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Chatham semi-weekly courier. (Chatham, Col[umbia] Co[unty], N.Y.) 1903-1907, October 21, 1905, Image 3

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•—•—* Oimi mu lit i. i.rr '--lT -^---'t - j r --ri , -yf*'T '^ERfiiadmOTilT^ vrestern physician who, apparontly.yhas no troubles *orhi3-l5Vfh- to_bother> about, has been busily engaged In subjecb- g'n^uie' jfoeh of others to the test of scientiflo analysis. With ^nfinli^eare--he has arranged a. mass of statistics to prove, to- own satisfaction at least, that worry Is a vice which is '.ydirectly responsible for more ill health and death than either .^whlsVey or tobacco, s?yhU^eonelnslbn? which this investigator has reached suggests a question S^l^ll^PrtBf-thlhMng^ibout: Is worry a vice or mental poison and is it ^Wim,Un;de k nnMln^''^e health of those who are subject to its Influence? ^^SfWea^^^as\slfy;n^-w6rry as a- poisonous factor fatal to the. nervous •ISSS^»!?||]ag?J>94y3»^»ot a new theory. Years ago the first note' of warning. ^s^«9Snaj23ranja^in'c\e\tnat time, scores of- physicians have-announced that ^^>^.tt^^«o:f,Que'stibn that the chance for long life in persons afflicted K^MfM^^^ r >3W*M very much diminished. W&*»t0!&$&&yr& to. do about it? ' ' '''^$:^xMJti&i :*>H 'h the old philosophers that it la useless to bother •^fe3W&!^if''^Ipng > as we remain-In Ignorance regarding the nature of §^HW'^lilc%prpa'uce' the changes in our condition, while we cannot hope .jt^eny^theh^Spy'altering the course of events, and yet that does not make •^i^MtS?*^^ tor .the physicians to preach, and for philosophers to l^^^^'^it^quite another thing tp act In accordance with their teachings. ^e ^tpjJinteVes .Sed.' jfa knowing that a single hour of worry does more harm to ^'Sff^u^fystem than an entire day devoted t o fatiguing labor, and their ;ftC}Slne;jDf^contentment is a pleasing philosophy, to dream over, but the man 'Ifcwpraaji^hq' inctfiese days is able to carry such theories into practice Is an fceptiOTally^^rtunutB-tndlviauaf. There are moments in every .life when it £Jm $oss$ie r not to give way to some expressions of anxiety, there are other p.n^ntSC.TefiehLfSuch-doubts and -fears are sacred thoughts, and to say that I^SyeT&Wcessary is utterly ridiculous. ^At^tae same -time\ there is a solution to this problem of worry—a solution ft'Simple^that anybody 'can resort to It if he will but exercise an ordinary igree, of-gelf-control. j ^'pon 't borrowtrouble! That is the secret-of the whole philosophy. Don't w\orry about trifles' ^in't anticipate evil's which, in all probability, will never be realized! i'We spend countless hours in anticipating the future. We make moun- ,ins ouFof molehills and impassable risers out of shallow brooks, whereas ''Me would but make up our minds that we will never worry about any 111 atll -tha£ misfortune has actually come upon us, we would all be so healthy id happy that we would have no occasion to bother our heads with these .tricate scientific analysis of the probable death rate from worry.—New York !lbb \e. x *ut Public Schools and the Revival gf Conscience By Rabbi Hlrsch, of Chicago. ?\fcOU ought to take a deep interest In the public schools, even If yout own schools are of the best. Till recently, the public school's have been trade\ schools for clerks. We have only ad­ dressed the heads thus far; we need to train the hand and heart as well. In the big cities, most of the boys leave school before completing the course. This is because the boys are not In­ terested In mere book-learning The boy feels that his success jlfe does not depend on It Destructlveness In the nursery Is only the desire He active, and shows that the child needs ah opening for constructive at? ./ity. This should be recognized In the public schools, and where it is so ecognlzed the boys keep up their interest and stay in school till they graduate, i I plead for the same education for boys and girls. I. ought to have been ;&ught to handle a needle as well as my sister, and she ought to have learned .6 -use the saw and plane,- Poeple say \Is not the factory better than the :treet for children between fourteen and sixteen?\ Perhaps, but the alterna- . Ivo is between the school and the factory. They learn In the factory what jthey ought to learn in the school, and could learn in the school much better. -We should all be richer if we were taught to use our hands. Sectarianism should be kept out of the schools. America has become a jhorae for the descendants of all races and creeds, and out of all these appar- ^entiy discordant elements we must make a new type of manhood and woman­ hood, containing the best qualities -of all. and eliminating the worst. It is only _.in the public schools that this can be done, where German and Italian and Jew come together. We need appeals to the heart and conscience In our schools, and a revival of conscience. • We have now a stealable standard. We need Something that cannot be stolen, a standard of character and conscience. The Bpwomen 'can bring it into the schools much better than the men can. I appeal tfor women in the schools I ' & -m & r&wyers and Ministers C W Intellectual Caliber B.v Raymond M. Terhune. •\•\•%S -I have- bad. some experience with men of both professions I I believe the remark of a lawyer quoted by one correspondent, I fhht a clergyman's ..duties require less Intellectual calibre than of a lawyer, to be entirely erroneous. On several occasions it has been my pleasure to listen to lawyers of the first rank engaged in discussions of a controver­ sial nature with clergymen, and the latter have invariably con- oled the former and frequently displayed a much higher order of erudition. ..offer one of the many little Incidents as an illustration: Two young men ormy\ ac\qTjalTrtaTicer~buih about the-sarne-age, -one -just Idmllted to the bar and the other studying for UIB ministry, were invited one Evening to attend a debate, in which, though unprepared, they .were asked to participate. . The lawyer readily acquiesced, but the humble theological stu/ lent said he preferred to listen. The lawyer spread himself in fine style arid bade- what seemed an excellent showing. It was then that our theotoglcal Jtudent slowly arose, and with considerable-meekness said that he would like jio make-a remark' or two, and then \went\ for the lawyer.' He took up his pints- each in turn, analyzed it carefully, proved it fallacious and showed It jhibe incompatible with a true understanding of the matter In fine, he an- Ihilated the argument In its entirety, presented his own views of the matter nth a, clearness and succinctness that convinced all of his logical reasoning, Jtjd virtually made the lawyer look like 30 cents. That is one of the reasons Should walk into the gutter if the street were crowded to 'allow one of these T ^en of \inferior intellect caliber\ to pass. \ADD A^STBP.\- \ O father! my sworfl is too short, 1 know! And how can I win the day, When, hand to hand, I must meet the foe And keep him,—with this—at bay?\- -\Say not. Weak boy, that your sword Is too short, But add a step to its length'\ Was the Spartan father's stern retort As he tested the young lad's strength. Ah' many a time in the battle of life When we murmur, disheartened and sad, O'er our poor short swords, we might win In the strife, Had we courage the \step to add'\ —E. E. Brown In St. Nicholas, ; rosy cheeks, for the woman lifted the wow -of—-a—shawl to her -eyes—as- How to Make Happy Marriages By Mr». T. IP. O'Connor. k ARRLVGE la \aw_Institution of.. the State; therefore she should put it out of the bonds of possibility that people can marry each other In two days or a week. How many marriages would be broken off if the. State required'a three \years' engagementbefoTe \ 'people are married? After, all, V M a. woman wants to becOmB a I yniiifln two, months 1 , no consent the world will accept her; She /must be a - ' notice 'for. two ; oi: .three years; during that time she .ojcmake an examination\ of her conscience' every day and to Una out if ia's -a v6cationJor -a ,nun. JBut^women ana 1 inen> marry without the slightest aration, without the. slightest .thought.of .the fixture, while Dame Nature In 'si at> her-m 'ost, ^qdd., nalrings.. •• She •wants ^Cer.^Wltt .peopled, that lather'- E&thB>men and^ women,wholafe ^ill^teaito /eaoii'idther, are not h 'er-affa 'l 'ri, ifrls-Vri'd 'boys at sch 'oiPshould tie .^ftught-to' iodkjipo 'n marriage as the\ Kb ^autlfuljS .th^happlelstiVtheimost/deBirable ithd ;sthe most possible thing; eiworla^Boys^houte^ bodies pure fbr \C itate^hiqu /the ^wil^ sense\ of protection'; ^i^'n^,:*.: .•*•*» ti **~>*s .~,iA. v-Hzn^iiii^A.,,, sacrifice, and' THE TALL, TALL LOAF Everybody was dodging first to the right, then to the left—and finally a man's hat was knocked oft. The crowds streaming out of old Notre Dame rendered It difficult to approach nearer the excitable bands and heads, although It was plainly to be seen that a tall leaf pf bread alternately disappearing and bobbing Into view was the cause of the merriment. Hats were tilted sidewlse, cblns were tipped upward, people backed upon one another's heels, toughed, gesticu­ lated, became angry, and laughed again In the midst^of thta whirlpool of jostling humanity was a cleared space of goodly circumference, in the center of which I beheld a little Am­ erican miss, carrying the tallest loaf of bread I ever saw Had she been a little Parisian and used to such burdens, she would have known that to turn about in so great a throng means that the top end of that loaf would surely bump into somebody, that Is, if she had carried it across her shoulder, as did Gladys But she was plainly quite unconscious that she was causing a commotion; and thus it came to pass that this particu­ lar loaf of bread swung around like an over-sensitive wind-yane and dis­ tributed bump3 north, east, south and west, In reckless proruston Of course everybody laughed, for all the victims were polite and .good-natured, and be­ sides, th» \petite\ excused herself so prettily in French that some of the most amused onlookers feigned to be hit when they actually were not. But when Gladys turned to ask pardon of a woman who clapped her hands to her hat, and cried \Oh 1 \ the far end of- the loaf would whirl In front of a Frenchman's eyes, and he would cry \Ah!\ And when she wheeled about to ask pardon of this Frenchman who cried \Ah!\ that same crusty end would swing perilously near as many hats, and chins as it could possibly encounter in half a circle Indeed, there Is no •telling how the '\petite\ ever would have caught up with her list of excuses had I -not recognized my little countrywoman and rescued her and the bread from further diffi­ culties. \Oh is it you? I am so glad'\ was her hearty greeting. \And oh. now I needn 't go back home for Marie, for you will take her place, and go with me— 'won't you, please 7 It Is only a little way from here?\ I cheerfully consented to serve as nurse and guardian for the \little way,\ and as we both hurried from the cathedral swarms toward the nar­ row •streets on the other stde of the river—and we hurried to keep warm, for It was an extremely cold morn- ing -^GIadys confided to nie her se cret, \which up to that time she had ;not mentioned-farany one It seems that, on the day before, a tiny French girl had posed in her father's studio and that after the child had left for her home Gladys -Inquired-Jwhy-tt—was that all little girls' do. notVhaye round, plump, rosy cheeks like ,.^er_ own. For the first time Qlaiya^learnfed Jhat all \little girls do not -^Ve. rte nourishing food which helpg-'toCmake round, plump, r ,08y cheeks ^rThi^;«xpiihatlqn set her I'llttle braln*Ho'tSihfeihjS?*nd reminded lifer\oT\ of bread 5«^^r]r'^jB^n^i^^l.^iui*l5 the. though wiping away tears. It is a common sight In Paris to see working people carrying long loaves of bread, but this one that Gladys purchased was the longest I ever saw, and must certainly have measured six feet In length I thought of Gladys and her gener­ ous errand, that night as I looked from my own studio window across to the great snow-covered roof of Notre Dame gleaming cold under the wintry stars—Meredith Nugent, in St Nicholas. LEGEND OF THE BLUEBIRD Long ago. when Jupiter, Apollo, Venus and all the mighty folk lived amid the clouds on mountain top, Jupiter got Into the habit of coming down to the earth on visits to man­ kind. He always came when Juno, his wife, was busy or as'eep. for she was not so fond of the society of-the earth as be. On one ooccaslon Jupiter had an unusually pleasant time, but having stayed longer than he expected, and fearing the wrath of Juno, his wife, he was loath to return So he linger­ ed on. while the days and the weeks slipped by Finally It occured to Jupiter that a happy way to make peace and help himself out of the difliculty would be to send word to Juno, asking her to' join him In the delightful grove where he tarried. Mercury was the winged messenger of the gods, but as Jupiter had for­ gotten to bring him along he was now nowhere to be found. So Jupiter so­ licited the help of the birds. He ord­ ered the first feathered creature he met to fly up to his home amid the clouds and bear his message to the Queen of Heaven and Earth. The little bird was afraid of openly refusing to do the bidding of the mighty Jupiter, yet he had a wee wife off in an olive tree, who sat patient­ ly on three wee eggs. How could his tiny lady get food If he should go on -such a long Journey? So the bird only flew a little way and then came back and told Jupiter that Juno was asleep. Jupiter tried again, and again with no better re­ sults. Each bird returned with no great signs of fatigue and with no satisfactory answer for the mighty gOd. At last Jupiter called a plain little bird and sent him with the message to the Queen of Heaven and Earth The bird flew straight up to the blue arch above him. Bacx and forth, back and forth, beat his tiny w'ngs, and the bird grew very tired indeed But It kept on until it was so fatigued that It was forced to poise and rest awhile. Then it pressed on again, until at last it passed through the blue sky and stood before Heaven's gate. Instead of being fast asleep, as the other birds had said, there stood Juno, with a heart full of anxiety about the missing Jupiter. The little bird delivered Its message, and Juno, glad that no harm had come to the long absent god, went to prepare for his visit. The bird started back on Its far journey with the news. When It came to Jupiter, It gasped the answer, then sank before him, exhausted, upon the earth. \Most faithful of messengers'\ cried Jupiter, \I know that you have really seen the queen, for you have taken on the color of the sky as you passed through!\ Sure enough, except on his breast, which was brown where the bird had sunk upon the earth, its feathers had changed to a beautiful crimson blue. \I decree,\ said Jupiter, \that all your children and your children's chil­ dren, shall inherit the color you ntfw wear, so that they shall not only be a delight to the eye of mankind, but forever prove the faithfulness of their forefather, the messenger of Jove.\— B. K. Tourlson, In tho Philadelphia Record. The tree that is properly shaped will have an artistic appearance in winter as well as in summer. It Is not only desirable to have a mass of foliage In the summer, but its branches •should be so arranged that it will give a pleasing effect in winter. PAYS TO RAISE COLTS. It will pay any 1 farmer to raise one or two colts of the draff type each\ sear- son, declares the Farmers' Voice. Breed the mares to heavy sires, -and those of the colts that mature above 1,300 pounds should be disposed of and the lighter ones retained for farm use. Horses of the heavy type are and will be In good demand at remun­ erative prices for years to come. THE ROOSTER'S FAMILY. The number of females that can be mated with one male bird depends a great deal upon the male bird himself If he is vigorous and strong and healthy he can safely be entrusted with a harem of a dozen females, or even 15, but If he Is lacking in vigor !h> number of females should be cut down proportionally Better get one setting of strongly fertilized eggs than two settings of doubtful fertility. A WHISTLE ON THE FARM Around a faYm or large place the UBe of a whistle is quite Decessary to call the children home The >oung folks will soon understand that three short whistles, repeated twice, means to come home quickly—they are want­ ed immediately The sound Is very penetrat.ng and saves voice and good strength HOW CROCODILES^ ARE CAUGHT. In some parts ot^libdta' the natives dig a crocodile, pit ^rllleh they cover with sticks-and ie'jMfes.-J'he' \pit. sur­ rounds a little' ;iila1prd^ or a mound of earth and Is cl «iIi ^t^^'acBUeam'w )^tre ,, JbroMdilea-ab^usdg'f <ba, * this jmofafej ®j*to^$*gg&; _ ., safe *r^d^tevS^j*ihW^^ft|llttil: 1-V--_'. -*-J;iJliW!^'{i^:ii;^iV-i^>'Wi>t'«'»-< DON'T PLANT TOO MUCH At this season of the year if one will take the trouble to travel among farms and look Into the details of them, It will readily be seen that many farmers \bite off more than they can chew\ in the planting line. It Is poor policy to plant more than can be properly cultivated JUT utilized no mat- 'ter what the crop may be LIGHT AND SHADE EFFECTS The power of leaves to evaporat< water is regulated by their exposure to the sun Some leaves on the sun­ ny side of a tree transpire three times as much water as those on the shadj side of the tree, while In some varie­ ties of trees, the leaves on the sunny side transpire ten times as much as do the leaves on the shady side It Is easy, therefore, to understand how greatly th£ trees need\ the sun The passage of the water through the leaves, is nature's way of conveying plant food to the leaves, where It Is elaborated and prepared by being combined with the carbon of the air for the work of cell building Other things being equal, we find the tree growing more on the sunny side than on the shady side, as the work of cell building Is facilitated by the action of heat and light. If a man desires a well formed shade tree, he must see that that tree stands alone, and that as much as possible It gets sunshine from all sides He need not suppose that he will get a symmetrical tree If he plants it so near to another tree that part of it is always in the shade. A tree will develop its branches on the side where it gets the light, and will develop but little on the side where It is shady On the shady side the branches will be thin, and the general outline unsightly In the north temperate zone, says the Farmers' Re­ view, a tree IP the summer time if comparatively isolated*, will receive the sun on all sides. In the early morn ing It receives the sun on the north and east sides. In the middle of the day, on the east, south and west sides and late In the day on the west and north sides This Is an admirable ar rangement for the symmetrical devel opment of the tree. Man interferes with It when he tries to put too many trees in a certain place. HOW I VENTILATED MY DAIRY. Some years ago when I got pos­ session of the farm I found a dairy house built four feet deep and eight feet square with brick floor, which I thought would be a good place for milk. It was cleaned out nicely and. the milk was. placed In It, but with'alf my care the milk would soon be clabber, and was often sour by dinner time, while my farmer's share pf tire mill- would- be sweet all day in a safe which was kept under a shady tree, although the thermometer showed .the dairy was several 'degrees cooler. I concIudetTtBe trouble was owing to want'of ventiiatliat Tia the pit to rid It of any acid vapor \which must be the c^use; of. the change,mentioned, .iild'.n^^^ or al- 'kali_th^ holds the ca^niin,solution. >ffi£g&fji&Qt : „the acfd ^Vapisj-. -Was the ^^^^^^^^.yfA nb .about'nix inch«*ji outlet being half a brick space ever?; few Inches along the bottom of the trough. A thermometer Indicated that the air was two degrees cooler than the air in the trough, which difference kept up the circulation night and day, displacing the air in tno trough Dur­ ing my residence on the farm till about the first of October, we had na trouble with milk turning to clabber, and often missed the cottage cheese (or supper, as there was no clabber to make it, even for breakfast, but plenty of sweet milk. At the present time wei have nf* trouble winter or summer, as the wat­ er from an artesian well, temperature fifty-eight degrees, flows through the dairy and In the drain pipe to the bay. My tenant informs me It keeps) his milk, melons, cold meat, and, I am sorry to say. his boarders' beer, in good order without Ice The well flows thousands of gallons in the twenty-four hours, discharging the water two feet above the surface. The layer of sand from which the water comes Is 360 feet from the •sur­ face.—A. P Sharp, Baltimore, Mr. J FARM NOTES. A symmetrically developed hog i* the profitable porker. The baccm hog doesn't stay a ba« <* nr . U .. n 1 — Jlat uog »v.-t ^ luug VJ U a vyv* LX M»%-< — • . Seven or eight pigs to the litter 19 the proper caper If you will Just sava and raise them. Pigs In clov'er Is a pretty good pro­ position to tie to, but alfalfa wiU di?count It right along—try it. A runty pig may be properfy define} as one that eats Its head off about three or four times In one year The hog pen Is the logical banking institution on the farm, and the farm­ er can draw on his account any day in the year Everlastingly at It Is the successful hogman's motto. You can't make the most of the pigs and slight tnem ror one single day In handling poultry system counts) for much Never trust to luck Plan your work and then live up to the plans 3G5 days In the year. For variety In feeding fowls give « little fresh meat Onions are good for fowls of any kind During the winter when green food Is scarce, feed po« tatoe? cabbage or beets. Convenience should be one of the) first thoughts when constructing a poultry house Everything should be arranged so as to allow Its work to be done in the shortest space of time. AB a rule reasonably early -shearing Is best for the sheep, but If sheared early they must be protected should a sudden change to cold weather come, as is sometimes the case When horses are not thrifty It maj; be due to sameness of diet If an animal gets out ofcondltlon. appears run down and does not relish Its food a 1 ttle flaxseed boiled In oat? and fed two quarts at a time for a few days, will soon give him a good appetite Look oout for vertigo, a disease of the brain The flow's act as though; In'oxlcated. sometimes turning In a circle The best treatment Is an ap­ plication of Ice to the head, after­ ward, says a poultry authority, tha bowels should be opened with either of the following purgatives Calomel, one and one-half grains, or epsora salts, thirty grains Keep* the bird In a cool, quiet place The Simple Life. To be kind To be able to bear our trials brav«» ly To decide without prejudice To rise above suspicion To look for the beautiful and the> good in precious common things about us. To let the sense of Inward trust and peace rise to our Hps and per* meate our lives. This Is the simple life—Ruthl Sterry, In New York Observer. Peacock Feathers. Peacock's feathers are said t» bring ill luck The origin of this tra­ dition Is Interesting. It is found la Palgrave's work on central and east Arabia, where the traveler says that, according to Mohammed tradition, the peacock opened the wicket of paradise to admit the devil, -and re­ ceived a very ample share of th« devil's own punishment. Eugenie Is £u1te Active. Ex-Empress Eugenie visited th* Kiel harbor a few weeks ago in her steam yacht ThlsUs. She Is 79 year* old and still quite active. She want­ ed .to see tho town which had so rap­ idly become vorld-famous, and was shown the principal streets an* sights. She speaks German fluently. From Klely Bhe/ptoceeded to Stock­ holm. .,_ .

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