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Black River Democrat. (Lowville, N.Y.) 19??-1943, April 17, 1913, Image 2

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CROGHAN. ;\ • * • !••••• •••-;••• ^>-t----v--;;• ••/•.• ; '\' ; ~* ; .( s, BLACK RIVER DEMOCRAT APRIL 17, 1913. BARNES CORNERS ;*c ,y \; ^ r \. V » i; l \< Francis J. Snyder spent Monday in \Utica. Joshua Virkler of Lowville was in town, Tuesday. • Henry Hoch of TJtica, is calling on friends in town. Miss Emma Laporte visited friends at Cartha-ge, bunday. Mrs. Charles Smith is visiting her parents at Great Bend. Miss Mabel Ross of Watson is vis- iting Miss Melvina Kelly. T. J. Wilbur of Harrisville was in town on business last week. Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Leroy Far- ney, Thursday, April 10th, a son. Mrs. Oharles Kelly and daughter, Ruth, returned from Utica, Saturday. Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Beaton, Wednesday, April 9th, a son. John - S. Martin of Watertown has beeh a recent caller on friends in town. Mr. and Mrs. Fred Sauer of Michi- gan are visiting his sister, Mrs. Peter Thenes and family. A large, number from here attended the band fair at Lowville, Thursday 'and Friday nights. Mrs. F. 0. Pierce was a guest of her 'sister, Mrs. C. N. Wright, at Lowville, Friday and Saturday. Mrs. John Louis of Utica was in town over Sunday to attend '.he fun- . eral of Mrs. Verbena Valin. Miss Neilie Andre has returned to Syracuse after a short visit with her mother, Mrs. Henrietta Andre. Mrs. Louisa Waterhouse returned Tuesday evening from a month's visit with relatives in Watertown. Miss Alice Lallier of Amsterdam is the guest of her uncle and family, Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas Henry, jr. . Mrs. Casper Groner attended the funeral of her three-year-old nephew, , Albert Hilts, at Glenfield, last week. Miss Grace and Elizabeth Dicob have returned from a visit with rela- tives at Syracuse and Central Square. The assault case.of William Rubar\ against George Prevo resulted in a verdict for the plaintiff of ?25 and costs. Miss Mamie Tuney left last Thurs- day for Evans Mills to spend two weeks.as the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Bisha. Miss Ora P. Lomber spent the week- end as the guest of her brother and family, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lomber, at Watertown. Mrs. Elizabeth Kohler returned on Thursday from a two weeks*/ visit at Kirchnerville, with her sonj Gottlieb Kohler and family. Mr and Mrs. Fred Gajfiisey and daughter, of Torrington-jifconn., have been recent guests of hjfr sister, Mrs. Fpia* Martm and famifly. A«bng the building* to be erected here this spung ajj^fa residence for Jacob Bsfch, bunksMp for Milo T. Wal- P^? e 1 1SKT 0Dera house. tS ?s fflhliz&!8St3fc Callahan, who is a the higi^ school at Newark, is-ietumeii t o her duties after pleasant visit w'ith relatives in this village Hon T B Basselin arrived in New •' Tfori Tuesday evening from Daytona, ' JEiorada, where he has spent the win- ter. Hesfe'expected to reach here with- • in the week. Miss Ursula T. Marilley, district su- perintendent of school will attend the Jefferson -County Teachers' Associa- tion meeting to be held at Watertown Friday and Saturday. Maurice Zehr, of Indian River, son of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Zehr of Car- thage, had the misfortune to break ,_jhis left leg near the ankle, while cut- ting wood Saturday afternoon. Dr. 1. D. Spencer reduced the fracture. Misses Emma and Maggie Compo re turned from a month's stay in Mon- .treal Monday evening. Tliey were ac- companied by their brother, William who has been attending school there, but who was obliged to return home •' on account of ill health. Miss Verbena Valln passea away at the home of her cousin, Henry Klein, near Lowville, Thursday afternoon, af- ter a two years' illness of tuberculo- sis. She was born in Croghan 26 years ago last November and was the young- est daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Victor Valin, her father having died of the same disease about eight months ago. She had resided with her parents in \Utica for the past 20 years, but came north last summer on account of her health. Her funeral was largely at- tended from St. Stephen's church at 10 o'clock Saturday morning. The pall bearers were Elmer Miller, Harold La- porte, Victor Wolfe and Nicholas Par- quet, jr. She is survived by her mother, Mrs. Victor Valin and one sister, Mrs. Edward Kelly, both of Utica. HARRISVILLE A. Chisholm of East Rodman was in town Thursday. Ofpha Woodward is visiting her sister, Mrs. Oharles Hazel at Tyler- ville. Mr. and Mrs. Pearl Bostwick visited at Will Bostwick's at Champion this week. Mr. and Mrs. George Curtis of East Rodman, were guests of Leon Curtis, Saturday. / Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Fairman are spending some time with their daugh- ter at Montague. r Frank Richards and David Blaisdell have returned to their homes after spending some time here. Service at the Baptist church Sun- day afternoon at 2:00; prayer meeting Thursday evening at 7:30. Services at the M. E. church Sun- day at 11 o'clock; Sunday school from 12 to 1; evening service at 7:30. Prayer meeting was held in the Baptist church Thursday evening for the first time since the arrival of Rev. Matteson. Mr. Parker of Watertown was in town Saturday and engaged Frank Hubbard to buy calves for him the coming season. Mr. and Mrs. R. Grant are spending some time with their son, Jesse Grant. Mr. Grant, who has been ill for some time, is improving. Commissioner S. Hannah has com- menced work repairing the roads, which were damaged by the recent heavy rains. He is also repairing the bridges. Mrs. Lewis Spies entertained a num- ber of Virgil Lane's young friends at her home Saturday afternoon in hon- or of his tenth birthday. It was a complete surprise to Master Virgil and great was his astonishment upon entering Mrs. Spies' home to find his friends all assembled there. Games were enjoyed until about 5 o'clock, when refreshments were served. In the center of the table was placed a large birthday cake decorated with 10 burning candles. Virgil received many presents from his friends and Mrs. Spies presented each guest with a candle from the cake as a souvenir of the occasion. Those present were Everett Snyder, Robert Jones, Harold Edmonds, Wilson Curtis, David Wil- liams, Floyd Prouty and Lucas Lane. Fred Kimball made a trip to Og- densburg, Friday. Attorneys Bardo and Smith spent the past week in Lowville. Harry Ford spent Saturday and Sunday with friends at Greig... Fred Macomber of Felts Mills spent Sunday with his family her,e. Rev, O. Boyer was a guest at St. Joseph's rectory, the past week, Mrs. Wm. O'Hara and Miss Ruth Dafoe were Sunday callers in Harris-- ville. Mrs. J. C. Bardo and children, Ethel and Claude, spent the past week with Croghan friends. Wm. Bassett of Potsdam was home Sunday to attend the funeral of his niece, Ruth Bassett. The faculty and training class of the high school attended the teach- ers meeting at Lowville Friday. Mr. Nye, who was injured through a fall some time ago, is able to be about town with the aid of crutches. The funeral of Ruth, the infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ross Bas- sett, was held at the home Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock, Rev. Frank Jones officiating. The deep sympathy of many friends is extended to the be- reaved relatives. The junior class of the high school gave a banquet and entertainment to the seniors in the school hall Friday evening. The hall was beautifully dec- orated 1 and the banquet was served in eight courses. Speeches and songs were in order. The seniors were much pleased and report an enjoyable time. STATE LOSES $500,000 (Continued from Page 1.) RIVERBANK. Harold Towne of Carthage was a guest of Ralph Meister, Saturday. Charles Sauer and mother of Naum- burg were Sunday guests of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Bingle. Mr. Card and family have moved from the Revell house to the farm of D. Dowley near Carthage. M?s. Minnie Barnes has sold her farm to Timothy McCarthy of Car- thage; consideration, $6,000. Grange meeting Saturday evening, April 19th, with feast. Everyone bring something good to eat. Elon Gates and \Charles Wisner were in Lowville last week as juroros at the term of supreme court. Sugar makers say that the average yield per tree this season in this sec- tion has been about three pounds. James Fogarty is in Rochester and has accepted a position with his brother, John Fogarty, road building. Miss Marion Wisner who attends school at Carthage, entertained a com- pany of friends at the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Wis- ner Wednesday evening. Refresh- ments were served and an enjoyable evening was passed by all. HOOKER. Jay Greenfield was home over Sun- day. Miss Emogene Church visited at R. M. McNeil's, Monday. • George Hardy of Wilna is spending a few days with his mother, Mrs. 0. B. Lacey. Mrs. John Alley has returned from Rector, where she has been visiting , her son, Fred Alley and family. P. J. Fogarty and family had as Sjunday guests the Misses Eva and ,- 43-race McDonald from the Forks. Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Carter and daughter, Grovene, were the Sunday guests of Charles Dening's people at Boyd. Mr. and Mrs. John Dening had for Sunday guests Mr. and Mrs, Harvey Fairman of Barnes Corners, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Bradbury and son, Harvey of Boyd, and Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Bout- well and son Gordon. / • A FEW DON'TS. Don't sprinkle salt on the tail of temptation. Bon't try to get the better of a man * *ho haSh't any. Dpn't get married with the sole idea that misery likes company. Dotft accept advice from a man Wno never offers you anything else. Don't expect Opportunity to come ' to yoji with a letter of introduction. NAUMBURG. Fred Wier spent Wednesday at Crystaldale. Mrs. Car.' Mellintz is seriously ill at her home here. Edna Stiles has returned to her home at Beaver Falls. Lyle Zahn of Syracuse is a guest of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Zahn. Carl Slater had the msfortune to COPENHAGEN Fay Sheldon was in Watertown on Tuesday. Ross C. Scott of Adams was a caller in town Thursday. Mrs. Edna Dence of Watertown was the guest of Miss Susie Andrus- last week. Miss Luella Hall of Cartilage was a recent guest of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Duane Hall. - Mr. and Mrs. Bert Chamberlain of Watertown are the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Chamberlain. Mr. and Mrs. F. J. Stockwell of South Rutland were Sunday guests of Mr. and Mrs. B. G. Jacobs. Mr. and Mrs. Chauncey Loomis are spending a few days with Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Vrooman at Watertown. Mr. and Mrs. Thos. Retail leave to- day for a week's visit with their daughter, Mrs. Fred Sisson, at Wa- tertown. Communion services will be held in the Oongregatonal church next Sun- day morning. Preparatory services will be held Saturday afternopn. Miss E. Slater, in the interest of the W. C. T. U. of this place, has been cir- culating a petition against the open- ing of the Panama Exposition on Sunday. Miss Slater has over 150 signatures. Rev. B. F. Ceigler, pastor of the M. E. church will complete his pastorate at this place this week and will re- move ,to Philadelphia, N. Y. where he has been appointed pastor of the M. E. church of that place. Mr. and Mrs. A. S. Humphrey i will celebrtite thefi- '50th wedding' aniiiv er- ic is surrounded by a circle of upland where solid foundation could have knowledge of 'the dishonesty of the men who permitted this work to con- tinue makes it appear that their ob- ject was to place the buildings in a location where they could not possi- bly last in order' to graft from the money that would ; he constantly need- ed in repairs and then finally enrich themselves anesv* : ;by doing the work over. ,' ' ,';, j •] ,- \If the construction* oS the new wing was stopped now,' and there is abso- lutely no needffoi it, the present wing and dormitory \Voul|l cost the state at least $50,0(jO a ye^r to keep in re- pair. ,; : Abandonment Would Save Money. The state would save money if the present buildings were discarded and the work begun all oyer again under the control of honest and competent officials. Tliis may seem like a dras- tic suggestion, but the cost of keep- ing the present prison buildings in repair would pay the interest on a much larger amount than it would take to duplicate them on another site. : \In order to discover just 'how this work has been donp, and what the total theft has amounted to, it would be necessary to prove up each item of the work in detail! I believe this should be.done, andjin the meantime all work on the new wing should be abandoned; that sfefe and decent quarters should be provided for the guards and that a r|gid investigation should be made intfy the circumstan- ces surrounding the!;- granting of the contracts and the supervision of the work. : \There has been rijo apparent sign of any intelligent actipn in connection with the work at the prison.\ Mr. Blake declares \the poor instal- lation of plumbing, pipe fitting, brick work and general construction show inferior material and workmanship and under the standard set by the specifications should not have been passed or paid for.\ .State Paid for Contractors' Repairs. He says the contractors failed to comply with tne specifications and, the state was compelled to pay for tools and repairs to machinery which should have been borne by ;the contractors. \A striking proof that graft rules this work,\ continues-; the report, \is gven in the fact that a representative of the state architect's office-on the ground objected to sqhie work which the contractor wantedIpassed as being up to speei il cations. T?he controversy reached the state architect who in- spected the \vor« himself and passed it.\ Mr. Blake criticises the manage- ment of the state prison department for housing only 400 prisoners at the new prison, while there are cells for more than 600. He says the 200 cells have been left vacant \.while men are sleeping two in a cell in other prisons and on cots strung along the corri- dors.\ AciompanyhW Mr. Blike's report aije ajffidafits djjniwir e&tfj&Yts f\vM ex- JUVENILE HEROISM. The Brave Mexican Cadets at the De- fense of Chapultepec. Many incidents lu the Mexican war are still recounted to Are the hearts of Mexicans. One of these occurred dur- ing the defense of Chapultepec, a de- fense that was as gallant as was the attack. In this attack forty-eight Mex- ican cadets, among others, lost their lives. The story is n stirring one. For many years the celebrated castle of Chapultepec, where Montezuma held his barbaric court in the surrounding groves of cypresses, where during near- ly three centuries liv,ed the successive viceroys of Spain and where Maximil- ian made his imperial home, has been the West Point of Mexico. When General Scott had taken the place by storm and General Bravo had surrendered, a Mexican cadet only fif- teen years of age, seeing the flag of his country In perli, most of his comrades being already slain, climbed the flag- staff, tore the banner from Its place, wound it around his body and slid down, intending to plunge over the precipice In order to save the colors from falling Into the hands of the en emj t That act of heroism being frustrated, the brave boy, with the- banner still wrapped around him, fought until he was cut in pieces. Forty-eight of. these schoolboys, ranging in age from four- teen to twenty years, lie buried in one grave at the foot of the hill. Year by year'the cadets of Chapultepec strew, flowers upon this sepulcher.r-Harper's Weekly. EARLY WORLD RECORDS. LIMIT ON INCOM TAX IS $4,000 Sums In Excess of That li sary Tuesday, April 22nd, at their I amin ¥ tb*-*p#t a*nd/materials iurn- home on High street. A reception will j ish « l - *»\*. stl W ort m detad Mr - Fossil Animals and Plants Constitute the Geologist's Key. 1'he work of the United States geo- logical survey in paleontology—the study of fossil remains of animals and plants that lived ages ago—has a dis- tinct bearing on some of the very prac- tical economic problems of today. The descriptive paleontologic reports are often treated as \pure science,\ yet instructive, striking or tedious as may be these delineations of the groups of animal or plant life which lived on the globe in some particular epoch there is not one of these papers describing the fauna or flora of a formation that does not prove sooner or later to possess practical value and to be essential to geology in its con- stantly increasing refinement of study and results. Without paleontology the geologic classification of formations, their cor- relation and the determination of their mutual relations would be impossible. In fact, real and symmetrical progress in geology is impossible without corre- sponding interrelated development and refinement of its handmaid paleontolo- gy. The study of the economic geolo- gy of any region 6f complicated struc- ture is blind and inconsequent unless the time relations of the strata con- cerned are known. These relations are indicated by the fossils which the -strata contain.—Annual Report Direc- tor United States Geological Survey. Pains In the Stomach. If you continually complain o£ pains in the stomachy your liver or your kidneys are out o£ order, Neglect may lead to dropsy, kidney trouble, diabetes or Bright's di° ase. Thou- sands recommend El'\ 1 ' c Bitters as the very best stom • and kidney medicine made. H. i Uston, of Ral- eigh, N. C, who suff red with pain in the stomach and back, writes: \My kidneys were deranged and my liver did not work right. I suffered much, but Electric Bitters was recommended and I improved from the first dose. I now feel like a new man.\ It will im- prove you, too. Only 60c and $1.00. Recommended by J. E. Somes, Port L,eyden. Adv. be held from 3 o'clock until 6, at which time they will be pleased to have all their friends call. Mrs. Angeline VanAllen of Theresa died last Thursday at the home of her niece, Mrs. Daniel Kennedy, near this village. Mrs. VanAllen was born 79 years ago and was formerly from Antwerp. She came here on a visit in February and had since been in fee- ble health. The fu'eral was held at the home of Mrs. Kennedy. Rev. C. A. Riley, pastor of the Congregational church officiated. The remains were taken to Theresa for interment. Copenhagen Grange held their reg- ular quarterly meeting Saturday, April 12th, with a large attendance. Seven candidates were instructed in the third and fourth degrees. Dinner was served at 12 o'clock to over 200. Warm sugar was also served. The afternoon meeting was in the hands of the lec- turer, who presented the following program: Solo, Mrs. P. H. Sage; ad- dress by State Master, W. H. Vary, Blake's criticisms. fracture two ribs recently, the result, of Watertown; duet, Mrs. C. L. Spen- of a fall. | cer and Mrs. Curtis Lacy; pantomime, Mrs. Edward Mathys spent Tuesday | \Wife Wanted;\ solo, F. Reid Spauld- at Beaver Falls, the guest of Mrs. | ing;; reading,, \The Life of the late Charles Stiles. Hazel Haskins of Gouverneur is spending some time with her cousin, Mildred Mathys. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Richner of Carthage were Sunday guests of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Wier. Mr. and Mrs. Gerard O'Brien have been recent guests of her sister, Mrs. Fred Kalen and family. Mrs. Joseph Stiles has been called to Boonville, by the serious illness of her'grandson, Earl Stiles. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Einbeck were guests of Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Virkler at New Bremen, Thursday. Mrs. Baker, Miss Verena Baker and Guy Kelly of Beaver Palis, were Sun- day guests at Peter Mathys.' Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Nuspliger of Beaver Falls were week-end guests of Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Nuspliger. Mrs. J. J. Nuspliger and Mrs. Ida Herzig attended the funeral of Mr. Herzig at Beaver Falls, Saturday. Mr. and Mia. Jacob Kuhn were the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Augus- tus Herzig at Beaver Falls, on Thurs- day. Mrs. Charles L'Huillier and mother, Mrs. Lydia Levinsberger of Carthage, were guests of friends in town Wed- nesday. ing reading ' Father Kelly,\ Next meeting, Mrs. Alice S. Greene. April 26th. BEAVER FALLS. Mrs. H. D. Cornwall and Miss Ella V. Lewis spent Monday in Watertown. Miss Jennie Davis of Fulton, was a recent guest of Misses Pearl and Ruby C-loss. Mr. and Mrs. E. Closs spent Sun- day with Mr. and Mrs. Peter Bach- man at Naumburg. Mr. and Mrs. John Gasser and chil- dren of Lowville were recent guests j her\ home \here\ April 9th. / Coughs and Consumption. Coughs and colds, when neglected, always lead to serious trouble of the lungs. . The wisest thing to do when you have a cold that troubles you is to get a bottle of Dr. King's New Discov- ery. You will get relief from the first dose, and finally the c ugh will dis- appear. O. H. Brown, of Muscadine, Ala., writes: \My -wife was down in bed with an obstinate cough, and I honestly believe had it not been for Dr. King's New Discovery, she would not be living today.\ Known for 43 years as the best family remedy for coughs and colds. Price 50c and ?1.00. Recommended by J. E. Somes, Port Leyden. Adv. > r . ! \ • / { of friends in town, Mrs. Nettie Watson is visiting her sister, Mrs. Darwin Day, at Blue Mountain for several weeks. George Taffel of New York City is spending some time with his sister, Mrs. Martin Just and brothers, Fred and Ernest Taffel. Mrs. C'has. Hess and daughter Kath- erine have returned from Pennsylva- nia, where they were called by the death of Mrs. Hess' mother. Mr. and Mrs. Harry S. Lewis were suddenly called to Easthampton, Mass., Friday, by the serious illness of Mrs. Lewis' father, F. W. Pitcher. Mr. and Mrs. Howard Haller and family, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Vander- walker of Carthage and Byron Elmer of Lowville were Sunday guests of Mr. and Mrs. S. A. Haller. Fred Herzig passed away at his home, Wednesday, April 9th, death re- sulting from blood poisoning. He was born in Wynau, Switzerland, in 1843, and came to America in 1S84. He is survived by his wife, two sons and four daughters, Fred Herzig of Bel- fort, Augustus Herzig of Beaver Falls, Mrs. Chris Terry of this place, Mrs. Arnold Hunziker of Oneida, Mrs. Al- fred Hoffer of Michigan, Miss Anna Herzig of Oneida; also two brothers, Rudolph and Albert, both of, Switzer- land, and 24 grandchildren. Vincent Martzldff has purchased a team of James Nefsey of Lowville. Miss Eva Boyce of Felts\ Mills was the week-end guest of Mrs. E. D. Mur- ray. Misses Edith Bowman, Kathryn and Rose Merz were in Carthage, Satur- day. ' Misses Bertha Brennon and Adelia Martzloff are attending school at Cro- ghan. ! Miss Laura Hirschey spent Sunday with her sister, Mrs. H. A. Pawling, at Lowville. Mrs. Geo. Houck and fjon of New Hartford are spending a' few days with friends here.. Misses Eunice Hirschey and Dorothy Virkler of Carthage spent Sunday at Joseph Hirschey's. Miss Vera Burrington left Sunday evening to resume her studies at the Oneonta state 'normal school. Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Edmonds of Lyons Falls spent Sunday with their parents, Mr. and Mrs. M. Edmonds. Mrs. Alice Green and Mrs. Francis Howard of Copenhagen and L. W. Clark of Fon du Lac, Wis., have been recent guests, pf Mr. and Mrs. Leland Stanford. The barn 06 T., Howard Glenn was completely destroyed by fire Monday evening. The' horses, buggies, etc. were taken out hilt a large amount of hay and grain was destroyed. The fire was caused by the explosion of a lan- tern. The loss was about $1,200 with some insurance. Mrs. Maria 'Comer Bassett died at Mrs. Bas- More people die-from overrest than from overwork. sett suffered d stroke of paralysis-on Easter Sunday which caused her death. She was born in Ireland 78 years ago, coming to America with her parents when very young. She had lived long in this vicinity and a large circle of friends mourn her loss. She is surviv- ed by her husband and one sister, Mrs. P. A. Goutremont, of this place.. Funeral was held at her late home, Friday, at 2 p. m„ Rev. S. H. Cunliffe officiating; interment in Castorland cemetery. Cornish Place Names. i Cornish place names are remarkable 'for the uumhef of obsdure' Celtic saints they commemorate, such as St. Tudy. St. Cuby, St. Uny. St. Enodoc, St. Brisc and St. Fin-barrow. A story is told of a Cornish candi- date for ordination wlio, when asked by the examining chaplain where he was born, replied. \At St. Eval,\ giv- ing the local pronunciation, \Sande- val.\ \Good heavens!\ exclaimed the chaplain. \I know tbey have some strange saints in Cornwall, but I should never have imagined they would canonize him!\ There are three other Cprnish vil- lages whose names it would be hard to match for singularity— Brumbla, Lon- don Apprentice and Drunkards All.— London Globe. Wasted Time. \Well what did you do when the problem came up?\ \Wasted time. Went out and asked the ad\vice of seventeen friends.\ \What did you get?\ \Seventeen different solutions.\ \And then?\ \Then 1 took the advice of an eight- eenth friend a«d won out.\ \And who was your - eighteenth friend?\ \Myself.\—Cleveland Plain Dealer. The Canadian Boundary. The boundary between British and republican America is unmarked by anything in the nature of a wall or a fence. In traveling from Montreal to New York the train suddenly slows down and stops in the midst of green nelds. It is then boarded by United States revenue officers, who want to know wheth,\ you have \anything *to declare.\ That is how you know that you have reached the international boundary line.—London Chronicle. Levy Will Range From 1 Per Cent oh Salaries Between $4,000 and $20,000 to 3 Per Cent on Those Above $100,- 000—There Are Penalties For Evad- ing Payment. The proposed income tax is expected to yield an annual revenue of $100,000,- 000. Chairman Underwood makes the following explanation of the provisions of the law; In formulating this additional impost the attempt has been made to provide not only a source of revenue, but also a means of redressing in some measure the unequal tax burdens which result from the practice of basing the federal income entirely upon customs and in- ternal revenue duties. This is a sys- tem of taxation which inevitably throws the burden of supporting the government upon the shoulders of the consumers. It correspondingly exempts the men of large income, whose con- sumption of the ordinary necessaries of life is subject to tariff taxation in a far less aggregate degree than is that of the smaller income earners, who ex- pend the greater proportion of their re- sources for the ordinary necessities of life. In pursuance of these ideas it has been determined to levy upon incomes of more than -$4,000 annually a tax of 1 per cent to be imposed upon the ex- cess of such incomes above the $4,000 minimum. But In addition a surtax upon the higher classes of income has also been included. This surtax will amount to 1 per cent extra upon the excess of incomes over $20;000 and not over $50;000, and 2 per cent extra upon the excess of incomes over $50,000 and not over $100,000, and 3 per cent upon the excess of incomes over $100,000 an- nually. This application of the pro- gressive principle In income taxation Is believed to be fully warranted by the best theory on the subject and will add materially to the yield obtainable from a flat rate of taxation. The pro- gressive principle has already been sustained by the supreme court of the United States in the inheritance tax cases, and there can be no doubt that the same principle applies to the in- come tax included in H. R. 10 and will be fully upheld should it ever be called Into question. Owing to defects in per- sonal property taxation the larger in- comes in the United States have for many years been able to escape with less than their share of the general burden of taxation, and this inequality will be, it is believed, in part over- come by the plan now proposed. Definition of Income. The effort has been made to arrive at an inclusive definition of Income, which is described as: gains, profits and Income derived from salaries, wages of compensation for per- sonal service of any kind and in what- ever form paid, professions, vocations, businesses, sales or dealings in property, whether real or personal, growing out of the use of or interest in real or personal property, trade, commerce, interest, rent, dividends, premiums, securities or the transactions of any lawful business car- ried on for gain or profit • • • In the attempt to establish a reasona- ble definition of net income there has been a careful enumeration of all le- gitimate deductions properly to be made from the total amount received by any individual and including taxes, losses, interest on state and municipal bonds and other items. While re-en- acting the present corporation tax, some improvements of detail have been introduced, among them a change in the fiscal year, for which report is to be made, Improvements that have long been demanded in the interest of good business practice and easy collection of the tax leved upon corporations. The definite application of the in- come tax principle has been made pos- sible by the adoption, by the requisite number of states of the sixteenth amendment to the constitution of the United States, granting to congress the power to levy taxes upon incomes prac- tically at its discretion. It Will Pay Yon TO TRAVEL MILES ' TO REACH THE , OF G.H. POLLARD BOONVILLE, N.Yv BEST Phorographs BEST Entargements BEST Amateur BEST frames '$• • Mi- t ••» If You Cannot Afford You Cannot Afford to Own An Injuries to persons (bow- ever blameless you niay ; be) mean claims, splits, legal and medical fees. A policy will protect you. . Write or telephone for rates. F. Albin Burger INSURANCE THAT INSURES. Successor to J. H. Wood. Phone 73. Lowville, N. Y. **,M •f\v m ? !ir« SOUTH NEW BREMEN. Miss Leona Hanno spent Saturday with Miss Florence Muncy. Catherine Strife and Irene Spring- field spent Sunday with Leona Hanno. Albert Hanno entertained a com- pany of 12 friends at his-home Sun- day. Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Yousey of Low- ville were Sunday guests or Mr. and Mrs. Simcm Lehman. Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Schafer and John Lehman of Adams, were ih town Tues- day visiting relatives. Miss Anna A. Peckham, who hag been ill, is now able to resume her duties as' teacher in district No. 5. Mr. and Mrs, John Kirley and Mr. and Mrs. Charles Springfield spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. Clinton Baker.\ SHORT DEFINITIONS. Society—Snubbers and the snubbed. Plagiarist—One who writes with a steel pen. Proposal—A short sentence that generally leads to a long one. Civil Service—What you don't-get in many hotels if you fail to tip. Pipe of Peace—Not the kind hus- bands generally smoke in the house. Gossip—What one woman says about another before the other gets a chance to say it about her. Impressionist—One who apparently lays his canvas on his palette full of colors and takes an impression. Subscribe for the Democrat. The Thrift of Glasgow. Glasgow sets a splendid example of thrift and enterprise to the other cities and towns of Great Britain. It does not even scorn to collect and sell\ Its waste paper and to traffic In scrap iron, thus adding many hundreds a year to Its exchequer. Its cleansing de- partment does business with half the counties of Scotland. It owns nearly 1,000 railroad cars and does a wide range of business from bog reclaiming to market gardening and butcher's work.—London Tit-Bits. Newton's Fearful Crime. At the end of a meal at Haydon's house Keats proposed a toast in these terms: \Dishonor to the memory of Newton.\ The guests stared at him In question- ing surprise, and Wordsworth asked for an explanation. \It is.\ answered Keats, \because he destroyed the poetry of the rainbow by reducing it to a prism.\ And the art- ists all drank, with one consent, con- fusion to the savant. Remember you work for yourself when you wojk for others. / ^ POULTRY REGULATOR Regulates Fowl from to It assures better fowl, more fertile eggs, preve - disease and sav^s feed, where purchased.. Pratts Animal Regulator, Lice Killer and all Pratt prepa-* lations are guaranteed. ' — — , - Joseph •]£. Somes Port Leyden, N f Y. INSURE YOUR Live Stock Against Death From Any Cause Only old line Company doing business in New York State A. A. COPELEY Copeley B1L, - 100 State St. LOWVILLE, N.Y- 'I, r $ •^ .*» Moore & Levis Successors to Hedden <& Moore Insurance Office: Corner State St. and Shady Ave. LOWVILLE, N.Y.

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