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Auburn weekly American. (Auburn, N.Y.) 1855-1859, December 26, 1855, Image 1

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PUBMSEED EV E R T WEDNESDAY —BT— WILLIAM J. MOSES. Office, Corner of\ Genesee and State Streets, AUBURN, N. Y. J. STANLEYSlScH, Editor. TKR- j JIS*—*$1 ,5 0 per annum, in advance, in all eases. T h * D aily A merica *, published at the same office, will be furnished to subscribers at $ 5,00 per annum, payable quarterly in advance. These papers having a large circulation among me­ chanics and business men, are an excellent medium for advertising. T lie B o o k a n d G e n e r a l J o b P r i n t i n g Office of the Proprietor of this paper is in the Advocate Building, Clark street, where he will be pleased to re­ ceive the calls of his friends and the public. A LIBEL SUIT AND A TBIUMPH. On the 15th of April. 1854, Mr. J n o . C os ­ t i g a n , of Albany, represented to the editor of the Albany Transcript that an article contained in the N. Y. Police Gazette had greatly injured him, and he requested the editor of the Transcript, with whom he was upon friendly terms, to publish his vindica­ tion from the aspersions of the Police Gazette , which had already appeared in that paper.— Mr. C u y l e r c h e e r f u l l y c o n s e n t e d , c o n c e i v i n g t h a t b y s o d o i n g h e w a s d o i n g a f r i e n d s i m ­ ple justice. But that friendly act involved him in a vexatious litigation of two years’ standing. One week after he published C o stigan’s vindication, another Irishman, named T h o s . R e d m o n d , the party against whom the allegations of Castigan were di­ rected, requested Cuyler, as an act of justice to himself and wife, to publish two affida­ vits, sworn before ’Squire C o j . e , and setting^ forth the facts and circumstances of the trans­ action, out of which this difficulty had grown. He felt, in honor, bound to comply with the request, and without even examin­ ing the papers, excepting to note that they were properly signed, they were given in the Transcript. Here he hoped the matter would rest. On the contrary, however, it was b u t the beginning of trouble ; for on the Monday following, Costigan called on him, and in a towering rage demanded satisfaction for a gross libel upon his fair fame and spot­ less reputation. He demanded a full retrac­ tion. Cuyler refused, and hence a suit for libel, claiming damages to the tune of $5,000! On the 28th of April the Transcript briefly stated the circumstances of the case, accom­ panied with an offer to publish certain pa­ pers when produced, and to make ample apology with their publication. For this another suit was brought by Costigan, and the same amount of damages claimed! He procured the arrest of Cuyler on a Judge’s order, and he was compelled to obtain his release from 11 durance vile” by giving bail in the sum of §1,000 ! The Transcript says: “ These events transpired in April, 1854, and the causes were prepared as speedily as possible for trial, and placed upon the court calendar in a very short time. We have of course been compelled to attend every term of the court, with between twentyand thirty witnesses, some of them non-residents, and up to this term have been unable to procure a trial, our adversary never being prepared. Fortune a t last favored us, and on Thursday the first case was called, and a jury empan- nelled. “ I t is notour purpose to recite the evi­ dence adduced, at this time, as we shall pub­ lish it hereafter. Our purpose now is merely to call attention to the trial itself. When the first juror was called, Judge Tremaine1 Costigan’s counsel, challenged him for favor, and interposed the objection that the plain­ tiff was a Catholic Irishman, the defendant a Know-Nothing, and the juror a member of the same organization, which he claimed was in direct hostility to the views ofhis client. Judge Harris a t this time overruled the objection, and we wish this fact to be remembered. The trial proceeded, witnesses were examined on both sides, and after sum­ ming up of counsel, a t one o’clock yesterday, the Judge commenced his charge to the jury.” The charge seems to have been an extraor­ dinary one. The Court, it seems, ventured to give the jury its own opinion of the ac­ tions of men not on trial before i t ! The Transcript tells tbe rest of the story as fol­ lows :— * ** Citizens having no interest in the result of this controversy, excepting so far as they may have* desired the triumph of truth and justice, were dragged into the arena, their actions criticised and their motives impugned. The Judge, as we think, transcending his duty, implicated these outside parties, and in the opening of his charge, alluded to John Costigan and John McKnight as Catholic Irishmen, and the publishers of this paper as Know Nothings. There was not^one word of evidence to sustain these allegations, and if there had been, it wonld have been untrue. Why did the Judge refuse to allow the coun­ sel in the outset to raise this question, and then drag it in when there was no opportu­ nity lo rebut its influence! W hy did he as­ sume that the jurors were Know-Nothings, and being so, that they could not render a verdict for the defence, unless every point of justification was clearly established, lest their decision might be misconstrued by the public? Was this just—was this honorable ? W hy did his Honor assume to be the arbiter of the facts in the case, virtually claiming every point as proved by the plaintiff, and elucidating the testimony of his witnesses so as to tend to strengthen his case, and materially prejudice our rights 7 Why did he travel out of his way to pass upon the actions of Messrs. McKnight, Cagger, Van- Yechten, and ’Squire Cole, asserting that the three first named had acted very wrong • in giving their honest opinions when called upon by the “ poor Irishman,” Redmond, and that ’Squire Cole had transcended his duty in issuing this warrant against Costi­ gan, that he should have known better than to have entertained the complaint of Red- mohd, and that he acted very hastily in so so doing 7 W hy was it that Jus Honor so earnestly called attention to the fact that we were in­ demnified iu the publication of the alleged libel, when the evidence proved the contrary to be true, and that if a verdict should be rendered against us, in reality it would be against another party, that we had nothing to do with it, and that in truth we would not be the losers 7 Can it be that he did not -know such an opinion from him would, in <case of a verdict for the plaintiff, tend to swell the amount of damages, and most an- •Jnstly too 1 In fine, why did he not confine himself to his legitimate duties, and charge the jury as to the law, leaving them to be— as they really were and so exhibited to his Honor — the judges of the fact? We were surprised—nay more, we were astounded, at the course pursued by Judge H a r r i s — Nor are we alone in our opinion of this ex traordinary charge. We have heard but one expression from the members of the Bar, a n d o a r e.ALccxts g e n e r a l l y 3 a n d w e r e g r e t e x - eeedingly that Judge H. should have laid himself liable to criticism, severe b u t just.— It, was unwise and impolitic—not to say un­ warranted, and when we claim that a de­ fendant has certain sacred rights, which even a Judge should respect, however much he may d i f f e r with him in opinion, we do so from a consciousness that we have ample reason to take exception to the course pur­ sued. by him a t the close of a trial, where a heavy verdict might have been rendered against us, the result of his expressions. If he was satisfied that the cause of public jus­ tice demanded that we should be saddled with a judgement claimed by the plaintiff— §5,000, or a lesa amount, he failed to con­ vince the jury that his conclusions were cor­ rect. In the face of his extraordinary charge they agreed upon a verdict foe the defence, in ft very short time, and we venture to as­ sert that among those most astonished at the result was his Honor himself. We considered that justice to ourselves and those who have been unwittingly drawn into this controversy* demanded we should speak thus frankly in this matter. Although the jury protected and vindicated our rights, we could not pass ovar the affair without at least reverting to the circumstances attend­ ing it. If Judge IJ a r r i s is satisfied, most assuredly we are. As to the result of those libel suits, let us -a* VOLUME I. AUBURN, N. Y., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 26. 1855. NUMBER 4-7. say, that we consider we have great cause for rejoicing. It is not only a triumph for us, but for the Press generally. If we had assailed C o s t i g a n , traduced his character, and maliciously sought to injure him, we might have merited the trouble, vexation, and expense to which we have been subject­ ed. In this instance, however, the plaintiff himself was his owu assailant—called out the alleged libel upon himself—and we were as innocent of the charge preferred against us as Judge Harris. It was the right of C o stigan to annoy us in any way the law might sanction. lie chose to do so, with what results we have already stated. The Transcript of Saturday last says:— We merely had time yesterday afternoon to announce the favorable result of the first of our libel suits with J o h n C o s t i g a n , where in he claimed §5000 damages from us to re­ pair his charac er, or place it in as good a position as before we had published the al­ leged libel. The jury of twelve men, perfect strangers to us, suminond, to try the issue, acted promptly in their duty, and we thank them for their impartiality. Their verdict sustained us triumphantly, and gives the world to uuderstand that the Press c.mnot be muzzled by men o f high or low degree. Immediately upon the rendition of the verdict in the first suit the second was called. A like amount of damages was claimed (§5000,) but the Judge directed the Jury to find a verdict for us. We congratulate our cotemporary upon this signal triumph. It teaches a good les­ son, and establishes the fact that truth and justice will prevail over malice, persecution, and even the eccentricities that the Bench is not always free from. It is a victory of the Press, too, and one that is full of promise for the future. ARRIVAL OF THE EMPIRE CITY— $1,500,000 IN TREASURE. STATE CANVASS-OFFICIAL. The State Canvassers have progressed so far with their labors as to arrive a t the fol­ lowing footings:— SECR E T A R Y OF STA T E . Joel T. Headley, Preston King, Israel T. Hatch, Aaron Ward, COM P T R OLLER. 148,557 136,698 91,336 ,,59,353 Lorenzo Burrows, James M. Cook, Lemuel Stetson, Thomas B. Mitchell, 148,267 138,748 101,863 46,411 A T T O R N E Y -G E N E R A L . Stephen B. Cushing, Abijah Mann, Jr., Samuel J . Tilden, Jo5iah Sutherland, STATE ENGINEER AND SURVEYOR. 148,695 136,337 101,369 44,357 137,608 131,716 88,290 56,293 147,461 135,918 90,005 60,974 148,778 136,696 91.871 57^910 Silas Seymour, George Geddes, John B. Jervis, John D. Fay, CANAL COMMISSIONER. Samuel S. Whallon, Daniel H. Bissell, Curtis Hawley. FrederhkTollett, TREASURER. Stephen Clark, Alexander B. Williams, Ariel S. Thurston, Joseph M. Lyon, IN S P E C T O R O F STA T E PR ISO N . William A. Russell, 148,875 Wesley Bailey, 136,993 Patrick H. Agan, 100,702 Darius Clark, 48,332 JUDGES COURT OF APPEALS. William W. Campbell, 141,514 Bradford JR. Wood, 134,353 Samuel L. Selden, 151,632 George F. Comstock, 140,299 Joseph Mullin, 132,049 Nicholas Hill, Jr., 106,511 John Willard, g40,772 The difference between the footings for Mr. Seymour, for State Engineer and Sur­ veyor, and the rest of the American ticket, is accounted for by the fact that the returns from the several counties are erroneously re­ turned,being for “Engineer,’’“State Engineer’ &c.,by which means, Mr. Seymouw is de­ prived of some six or eight thousand votes. ALL SORTS OE ITEMS. A hoy named Theodore Green, at Ad­ dison, Steuben county, had his hand split in two, by the wheel of a freight train, while engaged in putting a cunt on the rail for the fun of seeing it flattened. The Salem, Massachusetts, Register , says the last thanksgiving, witnessed the re­ union of the family of Benj. Cox, Esq., of that place, for the seventy-second consecutive time in the same room. Two hoys aged fourteen and sixteen years fought a duel in Baltimore, a few days since. Both were slightly—not dangerously injured. “I W ill T ry .”—Col. Samuel Miller, of the U. S. Marine Corps, whose response, “I will try,” to an enquiry from his command­ ing officer whether he could take a certain batterj-, during the last war with England, has passed into a proverb, was gathered to his fathers, a t Philadelphia, on Sunday, hav­ ing reached the ripe old age of eighty-one years. Prentice, of the Louisville Journal, has received from his friends a new overcoat. He is as enthusiastic about it as a boy in his first boots, and says: “It fits us as well as if we had been melted and poured into it.” The Empire City arrived at her dock at New York yesterday morning. She has been inside the bar with pilot aboard for 48 hours. She left Aspinwall at midnight, Dec. 6th. She brings §1,500,000 in treasure, brought down by the John L. Stevens. The ’atter boat spoke, 3d inst., the steamer Son­ ora, bound up with the New York passen­ gers of the 20th November, all well. Nothing important from the Isthmus. Business at Valparaiso improving, Flour §11,50 to §13 ; full stock. Ship Simoda and bark Milford from New York and ship Lawrence from Boston, had arrived; also three new Peruvian war steam­ ers from England. It was reported that Arequiro and some of the Southern cities had declared in favor of Gen. Vivanco. The revolutionary movements in Bolivia under Alvela, had been put down. CONGRESS. Washington, Dec. 17.—In the Senate nothing important. H o u s e . — Mr. Dunn, of Indiana, made a personal explanation touching certain stric­ tures on his course published in the N. Y. Tribune, intimating that he was not to be driven from his position by any outside pressure. But he was still ready as he had always been, to acquiesce in the course of the anti-Nebraska men whenever they came together, and surrendering all local and per­ sonal predelictions, agreed to stand on equal terms. The trouble thus far has been that Caesar has a part and Anthony a part, but some none. Certain gentlemen had stood aloof and the ballotings would show who and where they were. FUN AT WASHINGTON, We find tho following good jokes in the W ashington correspondence of the N . Y . Times :— A W ITTY METHOD OP MAKING A SPEAKER. Hon. Geo. S. Houston, of Alabama, is a jolly wag, as good natured as he is honest and sensible. The other day, after several votes for Speaker had been taken, without effect, Houston crossed tho Representative Hall to the seat of the member from the Utica district, when the following dialogue ensued: 8 Mr. Houston—Matteson, don’t you know how to make a Speaker ? Mr. Matteson—N o ! do you ? Mr. Houston—Well, I can tell you. Mr. Matteson— For Heaven’s sake do, then, Houston. Mr. Houston—W h y , let the B a n k s sus­ pend ! [An explosisn occurred just here,] TW O DROMIOS A R IC H JO K E . When your laugh is out over that speci­ men of pure wit, here’s another “good one.” Our host of Guy’s National Hotel is thought by some to bear a striking personal resem­ blance to Gen. Cass —hout striking you may judge when I am done. A stranger, who supposed he knew mine host very well, put up a t the National the other night. Since this house has become the crack hotel at the Capital it is quite full all the time, and the new comer was necessarily, for the first night, sent to the upper floor to sleep.— Coming down stairs in the morning, a little cross, he met Gen. Cass (who has a fine suite ofjrooms here) in the hall, stepped up to him, and in language uore forcible and rapid than elegant said; “Mr. Guy, I’ll b e if I ’ll stand i t ! You’ve put me at the top of the house! I must have a room somewhere lower down.” General CASs.(interposing, and nervously) — Sir. y o u are mistaken in the person you address. I a m G e n e r a l C a s s , o f M i c h i g a n . S t r a n g e r , (confusedly)—Beg your par­ don, General Cass —thought it was my old friend Guy. Beg a thousand pardons, Sir, All a mistake, I assure you, Sir.” The General passed out of the building, but soon returned, and as luck would have it, the stranger met him at full face again, but in another position. This time he was sure he had mine host, for the Senator from Michigan he knew had just gone out. So Stranger stepped boldly up, slapped the Gen­ eral heartily and familiarly on the shoulder, exclaiming: “By heavens, Guy, I’ve got a rich sell to relate. I met old Cass up stairs, just now, thought it was you, and began cursing him about my room. General C a s s , (w ith emphasis) W ell ! young man, you've met “old Cass” again ! Stranger sloped, and hasn’t been heard of since. A P o p e .— *As an additional in­ ducement for Americans to subscribe money to send over to Rome, to help build a college there, the organ of the most Rev. gives out, as if by “authority,” that “The day may even come when an Amer­ ican will wield the double sceptre,sealed on the Seven Hills, and the fact be merely noted as an item by the historian, that one— the first —of a new nationality, and from the N ew World, succeeded in the order of that per feet and unbroken and Apostolic line which reaches to, and was founded on “ P e t e r . ” — [When it comes to that, “Sam” (perhaps) may be permitted to run as the opposition candidate.” A \ E d ito r ia l D o n a tion P a r t y is among the novelties of this “day and generation”— and it ain’t an ugly sort of a novelty, either. It the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser we find a “special notice,” from which we make the following e x tract: “The friends and patrons of the Rev. J. E. Robie, editor of the Buffalo Christian Ad­ vocate, propose to make him a visit at Townsend Hall, on Friday evening, the 21st inst. Among tho generous expressions of their appreciation of his valuable services in the cause of morality and Truth, it is pro­ posed to present him with an entire next dress for his journal, the 7th vol. of which commences on the 1st day of January next.” This notice is signed by one hundred of the prominent citizens of Buffalo. The Rochester Am. says : “Mr. Robie wins friends wherever he may go, by his gentlemanly bearing, his editorial courtesy and his Christian character. May he live long, and be annually visited with a similar dispensation.” Romanism on R a n d a ll’s Islan d . —We have before referred to the covert introduc­ tion of the f jrms of Roman Catholic wor­ ship at the Orphan Nursery at Randall’s Island, New York. It appears that the Gov­ ernors had an exciting meeting on the sub­ ject on Thursday evening. It was shown that Mr. West, the Warden, had caused the establishment of an altar in the attic of the cook house; and a resolution was passed or­ dering its removal, no sectarian religious services being permitted, under the rules, within the establishment. A bout a H ik e .— Th e m an w ho d o e s n ’t know a Pike from a pike-staff, Is badly off indeed. We are not one of that sort.— When our old friend F r e d . Lamb, of Foster- ville, entered our office yesterday with a Pike that he caught himself, and that weigh­ ed about nine pounds plump, we recognized the “critter” a t once. Our friends will be pleased to credit this astounding fact,though, truth to say, it is a mere “fish story.” Neighbor Lam b and a friend of his netted a t least 100 lbs. of pike, pickerel, &c., in the Seneca river, not far from Montezuma, on Saturday night, a t two hauls of their seine —and this of our’s was one of the in-seine specimens that they caught. Though i t ’s lathers scaly way to treat us, yet we as­ sure neighbor Lam b , and all other “enquir­ ing friends,” that w e never! no never! J” resent such treatment. Greeley and Seward, it is said, have fallen out,” at Washington Register. “Fallen out” of what 7 Out of the Cab that tne “Republican Party rides up and down Pennsylvania Avenue in, a t Washington ?— If so, “oh 1 w hat a fall was there, my coun­ trymen !” A m e ricans Read T h is I—From a list of persons holding office of trust and pecuniary profit, made out by the Secretary of State at Washington, it appears that there are 1,552 Custom House officers ; only 212 of whom are Americans ! the balance are for­ eigners. Other officers may be calculated at 15 Foreigners to 1 American. Americans. Foreigners. Light House Inspectors, 31 £406 Post Office Department, 14 206 U n i t e d S t a t e s C o n s u l s , 6 8 2 8 4 United States Mint, 16 84 WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1855. FROM WASHINGTON. There is no Speaker y e t ! and no prospect of there being one soon. The regular Wash­ ington correspondent of the New York Ex­ press telegraphs under date of the 18th— yesterday—as follows:— “ There is no probable contingency, I think, in which the Northern Americans will vote for Richardson, as stated by some of the Fusion correspondents.” The Editors of the Union were selected as Printers for the Senate by a vote of 15. The attendance was small. Some debate was had in the House yester­ day on “ matters and things in general.”— Mr. J o n e s , of Pennsylvania, said “ Know- Nothingism” in that State was perfectly sy­ nonymous with Free-Soilism. On the 64th ballot, taken yesterday, the vote stood as follows:—Banks, 106 ; Rich­ ardson, 73; Fuller, 38—the rest scattering. The House then adjourned, b u t not without varying the proceedings by a spirited debate on the novel proposition of Mr. M c M u l l e n to elect a temporary Speaker long enough to pass the General Appropriation bills, and then resign, and go back to their constitu­ ents. This was tabled, of course, and things remained just as they were. The responsi­ bility of the disorganization rests with the honorable membera who are included under the head of “ Scattering.” j £ 3 r In the House of Representatives on Saturday, there was a warm debate. Mr. English, of Indiana, dwelt sneeringly upon the sentiment of “Americans ruling Ameri­ ca.” Mr. Dunn, of the same State, perti­ nently inquired, al f A m e r i c a n s s h a l l n o t rule America, I want my colleague to tell me who shall.” There was no response, and there was a general acquiescence in the force of the inquiry. 130 980 K i l l e d o n t h e R a i l r o a d . —A shocking accident happened at Fonda on Friday night Patrick Kenney, boatman, in the employ of Mr. S. Farrell at the Little Basin, was run over by a freight train and literally cut to pieces. It is not known how the accident occurred, whether he was crossing the track, or attempting to get on the train. The first known of tbe accident was by the jolting o f the cars crushing up his body. He was a single man, and resided ini Albany. I m p o r t a n t f r o m K a n s a s . —Dates from Lawrence to the 4 th inst., state that Gov. Shannon has declared his purpose to compel the people of Lawrence to surrender the men whom the Sheriff has tried in vain to arrest* He is enrolling under the name of Kan­ sas militia, a force made up entirely of Mis­ souri invaders. I t is stated that an attem pt was made on tha 6th to seize all the Sharp's rifles in Lawrence, and no doubt was enter­ tained that any such attempt would lead to a bloody collision. Of 80,000 horses sent to the Black Sea, by France, only 10,000 remain. The other 70,000 either perished in battle or through exposure, fatigue and neglect. The average cost was about $100 each, and about as much more to convey them to the Cri­ mea. Thus the French Government has lost in horses above fourteen millions of dol­ lars, since the commencement of the war. NEW PUBLICATIONS. Practical American Cookery and Do­ mestic Economy. This is the title of a work valuable to houskeepers, cooks and domestic economists. It is compiled by E l i z a b e t h M. H a l l , and is handsomely published by M i l l e r , O r t o n & M u l l i g a n , of this city. The hook is il­ lustrated, and contains a great number of carefully selected and well-arranged Recipes for the preparation of a vast variety of “good things.” We should judge it to be one of the best manuals of its class that have heen published in this country. For sale at W i l l i a m s ’, and the other book stores. The Homestead on the Hillside, and Other T a le s . This is a charming work from tho pen of Mrs. M ary J. H o l m e s , published this day by M il l e r , O rton & M u l l ig a n , in their usually elegant and attractive style. The reputation of the authoress is a sufficient guarantee of the excellence of this her last work. She always writes well and correct­ ly. Her “Tempest and Sunshine” was a capital work, and is very popular. For the Auburn Daily American. THE CASE OF KAVANAGH. THE STATE LOAN. The proposals for tho §4,500,000 State Loan were opened a t 12 o’clock yesterday, at Albany, and they exceeded by §1,078,500 the amount advertised for. The awards, with the rate of premium, .ranged from 100.15 to 103 per cent. The loans for which this is a substitute, were made in 1838 and 1839 ; of which for §500,000 a premium was received of 26- lOOths per c e n t; §500-000 for which a pre­ mium was received of 75 100th per cent., and the residue (§3,000,000,) was awarded at par. j c s r Two Germans committed suicide in New York on Friday. One was named Fred­ erick Zehner, and hung himself in prison, where he was confined on charge of an as­ sault upon his wife. The other was un­ known, and probably committed the act from destitution. S t a t i s t i c s o f C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o . —Tho following statement shows to a good advant­ age the trade and commerce of the great city of the Ohio valley. The annual value of its manufactures is §52,109,374. Its im­ ports annually are valued a t §75,000,000, and its exports a t §60,000,000. There are six thousand miles of railway now diverging from the city and four thousand miles under construction. jp y Tbe New York State Canal Loan, Five per cents, redeemable in 1874, $4,500,- 000, was to be awarded by the Board of Canal Commissioners at 12 o’clock, noon, to-day at Albany. - As §2,250,000 of the 5 per cents maturing 1st of January are held in the Bank Department, the competition for the new Stock is expected to he spirited from the interior bankers, as well as from Albany and New York parties, on speculation. T h e M u r d e r . C a s e i n W o r c e s t e r C o u n t T j M a s s . — Tho jury in the case of George Sta- cy, charged with the murder of Mrs. Sarah K. Phinney, before the Supreme Court, in *Vorcester, brought in a verdict of not uilty .He was also discharged on the other indictment against him for the murder of liss Kneeland. A. G i g a n t i c C o n c e r t . — A Paris letter thus desbribes a concert on a gigantic scale, which was to take place on the Plain of the Great Exhibition on the 16th ultimo : The orchestra is to be composed of 120 violins, 45 altos, 40 violincellos, 30 basses, and upwards of 200 wind instruments, be­ sides a chorus of 500 voices, of which 230 are male tenors and bases, 200 female, and 70 young choristers. _ All the harpists in Paris have been put in requisition, and prov­ ing insufficient, a dozen more are coming ov­ er from London; several musical deputa­ tions from various countries are to join this musical festival, the most considerable of whom is that from Brussels, sent by M. Fetes. “Is a Know Nothing fit to Sit on a Jury 1 ” The Albany Journal is discussing this im­ portant question. We would suggest (says the Troy Whig) it bo referred to Gov. Clark and Chambers. I f they can’t agree, let them call in Ambrose L. Jordan, the Journal’s candidate for Supreme Court Justice. The distinction these politicians attained as Know Nothings —every one o f them achiev­ ing the “third degree”— will give their de­ cision great weight. Send the caso to those gentlemen as “Referees.” M r . E d i t o r . —Though, as I am sorry to observe from occasional intimations in your paper, you are under the influence of that short sighted philanthropy which loves mur­ derers more than it loves quiet and peace­ able citizens, y e t i presume you will admit a few words of remarkin regard to Gov. Clark’s reasons for commuting the sentence of Ka- vanagh to imprisonment for life. The rea­ sons are that perhaps Kavanagh did not commit the murder, though Judge Allen, who tried him, and the J u ry who examined the testimony under oath, were satisfied that he did. But I am not going to argue the question of his guilt or innocence— I take it ho was either guilty or innocent. If he com­ mitted the murder, he deserves hanging and nothing less, under the laws of this State.— If he did not commit the murder nor had any hand in it, he deserves no punishment whatever. It should be one thing or the other. But Gov. Clark thinks he did not perhaps commit the murder nor have any­ thing to do with it, and therefore sends him to the State prison for life. W hat outrage­ ous nonsense and cruelty ! Mark, that the evidence referred to by Gov. Clark does not go to show that Kavanagh was a secondary accomplice in t i e affair, nor that he commit­ ted t.he act under provocation, sudden ex­ citement, liquor madness, &c., or any of the ordinary extenuating circumstances; but that he did not commit it at all. He will not hang him therefore, h u t he sends him to the State prison for life. That is, Gov. Clark dooms a man to wear out the rest of his days in a dungeon, not because he com­ mitted any crime, for Gov. Clark thinks on the whole he did not, but because he per­ haps might have done it. If Gov. Clark did not deserve burning in effigy by the citizens of Lewis county for arresting Kavanagh, he certainly deserves it a hundred fold for such absurd justice as this. I ask your attention to this case just as a sample of the wretched trifling with law and public 6afety now so common—A ruffian is arrested for a murder. The Judge.(a man of the highest character and qualifications, for instance, like Judge Allen,) is satisfied of his guilt and charges strongly against him. The J u ry under oath find him guilty. In due course of law it only remains for him to have the earth rid of his abhorred pres­ ence by the rope of the hangman. But now comes all the array of argument, entreaty, money and tears to rob the gallows of its victim. Every string is pulled— Judge, jury, witnesses, sherifij &c., are be­ sieged with incessant importunities. The Jury, though they found the man guilty un­ der oath, have never sworn not to apply for his pardon. They, therefore, put their names to the paper, and leave the responsibility with the Governor. The Sheriff, perhaps, for a suitable consideration, joins in the re­ quest. The Judge, if a man of sense like Judge Allen, admits that the prisoner may “by possibility” be innocent, but is so thor­ oughly convinced of his guilt as to refuse to interfere. The Governor—if a man witn a soft head and a hard heart—thinks the man cannot be guilty when so many respectable parties intercede in his favor, and then de­ liberately sends him to the State Prison for life. Such is the infamous farce played in the absurd name of justice, until it has come to this, that if a man will only abstain from committing murdei under such circumstan­ ces of outrage as to arouse the community to take bloody vengence on the spot, he may kill at his discretion, and snap his fingers a t the laws. If this process of things continues may it not come to be a question if it is not best to dispense with the whole humbug of Judges, Juries, &c., and leave each man’s right arm to guard his own head and avenge his own wrongs. Since under these circumstances I am coming to have a profound respect for that ancient legislator, who had a pretty decided sympathy for pub­ lic and private rights, and thought there were worse evils than hanging such as made it their business to infringe them, I qo not hesitate to subscribe myself your obedient servant, D r a c o . From the CincinnaUl Times. THE ABDUCTION OF MARIA DENNISON. The Girl’s own Statement d i s h o n o r a b l e c o n d u c t o f p r i e s t s , s i s t e r s , AND DOMESTICS. A Police Officer Implicated! ONE WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER ASIA. From Kansas. The New York Times of yesterday pub­ lished a quantity of very interesting letters from Kansas. No attack had, as yet, been make upon Lawrence, but the excitement among the people was. if any thing, on the in crease. One of the correspondents gives a graphic description of - the invaders’ camp, which, it is alleged, contains a thousand armed men, who are loud in their threats against the “ Abolition City,” as Lawrence is called. The citizens of Lawrence have been making no great preparations to meet the mob, whose blustering, indeed, they treat with proper contempt. They are simply on the defensive, and will resist. The Missou­ rians, it seems, have dispatched their ulti­ matum, b u t with all their fierce display of power and pretension, they will never be able to bully the Free-State men of Kansas into submission. A public meeting has been held in Lawrence, a t which the representa­ tions and excuses made by Gov. S h a n n o n , for calling out the militia, were declared to he wholly false. B r o c k p o r t C o l l e g i a t e I n s t i t u t e .— We learn, says the R u r a l N e w Y o r k e r , that Mr. A. J. Ensign, an excellent scholar, and|late graduate of the Rochester University, is to succeed Mr. S t a n t o n (appointed Deputy Secretary of State) as principal of this insti­ tution. Though a young man, Mr. E. is emi­ nently qualified for the position. T e r r i b l e C h a r g e !—-An exchange paper says a clergyman of Rome. N . Y . , has been indicted for ^gross hnmorlallly Poor man! A B r a c e o f B u l l s .— The following adg vertisement appeared in an Irish paper: “ Whreas, John Hall has fraudulently ta­ ken Feveral articles of wearing apparel without my knowledge, this is therefore to inform him that if he does not forthwith re­ turn the same his name shall be made pub lie.” .* C o m p l i m e n t . —The Advertiser says “what we do not know is not worth knowing.”— ’T&in’t every “Know Nothing” that knows half as much ! Wouldn’t you like to be one of ’em, Brother P e c k ? Oh ! how queer you would feel though ! — W e want to return yonr compliment, some way or other. How shall we do It ? Ah! “there’s the rub!” Well, here goes! W h at you do know is not worth anybody’s knowing! Are we even now ? jK3T* Somebody has discovered that quartz is porous. Is this a bona fide “discov ery 7” W hy should not quarts be pourous'? We stated yesterday that an orphan girl, named Maria Dennison, adopted into the family of Dr. Hamlin, had been enticed from her home and secreted from her friends, by tlie consent, if not by the authority, of cer­ tain Roman Catholic priests of this city ; and that the custody of the girl was only obtain­ ed through the energy and firmness of Dr. Hamlin. We this morning had a conversa­ tion with the girl, and find that the case possesses more than usual interest, and we lay the whole facts before the* public, that they may judge rightfully of the matter, and see what means Jesuitism will resort to, to carry out its ends. The girl is about twelve years of age, of an amiable disposition and industrious hab­ its. She was met by the lady of Dr. Ham­ lin, while on a visit to her relatives in the East, List summer, who was so pleased with her in her unfortunate condition, brought her home with the intention of properly rais ing and educating her. The girl had been in the city just seven weeks when she was in­ duced to desert her benevolent protector and protectress. Her statement, made candidly and without hesitation to us this morning, is in substance as follows: In the family of Dr. Hamlin was an Irish Catholic servant girl named Sarah Halleren. As soon as she became acquainted with Maria, she enquired of her as to her reli­ gious faith, and finding that she was a Protestant, took every opportunity, to con­ vince her that it would be better for her to be a Catholic. Getting the girl to promise secrecy, she told her, that if she would leave the Doctor, and go and live with the Sisters, she would be in a much better condition— that the Sisters would clothe her like a lady, give her the best to eat, &c. This Irish girl was often visited by anoth­ er, named Mary Burke, who united with her in the effort to persuade Maria to go and live with the Sisters. The girl, dazzled by the description of Catholic life given her time and hgain by these two Irish domestics, finally consented to go and be baptized at the Jesuit church on Sycamore street, pro­ vided the act was kept secret from Mr. and Mrs. Hamlin, to whom she had become very much attached, and who, she was afraid, would be offended if they knew it. To prevent suspicion, Mary Burke, was to call for her on Sunday afternoon, and accom­ pany her to the priest. She called prompt­ ly, but that afternoon Maria could not go. The next Sabbath morning she was pre­ pared for baptism a t the house of Dr. Ham­ lin, by these two girls, and then sent to her protrectress with a lie in her mouth, v iz: that ’she was going to attend service a t the Rev. Dr. Fisher’s church. She left the house by herself, but was over taken by the other girls and conducted to the Jesuit Church. There she was baptized, Mary Burke, and her brother “standing up” with her, and tlie ceremony being witnessed by Sarah Halleren and others. She was pleased with the cermony. After she was baptized, she expressed a wish to return to Dr. Hamlin’s. The priest told her she must not do that, as the family would give her no peace and would, in all probability, send her to the House of Refuge. This frightened her some what, and she con­ sented to do as they bid her, as Mrs. Mc­ Gowan, who was present, declared that the “darlin should not go to the “heretics,” and that she would take care of her until ar­ rangements could be made to take her out to the Sisters. This woman accordingly took her to her house situated in the lower part of Elm street, where she stopped all night. Mrs. McGowan, is the mother-in-law o f Watchman Cassiday, who was present and knew what was going on ! He was angry a t Mrs. Me Gowan for bringing the girl to the house, but told her (the girl) that he was glad she was going to such a nice place as the Sis te r s ! On Monday morning Mrs. McGowan took the girl to “Father Purcell,” who gave them a permit to the Gumminsville Institution of the Sisters. They returned to the house, where an omnibus called for them, int< which the girl was helped by watchman Cassidy. From there they went to Cum- ininsviile, where the girl was placed in charge of “Sister Antony.” Here we will stop in the girl’s narative to state a few other facts. Dr. Hamlen’s ser vant was questioned in regard to the girl’s absence, and she averred most solemnly tjiat she had not seen her since she dressed that morning. A notice of the disappearance of the girl, with a description of her dress, etc., was read to the police shortly after it occurred, yet this watchman refrained from giving the information he possessed. Maria states that she was kindly treated by “Sister Antony,” who learnt her prayers, and told her that she thought that by Christmas she would be prepared to attend confession. After that they would try to get her some good plaee to “live out” with a Catholic family, which last statement dissi­ pated all the golden anticipations the girl had formed, and which she expected to de­ rive from her being a Catholic. • After Maria had been at Gumminsville some days, Sister Antony told her that the newspapers were making a fuss about her disappearance, and as the priest who had baptized her might get into trouble she thought it for her to be brought to the city. She was accordingly disguisep and brought to the city by one oKhe Sisters, and taken to the establishment on tbe corner of Third and Plum, where she was kept all night.— The next morning she was conducted by the Sister to the priest, and a consultation was had. The priest said the fears of the Sisters w> re groundless, as there eould be no trouble if the girl was kept secreted at Cummins ville untill the agair blew over. He was not afraid of trouble. He advised them to get her elojthes the best way they could, and return as soon as possible. They next visited Father Purcell, who proposed that Mrs. Hamlin’s shawl, which Maria had worn away, should be returned, and the girl’s clothes demanded. Mrs. Mc­ Gowan was selected to do this business. Maria accompanied this woman to Fourth street, showed her the doctor’s house, and waited on the adjoining corner until she performed her errand, which was unsuccess­ ful. They returned to Father Purcell, when it was agreed that a stout Irishman named Doley, who was present, should accompany the girl herself to Dr. Hamlin’s that Maria should tell them that she preferred staying among the Catholics, and should demand her clothing, and that Dolej- should insist on her demands being immediately acquiesced in. She accordingly accompanied the burly Hibernian to the doctor’s residence, and happened to meet at the door both the doc­ tor and his lady. Mrs. Hamlin was rejoic­ ed to again meet the girl, for whom she had formed an affection, and her demonstrations of joy so affected the orphan girl, that for­ getting the fears which had been impressed upon her about the House of Refuge, she declared her wish to stay with them. Her Irish attendant thereupon became saucy and impudent, and tried to force the girl to accompany him back. He was first invited to leave the house, which he refused to do, when he was forcibly ejected in no very pleasant manner. The treacherous lying domestic was dis­ missed as soon as her connection w ith the matter was known, and Maria is again hap­ py with her best friends. MucH credit is due Mr. Hamlin, for his per- severance in reclaiming the girl. After he had once got an inkling of her whereabouts, he used every means to again get possession of her, and will retain her, at all hazards. There are many little circumstances in the case, in addition to what we have mentioned which we cannot mention to-day, which show how priests will not only justify but dictate loing-, stealing and other sins, that they may get an innocent girl within the pale of their Church. H a lifa x , Dec. 18. The Royal Mail Steamship Asia, Gapt. Lott, arrived at this port this forenoon. Her dates from Liverpool are to Saturday, the 8th in­ stant, one week later than those received by the Baltic at New York. The Asia will be due a t Boston on Wednesday afternoon, and she may possibly reach her dock in sea­ son for her mails to be in N' w York that night. There is no feature of special importance in tbe week's news. In the Crimea matters were in the same position at last accounts, and from Asia there is no additional intelligence of importance. Peace rumors were quite abundant, but beyond the circumstantial manner in which they were related there was nothing to in­ dicate that they were founded upon fact __ Upon the strength of them however an ad­ vance in consols had taken place. Com m e r c i a l In t e l l i g en c e. Liverpool Cotton Market.—Brown, Shipley & Co. re­ port a steady and unchanged market, as compared with the quotations advised by the Baltic. The week’s business aggregated about 50,000 bales, including 11,000 bales taken by speculators and exporters. The same firm say that Breadstuffs were generally quiet, with but little speculative demand; they quote Western Canal Flour at 42s 6d. Provisions were quiet, and there had been no change of moment in the quotations of the previous week. The weather has been favorable for agri­ cultural purposes. Consols closed to 70 9 8 , and the bullion in bank of England had increased to the ex­ tent of 87,000 pounds sterling. FROM HAVANA. New York, Dec. 18.— Tlie steamship Ca- hawba from Havana 12 inst, arrived ‘last night. There was no news of importance.— News had been received from Mexico to tho effect that European diplomatists were stead­ ily pursui’ g a course of action designed to add to the executive and political difficulties of that country. The sugar market was ac­ tive. Freights were dull. Health of Havana good. Our correspondent a t Guracoa,'-writing on the 19th ult., states that a drought of two months duration had seriously effected the salt yield of the Island. Yesssls arriving from ports in Venezuela were subject to quar­ antine in consequence of prevalence of chol­ era. The misunderstand.'ng between the m e r­ chants and the U. S. Consular agent still con­ tinued. GEORGIA LE G ISL A T U R E — ARMS STOLEN, &C. In the Georgia Senate on Friday a resolu­ tion was introduced for appropriating $100,- 000 to aid southern men to emigrate to Kan­ sas, as an offset to northern emigration. A large quantity of arms were recently stolen from the Harrisburgh, Penn., ’ Arsenal, and sent to this city, where it is supposed they were to be sold to Fillibusters, to be used in Nicaragua. The arms have been re­ covered, and certain parties who were con­ cerned in the robber)’ arrested. Edward P. Barnes, a clerk in the employ of D. G. & W. B. Bacon, arrested yesterday on a charge of having forged his employers’ names to the amount of §6,000. He had drawn that amount in gold from the Phoenix Bank, and was just on the point of leaving the city when arreBted. Washington, Dec. 17 The Senate caucus to day nominated Nicholson for Printer __ Only eighteen Senators were present, part of whom went out, refusing to concur. Iveson’s platform resolutions were p u t to rest in the arms of a committee. It looks to night as though the plurality resolution would be adopted to morrow, and Banks Speaker. Maj. and Brevet Col. Montgomery has been sentenced by a Court Martial to be dismissed from the service for his participation, while commanding at Fort Riley, Territory of Kan­ sas, in the arrangements for conveying a part of the military reserve there into Pawnee City, in which Gov. Reeder was concerned, and at which he summoned the Legislature of Kansas to meet. NEWS FROM MEXICO. Baltimore, Dec. 18— New Orleans dates of Tuesday and Wednesday, are received here. Advices from Mexico to the 8th, con­ tained the New Orleans papers, represent the country to be in a condition worse than ever. Pronunciamenlos, robberies, and dis orders of all kinds are prevailingevery where. The Ministry was dissolved on the 6th— Comonfort had also abandoned Alvarez, and the latter would return to the South. Another account, however, denies that any Ministerial crisis had occurred, W ISCO N S IN STA T E E L E C T IO N . Milwaukie, Dec. 17.—The State Board of Canvassers a t Madison, to day, declared Bar- stow, democrat, re-elected Governor of Wis­ consin by one hundred and fifty-nine ma­ jority. There is much excitement concern­ ing it, and his election will be contested. IM P O R T A N T D E C ISIO N . New Orleans, December 17.—In the U. S. Supreme Court this morning a decision was given in the Mrs. Gaines’ case, reversing the decision of the Second District Court, and decreeing that Daniel Clark’s Will of 1813, shall be probated, and Mrs. Gaines bo put in possession of the immense estates left by him. j£ 2 g \ The Hon. H o r a c e Mann recently said that a Miser would pinch a dime until he made the eagle ou it scream. Now there is no eagle on a dime 1 I m p o r t a n t . —Dr. Dobbs has extracted a powerful tonic from sausages, containing the strength of the original bark! He christ­ ens it “Sulphate of Canine.” D a n d e lion C o f f e e . — .We are indebted to Dr. D o d g e for a box of this new and valua­ ble preparation, manufactured^ by W. Gilliej 3 & Bros., New York. I t is n o t only an ex­ cellent and finely flavored substitue for gen­ uine Java coffee, b u t an invaluable tonic rem­ edy for Dyspeptics, and all others who are unable to drink coffee. The preparation is made from fresh Dandelion roots, and must become popular. SERIOUS RIOT, 1 C. New York, Dec.19.—There was last eve- nmg a serious riot a t the City Hotel, arising from matters connected with the late Baker and Poole tragedy. A party of fighting men, friends of Baker, commenced the riot by an attack on Councelman N. H. Wilde, who was foreman of the Coroner’s inquest in the case of Poole. Other parties were in­ volved and the result was that one of the waiters of the establishment was so badly injured that it is thought he cannot live __ Others were badly hurt. The rioters os- caped. From Buenos Ayres we have files to Oct. 27th. Gens. Bnstos, Lamela, Flores and other chiefs, w»ro again in revolution, but a t last dates Fiores was in retreat towards En- senda to re-embark for the Oriental Coast. Lamela was up in the north, and a good deal of trouble was expected. Other Indian in­ cursions were also dreaded. Col. Oliaveri had arrived at Buenos Ayres. Exchange on the United States was a t par. The Herald's Washington correspondent telegraphs as folllows:—The opinion that Banks must ultimately he elected is steadi­ ly gaining ground, and it is generally ex­ pressed by men of all parties, but more from a conviction that nobody else can be chosen. than from any understanding how Banks can be. The evidence in the Montgomery case is said to involve Gov. Reeder very deeply.— A rule of the service, however, forbids tha publication of the evidence, except a t the re­ quest of the accused. The Times' correspondent telegraphs:—It is expected that to-morrow will be wasted in a continuance of discussion. The propo­ sition for a plurality election meets with strong opposition from several of the Anti- Nebraska men, which will make it difficult to carry. Parker H. French had not yet presented himself at the State Department at 3 o’clock to-day. The President and all the foreign legation still treat Senor Marco- leta as the Nicarauguan Minister. Sidney H. Stuart, the City Judge, recent­ ly tried for corrupt practices, has, it is said, sent a letter of resignation to Albany. IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO. Advices from Mexico to the 7th, contained in the New Orleans papers, represent tho condition worse than ever. Pronunciamen- t-oes, robberies and disorders of all kinds irevailing everywhere. The Ministry was dissolved on the 6th.— Comonfort had also abandoned Alvarez, and the latter would return to the South. Another account, however, denies that any ministerial crisis had occurred. STEfflilER CRESCENT CITY WRECKED. Savannah, Dec1 18.—The schooner Baltic, Capt. Pruden,f.om Nassau, arrived here and reports that the steamer Crescent City from New York for New Orleans via Havana, on the 3d inst., was wrecked on the 7th inst., on Mattevaia reef, Bahama Banks. The pas­ sengers, crew and baggage were saved and taken to Nassau by the wreckers. The ves­ sel bilged and it was feared she would prove a total loss. The brigantine Alma has been chartered to carry the passengers and mails to their destination. NO SPEAKER YET. Special Despatch to the N. Y. Express: Washington, Dec, 19. — Mr. Whitney, of New York, is about offering a Resolution, previous to proceeding to the next Ballot. The debate was renewed in the House this morning on the Speakership, and much of it has reference to the Politics of Pennsylva­ nia, and the 12th Section there and else­ where. No change in opinion yet. Senate adjourned without business. By telegraph to the N. Y. Express : The Senators who left the caucus on the Printing question a r e : Mason, Virginia; Brown, Mississippi ; Hunter, Virginia; Brodhead, Penn.; Butler, S. Carolina; Bright, Indiana. They are all against the Union, which tha President insists shall he the Democratic organ. Forney hangs out for Buchanan, Nichol­ son for Pierce, though both N. and F. are now in the organ. Every thing hinges on the Presidency, and there is a great flare up between the friends of different aspirants. Pennsylvania claims a great deal on tho plea that her vote will be necessary to elect a Democratic candidate. NO SPEAKER YET- BANKS GIVING AW AY. Louisville, Dec. 18.—The printing offices of the Memphis Appeal, and the Eagle and Enquirer were entirely destroyed by fire on Saturday, together with all the stock. The office of the Whig was considerable dam­ aged. A F e m a l e F i e n d . —The Buffalo Republic chronicles the following case of fiendish de­ pravity :— Officer Geo. Werle brought up this morn­ ing Ellen Hayden, a large heavy woman of about forty years of age. She keeps a gro­ cery on Ohio street, near the toll bridge.— She was charged with scalding a child in­ tentionally, by pouring boiling hot water down the back of the childs neck. The child injured, a p retty girl named Katharine McCarty, swore that she with other girls, were playing near the back door of Ellen Hayden — that she (Ellen) was intoxicated, and told them to go away ; that they did not go away, when Ellen Hayden threw hot water on them, scalding Catharine severely all over her back. The woman, Ellen Hay- den, said in justification that she did not do it purposely, and was very ugly in court.— The Justice thought otherwise, andinfiicted, as a punishment a fine of $50, which she paid and went off. J & 3 T The “Soft” State Convention ig postponed until the 10th of January. XXXIVTH CONGRESS— First Session. SENATE. Washington, Dec. 19.—Mr, Clayton pre­ sented memorials praying for indemnity for French Spoliations prior to 1800. He pro­ posed only to say now that he should call up the subject and address the Senate on it. The President’s veto message was received last session so late as to render it impossible for him to discuss it fully. He believed the single idea upon which the whole of the message was predicated was an error of fact. It proceeded on the ground that claimants were paid under the treaty of Louisiana, 1803, but the records in the State Department show not the fact. He would discuss tbe subject fully at a fu­ ture day. Messrs. Brodhead and Crittenden present­ ed memorials from naval officers, complain­ ing of the action of the Naval Retiring Board. Mr. Jones, (Tenn.) submited a resolution calling on the Secretary of the Navy for the proceedings of that Board, and for tho evi­ dence on which they acted. Mr. Clayton thought the subject should not be discussed in open session. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. Thorington withdrew his resolution providing for the election of a Speaker by plurality, as members desire a further vote viva voce, but said he would renew the prop­ osition to-day or to-morrow. Mr. Campbell, of Ohio, said there were some things mentioned in the discussion yes­ terday which might create a disposition on his part, to reply—particularly -to Mr. Hum­ phrey Marshall, who would read out of the American organization every member of thia body who has not come here with a padlock on his tongue. This discussion he regarded as premature, but he was willing to meet th® gentleman, agreeing with him as he did on the material points of Americanism, on the - one hand, and the unbroken phalanx of the advocates of the Nebraska bill on the other. Some gentlemen were absent now, think­ ing the time would be occupied in debate.— He did not know whether the last vote elect­ ed a Speaker or not. He desired to throw no obstacles in the way of an organization and hoped the Clerk would proceed to call the roll. Cries of “Call the roll,” “call the roll.” The Clerk said—No election this vote. The following was the result: Banks, 102 Richardson, 73 Fuller, 37 Lester, 2 Messrs. Jewett, Williams, Orr, and Fost­ er, one each. A C himney H igher than the B u n i i r H i l l M o n u m e n t . —At Preston, England, a chimney has just been completed at th® work of Messrs. John Hawking & Low, which is 258 feet in heighth; its width at the foundation 34 feet; the weight Of tha stone cap is thirty-one tons, and 440,000 bricks have heen used in building it. D ead L e t t e r s . — Nearly one an a half millions of dead letters were opened at th* office in Washington during the last quarter. Three thousand letters for that period con­ taining money to an amount exceeding $18,- 000 , about seven-eighth of which has been promptly restored to its owners. £5E\The criminal statistics of California show a horrible state of society. In nine months of the present year there were 489 murders, 6 execution* by the sheriff and 46 by the mob, a total of 541 violent death® in three-fourths of a year, in a population of 300,000—a yearly average of over two in every thousand. The steamer C. Vanderbilt was got afloat again Sunday afternoon, and towed to New York for repair. t

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