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The Gouverneur tribune-press. (Gouverneur, N.Y.) 1959-1973, November 01, 1972, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn93063670/1972-11-01/ed-1/seq-4/

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Farming - a most; important industry Last year, the farmers of St. Lawrence County produced $31 million worth of food products and spent $22 9 million at local businesses for materials and services needed for farm production \These figures prove that farming is one of our countrys' most important industries\ said Augustus Marscher, County Farm Bureau President \Few people realize that the commercial farmers of New York State are responsible for a total food industry that provides nearly one-third of all the jobs in the State This includes shippers, packagers, processors, wholesalers and retailers A lot of people depend on the success of New York's farm industry \ Richard Beckstead, Chairman of the County Farm Bureau Membership Committee pointed out that the health and vitality of that industry rests largely with the success of the Farm Bureau movement. Over 60 per cent of the States' commercial farmers are in the New York Farm Bureau. \The professional farmer knows that Farm Bureau is the most effective tool he has in reaching those whose decisions affect the farm economy and in giving farmers a unified voice on issues that could injure or aid that economy \ The St. Lawrence County Farm Bureau is now conducting its 1973 membership campaign. Mr. Beckstead said that the County goal of 566 family members is expected to be reached by Nov. 13, the date of the New York Farm Bureau Annual Meeting in Syracuse. HE'SNOT FOOLING AND FIDDLING AROUND —he's a Future Farmer of America Attention farmers! v The result of an investigation by the Farm Bureau indicates that millions of dollars in tax refunds are not being claimed by New York's farmers accord- ing to Augustus Marscher, pres- ident of St Lawrence County Farm (Bureau. Referring to the State Sole* Tax LAW passed in 1965, Mr. Marscher said term- ers have the right to claim re- funds on taxes paid on utilities, fuel oil and motor fuel which m used for production purposes, and yet, a vast majority of fanners are unwarirurly passing up this opportunity. The farm leader pointed out that under the law, equal ben- efits axe also guaranteed Co other industries which use these resources for production purposes. Marscher's statements were confirmed by a spokesman for the State Department of Taxation and Finance who said that only 1237 refund claims were filed by fa^Tners in 1970. \On. the remaining 21,000 laxr:*s alone, each of which pnr^ duce at least $10,000 in sales per year,\ said Manscher, \I ami *o;d that the average refund would amount to approximate- ly $125 per year per farm or a total amount unclaimed per year of nearly $3 million. Since farmers can claim refunds for the last three years, that means farmers have more than $8 million coming to them if they ask for it\ He empha- sized that Hie average refund figure would be several times greater for larger operations. Mr. Marscher added that this refund should not be confused with the four cent per gallon federal tax or the eight cent per gallon state tax which ac- tually fall under the category for \use\ taxes. He estimated that a higher percentage of farmers, probably around 20 per cent, already claim refunds for the state tax while almost everyone claims a refund for the federal four cent gallon levy. Asked if job of claiming a re- fund was a difficult one, Mr Marscher replied that it is u simple process and involves an uncomplicated, single page form. He further stated that most farmers would have all of the records necessary to com- plete a refund daim. In an effort to encourage farmers to collect what's right- fuMy due them, and what* guaranteed to other industries under the same law, Marscher announced that the necessarv •form is available to farmers at the County Farm Bureau Of- fice, Mrs. Richard Race, Route 1, Canton, New York 13617. Concluded Marscher, \In an age when farmers must battle a spiraling price-cost squeeze, we cannot afford to pass up any economic benefit which will help us to continue in providing the needed food and fiber.' WHEN THE THINE BREAKS, loosened hay must be forked back into the baler In hot late summer sun. shirts may be shed — but the beard stays. Political Americana collecting Wait!! Don't throw that piece of \junk\ mail away that you just received from McGovern, Nixon, or Whoever asking for your vote. It's a collectors item much sought after. Willard E. Smith of Norwood is one of over 2,000 members of American Political Items Collectors (APIC) who will go to any length to obtain this material. Since Sept. 21, Smith has traveled over 2.000 miles in search of campaign buttons, posters and the like The trips have been very rewarding. Since this time he has been in the State Capitols of six states in his search of seven states and Canada On Sept 21 he left on a trip through Burlington and Montpelier. Vt.; Augusta and Portland. Me.; Portsmouth and Concord, N.H.. Lowell and Norwood, Mass ; Pawtucket and Providence, RI ; Hartford, Conn ; and Albany On Oct. 7. as one of five elected officers of the Empire Chapter American Political Items Collectors covering all of New York State except New York City which has its own chapter, Smith attended its biannual meeting held at Auburn Willard, at this meeting was elected vice president of the Empire Chapter. Also, elected was Rev Herbert D Loomis, Cortland, president; Mrs Agnes T Gay, East Rochester, secretary; Howard S. Thomas. Rochester, treasurer, and Kenneth Wright. Auburn, Sgt of Arms The Empire Chapter APIC consists of ap- proximately 150 members. Smith's collection of different campaign buttons for 1972 already numbers over 1,000 and before the end of the year this will be doubled Any assistance from anyone is most welcome, even the most common button might be sightly different or can be traded with other collectors NOW RETIRED AND RESTING after years of clattering labor, this baler enjoys mice and spiders for quiet company. . _ The hunter and posted land Community cooperative succeeds in Potsdam Already successful, the members of the Potsdam Comn. ^nky Co-operative are now planning for the growth of their organization. The Potsdam Community Co-operative was a direct result of the visit to Pot- sdam by Paul Horvath, a nationally acclaimed expert on co-operative markets, in March of 1972. Mr. HorvauYs visit to Potsdam was noted in the United States Senate Congressional Record of June 30. 1972 through an article by Mrs Delma Brunauer reprinted in the Congressional Record The Potsdam Community Co- operative is a non profit organization dedicated to securing direct distribution of consumer goods from the sup- plier to the consumer. It also aims to promote local production through such programs as the Farmers' market The Potsdam Community Co-operative currently deals in food products only and has already resulted in seven successful , Farmers' markets. Founder Members of the organization include Mr. and Mrs. William Brady, Mr and Mrs Edward Potts, Mr and Mrs. Antony Gados, Mrs Olive Moffet, Steve Ballan. Robert Wangerien, ,and the members of Switchboard in Potsdam Currently there are 189 registered member families Anyone interested in joining the Potsdam Co-operative should visit the distribution center on any Tuesday evening The distribution center is located in the American Baptist Meeting House, 24 Leroy Street, in Pot sdam Mrs Moffett. director of the Potsdam Neighborhood Center. has assisted in starting a similar program in Watertown and is planning to help start one in Lowville soon The Neighborhood Centers assist the co-operative in staff training and funding Future plans for the Co- operative include the possibility of finding their own building to house the distribution center Cornell University is conduct- ing a survey of posted land in the State for the Department of Environmental Conservation, similar to the intensive survey it conducted in the early 'GO'S. Preliminary reports indicate just what everyone suspected, that posting is still on the in- crease, and that in some areas It hat increased dramatically. Most posting is due directly or indirectly to hunters and poor hunter conduct. The earlier study listed the following four prime reasons given by land- owners when questioned: 1> un- spartsmenlike conduct, 2) more and more hunters coming onto their land without first asking permission, 3> protection of the landowner's family and proper- ty and 4^ increasing number of hunters afield. This fall farmers are general- ly behind schedule in bringing in their crops, so understand- ably they will be more sensitive to the conduct of the hunter on their land. Pheasant and goose hunters who like to hunt standing com must use re- straint for this is a delicate point in the farmer-hunter re- lationship, so much so. that one agreement with landowners in the Fish and Wildlife Manage- ment Cooperative Hunting Area in southern Cayuga County is that there shall be no hunting in standing corn Most landowners have noth- ing against hunting, but like to feel that they have some con- trol over what is going on on their property. T^e trend to- ward leasing hunting rights is a rood demonstration of this. Hunting is permitted and the owner knows who is on the land More often than not. it is th:s knowledge not the money that change* hards which is the selling point Not many years ago most hunting was done within a few miles of home, and quite likely •on the land of a friend. In our day of super-highways and more leisure time, hunters no longer need confine their efforts to their immediate neighbor- hood. There isn't a prime small game hunting area in New York State that isn't within an hour's drive of some metropolitan area and its throngs of eager hunters, most of whom have no concept of what it is like to run a farm. This lack of understanding of farm problems is at the heart of many incidents resulting in posting The best way that an urban dweller can overcome this deficiency is to spend a few minutes talking with his landowner host before he starts his hunt. He will find out which fields have unharvested crops or new seeding* that should not be disturbed. Nobody knows what is going on around the farm better than the man who is out there working every day. and he may have some good suggestions on where you will find the best hunting. After this eyebaU-to-eyeball contact, there is less chance that the hunteT will leave trash around or do damage to proper- ty On the way out report what has occurred, and if it has been a particularly good day leaving a piece of game might be a good expression of appreciation It seems that many hunters feel that once they have pur- chased a hunting license they can hunt anywhere they want. \Hie hunting license grants only the privilege of hunting: it has nothing to do with the privilege of entry on the land for the pur- pose of hunting Take a careful look at the bottom of your hunting license and you will find written in capital letters and underlined \NOT A PER- MIT TO TRESPASS.\ The right to go on private land is something that the hunter must work out with the landowner. There are those who feel that the days of free public hunting are numbered; that hunting will be restricted to those who own or lease land, belong to hunting clubs or who do their hunting on commercial shoot- ing preserves. If this is to be avoided, to- day's hunters must remember that hunting is a privilege, not a right. The only way to per- petuate free public hunting is through courteous behavior to- ward the landowner, his family and his personal holdings. For further information, call: Arthur Woldt (518) 457-5400. m Heavy stands of corn provide food for the winter How to make a terrarium EVENING SHADOWS trace By R. T FOX Associate Professor. Department of Floriculture and Ornamental Horticulture New York State College of Agriculture, a Statutory College of the State University. at Cornell L niversity One of the most delightful ways to grow a collection of small plants is in a terrarium This glass enclosure protects the plants from drying out. and enables you to grow plants or to start new plants under perfectly controlled conditions The forerunner of the terrarium was the Wardian case, a glass box devised by an early- English botanist The Wardian case was used to house plants collected in distant countries It protected them from unfavorable weather conditions salt air. deserts and shifting tem- peratures It also enabled the early botanists to grow plant spec in ens inder the most ideal conditions Most recently this imethod of growing plants has moved from the laboratory into it he home where it nas con itnt>uted a very appealing as well as practical decorative touch CONTAINERS Modern terranums are pat- terned directly after the Wardian case Glass >ars old-fashioned cand> jar? fish bo* Is. aquariums large goblets or bottles can be used The only requirements are a clear glass container and a cover Cloudy or tinted glass filters out too much light to be practical A cover is necessar> to control the moisture content and humidity of u>e terrar: jm T-* >;ze of the container is op:;or.a. Very large eor.u.r>er$ such a? large a qua rams fish ^\•r^-5 a-id * r>e carboys ervabie \c** :c use large scaie rr*aier:ai$ such as srr.a*. r. er greens and decrdjous tree seedhngs Smaller co»rta:r>ers are iirr.;:ec to tin> rlar.is Tr* >ca.e of the plants sJV'jJc >? .n x**p.74 * j*. the s;2e of the ^>r.U:r>er The container should be large enough to allow some leeway in arranging materials. A practical and inexpensive container is a gallon-size jar used for mayonnaise. pickles and relishes These are frequently- obtainable from restaurants and cafeterias The opening « large enough to allow you to put your hand inside the container, and it is large enough to hold a good selection of plants SOIL A mixture of one part sand, one part peat moss or humus, and one part loam soil is recommended for terranums One Jevel teaspoon of 5-10-5 fertilizer should J>e added to a six-inch potful of this mixture Regular garden soil is not recommended because it becomes soggy DRAINAGE Because a terrarium has no drainage bole some provision for drainage must be made In smaller containers the moss used on the bottom of the terrarium acts as a drainage layer In larger containers several pieces of broken pot to charcoal •or a layer of sand may be put in after the initial layer of moss is iput down PLANTS Terrariums may be made either of native or tropical plants If you have many small house piants such as Aincan violets tropical ferns miniature :vy and jpeperomia you might like to combine them in a terranum for ease of care If you wish to use native materials however a shor. via Ik .n & woodsy ravine w along a woodland brook »-U provide you *:th the opportunity to gather a variety of nauve pianis it is not a good :dea to comt.ne native and ;rop:ca! rr.ater.a'.s However rat.ve mosses an-d /.eher.s zzr. be j*ed to ad•• artage in trJp:ca. plant terrar.u.T.s Cact; cannot be planted in terrariums because the humid growing conditions cause them to rot PLANTING PROCEDURE Collect flat mosses from moist woodland areas Select the thin \sheet moss\ that grows on flat stones and fallen logs Place this flat moss face downward in the glass containers so that the mossy side shows through from the bottom After placing the moss, add the necessarv drainage material and soil Not much soil is needed — just enoughjo__holdjhe plants in position Arrange Tfie plant materials in a logical design If you wish to display the terrarium mainly Trom one side, which is the usual case build up the moss and soil towards the back of the container Use larger plants toward the back Cluster smaller plants and creeping materials toward the front if you wish to make a terranum to be viewed from all sides plant the larger materials in the center and use smaller plants around the sides In setting the plants try to create a woodla nd or tropical scene Use one or two taller plants to simulate trees some medium sized materials for shrubs and creeping vines, mosses and lichens for ground coveres An open glade may be made * ith a flat piece of moss or a flat, mossy stone The foreground should be of \sheet moss to a Dem a full view into the terranum Do not crowd the materials The plants shouid not be pressed against the sides of the container nor crowded closely against each other No soil shouid show Open spaces may be filled in with pebbles mosses bchens and small creeping vine* A small figunne c4 food wort- of hcbtt - COVCTtti bark an interestingly shaped stone or a smau piece ot arut- « cod may be added as a point of interest Stones may be partially buned lo forra a miniature *<dge Do not \mder ar.v crrrurr.su rices clutter up your terrarium with unlikely bits of cheap pottery. You will find that a restrained arrangement of plants and ac- cessory materials will give the best effect Remember that plants will thrive under these ideal growing conditions, so they will need some space to grow It is not necessary to have all of the plants rooted. You may use \slips\ or unrooted cuttings Do not be concerned about covering roots thoroughly The high humidity will prevent roots from drying until they have a chance to grow down into the soil. CARE After the terranum is planted. wet down the plants and soil with a bulb sprayer Add water until it starts to seep through the moss on the bottom Wipe off the inside of the glass with a tissue and put a glass cover over the top of the terrarium to prevent the moisture from escaping A glass dish glass ashtray or a piece of window glass can be used as a cover You may even have a iglass shop cut a cover to fit the top of the container exactly A isimple temporary cover may be made from cellophane pbofilxn or saran-wrap attached with a rubber band or scotch tape Do not let water stand in the bottom of the terranum If you loverwater remove the cover for several hours and allow the -excess water to evaporate Plants need very bttle extra water si a terranum Moisture condenses on the odes of the glass and dnps back into the soil where it is reused by tbe pUnts A small amount of water may be added about ooce a month Place the terranum m a tight place but not in tbe direct sun U plants become too tail, pracfc them b*ck Remove airy piaofci that tend u> crowd out tbe often A terranum AMUMUJ will i*** through ooe ytmr. Cbec n should be redesagDed Some erf tbe aid punts ma> be reused but freafa rrkosse* and »• plants may be added '-o pro-ode arv color and m •M

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