S t f e e iO U 8 t f t } e K c ^ i}, P U B L IS H E D E V E R Y 'W E D N E S D A Y —BY— Office, Corner o f Genesee and State Streets, AUBURN, N. Y. J. STANLE'T s s MITS l , Editor. T E R M S . —$ 1 , 5 0 p e r annum , in advance, in all eases. T h e D . v i i . y A m e r i c a s , published a t the same office, will be furnished to subscribers a t S 3 , 0 0 p e r annum , payable quarterly in advance. T h ese papers having a large circulation am o ng m e chanics a n d b usiness men, a re an excellent m e d ium for advertising. T h e B o o k a , n l G e n e r a l J o l> P r i n t i n g O f fice o f the Proprietor of this paper is in the Advocate Building, C lark street, w h ere h e w ill be pleased to re ceive the calls o f his friends and the public. Special Notices. H o w e ’s C o n g k C a n d y ! —W e Bay try it, if you have cough, cold or sore throat. Millions have done so. and can testify to its good qualities. I t h a s in m any piaceB w h e re it i« well known, becom e an indispensable article in the fam ily list of medicines. “ Children cry fo r i t y Sold h y J . K . W E L L S , General A g ent, a n d by all the D ruggists in A u b u rn. f28tf H a p p i n e s s . —T rue h appiness, in our opinion, con sists o f the following nam ed articles: a nice little wife sitting on your knee, h e r trusting sm iles filling your xnind w ith happy thoughts; a neat little room tidily fur nished w i l l every sort of “comfortable lixin’s,” and a box o f Bryan’s Pulm onic W a iers o n the shelf for coughs, colds, &c. With these little adjuncts how can any body \be miserable? Get a bos. tbe first tiling* you do. Sold hy all D ruggists in A u b u rn. T u ttle &. Uost'3 A u b u rn, General Agents. G o o d T i d i n g s . —I t has long been the study o f tho m edical faculty, to discover som e thing for the cure of j th a t m o st distressing complaint, D Y S P E P S IA . XVheth- 1 e r they have been successful, rem a ins f o r the sqfferers j to determ ine. T h e re are m any w h o are suffering from indigestion a n d costiveness, in m any instances caused b y , im p rudence in living. To such, we would say, u se the ( A U V RTC AY M E D ICU T A L OIL. W e have the evi- | denco o f its having cured some o f the w o rst cases o f , D y spepsia, Costiveness, Sick-headache, A cidity, Elatu- lence, &c-., See advertisement in another column. 2SJEW YORK CESTKAh KAIL ROAD. SUMMER ARRANGEMENTS. O H A N D A F T E R M O NDAY , M A Y 7th, 1855, trains w ill p ass A u b u rn a s follows: G O IN G EA S T . N e w Y o rk Express, Steam b o at do Freight, F reigh t. Mai!, Sunday nigh t Express, G O IX G W E S T . F reight; Accom m odation, Freight, A lbany Express, Mail, T b e only T rains on Sunday are, F reight, going west, F i g h t E x p ress, going east, M ay 1,1855, 9 15 A. M. 11 55 do a 05 P. u. 7 20 do 9 20 do 9 10 do 2 20 A. M. 7 43 do 10 20 do 1 13 P. M. 5 50 do 2 20 A m, 9 10 P. M. 11. W . O H IT T E F D E N , A s sistant Superintendent. rg§~ R a il Road tim e 12 m inutes faster th a n A u b u rn tim e. T i m e o f C l o s i n g t l i e M a i l s . F irst E a s t e r s M a il for Syracuse, TJtica, Albany and F e w Y o rk, w ill be closed daily, except Sundays, at 8 . 0 3 o’clock, A . M . S econd E astern M a il T rain for A lbany and Eastern States, 1 0 .A 3 o’clock A . M . _ T h i r d E a s t e r n M a il for all Offices E a st, at 8 . 8 o'clock IP. 31- ,, , F irst W estern M ail for Geneva, Canandaigua, Roch ester, Buffalo, and W estern States, will be closed daily, ex c e p t S u n d a y s , a t 6 . 3 1 o’clo.ck a . M- B kc o s d W e s teb n M a il for all Offices W est, a t 4 . 1 8 o'clock P. M. , Kelloggsville Mail, daily, except Sundays, at 12.30 p. M Ith a c a Mail, via Fleming, daily, except S undays, li.00 A.M Tthaea Mail, v ia Cayuga L ake, “ “ 12.00 M- W o lcott Mail, daily, “ “ 1-30 P.M P o r t Byron Mail, daily, “ 2.00 P.M M oravia Mail, daily, “ 0.00 a . m Skaneateles Mail, daily, “ “ 0*00 A.M OortlandwiaM oravia, T u esdays, T h u rsdays and Saturdays, a t - - - - 6-°° A*M* Oswego Mail, v ia Cato, Mondays, W ednesdays and Fridays, 6.00 A.M. Oswego Mail, via Sterling, Mondays W ednes days and Fridays, - - - 2.00 P.M. A u relius M ail on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sat urdays, - - - - 2-00 P'M South .Lansing Mail, on Tuesdays, lirursdays and Saturdays, - s*03 A M* Office open daily, from 7 o'clock a. m. to 8 tf clock on Sundays, w h en it w ill be open from 7 tf cluck to 8 o’clock a. it. and from 11.45 o’clock to 12.4a o’clock p. m. E . P. ROSS, T ost M aster . A u b u rn, May 7, 1855. T i m e o f C l o s i n g t h e E x p r e s s . ing E a s t , a t - “ W e s t , at 4 i P.M. 41 P.M. J . L. DOTY, A gent . Arrival a n d Departure o f S t a g e s . Skaneateles, leaves daily a t 7.00 A. M., arrives at 1 P. M. Ith a c a . “ “ 7.30 “ “ O r . m Moravia, “ “ 7 *:i0 “ “ V h p v P o r t Byron, arrives 12.00 m . Leaves at 3 p . m . ;; ;; • t i « « V v . l Kelloggsville, “ 11.00 u „ Montezuma, 11.00 a . m. - p . m . Oswego via W eedaport, leaves Mondays, W ednesdays and Fridays, a t 7.30 a . m . A rrives the nterinediate Oswego via P o r t Byron, leaves Tuesdays, Thursdays. and Saturdays, a t 7.30 a . m. A rrives a t 5, tho interme diate days. _______________ _______ O r e n Daily, from 10 a . m , to 3 p . m . C A Y U G A CO U N T Y BA N K , G e n e s e e - st r e e t . F . B ea r d s l e y , President, -I. N . H ta u in , Cashier. A U B U R N C IT Y B A N K , S tan f o rd B lock , F ortu - st . A ugustus H o w la n d , l ’rcs't, G. \V. L eonard , Laslner. B A N K O F A U B U R N , G e n e s e e - st r e e t . S. S. S eymour , President, O. H. M erkim a n , Cashier A U B U R N SA V IN G S ’ IN S T IT U T IO N , G e n e s e e - st . C. P . W ood , Trai*nu*er. C i t y O f f i c e r s . U N L. W A T R O U S , M ayor . G. Simpson, Jno. Ourtis, Alderm en, 1st Yv a rd vid Madden, Monroe Ilam M in, “ 2d ac Lewis, S. IT. Henry, od m. Shapcott, Dau’l W . Thorp, 4th ed e r ic k P r i n c e , Clerk. S. V- K. C ooper , A tto r ney B o a r d o f H e a l t h . EIN L. W A T R O U S , W A L T E R G. SIM P S O N, i R A C E G. V A N A N D E N , . . MES W . W I L K I E , C ity Physician. F i r e D e p a r t m e n t . V E R W . W H E E L E R , Chief Engineer. F5ERT P E A T , F irst Assistant. fURGUSON, Second Assistant. ARLES T. F E R R IS, Foreman No. 1. SED C O N K L IN , “ ‘ 2. L H O W , 3. L SW T F T , 4. V A L D R O N , Forem an H o o k and Ladder, he Aldermen are Fire Wardens in their respective V . I t . C O O P E R , A ttorney and Counsellor at • Law. Office, o p p o site the Pu8t Office, i'eb 21 d tf I J I S F K A X C E T A K E N B Y T H E N IT E D STA T E S F I R E IN S U R A N C E COM P A N Y . Capital S tock $116,090. Insurance taken ie Cash plan. S. V . R. CO O P E R , Agent, office op- te th e Post Office. d 1 d t f __________________ ____________ _ __________ TJI. H . H A L L A D A Y , Successor to H alladay and Phillips, M a c h i n i s t and I t o u F o i i w l c r , es H a n d Lathes, Iron Planers, snerw o o u s r in - b ta t h e s , Hutchinson’s Stave and Barrel Mnchm- Hogle’s P a tent Universal Chuck, Standing Presses, iron) R e a d y P roof Presses, all the m ost approved m s. Jo b w o rk done to order, w ith despatch. \Works—Barber’s Factory, W ashington St. lbum , J a n . 1 5 ,1S55. d&ivtf S T R E E T ; N E A R G E N E S E E - S T R E E T M A N U F A C T U R E R S O F ® ASS, COPPER, SHEET IRON WARE, &c., &e., Sea., RESALE A N D R E T A IL , ana D ealers in ves, F u rnaces, Hollow W a i e, ito. , n 1855. .las-WHj S E W S ! S E W S 11 BASSETT & HOW, 2WS EM P O R IU M , Genesee st., opposite o f the Auburn Bank. Tho undersigned w l l keep con- ly on h a n d a n assortm ent o f S T A T IO N E R Y , a n d a iSsortment o£» CHEAP PUBLICATIONS. so all th e Principal F e w Y o rk D a ily Papors, and m and N ew Y o r k Weeklies, and A u b u rn Daily and kly PoP“ B^ ,w P U B L I C A T I O N S ived as soon as out. __ . . ?er, Pelei'son, P u tnam , Graham, Godey, A ationalt teddies' Wreath^ F r a n k Leslie’s Gazette o f Fashion, Illustrated M a g a zine o f Art, JSallou's Dollar Monthly, and N e w York Journal, ’ . tished b y tbe y e a r o r single Num bers a t subscription *s, and delivered i f desired, free of charge, e will deliver N e w Y o rk D a i l y P a p e r s to Sub- iers n t 1 8 cents a week, payable in advance. aiSMORE’S RAIL-ROAD GUIDE RECEIVED MONTHLY. IOM T S O N’S REPO R T E R . received semi-monthly. B .—W e have connected w ith the N ew s Room a Shop for Binding Magazines, Pam p h lets and News- ;rs w h ich w ill b e done w ith neatness and dispatch, orders p rom p tly attended to. ease give u s a call. B A S S E T T So H O W . V! w tf M I L L I N E R Y . rO U L D IN F O R M H E R OLD F R I E N D S th a t she h a s employed two o f h e r b e st hands, and*has received a new assortm ent o f M IL L IN E R Y GOODS, w h ich she w ill dispose of a t a reasonable price a t h e r residence. B o n n e t s , F i a t s , R i b b o n s , F l o w e r s , C a p s , H e a d D r e s s e s , D a c e s , & c . Bonnets p u t into new shape on s h o r t notice. > 7 . B.—Residence on Jam e s Street, fii'flt house from Gene-ee si., and near the E p is c o p a l Cliurcli. April 17. w4w ________ I m p o r t a n t to P a ren ts a n d Children. t U l P E R S ’ S T O R Y B O O K S —A M o n thly so- ries o f N arratives, Dialogues, Biographies a n a l ales* tie instruction nmT entertainm ent o f the young. B y J a - A.bbott. Embellished w ith num erous a n d beautiful ravings. Price 00 a year, or 25 cents a num ber. 2d No. just received bscriptions received, and single n um bers for sale b y H E W riO N So W IL L IA M S , ibum , Eeb. 1, 1S55« [tf ] Y0LUME I. AUBURN, N. Y., WEDNESDAY, MAY 23, 1855. WEDNESDAY, MAY 16, 1855. T H E A M E R IC A N QUESTION. We publish to-day a splendid letter from tlie Rev. Dr. B r e c k e n r i d g e , of Kentucky, on “Tlie American Question.” We hope not one of our readers will fail to give it a care ful perusal. It will hear reading and re reading. It is a powerful, eloquent and con vincing argument on the great and vital question of the times in this Republic, and the positions assumed are impregnable, and capable of enduring a longer and a fiercer seige than Sebastopol has yet or ever will F ro m tin* F rankfort Commonwealth. THE AMERICAN QUESTION. L e tter from Rev. Dr. B reckinridge. D a n v i l l e , K y ., April 28th, 1855. M y D ear S ir : You are aware that I have received two communications, both of them signed by a number of the most respectable citizens of your town, amongst whom I re cognize many old personal friends, urging me to address the people at the capital of ( the State upon that great American quest- i ion which so deeply engages the attention I of the whole community. I may add, that | manyr similar invitations Jiave been sent to j me, and still continue to he sent, from vari ous and widely-separated portions of the sustain. Dr. B r e c k n e r i d g e is not only one ; Commonwealth, signed in the aggregate by of the most distinguished Protestant Divines of the United States, but one of the most thorough Patriots and one of the most con sistent lovers of the U mou as it is, that can he found within the borders of the Repub lic. T H E A R M E N IA N M U R D E R E R —SC E N E A T T H E COURTHOUSE. There was a scene of much excitoment en acted in the Court House yesterday after noon. The Turkish Armenian called Greg- a very large number of persons. And it is. ! no doubt, known to you that, within this | month, I was prevailed on, under peculiar circumstances, in both instances, to speak j on this subject in Cynthiana and in Lexing ton. The object of this communication is, , in the first place, to say in this public man- j ner, that it does not appear to he my duty to ' a ccept these invitations ; and, in the second j place, to perform the duty which they, and | m a n y other considerations, do seem to m e to ' require, in tlie distinct expression of my j principles on the subject itself. In doing I this, it may save the necessity of future ex- l n , j. planation to say, that I avail m y self of the ory, was again brought before the LoUl't Ol j proof sheets of an article written by me for O y e r a n d Terminer, Judge Johnson presid-j a periodical, published in another State, ino- on an indictm e n t found against him for , w h ich has n o t y e t been issu e d ; and to add, This Armenian was convicted, over , I supposed there was the smallest 5 doubt o f th e issue o f this contest m Jven- tueky, or that my services were comparable in value to the estim a te p u t on them b y par tial friends, I should pursue a very different course from the one I have now adopted, “o; murder. a year ago. of burglary and robbery, some* where in Cortland Co., and sent to the State Prison here for a te r m o f y e a r s . He cam e to th i s co u n tr y from C o n s tan tin o p le in a ship with some American Missionaries whose acquaintance he had formed in the Politics have assumed a new, and to t h e old managers of parties and elections, a most unexpected phase. Many things have con- East. T h e y t h o u g h t to educate him and send ( spired to produce this result; and men will, him back to i n s t r u c t his people in the truths j no doubt, give this or that explanation of the ................ ,, , , , ___ | movement we are witnessing, according to of Christianity. Rut he became nay ward ^ of yiew from which they considor and intractible—a sort of religious mono- ;(■_ Many effects may he produced by tlie moniac—and finally drifted out alone in the j movement itself, and men will appreciate world and hired as a field hand to a farmer j those effects, and endeavor to promote or of Cortland county. Some difficulty led P™ ent them, according to their views of ui w u j ^ * +L + I gi'iieral politics, of the interests of society, Mm to leave, and under the impression a an(j ^ ie prop01. destiny of our great coun- he had not received his pay, he returned to the house, gained access to it, and pilfered some articles of trifling value. For this of fence he was tried, convicted, and sent to the Prison here. Some after his incarceration it was con cluded by the officers and physician of the Prison that he was insane. His conduct was eccentric and often violent. He was sent to the State Lunatic Asylum, hut after a brief sojourn there, was returned to the Prison as a sane man by the learned Doctors of that Institution. Being still violent and unsafe, he was obliged to wear constantly a heavy iron hall, attached to one of liis legs hy a chain. He acted strangely. Often while marching to or from the shops at meal time he would suddenly dart out from liis “gang.” and run up and down in the yard, yelling like a fiend let loose from Pandamonium, and as suddenly the paroxysm would subside, and he would voluntarily resume his place in the ranks. Matters went on thus until one day in January last, when, while he was engaged in sawing wood in the Prison yard, he sud denly fell upon an old man, a prisoner, with whom he had never had a word, or any diffi culty, knocked him down, and heat his head to a jelly with his iron ball. The murder was committed in a moment. When arrest ed, as he instantly was, he exclaimed—\ Me kill him—now you kill m e !” He seemed to think he was shut up in Prison for the pur pose of being murdered. For this deed he was indicted. Since that time he has been kept ironed, and in close confinement, h u t has re p e a t e d l y attempted to commit murder, and once nearly succeeded. Yesterday his feet were manacled and liis arms were securely pinioned, and in this con dition he was placed in a wagon, with a pow erful prisoner seated by him to hold him. and a number of keepers to assist, and was thus convoyed from the Prison to tlie (. ourt House. He was carried to the prisoners’ box, and sat down rather quietly. There we first obtained a fair view of the man.— He is young—not over 30 years of age— slimly but museularly built, and possessed of features and a head most unmistakably Oriental. His whole phisiognomy and phys ique indicate an overpowering nervous tem perament. His face was thin and haggard, and mingled mental and bodily anguish and excitement were stamped in every lineament of it. His eye was sharp, small and rest less. He did not sit still an instant. His counsel, B. F. H a l l , Esq., who on a former occasion had, on behalf of the wretch ed man, put in a plea of “not guilty” on the indictment for murder, now asked to with draw that, and to plead “guilty of man slaughter in the 2d degree.” This was done for the purpose of disposing of the indict ment, and enabling the Governor to make the prisoner a subject of Executive clemency, in order that he might, through the good of fices of the Turkish Consul, be returned to the authorities of liis own country. Mr. H a l l spoke earnestly i n his behalf. \While he was addressing the Court the prisoner suddenly became very violent, and gave his keepers abundant work to prevent him from injuring himself or them. He yelled, swore in energetic English, and exerted the strength of-a madman in his furious endeav ors to break loose from the chains and cords that bound him. No one could witness the scene and not he impressed, irresistably, with the conviction that he was a raving maniac. The Court was thrown into confusion, and all proceedings were temporarily suspended. Finally the Judge ordered the Sheriff to re move the unhappy man to Prison. He was replaced in the wagon—struggling violently all the time—and was driven off in charge of the' Agent of the Prison, Col. L e w i s , Sheriff K n a p p , several keepers, and the con vict before mentioned. The* Court will not take further action im mediately, and will, in the mean time, con sult as to what is best to he done. The case is one of much doubt and perplexity. try. The intense and pervading power of the movement itself can no longer be a matter of doubt. And to the calm observer various elements are manifest which render its fu ture progress altogether inevitable.— Aruonst these decisive elements may be sta ted the augmented force of the movement itself,acquired hy its own previous triumphs; and the^reat homogeneousness of the spirit of it, to tlie portions of that country remain ing to be subdued,rather than to theportions al ready conquered. It will encounter no dif ficulty equal to the intense Democracy of New Hampshire, Illinois, Pennsylvania, and Michigan ; the wide-spread political immor ality of New York; the Democracy of Vir ginia, and the settled anti slavery sentiment of Massachusetts; the hereditary Whigism o f K e n tucky. Y e t all of th e s e are m a stered by the grander spirit of the new movement. What harrier remains to arrest its irresisti ble career ? It is infinitly absurd for the opponents of this vast movement of the human mind, to attribute it to unworthy or insignificant causes. It is utterly ridiculous for its friends to imagine that it can exhaust itself upon subjects that are feeble and indistinct. It may aim a t what is wrong, or what is unat tainable; hut it cannot avoid aiming a t what is groat and permanent any more than it could have been produced by anything that was feeble, indirect, or base. A great peo ple does not receive such shocks from such causes; nor when received do they termi nate without immense results. What we behold is, a vast andl apparently spontaneous uprising of the spirit of Ameri can nationality. Beneath that behold the restoration of that primeval spirit of Protes tant civilization, in which the country itself was originally created. And still beneath that we behold the renewal of that profound sense o f the overw h e lm ing necessity o f our National Union—which was the grandest outbirtli o f our N a tional R evolution. These are the life and heart and soul of this gigan tic movement. American Nationality, Prot estant Civilization, National Union. The country believes all three of these are in danger. Men may say the country is delu ded. But that docs not alter the case so long as the country thinks otherw ise. The country is resolved that all danger to all of them shall he thoroughly' removed. Men may say, the country is misled; hut what of that, so long as the country is resolved to he National. Protestant and United? The couutry is thoroughly convinced that it cannot trust the perpetuation of its na tionality, its Protestant civilization, and its Union as one people any longer, to the keep ing of existing parties, in their ordinary ac tion ; and so the country has, for the time at least, set aside all parties. Men may say this is mere fanaticism; but what docs the country care for the sayings of men whom it rejects as unworthy of being trusted with its destiny in so great a crisis ? The coun try’ resolves to perpetuate the union of these States. They who are faithful to the Union had better take up the same great parable: they who are not, ought in the judgment of the country to be indiscriminately crushed. The country determines that its Protestant- civilization is its original, its most precious, and its most vital inheritance; and, believ ing it to have been betrayed, it purposes to surround it with adequate safe-guards.— They who participate in these opinions will applaud this profound purpose; they who conspire to destroy that Prolestant civiliza tion, or who abet, or sell themselves to those wlm do, must abide the political overthrow which so justly and permanently awaits them. The country cherishes its glorious Forcible A r g u m e n t—A P r o testan t Stabbed by a Catholic. Francis Nixon, an Irish marble polisher, was arrested on Monday in New York, on a charge of having stabbed John Taylor, resid ing at No. 7 Fifth street, in the abdomen with a knife, inflicting a deep and dangerous wound. The parties, it appears, got into a religious controversy, during which some hard words passed on both sides, h u t Taylor, being a Protestant, and gcttmg the b est of the argument, exasperated Nixon to that de gree that he drew a knife and stabbed his op ponent as stated. Taylor says he was stab bed for being a Protestant, and for no other reason. Nixon was locked up for a hearing j£5§r* In $iam the penalty for lying is to have the mouth sewed up.— Exchange. For the sake of some of our subscribers, we are glad such a law is not in force here.— Cohoes Cataract. Why, H asten , have you got subscribers that promise to “pay up in a day or two” every time they are called upon for the amount of “ that small account ?” nationality, and believing it to 3je endanger ed, it has risen up in its majesty—to assert, to vindicate, and to develope still more pow erfully the nationality without which the country itself has no destiny—no mission on the face of the earth. rjj’Jjiey who are so lost to every exalted instinct, as to he insensible to the grandeur of such hopes as God has set before us, may also despise all the efforts by which those hopes are to be realized.- Nevertheless, the country will guard and as sure its nationality in spite of its r ecreant children, as well as its open foes. This is my version of this grand movement; one point of view from which its rise, its pro gress, and its aims are distinctly manifest, Let the country execnte such a work in such a spirit; and she will be launched anew upon her high career. It may be of Jess importance to determine hy what means this great spirit has been aroused and concentrated. Yet this is not difficult. Manifestly whatever those means were, they must have worked long and work ed deeply. Was it nothing that in all parts of the country, and for years together, and upon the most opposite pretexts, the disso lution of the Union was constantly threat ened 7 Was it nothing, that the political corruption, grown gigantic in the land, had shocked all honest men ? Was it nothii _ that a stream of foreign paupers and felons flowed ceaslessly into the bosom of the Republic ? Was it nothing, that millions of foreign Papists and foreign Infidels, inun dating the country like a flood of locusts, were openly organized into political powers directed against the liberty, the religion, and the nationality of the people ? Was i t noth ing, that political parties only bought and sold tlie support of these fearfuil powers, con tracting always for such payments, in re turn, as were the most humiliating and the most fatal b Was it nothing, that the voice of patriots, the power of the press, the im portunities of the pulpit were directed each in its own sphere and for years togeth er, against this enormous wickedness ?- Was it nothing, at length, men could neith er vote, nor speak, nor preach, nor pray, nor teach, without being liable to insult and vio lence—unless they would do all in such manner as suited the tastes of foreign mobs, composed of foreign Infidels and Papists ?■ Yea, verily, they were deep causes, and they worked long, which wrought the American people to that earnest and fervid, but yet calm and settled enthusiasm, which pervades the nation. No doubt religion is an element of this wide-spread excitement. But it is not the on ly element, nor, with all men, the chief one. Either of the other elements, by itself—or this one hy itself— ought to have been suf ficient to have saved the country from the peril which now demands the power of all three to avert it. Because it is an element at all, they over whom long-delayed retribution is impending scream at the hare mention of it, as the dem oniacs did when they saw Christ approach them. It is a persecution for conscience sake, in their view, that we hesitate to sur render our country, our liberty, and our re ligion to tlie guidance of corrupt men band ed with foreigners; and what makes it a persecution is, that these foreigners happen to he Papists and Infidels. If they had hap pened to he Chinese, or Mahomedans, the i nation would have revolted much sooner.— I And y et without reason; for we and our | fathers have an unsettled account, with Po pery, many centuries old. A t first it was the Emperor and the Pope who trod us into the dust. Then it was kings and bishops, I who burned some at the stake, and drove j the rest out of all lands into this wilderness. I Now it is p r i e s t s anil mobs a n i l demagoues, ; w h o L a v e f o llo w e d u s in t o o u r p lace o f re f - J uge—nay, our last place of refuge—to renew i, h e r e t h e c o m b a t o f c e n t u r i e s , i n a fo r m a t t once more degrading and detestable, and | more likely to he fatal to u s than in any of its preceding forms. . Shall we be driven in to the Pacific? Shall we succumb? Or shall we turn upon our relentless pursuers '? They have followed the lion to his last den, and brought him to bay ! Did they expect him to die like a stag in his lair ? T h e re v o l t o f t h e c o u n t r y w a s ■wholly u n - expected by those who supposed they had al r e a d y se c u r e d its su b j u g a ti o n ; a n d lik e ev e ry other great retribution, it takes those it fa ll s o n b y su r p r i s e . I t is n o t, t h e r e f o r e , t o be wondered at that that they execrate with peculiar liorror the special means of success against them which their own per fidy and ferocity had rendered absolutely indispensable. The country organizes itself for the great conflict, which, to those who first embarked in it, sec-med well nigh des- lerate, in silence arid without observation. That is the way in which all grand move ments occur; even tlie Kingdom of Heaven does not come without observation. But the demagogues, the priests, the mobs, the foreign.Papists and Infidels, are shocked be yond endurance, because the handful of devo ted men who first combined to save the country, if that were any longer possible, did not call the whole of them into council! For what ? In order to he murdered ; or, if not murdered, traduced, and the very end for which they were willing to lie traduced, and if necessary, murdered—utterly defeat ed ? \\Yere they called into council when their enemies bought and sold them? \Were they notified, when corrupt bargains were struck, in which the liberties of tlie people were put up at an infamous price ? Were they consulted when the atrocious schemes to break up the Union of these States were concocted ? AYere they advertised when tho overthrow of our nationality, of our institution, and of our religion together, was deliberately un dertaken by tlie Popish despots and prelates of Europe ? AYas counsel asked of them by foreign Papists and Iniidels, when, through out tlie whole land, they conspired with the full assent of demagogues to overthrow the Protestant civilization of the country?— AYere the secrets of the confessional made known to them 7 AYere the secre'. oaths binding every Papal ecclesiastic with unlim ited allegiance to a foreign temporal prince submitted to their scrutiny ? The safety of the State is the supreme law. And surely it is the first necessity of a State that is en dangered, and they who would save it must consult, must combine. If tlie perfidy and ferocity of their enemies compel them to ob serve unusual eautio’i, it only proves their danger. In point of morality, it stands pre cisely on tlie same footing as vote hy ballot. The object of it determines its lawfulness ; and it is its success, not its nature, which makes it so hateful. If the nationality of America is to he sus tained, if her P rotestant civilization is to be perpetuated, if the federal Union is to be pre se r v e d , t h e r e i s b u t o n e p o s s ib l e method of dealing with the subject. The organized p o w e r o f s o c i e t y m u s t b e ta k e n o u t o f th e hands of tho«e who have betrayed these vast interests, a n d must be p u t into the h a n d s o f thosewhowillelierish them. Publieopinionis the only instrument by which this great change can be effected. That enlightened, the first step of the revolution is political; the second is legal. The first step involves tlie organi zation, and the triumph of a p arty commen surate with the country, the American p a rty; and that involves the overthrow of every party that resists its ultimate objects, or resists the j necessary means of obtaining those objects.— Indeed, if this step were fully acheived, it would he of less consequence to take a second one; since the laws, though had, are endura ble; and society is safe; as soon as it lias finally put out of power all men and parties, hostile to our nationality, to our Protestant eivilization. and to our federal Union ; out of power, with an overthrow incapable of being repaired. And this is the reason why this great movement excites such excruciating bitter ness of hate, in its political aspect, on the part of all against whom it is directed Its success is seen to he a finality and a fatality to them. For nations do not immediately incur the same peril twice, nor do profound national movements speedily exhaust their force. The Democratic party has survived the storms of a hundred years. The Ameri can party, strong enough to swallow up not only Democracy itself, b u t every other feebler excitement, will live forever. The legal rev olution, therefore, which will consummate the political, will be only but necessarily tbe o u t b i r t h o f its s p i r i t . A s s a u l t s u p o n th e Union of those States, whether from the North or the South, must cease. Conspira cies against the Protestant civilization of the country, between demagogues on one side and papal and infidel foreigners on the other, must terminate. Attacks upon our nation ality, by treaties made between foreign des pots and prelates, under the sanction of the court of Rome, and executed by millions of foreign papists and infidels cast into our bo som, must be brought to an end. Foreigners must be content to enjoy here the blessings of freedom—denied to them everywhere else; the benefits of a civilization more exalted than any they can enjoy elsewhere; the same civil and religious rights which we ourselves enjoy. They must cease to rule its. Anieri- canes must rule America. I cannot be insensible that many virtuous, enlightened, and patriotic men view this sub ject in a light widely different from that in which it strikes me. I have no allusion to them in anything I have uttered. I do not forget the blinding influence of party spirit and party ties. I admit also that not a few of those who are personally dear to me are found arrayed against what I believe to be the very highest interests of the country.— That may make m y duty painful, but not un certain. Nor could I help being fully aware o f the atrocity with which the public press sometimes assail those from whom, it is sup posed, no personal peril is to he apprehended But I have felt long ago the whole force of Papol and Infidel bitterness, and have sur vived all that tlieir co-laborers could person ally attempt. For anything more it would be strange indeed, if I should look with in difference upon a straggle, at the moment of its impending triumph, after having watched its progress longer and more eagerly, and vin dicated the most detested principles on which it proceeds more tenaciously than one in ten thousand of my countrymen. A ll I ask is that when that triumph comes, it may he used as wisely and as generously as it was heroically won. * Y onr friend and servant, R o . J . B r e c k i n r i d g e . C ol . A. G. H odges , Frankfort. 'JResult o f Bloss if* Co.'s attempt to get “Sam\ indicted by the Grand Jury of Monroe County :— B l o s s ’ son-in-law, G. C. B u e l l , Esq., has withdrawn his patronage from the Rochester American ! AYell, we did not think tlie mountain’s mouse would be. even so much of a mouse as that. AYe give B loss, A l l e n , Stebbins & Go. joy of the result of their labors! AYould C atholics R em on s t r ating w i t h B ishop H ughes . — I t is said that some o f the lead ing Roman Catholics of Albany have remon strated with Bishop Hughes for continuing the Controversy with Senator Brooks, and advised him to retire from the contest. They are wiser than the Archbishop.—Auburn Advertiser. This is the first notice we have seen in the columns ol our neighbor’s Journal of tbe controversy between Bishop H u g h e s and Senator B r o o k s . I t has hitherto ignored that “passage at arms” altogether, as also has Senator S e w a r d , (the Bishop’s “friend,”) T h u r l o w T Y e e d , (the Bishop’s political ad viser and confessor,) and others of that “ilk!” But now the Advertiser says that the Cath olics of Albany who remonstrated with “his Grace” for “continuing the controversy ( af ter he was beaten ) with Senator B r o o k s , ” w e r e “w iser than the Archbishop!” No doubt of that —But is this simply the opin- ion of the editor of th e Mclverliserj or is it tlie form chosen hy Mr. S ew ard , th e Arch- bishop’s whilom “friend,” to host administer to “f J o iin ” a sh a r p r e b u k e f o r his folly ? — I n connection w ith th is subject, w c m a y say, en passant , that the Romish Priest of Auburn deprecates the controversy, thinks Bishop H u g h e s “got the worst of it,” and expresses himself sorry that “His Grace” indulged in it. Perhaps it is this opinion that has influenced th e editor of th e A d v e r tiser 7 or Mr. S e w a r d , or both. hut now laugh out B clwer on the A merican P ress . —Sir E. Bulwer Lytton spoke as follows in the British Parliament during a recent debate in that b o d y :— He would remind the house that it was not the newspaper which formed the taste of the public, but, on tho contrary, the taste of the public which formed the tone of th j newspaper. The house had been told that this change would degrade our press, and comparison had been made between the press of this country and the American press. They had been led to infer that the American press was in the hands of ignorant and powerless men, whereas there was in fa c t engaged upon it all the intellect o f the country. There was scarcely a statesman or a member of any of the learned professions of any fame, who did not contribute to tlie • American periodical press, and hence it was that the editor of an American journal once said, and with great truth, “if our press is inferior to that of England tlie fault must he in the country, for we have all the talent of the country engaged upon it.” (Hear, hear.) They would show how little the goodness or badness of a paper could depend upon aught else than the public character. (Hear, hear.) “Sam” after a Bishop in Kentucky. The Louisville (Ky.) Courier , publishes a long letter from Professor Morse to Bishop Spaulding, in answer to the Bishop’s charge that lie (Professor Morse) could not prove that Lafayette ever used the words—“ If ever the liberties of this country (the United States) are ruined, it will he by the Romish priests.” Professor Morse proves that La fayette did use the expression, and also makes it appear that Bishop Spaulding’s evidence to the contrary is unworthy of be lief. A lady in Scotland, who had risen rapidly from the kitchen to grace the head of her master’s table, was one day enter taining a large party, when the conversation happening to flag, one of the guests remark ed— 'awjul j)ause P ‘And what’s your busi ness with iny awful paics P in wrath retort ed the landlady; ‘ if you had scrubbed the house as lang as I hae done, your paws would nae liac been sae bonnie and white as they are!’ “ F a n n y F e r n ” A g a i n . —Tho New York Ledge?', a large Saturday paper, announces that it has made arrangements with “Fanny Fern” for a new work of fiction, to he pub lished iu that paper only, and to he com menced about the 1st of next month. The publisher says: He lias secured this work at an enormous expense —paying for it a greater sum than has ever been given to any author by a news paper publisher. Fanny Fern is not now writing, nor is it her intention hereafter to write, for any other newspaper; and this is the only tale she will write for the Ledger. AYe learn from Cienfuegos that there are 110,000 lighting men on the Island ready t<> mi’ot exported fillibustering expeditions from the United States. Df all tlie Romish Bishops and Archbishops in this country, hut tiro were horn this side the Atlantic—Bishop Bailey, of New Jersey, and Bishop Spaulding, of Kentucky. The April earnings of the N. Y Central, Penns}rlvania Central, Chicago and Mississippi and Galena and Chicago Rail roads, were $1,260,777. jS-STThere were 431 deaths in N. Y. city last week. O ld C oin F raud . —AAUiile workmen were employed in demolishing an old tenement at the corner of Nassau and Beckman sts., New York, on Monday, the news-boys, rag pickers, and others who gathered to pick up what treasures might lie about loose, were thrown into a state of prodigious excitement hy stumbling suddenly upon a bushel or two of old Spanish pistareens, done up in hags They filled hats, pockets, aprons, baskets, &c., with the dingy old coins, and dispersing themselves all over town, sold them to the Jews a t from 6 1-4 to 12 1-2 cents each.- One boy realized about $40! The Police got wind of the discovery and secured about a bushel of the coins. Some thought they were counterfeit, b u t the avidity with which the Jews bought them up indicated that they wore genuine. S enator B rooks and “I-J ohn .” — Arch bishop Hughes’ promised letter on the church property law, and the statements made in the newspaper controversy growing out of it, was published in some of the New York pa pers yesterday. It is not much of a bomb shell, after all. AYe don’t believe anybody will find themselves blown np hy it. Cer tainly Mr. B r o o k s has not been hoisted by this missile from the Archepiscopal battery, for the N. Y. Express of last evening has the following paragraph: A r c h b i s h o p H u g h e s & S e n a t o r B r o o k s —AYe publish the very long letter of Arch bishop Hughes in to-day’s Express in full and bespeak for it a careful perusal. A like courtesy and act of justice is denied to Mr. Brook j in the organs of the Archbishop, though more than once invoked by him anc. us. Mr. Brooks will reply on Thursday morning, and make good the substance anc reality of every material fact and principle he has asserted, in regard to the. ownership of Church and other property by Archbish op Hughes. The intelligent public mind is invoked to an impartial judgment of the case after reading both sides. U g g ’ The total population of Kansas is 8.500. Of these, $4,088 are males, 3,278 fe males, 2.877 voters, 7,161 native Americans, 408 foreign born, add 192 slaves. ‘‘SAM” AT THE NORTH AND AT THE SOUTH. One thing is now utterly dead, and awaits only sepulture to he forever hidden from our sight. That thing is “Fusion.” It is dead, and the “mourners go about the streets.” Tt was, at the best, a political monster, “conceived in sin and brought forth in iniquity.” It was designed for the pur pose of crushing out Americanism by killing off “Sam.” The results are the triumphs of Americanism in all directions, and the early dissolution of this straw-stuffed Giant Kil ler. Another thing, got up hy the authors and finishers of “Fusion” to tickle “Sam” uncom fortably under the “fifth rib,” is dying, even in the first stages of its existence. That thing is “the Pro-Slavery character and ten dencies o f the American Party.\ It was “tried on” quite earnestly and vigorously, but failed to fit or to stick. “Sam’s” ene- mies chuckled hugely over tlieir ‘‘cunningly devised fable55 for a tim e o f th e other side o f their m ouths It was said.that because there wore Amer icans and true-hearted patriots in the slave States, co-operating now as they did in the Revolution, and have in all national emer gencies ever since, with American Patriots in all other portions o f tho U n ion3that thcve- fore. the American Party was unmistakably Pro-Slavery in all its characteristics and ten dencies ! The fu t ility of such a n assum p tion, and the folly of such reasoning, did not pre vent many unthinking people from falling in with both, or uniting in the new “Hue and Cry.” But it was short-lived, and ut terly failed to accomplish its object. And so it is dying among its worshippers ! It has been amusing, from the inception of this movement down to the present time, to note the flat and palpable contradictions and inconsistencies it has given color and prominence to. For instance; while in this State, in New England, and elsewhere throughout the free States, the “Fusionists” . united in denouncing “Sam” as a “Pro-slave ry” fellow in all his instincts, designs and tendencies,the “Pro-Slavery” Journals of the general Administration, and many others, from the Cliespeake Bay tojthe Gulf of Mex ico, were loud and fierce—are yet, indeed— in their denunciations and anathemas of the same “Sam” for being Anti-Slavery in all his 5ns and tendencies! A t the North he was denounced for sympathising witli slavery, and a t the South he was cursed for being a political abolitionist! AYell, he could not sustain both characters. Skillful equestrians of the amphitheatre frequently- sueceed in riding two carefully trained lorses with success, and keeping upon the bare backs of both; but the most skillful, daring and agile would utterly fail to ride a pair of such wild and unbroken steeds as Fusionists” at the North and rabid “Pro- Slavery” people at the South united in mounting “Sam” on. “Sam” lias accom plished many seemingly impossible feats, jut a successful performance under such circumstances is obviously beyond even his almost super-human powers. —It was a failure. A t the North it could not be concealed that the South was accus ing “Sam” of all manner of Abolitionism,and at the South it was equally plain that he was anathematised a t the North on account of his “Pro-Slavery sympathies. It was known that the Anti-Nebraska results of the recent elections of members of Congress,Governors, &c., in the Eastern, Northern and North western States were solely attributed to ;Sain” by hot-headed Southerners. It was mown Jjjyit the signal American victories in the Southern States—brilliant, startling, and following each other in rapid succession— were attributed to “Sam’s” affiliation with slavery. It was known that at the South t h e e l e c t i o n o f A Y m s o N , o f M ass., H a r l a n , of Iowa, D u r k e e , of AYisconsin, and even S e w a r d , of this State, to seats in the U. S. solely to “Sam !”— Southern papers and Southern orators to this day persist in averring that the “Know Nothings” of New York returned Mr. S ew ard to the Senate !! These contradictions involved absurdities so gross, that this new weapon of attack soon became as harmless a t the North as an ivory tooth-pick or a lath sword. The upshot of the whole business is, that the A m e r i c a n P a r t y pursues the even ten or o f its way, undisturbed hy all these silly attempts to turn it aside from the accom plishment of its great mission. In all its general principles, instincts and tendencies it is purely N a t i o n a l . State organizations will act for and in their respective States in accordance with the public opinion para mount there on political or moral questions. These are matters that are entirely within the jurisdiction, control and final arbitration o f the different States. As a N a tional Par ty, legislating for the best interests of tho Am erican R epublic in N a t i o n a l C o u n cils, tlie A m e r i c a n P a r t y will occupy a platform that will know no sectionalism, and that will be bounded only by the limits of the broad Union itself. “Fusion” combinations cannot overpower it. No attempt to make it out a modern Janus, with a Northern and Southern face, will prevail. Anti-Americans must bury their deceased “Fusion,” gather about the dying bed of their last pet, and then adventure some other method of des troying Mr. Samuel. A t the hazard of making this article much longer than it should be. we copy„the follow ing leading editorial from a Southern Pro- Slavery Journal—the Chattanooga, (Tenn.) Advertise j— to show the contrast between its sentiments with regard to “Know Noth- ism” and Slavery, and those constantly ema nating from the Tribune , Albany Journal , Syracuse Journal, Rochester Democrat, Buf falo Express, Auburn Advertiser, et id omne genues, and that are calculated to prove the “Pro-Slavery” character of “ S a m Summary of Know Nothingism for the South—“By their Fruit ye shall know them.” I t was whispered to us,a day or two since, that wo might injure ourselves, politically, by saying so much about this sham Arneri- NUMBER 16. members of the oath hound lodge at Har per’s Ferry, in Virginia, a few weeks sjncc where 80 members left without hestitation, and on tho 15th instant 50 more made thoir exit in spite of threats, a general stampede will occur in every town and precinct in the States. Before the Presidential campaign, the downfall of sham Americanism will be chronicled, and the great conspiracy inten ded to control that important election will have prematurely culminated and declined before the grand cririsis reached—much to the mis-calculation and flattering hopes of its most sanguine leaders. But to give trutli * to the heading of this article, we subjoin the remarks of the W ashlugton Union, giving a general summary of tlie present- progress of this modern invention in politics, patented to control the popular suffrage,' for other than republican and American purposes. It shows by an array of facts : First, That in nearly [eveiy case the Know Nothings in the free Slates have elected vi olent free-soil Whigs to the 34th Congress. Second, That in every rase, with h u t 'three or four exceptions, even* candidate for Con gress elected T>y the Know Nothings ivas co m p e lled to p le d g e h i m s e l f i n a d v a n c e t o all the extreme measures of the abolition iving, beginning w ith F ie restoration o f the M is- souri Compromise line, and ending with tlie re p e a l o f t h e fu g i ti v e slav e la w . Third, That every governor, elected by the Know Nothings in the free States was compelled to avow his abolition proclivities in advance, and we give the list for the ben efit of the Know Nothing papers: Grimes of Iowa, Gardner of Massachusetts, Metcalf o f N e w Ham p shire, Bingham o f M ichigan, Dutton of Connecticut, Hoppin of Rhode Island, P o llock o f Pennsylvania, M orrill of Maine. F o u r t h . T h a t e v e r y s e n a t o r o f th e U n i t e d States elected by the Know Nothings is a •ank, fanatical, and avowed abolitionist.— The following list is submitted to the inspec tion and criticism of tlie Know Nothing pa pers : Barlan of Iowa, Wilson of Massachus etts, Durkee of Wisconsin, and there can be but little doubt that men of tlie same opin ions will he chosen from Now Hampshire as a result of the last election in tliat State.— Nothing b u t the firmness of the democratic party in Pennsylvania and Indiana has thus far prevented the return from those States to the United States Senate of rank and un compromising abolitionists. Not, less undoubted is the fa c t that never before has abolitionism been so strong in the northern and western Stales as since the tri umph o f the Know Nothings. Ultra abolition resolutions are now before tlie ivnow Nothing Legislature of Pennsyl vania, and are expected to pass. The most revolutionary abolition instruc tions and resolutions have already been pass ed hy the Know Nothing Legislature of Mich igan. The same have been passed hy the Know Nothing Legislature of Maine. The same by the Know Nothing Legisla ture of Illinois. Such are the trophies of Know Nothingism in the free States. Wre ask, will the people of the South he deceived? We do not in vite their attention to arguments to he con tested, but to facts palpable and present. — We point to members of Congress already elected and known; to governors now in office; to legislatures now in session; to scenes passing before all eyes. This is the character that those give “Sam” who speak for slavery and slave holders and who rite within sight of sugar plantations and rice-fields, and within hear ing of the crack of the slave-drivers whip.— If ho depends upon them for a certificate of character as a “Pro-Slavery” sympathiser, ho will come off slim, we reckon. PRO-SLAVERY CHARACTER OF THE “K. N.’S.” W h y is Baicer, the distinguished organist, of Buffalo, like the “staff of life?” Because he is Everett (ever ate.)— Adver tiser. 'V W hy is the author of the above conum- drum. like a mixture of warm milk,wine and sugar ? Because he is a Sillabub (silly-huh.) E v e r a t e . N e w F i r m . — We are glad to see that our friend J . A. K e y e s , N o . I l l Genesee street, Ins associated with him in the Draper and Tailoring business, Mr. W m . B . S m i t h , of this cily. The card and advertisements of the new firm will be found in our advertising columns. We wish our friends all manner of profitable success. They have stocked their handsome store with a large and rich assort ment of cloths, cassimeres, vestings, stocks, cravats, collars, &e., &c., and are now pre pared to furnish all tlieir friends and patrons with articles of the latest styles, made up in the very best manner. That they will re ceive a large share of the favors of the citi zens of Auburn is a “foregone conclusion,” hr everybody knows they are well deserving of a generous patronage. W i t — This wicked world of our’s is chock fun. of reai; down-right wit. The way to get a t i t i s j u s t t o d i g i t u p . O u r fr ie n d , a u d neighbor, tile “Local” of the Advertise?', is a professed and a confirmed punster. When he gets a new pair of hoots or “Oxford ties,” they creak nothing hut conundrums for weeks. When he dons a new coat, the “nar ratives” thereof wriggle and twist themselves into side-splitting witticisms. He can’t help it! It’s no fault of his! “Manifest desti n y ” is th e only solution of the m alady. __ Here is a simple instance. Yesterday after noon, without the least effort 011 his part, he “g o t off\” the follow ing pun, and is now , w e are happy to say, excessively convalescent, and “out of the doctor’s hands:” W hy is Baker, the distinguished organist, of Buffalo, like the “stall' of life ?\ Because he is Everett (ever ate.) This is one of the most flourey conundrums we ever saw. Like the notes of tho Cayuga County Bank, it is “as good as the wheat.” —By the way— B a k e r is not very far be hind our “Local” friend in the way of puns. He used to reside in Aubui n, and in his day the be-steepled edifice a t the junction of South with Exchauge-sts., was a Universal- ist church, now it is a chair factory. Pass ing it a day or two ago, he remarked that it had been a meeting-house, it was now a “c7wwr-atable institution.” On Wednesday last the Rev. T h e o . P a r k e r made a speech in New York. We call the attention of the Auburn Advertiser, which is laboring to show that the character and tendencies of “ Know Nothingism” are wholly pro-Slavery, to the following remarks of the Rev. T h e o d o r e :— “ In Massachusetts the Know Nothi?ig party has already do?ie g?'eat things in be half of abolitionism. It has brought to gether a Legislature in which there are only six persons not belonging to the American party. They never had a Legislature repre senting so little the interests of the money ed classes, b u t they never had a Legislature mbracing so much justice, so much human ity, and so much love ofjreedom as the pres ent Legislature of Massachusetts. That Legislature had among other things taken off all restrictions as to color in the admission to the public schools; and it had deprived of his office a judge who delivered up a man to the slave-holder.” (Applause.) K. N. — Six of the principal towns in In diana, held an election for muncipal officers on the first inst., to w i t : Madison, New Al bany, Lawrencehurgh, Indianapolis, Terra Haute and La Fayette. They all went K. N. with the exception of Indianapolis, and more than half of the officers chosen in that city were “Sam’s” Boys. T h e F uo S t .— The frost of last week reached the western portion of Illinois, where it is feared the fruit crop is entirely cut off. It must have been a severe visita- iton for that part of the country where vegi- tation was in a condition to be seriously damaged. M u r d e r . —The Green Bay Advocate} of May 3, has the following : Daniel Hill an Oneida Chief of the Christain party, was killed on Saturday evening last by Peter Bear, another Oneida Indian. He was Stabbed two or three times with a large knife and left in the road, where he was found the next morning, about three miles from this place. The Indians have succeeded in capturing Bear, and have sent word to our citizens that unless they take him in charge, they (tlie Indians) will hang him. canism,' and that we had better modify our position in respect to the opinion of many friends. AYe looked at the speaker a mo ment in astonishment, fully convinced that he was quite ignorant of what he uttered.— Had this surge of religious intolera?ice and proscription, originated in|§the South we should have had some reason to respect the doctrine and discuss its merits at greater length, in deference to the views of the mis guided partizans, b u t such is far from the truth of tlie position of this new-fangled con federacy of oath extraction; it came from the land of Abolitionism, a section notorious for its freesoil notions, and unconstitutional practices, and while many sound and good men are there who exert every nerve to sup press the fanatical majority, yet, it sweeps over the kind for the momentj like a torna do. and even dares to mingle its foul breath with balmy airs of the sun?iy South. By misrepresentation, honest men have heen imposed upon, and inveigled into the pales of this anti-republican institution—the same lias occurred in every part of the Union, hut slowly and surely the real character of the monster began to be manifest, and* like the j&Tgr’The Know-Nothing creed declares the humble Catholic, no matter how sincerely he may revere his Maker,'unworthy of polit ical sympathy, while the Atheist, Deist, De bauchee, Infidel, Mormon or Budhist, is re cognised as a worthy brother. This was not the kind of Protestantism taught by the Saviour.— Evening Journal. The Count D e G r a s s e , though incapable of corrct argument and truthful candor, is expert in misrepresentation. Conceding all he is entitled to claim as a man of eminent holiness, and therefore qualified to say what was or was not “ taught by the Saviour, ” we beg to remind him that American born citizens under the age of 21 years are in the same manner declared “ unworthy of politi cal sympathy ” by the laws, while “an Athe ist, Desit, Debauchee, Infidel, Mormon Budhist ” or Catholic Foreigner, who never saw our country or heard a syllable of its lauguage till five’ years ago, steps up before the American young man and asserts the right to rule him.— Rochester American. NEWS FROM NEW YORK—CAPTURE OF BAKER—K. N.’s, &C. New York, May 16. The reform ticket for directors of the Har lem Railroad, which excludes the name of Mr. Blatcliford, late Vice President of the hoard, was elected hy the stockholders yes terday. The fire marshal’s investigation into the recent attempt at arson, in the St. Louis Hotel, in this city, has developed some sus picious circumstances against Charles A. Hoskins, the proprietor of tho Hotel, who was arrested yesterday and held to bail in the sum of $5,000. The statement that the friends of Gen. Echinique are organizing a fillibustering ex pedition against Peru, is denied in a card from Senor Larranaga, of the Peruvian ar- m}’, and a friend cf the General’s. New York, May 16. In the Supreme Court yesterday a new trial was granted in tlie notorious Peverelly Arson case on account of tlie technical meaning of the word “adjoining premises.” Great excitement attended the announce ment of Baker’s capture and return to this port, and we are this morning favored with minute details of all attendant circumstan ces, but they present nothing of striking im portance. Baker’s arrest was effected without diffi culty, on hoard the Isabella Jewett, wheie be was passing under the assumed name of Browe. He stated that liis intention was get. to Constantinople and take part in the w a r in the Crimea. The prisoner w a s transferred in the harbor from the bark to a tow boat and quietly conveyad to the Tombs, thus escaping the score of excitement that attended tlie arrival of the Grape Shot at her dock. The annual address of the President of the State Councilof K. N. of this State is pub lished this morning, and sets forth that since February there has heen an increase of 200 councils in the State, making tlie present number 1100, and embracing, according to the most reliable information, 170,000 mem bers. sec o n d d i s p a t c h , 2 1-2 o ’ c l c k p . m . Now York, May 15. P. M. Kendall has heen held for trial in the U. 8 . District Court, charged with rob bing the mails. SERIOUS FIRE. Uutica, May 16. The extensive tannery of Henry Sanford at Durbamville, Oneida Co., was totally des troyed by fire this a . m ., together with an adjoining hoarding house and out-buildings. The total loss is about $35,000—insurance $13,000. Part of the stock was saved in a damaged condition. T h a n k s g i v i n g . —Gov. Price, of New J er- sey, has appointed the 30th inst., as a day of thanksgiving, humiliation and prayer. W hat the mischief has got into Gov. Price to fix a day in May for Thanksgiving time ? He lias kicked out of the traces en tirely, and is all wrong. Autumn is the on ly legitimate season for the observance of this festival. There are no mince pies now, now, no fat, plump turkeys, no venison, above all—no dough-nuts, no pumpkins !— Thanksgiving without these? Pooh! ’Twould he no Thanksgiving at all. I t may answer though for New* Jersey, hut it won’t do for the United States. R a p i d T e l e g r a p h i n g . —A mes_sage was sent on Friday, over the House Line, from Albany to Chicago and ah answer returned from the latter place with the space* o f seven minutes. -Pretty good time; tlie distance being 900 miles! LATER FROM CALIFORNIA. The steamship Northern Light arrived h e r e about 11 o’clock this a , m . She brings California dates to the 24th .of.Aprilj 30] passengers and $279,000 in treasure. Owing to the general disti'ust in Banking Houses, the passengers have a large amount of fmecie in their own hands. Iuirser Hutch reports that in the interior of Nicaragua there had been no further lighting, the government party had retreated from Leon, finding the army of rumors too strong for them, and were fortifying Mora- do. This statement conflicts with our New Orleans dispatches reporting a revolution. The California papers present scarcely a feature of interest additional to that tele graphed from New Orleans. The Nicaragua Expedition tinder Col. Walker was to have left San Francisco about the time the steamer sailed. It consisted of 75 to 180 men. The brig Testa had heen chartered to convey them down as eme- grants. Tbe steamship Cortez arrived np a t San Francisco on the 22d. Manzanello, the new Mexican port, is henceforth to he the coaling depot &c., of the Nicaragua steamers in their passage to and from San Francisco. The recently discovered gold mines at San Francisco, Yuba county, were reported to he yielding on an everage $50 per day, to each man. Outside efforts to get up another trial to elect a U. S. Senator, b u t the chances were very slim. The question according to a let ter from Sacramento, had assumed a new and rather complicated phase, as under a strict construction of the law in relation to elections in California, there appears to he no doubt h u t Dr. Gwyn is entitled to the seat in the Senate. The point seem to be the cause of the con stitution which declares that “a plurality of votes given at any election shall constitute a choice when not otherwise directed in the constitution.” Dr. Gwyn had received a plurality of votes over Mr. Edwards on the first ballot in joint convention. I t is con tended he was then constitutionally elected NO STEAMER YET. Sandy Hook. May 16,1.30 p. m . We have as y et no tidmgs of the Baltic, now fully due from Liverpool. TETO. Boston, May 16. Governor Gardnev to-day vetoed the Bill granting $1,500,000 to the Western railroad. The loan proposed was to build a second track' from Springfield to Albany. The Senate defeated the hill abolishing capital punishment.