbands stay In this country and continue to piny heroes for the movies. I know of Kngllsh actors here possessing valuable property In Kngland who bewail the fact that they can't do their usual summer- ing there, and upon being asked why not they do not hesitate to say they are afraid lest the British Government hold them for homo defence and so prevent them fulfilling engagements here. These nt least oro filrlv honest and do not sicken us with tho painfully weak excuses by which others seek to cover their greed, lack of patriotism or cowardice. To have \hands too Soft lo carry n rifle,\ \afraid of losing a hand or finger which would spoil me for the stage,\ debts and family responsibilities, arc only n few of the excuses which have been given me. Another rnrre nondent writing on th same subject complains that the artisan class of Kngllshtm n here aro not termed \slackers.\ I should like to remind him that these urually settl\ In this country and become citizens, while tbe Kngllsh actor here Is ever ready to parudo his Ilrltlshness, makes capital out of it. and as noon as his season Is over usually takes thejlrst tioat back, spends his sum- mer \knocking\ America and Americans, and then returns to this country for his fall engagement. No one questions the fact that actors have left America In order to \do their bit\ and have given their lives In doing it. but how does that excuse thoso who have remained here during the last two years or thoso who havo crowded here since the war atarted? It Is to be hoped that England after the war will refuse to recognize these sons and will strip them of their boasted heritage, that of being Kngllsh- - niPn. K. PAULSEN. New York, July T. FOR THIRSTY HORSES. The Automobile Has Not Made Water- ing Troughs Unnecessary. To Tlir. Editor or The Sun Sir; Now that the hot weather Is upon us, many are asking what Is to be done this sum- mer for the toller of the streets, the working horse. To the compassionate the dally s'.gl'.t of horses with froth covered mouths and panting sides is most distressing. Means are on every hand by which humans can quench their thirst, but with the exception of some watering stations maintained by the S. P. C. A. and in New York the Woman's Keaguo for Animals, there Is no water In sight for the thirsty horse. Everything Use is closed. Stop to consider how It Is to be parched on a hot day and then to be obliged to keep on working continuously In the sun and heat, from morning until night, without a drop of water, it is not only the shutting off of tho water but the cruel and unnecessary restrictions put upon the watering places opened by tno r. a., wnerc every precaution Is exercised to keep iresh water running nnd where one Alderman sahl he would not do ntr.uu :o drink himself. Underground stable\ I blacksmith shops nnd horse marts are ..in.a nr nUn.lnr. oti.1 nn nm. run tinrlr stand an order denying a drnught of water to n thirsty horse under condi- tions entirely sanitary. For a city like New York to be under obligations to a handful of pitying con- tributors to maintain a few watering stations, Inadequate for the enormous number of horses, is i.imentnoie, Th c'tv authorities should establish ..nm.nnant iv!it..r trnilpllS. for Water is absolutely necessary to horses. Let iViU fn,iutarntlnn mnvA the ltnard of Jlealth to be moro lenient nnd to re move some of the restrictions piacm upon the watering stations In our great cltv. J. & AMINE. New York, July 7. Should Conirrees Make Key's Anthem OlHrlully National? To the Editor or The Pun Sir; \The Star Spangled Manner\ should be made, the olllclal hymn of the 1'nlted States. It Is so recognued by the army and navy nnd tho National iluard, as well as the people. It should bo made tho nntlonnl anthem hy act or congress, Katiierine IIouert Hok. IIiailLANn Falls, July 7. \Had dramniar.\ To thk !ITon or Tits Svs fir: In the editorial article \Syntax In the Cimpalsn,\ In lie Imaginary letter sinned \V. W.\ are these lines: \You cannot moo a treat nation with bad frammar,\ Is there such a thins; n \bad grnm-mar\- T I thoucht, ao to speak, grammar was non-mor- Just grammar. Is Incor- rect I'nsltsh grommar of any sort, or Is It Illiteracy? 1 uek humbly for Information. Akkon, Ohio, July . P. Mcl.. The expression \bad grammar'' was supposed to be Mr. Wilson's we had almost said Dr. Sntax'e and not Tin: .St'N 's. \Ilunkldnrl\ la (lone Hut \(iilcLen MrWtle\ and \I'ossum Walk\ ltenmln Prom te Tokio Atalnnchr The old time practlco of giving c name to places end things stems to be almost obsoleta In Missouri. Tho town or \Ilunklilorl for Instance, long slnco perished, perhapa beenuo ef too nuiih name. 'VhUktu Hilsttc\ Is one ease where the original name, IIuzil ilrove, has been altuott lotupletely bur- led. Though we eeldom hear of \Hen Hcr.itch\ In this county nuwda, \pus-su- Walk,\ Just across the line In Nod county, Is still retained. The sarii la true of echoothouees that used to be known by audi names as \.Shake Hags' nnd \Pepper Box.\ The Immortal Kentucky lllrd. From the I.iiingttnir UnterprUr S'omo ftfleen year, ago i)cir Prlxkltl cuughl a buzzard and hung a sheep bell nn bis neck Fur R few ear ha occa- sionally saw the bird and heard the bell, but fur some time he disappeared, but la.it Friday came around, stilt wearing his eheep bell. Attorney ,1, M. Mont- gomery anys he eaw tha buzzard about ten years am near Ixila and saw and heard the bell. Others may hava seen and heard the esme but have said noth- ing about It. Rut Would the Change Offend Tammany? To tbi Editor or Ths Srs Sir; 1 would suggest In place of Woody Tiger aa Pemocratlo campaign emblem Woolly Lamb aa mora appropriate, NcwiRK, N, J,. July 7, ItnaraT W Conn. An Paay fining Kiinxan, Fnun the t'nin I ale t utility hum Mr. Cusi Little, the Orldley hatneta man, btk aMli ka vmv Co4 INFANTILE PARALYSIS. Correct Diet and Intestinal CIranllnfM Urged lo Prelect the Yonng. To the Editor or The Sun Sir.' Ths real cause of Infantile paralysis Is rarety mentioned. Tho germs enter through the nobo or mouth and lodge In tho alimentary canal, especially In tho colon. If the young children were through and through clean, there would not bo nny epidemic. Dr. Kellogg of Rattle Creek asserts that every person, young nnd adult, can gain Immunity through any epidemic spreading by germs If his alimentary canal Is kept clean front end to end, Oermn or bacilli cannot develop or breed In the Intestines except they find a fcrtllo soil to grow In. Seventy-liv- e per cent, of all people, oung or ntiutt. have not tho tcmotest Idea of what In- ternal hvcletie means nnd Is! they are as a ruin morn or Uwh constipated or half constipated. Ynnnr children from weaning are mostly fed with pappy food and In con- sequence the majority of them between 1 and Z years are more or less rarau-pate- d, and their clogged up. unclean colons form tho soil for the germs of Infantllo paralysis. They nro ab- sorbed In the blood, and through this find their final lodgment In the gray matter of tho spinal cord. If the chil- dren were fed right there would not be any serious epidemic. This In the main nolnt. All the rules given out from the Hoard of Health are necessary, but to no avail wnen mo diet Is not attended to. Scores of phy sicians, nurses and food inspectors are at work against the epidemic, but how many of them have thorough knowlcdgo of scientific diet nnd cooking? The dancers from food eaten raw don t exist If nil vegetables Intended to be- - eaten uncooked nro for a short timo (four or live minutes) Immersed in com water wherein 6 per cent, peroxide of hydrogen Is dissolved. This will kill every possible germ In the vegetables. (live thorough Instructions to the mothers about the necessity to adopt a right diet, how to feed tbe young chil- dren and how to prepare the food, show them the Importance of Internal hy- giene, and In a short tlmo Infantile paralysis will be a thing of tho past. Katarus Worm. New Tork, July 7. AN ATLANTIC EPISODE. X Time When the Independence Day .Spirit Was Decidedly Latent. To thk Editor or The Sun Sir; I havo read with great Interest Trcsldent WIlson'B Fourth of July address at tho Federation of Labor's Installation at Washington. Ten yenrs ago I crossed the ocean with President Wilson of Princeton University. As tho most distinguished American on board he was Invited to preside or, If this was Inconvenient, to participate In tho Fourth of July cclehratlon In nildocean which as good Americans we held In honor of this great event In our history. The celebration was a great success. Captain Haxtcr's ship was decorated to the last piece of bunting. First, second and third class were ns one on board the ship In celebrating the day, thanks to this line British skipper's hospitality and friendship. All participated In the event with one exception nnd he the president of Princeton University. For all I ever learned there was neither excuse nor regret for this dere- liction. Certainly no olllclal expression of It was read or given during the speechmaklng in the cabin. Slnco then I have read Mr. Wilson's official rebuke of American tourists who \flaunted\ the ling abroad, jl peccadillo of theirs which may have lnmienccd him In keeping away fiom an olllclal cele bration In which the flag played su prominent a part. John r. Davin, m. d. New York, July 7. TRADE BRIEFS. r..M. n t. .t.t.ri. h. hnu.ht most rontr the ileilere the lying Into vessels for shipment Ur.lted State. being Imported by the United States Illchir wage calea prosperity on the! Island have resulted In big demand for the natives now rontructlng wooden lioun to replace paim huts. Inillallnn. nf Im.rlMti mnde Japan liW of Import tmn United ml ..is. will be granted port iruehs. lacuuni cieaners east also boen added to th consulate Tenerlffe Islands) numerous der beeai for during first quarter sticnr. meats, player pianos, and cotton print were artlclej dealers. The Uruguayan considering lull new railway which, will at Ilirra de Santa' ll.m-U-. paa. through rl. agricultural now lacking transportation ties, There demand tor water tie Janeiro, the city owned Fed-er.- il Itilf million each, being purchased South the French flovernment work at the llurope, Agileultural plant machinery, cot- ton, rubber tires bndly nettled Human) shortage to stagnation of Herman competition caused Dpcvvrlter supply sale. In Switzerland, cainpilKn bnllil up trade hy II. llern. the wire tterl. Iron, paint, paper, the United nly market tlr Peru, but construction has the miiiid for lumber. Tea exports from the United during reason the jear fi;.'7. '.'03 worth rrom 47 cut. to Ml cents pound aoap has fioni two cents to 80 rents, toilet from tha market, result the Kuropsan tho surgical trnd France has iiuickeiied during last artlflilal surgical which unfavorably nice, havo uverruni the pieju. J and TACKLE. The 'Tear Ceaiiielllnr? 'In Unhappy on Whom Is the Tearful .eresit uf tie. spending (he Call tho will. The man knew that he mint bsu flshlns. Years looking nt the pc. turea In tho rail of tho wild magazines had In his veins sort nnglcrlo seeklqsls thnt could cured oniy ny piscatorial pursuit. He, not fished slnco youth, then onlr with tho prlmltlvo weapons nf time. not bent pin, No j,0y outside the covers of paper ever llsh with bent When he con pet two regular cn, hooks for cent In any crossroads store In the Slates child di,e not fish with bent plus. whom he had hl desire to bnsii (.r him that they hail seen In the wlndowi, of Eighth avenue notion stores nice little outnis or line, and sml:r wound neat tliitigmnn. jig nna priced nt ten nP laughed thoso beymid the skirts of scorn, knowing that mm coul.l not copo mm bass units armed. time to time he hud money aside for ctfU. Thne tva In tho war chest Jt..\0 held his wlfo hy the sweat of hi brovi nnd the machinations of deceit All this money, If necessary, wrwij spend on outfit. Thu lmt should know, It roso to face for last gasp and look at conqueror, that It had not fallen nt IV hands of niggard. Thus resolved ho sauntered tackle store. He did not even nk the entering. He kni ho wanted. \Bass said to the rler. with nonclmlnnce practised sines dawn. \Certainly sir,\ the clerk wl'n the politeness of his kind. \hesterflM was n tackle stlct. man. And yet he did not th look tho clerk's eye. It was the eye of or. has fasted long: tho eyo nf the. wolf tho sheepfold, of the rat ,,r, tho herring. Hut ho followed him tho hack of tho store, where his pa- rticular lair appeared to tie. casting rod,\ tho man \Xothlng expensive.\ The clerk rod from a cae and unwrapped It from Its cerement ns carefully ns If It had been tho lute Hnmeses II. It was long trout rod and it did wiggle much, but the clerk and whisked It whlt!o It.\ he urged. The man did not. said he rouM tell from tho way it hummed thnt was nice rod. Secretly he felt that he would to whale that around when It was his own und when ho was In the cctre of ten acre field not even a cim-- catch the tip on. when he !ie;u tho rod his hand an electric tlirll' went through Mm. Ho asked tho price. \Only dollars.\ anld the \It Is low priced rod, but In the hands of expert angler kill bass aftor ba.s.\ Now tho man had more than J4.'' with him. had the money which to pay the last bill. said would take the rod. reel also,\ said. \Somet 1.? simple.\ Tho salesman produced piece of architecture. \Hall bearing nnd multiplying he cxi'iiiincu. nnu urng. tie money. He the monthly iem-l- : .'for the savings bank. the reel, with all attachments. \A line?\ Tho clerk licked his chop. Yes, manifestly one could cat' m bass with rod a What ,'. lines? \Our purple Peruvian silk said tho clerk. \Made bv 'k- - 1'i'1\'' ThU 1''ltf\1 popular thnt) ever Hopalcons Dancing Dolphin Iliucn cronncn 'Seventy-liv- e cents each, or situ dollars dozen.\ Now tho man had moro monev tr.in tho Lacklo fttnd nnd tho !wl tho saving, batik hoard lie $10 which lie about P'lt .nwy 111 secret nccinilit us fimj for tho \f jeir-Ol- d boy boHRnt'ft dnPI1 oodon w There were hooks on them havo to buy hool;.- -. 11 ll good ileal. lie was only lo tho extent of ?0. He Ills IMii'V.'tirn nml stnrt. door. turned couia-'o- i' upon the salesman, \What makes tack'\ t'r tic miindt'il. \Tho leplled the sal.' .links lUpbnnae.i dent know whit Me gosh. fine Wilson und Carranza tn Imu And clasp th hands frleed-- the bloody Where Clrlngnes th much Inclined that Wt's man (hit's great And Wilson say I'anaii'a b State, And they thiow bo mpi. line that loop the b.,p And, tin ie another Hoop. \Carranza say be ln't M't doc ime, Thev're mini polite klnl play their friendly Tha notes they wrlio piaii.iu have ple.imt ton you ever eee two hlinirv drit\ bone? \They keep mnl'irln' means they thinU It'e well have nin soldier arid Ink. They did the nimr Ihinn many Anl over tbete Xllb WW. of Norway' fish catch for tha coming year, manipulated the button und 4.ooo tons of whale oil. Mlu'.-- o. The buyer particularly K Klectrlcal cooking and heating stoves, the click. Use one of those silent r ranges. Iron. Ac, are very much nnd In your vicinity mav mand In Norway owing tt.orblt.int 1m, Fure tllat you ave tMiunc. prtl' of Norweyllll hnve tI1u(. pra- nked for lists nnd catalogues of American \Mx dollais.\ said the clerk. I'\ made electrical appliance.. Molasses which formerly went w.iie patent attachment. now being shipped eight With self thnmb.r.s Hawaii. Specialty constructed tank eel, nine-tlfty- .\ steamers carry from out- - Now tho man had more cUrrerKV provinces Honolulu, where I tho tackle savings the g.T pumped th are Cubi from Canada. Increasing a lumber, ; tneir leu: tnol, denim havo tool large sale tn It tl. v'orms accustomed to meat ..It:to.Ic suggested I.) consular agent, that waterproofed With Chltlc.-- c KU'C V'J Amerlcnn manufacturer adopt distinctive guaranteed test at eleven and mark tor thiir good, thtu Insuring quarter pounds at it lempein'uri the natives against substitution. C4 degrees Fahrenheit. 1'or tlf'v .ml, Many factories are being fitted R'. tw, j0uara.\ The man. vv.pinB to weave fabrlrs other thhn mulln. which prohibited Importation Into ling-- 1 mo\' oougni II. \Now said tho clerk, \what about land, the best customer for thla cloth. Cotton fabrics will replace the Japanese dozen artificial minnow I \ar muslin staple. Ulobbler has been doing wnmlerfu 've- - Itmsl.i bus placed order for inn.onn ciitlon on the Delaware. This Sunis-ton- s of barbed wire with an American rtno Snark with this green V '! manufacturer. '.,,, ,ho (iozo,,. The W' 'r' Motor cars, ch,, part- - an, all scce. wlMrJ f.n,, aU ,hi, (i( ll.t article, prohlbltel frJm into the Kingdom In ape- - licenses to lm- - motor ana have recently lint. Through the efforts of the at (Canary or have secured American menu facturers the of 10111. tickled Hour among pur- - chased by Island ' CongrcM Is providing for It planned, start a h region faclll- - und terminate at Algeria. I a meters In lllti watir MHtem of I nnd controlled by the f.overnment. r.illrnul tlee, alue,l at 3i tn a.i ure In the by for reeoniruetlnn close of hostilities In nnd shoes nnd are la i. The sup- plies I due the llurnpeun markets has fatllng off of American An energetlo advertising the Ii rmiul VV tfchultz Uruguay Is In market for net- ting, sacking, tlneud and machinery. Lumber exporters In Hinte, Und re fur Douglae Chile and In Colombia and Venezuela cement dcireaseil de-- i fap.in Htntea th llil.Vlptu those of previous by f,,- - I pound. Uiundry soap I, a In Herman) Th mice of soft Increased pound and Imported soaps hava disappeared A a nf war Instrument In the jear. American mad\ limb and oilier .iiar.'ilu, looked upon In Kl diet, sri making big salts, n Wretch tm. posed tn of or produced a he nnd id, No, a n funny caught n a pin a United a Friends to confided cjttch n n; nooi; all on n wooden ' cents friends on' witn a From an now ho k bass when the am ft a a Into o ' window before what tackle,\ her a replied probably fishing like n who on to \A saM. took a not as as a tint a Jointed It It about, making and bend. \Try He it a prefer rd property a with to Yet in five sale-ma- a nn w ! Ho wit) pun 11 he \A ho n mckellM ' had He bought 1. a nnd reel, I ! thing,\ l'\''\\1 ' \;''' ' nt \ now me n gas pivnn\ i aJ vvns n the s' n \. ;l education . ' , ,i ' ' nn ' on d f- r Then ho \ \\ \ h war,\ ' nn fa e 1 think It Fer to s m e' of y gap the and so to ip \Carranza sas m his so winliln' al the s nnd 8 gain m Pld ' a s i \ to s, ' ' pen In .u .m ni ' in ' 1' ' It. - ,t i In d- - people m to coal. I \ to our Is to San Francisco dollars. our from I the sjnolasses tn It ami to and and It at I a i It Is ' to tbtee-trad- e ( v In , Is from a s as a an l lv hy 'V s , - i i ii a Tho a of a to at a In to a were i iu- ' i \I ' n v n

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