# Auburn weekly American. (Auburn, N.Y.) 1855-1859, July 18, 1855, Image 3

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- Mtya w E S B o LATE FOREIGN MEWS- The Arago arrived off Sandy Hook this morning with several days later news from Europe. From the seat of war there is but a single item o f intelligence that is impor­ tan t— the death of Lord R a g l a n , Comman- der-in-Chief o f the British forces in the Cri­ mea. He was a veteran soldier, a n d \a m a n of iron constitution, but . the mental and physical fatigues of the siege of Sebastopol broke him down at last. Gen. S im p s o n , an o f f i c e r of great energy and distinction, suc­ ceeds him in the chief command. PROSCIPTION REBUKED—ME- 'WILSON’S LET' TEE. \We hope that our readers will not fail to peruse the admirable Letter of J o h n TV i l - s o n , Esq., late Commissioner of the General Land Office, to the publication of which we devote a large share of our space to-day. Mr. W i l s o n was a man peculiarly well fit­ ted, b y his ability, knowledge and experi­ ence, for the important office he filled. The duties of the post are onerous, and its busi­ ness complicated and often perplexing. To faithfully and ably fill it, requires precisely the capacities and judgement that eminently characterized Mr. W i l s o n ’s adminis tration. This fact was known when the P i e r o e dy­ nasty commenced. Mr. W . was found to be ju s t the man for the place he was in, and so he was not disturbed. This was proof of Ms marked ability and integrity. Neither have ever been of are now questioned. But because he dared to entertain and express sentiments A m e r i c a n in, their character, the guollitme was prepared for him, the knife fell suddenly, and his political head rolled in the dust at the feet of Franklin Pierce ! The President and his Cabinet are carry­ ing forward this nefarious business extensive­ ly. No matter how able or how faithful a public officer may be, no matter what his politics are, just so sure as it reaches the ears of the Administration that he is an A m e r i c a n in sentiment, that he sympathises with the A m e r i c a n P a r t y , ju s t so sure is his doom sealed. To be an A m e r i ­ c a n is the highest official offence known to P i e r c e and his Cabinet. The country is already sick and disgusted with this exhibi­ tion of proscription of A m e r i c a n s , and out­ raged by the spectacle presented in the ap­ pointment of Roman Catholics in their pla­ ces. — But the men who are grossly abusing the generous confidence placed in them by a confiding people in an evil hour, and thus prostituting to the basest uses the power that confidence clothed them with, are not, even now, escaping the rebukes that must sting their consciences to the quick, and make them ashamed of themselves. W e have already published some of the letters that have beenw ritenby the proscribed, and in another place to-day, we give that of Mr. W i l s o n . It is replete with noble and truly A m e r i c a n sentiments, and in terms of just and dignified resentment sharply rebukes Franklin Pierce forhis base and unwarrantable course towards those who, having chanced to be born A m e r i c a n s , choose to so live and act as fo show that they love the land of their nativity, and are not ashamed to be seen and known as its true and faithful sons. Mr. W i l s o n ’s consideration of the O r i ­ g i n , P r i n c i p l e s a n d O b j e c t s o f t h e Amer­ i c a n P a r t y , embodied in his letter, will be read with pleasure. It is a clear, masterly and convincing disquisition on those points, and teems with truths that every American would do well to treasure in his heart. W e hope Mr. W il s o n ’ s letter will not be altogether lost upon the President, though we confess we entertain scarcely the slight­ est hope that it will induce him to retrace a single step that he has taken. He is en­ tangled in the intricate meshes of the broad net of Jesuitism, loves Rome better than the Republic, and, like all apostates, is filled to overflowing with a persecuting spirit that is relentless and heartless. Be this as it may— the letter and the sentiments and facts that fill it will not be lost upon the country. It will he widely disseminated and w ill doinuch good. M elancholy A ccident .— On Sat­ urday evening last, as the mail train of the Great Western Railway was coming east about three miles west of London, som e tiling was observed by the fireman of the engine lying on the track, which was supposed to be a man. Upon arriving at London, a piece of a shirt and some blood was observed on the cow-catcher. Persons were despatched back to the spot, and the mutilated body of a man was found. The head had been completely severed from the body, and his legs smashed to pieces. A bottle half filled with whiskey was found near the body, and it is supposed the deceased was intoxicated. D i s m i s s a l o f F o r e i g n S c h o o l T e a c i i - .— During the present week the Board School Trustees of Louisville, by a vote ' 5 , have dismissed from the public schools eral teachers of foreign birth and Catlio- proclivities. S S - T h e variations in the level of Lake tario, as measured at the mouth of the aesec. by Capt. Spencer, show that the re has been a foot lower, thus far this ,r, than in 1854. ’ The New Orleans Delta advocates nomination of Gov. Law as the Ameri- candidate for the next Presidency, and fers him to M i l l a r d F i l l m o r e . This ac- i is premature and unwise, and can attract e attention as it is obviously unimpor- The Albany Liquor case is not yet led. A n army of twelve jurors, from m six were to be chosen for the trial, objected to by the defendants’ counsel, ie ground that the officer who summon- lem belonged to a secret order. s g ’ The Albany Express announces the ipt of “buckle berries” in the market of city. W h at are they ? W e never saw D i s a s t e r s o n t h e R i v e r s . — There were steamboat disasters on the W estern Riv- , from January to June, 1855. USCT Thirty-six persons joined tbe Con- gational Church in Burlington, Vt., un- ' the pastoral charge of Rev. Hubbard inslo, last Sabbath. Eleven of them were idents in tbe University. Some eight or i , male and female, were baptized. Two ire recent converts from Romanism. ' Population of Buffalo will reach 90,000 souls. It will be the third city in the State in point of inhabitants, and Albany w ill be the fourth. Tine church edifices, at a cost of over $60,000, have been erected within the last eighteen months, within the bounds of the New School Presbyterian Synod of W est Tennessee. Snubbing its Friends.— The N. Y . Tri­ bune of yesterday read its friends of the for- reign-born population a long and sharp lec • ture for being so uniformly and factiously opposed to the Prohibitory Law. The re buke was deserved, but we were surprised to find the. Tribune able to discover anything wrong in that class of our population. ORIGIN, PRINCIPLES AND OBJECTS OF THE AMF.~R.TOAN PARTY- Letter from John Wilson, Esq., W a s h i n g t o n , J u l y 3 ,1 3 5 5 . S i r : On the 27th ultimo I received from you a note advising me that m y “appoint- meet as Commissioner of the General Land Office” was there b y “revoked.” The organ of your administration, the “ Union ” newspaper, announced to the world that the revocation or removal was '''solely on political grounds .” Justice requires that those “political grounds ” should he fully un­ derstood, and hence this communication. Prior to your election to the Presidency of the United States, His Excelleney Millard Fillmore, on the resignation of my predeces­ sor, influenced only, as he assured me, by a desire to promote the best interests of that branch of the service, appointed me Commis­ sioner of the General Land Office. Being a Whig, I expected to be removed as soon after your inauguration as a suitable person could be selected to succeed me, and so stated to the honorable Secretary.— In this I was disappointed, and hence, so far as you are concerned, Whiggery was not con- \sidered sufficient cause for my removal. No process of reasoning, however, is required to ascertain that cause! You were pleased to advise me of it, and to assure me, that the duties of my office had been discharged with such ability, impartiality, and promptitude, that nothing but the fa c t that I had attached myself lo the American or Know-Nothing party, could induce you to take that action ; that if taken it would be with deep regret, but you did not see how you could do other­ wise, with a due regard to the interests of the great Democratic or Union party. To a correct understanding of your action, and the reasons for it, it becomes neccessary to consider the origin, principles, and objects of the American party, and wherein a connexion with it could militate against the interests of “ the great Democratic or Union party,” so as to render such connexion a mortal politi­ cal offence, in your estimation. First, then, as to the origin of the Ameri­ can party. True patriots o f all parties, who earnestly desired the welfare of our country, and the perpetuation of the Union, on the principles laid down by the sages and heroes of the Revolution, had seen with apprehension and dismay, the pandering of both great political parties of the day, to foreign and papal influ­ ence,— the corruption that had grown out of such pandering, and the tendency of that corruption to the dissolution of the Union, to anarchy, bloodshed, and final despotism. They determined to forget their old grounds of difference, and to unite heart and hand in efforts to bring back our institutions to tlieir pristine purity. You professed to think that there were no grounds for such appre­ hensions, that the danger was magnified, and that the whole scheme was a plan of design­ ing politicians, to advance their selfish and personal views. What are the facts? W e have seen the minions of Rome, bound by the most solemn oaths to advance the spiritual and temporal power of the Papacy, striving to break np and divide the school funds of several of the States and of this District, urging, as a plea, principles which would have subverted the very foundations of our institutions. W e have seen them strive, and in some instances successfully, to prevent the introduction of God’s holy Word among tlie Protestant children of our Public Schools, not satisfied to exclude it from the children of Romanists, but determined, if possible, wholly to suppress this great chart of civil and religious lib e r ty; at the same time blotting out, or falsifying history in certain schools, so that the black and bloody deeds of that Hierarchy, in past times, might be unknown to the lising generation ; which, therefore, would more easily become their prey. We have seen Romish ecclesiastics, claim­ ing to hold the temporal possession of the Church in trust for their master, the Pope, and when the tree men of our country resist­ ed such pretensions, Cardinal Bedini, with hands yet reeking with the blood of Ugo Bassi, and his fellow-patriots, was sent here as “ the Pope,s Nuncio to Brazil, by the way of the United States,” to adjudge and decree questions of property between those minions of his master and our fellow-citizens, promul­ gating his bulls, with threats of anathema and excornunieation, against those who dared refuse obedience. After thus attempting to exercise civil and ecclesiastical power in this country, this Nuncio, it is alleged, claimed to be received as the Pope’s Ambassador, with all the rights, privileges and immunities pertaining to that office. His request having been prop­ erly refused, he again set himself up as a ru­ ler and judge among us, till lie found that he had aroused the spirit tiiat had caused our forefathers to seek a peaceful retreat in tlie then wilderness of this country, from the civil and ecclesiastical tyrrany of Europe.— Then lie lied in disguise, not to Brazil— that was a mere subterfuge— but to the skirts of his master, where he awaits a more favorable time, when, as in Bologna, he can take bloody vengeance on those who resisted his tyranny. f urther: w h e n the statesm a n , the patriot, ami the sage, who shed liis blood in defence t' his country, and stood by her standard in every emergency; who overstepping all oth- considerations, w a s found shoulder to shoulder with his compatriots,in the memor­ able struggle of 1849, for the integrity and perpetuity of the Union, which cost the la­ mented Clay his life; when this pure patri­ ot and distinguished statesman, in the Sen­ ate of the United States,expressed his views on the question of demanding from the Cath­ olic Powers of Europe the right for our cit­ izens to worship God in those countries as they pleased, and, after death, the decencies ' of Christian burial— rights which the laws of God and humanity accord to all the children of men— another of the Pope’s minions, and one who claims, and is generally admitted to be, his exponent and vicegerent in this coun­ try, took him to task for this debate in the United States Senate, and, notwithstanding his age and acknowledged patriotism and ability, attempted to ridicule and catechise him like a school boy. He endeavored, al­ so, to break down the resistless force and power o f tlie principles presented by this Senator, founded, as they were, on everlast­ ing truth and justice, by a tissue of sarcasm and sophistry, that could have proceeded from no mincl except one trained in the school Uf Jesuitism. And anon, when this sammdignitary of Rome was charged with transactions in real estate that had made him the owner of millions, we have his ab­ solute denial, covered up with similar Jesu­ itical sophistry and ridicule, till the facts were proved home on him by records and figures. W e have seen the Papal organs in our country, under the very eyes and sanction of Romish bishops, assure us that all power, civil and ecclesiastical, of right belongs to that church, and when it obtained that pow­ er, Americans need not lay the flattering unction to their souls tbat there would be any toleration, for they knew that Papacy was right and Protestantism was heretical and wrong, and that all the power of the church would he brought into requisition to root out that heresy aud destroy it. And when a leading and influential member of Congress, who had just returned from Rome, and was therefore supposed to speak e.v- cathedra, attempted, on the floor of the House of Representatives,to palliate and ex­ cuse or deny the most monstrous and des­ potic exactions of the Papacy, he was ridi­ culed and sneered a t by the Romish journal­ ist of Boston, who scouted his explinations and denials, and scoffed at his glozings, as weak and imbecile, reiterating the claims of the ]|Pope to absolute supremacy, both in spiritual and temporal matters, and sustain­ ing the fundimeutal doctrine of that church, to wit, that it is the same in all ages and in all nations. Thus it is, that the recorded evidence o i these claims of the Church of Rome to ab­ solute civil and ecclesiastical power, is uni­ form and consistent, as shown by these jour­ nals, while all denials and explanations are merely oral, and can readily he disclaimed as unauthorized, or denied. And the only rea­ son that American Protestants are not now required to play their part in an auto-da-fe in this country is, t h a t 't h e Church of Rome has not the power of inflicting that punish­ ment, hut if matters were suffered to go on much longer as they now do, they no doubt indulge the hope of obtaining it. Truly it was in the spirit of prophecy,that the immortal Lafayette declared that, if ev- ®er the liberties of this country were destroy­ ed, it would be by Romish priests. These are not all, however. _ H ow was it, that the Pope’s representa­ tive at Madrid, was aware of the arrange­ ment of your Cabinet, in part, at least, be­ fore inauguration, as publicly stated in the journals of the day,and still uncontradicted ? How was it that the starving Catholic mil­ lions of Ireland, found means to emigrate to this country,while many o f their fellow sub- j jects actually died of hunger, not having a i penny with which to buy food to sustain life? How was it that continental Europe poured out her tribute of hundreds of thousands of Romanists to swell the influence of the Pa­ pacy in this countiy, when it was evident those very men would be needed to fill the ranks of their arm ies, in view of the troubles then brewing, and which have since burst forth like a volcano? Can th e e y e s o f any man of reason and reflection be blinded to these facts ? Does it require great penetra­ tion to see, that all these movements are part and parcel of a great plan, concocted by the despotic and Jesuitical Hierarchy of Rome and Catholic Europe, to subvert our free in­ stitutions, to destroy our liberties, and to combine civil and ecclesiastical power in this country in the hands of the Pope or his agents ? W hat have been tbe fruits of these mea­ sures ? Have we not seen by the act of 30th May, 1854, “to organize the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska,” that the alien, who had just landed on our shores, had declared liis intention to become it eitizenof our country, and taken an oath to support the Constitu­ tion of the United States, and the provisions of that act was authorized to vote and hold office in the organization of those Territo­ ries, while our own citizens,officers, soldiers, seamen, or marines, or other persons in the army or navy of the United States, or at­ tached to troops in the service of the United States, were excluded from those rights by the same law, if they were on service in eith­ er of those Territories ? Whence this dif­ ference—and why, after the Executive, through its organ, had taken ground against tuatbill, did it suddenly shift round, and press this measure to consumation, with all its force and power? You know the cause of all these things— surely none should know them better. This is not all, however. In some of the States, foreigners not y e t naturalized, aliens— vote for Federal and State officers, and many times, no doubt, actually elect their candidates. Foreign in­ cendiaries have agitated, and continue to ag­ itate the slave question, till it has become a measure in relation to whicli our brethren of the North and South are now so sensitive, that the very mention of it seems to threat­ en the permanency of tlie Union. Corrup­ tion stalks with brazen front in every branch of our government, till it was truly said by a distinguished statesman, that there were but two roads to success— to wit, the syco­ phantic, “ where favor followed fawning,” and of the millionaire, who bought it. In this conditon of things, those of our citizens who regarded the institutions of the country as in danger— without reference to party, laying aside the minor differences that heretofore separated them, as by spon­ taneous movement united to check these evils; and the good, the wise, the great, the philosopher, the statesman, and the patriot, determined to do all that a sincere love of country could accomplish, to bring back our institutions to their original purity, that they might ho handed down to posterity, as they were left by our revolutionary ances­ tors. This, sir, is the origin of the American party, or organization; and now as to its principles. These may be summed up in very few words. Civil and religious liberty —and the permanency of the Union on the constitutional basis. Yes—civil and religi­ ous liberty, to the broadest extent consist­ ent with the precepts of the Bible, the pro­ visions of the Constitution of the United States, aud the faithful execution of the laws. We do not oppose men—individually they have our best wishes and kindest offices in their pursuit of wealth and happiness.— But when we find them combining to de­ prive us of these principles, or lo dissolve this Union, we will oppose such combin­ ations by all legal and honorable means. We have been charged with persecuting Romanists ! The charge is false—for I know not a man belonging to our organization, who would not, at the hazard of liis life, de­ fend Romanists, or any other sect, from ag­ gression for worshipping their Maker accord­ ing to the dictates of tlieir own consciences. But when we find Romanists banding to­ gether, to combine civil and ecclesiasticaljur- isdiction jpi our country, to subvert and de­ stroy our institutions, and to set up in their places the absolute and despotic power of a foreign tyrant, we will resist them, even to the death, if necessary j and we will equally resist such unholy combinations if attempt­ ed by Presbyterians, Methodists, Baptists, Episcopalians, or any other sect. We have been charged with proscription. This charge is not true. Like all other par­ ties, where men are sincere in xheir princi­ ples, we endeavor to elect those who will faithfully carry out our principles. Is this proscription ? If so. proscription should be delined as an honest adherence to conscien­ tious principles; and with such proscription our Revolutionary ancestors, and every par­ ty since that day, are fairly chargeable. It is alleged, further, that we are liable to this charge, because men of opposite principles in some cases bave been removed to make way for adherents of our Order! I know of no such cases. It is true, that where the commissions of individuals bad expired, they v ere not re-appointed, Americans having been selected to till those offices. But is this proscription ? Did the immortal Wash­ ington surround himself or his administra­ tion with Tories ? And yet the adherents of Great Britain, the friends of Kingly pow­ er, were 110 more Tories in those days than are those of cur own time, who are striving to dissolve the Union, to subvert our insti­ tutions, and to destroy our liberties. Bnt, sir, even if we were guilty of proscription, tlie charge coines with a had gni/c from this ad­ ministration, where a mere difference of opinion is regarded as sufficient ground for removal, and where the vacancies thus caus­ ed are filled to a great extent, with foreign­ ers, the staunch adherents of Popery, or with spies and informers, the base tools of bad men, wlio are thus rewarded for their infamy. Though you have thus virtually declared that not one of the American party, now including a large portion of the entire popu lation of this country, shall have any share in the government of their country, and that you will strike down every individual of the Order within your power, rest assured, that you cannot thus annihilate or destroy that party, or crush the spirit of Americans, as you have threatened. They are not of the stamp that can be bought or frightened.— They are govcr ned and directed by princi­ ple, and by that they will stand— and bear and forbear, if needs be— till tlie time shall come when they may redress their griev­ ances at the ballot box. Earnestly do I hope, however, that the administration will be brought to see tlie error of its ways, be­ fore that period arrives, and before the pa­ tience and forbearance'of the American peo­ ple are exhausted. And although its noon­ day has been darkened by deeds such as those described, none would rejoice more sincerely than myself, to see that darkness dispelled, and its setting sun go down in a blaze of glory. It is charged that bad men have united with his association for purposes of person­ al, pecuniary, or political preferment. Ad­ mitting such to be the fact, and it may be true, Is not this tiie case in every associ­ ation ? W as there not a Judas among the twelve Apostles, who sold his Savior for thirty pieces of silver ? W as there not a Benedict Arnold among the patriots and heroes of the Revolution ? And were there not swarms of Tories, also, among them, who carried devastation and blood into the peaceful homes o f those patriots and heroes ? Surely mankind have not become perfect since those days, as you will readily see by countless examples among your own party. W e are charged with opposition to foreign­ ers, and with “obstructing the law for the naturalization of foreigners.” The former of these charges is false. As already stated, we oppose not individuals, foreign or native ; but when we see foreigners combining to oppress the children of the so il; bringing with them the absolute and despotic notions of their native hom es; and arrogantly thrusting aside native born citi­ zens— claiming as a right, place aud power to rule over and trample us in tlie dust, we re­ sist and oppose such acts, as alike disgrace ful to the foreigner and insulting to the na­ tive. The}’ are welcome to the hospitalities of our land, to the protection ot our laws— to the free exercise of tlieir industry and tal­ ents— and to the enjoyment of their religion, and the means they may acquire. But we do not want them to rule over us— we be­ lieve we are competent to that duty, and prefer retaining that, right. The latter o f these charges is simply ab surd and rediculous, and never could have been harbored, Save in the brain of some 10 - mancer, or in the heart o f some pettifogging special pleader. The friend of civil ’ and re­ ligious liberty who flies to our shores from persecution and oppression, to enjoy -those inestimable blessings, has been, and w ill ev­ er be, welcomed to our hearts and homes.— But the willing tools of Papal and Jesuiti­ cal tyranny, sent hither to overturn and de­ stroy civil and religious liberty, cannot, and should not, be thus welcomed ; while the pauper-fand criminals, who have been sent here by the cargo, as to another Botany Bay, whose ideas of liberty are bound up in licentiousnese, and whose patriotism and suffrages are in the market at a very low rate, cannot, and should not, he encouraged in their transportation hither. Just such conduct on tho part of Great Britain was the cause o f the strongest and most forcible remonstrances on the part of the early col­ onists 5 and by such remonstrances Virginia ceased to be a penal colony. Those who de­ sire tlie restoration of such a state of things will, of course, sustain such emigration.— Certain it is, that tlie immortal Jefferson never entertained such ideas, when he penned the glorious document from which this charge has been extracted; and it is equally certain, that he would have scorned, with contempt, any who who would have dared so to con­ strue it. But, enough, the charge is too ridiculous and absurd for -consideration. These, sir, as I understand them, aro the “pRiNciprEs” of the American party : and now as to its “ o b j e c t s . ” These are briefly stated, and naturally flow from its principles. They are to re­ store our institutions to the purity of their early days, and to require honesty, integri­ ty, and capability in every department and office of the Executive, Legislative and Judi­ cial branches of our government. National men for national measures; a strict construc­ tion of the constitution; the sovereign rights of sovereign States fully respected ; the le­ gal rights of the people guaranteed to the utmost extent; civil and religious liberty sustained and perpetuated; all attempts at a union of Church and State crushed and annihilated; and the naturalization laws so amended that while the foreign-born citizens will be secured in all tlieir just rights, those of the Americans will be fully sustained and protected. Here, sir, is a proper place to quote the language of one of our German citizens, in depositing his ballot for the American can­ didates at a late municipal election. \When sneered and scoffed at by some of his coun­ trymen for the course he was persuing, and earnestly pressed by others to change it, his answer was that of a parent and patriot.— Gentlemen said, he, I am not voting for myself, I am voting for my children! Glo­ rious sentiment! He knew the Blessings of civil and religious liberty, for he lias been nearly half a century in our cou n ty. He knew also, the evils of despotism and Papa­ cy, for he had suffered and fled from them in Europe. He wished his children to enjoy the former, and to escape the latter to the latest generation. Equally patriotic and no­ ble was the sentiment of an aged son of Erin. Said he,“I did not come to this country to govern it, hut to he governed by its equal and just laws. Had I preferred the institu­ tions of my own country, I should have re­ mained there. In my opinion, no foreigner should have a vote in this country .but as that rich boon has been awarded us, mine shall go for the children of the soil.” Thus you see, sir, that the principles of the American paty are sustained be the right-thinking pa­ triots of foreign birth, many of whom, though excluded from our associations, vote and act with us. And now, sir, how can a connection with a society having such origin, principles, and objects, militate against tlie interests of the great Democratic or “ Union party ?” To answer this question correctly, the principles and organization of the great “ Un­ ion party,” Democratic it should no longer be called, should be distinctly understood.— I say it should no longer be called Demo­ cratic, because those who have honestly and uniformly acted with the-party have been ruthlessly excluded from its administrations, and their places filled with those who as consistently opposed it, and whose only rec­ ommendation, as already stated, in many ca­ ses was that they were spies and informers, or abettors of Jesu its and objects of tlieir special favor. It is well called the “ Union party,” because it goes for those who sus­ tain the union of Church and State. It is well called the “Union party,” because it goes for uniting all power in the hands of the Papacy. But when we regard the incongru­ ous elements of which it is composed, and tho evident tendency of its acts, it is enti­ tled to any other name than that of “ the Union party.” But in your ranks there are high and hon­ orable exceptions to these remarks— men who fully concur in our views, but who hon­ estly differ with us as to the necessity of such action as ours at the present time.— \When they are convinced, and they soon will be, that the (guises-for this organization now exist, they will act with us, for they are pure patriots. If these views are correct, and the most causual observer cannot doubt them, it will be readily preceived why a friend ofthe American Order cannot bo re tained in this administration, with a due re­ gard to the interests of the “ Union party.” But when you were inaugurated, you did not take an oath to promote the interests of the “ Union party,” but that you would “faithfully execute tlie office of President of the United States,” and “ to the best of your ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.” This constitution guarantees to us the liberty of speech and conscience. It was this liberty of which I availed m yself when I united with the American party. No overt act had I committed, for well you know, that I had not interfered in any manner in nation-, al politics in the elections in any of tlie States. You yourself admitted the value of my services to the government, and the fi­ delity, integrity, impartiality, and accepta­ bility with which they have been discharged. You also know, that by my knowledge of those duties, hundreds of thousands have been saved to the public treasury. \Wheth­ er those who, assassin-like, strove for my removal, while I was absent on the business of the government, hoped by such removal to get me out of the way of their designs on tlie treasury, you can best judge. You, however, I exhonerate from all such motives. M y actions, and the cause of my removal, are thus fully and honestly put forth. In the course I pursued, 1 discharged a con­ scientious duty to m y Maker and my coun­ try. God and my countrymen shall judge, and to their verdictthus found, I shall hum­ bly how. I fear not the future. A higher Power governs your destiny and mine,and to that Power, and my patriotic countrymen, I fear that the language oi that portion of tiie Bible w ill be applied to you, in the early fu­ ture, where it is said : “I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green-bay tree. Y e t he passed away, and lo ! he was not.— Yea, I sought him hut he could not he found.” I f there is anything incorrect in this let­ ter, or matter you think would do you in­ justice in going before the public, and will so state in writing or by a friend, I will con­ sider your objections and delay the publicar tion of it for a few days for that purpose. Respectfully, JOHN W ILSON. n is Excellency F r a n k l i n P i e r c e . PROCEEDINGS OE COMMON COUNCIL. T errible D estruction by one cannon ba l l .— On the night of the 7th June, while a party of English officers were conversing together behind an embankment before Se­ bastopol, a cannon ball fell among them, struck Capt. Ingall on the left thigh, without breaking the bone, then mortally wounded Lieut. Colonel Shearman, killed Capt. Forster on the spot, and also killed two Color-Sar- geants and four privates, wounding three other privates, two of them Major Dicksons’ and Capt. Ingall’s servants. Thus one shot killed two officers and six men, and wound­ ed one officer and three men. The Adjutant, who was present, as well as Captain Daube miraculously escaped. How is This?— Census Marshals arc mak­ ing returns hero and there, but as yet we see no statistics of the sale of the “ Life of Seward.” We fear they are derelict in du­ ty in this respect. Hasen’t the work sold well ? Lets have all the statistics Messrs. Marshals ! You owe it to yourselves, for it is openly alleged that you officially prescribed duties have been neglected in order to real­ ize liberal commissions in the disposition of this otherwise unsaleable book. A t a meeting of tbe Common Council of the city of Auburn, held at the Common Council Room on Monday evening, July 9 th, 1855, pursuant to adjournment. Present John L. Watrous, Mayor', Messrs. Curtis, Henry, Hamlm, Madden, Simpson and Shap- cott, Aldermen. Tho minutes of the last regular meeting, and of a subsequent special meeting, were read and approved. The street Committee, to whom was re­ ferred the matter of rebuilding the bridges, whether the work should be done by con­ tract, or under superintendence by the day, made a report, recommending that the work of Genesee street bridge be done b y the d a y ; and on motion the report and recommenda­ tion, were adopted by the Board. Aid. Curtis then moved that the street Committee be authorized to employ a com­ petent person to go on and construct the Genesee street bridge, in accordance with the plan adopted, which was carried. Aid. Henry presented the quarterly re­ port of the Police Justice, with his bill for a quarter’s salary,$75 ; when on motion, the report was adopted and the bill passed. The following bills were then presented, and on motion were severally passed, v i z :— The bill of A. Culver, for services on the 3d and 4th o f July, as special Police, $4.— The bill of L. Judd, for services as do,$4. The Clerk’s bill for preparing city Assess­ ment Roll, &c., $15. The bill of Hook and Ladder Co., No. 1, for two turnouts at fires, on North and Logan streets,$10. The bill of tho City Superintendent for services from Februray to 7th of July, and acting as spec­ ial Police, the whole amounting to $192. ■ The report of tbe C ity Superintendent/for work on the streets, was then presented;— and on motion accepted and ordered to be filed. Also the report of the City Sexton, of interments in the North street Cem etery; which was accepted and ordered on file. Aid. Henry, presented the bill of Messrs. Knapp & Peck, for printing, the last year, amounting to$31.50; which on motion was referred to the Committee on Claims and Fi­ nance. The Mayor presented the proceedings of a meeting of tlie Board of Education, asking the additional sum of $90, to pay the wa­ ges of an assistant teacher in the primary department of District School.No 1, of the city ; wheri*on motion, that sum was order­ ed to be added to the amount of school mo­ ney reported necessary to be raised in the city for school purposes. A1<1. Madden submitted the following res olution, which on motion was passed, viz:— Resolved , That the following named per­ sons, be ordered to relay the t i le-walks in front of their premises on the west side of South street, with brick or stone, within thirty days from notice, viz: Wm. II. Sew­ ard, Mr. Easterly, Geo. IF. Peck, Dr. L. Mattson,Dr. B. Fosgate and Dr. Humphrey ; Also on the east side of said street, with brick or stone, v i z : — D. M. Osborn to relay walk and stone gutter; Nathan Burr, to re­ lay walk and stone gutter; and L. D. Rich­ ardson, to relay stone gutter. The work to be done within thirty days from the service of notice, ordering the same,under the direc­ tion of the City Superintendent. Aid, Curtis, then moved that the City Su­ perintendent be instructed to construct a cross walk on the east side of North street, at the junction of East Seymour-st., which was carried. On motion of Aid. Henry, Aid. Ilamlin made a report of the examination of the timber delivered by Mr. King the contractor, for the re-building of the bridges ; in which it appeared there was a deficiency in quality and size of some of the materials thus furn­ ished ; when on motion the report was ac­ cepted; and On motion of Aid. Curtis the matter of accepting the timber for the bridges, was left with the street Committee, to exercise their judgment in tlie receiving of such as is suitable for the work, at reasonable prices. The corrected list of the members of Ilook & Ladder Co., No. 1, was then presented ; and on motion the names ordered to be en­ tered on the Firemens’ Register, by the Clerk. Aid. Madden from C o m m ittee on Claims and Finance, reported that the mono}’ to pay the July coupons of the City Bonds, had been loaned, and the same paid over; and moved that the first city note, given for mo­ ney to pay for street work, which is now about due, be renewed with the interest added ; also that the sum of$500 be raised on a city note to meet the expenses of street work, done and now going o n ; both of which motions were adopted by the Board. The subject of repairing some injuries to tho Park fence, &c., occurring on the 4th of July, being brought up. Some discussion took place; when on motion of Aid. Curtis, the City Superintendent was instructed to make the necessary repairs. Aid. Henry, moved that the order requir­ ing John McGarr and Daniel Doyle, to re­ lay their side-walks with plank, on the north side of East Yan Anden street, be recinded, and that they be permitted to relay the same with stone; which was carried. Aid. Curtis then gave notice that he should at the next meeting of the Board, move a reconsideration of the motion in the matter of McGarr and Doyle’s side-walk, in order to examine into the - propriety of permitting the alteration of the order for relaying the walk. Aid. Simpson, moved that an order he is­ sued for Mrs. John Hepburn, to relay the side-walk in front of her premises,on the east side of State street, with good hard burnt brick, within thirty days from notice, which was carried. Aid. Hamlin asked permission of the Board for Mr. King, the contractor tor the timber for Bridges, to make a statement to the Board, in relation lo the same, which was granted. Aid. Curtis then moved that the sum of $750 be raised on a city note, for the street Committee, in relation to the timber for tbe bridges. Aid. Henry moved an amendment that the sum be$1000 ; After some discussion the question on the amendment was taken and carried, and the resolution of Aid. Cur­ tis, as amended, was passed.* On motion the Board then adjourned for one week, Monday evening, July 16 th, at half past 7 o’clock. T rouble in the F lock .— W e leam that a somewhat interesting trial for alleged Tres­ pass, in which Father O’Flaherty.js complain­ ant and one of his flock is defendant, will take place some day this weebkhefore Justice Bostwick. A w f u l . — The following, was probably not intended, nevertheless it has its designed ef­ fect. W e hope the originator is still alive: W h y is the Cashier of any one of the Banks in this city, like Russia ? Because he is not-a-ry public (Notary Public.) YfffU W e noticed this morning, we think, -the first “ case” which occurred in our city under tho present Prohibitory Liquor Law, The fact, as\ it came to our notice, raises a question, and it is as follows: A gentleman of pre-possessing appearance, was caught in the act of smoking his watch key, and vig­ orously winding up his watch with the stump of a cigar. There is need of more vigilance on the part of the authorities. LATER EROM EUROPE- Arrival of the Arago. D E A T H OB' LO R D RAGLAX, & c . Sandy Iloob, July 16. The steamship Arago has arrived oft' this point, bringing London dates of the 4th. The most important feature of the news is the announcement that Lord Raglan died on the 28 th June. He is succeeded in the command of the allied forced hy Gen. Simp­ son. Further than the above, there is no news from the seat of war. There had been some disturbances in Lon­ don on account of the proposed Sunday Tra­ ding Bill, and the, obnoxious measure was subsequently withdrawn in tlie House of Commons. The Arago brings 126 passengers, among them Gen. Dix and family, S. G. Goodrich, H. Swift, H. Wood, and W . Wickersham, of Boston. The steamer Eureka ai’rived at Havre at 9 o’elock on the evening of June 30th.— Spoke a steamer July 8 th, latitude 49 deg. 40 min., longitude 26 deg. 40 min. Supposed the Ariel. The Africa arrived at Liverpool a . m . 1st. On 2 1st June the Amphion, a British Screw Frigate, while reconsitering Sweaborg mis­ took the channel and ran aground while boats were employed in taking soundings. The Fort commenced a brisk fire upon the vessel. The Amphion returned the fire and blew up a large Russian Powder magazine, and did much other damage to the fort. It was reported at Stockholm that England had deserted Nystadt. The remaining por­ tion of tlie town of Kertsch was destroyed by fire 011 14 th June. Exessa and St. Petersburgh have- been united by Telegraph. A t tlie Sunday Trading Bill meeting in Hyde Park on Sunday, July 1st, upwards of 100.000 persons were present. Carriages were assaulted and hooted. The Ringleaders were ariested. FRAN C E . An Extraordinary Session of the French Legislature commenced July 2d. Napoleon opened it with a speech, in the course of which he said that important questions at home and abroad, had caused him to aban­ don going to tlie Crimea. A new French loan of 150,000,000 francs was asked for. The steamer Washington arrived at Bre­ men on the 2 d. LIB E L SUIT. New York, Judge Culver, of the Superior Court, Brooklyn, has entered an action for libel, against some of the members of the Grand Jury which recently represented him and his Court as being guilty of gross negligence and partiality. The Maine Law is at the bottom of the aflair. Judge Oulvir being one of the leading Temperance men. Washington, July 15. Lieutenant Kinsey, of the 14th Regiment of Artillery, stationed at Fort McHenry, Baltim ore, died in th is C ity yesterday. H e graduated at West Point last year. MOB IN CAN A D A . • Toronto, July 15. An attack was made last night by a mob upon a company of Circus Performers in consequence of an assault committed by them upon certain persons the previous evening. The circus wagons were all smash­ ed up or tumbled into the bay, and an at­ tempt was made to burn the tent. Fire arms were freely used, and two or three persons badly hurt. Disturbance finally quelled by police. AW F UL OCCURRENCE— S IX PE R ­ SONS BURNED TO D E A T H .! Yesterday a . m ., the dwelling house of Janies Thompson, a fanner in the village of Brant, Canada, was fired by an incendiary in four places, and six of the inmates— Mr. Tliompsen, three daughters, and two grand­ daughters, perished in the flames. Tlie re­ mainder escaped with much difficulty. The thermometer in this city stands 96 degrees. STEAM E N G IN E F O R SA LE. T H E SU B S C R IBER O F F E R S F O R SA L E , c h e a jM second liand STEAM W GINU, of four home p o w er, u sed iu s t enough to nim ble it up. E n q u ire of E I). M AS >N, E a s t p a r t of Sennett. Sennett. J u n e 27, IS55. w 4 w* C A R R I A G E F O R SA LE C H E A P , P j P S J t/O T U T A B L E F O R O N E OR T W O Horses, O with two scats, leather extension top, nearly new and in good order. J . L. W ATROUS. A n n u m , Ju.’y 4,1855. w4w MORTGAGE SALE. D E F A U L T h iving been m ade in the paym ent of a m o rtgage executed By Thom as H arsha, of the town of Slerjjng, Cayuga County, to Jam e s I). C h u r -h of the place aforesaid, dated the tw e n tieth day of No­ vember, 185*2, w as recorded in the Clerk’s offiteo f the County of Cayuga, in Book No. 43 of mortgage.*, on page 4U<~', &c., and upon w h ich there is claimed\to h e due at th e tirst publication of this notire, tw o hundred and seventeen dollars and eigluy-tliree cents, and no suit or proceedings a t law having been instituted for the collec­ tion of the money due or any part thereof, and said mortgage having been duly assigned to the subscriber, John H arslia; therefore, notice is hereby given th a t by virtue of the power of sale in said mortgage contained, and in pursuance of tho statute in such ease made and provided, the said mortgage will be foreclosed by a sale of tlie p remises therein described, a t public auction at the Inn now k - j,t hy George XV. Thomas, in Cato, in said County of Cayuga, on Thursday, tlie fourth day of October n ext, a.t one o'clock p. m . o f tlm t day. Xh© *aid prem ises are described in said m o rtgage as follows:— A ll o f th a t certain piece o r parced of land situate lying aud being in the sard town of Sterling, described, as being part o f lot n u m b er eighteen in the original town­ ship of Cato, now Sterling, and bounded as follows, to- w it: on tlie south and w est hy the highway, on the north hy lands of George T. H u n ter, Jo h n 1*.’ H u n ter and J a n ies I-Iunter, J r ., and on the east hy lands of N a ­ thaniel Cary, the prem ises so described are now occu­ pies I h y the ahove named grantor as a tavern and contain about one acre of land.—Dated J u ly 5, 1835. JO H N H A R S H A , Assignee. M oore C oxger , A tty. jy l l w t d FROM K A N S A S — NEW S FROM SIERRA LEON E — A B A T T L E AN D G R E A T SLAUGH T E R . New York, July 16. The Kansas Legislature was organized on the 2d July. Thomas Johnson, a pro.slavery Methodist minister, was elected President o f the Coun­ cil, I. A. HoHerman Secretary, S. Stringfel- low Speaker of the House, and Mr. Lite Clerk. All the members xvere -admitted to tlieir seats on certificates from tlie Governor. The brig Judge Blaney, arrived here yes­ terday from Sierra Leone with dates to June 3d. She brings an account of the disastrous defeat of an English expedition against a native Chief on the Mallughra, river. The British lost 50 men in killed and wounded. Some of the prisoners were afterwards put to death by the natives in a most barba rous manner. A t last accounts the Chief anticipating a retalitory visit from the English, was ob­ structing the river with stones, to prevent the passing up of vessels. Several British subjects had also been seized by the natives on the Rio Nunez,§ and her Majesty’s ship Forrest bad been dis­ patched to look after tbem. THE LYN C H IN G A F F A I R IN W ISCON­ SIN. Buffalo, July 16. The following are the particulars attend­ ing the lynching at Janesville, Wisconsin, of a man named Mayberry, accused of having murdered a raftman : Mayberry was found g u ilty and sentenced by Judge Loomis to imprisonment for life, that being tlie only punishment prescribed in cases like his. Tlie Raftsmen were dissat­ isfied, and xvhen the Sheriff' undertook to remove the prisoner to the jail, an organized party of 3U0 rushed upon and overpowered tlie officers, and seizing the culprit placed a rope around his neck and hung him to a tree until he was dead. The country arround Rock River for over a hundred miles was in a state ofthe greatest excitement. G R E A T FIRES. Manchester, N. II. 16. The Manchester Corporation Mill number 1 was nearly destroyed by fire yesterday.— Loss $2-50,000. 500 persons are thrown out of employment. Insurance$100,000. The same day 22 stores and dwelling houses xvere burned, including Putney’s Block.— Loss $10,000, partly insured. [ADVERTISEMENT, J The finest Aromatic.in the w o r ld ! differ ing from every other preparation under the name of snuff. Durno’s celebrated Catarrh Snuff actually worth ten times its weight in gold to all those afflicted ‘ xvith catarrh, or cold in the head, sore eyes,deafness or head­ ache. A sample box xvith directions for use w ill be sent by mail free of postage , any dis­ tance not exceeding 3000 miles on the re­ ceipt of thirty-one cents in stamps or specie, from the manufacturer’s Depot. ds&w 6 ms J. DUB.NO, Albany, N. Y . “Peace s it you down, A n d let me w ring your h e a r t ; for so I shall,” H am let R I C H A R D H I L D R E T H ’S G R E A T W O R K . A R C H Y MOORE, T H E W H I T E SLA V E , OR M E M O R IES O F A F U G IT IV E , By R ichard H ildreth, Kaq.. w ith a new Introduction, w ritten for this edition. E ig h t illustrations, 430 pages. Price$1,25. E. M aria Chxi.d says of A rchy M oore , “I t is a won­ derful hook. People of the dullest minds and wildest sym p athies, a re thrilled hy it, a s if their benumbed fin­ gers had touched a n electric chain.’’ F o r sale h y all booksellers. Sent by m ail , prepaid, on receipt o f price. - M IL L E R , O R T O N & M U L L IG A N , Publishers, 25 P a r k Row, N e w Y o rk, and 107 Genesee st., AubOrn. Ju ly 17. d& wlw NOTICE. T h e s t o c k s u b s c r i p t i o n b o o k s o f t h e N o rt.i A m erican T rading Company a t A u b u rn, are now open for subscription at the dwelling house of H e n ry W illard, Esq., a t E a s t Cayuga, a t th e dwelling house of M ajor Jo h n S. Clark in Mentz, a t tlie dwelling house of W illiam W . I ’ayne, Esq., of Senm tt, und at th e offices o f Sullivan N . Sm ith and Benjamin F . Hall, in A u h u rn. r u b scriptions w ill also b e received by the. undersigned w h o has heen thereuntil nutlu-ri.-ed and appointed, by the D irectors. W h e n not absent irnm the city on the business o f t h e Company, the undersigned m ay be found a t t h e office o f Benjamin F . H ah <ner Sey m o u r’s Bookstore, No. 97 Genes-c s t.-A n liur -. H E N R Y C. H A L L , Agent. D a ted J u n e 25,1855. d& wtf _ TO “ F A R M E R S .” KETCHUM’S PATENT MOWER AND REAPER. A T T A R R A N T E D to cut from ten to fifteen acres of VV grass or grain per day. M ower $110. M o w e-and R e a p e r combined$123, and transportation from Bn do. F o r sale h y B A R K E R & B A L I ) »V ■ N. ’ A u b u rn, J u n o 20,1S55. d& wlm M I L L E R , ORTON MULLIGAN’S N E W H O O K S . B E 21 Y E A R S A S L A V E - 1 7 Y E R I tS A F R E E M A N I TO I!E ISSUED EAItLY IN AUGUST ; \ f Y BO N D A G E A N D MY FR E E D O M . By Fred- A X eriek Douglass. 450 pages, 12 mo.. Steel P o rtraits and tw o A n tithetic illustrations, exhibiting Freedom and Slavery in contrast. Price $1,25. MY BONDAGE AND MY FREEDOM exhibits the fine genius, and tbe rapidly d eveloping pow­ ers of its a u thor. I f lie is original and peculiar as a speaker lie is equally so as a w riter. W e h ave tho fullest confidence, therefore, that this w o rk, tlie result of his rip e r experience and of ids more m ature judgm ent, will challenge nol only tho adm iration of all the Friends of Freedom, for its spirited and irresistible Anti-Slavery f icts and arguments, h u t of scholars, for the directness, condensation, and affluence of its style, and of the gen eral reader, also, for the graphic intei'ost o f tlio story of his checkered and eventful li e. M IL L E R . ORTO N & M U L L IG A N , Publishers, 25 P a r k Row, N e w York, a n d 107 Genesee st.. Auhurn. Ju ly 16. d& wlw I M P O R T A N T T O B L A C K S M I T H S . T H E SU B S C R IBER K E E P S C O N S T A N T L Y ON band a t the A u b u rn Steam Forge, a large supply of the best Bloaburg Coal, w h ich he sells cheap for cash or in exchange for w rought scrap I r m. CILVS. R IC H A R D S O N May 23 d&wOm H O U S E A N D L O T F O R S A L E , a k a A SOLD BETXVEEN T H IS A N D tlio Y~\- first of Septem ber, can be bought for$1,3)0 Pilitl -run 11 uu-e is entirely new and in good condition, aud situated on E a st Seym o ur st. E n q u ire of I. J.T IL l.O T S O N , Ju ly 5. d& wlm on the premises, Nexv a r r a n g e m e n t a t 9 0 G e n e s e c -S t. f t- p i l E SU B S C R IB E R having liecome convinced X after several y ears experience, thatD r u g s and Medicines should 'be a business by itself, and that an exelusiveniedicine store is th p thin\ needed in all large towns : A store w h e re tbe Wants o f both, the Physician and Patient can be fully supplied, lias with the new year commenced system, a n d now oilers to tlio public a full and well selected assortm ent oi D rugs aud M edicines , tho quality of w h ich can be re­ lied U p o n , and which trill he sold at the very lowest rates. Prescriptions w ill b e p u t up witli great care and dispatch l>y an experienced hand, and ail business en­ trusted to the subscriber will b e faithfully executed. E r tf Remember the place, 99 Gcnesee-St. J . IC. W E L L S . A u b u rn, Feb. 1. d Sixvtf M E D I C A L N O T I C E . n p n E SU B S C R IBER , H A V I N G D E T E R M IN E D _L to confine ilis p ractice to and oilier affections, whicli do not prevent p a tients rnm vis’tiilg their M E D IC A L A I)VIP]-:R, would inform tho public tlmt lie can be consulted a t his office on E x ­ change street, every afternoon bctweeu tlie hours of 2 and 5 o'clock. F o r the past ten yeai g jiis attention has been partie-tt larly directed to tlie investigation of chronic- diseases, and the favorable opportunity h e has enjoyed for obser­ vation lias been am p ly sufficient to a-rpiiiv an amount of knowledge that cannot p rove otherwise than useful to his p atients. Term s for each ordinary consultation will bo O n e Dollar-. T h e fee p a rable at tlielim e of examination. B L A N C H A R D FOriG A T E , M. D. A u b u rn, J u n e , 1S05. juneOd&wly M I L L I O N S O F B O Y S A N D G I R L S W O U L D L I K E TO K N O W W I I A T B E C A M E O F T H E S W I S S F A M I L Y , and to gratify them wo h a v e ju s t p ublished tho C O N C L U S ION TO T I I E SW ISS FA M IL Y RO B ­ IN S O N , l u one x’olume, 327 pages 10 mo. Price 03 cents. Also the Swiss Fam ily Robinson and Conclusion, in one Vol. complete, 884 pages, 10 mo. illustrated. Price \$1,25. Thi s book is a g reater favorite w ith th e ii ttle folks T H A N E V E N RO B IN S O N CRUSOE. F o r sale b y all booksellers. Sent b y mtA\,pre-paid, on receipt o f price- M IL L E R , ORTO N & M U L L IG A N , Publishers, 25 P a r k Row-, N e w Y o rk, a n d 107 Genesce-st., A u b u rn. Ju l y 10. d&xvlw D R . W E A V E R ’S M E D I C I N E S , FO R H U M O RS. T H E S E Iuvaluablo Medicines h ave achieved a com­ plete trium p h iu eradicating num o r s , of all kinds from the hum an system. T h e y were introduced to tlio dublio some six y ears since, and liavo been used w ith on tire success. Tlie C A N K E R and SA L T RH E U M SY R U P is taken internally, w h ich cleanses the Blood, hy throw ing im p u rities to tlie surface, w h e n tiie C E R A T E is applied, externally, and all eruptions are destroyed and H e a lth and Beauty restored. T h e ir astonishing success lias called out m any ignorant p retenders, w h o have introduced their wonderful preparations to tlie public. T h e y a r e out. ill a lm o s t ev e r y form , f r o m P a n a - casa’B down to Fills, and all for Humors, ( o f course they are.) But i t has heen reserved to D r. XYE A V E R ’S SY R U r and C E R A T E to achieve w h a t, (under tlie circumstan ees,) may he regarded as the most brilliant triumph yot achieved by any m edicine ever introduced to the A m eri can p ublic. AVhyistliis? Sim p lyhecausetheyperform w h a t they p rom ise; and notwithstanding the introduction of these new tind wonderful p reparations to tho public, the SA L T R H E U M SY R U P and C E R A T E keep steadily on tlieir way, conquering as they go. I f the public w ish to try these new preparations, wo have lio a wo rd to say, for they have a sure remedy to g a ll bach upon, viz., Dr. W e a v e r ’s Canker and Salt R U e u i n S y r u p and C e r a t e . O f this fact th e p u b ­ lic a re w ell aware, for thousands, in all sections of tlie country, have heen cured by them, a fter all other rem e ­ dies h a d utterly failed. Manufactured and sold h y S. A. W E A V E R & 0 0 ., N e w London, (Ann. Also for sale by M erchants in all sections o f the United States. „ F o r sale in A.uburn, b y H U N T &. OSBORNE, J . K W E L L S and T. F. G R A H A M . M a r c h 20,1855. d& w isly DENTISTRY. N . SM ITH & CO. take this opportunity ID* to inform th e ir friends and form e r pat rons th a t they continue th e business o f DENTISTRY, a t 101 Genesee street, over C. & If. C a rpentei’s n a t Store, opposite the W e s tern Exchange, A u b u rn, N. Y. where they will perform all operations x’ertaining to tlieir profession in a superior manner. D entists supplied w ith all k inds of D e n t a l S t o c k , at the lowest Cash prices. Feb. 5,1855. d& w tf STATE PRISONS CLAIMS. B T H E L E G IS L A T U R E , tbe Oom- tro lleris directed to pay tiie debts of the State Prisons, as r e p o rted by the Com m issioners I have made arrangem ents for presenting and procuring pay­ m ent o f all sucli demands, so as to obviate tlie necessity, and expense of presenting claim s in person a t Albany, and will collect the same for a reasonable commission, at a le.-s p e r centage than is charged by agents a t A l­ bany, or c ash said claim s im m ediately. 6* H . H . BOSTXVICK A u b u rn, M ay 1,1855. d& wtf F I R S T PR E M IU M , WOKLD’S FAIR PIAKQS. I H A V E JU S T R E C IV E D FROM G kovestkf . x & T buslow , an assort- ^ . m e n t ol\ PIA N O S of tilj to 7£ octaves. These instrum e n ts took the first prem ium at tho late XVorid’s F a ir in N e w Y o rk, being a p p roved of, on the whole N ine Points of excellence, w h ile the instrum e n ts of other m a n u facturers received prem ium s for but eight. F o r tlie proofs of this fact, 1 refer lo th e pub­ lished report of ths com m ittee on Music, w h ich m ay bo seen a t my Piano Room s in E x c h a n g e street, M ilitary Hal!, u p stairs. I w o u ld also inform th e public th a t I have a very commodious shop, u n d shall pay s tr ict attention to the repairing of old Pianos m aking them almost as good us new. M E L O D I AN 3, G U ITA R S , V IO L IN S , A C C O R DEONS, &e., will b e repaired at the shortest notice.— Tuning done a s fefore. Please call a t tlioM ilitary Hall, next door south of the P o s t Office. R. O. V A N LA E R , Tiano and Organ T u n e r and M anufacturer. M ay 28. d&wfim J O S E P H O S B O R N SUCCESSOR TO H U N T A O SB O R N , D E A L E R IN -J,-'RENCIT, E N G L IS H A N D M E D I T E R R A N E A N I Drugs, P aints, Oils, V a rnish, Physicians and D rug’ gists Glass XVare, and choice Fam ily Groceries, 7 1 G e n e s e e S t ., A n b u m , N . Y . Physician’s P rescriptions accurately prepared hy ex­ perienced hands frorft b est m aterials. Ju n e 22. d&wflm PUMPS! COWING & CO S E N E C A FA L L S , N . Y., M a n u facture o v er F ifty V a rietiesand Sizes o f LIFT A N D FORCE PUM PS, Both of Iron and Brass, and w a rranted T h e b e s t in tk c W o r ld . T h e y e r e Simple o f Construction; Strong and D u rable; will draw w a ter Horizontally, uh well as Perpendicularly; and a re suited for auy location Also, Suitable to h e w o rked by Six to Ten Men, and very pow erful a n d Fffeetive. . BST W e wiU send C u ts o r D escriptive Catalogues to those who address u s, p o s tpaid, febld& w tf C O W IN G & CO. <as ana lies, a t very m o d erate prices. __________________ 59 G E N E S E E ST. B N T S I F Y O U are in w a n t o f a neat, 1 S L M M E R SHOE, m il a t L a n e h a rt’s, on hand a very large assortm ent, a t _____________________ 59 G E X E S E E ST. A L A R G E assortm ent of M isses and Children’s bhoes a t very low prices, can be found a t ___________________________ L A N E H A R T ’S. L A D I E S GLOVE K ID CONGRESS G A IT E R S f a no w a n d beautiful article can K 'lounrlat * __________________________________ L A N E H A R T 'S, A L . V K G E JC.G T O K TO A D IE S ’ BLACK G R E S S G aiters, M«». I>n »toes, Enameled Boohea and t-fciifcers, a t g reatly reduced p rices a t ___________________________________ L A ffE K A R T S . S I T I I E S GOODS! W O O D R U FF & SO N , H A V E JV rtT R E C E IV E D A few choice case* of SUMMER ( t OOD^, pmvlia'pl Inst week in Xcw \ oili, tom e o f which a re very beautiful and o f decided- c°ibpjirting the newest stvles o f PLAIN' 1 L A ID A N D S T R IP E D SILK S , Moire A n tique do., b^rejjes, Lawns and French Muslins, w ide F rench Lace i utiltas, narrow do jor and the best lot of l'loss varmgated and Moire A n tique Trim m ing, ever brought to A u b u rn. SHEETING, ?ILL0*W CASE and Table Linens, Towelini^s, N apkins, Counter-panes . Luce Curtains, D rapery, Muslin*, H W O O D R U F F & SON. Ju n e 5, d& w tf 77 Genesee st., A u b u rn, N. Y. 1 0 0 , 0 0 0 C O P I E S ! ! STEAMBOAT DISASTERS ON THE WESTERN WATERS, AND STEAMBOAT DIRECTORY. T H E U N D E R S IG N E D have now in course of p r e p ­ aration a new Steam b o at Directory, w h ich will be issued in October n ext; the b«»ok will contain over two hundred pages illustrated in the best styles-, a n d neatly bound in a d u rable manner. It w ill h e trie of the m ost e»*n :iud S\Utlu*rn w aters. T h e length, model, speed, \mwer and tonnage 01 * each boat, where and by whom budt, the name of the boat, w ith tlie trade she is in .— Also, tin* names o f Captains and Officers, h e r age, &c., &e. T h e 1 >irectory will contain sihistory of Steamboats and Steamboatiug on the W e s tern •waters, since the application of steam: abo, a sketch of the first boat built for the Ohio River, w ith tlie name o f the builder, com m ander and owner. T lie R I^ E R D IR E C T O R Y will contain a list and d e­ scription of all the STEAM B OAT D ISA S T E R S th a t liave occurred on th e W estern and Southern W a ters beautifully illustrated, w ith a list o f all those who have perished by their burning, sinking and exploding, on the W e s tern and Southern w aters. _ T h e Directory will con- reet distances; also, m any other R iver and Commercial item s o f interest to the people a t large. T h e book will contain the cards of the v arious D. S. Mail Boats, -with the trade they are in, &e., &c. T lie Directory will also contain a complete list o f a ll the responsible Steamboat Licensed Officers, their places of residence, &c., &c.; the new Steam b o at Law, its requirem ents, w ith com­ m ents, showing w h erein i t benrfits the incompetent of - Jlccr, and injures the competent officer^ &.C., &c., and all ’the im p o rtant U. S. Suprem e C o u rt Steam b o at decis­ ions up to date, the R a tes and im p o rtant Commercial Briviliges, Bills o f Lading, im p o rtant decisions various U. S. Courts in regard to F reights lost aud dam aged. &c.; w ith m any o ther things of interest. Tli«i Directory will be iilu?trated in the best style and printed iu the best m anner. T lie author has for six years been gathering together ail tho facts and item s in regard to the numerous steam b o at d isasters on tbe W e s t­ ern and Southern waters, anil now intends publishing tlmm iu book form. T h e price <>f tho w o rk w ill be p u t at the low sum of One Dollar. Ten thousand copies w ill be issued for the boatm en; all others desirous of sub­ scribing, will b ave to dor-o a t onee, as none will be p r int­ ed unless ordered in advance. T h e w o rk is destined to have a circulation of over E IG H T Y T H O l’SA N D c» pies, as the publishers aro receiving large numbers o f subscribers, per m ail, from all parts of the country, d a i l y , fcvime o f the oldest boatmen, a s well a s m o st sci­ entific men of the times, aro contributors to the Steam­ boat Directory. T h e D irectory will b e issued in October, and will bo an ornam ent to the parlor a s well as steamboat. By re­ m itting One Dollar (poet paid,) you w ill receive a copy ofthe above work. All communications and letters should be addressed to JA M E S T. LLO YD & C o ., P o s t Office Building, Cincinnati, Ohio. July 9. d&wJy A NNTTAL SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY FOR 1855, j r \ - hy David A. Wells, A. M. Heart.-. Ease, by a u thor of Red Clyffo. W o rk; or Plenty to do, a n d how to do it-, b y M a rgaret M aria Brcw6ter. , For sale a t SEYM O UR & CO.’S. Ps M a rch 9. rO R JED T T lV ^ ’ a tale of the twelve hundred and o.vJL ten, by {Sir W a lter Scott, Bart., author of W a- vei ly. &c. Received by ______________________ H E W S O N & W I L L I A M S ^ T H I S E N G L I S H O R P H A N S ; or, ii home in the N ew W o rld, by Mrs. Mary J . Holm, s, author ol ‘‘Tem p est aud sunshine’1 o r life iu Kentu -ky. My confession; the story of a W o m an's life, and other tales. Teg W offington, h y Chas. Reado. C h ristie Johnstone, h y Chas. Reade. A n A ttic Philosopher in Paris, lieing the Journal of a happy man. from the French of Em ile Souvestre. For ale a t IIE W S O N & W ILL IA M S . S T A N ri O P E BURLErGIT. A m erican Almanac lo r 1855. Know N o thing do do Life of Fanny Fern. J u s t received a t f20dtf SEY M O U R & CO.’S H A R P E I P S STORY BOOK, No. 7. V irginia, or, a little light on a very d a rk saying. Also, Putnam ’s M onthly Magazine for June. R e ­ ceived b y 11EW S O N & W IL L IA M S . H E L I F E OF SAM. HOUSTON. JuFt re. ceived b y H E W S O N & 'W ILLIAM S . T T H E W ATCHM AN, 1>y J . A. M. F o r s.ile at SEY M O U R & CO.’S. T I I E S T A R P A P E R S 5 or, Experience of A r t and N a ture, fiy H e n ry XVard Beecher. A Common place hook of Thoughts. Memoirs and Fancies, h y Mrs. Jam eson. Leaves from a Fam ily Journal, by Emile Snnvestre. T h e M issing bride; or, M iriam the A v enger, hy Mrs. Em m a D. E. N. Southwortli. T h o XXTatchm an, h y J . A. M F o r sale a t 11EXVSON & W IL L IA M S L ATE DETECTORS. Received at H E W S O N & XYTLLTAMP. E A S T E R N L I M E kept, a t all tim es h y the suh-cri 1 bor a t ilis Grocery Store No. 4 Columbian Block N o rth St.. A u b u rn H . G. F O W L E R . _ _ L I T E R A R Y A N D H IS T O R IC A L M ISC E L L A N IES. By G eort e ’ Bancroft. (3 T R A V E L S I N T H E C H I N E S E E M P IR E 2 voli, hy M. Hue; author o f ‘•Recollections of a Journey tlii'ougli Tartary and Thibet.” H IS T O R Y F O R BOY S ; or, A n n a l s o f t h e N a ­ t i o n s o f M o d e r n E u r o p e . By John G. E d g a r, A u ­ thor »f “The B lyhood o f G reat Men,” &e. F o r sale h y I-IEW SON & XVILLIAMS. T H E W I N K L E S ; or, th e M e rry Monomaniacs hy llie a u thor of XVild XVostern Scenes. T h o B rief ltem a rken on tho ways of m an, h y E z ra S unpson. . Country M argins and Hambies o f a Journalist, by P. II. Hamm ond, author o f Hills, Lakes and Fores s ream s. F o r sale h y H E W S O N & XVILLIAMS. COUNTJESS OF BLESSINGTON. T H E L iterary Life and correspondendence of the Countess o f Blessington. By I t . R . M adden, M. R . J . A . in two volumes. Tri-colored sketches in P a r is , during th e years 1751. 2_s, T h e Old I n n ; o r tho travellers entertainm ent. B y Josiah Barnes, Ben. Received hy H E W S O N & W IL L IA M S . IM PR ESSIO N - P A P E R F OR EM B R O ID E R IN G , also for copying Plans Pictures, D rawings, &e., on cloth, xvood, stone or paper, a n extrairti-.ie. -•m -m roTm , r,r, J u s t received a t SEY M O U R & CO. S, M arch 23. - D EN TISTS, a t t e n t i o n .! L A R G E LOT O F T E E T H , also gold and tin foil constantly 011 hand nd for sale cheap h y J . K. W E L L S , 99 Genesee-St A : MODERN SPIRITUALISM. A SERM ON iTreaclied in St. P a u l’s C h u rch, Syracuse* 011 Septuagesim a Sunday evening, A . D. 1855, by W m . Blins Ashley, M. A., Rector. F o r sale h y V t m. anno AXC y , ’1 I W 8 0 N & W IL L IA M S . B M - AR BOU R’S Suprem o C o u rt R e p o rts, V o l. 18.— Received by H E W S O N & XVILLIAMS. P O C K E T T O W N S H IP M A P S of th e State o f N e w Y o rk, b y J . H . Colton. A lso F a rm e r’s Sectional M aps o f M ichigan, a t M a rch 27. __ ______________ SEYM O UR & CO.’S. T H E V O Y A G E O F L I F E . JA N H O O D , IT S D U T IE S and responsibilities. By M emoirs of Napoleon; his C o u rt and Fam ily. By th e D u chess D ’A lbrantcs, (Madame J n n o t) w ith num erj ° UA ^ r h ir d G a U c r ^ f p o r t r a i ts. By Gc\r^ Gij5 % n ~G Ilousohold Songs and other rocm s. By M rs. H . E . G. \^Personal Recollections of tho Stage, em b racing no­ tices of actors, authors, and auditors, d u ring a period nf -fnrtv vears Bv W illiam B. Wood. Homo l i f e , twelve lectures. By XVilliam H a g u e , D D R e c e ivedhy H E W S O N & W IL L IA M S ! 1 ie M XLE L I F E AMONG th e M ormons, h y th e H wife of a M ormon Eider, rerently from U tah. F o r iaio by H E W S O N & W IL L IA M S . A LONG LO O K AHEAD ; or th e first Stroke and „ .,r sea!eShyby A ' lM a ' SEY M O U R & CO. M a rch 10. ________ ________________________ ______ T H E S T A R P A P E R S ; or. E x p eriences o f A r t and N a ture, b y H e n ry W a r d Beeclier. A Common Place Book of Thoughts. M emoirs and Fancies h y M rs. Jam eson. Leaves from a Fam ily Journal, hy Em ile Souvestrej T h e M issing B ride h y Mrs. E . D . Southw o rlh. Sisbee Rone, in seven c h a p ters byC h a ries Dickens. F o r sale a t b l i Y M O u li & OU. o . F H -A R P E R S ’ S T O R ^ B O O R N ^ O . ^ i v c d CASH P A I D F O R BOUNTY LAND WARRANTS, AT HIGHEST PRICES, —BY— _ a /.miTrr/XT’’ .4 \Dnnoi r\n anil Uiinn + M AN IMPORTANT SUBJECT SIMPLIFIED EOR THE PEOPLE. t , V O U M A N ’S Chemical A tlas: or, X fam iliar objects, “ \ ’ “^ ^ £ ^ 1 1 1 1 1 f uHj^ colOT^^iccoinpaified wifli d escriptive letter-press. ° ^ r z acimm H E W S O N fc W ILLIAM S . X ^ ' l f c a r i S s ^ * ? T h e ^ tefro f Redclyffc.’^ 'S c o n c s dan Characters,” &c. HEWS0N & WILLIAMS. F o r saio l>y ______ _____ _ __________________ N E W PUBLICATIONS. T p W E L S I N E U R O P E and tho E a st. A year in England, Scotland, Ireland, W ales, France, Belgi­ um Holland, Germ any, A u s tria, Italy, Greece, T u rkey, PvriaTPalestine and E g y p t. B y Sam u el Irenus Prince, -with encrravinscs, in tw o volum es. T h e Story of the P e a s a n t Boy Philosopher, “ o r a child gathering Pebbles on th e SeaS h o re,” by H e n ry ^ M o d e r n A g i t a t o r s ; or P e n P o rtraits o f L iving A m e r­ ican Reform ers h y f iavid XX7. B a rtlett, author of L it 0fF m ^ e a h y Gl'°y! J ° an IffiXYSON & W I L L IA IIS . M a rch 24. _________ _ __________