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Chatham semi-weekly courier. (Chatham, Col[umbia] Co[unty], N.Y.) 1903-1907, October 14, 1905, Image 6

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\CURIOUS. CLAIMS OF AN INDIANA MAN, PR. LITTLWIELD. Strange Experiments About Which the East Has-Had OnJy Imperfect Intl- , matlons—Idea Advanced That Na- t ture Produced Life From Inanimate Ma.terf»l«v Tfo HarpcT»< WffftklyTJg. Charles W. XdttlefieldT of Anderson, Ind., describ­ ed st much, length some strange ex­ periments about which the East has had only imperfect intimations before. Th» article just printed enables a. per­ son t o estimate more accurately than hitherto' the- soundness or unsound­ ness of Dr. Littlefieia's claims, though there has always beau good leason- for disputing\ them. Dr. Llttlefleld is one of those men who believe in \spontaneous genera­ tion.\ That is, he thinks that na- . tore produced life from inanimate ma­ terials, and he asserts that- in his laboratory he has imitated the pro­ cess. Other men, better qualified for the work than he, have tried to do the name thins, but thus far without suc­ cess. Professor Jacques Loeb, of Cal Ifornia, for instance, ha\s made some observations that were interpreted by his friends (thought not by him) as a step toward- artificial creation. Again very recently in Cambridge, England, a brilliant young Irishman named Burke created a sensation by telling what he had done with radium. Un der its influence, he said, some bodies had been produced which at first he thought might be bacteria or other low forms of life, but he has not convinced any one else whose opinion is worth heeding, and he is now less confident himself than he was a month or two ago. Two or three centuries ago the sus­ picion was entertained that certain organisms were often produced spon­ taneously. An Italian naturalist, Radi. showed that If proper means were taken to exclude the presence of previously existing forms of life, ani­ mal and vegetable, nothing new could he developed. Maggots would not ap­ pear in decaying meat if It was so shielded that files could not lay eggs In it. So, too. Red! showed that if wa­ ter were thoroughly boiled, to kill the various creatures already there, and If the admission of others was prevent- •ed,. no new organisms {even of the most microscopic size) would be found. He thus established the prln- -esple whieh has been widely, if not unlversaJly, adopted ever since, that there can- bo DO life without previous life; no offspring without parents. A careful perusal of the story told by Dr. Littlefield shows that he has neglected one precaution taken by \Redi and thus makes it necessary to 'discredit his conclusions. The Ander- nson man takes nearly a dozen different minerals which are commonly found In plants and animals, and grinds, mixes and dissolves them In water. Then he puts a small quantity of the compound in shallow dishes, which he sets In the sun or where they can be kept at a temperature of 75 or SO degrees Fahrenheit. As the water dries out he supplies fresh \instal­ ments.\ Now. he says that after about twenty-eight days the minerals begin to crystallize in forms that re­ semble vegetation. He dries them, .looks at them with a microscope and faces some strange shapes, which he -thinks correspond to the lower classes -of the animal creation. He judges \Only by outward appearance, though \He has not put them to any test that 4rould ahoxr that they really are living -Creatures. >If they were they would multiply, and he does not report any experiments which demonstrate such a possibility. There Is a strong prob- qjhBKy. therefore, that the shapes as- tamed by his drying and crystalliz­ ing minerals no more represent real animals than do queer outlines in the clouds or pictures that one's fancy de­ tects in a fire. Still, if there were any bacteria or other microscopic organisms on his pl^tp*: it would be easy to guess \where they came fropx. Like Redi, Dr. LJttle3eld boils the water which he uses, but he neglects another pre­ caution that the Italian invariably adopted. Redi always sealed his flasks so that no air could get at hi3 fluid. He did not realize what mod­ ern bacterologists well know, that the atmosphere always carries countless bacteria, some baleful, some benefi­ cial, but an of them invisible. Though %» rllrt niTt fnllr appreciate the value 7 the means he took to exclude these oxganisxas. anybody can now see their use, and see how careless Dr. Little- field has been in falling to adopt It. Probably one reason why he did not is he wanted t o facilitate evapora­ tion by leaving his dishes uncovered, bat whatever Us motive, the-neglect utterly destroys the valae of his ex­ periments. If he would try • them again, and absolutely exclude the pos­ sibility- ot invasion from, t*p!^Urj.'l» would doubtless get the saiiae; remit that Redi did—nothing « aU! Dr.14t- tiefi &a has made a rMMWh exhibition taf ignorance by the methods he'-Iuis' ^*aopted.— Xew York Trthane. ' : i_Tg S&BJSgg&a^ — -\\ - K& * most' any*h^??It'^dtigh^6H6y ^ar| c^enae^^Cppgress^ppropriat^.j$2^- 900,000 for the. San; Pedro breakwater, ejEtendlug 8,500 feet In length in the ocean; and for dredging behind It The breakwater Is a'iort of a con­ tinuation of Point Ferinln, to the east­ ward. It was planned t o comprise two straight arms, connected by a curve, 1,800 feet long of 1,910 feet radius, the •westerly arnyto be 3,000feet-long and gap of 2,000 feet was left between it and the .shore,-but this gap was crossed by a railway of tremendous strength, to enable the contractors to dump rocks for the'breakwateJ'. The total amount of rock required, according to the government specifi­ cations, is 2.206.9S3 tons, of which It Is estimated 776 .000 are yet to ae puT in place. Tor some time the contrac­ tors have been dropping fdck at the rate of 45.000 tons a month, or four tons a minute, at a cost of $0.8S4 a ton. At the beginning the dumping took place in twenty-five feet of water; today the contractors are mak­ ing bigger splashes in fifty-two feet of water. The rocks are often'so large that only two of them can be put on one car. There is a year and a half of dumping ahead, but already a bar-\) bor of refnge Is forme i, where vessels can lie In safety in all sorts of weath­ er, behind a rock line above high water —N'ew York Tribune. * WOMEN I N INDUSTRIAL UFE. When the. convention ot factory in­ spectors opened In - De&olt 1 It was treated to an Immediate sensation in the paper or Mr. W. L. Bodlne of Chi­ cago. He is superintendent of com­ pulsory education in that city and the title of his paper was \The CompeU- tJTe^Life^\- -Th° «^rnp «n7T(7B he had Land Boom After War. Ever since the Japanese-Chinese war prices in Manchuria have been advancing. In land there has been a \boom.\ Small tracts that were pur­ chased a few years ago for small sums are now being disposed of at small fortunes. Desirable tracts In the foreign settlement sell as high as $3,000 and $9,000 geld per acre. Following are seme comparisons in land values In gold per square foot These figures show a decline In values following the Boxer -troubles and con tlnulng until the Jananese got the up­ per hand 1902. SI 15 1913, 75 cents; 1901. 60 cents. 1905 A parcel of good residence building land which was bought for 82,100 cold three years ago was recently sold for $15,400 gold. The advance in prices had been very marked during the present year (1905). particularly after the battle of Mukden. One of the oldest foreign residents of Newshwung has been paying for years $17 gold per month for a small one-story house. This summer an en terprising Japanese merchant offered $200 for the premises. A Japanese shipping firm located on the \bund\ Is paying over $200 gold per month for a very ordinary double office and store-room building which for the past ten years did not net the owner $25 gold per month.—Consul-General Sadi mons's Report from Newchwanj. SKEAKWATER.; fi£»iWiteiJQj»»*S0O I ••.uy.--.-f~ ~ -J.^r--- - lggA»I t t _ _ , >.-ea*J«6era;:;.-flia Turning Our Deserts. What to do with our deserts in the southwest has long been a puzzling problem, which the department of ag ricuiture Is trying to solve by import lag plants of economic usefulness that thrive in extremely dry regions of the Old World. Experiments in this line are being made with the pistachio nut, which as has been found, when grafted upon wild stocks obtained from the Sahara, will endure heatuSSl draught almost without limit. Choice varieties of date palms, also, have been fetched from the Persian Gulf and from Saharan oases.'and planta­ tions of them are being started. We Import $600,000 worth of dates annu­ ally, which might Just as well be pro­ duced in this country, and there is no reason why we should not,grow super­ ior kinds, which are never seen en this side of the water, such as the fa­ mous Nefelet Noor Some of our des­ erts are far dryer than the Sahara, but are all the better for dates on that account—a remark especially appll able to the Colorado Desert. In south­ western California, which, most of It being below the level of the sea and just about the hottest place on earth Is likely at no distant day to became with the help of Irrigation, one of th? greatest date-growing regions on the globe.—Rene Bache In Outing Maga­ zine. •zi — - especially In mind seemed t o be that between men. and women, and he pro­ duced statistics t o show the great in­ crease in the number of women and children at work for pay and the man* ner in which this displaces the work of men. He passed on to startle his hearers with the assertion that wom­ an is destined to be the ruling sex . In Industrialism. More specifically he }• declared that man, like the Indian, Is | dying out and being driven out, that the birth rate among the women workers Is Increasing and the death rate decreasing, while the reverse is true of male workers, and that before long \man will be a back number and be forced to the soli and those fields of labor where only his physical en­ durance win save him in the struggle for survival.\ There was more about competition In the leadership ot so­ ciety and such like, but this It is hard­ ly necessary to consider. The other matter may nor be quite so bad as Mr. Bodine imagines. For instance, it may be better for a man to work In the fields or the shop than to ip»»b<\- figures to show how much he Is injured by women who prove that they are able to do well some other things which men have been ac­ customed to do. If the women can do the work which makes less physi­ cal demand, and if they wish to do It where dees the Injustice come in? If the men who are likely to be dis­ placed do not like It It is open to them to fight for their places as they would against other men, but it Is not dignified to whine about being driven out by women. It would not be possible for this to happen unless the women were really dangerous rivals, and they could not be this in the long run unless they did the work efficiently and could be depended on to accomplish it day by day and week by week. There are those who believe women should not take up anything that has been men's work, no matter how well they can do it These rely on a be­ lief that it Is unworthy of women to work for wages, bnt admirable • for them t o work twice as hard and with half the Independence in caring for a family and keeping house for a hus­ band. Against that contention there is no reasoning, it does not rest on reason in the first place, bnt on tradi­ tion and feeling and almost If not quite on dogma, for the continued practice of many generations land the views which have grown up and been transmitted with it and in part by reason of it are held by the un. thinking as somehow involved in the med with clusters of velvet fruit A turban In prospect is to be made entirely of sable, with a~cl tangerines it the left side Grapes will be in high favor, too, Delicate green grape* are t o be placed on hats of ermine and of black broa*. cloth. So are grapes of other colors, and tfj perchance, the, fur doesn't fit the color scheme it will be flyeftr That, however, is not pleasing—It suggests a purple cow or a pink cat Baby calf is being recommended for motoring costs. So is deer. And even the skin of the leopard. It is thought mink coats with ca­ puchin hoods will be de regueur. The hood will no doubt show a fold ot tangerie velvet which is to be re­ vived. FOR THE GRAY-HAIRED. While there are many types of gray-haired women they all fall into two general classes: Those who are prematurely {fray young women, and those whose white hair is quite legi­ timate and Indicates an honorable old age. For the latter, nothing Is more be coming than black, with ornamenta­ tions in either black or white laces. Real white hair is usually accompan­ ied by black or dark brown, or dark gray eyes as the blue-eyed women grow gray slowly. So the colors sug­ gested are for dark, rather than light eyes. Dark greens In both olive and varie­ ties, dark silk bines and purples, as well as quite dark reds, are effective. There is a brown approaching a fawn color that may be worn, bnt as a rule browns are not becoming to those with gray hair. Creamy white can sometimes be worn, as can white muslins and lawns in the summer time.—«*• WEARING SINGLE ROSE. New York belles have set the fash- Ion of wearing a single rose Instead of a nosegay. The blossom is, of course, the most perfect to be found, and Is worn where it will prodTca.the most artistic or startling effect A favorite place for the single rose is directly In front at the point in the escolletage. A girlish effect is given by wearing the rose just over the left shoulder. A school girl has adopted the fash- Ion of wearing the rose tucked co- quettishly under her hair, which she wears coiled low. The short girl has seized the oppor­ tunity of making herself appear taller by using the roses at the top of her head, where the hair is knotted. A pretty effect is obtained by a brunette who wears a deep rose caught in her collar close to her throat ALPHABET TRIPS. A game that requires no material and no preparation, hut may be play­ ed off-hand, is sometimes' just the thing to know, particularly at a party. Here Is one that the older boys and girls would enjoy. Let us call it \Al­ phabet Trips.' Any number of persons may take part in the game. The first thing to do Is to -choose a leader, who stands in the middle of the room, with the players seated around him. Then he tells them that they are to take a trip somewhere, and must an­ nounce to him. In turn, where they are going and what they Intend to do when they get there. Now, the oddity of this game con­ sists in the fact that every word in each individual answer must begin with G, every additional word In his answer must begin with G. The game Is really a trial of wits, for the bet­ ter the answer, and the more quickly it is given, the more credit a player deserves. f ' A prize may or may not be offered to be awarded by the 16336?, or by a vote of the players, to the one who makes the best and readiest answer. The leader begins the game by the announcement just given, and then aaks the first player where he is go­ ing. For the sake of illustration, we wfll give a few answers In alphabet­ ical order. The player answers, there­ fore, that he is going to Athens, and when the leader asks him what he is going to do there, the player says, \Advertise athletics.'' B goes to Boston to buy baked beans; C to Cincinnati to collect curi­ osities; D to Denver to defy den- f-liats; JE t o England lq_ certain Ed When $la»^S^^^^^mmX ji draw seven, dominoes;; take five; ;^S ^^0SS^v^^^'' before eachi?^r^j^^^)BM>^.. - hidden. Each bne^ayal^h^sSTKef '. order of nature. True enough. Saint Paul sa.lu': -Let the women learn in silence with aH subjection.\ and \But I suffer not a woman to teach.\ but it was he also who said: \Prove all things; hold fast to that which Is good.\ And he is not the 1 onto - man who has been In two minds about woman.—Hartford Time3. Vaccination Stories. Some of the objections raised bv the parents of children attending board schools where examination was made by a public vaccinator as a pre­ caution against smanpox are very amusing. Much confusion of thought has evldeutly prg.rallcd. \1 do not Ject to my child being vaccinated.'' wrote one; \his name Is to be James McCarthy.\\ A note written by a boy's mother read; \Will yon please alter Jlm*s name to Haxelwood. as. I married again last Sun day 7\ Another was: \Ho not object If It is done by the calf. I remain, ijis Mother.\ One little girl went home from sehooliwfoc her head fun of the new Idea. -Moth­ er,\ she sald,~ Tkvre yog ever bear whafHTy-calleMed?\ \What'-are yon. talking ahoat\*iowr* asked the moth-.' «r. -Hare ya^^tm* beta I don't mean bapU»ed.;a»d I don't mej^cre^i &fiedV bet tti* H £ter tUiis .^fip^| hfc5faR\««^«aTeVR.7a^ rSggcIeBttta' M*,*a -3W»rxqrteiuSc«t; \se^titatJiE;:^^ ^tod^^taflgroitffir haVe ,l |it^.--efloigriLa=| l^fimCMib- Urns, which Is «*e and;'* -Istaif.ltomn; ahead- <£ (Sreesrwfc&i , LEARN TO WALK WELL. A contemporary has been waxing eloquent over the woman who walks- wen, and lamenting the rarity of grace and dignity in the average woman's gait And it must be confessed, if the woman whom one sees in the streets of the metropolis be taken as an ex­ ample, a waddling walk or little mincing tripping steps seam to be all prevalent An English woman walks worse than any other woman. The French woman steps out with lightness and ease; the American with a fine strength and an air as I f the pavement belonged to her. and \should be hon­ ored by the tread of ner,little Jtet; and as for the jSpaniah woman, even lighter and sOmer of foot than the daughters d* Jonathan, why hers is the very prettiest of motion. An English woman, if I may so ex- Tfieas Myself, la HeedfreppiHi hy her feet Hers are far. very far, from the neatest known, and 'her mauvaise bonte Is showing theM -to a watchful world, how natarat _>',.-.•?• i -Poor thing, she to too.often in harrjv She\ does mari.-M : her day than say other woaaa,'<'aad ft Is not ponlhte to be-graeefal^wbSe Walk- slowly (tMys.;asWMter r of d«- portzteKt). with e.eA^'!:ewl »c -;bwt wit* a swlag. heei^bickl.'ii*. watefct'dh each 'ibatl^tm^^nflie .cam wot to rob yov^it^ael^ir gtvtmral the k»ee£?=Pr*i^iw»tt6* r ^'^^MrwJ|l »adad;fi«talT'-to W* THE STITCH IN TIME. If you spy a tiny hole In your glove mend It without delay that tt may not' Increase In size. Mend it on the in­ side of the glove with fine cotton of the same color as the kid. Do not use silk, for it soon wears out Never break off your colon, bnt cut it so as not to draw your stitches too tight and make the seam hard and uneven). When sewing a split in a finger seam Insert a finger Into the glove so that they meet and that Is alL A ridge would look unsightly. Neat mending is facilitated by fBe use of a small sharp gJoTe needle. Never neglect small repairs— a stitch in time saves not only nine, but ninety! Don't let buttons hang by their last thread; darn small holes; never wear dirty or tumbled lace! brush off mud and hind frayed skirts. BE CAREFUL OP YOUR HAIR. ~ Dent meddle with the color and the beauty of your hair. If the locks were defective there would be some rea­ son for fixing up the color. Yon can lighten the color by washing the tresses with about a quart of water In which a teasfioonful of bicarbonate of soda has been dissolved. Be sure to rinse the hair in several clear ealeia If you use the soda. Of course, the tresses wfil lose some of their soft­ ness and gloss in this treatment When you think it over perhaps yon'U dedde to Just keep your lovely hair clean and shimmery with the anal shampoo and let the treatment go at that—Selected. and sides. The f^^t~||^^|Su^r nines or fives' 'ijjBl' .x^ljaj^l^i^^ number. Any ojwj^rijq^^^jgii]^^'' play must draw one.^f^bm|ttMfii^^ dominoes left on the'tah^^alftrst one out in each hahd^ counta|^Hhe points on all the dprflinoeathei|ni^rtg to the other players, and^^r^iialn. lng in the pool, and*adds'We^imber they make to his score, The^jgianerds 250. It is an excellent gaiM^'re^air- ink skill and judgment lt ' r niayfbe played progressively- jrhen- thejri^^ire a number of players,' with,JlpW^it each table, the two-who dauiesthe most each time progres|in^J^^the game at the head tab^'^bei ^froBly fifty, to prevent too \^ang-- jiaiM^fA left-handed contest Is-'ci aw^^or- der, and a very jolly. hJ|huioaS t ysune: On -entering the room ..e^^^ejhas his or her rtyht arm tied'ia'a'alinr so that it is practically ffialijjggfqr the evening. He or she U:JAe^Te- quired to do all sorts of-perfarajanMS with the left hand. Each muat;'draw ; a picture on the blackboard. ;_sew_a hem, write a verse of poetry, tie'and untie knots, or any other' kind-' ot feat that seems interesting. If any one is naturally left-handed, of coarse the left arm is confined. I am sure that you WD1 find, this contest amus­ ing, with young people, especially.'— Montreal Herald. ward; F to France to fry frogs; G to Glasgow to gather guineas; H to Hal- lfax to hold horses; I to Inula to in­ troduce idols; J to Jericho to jostle Jerseymen: K to Kentucky to keep kindling; L to Louisiana to- lie low; M to MontaxA t o make money; N to New York to negotiate notes; O to Oklahoma, to open oysters; P to Phil­ adelphia to pilfer pennies; Q to Que- bee to quote quinces; R to Rome to read ritual; S to\ Savannah to sell sauces; T to Turkey to tell tales: U to Utah to use umbrellas; V to Ver­ mont to vend vermilion; W to Wash­ ington to waste wages; Y to Yazoo to yen \Yokels\; Z to Zanxebar to zoutch zebras. HOUSEWIVES TO BLAME. 3Bm Anna Barrows, in a recent lee- -tare at Cfaaataaqua, gives another' TMfn why girls shoald seedy doaM*- ..tlc sdesee. She says la the natter of pure food It Is the ignorance of! the consumer rather -thaa the': daptt- city of the jrodweer thaOsTto b&ai*: iMr &he tremble we ..are: havia&. •. ftii^afoMs wo^CJ^'stadyiJori MOTEE AND PANDTJ. The affection of a dog for its mas­ ter could hardly be excelled by the devotion of an Indian bullock, named Mo{te, to Panda, its owner. Motee was an ordinary Indian bullock, says the author of \Sport and Adventure In the Indian Jungle,\ about four feet high and. of the whitish brown color common among the stunted cattle in native villages. He was thoroughly trained to hunt­ ing by Pandn. and seemed to com­ prehend his'master's wishes intuitive­ ly. A glance, and Motee would move forward or backward, as required. A motion of the Anger, and he would lie down, or hick up his heels and ruth about as If mad. Pandu did an his stalking with the aid of this, bullock, and much of his success depended on Its Intelligence. An .old piece of sacking, pointed with green daubs on one side to re­ semble shrubbery, an the other side with bars of vivid red. was thrown, over Motee's back, like a horse cloth, amd hanging down to the ground, ef­ fectively concealed the crouching hun­ ter. 1 - Did he wish t o stalk antelope, then the ed bars were exposed, and Motee would grahce quietly in a direction oblique to, yet approaching, the herd. ''The red bars- would attract the curi­ osity of the deer, and they would ap- proaeh so hear as to allow of an un- faDlag shot from Panda's place of concealment under the stomach ot the beUock. JEae'rl'a nock of pea fowl that was hi siglkt, the^the green side of the Miihg^woel*, be turned toward the lirds,7akdvthe. : same stealthy advance no g^a^S^piii village cattle commonly i&:.;forests In their aeighbar- PEACE PROBLEM. The quarrel began simply enough. Nellie waated-to- help Dorothy cut out a doll's dress, but they couldn't agree how It was to be done. Finally! they began tugging at the scissor*' and when Dorothy saw she was going to lose them she promptly boxed Ifefcw. He's ears. Nellie let go ot the scis­ sors, but retaliated by pulling Dor: othy's hair. After that they quieted down somewhat, hut the Instant the^ doU's dress was mentioned the- dis­ pute was renewed as to' how they should make It Upstairs papa, who* heard the noise, decided to end the quarrel and appeared promptly on the scene. The dress, he said, was. ot secondary consideration, so Ee would take It and the scissors to his study. Then he gave them.-.aqme advice about the quarrel, bnt you must find this out for yourselves, ft Is'-con­ cealed somewhere in the above para­ graph. >Jt «re^c*.-sigaIL-aaa they wBQ be frfm-• • 'J* 3 **- ;.\-^MM.eTflbeatIy took a delight In iiteai ^iij.he. waa oa..the alert and rjrrfttev-abowt. tmmftnatery .the old M «'i «ii.>T»tei the\ ttiMi^;titMrwasfjioMth£ig' wroBK' »»- — GAME OF BIRD SELLERS. The game of bird sellers Is played as follows: The children stand In a row, leaving two outside. These two represent the bird dealers. Each child represents a bird—-one. being a crow, another a crane, another a canary, and so on. One bird dealer says to the other: -I wish to buy a bird\' \What kind of a hirdr asks the second, dealer. \A bird that can fly fast.'* says the first dealer. \Very wen,\ answers -the other dealer, \take what, you wish.\ \Then says the first dealer, \ I will take a robin.\ As soon as the word Is out of hi? mouth the \robin*\ must leap from the row and run around' to escape. If the dealer catches the bird he puts It into a cage; where It must stay till an the other birds are caught . AN ACOT|fifTAL DISCOVERY. There U>e#S^Boio»Ma; Italy,-over _ 100 years ago, a leaned student, Dr<- GarVani by name. Om one occasion he was making-* scientific, experiment with frogs. After they ..were dead,/ wishing to' dry these, he pierced taen»T with Uttte brass roda aj^hung \ttem4 os the iron raillag of ;^;^ie^^To£ Us zurprise_\theT.besaa\^wrVeJ -M d |'- Galvinl saw this Uon of the wind, '•Thla^kn'oca ^Jtft- part of the; bodies, jpterc^i^phe^ brass rods,; a«*fxst, the Jroaliiaosar<-> This discover^ ,£^*t^^f^J? vaaic beitery;.whlc &3^^^ ed,i» the utm-^naai^W^^m sra^froney^'e -^^i ^^liP bens;. ^^im^Si^s^&i^m pr^UhMt' <::n^are^reta^ ^hae ^jyi^itaJte^w**^ '1 :ii^'b«.-playM <Jrrfc '*.b\^ ! ,v. f -,itw?/ina*b»l;n«tate«.\ AS *'. Jbf 'teh'* «»rg3gtg[ffor flown, est

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