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Chatham semi-weekly courier. (Chatham, Col[umbia] Co[unty], N.Y.) 1903-1907, July 26, 1905, Image 7

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al^ayatvpaytq'take.a. v .day-off and visit the bestfarmor you know of. \ond'tlme fathers up the remains of. his •..jfU»dinl ]r wrecked by a jsnmmer storm M.be^lnato fall-in love-with the nasty little gasoline' engine. ,IH t general way we ranch prefer- the low headed fruit tree for all the prairie country. Such trees-suffer much less from sun scald and from the wear and tear of the winds. , Texas bos overdone the Bermuda onion business and Is sending more to market than the people can eat ITp to this season they have been the best paying crop, raised on the farms of the country. The greatest value there Is connected Wfth salt applied to the .hay or fodder when put In the mow of the bam Is not In Its preservative quality, but In . snaking, stich feed more palatable when fed out ' Nearly all farmers In the northwest keep more or less hogs, but not one In ten of them realize the value of a rape field as a summer feed for their pigs, .Nothing grown on the farm .will make a cheaper hog feed. • We note that the production of rice In this country has more than caught . np with the home demand, and this, too, with only a very limited area de­ voted to Its culture. „We are not-* great rice eating nation aniLnever will be. As an evidence of our willhjgnessHo encourage a spirit of reciprocity with panada we-gave that country almost ^h* whole of our foreign cheese, trade, and we did it by palming off on the Britishers filled and skimmed cheese for full creams. The value of a jnan fixed as we valiie. a horse. Just on his. physical apUlty, is about $5,000. When to this muscle\Is added,some gray matter, he rises^ln\\ value JusT as \a horse does whcftrtie possesses more or less of standard blood and Intelligence; The-snm. of $100 per year In cosh and what eggs and chickens the family qan use are'easily obtained-from what poul­ try may be kept upon the average form homestead given ordinary' care and at­ tention. Tbi3 snmjHiay be Increased to 1200- where- more-fowls -Trnr keptnmd more attention is given them. We are asked if there are anyjbirds at all which will eat the. Colorado-p*r tato oug. While there are none which 66em to oe\ very fond toTTrpotato bug-j diet we have seen turkeys, ducks and the rose brecsted grosbeak\ eat them. As to any bird .being a check upon these bugs, there 1snrong'BO\far as We The t gospel of grass is. a good gospel to study. There can bo no-\ erosion of the »0U ^or ^epteU6TiFSf --s6ll-itertoQr' where -grass grows. \The growing of grass means the feeding ofjlt, and this 1 means butter, ^^s^taUl^taeats^and these mean prohta'bie a^cuiture^'All flesh Is grass\ is the {'est of tntfgospel, and wherever It Is,preached and prac­ ticed there will be, fodnd'good farmiogrj and prosperity. .'8* A farm hand In Iowa- had some dlfiV culty with hln empToyet;and jvas dls -*j charged, lie then turned round and sued his emp!o? er for over time, claim­ ing sojrWC^O. for work donaiajfJer.what, are' colled rrgulatfdh 'working' hourS! The, case Jsunow pandlng,.»aad .>foc -tha, first time, we are Mfcely to gefaligal i -ulhM ^frthe^iaS^ are any, legal llmits-to -the number .of hours' work which may be 'extorted maJf ».harT ^t days for ihe bees, and they lmprov* them, to\ tho limit xi^-J^'lg^j^l -garea for- is worth not' ^ItajtOftO to any fam­ ily %here\ there'are' six or more persons to'feed dnrlny jhe year, ' ^ $XP%> post»:.cntwhcn the bark will j ^r ^ithen^tiioroughly' seasoned be­ fore setting will last much longer'th'an- ;Nefer \i better time to pay registered stock than now. v A good start can be -n*d« for JWWiffld j^t.jmuM ©oney was never putio';a bettor use. .\ It-Is the;s*«son'of:red roses and red cJk >jer,^whlle,„irrerybody_ta_.fuU- of strawberries, 'green peas and new pota­ toes—mighty nice time of the year. It is a_good .thing that children do not eat In the same proportion young birds do. If they did it would keep tho old plan busy with a dray bringing |JU» am-lood. The pound and a half spring chicken costs the town man over 50 cents by the time It is served on bis table. Thus a common country dish tecomes cdstly luxury In the city. The lines of the peach belt were pret­ ty well defined by the extreme cold of last winter. There Is all the difference In the world between zero and 20 be­ low so far as peaches are concerned. Tho -effort being made to Induce the settlement of the south by tho Italians, who are coming toi this country In such large numbers, has much to commend it as the Italian is specially adapted to southern conditions. The trouble is that the hired man does not intend to remain a hired man. He Is figuring to boss somebody him­ self as soon as he can. And the hired girl does not intend to remain a hired girl, only till the chance comes when she will want one herself. We-have no bird in the north which can get off as fine a concert pro­ gramme as can the mocking bird of the jquthj at midnight when the moon Is at full. Perched In the top of some magnolia qr gum tree, he will make the night echo with his weird, wild mo sic by the hour together. No' apple has come into such general favor for all the latitude north of 42 degrees JLS the Wealthy. No apple has ' finer\ flavor, keeps better In cold storage. Is more prolific or handsomer In appearance. It would be well if the Wealthy, could he more generally planted In place of'so many Inferior varieties. A man who fed a lot of beef cattle the past winter, buying at $3.50 and Jelling at $4,50. flgures-up after-he-aeld them that he had made just $1.50 per head besides what the manure might be Worth; This sort of work win never Trat him In tho cattle baron class. The trouble was that be had a poor lot of feeders to start with and-then did not know how to feed them, and there are many ^ust Hke-hlnu — - - — We know of one man who for years has stuck to. beef making of this type He buys up In the fall a bunch of tho best early calves he Can find and then Lpuahea.them, for .baby beef for the next Xune market, and he has always been 'able, to make-money at it doing so when^his neighbors feeding older cat­ tle would fall down. It is always true that the meat put on the young animal, be. It \steer sheep or hog,' always costs, leas than when put on the older ani­ mal. It is never very hard times on that Itarm where, there is: some sort of prod- .ufee'feady io'tutn -bfffevery month In •the .yekir? srich as cream, eggs, butter, pork, fruit\ honey,' Saying nothing of the grain crops and fat steers, and Where v such crops are, produced It Is aSoi true that tho aoll^ con never get very'- badly Impoverished.\ \AH \eighty acre',farm run .on.iheae lines will re­ turn the ow£er s more net profit one year with, another than a-quarter sec-, tlon carried on as' so many are. v ' from,the farm band; WVare asked whether the big de- partment «toreS>ar«*lIkely~to-b«come * .petjmanent ,fe.a^^of. o'u^cp^'rojnKlal of-them-than there are now- rJust what'-. [.effect |hey will have ( on th^^cottatry I movant) of tho future Ijg uriteSrta&.'J , . ..i -jt. jtHe!-ha^\¥.difficult s problem to m&eCthe > -vCo-operatlvo effort never, ttodra^'be^largo^capifaii. of\ the fig storer-jtiving^it t^nn where'all the hind'-own-4every^dYnHtage In the matter, of buy> ^;ew1 .WMkf harmouioullr to-J»:« v-ijfa th^-totfUMeslwUtttvis-to lWbecevis the best country for a man to [go to-seck a: farm and hoUa-.whereJtia his onlyjLiittie money, Thl4-iti<iuiry Is coming, hp continually/ and we sup^ pojs always will. A. man can-go east {-west north and south- -and ^nd -cheap tand^ for really {ho country ls„bnt thin- >gr- settted. Cheap tend* implies draw- backs. These may. be stass soli, as In the e^.a_Rjnsufflcle^^ W^sttiniprattd' twenty . , T _ the hardest kind. of-work«wtt£i the cheap land of the north, and in the' south climatic t&d .health, conditions, coupled with a soil rwno tw) J good and labor conditions still worse. It Is about' like this—he can sjarye in the east dry -up aiid^lbw away<ln the west freeze' to death in the north'and wish he waa. dead down, south, where much of the cheap hud 1 B. TOO many, care more for acres than for quality. Land at ,$100 an acre may be dirt cheap and that at $3 a mighty bad bargain. We had rather have forty acres of choice land than a quarter section of poor land. Land should be valued for what It will produce, for Its contiguity to good markets, good roads, good schools, good social and religious privi­ leges. An acre of the best land will produce crops worth from $100 to $300, while an acre of poor land will some­ times not give the seed back. Before \buying land anywhere a man should study the rainfall, the question of soil fertility, the kind of crops adapted to the locality, the markets. A aaturally poortotl 1s almost dear at any price. > THE DAIRY BU9INT3S9. Dairying Is disliked by many farm­ ers for several reasons. It la claimed that it is dirty work; that it ties a man down for every day in the year, and so on. The way some dairies are run It Is slavery, a filthytype of bond­ age every way detestable. But there Is a better way The Danes, the Dutch In Holland, the French and the most up to date dairymen In our own coun­ try have found It out. Just as soon as A dairyman understands that absolute and superlative cleanliness Is lndlspen sable to success In the business most of the difficulty Is removed. When a man has to take an old peg milk stool, put on a pair of rubber boots and milk a dirty cow in a dirtier cow yard It is a nasty business, but that Is not the right way even If it is so common. The Hollanders make their dairy barns the show places of the • farm homestead, taking \precedence of the' family par­ lor. As soon as dairying Is taken up scientifically and sensibly with the right sort of dairy animals and con­ ducted as It may and should be every objection to It as a business is at once removed. THE J. W. DARROW. Cbrnthuo. & Y„ * -Fro* Oorretpottdmt iVeto York Stat* FOUNDER KELLEY'S WORK. <^i»JP t $9 ?<MH)OJteSS !Jt , *4 I» the Order WET FARMS. The big problem for a man wtta a wet farm Is fo get the land well drained, Wet farms in combination with wet seasons have been the cause of jpore mortgage •foreclosures and farm failures thnu any other-one thing In the northwest Because these flat wet farms will grow a fine crop in a dry season, there remains the constant temptation to cultivate them, which is all a mistake, for In their undrailned •condition trn >y ahonld be kept In .grass and never be touched with a plow. When these lands are tile drained they become the most productive lands in the country, pnd the first tiring Is to plan how best to get them thoroughly drained. These lands as they now are are worth on an average about $40 an acre for pasture. When tile drained they are easily worth and will pay good Interest on $100 per acre. It will cost from $10 to $15 per acre to prop­ erly dram them. Better sell one half of the farmland get the other half- dral.nSd .Jf-it can-be done In no other way«- THE VALUES 0 7 OOTER. Perhaps there Is ho better thing -to continually urge_. upon the average fantner east or West than the great vajne of clover as a fertilizing agent for his soil • Take the northwest as a whole. There is not one^tenth enough clover sown. It will build up the poor soil -and prevent the good soil from, be­ coming Impoverished. It is the poor man's-subsoller and forerunner of good crops of all kinds. It furnishes humus for plant food, leaves the soil In-the very-rbest of mechanical- condition, while It enriches It with nitrogen taken :fSmv\t£e'\-air. it would be a good ^JlKSi.f^reryNfarmer would spend as much\ for'\clover seed each year as\ his taxes amount to. \tSj&elaT Cdrresj>on<5ei£e.] During the twelve yearsy which I was the secretary of the national gfaago I had the satisfaction of seeing the organization start from the Invest­ ment of a three cent postage stamp and spread through the country\until every Btate and territory was repre­ sented In the national grange as well as several hundred subordinate granges In the Dominion of Canada. Over 25,000 charters were issued, sur­ passing any other association ever or­ ganized In this country. Statistics show that over $5,000,000 has been Invested in the Order during the thirty- nine years of its existence. Of this sum more than half'Is in grange halls now owned by subordinate granges. My success as an organizer came to tho attention of parties in New York city who owned nearly half a million acres lu the state of Florida, and they effered me the agency of the property After several trips to New Tork and Florida It was decided to start the building of a town on the shore of what was then known as Dog Island harbor, on the gulf coast I took my men with me and, pitching an army tent In the forest commenced to sur­ vey the town and the bulldmg of the first dwelling. It was necessary to transport the lumber by water a dis­ tance of thirty miles, and my nearest neighbor was eighteen miles away. It Is now an enterprising little town. It Is said that \be who builds a city Is greater than he who wins a battle.\ My battles were fought when I trav­ ersed the country trying to organize the farmers, and I think I won a good fight for them. O. II. KELLEY. WOMAN'S WORK. Aaalat Wara In Which Women Mar la Grange Work. The woman's work committee of the New York state grange consists of Mrs. Elizabeth Thelps Farnham of Os­ wego county, Mrs. Ella Greenley of Lewis county and Mrs. Mattie Leggett Brlninstool of Monroe county. They have sent out literature to various granges in the state. It Is suggested that the master of each subordinate grange appoint a woman's sork com­ mittee three ladies, outside of the lady oflffbers If possible. This committee- is to assist the lec­ turer in the preparation of pro­ grammes, the furnishing of suitable topics for discussion and the arrang­ ing of decorations for special days. They are to act as reception commit­ tees on the occasion of visiting granges and have charge of the Juve­ nile work where there- are a sufficient number of children to warrant, on or­ ganization of juvenile grangers. The committee shall have the oversight of all the -children connected with the Lydfa £\« Phtkhmm's Vmgetablo Compound. Is a positive cdto for all those painful ailments of women. It will entirely I cure the worst forms of Female Com- | plaints, all Ovarian troubles, Infiam-. mation and Ulceration, Falling and' Displacements of the Womb and con­ sequent Spinal Weakness, and is pecu iarly adapted to the Change of IAft. Every time it will curb Baokaohom It has cured more cases of Leucor- rhoea than any other remedy the world has ever known. It is almost infallible in such cases. It dissolves and expels Tumors from the Uterus in an early stage of development That Bearing-down Fooling, causing pain, weight and headache, is instantly relieved and permanently cured by its use. Under all circum­ stances it acts in harmony with the female system. It corrects Irregularity, Suppressed or Painful Menstruation, Weakness of the Stomach, Indigestion Bloating,. Flooding, Nervous Prostra­ tion, Headache, General Debility. Also Olxxineas, Falntnoss, Extreme Lassitude, \don't-care\ and \ want^to-be-left-alone \ feeling, excit­ ability, irritability, nervousness, sleep­ lessness, flatulency, melancholy or the \ blues,\ and backache. These are •ore Indications of Female Weakness, some derangement of the Uterus. For Kidney Complaints and Backache of either sex the Vegeta­ ble Compound is unequaled, Yon can write Mrs. Pinkham about yourself in strictest confidence. LTD LI K. PIItiaAX IID. CO., hjmm, lui. ml Incorporated I860. I U. S. MAIL FOR BANKING.\ MAIL. XOUR SAVINGS TO THE Albany City Savings Institution AND GET THE BENEFITS THAT vKK (j \ I \\ ED BY THOUSANDS OF DEPOSITORS, \\ Ho Do 1 HEIR BANKING ENTIREl Y BY MAIL ASSETS OVE-f $4 500 000 00. DEPOSITS in ajiy amount, fn.m £1 no up to SS.OOO^ are accepted and interest paid at the rate uf 3 1 Per Cetrt. Compounded *«-n»i- Viiiiuaiiy () nr bookie^ \TL 8. Mail for Banking,\ which fjives complete and detailed information, aent on request. fivmllur Sounds. Mrs. Kryjx—My husband remarked that your daughter's piano playing showed great improvement last night. Mrs. Nexdore—Last night? Why, sua wasn't at home at all. Mrs. Knox—Yes, I know. We after­ ward discovered that it was Mr. Wilkin­ son, across tnc street, mending a wash boiler.—Philadelphia Ledger. grange and as far as possible do the work that is being done^hy^ mothers' clubs in various sections. It Is the de­ sire of the committee to have the chap­ lain. Flora, Ceres and Pomona take charge of the special meetings. Lit­ erature has been sent out to each grange for this purpose. NOTICE TO CREDITOKS— I'urmmut to the orfler vl Ilua SunJord W PtnHU, t'oun- ty Jutlfte ol Columbia County und Acting Surrodiite of Uie County of Columbia, DOttce 18 hereby Riven, Mccorulng to law, all pernono' hnvlDR- claJmn ogalnst John Mlckle late of the town of Chatham, In the County of Columbia, deceased, that they are required to preseut the same with the voucben) tbereoj to the puueqxiuers AdmJo. latrutora of the snld flecenned', at tho Law office Of Q. K Daley. In the Village of Chatham N, V on or be/ore the 16th day of Tlevembe-r next. Cynthtn M Uatnoree, Hurrv &1 Doty, G. K. Daley, Adins. Atty for Adm«, Chatham N 1 LECTURERS' CONFERENCES. Taer Will Help to Cuify the Uterary Work of the Gnuge. ' The plan of holding lecturers' con- | feronces in each county Is a commenda­ ble one. It will tend to unify the liter- - ary work of the various subordinate j granges In the county and make such | endeavors as are of a practical and public nature more efficient As a sug- I gestlon for lecturers generally, we pre- i Bent below the programme Qf a lec­ turers' conference held at East Ail- | bum, Me., June 14: The National Savings Bank of the CITY OF ALBANY. No. 70-72 State St. Albany, New York jf3f£f 5 ' -wJ \WAINING nonsKS. Soraea mjjt^ bo easily trained to do many ffiitigj,','»rhlch would Increase their fasejWness. :For Instance, there MORNINO SESSION. Piano solo. Miss Evangelyn Pulsifor Paper — \Tho Lecturer's Ideal,\ Mrs. Carrie Gilbert Paper— \Difficulties and How to Over­ come Them.\ Mrs. Lucy M. Herzick. Address—\How Can the Lecturer Qual­ ify Himself Por tho Duties of His Office T\ Mrs. Art A. Barker Address—\Methods of Work.\ Helen A. Thomas. General discussion. Question box. conducted by Professor W. J. Thompson Vocal duet,' W H. Berry, Mrs. G. H. Allen. Rocess. AFTERNOON. Vocal solo, Mrs. Inez Beala. tAadress, Professor W. J. Thompson. -Reading. -^Address, Mrs. Kate B. Ellla. ~ 'Music—Selected. Lecturers ^were-Irwlted, to bring at least one question appropriate for discussion In subordinate granges. -— - £j-„„. Deposits'and Surplus over S11,000,000- LlfE 1 .5 fuu SHORT I u ul|#nu:.i < KIIII 1.11- »n*urfct-e- \ poM o wlib lb* Berkshire Lite Insurance Co P|TTR«--IKI.D *AW (ueart y • hult fnnnrr '-Id I i»i't <-*v*\>«\»> N<>«nr «h* n»nrt wmttxKon the wsh tnrai- .i «••• j%etTp »tfM' 'nutranm. :«T*tt< MAS.SA\ HCSXTTfc MjKKCV, rrf~M»« tinu J4dw»tdi < min Vlttsiil«1-S5' HOSIERY AND UNDERWEAR is a pet department with us and * lien vou .-.mi- her- v m dive the best selection you flud any where If we ti .-I i.ii er mikes than we have we quickly adopt them — kee|piii^ ihe w at i, p not< h perfection Everything man, woman <>r itui.l u.-.->l iu H rv aud Underwear. We mention a few epecialc ith u .s is so weil known n's lif lavur \ nu know Hot-e \\ e i -el 1 ihim at \ The Sock With Life \ The Vitality Bock B are four ply at top, sole heel ami I>„-I < that's why they wear well and giveeuch satisfaction Hut up -t p.ur iu box 50c a box. THE \BURSON\ HOSE—Another specialty wi hardly necessary for us to say anything what you usuallypay for the \Burnou\ 15 cents a pair. LADIES' VESTS—Anything you may need iu this line you will flud here. Ladies'Vests low neck and aleeveleas at U p U.i 15c and 25c. MEN'S BALBRIGGAN UNDERWEAR—The bebt we cau l>u> HI the price are? here. Shirts, short or long sleeves and Drawera w nh double seat, At 25c and SOc. May Manton Patterns 10c. Each. Store closes at 6 o'clock except Saturdays. m mm 1 \3; m 551 Warren 8treet, | For Many Years . * ' We have been furnishing the homes of Columbia and • Rensselaer Counties with high grade j FURNITURE. > ' Our Goods have always been satisfactory io price! and > quality, up-to-date in style and with a large stork to select from. The Summer Time is Here 'S3 8 and our warerooms never contained a greater variety of Choice Summer Household Furnishings From Suit­ cases to Pictures for the wall. All up through the house from kitchen to attic we can furnish your home. CALL AND SEE OUR GOODS. HAMM FURNITURE CO., f. 7 Main Street, Chatham, N Undertaking given the personal attention of Mr B B (ilf ford Both Hudson River and Co Operative Telephone con­ nection, at your servicf day or uight «r>i¥^ *2 FROM THE OLD EAST Is only the matter of a day via THB NIAQARA FALLS ROUTE;-*- The .Inset Trains in the World, over a perfect roadbed, titiKMfh a country that Is a YfcriUble garden. I>irect connection between .r« '1'\\

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