I PAGiS TWO WHAT tmCOtlTTHOT a Freflch-artUleiy camp a!)ont 20 OP THE PEOPITEEBS miiles from Bordeatix; it is the fl- ■ ------- ' nest camp in Prance, so they say; P. B. Carpenter, the famous art- barracks, baths, mess ist who painted the historical pic „ j ture of ‘‘Lmeoln and His Cabin- . „ ^ , et issuing the Proclamation of Em ^ aneipation/’ has left among his Stationed here for a while. memoirs the account of a remark I am writing this with the doors able interview which took place and windows open and the ther- between President Lincoln and mo'i^^^ter at about Andrew G. Curtin, Jhe War Gov-1 help but think of fhe difference ernor of Pennsylvania. The MU between this and the weather you empowermg the Secretary of the | probably having. Maybe J Treasury to se” surplus gold h a d .^ p g^t of the cold weather Just passed, and Secretary Chase this winter, but think I could had gone over to New York to sn- ^thnd it pretty easy now, as I am SO accnstomed to the outdoor life sleeping in trucks and box ears and on the ground 5 but I know I am physically a hundred per cent better off than I was a year ago today. The boys are playing ball out side. Tlhe country here is level and has a very sandy soil. It is also a funny looking country and I have yet to see a wocTcTen house and barn as all buildings are eon structed of concrete or stone. You hardly ever see a 4-wheeled wagon or a team of horses hitched together, as they hitch one in front of the other. I eonld tell you a thousand things that seem so ffunny from our ways, but will save them until I get home, which I hope will be soon, as I sure would love to see you and the folks. There is a lot of dope going a- round every day about our get ting home, hut I have got so I let it go in one ear and out the other. I don’t think there is an Ameri can in France but what is anxious to get home as soon as he can, but I suppose we^will have to a- wait our time and turn. Now I can tell you of our trip over here: \Ye were on the boat ’’Sobral,” a Grerman boat interned by Bra zil, and lent to tihe French gov ernment to transpoi/t American troops. It took us 13 days to make the trip and I guess we took in most of the Atlantic oce an. One day and night it was pretty rough and half of them were seasick but I was not at all. We had a submarine scare and fired off the guns but saw no sub. We landed at Brest on Nov. 3rd, about noon, stayed there un til Nov. 8 th and got to LeMans the 10th. We were in I>eMans for two weeks, sleeping in dog tents, then we went to Havre, A and B Companies and got 88 trucks of English make and 6 Dodge touring ears abd brought them to LeMans and left them. We stayed there until Sunday morning, December. 1st, and lan ded here on December 3rd about nine o’clock. We stopped at Eouen one day and one night., I enjoyed the trip great. I would like to make a convoy to Paris and to the army of occupation before I come home, but am a- fraid it will not be my good luck. I have received only oiie letter since I have been here, but that is not funny as we have been on the move so much that none of the outfit ,'has had mail but once One of the fellows got a letter written last June and sent to Buffalo. I do not know what we are go ing'to do here. You never know until they say, ’ ’Roll packs, ’ ’ where .you are going or when, but will keep you as well posted as possible. This is the first let ter I have written except on my mess kit or on a board, but there is a nice Y. M. 0. A. here. We have very good ^eed here, not much variety but enough. perintend the transaction. Governor Curtin referring to this said: “ I see by the quota tions, Mr. President, that Chase’s movement has already knocked gold down several per cent. ’ ’ As Mr. Carpenter recounts it, this gave rise expres sion he ev^S^^f<Lfcll from the lips of Mr. Knotting his face in the intens ity of his feeling, the President said,,— ‘‘Curtin, what do you think of those fellows in Wall Street,, who are gambling in gold at such a time as this?” “ They are a set of sharks,,-” re plied Curtin. „For my part,” continued the President, bringing his clenched band down upon the table, ’ T do wish every one of them had his devilish head shot off.” Yet the ’’profiteers” to whom Lincoln referred, gambled only in gold. The ’ profiteers of our day are gambling in food, coal, and in other necessities of life 1 The American people, however, will fiid 7 a way to deal with these speculation buccaneers, just as the;> have found a word to des cribe their . activities. ’’Profit eering” was the instant para phrase of ’’Privateering,’’—with apologies, of course, to tfne latter profession. For privateers at the least operated under some form of autlioriay and shadow of right, ~suc]i as Letters of Marquette; but the ’Profiteers” scour the Span ish Main of trade and commerce, literally under the Skull and the Crossbones of the CaptaLU Kidds of Industry: It would . doubtless astonish some of these ’’cute” and ’’clev er” gentlemen, were anyone to tell them they were playing a fool ish game. Tjhey are so sure of their own wisdom and smartness! But they are playing the most fool ish game in the world for them selves, their children and their children’s children! The days of piratical finance., if not over, are no longer respectable. And ‘ all the donations and benevolent res titutions this side of the day of judgment will never make them so again. None of tfhese things deceive anyone but the donors. America --and the world,—is on! The pendulum of public opinion is swinging—and swining backward —irresistably backward to the • * standards of business honor. Do nations are no longer accepted as just as good substitutes for the foundation principle, on which all sound civic life is based. The profiteer of today will be the ap ologist of tomorrow; and if not he, his descendants will endure the days of explanation which are so. disconcerting to ill-gotten prof its and gains. The Arabs have a saying,—There is no God but God and the profiteers are likely to discover that the only wealth that in the long run carries with it peace and honor as well as com fort and luxury, is the wealth that is not gained through taking ad vantage of their country’s neees- had beef stew with potatoes, A U & T tm HOMS w»om THBOBOBS Oid^OLI. sities or grinding the faces of their fellow men. \v A Letter from r Earl Colby The following is a letter re ceived hy Mrs.. E, N. Colhy from her husband whq is in France: Camp DeSoouge, Bordeaux, France, 12|8|18. Dear Ava and All : \Will write a^few lines so vou law will know where 1 am. We ar rived hm*e en^ Dee. 3rd, about 9 a. nn, %dm Le Mans. We are in stewed tomatoes, beans, bread and coffe, and all you wanted of it, too, for supper tonight.. Well, seeing I cannot he home for Christmas, will wish you all a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year, the gang included. Will have to close, hoping to see jmu soon. I am as ever, your loving husband, ERLE K. COLBY, Co. B., 106th Supply Train, 'American Expeditionaiy For- ‘ ces, via New York. Thanksgiving p. m. My Dear Mother: Well, mother; since I wrote you last I have left my old company and am now at an ofixeer’s train ing school at Langres, France, I came here after the armistice was signed. I am feeling fine and in the best of spirits. Have a chance to keep Mean here, and am living in good barracks, plenty of clothes and blankets. Have a bunk like I did in Camp Dix, anfi facilities are, about as good. I suppose you are pretty happy to think this thing has been cal led off, and you are anxiously a- waiting for the return of your 3 sons. I haven’t heard from Tom yet but hope he didn’t see the lines. As for Ray, J' saw him a few days before the armistice was signed and- trust me he is still 0 . k., and as or myself I am longing to get my feet platned in that little town of Little Valley never to leave it again, even for a vacation. I suppose you have read about the new rules regarding censor ship and we are now allowed to tell where we are and where we have been. I will try and give you the principal places as I re member them. I didn’t keep a di ary, as they all say a good sol dier shouldn’t in ease he fefll in to the hands of the enemy. I am sorry I didn’t keep one, now, as ie would be nice to tell my child ren about in a few years. I landed at Brest, France, the 17th of May. After a four days rest we entrained for Chaeillon- sur-Siene where we took a six- weeks’ course in trench and mod ern warfare. You remember I came over in an advanced school detachment, there being nine of ficers and six sergeants of the 1 st Class from my regiment. We left there about June 30th and went to Forst St. Menge fofr a ten days’ course in bridges. These are located southeast of . Paris. ; we left to join our companies a- hoiit the 10th of July and on this trip we ‘hit the outskirts of Paris. We went north to Calias (on the English channell) but our regi ment had left and we spent about a weew finding them. I joined my company at Oudouzelle, near .Cassel, where we went into res erve on the British sector, called Flanders. This is about west of Ypres. There we put up barbed wfire entanglements and dng tren ches for the British reserve line in ease they should have to fall back. About the first of August we started and hiked four or five days south to a .place near St. Pol where we did the same kind of work in the rear of the British. I went up to the lines one day for observations and had my first experience under shell fire. ThTe middle of August the entire di vision (the Fighting 78th) en trained for the American sector After riding three days in box cars, when we again passed thru Paris, we arrived at Barges, a small town below Paris, for a few days of rest. About September 1 st we started hiking toward, the front and we arrived in the St. ihiel sector, the morning of Sep tember 13th, the, day after the big drive. *1 We. worked our^way up by repairing roads and bridg es until we caught up to the Ger mans, when our doughboys took over the lines near Theancourt and Vieville, which is located a- hont 15 miles from Metz. There we dug the trenches for the doughboys and put all the barbed wire entanglements in front of the front line. I worked up at the Hues for 14 consecutive niihis and bad some wild and exciting times. I didn’t have any narrow escapes, yef, owing to my bas ketball experiences in ducking and falling, I was only covered -^vith dirt with the close ones.. I sMnned my nose a few times in falling, hut outside of that nev er felt any effects of shell fire. We were relieved on October 4 th and after a four-day hike and a louie ride landed landed in the Argonne forest about tbe 10 th. Our doughboys took over the lin es at Grand-Pre and Cheviers a- hout-the I5th. This is north of Verdun. My regiment did good work in this vicinity on roads, bridges, etc. My company did work on the narrow ganged rail road which Jerry hod blown up pretty bodly. With my own platoon under my personal super- visionwe repaired the track from Lancon to Sunuc to Grand Pre station. Being under shell fire and direct observation all the time. On this job was where I first saw Ray, as we were camp ed close together for a couple of weeks. On November 2 (my birthday, our doughboys started over the top and Jerry couldn’t stop them. We followed them up, repairing roads and bridges that Jerry demolished, to let our artillery over. We were re lieved the day before the armis tice, the division that relieved us having to come up in motor trucks to catch us. They kept right on to Sedan .where they held the line at \the armistice. We arrived back at St. Menehold af ter a'four-day hike, and I left my company there on Nov. 15th to come here to school. This will give you some idea of the ground the old 78th has covered, if you can secure a good map off France showing all the small towns. Of course there is lots more to tell but will let it wait until I get home. The 78th made a good name for itself and I was proud to have been in it. Of course we had it tough at times and I will feel ashamed to ever have to have a doctor when I get home after' going through all that Avithout a minute’s sickness. As for Avhen I Avill be home, well, .1 guess I Avill let Uncle Sam decide that, yet in hopes it Avill be Avith- iii the next couple of months. I spent a very quiet Thanksgiv ing day, having spent all the mor ning in cleaning up, etc. Had a steak, mashed potatoes, pudding bread, jam, and coffee for dinner Have been Avriting all the after noon. Still have hopes of eating Xmas dinner at home. I haven’t received any mail in a long time, as it Avill take some time to get my mail forwarded to me from my company. Keep on sending all my mail to the same address, Co. D., 303M Engrs.', until I tell you different. I hope you and dad are enjoying the best of health and hope you have heard from Tom and Ray to the effect that they are 0 . k. No matter how pleased you will be just to see us get home, I am sure we will be just ten times more pleasedMo b© there. Give my regards to everybody in Lit tle' Valley. Love to you, mother, dear, ad dear old dad. Tell dad I can shoAV Mm some trieks.in the railroad game now. Lovingly your son, TED. Present address, Army Engineers School, Candidate Section, A. P.- 0. 714, France. lit b e o h a s e b Oyster Bay, Jan. 6 .—Colonel Theodore Roosevelt^ Rough Rider patriot, Ex-President, hunter, lit .erary genius and American citi zen died, in his sleep eArly today at his home at Sagamore Hiill. The immediate cause of death Avas pulmohary embolism, or lodg- recorded that he ever ’’made” the baseball and football teams, but Ms puny body had undergone a metamorphosis and before Ms graduation he became one of the champion boxers of the college. This remarkable i&ysical develop ment was emphasized, by some thing which took place shortly af ter he left Harvard in 1880* He went to Europe, climbed the Mat-'^ hy one of the physicians. Death is said to have come pain lessly While he slept. Colonel Roosevelt suffered a se ed a member of tbe Alpine Club of Louden—an organization of men who had performed notable feats of adventure.. A few months after Ms gradua- vere attack of rheumatism andjtion, Roosevelt married Miss A- ^ciatiea on NeAv Year’s day, hut;iiee Lee nf Boston. She died in 1884, leaving one cMld, Alice now fhe Avife of Representative Nicholas Longworth of Ohio. In 1886 Roosevelt, married Miss E- dith Kermit CaroAV, of New York and to them five cMldren were born— Edith, now the-wife of Dr. Richard Derby, and four sons, Theodore, Jr., Kermit, Archibald and Quentin. The public career of the man Avho was to become president be gan not long after he left college. His profession Avas law but the activities that Avere to come left no one believed that his illness would likely prove fatal. He sat up Sunday and retired at 11 o’clock at night. Several hours later---about 4 a. m.—Mrs. Roosevelt, who was the only other member of the family at Oyster Bay,‘went to her hus band’s room and found that he had passed to the beyond. Mrs. Roosevelt at once tele phoned to Col. Emleii Roosevelt, a cousin of the former president and he came to the Roosevelt res idence immeditely. Telegrams were dispatched to time to practice it. In the Colonel’s children. Two of his sons are in the service abroad. ^©w York State assem- Capt. Archie Roosevelt and Ms wife left New York last night for Boston. Flags Avere placed at half mast in Oyster Bay today. 1882, 1883., and 1884 he was elect To Accept Certificates ’’Buffalo, N. Y., January 4, 1919,— Instructions have been received by Collector of Intern al Revenue Riordan to accept Treasury certificates of indebted ness dated August 20, 1918, mat uring July 15, 1919, and Series T, dated November 7th, 1918, maturing March 15,. 1919, at par Avithout interest, in payment of income and profits taxes. The Department has' advised the collector that accrued interest on the certificates a MII he paid separately by the Federal Res erve Bank to taxptyers upon de- fwDsit hy th^ coHeetor of the cer tificates accepted, shoA^ing the date the tax Avas due and the name and address of the taxpay er. In the like manner interim cer tifieaies issued by the , Federal Reseiwe Banks representing the treasury certificates, Anil be ac cepted in payment of income and profits taxes.” Colonel Roosevelt having been such a widely knoAvn man, we are going to here touch briefly on his varied'and interesting career for the benefit of Hub readers, we having been fnrnisKed, through the Salamaea Press of Monday evening, Avith a complete sketch of it. Called to the White Honse in 1901 after President McKinley had been assassinated, Col. Roose velt, 42 years of age, became the youngest president the United States has ever had. Three years later he was elected as president by the largest popular vote a pres ident has received. Thus Roosevelt sometimes cal led a man of destiny, served for seven years as the nation’s chief magistrate. In a subsequent de cade the fortunes of politics did not favor him, for again -a candi date for president—this time lead ing the Progressive party, which he himself had organized when he^differed radically with some of the policies of the IJepuhliean party in 1912—jhe Aveiit down to defeat together with the Republi can candidate, William Howard Taft; Woodrow Wilson, democrat was elected. Col... Roosevelt(’s ehemies a- greed Avith Ms friends that his life Ms character and his writings re presented a high type of Ameri- canisuL Of Dutch ancestry, bom in the City of New York on the 27th day of October, 1858, in a house in East Twentieth street, the baby Theodore was a weakling. He was one of four children who came to Theodore and Martha Bolloch RoosCvelt. His mother was of southern stock and the fa ther of northern, a situation, fhat during the early days of the Rebellion was not alloAved to in terfere with the home life of the Roosevelt children. So frail was Theodore that he was not privileged to associate with fihe other boys of .the neigM bly, Where Ms efforts on behalf’ of good government and civil ser vice reform attracted attention. When the Republican Nath Convention of 1884 Avas heldj Chicago, he Avas chairman of New York delegation.. After this experience he di ped out of polities for two ye: Going West ;he pnrehised rani es along the Little Missouri ri^ in North Dakota, and divided time between out door sports, j tieularly hunting, and liter: work. Here he laid the fonn( tion for Ms series of books, ‘ 1 Winning of the West,,” wli: was published from 1889 to 18 and of other volumes of kindy character. Returning to New York he be came the Republican candidate for mayor in 1886. He was de feated. President Harrison, in 1889 appointed him as a member of the United States Civil service commission and President Cleve land continued Mm in that office, AAffiich he resigned in 1895 to be come New York City’s Police Commissioner, ”A thing that -attraeted me to this office,’^ said Roseelt, at the time he accepted the appointment, ” was that it was to he done in the burly burly, for I do not like cloister life. ’ ’ Honesty was the watchword of his administration and the two years of Ms occupa tion became memorable through.^ the reforms he inaugurated,, at- ^ tracting the nation’s attention. Avbile holding a position which was obscure in comparison Avith the events to come. Illicit liquor traffic, gambling, vice in general, —of these evils he purged the city in the face of corrupt politic al opposition, and the-reputation he established as a.reformer won him the' personal . selection by President McKinley as assistant secretary of the; navy, in 1897. A year later the Spanish-American War broke out. ^ The. famous Rough Riders were organized , by Wood and Roose velt—a band of fighting; men, the mention of whose name today suggests immediately the word ’’Roosevelt.” They came out of 1 f'i horhood, and he was tutored pri ^ vately in New York and during west,-plainsmen; miners, ruff travels on wMet Ms parents took' ready fighters wh^wew nat- f the cMldren abroad. A porch gymnasium at his home provided him m th physical exercise Avith which he combatted a troublesome asthma. His father, a glass im porter, and a man of nxeaiis, was his constant companion; he kept a diary ; he .read so much , history and fictional works- o f .adventure that he was KnoAm as - a book- ural marksmen, and Wood be came tMr eorporale and ’’Ted dy” as he had become familiarly called by the police, their lieuten and-colonel. In eompsmy jynth tbe regulars of the army th e y to o k tran»^orts to Cuba, landed abBa? tiago and were soon engaged in the thick of the battle. Among ^ the promotions :«diiCMthis h ardy^^ r ; be took boxing lessons; he j r^inient’s gallantry brought bout Avere those off Wood to Brig. adier-General and Roosev^elt worm was an amateur naturalist: and at the age of IT he. entered Har- v-ard University' There' he Avas CMonei—and-this title Mr.| not as prominent as some others cherished until the e in an atMetie wa 3 % as it not (ConUnued on page ?7 IstJ J- * ; z' 'G .