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The Little Valley hub. (Little Valley, N.Y.) 1???-????, February 06, 1919, Image 2

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wy^' % Two* The Huh, Little “Valley, N. ^Y», Thtirsday, f'ehruaiy 6, i910 '! A LETTEE FROM jproacli reaclimg to the level of ferent stone triiAmings or red q^nentiy the dog will do aU the EDITOR SHIFHERD the water, at whatever stage it brick. Slate roof the only pulling. They are wed trained carts con- this --------- jmay be. In this matter of easy roofing material you see. Near- and work ery hard. The ^‘he many friends of Editor\ H. access to the water I never saw ly every window sill is covered are practical, durable and s/shipherd of the Hub, who has it so conveniently arranged. .A with zinc. With the same amount venient. Sieen for some time in the Y. M. C. | woman will kneel down on the of rain in the States anything but I will leave off here for A. work overseas, wiU be glad to 'ground or masonry work and be- metal would not stand the wea- time’, hear from him through the col-*gin. A wooden paddle about,ther for long. j Respectfully, mmns d£ this paper. We always take, great pleasure six inches square with a two-foot gave Seen Glenn Griffith and wooden handle, a piece of soap Leone Brown H. S . SHIPHBBD in printing whatever we get from'and the river completes her out- p^^haps no greater pleasure’ Farmers Go it Alone? him in the way of news and there ' By pounding, rubbing and ^ ! Iln Washington right now, fore we give you, this, which was cold watei the States than in the last few a continuous hearing go- written by him especially for the | aeeompUshed. A mue meet first Leone Brown with the Food Administra more back-breaking job than the Grierni Griffith ,tion upon the price to be paid Hub. A. P. 0. 767, Prance, Jan. 8, 19 Mr. Leon Strang, Editor: Dear Sir:—The work I am en­ gaged in in the interest of the Y. M. C.A. and for the benefit of our boys,has been keeping me so busy ordinary United States wash tub | j^eone came into the hut one to say nothing of the eold '^ater window, held out his hand with a glad cry and said if the coun- ter was not so wide he would put tical is that used m boats moored and the out-of-door Avork. An­ other method employed along the river, that seems t be more prae- to the side of the river. These kiss me, he was so' glad to see me. i ifor butter and butter fat for the next six months or year ahead. This will be followed upon other milk products. The maunfaeturers and dealers are interested, organized and on deck to look after their interests cent potash, 2 1-2 per cent phos- New York State College of agri- phoris acid and 35 per cent lime culture at Ithaca, cqffivalent to 70 per cent lime car} greatest advance has been bonate. However, the composi-1 in the price of wheat mill feeds, tion .of ashes varies widelyy. It and the removal of all specific Avill range frpr^ 1 1-2 to more maximum margins on wheat miE than ten per cent of potash, 1 1-2 feeds, wheat * flour, and mixed to “five cent of phosphoric acid flours caused a big jump in the and from 20 to 55 per cent of lime price of these wheat feeds . How- / Causes of Variation ;ever, the permissible annual net^ • This ariation may result from feed dealer is six the kind of material which the ash P^^ sales is derived from. Te small stems, this profit continues to be cal of trees and bnshes, skins of the j sales of all feeding fruits and other waste parts of incinding wheat mill feed. HI / ■ ' f I there is little time to give to writ- possibly fifty feet long j found Mm ru^o-pd snd hpnltliv protetd by sur profits ing letters to friends or even for twenty-five feet wide and are from what he told m!e of hisl^^®^^ government, but are The Hub. ..n n -. n i -.. i i . ^ i . .. covered with a roof, in them big AA^ork I judged he was nicely pro ' chiefly interested in the amount Avas m Idesire to send a little that may | boilers are placed, beneath which jj Merest our readers, of things as ;„e fires to heat water. The first _ _ seen by myseif here as 1 pass a-;(fegcribed methods are also used home and I also told him!™® business and consequent- .1 1 , jof business they will do—lower xne xxux a i ^ . . . ,, prices giving them a larger vol- me some news long the streets or through the ' iu addition to the boiling Avater country. Clean Meat Markets some. ____ He may now be on the except that the womeu stand up j- to their washboards which are a ^itimated that his bunch might be One of the most pleasing sights sort of leaning board placed on beforelong. Glenn has .been having a most you seein this large city of Nan- the edge of the boat. The mys- tes is the meat markets. TheXery to most of us is how they ^^-onderful time. He has been shops are small ones almost invar ^ get the clothes so clean by using ^ selected bunch of The H lls are mostly lined with | one of the finest water su llie s : “ “ they hai^e*^ been^ ajT ove7 t L wMte enamel or some other clean France and the service is ex-1 France from one end ly covering. The butchers are|eeUent. But apparently compar-|^^ other, and he has not been apt to be dressed in Avbite or make use of it ^fr ^ never looked more healthy to me. At the time he 'Mother Hnbbards” that look ve I washing purposes in their homes. Ty attractive. The tables on which the meat is displayed are was sleeping right out of doors Very Little Fuel for Heating Room,s or houses in this city night after night, with others, kept clean and eA^^erything about seldom heated very much. Fu-jpg^iu or no rain and said he had the place looks clean. There is high. Soft coal is selling a- not slept in a bed since be left seemingly plenty of meat to be ^ ton. fihe people j ^^0^ His bunch were at one .had and the prices along about ^ composition for fnel that time slated to parade in New the same as we pay at home. Prices of Goods in General ^ I have been noting some of the prices on goods of ■character. In the exchanging the news. The City of Nantes lies beau­ tifully and is ({uite hilly in places _ is pressed in large briel?s for fur York City on Christmas day, but The ehi7kens iudhirseMon ap- like large he told me later there was no tel- pear to have the color of the peo-1\®®® 1 ple-blaek. I hae seen very few . '' f r T ! ^ ® ■ n 10^ fuel. IS o trees are allowed to ^tiier than black and very few t . . i ' u. h e cut doAvn except Avith permis- reneh people who do not have from proper authorities, and iet black hair x-. x- ? all the branches are carefully sav j .^g the streets run from the riA’^er ed and sold eo be used for coarse ! front, but the other parts are brooms, etc. You w ill see manylmore level. The streets are Avell a standard I a growing tree that looks ! paved and the trolley system is AAmy of gro- ii]j0 an old grape vine that has rather complete and Aveli handled series some articles would seem been trimmed back forbears and‘(>2^0 of -(be peculiarities of- the Mgh to you, no doubt, and to us. years. If you go into a hard-j gygfjs the matter of hauling Lggb are hard to get at any price . ware store to buy a cook stove .passengers on the cars. People but sell at about -$1.30 a dozen;.one of the advantages pointed Are allowed to stand as many as potatoes average around $3 a out to you is that the fire pot is Iran get on either platfornv but bushel, and a feAA^ other articles just large enough so that it will I are not alloAved to stand up inside in aceordancej but in the line of , do the cooking properly Avithout many vegetables there is such an ’ taking much fuel to run it. Ma- abundanee that the prices are iiy bedroom^s and living rooms , are more reasonable. j heated by a little stove set in a It is in the dry goods stores the . fireplace, nine-tenths of the heat pecple are the harder hit, for if of Avhich goes up the cliimney. . you want to buy a little sheeting the people do not heat their you will be asked for yard-wide i material about ninety cents. Com!^^®^ going without heat. Hion calico or gingham brings a-1 ^ Wonderful GardenSpotArouind bout eighty cents a yard; a cheap cotton flannel costs around $1. Here We in America Avould find it When you come to ladies wraps ' difficult, to cultivate our land as 1 believe you can do better here jffiotoughly as do the French peo than in the states. Twenty dol­ lars Avill buy a very neat appear­ ing cloak. And in men’s suits it it noted the prices are very reason able also. In the ^matter of jew- aliy prices have evidently been pie hereabouts. As you drive from this nity to the seashore and pass through the farming terri­ tory you are greatly impresesd with the economy in the use of the soil. Every hit is cultivated seat away up to what they used possible. What would iO be on account of the sales to i si^rprise you fully as much is the the hoys of the United States. jfaet that the house and the barn Washing Methods of the French; ?he front yard and the Housewoman P(MTicips in no Avay does one no barnyard are all the same and the level of fhe yard is the height of tice so great a contrast botAVoen!^^® rooms. And the wood- nations as in the methods em-!®^ ployed here by the French in the thing. They are slipped wasliing of their clothing. Whe-1 entering the house, thre it be in the little village or i Today, as I write, the cattle are ■an the farm, or here in the city ! grazing in the fields where the where a large .river passes thru, grass is groAving in abundance, the one Avay used mostly is to go ‘ Vegetables are groAvn in profu- to the AA’^ater and wash,—never to sion and there are many kinds I bring the water to your house. before. The fences on The farmer has a little pool farms are mostly hedges from water near his house in many in-1 which are also gathered a good stances, where the cattle are wa- supply of tAvigs to make baskets tered and Avhere the family.wash from, brooms and a hundred oth- is done. In many instances, as other things and uses, we have driven through the farmj I f^ad the pleasure, late in No- Ing communities we have noted w.ember, to pick from one of these that there Avas more or less of a hedges some of that delightful green scum on the Ai-uter. Here holly that we in the states use fr in ihe city the ri\’x'r is roily a holiday time, only the kind I got g* 3 0 tl bit of the time and never was ilot flattened out the Avay is is looks A’’ery clean. And yet in this when we get it. Many of the rix^er t; great many Avashings are barns of the farmers are made of ipue. The most common method straw over a wooden framework, seems lo l&e to take the clothes The roofs oftenaimes are grow- fo the *Mge of the Avater where,^hg a good crop of grass. The ^ler is a coBAmient masoimy ap- houses are .all of stone Arith dif- ■ . When the inside seats are filled the excess passengers have to re main standing on the platform. I believe that is a good stunt as it alAvays leaves the aisle free to get in and out through. The fare on the ears is only four cents and soldiers travel at half fare. Foot Warmers Passing by a store one day I saw some curious little Avooden boxes and stopped to inquire what they were for; 1 was told they were foot warmers, cheap little Avooden boxes about s ix’in- ches high, ten inches long and six inches Avide. The top is madp of lath, put on as you would put it on a chicken coop. A hot stone or brick is placed in the box and* ”mjy lady” while seated ’at her AAmrk ’’plants” her feet on the box. Some have handles like a pail, with AvMch to carry them a- bout. Miscellaneous Notes Traveling through thispartof France, one is caught Avondering hoAV it is that all look so near a- like, The Avomen wear their hair alike in most cases, parted in the middle, combed doA^n smooth and done up I oav in the back. I have seen scarcely anytMng but black cloth for clothes; no bright col­ ors ; for overalls the men Avear a loose floAring jumper reach ing to or below the knees. Very occasionally one notes a young woman who has had the courage to do her hair up a la American, and she must be the object of crit ieism of her neighbors. I am inclined to beliee that the expression, ”a dog’s life” origi­ nated here. The dog is as much in use as the horte for drawing vehicles; much material is hand­ led on push carts, only here they are pulled instead. One' or two dogs are crudely harnessed and aid ) m pulling the load, klore wo­ men than men use the carts. ,Fre ly greater profits. The govern ifient is interested in getting these products as I oav as possible for the army and navy and for allied governments, thus leaving the farmers to stand the brunt of the low prices. The farmers, except through their organizations, are not rep­ resented as these barings. The government maintains that because farmers have not gone out of business during the last year, their business has been pros perous and that last year’s price should prevail, notAvithstanding the recent advances. The gov­ ernment maintains that feed is cheaper and conditions no Avorse for dairying, etc. The representatives of the. milk producers who are here ahd have been struggling for a price that Avdll give to farmers at least their cost for milk and butter fat feel the need of a general organi­ zation of milk producers over the entire country. If the industry is to succeed or thrive it must organize. Farmers can no longer ”go it alone” in these days. The National Milk Producer’s Federation noAV com­ prising all the greater associations of the country, Avith hundreds of thousands of members, governing every branch.of the industry, in the country from I^ew England to the Pacific coast, propose to ex­ tend these organizations for the protection of all of their members and if possible to preserve the in­ dustry. They believe that the farmers should form locals everywhere no matter Avhether they sell Avhble milk, cream, butter or cheese. Milk producers should send to the National Milk Producers’ As- sobiation for a form for organiza tin and get into .the game. This is not a money-making scheme; it is solely productive and protect­ ive for the\farmer. The National Milk Producers’ Federation is attempting to save farmers from tlie evils that. are being inflicted upon tRem thru the sale of worthless and deleter­ ious products which are mixed with feeds and are being sold at excessively high prices by cer­ tain mixed feed dealers. It very strongly favors the - enactment of suitable legislation to remedy the situation. This organization is acting in co-operation vdth theDepartment of Agriculture in making its plan for further organization. Secretary-Treasurer is George BroAvn, of Sycamore, Illinois. All communications should be addres sed to Charles A. Lyman, Assist­ ant Secretary, 615 Woodward Bxdlding, Washington, D. C. MILO B. CAMPBELL, President, Coldwater, Mich fruits and plants are riehesa in potash. For tMs reason the ash from the household garbf-ge , is especially valiable. The ordinary commercial fertilizer asheS' on the market are geneartlly much low er in analysis than the average given above. The purchase of ashes should be based upon an ac deal in December. Feed tual analysis, if any large sum is involved. Again, the composition of ash­ es depends upon the kind of fire from Avhich it was produced. In­ tense and prolonged heat results in the loss of the fertilizer en- stituents, especially the potash. For this reasoo, ashes from kilns and furnaces are often from one- tMrd to one-half loAver in ferti­ lizer value than those from house hold fires ahd a larger proportion of the constituents is insoluble. A cord of ordinary mixed hard and soft wood Avill Aveigli approximat ly 3,150 pounds and Avill produce in a large furnace about20pounds of ash. In a household fire it will produce from thirty to forty pounds of ash. A bushel of ash­ es will Aveigh about 48 pounds. Coal ashe^^ have relatively lit­ tle fertilizing value but they may be an advantage in certain soils; they are particularly useful to as sist in breaking up a stiff clay. dealers have been selling feed ip second-hand sacks not to exceed three dpllars a ton over the bulk price and one quotation charges the sacks at twelve cents apiece, returnable within 30 days at that figure. Attention is called to the fact that many dairymen are feeding their young pregnant heifers on roughage alone. , Itl seems to the state college Avorkers that this is a poor practice. Even with feed at the present prices, it is sugges ted that young pregnant heifers not yet two years old ought to have from two to six rounds of concentrates a day in additMn to’ the roughage. The reason for* this is to get size on these animals Roughages will not put sufficient size and fat op them to groAV, pro­ duce young and yield as they can or as they should in the first sea son of lactation. Sending Men Into Service In the past two weeks the re­ cruiting station of western NeAV York has sent 103 men into the service. Weekly reports indicate that the Buffalo or Western N gaa ?\ York district, has been engaged in a lively campaigin, and has been surpassed only by the New York district and the Boston dis trict, Avhich comprises very near­ ly all of N cav England. In these GGod Butter Sells Rleadily The home butter maker Avho is that the trade wants a uniform and neat appearing product. The butter should be colored,’ salted, worked, and packed in a system- atic,' business-like way. Among the essential items* that should not be overlooked by the home butter maker, according to the dairy department of the New York State College of Agricultur are the following: 1. All utensils should he care- days New York City and her sub Tully washed and after being seal 'ded thoroughly, should be placed in a dustless and flyless atmos- Sae the Wood Ashes Those who are now using open fireplaces or are burning wood^in the old oak stov|, should look ahead to next year’s gardening, and save the ashes to be used,as fertilizer. It is reported that the average composition of wood ash- es derh^ed from hard and soft wood timber and produced in the household fires is about five pe|^* I stations gave 145 men to the na­ vy and Boston 125. Lieut. Commander Chas. P. Ul­ rich, in charge of the Western New York district, has made ev­ ery arrangement so as to cover the territory that the message to the navy will reach every man out of a job. Sub-recruiting sta­ tions have been opened at Roches ter, Syroense, Utica, Elmira, and Watertown, New York, and at Erie, Pa. A traveling party of three men is now on the road, hoi ding meetings' in ’ smaller towns and cities. Transportation from any toAvn in the district to the nearest re­ cruiting station will be sent to ap plicants writing to Buffalo. 'The district includes four counties in I^ennsylvania, Wari(en, McRean, Erie and Crawford. Numbers of men have availed themselves of the transportation offer. Apprentice electricians, and ma cMnists and men practiced in 53 other trades, are being enlisted. Men having a few months’ exper ience in a machine shop, or with dynamos, SAvitchboards or meth­ ods of wiring may be enlisted for the schools at Chtrleston, S.C. and Hampton Roads, Va. Pro­ motion to the rank of petty offi­ cer, with increased pay and allow anees, is assured at the end of the course in either school. The best jobs of their sort in the world are waiting for the men who are now hanging around the doors of employment, agencies. Thirty days furlough Avith pay Avili be given every returned sol­ dier, saRor or Marine who re-en- Hsts. . , pliere. More harm than good is done by the old custom of placing the pails, dippers and other uten­ sils in ,the sun, for not mpre than once in a thousand times are the utensils placed where \ dust and flies do not lodge on them. 2. Use good judgment in keep ing the milk clean. 3. Skim or separate a cream that will test about thirty per cent fat. If too thin, it will not churn easily. 4. Add about one quart of but termilk to ten \quarts of cream to sour it. Hold the cream kt a temperature of about seventy d^ grees F. until it has a mild acidity 5. Churn at such a tempera­ ture that the churning process Avill require from tMrty m^Jiutes to three-quarters of an hour. In small churns the necessary tem­ peratures are usually irom 58 to 65 degrees F. The churns should be stopped when the granules are about the size of a kernel of corn, and then wash with about as much water as there was creamy at a temperature of from 52 4- grees to 56 degrees F. Revtye the churn two or three timesand drain it. Then repeat the Aksh-. ing. The purpose of the wi is to carry away the buttei on wMeh bacterias*'live. ^ proves the keeping properiilTof the butter. • 7. \ Balt and work the hu<er. it is much easier to distribute^ salt when the butter is rather tie than when it is eold and h ^ i TTherefore obserA^e temperature control. Work the butter | until experience tllss you that the mot' ties Aviil not appear. I 8. Pack carefully scalded and cooled jar or other contaiuei^^’vrith the butter in it. If the hut ter % Hi .•'V ‘-S A reasonable advance in Avheat, mill feeds is justifiable but any­ body making unreasonable advan ces .in wheat mill feeds makes his own interests as well as himself liable t prosecution under the Le er act of August 10th last. Thep rice of sacks dropped a /I 7^ •c' ‘ 'V .r 5 / Genpral Jump in Feeds The price of feeds in general advanced someAvhat during De- cemhji’j so we understand from the Reports that come from the j is sold one pound prinls an i very

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